How to Work with Interior Design Styles Like a Pro! Part 1 of 2 | Erikka Fogleman | Skillshare

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How to Work with Interior Design Styles Like a Pro! Part 1 of 2

teacher avatar Erikka Fogleman, Interior Designer

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.

      Welcome and Introduction


    • 2.

      Course Overview


    • 3.

      Introduction to Formal Interior Design Styles


    • 4.

      Traditional Interior Design


    • 5.

      English Country Interior Design


    • 6.

      Modern French Interior Design


    • 7.

      Mediterranean Interior Design


    • 8.

      Introduction to Casual Interior Design Styles


    • 9.

      Coastal Chic Interior Design


    • 10.

      Scandinavian Interior Design Style


    • 11.

      French Country Interior Design Style


    • 12.

      Tuscan Interior Design Style


    • 13.

      Bohemian Interior Design Style Part I


    • 14.

      Bohemian Interior Design Style Part II


    • 15.

      Farmhouse Interior Design Style


    • 16.

      Western Interior Design Style


    • 17.

      Introduction to 21st Century Interior Design Styles


    • 18.

      Contemporary Interior Design Style


    • 19.

      Transitional Interior Design Style


    • 20.

      Urban Modern Interior Design Style


    • 21.

      Introduction to Retro Inspired Interior Design Styles


    • 22.

      Mid-Century Modern Interior Design Style


    • 23.

      Industrial Interior Design Style


    • 24.

      Art Deco Interior Design


    • 25.

      Zen Interior Design


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About This Class

With so many different interior design styles available today, do you find yourself getting overwhelmed and unsure of how to choose a style or pull off a style well in your own home? It becomes even more complicated when you want to mix different interior design styles but are unsure of how to do that so it looks fabulous and well pulled together, instead of flat out chaotic.  

To that end, this 2-part course has been created to help you understand the defining characteristics of 18 different popular interior design styles today so that you can either create one of those styles in your own home and/or learn how to easily and effectively mix different styles on your own.

Please note that this course only covers the characteristics of various interior design styles.  It does not provide information on how to pull together a room (e.g., furniture layouts, rug sizes, etc.).  That information can be found in my course "How to Design a Room in 10 Easy Steps"

This entire 2-part course will go fairly deeply into 18 different and distinct interior design styles in areas that include:

  • Defining furniture characteristics
  • Common materials used in each style
  • Appropriate color schemes and patterns for each style
  • Window and floor covering options for each style
  • Lighting, artwork and accessories appropriate to each style
  • Retailers that carry furnishings for each particular style

Part 2 of this course will be focused entirely on how to mix styles well using a simple, formulaic approach and by learning which styles naturally work well together.

This multi-course is a great choice for anyone wanting to learn more about different interior design styles and how to mix them successfully on their own, and for interior designers who want to brush up their skills on different interior design styles.

Join me for a exciting journey into the world of interior design styles!

Important Note:  Please be aware that this course, or any of my courses, is not intended to provide all of the knowledge needed to become a professional interior designer.  As with any professional field, there is a significant amount of education and/or experience that is needed to achieve competency in this field.  My intention with these courses is to provide some solid foundational knowledge to assist either those individuals interested in "DIY" interior design to work on their own projects more effectively, or to provide supplemental education to both interior design students and professionals.

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Erikka Fogleman

Interior Designer


While Interior design is my main career and passion, I also absolutely love to teach others, so I am thrilled to have found Skillshare so that I can share that passion and knowledge with others just like you.

Are you a design enthusiast yourself?

Do you wish you could design rooms in your own home that are both beautiful and functional?

Do you wonder how interior designers make it look so effortless?

If you answered yes to any of these questions, then you are my ideal student!

Through my classes, I show you how many areas of interior design can be broken down into simple-to-use processes and formulas. In every class, I share some of my favorite processes and formulas so that you can be successful in creating beautiful and functional rooms all on you... See full profile

Level: All Levels

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1. Welcome and Introduction: Hi, class. Hi. I'm Erica full Grumman, and I want to warmly welcome you to my course focused entirely on interior design styles. During the next several fun-filled hours, I will take you on a deep dive into most of the major interior design styles that you see today in your beautiful interior design magazines, your local furniture retailers, and really well anywhere you find home furnishings. So who would benefit from this course? More people than you may think? First, we have those individuals who are looking to create a more cohesive home and are interested in staying true to a particular style or want to learn how to mix styles with confidence. Then we have the professionals, those who are newer to the field of interior design, or those who want to get into this field. Or perhaps a more seasoned professional who just wants a refresher on styles. And finally, we have our interior design enthusiasts who love learning anything they can about the world of interior design. If one of these descriptions resonates with you, then rest assured you are in the right place. Now first, as a disclaimer, I'd like to stay right at the front end that I will not be covering every single interior design style used in today's homes. Instead, I have chosen to focus on just 18. Yes, you heard me correctly. 18 of the main interior design styles today. I am sure that after learning in depth information on these 18 different styles, and you will be thanking me for not covering every single interior design style that is being used today. So given that we are covering 18 different styles, chances are high that you will love one or more of the styles that I will be talking about. Needless to say, there is a lot that we will be covering in this course. Now if you've taken one of my previous courses, you know that I always talk about what my goal is for you relevant to that course. This course based on why you are here, I have one of three goals for you. First, that you will either find and or become skilled in the style of your choice. So you can create a home that you love that is true to that style. Second, that you walk away with a firm understanding of the different interior design styles so that you can use that knowledge to mix and match styles with confidence. Or third, if you're a current or aspiring designer, that you gain a deeper understanding of the different styles that you can use successfully with your clients. Now, before we jump into the course content, I think it's important for those of you who are new to my courses to give you some information and about myself. I own my own interior design business called Erica dawn interiors. Not only do I have a passion for creating beautiful spaces for my clients, but I also really love to share my knowledge and a very practical way with others like yourself who have an interest in this topic, either as a hobby or as a profession. That said, thank you so much for joining me. And now I'd like to go ahead and completely lay out the course curriculum for you so that you know exactly what you'll be in for. 2. Course Overview: In just a minute, I'm going to be providing you with an overview of the content that you'll be learning in this course. First, I'd like to say that there is technically a part one and part two of this interior design styles course. You are currently enrolled and watching Part one. And that's the content overview I'll be reviewing first. At the end of this lecture, I'll give you a brief overview as to what you would learn in part two if you choose to take that course. That said, I think it's important for you to know that you should feel free to jump around this course in any order you'd like. You do not need to watch every single lecture in the order presented. Fortunately, most of the lectures are fairly self-contained, meaning that you don't need to watch any other lecture for you to understand what is covered in that lecture. What's great about this is that you can create your own customized course, watching just those lectures that are of most interest to you. Now there's just one exception to this. As part of this course, you will find for different quizzes in the resources section that you can take to help you narrow down what style or styles might be best for you. So once you find out your results, you likely will want to go back and watch the lecture on the design style that fits you best if you haven't already. Okay, now let me tell you exactly what I'll be covering. We will go fairly deep into 18 different and distinct interior design styles, which can be grouped into four categories. These categories are formal interior design styles, casual interior design styles, 21st century interior design styles, and retro inspired interior design styles. Which basically means that there is something for everyone. I will be covering traditional English country, French, Mediterranean, coastal Sheikh, Scandinavian, French country, Tuscon, bohemian, farm house, Western contemporary, transitional, urban modern, mid-century modern, industrial, art deco and Zen. Got it. Great. Because now I'm going to give you a quiz to see how many you remember. Just kidding. In all seriousness, here's what I will be covering within each of these style lectures. The defining furniture characteristics of that style, the common materials used in that style. Color schemes that are ideal for that style, the commonly-used patterns, what type of window treatments go best? The typical fluorine, including rugs that you would see in that style, lighting, artwork, accessories, and popular home furnishing stores that carry that particular style. Then to test your knowledge on each of these styles, I'll be asking you to look at a room designed in that style and jot down all of the elements that you see which correspond with that particular style. This is an excellent way to immediately apply what you've just learned. As I mentioned earlier, I have included for style quizzes, which I encourage you to take at any point during this course to help you narrow down what choices may be best for you based on your preferences. Now if you end up loving this course, I encourage you to check out part two to this styles course, where I'll show you how to mix different styles with ease so that you create a well pulled together cohesive space rather than a flat-out, chaotic space by showing you which styles naturally work best together and sharing some case studies where you can see my style mixing approach in action. And that said, I know it's a long course, but I am up for the challenge and I'm sure you are too. Oh, and if you need a break, don't worry. Feel free to step away and come back when you're ready. I will be here. Okay, let's get this style adventure started. 3. Introduction to Formal Interior Design Styles: Welcome to section two. In this section, I will be focusing on for interior design styles that most considered to be more formal than some of the other styles. Now by formal, I mean those at London, ARAF sophistication and elegance to a room. But please note that some of these styles also like to incorporate more casual elements into their spaces. So they are definitely not all formal all the time by any means. So how do these styles created sophisticated, elegant field to their rooms? They do this by using luxurious fabric such as a velvet tints, Shamil and silk with furniture often made from dark polished woods, such as mahogany, walnut, and cherry. The use of elaborate moldings, handmade oriental and Persian rugs, and window treatments in a heavy fabric, sometimes with valences, fringe and tassels. That said the four styles I'll be covering in section to include traditional English, country, French, and Mediterranean. These are all four beautiful but different styles and we'll be going through all of the fantastic details for each following the lectures in this section, you will then take a short style quiz to find out which style is best suited for you. 4. Traditional Interior Design: When you hear the term traditional interior design style, what images come to mind? Perhaps you picture curved furniture pieces, floral print fabrics, winged back chairs, cloth would add tables, crown molding, oriental rugs. And all of those images would be accurate. Now some people feel that a traditional interior design style is dated or too fussy. But to me it's really a timeless style that is beautiful and can be easily made to be comfortable and even somewhat casual. It's also a style that is definitely rooted in traditional European decor and has its roots in furniture styles that were first popularized in the 18th and 19th centuries in England and France. So what does this mean? And more importantly, what does this look like? Well, let's go ahead and break down this style. First, let's talk about some of the defining furniture characteristics of a traditional interior design style. Now true traditional furniture is going to be high quality, sturdy, and well-made from woods such as mahogany, walnut, maple, and cherry. There are actually multiple furniture styles are often included under the umbrella of the traditional style. Some of which you may have heard of. These include Queen Anne, tip, and Dale and shared it. Now let's start with clean and which was crafted from the 17 twenties to approximately 8800 in both Europe and America, Queen Anne style furniture is lighter, meaning it's less chunky than some of the other similar styles. Perhaps two of the most defining and common characteristics of the Queen Anne style, or the curved Cabrillo lay leg and the pad foot. Although those pieces made in the country rather than the city, sometimes use a straight leg and different feet. Now, one important word on legs and feet. It's very important for you to know that the leg and foot style of a piece of furniture, particularly antique furniture, will tell you a lot about what style that furniture piece belongs to. It's basically the furniture styles calling card, if you will. Other features of Queen in Furniture includes simple shell and fan carvings on the knees of chairs and on cabinet fronts. Vase shaped boxplots on the chairs. And you'll see hinge drop leaves or hilltops used on Queen Anne style tables quite a bit as well for space saving purposes. Now, let's move on to chip and dale furniture. Chip and dale furniture was named after Thomas chip and dale, who was a London cabinet maker and it was crafted from about 1750 to about 1780. This furniture was also made in both England and America. Although interestingly enough, the American version of chip and dale furniture was made to look more conservative. This style closely resembles the Queen Anne style. And in fact, you may see some chip and dale pieces with a couple of Queen and accidents. Now, let's talk about the legs. Chip and dale style furniture actually utilize a few different leg styles. We have the Queen and caveolae, which had become so popular. But chip and dale furniture also utilize the straight Marlborough leg from the Chinese fluid legs and more elaborately carved legs that stem from a rococo influenced. The ball and claw foot was the most utilized style for chip and dale style furniture. Now probably the most iconic chair of this style is the Ribbon back chair, which has a broad seat and a cupid bow style back rail. Apart from the Chinese and Rococo influences, the chip and dale style was also influenced by the Gothic style. Kinda cool, right? The influence from the Gothic style includes pointed arches and S shaped curves on the backs of their chairs. In fact, carving on the furniture was the only ornamentation on chip and dale style furniture. And finally, the only would typically used was mahogany as Thomas tip. And they'll decide that this was the only suitable wood. And now moving on to the shared and style furniture. Sheraton furniture was manufactured from about 1785 to 120, as named after another famous Thomas. Thomas Sheridan, who was a London furniture designer and a teacher. As for the main defining characteristics, the chairs often had straight square backs with Open works flats as to the leg and the foot shared and leg around and straight, although they were sometimes tapered, read it or fluted to resemble Greek columns, with the back leg sometimes being splayed to complement that straighter leg. The foot style use was a spade foot, an arrow foot, or a cylindrical foot. Now, unlike the other thomas, this Tom is used many different witness pieces including mahogany, beech, birch, and Rosewood. American versions use whatever type of wood they had plenty of, which included walnut, maple, cedar, and Cherry. Now if the makers of Queen in furniture thought that their furniture was delegate, they had seen anything yet until this shared and style came out on the scene. Delicate is definitely a key feature. Furniture also had a lot of embellishments, such as carvings and paintings on its pieces, often in dramatically contrasting inlay of woods which was so beautiful. If you see hardware that has shaped like a lion's head or a Rosetta, there is a good chance that this is a shared and peace. One of the iconic pieces of this style is the sofa, which has a square back, exposed arms and redid legs, which are modeled after Roman and Greek motifs. One of the defining characteristics, which I like best is his use of secret drawers and mechanisms on his table and his desks. Very sneaky, which makes you wonder, what was he up to? Now one of the main features of traditional interior design style is that you will see more curved lines than straight lines on all the furniture. Putting a skirt on the bottom of chairs and couches is also quite common. But I would personally use a tailored skirt to help the style feel more current rather than dated. Also a hallmark of this style is to use a large number of pillows on your sofa, which should have nice plump cushions as well for ultimate comfort. Other common furniture pieces you might see in this style include a Chesterfield Sofa, club chairs, and win back chairs. Remember my description of the materials used in the Queen Anne, chip and dale and shared and pieces. Do you remember what some of the materials used were? You are correct if you said high-quality woods, such as mahogany, walnut, maple, and cherry fabrics, you will see more expensive fabrics typically being used such as silk, cashmere, velvet and to mask. But if you want to infuse a casual vibe, by all means, feel free to use linen and cotton. It's important to know that generally fabric used in a traditional room are going to be neither too textured nor too shining, utilizing more muted patterns. As far as common colors used in traditional homes, I would recommend you go with white ceilings and white, creamy beige or top for the walls. Although you could do a Burgundy or a navy wall as a backdrop to a stunning piece of furniture. Bold colors are also commonly used in artwork and accessories in this style. Overall though the color palette will definitely be more neutral, but incorporating some stronger colors as well, such as dark rich Brown's, greens, blues, and reds. Now, I've seen rooms where they've broken the neutral, more subdued color scheme rules and even incorporated colors like yellow, turquoise, or even fuchsia. But in order to pull this off, you have to ensure that you are staying true to the other traditional design elements, such as the furniture styles. Let's now move on to traditional style patterns. This is definitely a style that likes to use patterns. Common patterns include floral plaid, tall stripes, and Paisley. Now if you took my class on color, you know that the way to mix and match these different patterns well, so that it does not look chaotic, is to stick with the same color palette for the traditional style, go with refined window treatments. By this, I mean, used drapery panels that are either straight or pleated. A hallmark of this style is to use embellishments like tassels and fringe on your panels as well as valences. You can choose to use TI backs if you'd like, but it's not necessary. Apart from drapes, consider using Roman shades or simple plantation shutters. While these look good on their own, take your look too great by Larry and simple panels over the shades or the shutters. Now, when it comes to fluorine, what do you think would be most common in a traditional style room? Any ideas? Well, it's definitely would buy far. But if you can't afford the price tag of wood or even laminate than tile or carpet is okay as well. For rugs, Oriental persian or kill him, rugs are definitely a staple. For a lower cost alternative look for Oriental persian or kiloohm style rugs that our machine made rather than man-made in lower-cost materials such as polypropylene. Okay, Now let's move on to the other defining characteristics of this style. You remember nothing else from this section. Remember this formal cemetery. The use of formal cemetery is key for a traditional interior design style. This means that you will be purchasing many of your items in pairs, such as a pair of the same arm chairs, a pair of scoliosis, or a pair of table lamps. The whole room could utilize formal symmetry, or you could use formal symmetry on just one wall through the use of a console table with matching lamps and matching and tall plants on either side of that console table. But make sure you use formal symmetry somewhere. And preferably often, especially in your seating arrangements, which are typically arranged from maximum conversation, often in the center of the room. Formal symmetry is definitely one of the reasons why I love the traditional style. Formal symmetry just makes me happy. Other important design characteristics of a traditional interior design style include arches, columns, crown molding while molding. And when scouting for lighting, I would use crystal chandelier and fixtures with warm tone finishes such as bronze, Warren brass or copper with white ivory or black lamp shades. For our work, look to incorporate reproductions of classic pieces from artists such as rembrandt, van Gogh, Renoir, Da Vinci, and Manet. Norman Rockwell would be right at home and in traditional style rooms as well. Now another interesting design element about traditional rooms is a use of collections as their decor. Whether it be a collection of China, figurines, plates, or books, a well curated collection really fits well into a traditional style home. Other common accessories found in a traditional home include beautiful vases, candle holders, elegant bowls, and gilt frame mirrors. If you are looking to create a traditional looking kitchen, some of the key design elements, I would include our white or brown cabinet tree with raised panel cabinet doors and large crown molding. Stone countertops, preferably with a pattern, tile backsplash, bronze hardware, and elegant pendants. Okay, Now let's move on to one of my very favorite activities that we will have in every section and will help you tremendously in identifying different styles. Specifically now that we've reviewed all of the important elements of traditional style decor, let's take a look together at an example of a traditional style room. And together we will identify the key elements that make it traditional. Are you ready? Great. Okay, So looking at this room, what are some of the traditional design elements that you see? Go ahead and jot them down now. And then I will go ahead and share with you what I see. First, notice the curved lines in the two chairs flanking the fireplace, as well as the curved lines of the chairs behind the sofa facing the camera. Additionally, you can just tell by looking at these pieces that high-quality wood was used, likely Mahogany and or cherry. Also, the sofa appears to be covered in velvet, another classic traditional textile. The walls are painted white, which as we discussed, is quite common. And you can see the use of bold, rich colors specifically read in this firm. You can also see a few classic traditional patterns being used in this room. We have plaid on the curtains and stripes on the chairs in the foreground. Speaking of the window coverings, you can see that they've chosen straight panels with a simple tieback. For fluorine, they've gone with the traditional choice of wood with some Persian rugs. You might remember that another very important design element in a traditional room is the use of formal symmetry. And we have quite a bit of it being used in this room, including the two chairs that flank the fireplace. The two chairs in the foreground. The sofa being centered in the room, with the sofa table centered behind it. Even the two stars that are on the fireplace aren't example of formal cemetery. For accessories, we see some beautiful glass bowls on the sofa table, candlestick holders on the fireplace mantle, and Crystal items on the side table in the foreground. And finally for lighting, we see the use of traditional table and floor lamps with white shades. For all these reasons, this is a great example of a traditional style room. I hope that helped now. And finally, where can you easily find traditional furniture? Well, apart from your local antique stores, which are a great place to start, other popular furniture retailers for this style would include Ethan Allen, Bassett, Thomas fill, or even Jerome's. Also check out One, Kings Lane, Ballard Designs and Birch Lane, all online furniture retailers. As I often see, beautiful traditional style furniture pieces on there as well. Now from a budget consideration expect to spend more on the traditional style pieces, then you would on more casual styles. Now you can certainly make sense. I'm less expensive options such as psi tables, console tables and lighting. But do expect to spend more on your major pieces in a traditional style room. 5. English Country Interior Design: So now this next lecture is for my lovers of Downtown Abby, you know who you are. You swooned for this quirky style known as the English country or English manor house style, which blends a casual country vibe with a sophisticated, elegant feel for a look that is full of charm, charm and more charm. What's great about this style is that it does a fantastic job of mixing old with new classic with modern and grand with comfortable. The end result is that you always, if done right, end up with a warm and inviting home, which is what you would want in the cold English countryside, right? So let's break this style down that is definitely gaining a resurgence in popularity in today's interior design world. First, to the defining furniture characteristics of this style. In this style, you will see a mix of classic pieces such as the queen and chair that we discussed back in the traditional style section. If you were with us then with newer pieces like an art deco table to create a feeling that this home has been pulled together over multiple generations, making it one of the most difficult styles to actually pull off well, regardless of the time period of the item, many of the furniture pieces are large wood pieces with decorative card details and soft curves silhouettes like a wing back chair for example. A Chesterfield Sofa would also be right at home here. Just like with the traditional interior design style. Now, come to think of it. Any Tough did furniture piece is going to be perfect for this style. Other common design elements include box pleats, ruffles, and skirts. You will also see pieces that have an Italian, French, or even an Asian influence in this style. So to pull off this style from a furniture perspective, make sure to use pieces from different periods of history and from different parts of the world. But make sure the pieces are high-quality and have a rich would patina. Now in terms of materials, think walnut and mahogany for the furniture. And think velvet, leather tall, the mask, linen and brocade with tassels infringe for the fabrics, but it's chins that dominates this style. How should you use tints you ask, I would use it on your furniture, your window treatments, your pillows, and you're to the floor table class. Then either use a variety of different lenses in one room or stick with the same pattern of chimps in a room. Pattern wallpaper and paneled wood walls are very common in this style as well. For your English country style color theme, be sure to use warm, cozy colors like blues and greens, reds, platinum and gold. Now apart from wallpaper and wood paneling, common pink colors you will see include yellow, green, and rows. For your neutrals, use white, cream, beige, and brown. Now, while this is unusual, here is a great example of an English country room done in all neutrals. As you've probably already gathered, patterns are bound in the English country interior design style. Again, floral Jensen's definitely rain, which is a nod to the English Country Gardens, but muted stripes plaid and give them a bound as well. So let's just this window coverings now. What do you think? Do you think we should leave these windows, bear to see the beautiful countryside outside? Actually, no, you absolutely definitely should not go without window coverings. Specifically use curtains. That is the quintessential window covering style for English country homes, do not under any circumstance and use blinds. This would definitely be a design faux pas for this particular style. Now you could use shades if you need privacy, but curtains really are the way to go. Now on the fluorine front, do not I repeat again, do not leave your floors bear. While wood floors are the common choice, rugs are also a must and lots of them like with a traditional interior design style, I would recommend you use Persian, oriental, or kill him rugs. You could use natural materials for your rug, like sessile or jute. But I would personally layer that under a Persian or an oriental style, a rug. Other defining characteristics of this style include the following. For artwork, I would use large portraits. I would use watercolor paintings, landscapes, and definitely canine and equine art. Very English. Also, it's very communist. The artworks stacked on top of each other in a vertical arrangement. Again, this dial is not about minimalism. Be sure to use plants and flowers throughout your home. On the lighting front, just like with the other elements of this style, use a layered approach. The ink floor lamps, scan's is table lamps and French Empire crystal chandelier is look fantastic as well. But definitely keep the line traditional in style. Contemporary lighting has no place in our English country homes. One other key design feature of the style is books. Yes, books, stacks and stacks of them. I mean, who doesn't want to curl up with a great book by the fireplace when it's cold outside. I know I do. A few other important odds and ends include needle point pillows, foot stools, stained glass, crystal candle holders, beautiful tea set, and of course, the very important fireplace, even if it's not functional, is key. Finally, just like the traditional style collections of items are typically seen in English country homes. Okay, moving on to the kitchen. If I were hired to design an English country kitchen, I would likely use cream cabinets with shaker style cabinet doors, a stone and or a butcher block style countertop. A tumbled stone or brick backsplash, a simple iron and crystal chandelier, or perhaps a couple of drum pendants and bronze hardware. Okay, now let's get to the really fun part of breaking down the elements of an English country room. Please go ahead and take a look. Classic English country room. Based on what you now know about the English country style. What elements do you see that make this English country probably one of the most telltale signs that this is an English country room is the numerous portraits that cover the walls and are stacked vertically in this room. Again, no blank walls here. Additionally, the seeding has soft curves, silhouettes, and you can see that much of the seating is covered in leather. We also have a lovely Chesterfield Tufte did sofa and lots of beautiful woods. Likely mahogany used in the various tables throughout the room. The color scheme, employees, greens, reds, blues, gold, white, and brown. We also have the beautiful floor to ceiling drapes, which are covered in a floral print. Very English country. Also note that we can barely see the floor underneath. Rather the space is dominated by a very large rug. For lighting. We have a beautiful French style crystal chandelier and a couple of table lamps along the back wall. We also have built-in bookshelves filled with the ubiquitous books that we always see in an English country space, as well as a stack of books on a table in the back corner. And finally, we of course have a fireplace in this room, which as you might recall, is an important design element for this style. So how many of these elements that I described to you see as well? I'm sure you did great. If the English Country styles sings to you, you may be wondering then, where can you find furnishings for your soon-to-be English country home? Well, this style perhaps makes it a bit more challenging since you now know that this style requires that you blend furniture pieces from different periods. So that being said, if I were doing a room or a home in an English country style, my first stop would definitely be my local antique stores. My next stop would be a state sales, which can be a great place for oriental rugs. After that, I'd also go to some secondhand stores like the Goodwill Salvation Army, which can be a great place, Believe it or not, for inexpensive artwork that will fit this style. Now on the retail front, because it's style is a mix of furniture from different periods throughout history. Definitely check out some of the places I mentioned for traditional style furniture, including Ethan Allen, Thomas fill, and Birch Lane. Also One, Kings allows you to shop by style, and they currently have a European rustic section with pieces that would be ideal for this style. also can be a source for some English country inspired furniture as well. Just type in quote, English country and quote in the search bar. And you'll see items from faucets to chairs and mirrors to tables that match and beautifully with this style. Finally, if you have the budget to do so, you can definitely find some gorgeous one of a kind pieces on first That said, like we discussed with traditional style of furniture, this style will generally be more on the expensive side unless you get lucky and find some great hand-me-down pieces from family, or perhaps through a state sales and secondhand stores. 6. Modern French Interior Design: Hi. We have now arrived at the modern French interior design style. Hands down my favorite style within this category of formal styles. If I ever get lucky enough to have a second home free of children and husbands, I will absolutely decorated in the modern French style. That is how much I love it. The modern French style is sophisticated, bold, elegant, and so very chic. The modern French style is at its core about exuding an air of effortless elegance without too much fussiness, and definitely cannot be accused of overdoing it. This style shows the perfect amount of decorating restraint. And some would say a very nonchalant attitude towards decorating. And very importantly, with this style, your goal should be to create your own original flare. So let's go ahead and dive right in, starting with the furniture characteristics of the modern French style. It's very much like the English country style. Can you explain what this is? You nailed it if you said that it's about mixing the old with the new. In fact, just like with the English country style, it is imperative that you mix pieces from different periods in your modern French styled home in order to stay true to the style. This style will mix classic French curve pieces like the classic Burj chair, the cab relay sofa, or city, or a Louis the 15th chair. And combine that with a low-profile, clean line contemporary sofa. French antiques like those you can pick up at flea markets are a must with the French style. But again, make sure you mix those with some more contemporary pieces to strike the right decorating cord. Pieces from the Art Deco period, like this great cocktail cabinet, are particularly quite at home in the modern French style. And how fun with this chair be in a modern French space. The lines keep it classic, that the color and the detailing make it quite contemporary. Do you see that? One of the classic pieces of furniture that you will see in this style is the arm law. Unlike us Americans, the French, and generally don't have large walk-in closets. So instead, they have the very chic, very beautiful, very ubiquitous on why for their clothes. Another classic French furniture piece is a citied, such as the Louis 16th or a Rococo inspired city. Both would be fantastic choices. And the beauty is that there are plenty of great reproductions available for a fraction of the cost of the real thing. Finally, cities are so versatile. You can use them as part of a seating arrangement in your living room. Or you can also use it at your dining room table to break up that C of chairs that most people typically have around their dining room table. For a coffee table, consider using an antique trunk. This is both very chic and very practical as well. Now one main point that I'd like to make about furniture in the modern French style is that the focus is on quality and not quantity. Remember this style is about showing some restraint and truly believes in the motto, less is more. So invest in fewer. A high-quality furniture pieces that mixed classic French antiques or antique reproductions with some contemporary pieces to create the perfect modern French home. Now, in terms of materials, what you will see in the modern French style is, of course, first, beautiful rich woods for your tables on wires and other case good pieces. In terms of fabrics, furniture is often covered in linen, cotton, leather, and velvet. Definitely use a mixed of textures to create depth and interest in your modern French home. However, unlike the English country style, definitely avoid fringe and ruffles and any sort of floral fabrics. Now what do you think is the ideal color scheme for this very elegant style? Do you think it's a neutral colors? Be bold, saturated colors, or see a mix of a and B. You were right if you said a, this style is definitely all about neutral colors. Warm whites, cream, beige, gray, light blue, or a very light pink with black and gold is fabulous accent colors. This type of color palette creates a calm but elegant feeling to the home. Now for your walls, white will nearly be your choice for this style every time. Now, that doesn't mean you can't use a pop of bright color because you definitely can consider using a pop of red, blue, or fuchsia in an accent chair, a piece of art work, or some accessories. You will see patterns used in the modern French style, although not as heavily used as we saw in the traditional and English Country styles. What you will typically see in the modern French style is 12. The Zhou, which literally means fabric from joy or joy in horses, a town in the Southwest suburb of France near Versailles. Generally, this fabric, which originated in France in the late 18th century, is simply referred to as 1212, is essentially a white or off-white fabric that has complex scenes printed on it in repetition. Now the scene is often a pastoral one, which you may know. But did you also know that this scene usually referenced a major event that happened during that time. Also typically uses just one color in its pattern, often black, blue, or red. Now let's move on to window coverings. This is where I think the French especially get it right. This style commonly uses beautiful but very simple Florida ceiling, silk, linen or high-quality cotton drapes that pool on the floor for that Casual, elegant feel. If privacy is a concern, I would recommend using flat Roman shades underneath those simple paneled drapes. Like with the choice for window coverings, floors in modern French homes are also elegant and beautiful. You will commonly see wood or tile, florida herringbone pattern, or any style and finish of wood, fluorine or parquet floors or elaborate tile floors. Particular to the modern French style is use of a more elaborate fluorine in the interests of the home. Think marble, mosaic or stone. On top of these beautiful floors, you will often see some shoes, silk or wool rugs, or a natural fiber rugs such as jute or sessile and even a classic, but oh, so stylish zebra rug, which I love. Now let's talk lighting in the modern French style. You may guess that crystal chandelier are very common and you would be right, but so are other types of chandelier is as well. There's a French Empire, of course, wrought iron or even art deco inspired Chantal ears. Nuances of all types are very common as well in nearly all rooms of the home. For table lamps, try a crystal lamp with a black shade. So very French. And for artwork, classic works of art in gold frames are common, but so are bold more contemporary pieces, such as large abstract paintings or even children's illustrations, which add a fun, whimsical element to this style and is really a great juxtaposition with the more traditional elements typically found in the French style home. Another interesting type of artwork that you will see in modern French spaces include pup art. Now people generally either loved this or they hate it. But if you love, it, definitely includes some somewhere in your home. However, our work is almost always large and singular. You won't typically see multiple pieces of artwork on one wall. Another important note related to artwork. Remember, this style is about restraint. So it's not uncommon to see a completely blank wall which is art in and of itself as well. This goes along with the tenant of leaving something and done and avoid being over styled at all costs. Here are some other important design elements to the modern French style. First, there's always something dramatic and glam in a modern French room that naturally becomes the focal point. Think of an oversized guilded gold mirror or a large vintage crystal chandelier. Second, classic French homes use elaborate crown molding, cornices or any type of elaborate detailing on the walls or the ceiling, such as a beautiful coffered ceiling. If you already have high ceilings in your home. Fantastic as this is also common in the ideal French style. Finally, if you don't already have a built-in bar, I would definitely throw in a bar chart somewhere in your space. Make sure you add in a French cocktail shaker to the display. So when I do purchase my own second home that I will get to decorate in the gorgeous modern French style. Here is what my dream kitchen would look like. I would have white cabinets with a mix of glass and shakers style doors and nickel hardware. Marble countertops extending the marble up for the backsplash and of course, a couple of crystal chandelier ears. I would also include a galvanized steel range hood for that age and tq touch. Let's take a look at a modern French space together. Take a minute to jot down those elements that are true to this style. Great. Now let's go ahead and review this together. In the area of furniture. First, there is the beautiful linen covered French city right in the middle of the space, along with a vintage friend's grandfather clock. We also have a large gold frame near leaning against the firewall. For a color scheme. This is classic modern French, as it's a beautiful combination of neutrals in white and browns with a touch of gold. Of course, you cannot miss that beautiful French Empire chandelier or the gorgeous would herringbone floor throughout the space. Did you also notice all of the simple, yet elegant architectural elements as room, from the oversized molding and the far room, to the large French doors, which lead out to what appears to be a Juliet balcony with wrought iron railings. Finally, I think one of the most important elements of this space is the restraint in which it is decorated. It's definitely not a cluttered space by any means, which allows each beautiful piece to breathe and really be appreciated. So I know many of you are now clamoring like I am to create this sophisticated 0 so she style in your own home and you're wondering, where can I get my hands on the items that all need to pull this style together. Well, fortunately, some of the classic French pieces like an armoire and the Burj chair can be found in a number of retailers. Just Google the words Anwar or Burj chair. And I guarantee you will find plenty of retail choices for those particular items. Also, because his style is fairly popular, at least in the US, there are a number of furniture retailers, both brick-and-mortar and online, that carry this style of furniture. So places I would shop include French, Hooker furniture, restoration hardware, bait, One, Kings, and even eBay for their fairly impressive selection of French antiques. First, is another great choice. And finally, if you have access to flea markets than they perhaps should definitely be your first stop. They would be mine. Budget wise. Think of the modern French in the same price category as traditional and English country. You're likely going to have to spend a little more money, at least on some of the key pieces in the room to help this room feel authentic. But can likely save some money in areas like your lighting and your accent pieces. 7. Mediterranean Interior Design: If you have a love for Spain, Greece, Italy, Turkey, and other countries north of the Mediterranean Sea. Then the Mediterranean interior design style might just be the perfect style for you. This is a style that just oozes European charm and has had amazing staying power as a style. And I don't see it going away anytime soon. You may sometimes hear this design style referred to as Spanish modern as well. However, often people refer to this style as the Tuscan style, but they would actually be incorrect. Although these two styles do have many, many common characteristics, they are indeed technically separate and distinct. More specifically, the Tuscan style is focused solely on the influences of Italian interior design. Whereas the Mediterranean style really is a combination of all the countries I previously mentioned. So now you won't make the same mistake when discussing this style with others. Much like the French style, Mediterranean style furniture, can really run the gamut from quite casual, quite formal. Now on the formal side is nearly always when people use the terms Tuscan and Mediterranean interchangeably. Because in their formal iterations, they do look very, very similar. While Mediterranean does have a casual interpretation. I find that most often people are more interested in the formal expression of this dial, which is why I chose to categorize the style with the other formal interior design styles. What I love about this style is that it has chosen to use the best interior design elements from the collections of countries that it represents. For example, you have French elegance combined with Spanish flamboyance and Morris charm. Just to start, this style is definitely more on the bold side, but it doesn't overdo it. And it does a great job of creating a warm, old-world, casual but elegant feeling as well. A brief note about this style. You will see the Mediterranean style interpreted differently across these different countries, particularly on the casual end of the spectrum. For example, in Greece, you'll see that the colors veer a lot more towards white, cobalt blue, and emerald green. Whereas an allele, the most common colors used are the warm colors of terracotta, peach, and yellow. But for this lecture, I am just going to approach the style from a holistic perspective and discuss how the formal Mediterranean style is typically interpreted in most countries. So that said, let's break down the style so you can create it in your own home. When you look at the furniture in this style, you will notice that the pieces are definitely heavy. They are not dainty in the least, using very large tabletops, chunky legs, and sometimes ornately turn feet. Speaking of ornate, much of the Mediterranean style of furniture has ornate hand carving on their pieces as well. Also the silhouettes of the furniture are generally more curved than straight, and the pieces typically sit lower to the ground. A typical Mediterranean style dining table would be large enough to sit eight to 12 people comfortably. So yes, big. The hardware used on the furniture is heavy, chunky, and is often burnished as well. Because comfort as key, you will find that furniture pieces are upholstered, enrich materials and resplendent with pillows. The colors of the would use on the furniture are frequently medium, dark, although you will see pine use commonly in this style as well. For example, pine armoires are fairly common piece of furniture in the Mediterranean design style. If you don't need an armoire in your bedroom for your closet, where else do you think you could use an Anwar in your home? Any ideas? Why not as a media center or a linen closet? One other fun furniture design element you will also see with this particular style, particularly in the more casual interpretation of the style, is the use of Moroccan proofs. They are so much fun. Apart from darker rich woods, the other common materials you will see used in the Mediterranean Style include dark metals, such as bronze, copper, and especially wrought iron, which is used in places like the fireplace screen, light fixtures, staircase railings, front doors, bed frames, and furniture hardware. Now the wrought iron detailing frequently includes beautiful scroll work. Rough cut stone is also a very popular material used in walkways, flooring, and fireplace mantles. For the soft materials of this style, you will see wool, cotton and silk used in copious amounts. This style has such a gorgeous color scheme because the colors are meant to reflect the beautiful Mediterranean Sea, this sky, and the breathtaking natural surroundings, including of course, the flower field, hills and fields. So can you guess what colors are commonly used in the Mediterranean style? Well, it's actually a bit of a trick question. And here's why. If you immediately thought cobol lose lavender, rich purple, greens, peach, warm yellows, and terracotta. Then you're generally thinking of the more casual interpretation of this style. And here is a great example of a casual style Mediterranean outdoor space using many of these beautiful colors. Now if you said Terracotta, burnt orange, warm yellow, and beige, then that is more in line with what we see with formal Mediterranean style rooms like this. Now sometimes to break up all that color, especially on the casual side, the Mediterranean style also employs the use of the color white quite liberally throughout their rooms. Not just of course, with the white plaster walls, which are quite common, but even with white chairs and white sofas, cream and beige or other common neutrals news in this dial. While white walls are likely the most common, you can also paint your walls and the vibrant or a muted shade of cobalt blue, a warm tan or beige, or even a muted yellow. Although I would typically only use blue in the more casual version. Now looking at common patterns used Mosaic, hand painted tile patterns are very common with this style, which is of course the Spanish influence, and which you will see used on the risers of staircases on the kitchen backsplash inset into the dining table or to line a beautiful archway. You will also see Moroccan tile and arabesque tile used as well. Finally, you will see ornate patterns in the fabrics and beautiful scroll patterns in the wood furniture. Now let's move on to window coverings. This style makes a concerted effort to allow in as much natural light as possible, so possible, leave your windows completely bare, although I would frame them in some dark molding. However, if privacy is a concern, shutters are a very commonly used window treatment in this style. If you really like the look of curtains, then go with a very light white fabric for your curtains. On the casual side. If you go with a more formal Mediterranean style than heavier curtains, would definitely be appropriate. Now, given that this style originates in a part of the world that is quite warm year round. The flooring materials used are not surprisingly cool to the touch, which helps to keep the temperatures in the home down to a reasonable level. Terracotta tile and rough stone floors are extremely common, particularly in the most casual version of his style, but in the more formal style, you can also look to use polished stone and wood floors. All of these options work better in cooler climates. Rugs are definitely used in the style liberally, but they are quite varied, which is really quite nice. You can definitely use Persian rugs or you could simply use natural fiber rugs for lighting. Definitely use wrought iron, Shanda, Lear's wrought iron scan's table lamps and floor lamps, again in wrought iron and Moroccan inspired lanterns and penance. Another important design element of the Mediterranean style. The treatment they use on their walls. Walls are nearly always textured with layers of paint and glazed or just heavily plaster or stuccoed. Now, while you could hire a professional to do this to your own walls, I definitely gone to my local home improvement store and seeing the materials you would need, such as faux painting kits that contain the right paints, glazes to do this all on your own without a lot of effort. You will also commonly see large wooden beams on the ceiling, which is a nice contrast to the commonly white walls. Also for the walls, consider using cornices and deep moldings, which are also traditional to this style. Other common design elements include bull nose edging on the fireplace mantle and your countertops. Arches throughout the home are very important. And spiraling staircases if you can swing it. So what sort of accessories do you think would be appropriate for a Mediterranean style home? Well, I would encourage you to use vases, candlestick holders, colorful dishes, copper pots and pans, bowls of fruit baskets, tapestries, wall hangings, plants such as palm trees and definitely flowers. You cannot have too many flowers in this style. Finally, I would be remiss if I did not cover one of the key defining characteristics of the Mediterranean style, which is the use of their outdoor spaces. This is definitely one style that puts a significant influence on the outdoors. No surprise, right? Given the beautiful landscapes that these countries had been blessed with. So to create a gorgeous, comfortable Mediterranean spire dot door space, be sure to use wood or wrought iron furniture, throw in some bright cushions and use lots of plants and flowers commonly found in the Mediterranean, such as lavender, Bogan, Lilia, and poppies. Also look to use Moroccan style lanterns or a Moroccan style pendant for your lighting. And I would highly encourage you to incorporate an outdoor fountain, if possible, as this design feature is completely on-point for this style. Finally, if you can have a heavy wrought iron gate that leads into your garden area or to the front of your home. By all means, do it has this would be very in line with this style. Now, for a Mediterranean inspired kitchen, I would use cream or dark wood cabinet tree patterns don't countertops a brightly colored mosaic or a tumbled stone backsplash, bronze hardware, a copper range hood, heavily detailed countertop, corals, terracotta, tile or wood floor, and of course, a rod iron chandelier. Now let's go ahead and look at a couple of different formal Mediterranean style spaces. What elements of the Mediterranean style do you see in these two photos? First, let's take a look at the furniture. You'll notice that the lines of all the furniture in both rooms are curved and they're all a deep espresso brown color. Also notice how visually heavy the table in the foyer is. It also has ornate hand carving on those legs as well. You can also see wrought iron in both rooms. We see it in the fireplace screen on the left and on the railing and chandelier on the right. Also, notice the beautiful scroll work in the fireplace screen and in the railing. Both rooms have similar color schemes as well, employing cream, warm tan, Brown's, terracotta, and soft blue in the picture on the left. For window coverings. They have used shutters in the room on the right and some more formal drapes in the room on the left. For fluorine, we have both wood and tile floors being used in the different rooms. And for lighting, we have a large iron chandelier in the foyer. On the right. Also check out the front door and the four-year can you see the Moroccan influence with both the shape and the detailing of that door. Finally, as we know, flowers are another important design element in this dial. And that is represented quite well with the beautiful, rather large arrangement that we see in the foyer. Now, because of style, has maintained a fairly consistent level of popularity, at least here in the United States. It's really not hard to find Mediterranean style of furnishings for your own home. Some nice online retailers, I would suggest include Casa Blanca, How's dot com? Accents of and for some grant looking Moroccan pieces, checkout Moroccan furniture Now with regards to cost, most definitely the casual Mediterranean style will be more affordable than the formal Mediterranean style, which I'm sure is probably not a surprise. 8. Introduction to Casual Interior Design Styles: Welcome back and welcome to the world of casual interior design styles. This is such a great section, the largest section of the course, where we will cover seven different interior design styles. Now, even though the seven styles are all quite different from each other in terms of color schemes, furniture styles, et cetera. What they do have in common is that they have taken the characteristics of comfort and casualness as their design mantra. These styles are never fussy, never pretentious. Rather they exude an era of Put up your feet and stayed for a while without further ado. Let me now introduce you to the fabulous styles of coastal Sheikh, Scandinavian, French country, tough skin, Bohemian, farmhouse, and Western. As in the previous section, I will be breaking down each of these styles for you in the same manner as I did with the formal styles. And at the end of this section, you will again have an opportunity to take a style quiz to find out which casual design style is right for you. 9. Coastal Chic Interior Design: Hello. Do you long to spend your days at the beach basking in the warm sun without a care in the world. If so, let me introduce you to a style that will help to propel you there. At least mentally. Of course, I am referring to the style of coastal Sheikh. This style is about creating a calm, relaxing retreat to counteract all that craziness that usually defines many of our lives and who wouldn't want that. Typically we see this style utilize most often for those who live near the water. However, if you do want to use this dial in an urban area removed from the sea, you can, of course definitely do so. I would just choose to use more contemporary pieces of furniture, still though, employing the same beautiful color scheme and throwing in just a handful of see inspired decor. That way you end up with a calm, relaxing and very chic space with a nod to the coast, but not overtly so like you might do in a seaside home. In the way of furniture, traditional coastal Sheikh furniture typically employees both soft curves as well as simple lines with lots and lots of slip covers liberally used on both sofas and chairs, or if not slip covers than furniture that is skirted to give it that slip cover feel. Another great way to use slip covers is on your dining room chairs. And what is the least expensive way to do this? I would purchase some inexpensive would dining chairs and cover them with some basic white slip covers for a more elegant but still casual vibe. So you may be wondering why the liberal use of slip covers. Well, can you really imagine coming home from a day at the beach and falling into a chair covered and silk, velvet or Raytheon. So now you've figured out if you haven't already, that slip covers allow you to easily remove them and clean them at a moment's notice. Perfect for the beach lifestyle or perhaps a lifestyle that is full of kids and pets, either works now apart from slip covers, go for comfortable, overstuffed sofas and chairs, and Ottomans covered in durable fabrics like cotton or poly blends. Other classic pieces for the style include rattan chairs, either for the dining room or a side chairs, or for a really chic look, you slip covered chairs for your host and hostess chairs, and then use right-hand side chairs for the remaining dynein chairs at as a perfect look for your heart surfaces wood is by far the predominant material used in this style. So think would coffee tables, would, dining tables would end tables, would head boards. Well, you get the idea. And if the wood has a distressed worn look, all the better. Coastal Sheikh is also right at home with the traditional style. So do try mixing in some dining chairs with those classic silhouettes or a few antique pieces to give it a bit of a vintage vibe. Glass tables such as coffee tables and dynein tables also helped to keep that light and bright coastal feeling your home. Of course, what else says the beach, like some Adirondacks chairs. So be sure to use some of those in your outdoor spaces. So as you may have guessed, the common materials used in this style include rattan, wicker, various shades of wood. But lighter woods are definitely more common, such as beach and pine. And also reclaimed or unfinished wood, which is reminiscent of driftwood, is a great choice. Other common materials include glass, not only for glass tables, but glass base table lamps as well. For your soft surfaces, use cotton and raw natural linens. Now, outdoor fabrics like some Brucella, are also getting tremendous popularity as a common material used in this style, both indoors and out, of course, for its sheer durability. This style definitely has a distinct color palette. I'm sure you can guess it. And I'm sure it's no surprise that this dial uses a lot of neutrals, including white, cream, beige, khaki, brown, and gray. And of course, lead not be coastal chic if it did not utilize various shades of blue, from cobalt to Navy to turquoise. Now if you're looking to add warmth to the space, then I would consider using deep orange or coral shades, which as you may know, oranges, blues, complimentary colors, so they look fantastic together. A lighter shade of green would also be used as an accent color would work really well. And for the walls, I would definitely use a light neutral color to brighten up the space. But if you'd like to use blue, there are two different ways to approach this. First, either consider using a blue gray color to tone it down and give your space a more classic feel. Or two, you could go with a vibrant shade of blue. But I would not personally use a vibrant blue everywhere. Either choose to paint one room in this hue, such as perhaps your bedroom or your dining room, or perhaps just an accent wall or two in your home. Patterns are generally used minimally in this style. But if you do use them, I would consider stripes or some nautical Prince, but with restraint, Chevron can also be a fun, more contemporary pattern to using this style for window coverings, definitely use light linen or a Ghazi fabric curtains as they filter in a lot of light and they look fantastic with a light breeze blowing through. Then boob lines are also a fabulous choice. However, the goal of coastal Sheikh is to find a way to let in as much natural light as possible. So definitely no heavy window coverings here. The typical fluorine that you will find in a coastal Sheikh home is far and away would, would not only looks great, but it's also easily to clean up when water and sand are traipsed in on a regular basis, while definitely light or whitewashed wood floors are the norm, I personally think that dark wouldn't finish. Flores would look quite striking as well with this particular style. Now if wood or lamina is not an option for you, then I would go with a waterproof, low pile carpet in a beige or top color. For rugs definitely incorporate sessile Jude seagrass or any other natural fiber rugs right on point design wise. On the lighting front, consider using simple lantern pendants in the kitchen. A copy shell chandelier for the dimer, which would be so pretty or for your bedroom. And then try glass or coral expired table lamps at even carried down friend chandelier would be right at home in this aesthetic. So have some fun with it. Now if you were decorating your own coastal ship home, what sort of artwork do you think you might use? Well, there's the obvious type of artwork being anything ocean themed pictures of sea life or beach inspired art, including black and white pictures of the beach or ocean, would look right at home, of course, for a dining room or a four-year consider using a collection of see inspired Prince in a grid pattern. This would look fantastic. Another option you may not have thought of includes an oversize framed nautical map. This would make a great focal point for a room. Other design elements I would incorporate into this style include mirrors that I would hang across Windows to help reflect the light around the room. Any weathered wood or driftwood framed mere would be beautiful as well. Rattan baskets to hold your beach gear. Be bored or waned, Skyping on your walls or even plank wood walls would look really great as well. Make sure to include some plants. Palm trees are the obvious choice, but really a large number of indoor plants and flowers would work as well. Any type would be fine. Do incorporate some other OCE inspired accessories, but please don't overdo it. Just a few pieces and each room, we'll look great. Think not a goal or sea creature inspired pillows, any distress accessories as if they are treasured finds from your walks along the beach. And perhaps you could find some along the beach to include that would be fantastic. Coral sculptures, imitation of course, seashells and collections of colored glass bottles for the bedroom. White betting would be my first choice if I were decorating a home in this style. Again, please be careful not to overdo it on the sea life inspired the core. Otherwise you go from chic kitsch, which is not the look we're going for here. Just like with the French style, it's important to show restraint. Restraint with the obvious see inspired the core that you can find pretty much anywhere. If you dream of a coastal she kitchen, then I would recommend that you go with white cabinets with glass front and shaker style doors, Chrome or nickel hardware, slate gray or solid white countertops, a blue tile or painted backsplash and lantern penance or written drum pendants for your lighting. If you have an island or a peninsula, be sure to include some seagrass or written bar stools. Okay, now let's take a look at a classic coastal Sheikh room to see if you can spot the aspects that make it decidedly coastal Sheikh. Go ahead, take a few minutes and jot down the classic coastal she characteristics that you see. Okay. What did you notice? Well, let me go ahead and share with you my observations. First, we have to cite chairs with rolled arms that appear to be slipped covered. Although it's not possible to tell for sure. At any rate, the chairs are skirted, which definitely gives it that slip covered field. We also have a written coffee table as well as a whitewash Woodside table in-between the two side chairs. We have a table lamp with a glass base. And apart from the light curtains, they have used window shades with everytime border. The color scheme is classic coastal Sheikh employing a lot of white, cream, beige, and of course blue. Now we can't see what type of fluorine they use, but we do see the rug, which is, as you now know, a classic choice. You can also see some palm fronds and bases by the side chairs and some flowers on the table in the foreground. Finally, we also have some see inspired decor with the coral placed on top of the books on the side table in the foreground. And what appears to be driftwood, rocks, and seashells placed on the coffee table. So now I know you're asking where can you stock up on your coastal Sheikh furnishings? Well, definitely check out Pottery Barn, Pier 1, Williams Sonoma, Stanley furniture, Birch,, and hey, Depending upon where you go, you can find some great prices on furnishings that work well in the coastal Sheikh style and won't break the bank. Okay. 10. Scandinavian Interior Design Style: Welcome to Stockholm. I had the good fortune to be able to visit this very beautiful city many years ago. And I have chosen this country to be the backdrop for our discussion on the Scandinavian interior design style. Com, pure, clean and functional. This is the epitome of Scandinavian style, or some call it scanty style. The Scandinavian style is about creating a clean and very functional aesthetic. Now this style originated in the 1950s and regain a strong popularity in the 1990s, which are very much still retains today. This style represents the design styles of the Scandinavian countries, which includes Sweden, Finland, Norway, Denmark, Iceland, and the Faroe Islands. So who is a style ideal for? I would say it's perfect for those who like tidy interiors, minimal ornamentation, and an understated elegance. So let's talk about how you achieve this design element by design element. First, to the defining furniture characteristics. This design aesthetic is very much like the mid-century modern style, with very clean lines, smooth, rounded edges, and splayed taper legs on most of its furniture. Nearly all of the furniture in the style is composed of wood and is usually low profile. Another common furniture element is the use of multi-level storage. Some of the classic pieces you will frequently see in the Scandinavian style include the DFW chair, the Jacobson seven chair for its simplicity, leather slink back chairs to add warmth to the space. And the Jacobson style egg chair for it's very cool factor, like we saw with the Mediterranean style. You'll often see a poof in pictures of Scandinavian rooms. Although these proofs are frequently made from cotton twisted rope for that added warmth for the room. As I stated earlier, there is a lot of wood in this style, particularly the lighter color Wood's of beach pine and ash. Of course, just like with any neutral color scheme, it's important to use a lot of texture, which this style definitely does. You'll see texture primarily in the liberal use of a variety of natural materials like wool, cotton, linen, and leather, which are greatly favored over synthetic materials. You will see these materials used in places like wool or sheep skin rugs, thick needed cotton blankets, mohair throws and linen, cotton or leather covered furniture. In the Scandinavian color scheme. White, definitely rules. Now why do you think that is? Do you think it's because a, they love snow? Be they are trying to get the space to appear as bright as possible or see. It keeps they're decorated decisions simple. Well, the answer is simple. To make the space appear as bright as possible, even on the gluteus of days. And white absolutely does that beautifully. So why is used generously in all types of furnishings? And the walls are nearly always white. And I would say that black is one of the more common accent colors you will see. Other common neutral colors in Scandinavian colors schemes include grays and browns. Yellow, red, and blues are commonly used as accent colors in places like rugs, pottery, pillows, art work, accent chairs and killed him back slashes. Now because a large amount of white used this style looks great in homes with tall ceilings and large windows, so that as much light can come in to amplify the white aesthetic as much as possible. Now patterns can be used in this style, but truthfully they are not very common. Although I have seen some rooms using black and white stripes more recently. When those, as you may guess, are generally left bare of window coverings to let in as much natural light as possible. But to add that feeling of understated elegance, windows are often framed in a high-quality window casing. Also, some people call this window molding. Same thing. If window coverings are used, they are light fabrics like linen and shear materials in pale colors. Now fluorine is easy in the Scandinavian style. It's would, would, would, would everywhere except the bathrooms, which are typically tile. And they are often heated for those very cold winters. In terms of the color, the wood floors are generally light in color, either left in their natural finish or painted white, even. I've also seen some gorgeous Scandinavian spaces with wood floors done in a herringbone pattern. Wall to wall carpeting is definitely not part of this aesthetic normally area rugs, however, are a must in various natural fibers such as cotton will or sheepskin. To contrast with those white walls, definitely choose some brightly colored artwork. Consider large abstract paintings or a gallery wall with a bright coordinated color scheme. Now let's talk lighting. I cannot emphasize how important lighting is to the Scandinavian style. And I'm not just referring to natural light, but artificial light as well. Great lighting is definitely one of the key design elements of this style. Remember this style originates from a cooler parts of the world, was sometimes as little as seven hours of daylight in the winter. So light is cherished and squeezed as much as possible. I know I would be doing that. Various types of light fixtures used include cool branching chandelier ears or other interesting architectural light fixtures. Large round paper lanterns, simple Chrome wall Scania, oversized copper or brass pendant lights are CIM floor lamps, tripod floor lamps, and contemporary Track Lighting. Candlelight is also very commonly used in this style. Now to help with the disbursement and reflection of light throughout your space. Definitely hang mirrors across from windows, just like we talked about in the coastal Sheikh style. Another important design feature of this style is the use of plants and flowers throughout the space, particularly tulips, which is one of my very favorite flowers. Also a simple twig wreath hung on your door would be right on point from a style perspective. Now the final important design guideline is this declutter, declutter. Declutter. Not only declutter, but also be sure to incorporate the use of negative space, much like with the modern French style. If I were asked to design a Scandinavian style kitchen, I would be sure to include the following elements. First, I would use white flat paneled kitchen cabinets with Chrome hardware. For the countertops. I would use either butcher block or solid colored stone in gray or black. I would use stone or white subway tile for the backsplash, simple drum pendants, perhaps a fun color like yellow or red. And finally, not surprisingly, stainless steel appliances. Now, let's go ahead and take a look at a Scandinavian style room together. What class is Scandinavian elements? Do you see? First, I see a low-profile sofa, which is characteristic of Scandinavian furniture. I also see the large red multi-level storage cabinet on the right to minimize clutter. Most of the room, of course, is white. Everything from the walls and the countertops in the foreground to the drums shade on the light and the chairs at the dining table. We also of course, have wood floors and no window coverings to maximize the amount of light into the room. Did you notice anything else? What about the Track Lighting on the ceiling near the sofa and the bookshelves. You might remember that this is another common light source in a Scandinavian style room. Okay. So where can you fill your home with wonderful Scandinavian style of furnishings? Why would encourage you to definitely check out west Elm?, Scandinavian design, and has great pieces at a great price point. For those I have very tight budget. You can find some decent items at ikea as well. But if you have the budget, Danish design has gorgeous pieces for your Scandinavian style home. Overall, though in terms of cost, I would consider Scandinavian furnishings to be moderately priced. 11. French Country Interior Design Style: The correct answer. That question. What it is, Let's take a look at this equation. We show it. Friends country is exactly what it sounds like. Picture flower covered rolling hills and lavender covered fields in the French countryside dotted with beautiful homes that maintain a strong country, but still European feel. The French country style, sometimes referred to as French provincial or rustic French, is all about celebrating the beautiful colors of the French countryside. That would be blue, lavender, green, yellow. In a way that is elegant, comfortable, and with a strong nod to the region's past, which results in a definite old world charm. So no contemporary pieces here. This style is at home in both French country homes as well as sprawling chateaus. But it can work for you no matter where you live in the world. So how can you achieve this lovely style in your own home? Let's go ahead and break it down. Starting with French Country Furniture. Unlike the more formal a French style, these pieces are more restrained, free of the heavy embellishments we saw with some of the pieces in the modern French style. But they are still well scaled with lovely lines and curves and do incorporate some hand carvings on the furniture as well, particularly on the fluted legs. Now, other than fluted legs, another common style of French Country Furniture is the country caveolae leg. This style is about mixing weathered wood pieces, particularly whitewashed or color washed with aged metal pieces of furniture, usually wrought iron. Now the width colors are generally on the lighter side. A, occasionally they are midtone, but dark wood pieces are not uncommon. Either. Just make sure they are low sheen or distressed. Furniture pieces in this style often look like they have been painted over multiple times over the decades. And chips in the furniture just make it look that much more authentic. Definitely avoid using coordinated furniture sets of any kind. This style, like the English country style, is all about making it appear that these pieces have been collected over many decades, which often they are. One of the classic pieces in this style is the fatigue, a chair, which is an open arm chair with a primarily exposed wooden frame and carved ornamentation. Definitely elegant but not overdone. Another classic piece that will be right at home in this style is the French Burj chair. Simple wooden chairs with Russia sitting around the dining table would also be right on point. For the dining table, look for a large, round or rectangular farmhouse cable that is either whitewashed or with an obvious weathered look. Definitely try to incorporate some more casual French antiques or reproductions into your mix. Slip covered or wicker furniture can also be used very easily in this style. Now, as I mentioned, wrought iron is a very common material for furniture in the style. Did you know though that wrought iron was originally used for weapons? Fortunately, starting in the 16th century, I had worked became more decorative and we first saw it used in wrought iron gates in the French countryside, many of which are still there today. So where do you think wrought iron is commonly used in the French country home? Well, it may be in a lot more places than you initially think. You will commonly see wrought iron being used in headboard, console tables, bakers racks, table lamps, Shanda, Lear's, even clocks, garden gates of course, and bathroom towel racks. And I am sure there are many other pieces that I'm probably forgetting. Now to give your French country bed and elegant touch, hang a canopy of 20 on the wall behind the bed. Like with the French style, French country also loves its Anwar. So prior to incorporate one somewhere in your home. Now apart from the uses for an armoire that we discussed earlier in the modern French section. Consider using wanting your kitchen if you have the space for storing your pots and pans, or consider turning it into a wine rack. Apart from weathered wood and wrought iron, the common materials that we use in this style include cotton, linen, tapestries. Methylase, which is a silk or wool material with a raised design, burnished bronze or cuter. Now like with the Mediterranean style, walls are commonly plastered, stuccoed or built of stone. You can mimic the stone look in your more contemporary home by adding a stack stone wall over an existing wall in your home. If you choose to go with paint, consider a glazed top coat to provide some textural interests to your walls. Wallpaper, one of my favorites is another common wall treatment, particularly in a floral striped or 12 pattern. If you love color than the French country style is definitely a style you should consider. As this style really uses the color wheel to its maximum. You got gorgeous blues, reds, pinks, orange, yellow, sage. And of course, let's not forget lavender. For neutrals. Use warm whites, warm grays, and beige. Now, just like with color, the French country loves its use of patterns. You will see many different patterns used in this style. Everything from pastoral 12 gig, floral checks and stripes. And it's not uncommon at all to have matching wallpaper and upholstery. The best way to mix different patterns successfully is to use the same color palette in all of your patterns. So if you wanna go with blue and white, for example, then look for some pastoral 12 that uses blue as a main color and mix that with blue and white. Blue and white stripes. For window coverings. You do have a few different options. The Moore's Tom in our linen or cotton drapes that have some loose tie backs. You can also use relax Roman shades or wood shutters for fluorine natural stone floors such as Slate and limestone, are extremely common as our brick and wood rugs are also commonly employed, usually as wool or cotton woven rugs. But you can definitely use natural fiber materials like Cecillia jute for lighting. Feel free to go a little crazy with wrought iron and crystal chandelier is seriously. But definitely also consider using chandelier is with mini lamp shades. Beautiful French Empire chandelier ears, wrought iron stances, or bronze lantern pendants. Artwork in the French country style can vary from beautiful landscape paintings and Old World Portraits to folk Animal Art consisting of cows, pigs, or roosters, or images of those items that are ubiquitous in the French countryside, such as olives, grapes, lavender, and yes, even beetles. One of the main decorating characteristics of this dial is flowers, lots and lots of flowers, mainly sunflowers, poppies, geraniums, and irises. Use these liberally and bases throughout your home, as well as in window boxes if you have them. The goal is to look for flowers that would be popularly grown in a French garden. Another common filler for vases is natural grasses, so simple and so pretty. Another quintessential design element in the French country style is a use of a stone fireplace with a heavy wood beam as your mantle. Now speaking of beams, exposed wood beams on the ceiling are also very popular, just like we saw with the Mediterranean style. Now classic French country accessories include wall hung plates, particularly blue and white plates, jugs, woven baskets, wire baskets, open shelving in the kitchen. Copper pots and pans. Grandfather clocks, more understated or burnished gold, guilt mirrors, empty bird cages, colorful to the floor, tablecloths on side tables, ornaments above doors, French apothecaries, jars, and wrought iron or oversize candle holders, which is a reference to the time when candlelight was the primary source of light in a French country home. Now for those of you paying attention, you might be thinking, but wait, Erica, you forgot the most important accessory in a French country home. Can you guess what it is? Well, you get 10 points if you guessed roosters? Yes. A friend country home would not be complete, in my opinion, without a respectful nod to the Almighty rooster. And fortunately, rooster decorated items are plentiful in many, many retailers. But just like we talked about, the importance of knocking carried away with C inspired the core in a coastal Sheikh home. These same rule applies here. Just a handful of these items will suffice. Actually a great place for rooster inspired decor is on your table where both cute and practical. Another important area in a French country home is the outdoor space. Now can you guess why that is? It's because in the French countryside, where French country homes originated, they usually have a spectacular view. So creating an outdoor area where you can enjoy that view even better and it makes perfect sense. So in France, the area is typically a terrorist with a great view to the countryside. But you can create your own charming outdoor space with weathered wood or wrought iron furniture pieces, lots of plants and flowers, brightly colored pillows and some lanterns. The final room we will be discussing, of course, is the French country kitchen. Should you decide that you want to create your own French country kitchen, then be sure to incorporate some of the following cream, dark brown, or blue gray cabinets with a combination of glass and raise panel doors. A patterns don't countertop, broads, hardware, tumbled stone backsplash, some open shelving. If you have the space, a copper range hood. If you have the budget, a pair of many wrought iron and crystal chandelier, wood or stone floors, and of course, a farmhouse sink. Now let's take a look at a French country room together. What jumps out at you? How do you know that this is French country? Well, you are right if you pointed out any of the following, first, you will notice that the chairs have a country caveolae leg. You can also see that the paint furniture has a distressed look as if the furniture has been painted over multiple times. We also have the quintessential wrought iron and crystal chandelier and the grandfather clock in the background. Finally, we have a vase of flowers on the table. Did you get them all? I sure hope so. So where can you find fringe country furnishings? Definitely check out Cathy cool, Birch,, cost-plus world market,, Bell, eBay, cherish, One, Kings Lane and restoration hardware firms. Country is one of those styles where you can definitely keep the cost down if you need to and still have a very chic looking room. For that reason, I would say that this dial is a low to moderately priced interior design style. For this section, Let's just do it. 12. Tuscan Interior Design Style: Yes. For those of you who really liked the look of the Mediterranean style, but prefer something more rustic. I may have your answer. Please welcome the Tuscan interior design style. As I mentioned in the Mediterranean style section, It's very common to confuse or interchange the words Kuskin and Mediterranean, particularly when we're looking at the more formal interpretations of these two styles as they are often incredibly similar. However, in there more casual iterations, these two styles are quite different. And I've had many clients who just loved the casual interpretation of the Tuscan style because of this and because it also has a strong country or rustic influence like with French country, I have chosen to present the more casual interpretation of this style and categorize it with the casual interior design styles. Now you might remember that whereas Mediterranean refers to all of the countries north of the Mediterranean Sea, the Tuscan style is all about Italy and specifically Tuscany, the Italian countryside. And oh, how I love Italy. In fact, I have it as a goal to live there someday, perhaps in my modern French home. Okay, Enough about me. Let's get back to this beautiful Italian style. The Tuscan style is a celebration of Tuscany, a part of the world that is considered the birthplace of the Renaissance, home to some of the best vineyards in the world. And of course, Florence, which has been nicknamed the art palette of Italy. This style is all about warm earth tones. And of course, in typical Italian fashion, this style definitely embodies a feeling of romance. When you look at Tuscan furniture, you definitely see a lot of wood finishes, mainly dark, but some light, but definitely know shiny finishes here. And much of the furniture has an old world feel. The Old World field is evident not only in the beautiful woods that are used such as walnut, mahogany element chestnut, but also in the large amount of iron used, such as iron bar stools and iron side tables. The chairs and sofas generally have soft curves and are usually a would base the furniture you'll want to add to give it that authentic custom feel are a farmhouse style dining table, ladder back chairs and a slip covered sofa. Large leather sofas and chairs also work incredibly well in this style. Wooden benches are excellent choices for your dining table or as accent pieces. A rocking chair would be right at home in this style as well. The outdoor furniture is usually made of wrought iron ore would topped with comfortable and warm colored cushions. Now Let's talk materials. To really pull off a Tuscan style, you must try to find a way to incorporate stone. Stone is definitely one of the most commonly used materials in the Tuscan style. And do you know why? Well, here are some options for you to guess from. Is it a stone is readily available in Tuscany, and therefore very inexpensive is a B stone walls helped to keep the homes cool in the summertime? Or is it seen farm houses and medieval homes were largely built up stone back in the day. And the Italians are proud of their history. Give yourself a pat on the back. If you said C. It is because the farm houses and medieval homes in Tuscany were largely built of stone back in the day. And the Italians, like many of the Europeans, are very proud of their history. And the many of today's Tuscan homes still retain the traditional stonework both inside and outside the home. How can you mimic that in your own home? Well, you could build a stone fireplace facade or a stack stone wall on a feature wall in your main living space. Your fluorine and countertops, or another place that you can easily incorporate some stone. Common materials used for fluorine and countertops include natural stone materials like marble, granite, limestone, or travertine. Now speaking of marble, this material is used in the Tuscan style as well for other design elements like pillars and decorative details. It's even better if you can find stone tile that has a tumbled edge to it, which gives it a very authentic look. Another very common material that is used in the Tuscan style is wrought iron. Just like with the Mediterranean and French Country styles, you will frequently see elegant wrought iron accents on all forms of furniture, including head boards, as well as wrought iron used on side tables, fireplace screens, pot racks, lamp basis, Scott mirrors, curtain rods, shelves, chandelier, AND gates. Now apart from stone and wrought iron, be sure to incorporate as much wood as you can, specifically walnuts, OK, and cedar for your furniture. Not only is would commonly used in the furniture, but in another common design element is large wooden beams on your ceiling. Apart from stone floors, wood floors are also very common if you choose to go with would find medium to dark tone rough wood flooring material. Like with the French country and Mediterranean styles. You'll also find rough plaster or stuccoed walls with a Venetian or other decorative finish. A few other hard materials you will find commonly used in the Tuscan style, our clay, brick and hammered copper for clay, think basis and jars for brick. You will see this material used in fireplace surrounds and for fluorine, both indoors and outside. And hammered copper is a common material used for bowls and other accessories. Now let's talk soft materials. Common materials used for furniture include leather, linen blends, and sometimes the mask. Although the ladder is usually more commonly used in the formal Tuscan style, cotton is commonly used for bedding and simple curtains. From a color standpoint, I would describe the quintessential Tuscan color scheme is warm, warm, and warm, but subdued rather than bright. Bayesian cream are extremely common as the main neutrals used in the style, but they are also accented with other earthy warm colors like terracotta, burgundy, red, burnt orange, gold, pale yellow, and olive green. Death and the LEA void pastel colors or black and white in a Tuscan color scheme. For patterns, you will frequently find tile mosaic as well as large prints like Paisley on places like pillows to other occasional prints you will see our floral prints and stripes. But like the color scheme, these are subdued patterns for window coverings. Just like with the Mediterranean style. Bear windows are best. But if you need or want window coverings than wood shutters are what is traditional. As we discussed earlier, typical fluorine is tile such as terracotta tiles, stones such as travertine or slate, medium or dark wood floors or brick for rugs, look for antique style rugs and warm colors, or cotton rugs in neutral tones. To complete this look. On the lighting side look to decorate with broad iron chandeliers. Ceiling medallions are beautiful. Table lamps with iron or clay bases and wrought iron wall Scania. For our looked to include artwork featuring the Tuscan countryside and textile paintings or still-life pictures of wine, grapes, or cheese. Tapestries such as this one over the fireplace, are also very classic. Apart from traditional artwork, also consider including sculptures both inside and outside your home. If you're feeling all in on this style, have someone paint a custom mural for you. The Tuscan countryside on your dining room wall, or perhaps a mural of clouds are angels on the ceiling of your foyer. Other common architectural elements include arches throughout the home, and not just with arched doorways, but even arch windows. Other classic Tuscan decor would include ceramic object like large earthenware vases, earns and colorful Italian glazed pottery, water features and old chess for storage. Let's see what else. Oh, yes. When very important design elements, can you guess what it is? I'll give you a hint. It has to do with one of Italy's most famous exports. You're right, if you said wine, remember, wine is a big part of the tusk and lifestyle. Some wine, the core is not only appropriate but expected, but just like with the roosters and the French country decor style, you can definitely overdo it. So don't some tasteful wine related. The core could include a wine barrel as a side table, a corkboard made of wine corks, a display of your prettiest wine glasses, or a glass jar filled with wine corks from your favorite wines for trees and flowers definitely incorporate cypress trees. Regular and spiral topiary. Lemon trees, rosemary, lavender, Bogan, Veolia, and Jasmine. Now in a classic Tuscan kitchen, you will inevitably see open shelving copper pots and pans hanging from the wall from wrought iron pot rack, stone or butcher block countertops. A simple wrought iron and glass pendants, or a simple wrought iron chandelier, as well as wooden beams on the ceiling. Potted herbs and baskets on the counter filled with food or supplies. This is obviously a very small kitchen. We're looking at larger kitchen. I would include a copper range hood or sink. It tumbled stone backsplash. And if we had an island, I would include some simple scroll work embellishments on the kitchen island corbels. You could also use a mix of colored cabinet tree, for example, cream on the top and brown or muted green on the bottom cabinets, or cream cabinets with a dark brown Island. Other finishing touches I would use include bronze hardware, pasta and glass jars and hanging woven strands of garlic. Now let's take a look at a classic Tuscan style space with a peek into both the kitchen and the family room. Go ahead and take a few minutes to write down what tusk and elements you see. Okay, are you all set? Let's go ahead and review this together. First, we see a lot of dark finishes from the dark wood cabinet tree on the island. And the dark woods sofa table to the dark brown leather sofa. The sofa table also definitely has an old world feel with some beautiful carvings and made from what appears to be a high-quality would. Also, you can see that the furniture for the most part is large and definitely has a heavy visual weight to it. From materials we see leather on the sofa, a lot of wood, including the wood beams on the ceiling, and quite a bit of wrought iron. The kitchen penance, for example, are wrought iron in the large tiered iron chandelier in the family room, in the Scott says on the far wall, as well as the candles Kansas, flanking the fireplace. For colors, this room is true to the Tuscan style using a very warm color scheme, including terracotta, Brown's, beige, white, and clean. The windows have been left bare and they have used terracotta tile for the fluorine. We also see that arches have been incorporated into the architecture of the walls. Some colorful pottery pieces have been added to the sofa table. Some final Tuscan kitchen elements that you may have noticed include the copper sink, the mix of colored cabinet tree with dark brown being used for the island, and what appears to be cream cabinet tree for the remainder of the kitchen, along with bronze hardware. So where can you purchase Tuscan style furniture? You ask, well, like with Mediterranean furniture, definitely check out accents of, but also take a look at Bella, woodland Creek Tara Moon did and Thomas fill furniture because the furniture pieces are so big and heavy, price points on Tuscan style furniture tends to be higher and closer to what we see with the more formal styles. So I would categorize this style as mid to high level in terms of budget needs. 13. Bohemian Interior Design Style Part I: Welcome to the beautiful city of Prague in the Czech Republic, which is our backdrop for our discussion on the very cool Bohemian interior design style. And in a minute, I will tell you why that is. But first, if you're the kind of person who loves mixing bright bold patterns, has a secret love affair going on with Moroccan style proofs and lanterns. You get itchy when you look at minimalist are highly organized the course, you happily embraced retro fads like beaded curtains and macro May, and you adore plants everywhere, then you may very well have a Bohemian interior design style going on in your home, or as it's also called beau **, **, ** Sheikh. Now many think that this is a style only for starving artists or the hip cool kids, but do not be fooled. This can be a great style from many other people as well. Remember, just like with any interior design style, you do not have to go all in. It's great to mix styles or just add some accents from a certain style. And this is definitely one of those that you'll want to consider. Now, back to why we have Prague in our background. The Bohemian style originates in the 1600s from the historical region of Bohemia, which you may know was located in central Europe and more specifically the Czech Republic. And it referred to those individuals who left Bohemia to become wanderers, which probably helps to explain why the word Bohemian, it comes from the French word for Gypsy. These individuals were also considered unconventional, usually in their social and their political views. Well, this style definitely breaks with convention. As you may have already guessed by now, Bohemian decor is our bright, loud, busy, but also chic all at the same time, which can be really quite tough to pull off. Well, you want a little chaos, but not too much chaos. Or people won't know what you're trying to pull off. But not to worry, I am going to break it down for you. If this is a style that you crave, one important point, this style screams for individuality. So please don't mistake design guidelines for rules. I'm just going to provide the general characteristics. Use this style to get you started. But ultimately you need to make your own rules or not. That is the beauty of Bohemian. Alright, Enough said, let's go ahead and start with the furniture typical for this style. Well, maybe typical is the wrong word. The way I would define the furniture style for Bohemian is definitely eclectic. The goal here is mismatched furniture. Distressed is best from a variety of time periods. You can mix velvet sofas was simple wooden chairs or a bar stools. Or French cities with simple slipper chairs and even a Burj chair would also fit in quite well, perhaps with a brightly colored fabric, Victorian style and ticks as well as anything with an ethnic vibe, are also both quite at home with the Bohemian style. Could we get more eclectic than this? But one thing I would say is that you generally want to find your pieces away from traditional furniture retailers. Shop your thrift stores, your estate sales, garage sales, flea markets, and the like. If you can tell that a table came from Pottery Barn, then that's probably not the table you want for this style. In short, it's ideal if your furniture pieces can tell a story. Now is a time to raid grandma's attic for cool retro pieces that have been temporarily discarded. To be sure that no matter what type of furniture you use, you cover them with a boatload of pillows. Try to find the brightest, most beautifully pattern pillows that you can. Now this is one of the classic Bohemian signatures that you can easily mix with other styles, either in your family room or even in your bedroom. Now, speaking of the bedroom, considered ditching the traditional headboard and instead hang a large tapestry behind the bed or a bill Louis canopy over the bed. There is one new or use piece of furniture I would incorporate an OH, so comfortable hammock chair. This is definitely one of those iconic pieces for this particular interior design style. For materials, really, most things go. I would personally use lots of wood, some wrought iron such as for your head boards or your side tables. And even wicker will make an appearance in the hostile interiors. Now for soft materials, and the key here is layering. Do your best to layer as many different materials together as possible. Use natural materials like burlap, sessile and leather, and layer those with finer fabrics like silk, velvet, but don't forget easy to care for a fabrics like cotton and linen blends. Sheep skins and other popular animal skins are also quite commonly used materials. One of the main keys with pulling off the Bohemian style well, is to be sure to mix your textures. This is imperative. Throw a sheepskin rug over a leather sofa, layered antique rug over a system drug. Use, silk pillows on a velvet chair. Now let's move on to one of the most defining characteristics of this style. And he guesses, you are correct if you said color. Now instead of naming what colors are used in the Bohemian style, perhaps it would be easier to name the ones that are not used. Okay, Let's see. Well there's black. But wait, no, that can look really cool in a bohemian home. Okay, so then there's white, but no white lace looks great as a decorative accent. Pink. Nope, all shades of pink. Yep, look good here too. Even most pastels can be done right in a bohemian home. Okay, Well, I am now officially out of ideas. Basically the point is, any colors go in this style, but it's all about mixing them. Now if the idea of endless color possibilities for your space is just way too overwhelming, then I would encourage you to choose a split triadic color scheme, which is when you choose one color, for example, green. And then pair that with the neighbors of its complimentary color. Green's complementary color is red, but it's neighbors on the left and on the right are violet and red orange. That would make a great color scheme for this particular style. Now if color is the main star of the Bohemian style show, then pattern is the very cool, almost as good as the headliner opening act said. More simply, this style is all about patterns from a cat to floral and Southwestern to Stripes. Oh, and don't forget some tribal and some animal prints as well. Zebra prints look especially cool in a bot hostile home. Now if that's just way too much chaos for you, a great way to get a boat WHO feel without going all in is to pick a brightly pattern rug, like in an, a cat or a tribal motif, and then pull colors from that rug for your throw pillows, throw blankets. You're Moroccan proofs and some artwork adding a few hanging rock and lanterns and you're in business. 14. Bohemian Interior Design Style Part II: Now let's move on to window coverings. You really do have a lot of options here. I would as a first choice, go with some shear or some fun multicolored curtains. Regardless of color, you could go with sheer curtains or a heavier material like velvet. Both would look right at home here. I would also encourage you to layer your window coverings. Hang a plane Roman shade under heavier curtains or hang light bill Louis curtains over wooden shutters. Some styles though I would stay away from, would include cellular shades, roller shades or vertical blinds. These would all look a little too contemporary for this style. Hobbled Roman shades, which would look to formal or relaxed Roman Shays, which look best with French country or some of the more formal interior design styles. But whatever you do, I would not leave your windows bear in this style. Just like with nearly every other aspect of this style, more really is more on the fluorine front. It really doesn't matter what type you have, because you won't be able to see it with all of the rugs you are going to throw down. Just kidding. Actually, I'm not. Well, maybe a little. At any rate, let me emphasize just how important rugs are in this style. Moroccan style rugs and sheepskin rugs are common. But honestly you could use almost any rug well in the bot host style and take Persian rugs, geometric print rugs, floral rugs. Really, you can likely pull off most pattern rugs in this style. Going back to the actual fluorine, if I were designing a bohemian room from scratch, I would choose a median toned wood floor with a weathered look because of the styles emphasis on natural materials. Now can you use other fluorine? Of course you can. A brick floor would look quite cool as would a funky tiled floor. But really you could make carpet work just as well. Making this as easy style to pull off. As for lighting, the defining characteristics of a well-executed lighting scheme would involve two adjectives, layered and moody. To pull this off and definitely incorporate some rock and style lanterns with some oversize funky dependence. Eclectic lamps with quirky lampshades and throw in a crystal chandelier or two. Crystal chandelier is use this style become o. So chic. Make sure to use light bulbs that give off a warm color as opposed to a cool cast like a fluorescent lighting. Fortunately, most energy efficient bulbs like LED or CFL, do come in warm whites. Now let's talk artwork for a second. It's probably no surprise that artwork is hugely important in this style. Why do you think that is? Because blank walls would be a serious design, faux pas in the style. So let's not do that. Instead, use lots and lots of artwork and stack it vertically or arrange it in large collages, but never a look that is to done in terms of specific artwork styles try a little of everything. Black and white photography, portrait or landscape, oil paintings, 1970s rock band posters, abstract paintings, you get the idea. It all works well in the Bohemian style. I would also encourage you to mix in some hanging sculptural pieces like ceramic deer heads or woven textiles for accessories. What doesn't go? Not much that I can think of. But if you definitely want to strike the right style cord, meaning that there's no question you are going for a bohemian style interior. Then I would add in some of the following, through our wind some colorful Moroccan inspired throw pillows, colorful or black and white stripe throw blankets to keep warm and add texture. Lots and lots of plants. Some macro may plant holders for those plants. Hanging temporary. Old guitars or tambourine is hung on the wall. And like with the Mediterranean style, Moroccan proofs are also huge in this style. But really any floor pillows will work, but be sure to have some floral pillows. Now some would also say a must in this style is the use of an oversized leaning mirror somewhere in your home, preferably the family room or the bedroom. A couple of additional architectural details for this style include the use of wood beams on your ceiling and wallpaper. If you use wallpaper, make sure it's in a bright hue like blue or pink or red. And as I'm sure you're thinking, make sure that it has a pattern. You wouldn't want the wallpaper to feel left out now would do. Now you may have already picked up on this, but the main goal of your accessories in a bot hostile home is to make it look like it's the home of someone well-traveled. And even if you aren't well-traveled, you can accomplish this look by shopping at local thrift shops, craft fairs, or flea markets. That said some other items to consider adding an include colored glass, Buddha or Hindu sculptures. Any handmade items. Glaze bases are boxes, ocean decor like seashells, vintage maps, stacks of books, or an ordinate gold mirror. Also a beau ** style room is a great place to display that cool record collection, that glass frog collection perhaps would elephant collection, or really any collection that makes your heart sing? The goal here is variety, but above all, just like with any style, be sure to only pick items that you love. At the end of the day, our homes should make us happy. That said be sure that there are no empty corners in your beau ** style home When in doubt, throw in a tall plant. Okay, now let's talk about Bohemian in the context of the kitchen. Now, you may be scratching your head right now, wondering what in the world would a boast style kitchen look like? Well, I can't say that there's a classic Bobo kitchen, but here are some kitchen design elements that I would personally throw in and would work really well in a beau ** style home. First, you should definitely throw in some color. No surprise. You could do that in the backsplash and incorporate some really funky patterned backsplash material. Bright colors could also be used in the light fixtures in your bar stools and in your wall paint. You could go with bright colored cabinets like this, but that's a bit too much for me personally. So instead, I would likely use light or medium toad would cabinet tree with shaker style or louvered cabinet doors and solid white or stainless steel countertops so as to not compete with all the colorful things that you go I have going on in that kitchen. But due to some funky hardware for the Cabinet polls, definitely incorporate some open shelving as well. So you can show off your brightly colored dish where you're pottery and your plants. Oh, and don't forget a pot rack. So with your new-found knowledge of the Bauhaus style, this room should be easy for you to break down. What are the specific Bobo elements that you see? What I see is an eclectic mix of furniture styles. We had the antique trunk in front of the bed and the antique trunks piled up on the right. We have a traditional style desk on the right side of the room, which is mixed with a very contemporary console stand type piece in a black and white geometric pattern. On the right side as well. The headboard has a classic shape, but a contemporary pattern. Speaking of patterns, we have a lot of different patterns going on in this particular room, which is, you know, is classic beau **. How many patterns do you see? I see at least five. Now, while this isn't one of the most colorful bow WHO spaces that I've ever seen. Color is still represented well, we've got black and white of course, but we've also got pops of red, some green, and two shades of blue in the curtains. The artwork, which includes some deer antlers, is hung in a haphazard manner, which is perfect. We have some funky casual dependence on either side of the bed for lights. And of course we have a lot of plants. Okay. So do you think there is a brick and mortar or an online store where you can go to stock up on all your Bohemian style furnishings? Or do you think that you should be relegated to only shopping at antique stores, thrift stores, and your grandma's attic. You might think it's the latter, but fortunately, I do have some good news for you because the style currently maintains a fairly popular following right now, there are retailers that do provide some pretty cool Bohemian style furniture and accessories. Whether you want to jump headfirst into the style or just want to incorporate some Bohemian flair to your existing space. Then checkout anthropology, pure one, cost-plus world market for, Justin, and of course, Etsy definitely being one of the places I'd stop first on my bohemian shopping binge. Finally, I've even seen some cool Bohemia inspired pieces of target, both in their stores and online. This is one of the more budget friendly styles, particularly since you can obtain a lot of great pieces second-hand and from entry-level retailers. 15. Farmhouse Interior Design Style: Is there anything more Americana than the farmhouse interior design style? Rustic, comfortable, and cozy, just like apple pie and coffee. Although the style has been around for hundreds of years, it is no wonder that it has had a significant resurgence in the interior design world in the last decade or so. But first, just a little history. It's important to know that this style has its roots in simplicity, add frugality. The farmhouse style first came on the scene in rural America in the 1600s and was born out of sheer necessity. As an aside, because the style originally came from Europe, you will see some elements of both French country and English country used as well. Okay, back to the American farmhouse style. All those farmers we had needed a place to live that was close to their crops. Hence, the birth of the American farmhouse. As a result, these farm homes were simple, practical, and use materials that were common in their area. Also because farmers were frequently going in and out of their homes, the large wrap-around porches were created to create a transition space, if you will, between the outdoors and in becoming a classic element used in this style still today. Many of the furniture pieces that you would have seen Back then, you will still see today in this style, albeit perhaps a bit more modernized items like rocking chairs, the quintessential farmhouse dining table and wood benches use at the dining table in the foyer or at the end of your bed. Speaking of the farmhouse dining table, a great look is to mix up the chairs you use for your dining chairs. Now you could use more traditional style shaker chairs if you like. But personally, I prefer to use industrial style metal chairs or white slip covered chairs for a more elegant look. To round up the dining room at in a vintage buffet. Like many of the styles that we have discussed, do mix in some classic American antiques with more current pieces for seating. Look for simple skirted chairs and sofas, and try using the trunk as a coffee table. Moving on to the bedroom, a wood or iron for poster bed is another classic piece and looks great in a farmhouse style master bedroom for storage, I would encourage you to incorporate a large wooden cabinet, either in your dining room for your China, in your bathroom to store your towels, or in your laundry room or hallway to act as a linen closet. Painted furniture, particularly white kitchen cabinets are classic farmhouse style. Chalk paint is a great way to give a simple contemporary piece, a farmhouse feel. In short, make sure that the furniture you use has simple lines and simple details to stay true to the style. When you look at a farmhouse home, what you will notice is would, would add more, would specifically medium or dark toned wide plank wood floors with a rough hue to them. Perhaps some wood wall paneling like ship lab, exposed wood beams, which are blocked, kitchen counters. And of course, nearly all of the traditional furniture is crafted from wood. This is definitely a style where I would try to incorporate some reclaimed wood for a more authentic feel. A wall covered in reclaimed wood would look beautiful in this style. Apart from wood, other materials used are tumbled stone for the floors and galvanized metal for chairs, stools, and side tables. That's generally about it. You've got wood, stone, and metal, Pretty simple right? Now for soft materials, it doesn't get any more fussy or complicated. Cotton is the supreme textile and the style probably no surprise, but definitely also find a way to incorporate some burlap, which could easily be done in your pillows and table runners, also considered linen blends and leather for sofas or chairs. The farmhouse color scheme continues the simplicity theme. You'll generally see pale neutral shades, a lot of white, some cream, beige, and some brown. Farmhouse walls are nearly always white. But today's modern home could use other neutral colors like beige or cream. Other colors to consider incorporate into your color scheme include rose, pink, muted green, various shades of blue, butter yellow, or a deep red. Any guesses on what patterns you will typically see in a farmhouse home. Well, by far it will be stripes and checkered patterns. However, occasionally you may see subdued florals used as well. For window coverings. Wood shutters are quite common. But I would also use flat Roman shades or relaxed Roman shades, or bamboo roller shades, or light colored cotton drapes. For fluorine wide plank wood floors are far and away the best fluorine to use in this style. But you could also use a tumbled stone, a terracotta tile, or even a brick floor in some areas like the kitchen and your foyer. Concrete would also be a possible fluorine choice for our farmhouse style home. For rugs, please keep them simple. Think braided rag rugs, braided wool rugs, or simple traditional style rugs. Lighting isn't an easy place in which to add in some farmhouse charm to your home. Classic farmhouse lighting includes lanterns either as hard wired pendens or not. Mason jar dependence and wrought iron chandelier. Or to add some bling, use a crystal and iron chandelier or even to over your farmhouse dining table with those slip covered chairs. This is a very contemporary, very chic farmhouse look for other lighting options. Definitely incorporate some chunky candle holders as this is a nice nod to the time before these homes actually had electricity. If you want to emphasize the French country influence in your lighting scheme, consider incorporating a French Empire chandelier, either in your bedroom or in your dining room. Now I bet you can guess what some appropriate artwork would be for your farmhouse style room. What do you think? Is there anything more farmhouse than pictures of classic countryside images such as barns and farm animals and flowered hillsides. I think not. You could go with classic images like the barn on the top-left and the flower fields on the bottom. Or go with a more contemporary and abstract version of the subject areas, like the pig on the top right. Now some other classic farmhouse design elements include a brick or stone fireplace surround with a heavy wood beam for the mantle, a claw foot tub in the bathroom, so elegant. And the also super popular sliding barn door that is popping up in homes all across America right now. Maybe in your own home. Beat board Wayne Skinny is also quite common in a style and I would add it to your dining room, your bedrooms and your bathrooms. Wallpaper is another element that can work quite well to in this style. Consider it for a powder room, the master bedroom, or a guest room for accessories. Be sure to have a quilter to in your home, and some wire baskets in your kitchen and your bathrooms for storage. Very chic and practical. In the kitchen, you can use wire baskets to store things like fruit, potatoes against an even hand towels in your bathroom. Use these baskets to hold your toiletries. Other great storage items include metal pails and can be used for everything from rolled-up towels to crayons for those kids. Mason jars are vintage milk bottles are great decorative items. Finally, let's not forget to add flowers, including wild flowers and roses, very on point. Now let's spend some time talking about the classic farmhouse kitchen because it's truly was the most important room in this type of home. What are the key design elements that will really give you that farmhouse vibe you're looking for. First, there is the ubiquitous farmhouse sink. An absolute must talk about the epitome though of practicality. These sinks were used to do everything from clean a chicken to washing your baby or washing the produce. It needed to be large. And the farmhouse sink definitely is that. It's such a cool sink that of course we now see it incorporated into many other styles of kitchens, at least across America. What else is classic farmhouse kitchen style? Definitely go with white or brown wood cabinets with broads hardware and try to incorporate some glass front cabinet doors as well. Hanging lantern pendants are perfect in the kitchen. Also use some open shelving. Remember, this kitchen is the work house of the home, and the most commonly used items need to be easily accessible. While open shelves look great, they are first and foremost extremely practical. Definitely be sure to have a solid collection of white ceramic dish where and if you have the rooming your kitchen, consider adding in some plate racks to display that pretty white ceramic dish. With that, you now have. Finally throw in a hanging pot rack and a chalkboard for recipes and notes. And you've got a fantastic farmhouse kitchen. Now let's take a look at another farmhouse kitchen together so we can see some of the classic styling elements of the style. Go ahead and take a look and jot down the specific farmhouse design elements that you see. First, I see quite a bit of wood used, not just in the classic ceiling beams, but on the stair treads, the cabinets, the farmhouse table, and as an exit in the archway leading to the family room. Although we don't have a clear picture of the dining chair being used, it does look like a shaker ladder back chair. The color scheme is also classic farmhouse, using a lot of white, cream, and brown with bread as the accent color. You can of course, all see the classic farmhouse sink and the plate rack displaying nice collection of ceramic dish where they've also used a terracotta tile floor, which is very true to the style. Finally, we see candles being used on both the dining table as well as on the fireplace mantle in the family room. What stores would I go to define furnishings in the farmhouse style? Well, fortunately, this style is not hard to find right now and it is nearly everywhere. I'm not kidding. Some places I would start first include antique, cottage home, lavender fields, Xin, cost-plus world market and If you love the show fixer upper than you may be thrilled to know that Chip and Joanna Gaines have their own farmhouse style furniture line called Magnolia homes, which you could check out as well. Just google Magnolia home furniture. And you will see different stores that carry this particular line. From a budgetary standpoint, just like with French country, you can definitely keep the costs down with this style. If you are willing to hunt for bargains. That said, I would categorize a style as low to moderate budget needs. 16. Western Interior Design Style: Do you find yourself daydreaming of the great outdoors with beautiful lakes, wildflower covered mountains, cowboys and writing off into the sunset on your beautiful palomino. If so, the Western Interior Design style would likely be the perfect style for you. This style is all about creating a comfortable and somewhat masculine home with layers of texture. And just like with the farmhouse style, a whole lot of wood. This style has its roots in the American Wild West and does a great job of using materials that continually tie it to the beautiful outdoors. Let's install furniture is definitely large-scale. Nearly always uses wood in its construction. You'll notice that the wood is generally medium and tone, sometimes darker wood, but rarely employing light woods. The couches and chairs are overstuffed for ultimate comfort using durable warm colored fabrics and nail head trim. While still employing simple lines, the tables are nearly always would. But one cool trend that you will see right now in this style, in our live edged tables and even better live edge tables with actual turquoise inlaid into them. How cool is that? The traditional club chair also works quite well with this style, particularly if it's leather. You will also see metal hardware in a bronze or a black finish, frequently used on tables and other case goods. Other popular furniture elements for this style include cow hide covered pieces from chairs to Ottomans, using trunks as coffee tables, coffee and console tables made from tree trunks. So cool entry routes and beds, tables and benches made from logs. As you can see, western style furniture definitely has more of a masculine look to it. If you're looking to feminize the style a bit, consider using a leather and cow heights a t and add some pillows with some fringe. Feminine, but still decidedly Western. As I mentioned earlier, the materials that are predominantly used in the Western Interior Design style, or those are commonly found in nature. You'll not only see lots of rough wood, but also a lot of iron and stone. You will also see wrought iron used on places like kitchen cabinet pulls, fireplace screens, and chandelier. For soft materials look to incorporate both worn leather and suede animal hides, particularly cow hides, of course, on your furniture or as rugs and thick hand woven textiles made from cotton and from wool. In this style, you will see that the walls are textured plaster or have a fill finish, but definitely give off a distressed look. Using reclaimed Woods on the walls is another great design choice for this style as well. Regarding the typical Western color scheme, what do you think works best, warm or cool? You are correct if you said warm, just like with what we see with the Mediterranean and Tuscan styles, warm rules, specifically, you will see a lot of browns, beiges, deep red, warm green, gold, Carmel, and turquoise. Now other turquoise isn't technically a warm color. It's actually not at all. It does work really well with the other warm colors that are traditional with this style. For patterns look to incorporate plaid stripes and any traditional Southwestern patterns. Having large windows is definitely part of the Western style home, as it's important to be as connected as possible with the outdoors. And no surprise, right? Having said that, many of the windows are often left bare of window coverings. But if any RUs look too simple plaid or simple curtain panels, or use curtains with a balance or even just a valid on its own would be fine as well. Medium to dark tone wood floors are definitely the fluorine of choice, but you could also use a tumbled stone as well for rugs, look to Southwestern style rugs, sheep skin rugs, and of course, cow hide drugs are perfect for lighting. I would use large oversized iron chandelier ears, iron erode chandelier, and one more iconic type of chandelier. Can you guess it? You get ten points if you said antler chandelier. Now if the thought of a real antler chandelier just does not sit right with you. Fortunately, there are some really great foe ones currently on the market that look fantastic. Other lighting options include floor and table lamps with an iron or a rope wrapped base, or just simple table and floor lamps with a plain colored shade. In the area of artwork, look to incorporate either black and white or color photography, particularly of animals and especially horses and rodeos. But also look to include oil paintings of the great outdoors and Western paintings depicting classic Western scenes. Other traditional design elements in a Western home include a stone fireplace, rough wood beams on the ceiling, or even wood planks, ceilings, and wood paneling on the walls. Did I mentioned that the style uses a lot of wood. Other classic Western style decor includes horse or cowboy sculptures, woodcarving of animals, animal heads, cow skulls or bull horns on the wall, saddles, horseshoes, Navajo inspired baskets, Navajo pottery, or any Native American pottery or artifacts. As I already mentioned, antler chandelier are quite popular, but at-large or foe antlers can also be used to frame mirrors or as a base for a table or a floor lamp. Also be sure to include some thickly woven throw blankets on your couch and chair for coziness and definitely include plants in your Western home as well. Again, to help bring the outside, inside. One word of caution, there's a lot of kitschy Western decor available today. The thoughtful in your selections and don't overdo it on these items that are covered in cows. Cowboys stick with the classic Western pieces like a cow hide rug and ATL or chandelier and some leather furniture. And you will be in great shape if you long for a western-style kitchen, I would recommend you go with medium wood tone cabinets with wrought iron hardware, patterns, stone countertops with beige undertones, a tumbled stone backsplash, a hanging wrought iron pot rack, and some iron and glass dependence. If you have an island, consider painting it a distressed, her turquoise color, that would be fantastic. A cow skull real or foe hanging on the walls would complete your kitchen western look. Here's a classic Western style family room. Now that you've got a good handle on the western interior design style, go ahead and jot down the traditional Western elements that you see. Okay, let's go ahead and review this together. First, we see that the furniture is large scale with nail head trip. We also see a cow hide covered Ottoman in the center of the room, and a leather club chair on the far right side of the room, which as I mentioned previously, works really well in a Western style space. You will also see that all of the metal elements in the room are dark bronze. We can also see that they used a wrought iron fireplace screen in front of a stone fireplace, which is a classic Western feature. You can also see that the walls have a distressed look, incorporating wood slats into them. The color scheme is also true to the western style, using lots of brown, beige, gold, and reds. You can even see some turquoise basis on the fireplace mantle. For what we can see of the windows, it appears that they've left them bare of any window coverings, again, to allow as much natural light in as possible to come into that room. They've also used with fluorine in this space for accessories. They have a cow hide hanging from the ladder on the back wall, a large plant in the back corner, and a soft throw in the foreground of the picture. Yes, this is a well-done Western space. Now some Western pharyngeal places that I've shot for clients include Lone Star Western, back at the ranch and Big Sky Other places to checkout includes Santa Fe, Western, hand, and Saddleback Even though the style is listed in the casual interior design styles. From a budget standpoint, this style has way more uncommon with the formal interior design styles. Unfortunately, it's important for you to know that if you are going to go for a Western style room or home, budget needs might be higher than you expect. 17. Introduction to 21st Century Interior Design Styles: Welcome to section for the section on 21st century interior design styles. The three styles that I'll be covering in this section include contemporary, transitional, and urban modern, which you can probably guess are those interior design styles that didn't really exist as official styles until after the year 2 thousand. Well, that's not technically true. Contemporary always refers to the style of Now. Whatever is hot right now is contemporary. However, transitional and urban modern only really arrived on the interior design style seen within the last decade or so. These are all exciting, fun styles and I cannot wait to get into all the nitty-gritty details with you. So let's go. 18. Contemporary Interior Design Style: Welcome to the world of contemporary interior design. I have chosen Los Angeles as the backdrop for this lecture as just like LA, the contemporary interior design style is a world of clean lines, minimal but striking pieces, and a beautiful juxtaposition of smooth, reflective surfaces and raw rough surfaces. Now sometimes you will hear people interchangeably use the terms modern and contemporary when referring to the contemporary interior design style. I mean, I hear it all the time amongst my friends on TV, even from furniture retailers who should know better. The reality is that these are two distinct and different styles. A modern interior design style refers to a particular design style, specifically a style that was made popular from the 1980's, 1990's. Can you guess what other style this name is referring to? You are correct if you said mid-century modern, and we'll be discussing this style in depth later in the class. Now let's contrast this fixed style with the contemporary style, which is actually a fluid and ever-changing style. It's simply refers to the style of the moment. That being said, there are definitely quite a number of common elements between these two styles, which you will see as we move through the sections. And I'm sure this helps to add to the confusion. However, now that you know the difference, I am sure you're going to have a good laugh the next time you hear someone using the term modern and contemporary interchangeably. Given isn't that one is a very retro style and the other is the most current style we have today. One thing that contemporary does have in common with western, yes, you heard me right? Western is that those styles read as slightly masculine. And as we go through the defining characteristics of the contemporary style, I'm sure you'll see why. It's no surprise then that I see bachelor's often gravitating to a contemporary interior design style in their own homes. But ladies do not be put off by this. This is a great style, unlike any style can be changed or in this case, soften to suit your needs. There are some great elements to contemporary furnishings that I'm sure most people can appreciate. I know I do. First of course, we start with the furniture. Contemporary furniture is easy to spot as the pieces have very straight, very strong, clean lines, lots of vertical lines and lots of horizontal lines. For example, It's exceed those sofa would be a classic contemporary piece. All these vertical and horizontal lines does not mean that other shapes cannot be used in the furniture. Like circular shapes, ovals, triangles, etc. In fact, they are, but it's the straight horizontal and vertical lines that really dominate this style. You will not see any adornment or carving of any kind on contemporary furniture. Another defining feature is that the legs of the furniture are nearly always fully visible in this style. No skirts or slip covers of any kind. Contemporary furniture is also known for being low profile, particularly the sofas and the beds. The furniture is also focused on being quite comfortable, often with very deep seating. Because the aesthetic of this style is so focused on being clean and minimal, very much like the Scandinavian style, you will often see clever hidden storage solutions being used in a contemporary space, as well. As I mentioned at the beginning of this segment, this style uses a very cool mix of opposing materials. On one side you will see a fair amount of smooth reflective surfaces such as glass, steel, lacquer, Chrome, and nickel. To that point, a glass staircase would definitely be a contemporary design element that takes advantage of the glass and steel that is so characteristic of this particular style. This is balanced though with a number of rough surfaces like stone. Concrete, brick and wood. The wood used in contemporary furniture is either quite light, such as cedar, birch or Maple, or can also be stained quite dark, such as an espresso brown black. But it's important to note that medium would tones that are commonly found in farmhouse and Western, for example, are not generally used in contemporary designs. While I would say that hard materials definitely rule in contemporary design, soft materials, of course, are used as well. The most common include cotton, silk, linen, and wool. For colors, neutrals definitely rule in this style. You will see a lot of gray, beige, brown, gray, black and white. In fact, white walls are a great choice for contemporary rooms. This is a great style in which to use a neutral monochromatic color scheme. That said it's still perfectly appropriate to add in a jolt of color. Think bright red, orange, green, fuchsia or a vibrant blue. While you could use a splash of color anywhere, I would personally keep bright color corralled to places like the artwork, pillows, rugs, and accessories. Now, be aware that while bright vibrant colors are on point with contemporary designs, pastel colors are not. Contemporary is one style that has no love lost with patterns. You will rarely see patterns used in ultra contemporary spaces. If you do see them, they will almost always be geometric patterns. Now there is one important design element that the contemporary style shares with Scandinavian style. Which of these elements do you think it is? Is it a natural materials? Be natural light or sea plants? Well, the answer is B, natural light. Just like with the Scandinavian style, contemporary homes usually have really large windows. And because it's important to let in as much natural light as possible, windows are once again, left bare if you do want or need window coverings, and I would recommend you use roller shades, narrow blinds, or very simple curtain panels. What Laura materials are used? Definitely think concrete, polished tile, or wood. If you do use rugs, go for solid rugs that have interesting textures, like a high-quality shag rug or Tuesday rug with interesting geometric patterns or an abstract pattern in a contemporary space. Sometimes the rug and act as a piece of art even for that particular room. Now going back to the lighting, apart from a lot of natural light, I think contemporary lighting is some of the most interesting of all of the styles. You really have two styles of lighting going on. On the one hand, you will see very simple subdued lighting, which includes recessed lighting and track lighting. On the other hand, you will see bold lighting fixtures, particularly in the way of floor lamps like the very cool arc lamp and contemporary chandelier, which are often very sculptural in and of themselves. Tendons and table lamps are usually sleek in nature with clean lines. Now let's move on to the artwork. In a contemporary home, I would use large, oversized pieces of artwork. Try black and white photography or abstract art. I would steer clear though of picture collages in a contemporary space. It makes sure that the frames are simple. Avoid ornate frames in lieu of large oversights artwork, you could also use geometric wallpaper, which would be a great choice. Now, like the French and the Scandinavian styles, contemporary is not contemporary unless you have used some open or negative space in your design. Remember, negative space is really a design element all on its own. Along those same lines. It's no surprise then that the contemporary style is about minimizing clutter. I mean, really minimizing clutter. No clutter. Because of this characteristic, you then must be very thoughtful in what you choose to have as your accessories. For example, one striking piece is all you need on a console table or a coffee table. Consider a sculpture or a beautiful hand blown glass bowl, or perhaps a simple arrangement of two or three stone bases. Plants are actually a great way to bring in a sculptural element to the room. Of course, look for large plants that have interesting sculptural leaves, like the Madagascar dragon tree, the String of Pearls plant, and of course the mother of all interior design plans right now, the ubiquitous fiddle leaf fig tree. An interesting note about contemporary design is that because it's the style of today and today's culture is generally concerned with our environmental impact on the Earth. Sustainability or green design is an important element of contemporary interior design. As a result, contemporary homes will often incorporate the latest in environmental design, including energy efficient doors and windows. Furniture made from recycled or sustainable materials, eco-friendly fluorine, and energy-efficient lighting, such as LEDs or CFLs, and water efficient, a kitchen and bath appliances. And of course, it contemporary kitchen will make use of all of these eco-friendly materials and appliances. Now, apart from its green design, a classic contemporary kitchen will definitely use flat panel kitchen cabinets, although the color of the cabinets can range from espresso brown to gray or white done well though you could also use a lighter tone would hardware will generally be nickel or Chrome and have strong and simpler angular lines. For countertops, I would use stainless steel or stone with little to no patterns on it. And for a backsplash, you could use a polished tile, it either as a solid color or pattern. A mixed materials backsplash, a texture tile backsplash as in a wave shape, glass backsplash, or extend the stone countertops to include your backsplash as well. If you go with any sort of tile, try to use long rectangular pieces as opposed to square or any other shape for the classic contemporary look, go with some striking lighting fixtures, whether that be dependence or a chandelier. Now let's go ahead and take a look at a contemporary family room together and break down the elements that make it contemporary. Take a good look. What do you see? First, it's not hard to miss all of the clean linear lines from the low-profile sofa to the bookshelves on the left, as well as the entertainment center. Also check out the clever hidden storage compartments on the wall to the right of the television. Because it's white like the walls. It almost blends right into the walls, doesn't it? Speaking of the storage and the entertainment center, you can see that it's made from a high gloss or a lacquered surface, along with the Polish tiles on the floor, which are definitely true to the contemporary style. The color scheme is also incredibly neutral, mainly white and black, but with a nice pop of mustard yellow on the chair and ottoman. A couple of matching accessories in a similar Q. Also, there are almost no patterns except for the rug, which is a geometric pattern. You can also see that there was a lot of natural light coming into this room from the large windows that we can barely see on the right. Of course, probably the biggest giveaway that this is a contemporary style space is the lack of clutter anywhere. Even the books look to be incredibly neat and organized. How did you do on identifying all the elements? I am sure you did great. Okay, So given that this is a style of today, it's no surprise, of course then, that contemporary furnishings are abundant and easy to find. If you are looking for contemporary furnishings for your own home, I personally would recommend that you start with room and board. West Elm Why,, or if you're on a strict budget checkout, ikea, they have some decent pieces you can mix into your contemporary home with ease. From a price point perspective, I would categorize contemporary as a moderate price style. On one hand, you can definitely lean more towards higher end pieces, significantly increasing your budget. With places like ikea and Wayfair, this style can definitely be pulled off on a smaller budget. 19. Transitional Interior Design Style: We have arrived at one of my very favorite styles to work in. The transitional style. I chose Boston as the introductory image for this lecture because just like Boston, this style has strong roots in the past, but is still definitely a hip and happening city in the now said, another way, this style can be described as traditional with a contemporary twist. Others are more apt to describe it as a marriage of traditional and contemporary. And yet others simply say it's an updated classic style. But why not? I have a little fun with this and just say that transitional, this is a very chic love child of the traditional and the contemporary interior design styles. Now that is much more interesting, regardless of how you describe it, It's definitely a style that designers, including myself would call classic and timeless, as well as comfortable and uncomplicated. It is definitely one of the most popular, most requested interior design styles today. When we designers put together transitional style rooms, there are really two ways to approach the furniture that we select for the room. One approach is to simply mixed together traditional pieces with contemporary ones. So therefore, you may see a contemporary style dining table with tough to dining chairs, which leans more towards traditional. Or you might see a traditional style sofa with contemporary sling chairs. Now, the other way is to simply use furniture that is transitional in and of itself. Meaning that these are pieces that have been designed to melt traditional and contemporary elements all on their own. It's the latter type, true transitional furniture that I will be discussing in this section. Much like contemporary furniture, transitional furniture, employees, simple silhouettes, although you will often see curved lines in addition to straight lines. Unlike what we see with contemporary of course, which is all about those straight lines, this combination of curved and straight lines results in transitional furniture becoming the perfect blend of both masculine and feminine energy. Straight lines, which are definitely more masculine, and the curved lines which are definitely more feminine. Making it a very comfortable environment for either gender and helps to make it so popular today. Transitional pieces are also moderately scaled. They're not too big and they're not too small. One of the characteristics that I really like about transitional furniture is that furniture designers have taken some of the more traditional pieces, if you will, like the traditional wing back chair and created a more contemporary version of it by simplifying the lines a bit and removing any carvings or excess adornments or ornamentation. They've done this with other classic pieces as well, which gives these items a beautiful, updated look. Tough Dean is a common feature use on transitional style furniture. But this traditional element may then be combined with a straight arm sofa, which would typically read as more contemporary write. Other transitional style seating options include the loss and style sofa, the swoop armed sofa, or a chair, or standalone Ottomans to be used as extra seating. Transitional style sofa and chairs can be skirted, but definitely with simple skirts, like a standard kick pleat. That said furniture legs are also commonly exposed on transitional furniture and can be either short or tall and straight or with back leaves at our curved, which reads as incredibly elegant. Nail head trim is another common design elements that you will see on transitional furniture. Coffee tables can be made from rich wood or a weak base with a marble top for metal, with a glass top or even a large Ottoman. All of these options would be right at home in a transitional style living room. For the bedroom, I would use a simple Tufte ID or nail head trim, headboard. Because this style uses primarily neutrals for its color scheme, it is imperative that you use a number of different textures to create an interesting dynamic space. For hard surfaces, definitely use various rich woods, stone, glass, mirrors and near the furniture as well as steel, marble, Chrome, and even lacquered pieces. But with restraint, of course, on the lacquer, I think it's a softer surfaces though that really bring a transitional space to life. Try to incorporate the classics like cotton, linen and wool. But so add in leather, shin Neil, silk, swayed, jute, and even burlap. For your fireplace. Use stack stone or brick, but consider painting the brick white for a more contemporary edge. As I just mentioned, neutral colors rule a transitional home, just like with contemporary. But in the transitional style, there is more of a focus on warm neutrals. So this would include beige, top, cream, khaki, and all shades of brown, particularly chocolate brown. That said, gray is also frequently used even though it falls into cool, neutral camp, but it's still plays well with this style. Black is another not uncommon accent color used in this style. Bright colors, if used, are generally used sparingly in areas like artwork, pillows, and accessories. And I have good news for you that like to mix metal finishes such as Chrome and brass because they transitional style room is the perfect place to do it. Now, transitional style isn't known for its use of patterns, but that doesn't mean that this style is the void of patterns either. I would likely just use one, maybe two in a room. But I would use them as accents rather than as the star of the show. So where do you think that you could throw in some patterns? Well, to start, you could use some throw pillows that had interesting patterns on them, super-easy. Or perhaps your rug has a large, beautiful pattern on it. But if you go that route, that's likely the only pattern I've used in the room. In the kitchen, you could have a classic and elegant mosaic behind your range. Or perhaps you choose to incorporate a pattern wallpaper in your transitional style powder room. That would be a great choice also. And see patterns can be used, but they should either be classic patterns like arabesque stripes, Greek key, and herringbone. Or you should go with more traditional patterns like floral, but with an updated or an abstract look. Now, it seems that for many of the last several styles I've been recommending to you, their windows, but not so with transitional, you definitely want to use window coverings. Specifically, I would use simple drapery panels, but with a traditional feature like pinch or French pleats, plane or hobbled Roman shades or simple textured woven would blinds such as bamboo blinds. If you want a more elegant look, use silk or velvet drapes. If you want a more casual look, go with cotton or linen. For fluorine, definitely look to neutral colored fluorine. Clearly, wood or tile would work. But what do you think about carpet? So far we've seen a lot of styles that would not work well with carpet, but with Transitional. Yes, actually definitely. Transitional is the one style in which nearly any fluorine material goes well. Even carpet. That said, a herringbone wood floor would be gorgeous in a transitional home. Now of course, rugs are important as well. And you could go with anything from wool, silk or a natural fiber bug like jute or sessile. Either patterned or solid rugs would work well also for lighting. Look for light fixtures that have strong, clean, classic lines. Channel ears with many lampshades would be on point from a style perspective as would a crystal chandelier. Definitely consider stances and use those that have more of a traditional style to them. You can use more contemporary lighting fixtures in a transitional style home. But personally, I would look for those light fixtures that have some sort of traditional element to them. E.g. it may look like a contemporary piece, but it may use glass or crystal has a major material. Less is definitely more with artwork for transitional style spaces. Consider one large picture, or perhaps they set of two coordinating paintings for your wall. Keep the frame simple, but definitely include some matting for a more classic look. Transitional is definitely a pair down style, not as stark as contemporary or Scandinavian, but a lot less clutter than Bohemian or English country. As a result, you definitely want to employ a good deal of thoughtfulness with the accessories that you want to use in your home. I would choose to use items and a 12 or three approach on your shelves and your console tables, meaning either use one stunning piece or a coordinate collection of two or three items, e.g. on a console table, you could have a beautiful bowl on one end, a trio of bases on the other end. But definitely ensure that there is a bare space in-between. The items on your table need room to breathe. I would also argue that plants are an important design element in the transitional interior design style look to orchids, ferns, and fiddle leaf figs, all classic elegant plants. In a transitional kitchen, you will generally see traditional elements like Shaker style would cabinets and elegant would kitchen island legs. But you will also see contemporary elements mixed in, such as minimalist cabinet poles, a sleek contemporary range hood, and perhaps a stone or stainless steel countertop and or contemporary style pendens for colors, I would use white, gray, or dark brown cabinets. For a backslash, I would use a mat or a polished subway tile, which could be beautiful in a herringbone pattern. Other backsplash options could include marble, glass, mosaic tile, arabesque tile, and even antique mirror tile backsplash that would look fabulous in a transitional style kitchen. Okay. Now let's take a look at a transitional style living room. What do you think makes this a transitional style room? Go ahead and jot down some notes and then we'll review them together. Let's go ahead and start with the furniture. You can see that there is a mix of curved and straight lines on all of the main seating pieces. Also, they use some scoop arm chairs in the seating arrangement. And all of the chairs and sofas are Tufte ID, which is classic detailing in transitional style furniture. We of course, see a very neutral color scheme with a number of different materials being used, which helps the room from feeling flat. We also have a stacked stone fireplace, wood cabinet tree, a marble top side table, and what appears to be linen chairs and velvet sofas. We also have a couple of different patterns can use on the throw pillows, but no patterns anywhere else. Of course. We also have wood floors in this room with a large, solid colored rug on top. The accessories being used are well-thought-out, definitely not cluttered. We have a pair of candlestick holders on one side of the mantle, along with a decorative bowl on the right side of the mantle to of course, balance it out. Along with a pair of earns flanking the fireplace. Like contemporary design style, because the style is so popular today, there are many home furnishing stores that carry transitional style furniture. Definitely check out Z gallery, Crate and Barrel, Williams, Sonoma living spaces and Hi fashion Like with the contemporary style, this style can be budget friendly, but you can also definitely spend some money here on your furnishings for the transitional style home. For that reason, I consider a transitional to be a moderately priced style. 20. Urban Modern Interior Design Style: Cool, comfortable, chill and chic. These are the words that come to my mind when I think about the urban modern interior design style. If there isn't it style right now, I would argue that this is definitely it. All the cool kids are doing it. Or in this case, using this style in their own homes, which has a distinctly cool, cosmopolitan vibe, just like the city of Chicago, which we saw at the beginning of this lecture. This style, which is also referred to as urban industrial, originates from the converted industrial lofts that have become so popular in recent years in urban areas like Chicago, New York, and many other downtown areas across the country. One reason why I think this style is so popular is that it combines some of the best elements of other styles, including contemporary, industrial and mid-century modern. Let's go ahead and start with the furniture. In this case, urban modern, borrows from the best that contemporary furniture has to offer. Large-scale, low-profile and simple lines, although more straight than curved. Like with contemporary urban modern tables, are also open and airy, often constructed of a metal base with a glass or wood tabletop or a weak base with a glass top and are generally simply round or square in shape, but can also have interesting shapes as well. For example, more likely we'll see with the mid-century modern style, a side table may from a tree trunk would also be on point in an urban modern room. Like the tables, bookcases that work well in this style would be open metal or wood bookcases. Seating in the genre can have either no exposed frames, like a large fully upholstered corner sectional or have exposed frames or legs of wood or steel. This is a style where I would definitely throw in some retro pieces, like the Pantone chair or the egg chair. Both would look very cool. To add the comfort factor, I would also try to incorporate a contemporary style Chase, both comfortable and cool. The low-profile nature of this furniture style is definitely carried into the bedroom, where you'll see platform beds being used as the most common type of bed. The main materials used in this style include metal, glass, and wood. Stick with those three hard materials and you'll be set. Often urban modern pieces will combine two of the three materials together. Regarding would all levels of Po1 work well, light, medium, and dark? All would be fabulous. This style like the transitional style, also likes to mix metals. Throw in some rose gold with your Chrome finishes, or copper with your oil rubbed bronze. Brick is another material that is commonly used in this style. Common applications include a brick wall or a brick fireplace. Speaking of walls, a stacked stone wall would look great as well in an urban modern room. Like contemporary, a mix of polished and rough surfaces are definitely important in this style. On the softer side, look to cotton, linen and wool for your upholstery rugs, throws, etc. The urban modern style does such a great job with color. The color schemes are neither decidedly warm nor cool, but a great mix of both warm and cool colors. Generally, the fluorine walls and ceiling will be neutral and color as well. Some of the main furniture pieces, particularly white, black, and gray. They are all super popular in this style. Beige, not so much. Now apart from neutrals, you will definitely see some bright colors thrown in, typically in places like your rugs, pillows and your artwork, but sometimes with soap as in chairs as well. Deep red, mustard, yellow, and Navy are great colors for this style and work well with the hard materials typically employed. And are also a nod to the ethnic influence that you see in the style. No pastels here though, all strong, vivid colors. This style does employ patterns, although definitely with some restraint, keep the patterns to one dash two items in a room. The main patterns in the style that you will see include tribal and geometric patterns, mostly in places like throw pillows and rugs, like many of the styles we've discussed, natural light is super important in an urban modern home. Because if you've seen pictures of those converted loss, you will notice that they generally have very large windows. Naturally this style wants to same and maximizes a natural light in a room, often by eliminating window treatments altogether. If I need to use window treatments in this style, I will use simple shear or opaque curtain panels in a neutral color or a roller shades. That's pretty much it. Everything else would just not look right in a true urban modern room. For fluorine. If you have concrete or wood floors, then you are set. Otherwise you'll have to make the best of it if you have tile or carpet. But that just unfortunately won't really ring true. But then again, who's going to know except maybe a designer for rugs though that's an easy fix look to the super popular cow hide rugs, foe or real simple rugs, shag rugs and tribal print cotton or wool rugs. Lighting is an interesting design element in this style. Why do you think that is? Because you can really go in many different directions. You could borrow from the industrial style and use exposed bulb, Edison pendant lights or floor lamps made from old pipes. Or you can go more glam and throw in a crystal chandelier. A borrow from the contemporary style and use Track Lighting. Really any contemporary light fixtures work well in this style. I often like to go big with my light fixtures. And if you had any hesitation about doing so, do not fear when trying this out in the style. Oversized light fixtures are perfect for the urban modern home. Much like the contemporary style urban modern homes often use large scale artwork to put a more urban twist on it though, look for pieces that are original or one of the kind, think starving artist. Now, where do you think would be the best places to find this type of art? Definitely check out your local art fairs sometimes held on college campuses. A collage of photographic prints in black or silver frames with large white matter would be also perfect for this style. In fact, if you have a collection of travel pictures from your own adventures, this is a great style in which to incorporate them. As I briefly mentioned earlier, there is definitely an ethnic vibe going on in urban modern home. I would look to traditional ethnic pieces or air looms like Mexican woven baskets, African masks, or hand carved wood sculptures. Other great accessories for an urban modern space include anything vintage. For throw blankets, hand blown glass lobes, air plants are cactuses or anything with unique sculptural lines to it. I would also definitely incorporate a Burkhardt into an urban modern living room. To create an urban modern kitchen, I would use flat panel kitchen cabinets with a polished wood grain or espresso Brown, a mid tone gray as well could work for a backsplash. I would go with a polished tile, mosaic, stainless steel, or finished bronze material for countertops look to add a stainless steel or a butcher block countertop and definitely incorporate open shelving and a hanging pot rack. Now go ahead and take a look at this urban modern family room. What urban modern elements do you see? First, notice that the sofa is low profile and both the sofa and the chair have simple straight lines. Also the coffee table and the side table have metal basis with glass tops. One is a simple square while the other is around. You can see that the materials used in this room are metal, glass and wood. Metal and glass and the tables large mirrors, which is just another form of glass on either side of that fireplace and wood on the floors and the fireplace mantle. The color scheme is primarily neutral, that has used navy blue in the sofa, a blue accent pillow on the chair, as well as a blue glass globe on the floor under the coffee table. There's also a rug with a geometric pattern. Finally, we have that very cool hand carved wood piece to the right of the fireplace, which gives off a somewhat Ethnic vibe. Can't wait to create your own urban modern space, then definitely head to Crate and Barrel, CB2, room and board, West Elm Urban and urban From a budget standpoint, this style is definitely moderately priced. 21. Introduction to Retro Inspired Interior Design Styles: Hello and welcome to section five, where we break down for interior design styles that are definitely retro. Meaning these are styles that originated several decades ago and are still going strong. Or they are newer styles that have had a resurgence. Or they are simply inspired by some older styles. These styles include mid-century modern, industrial, art deco, and Zen. If you've been taking this class in a linear fashion, then you already know how i will be breaking down each of these styles to help you understand exactly what makes each of these styles are unique and distinctive. At the end of this section, you will take your final style quiz to find out which of these cool styles is best for you. That sad, let's go ahead and get started. 22. Mid-Century Modern Interior Design Style: Welcome to our first retro inspired style, mid-century modern, or as some referred to as mid mod. This is definitely a style that has had a resurgence in a big way over the last decade. Originally made popular in the 1950's, 1960's, during the time of some of the coolest entertainers of our time, like the famous Rat Pack, who became synonymous for many people with Las Vegas. Today's mid-century modern style has an updated look that absolutely pays homage to the original. But this fresh enough that it does not make you feel like you're stepping out of the pages of a 1950s Better Homes and Gardens magazine. This style started having a resurgence in the mid 90s, although mostly among high-end collectors who were looking for original pieces. And it really wasn't until the early 2000s that we sought showing up in a big way across many popular retailers and a very affordable price. And of course, when Mad Men became big, well, there was no stopping this style at that point. In fact, you would be hard-pressed to open a home or interior design magazine today without spying some classic mid mod pieces on its pages. That is how we liquidus the style has become. And it should be. I have to give serious props to the designers during this timeframe. They create pieces that are truly timeless and will have a lasting appeal, I believe for generations to come. It's also really easy to mix classic mid-March pieces was so many styles today, particularly the contemporary style, which again helps to add to its broad appeal. Now one interesting fact about mid mod is that it was the first style that was really quite focused on having a seamless transition between the indoors and outside. And as a result, became the beginning of our love affair with outdoor spaces. So what defines a style? Well, it's truly all about clean classic lines and minimal decoration. But it's obviously a lot more than that. Let's begin with the furniture. Oh, the furniture. I don't think that there exists an easier style to decorate it. Why? Because the furniture pieces from this time are so incredibly iconic. Whether you're looking at an original or a reproduction, the lines of some of the most common pieces cannot be mistaken for anything else. Before we get into what some of those classic pieces look like, Let's first talk about the defining furniture characteristics of this mid Mod style. Mid-century modern furniture has an open, light and airy feel. The furniture, as I mentioned, employees clean, simple lines that are either straight or smoothly curved. And the furniture pieces are generally raised off the floor with taller legs. And speaking of the legs, the legs on dad bought furniture are easy to identify. Most of the pieces you splayed legs, tapered legs, or hairpin legs. The seating often has fully visible wood frames, which comes from Danish furniture makers and was one of the inspirations for mid-century modern furniture. The seating is commonly Tufts it, but in a more subtle way. You will also notice that there is a definite lack of ornamentation on this furniture. Now that I've talked about the defining furniture characteristics, let's go ahead and now take a look at some of the most classic, iconic pieces of this style. And because these pieces are so classic and so well-known, their designers are equally well-known. And the designer's name is often mentioned in the name of the piece. Kind of cool. For example, we have the very cool Noguchi table designed by a Samu Noguchi and originally sold by Herman Miller. We also have the Jacobson egg chair, the sarin and wound chair, the tulip chair, the tool of table, the Eames lounge chair. Debra toya side chair, the Barcelona chair by Ms. Van der Rohe. The Nelson platform bench, the Pantone chair, which was the world's first plastic chair to be manufactured out of. One single piece and the iconic Nelson marshmallows sofa. Natural materials are used prominently in mid mod furniture with Woodbine, the most commonly used material, teak and walnut, are particularly popular. You will also see beautiful Woodside tables with organic shapes like those made from tree trunks. Now while what is probably the most common material used for furniture in this style, you will also see furniture made from polished metal, fiberglass, lose sight glass, stainless steel, brass, and molded plastic like in the iconic Pantone chair. For software materials, you will see leather and linen, heavy wool, jute, systole, and burlap. Now when considering what color scheme to using your mid mod room or home, definitely be sure to incorporate some of the colors that were popular during this initial design period. Do you remember what those colors were? Think mustard, yellow, pumpkin orange, and avocado green. Now I am guessing when some of you hear the words avocado green, you might be prone to think, Are you crazy? But alas, I assure you I am not crazy. These colors can absolutely look fresh today if you use carefully, meaning somewhat sparingly and paired with neutrals like white, cream, dark brown, beige, and gray. Really though most colors can work in a mid mod room, try bright blues, deep reds, deep purple, even fuchsia, but keep the colors rich in saturated. Avoid pastels in this style. For pink color on the walls. The traditional approach would be to use white paint so that the furnishes can be the star of the show. That said, don't be afraid to use some bold pattern wallpaper somewhere in your home. Overall, the feeling of a mid mod color scheme is generally warm, although cool colors like turquoise, gray, and black are used as well. This is a style that is definitely not afraid of patterns. Now because of style is about exuding a sophisticated error. Patterns are used with restraint. But when patterns are used, they are used in a bold way. You will see a lot of bold geometric patterns like circles, squares, triangles, and other geometric shapes. You will also see whimsical patterns and abstract patterns used as well. Where do you think you can use these patterns to make it feel authentically mid-March. Definitely incorporate them into your pillows, rugs, your drapes, and of course, your wallpaper. Now while patterns are definitely using this style, they are almost never found in the actual furniture pieces. If you were a tour homes designed in the mid-century modern style, you will see a lot of very large windows, even Florida ceiling windows, because as you might remember, blurring the lines between outdoors and inside was a major design influence for this style. And they certainly didn't build those giant windows just to be covered up by window coverings. Windows are often simply left bare, or less frequently you will see drapes being used, but primarily for decoration. However, if you need privacy or reprieve from the heat and you want an option other than curtains, I would use just simple roller shades. The typical fluorine and a mid mod home is categorically medium to dark toned wood floors. And often these floors are left bare. But I personally really liked the look of rugs. And fortunately, rugs definitely can be used in this style in an authentic way. Look to use wool rugs, shag rugs or jute or sessile rugs. The lighting youth in mid-century modern rooms is hands down. My favorite design element of this style. Again, just like with the furniture, there are some amazing iconic pieces that were designed during this period and are extremely popular today in both high-end and very affordable versions. Let's go ahead and take a look. First we have the Sputnik chandelier, the bubble chandelier, artichoke lamps, tripod lands, and arco floor lamps. As you can see, all of these lighting fixtures have such strong lines all on their own. As a result, I would recommend that you only use one per room. But of course, since nearly every room needs more than one light source, I would recommend that you pair any of these classic fixtures with more simple lighting fixtures that don't compete with these iconic pieces that really need to breathe and be appreciated. The artwork used in mid mod rooms tend to be large scale abstract pieces or vintage inspired prints like Andy Warhol reproductions. You can find other great vintage inspired Prince on Okay, now let's talk Accessories. What do you think is perhaps the most ubiquitous accessory used in the mid-century modern room. I'm sure you mad men fans can tell me. You are absolutely correct. If you said a BAR cart, definitely, definitely use a bar chart. And in particular, I would recommend a brass one. If you can find a vintage one from that area all the better. But in my opinion, a bar chart is a must even if you don't drink alcohol. Bar charts are great vehicles for all types of accessories, such as pretty glassware or stem where flowers and plants, books, fruit or water bottles. Other great accessories and a mid mod room include a sunburst mirror, which is iconic from this time period. A george nelson Clock, brass candlestick holders, a geometric mobile, or most hand carved wood items. Now, all that said definitely avoid clutter. Less is more with this style. But one thing you should definitely have our plants, just like with many of the styles we've discussed, plants are also very important in this style. No surprise given its focus on the outdoors. A mid-century modern kitchen should have cabinets that use flat panel doors and could be painted in either white or a beautiful mid-tone wood grain finished. And then Nicole or Chrome hardware with strong linear lines. Countertops should be made from simple, solid colored stone, but go with a bold geometric backsplash to complete the look, go with stainless steel appliances. Now onto the fun part. Let's take a look at a well pulled together mid mod room. What classic mid-life elements do you see? Where to start? There's quite a bit here that is classically mid MOD. First we have the furniture, of course. The sofas have cleaned straight simple lines with no ornamentation. The legs or the classic tall splayed legs that we see on this style, on both the seating and the foot rest. In the foreground of the picture. We have the beautiful wood cabinet on the far wall. The coffee table with beautiful organic tree roots for a base and a glass top. This coffee table is further accented by the tall tree branches in the corner of the room. A big nod to nature, which is so important in the style as you now know, the silver does appear to be made from a linen blend and the mustard yellow chair appears to be leather. Speaking of mustard yellow, we have neutral walls and accents of white, turquoise, and brown in the color scheme. We also have a very cool floor lamp made from a tree branch on the right side of the room. Of course you can't help but notice those very tall Florida ceiling windows that are flooding the room with lots of light. Now I don't see a varchar in this image, but I will bet you that there's one off to the side that we just can't see. I mean, how could this room not have a BAR cart? So where can you shop until your heart's content for mid mod pieces? As you now know, this style is still enjoying a very strong revival, so you will not have to look too hard. Checkout West Elm, CB2, Jonathan Adler, and just to start, but also look to, Target and cost-plus world market. If you are looking for more budget friendly choices, of course, do not forget your vintage shops, your flea markets, eBay and in general, unless you are looking for one of a kind or vintage pieces, you can decorate a room or at home with a moderate budget. 23. Industrial Interior Design Style: Welcome to the world of industrial interior design, raw, utilitarian, unpretentious, and edgy. Those are the words that epitomize this style. This very cool, very popular style originated really out of necessity. New York City, which we know has limited real estate, began in the 1970's, converting old factories or abandoned warehouses into lifestyle apartments for more living spaces. This is where the style came from. So what does this style all about? It's simple really. The industrial style celebrates the materials that make up the skeletons of our homes and strives to display them rather than conceal them. Items like pipes and ducts on the ceilings and walls are exposed rather than hidden. Steel or wood beams are celebrated in an industrial style space as our weathered brick walls and even unfinished walls. While this style is best suited for homes with large open floor plans and very high ceilings. You can absolutely definitely make this style work in nearly any home, even if you don't want to furnish your entire home in an industrial style. This is one of those styles that work seamlessly with almost any other style which we will get into in the next section. One note about industrial style. Sometimes people mistakenly confused this steam punk style with industrial. These technically are two different styles. However, steam punk decor, which is inspired by the 19th century industrial steam-powered machinery, is often incorporated into the style, as these two styles have a lot in common. Let's look at what type of furniture works well in an industrial style room. Like with urban, modern, Western and Tuscan styles, industrial style furniture tends to be large scale and much of it like contemporary, is low profile. Again, as with contemporary style furniture, industrial style furniture uses strong clean lines. Industrial style furniture is generally made of metal or wood, or a combination of the two. And both materials have a worn finish, nothing shiny here. One of the telltale signs of an industrial style piece is the use of industrial metal pipes in places like bookcase frames, table basis, or on light fixtures. Speaking of bookcases, industrial style shelving is always open, often using the back X brace feature. Vintage pieces such as the Title IX metal side chair is one of the classic symbols of this style. This chair was originally designed back in the 1930's in France to withstand the repeated use and abuse that they received in cafes. I love the simplicity and strength of these chairs. Metal swivel bar stools are also extremely popular in this style. The aviator chair is another great chair to incorporate into your industrial style room. For sofas that work well in this space, I would include a classic contemporary low-profile sofa or a metal frame sofa with leather cushions, vintage metal cabinets that were used in doctors and dentists offices, as well as labs and factories at the beginning of the 20th century, are also fantastic pieces for this style. I would also look to incorporate concrete tables as coffee tables, side tables, and dining tables. Another great option for a coffee table would be an old wooden trunk. Now if you need a desk for your space, look no further than the saw horse desk, very industrial for your bedroom look to use a platform bed or an iron canopy bed with straight lines. As I mentioned, the common materials use for the industrial style furniture is metal and wood. With regards to metal, it's many, many, many different types of metal, from stainless steel to all types of cool colored metals including iron, aluminum, and tin. And on the warmer side of the spectrum, stick to copper for would definitely ensure you are using unfinished or reclaimed wood. Other materials I would incorporate into an industrial style space, our glass, concrete, and brick. Now on the softer side, stick to leather and linen, although I would use the latter material more sparingly. For colors, just like with contemporary, transitional and Scandinavian styles, the neutral color scheme rules in an industrial style home. In particular, you will see many, many shades of gray and brown, but also plenty of black and white. For accent colors. I would use brick red, burnt orange, dark green, or any shade of blue, but not altogether. I would recommend that you pick just one. Okay, Now let's talk patterns. What patterns do you think are best for an industrial style room? Do you think it's a plaid, be stripes or see none? It's definitely see none. Nada, zilch, really truly no patterns are commonly using this style. Now for you, pattern lovers don't despair. Just like with anything related to design, you can of course, incorporate some patterns, but just know that you wouldn't be staying completely true to this particular design aesthetic. That said, if one of my clients really wanted patterns, I would use either simple geometric patterns or even subtle tribal patterns. A nod to its design cousin, urban modern. Just like with patterns, window coverings are just as popular in the industrial style. Did you catch that joke? Yes, bearer Windows rule, but not just bear windows, the classic industrial window will add metal framing, which really helps to make the window pop. Again, if you must have window coverings, I would stick with a simple roller shade. That's really it. If you use anything else, you are definitely choosing to consciously bring in another style, which is totally fine, but it's just not industrial. Now on the fluorine front, you do have some options, three to be exact, these three are concrete, stone or rough looking, would Tyler carpet just would not work at all. Also, if you are staying true to this design aesthetic, you definitely don't want to use rugs of any kind. But personally, I love rugs not only for their aesthetic appeal, but also for the warmth they provide on bare feet. I would look to add in very simple neutral colored rugs in a solid color like gray, made from natural fibers such as wool or cotton. You could do a lower pile rug or even use a shag pile rug, provided it's in a neutral color. If you can live without the rugs but can't stand the cold floors look to incorporate radiant heating into your floors if you have the budget. Okay, now let's talk lighting. As you know, industrial design is a celebration of the utilitarian materials that make up a home. What do you think is the most important design element of a light fixture? The bulb, of course, the bold is what provides the light source. And isn't that the whole point of a light fixture? Okay. Now you can't just use any bulb. Definitely use an Edison style light bulb. And who doesn't love the look of an Edison light bulb? Not me. To show off this very cool looking bulb. Industrial style light fixtures often use open steel cages so that the light bulbs are fully exposed. Now, the type of light fixtures that are used in an industrial style room should include some floor lamps, table lamps, and oversized dependence. Why? Because these are all task lighting fixtures, which celebrates a style that has its roots in task type behavior found in factories for ambient lighting, you could use a funky industrial style chandelier, but I would definitely consider using Track Lighting instead. For a more casual vibe. Just bring up a set of exposed bulbs that would look super cool. Another classic industrial light fixture that you should consider using is the studio tripod floor lamp, inspired by the stage lights using the 1930's and 40's. Finally, lighting is one area where you can definitely incorporate some steam punk. Look for some steam punk inspired light fixtures like this. You may be wondering what type of artwork goes well in industrial style space. Well, you can definitely go with some oversize abstract artwork or some black and white photography. But this is a style that thinks outside the box when it comes to wall the core. So items like old railroad signs and vintage industrial elements like gears are often hung on the walls like sculptures. Another really cool idea for an industrial style room is to hang old schematics and patents in simple black frames. For example, in my husband's office, which has an industrial vibe, we hung a copy of the patent for the mini lego figurine. Great for the lego enthusiasts in your life. Moving on from lighting, we get now into accessories. However, just like with contemporary and mid-century modern styles, you definitely want to avoid clutter in this style. So make your accessories count. Look for utilitarian and salvaged objects. One per flat surface will suffice. Steam punk items would also look great in an industrial style space. Also definitely use some plants to help soften the look, but choose large plants like a yucca, leaf fig or a cactus, as they have to be able to hold their own in a space filled with such strong pieces and strong elements. To warm up this style, which I would want to do, use some throw blankets and comfy knitted throw pillows. Now if I were to design an industrial inspired kitchen, the key elements, I would use our flat panel kitchen doors with the color of the cabinet tree being light or dark gray, light or dark brown or even black. But I would definitely use Chrome hardware for countertops. I would use concrete, stainless steel or courts. And if I could, I would look to incorporate an island that has been repurposed from something like an old manufacturing table. I would definitely also throw in some open shelving. A reclaimed wood backsplash could also look fantastic, but other backsplash options could include brick, stainless steel, or simple subway tile. Matt, not polished. Obviously stainless steel appliances are a must. Go ahead and take a look at this industrial inspired room. What jumps out at you as being classically industrial? Take a few minutes to jot down your thoughts. Okay, here's what I see. First, the furniture, not a lot going on. Definitely minimalist. We have a contemporary leather low-profile sofa, but really the only sitting in the room. We have a low-profile coffee table with industrial style wheels. On the far back wall. We have metal and wood storage. For the color scheme, lots of grays and browns with the red brick wall really provide most of the non-neutral color in this room. Apart from the rug, which is not classically industrial, that works nevertheless with this room. You can also see that they have large metal frame, the windows with absolutely no window coverings perfectly on point. Not even though the light fixtures have visible bulbs, which is what we often see. These light fixtures do work given the heavy metal basis that are reminiscent of scaffolding. Of course, we also have a wood floor and a bare metal staircase. But my favorite feature in the room is that steam punk robot sitting on top of the coffee table. Absolutely. Perfect. So now let's talk about where you can find some great industrial style pieces. Definitely checkout Restoration Hardware, West Elm, Xin, Kathy Kuo,, eBay, and check out Etsy for some fabulous steam punk inspired light fixtures. Like we saw with the mid-century modern style, budget needs for industrial style tend to be more moderate. 24. Art Deco Interior Design: Bold, glamorous, opulent and elegant. These are definitely the words that come to mind when I think of the Art Deco interior design style. This style is simply oozes glamour and sophistication, which is definitely why it's a style that has endured nearly 100 years. First originated in France. This style soon swept across the globe, particularly in Europe and America, was heavily used InDesign in the years between World War one and World War II. Most people associate this style with the roaring twenties. And that's because this style peaked in the 1920s and 30s. There are also many architectural examples of art deco across the world. One of the most famous being the Chrysler Building in midtown Manhattan. As you saw at the beginning of this lecture, Art Deco is actually short for art deco motifs, which was an International Exposition that took place in France in 1925. This style originated out of the optimism that the world felt after the end of World War II and the rise in international travel that began to happen around this time as well. Now unfortunately, at the start of World War II, when people's optimism turned into pessimism, the style experienced a significant decline as they felt the style was way too excessive and gati for the times. Do you remember what follows the art deco style? You are correct if you said mid-century modern. Now, fortunately for this beautiful art deco style, experienced a strong revival in the 1980's. And today it is a style that is loved and used by many, particularly in restaurants, hotels and nightclubs. Art Deco was influenced by many events and other styles. For example, it was heavily influenced by the proceeding Art Nouveau period. Additionally, after King Tut's tomb was discovered in 1922, suddenly everybody wanted something Egyptian in their homes. So Egyptian motifs were incorporated into the style, including images of mummies and pyramids. Another influence of this style was Hollywood. And specifically what movie goers were seen in the movies during this time period. People wanted to replicate the lavish homes that they saw on screen. Finally, there was a futuristic element to the Style due to the Machine Age, which was new and exciting during this time, including mass production processes. As a result of this new mass production, much of the furniture that was made was now suddenly more affordable for the middle-class. Of course, as with any style though, we're high-end pieces made as well. What's interesting though is that if you are able to locate furniture from this time period, it all has some value as even the mass produce pieces are approaching being 100 years old, also known as antique status. Now that we have a broad brush perspective of this style, Let's get down into the nitty-gritty. First, what features defined art deco furniture? Well, they are definitely pieces with lots of strong curved lines, which were used in tandem with strong linear lines. These streamlined pieces were said to be influenced by the romance of air travel, which was at its height during this period. Thus, the furniture lines are a nod to plane aerodynamics apart from the strong lines, another one of the defining features of the furnishings in this style is the shine and the lacquer used on everything, of course. But you should definitely incorporate some shiny or lacquered pieces into your room to truly pay homage to the style. You will also see that decadent details are found on art deco furniture. Specifically, you will often see intricate inlays of exotic woods and materials such as ivory and silver in art deco pieces. One of the famous furniture designers during this time period was Paul Frankl, who became famous for his skyscraper furniture as it was called speed chair, who's lines were meant to mimic a speed boat. Mirrored furniture which has made a big comeback in the last few years, also has its roots in art deco furniture, where a mirrored furniture was all the rage. So be sure to incorporate some mirror night stands. A mirror dresser or a neared console, or a side table. How many mirrored pieces should you use in the room? One to two pieces for one room should suffice. Other typical furniture pieces include chrome framed chairs and Chrome Frame coffee tables. As Chrome was a new material being used in mass during this time. A deep leather club chair is another art deco staple. Also definitely be sure to incorporate Anwar and a lounge sofa into your art deco home. Looking in the bedroom beds often had oversized head boards and were made from wood or metal. The motifs that these headboard used were motifs that were found in Egyptian and Aztec designs. As I mentioned, this style was all about glamour and luxury, and the materials used in the furnishings definitely reflected that specifically exotic woods such as ebony, Rosewood antique, were commonly used in the higher end pieces. Walnut and maple were other commonly used woods as well. Now those who couldn't afford the expensive woods would buy less expensive wood lacquered pieces, which still gave a similar appearance. Probably the most exotic materials you will see in this furniture include ivory, pearl, and tortoise shell. However, there was plenty of marble, Chrome, stainless steel glass, including stained glass mirrors, and even molded plastics such as Bakelite and lose sight, which added to that futuristic effect. The softer materials used included velvet, silk, satin, swayed, mohair, vinyl and leather. Exotic animal hides, everything from zebras, the crocodiles to sharks. Yes, sharks also became infused into the style which was attributed to the rise in international travel, specifically African safaris, which were becoming all the rage during this time. The typical Art Deco color scheme use a lot of neutrals, but did not lack for drama. They accomplish this by using strong contrasting colors such as black and white. In fact, you will see a lot of Art Deco rooms using black and white as the main color scheme, which helps to maintain that timeless feel. That said other neutrals that were commonly used as well include cream, beige, tone, gray, and brown. Definitely incorporate some accent colors, but like we discussed in the industrial section, I would recommend just choosing one, maybe two at the most accent colors go with a bold hue so that it can hold its own against the dramatic black and white backdrop. Think red, blue, yellow, fuchsia, or purple. Also be sure to incorporate some metallic finishes, which was again, due to the strong futuristic influences on this style. And definitely feel free to mix gold and silver finishes in an Art Deco space which I love doing. The art deco style loves patterns as well, specifically geometric patterns. Everything from the classic chevron pattern to circles and stripes, zigzags and Greek keys. With the rise in international travel and specifically safaris. What other prints do you think in our popular in the style? Yes, you are correct if you said animal prints, Be sure to throw in a zebra cheetah or any other animal print of your choice into your art deco room. As this would be very iconic for this style. Sunburst and stars were also popular during this period. Now a great place to incorporate some strong geometric patterns would be in throw pillows and on wallpaper. In fact, wallpaper was very in during this time period. So here's a chance to go Bolding your home and be true to the style. Now if I were designing an Art Deco room, I would use luxurious curtain panels in a shear or opaque fabric, but I will use a solid color as I would likely be layering that over a bold wallpaper. If my clients needed more privacy than I would incorporate some simple roller shades for fluorine, common fluorine during this time period was linoleum in abstract designs, lacquered wood floors, polished parquet or black and white tiles. All of these are definitely bold choices and unfortunately or fortunately would be unlikely choices for today's more contemporary homes. Instead, I would recommend going with smooth wood floors or a polished tile floor and incorporate large drugs with geometric and rhythmic motifs, which can be easily changed out if you so desire. Although interestingly, back in the day, Art Deco homes would typically layer bold geometric rugs over there already bold floors, no understated design here. Lighting is a key design elements of the art deco style. You will see lots of layered lighting, which is used to create the most flattering look for its inhabitants. Scotus and torches are big in this style, so be sure to incorporate some with a shiny finish, such as Chrome or a brass finish. You will notice that the table lamps have strong sculptural lines. Table lamp basis in his style were made in Chrome, nickel, bronze, or brass, and usually Incorporated glass shades. The glass was often enameled, etched, frosted, or utilize colored Tiffany style glass. The love for geometric designs are also evident in the lighting fixtures of this period by either their shapes or how the glass was at. Chandelier is in this style, are large and glamorous with multiple tiers and the often incorporated crystal. One of the classic art deco chandelier is that I love is the helix style chandelier so beautiful and elegant for our work look to incorporate bold oil paintings from artists such as Picasso, matisse or Paul Klee into your art deco room. Another popular choice for artwork would include framed posters with images of vintage jazz travel and typical advertisements that were used during that time period. Or as a nod to the Hollywood influence, look to hang some classic black and white portraits of movie stars that were iconic during this time period. Because the sunburst pattern is a hallmark of this style. Hanging some sunburst mirrors in your space or any over-sized mirrors framed in Chrome or inlaid woods. Other fabulous accessories would include crystal or brass candlestick holders, a vintage radio, French art deco clocks and vases, large colored glass sculptural bowls, crystal trays, and any siren of the C items included sculptures and table lamps. For greenery, think large palm trees and beautiful flower arrangements, everything from roses to peacock feathers. If I were to design a kitchen in the Art Deco style, I would likely use a black and white color scheme. Specifically, I would use black or white flat panel or reassess panel kitchen cabinets and perhaps white cabinets with a black island base, marble countertops, a black polish tile backsplash, crystal penance, or a chandelier, stainless steel appliances and possibly some brass hardware. There are definitely other approaches, but this is an approach that would still look great today rather than outdated. Let's go ahead and take a look at an art deco inspired bedroom together. What are some of the art deco elements that you see? Go ahead and jot down your notes. First, let's start with the furniture. You can see that the finish on all the furniture appears to be lacquered, particularly that headboard. Also notice the inlay of silver on the headboard, night stands and dress or to the right. You can see that this room primarily has a black and white color scheme, but uses other neutral colors as well, such as cream and beige. Additionally, you can see that they have mixed gold and silver in this room. Gold on the inset above the bed, and silver in the bed, night stands and the dresser. Now take a look at the patterns in this room. There is the obvious geometric dramatic pattern over the bed, which has a bit of an Aztec field to it. But there is also a geometric pattern in the bedspread, as well as a diamond pattern on white panels over the night stands. Finally, we see solid colored drapes and a beautiful Parquet wood floor as well. Now let's talk about where you can get your hands on some of them great art deco furniture pieces. If you're looking for new furniture, definitely checkout Christopher guy. Although the price point from this designer is really high, but it's beautiful pieces looking to other options because there aren't a plethora of furniture makers in the Art Deco space today. I would recommend that you look for US pieces as well. I would first start with eBay. There are some great vintage pieces available on this state from private sellers. In that same vein, I would also check out first, and for art deco inspired accessories, checkout One, Kings and, and for Art Deco lighting checkout, vintage and House of antique This is one style that would categorize as having higher budget needs. Because of that, most might be better off as a union. A few art deco pieces to a room rather than furniture space entirely in the Art Deco style. 25. Zen Interior Design: Kevin, how hectic and stressful our modern lives often are. It's no wonder that the design interior design style is so popular today. Then, which means meditation in Japanese is sometimes referred to as the Japanese interior design style. Although technically Zen is part of Japanese interior design, but Japanese interior design is not necessarily Zen. Now you may be wondering why I include the style in with the other retro inspired styles. It's because the style is based on the philosophy of zen, which refers to the ancient practice of meditation which began in China in the 1600s, quickly spread to Japan and other parts of Asia, and then ultimately to Europe and the United States. Because of the strong historical influence, I included it here. Although it's certainly could have easily have been included in the casual interior design style section as well. Now that said, technically Zen is not a proper interior design style, but rather as a set of guiding principles on how to decorate your home. That said there is a definite look that has emerged from these guiding principles, which is what I'll be sharing with you today. So in short, even though it's not technically an interior design style, for simplicity purposes, I will be referring to it as a style throughout this course. So what is the Zen interior design style all about? It's simple really. It's about creating the most peaceful, the most serene environment possible in your home. The main way that this is accomplished is through simplicity. Perhaps more than any other style we've discussed other than contemporary, this style demands that you declutter the clutter and then declutter again. The idea is that clutter are just too many objects create distraction and even chaos for your mind. One interesting feature about the Zen style is its focus on asymmetry, which is a unique attribute compared to most other interior design styles, the Zen style definitely has balanced. You just won't typically have formal symmetry as a goal in a Zen home. What type of furniture do you think would work well in a Zen home? Personally, I would look for low profile furniture, preferably made of a high-quality wood with clean straight lines and no excess detail or ornamentation, because the style is definitely minimalist, makes sure that you go with high quality pieces, since every piece really counts for your family or living room, go with the bare minimum, a sofa and a chair or two, and a simple would rectangular coffee table skip the end tables, also use items that double as built-in concealed storage for your modern technologies, such as a built-in cabinet for your TV and sound system, as these items are technically distractions as well. Also try to conceal any chords are cables as much as possible. While not technically furniture do incorporate some large floor cushions into your main family or living room. In a bedroom, I would use a platform bed and white bedding along with a wood nightstand or two, and some plants, but nothing else in the way of furniture unless you need a dresser, of course be sure to incorporate a simple wood one. The materials commonly used nystatin home are also few. Look too would see grasp bamboo and some glass. Definitely avoid plastic for your soft materials. Keep it to the natural, easy care materials such as cotton and wool. As you might have guessed, the color schemes phrase at home are also quite simple. Neutral, neutral, and more neutral. I would use a lot of white as well as some gray, beige or brown, which will all help to invoke a sense of communists. Black is another neutral I would use, but sparingly, I would definitely use a white or a light neutral color for your walls. Green, the beautiful color of nature is the most common non-neutral color that is used in a Zen style home. But blue, the color of water can also be used as well. Like with contemporary and industrial, this style is also pretty devoid of patterns. In fact, I can't think of a single pattern that I would use in a Zen home, which makes that piece. Super-easy. Natural light is extremely important in a Zen style room. So do try to leave your windows bear. But if you can't bear it, then look to bamboo blinds, simple window curtains in a light colored or shear linen or cotton or simple roller shades. For a Zen home, light wood flooring would be my first choice, but a solid color stone flora such as Slate, would also work for rugs, use wool or cotton rags and the solid neutral color system or jute rugs would work well also, because natural light is so important, do try and maximize all the natural light you can, however, you of course will still need some artificial light. However, because you don't want harsh light in a Zen style Space, layered lighting then becomes incredibly important. Ideally, you want soft low light from a mix of sources, primarily very simple table lamps, floor lamps, and concealed lighting. For example, laying that is concealed in your bookcases or under your cabinets. For ambient lighting, most flush mount lights and chandelier would be really out of sync with this style and provide too much artificial light. However, you could use chem lights or some hanging round paper lanterns as that would be on point style wise. And provide a nice source of diffused ambient lighting. Candles, whether real or frameless, are a great choice in a zen room. For artwork, keep it minimal. Just choose one or two pieces per room that you really love and avoid collections. What kind of artwork would I hang? Likely something Japanese inspire or some black and white nature pictures, open law shelving would also look great in a Zen family or living room with just a few accessories to adorn them, as you can guess, definitely keep your accessories to a minimum and only display those items that you truly and deeply love. What do you think would be some classic Zen inspired pieces? Well, I would look to include a mini Zen Sand garden, a Buddha head, votive and T candle holders, simple woven baskets or a floor abstract sculpture would be perfect as well. Plants are a must. Some great plants to include would be air plants, bamboo, money trees, bonsai trees, and palm trees. If you like flowers, choose the beautiful but simple orchid. Water features are also important to look. To incorporate a simple water fountain somewhere in your home. Freeze them inspired kitchen. Choose any tone of wood cabinets with flat panel doors and Chrome hardware. And try to conceal the appliances with custom wood panels if possible. Tuesday solid colored light countertops such as white or gray courts, and pair that with an understated porcelain or glass tile backsplash in a light color. Use either reassess chem lights or simple pendants and do keep the counters as bare as possible, but definitely try to throw in a little greenery. Now go ahead and take a look at this bedroom. While it doesn't adhere to all of the Zen style guidelines, what Zen style elements do you see? Well, first we have the furniture straight, clean lines on all of the pieces, as well as a low-profile bed. We also have quite a bit of wood and wood tones from the floor to the large expanse of wood veneer on the wall behind the bed extending onto the ceiling. We have simple would blinds and there are also wood panels on the nightstand and the dresser. For color schemes, we have quite a bit of white as well as beige and brown, and a touch of black and the side chairs for lighting. While we do have a couple of table lamps and a floor lamp, we also have quite a bit of recessed and concealed lighting, both in the inset behind the bed and with the can lights in the ceiling. For artwork, we just have two pieces. One black and white photographic piece on the back wall and an Asian inspired piece over the two side chairs. Finally, we have a bamboo plant in the corner, which fits perfectly into this style. Now the final question is, where would you go to acquire Zen inspired furnishings? Checkout, Xin, why, West Elm, haiku, and even And for Zen inspired accessories, checkout vivo, and Looking at the price points of Zen inspired furniture, I would categorize this as a moderately priced interior design style.