How to Draw : Cross Hatching for Beginners | Enrique Plazola | Skillshare

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How to Draw : Cross Hatching for Beginners

teacher avatar Enrique Plazola, Learn to Draw the Easy Way

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.

      How to Cross Hatch!


    • 2.

      What is Cross Hatching?


    • 3.

      Shading 101 Reminder


    • 4.

      Shading Planes


    • 5.

      Organic Shapes


    • 6.

      Cross Hatching the Face


    • 7.

      Final Advice


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About This Class

In this drawing course, I'm going to go over how to Cross Hatch! 

This is for Beginners! Crossing hatching is a shading style. Its a very famous and versatile style. I go through the entire thing step by step. Here is what is in the course.

- Intro

- What is Cross-Hatching?

- Shading 101

- Planes for Shading

- Organic Shapes

- Crosshatching on a face

-Final Thoughts

Lets get started!

Meet Your Teacher

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Enrique Plazola

Learn to Draw the Easy Way


I help beginner artists learn to draw as fast as they can. So you can draw that family portrait, or draw any character from your mind. 

I've worked as a fine artist, professional illustrator for book covers, worked at a movie studio as a stereo artist, as a caricature artist at theme parks, and more. I've been in literally hundreds of art shows. 

I've been teaching art for 6 years and I love it. I started to draw at 19. I felt it was a late age. It took me 2 years of training in drawing to start working and making a living from art. I want to teach YOU!





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Level: Beginner

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1. How to Cross Hatch!: Hey, how's it going today? We're gonna go over how to cross hatch. Cross hatching is a very cool stylistic technique. You can put on any pencil drawing, on any pen drawing. It's very common in pen, but it goes back from Leonardo Da Vinci drawings all the way down to like, you know, current-day comic books. And it is used constantly. It's a very common technique. It's very easy. So if you're a beginner, you should be able to do this. So I would say, I hope you have a little bit of drawing under your belt. If you're a brand new person and you've never drawn anything in your life. This is not for you. This is for someone who has drawn a couple of different things. Like if you know how to draw an eyeball and stuff like that, go check out my other videos if you don't know about that. So anyways, let me go through real quick what is in the course. So wrath of bad, I'm gonna go over what is in my basic what is crosshatching. So I'm gonna go over what exactly that is. Then I'm gonna go through a very basic primer for basic shading in case you forgot, just kinda go over that real quick. Then I'm gonna go through plains. Planes are extremely important and how they are used with crosshatching and how you understand that. Then I'm gonna go through organic forms. Anything organic like people as far are anything around, right? Anything that's not just a right angle. And I'm going to go through that. And then at the very end, I'm going to go through, you know, the human face and how it applies to that. So for example, like the I and the nose and I do a demonstration on using cross hatching technique on an I and an knows to kinda show you how it applies to that. So this is amazing. You will be able to apply this to all your drawings. And yeah, you're going to have a great time. It's a really short lesson. As far as what you use. You can use anything you want. You can use different ballpoint, pen, pen, pencil. You can use anything. It's not really about that. So let's get started right off the bat. And at the very end of the video you will be able to cross edge. I want you to also post your drawings. Thank you. Let's get started. 2. What is Cross Hatching?: Okay, so kind of at the heart of cross hatching is crosshatching is really putting down value or shadow pattern with line. And that's kind of the main, the main aspect to this. So let's say you take a box right here and let's say this box is in shadow. You can draw something like that, right? Hatching essentially. And that would kind of portray that side as being in shadow pattern. Let's say, let's say you want it to be darker, then you would go right here. You'd kind of, you know, maybe at a 90 degree angle. You do this. And what that crosshatching right there, hatching, cross entering. And that makes it look even darker, really in and it's kind of a stylized, it's really just a style. And that's essentially where that's coming from. If you want to make that even darker. You could do the cross hatching right here. Is just you're crossing it over like a net, right? You're netting it over. And then maybe throw another layer on there, like across, like the other direction. And what that's gonna do is it's gonna make it even darker. You want to really make it even darker than that. Go the other direction here. And so you can make that even darker. See how this looks much darker than this, right? As far as a value. And this looks darker than this. And there's no rules for kind of like what direction you have to go on. Usually it's kind of like a netting and then an additional netting over that. The other thing with that is, let me show you this real quick. You could also. So for example, let's go back to just this hatching real quick. How tight, right? Imagine light coming through the back of that. How, how tight it is is also going to indicate how dark it looks at first glance. So let's just say we're still doing just the hatching. But now you're tightening up these lines right here. That's automatically going to look tighter, right? It's that screen is a little bit tighter. Same thing goes for that crosshatching. Same thing. So you have this crosshatching here, I'm just going to do is quicker. See title tight lines and then we do crosshatching. We're gonna keep that tight. So the less light that's coming through, less than the white of the paper. So think of the white of the paper as light poking through. The less of that. The more that indicates kind of some value and some shadow. So that's pretty much what crosshatching is and how you use it. So in the next lesson I'm going to go over how exactly we're going to apply this to the drawings that, you know, essentially you wanna do. So let's go to the next one. And we're going to talk about planes. 3. Shading 101 Reminder: Okay, really quick. This is a refresher course on just general shading. So I'm just going to talk really quick to kind of get you started as a primer. Hopefully, you've shaded, you know how to shade. If not, this is just your quick primer. When you're shading anything perfectly organic or non-organic. There's a light source, usually from above because we always have the sun, right? And so when we are doing like an orbit, we have the source of light which is getting hit. Let's say number one here. Then you have the shadow, number two. And that's going to always be what's happening as far as organic shrimp is gonna be the light and the dark is 4x is going more into that. Occasionally what happens is, and many times we were living in a world is there will be some bounced light from the sun or from an artificial light source. And it will bounce from here into the shadow parts of, let's say you're like organic shape. And there'll be a little bit of light on this side. And when that happens, you get a very, very, very dark band of light. Over here. Sorry, light you get a very, very strong band of dark. As far as like a circle for looking at like a basketball. But this happens with your nose, with all kinds of and this kind of happens all the time like with your nose and stuff like that. So that that always happens. You get like it, like basically there's light. Then the call this core shadow. So there's light, there's a dark side, generally breaking down the dark side. You have bounced light from the floor and you have a little bit of reflected shadow towards the bottom. Literally reflected shadow. And then this dark band would be called a core shadow, let's call it three core shadow. And at the very top and the light side, you get something called a highlight. Very, very tip. You get a highlight. Let's say that's number four. When we type out this right here. Light from that elicited lies come from back to front. And in our artificial form, you're going to have this dark side right here. Dark side, light side. And then you might get something in between here. And I'll talk about that in the next one. Just something between a little bit of light, but you have the light dark and then not as dark. I'm going to go over why, you know about that in actual later on, but that is kind of just a primer is far. So let's review, okay. You when you have the light source coming from above, usually a son, but even artificial lights are usually placed above. You're gonna have the light side, especially inorganic object light, say one right here. Light side. Within the light side you will have a highlight which is a very, very high like pitch of light like it lesions like a dot. Really, really like that, point to that highlight before. And then down here are gonna have a dark side. It's number two. Sometimes there'll be light bouncing off the ground and usually there is in an environment almost always actually, there's gonna bounce from the floor wherever that is or wherever object and right into the object. And that will create a little bit of light on this side. Because of that, a band and the dark side will form a band, a little dark band, you'll see it called a core shadow. That's number three. Those, there's really no core shadow here in something like this because it's completely flat and it doesn't really occur if we're type of ligand non-organic objects. Usually almost ever there will be some reflected light, but it's not the same thing. So the easiest thing right here be dark, not so dark and completely light. And that's a very simple primer for shading. So let's move on. 4. Shading Planes: Okay, let's talk about planes right here. So we talked about kind of hatching and crosshatching and what that is. And we're going to talk about how you apply it. So when we were going over the crosshatching here, right? Lets just put something down real quick. We ever cross hatching here, right? Like that's an value. We are, those lines follow the form. Ok? And so if you're, if you're going to look at, for example, a cube, because that's 2D, right? That's flat. Really, you're going to be drawing, drawings that are 3D, right? Preferably. Okay. So this is a block, right? A cube we were drawing, our cross hatching was representing this side, right? So every side on here is called a plane, right? Like in geometry. So how many planes are we seeing on this? We're seeing three. This is 123. And every plane right has, is facing a different direction. This one is facing out kinda toward us. This one over here facing the other direction and this one's facing straight up. So when we put, if you want to put some crosshatching on this side, let's say this iss and shadow. We are following that side right there. We're following that plane. Right? Like we're painting a wall where on or actually on a different plane entirely on different side is facing a different direction. Same thing for the top. And so imagine the same thing. Okay, we're going to, it's like we're putting these lines and we're taking to account that it's up here on top this way. This way. So let's look at another one here. Let's talk about a pyramid. Okay, so we have a pyramid, right? How many, how many planes do we see? We see two, right? One this direction and the other one out that direction. So if we're going to shade this, we are thinking in 3D, in our minds. We're thinking in 3D. And we are shading along that form and taking that form into account, let's shade it really tight. So that shadow pattern is going to be a little bit different because it's these two sides. Let's say one side is darker than the other lead. Let's really make this one dark. So normally I just kind of switch like either 45 degree angle if I want to really keep it going and make it darker, let's make this really dark. Almost, almost completely blown out, almost completely not blown-up bloodhounds, white, almost completely, completely dark, but we're not going to see what you can see the tiny little spots there and we're not going to completely just colored in black. You want that thing almost a representative completely dark shape. See, you know, that this side is getting less light than this side. So that's a simple concept of planes. And try to remember that because we're going to talk about that a little bit more because I want to talk to you about how do you apply this to organic shapes. And organic shapes. Or organic shapes is really what we're after, right? So let's move on to the next one. I'll talk about organic shapes. 5. Organic Shapes: Okay, so remember the concept we're talking about, right? The cross hatching follows the planes, right? And the planes are different directions, right? Basically different flat surfaces directions, but what do you do when it's curved? Say we feel like it's a bump in the carpet or something. It would be. So same thing, you could cross hash. This is a flat plane like we talked about. This is completely, completely flat, right? Let me, this is flat. As soon as it gets here, it follows the order you got to think in 3D. So it's going to follow this form, right? And then what would you do there? Let's say it's not getting in it. Let's say it's getting light over here. You could cross it over here. May 45-degree angle. You can cross hatch that. Kinda that 45 degrees if you want to make it even darker, cross it over 400 degrees in the other direction. Right? So that always follows the form. Same thing on this side. Imagine like it's a little ant. And it's crawling over this and it's leaving a trail, is drawing a line or something. That's kind of what this is. You're always thinking about how this crosses over on the plane that it's on, on the surface. So and this goes right back to straight, right? Because that's a straight flat surface. And this is this, this is the start. This is how you start shading faces, right? You're thinking about the round versus the straits and the planes that make up the face. But, but cross hatching is, is very versatile. It's extremely. And so let's just say, let me give another, let me give another example. So It's an organic shape. This c. And this is something like that, like a Blob. Say a light source is coming from here. And so that's going to put maybe this side over here, let's say side one and side to Cisco put side2 into darkness. And we gotta cross hatch that. I'm going to I'm just going to pick this direction. I could have gone this direction first, but I'm going to pick this direction to cross this. And I'm going to do it along this surface, right? That my imaginary surface. And I'm going to follow the surface the way I think it is, right? So I'm gonna do, I'm gonna change at a 45-degree angle here. It doesn't have to be exact. But I'm finding that and shading with the form. And that's extremely important. Extremely, extremely important. So remember that That's the one thing I want you to take away from this lesson. These cross hash lines go with the form that you're doing. They go with the surface that you represent. Okay. They're always gonna go with it. And so that's it. Let's move to the next one. The next one I'll talk about. And to do this, and that's incredibly important. So let me talk about this, the next one, kinda small details. 6. Cross Hatching the Face: Okay, so on this one I'm gonna talk about how use this on the face. And it's incredibly important. So this isn't a how to draw a face Leno lesson. This is about cross hatching. So I'm gonna, I'm gonna go over it on an I, let's say I have an entire other lesson for the i go check that out if you need to do that. But right, I'm gonna assume that you know how to draw an eye. There's still a beginner lesson. I do consider that, but one other thing I'm going to mention in case you don't know, I'm sure you do notice though, but as far as shading goes, your let's say that's a ball. Again, you have a light source coming from one side. You're going to have the light and then the dark shadow in case you don't, I'm sure you do. You're also going to have small bits of shadow in the light. And you might have small bits of reflected light and the shadow. But that's the basics of it. You know, I'm sure I'm sure you understand that. Let's go in here. So I'm going to have a light source coming from above flashing down on our eye. So I'm looking at are I first thing I think of is it's going to have, you know, the eye's going to have a bit of an eyebrow here. And I'm getting I'm actually drawing lines and with the form that I was talking to you about with the surface. It's gonna go down here, test to be a sharp shadow. And I'm going to fill in this little dip along the i inside the either test if you dip. And I am just going to throw a different set of lines in there. And I'm going to a 45-degree angle. Go cross hash that. I might cross hatch a bit more inside it. So this is an exact, you're throwing these lines around to create the effect you want. So it doesn't mean you're always going to, you know, it's not like they have to be exactly 45 degrees. And that's not really what I'm talking about. So right here, this is going to be a little bit thicker line here. I'm going to create a thicker line with small, tiny cross hatches. Very small. Because this is going to be, there's a lot of elegance that has a lot of, this is going to be in shadow underneath the eye. Can be the eyelid here. The eyelid has its own. So there's the, the top of the eyelid and then there's the thickness of the eyelid here. And I'm going to throw some hash marks. Is there, there is well, highlight. Now we're going to really like the iris is the iris here. I'm just going to fill that in almost entirely now. And I'm going to use almost like hatch marks here for the eye itself inside the iris to show kind of the striations there. Over here. Throwing small Hatton just see like when he's a single hash mark, that means it's going catching a little bit of shadow. Bag of BI and I'm throwing in some hatch marks there. Same thing here. That means this is not catching that much as far as like dark, darkness. So essentially like remember this. And I just like in the first lesson, the wider the hatch marks and the less of them, the more light it's getting, the more light is getting through, right? For smaller details. The smaller and tighter they are, the less light is getting through. And then the more they cross over, the even less light and basically less like the tighter, tighter, tighter. And then as you widen it, things. That's the general idea. And you can use that for many, many things. So let's continue this. If I was going in here, let's just say I was going into the face and say the nose is right next to it. Nostril. Wing of the nostril here. I'll just kinda connected over here. Same way. Bridge of the nose. If you don't know this stuff, definitely check out my lesson on on on drawing a face. We're drawing the features separately. So like I said, a cross hatching is versatile and you can do, you can find your style very easily. So if you look at this type of cross hatching, this is more reminiscent of, I don't know, I guess comic books because comic books have their own style. But if you look through different areas, different areas of different comics have different styles of cross hatching. Sometimes they're larger, they use thicker swatches of line. They use the victim Dan line with like a coil. There's, there's a lot of of things you can do to make the So for like I'm already here and down here is going to be all in shadow. The nose. And I'm trying to throw a I'm trying to like just hatch lines right there at the point between where the light basically right here, this is basically going to be a core shadow. So core shadow is when there's a, I'll talk about a core shadow real quick. So to go more into the shadows, there's the light, the dark. But then sometimes light bounces back up from the ground. So you have a little bit of light here. And you're left with a very, very dark band of shadow. This is something I went over and the, the first lessons. Very, very dark band right here. And like that's what's we're gonna do here. We do a very, very dark band of value. And then below it, I'm following the form of the nose, Right? And there's going to be just the regular shadow pattern here. And you can always look at it like what I'm doing here is I'm making obviously the nozzle darker. Over here, a little bit darker. That band of shadow, darker, right? They're crossing over here kind of showing off a four more. Again, every line you put down is to show off some part of the form that is not obvious to the viewer. So you'd have to kind of do that. I could cross over that a little bit here. Yeah. That is pretty much a cross crosshatching is, again, take with that what you will absolutely use this any way you want and you can do so much with crosshatching. Crosshatching is something you can do in, like I said, pen, pencil. I if I was using a ballpoint pen, I would use a little bit differently as well. This is an amazing, amazing tool and amazing ability to have. So I really hope that you take full advantage of that. And I hope to see maybe some cool things for homework. Show me any sort of cross hatching. Maybe take something you already draw and apply the cross, this cross hatching technique to it. Because that's going to be, you know, just a lot of fun. There's a lot of, lot of fun to be had with that. So hopefully this does find you. Well, you can kind of keep going with it too. You can just kinda keep like finding cool, cool little small planes all over the face. That's why I think I'm thinking of planes as I looked at anything like this, even organic. And we get small little changes in direction. 7. Final Advice: Alright, thank you for making it to the very end of the lesson. So what I want you to do is to take this and apply this to something that you're drawing. That's the most important thing. I want you to post that here and I'm going to comment on it. That most important thing about all these things is they will not stick unless you practice this and try this for yourself and you ingrain it. In your drawing habits. There's a whole lot of room to do with this, what you will. So I'm really excited to see what you come up with. Absolutely. Post some of your stuff. I want to see it. So thank you so much. And that is it. Don't forget, this is all fun. And art is, it's an amazing expression of just going to fun and creativity. And I hope to see you and your future drawn journeys. And thank you. Check on my the programs and I'll see you soon.