Garageband for Songwriting and Music Production - Complete | Fran Solo | Skillshare
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Garageband for Songwriting and Music Production - Complete

teacher avatar Fran Solo, Apple and Adobe Certified Instructor

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.

      Welcome to the Class!

      1:59

    • 2.

      How to use the exercise files

      1:47

    • 3.

      Installing GarageBand

      3:11

    • 4.

      Exploring the Control Bar

      2:12

    • 5.

      Smart Controls and Editor

      2:08

    • 6.

      Transport Control

      3:12

    • 7.

      Tuner, Pre-count and Metronome

      0:28

    • 8.

      Master Volume and Master Track

      1:36

    • 9.

      Notepad, Loops and Media Browser

      2:17

    • 10.

      Tracks Area

      2:08

    • 11.

      Playhead, Automation and more

      2:33

    • 12.

      Track Types

      4:52

    • 13.

      Creating a new Project

      5:57

    • 14.

      Adding tracks into your Project

      6:25

    • 15.

      Deep Dive into Apple Loops

      11:30

    • 16.

      Types of loops

      7:33

    • 17.

      Creating a song Part 1

      4:25

    • 18.

      Creating a song Part 2

      5:18

    • 19.

      Creating a song Part 3

      6:10

    • 20.

      Changing Tempo and Key Part 4

      2:53

    • 21.

      Using Flex tool

      5:28

    • 22.

      Deep dive into the Drummer

      13:03

    • 23.

      Taking full control of the Drummer

      3:32

    • 24.

      Getting Started with Software Instruments

      1:25

    • 25.

      Learning the Musical Typing

      4:22

    • 26.

      Choosing a Midi controller

      4:15

    • 27.

      Recording and Time Quintize

      7:02

    • 28.

      Recording your own drums

      5:13

    • 29.

      Editing your Drums in Piano Roll

      6:52

    • 30.

      Transposing and correcting mistakes

      4:54

    • 31.

      Splitting Drums into separate tracks

      3:49

    • 32.

      Creating Apple Loops

      4:27

    • 33.

      Creating a metronome Click

      2:38

    • 34.

      Collaboration and Score Editor

      2:51

    • 35.

      Deep dive into the Midi Draw

      6:09

    • 36.

      Playing with the Arpeggiator

      5:13

    • 37.

      Introduction to Recording Real instruments

      0:30

    • 38.

      Recording a real instrument

      4:20

    • 39.

      Getting sounds into Garageband

      6:01

    • 40.

      Getting the sound into the project

      2:08

    • 41.

      Recording first guitar

      5:34

    • 42.

      Recording the second guitar

      5:37

    • 43.

      The Amp Designer

      7:41

    • 44.

      Cycle recording

      5:52

    • 45.

      Exploring the Pedal board

      2:36

    • 46.

      Diving deep into the Pedalboard

      3:25

    • 47.

      Flex Tool and Matching Groove

      6:00

    • 48.

      Multitrack recording

      7:05

    • 49.

      Introduction to the Creative Process

      0:47

    • 50.

      Exploring layout

      2:32

    • 51.

      Recording the first Synth

      6:21

    • 52.

      Copying regions

      2:11

    • 53.

      Using Apple Loops Part 1

      1:46

    • 54.

      Using Apple Loops Part 2

      10:06

    • 55.

      Using Apple Loops Part 3

      10:02

    • 56.

      Using Apple Loops Part 4

      15:20

    • 57.

      Freezing tracks

      2:27

    • 58.

      Working in the arrangement

      5:17

    • 59.

      Saving Favourites

      1:17

    • 60.

      Walking through the process

      3:19

    • 61.

      Introduction to Mixing and Mastering

      1:10

    • 62.

      Housekeeping before Mixing

      4:30

    • 63.

      Playing with the volume faders

      2:35

    • 64.

      Arrangement track

      6:21

    • 65.

      Tempo changes

      4:15

    • 66.

      Diving into Panning

      12:17

    • 67.

      Intro to Automations

      5:17

    • 68.

      Copy, Paste and Delete Automations

      1:38

    • 69.

      Applying more Automations

      6:10

    • 70.

      11 Essential Elements of Mixing and Mastering

      7:53

    • 71.

      609 Using the Equalizer

      11:44

    • 72.

      Equilizer Automation

      2:51

    • 73.

      Audio Units Plugins

      6:50

    • 74.

      Locking Tracks and Improving Performance

      2:45

    • 75.

      Basics of Compressor and Limiter

      11:40

    • 76.

      Exploring the Reverb

      5:40

    • 77.

      Exploring the Delay

      6:25

    • 78.

      Ambience effects Chorus

      6:12

    • 79.

      Flanger and Phaser

      4:36

    • 80.

      Tremolo and Vibrato

      2:03

    • 81.

      Mastering your Project

      14:56

    • 82.

      Sharing your song

      4:52

    • 83.

      Congratulations!

      0:14

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About This Class

The Complete course!

Is Garageband considered for professional audio production?

Garageband isn’t less powerful than Logic Pro just because it’s free; People ignore the things that are free in life. Just because it’s easy to get doesn't mean it’s not worth getting it.

I have been using Garageband since its release in 2004, and back then, I used it to compose music for theatre.

With the continued improvements to Logic Pro throughout the years, Garageband has inherited some of the best features from its older brother. Tempo changes, Key changes, and some powerful plugins for mixing and mastering, to mention a few. GarageBand is a fully equipped music creation studio inside your Mac with a complete sound library that includes instruments, guitar, and voice presets, an incredible selection of session drummers and percussionists, and a vast selection of Synthesizers.

Can you make a professional recording with Garageband?

We can safely answer with a resounding YES!!

Garageband for Songwriting and Music Production

GarageBand is your swiss knife for music creation and audio production. Here you can record ideas and get your instruments to blend with others available in the library in seconds.

Learn how to navigate the interface and create your first project using one of the available templates. If you have never composed a song, Apple Loops can help you do that. You'll find thousands of loops to add to your song and hundreds of instruments to play. All these tools will help you shape your compositions without needing expensive equipment. 

If you are a musician and want to record your instrument and your voice or two instruments simultaneously, Garageband helps you do just that with ease.

You will learn how to record, edit, mix and master your music, whether you are a beginner or not. 

Get to play different instruments worldwide using your computer keyboard or a midi keyboard. If you have a guitar, bass or piano, you'll get to try a vast array of professional-sounding effects and include them in your composition.

You will learn what equipment is best to get according to your needs without breaking the bank.

Learn the 11 essential elements of mixing and mastering that every professional sound engineer use for a release. 

Garageband is your Music laboratory where your creations will start to take shape and make your ideas available to the world. 

I can't wait to see you in the Class!

Fran

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Fran Solo

Apple and Adobe Certified Instructor

Teacher

I have been using Macs for over 20 years, and I have been teaching it for the last 15.

I am passionate about teaching and sharing my skills and discoveries with people who are willing to learn and share as well. I have used Windows systems in the early 90's, and I was a bit intimidated by the Mac when I purchased one for the first time almost two decades ago. So If you are a Windows user, I know what you are going through.

I honestly believe the Mac can change the way you work or perform your art, without the hassling of fixing things that don't deserve your time.

I started using my mac in my early music career by composing soundtracks for theatre, then moved to writing my music and used programs such as Garageband, Logic Pro, Protools and others extensively.
I a... See full profile

Level: Beginner

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Transcripts

1. Welcome to the Class!: Hello and welcome to the Skillshare class about GarageBand. This course is about songwriting and music production. And together we will learn the ins and outs of these outstanding doll and how to leverage spouse to unleash your creativity. Hi, my name is Fran, and I've been using GarageBand since day one in 2004 when it was first released. I use it extensively for producing the score of short films, soundscapes and stage effects for theatre, and recorded two albums in 2005 alone. I've been into music since the age of 16, and I have a background in modern and jazz, guitar, piano, and bass, and vocal training. In this first module, we will familiarize ourselves with the interface by exploring all different areas of GarageBand. Will start by installing garish banned from the App Store. Then we will explore the control bar and all the tools available there. Then we're going to jump straight into creating some music using the Apple Loops. And we'd get inspired by the thousands available here. You learn everything there is to know about loops and how to leverage them to compose your music. We will cover the different types of loops and how to change the tempo and the key of your song. In addition, you learn about the flex tool and how you can easily manipulate audio files. By the end of this class, you'll also learn about the drummer. One of the many features in GarageBand lets you add a virtual drummer into your project and you'll discover how easy it is to change its style and sounds to suit your taste. Feel free to take part of our class project in which you will share your song made out of loops. This is a safe space where you can receive some great feedback, not just from me, but also from other students who perhaps needed bit of inspiration from someone else in class. You can use any platform of your choice to publish your song as private. So only the people in this class we'll be able to watch it and no one else. I'm really looking forward to see your creation soon. So let's get started today. 2. How to use the exercise files: hi in this video gonna show you how to use the exercise files. First, we're going to unzip the file by double clicking on it, and then we're going to double click on these folder. So here we have the garish band Project file. You can simply double click on it to open it up in Ghoulish Band. Then we have the audio version off the project, and we have project old your files as well. Now, if you double click on the garish band project is going to show up in Ghoulish Bend and gonna is gonna load all of your tracks and audio. Now, in case this wouldn't work Oh, you If you don't see any of these regions or any of these regions dumb play correctly or don't play at all, What you have to do is simply open up an empty project in God's plan. So we're gonna go into empty project and we got Just add any of these track it doesn't matter which one you just press create and then going to resize the garish band window by dragging one of the border and then all unique. You simply drag these project old your file into an empty area here on GarageBand on the track, hairier here. So when I let go is going to import all my old your files into garish bent Once they all loaded. I'm just gonna close the library on the top left and close these mark control as well on the top. So I'm going to just stretch these window back here. So you're going to see all of you all of your regions in orange. But if you want to see them blue, just hold down control old and G to make them blue like odor tracks and then follow along with the class. We use these project for your assignments. 3. Installing GarageBand: in this video, I'm gonna show you how to install GarageBand until Mac the first thing we're gonna do we gonna search for the APP store. So in this case here, I've got it in my dock. But if he's not in your doc, you can go to the launch, but and search for it. You can type up store. It should come up there. So click on the op store and then you're gonna click on the search bar on the top, Ryan corner and type crash bent and press return or enter on your keyboard. Garish bands should be free in my case, Year is already installed, but you should be able to see a button says Get click on get and then you stole And, gosh, Benson start to download down into my lunch. But after its installed, let me just close this when you click on the launch. But it should look like this. My suggestion is to drag these icon down to your doc if you're gonna be using it for a while. No, likely. Kuwait, when you open garage band for the first time, is going to show you a welcome window with all the latest features off the software. Now, you might be prompt with a window that looks like this, and I just I took a screenshot of it from mine. And this is a window that is gonna essentially ask you to download additional sounds and loops and patches in garage bent. If you don't see these window just right now or if you click on council by mistake, do not worry. I'm gonna show you how to download thes library later on. Let me just close this for now. In this module, I've included a file called Naming my Daughter and this is a project that I started just for the purpose of his class. And you can double click on it to get started. So after you open garage bent, do not worry what you see there, so you might be able to see a window. The looks like this. Let me just open mind fun. For now, mine is going to open with the latest project. And if you open carriage bent previously is going to open with the latest project you were working on in my case, he is gonna open with these window, which is my latest project, but I'm gonna close this for now. I'm gonna show you how it looks when you open. Gosh, man, for the very first time, you gonna see these collections off templates. But for the purpose of these class, I would like you to just open the file naming my daughter, and we're gonna start from there to explore the layout and all the buttons off garage bent . So I'm gonna double click there, and the project should look like this. So I'm gonna double click on the menu on top on the actual name. And when you do that, it will expand into a full screen. And here we gonna start to explore all our batons and functions. If you have issue opening this file, my suggestion is to just go into a garage band and open a new projects. You go to file and knew you could see new here. Or you can go directly into this page and then click on songwriter. When you double click there, you'll be able to follow through using this template instead 4. Exploring the Control Bar: So let's start to explore the control bar on top from the top of left hand corner. The first battle here on top is our library. As you can see, when I have the cursor on any of these buttons is going to show me what their patterns do. This case here is library. So when I click on library is going to reveal this column here on the left hand side, this library changes. According away you click on your tracks. As you can see, I've got these column in the middle and this is your tracks area. So if I click on any of these tracks, I can see that the library changes with a different patch. So these are all different patches and instruments that you can choose from. So if I click on the 1st 1 my Steinway grand piano is going to change it to Steinway grand piano as well here, so I can change these instruments anytime I want. I'm going to show you these later on anyway. But I just want to show you that this is the library, and this is where you change your instruments. Patches from the second button here is my quick help button, and if I click on it is going to reveal these other yellow tags around my layout. So, as you can see here, if I have the cursor over any of these buttons is gonna reveal what their buttons does is very, very useful, especially if you get started using garage Ben, as you can see if I have. Ah, the curse over these LCD is going to explain exactly what that function is, ex cetera, etcetera. I can go to my workspace here, and it tells me what the workspaces, and also my track, Harry as well. It was very handy to have that enable. If you want to find out what Button does well, click that again to close it. If you want to find out more about the Garsh band, help and manual can simply hold down the command key on your keyboard. Impress for Slash and that will reveal the garish man help manual. If you want to find out more about resources and manuals and instructions, you can go to help on Top E on the menu bar and click on either Guards band, Quick Help or any of these options down here. 5. Smart Controls and Editor: The next button here is called smart Controls. Factly. Connor is going to reveal these area down below, and here I can actually change the effects off my instruments. So if I click on any of thes track, it's gonna change to the relative effects for that specific instrument. So if I want to change, for instance, some effect on my Steinway grand piano and simply go here and choose one of these snob and change it so I'm gonna give you quick demonstration of how that works. So if I a solo my piano here by clicking on this little headphones button and I'm gonna play, I'm gonna change something young. The effects delay. I'm gonna increase the delay. No, the Days Inn. Now it's not so I can change any of these effects by just messing about here, But I can also change the EQ you as well for each individual tracks. We'll talk about the queue later on in this class anyway. Gonna close that again and I'm gonna click on the next one, which is our editor now. These editor changes according toe, which track you selected? We just sort of that. So if I click for instance, off my drink voice synthesizer is going to show me the piano roll for that specific synthesizer. If I click on another track, let's say the bit machine. The drama is going to change the drummer if I click on and Notre Track is gonna show me the older wave for that specific track So the attitude can be quite useful if you want to do some editing. If you want to adjust your recording, that's the place to go. And I'm gonna talk about this later on as well. I'm gonna close it. And by the way, if you click on smart controls, you cannot have both. Same time. You can either have smart controls or editor in these area down here. I just close that now. 6. Transport Control: next we have our transport control. Here we have rewind, fast forward, go to the beginning. By the way, when you click on it, it will jump to the beginning of the song. I took these. It's called the play Head. This line here and that allows you to jump or drag the play head. Whatever you want in your song. I can also hover the cursor on that line there. When you see the two hours you can actually drag that whatever you like, so you compress return to go back to the beginning on your keyboard. Next we have the play button. Then we have the record button, and then the cycle mode cycle mode can be quite useful when you need to repeat a part over and over. So if I click on that, you see that little yellow bar on top and that will repeat that area over and over. I could even drag the border here to make it smaller. Well, if I want to have a longer look, I can do that. This gold so could be quite useful to record multiple takes as well, and we just closed that next we have the LCD, as you can see of got, you know, the measurement of gold bars and beats. So find out drug Michael ahead somewhere here on the song it tells me exactly when I am in the song. I haven't 20 bar number 21. If I want to jump to a specific area, I can also double click on that and choose. It's a 40 breast return and then we'll jump directly into bar number 40. Next we have the temple and you can change the temple of your track. At the moment my song here is under and 10 I'm used Temple Variation So certain a certain area off the song I'm 120 another I'm I'm changing 210 and under the Nate I'm gonna show you these temple variation later on in the class But just for the morning being, if you want to change your temporary double, click on it and you can type whatever temple you like or you can simply click and hold the the temple that and you can either drugged up and down to change your temple. Next we have the times a geisha. So if I click on it is gonna give me an option to change to any of these signatures, or you can use a custom signature. And then we have a d key of our song, which is, at the moment, eyes that see, Major. But you can change it to any other key. My suggestion is when you start your project, make sure you know the key of your song or if you play an instrument and you know what to play, make sure you know the key. So everything else in a song will follow through, especially if he use Apple loops. The Apple Loops will follow the key of your song. Don't we have the display mode here? This little arrow for Click on the Arrow got for the firmo talking have beats and project at the moment. That's what we got here, and we have beats and time so I can see the beats, the bar and the timing, and then also have beats on Lee and Time on Lee. I usually use beats and project, but it's really up to you. If you work with the video, Oprah will be used beats and time so you know exactly where you are in the video 7. Tuner, Pre-count and Metronome: next we have our tuner. The tuna allows me to tune guitar or any acoustic instruments of God, and he's only enabled when you are in an audio track. I mean, maybe track or any other track. It will be great out. Then we have our pre count, and this gives me enough time to click the record button and put my hands on my instrument to record, and then we have our Metrodome here. 8. Master Volume and Master Track: next on on our control bar is our massive volume. The's volume controls the overall volume off the project. Now, these can also be automated. What I mean by that is that you can actually apply a fading and fadeout volume for the entire track. But in order to do that, we have to basically go into track on the top E on the menu bar and click on show mask the track. And what that does is it will add another track at the very bottom off your tracks, and that is essentially is the same as that favor. But this can be automated. You can add failure and side out you can and effects. And this is gonna be very Andy. When we gonna talk about mustering mixing your song as a general rule, I will probably keep the master volume as it is and move the master track in such a way that my song is loud enough but does not clip. So I'm gonna have any reds here. By the way, if you have reds here on top, you can simply move the fader slowly down. Of course, if you want to go back to the original position can hold down the old key are the option key on your keyboard and click on the failure on. By the way, you can use this method to bring any further back to the original position. If I do that here, I'm impress option and click the fate. It goes back to the original position. I can undo that I wanted, but this is the general rule for your master track and master volume. 9. Notepad, Loops and Media Browser: looking at the top right hand corner. We have our three buttons over here, and the 1st 1 is our note pat. The note pad allows you to write notes about your project lyrics 80 years or anything that you want to write regarding your project. You can also change your fun side by clicking on this little button on top here, and that allows me to change font style size, etcetera. The next one is our apple loops. So we're gonna spend quite sometime here in the future when we going to compose our tracks and our songs. These are all pre recorded instruments that they play in loop so they actually playing in cycle. So if I want to use one of these in my project that simply drag and drop into my project that I show you this later. But essentially what I want you to do now is just scroll down and find the one that are grayed out. So the one that I grade out needs to be downloaded, so you're going to click on all of them one by one. He just click on one and you should be able to see a little down arrow next to them. Just click on the down arrow and you're gonna have a window popping up on a screen asking if you want to download the entire library. I would suggest to do that, so download the entire library so you're ready for the next class when we gonna talk about the apple. Oops. But essentially, these are again two types. The blue ones are rodeo and the green ones are meeting. Next stop is our media browser. The media browse allows me to essentially use any pre existing old you or any songs that I've got in my iTunes library or even, um, previous project in garish band that I can open directly by clicking on garish Band folder . And these are all my projects that I've got. I can essentially use one of these so I can go to my iTunes library and choose one of my songs. Amount of my heart booms over here. The next one here on top, is our movies and movies. Essentially, let me drug any movie clip into my project and Aiken, and it's the music so I can make my music score and soundtrack and anything similar to that . I'm gonna explain you how to do that later on as well. But this is essentially what you need to know about your control bar or, as I like to call it, the toolbar. 10. Tracks Area: So let's talk about the tracks Area tracks area is thes column over here, you see on the left hand side with all these instruments. So each track here represent your instrument. And here in these arrangement area, you see all our recordings. So for each row you have an instrument and all these little regions thes are cold regions. So I can basically play any of these instrument by placing the play ahead of the beginning and press play. And when I do that, the player head will play anything that there is in that line simultaneously, it will play all of these tracks. For instance, here it would play 123 and four tracks at the same time. So very minder, if you want on Lee here an instrument, you would have to solve the instrument. So talking about these buttons that we have you on a track area, the first button here, starting from the left, is your mute button perfectly commute. It will mute the track. As you can see, all the regions here are now great out and it will play everything else. It finds that click on the other one next to it. which is our solo button. It will solo our track and mute everything else. As you can see, we also have this mute blinking going on here on our column. If I click on there again too, turn it off and then we have the volume and these controls the volume off each individual track. No one go all to my punning. So if I now play this and I solo it e, move my planning no, see on the right way left. So I can I can actually pan my instrument, and I can do that for all of them. I'm gonna talk about this later, under mixing and also mustering as well out of kind of distribute your instrument off the stereo spectrum. 11. Playhead, Automation and more: We also have these three buttons on top. Starting from the right, we have our katchpole ahead, and that will essentially follow my play head from my song. The 2nd 1 here is automation, So automation will show you another way to automate volumes and effects off your instruments and only attracts. So, for instance, see on the dream voice, I've done a sort of ah fade in volume for that specific track. So when I start to play from there, you're gonna hear the crescendo off that volume for pray that now, So essentially automated that you can do all thes automation in your in your song in your project, I'm gonna explain how that works later on. But just to let you know that the automation button is there, So if I click on there again is going to hide it, I'm gonna just cancel that. Then we have the plus button that allows me to add tracks here on my tracks area. If I want to add the new track and I want to record something Desprez the past, but and I've got these four options. As you can see, I've got softer instruments which are east German. It comes from garish band, so I can use either my laptop keyboard on my I'm a keyboard. Or I can use a meaty keyboard that I can buy anywhere in any music shop. And they always come with a USB cable so it's plug and play. Otherwise, you can use your microphone. If you have a microphone and you want to record your voice, you can choose old you. He's also very good for recording umps. If you have ah, guitar with a dumping, you want to record your beautiful AMP, you can use this as well. The other options we have here is for guitar and bass players. This is very good if you have an electric guitar and you comply onto your Mac and you have , like a series of amp and pedals that you can choose from. And then we have our new track here, which is the drama, and this is like a virtual drama that allows you to change rhythm and style. When you gonna come up with a lot of different kind off drummers, I'm gonna show you the drummer later on. It's very cool, and it makes your life much easier when you have to choose a rhythm and anything that has to do with percussions and drums, so that's closed these for now. 12. Track Types: before we get started using GarageBand, I want to explain a very important concept about track types. As you can see here, we have green tracks, yellow tracks on blue tracks, and the reason why they are called Accorded is because they're completely different. Starting from the top. These green tracks, also called meaty, tracks meaty stands for musical instrument digital interface. And it's just a fancy name for a system that allows your keyboard to talk to your computer . So if you ever USB keyboard or amedi keyboard connected to your order interface, you could play notes. That garish band will recognize as a signal inputs, and it will translate them as a musical note. The media is very small data because it's not saving any odor waves or any of your signal like you would get from a microphone or ah, metre guitar, a bass guitar. If I double click on these region here on top, I can see each individual notes recorded into my piano roll because I used a USB keyboard. So these are just very small data that doesn't take a lot of space in my computer. If I click on an audio track instead, of Blue Track. In this case, I can see the audio track is completely different. Here. I see a no deal wave, and this is basically recorded from a microphone or from an electric guitar. If I click on the yellow tracks, these are complete different as well. These are kind of hybrid that in between odio and Meaty. I'm gonna talk about this later. But just to let you know, these are essentially percussions and drums tracks that can be changed by using these. Editor. We just close that for a second. So if I want, for instance, play with my media keyboard a piano, I can simply select the plaice pot in here and use a soft restaurants. So this soft charisma allows me to choose an instrument from my library. Let me just cancel that for now. In this case here, this is my made the instrument. So if I want to change my piano to play another instrument or learning to do, simply go to the library on the top left and choose another instruments from here. So if I want to my piano to play an organ or a guitar for a sunset, go to guitar and choose a guitar. Now, before I do that, I want to do first of all, play the piano just to show the difference. Now, if I want to play the same thing as a guitar, I can go to acoustic guitar and now my pianos changed to an acoustic guitar, and I can play that back so I can change the patch whenever I want. When I use a meeting instrument, let me just close the library. So this is the main difference between green tracks and blue tracks. The yellow treks came a few years ago when they introduced the drummer's. The drama is this essentially is a veritable drama that can be changed by using these a visa eso I can change that by moving that up and down, and it will change the rhythm and the style off my drums. But you're going to understand this better when we're going to start decree our new project , and I'm gonna play around with days and you understand how all these knobs and functions works. So I'm gonna just close that front for now, and I'm gonna show you the last different kind of tracks that we have. So if I shop my that stop here, I've got a Nodia track. If I drag the older track from outside garish ban into inside the 2nd 1 I drag it down below here is going to create another track, which in this case is an older track buys orange. And these label in orange are all files that comes from outside garage bent or all the fires that you track from the media browser here on the top right of your garage meant so I can drag any of my songs in and it will look like this like an orange gonna have orange label. Let me just close that for a second. So these are the four main different tracks that you find in garnishment will be going up mainly work. We'd green, blue and yellow. And if I'm going to my look browser here on top, right, You also gonna notice that some of the loops are in blue and others are in green and you also notice you also have the yellow ones as well. And these are the drummer tracks. And this is what you need to know about the track types so that we can get started to record our next project. 13. Creating a new Project: this less I'm gonna show you how to create a new project from scratch. First of all, we're gonna close these projects clicking on the red button top left hand corner. I'm not gonna save it for now. And that's what you see when you close a project, you see these list of templates, so make sure you are on new project on left hand side. You can choose any of these eight. I'm gonna cover these four. First, this foreign immediately a keyboard collection, our collection, he pop and electronic. So if you're a pianist and you want to get inspired by using any of these keyboard available in garnishment and click on keyboard collection and click on Choose or you can just double click on the action templates how you know you're gonna have, like, nine different tracks with different piano or synthesizing you can play. So if you have a meeting people connected, you can just play directly. If you don't have one, you can use your laptop keyboard or your I'm a keyboard by going toe window here on the menu bar and click on show musical typing, and I can use my keyboard to play the instrument is you can see I've got a S d f g, which are the exactly equivalent of my keyboard. I can go to classic electric piano and pray that, uh and so on and so forth. Let me just close that for now. I'm gonna show you the other ones next week. Some collections. If you are a guitar player or bass player, you can go here, plug your bass or guitar, and you can choose any of these ump available. So you got some nice ampere and your toe. Have base ump down here. You got three for guitar and two for base. I believe it. This is for guitar as well. Come close that that we have a pope and that if you want to create some pop music, you can start from here. You have a nice percussion here. Nice drum. Oh, you can choose any of thes synthesizer and play again with your keyboard musical keyboard Here. He just goes out for a second. I'm not sure. The other one Elektronik again. This is to make a 20 music. You have a nice collection off synthesizer and again you not locked into any of these templates anyway, for he choose this template and you decide you want to get rid of the the rhythm, the drum on top. You can definitely do that by pressing the backspace to get rid of the region and backspace again to get rid of the track so you can literally go here and delete what you don't want and start from whatever you want. And again, when you click on any of these synthesize or any any of these tracks, you can change the patch from the left hand side. Here. Who's that? So we also have ring tone and ringtone gives you one track to create your ringtones for your phone is you can see you have the look browser open. You can drag and drop loops to create your your ringtones. Then we have Songwriter that song, right? It gives me a nice drum and also a vocal track, a guitar track and electric guitar, track of bass track and also a piano track. So I've got the main elements for a four band so I can play anything I want here and start to lay down my ideas. Then I got voice. This is very good for singers, of course. Or if you want to create a podcast is a perfect way to start a podcast. If you double click, there is going to give you a few effects for your microphone. Essentially so I can go to narration Barco, I can go to bright vocal and start to use that to record my podcast. He goes that and then off course we have our empty project here, which is going to give you an empty project where you can start to doubt your tracks. Now, when you choose any of these, you can go to details down here and click on the triangle to reveal it And what you see here, you can change the temple before even start to record. You can even top the temple if you're not sure about your idea But you have a rhythm rhythm in mind. You can just go here and click that repeatedly until you get the right temple. Let's say under the new Heaven Then I can change the key signatures, the time signature and also the input and output for my odio. By the way, you're not locked to this. If you change your mind during a project, you can change all of the's within the project. So, you know, locked in any of this, these templates choose to just give you an idea how to get started. If you want to create something from an instrument you never played, or in effect, you never play with your guitar. These are probably the places where I'll get started. I'll go to either keyboard collection or I'm collection, for that matter, for input device at the moment says system setting. And what that means is this is gonna use the system settings or the audio settings that I set up in my system preferences. So if you go to the apple on top left and you can consistent preferences and then you click on sound here, you see, I'm using my rode an anti anti USB mic, in this case garish. Ben is going to use that as my input. And if I go to output again, I'm gonna use my Auntie USB so you can do the same thing on yours. You can choose your own sound card, or you can choose just internal speaker and internal microphone if you want to. So let's click on Empty Project on Behalf you can choose and now is gonna show me an option to choose what track or do I want because I don't have any track the moment on a click on software instrument. Double click on that, and I'm ready to record and to add my tracks. But this is the way for you to create new project from scratch. 14. Adding tracks into your Project: and the previous class. We learn how to create a new project from scratch. And we also added a softer restaurant, classic electric piano. This class I'm gonna show you how to add other tracks in your project. You can see here I've got my musical typing so I can actually play my classic electric piano. And if I want to change the patch, the instrument that can go here in the library and changing instruments from here. Now, when I created a new track, I can go to the plus button up here in the trunk area, or I can go on the menu bar on the track and click on new track if you like. Shortcuts is old command and who either of dysfunction will show you this window. So the 1st 1 is the softer restaurant. Just to remind you again, these are old instruments from garnishment. The 2nd 1 here is your older. If you want to record a microphone and you're gonna use the A line input from your Mac a laptop, you can use that and you can leave everything as it is and pressed create if you instead want to use a sound card. An external sound card. Usually they come with USB connection. I'm gonna talk about the sound cut later on in this class. But just to let you know if you have one connected, you should be able to see it here down. My instrument is connected with with the name of your sound card. If you don't see it there, we just need to click on it. And you should be able to see your garish band preferences which look like this and is gonna show you devices and output devices and input devices. If I click on output devices here is gonna show me my road anti U. S. B. Which is my microphone and sound card in one. So that's test my device. You should be able to see yours here, so you only need to do simply click on it to select it. The input device is what you want to record from and again, you can go here and shoes again. What you want a recorder You can record from your sound card. In this case, my road and two USB. Do I want to use my internal microphone? So if you have an iMac you can use your I make internal microphone to record your voice, and I will tell by the sound got there when it says system settings. What the means is is actually is gonna use the system settings that you have under the apple on the top, left on the system preferences and on the sound. So whatever you selected under input and output in this case here, I sacked in my road anti U. S. B. As in my our input. I also chosen my road NTSB on What that means is if I close this garish banding is going to use that settings if you want to instead change that within garnishment. You can do it here. And by the way, I'm just closed that you're not locked to. These settings were after you breast create. You can change that later on why you are creating your your O'Dea before even your recording old. If you made a mistake and you click on create you just click on that and you can still go down here and change your input by choosing whatever input you like. As you can see here. I've got my input so I can choose my input here. Or you can change your sound card by going to gosh band Preferences. I'm going to order meaty and change your Sanka from here. Close that, and you can see now of Goldman. Would you track And he speaking up my voice. That's why you see this green levels going up and down. Um, but I'm gonna click on the input Michael music. I'm hearing myself for the mikes. I'm gonna click on it to turn it off, but it's still picking up my voice. So if you have, if using your internal microphone, it will pick up your voice and it will look like this. Let's click on the plus button again. I'm gonna show you also how to create a track for your guitar bass. If you're an electric player or best bass player, you can choose this and basically what this does, it will give you like a collections off amps and pedals that comes from the garage bent and again, you got the same options here on the details click on create, and now I've got my guitar section with all the amps on the left hand side. So the library is gonna show me, Although the from second choose from there you go like sort of a fender kind of style. Voxware, Marshall, these old, different kind off so you can choose from And you got your smart controls down here so you can literally plug your guitar directly into your input or into your sound card, and you can play along and start record press the plus button again. And also we have the drummer on a drummer differs very much from the apple loops because thistles very dynamic. So this allows you to change the rhythm, the style and anything else from the drama. I'm gonna show you these in the other classes where I use the drummer a lot. But just to let you know when I can click on drummers, you're gonna have any options here in terms of input and output. The because this is from GarageBand, so uniquely con create is going to create a track. We just close the musical typing for now so I can drive these up by the way, you condone drag these tracks in whatever order you like, and and it gives me like these rhythm already. So if I press play now. So this is playing something there and I can actually go down here and change the the feel off my drum. And as you can see, it's changing appear if I want to make it very soft that can drug that bouhlel with all the way down and I for player, exchange the style completely. And I can also go at the end here and you off this plus button that allows me to add another region that I can change independently from the 1st 1 So if I want the 2nd 1 to be stronger would be likely to build louder. I can do that, and the two are different. As you can see here, that one plays quite a and the second reason, like more prominent, this is a way for you to get started and create your tracks within your project. 15. Deep Dive into Apple Loops: Whether you play an instrument and not GarageBand offers you a large variety of loops. Loops are brief pre recorded snippets of music that were performed by professional musicians. Now loops that were recorded in such a way that their ends fits perfectly well with their beginning. So you can actually play them over and over throughout your project if you want to. To access the loop browser, you just need to open approach the first. In this case here I'm going to open an empty project. I'm going to double-click on that. But regardless of where you can choose any of these projects and then access to your browser and click on that, double-click on it. And then it's gonna ask me now to create a track. In this case, I'm not create a software instrument, it doesn't matter which one you choose. And then we're going to click here to close my musical typing and to access your loop browser, you just need to tap on a top right-hand corner that Apple Loops, or you just press the O key on your keyboard to access to it. As you can see, I've got all my loops. We've got plenty of them. Now if you notice some loops are grayed out or you need to do is simply click on the little down arrow next to them to download the library. Otherwise, you can go on the top left here on GarageBand on the menu bar, and click on sound library and download the library sounds from here my suggestion is download all the sounds and then come back to this class so you can follow through. Now if you want to search for a specific instruments, you can go to instruments on top here, and you can see I've got Instrument, Genre and moods. You can choose between. These three are usually start from instrument here. So if I click on instrument, I've got my instrument here. If I want to expand these windows lightly, I can just go into the border down here and drag that down to reveal a little bit more. And as you can see, I've got four columns. The first two columns are instruments and the other two columns aren't genre and moods. So for instance, if I'm looking for a piano, I can click on piano. And as soon as I click on piano, the other instruments, it got grayed out. But I still got genre and moods that I can choose from. So I can narrow the search to look for specific piano. I want it at the moment, my clicking on piano reveals 376 loops, which are quite a lot. If I didn't have time to go through all the loops, what I can do, I can just choose a genre. You can go to jazz, for instance, for 12. And in narrows it down to three, much better than before. Now if I want to play this loop or a do simply click once to play. If I want to stop them, I click once again. So let's try that first one. And you click once again to stop it. If I want to play another one and just click on it. So this is the way for you to narrow the search. Now if I want to reset my search and search for another instrument, I can click on the X button here on top left of my browser. And it's going to reset my search. So I can go back to my 11 thousand and that case and choose another instrument. So let's say I'm going to go to Oregon. And I'm going to go to clean organ. And I have grander than 30, as you can see, when I click on any of these, the search gets lower and lower. So if I go to intense, now I've got 11 of them. So I can go to any of these and click on it. So this is the way for you to search by instrument. But if you want to search for genre, can go just that. Again on the X button on top to reset. And we're going to go into genre. And genre. I can just choose jazz, for instance. And it's going to show me all the instruments for jazz. In this case, I've got under the 97. So these can be piano, can be guitars or percussions, or anything that relates to jazz. I can also search by using the search bar here. So let's go back to instrument. For instance. Let's say I search for, looking for a specific sound. I'm going go to instrument. I can go to base and I can search for it, say an acoustic bass or a clean base. I can go and type clean, for instance. Now when I searched for clean, this case, it doesn't find anything because it is actually looking for that word within the loop. So if I, you remember the name of that base of that I want to say, Oh, look for a synth bass, I can go to sinth, I can type synth. And now as searchers, 46 items with that word in it. It finds that search for base. And I want to go for a genre or a mood. I can go here and search for, let's say, distorted bass. And a searcher for nist or base our regardless of that name. And just press the X button again. You can also change the position of these buttons by dragging them on top of each other. For instance, if I want to change the shaker in sort of a reactor piano, I can just simply drag and drop that there and it will swap places. I can also right-click on any of these buttons and change a different instrument. So for instance, instead of mallets, I want to have vocals. I can click on buckles. And now that will change to buckles. If I decide I want to go back to the default position, I can go into GarageBand on the top-left, on the preferences and on a section loops here, I can click on Reset, and then we'll reset the original position. Other two options I've got here that are worth mentioning is keyboard browsing and also look browser. Keyword browsing will filter all the loops that are within two semitones from my original key. In this case, my key is C major, so it's going to only show me the key that are within two semitones. Everything above that will be excluded. If I want to see all of them, I can just simply untick that. But bear in mind if you do that is going to show you all stuff that is not necessarily relevant to your project. And it might sound a little bit artifact that the bit artificial. So I would suggest to keep that ticked, but if you want to see all of them and you want to go a little bit more experimental with your project, you can untick them. So for instance, now I've got 11,235, my antique that is going to show me. I've got 16000, many, many more, so I can actually decide to have that ticked. The second one here is just this blaze, original temple and key of the loops. In this case here I've got these two extra column, tempo and key. So if you don't see that, you just need to take this box and that will show you the original key and Temple of that specific group. So in this case here, these loops are a 100. So these exotic be, so that one is actually playing in an undrawn and 20. So this is my main temple that rules over this one's by the original temple was a 100. So this kind of work for this track. By going to something faster or slower. It might sound a bit artificial. But you can also see some of these tracks are recorded, for instance, in B or any other key, and these is within two semitones within my main key, which is okay for this track. So I will leave this as it is and just close it. Another cool tip that I usually suggest to use is Favorites. So this little heart here you got in the loop, allows you to tick whatever loops that you like as a favorite. Now if you're working on a project and you find a very good look that are not necessarily read to that project. You can still tick the box next to it for future reference. So even after you reset your search and go back to your favorites by clicking on this little heart here, top right. And it will show you all of your favorites here. So we'll remember all just very, very handy feature to save all of your favorites. Another useful way for you to narrow the search within your loop browser is using scale. So if I know if my track is in C Major, I can just go into here and choose all the major loops. So as you can see, as soon as I clicked on major and narrow it down to one hundred, ten hundred six hundred and sixty nine. So and now I can see what's grayed out above. So tambourine, experimental conga, bongo, etc. All of these instruments are grayed out then not in major. By if I go back into any or both, is going to show me all the loops and all the instruments. Z you notice slide guitar is grayed out. So that means that these not loop, that is within two semitones within my, my main key here. So bear in mind that some of them would be grayed out. For, for instance, here if I'm going to see major and I change it to, let's say the sharp. Now my slide guitar repair. Or if I'm going all the way up and I choose, let's say F sharp. Now I've got my saxophone, which is grayed out. So as you can see, it grades out automatically whatever loops and instruments that are not relevant to your key. You can also search by column on top here. So if I click on this icon on the top left of the loop browser, I can change the view in columns so I can make that slightly bigger. So I can go and search again by genre or by instrument. And I can choose any instruments from here. And it's gonna give me the same sort of search. So if you prefer column view, you can choose column, otherwise you can go back to buttons, which I prefer. There is also another way to sort out your loops. You can go above here. On the columns on top, got name beats, the favorites, tempo and key. And you can organize them by tempo, for instance, by clicking on tempo. So if I click on Tempo again, it's going to show me all the different tempo that I've got in descending order or ascending order. If I click on Tempo again is going to show me them in ascending order. And there we go. I've got, oh, they're all listed together these way. Or if I want to sort them by name, I can click on name. And it's going to sort them in alphabetic order for me or by key. If you look for a specific key, you can just group them together by key. Very, very handy feature to have on top. So that's what you need to know about the loop browser now to search for loops. 16. Types of loops: Now that you know how to search loops in the loop browser, I wanted to remind you the different kinds of loops that we have available here. So I got some blue loops and green loops. And if I click on All Drums here, I also see yellow loops as well. Now, let's go into piano. Got green and blue. So the blue loops are essentially loops have been recorded by using a mike. So if I click on any of these loops, so this is a real instrument recorded using a mike. So if I drag that in and I drop it there, I see an audio wave. So if I play that back, so that's my recording. If I want to use a green one and just go into a green one here, Let's go in to choose something different. So this is also a real instrument. By the main difference is that these instruments been sampled, key by key, is being recorded multiple times. So if there's a piano, the 88 keys have been recorded multiple times with different intensity and different effects on it. So each individual, me the loops as a series of data banks of data that can be changed by using a midi keyboard. So for instance here, if I want to drag that in, as you can see at the first glance, between old your immediate, There's a lot of differences. So the medium ones shows me all these dots and dashes. That means is that these are actually each individual notes that can be changed and modified. If I double-click on that region, I can modify all these keys and all these notes. If I wanted to go into the audio, is going to show me just the node, your wave. And here I've got limitations in terms of editing. If I go into the library and a top-left, so let's say if I click on the audio loop and I click on the librarian top-left, I can change the patch of that by using any of these valuable. So I'm going to my legacy here. And by the way, you see legacy if you had previous versions of GarageBand. But if you're going to have that, you can just go into any other patches that you have available. If I'm going here and I'm going to let say guitar. So it doesn't matter, it doesn't have to be a piano can be a different batch. And I go into surf. Now that piano will sound like this now. So I can change it to a different one if I want to. Now a place as a guitar. But if I want to change it to each individual node, so I cannot do that. If I go into the mediastinum and look what happened now on the left, I've got a completely different list of patches that I can choose from. So that piano that places like this. So I can change that to be played as fluorescence and then go to synthesizer, can go two pads and I can choose any of these pads and knife. I believe that back It's going to be like this. So it changes completely by the benefit of these that I can change each individual note. I wanted to go back to the loop browser. And there we have, of course the option to let me go back to piano. I've got the option to drag a mealy look into an audio track. So let's say if I choose these piano and I want to play the piano, I want to drag that piano into an audio track. I can do that. And what that does, it will convert that midi track into an audio track. While what I'm gonna do that, well, the reason is that sometimes you might have a slow computer or you might have to handle different tracks, like 20 tracks or more. And GarageBand takes a lot of CPU when it has to process lots of midi data. So the suggestion is to use or to convert the midi into an audio. And that will light up the work of your CPU. And then once you've done that, of course, is not reversible once it's converted as an audio, stays as audio and you can not change each noodle and notes. And you need to have the midi track to do that. By if you drag an audio track into a T, That one. And I want to drag that into a midi track two to convert it in a one. Let me see. It says it's a noted track is not compatible with midi, so I would have to either use a different track, a completely new track. For instance, if I drag it down here, is going to create a track automatically for me. Or if I want to drag that up, I can also drag it to an existing audio track above that. And then we'll take the patch or whatever patch I chosen before. So that is not going to play as a piano, is going to play as a guitar. If I believe that now back. And the one that I dragged down below here is going to play as a piano because I drag it into a completely different area. Now we also have yellow loops. If I go back to piano, I click to deselect and I go to All Drums. If I go into a yellow loops, if I can find them. Now we go and I click on any of these. So I can drag this in. And of course, and what let me drag it to any of these existing tracks. I would have to drag it to an empty area down here. And then we'll add a new track down here. So the drama loops are neither audio or midi. So these are sort of a hybrid tracks that can be modified only using these editor down here. So if I move this cursor here, I've got these pads that is separated by loudness or softness, complexity and simplicity. Simple or complex, simple, loud and soft. So for instance, if I play that back and I just solo it, a play that place like this. If I move that cursor down as a soft. Now the drums play softly. Up here is more loudly, more complex, and more simply. And I can also change the toms or the symbols. And this is the complexity of how the drums is playing. I'm going explain how all this works in a separate class. Let me stop that for now. I just wanted to make you aware that these are the different kinds of loops that you can work on? And your next class going to show you how to create song only using loops. 17. Creating a song Part 1 : In this video, I'm gonna show you how to create a song only using loops. Now the first thing we're gonna do, we're gonna create an empty project. Now, I don't know exactly the tempo of this project, but I can actually go here and details and make sure that when he stumbled on, if he's not just click on Build triangle next to the tails to reveal these area. Now if you don't know the key signature or if you don't know anything about this, do not worry. You can just leave everything as is and press choose. We can change these parameters later on within our project. Can choose. Now it's going to ask me to create a track, and now is, regardless of what track you choose, we're going to use entirely loops. So in this case, an unjust double-click on software instrument. And I'm going to ignore this. I'm going to just close the musical typing by clicking on the X button here. And I'm going to go to my browser and top-right. And usually the first things I do when I create a song, I tend to find a nice strum, percussion, percussion that I can start from. Some people prefer to have, for instance, a piano or guitar or any other instrument, and then they build up from there. In this case here I'm going to just use a drum and I know I want to create a sort of a jazz song. So I can go into my instrument here. And I can enlarge this by dragging this border down to reveal more instrumented, more genre. And I'm going to go into jazz unlikely congest here. And when I click on jazz, is going to highlight in grayed out all the loops that are not relevant or the one that are relevant to be highlighted in this case here. So I can go into piano, for instance, or into drums and start to choose my own drums. And this case here I'm gonna go to all drums and it's going to reveal 12 loops in this case. So I can go to one of these two auditioning and just click on it once to play it. I want to change the loop. I can go to the for one. And let's say like the first one. To drag the first loop into your area here, you just need to use your left-click. If you use a mouse, click and hold and drag in, and you drag it in as you're gonna see this line. And these vertical line, it tells you exactly where the loop is going to be dropped if you left and leave the click there. In this case, I want to start from the beginning, so I'm going to drag it will do a beginning and Lego. And now I've got my drums there. When I play, it can just press the play button on the top. And I press stop now. And then I'm going to choose a different instrument. Say I'm happy with that. Now I could actually delete the first track on top. I wanted to. So if I click on that and press Backspace on my keyboard, I can get rid of that track. User not going to play any instruments today. I'm going to just make a song out of loops. So I'm going to go into here on the loop browser, I'm going to de-select all drums. I'm going to keep jazz highlighted and I'm going to go into this case base. And in this case you have got 51 different kind of base. So let's have a look what we have here. But before we select the base, I want to play this drown over and over while I'm browsing through my loops. In this case here I'm gonna click on the cycle bottom, top. And I'm going to repeat that over and over. Press Play. And I'm going to go into my loop browser here and choose a face, like the upright bass, the Athlon, and drag that in. So when you write that in, make sure you drag it into an empty space down below. And I thought to the beginning. So as you can see here, I was auditioning that over and over. And I was just checking which face was most suitable for my, for my drum. And I just drag it in. 18. Creating a song Part 2 : And I for play it now. If I want to repeat that drum over and over, I can hover the cursor over that track. As you can see on the top right-hand corner, I've got the symbol, these little curved arrow symbol. And if I move the mouse down to the right, I'm going to see these two arrows with a bracket. And that allows me to shorten the tracking expanded. In this case here I want to look that track for an over. So I can just go on top, click and hold that and repeat that track over and over. Again. Repeat that for many borrowers I want. Or another way for you to look a track is my pressing the L key on your keyboard, and that will repeat that track over and over until the end of your project. In this case here, goes all the way here. But otherwise you just press L again. And if you want to, just to repeat it for, let's say other, another full bars. You can do that and you can expand your loop. And if you want the base to start right away with your drum, you can do that as well. You can leave it as is. And then now I'm going to change the instrument to be a piano. But let's go to a piano. Go three pianos here. Not too much choice, but I'm going to just press play now. And all them. Quite like all of them. Actually, I'm going to choose the first one. I'm going to drag the first one in. And let's say I want to start that. And let's play it. See how it sounds. Galois, repeat the base again. So I'm gonna go into the top right in that region, am going to repeat the base again. And let's play that back. And let's try the second one. Now I got the option now to drag that loop in the same track as my grand piano, because it looks like they're part of the same family of loops. Blue jazz piano one and blue jazz piano too. So I believe that probably have similar effects. So I can actually drag that there and have two different variety of piano riff. And then I also have these third one, which sounds completely different. Ah, quite like it. So I'm going to drag it in. And I also am going to expand that loop, the drum loop over my base. And also do that for the base for wanted to. Otherwise I could change the base, sound, the bass riff. In this case here, I've got these base and if I click on the little symbol on the top left on that region, it shows me all the different kind of upright bass that I've got available for that family. Now I've chosen number four. But if I want to have a different one here, what I can do, I can just simply duplicate this by dragging it and holding down the old key on your keyboard and dragging that region over here and let go. And now I create a duplication of that region. There's going to be full by in this case, I can change it to be a different one that say number five. And you can see it changes completely from the first one. So the independent. So now if I play that back in this case, I'm going to just get rid of the cycle button. And then I'm going to start from the beginning and see how it sounds while like that. So I can actually repeat that. And I can hold down the Alt key again on my keyboard and repeat that track after, let's say these other upbeat electric piano finishes. So as you can see, I can be quite creative here and I can repeat that track on top. Repeat that by dragging it and explain it from here. 19. Creating a song Part 3 : Okay, let me stop there and we close the Smart Controls over here just to gain some room and don't get confused. And let's go to the beginning by dragging also the bar at the bottom. I usually also shrink the view by using these Zoom at the top right, make it slightly smaller. They should shrink my view so I can see everything. And I can start from the beginning and play the Eigen. Now there are kind of in the flow of creating these song. Actually go into a different instrument and say if I'm looking for a good two vocals and see if I've got some nice buckle that I can add to my track. Okay, So I just drag a few tracks in and I duplicate it, some of them as well so I can actually go and repeat some of them again. Now we didn't new GarageBand version. You can actually go into a drum and we can add a virtual drum if you wanted to. So to add a visual drum, you can either go to all drums here and choose one of the yellow ones you saw here. Or you can actually go into the plus button on the top left here and add a drummer track from here. So I click on that to get a drummer track. And of course god drug it. And it's going to create one track here. I, by the way, you can redistribute this by moving the track up and down. So I can put the drum solo together. And I can play that again and see how it sounds. I want to just experiment this drama loop here. I can mute the first drum and play the second one on its own with the rest of the tracks. This is not bad, but actually change and play around more with the drummers. But in this case here, if I want to look that I can either choose to drag the curved arrow at the top right of that region to repeat it. Or I can just press the plus button that appears when I have it over with the cursor there, so I can click on that to repeat that track. Now the reason why I do that, he is only if I want to change the rhythm of the second region. Otherwise, if I loop that, if I go back to Edit, Undo and I would look, instead of clicking on the plus button, if I modify the first part, the first region is going to modify the second on as well. So when you repeat a loop and you modify a loop, region is going to modify the repetition as well, because that one is just a replica of the first one. If you want inset have separate, independent region, you would have to, instead of using the loop function. In this case here I will press the plus button. Or in these other cases here, if I want that to say that blues jazz piano to have a different riff or a different arrangement. In the second region, I would have to first of all, duplicate that by holding down the Alt key and drag that over. So I've got two separate tracks, two separate regions, sorry. And the second region can be changed with our fat in the first one. In this case, yeah, I can do the same thing with the drama. I can go to the second part and I can make that, for instance, a little bit softer. And as you can see, it changes the audio forms there. So if I now play it. Also when you create a song like this with loops. And my suggestion is also kind of have like a rough mix here by choosing these faders and make sure that you level these faders to make it sound well enough for you to keep on adding loops in it. So in this case here, it looks like my voice is quite loud. I can just put that down and play that again. I can also make that drama going down slightly. Just need to make sure that the master volume is not clipping is not going to red. Red is not good. Okay. It doesn't sound bad. But I think the first region here, I want to delete the first region here, my drama, the second line is quite nice and I want to keep my drama the one that I needed before n. And I want to play that will think back. 20. Changing Tempo and Key Part 4: Again, and I look back as well. And then I repeat that over. Garageband allows you also to change the tempo of the song, especially now if you are using on loops, we actually go into temple on top and change it to another temple. It say place now 235. I can go down to a 125. Wanted to. Now be careful when you change the tempo of the song, but don't go too low or too fast. Otherwise my sound artificial. Let's try now. For going too slow. We're going to, let's say a 100 temple. My sounds artificial. Perhaps not the section with an instrument, but the section with a vocal. My sounds weird. We kind of are in the limit here. So if I go and use any slower than that to my sound artificial, but just be careful way you change the tempo. Same thing when you speed up. Another thing you can do here, you can change the key as well. At the moment is playing in C Major, I can go and change to something like D-sharp minor if I wanted to, and play that back. Now going to defer that and say, gee, G-Major. Now the vocal sounds weird, but the rest looks like. Looks fine. But be careful here not to go too far away from your main key, which is C major in this case. 21. Using Flex tool: Garageband allows you to add audio files such as MP3 waves, AF, and AAC. So make sure that the AAC files, the iTunes files are copyright free because if you purchase them from the iTunes store would be copyright protected. Otherwise, all the other ASE Files would be compatible. In this case here I want to demonstrate how it works when you import an audio track from your desktop or from the media browser. So if I go into the Media Browser urine top right, I can drag any music from my iTunes library if I wanted to. Otherwise, I can go to my desktop. I've got two files here. My desktop, one is my drum set, and the other one is an electric piano. We tell right away the drum set here and the electric piano here. Now if I drag the first track in, my drum sat down below, and it will create these orange track. And I'm going to mute my drums here on top because it is exactly the same. I'm going to lower the volume there. And I'm going to play that back. And CIS sounds. It sounds perfectly fine. Now make sure when you drag an audio track from the media browser or from any other source from desktop or anywhere else. Make sure when you change the tempo here. That will follow as well. Now if I leave it as it is, and I don't touch anything here, and I change the tempo from 135220. Look what happened to the track. That track now got shorter and if I play that back, so he's not following the temple. So I would have to go back to a 135, first of all, to the original temple. And then I would have to go down here to my editor and make sure to enable flex tool. This symbol here on the top left and my editor. So click on that. And when you do that, follow tempo and pH will be ticked automatically. And I'm going to have all these transient of my audio track here. And that will allow me to then change the tempo might track, and these old GO will hopefully follow the example of my project. Make sure though when you drawing an audio track from iTunes or from any other source to start from that track first and then build up everything else around it. In this case here, I just bounced the first track into my desktop so I could demonstrate how that track works into GarageBand. But if you start from a song or from an effect or from, let's say, set of strings or anything that you have previously recorded. And you want to work on them in GarageBand and drag them first and then build the rest afterwards. Otherwise going to be very, It's going to be a challenge for you to make sure that all the trackable fit the temple and the key of that song. Usually any song from iTunes. So any song that you purchased or a new song that you have previously, my habit, different key signature or different temple or my change the tempo and key signature during the song. So it will be quite challenging for you to drag that song in and then trying to match everything else to it. So suggestion is get the song first and then build everything else around it. In this case here now, I've won this track to follow my temple. So now that I enabled my flex tool, I can just go here and changed her mandolin 35, for instance, 220. And as you can see now, my track is still the same length. And if I play that back, that will play like this. And of course it will follow the pitch as well as much as possible. In this case is just the drum set by firewalls and other instruments such as an electric piano like this, I could go in and actually import that instead. So if I now get rid of this drum by pressing Backspace, backspace again to get rid of the track, I'm going to import now the piano. So this is an instrument with chords and, and tune. So I would have to go now here. And these are the track which is my equivalent of this. And I'm going to make sure I'm on a 135, which is the original. And I'm going to play this back and see how it sounds are going to just lower the volume of the what's going to be too loud and plus play, I'm going to just put the drum set back. Breastplate. Okay, plays perfectly fine. Of course, if I change the temple before I do that or the key, make sure you enable flex tool and the follow tempo impeach is ticked and now the, the track will follow. My tempo changes, my key changes or flip. It plays perfectly fine. So make sure again, when you drag an audio track or a song from your iTunes from any other source to know exactly what the tempo is, or at least experiment a bit and find out where the tempo changes are within that orange track. And then you can build everything else around it. 22. Deep dive into the Drummer: In this class we're going to talk about drummer. Drummer is one of the feature that we have in GarageBand now and that allows you to add a realistic drum into your project in addition to your loops that we explore in the previous classes. Now we can change the feel and the rhythm and all other parameters that we wouldn't be able to change in the Apple Loops. So I'm going to go into an empty project. I'm going to leave all the settings as they are. I'm going to double-click on that. Our spend is going to ask me to add new track. I'm going to add a drummer track. Double-click on that. And as soon as you do that, you're going to see the library on the left-hand side popping up with all the different drummers. As you can see here, I've got the first column on the left. I've got all the different styles. I can choose a different style of drummers if I wanted to. And I've got lots of drummers here available. If I stick with rock and I click on Kyle. That's what I've got here. I've got Kyle and this is the first region they spin played for me automatically. And down below I've got these editor and these will allow me to change the performance of the drummer. Now, if I play this now it will sound like this. Okay, pretty cool. If I like the style, Kyle style, but I don't like the sound of the kit. I can change the kid down below here on the sounds. So at the moment he says so-called. So let's say I want to change that sound, would have different sound. I can go here and change to blue, but for instance, I press Play now. It changes to a different sound. Now of course, if we want to look these over and over, you can do that by simply enable the cycle loop and drag the cycle loop to go all the way to the end, do the region, and press play over and over so that I can audition a different sound or different drummers. So let's do that. Let's write f. Let's say I want to change the sound. The performance stays the same, but the sound changes. Say stay quiet like the East Bay and Kyle. But let's say you want to change that to a different drummer. You can do that by, again, press Play, and choose a different drummer. So it can go here and click on Login. So each drama as its own different kit, in this case login as a retro rock kit bike. If I want to change that to the East Bay, Iraq, I can do the East Bay. I can just do that and press play. I want to play max or Jesse. Let's say I want to change the East Bay. So I'm basically changing the drummer and the sounds of their kids by using these two columns. If I want to change the genre altogether, I can go to songwriter, for instance. I can choose Darcy and play that. I can change the sound of the kick. Okay, Let's say I like this, but now I want to change the performance of the drummer. I can double-click on this region, or I can click on the Caesar bottom, on top, whichever way will open your editor down below. Now the editor as full different section. I've got my preset column, then I've got my pad column, then I've got my elements section and my fields and swing section. Now the first one here allows me to change the performance. So if I now play and change the preset, so I'm still with Darcy. Darcy as old days presets. So when I change the preset, it will change all my parameters here. Now let's say I want to choose, they spray sets and play it. And now I want to modify some of the performance here so I can choose this path, and this path has loud, soft, complex and simple. So I can choose to move these dots to drag the dots around while I'm playing it to see how it sounds. Or I can click directly in certain area to see how it sound. Now if I play that and I move that dots around, be very loud. By one, behave like an apple loop. It will actually be like a natural real drum. And some of the section here are different. So I've got these area here which is completely different to the next one, so it makes it very realistic. And so that's spray that again. For wanna make that softer. I can drag the dots all the way down. So it's much softer. Cool, very simple. Or more complex. I can change the element that the drummer is playing. It safe. I want in some of the Tom to play, I wanted to play the symbol so I can click on symbols. And now it's changed into symbols. Now for each element you go here, you have these slides and these lie that changes the complexity of the performance. I changed to two. A slightly more complex if I click on three and makes it more complex, and go back to Tom and I have let say two to one, add it or cash-in. I can go here and choose a tambourine, or a shaker, or a clap. For the percussion one, affect my performance down here. And of course I've got my kick and snare, I can make them simpler, complicated. Then we have the Follow button here. So if you check this box, it will give you the option to choose whichever track you want to follow is a very nice, neat feature that would let you control the kick and snare separately from the rest of the drums element. And let's say I want to change the fill again, reduce the field. And when I do that, here, the waves of the form would change. I can make that more complex. With more fields. Can change the swing. So you can literally change everything they knew like on a drama. Now the cool thing is that if you want to have a different section here on your trek area, you can hover the cursor on top of the end of your region and click on the plus button to add a new area in. So that area would be independent from these first area. So this first day you have got Dia die as a preset and I want to change it in the second section, we have different preset. I can go here and choose, for instance, hotel cafe. And if I play it now, let me just turn off the cycle and press play. So let's say I want to pick the second part much softer. I can drag that down, make sure that region is highlighted and then you drag the dots down. And I helped write that back. Let's go back here. So perfect. Now if I want that part to be longer or shorter, again, simply go here at the end of region. I can eat it, loop that region as much as I want. Or I can shorten it by using the other tool down below here. And that will allow me to shorten the track. And if I want to add something else after this, I can press the plus button and it will allow me to have another new section. I want to delete a region. I can just click on it and press backspace so that we allow me to be very flexible when I add a new drummer in. And by the way, with this new version of GarageBand, you can add several drummers in the same project. So if I want to add a new drummer, I can go in the plus button and the new drummer. And I've got a second drama that let's say if I want to have a percussion section down below, I can go to percussion, choose any of these drummers, will pray precautions. And then if I play that back, it would play like this. And as you can see when I choose percussion here, the editor changes completely. With precaution. I got all the section for congas bone goes of go Kabbalah, maracas, et cetera. So a goal, the section that I can add in and have fun with it. So I've got lots of firsts, versatility with this version of GarageBand, I can add as many tracks, as many drummers as I want now. And if I want to add more loops into my project, I can go to the loop browser here. I can go to instrument, go to All Drums. And as I showed you in previous classes, I've got also the option here to add these yellow tracks. And by the way, when you add any of these yellow tracks into your project, there will be another virtual drummer that you added in. And of course now I can close the loop browser there. I can go to my library and a top-left, and I can edit that drummer. I can go here down below and choose a different sound of the drum. And I can play that back. And now, once you've done that, once you've edited your performance, if I double-click again on the region to bring back the editor, I also have the chance to change the sounds as well. So if I go up here on the MAR controls, up here, I can now change the mix of my drummers. I can change the compression and the effect. So let's say I'm going to these last track and I solo it and I press Play. Let me loop as well. I can change the kick by moving that. Put a more prominent kick and change this Nath. Tom's, he had symbols precautions can enable the compression. So it gives you a lot of flexibility here to change your drummer. And you change the effect or each individual elements by using this mark control. Now you can play around between smart control and editor in order to change the performance of your drummer. And now you know how to play around with the elements. You know how to select them by clicking on them, and choose the complexity of each element. You can also cut a region. If I want to count this region, let's say here, I can go over that. And then I can go to Edit and split region a playhead or command T if you like shortcuts. And as you can see now I've got a separate region. So I can actually make that sound that say very loud if I want to. And the second one very soft. And now when I play that back. So you can be very versatile here. You can change any, anything you like in drummer. So I love these new feature. You haven't GarageBand and the fact that you can add as many as you want in the project. So play around with drummer. And I'll see you in the next class. 23. Taking full control of the Drummer: We drummer GarageBand really stepped up its game as a digital audio workstation, as we've seen in a previous movies. Now you can edit the drummer performance using the editor, and you are able to mix the drum elements in smart controllers. Well. However, even though we have all these tools at our disposal, we are still not able to change certain elements of a drum in change their individual sounds, velocity, and other effects. Another neat little feature we have in GarageBand is to be able to convert a drummer track into a software instrument track or midi track. Let's have a look at how we can do that. Now here we have these drummer. In order to convert into a midi track or software instrument track, we have to add a new track by clicking on the Plus button here on top and choose a software instrument and clicking Create. Now, regardless of what we have here on our software instrument, we can literally copy and paste this region down below. So I'm going to click on here, and I can either right-click and click on Copy or you can go to edit copy. And we're going to go to our software instruments. And we're going to paste it here, edit, paste. And there we go. Now our drummer track becomes a software instrument track. Now if we play it back, it will play, of course, as a piano, I would have to change this batch with a drummer patch. So I'm going to go into drum kit here. So these are the so-called Kyle. So I'm going to click on so-called. I'm going to mute my drummer on top. And I'm going to play this back. So it plays exactly the same as the one on top. I moved that one below. Perfect. Now the main difference is in the nargin double-click here, open my piano roll and change each individual element as I wish. So if I want to move any of these elements, a tom rather than a symbol. I can do that easily and play that back. And I can also change their velocity, etcetera. Also, I can split this midi region into three or four different tracks by simply copying it. Down below, I can hold down the Option key and copy these two or three times and then get rid of, let's say, the element here on top, just to keep the kick and delete the rest. So again, zoom that out, highlight the rest, and delete it. And now I only have my kick here and go to the second one and get rid of the kick, and get rid of the rest. And now I've got my snare. And of course you're going to get rid of the kick and snare to have the rest here. And now if I play it back, now I've got complete control of my tracks and my elements by having it in your semi track. So this is the way to convert a drummer track into a midi software instrument track. 24. Getting Started with Software Instruments: Now let's dive into software instruments. I'm going to create an empty project and at the software instruments to begin with. Then I will add other software instruments like bass, drums, and other instruments and build a song from scratch. We refer to software instruments. We refer to. As I mentioned in a previous class, midi stands for Musical Instrument Digital Interface. And it is a system that allows controllers such as a midi keyboard, to speak with your computer through a software like GarageBand. Media instruments can control and communicate with other devices that are compatible with midi language. Software instruments are essentially large collection or bank of sounds of individual audio files that mimic the sounds of a real instrument. E.g. the Steinway grand piano has been recorded using a real piano note by note, multiple times with different density and affects. The benefit of using a software instrument is that if you decide to change the sound of that recording with a different instrument or change the notes played in them. It can be easily done within GarageBand or any other doors software that has a midi editor. If you don't have a midi keyboard, fear naught gives bank comes with a built-in keyboard that can be played using your laptop or desktop keyboard. 25. Learning the Musical Typing: I'm going to add a software instrument track and my project, it will appear with this musical typing keyboard. I can also switch between this keyboard and the on-screen keyboard. On-screen keyboard can be triggered by using your mouse. And I can change the length of the keyword by dragging the border to make it smaller or bigger. Or the corner here at the bottom right hand corner to make it bigger. Now when I click on these keys, they play different sounds, different intensity. So for instance, since this key or the C2, if I play it lower, play much harder. In immediate world, this is called velocity. If I click higher than that, it will start to play with low-intensity. And this is called velocity from zero velocity to 127. This is the scale of the velocity in the midi language. 0-227 is playing at a higher velocity. Here is player the low velocity. But of course, to play these keyword would be very difficult using your mouse. So in this case here I will probably go to Musical Typing and use my keyboard, my laptop keyboard. On top here I can change the octave by clicking on this blue highlighted area to go hire, to go lower. And I can just resize this. I want to go back where I was. I can go to Musical Typing, to go to these other view. This view I can choose to play. I loved the keyboard or desktop keyboards. And these are the equivalent of the nodes. So you got C, which is your a. Amigo. Slightly. Please let your hair is EOC. The equivalent of D is S. If you want to play a C sharp is going to be w, and so on and so forth. So I can play with two hands if I wanted to. And I can also have the option here to change the octave by using Z and X. So if I do that, I want to play higher and press X to go up a little lower, zed, zed again, to go lower. Then I've got the velocity. Just show you before. So this is the, the way you hit the notes. It's very strongly, softly or even softer than that by using C. So I can use my key to increase the intensity of the pressure. Then I've got the sustain pedal, which is my tap. And I've got pitch bend. 1.2 can be quite good when you play a guitar sound from your patches or sound here. You can choose to have pitch bend. Nice. You have Modulation here. It goes 4-8. If I click on, let's say five, you might notice some difference when I click on 678 is the maximum. This is a good alternative for you. Instead of buying a midi keyboard, you can just play this musical typing. But if you're serious and playing piano, I will probably get a midi keyboard instead. 26. Choosing a Midi controller: Now let's talk about how to connect a midi keyboard into your Mac. First of all, you need to decide what keyword size you need. You can choose from 25 Keys, 49, 61, and the full 88 keys. Now if you only want to trigger sounds from GarageBand and other software like Logic Pro, Pro Tools, Ableton Live and others. You can simply buy a controller media type. So if you go into a website, such as the Apple website, so I'm gonna go to apple.com and you go into the search on the top left and click on Accessories. What to type here? Midi keyboard. On the Apple website, you'll find these IRA. So we have these two available here. I think this is 25 key, this is 49 keys. So you can choose between these two. Or you can go into our website and other website that I usually go is digital village to 47.com. So db 247, this is where I usually go when I search for gear. So I can just go here and type midi controller. You can simply type the brand. I usually suggest either audio or something like cork would be also good. So here you've got some midi like that. There's another instrument which is 88 keys. If you want to go to something smaller, you can go to something like MONGO 25, and this is just a small 25 keys. I'm old. You can find this one here for 74 pounds. So you can order it from here. This is a UK website, but you can order from a few from us and you want to order it. They delivered to us as well. But you can also find these keyboard on the MOD website. If you're going to M ODU website, you can just go there. And you, and you can search for search for 25 and search all the 25 keys. So that's the one. Oxygen 25 be the one. And then you can just find a dealer here so you can find your local dealer. This is one of the keyboard you can use in GarageBand, and this is just triggered the sounds. And you have some knobs and some pads here. If you want to make your own drum pattern, you can do that from here as well. If you want a synthesizer instead, these type of keyboards have their own sounds in them that can be played without connecting them to a computer. So they can be quite handy if you want to create distinctive sounds without relying on adult software like GarageBand, similar. So I would go to something like Divi 247.com and I will search for synthesizer here. So I didn't go here and search for synth cork, quite like the cork ones. So you can find here something to synthesizers and they start from under it, dollars all the way up to $2,000. So you can choose any of these. The one that I always use is the tritone studio, which I don't think they sell it anymore, but they still have tritone. Tritone, which is this. This is a controller, synthesisers is this works as a controller and a synthesizer as well. So this has got its own sound and also can be using GarageBand or logic or any other software. And this is 49 keys. So the main takeaway of this class is defined a midi controller or a synthesizer, which has a USB connection. So it would be easy to connect to your computer and ready to go. If you'd like to know more about professional equipment, check out my other classes about gears. 27. Recording and Time Quintize: Now is the time to record some software instruments in our project. First, we're going to use the electric piano selected. So I'm going to just click here and see if it's working properly. Okay, it looks like it does. We also want to make sure to play our performance in time as much as possible as if you wanted to change tempo later on now project, it's going to be very difficult to achieve that. And everything might sounds like a mess, especially if we added some apple loops along the way. So always make sure you have the metronome or some sort of drums or percussions in the project before your first recording. I'm going to make sure that my metronome and my pre counter ion, in this case they are the purple, they are on the pre count. It just gives me four empty bar before GarageBand will start to record. By the way, when you use software instruments, GarageBand will not record anything until you eat any of these keys on your keyboard. So I'm just press record now. I'm going to record something. By the way, I can also press the R key on my keyboard. I recorded these part and now if I go back to the beginning, as you notice now, GarageBand didn't record anything in the first bar because I had actually press anything on my keys. Soon as I press my keys, GarageBand started to record from barn and the two, Let's play that. Okay, it doesn't sound bad, but I would have to probably correct mistakes here by the end and sometimes hear at the beginning as well. So if I double-click of my region here, I can open my piano roll down below. So if I do that, it reveals these piano roll here. I'm going to just close my musical typing for now. If you want to make these higher, you just hover the cursor over the border here and you can drag and drop to make it larger. Now if I blame my performance from the beginning and press play, okay, I could correct these mistakes. Yeah, I want to make sure that my chords here starting on the beat. So what I can do, I can actually use a time quantize, which is a feature you have here on the left-hand side of your region. And by the way, you have two different kinds of time quantize. You have the region quantize and the notes Quantize, make sure you are on the region and that will affect the whole region here. If I'm going down here and click on these pop-up menu, I got all these different kinds of quantisation tool. Don't get overwhelmed about all of these. These are just the different way for you to align your performance, your notes. I'm going to use now one-sixteenth. And the reason is I want to make sure that all my notes are on the nearest bar or beats. So if I do that now, let's see what happened here on the region. So something has moved. So it looks like a lot of stuff here has been relocated. And if I play now my performance back, I can actually verify that. And by the way, these, these Eigen here, this play icon at the top left-hand corner of my midi piano roll here. That allows me to play this region over and over in loop, in solo mode as well. So it will mute any other track. If I had some in my project, I press Play. Now bad, now I can just leave it as it is now. I'm going to just go back here later on. But just to let you know, the sign quantize can save you a lot of time when you have to correct a long performance rather than going note by note, you can actually affect the whole region. Otherwise, you can just simply click on whatever note and then move it up and down if you want to. So I can do all of these corrections. I'm going to bring you this later on as well. So let's leave it as is. I'm going to double-click on the region on top to close my piano roll. Or I can click on the scissor button here on top to close it. Now I'm going to add a new track. I'm going to press the plus button here on the top left of my track area. And I'm going to use another software instrument. I'm going to record now a base. I'm going to go to base here on my library. I'm going to, I'm gonna go into finger style base and see how it sound. I'm going to just go to Window and open my musical typing again, Command K and see how it sounds. Let me just play their performance again. Okay, so I'm going to record these from the top. I'm going to press hit record. Okay, cool. Now I'm going to listen to that again. It's not too bad, but of course I would have to correct something there as well. And by the way, is the same principle as the first one. I can double-click there and I can do my corrections if I need it to. Now I'm going to leave it as it is and then double-click again. I'm going to add another track, pressing the plus button again. I'm going to go again to software instruments. The next video I'm going to show you how to add a drum track. 28. Recording your own drums: Now in this class I'm going to show you how to lay down a basic drumbeat using the laptop keyboard. Bear with me as playing drums on a keyboard is not my forte. It and honestly, I wouldn't know what to do if I had a real drum kit anyway. But if you are into drums and percussion, ever look at the websites I suggested in the previous video about midi controllers of my other video where I discuss about equipment. But just as a quick tip, you can get an oxygen 25 by m Odeo, which has a nice pads section that will make this process easier. Otherwise, stick with the keyboard you have available. So we have a couple of choices here. We can either play the drum part all at once and get the kick and snare. I had symbols and Tom's in one recording or record just one or two elements at a time and build the track over multiple takes. Before we start recording, make sure you find the relative keys for your drum elements. Practice a bit, and then once ready, ie the record button. Now in this case, I will not attempt to record all at once as I'm terrible at this. So I will take advantage of the cycle recording in GarageBand. Cycle recording allows me to record multiple takes and merging them all in one region. So I could play the kick and snare first. Then on the next cycle, I would record the hi-hat or symbols. And on the third cycle I would add any other elements. Before we eat record, we need to go into preferences. And under general we make sure that the cycle option cyclin is under merge. All the takes will be merged together in one region. For this exercise, I will only Record one drum element at a time, starting from the kick. Then the snare than the other two layers would be hi-hat. Let me just close preferences here. And I'm going to choose a drum kit on the left-hand side of my library. And let's try East Bay here. I'm going to try it if my element, I hear the kick is here. So by the way, it usually is around these octave. If you are somewhere else on the keyboard here, you might not hear anything. Or you might have some toms or other elements. Make sure you have the i-hat, the scenarios here. The first layer, I'm going to record my kick in the second one, the snare, then the other one who will attend to add these other two elements. So first of all, we need to enable the cycle mode, which is this pattern on top. When I do that, I will probably make sure to have some space before the recording and after the recording. So this would give me enough time to get into the group. So I'm going to select that, makes sure that my midi keyboard is working. Before I hit record, I'm going to just make sure I get rid of these smart controls down here. And I'm going to move these musical typing slightly below so everyone can see and just hit the Record button. And I start to record now. Okay, now I'm going to be my snare. Name is gonna be my hi-hat. Okay. And then you got to be the other one. Okay. So another, my recording is done. I can just play this back and see how it sound. Well, it sounds better than I thought. So this is the way you do cycle recording. As you can see, my three takes out all merged in one region. Now, in the next video, I'm going to show you how to edit and do your adjustment into the piano roll and correct all of your mistakes. 29. Editing your Drums in Piano Roll: Now that we recorded our drumbeat, it's time to make our adjustments and correct mistakes that we made during recording. Even though recording a drumbeat can be daunting for some may included, having a tool like the editor in GarageBand should alleviate all these stress. To open the editor for the software instruments selected, just double-click on the region. This case here, I'm going to double-click on the drumbeat. And the piano roll editor will appear at the bottom. So I'm going to close now the musical typing here. As you notice, we have all these dots and dashes. And this represents our drum elements. The one at the bottom here, our kick. The one right above it is this. Now. The one above is the i-hat, and the one above is again the i-hat as well. Now let's play this back and see how it sounds. I'm going to just press this Play button on top, which will show the track and mute the other ones in my project. I noticed there are some kicks that are a little bit earlier. This cookie I can see it's not aligned to that, to that beat. So I could actually potentially move it to align it. And let's see if something else here. Oh, it looks like that one also is be too late. So I can actually move that manually. So I can make this correction by dragging these elements manually in order to align them to the nearest beat. Okay, it looks like the rest, it's fine. And just play that back. That one is also a bit early when I go a little bit. Okay. That one is well, okay, it looks like it's fine now, if I play everything else in all contexts, I'm going to just remove the cycle mode here and just play the strike back. By the way, I'm going to just trim these area here of the drum or a need that the other party extra at the end. And I'm going to just play the whole thing back. That sound Sounds good now, while the cool thing I could do in the editor here, I can actually move some of these elements to change it to different elements. Let's say I like these hi-hat, but I want to alternate with some Toms that I couldn't play during the recording. And by the way, if I want to record something on top of it, I can do that. I can actually press the record button and record Toms if I wanted to. But in this case here I wanted to show you how you can actually move these elements around here on the piano editor. I'm going to just zoom these piano editor a bit. I'm going to go to the top right-hand corner here, which have these zoom slider. So if I drag that all the way to the right, it will zoom in. If I drag all the way to the left, it will shrink everything to fit all my region in one page. So I'm going to zoom in a bit. And I'm going to just play with the first part here when I've got this hi-hat. So let's say I want to move some of these up. So I could do that by moving it this way. I can alternate doing that. And if I want to play that back, it will play like this. Okay, So I can do that with a different element. Just to make the drum a little bit more interesting as well. Okay, let's play this back. I'm going to just zoom out a bit and start from here. Interesting. So I can actually also highlight several elements at once by holding down the Shift key on my keyboard and click on several elements if I want to drag them all up to match a different drumbeat, drum elements, let's say at Tom. And I want to have that to go to a symbol. That one is another. Just leave it there, see how it's sound. I press Space-bar. Want to modify that shift again. I'm basically highlighting the element here and I move them to play a completely different drum part. And now let's see. Let's go back to the beginning and just press play. And it's actually not bad, it's quite cool. The fact that I could choose these elements here and I made my performance competitive front. So once you create your software instrument recording, you can play around as much as you want and you can be very creative and versatile. 30. Transposing and correcting mistakes: Now other elements you got here, apart from time quantize, you also have the transpose. So I can literally transpose these nodes and this element up to the key or down to my piano roll here. Now in this case here, one work that much with the drum kit by going to my base here and I click on it, it will reveal my piano roll for the base. And if I play this base now solo. So let's say I want to transpose this. I started by playing with the C2. Let's say I want to transpose that down. I could do that by, first of all, I need to deselect my region and then I can go to the transpose here. By the way, when you select a region, goes back to the region tab here. So if I click on any of these nodes, it will change two notes here. So I want to make sure I change the whole performance here. So I just de-select whatever is selected on my piano roll. And I'm going to transpose a transpose that, let's say 12 semitones down and see how it sounds. So it plays all the way down there. Let me just go back to the zero here and let's play that back. Can't expect normal. So let's go into the electric piano up here, and let's play this part. Okay? Okay, actually correct this by using the time quantize. I'm going to just zoom out to see the whole performance here. And I go into the time quantize, yeah, make sure you are n-region. And I'm going to click on that and choose one-sixteenth and see what happened. Now, my performance moved slightly and let's play that back. Kinda moved my stuff in a wrong place. I'm going to just undo that. And then trying to quantize weights, let's say one-fourth and see how it sound now. Doesn't play that nice, then let's try one eighth and see if we can quantize or eighth note. It's not bad actually, these quantisation fixed my issues here and all my mistakes. So also strength that we got here. This allows me to determine how much precision I want to apply to my quantisation. So at the moment is the strongest Android. If I move that to the left, as you notice, something is changing here of my region. So it's basically making the tracks slightly further away from the nearest beats. So it will play than less robotic or less precisely, but more natural. Let's have a look. If I leave that to 60 and I play that back, it sounds more natural. But let's go into around 80 and that's played it again. It's not bad. Let's play with it. Old thing and play it again. Cool. Now it looks like I'm correct. All my mistakes and tracks now play pretty smoothly together. By now you should be able to have a good grasp of how to do the editing in the piano roll. And in next video I'm going to show you also another way for you to manage your drum kit. 31. Splitting Drums into separate tracks: One of the challenges that we have mix instruments, especially with drum kits, is that we cannot change effects and sound of each individual elements of a drum kit without affecting the other. E.g. if I wanted to change the sound or the effects of my snare, I will not be able to do that unless I change the whole drum kit sound. It is also true that we have some level of independence and there's more control here on the top left where we can change the volume of the kick, snare, the toms. I had symbols and precautions. However, we are unable to change the sounds of these elements separately. One way to overcome this is by using software instruments. We could potentially create three or four different tracks out of the one we merged in the previous video with cycled recording. So let's have a look at how we can achieve this. If I double-click in here, I can see all my elements. I can see the kick, the snare, hi-hat and all the other terms that I have called us, logo on top. Now I should be able to basically create three or four tracks out to this. To do that, I would have to, first of all, close the piano roll. I'm going to click on P and the root, close it. And I'm going to duplicate this three times. Hold down the Alt key or Option key on my keys. And I'm going to drag that down to make three tracks. So these are exactly the same tracks. I'm going to go to the first one. We're going to make the first one, the kick and snare, and the third one, the toms. So the first one here on top, we're going to double-click on the region. I'm gonna get rid of essentially all these and I'm going to leave the kick as my main, but a highlight. All of this together and press Delete, and this is my kick. Now, the second one going to get rid of the kick. And Tom and this should be my second one. The third one, I'm going to get rid of the kick and snare. And there we go. Now I've got three individual tracks. And I can change the sounds and the effect of. So let's play that together. Will be much easier for me now to manage them. So I'm going to go here and change the icon of my kick by right-clicking on the icon. When I go to drums and choose a kick, us choose that one. I'm going to right-click on the second-largest, my snare. Choose the snare, and then third one on my toms. I'm going to choose these Tom. Here we go. Now I've got my drums separate in three tracks. Now if I want to change the sounds of my snare by that and play, it won't change it with something else. So now I've got complete control of each individual elements of my drums without affecting the others. 32. Creating Apple Loops: Now that we have a good grasp on how to record software instruments, we can also take advantage of our Apple loops as well. So if you click on the top right here on the apple loops, we can see all of them here. If you have the latest version of GarageBand and downloaded the entire sound library, you have quite a lot of instruments to choose from. However, there is also a way to create your own Apple Loops in case you are not happy about the ones available. For instance, we have created a drum track here, separate free tracks. And let's say we want to use the exact track in other projects. Instead of recording all these tracks again, we can convert them into Apple Loops. And to achieve these, all we do is simply drag each individual track into the sidebar here. So I'm going to try and to create a kick loop by dragging this region here. So I'm going to drag and drop that there. And I've got these dialog window pops up. The options here are to rename the apple loops. In this case he is called East Bay, but I'm going to call this. And the type here below, it says loop or one shot. So the loop is the one that I want to say is basically automatic, conforms to song tempo. And that's exactly what I want. I want to be able to use it as a loop. So I'm going to leave this as it is as a loop. And I'm going to then leave the scale major because I recorded a major. But anyways it percussions and drums. When you make a loop out of a percussion of the drums, you don't have to worry too much about the scale, the genre. I can just leave it. I'm going to just leave as none. And I'm going to go into drums and go into kick. And actually to make it more personalized, I'm going to call this East Bay. East Bay. Also have an option here on the right hand side to choose the kind of the kind of kick that I got. It can be a single. It is clean. Yes. Is acoustic. I would say probably relaxed. You're gonna have to fill up all of this. I can just leave them as they are and they just click on Create. When I click on Create now my loop is being created. And if I go into the search here on the top-right and my Apple Loops sidebar, I can search for kick. And I can also be more specific and search for East Bay. There we go. My cake now is there. And I can use this kick in another project so that one is 32-bits as exactly 32 bits, as you can see, 16.16, 32. And I can do the same thing with the others. If you change your mind after you drag your apple loops here, we can go into the Finder. So I'm going to just minimize GarageBand by clicking on the yellow button on the top left here. I'm going to click anywhere in the background to reveal my Finder and go into go. And then hold down the option key or the Alt key on your keyboard to reveal the library. The library, you should be able to see an audio folder. I'm going to go to the audio folder. I'm going to go into Apple Loops, and the user loops go into single files. And that's where your KYC is. If I press that, I could now delete that by just pressing delete on top or just right-click and move to trash. So this is the way for you to get rid of Apple Loops and all of your Apple Loops that you drag on the right-hand side on GarageBand will go into this area here, single files. Now let me just go back to GarageBand. By the way, after you deleted your loops, you'll notice that loops is still here and it's grayed out. Now it doesn't work anymore. So in order for you to delete that, you have to go into loop packs on top here and the whole genre and go to re-index all loops. And that will re-index all of your loops. And we'll get rid of the one that you deleted from the Finder. This is the way for you to create Apple Loops and expand your library. 33. Creating a metronome Click: If you struggle here, endometrium, why recording? There is a way to create your own metronome click so that you have complete control of its sound and volume. The way you can create a click sound is by choosing a drum kit, get a distinctive sound and record a few seconds of it. Then you will drag the region into your Apple Loops browser sidebar. So you can use that in other projects as well. So let's create one. Now I'm going to just mute my performance there. And I'm going to create a software instrument track. I'm going to double-click on software instruments. And we're gonna go into my library and the drum kit and choose a East Bay drum kit. And I'm going to open my musical typing. We're going to Window short musical typing and get the sound I want. That's the sound that I want. I'm gonna record few seconds of it. I'm going to just hit the record button. I called it a few seconds there. I'm going to double-click on that region. And I'm going to close my musical typing and make this slightly larger. I'm going to quantize this region up to one-fourth, just to make sure that they're all aligned. The fourth bar and notes. So I works. And let's listen. Perfect. I'm going to just shorten now my track up to 1 bar there. And play that again. Okay, perfect. Now I can drag this region into my loop browser sidebar. I'm going to open my loop browser on top right here. I'm going to draw that region in here. Now I've got this dialog box where I can rename. I'm going to call this metronome click. I'm going to leave it as a loop because I want to loop it. Of course, I'm going to leave all these scale and genre as is. I'm going to go to all drums and the bits and then just highlight these three at the top single, clean and acoustic. Everything else can stay as it is and just click on Create. Now if I search here on the top-right, I can just type metronome, and my metronome click is there. So I can drag these to any of my project and loop it as many times as I want. So this is the way for you to create your own metronome. Click. 34. Collaboration and Score Editor: Another advantage of using software instruments is to be able to edit your performance using the score editor. So if you know how to read music notation, you're going to find this feature pretty handy, especially if you want to collaborate with other musicians. So I'm gonna go into my classic electric piano on top. I'm going to double-click on my region to reveal the piano roll. Now if you find it hard to edit these dashes and dots on the piano roll, you can use the score editor, which is next to the piano roll here. So I'm going to click on that. And it's going to reveal my notes. By the way, if you see your notes very big, you just need to click on the auto zoom button, which is on the top right-hand corner here. So I can click that to zoom out or zoom in, It's up to you. You can also use the zoom slider that you already know. So you can use that to zoom in and out as much as you like. These is not just a static notation. You can actually change the notes by dragging any of these notes and move them into a different position. If I want to play that back, I'm just going to solo my piano here on top on the Solo button, and just double-click anywhere here on the ruler. I can also add notes by using the Node tool that I've got here on the left. So when I click on nodes, I have these insert pop-up menu. I'm going to click on it and choose any other notes here. So let's say I want to add to one eighth note, can click on that. And I can just hold down the command key on my keyboard to reveal these pencil tool. So you can see here I've got the pencil tool and let's say I want to add a note at the very end. Can just go here and just click anywhere in any position to add a note. That's my one eighth note. And these green bar you see next to the node is the actual length of the note and actually make that longer by dragging it. If I played that last part by double-clicking, have I haven't heard that. I'm going to go down. And let's say I want to make it and I want to make it longer. That's played out. By the way, if you want to change the view of your notation, you can go to the bass clef here and choose the cliff if you want to see it that way. Or you can go into the grand staff to see both. Otherwise, you can go back to what it was. And by the way, if you want to collaborate with other musicians, you can simply print this out and give it to someone else to perform it for you. So you can go to file on top, you can go to Print. And in print you can print this out or you can go into PDF here. Click on open PDF in preview, I'm going to show you how they look. And it looks like this. So you can easily share files and performance with other musicians and a score editor. 35. Deep dive into the Midi Draw: Another tool that we have available in piano roll is midi draw. Let me draw is something you'll find at the top left hand corner here, this button. If I click on that button, it's going to reveal another section below my piano roll. As you can see here, I've got my my midi notes. My notes down below. These, these represents, these dots represent the note velocity. As you can see on the left-hand side, I've got these controller. And here's basically is going to show me all the different effects and control that I have in that specific track. In this case, the standard way grand piano. If I click on that pop-up menu, is going to show me all the controls or the knobs that I've got in my piano, and also all the smart controls that are available for that specific patch. Now, if I am in note velocity, and as you can see here, I've got these dots, these represent the note velocities. So if I click on any of this, is going to highlight the note just right above it. So in this case here, there's my note here, MYC4, which is Android in velocity. If I want to decrease the velocity, I can drag that down and change the velocity. Now, what's the benefit of using these midi draw? The benefit is that you can actually use a drawing tool, which is Command Tool. Then you can decide to have a certain velocity does certain part of your performance to be quieter, louder? For instance, if I want to have the second part here, if I replace that part, okay, that one is a bit quieter. Let's say I want to have that more louder. I can just go here down to my immediate dragging hold down command. And I can click and hold the drill to go up here. And as you can see, that little green line that you see is going to have a crescendo in velocity. So if I let go now, all these nodes now are hi there In velocity. So as you can see, that note is under the 22, that note stays under them, 13, and so on and so forth. Now, if I play my performance again, plays normally hear a little bit stronger here. I can do this by using the, the all command key and do the same thing down here. So I can have those going down again if I play that from now, much quieter, and then go back to what it was. So I can do things like changing the delay. For instance, if I click on delay and now I want to draw my delay and say I want to have, I don't want to have delay at the very beginning, but I want to have a sort of a crescendo effect. I can hold down the command key. And another cool thing you can do, you can hold down the Command and draw a set of points that goes up and then you can go down again. Say I want to have the delay going down here. And then I want to have the delay effect going up again. And then I want to stay there for a bit. And then I wanna go down again here. And towards the end I want to have the delay to come back until the end. So I'm basically drone something here. So I press Play now. There's no delay now. And as crescendo, nothing. Nothing. So it finishes with a delay at the end. So I can do this drawing here. I can also go back to my velocity by clicking on this button here, and this jumps back to my velocity tool. So you can pretty much draw all these parameters. And of course, if you click on different track, if I click on dream voice is gonna give me different effects so I can change and go to dream voice here. And now if I go here, it's going to give me different kinds of smart controls. I can change the delay, the reverb, et cetera. So other things you can do just go back to the piano. I can go into, for instance, reverb and do the same thing. I can also hold down Command and say I want to have a reverb crescendo. And instead of holding the Command and drag, I can just drag the front dots in different points and say I want to have the reverb going down here. I want to have the rebar going up again. So I'm drawing my Effects. And now I just finished it. Just press play space. That's the river kicking in. Probably a lot, but now it's going up, going in, going out, going in. So play around with these mini draw and see how you finding it. Another benefit of using the mediator's role is to basically to correct and to edit your expression petals. Let's say if you play guitar or you actually, if you play with a piano, midi piano. And you have an expression pedal, or if you have a wah-wah pedal, you can actually control that here. So once you record your midi track, those parameters will be recorded down to the middle row and you can customize them, you can move them around, you can change things around. You can even highlight something that you did and get rid of it. You see on getting rid of what I did before by holding down the click in one of the nodes and it remembers it what I did before you see the performance. But I can just go and highlight a section and just press Delete to delete it. So that's our mini drill. And that's pretty much what you need to know about the piano roll and what you can do with it. 36. Playing with the Arpeggiator: For those of you who do not play an instrument, you already saw the incredible tools you have at your disposal with Apple Loops and software instruments. However, there is another exciting way to play keyboards and other patches in GarageBand. And this is achieved with the arpeggiator. The arpeggiator plays and repeats notes in a chord one at a time in a particular pattern or a sequence. If I play a triad on my keyboard, I can hear the notes play one at the time in sequence. So in this project, I've got my piano selected. And under smart controls on the top right, I've got these button. So this is my arpeggiator button. So I can triggered there are enough. And when I do that is going to enable also this pop-up menu we're going to explore in a second. Now let me bring my keyboard app so I'm going to wind up on top and click on Show, Musical Typing or Command K. I'm going to play a triad. Now if I want to enable the upper jet and just click on the Update button and play again. Just holding down these three keys. Nine, changing it. Just all mean them down. It's amazing how you can actually play an instrument without even knowing the stream itself. Now if I'm going to the pop-up menu here, I can choose any of these patterns. So I can go to any of these pattern here and play it. I can also customize any of these sound by going to note order. I can choose to have the note going up and down, or up or down. I can choose in a random order. I can go to right here, and I can choose to play in one eighth rather than one-sixteenth. If I do that, it will play like this. So much slower. Or if I want to say go back to one-sixteenth and I want to have octave range, let's say a one. The octave range to play only one octave and rather than three, I can go to one, and it's going to play only one octave. Just playing around. With one octave. I want to change the octave to two. I can go to octave range, go to 22 octaves. Now I can go down here and choose any of these patterns. And as you can see, I've got a large list of patterns. I can go to any of these. And of course I can change again here. The octave. Let's go to one of these packed in here and play it. If I want to change the patch, I can go to any of these patches here on the library, go into base. Oh, actually synthesizer. Going to base here and choose any of these base. Now if I got a synthesizer like this, one of these transform pad down here, always make sure you got the apogee of the butter on top. If you're going to have that means you can't use the aperture, that of course. But if I click on, now, this is why I've got this deep synth bass. I'm moving my mouse just to find the right effect. So let's say I want to stay there and now I'm going to enable the arpeggiator and so on and so forth. So you can create an entire song by using the arpeggiator on it. So as you can see here, I've got all these green software instrument tracks. And the blue ones are my Apple Loops. So I just used a drummer track and three Apple Loops and the rest are all arpeggiator. So if I play that now, there you have it. Now you have another tool at your disposal. So explore the library and all the patches and F fun. And I'll see you in the next video. 37. Introduction to Recording Real instruments: Hello and welcome to module number for working with audio. In this module, we get to record a real instrument, your voice or an effect, if you like. Then you can lay your tracks on top of it and experiment new sounds using the pedal board and amp designer for the guitar and bass players out there. We will touch on cycle recording flex two matching group. You also learn how to record multiple tracks simultaneously. I can't wait to see you there. So without any further ado, let's begin. 38. Recording a real instrument: Now let's talk about recording a real instrument into GarageBand. First, we're going to choose an empty project. Remember, has to choose. Then we would have to choose either one of these two choices. If you want to record your voice or Mike, your acoustic instrument, we could choose this option. If you instead wanted to record an electric guitar or bass using GarageBand building amps, you go for the second choice. Now, regardless of what you choose, you can change the input within the project. Let's choose the first one here and click on create. As you know this, the meter here is moving. As it's picking up my voice from the mic, I'm using This recording. Let me just stop the input monitoring. And if I wanted to record my electric guitar, now, I can go into the library and choose an app from here. And the electric guitar clean up if I wanted to choose one of these up. And as you can see here now the tracks changes. So whether you want to record a guitar, violin, voice, or any other instrument for that matter, we need to figure out how to get the sound into the art computer and then into GarageBand in the first place. So let's have a look at the options available. If you have an electric guitar, violin, or any other electric instrument with a quarter-inch connection, you will only need an audio converted to plug it into your Mac. If you have an acoustic instruments, with our connections, we would have to get some sort of a pickup that will allow us to connect it to a quarter-inch cable. In this case, I would recommend one of these brands in terms of quality of sound. The one I use for my acoustic guitar is the Fishman. But you can choose any of the other one. You can just do a research on Google and find out which one is the best for you. In any case, you would need an adapter like Iraq to, which allows you to connect a quarter-inch cable into it and then connect it to a computer through an eighth inch connection. If you have an iMac or MacBook up to 2014, you can use the audio input that comes with it. Newer Macs have only an advantage. Output, which can be used as an input as well. The eye rig, HSV-2 or apogee gem were both. Let you do the same thing, but through a USB port and we better sound quality. If you have either a dynamic and condenser microphone, or if you're thinking to invest in one, to record your voice or acoustic instruments, you will have to deal with an XLR connection, which requires a converter. And the one that I recommend is the shore Excel. You, this converter is essentially a USB sound card that you could apply easily into your Mac. These days though, we can easily find microphones that have USB connections instead of XLR. So you can directly connect one of these into your Mac without using converters. The two I suggest are the older technique or a t 2020 or the road and T USB, which is the one I'm using for this recording. Both mikes are excellent for vocal and for acoustic instrument recordings. If you are into electronic music or a piano player, you might want to consider getting one of these keyboards. The MOG oxygen 25 is perfect for EDM music composers on the goal. And the key station 88 would be a good compromise if you rather play on a full width keyboard. However, if you need to record the mic and an electric or acoustic instruments simultaneously, you will have to invest into one of these devices. These are called audio input devices or sound cards. And they will allow you to play guitar, bass, or microphones and record two tracks at the same time. If you want to record your voice and guitar, you might want to look to get one of these. Some models also come with midi input and output in case you had one of those old synthesizers with not USB connections. If you're required to record more than two tracks simultaneously, you can have a look at the same brands, but with multiple inputs. And other good brands is persona's. In this class. I'm going to use these setup. So I'm going to have my guitar connected to my zoom and my Zoom connected to my MacBook. So let's connect the sound cut first and then our instrument. 39. Getting sounds into Garageband: In this video, I'm gonna show you how to connect your audio input device into your Mac and then connect our instrument, in this case an electric guitar. Then we're going to make sure our levels are set up correctly to get the best sound out of our recordings. I'm going to record an electric guitar. I could open an amp Collection project so that I could test a few amps and decide which one to use. Well, we can also open an empty project as well and choose an AMP from there as well. So I'm going to just open an empty project for now and click on Choose. Now I've got the option to choose a new audio track. I can either choose an audio track or an amp. This case I'm going to go to AMP. And down below here, I can choose the input. Now I'm going to leave this as is, because I want to show you how to connect your sound card so we can change this later. I'm going to click on Create. Let me turn off the input monitoring. Now I'm going to connect my sound card. And you can add the sound card. This window pops up. It just asked me if I want to enable it and use it and click on Use. We're gonna go into GarageBand on the top-left and the preferences. And under audio slash midi, we find output device zoom tag to R and the input is the same. Now for this exercise, I would have to listen to this for my other audio device. So I'm going to use the input as my zoom and the output as my road and to USB. But in your case, you just leave the sound card as your input and output. So I'm going to leave it like this. Click Close. And now I'm going to plug my guitar. Now that my guitar is connected, I can check down here the levels. So I've got recording settings, record levels. Slider here is set up to maximum. Let's have a look how my guitar play now. Just playing my guitar and just to set up the volume on the sound card, make sure it's not flipping. You have an LED light on your sound card and if it goes red, you would have to lower that down. The level is fine. If I want to see the meter going, I would have to select down here the zoom. And the right input is in the right input here, as you can see, my Zoom has two inputs, 1.2. Now, depending on your sound card, you might have different inputs. Here, have more than two, you might see four or more. In this case, I'm going to choose the first one. I'm going to make sure that my input level is set up correctly. In order to do that, you just need to enable the input monitoring here and see if the sound comes out and does come out. Let me just make sure that it doesn't clip, it doesn't go to red. So I'm going to just play some chords. Okay? You'll also have an option too. Check the automatic level control. So I can tick that box if I want to try that. If you are not sure about the level, you can untick that and just play that slightly down. It goes a little bit too much on the yellow, so I will probably go slightly down. Okay, that's fine. You also have the input monitoring down here. So that allows you to hear yourself, YOU playing or recording that to check it off. It will check off that as well. So that controls your track. We also have a feedback protection and that allows you to stop any unwanted sound to go back to the input. Sometimes some instruments have that feedback, whining noise coming out that can be quite loud. So if you're not sure about your instrument, you can also enable that by, in this case, I'm going to just leave it unchecked. And then here we have the noise gate. Now if your instrument as some background noise and produce unwanted is when you're not playing. The noise gate keeps any of these sounds to coming through until the audio levels reaches a certain level. But when you play and your instrument, you are sending a loudness signal. And that will trigger the noise gate to open. And when you're not playing, essentially the noise gate will close, living the track in silent. Now for the purpose of this exercise, I'm going to leave these on. However, depending on your playing style, you might want to keep the noise gate off as mike filter out some of the sounds while recording. But it really depends on its level. For the following videos, I will keep this on. Now before we hit the record button, we also need to make sure that our metronome and pre count on. In this case, they are purple. So it means they're on. The pre count will give me four empty bits before we'll start to record. So I'm going to try to record something. I can press space bar to stop the recording. Now in the following videos, I'm going to use an amp Collection project and I will start my creative process of composing. As I will be improvising, there might be parts of what a mumble a bit, but stick with me and I will show you all the various features that can make your creative process flawless. And you'll definitely do a better job than I did after watching this following classes. 40. Getting the sound into the project: Okay, So we are already unset to record our first track and explore our amp collection. So before we click on up collections, click on Choose. We're going to go into details here at the bottom left-hand corner. And here allows us to change some parameters before we even get started. If you already know the temple we track, you could change the tempo by using this slider. Or you can tap the temple. If you already have their temple in your mind, you can just go here and start to do that and click on it until you find the right tempo track, let's say is 93, and then the key signature is C major. That's fine. The time signatures for four years is a regular one. And then I'm going to make sure the input and the output are the right ones. So make sure your input and output are correct and then click on Choose. Now again, we're going to have our list of collection, in this case amp collection. And then we're going to make sure that the guitar is actually coming out from, from these tracks. So first of all, we're gonna go into the first track here just to test it. And of course, if I play it now, it's not going to come up. Anything you probably hear in the guitar from my mic. Supposed to go through my sound cards, I'm going to click on input monitoring and see if it works now. Looks like it works very well. So I can now go and experiment the other tracks if I want to, by clicking on the track. And of course it makes sure the input monitoring is off in the previous track and turn the input monitor on the next one. So now that you know how to enable your guitar, you can pretty much start to record and from there, you can add tracks into your project. In the next video, I'm gonna show you how to record your track and how to start to build your idea from this template. 41. Recording first guitar: Alright, so we are all ready and set to record. I've just chosen these royal rock amplifier here. I quite like it. So I'm going to just enable the input monitoring first. I'm going to start to strum a bit. Okay, look like it's fine. I'm going to just make it slightly quieter because you don't want to hear. I want to actually hear my metronome while I'm recording. So I decided my temple was under them to actually, and now if I play and I start to practice a bit. Okay, So let's say I'm ready to do that to record. So I'm going to just press the record button and I'll make sure this is stretched a bit so I can see exactly what I am, what I am recording. And click on Record button over here. Okay, so I recorded that part. I stopped by pressing the space bar. And what I'm gonna do is I'm going to place the cursor at the bottom here, right of my region. As you can see when I do that, I've got these two arrows. Symbol I'm going to go above, just right above there. I've got my cycle loop, so I can actually look this over and over if I want to. Or I can just shorten it by using this other tool down here. So I can just simply cut this short if I want to. And I'm gonna do that up to the bar number nine, so it's exactly nine bar. Now if I want to loop this, I can just go into the cycle loop and stretch that look to make sure that it's long as my performance here and I'm gonna press Play and see how sound. Okay, so it's not bad. I think is a little bit of delay at the end. But just to show you that essentially this is what you can do to start to record. You'll track now if you want to experiment that tracking in another, another amplifier, simply drag and drop that down. And then you can press Play. Just reuse the volume, then I'm going to drop it down. The same, then that one is very clean. Okay, I quite like that effect, so I'm going to leave it here. And while I'm playing with this, I can, for instance, I can get rid of stuff. I don't need, for instance, microphone to get rid of that amplifier there. I can do that. I can just go and delete stuff I don't need. I'm going to just leave the one above and I can just put something that I can record something on top of it and my performance, and I can make my songs. So if I want to record now, I want to actually add another track with a drummer. I can just go to the plus button here on top. Double-click on drama. And now I've got a drummer straight there. And I can press Play and see our town. And I can move these parameters down here, just make the drama slightly quieter. Want to, if I want, I can lose the metronome. I don't need the metronome anymore. I can just go there and play it again. Guys. This is the way you create your first recording. You just start from a template like the AMP collection. And from there you get inspired by picking up any sound. And then, like I did here with my royal rock, my bread, my British here. And from there you start to record. You make your track, you tweak around, you delete stuff we don't need, and you add your drama, you virtual drummer, and you kinda start laid out your track. So in the next lesson, I'm going to add another couple of guitars. And I'm going to also use the cycled recording feature as well. 42. Recording the second guitar: Okay, Now is the time to record our second track. Once we record the first one, I'm going to just go back to my first clean amplifier here. I'm going to click on the input monitoring to make sure the sound comes up there. Now, I'm going to just enable it, just enabled the, the echo actually wants to have a little bit of echo and on this track and then I was trying it out. Okay, it's not bad. I'm going to just play this for a couple of times. And then I'm gonna record. Let's record decency are sound. Okay, so let's have a look how it sounds now if I play that back. Okay, So this is my second track that I just recorded. And again, I hope by now you understood the principles of heading tracks suck to record the first line and the second line. And then from there, you come up with the right idea. Now, if I want to add another track, you would go to the plus button and you would add another guitar here. You would make sure that the input is the same. You're going to click on Create and you're going to have an extra, okay, This is just an extra app over here on the left-hand side here on the library. You can choose whatever you like if you want to have, let's say, an experimental guitar, you can go here for instance, and experiment. This is the style. If I want to play now, this, I can experiment that this is also a way for you to start to kind of create your song. And this is part of songwriting, and this is part of the whole creative process of creating a piece of music. So let's have a look how that sounds. Okay, So, um, I've been practicing for a bit now. I want to try now to record something. Now, before we record, I wanted to show you something very, very important. So when we have these loop enabled on top of this cycle, on top and we'd record something. The recording will start again here if we keep on playing. And that will either merge or delete what you had before and add the new tracking. Now to find out are these cycle loop works during recording, we have to go into GarageBand on a top left-hand corner here and go into preferences. Now if you go into general, in general, we have a new option to choose how the cycle will behave during recording. And it says here, choose how neural performances are captured by recording over existing regions. So if we cycle is off, what do you want to happen to your previous recording? Do you want to replace them or do you want to merge the new one on top of it? I usually leave it as Replace because usually when I want to re-record something, I don't like that one I did before I leave. Replace if I'm in cycle on like I am now, instead of merge, I will probably choose a create takes. So what that means is it will silent my previous solo, my previous recording, so that I can record something new on top so I can practices over and over until my solo comes the way I want. So I'm going to leave it as is. Now. I'm going to close System Preferences here. So let's have a look at the cycle recording in next video. 43. The Amp Designer: Hello, Welcome back. Hope you're enjoying the classes so far. Now in this video, I'm gonna show you a little bit more about the amp Collections. How to choose the write amp here on the left-hand side, and how to change the effects of each app. Down here on these Mark control. Let's choose first of all, another app. So we're going to add another track. So we're going to go to the plus button on the top here left. And I'm going to add another guitar track. Make sure that your input and output are set correctly. And I'm gonna try. This. Works. Yeah, it's working perfectly. Let's choose a different publishers. There's quite clean. Let's Dublin delay. Okay, so have a look at Echo studio, night echo, like this one. So let's say I want to use this for my, for my song. And now I want to try and change the effect of it. It's a fail one, tweak a little bit of effect of the AMP. I can go down here and as Mark control and just trying to play around with this. So the first thing is you see here are these two, actually two sections to it. And you have distortion, multi-phase, echo, reverb, some of them off, I think almost all of them off and only the echo is on. If I turn the echo off, it's very dry effect. If I turn the mic on, I can choose the amount of echo I want to have my guitar anyway. Make it even more. So once I've done that, once I decide that my effect, of course, you can actually choose any of these, like a spring, spring effect of quite nice the fact that you have the reverb there, but I'm going to turn that off for now. I'm going to try and adjust to keep as it is. I want to see actually the front panel of my arm. The real aren't actually the echoes through your app. In this case here I can go here on the top-right. I don't know if you notice that you have three icons. Now, the first one on top is my tuna. So if I click on Lab is going to bring these nice, beautiful window for tuning my guitar. So I can go here and start to, to my guitar. Perfect. Okay, so now after we tune our guitar, we can close that. So the second one here is my pedal board. I'm going to just show you the pedal board in a second. I want to show you the AMP. Actually, this is our amp designer. So when I click on that, that's why you see this. As soon as I saw this the first time when they released the new GarageBand, fallen in love with that. A reopen GarageBand and rekindle, reevaluate this the software because it's absolutely amazing now what you can do. So now you get the real amp front panel. So there's Mark control is essentially is a quick way for you to control the main effects of your AMP. So as you can see, all of these already here on top, but they're less. So it's much faster for you to kinda tweak your sound around. But let's finally go here on top. And I want to change, for instance, the base or the MIT, the meds. I can do that and just change the frequency. I can make this sound more basically if I want to, is quite high. So if I go here on the base, It's much more basic. So I can tweak around and tributes. Very squiggly sound here it is. Okay, so again, the presence of your sound. Very nice. Okay, so I want to show the amp designer for a second. The beauty of these Amity designer is, of course you have to, you can change all these knobs about your AMP. Another thing you have on the right hand side is your, um, your cabinet here you can see the cabinet or your AMP. And the beauty of this is when you hover the cursor over it, you can actually change the position of the mic by moving that little icon there. And as you can see, my mic is moving. I can move it in the center, closer to my, to my cabinet on the side. So if I place the mic there and I play, if I move it on the side. Subtle change, but is actually there, I can actually hear the difference. If you hear this video with a pair of headphones, you and you will notice the difference. Now another cool thing you have here down below is this mic selection. I can click here at the moment, I'm using this ribbon, one-to-one, one-to-one. But I can go to, for instance, the condenser 87. And I can go here, put that in the middle there. I can move them around. Kinda make this a little bit more compressed, almost like open sounds. Our protonated middle, they're very open, beautiful. Now, if I then wanted to change the AMP, I can change them down here. So I've got modal AMP and cabinet. So I can go to Model here. At the bottom it says customize, but let's say I want to go into sunshine stack and it changes completely as you can see. I've got another, it'd be for an app here. I can go into AMP here and change to a different kind of AMP model. And that changes again. And then I can customize these to essentially when you change the model, it changes the AMP and the cabinet. So I'll show you that again. If I go into British combo, It's going to show me a British amp plus the cabinet for that British are beautiful. I love this. And then here I can change, if I want to change the amphibia, different App, Studio amplify want to, or I can go to cabinet and choose. Well, how many speakers do you want for that? You want to four by 12, becoming huge. So I can have that actually coming out with different sound altogether. So it's beautiful the way you can actually change things around. If you want to go back to where you were before, you just go back to British gumbo. And again, it brings this back quite like that. I'm going to keep that down, then I'm going to keep the ribbon as well. Leave that there. And now I can just close it. This is a four-year is a cool way to access your amp designer by doing that, clicking on that button, mess about find the right effect for your, for your guitar and close it. Now, I can use the smart control to be fast in terms of tweaking sounds. If I want to, don't forget, we also have some presets here on top if you click on factory default and you have clean crunch and distorted. As you can see, all of these have a lot of different presets for you. Looking for a clean guitar effect, you can go to one of these. You can click on something like ballot clean. And it gives you the right combinations for that specific effect. So if I want to click there, I'm going to have these model, these AMP, this cabinet and the specific mike, these settings. So I will look at these presets new. Perhaps you might find something here that is suitable for your project. 44. Cycle recording: As you probably noticed, when I add my second guitar in the previous video, I left the cycle mode on, but I haven't recorded the second take, and I immediately stopped right after the end of the region. This method works only if you feel confident enough with your solo or part that you're going to need anytime before and after the recording. Sort of what we did, we had cycled recording in the software instrument classes. However, when we use cycle recording, a good practice would be creating some space before and after your recording so that you have enough time to get into the groove of the song. One other way to do this, while we're here, we can highlight all these tracks and move them 1 bar forward, like so. And then I can just drag the loop cycle, 1 bar after my tracks and 1 bar before the trial starts. So I got enough time to get into the groove much better. Here. I'm going to record probably two or three takes. On record. Is my second take, my third take, and the fourth one. And I'm going to stop here. So I basically took four different takes. And as you can see on the top left hand corner of my region of God, these number four. So when I click there, I can choose which take a want to listen to. The first one here. Take one. Let's have a listen to that. And I'm going to just reduce the cycle region to what he was going to leave the last part a little bit open and press Play. Now bad, let's listen to the second one. Hello, probably screwed this and go to the third one. Made a mistake that let's say the fourth one. The fourth one is the best. Let's have a look. Okay. It looks like they take number four is the best one so far. But what I could do, I can also choose a portion of other takes if I wanted to. So let's say if I like the first part here, and I wanted to cut it somewhere here in the middle and use another take. I could do that. I can actually plays the play, the play head here and then go to Edit in the top and click on Split region, a playhead or Command T. So I can click there to split the region. And as you can see now I've got two regions here with the same take on top. So I can go to the second one here and choose a another take. So I can have, for instance, a different performance and combine the two together. Let's have a listen. So and that's the way to create Cycle recording regions into your performance and how to create multiple takes. 45. Exploring the Pedal board: Another cool feature it go Here is your pedal board. The pedal board shows me these other section. I have got here, a set of pedals already, already set up for me that I can change and tweak around. And of course, on the right-hand side, I've also have all different kinds of pedals that I can add. Now, these works, I believe, from left to right. So at the moment, the only one that I've got on the first one is squashed compressor. So Scott as squashed compressor, if I turn that off, I've done that on again. It's a subtle, subtle change. Let's have a look at the second one. The second one is off. If I put that on, I can see distortion. That's pretty cool. Wow, pretty cool. So now I can choose to have that on and start to play. If I want to change your position, I can just move that and change your position to be that before, uh, my distortion for us and so that signal come up first and then I've got this sorted. Otherwise you just decide to have it in front and then get rid of these two. And by the way, if you want to get rid of any of this, you just simply drag it, drag it out on the right-hand side and it gets rid of it. And I can go back there to do the same sort of order. And I can go here and add, for instance, a nice pedal, for instance, a pedal there. That pedal phi now play it. Wa pedal. It's pretty cool. I'm just moving on with my mouse. It's quite cool. And then I can just, if I want, don't want it, I can simply make sure I've got the hand icon there and I can drag it out. So I can do that. This is the pedal board. You can again add as many petals as you like. You can play around fine yarn effect once you, once you're happy with that, I just close it and you're ready to record. 46. Diving deep into the Pedalboard: Like the amp designer pedal board offers you a list of presets. So if you're going on top here on the menu bar, you can see I've got all these presets that I can choose from. I can go to something like reverb and click on the sound and it sounds like this. Very nice. So I can choose any of these that I want. And if I want a combination of pedals, I can just go to complete pedal board here. I can choose one of these, let's say '80s pop rock. And it gives me a combination, these five petals. And it sounds like this. Now another great tool, another great feature you have in pedal board is the fact that you can actually change the directions of these effect and you can mix them. So in order to mix them, I have to go with my mouse at the top here. And as you can see, when I hover the cursor on top and reveals the name of my petals. If I click on any of these petals, as you can see now I've got these other section on top. It allows me to send effects to two different channels. And as soon as I reveal that area above, I can actually slide here to the right to reveal the mixer. So I can mix the sound to the two different channels, to channel a and channel B. So for instance, if I want to have the chorus at the top to a different separate channel, I can just click on it and it switches the channel. And it can even do the same thing with delay, for instance. And now if I play it, I actually direct these two in a different channel. And I can also choose how much I want to hear from that channel. So if I'm going to channel B and I drag that slider up, I'm going to hear more chorus and delay. And I'm going to hear less rubble flanger and vintage drive here. So I can blend them this way. Or I can even just go all the way down here to here, the rest. Now I hear more distortion, more, more vintage drive than a here at the other two. So you can blend this by using this slider, this fader. I can also use the panning tool. So if I go all the way up and I want to hear more chorus and delay, I drag that up a little. And then again, let's say the sides to have the sound go all the way, or just a little bit to the right for my headphones monitors here, the more on the right, if I want to hear more on the left, I can go the other way round. I can blend and I choose the amount of effect that I want to hear and create my own sound. Very nice. The fact that you can actually use this mixture within the pedal board and change your effect and create your own effects. Well, by the way, you can save your effect by going here. I'm going to File Save As and you can just name it the way you like so you don't have to mess about anymore. And you can use it for different projects as well. Now if I want to get rid of this after you mix it, just click above here, anywhere here and it will disappear. So this is a very great feature for you to mix them, blend different kinds of effects within the pedal board. 47. Flex Tool and Matching Groove: In the previous module, when we talked about software instruments, we learned how to change the tempo of a track and aligning our nodes to the nearest beat or bar by using time quantize. We also explore the piano roll and how easy it was changing the notes in case of mistakes during recording. However, in the audio realm, things aren't as easy to adjust. It all depends on the performance and how well you play your instrument part. Garageband allows you to change the damp when pH of a track by the click of a button. If you're recording wasn't too much on a bit, it could be potentially adjusted by using the flex tool. Let's have a look at these feature in these example. Have recorded and strumming guitar here. Let's have a listen. Now, a standard, okay? But the weird part where I was going on my own and I'm wasn't on a bit. Now, I could adjust that by enabling the flex tool. So if I go into the editors, if I double-click on my region here and I click on it, top left-hand corner of my editor. This is my flex tool. I'm going to click on that. So when you click that, the follow tempo impeach feature as well is being checked automatically as you notice hold. So I've got these transient here of my waveforms. Each transients corresponds to the highest peaks of the waveform. And this will allow me to nudge the waveform either left or right. I could also use the time Quantize tool, but that one worked out well with these Guitar recording. Let's have a listen. If I quantize that to one-sixteenth, look at the transient here. Now, when I click on it, it looks like they're all equidistant to each other. So it looks like they're almost the same width. And if I play that, okay, So what's the very end? It sounded a bit artificial. So in this case here, it won't work for this recording. I'm going to just exclude that. But this doesn't mean that you cannot use these on your audio track. You can definitely try use time, quantize it, but it really depends on your recording. Let me zoom in. Yeah. And see if I can make some adjustments by nudging a few weights form here. I'm going to move these wave formed by hovering the cursor over the transient and make sure they aligned to the nearest beats or bar. So that one is not aligned. I'm going at lined up. And I'm going to align these on here as well. These are not aligned, so I'm just moving them and just hover the cursor there. I've got these three little icons showing up my cursor and then just moving the waveform that way. So let's see if sounds better now. I'm going to just play that part. Oops, let me just move that slightly. I'm going to play that part again. It definitely sounded better than before because I aligned all these together. When you have a long recording region and nudging can be quite tedious process to go through manually, although sometimes it's inevitable, but if you're recording doesn't change that much. And as some chords repetitions like this one, There's another great tool that we can use in GarageBand. This tool is called groove matching. We can enable it by clicking on the track on the menu bar. I'm going to configure track header. We can also right-click anywhere in any track and go into configure track header from here as well. Now we're going to tick the box next to group track. And it gives also a brief explanation of what that does. I'm gonna explain that works. Now, after you check that box which just click anywhere, it looks like nothing happened. But if you hover the cursor on the left on any track, you'll see this little star. So if I, for instance, the side I want to have these drum to be my group track. I can just click on it. And what that does, it will just enable that star to be there. And all the other tracks will have these checkbox next to it. I previously enable the track on top as you can see here. But I'm just going to uncheck that for now. And I'm going to go back to my echo studio here now. And as you can see now I've got a checkbox there. If I tick that box, my transient here will change. I'm going to just zoom out just a little bit just to show you what happens if I do that. So if I tick the box next to the Echo studio, my Angostura will follow the drums here, which is my groove track. So now it looks like all my waveforms have changed. And if I now play the performance again, now it sounds even better than before. So all my strumming now is on the bit. We group matching. You can adjust an entire region to follow up the main group. The flex tool and group matching are two powerful features. They will save you a lot of time during editing. 48. Multitrack recording: In this video, I'm going to show you how to record two tracks simultaneously. And I will create a short song from scratch. In order to record more than one instrument the same time, you need to have an odor input device, like the ones I've talked about at the beginning of this module. So if you need to revisit that, please do it and come back to this video later. First, I'm going to use a songwriter template and record a couple of guitar solos first. Then I'm going to record my guitar and my boys simultaneously. So I'm going to click on songwriter and leave the temple 120. And my input and output are setup already. I'm going to click on shoes. Now I'm going to tweak the drum here by going all the way down here to make it quieter. And increase the hi-hat complexity. Increase the swing up to there. And like I already experiment this previously. Perfect. Now I'm gonna go to this guitar here. I'm going to actually delete that. I don't need that track. And I'm going to change these Britain clean with clean guitar into Dinah tremor. Let's have a look how it sounds. And of course I need to make sure that the input monitor is on by clicking on it. And the input now is on. Perfect. Now I'm going to record the first guitar, and then I'm going to record the second guitar later. I'm going to make basically, look this all the way here. I think 16, 17 bar are enough. We're going to just press record now and record my part. Okay. One take. It's enough. So I'm going to just leave it as it is and played it back. Now if I want these tracks to follow my drum, I have to enable the groove track. So I'm going to right-click anywhere here on the track area. And I'll go to configure track header. I'm going to enable group track. When I click Enable the groove track. And then I'm going to tick the box next to my guitar to make sure that it follows my drums. Let's play it now. Perfect. Now I'm going to record the second guitar. So now I'm going to duplicate these track by right-clicking on it and go into new track with duplicate settings. So I'm going to have exactly the same track here. I'm going to turn the input monitoring of there. And here I want to have a goblin delay. So let's see how it sounds. Okay, perfect. I'm going to record my second guitar now. Okay, Perfect. I recorded my second guitar now, I'm going to play that back. Then. I just click on the checkbox here and see how it sounds with that. Now I'm going to record my voice and my guitar at the same time. So in order to do that, we have to first of all, add another track here from my guitar. I'm going to duplicate that. Bring that up. I've got my voice here and my guitar. So in order to enable multi-track recording, I have to right-click on any track and go into configure Track Header again. And I've got the option to enable the record enabled. So I'm going to click on it. When I do that. All my tracks now have these record button. So I have to basically enable the Record button on my voice and my guitar. So I'm gonna go to my voice. Yeah, make sure that the input is enabled. Now that my tracks are enabled, I'm going to start to record. Now I recorded a couple of takes so I can choose whichever takes I want. I'll just turn the input monitor off. And I could play that back. Just lower the volume. So this is the way to do multi-track recording in GarageBand. 49. Introduction to the Creative Process: Hello and welcome to module number five, the creative process. Here you'd see how you can leverage templates such as an electronic collections as a starting point for creating your tune. This module is a bit different from the others and the music you hear hasn't been rehearsed. Everything is created on the fly while recording. I've chopped some parts out to make it a bit shorter and more digestible to watch. However, you get to see one of the many ways songs are created. I've classified this module as optional, although I believe everyone should watch it, even though it can be a bit tedious at times, it can also be extremely beneficial for those of you who struggle getting started. I can't wait to see you inside. So let's begin. 50. Exploring layout: Alright, welcome back. So in this video, we're going to be covering the electronic collection. I'm not going to be changing anything here and the detail is going to keep everything as it is. I'm going to leave key signature, a time signature untouched. And I'm going to just press choose because I want to show you what the electronic collection offers you as a default. So when I click on Choose, and now it's going to load all the different patches. So the cool thing of this collections that you don't have to mess about too much with the effect. They are ready done for you there in setup for you. In this video, I'm going to be covering a little bit about the different patches that we have available. We also going to be covering a bit about the drummer, the drama that we have available there on top, this is a yellow region here represents your drama, your virtual drummer. And at the bottom here we have our drummer editor. I'm going to be messing around here a bit. I'm going to explain you what I'm doing. So you understand how to change the feel, the style, the rhythm of your drummer on top. In this case here, the drummer is selected. And on the left-hand side you can see the collection where we have all different kinds of drummers. Now for electronic music, we have five drummers available here. And basically we can choose whichever we want. The moment we have Magnus, which is the first one on top. Now, if I play that, you can actually see what your style is. Okay, it's, it's pretty simple style for each of these drummer, we're going to have different style and sounds. We also be going to be covering a little bit about the Apple Loops. So I'm going to kind of dragging, be dragging in some apple loops in this track. And I'm going to create something from scratch and don't make the library again on top-left there to bring our library viewer here. Again. Now I'm going to be kind of creating something from scratch. I'm improvising guys. So I'm prepared really. Anything here. I probably just saved some apple loops. But apart from that, everything is pretty much live, almost even if he's recorded now, but I'm recording it. Just improvising. So bear with me if I get stuck or if something doesn't sound properly. I'm going to explain exactly what I'm doing. 51. Recording the first Synth: The first thing we're gonna do, we're gonna leave this drummer as it is. I'm not going to touch the drummer editor for now. I just want to go and explore these sound. Now I'm going to be using my laptop keyboard. I'm not going to be using any other midi keyboard. I don't want you to get, spend money now, if you're going to have a keyboard, do not worry, you can use your laptop keyboard, so we are all in the same boat. So to bring up the keyboard, or you need to do is simply go to Window on top and click on Show. Musical Typing. For those that likes the shortcut keys is Command K, as you can see here, Command K. So if I click on that, it brings up my keyboard. So if I go to, for instance, the first one here and I start to play, that's quite busy. Let's go to the second one. Shifting patterns thinned quite like that one. So I would probably just start from here, guys, I'm going to be recording some sort of a pattern. Very simple. I'm going to press the record button and before pressing record, always make sure you have your pre count. So you have these four bar, four empty bar before you get to record. And the metronome, we don't need really to keep the measurement on. So the measurement is off there. I'm going to leave it off and I'm going to start to record. Okay, I recorded that. Now I'm going to on the top left hand corner of my region, as you can see, I've got two. So that means I basically took two takes. The second one is almost empty because I stopped playing just right there and it will starting to record a second take. The second thing is almost, is actually empty. If I go to the first stake, there we go. I've got my my recording there. So again, I've got now my recording if I play that back. Okay, so I'm made this recording, of course I'm using a wireless keyboard. There was a little bit of lag and also I made some mistakes as well. So as you can see here on the piano roll down here. And by the way, for those who don't know how to enable the piano roll, let me just close the musical keyboard now I'm just press the red button here on top left, and I'm gonna go on top. You remember this Caesars that I explained you before in the previous videos? That is our editor. If I click on that, it gets rid of the editor. Now, if we want to see all of your notes and all of your performance recorded here on the midi, you need to double-click on the green region over here. If I double-click, it's going to show up my editor. Now, if I place the cursor here on the border, I can drag that up to make it slightly bigger. Now, I'm gonna be showing you very quickly how do I correct are actually correct these mistakes. So here the second note, I started a little bit late. The third note also bit later, as you can see, they're not aligned to the bar. Sorry, they're not aligned to the bars. If I move now my slider there, I can see some of them are actually, all of them are not really on time. So I would have to then use a tool that we haven't covered yet. But I'm going to explain you in this class, which is time quantize. This time quantize allows me to correct this mistake and align all of my notes to the closest bar available. So I'm going to be using, first of all, a selection tool I'm going to go into. I'm going to actually highlight everything. So I'm gonna go to edit. Before you go to Edit, click anywhere here on the black background, doesn't matter where I just click that just to sell, to select it. And then we'd go to Edit and click on Select All. Now as you can see, my notes are all highlighted. I'm going to make these editors slightly smaller. To make the editor smaller, you go on the top right-hand corner here where we have this little slider. And we're going to drag that slider to the left to shrink our, our eight bar. So we can see our 8 bar here. And now I can go to time quantize. And I click on the little pop-up menu there. Now, do not get overwhelmed the guys here, all you need to know is if you make this sort of performance recording and you want to correct this, you always are. The majority of the time you're going to be using one-sixteenth note. And what that means is one-sixteenth note will slide and move all our recordings, all of our nodes, in this case, to the nearest bar. I'm going to be doing that first. I'm going to click on that and look at this area. When I click on one-sixteenth, is going to be moving a lot. Look at that. As you can see, all my notes are now aligned to the nearest bar. Now if I play my performance again from the top, now everything is on time. Everything is on a bit. So this is the way for you to correct your mistakes when you play with your musical typing keyboard. 52. Copying regions: Okay, so let me just close the piano roll. I'm going to double-click on via midi track here. When I double-click makes the editor disappear. Let's go to a different synthesizer. I'm gonna be calling my musical typing by using Command K. But for those of you who likes to use the menu bar equal to window and just show Musical Typing. Let's have a look what effect we have here. I'm going to be playing the track first and a play along with them. So without recording, I'm just doing something. If icon here that what I'm recording. One suggestion is lower down the volume of the other recording and just placing the shifts, that shifting patterns down a little bit and play again. Okay, Let's say if I like this, these Oregon and I want that Oregon to play the same note that I played in shifting patterns. In what I can do, I can copy these performance and drag it down here. To copy that, I can hold down the Alt key on my keyboard and drag that literally down. And when you see the plus button means the plus button is going to copy that. I'm going to leave my mouse first my mouse-click, and then the old. Then what I did, I just copied my track. If I now solo that track by clicking on the Add fonts here and I press Play. So it's basically the same thing if I un-solo that now in play everything together. Okay, cool. It's just playing another instrument with the same performance before. Very, very handy. So this is another way for you to copy and paste regions around your track. 53. Using Apple Loops Part 1: Okay, Now is the time to record some other performance is here. We recorded that the moment, a shifting patent sense and also the classic house, Oregon. Now what I usually do for my style of composing music, let me just close the piano roll and the one I see it there, double-click on the region. So for my style of music, when I create electronic music, I usually start with an electronic collection. Of course, I'm not going to be using all these synth for my song. It would be cool to use all of them, but it's never the case. So even if I found a nice sound, if I go there and I press Command K, and I started to play that. It's quite cool. For instance, I can go, I'm going to, using a process of elimination. I'm going to start to kind of get rid of the tracks. I don't like, I don't like that. I press backspace to delete Chicago chords. Like that. I live it. Groove pattern pad. Okay, Can Work. Base patterns. Delete that. And I'm gonna delete that as well. So as you can see, I'm getting rid of stuff and now I play that track again. Okay, let's say, I'm happy with that. I'm not going to be messing around with a library for now. So I'm going to close the library. And I'm going to use my Apple Loops. 54. Using Apple Loops Part 2: So this is the time for me to start to create some stuff, discovering some loops, some cycles here, and then drag those slopes into my arrangement area over here. I'm going to close now my musical typing. And I'm going to be Apple loops here on top. The first things I do if I'm wanting to create electronic music, the first things I do are going to the loop packs and I'm going to change the right pack. Because if I leave the electric loops, um, the, the loop as it is, it's showing me here 11,835 items. It's going to take me hours until I found the right effect. So the best way for you to search for the right effect is to go into the top here I've got Instrument, Genre and moods. I can go to instruments, for instance, as you can see in instruments, I've got all different kinds of instruments. So I've got all drums, Kate, percussions, et cetera. I've got electric piano, synth, guitar, woodwinds, brass, et cetera. Now, if I want to choose, for instance, a synth, piano, I can go to piano, for instance. Now when I click on piano, is going to show me all the different piano I've got available down here. I've got 376. Much more variable than the 11,000. And how can go through these and find the right piano for me. Now, these loops will play at the key of your song. Even though you see here this column which has key C, C-sharp, and then if you scroll down, you got a sharp, D, etc. So this is the original key that the loop was recorded at. But my track is in C major, so my project is in C major. So all this track will play in C Major. Very, very cool. That's why I love Apple Loop. So then I have to change the key. They play at the same time at my tempo. If my tempo is one to one to eight, they're going to play a one to eight, even though this loop here, for instance, is 80, but it's the original beat per minute. Tempo is 80. But the, my song is hundred and 28, so that one will play faster in a way, but it will follow my, my project. So let's go back here. I'm going to click on the piano. If I click on the piano again, is going to de-select my piano. If I select the piano again and I want to deselect, I can, I can also replace the X button on top. Another way for you to choose instruments. And by the way, instrument here, if I drag, if I hover the cursor there on the border and I drag that down, it's going to reveal more instruments is you can see I've got plenty more. Remember when I told you in previous sessions to make sure that the grayed-out loops are downloaded. So click on the grayed-out to download your loops. Now on top here, you also have genre. If I click on genre, I can choose any genre I want from top, Let's say electronic. And he's going to show me all the electronic loops available in GarageBand. So in this case I've got 397. So I can go here, scroll through, and I've got lots of, lots of loops here. Or I can go to moods. Moods, just select everything else, sort everything by moods, of course. Now I select the electronic as soon as I do that, if I select Electronic and the genre, if I go back to instruments, look what happened. I've got all the instruments that are available for electronic. It's pretty cool. I can actually go and click on, let's say shakers. And it's going to show me the shaker only that are suitable for my electronic music. In this case, this shaker 17. When I click on that, once it will play. So if I press that once again, going to stop the loop. So I can go also another way. I can click on the X button on top, and I can go directly into luke packs. The loop packs shows me all the different kind of Pack available in GarageBand. And I usually do that instead. Or I could go to genre. It's really, it's really up to you. I'm just going to show you all the different way you can do it. Now I'm gonna go into my old genre on top, and I'm going to choose this case. I'm going to go into electro house. Again the same, the same way as you can see. All of these are highlighted. And I'm going to play my track here. And I'm going to play some of these loop we're going to drag all the way. When I go all the way on top. Now as you can see, I checked some of them as my favorites. Now to make these lessons will be shorter. I went through these 500s or whatever. And I take the one that most was where most suitable for this track, for instance, the one that I liked. Now, you can go through loops, and if you like a loop, you can just tick the box next to the loop that you like. So they'll all be saved under the Zidel heart that you have here on the top right-hand corner. That is going to show me all of my favorite loops, in this case, all the ones that I've chosen for this electronic. Now, I'm gonna go back to my instrument lecture hours. And I'm back here. I just want to show you how you go about it. Now, the first thing you do, you press the Play button. Then you click on one of these loops. Okay. It looks like when you stop that space bar, you can also stop. As you can see, I've got now a good loop that I can use. But my performance here, some of these nodes do not match that loop. So what I'm gonna do, I'm gonna drag that in first. As you can see, it's a blue loop. What that means is a node you loop. I cannot change that much here, but I can drag it on top here at the bottom. Actually, I'm going to drag, drag it here. And let's say I'm going to put it at the very beginning. Now if I play my track, I can see that that notes that the fourth naughtier does not match these note here. Now I can go here and change it. So if I double-click on my, my midi track, their goal, my midi editor. So the fourth note, 123.4. So that means these, the fourth node here can be changed. Let me just play that again and see if I can change it. Let's say I want to I'm going to go up the steps. Let's see. I've got also the organ that is in over playing. Then I'm going to mute the organ and press play again. Why? Let me just move that slide up. I'm going to go back and play in. I quite like it. I'm going to just make sure that now my organ as the same, as the same correction there. Before I do that, I want to check these other nodes here if they play, okay, I'm going to just solo that and solo the synth as well. And I'm going to look the same because you can see the cynthia can be looped if when I hover the cursor over one of these loops or any of my recording really, at the top right hand corner here, I've got two icons and we just call out here. So as you can see here, I've got this curved arrow and I've got these other two arrows tool here. Now, the curved arrow on top allows me to actually look that region. So if I drag, click and hold and drag, and basically looping that region and repeating that region again up to the eight bar, the end of the eight bar, and beginning of nine. So I can go and do that, or let me just go back. I'm going to show you the other way. The other tool you got down below here allows me to shorten the track, in this case is an audio track. It doesn't let me extend it because there's nothing there to extend. But if I drag that back, I can cut off some of these recording. And now I could also look only the area, and I'm simply deleting Watts, watts. What was in this area. In this case, you actually want to bring that area back. And I want to loop. And I'm gonna do that. This is the way to look. And now I'm going to actually solo the shifting pattern and the synth. And I'm going to play them together and see how they match. 55. Using Apple Loops Part 3: Okay. The last notes definitely something I would have to change. So I'm going to click on the midi. We will probably use the same notes as the other one, G. And now, if I double-click anywhere here on the ruler, perfect, now they match each other, they play with the same sort of note and they play good together. So now I can remove the editor by clicking on the editor button on top. And now I can also drag that track above. As you can see, I can drag this track by using my mouse and click hold the mouse and drag them into the right position. So as you can see, I've got them all together here on Okay, now, I need to sort out the Oregon. I usually do something very, I kinda cheat anyway, I just get rid of that. And I copy that and paste it down by using the old because he's already corrected. I'm going to just drag and drop the corrected version. So when I play it now, Perfect, Nice playing perfectly. Now if I can go back to my apple loop here, and I'm going to click on the one that I selected before. And I'm going to show you how actually create something. Scratch, click against stop. Okay, that one is quite cool, but I need to see how it sounds with the whole context here. I'm going to press Play. And then I'm gonna go here and click on it. Oops, went overlap. Let me just try it again. Okay, It doesn't sound good. So by the way, if the loop here is it's not loud enough. You can go down here and you can basically make it louder by dragging the slider a bit louder. Let me just try this on here. Okay, let me see how it sounds. Okay, It's another beat. I'm going to drag that bit in, make sure you drag it in the empty area down below here. I'm going to probably drag it here and I'm going to drag at the beginning, make sure it's kind of a give a little bit of progress, progressing effect of my well progressing in a way that it's like a story, almost our song. So I had to start somewhere with a little bit of instruments and then suddenly it's going to bring me this bit where I've got a little bit more rhythm and it's more danceable as well. Okay, I like that. I'm going to loop it once. Now. I've got a couple of repetition here. And I just pray again. Okay, I quite like I'm going to just go and carry on down here. I've got different kinds of loops. Again, having a look, I mean, look at the loops. These are, these are also very good loops because you can see these are just beats. You're going to have a key of course, but you have the original tempo which is under the 28th. I look at what we have here, 128. So these are perfect Actually for our track in terms of tempo. In terms of length. You see the beats here. If it says eight means it's going to take eight bit in our check is going to basically if I drag that n is going to take up to this bar from here, all the way here, eight bits. If I use a 16th, that one, it's going to hit 16. So that's going to take up to here, 16 beats and so on and so forth. The one we, the length actually in second. These are just pre-recorded. Yeah, pre-recorded effects. That's where they are. If I scroll down here, I've got some other Clap here beats to look how they sound. Okay, so I'm gonna go and play again and see how they towns will be good to have that coming in after the second part here, after these basic core bits. And after I do that, as you can see, my loop is going to end at bar number nine. I can extend the loop to go a little bit further. So that's what I do when I start to add my loops into my track and I can press play again. Okay, cool. I can actually carry on with my loop here. I can go and look, for instance, these aftershock to go. If I want to. As you can see when I look, you see these cats in the region. That means is this is actually the, this is actually the old loop. Can repeat that as far as I want. If I want to, I can go here. And by the way, let me just get rid of this. And by the way, if I want to make this view slightly smaller, I'm gonna go here on top and I drag that to the left. And now I've got a nice view of the whole project. Now I can go here and drag it and loop it as much as I want. Now, another little trick, if you like shortcuts and if you like a specific track to play all over until the end of your project, you can press also the L, the L key. We will loop the region till the end of your projects century. If you press L again, it will remove the loop. This case here I'm just going to go a couple, just do like two or four times. Four times. Then I'm going to also carry on with my drummer. As you can see, when I hover the cursor on a drummer the very end, I've got these plus button. This is new now that I can, when I press the plus button is going to add another region with my drummer. But as you can see, I can also use the loop. I can literally copy the same the same performance. Again. In this case, you are going to use the plus button. And this region is separate from the first one. And what that means is I can double-click here. And now I can change the style of the second part of my song. And let's say I'm going to just extend my loop all the way to the end. And now I'm going to play from here for, actually for the beginning. When I'm right up to bar nine. To move there, it's actually going to change it now. Then I add that as well. I'm going to repeat that as well. The undo that Command set. Some reason. Went through the different fr