How to use Color in Interior Design - Color Psychology & Theory - Interior Design Essentials | Auke & Jildou | Skillshare

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How to use Color in Interior Design - Color Psychology & Theory - Interior Design Essentials

teacher avatar Auke & Jildou, Designer & Maker Architecture & Interior

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.



    • 2.

      The Color Wheel


    • 3.

      Color Schemes


    • 4.

      Tints Tones & Shades


    • 5.

      Psychological Effects of Color


    • 6.

      Visual Effects of Color


    • 7.

      The Effect of Light on Color


    • 8.

      The Color Quiz - Test Your Knowledge


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About This Class

Colors are your most powerful design element, if you learn to use them correctly. In this course I will teach you how colors work and how to apply them to your own interior as a professional interior designer.

Hi, I'm Auke, a Dutch architectural designer, engineer, and maker with over 10 years of experience in designing architecture, such as tiny houses, cabins and interiors. My work is mainly focused on minimalistic sustainable, and timeless design made with natural materials. Together with my wife and kids, we're constantly looking for new adventures. We love to live a lifestyle full of creative expression by sharing our ideas, skills and designs with you.

This course is part of the : interior design essential series.

And in this course I will teach you everything you need to know about: How the use color in interior design. 

Color is your most powerful tool that is often underestimated and misunderstood.

But if you know how to apply color in an interior the right way you can create an harmony and elegance, a playful and vibrant mood or calm and peaceful atmosphere.

This isn’t hard at all, I will translate the theory into practical design tools that you can use as an interior designer.

This course is perfect for anyone who wants to learn how to apply color in their own interior like a professional. People who are decorating their home, interior architects, stylists or decorators.

We'll start with how color works to create a base. Then I'll tell you about combining colors based on the color wheel with practical examples so that you learn to make a color scheme.

Then what color does to you, so about the psychological effects of color and about the visual effects of color. How to make a space bigger, smaller or higher just with color.

By the end of this course you will be a color expert who can provide color advice to others like a professional.

We will end the course with a class project called the Color Quiz to test your knowledge about color.

I’m sure this course is gonna inspire you and help you to get started right away. So let’s get started.

Meet Your Teacher

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Auke & Jildou

Designer & Maker Architecture & Interior

Level: All Levels

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1. Introduction: Colors are your most powerful design element if you'll learn to use them correctly. In this course, I will teach you how colors work and how to apply them to your own interior as a professional interior designer. Hi, I'm a Dutch architectural designer, engineer and maker with over ten years of experience in designing architecture, such as tiny houses, cabins, and interiors. My work is mainly focused on minimalistic, sustainable and timeless design made with natural materials. Together with my wife and kids, we're constantly looking for new adventures. We love to live a lifestyle full of creative expression by sharing or ideas, skills, and designs with you. This course is part of the Interior Design Essentials series. And in this course I will teach you everything you need to know about how to use color in interior design. Color is your most powerful tool that is often underestimated and misunderstood. But if you know how to apply color in an anterior the right way, you can create harmony and elegance. A playful and vibrant mood, or a calm and peaceful atmosphere isn't hard at all. I will translate the theory into practical design tools that you can use as an interior designer. This course is perfect for anyone who wants to learn how to apply color in their own interior. Like a professional. People who are decorating their home, interior architects, stylists or decorators. We will start with how color works to create a base. Then I'll tell you about combining colors based on the color wheel, which practical examples so that you learn to make a color scheme. Then what colors does to you about deep psychological effects of color and about the visual effects of color. How to make space bigger, smaller, or higher, and just with color. By the end of this course, you will be a color expert who can provide color advice to others like a professional. We'll end the course with the class project called the color quiz to test your knowledge about color. I'm sure this course is going to inspire you and help you to get started right away. So let's get started. 2. The Color Wheel: The color wheel. When you doubt about a color, turns into color wheel. This is a rule that even professional interior designers follow and can be used to guide the design of your interiors. The color wheel is designed in such a way that if you choose any colors from it, they will look great together. Over the years, many different variations have been created. But the most common version is the color wheel, which consists out of 12 colors. The color wheels roots back to the mid 1600s when Sir Isaac Newton's work with white light led him to discovery of the visible spectrum of light. Newton observed that light split into different colors. And then when the color is recombined, they would make white light. Again. His experiments led to the theory that's red, yellow, and blue, where the primary colors from which all other colors exist. The color wheel will help you to create appealing color combinations by applying the underlying theory of the color wheel with the way we see color. You can use it like a roadmap with certain formulas and rules. If you can remember these rules as an interior designer, it can help you enormously to put together color schemes for a client. It's a way to keep color selection less overwhelming. To understand this properly, I will shortly explain the theory behind the color wheel. The color wheel shows all 12 colors divided into equal segments on the wheel. There are three sets of colors. Primary colors. The color wheel consists of three primary colors, yellow, red, and blue, from which all other colors exist. You need these colors to make all the other colors. That's why we call them primary colors. Secondary colors. Then comes to second set of colors. These are colors created by an equal mixture of two primary colors. On the color wheel. Secondary colors are located between the primary colors. According to the color wheel. Red and yellow make orange. Red and blue make purple, and blue and yellow make green tertiary colors. And then the last set of colors of the color wheel. That surgery colors, tertiary colors or combinations of primary and secondary colors. Tertiary colors are important to artists because they provide variety and a lot more subtle and software than the primary and secondary colors. Alright, this all sounds very logical, right? And you've probably seen this theory before. But now comes the fun part. By understanding the theory about the color wheel, we can make certain combinations. This way you can quickly and easily select a red color combinations that will fit perfectly together. Because of the theory behind it. I will name some of the most commonly used and well-known combinations. Some may surprise you and look a bit extreme. But when you see the colors together, it makes sense and you will see why they go well together in an interior. These first few steps will be a bit theoretical, but I want to challenge you to remember this information as best you can and repeat it for yourself. This way, you will be able to easily distinguish the right color combinations during a design process. The projects folder, I've placed an overview with the most important facts about color. So as you can easily find them while designing. The end of this course, you will find a test. You can test your knowledge through a quiz with practical examples and exercises. This will be your class project. Alright, now let's talk about color combinations. 3. Color Schemes: Color schemes. Okay, now we know the principle in theory behind the color wheel and how colors are related. We're going to play with the color combinations. Which colors you can create a certain mood, draw attention, or make a statement. They can be exciting or depressing. But color combinations are much more powerful. Choosing the right color combination allows you to create a peaceful atmosphere and playful or elegant vibe. Or a dramatic or romantic interior. Colors are your most powerful design element. If you learn to use them correctly. You can find these perfect color combinations or color schemes by applying certain formulas in the color wheel. These coming nations will always work and will have a certain effect on your interior. So you can use this as a design tool or as a guideline. I will now named some of the most well-known and used color schemes. The first game you can find in a color wheel are the cool and warm colors. As you can see from the diagram, warm and cool colors split to color wheel with the warmer colors of yellow, orange, and red on the right. And the cooler colors of green, blue, and purple on the left. I go deeper into the effects and the psychological value of the warm and cool colors later on in the course. But it's useful to know they are bundled together into color wheel. Analogous color scheme. Analogous color scheme involves three colors which are positioned next to each other on the color wheel. Older colors match because they are slightly different. Is also works very good with plants by using greens and blues. It's a fun way to work and the colors in a septal, natural and organic way. The darker you use the colors, the more moody divide becomes, and the more light or neutral domain colors are, the more inviting, calm, and cozy space becomes. Sometimes it's only small details in the interior that'd be long to this scheme. As you can see here in the plants, flowers, pillows, and carpet. Complimentary color scheme. Alright, this is a very common and use color combination. And when you can remember these combinations, you will see them everywhere from now on. Complimentary colors are colors that are directly opposite of each other on the color wheel, like yellow and purple, e.g. complimentary colors are usually used as accent colors in small quantities, but also work perfect as a wool paint color with furniture in the exact opposite color, like this. Complimentary colors are dynamic and pleasing to the eye. This is because of different types of cones. The photoreceptor cells in your eye that contribute to your color vision, perceive different colors of light. You can experience this if you stare for a long time at a color and then quickly look at a white wall. You will see a contract after image in the opposite or complimentary color. Same thing happens when you use both colors. It means that combinations of complimentary colors are especially dynamic together. Since they play up each other's intensity at tiny bit of purple really pops and stands out in a yellow room because your eye wants to see that color. It's easy for the eye. Another big benefit of using complimentary pairs is that you are going to be able to create visible tension or the relief of that tension. A little bit of orange in a sea of blue, makes this space more exciting and brighter versus the calm, relaxing feeling of blue. This little bit of simultaneous contrast. That's a lot of visual interests to his space with the eye naturally drawn to the complimentary color, especially when it's done in a minimalistic approach, e.g. here with this orange chair. Also red and green is a common use, complimentary color and interior design. As you can see here in this picture. Complimentary colors create a balance between cool and warm colors. Use neutral colors to balance out the space. These examples may look a bit extreme and normally do real colors you use in an interior are ways softer, saturated, lighter, or darker, but the root color stays the same. Also in this picture, new route colors are red and green, which are complimentary. But a real color, green, maybe olive green, and an earthy red, e.g. so when you look to a picture, try to find the root collar and find out if they are complimentary. Split complimentary color scheme has split complementary color scheme takes up a base color and two secondary colors. It is similar to the complimentary color scheme. Would one of the complements is split? The split complementary color scheme is versatile, pleasant, and easy to use. It offers the same advantages of a complimentary color scheme in terms of contrast and balanced between warm, cool color temperatures. But the colors are more subtitle and create less tension. This will create a balanced contrast rather than an overwhelming one. You will still get the visual impact of bold color, but you will be able to use it more often instead of relying on neutrals. Split complementary colors works best when the base shade is a mute as dominant color, using other colors as bold accent shades to highlight certain parts of the room. Double split, complementary color scheme. This scheme consists of two pairs of complimentary colors. Double split complementary color schemes offer a lot of contrast, interests and variety. But the downside is they can become busy and mismatched if not balanced properly. If you're not experienced in working with colors, take extra care and not to overdo it. A contrast, saturate, Leiden or toned down two colors for a more sophisticated effect. Focus on one or two colors and use the rest for details like an interior triadic color scheme. Triadic colors, or three colors that are evenly spaced around the color wheel. Because triad colors are evenly spaced, there are only four triad color combinations on the color wheel. So red, yellow and blue, purple, green and orange. Blue purple, red orange and yellow green, red purple, yellow, orange and blue green. They say triadic colors out of choice of the bolt. And this is quite true. This scheme is extremely daring and combines colors located an entirely different parts of the color wheel, but still fit together. The combination allows you to achieve strong visual contrast to when you want to use the triadic harmony successfully. The color should be carefully balanced and only one should dominate, while the other tools should be used as an accent. Square color scheme. The square color scheme is similar to the triadic scheme, and that it is composed of four colors made in a square. You can also see this as two sets of complimentary colors, like in this example. One room has the complimentary colors, yellow and purple, and a room in the back. As to blue-green chairs and red orange wallpaper. You want to pay attention to achieving an equal number of warm and cool colors, but greater than given equal attention to both color parish, you should pick one shades to dominate the space. Use the other three as accents, like you can see here, with the purple wolves. Monochromatic color scheme. Monochromatic color schemes in interior design use a single base color for the room, but incorporate different shades, tints, and tones of the menu within the rooms color scheme. This creates a very bold, dramatic Luke, while still being quite soft and elegant to the eye. With this, it's easy to create a sense of harmony and balance in the room. If you apply a monochromatic color scheme to your entire home, you can create beautiful, harmonious transitions from one room to another. That doesn't visually confused when you're walking from room to room. Especially when you use complimentary colors. Monochromatic color schemes are easy to use, but look dramatic and make a big statement. If you like colorful rooms, you will laughed as late as joyful trends, you see a lot. You can create immersive spaces by painting the entire room one color, including the ceilings, which works particularly well in the smaller rooms. When using monochromatic interior design, it's important to make sure that the color doesn't totally overwhelmed a room. You can use areas of white and black as blank space or a whitespace to break up the monochromatic colors and give your eyes area through rest. Use of white and black and also create a bit more NRG interior monochromatic colors, and adding a bit more life into the room. Alright, like I mentioned, a monochromatic color scheme is made out of different shades, tints, and tones of the same color. In the next lesson, I will explain how this works and how to use them to create more color combinations and harmony in a space. 4. Tints Tones & Shades: Tints, tones, and shades. As an interior designer, you often stare at the color strip with hundreds of colors trying to find the right paint color. These colors trips consist of different variations of a particular colour, be aided by tones, tints, and shades. These things are very often confused and misunderstood. But if you understand how they are made, they become a powerful design tool. Let's talk shortly about tints, tones and shades. Simply put, tins are created by adding white to a color. Shades are created by adding black to a color. And tones are created by adding white and black. So gray to a color, which will change the saturation of the color. Tint. As I mentioned before, a tint is created when you add white to a color which will lighten. It, is also sometimes called a pastel color. Tints can range from nearly the full saturation of the color. So when you add a little bit wide to practically white with a little bit of color. Tinting a color also makes the color less intense. So ret, when tinted becomes pink and blue when tinted becomes baby blue. Tinting or color makes the color more soft, calmer and quieter, is why you see a lot of pastel colors in newborn or children bedrooms and accessories. Pastel colors can also have a vintage Luke. So they also work well in homes with older, classic architectural styles. Shades. A shade is created when you add black to a color. This will darken the color. Just as with tins, you can add black to any of the 12 colors of the color wheel. Colors become a bit more earthy when you darken them with black. A bit of black can turn a normal blue insulin. Deep ocean like color. Sheets are often combined with neutrals or lighter colors to create balance. And they prevent a darker color from overpowering the room. Tone. Tone is created when you add gray, which is both white and black, to a color and tone it down or desaturated. This is almost a middle ground between the shade and tint is especially helpful when trying to decrease the intensity of it too bright colors such as purple or orange to make it a bit softer. Most commerce we see in our daily environment have been toned down. To some extent. They are desaturated colors and more subtitle. Colors at full saturation are usually too heavy and overpowering to make a statement like we saw in the lessons before. Because tones or more subtitle, they're also easier to combine with other colors and pleasing ways. Tones can either be lighter or darker than the original color, depending on the amount of black, white, and the original color used. We call this the value of the tone. Value is the relative lightness or darkness of a color. Value includes the extreme range of light and dark of a color with black and one extreme and white at the other. Next to value we have saturation. Color saturation refers to the intensity of a color. As the saturation increases, the colors appear to be more pure. Saturation decreases. The colors appear to be more washed out or grayed out and eventually disappear and makes a black and white image. Also to fully saturated colors in the color wheel has a different value, as you can see in the image, which is important to remember and can be a handy design tool. E.g. when you want to make a room lighter, use yellow. Or when you want to make a room darker, use blue undertones. To make choosing the right color even more difficult. You can also blend certain colors, e.g. blue with a green tint, making turquoise. But this is also where it becomes tricky. As an interior designer, it's important that you know which colors are in the paint color. So you know which combinations you can make in the interior based on the color wheel theory. However, some of the use stones are not always immediately visible. We call this the undertones. The overtone mass tone, or dominant color is the color that you clearly see and experience. They have a warm, cool, or neutral tone. E.g. here you see a tone which clearly has blue in it, which is a cool tone, that there is a second tone. What do you think the undertone of this color is? If you look carefully, you see a warm tint of orange. Here are a few tips to identify the undertone. Don't look at colors on their own, but put it next to a pure white to compare it. If you look to this white color itself, it looks wide. Hold it next to a pure white and blue undertone will show up. Or hold the color next to our color wheel. And the undertone, we'll quickly reveal itself. And look at colors on a color strip, and then look at the darker colors on the color strip. It will be much easier to identify the undertone then the lighter colors at the top. Okay, now we know how colors are made. We go to the more practical and fun part of the course. We're going to use the theory you just learned and apply it to a project. Pardis, we need to understand watercolor. Does emotion or feeling gifts a certain color? And what are the psychological effects of this? 5. Psychological Effects of Color: Psychological effects of color. This lesson is about the psychological effects of color. So how can it make you feel? Did you know your surroundings can influence your emotions? You may have experienced it. You walk into a room and you suddenly feel irritated or rushed, or you suddenly feel calmer and more relaxed. Well, there is a good chance that the colors in those spaces are playing apart. Each color has its own unique meaning, which is often based on culture, religion, or personal experience. But in this lesson, I want to focus on the psychological and emotional effects. So not so much on the meaning of the color. Understanding these psychological and emotional effects can be used as a powerful design tool to give a space a certain feeling or mood. In the next lesson, I will teach about the visual effects of color. How you can create a bigger or smaller space with color. The color red. Red is one of the most intense colors. Red creates energy in a room and is a good choice when you want to stir up excitement. Rad also stimulates conversation and creates a strong first impression. It's one of the most powerful colors that can even influence a person's mental or physical state. Studies have shown that some people looking at the color red resulted in an increased heart rate, which then led to additional adrenaline being pumped into the bloodstream. Rat is never boring and it's an excellent accent color. A red accent can change the way a room is perceived. So you can use it, e.g. to make a cool room warmer. Red is known to increase appetite, therefore, great for kitchens or restaurants. Some of the psychological and emotional effects rent can create our love. Passion, energy, power, strength, warmth, desire, courage, attention, stimulating. But a color can also be associated with negative emotions like anger, danger, and aggression. So to make this practical, how great is it to be aware of these effects as a designer? E.g. when your client says, I would like to create a cozy dining area to chat and eat with my family because I love quality time with my family. Then you can say, great. Let's then use some red because it stimulates your appetite and encourages compensation and those quality time. I really love how you can use color for this. The color yellow. Yellow is the color of sunshine and associated with joy, happiness, intellect, and energy. Yellow isn't uplifting color. Would you want to make sure it's not too bright or too muted? Make sure you pick the right shade and don't overdo it. Studies show that people are more likely to lose their temper in an all yellow interior. So it should be used sparingly. On the other hand, bright yellow evokes optimistic feelings. Like yellow is associated with intellect, freshness, and joy. In hallways. Yellow can feel welcoming. When you may get out to dull or dingy. Yellow can represent caution, decay, sickness, and jealousy, and is therefore rarely used in interior rooms. So be aware of that. It is an excellent choice for kitchens, dining rooms, and bathrooms. Some of the psychological and emotional effects, yellow can create our bright, sunny, energetic, warm happiness. Joy, optimism, welcoming, freshness and positivity. And a negative emotions can be irresponsible, unstable, and jealousy. The color green. Green is of course, the color of nature considered the most restful color for the eye. Green creates a sense of calmness and security, and therefore it's great to use and interior design. Green symbolizes growth, harmony, freshness and fertility and generating makes people feel emotionally safe. Alcohol is dad. Green is well suited for every room in the house and can have a calming effect when used as the main color for decorating. Combining light green with gray. So when you tone it down, can create a modern feel. Dark green is associated with ambition, greed, and jealousy. Well, aqua is associated with emotional healing and protection. Yellow-green can indicate sickness, discord, and jealousy. Well, olive green is the traditional color of peace. Queen can be used in different shades throughout the house. You can use a lighter shades on the walls and create contrast with dark shades of green plants, e.g. like you see in this picture, the effect of the dark shade is neutralized as plants automatically remind people of nature. Some of the psychological and emotional effects green can create our harmony. Freshness and environment. Fertility, healing, Earth, growth, safety, calmness, and ambition. Negative emotions can be n vi, guilt and jealousy. The color blue. Blue is a very popular color because it's associated with trust, loyalty, wisdom, confidence, intelligence, faith, truth, and heaven. So all good things. Blue is the only color that has a lot of positive effects and little to no negative effects on your emotions. It is said that blue will help bring down blood pressure and slows the heart rate. Blue also slows down the metabolism and has a calming effect. So it's considered to be beneficial to the mind and body when use in your bedroom or offers e.g. blue is often used in offices because research has shown that people are more productive and blue rooms. Light or pastel blue can create tranquility and is associated with health, healing. Understanding, and softness. Dark blue represents knowledge, power, integrity, and seriousness. Although using blue in dark rooms with small spaces can create an creepy feeling like being trapped. You can add a touch of warm colors to neutralize the effect. Most dark shades of blue, like deep midnight blue, can create a feeling of luxury when you use in a bedroom, e.g. blue can also lower the pulse rate and body temperature. So it can make you feel cold. In contrast to red. Blue is one of the least appetizing colors. So better not use it too much in a kitchen or dining area. Some of the psychological and emotional effects, blue can create our calmness. Inspiration, security, integrity, piece, trust, loyalty, intelligence, healing, and productivity. And some of the negative effects can be coldness, fear, and envy. Okay, These were the most important colors. But of course there are many more colors to discuss, like orange, purple, and pink. But to keep this course practical for now, it's important that you understand with color affects your emotions. You can use this in your interior design as a design tool. But if you want to know the emotional effects of the other colors, I made a cheat sheet for you. You can download in the projects folder. You can find it under projects and resources. On the right side, you see a list of the main colors with a positive and negative emotions or color can bring warm and cool colors. Maybe you already noticed, but you can group to color emotions almost in two groups. Warm and cool. Warm colors reminding us of warmth and sunshine. Intense emotions, passion, joy, and playfulness. They can be stimulating. So they work great for social rooms and rooms that see a lot of activity, such as a living room, dining room, and the kitchen. They also attract attention and are generally perceived as energetic or exciting as a feeling. They create comfort, coziness and give a positive energy. Cool colors. They have the ability to create a sense of calmness and peace, reminding us of calming natural elements like water and the sky. Cooler colors are perfect for private rooms where important to this concentration. Focus, tranquility and rest like a bedroom, office, and nursery. Alright, great. In the next lesson, we're going to look at the space itself. So how can you use color to make a room look bigger? E.g. we do it is by understanding the visual effects of color. We can also use this as a powerful design tool that I use a lot in my designs to give a space a total different feeling. So let's go to the next lesson. 6. Visual Effects of Color: The visual effects of color. To provide the desired spatial experience. There are elements which changed the perception of a space without changing the dimensions of the space. It's important to be aware of these optical effects to avoid making the choice that gives an undesired effect for the space that we're designing. And on the other hand, it's a powerful design tool to use. The arrangement of colors or textures in environment changes the perspective, making the room appear taller, longer, wider, or highlighting a certain element. In this lesson, I will discuss the most important facial effects of color. A quick reminder in the end of the course, you will find a quiz so you can test your knowledge about color theory. If you can, ends to test with 100% score, you know you've gained a new skill and they're able to use color theory in your own designs. I believe when you understand the theory and are able to remember it, it becomes a powerful design tool for you as a designer. So try to remember these optical effects as good as possible. I've made a cheat sheet for you. You can download in the projects folder where you can find all the visual effects you can use as a guideline. So here you see a space of five by 5 m and 3 m high as an example, with all white walls and a white ceiling and a wooden floor. Okay. In general, lighter colors making materials field larger and more spacious. Wide on the walls and ceiling, you create a feeling of spaciousness in an environment. The light colors will reflect natural light and make surfaces appear larger to the eyes. Minimizing contrast and using lighter colors, two walls and ceilings maximizes reflection of light. This creates the impression of a larger, more open space ideal for living areas are dark, internal rooms that may otherwise feel cramped and small. There's also a downside when you use too much white. And especially when you use white on the floor, space can feel disorienting and lonely. Like you're floating in the emptiness. Makes sure you balance it out with warmer colors when you want to use white on the floor. So lighter colors make the space feel larger. But sometimes you don't want that. Sometimes you wanted to create a cozy, intimate lounge. Well, you've guessed it. Darker colors makes us space more intimate. So when the idea is to make them appear more compact, smaller and closer, they will absorb most of the natural light, giving a feeling of enclosure that can be beneficial for cozy living rooms and bedrooms. Same thing as with the lighter colors. There is a downside when you use dark colors on the walls and ceiling and the light color on the floor. This space can feel unstable, like if you're floating. So be aware of that. Applying a dark color to the ceiling reduces reflection and brings it down. So does ceiling fields lower. Lowering the height of the ceiling can make this space more pleasant and provide a welcoming feeling. This can also have the effect of making the room look wider. Culmination of a dark floor and a dark ceiling can make the room seem less tall and can transmit a sense of oppression, especially in spaces that are already low. On the other end, you can improve a room with relatively low ceiling by adding lighter colors on the ceiling, which makes it feel like a higher ceiling, especially with dark contrasting walls. Painting to back wall and the ceiling. We just same darker colors. And leaving the sidewalls lighter will make the space appear wider and more spacious. This is a technique widely used in corridors or narrow, very long rooms. This space appears shorter. Wider painting to two opposing sidewalls with dark colors. And leaving the background and the ceiling in light colors will make the space more narrow to the eyes. This improves the proportions of overly wide rooms. Applying dark colors to the sidewalls brings them in closer, making the room appear narrower and taller. To highlight a wall, it's important to keep it a lighter color, while others have a darker tint. This causes the eye to be drawn to it. The eye is drawn to the brighter element, much like in a theater or the stage or screen, is brightly illuminated by the surrounding walls, floor and ceiling are darker in color. If you have a very large space in your home and wanted to feel more intimate, invest in dark tones on the back wall in contrast to lighter colors elsewhere. Applying a darker color to an end feature wool has the effect of bringing it closer and reducing their perceived depth of the room. Also, cool colors make this same won't seem farther away. And warm colors McDowell seem closer and add more intimacy. Another method of reducing HIV is to make the walls appear shorter by applying a darker color or material to the lower proportion of the wool. This was commonly done in older style buildings where rooms typically had very high ceilings and was achieved by introducing timer pedaling or wallpaper to the lower proportion of the wolves. Okay, great. We've learned that the arrangement of colors or textures in an environment changes the perspective. Making the room appear taller, longer, wider, or highlighting a certain element. So in general, darker, warm colors make a space feel more intimate and make it smaller. And lighter, cooler colors make us space larger. This has to do with the amount of light the color is absorbing. In the next lesson, I want to tell you about maybe the most important part of experiencing color in his space. Daylight. You may have experienced at a color, it can look totally different in daylight than in the shadow of a room. In the next lesson, I will explain you exactly how this works. So let's go to the next lesson. 7. The Effect of Light on Color: The effect of light on color. As we learned in the first lesson, color is created by light, is therefore not surprising that daylight and artificial light have a big impact on how you experience a color in his space. The effect of natural light on color can vary greatly depending on whether the season, the sun's position in the sky, and a time of day. Understanding these factors can help you to anticipate how natural land will affect colors. First about the position of the sun. We all know the sun comes up and the East goes over the South and sets in the west. This has a big impact on the color in a space, Northern Light. So here you see a space with a window to the North. So the light comes only in from the north. And the rooms that face and North. The natural light coming into the room. We always tends towards cooler tones and has a subtle hint of blue in it, meaning that it's best to afford colors of half cool undertones tending towards green or gray, e.g. best to use colors with warm tones in the lighter shades to attract as much light as possible. But on the other hand, you can also choose to use slightly darker shades with warmer tones to create a more cozy atmosphere that gives a greater feeling of comfort to the space. Northern Light is indirect and can make colors appear darker and less saturated. Gray or muted tones will become more gray and darker and don't work very well. If you paint a north-facing room, cool gray, blue, green, or purple, you risk to room feeling extra cool. White on the wall can make the room look gray. So I'll make sure there are warm tones in the white color. The color of Northern Light is indirect and therefore the most diffused light remains relatively consistent throughout the day. Which is why the colors of your paint and fabrics in a room with a northern exposure will look the same color throughout the day, which can be a handy thing. Eastern light. Here you see the same space with Windows to east. That's where the sun comes up. East facing the rooms have a soft, bright light in the morning that is slightly warm, but not that the warm and intense like afternoon Western light. It casts a yellow to orange yellow tint that it will change throughout the day. As the sun moves across the sky. In the afternoon, he's facing rooms become more gray and subdued. Acting a bit more like north-facing rooms, but not as bright and blue. Using warmer and less muted colors will help during the day when the sun doesn't shine directly into the space. Southern light. So here you see the same space, windows to the South. So the light shines directly in from the South into this space. South-facing rooms have a warm yellow toned light coming in. This light gets warmer and more red orange close to the evening. Rooms with southern exposure benefits from beautiful warm light, but it can be too intense or glaring because of the direct exposure to the sun. To solve this problem, use colors that are muted with a bit of gray. Darker gray tones will absorb some of the light, making the room feel more comfortable and balanced. Painting as south-facing room, a warm color will increase the facial warmth of the space. Southern light creates a lot of shadows in the interior. That's why colors changed a lot during the day in contrast to Northern Light, western light, here you see a space with Western face windows. This is where the sun goes down. We all love the red orange sunrise and sunset, right? West facing rooms tend to be a bit flat and gray in the morning hours. But in the afternoon and things start to lighten and brighten. The light that comes from western exposure is warm and it goes more to red, orange to red. Light coming in appears warmer and warmer as the sun gets closer to his setting. Both slightly warm and cool colors work great on West faced rooms. But keep in mind that the warm colors will increase in warmth in the afternoon. So northern light adds a little blue to the colors. Eastern light adds a little yellow to the colors, especially in the morning. Southern light as both yellow and red, orange to the colors and are very intense with a lot of shadows. And Western lead is the most warm and adds red orange to the colors, especially in the afternoon. So when you are aware of these effects, you can use them as a design tool to make a room warmer or cooler. You will find a summary in the Projects folder of the above effects of natural light. Alright, great, that you've made it this far. You now have a whole collection of design tools that you can use when choosing a color for a room or interior. To turn his information and tools into a skill. I've put together a short quiz with questions about the most important topics of this course. I'm sure these questions will help you remember the information better. So your class project is to take the quiz and test your knowledge. I'm really looking forward to see your results. So please let me know in the discussions what your score was. It would also be very nice if you would leave a review, if you've completed the course this far. Learn more about interior design. Architectural design are funded yourself. Projects follows, and this way we will keep you informed about new courses. Thank you so much for taking this course, and good luck with the quiz. 8. The Color Quiz - Test Your Knowledge: The color quiz, test your knowledge. Alright, here is the last part of the course. Is Quiz consists of 20 questions about the most important topics we covered in the course. I'll read the questions out loud first. And at the top right, you see a timer for about 10 s, after which I give the correct answer to the question. Write down on a piece of paper how many questions you got, right and shared his in a discussion step. Good luck. Here comes the first question. Question one. Which colors are split complimentary colors, a, B, or C. The correct answer is B, orange, blue, and purple. Question two, what would you call this color scheme? Hey, monochromatic, complimentary or seen analogous? The correct answer is C. Analogous. Question three, which complimentary color would work great with this interior? A blue, green, red, or purple, or see blue, purple? The correct answer is C. The complimentary color is blue, purple. Question four, how would you call this color combination? Hey, complimentary, be analogous or see monochromatic? The right answer is C, monochromatic. Question five. Which color is a tint? A, B, or C? The correct answer is c. Question six, what kind of color is this? A. Attend. And be a tone or see a shade? Correct answer is B. Questions seven. What is the undertone of this color? A, B, or C? The correct answer is a. A little bit of orange. Question eight, which color can make you feel jealous? A. B, or C? Correct answer is B. Yellow. Question nine, which color would you add to this interior to create more calmness? A, B, or C? The correct answer is B. Green creates more calmness. Question ten, How can you give to space a wider feeling? Hey, make the ceiling darker, be made to backfill darker. Rc, make them back wall and the ceiling darker. The correct answer is C. When you make the back wall and the ceiling darker, it creates a wider feeling to the space. Question 11. Which color would you give to his wool to make it feel closer? A yellow, green, or red? The correct answer is C, rat, warm color feels closer than a cold color. Question 12th, how can you get this space a higher feeling? Hey, make the ceiling lighter. E, make the floor lighter. Or C, makes a ceiling darker. The correct answer is a make to ceiling, lighter. Questions 13. What happens when you use these colors to a North Face room? It makes it feel smaller. B, it makes it feel colder, or see, it makes his face too dark. The correct answer is B. Blue makes a North Phase Rule holder because of the blue light coming in from the north. Question 14, which color works best for his south face room? A, B, or C? The correct answer is C, a shade of blue. Question 15. What is the psychological effect of this interior? A NRG? Be safety or sea healing? The correct answer is a rat. As more energy. Questions 16. Why don't you call this color a tint tone or see a shade? The correct answer is a pastel color. Is it tint? So there is a little wide ad is to the color. Question 17. What color would you use for a wall to the right of this office? A, B, or C? The correct answer is C. A light blue makes his room field wider because cold colors feel farther away and blue, That's a feeling of productivity and calmness to the space. Question 18, what is the effect of the yellow color? It makes the space higher. B, it makes it feel welcoming. Or see it makes it both feel higher and more welcoming. And the correct answer is c. Question 19. Which orientation? That's most red orange light to the interior. A, east face rooms be south face rooms, or C west face rooms. The correct answer is C, west face rooms at most, orange lights to the interior. And it's the last question, question 20. Here you see a picture of my office. Which color which you give the chair in my office? A yellow, purple, or see green? The correct answer is C, green. Because you see a lot of orange and a rat into space. Green is a complimentary color through this. So Greenwood work great in the space. All right, you've made it, you've reached the very end of this course. Please let me know how your test went by sharing the results with us. And let me know what you thought of this course by leaving a review. I hope you'll learn a lot in this course. I'm sure you've learned a valuable skill in a short amount of time. You now know how colors work and how to use them in your interior. If you want to stay updated about new courses, follow us here. You can also follow us on Instagram to see all of our projects. We keep making new courses on interior design, fun do-it-yourself projects, woodworking, tiny house design, and many more things. Thank you so much for watching this course and hopefully see you soon.