Five Minute Koreans for Beginners | Olivia Kim, Five Minute Korean | Skillshare

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Five Minute Koreans for Beginners

teacher avatar Olivia Kim, Five Minute Korean, Korean Instructor

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.



    • 2.

      Hangul 1


    • 3.

      Hangul 2


    • 4.

      Hangul 3


    • 5.

      Essential Phrases


    • 6.

      이에요, 예요 1


    • 7.

      이에요, 예요 2


    • 8.

      이거 그거 저거


    • 9.

      있어요 없어요


    • 10.

      Present Tense 1


    • 11.

      Present Tense 2


    • 12.

      Present Tense Descriptive Words


    • 13.

      Past Tense


    • 14.

      Future Tense 1


    • 15.

      Future Tense 2


    • 16.

      Numbers 1


    • 17.

      Numbers 2


    • 18.

      -고 싶어요


    • 19.

      -(으)세요, -아어해 주세요


    • 20.

      -지 마세요


    • 21.

      -아어해야 돼요


    • 22.

      -(으)ㄹ 수 있어요


    • 23.

      -고 있어요


    • 24.

      질문 1


    • 25.

      질문 2


    • 26.

      Linking Words


    • 27.

      -하고, -(이)랑, -고


    • 28.



    • 29.

      아어해서, -(으)니까


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About This Class

Introducing Five Minute Korean

The most effective Korean language learning experience for beginners in Korean who want to learn Korean but don't know where to start. Follow the curriculum for five minutes every day and you'll be on your way to mastering the basics!

After completing the course, you will be able to:

  • Understand Korean dramas and TV shows better

  • Introduce yourself in Korean

  • Have a basic Korean conversation

  • Read and understand basic Korean

The advantages that separate Five Minute Korean from its competition:

  • No more learning textbook Korean that no one uses! Five Minute Korean teaches the "요" form, which is the most natural way of speaking the language.

  • Forget all the confusing grammar jargon. Five Minute Korean simplifies the way you learn the language.

  • This course is designed for the majority of language learners who rely on visual cues such as pictures.

  • Five Minute Korean takes only five minutes out of your busy schedule. It is perfect for people who want effective learning with fast and proven results.

  • Learn survival Korean words which will come in handy when you visit or live in Korea.

Meet Your Teacher

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Olivia Kim, Five Minute Korean

Korean Instructor

Level: Beginner

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1. Introduction: And now as a My name is Olivia and I'm the instructor of five-minute Korean. Plenty of cell lights. And many people around the world today spend a lot of time working, studying, or just living life. While Korean pop culture is slowly taking the world by storm, BZ, people who want to embrace the culture can hardly take time out of their busy schedule to go to a Korean language class or commit to a years-long language course. If you're one of them, you don't have to stop learning because five-minute Korean is here. To make learning Korean a little easier for you. Spend five minutes a day with five-minute Korean, and a month later, you'll be able to express yourself more effectively in Korean over a drink. Recognize Korean letters on neon signs, or speak to the Korean store owner of your local Korean Mart, you'll feel much better taking the subway in Seoul or watching your next Korean drama. Yes, and you'll impress the Korean adds drama at your local Korean restaurant by ordering peeping up in Korean. I'm an experienced instructor of the language, having taught more than 3 thousand hours, and so I know what works for you. Five-minute Korean simplifies the learning process, but teaches you the useful stuff minus the fluff. So no more grammar jargon. More importantly, in this course, you'll be learning the most natural way of speaking. If you've been a frustrated Lerner of the Korean language, try out this course and see how it works for you. I guarantee it will be a positive experience for you. See you soon. 2. Hangul 1: And yeah, I say My name is Olivia. And welcome to your very first Korean lesson. When you start studying Korean, The very first thing you need to master is hungry. Then what's hunger? Hunger is the Korean alphabet. So we're going to start by looking at hunger overview. So in English, you have five vowels, like a, E, I, O, U. These are vowels and the rest are the constants. And in Korean, we also have the consonants and vowels. So here we have the ten basic consonants. The yellow highlights. I mean, they can evolve into these aspirated and tense consonants. Moving onto our vowels, we also have ten basic vowels, and we have quite a few composite follows. They do look quite complicated, but don't worry, these are just combinations of these basic vowels, so you'll be fine. And once again, these yellow vowels mean that they can evolve into another file. The one thing you need to remember here is that the Romanization under these fossils does not really reflect the Accurate Sound. So make sure you listen to my pronunciation and try to mimic it as closely as possible. Alright, now it's time to learn the real 100. So let's start with set one. Okay, so here we have set one on top I have five consonants and at the bottom I have five bottles. So we're going to combine each of these continents with all of these vowels. So let me write them down first. Alright, here we go. So let's first look at our first consonant. This one has a sound of g and k. The reason I add both of them, it is because it's right in between the two. So the way to remember this continent is to think of a gun. It kinda looks like a gun, right? So this has a sound. I'm going to combine this with. Now, the way to remember this one is to think of someone's face and a mouth like this. And when this person says, which is the sound of this vowel, Don't throw is here and he's gonna say, the airflow goes outwards, right? So, and that's where the shape comes from. So let's combine with r, and this is what we have, ta, ta, and the second customer has an end sounds. So na, This one is between d and t, ta, and this one law. Although I have R and L bytes actually neither. So pay attention to the sound la, la, ma, ma. Now let's combine all of these with the second vowel, 00, right? Call. No law. The third vowel is, oh, oh, no. Law. More. Fourth one. Make sure you round your lips like this as if you're kissing someone. Oh, oh, no. To low. Loss. One, e. Qui me. The me. Here we have six words. Let's read them together to go is ta dot, ta dot. Now whether this gust sound looks like this or it looks like this or this, they're all the same, just different fonts. Okay. The informal I me is not informal. You null. No. Older sister know nah, nah, nah. If you've watched enough Korean dramas, I'm sure you've heard of this before. No, na head is Modi, Modi. Sweet potato. Goo, goo, goo, goo. Alright, that's it. Since this is your first time learning Korean, the muscles around your mouth hasn't been built to make these sounds yet. So make sure you practice enough times to develop those muscles. Alright, come, comes on me that Tommy bio and the USA. 3. Hangul 2: And yeah, I say, welcome to your second Korean lesson. In this lesson, we're going to go over Hungary, set 23. So here's our set two. Once again, we have five continents on top and five balls at the bottom. We're going to go over the continents first. Hear the first consonant we see is this BP sound. Once again, this means it's right in between b and p. So if I write next to this, is this part. Next, this is an S sound. So now the third one, it's a circle, it's actually has no sound. So when you see this and with a bottle next to it or underneath it, you just read the bottle. So this is next, we have this j soundbite does not sound like a j's, so listen carefully to this sound is actually closer to a ts sound when you say cats at the end, but soft, ta, ta. And sometimes you see this letter within this way, or this way. They're the same, different fonts. Lastly, we've got the H sound. It looks like a person with a hat on top of it, right? So it's an H as N_hat. Ha, ha, this one as well. You'll see it written this way. And this way they are the same. Now let's look at our vowels. You remember this? This is right. If you actually add a line underneath it becomes yeah. Yeah. So if I put the circle next to it, this is yeah. Yeah. Next. This is all. And you had a line becomes y'all. Y'all. Remember this. This is o. Add a line, becomes your. The constant goes on top of this file, your, because it's horizontal, right? Next, this is all Adeline becomes. He'll tell you the last one. The shape of your mouth has to look like the shape of this continent. So and this is how you say it. Alright, let's read our examples. First work bus, pass me. Sure you're saying this with me. Next, juices, choose, choose tissue. Huge Z. News. Usa. Woman. Cooking. Your Korean uses quite a few English words, right? And let's move on to set three here we have floor consonants and five vowels at the bottom. So starting with this one, this is, it's a strong k with a burst of air. So this was, you add an extra line, it becomes k. So I'm going to write our annex two indices. Now, this was TA and Adeline becomes this one comes from this level Pi. And you're kind of at a line there and becomes a little bit different. But last one, remember this, this is, you had a line on top, becomes It's a strong CH or ts sound addendum, cats. Don't round your lips like. Okay. And remember when you read these four sounds, these are little bit higher pitched than ta, ta, ta, ta, ta, ta, ta. Now the first bottle, it's a combination of a and this becomes a, a. The second ball is all with E, and this is also pronounced a. Although the spelling is a little bit different, but they're exactly the same. The third ball is S1, We just thought with an extra line, end up becomes yea, yea. This is also a with a line. So yea, yea. So actually these two are the same, and these two are the same. Yea. Okay. Last one we have on the left, e on the right. So if you read them fast, we, we becomes, has make one single found. We, we look at our examples. First, boots is poor. Blood is p. Do you know blood, sweat, and tears by BPS? This is the first word, P. Next we have to write, which is this one is higher pitched, so false cauda. Next world is say get back career. We have o and E together becomes, we saw the last one coffee. There's no F sounds, so it sounds more like a P. So call P, copy. Make sure you go back and practice these sounds and I'll see you next time comes out. 4. Hangul 3: And here I say, welcome to the last lesson on hungry. Here we have set for once again on top we have five consonant and at the bottom we have six fireballs. So for all of these consonants, I'm going to combine them with the ball next to it. So this is car. Right? Now, if you have two of these becomes that It's a tensed sound without any air coming out. It's not. It's got. Next, we have, if you have one single consonant, This would be ta. Ta. Do you hear the difference? Next? We have heavy heard. All right, this is how you write. And if you have a single consonant, This is one way to tell the difference is when you say ah, or you should feel air coming out of your mouth. But when you say, ah, there's barely any air, OK. Next, this is saf, sof. And then if you have one, its star, star, star. Lastly. And this is ta. Ta. Hear the difference. Now let's look at our bowels. Do not be scared by the way they look. They are just combinations of the baseballs. So the first one we have all on the left and on the right. Now this is an exception even though it's supposed to be. But this is pronounced way. So here we have o and then on the right. So if you read left to right, a little bit faster, way, way becomes way. So these two have the same pronunciation. Now the third one will with a. So all way, way, way, right? So actually all these three have the same pronunciation way. Okay? Now the fourth one, Ooo, E, o and r together, hwa Hua All or walk. Walk. Here are examples. Pig is Quidsi, trash. Flaky. What war? War. Meaning is to be salty. So this has a high pitch right brain drain. Finally, here's five on final consonants. So the final consonants are the consonants that go at the bottom. So for example, if I have this, for example, on top, we have car in this letter N is at the bottom. So this sound is actually pan ton. So this n at the bottom is known as the final consonant. Okay? Now, depending on what you have at the bottom, it will make different sounds. So for example, if we have these three, then they'll all have a k sound, but without the trailing at the end. So for example, this one is up, right? So we have our top width at the bottom. So the second one is also in the last one. They all have the same set. Next, if you see this letter at the bottom that has an MD sounds. So this is, and if you see any of these letters at the bottom, and they all have this t sound. So all of these have the same sound. At. Next, if you see this, this is i, i, this has LM sounds. So these two have a P sound up, up. Ok. Lastly, if you see this circle at the bottom, it creates this N-G sound on. Okay, let's move on with our examples. How do we say South Korea? Hung. Book is Money is torn. Taxi is tech. Friend. Shin go. Lastly, love. Now there's one more important pronunciation role that you need to know. For example, if I write E next to tone, this is not pronounced torn e, but in fact the pronunciation becomes Tawney. Tony. What happened here is whenever there's a sim that's followed by the circle that has no sound. This potassium is going to replace that circle. Pronunciation wise, so it gets carried over and the pronunciation becomes Tony instead of tone. Okay, so you'll see this a lot as we go. Alright? So this is the end of all the hunger lessons. And next time I'll see you with a different topic comes up. I'll see you next time. Bye. 5. Essential Phrases: And now I say, in this lesson, we're going to go over the important, basic, essential phrases. For stock. We have annyeonghaseyo. This is how we say hello, right? Although it's written annyeonghaseyo. But when you actually say it, it becomes annyeonghaseyo, you barely hear the H in the middle. So annyeonghaseyo, hello. And when you say this, it's nice to bow like this in the picture and no ICR. Next we have NEH and anneal. This is how you say yes and no in Korean, may actually has a lot of meanings. Yes can be okay. Sure, I agree. Or anything that shows that you agree with that person. When you say no, it's just Neo is shows that your disagree. Next up, we have comes on lidar, it's written comes our hub Nida. But when you say it becomes comes are neither, cumsum neither. Okay. There's actually another way to say thank you, which is cool, maps some lidar coma 6m Nida. And if someone says comes on, need our gomabseubnida to you, you can say jeo UNI means no. So it's actually, it's nothing anneal. And when you say comes out mid-90s, you also bought like this girl comes on lidar. Next we have, I'm sorry, riches trace ONE. Neither. It's pronounced trays or I'm neither. You barely hear the H in the middle for this one as well. It means, I'm sorry, trace all amnesia. Then with this you're also going to bow Jerusalem Nida. And the answer for that is anneal quintile, which means no worries. It's okay. Can somehow it's I0 is high, you say, that's right. And if you want to turn that into question, Masao, he's just raised the ending mesial. And then if you wanna say, oh right, when you've just remember something, then you go. How do we say, good? While this here, H is silent, so y, o. So on social media, the Like button in Korean is known as two IO button. Really is equal to 0. And then if you want to answer that, you can say May to say Oh, yeah, it's real to dial. Or you could also say, Somalia may tell Medea there the same. Here's how we say it's OK. I'm OK. Quintile NIO, quintile. And then turning a sentence into a question in Korean is really easy. Just raise the ending. Quinn Sahni. Oh, are you okay? If you wanna say, Have you been well, we're, how are you? You're going to say less soil type means, well, cinnabar is to be. So have you been well tiles in SIO? Then you could say, nay, titanosaurs. Oh, yeah, I've been well, by if you haven't been well and you've been sick, that you can say, I'm your past Soil, I have been sick. If you also want to ask the other person, how about you? How have you been? Then? This is what you're going to say. So name, Ben the neo. So use that person's firstname or the person's title. For example, that fits Emily. Emily, she she's kinda like Miss Mr. Ms. by it's not as formal as dot. So I mainly see and that if this ends with a pad synth, they use an urn. If it doesn't use them. So she doesn't have a Bateson. So Nino, a mainly seen ano. How about Emily? How by you? And then Emily could say total titled synesthesia. I've been mauled to toe means to OK. Lastly, we have see you next time, which is Ptolemy PIO, Tommy bio. Tommy means next time. Pyro means seek Tammy via. And then in Korean, there are two ways to say goodbye. So first one is annyeonghi kids hail annyeonghaseyo. Okay. And the literal meaning of the sentences, please stay in peace. So you would say this if you're the one leaving a place, uses eight at a Korean restaurant and you're saying goodbye. So as you're leaving, you were say, annyeonghaseyo, you're telling the person in the restaurant, please stay in peace. Now, the owner of the restaurant would say annyeonghi Casio caught is to go. So literally, Please go in peace and yo-yo Garcia. But if you're saying goodbye to someone over the internet like this, then you were both say annyeonghaseyo. Okay, so that's all the essential phrases you need to know for now. Cara comes on me that Tommy via annyeonghaseyo. 6. 이에요, 예요 1: And yeah, I say, in this lesson you're going to learn to make sentences and introduce yourself in Korean. So let's read these two together. Ea oh, yay oh. They're equivalent to R and is in English. With these two words, you'll be able to say substances like, I'm Olivia, I am a teacher, I am a student like these. So let's start by looking at the sentence in the middle. It's hominin saying yay, oh, toy xy. And then is known as a topic marking particle. It doesn't really have a meaning by it marks the word in front of it as the topic of this sentence. So it tells you what the sentence is about. Hexane is student, Yale is, MR. Is. So the sentence means I am a student. So if you look at this sentence structure up above, it says a or B, Yale, or Yale. And this is how you say a is B in Korean. After a, you're going to use one of these two topic marking particles. So if this word a ends with the potassium, which is a final consonant, a constant that goes at the bottom of a syllable. Then you're going to use an if not used then. And then say B. And then once again, if b ends with a sin, then use email if it doesn't use Yale. So if you look down here again, after tall, tall, it did not end with Tim, so we used men. And then OK, saying that it ends with a button. Yeah, it's right here, this E and at the bottom. So then you need Yale. So Tolman hop saying yay. So imagine you're name is Emily and you want to say, I am Emily. How would you say that? So it would be TO none. Then your name? Amy Lee, then those Emily and with a pepsin, though, there's no pots and the bottom of L0. So you will need Yale. And here's your sentence sound then Aemilia. And then if you wanted to ask a question, for example, are you Emily than you were, just raise the ending and add a question mark at the end. So it would just be like this. And then, because in Korean there isn't really a natural way to say you politely. So you would get rid of that and say, Emilio, that's all you need to say, ME nail. So how would you say, are you a student? Lastly, these your forms that EA yoyo. These your forms are known as the polite form. There are different forms, but this is the platform that you'll be using to talk to most Koreans you meet. We'll learn a little bit more about this in the next lesson. So here I have three more sentences, so let's read them together first. And then Hangul, Shamil, tone, then handbook Saddam Yale. This means I am Kurkuriya. Hunger is Korea Saddam, nice person. So I am Korea person, meaning I am a Korean. Next tone then, Huck, sing Yale. We already know what this means, right? E sat amen. K. E means this person. So this person means my single, His friend, AOL is, so this person is my friend. Here. I have a list of tunnel, no means words. So let's read them together. Nada, Hangul, be equal. Kannada. Young girl, born. See GOP. Silencing him. Hacked thing is one. So although I've given you this list of words tunnel, you don't have to memorize all of these words. Just start with the ones that are relevant to you and work your way from there. Okay? And one way to remember these words is to make a lot of synthesis with these words. So using the synthesis we learned earlier, make sure you come up with your own synthesis like Tony, michael, Saddam Yale, things like this. Here I have three synthesis that you must practice until you can say these without thinking. So here's my, so and then Libya, Yale. So, and then hang gulped, Saddam Yale. Then something new. Yale. Alright, that's it. I'll see you next lesson comes out in the that Tommy bio. I mean, you guys anyhow. 7. 이에요, 예요 2: And yeah, have a tightness saw in our previous lesson, you'll learn to introduce yourself in Korean. In this lesson, we're going to have a little conversation using what you've learned so far. Once again, if you want to say a is B in Korean, you're going to say a, an, OR then be Yale or Yale. If you look at this conversation between a man and a woman, which is NSA or man. Yada, for woman. Namenda starts by saying e to me. Boil. M is name down here. E is known as a subject marking particle. And it marks this word, the word right in front of it, as the subject of the sentence. But at this point, you don't have to worry too much about all of these particles. Now is what in Yale is, is. So he's asking, what's your name? Ida me boil. So if yada were answered this question and if her name is Emily than shoe with say TA1 in Emily, Yale, because Emily in Korea does not end with a button. Next, Lambda asks, So Jacobi, loyal, C-Corp is job, meu is what is so what is your job? And if Emily's job is that student, and she would say to and then Huck saying Yale. Next, nums asks on-air, nada sobre meal on a means which not i is country. It's Tom is a person. So which country person are you? But it basically means Where are your front. So if she's from Korea, she would say ton in Hangul, Saddam, Yale. So try to go through these questions and answer these questions on your own. You notice all these sentences and then you'll. So here we're going to talk about the three different levels of planus. So simply put, the R3 politeness levels in Korean. The first level of pleasantness is the formal level. It typically ends with some amnesia or somebody got. And it's used in US interviews, service industry when you talk to customers and in business settings. So like job interviews. So you'll use these in a formal setting. Next, we have two levels under the informal form. So the first form is the polite form. So the play form ends in Europe. And this is the one that you've been using so far. And the place beach is used in everyday situations. So when you go grocery shopping, when you go out to eat or when you go meet someone for the first time, that's when you would use u. So 90% of the time if you're visiting Korea, you'll be using the uniform. Lastly, casual form is known as punch in Korean. So this is the one that you need to use if you're talking with a Korean friend who you're really, really close to. Or if you have any Korean family members, especially if you're really close to them. So in our Korean lessons, you'll be learning though yo form, which is the one that you'll be using the most. Now that you've learned to say a is B, we're now going to say a is not b, so it is a then or len be on Yale, on neo means is an R nought. Okay. Then how would you say I'm not an American? Then you would say, it's all an n. The Eagle, which is America. Saddam person. Yale, Solomon me books that I'm on Yale. Okay, so let's read the first example. So, and then it bonds Tom, Yale. And what does this mean? I am not a bonus Japan Saddam person, so a Japanese next single Yale friend is not. So he or she is not my friend or we're not friends. Lastly, if you want to ask, are you a student? Because in Korean, there's no way to say you in a polite way. So you have to address that person by that person's name or title. So if the persons name is Emily again, then it will be immunity. Cnn C is like Mr. or Ms. but it's not as formal as that, but that's how you address someone by adding C after their first name. So Emily Chenin hoc saying EL. So are you a student? Alright, that's all for this chapter. Make sure you go back and practice again. And I'll see you next time. Comes on the Tommy bio and you guys EO. 8. 이거 그거 저거: And yeah, I say tides in SIL. You've gone then boil ego and then Hindu. Yale. Talk on then boil. It's all gone then 100 sky. Yale. In this lesson, we're going to go over how to say this, that, and that over there. This in Korean is E. However, E cannot be used alone. So if you want to refer to anything close to you, you have to say E, which means this thing is so equal, this thing. So if you want to say this person, then you would say E Saddam. And if you want to say this place who were here, it changes a little bit and it becomes yogi. So if you look down here, he's pointing at this place which is Yogi. Next, if you're talking about something that's close to the other person. So then you want to use inquiry. Again, if it's a thing that you wanna say Google, that thing because that person, Kogi is how you say that place there. So that place near you. So if this guy is you, then you would point at the place Shizhen and say Colgate that place near you. Lastly, if you're talking about a thing that's far from both you and the other person, then you are going to say, it's all talk all his bad thing over there. Tell us how that person over there. It's AGI that place over there. So let's say this girl on the right, her name is Emily. And if she's talking about this computer here, then because it's close to her, she would have refer to this as E compute tall. This computer. What if she was talking about this Kaba back? Because it's close to the other girl. Emily would call this carbon Qu capa, the bag near you, near the other person. And lastly, this tick down here is far from both of them. So both girls would refer to this notebook as toll that cone over there. Does that make sense? So imagine you're sitting in your living room and you're describing all of these things around you to someone else. How would you use this? That and that over there a tall to describe these things. Pause the video and think about it. So starting with tech book, you would say, because it's close to you, this book eating. Next, e, k, e paper. Then seamless plant. So E, sigma, this word is pronounced, sing more. Next, virtual mill, which is lamp. It would be tall tool meal because it's far from you. And then for the TV TO TB and Keita. So now imagine you're sitting on this so far right here. And your friend tin goal is standing in the kitchen. So from your perspective, how would you describe each of these things? So starting with sole PI, which is so far you would call it E SOPA, right? Then. Chair this a dyes referring to these two chairs right next to single. So you would call it cou Luisa, cuz that chair or those chairs. Next, how about this name dangle refrigerator? You would still call that angle. Then Kohler mirror, ie, coal, this MIR. And the tongue one window is E, tongue when this window. Alright, these are your answers. I recommend you going around your home and labeling the things you see in Kourion on your Post-It notes so that you can remember these words longer. Alright, comes out. And union guys. 9. 있어요 없어요: And yeah, I've titled this way l. In this lesson, we're going to learn how to say have and don't have. Let's read these two words on top. Esau and I'll soluble is soil means to have or there is. Upsell means to not have or there is not. It's simply the negation of exile. The reason is psi o is pronounced East soluble instead of eat Oreo is because it has a patsy. Whenever sin is followed by this letter IO, it gets replaced by the Bateson. The potassium gets carried over and becomes Esau. You'll like this. And same thing with a soil. It's pronounced or soil. So let's go ahead and read the sentences below. Here it says, moral, be soil is water, is SEO is half. So it means I have to water. It can also mean there is water. And in Korean, even if it doesn't specifically say I, you can simply assume that it means I have water. Next, it's Moore is soil. And this automatically becomes a question. Then silicon is soil. Cigar means time. So this means I have time hoard there's time. Depending on the context, you can mean either one. Next, secan is soil. Lastly, TE me soil. This is one word. Timmy means fun and is Siamese half. So if you are having fun, means something is fun. So it's fun. Timmy soil, then how would you say it's not fun? It will be Timmy. Soil, topsoil. Here, I have six. It means fruit. So let's read them together. Be sure to repeat after me. Sue, cure, poke, Sunnah, di, di. Now imagine you're at acquire docking fruit store and you're talking to the choroid, the owner. So if the jury says annyeonghaseyo, what would you say? You would also say annyeonghaseyo. And then if you want apples, you will say sagwa apples. And then Jane says, the sale. And then you say, it's how Gua Chu sale. Choose A0 means please give me this hogwash, you sail. Then join would say Yogi's. Here they are. Then you pay and all that stuff and then you would say, comes out neither. Annyeonghaseyo. Thank you by ensuring says and Universale. Alright, this time I'll be the Swain and you're going to be now. And let's go through this one more time. Think of a fruit that you want to buy in Korea. So let's start annyeonghaseyo, namely style. Yogi's. And you guys are very good. You can also use is soil to describe where you are. All you need to do is add a before you say is so an a means in, at or on. So before a, you're going to say the location, the place you're in. So for example, saw an n k psi is soil. Toy, xy ASR is company or office is in ECL, is there is. So the sentence literally means there is i in the office. In other words, it means I'm in the office. Next sentence. She Bei, the soil chip is home. So this means, you know. Lastly, copying a mall is soil. Cabal is bag a IN, more is what is soil health or there is. So what is there in your back? Here I have six different tongues, whole tongues, amines, places. Repeat after me. Earning bank, PAO1, hospital, sick, restaurant, yuck. Subway station, airport. How your school? So how would you say i matter bank? Earning a style. How about I'm not at a bank? In a op soil? Or d, a, where is style? Try to answer that question. And that's all for today. Comes from the Tammy via an essay. 10. Present Tense 1: And yeah, I say tenseness file. In this lesson, we're going to go over how to make present tense verbs. So what's some verb or a verb is a word of action. Words like Make, play, hanging out. These are verbs. So what's present tense? Verbs in present tense express the actions that you do in general. Some examples are, I love K-Pop. I run every day, I wake up early. These are some general sentences that are in present tense. In English, you have the basic form of verbs like to eat, to sleep, to hang out, for example. And when you make these into present tense, you would have, I eat, I sleep, I hang out. And for pesticide eight die slept and I hung out. Future tense, I will eat, I will sleep, and I will hang out. And in Korean, it's no different. In Korean, the basic form is known as the dictionary form because that's what you see in the Korean dictionary. And they look like this. So to eat with the ball, back, to sleep, tada, to hang out. And do you see something in common? They all end into, right? So this TAA is equivalent to two in English. So when you say I0 by sleep in Korea, you're also going to have to change it to something else. So let's take a look at one of the examples. So on top we have the word tada, which means to sleep. This is the dictionary form because it ends in thought. Ta is our worth ending and this is the part that gets conjugated, meaning it gets changed. And then psi is our stem and this part does not change. So if you look down here at the conjugative form, Tod's and not change, but TA became, you'll, And now this means I, he or she or whoever sleeps. So let's take a look at the conjugation rule. Here's the rule, and let's start by looking at our first example. So first we here we have cotta, which means to go. The very first thing you're going to do is get rid of because having a TA is like saying I to go instead of I go. So then we're left with, which is our stem. Now what we're going to do here is come up here and look at the first category says, If the last vowel of this then is our all, then you're going to add IO to the stem and a quick recap. Do you remember what a consonant is? So in Korean, consonants are me and she did. The letters that look like this. And the vowels are ya, all, usually the, the letters that go either on the right or the bottom of your syllable. So if you look at the stem down here, once again, is our vowel. Then while you're going to do is add IO to the stem because the ball is. So we have k by few, kinda say this faster, you're not bene here. I end the middle chi, chi o, right? So get rid of that. And we have chi o and that's goal. Now let's look at the second example. That means to eat. We're going to get rid of tau again and we are left with witches are spent. Now what's the final vowel here? It's all right on the right. So it's evolve under this category where it says not or so it's all, so we're going to add oil to the stem. So we have more, all you're nothing to shorten here. So we have more oil as our final conjugated form, eat. Then lastly we have, we don't have the means to do, okay? And if you see any hada verbs, you're going to replace HA, with hale. So we have window hail, exercise. Not too hard right? Now. Let's continue to look at a few more examples. So here we have Sadat and what was the very first thing we do, right? Get rid of. So we have psi as their spin then, because the bubble is, we add IO. And again, if you say is high, you don't really hear I in the middle. So you change, you dropped that and say psi o. And psi o is how you say by next we have Monday. Get rid of tau. We have MAN there. And what's the final vowel? It's in the middle right here, right? We don't really care about the first one. We only care about the final fall. So cou is our vowel. So then we're going to add o, u. So we have Mn 0 you make. And then lastly, we have Urey had that took Cook. So if we see a hat, hat are verb, you replace Huldah with Hale. So here you go. Bod, hail, cook. And that's it. Once you master this present tense conjugation rule, all of the other conjugations will become really, really easy. So make sure you download the tenses worksheet and complete the present thins column. K, ket, o comes I'm neither Tammy via and then you guys EO. 11. Present Tense 2: Annyeonghaseyo tied to an SIO. Last lesson, we learned to make present tense verbs. And in this lesson, we're going to continue to look at a few more examples. Let's look at the first example here. Here it says tall and then sagwa either psi you. So is i, then is a topping marking particle sidewise Apple psi o is by. So this is, I buy an apple. But what learn? Learned tells you what it is that you're buying. Here. You're buying an apple. So it's attached to the word apple. This way, even if you switch the words around, like it's hogwash tone, then psi o is still means I buy an apple. But what happens if you switch then, and then it would be taught it sagwa and then psi you again, learn is attached to the word that you're buying. So this would be an apple buys meat. So this is how important to put the right type of particle in the right spot. And URN and URL are known as object marking particles. And they're attached to the thing that receives an action, then is the one that's used if the word in front of it ends with a final consonant, which in Korean is known as pats him. And if it doesn't use lay. And when your sentences are really short like these, you don't have to use them. It's optional. But if you have longer sentences than you will have to use them. Let's look at the second sentence. It's Hall and then at seem more Goyal. One thing, it's always I and then there's a topic working particle at SIM can mean either breakfast or mourning. But because the sentence ends with more volume eat, so obviously you would have to be breakfast. So this means I eat breakfast. Lastly, Tae, Woo Jin, Kim teeter on more oil. Tes, my friend, none is topping marking particle Kinsey is spicy fermented cabbage, Korean food. No, an object mark and particle is equivalent to not in English, more oil is eight. So this be my friend does not eat. So in Korean, If you want to negate anything, simply add on before your verb. One more thing before we move on. Almost always in Korean, you're going to see verbs like the words of action at the end of your sentence. So psi o, more loyal. These are verbs in Dell always come last. Moving onto the next slide, I have six words for you to conjugate here. You can pause the video right here and then try to conjugate them on your own. And when you come back, I'll show you the answers. But before you do that, lets read the words together and I'll tell you what they mean. So first MOOC data is to eat, masida, to drink, on Doha, to exercise, Tom law, to call or to talk on the phone. Young water pour down to watch a movie. Tuxedo, Ta-dah. So write a taxi. So go ahead and try to conjugate, and I'll see you in a little bit. All right, before I show you the answers, I'd like to go over a couple of words together with you. The second word, my si dice to drink. So the first you get rid of TAA and we have My sheep as our stem. What's the final Battle of our stem? It's eat, right? So we're going to add all your. So we have my x0 or you. However. And in Korean we like to shorten things whenever we can. So if you look at x0 and all, if you say them faster, CL seal shop, shop, we come up with this one syllable, sound sharp. And so that's what we're going to write as well, my Shaw. And that's how you say drink. Now let's look at this word as well. Young wise movie learned once again on object marking particle powder is to see or to watch. So pool is R, then the vowel is o. So we add i, u becomes poor, while once again, we can shorten this, so becomes why you're. So here are your answers. Let's read them together. Ball goal, you'll macho, you don't heal. Tang, why hail? Young wanna bio tech cedar, tile. And that's it. If you haven't completed the tenses worksheet, make sure you download it and complete the present tense column. Okay, comes on neither a PIO, annyeonghaseyo. 12. Present Tense Descriptive Words: And now I say outside. So in this last lesson, we learned to make present tense verbs. In this lesson, we're going to make present tense descriptive verbs. So what are descriptive verbs? So verbs were the words of action like eat, make, run, and et cetera. Descriptive verbs are the words that describe things like beautiful, pretty cute, cheap, far, hot, cold. These words are known as descriptive verbs in Korean. Fortunately, the rule, the conjugation rule, is exactly the same as the verb conjugation. So let's go ahead and take a look. Here. I have the dictionary form of the verb. So what it means to be good, ha, is known as the word ending and this is the part that gets conjugated and so is the stem. So the sun doesn't change, so that stays the same here, and we replace that with I0. And why do we use I0 here? Right? Because the vowel here is o. So we add I0, so becomes too while. By the way, this, the letter H right here in Korean is silent. Most of the time it's silent if it is a final consonant. Here is the same rule that we looked at. So if the last fall of the stem is, We're All, you add IO. If not, add all your heads, you see Huldah replaced that with Hale. So let's look at the first word again toward means to be good. We get rid of TAA and we have the stem took in because the Bible here is o, add i, u. So we have 2y is good. Nerdy, that is how you say to be slow, get rid of tar. We are left with nerdy. And what's the final vowel? Right? It's E. So because it's not, it's not all either. So you add oil. So we have nerdy Oh Your, however, you can combine Lee and if you say them faster, becomes Leo, Leo, Leo, Leo. So we have no deal. You're nerdy argon is slow. Lastly, we have P equal and Huldah, how that verb is to be tired. Here had that does not mean to do, it's just part of the word. So simply replaced hangout with hail and we have P gone here. Here we have a few examples. So let's start with the first one. Car Barney. Pisano. Carbon is bag. E is a subject marking particle. Pcl is, is expensive. So this means a bag is expensive. One thing you need to remember here is that when you use descriptive verbs, typically you're going to have the subgenre can particles after the subject of the sentence. It's not a must if you have shorter sentences, but if you have longer sentences, it's important to use them because it's easier for listeners to, listeners to understand. So make sure you use E If the word in front of it ends with the sim and use if it doesn't. Now, the second sentence reads, prove Qian nail, data is chair three pin A0 is is uncomfortable. So the chairs uncomfortable. Lastly, I said could he me and taught IO ice cream is ice cream and not Pat I0 is sweet. So at the ice cream is not sweet. Okay, moving on to the next slide. We have big trees here and a small child. So first we could say nom Olga coil. This asterisk means it's an, it's an irregular verb, meaning it doesn't follow the conjugation rule we learned. Don't worry about these irregular verbs for now. Once you get used to it through practice and practice makes perfect, you'll remember them very easily. So just familiarize yourself with these forts. So again, now Morgan coil, the trees are big. I got tired. I0, the child is small. Next we have sayo and p psi. Psi o is, is cheap, the sale is, is expensive. So sayo pisa, she oil is, is easy. Oil is difficult. Okay? X0, Y0, REO oil. And sometimes you might feel that this word Oreo Y0 is a little bit difficult to pronounce, and that's what nato is a remember audio while means is difficult. Lastly, Hancock Shi Dang Yi Ge Guowei. Hangul is Korea. Sigdang is Restaurant, cargo is is close. So the Korean restaurant is close to six. Danny Boyle, Django as China chick than his restaurant motto is, is far. So the Chinese restaurant is far. And that's it. Be sure to do the quiz after the lesson comes out near, near as they are. 13. Past Tense: And yes, I am tied to this aisle. So far, we've learned to make present tense verbs and descriptive verbs. But with those, you won't be able to tell you a Korean friend how amazing your last weekend was. So in this lesson, we're going to go over how to make past-tense verbs. So the good news is the conjugation rules for the past tense is almost the same as the present tense conjugation rule. So here we have two. Took Tammy's to be good is our ending. And for present tense we replaced TA with IO, but for past tense we're going to replace HA with US soil. So we have two LaSalle for was good. So if you look at the past tense rule here, says if the last vowel of the stem is or all, you add a file to the stem. If it's not our all that you're going to add all slow. And if you see a hada verbs replace HA with his sale. And luckily the rule is exactly the same for verbs and descriptive verbs. So let's look at to talk once again. So Tammy's to be good. If I zoom in here, this is our stem took in what's the last fall of the stem? It's all in the middle rate. So because it's all we're going to add so to the stem. So finally, tool was style was good. Okay, and then we have the MCC is our spin and what's the vowel o? So you add all soil. We have mobile soil. Lastly, she's OK, ta-dah is to begin if you see a how that verb replace HA with his soil. So she duckies SEO began. So here we see the same six worst that we've seen before. So go ahead and pause the video and try to conjugate on your own. Don't forget to shorten some of these words. Okay, here are your answers. So let's read them together. Ball was soil. Eight. Mattia, slow, drink, exercised, tall, nice style, called or talked on the phone. Young ladder, Poisson watched the movie textarea parcel, rho the taxi. Here we have a calendar in. We're going to go over words like today, yesterday, tomorrow, or words related to time. So let's start with the month. So he's here's this who don't worry about the number yet. Claude is September and the water means month cour. And this is how you say today? Is today, I'd say is yesterday. And we're going to go over words like tomorrow next, speak in another chapter on future events. Okay? And then on the left we have e to. E means this. Pawn means time to means weak. So at this time week means this week. Then what would be last week? Tall been X2, that time week. And one thing you need to remember here is for all the words you see, except for when they're in there. You have to add a after the word. So you have to say it's hop onto a heap onto a, or one in September. Moving onto the next slide. Again, imagine this month is September. So then you would say II been Di Tai is the word for the moon. So this moon, meaning this month. And then then you say last month, you will say top on diet. And down here is how you say weekend. Kenya and to zone are the two wars we have four week days. Okay. Let's start with the first sentence. So it says, oh, it's a nice Sica on CHW acyl. Otzi is yesterday night she weather on not to Asa was good. So this means yesterday the weather was not good. Moving on to the second sentence, it's all been to weigh in on his soil. What was top on to again, last week is in or on economies work and not his Leo did. So last week, I did not work. Lastly, Otzi on people on his sale yesterday not was tired. So yesterday I wasn't tired. So if I ask you a question to Melbourne to a in his soil, then how would you answer it? So here we've got the same sentences. So this time we were going to try to make these past tense by looking at the present tense form. So here we have. Now MUGA, coil, tree is big and call you would become costly for past tense. And down here, I have I0 then becomes IGA Sava soil. So here this now MUGA, Castile, IGA, ta-da soil. Next we have psi l and p psi. When you make them past tense societal pieces, soil. Next, she oil, audio, Oil. She will soil. Audio was soil. Lastly, handbook sick Dani Kafka, oil, toxic Dani more oil. Handbooks, Dani caulk go soil, two-group sigdang, Morrow soil. And that's it. It's time to do the past tense column in the pencils worksheet. So make sure you complete that. And I'll see you next time. And insomnia that Tommy via and USA. 14. Future Tense 1: And yeah, has a sad scenario. So far, we've looked at present tense and past tense. But what if you wanted to talk about something that hasn't happened yet? Like next year I'm going to Korea. Then you're going to need to use future tense verbs. So let's take a look at how to make these future tense verbs. So first, we have to be good, right? And we get rid of ties always. And we're going to replace that here with Goyal. Disseminates a little bit longer. And good Goyal means, well, so toil Gaia is how you say will be good. So let's look at the rule for future tenths. So this one's a little bit different. So if your stem has a sin that the final consonant, then you are going to add to your stem. So let's take a look at this word. So, so tell us again, means to be good. We take the stem. And does it have a partition? Yes. If you look here closely, there is letter H here in Korean, is at the bottom that's pats him. So because it does, it does have about Tim, you're going to add a little coil and therefore you have to Goya. The next word we have is CUDA, cadets to go in the Kaiser stem. But does it have a pats him? No, it doesn't. So in that case, if it doesn't end with Tim than you are going to add near. The name of this letter is Leone near, but then at the bottom of your stem. So first you have car and then put that Lear at the bottom. So it becomes and then add coil, kind, Goyal. We'll go. Lastly, we have noted that the word that means to play, to hang out and nor is our stem, but it already ends with our dear. So in that case you're going to just simply add coil. So Grail is, I will, will play or we'll hang out. Now. This worth coil at first might be a little bit difficult to pronounce, but the tip I have here for you is be a little bit lazy. So you don't have to say coal, yea you, it's even difficult for me. So just be a little lazy. Relax and say coil, coil. It actually sounds a little bit more like coal coil. Okay, so relax. Okay, moving on to the next slide. Here we have the same six words we've seen before, the summer, we're going to make the future tense verbs. So go ahead and pause the video and try them on your own and that's come back and compare the answers. Okay, so here are your answers that's read them together. First. Became more Goya. Will Masdar, Goyal? We'll drink. Goya, will exercise Tunga. It's online. Goyal. We'll call or we'll talk on the phone. Yeonghwareul boda. Young, wider, whole Goya will watch movie. Textural, tada, textural. Goya. Okay, that's it. Now it's time to complete the last column, the future tense column of the tenses worksheet. So make sure you complete that and I'll see you next time. Comes on me that Tommy bio and you Garcia. 15. Future Tense 2: Annyeonghaseyo, Titan SIL. Last lesson, we learned to make future tense verbs. So do you remember how to do that? Right? You add Goryeo to your step. So before we look at a few more examples, let's take a look at the time expressions related to future. That's so here we've seen on there and that's today. All day. Yesterday. Nate is how you say tomorrow. Ok. And Tom to is next week. Tau means next. Again, remember to add a unless you're talking about Otzi on there or name. So here. Epa this month. Come that would be next month. What if you wanted to say this weekend, then we would take IEP on this. So my weekend this weekend. Then what's next weekend? Tom, to me. Now, here we have a few examples, so let's read them together. First, name by Sega. And toward tomorrow, whether not there will be good. So the weather tomorrow will not be good. Next, we have Tom to a unhide Goyal come to next week. A was in utter on in his work and is not hide Goyal. We'll do so next week. I will not work. Lastly, Neher and pico anhydride coil, tomorrow, I will not be tired. So if I ask you, they peak one-page Goyal. How do you answer that question? Here? We have the same pictures. I know we've seen them before, but we're going to make them future tenses time. So here we have non-mortgage coil. We only care about the stem. So the stem here is Cu. So does it have a part sin? No, it doesn't. So you add near and then you would have coil. Coil will be big. Now here tuck data to be small. Targets are stem, but does it have a button? Yes, it does in this case. So TOC and then we add and then you say Cooja, Goya will be small. So let's read them one more time. Now Morgan, curl Goyal. I got targeted Goyal. Next, we have psi you empty cycle. The same rule applies. So psi Goyal, pisa, Goryeo. Next we have Shuo and audio. These are the tricky ones because these are the BOB irregular verbs, meaning the stem ends with a peer. And whenever you see that, what you are going to do is get rid of that P of at the bottom, the letter B. So we are left with xi, k, xi. And the here we're going to add Bu Shi Yu is our new stem. And this change happens because it's an irregular verb, BOB, irregular verb, and shoe. Does it end with a button? No, it doesn't. So you add near at the bottom. So she Goyal, we'll be easy. Same thing here. Audio, that is our dictionary form. Get rid of tar and Oreo is our stem. But because it's an irregular verb, get rid of this p of at the bottom. And we have audio. And then we're going to add them all. And that's our new stem. So it doesn't end with Tim. So audio we're Goya will be difficult. Okay. So let's take a look at this one more time. She your Goya audio. Goya. Lastly, we have hunger, toxic, tiny cut L. Now this is also the same type of irregular verbs. So kappa, o is our stem. So we add that layer, quail, Kakar, our Goyal, then mod aisle far manner. If you look at the stem merit or already has layer at the bottom. So it's just the core yay your moral Goya. So reading them one more time. Hunger, toxic, balmy, cut our Goyal. The cream restaurant will be close. And oxic. Danny model Goya, the Chinese restaurant, will be four. So that's all I have for the future tests. If you haven't completed the tenses where she makes sure you download it and complete it. And I'll see you next time. Comes on me that Tommy bio and you guys say. 16. Numbers 1: And yes, A0 tightness IOL. In this lesson, we're going to go over some numbers. In Korean, there are two types of numbers. First we have to Sino-Korean numbers system. And secondly, we've got the native Korean system. Here we have the Sino Korean system. Lets read them together. Ie, some psi, o, u Pi, Fu, Xi, CBA, CB. Ship some Siebel from ten. Easy, Samson, sassy or zip, zip to sit, patch, SIP, Kushi, pick TEN, mine, Syng-man, ping man, Toulmin. And these numbers are used with one, which is the Korean currency to for weeks, neon and Pawn and sum. And here we have the native Korean numbers. So let's read this together as well. Hannah, to set net, pass out. Ya'll saw it equal. This is silent. Yada, yada. Your yo set here a net yard facade from ten. Similar sodden Mahajan. Sheen. Yes, soon, eaten yards. Then pick Tang MAN, Simon, ping MAN, summit. You notice from a 100, it's exactly the same as the Sino-Korean numbers. And that's because with a native Korean numbers, you can only count up to 99. And these numbers are used with the counters. So K for things, when you count things and mail when you count people, muddy when you're caught animals. Seguin for the number of hours and cy, four years of age. And in a little bit, we'll be talking more about these counters. And one more thing, if you're using these counters, instead of saying Hannah, who's had net, you actually have to say when to say before you say the counter. Same with Yunnan, your through your say, your name and symbol for 20. Here I have two songs that you can use to practice your numbers. So make sure you go to these links and listen to the song and have some fun. Now, let's learn a little bit more about our counters. So in English, you say a bar of soap and in Korean that is Pino Han Gai. Pno is soap and is one. K is the counter for generic things. So the order of these words is going to be the name of your thing first and then number. And lastly counter. So if you look down here, we've got the three most important counters. First, we have k for generic things. Sagwa han gay is one apple, bong, 2J, two loaves of bread. And we've got me all four persons. So say Amiel, three people, then meal for people. And lastly we have Maddie for animals. Toss out muddy. What the five animals, salt muddy is six animals. Now let's look at a few more examples. Here. If you look at the first sentence, it says sagwa, Nei Gei Chu was Hale. Stylize Apple, Nagy, four to say, Please give me. So this means please give me four apples. And you've gotta keep in mind that whenever you're accounting things, you have to use the native Korean numbers. And if it's 123 or four, that's going to be one to say name. Huck saying to young disciple. There are two students. Last sentence, CBA, kay, when body is soil at home, Ks dog, hung body. He's so there is one dog at home. There are more counters, there's a lot of cameras in Korean. You don't need to know all of them, but if you want to hear more. So Q1 is four books. Tn is for drinks and glasses. Pos for bottles, pays for cars, tongue is for papers and pun for number of cars. Okay, that's it comes out in the that time your bio and USA. 17. Numbers 2: And now I say tides in SIL. Now that we've learned to say the numbers in Korean, in this lesson, we're going to learn to ask how many the way you say how many in Korean is? Yep. You just need to put this right before you're a counter. So let's look at our first example. Says CBA, limo coin. Mia gay is sayo. Sub-m means at home. Limo cone is remote control. Yet, how many kit is a counter for generic things, right at iso, do you have? So how many remote controls that you have at home? Okay. The second sentence, Tang saying Mill is soil. Tone saying is the word for a younger sibling. You know, how many you so yeah. So promising neon, neon, you sail. My answer to that question would be, it's on then Tom saying, Hen Meng, you sell. The next question is, these are gay, is sayo ITA? We've seen this word before. His chair. Yet gay, how many ECL is there? So lets look at the picture and think of your answer. So we have those head net tussle Kazaa. All right. So the answer is, it's our task. Gay is set up. Here. We have sedan, yet meow is style. So how many people are there? The answer is same. Yang. He said. Now we're going to go over how to ask What time is it now? So here's that question. Cecum. Now, how many she is, our Yale is. So doesn't quite make sense in English, but this is how you ask, What time is it right now? So you can yes, Yale. Okay, so before we go over these numbers, let's learn to say am and pm first is always on. Pm is all hope. And you're going to say these before you say the time. So let's look at the hours. Four hours. We're going to use the native Korean system. So one o'clock when she took lock 2i, THE Nessie casa, Shi Ye Shi Zhe Yang De Wo Shi Shi Yao Shi Yao Shi Yong De Shi. And then for minutes Pune, you're willing to use the Sino-Korean numbers. So for minute one, it'd been a0b1, some Boone kaplan open. Then minute ten, chip been sheeple Boone. Been easy Baldwin. Some ship boon or PAN. Pan means half satiable boon, that tone gap. This means o'clock. So for example, if you wanna say it's 330 PM, then you would say Sega. Or who says she sang she been ear. Or you could also say Seguin or who says she? Pan, Yeah, you could use either one. Now, if you want to say first, second, third, fourth, in Korean, there are two ways to say that. So the first way is using Pon De. So first thing, second to say, save on say nibbana, say, and if you want to say last, That's MOD ZMapp. Do you guys know the song birds, MAC Tara, as if it's your last time by black, pink. Well, that's one way to remember this word, mod z MAC. Multimap means last time. Saddam means as if, okay. So my demag is last and its vehicle appear. Tome is the word for first time. Now you can shorten D's and that's the second way to say first, second, third. So that's read them together today towards a set day. Midday. Pass on Xa. Xa. Xa. Xa, Xa. Yeah, it's a. Finally, we have ordinary serial. This means what's the date today? So imagine, or there is September 17th. So I would say on their word today, Yale. So notice we only use sign-on Korean numbers here. And that when you say the month, what is the word for month? So cool word September to it. That's the day. So yeah. So for you guys on their via video, that's all I have for the Korean numbers. Make sure you go back and practice and I'll see you. Next thing comes out in the Talmud. And the USA. 18. -고 싶어요: And yet I say, tetanus sale. Imagine you're watching a Korean drama and this girl misses her boyfriend so much. So she's writing a letter and she says, Paul Gorski pile. So if you've watched K dramas before, I'm sure you've heard of this phrase, Paul Gorski pile. Do you know what this means? Means I miss you. But the literal meaning of the sentence is, I want to see you because there's pull in their impairments to see. So I want to see. So in this chapter we're going to go over how to say 1-2, which is cool. Cool means 12. You're going to put your verb stem before call sheet pile. So let's look at our first example. Mock. Mock them means what to eat. So we get rid of tar and our stem is Mach. And whether it ends with a similar night, we're going to just add pool, suppose up to this. So a more go. Sipeoyo is higher, say want to eat. Pretty simple, right? Next we have Qaddafi to go. Car is our stem at courtship pile, cod, was it pile, Want to go? Lastly, Lowell Dam is, is to play or to hang out. So no goal is normal Bush pile, want to play? What want to hang out? Here we have a few more example sentences, so let's read them together. So first, TESL and mock. Sipprofile. Tesl means vegetables and mu is not what people don't want to eat. So I don't want to eat vegetables. So if you want to negate coercive polio sentences, add before your verbs them, and course pile. Next we have Tom to a pile to remember what come to is. Tom means next two means weak. So next week is work on not wish people don't want to do. So next week, I don't want to work last. Native Tongues Hall and also pull there is tomorrow tongues or Huldah right here is to clean. And if you see a hada verbs on is going to go right here, right before Haddock. So I do not want to clean tomorrow. So if I ask you guys name tongues or how aborted pile, what's your answer? So here I have a few more words for you to practice with. So seal Hadar is to swim. So how do we say I want to swim? Get rid of, and then add, Cool. So we all have, all I want to swim. Next, we have to listen. So I want to listen to go. Next. Sad eyes to by ship pile I want to buy and then my holidays to speak. So my aha goal supple. But what if you wanted to say, I want it to swim in the past? Then all you're going to do is get rid of all your and they're replaced that with or soil because that's the past tense endings, right? If you're curious, ship, that is the dictionary form. So suppose soil. That's how you say I wanted to swim. And then I wanted to listen to go see possible. Next cycle. Suppose I wanted to buy mine how Goal, Seek parser. I wanted to speak. Okay. Now, what if you wanted to say I will want to swim, then we're just going to add our future transcending there we've learned before. Hubble ship, that's our stem and then add Goyal, super boil. And then next we have. So I will want to listen, is the goal. Goryeo. Next, I will, I will want to buy toggle, superb Goya. And lastly for my Huldah were being my aha goal. Goryeo. Here I have two more words on the left. I have a, this means to read and the write. Mandela to make food. So go ahead and try to conjugate them to present past and future tenses. Alright, so here are the answers. Let's read them together. If goal, I want to read it, goal should pass soil. I wanted to read it. Goal should pull Goyal. I will want to read next. Monday. Recall pile. I want to make food. Mcu, Mandela goal. Suppose soil. I wanted to make food. Mandu goal, super Goyal. I will want to make food. Alright, that's it. Make sure you go back and practice these sentences and I'll see you next time comes on me that Tommy bio and you guys EO. 19. -(으)세요, -아어해 주세요 : Yeah, it was a l. L is how you say hello over the phone in Korean. Yeah, was eo is short for yogi. Paseo. Yogi means here. Post-sale means please look. Please look here. So in this lesson, we're going to go over how to say please, which is say L. So if you want to tell someone to do something politely, you want to use is a o in Korean. And you're going to have a verb stem before who's hail. And U0 is only used if this verb stem ends with a put's it, which means a final consonant. The only thing you need to remember what this expression is that you need to drop lier. If a verb stem ends with a lier, I'll give you an example in a little bit. So let's look at the first example. Here it says, tourism has AR, toss him ADA means to be careful. Tail means please with did not add 2p because towards him half, which is dust them, does not end with a pad synth. There's no button right here. Next. So say has AIR, says Homework, Hasel. Please do. So please do your homework. Okay, back up here again. If you say that, for example, Northern means what? It means to play or to hang out, right? We get rid of TAA and we get rid of this aliyah at the bottom. Again, because it's considered an irregular verb. So we have null and that's our new stem. So if you wanna say please hangout, it would just be known as hail. And we'll say, oh, so here I have four new words. Let's read them together. Young patho means to practice. So how to pool Neta? So it means good. And this hit and then H at the bottom is silent. And so when huddle is day pointed out, is to spend and spend time or have. So this is to have a good day. Next Yogi AA. And yogi means here, a is in or on. And that is to sit. So to sit here next, barley or the bylines quickly, or dyes to come, so to come quickly. So now try to change these sentences into Please synthesis. Okay, here are the answers. Young zip past CEO. Please practice. So when Harrow, NSA, oh, please have a good day. Yogi. Aa, and this Ale. Please sit here. Finally OCO, come, you're quickly, recover quickly. Now, we just learned to say please, which was this hail. But there's a little bit more polite way to say please, and Korean, which is all or hey, shoes hail. And this means please do something for me. And it's used when you would like someone to do something for you. So that's why it can sound a little bit more polite than the regular juseyo. And when you see or hey, you know what to do now. All right, so let's read this first. Keith audio, shoes, hail, key Dadi is the stem for godaddy dot, which means to wait. What's the final vowel of this, then? It's E, right? So we needed if the final vowel of your stem is either or, or, all was for all the other vowels. Hale was willing for how the verbs. So here we need all. But you know that you can combine these two and they become. So key, daddy, I should say is please wait for me. Next. Tech goals, just hail. Please read a book. The tickets book is to read. The vowel. Here is e. Once again, we add all to sail, tick to say, true here, that's a part of our HRSA. All this means for me. So Troodon actually has two meanings. One is to give, the second meaning is for me. So here I have four new phrases, so let's read them together first. Tashi might hada to speak again, sides in to to take a picture. So earlier gay Qaddafi to go to Seoul Station, moon yadda, to open the door. So take your time and go ahead and make these sentences until it shoe sale sentences. So here are your answers. Tashi, moderates who say our Please say again for me. Sergeants ecologies, hail. Please take a picture for me. So a yogi conscious hail. Please go to the sole station. You will say this to a taxi driver. Lastly, Mohenjodaro juseyo. Please open the door for me. Don't forget. In young SIP has hail, comes out in the hallway, bio annyeonghaseyo. 20. -지 마세요: And yet I say tetanus style. If you've watched a few Korean dramas, have you heard this before? Hadza ma and big hats, Ma. And do you know what these mean? How to map means don't do it. And it means it's not ok. So it means null, stop it. And that's what we're going to go over in this lesson. Please don't. So if you look here, see Marcell is how you say, please do not do something. You're going to have your verb stem before you say T. Lasalle. It doesn't matter if your verb stem ends with a potassium or not. We're simply adding seema sale to the stem. Pretty simple. And this is used when telling someone not to do something. Ok. So let's read the first example. Ice Cream, Mani, mock Zi, Ma, say. Ice cream is ice cream. Mani is a lot. This hit is silent. Mod z is eat, GMOs. Hale is, please don't. Now last lesson, we learned sail. And sail means what? It means, please. And let's just Ma, ma actually comes from this word milder. Mydata means to not do something. And remember, when you say, hey y'all, if a verb stem ends with Lear, this character down here, this button, then you need to get rid of that. So we get rid of that and we get rid of tar as always. And we have Mark and Mark does not have about Tim, so we don't need this. So we simply add CO two, mA. So that's how we come up with Mateo in G is part of this grammar. So exceed my theories how you say please do not do something. Next, we have Qazi Marcell. Please don't go write cards, mafia. Then how would you say please don't sleep. Sleep is Ta-dah. So you take the stem and add C, Marcell, tied to Mafia. Please don't watch Posey material. Please don't come Audi Marcell. Please don't do it. Had Damasio and earlier when I said Had schema, it's Don't do it without please at the end. So don't do it. So here we have four phrases, so let's go through them together. Sadden to, to take a picture. Cops on other Tory. Ie, young ladder. Pooja. Remember what e was? E is this young law movie. Pour that to watch, to watch this movie. How the, to do? So go ahead and turn these sentences into, Please do not synthesis using C muscle. Alright, here they are. Saddened to Mateo. Please don't take a picture. Cocktail had Zi Ma sale. Please don't worry. Ie young harder towards the Marcell. Please don't watch this movie. Tell me upsell. Hudson Marcell. Please don't do it. And that's how you say, please don't that. So remember 2z Hale was please do something or hedge resale is please do something for me. And she mass here. Please don't remember these three. And Tom Empire comes out and you got AR 21. -아어해야 돼요: And yet I say, tell it in SIL, Here, I have someone whose hands are really dirty. And on the right it says, Sony thorough oil. Seesaw. What's SON? Son IS hand taught oil means is 36 comes from ship to wash. And what do you think this all yeah. At the end, that means can you guess from the context? Right? It would mean you have to write, my hands are dirty. I have to wash. Ok. So all hey Arduino or eoddaeyo, Goya duo. Here Dale is how you say have to need two should or must, anything that you are required to do. And we know the moment we see our or, or, hey, we know what to do. So let's read the first sentence. Nor I nor that what's Nevada is to hang out or to play, so to speak. I have to hang out. Next town, port all caja de l. So tongue portal, CUDA is how you say go grocery shopping. So I have to go grocery shopping. And the pronunciation wise, although it's spelled two-way Yo and it's pronounced two-way yo. But when you say this fast, it almost sounds like pay you. So you don't have to try to work too hard to pronounce to you. Do you can just say tail. And it's okay to be a little lazy when it comes to pronunciation so that you sound a little more natural. Moving on, we have to shim header here. And this means to be careful. So how do you say I have to be careful or you have to be careful? It's a hada verbs, so it will be hey, Tojo. So here you go to see him here to AR next. Tears or mock TESL, vegetables mocked out to eat. So how do you say you have the vegetables? It would be tensile. More Goya to AR. Next, sick to moon. Huldah. Jumunhada means to order, so to order food. So let's go ahead and say We have to order. So how that verb becomes a music? Human hair, they are homesick to when they are Drell. Next we have eat all. This is to wake up, to get up. Ok. So you have to get up. Moire is Nia to A0. You don't die audio. Now here I have two English sentences for you. So take a moment to translate these two sentences to Korean. Ok, here are your answers. Let's go ahead and read them together. More. Mani, once again. This hit is silent. My Sharjah tail. Marnie, marshy area there. On their on their Tojo. Alright, that's it. Remember? Or Haha, We'll have to. Quran comes out in the dark. Tommy bio and Diego. 22. -(으)ㄹ 수 있어요: And now as a tidiness, I'll have you heard people say, hi seesaw, I think. So. What's higher? So Esau means you can do it. So in this lesson, we're going to learn to say can. So ASU is CEO is how you say it, can't. It goes after your verb stem. And if your verb stem ends with a sin, then you add a. If it doesn't, don't add it, add this video at the bottom of your verb stem. Then say, Sue is psi. Now this earthly cycle literally means I have a way to do it because so it means away and Iso means half. So I have a way to do it. In other words, can read our sentences. So young, so is, so I can swim. Hung Googol. Sue, Isiah. Hunger got this. All means language. So Korea language is Korean guys to read so I can read Korean. Now if you want to change this into a question so you can say, Can you read Korean? Then just add a question mark at the end. In Hungary receives saw yo goes up. So make sure you do that and that becomes, can you read chlorine? One more thing? If you want to express the word whale, like I can do this, well, then add before your verb. So for example, if you wanna say, I can read Korean, well, then humble goal. Sue is so. But if you had the hada verbs, Titanic was read before. Ha, so right here, sijang, tile, suicidal, I can swim. Well. So here we have Suzuki, Tada, Ta-da means to ride skiers ski. So how do you say I can write ski? So if you look at our stem, so here you go. Ties our stem does end with him. Nope. So you're only going to add this layer at the bottom and add the SU is psi also becomes silky tires. X2 is psi up. Next we have Hangul, Norway, Huldah. Hungary is Korea. Nora is a song. But if you say no, they had to do a song, that means to sing. So how do you say I can sing Korean songs? Here though? And GOP Norway higher. So he psi up. Next we have winds on had to drive. It's another hada verbs. So it becomes when x1, x2 is psi L. Next we have Manasseh to meet. So how do you say I can meet or I can meet a friend. My nice Sue is sorrow, or single or friend, my meso. So here's my question. More house2 style. What can you do when you're trying to answer this? Okay, now we just learned to say can. So how do you say cannot? One way to say is so Uppsala simply negating ECMO. However, because there's a shorter way to say it, which is we don't really use results are that much. So let's focus on what is cannot end comes before a verb. So the placement of moat is exactly the same as when you learn to say don't. But the only thing is just like a tie we learned for hada verbs placed right before. Okay, so let's look at this. Yellow hang. Hail. Yo hang hada is to travel. So can't travel. Next, SON then more Goyal tone then I Yvonne is Japan and what was all language, right. So Japanese More cannot read I cannot read Japanese. So if I ask you it a bone all Sue is soil, what's your answer? Okay. The same word this time. Try to say Can not. So here, how do you say I can't ski? Ski tire? Next? I can't sing Korean songs. Handbook, Norway, Matteo, wounds on Huldah. I can't drive. San Mateo. Lastly, can't meet Monday. So let's read this question. Wall mode tail. What can you do? And answer this question as well? And that's all for today. Comes on me that Tommy, and you're gonna say. 23. -고 있어요: And yet I say, ISIL, Yogi, ECI up. There's a picture here. Yogi. Gutsy. Let's read this together. E sara, me, high security mer, all Isiah. East Harlem is this person ice cream cheese ice cream. Mock is eat. But can you guess what coal is soil means? I'm sure most of you guessed it right. Go iso means is eating, this person is eating ice cream. So in this lesson, we're going to go over how to say, I'm doing something right now. So here you go. Cool is sayo means MR is ING. So you can use this to say I'm doing something, she is doing something. And that whatever's happening at the moment. In voice, o is added after your verb stem. Yogi, Qazi, it'll go. Let's read this together. It's on your good mall goal is Seil. Sonia is dinner, MLK is eat, quasar is M. And because there's next to Tony, OK, we know that tunnel is the thing that you're eating. So means I am eating dinner. Could Tom here says TA1 law goal is sayo. So Nada is to call or to talk on the phone. So we know this means she's talking on the phone. All right, here I have an Dong VHA. London is exercise to the other means to prepare or to get ready. So when don't swim gada means to get ready for exercise. So how would you say I'm getting ready for exercise? You get rid of tau and then add coal is sayo. Here you go. Dome soon vehicle is soil. Shi Du Shi Da means to rest. So how do you say I'm resting? She had the Hazara die is to put makeup on. So I'm putting makeup on loyal. Padang ha goal is CYA. Time. Sida is too, right? So I'm writing whale. Circle is. So now all of these sentences are in the present tense. I'm doing something right now. What if you wanted to say I was doing something earlier? Or what if you wanted to say I will be doing something in the future. So here's a slide that explains how to make those changes. So for present tense, you simply add, cool is soil. So here's a two-to-one which has a question. So cutscene recoil Sega him more halfway style. What are you doing now? Ted up, answer, hunger goal. I'm studying Korean. But what if you wanted to ask, what were you doing earlier? And this is how you ask that question. Akbar earlier. More goal, he saw soil. So do you see the difference? We have it as our stem because this stem has a vowel e. So we add the OS soil because that's the past tense ending, right? So becomes Esau soil and that's how you say was doing. So what were you doing earlier? So your TED up aka hung Google swap shouldn't be haggle. He societal. So earlier, hunger, gossip, Korean class, tune via algo. Get ready. Was. So I was getting ready for my Korean class earlier. So cool is a CEO is how you say was doing. Now for the future tense, if you were to ask a question, what will you be doing after that? And here's that question. Could Ptolemy, after that more goal, he silk oil? Now we have cool is Sir coil. So once again, it is our stem. And because it has a pad synth we add. For future tense will always say Goya. And then your head up. Single monarch goal is so Goya, friend meat will be doing, I'll be meeting my friend. So cool is so coil is how you say will be doing. So try to answer each of these questions for yourself as well. I've got more. Hungary saw soil. More hago SiO. Two Ptolemy, more hago is third Goyal. And that's all for this lesson. Comes. I'm neither Tammy via near Garcia. 24. 질문 1: And yet I say, Yvonne and then to moon, pale recoil. In this lesson, we're going to go over cinema questions. So here's our first question word, way. Way simply means Y. And in Korean, question words are typically placed before verbs and descriptive verbs. So words like eat, go, sleep, or pretty. Or is pretty, is far, is expensive. Or it's like doess go at the end and these are placed right before that. Top one, say per Gail, let's look at the first question. Hangul goal way. Why do you study Korean? Can you answer this question? How Google way? Keep ONE way and keep on his feeling way. Why onto while not good. Why aren't you feeling good? Keep on your way. And Y0. Now one thing to remember here is that if you want to simply ask why, why alone, then all you need to add is you. So whale is how you ask why. Alright, moving on to on day. One, day means when. Do not confuse this with all its a, which means yesterday. So yogi, cut see it while Hangul gay on Zai. Han Guo gay means to Korea and say, when will you go? So when will you go to Korea? Pam saying 80 on sale, saying it his birthday. So when is your birthday on sale? Try reinstate this question as well. Next we have two words. Mall is what? We already know this. So let's read this question first. Mall hago is soil. We know this question, right? What are you doing right now? Mohawk recital. Next we have mucin, which means what kind of loosen? So using this you could ask questions like mucin, inhale, what kind of work you do. So what do you do? Mussolini inhale. So can you answer these two questions as well? And also, you can use Muslim to ask questions like, what kind of color, what kind of food, or what kind of TV shows, what kind of movies? Anything that can start with What kind of moving on. No goal is who? So yogi cutscene nucleus hail, which is how you say, who are you or who is this in Korean, noble sale. Now on the right, we have no yoga. This is new Google Plus, which is our subject marking particle. And no gas is used if there's some kind of action involved. So who ate this? Who went there, who made this? Who is studying? So if there's an action that you have to use nuga, otherwise, use no-go. Yogi. Te, cupcake Qu nuga, mobile soil means my cupcake. Cupcake, yoga Maslow, laid it, flee my cupcakes. So in this lesson, we learned way why? On Zai Wen mall, what mucin, What kind of and Google know f2 and f2 with an action. So we are going to go over the rest of the question where it's next time and be sure to practice. You unzip Paseo Cromb, Tommy bio comes out. 25. 질문 2: And the Isaiah tides in SIL. Welcome to the second part of our Suman. Here we're going to start with, are talking how a duck K means how. And this is how it's pronounced. All those k. Yogi cut series oil. Let's read this together. I'll top-k COMSOL. If you want, you can use this instead of tides Nestle, because this means how have you been. Next we have all done. This is the second word that has a meaning of what kind of, We also saw Morrison. And the second meaning of this word is way down here. Don't go. Look. This coal means thing we saw in ego Chicagoans logo. Which thing do you want to eat or which one do you want to eat? Next? Dale is always down here to my or this soil. This is past tense, so this is how was how was your weekend? Can you answer this question? Tammy? Audi is how you say where Yogi cutscene. Pada pum Cai Gei Da He cycle. Hasan is cosmetics COG store or the sale. Where's Pam all day? Or Diego's style? Yesterday, we're digital. And there are two very important worse than you need to know when it comes to Audi. And that is a and S0. So let's start by looking at a first. So has two meanings. We know the first one at, in or on, its used before you'd say at time or a place. So at one o'clock war at home. That's a. Now air has a second meaning, which is to like to replace to school, to Korea, go to work too. So let's look at the first example. It's on then sin goods, eBay is soil. So I am at my friend's home. So from the context, you can know that this a means at, in Norway bang a cargo ship pile. And what I bang his karaoke a has to be two because the rest of it means I want to go. So I want to go to whatever. Now let's move on to SR. So also means at, in or on, but it's followed by an action. So for example, if you're sleeping at home or if you're working at work, if you're doing some kind of action in that place, you have to use. So a is only used to describe simply where you are. So let's read our first sentence. Tell men, see Bessel, Yang Hua boss sigh. I watched the movie at home. Okay, so watching a movie is some kind of action, so you have to use s. Now the second meaning of SR is from like from a place, like I'm from Korea. So the question or the ESR was soil loss. Soil comes from the word ODA, or that means to come. And this is a past tense. So came from where? So this means Where did you come from, basically where you felt. So how do you answer this question? I would say it's on then Hangul. Guess I'll go ahead and try to make your own answer as well. So going back to the slide, this would mean in adder on. So where is the cosmetic store at, at next Adi a castle. Where did you go to? Right. Next we have MA so arma is how you say how much like money. So imagine your fear shopping for bags in Korea and you are curious how much this bag is, then you would ask equal or my L, how much is this? Or my how much Yale is. Next, we also have oil manna. This means how with the descriptive verbs which use to ask questions like how far is it, how long does it take? How cool this outside questions like those. Cbs all Huck Ducasse or Amana coil. C Bessel, SR, here means from so from home, vacua school. Betsy means until until school, work to school. Or Amana. How long colonial. So how long does it take from home until school to try to answer this question? And that's it for this lesson. Remedies words, make sure you practice. Ian's pages hail from CMS on meta, Tommy bio and yes, they are. 26. Linking Words: And yet as a tightness aisle, in this lesson, we're going to go over linking words. Linking words are the words that connect to a synthesis together. So words like and, but, so because these are linking words, are you excited? Then she's Ikea. So here I have a story and make sure you read this with me. Considered Goyal. It's on then we'll eat SIL, Mani P one S style. Could EDL, tone, POS file. Could SR, inheritance soil could equal c again, cerebellar sale. Since Paco pale. Could on De Ling Zheng way soil where neon, neon, Udi and his CYA, cortisol, pizza, more OC pile. I Ni Mian seeking more courtship pile. On day 1000x, single exhibit hall, pizza. Margaret Goya, Colombian, 1N can mobile. Alright, let's go back and find out what this actually means. Tannin. So I worked today. Mani peacefulness though. I was really tired. Could add all still torn money. Pto has sale. I needed could as hall. So EDR this cell I had to work. Could he all and then cecum CBO ASA. Now, I came home to top it will pile. I'm really hungry. Could on day, but see upsell, there's no food in the refrigerator. Because URI Honestly, I didn't caulk cortisol, pizza ML. Was it pile? So I want to eat pizza. Anemia or wish pile. I wanted to eat chicken could on day. But a single Tibet saw tomorrow and my friend's home. Pizza over coil will eat pizza if cell or their ticket mobile than a chicken today. So that's the story. So here I have all the linking words that we just saw. So let's start from could equal, could evil means. And then let's read example. Pen a or Libor knows Haile. Could he Hall man knows hail. Pain is pan, like a frying pan. Or ellipsoid is olive oil. Nose hail, this means please put n could evil and then garlic and please put in, so please put into garlic. Next, we have good on day convey has him at current day is more casual way to say butter, however, has a mn is more formal and convey is shorter for a codon day. So here you go. Tonight, Andrea and I have to call could on day in the point-of-sale, but I don't have a phone. Could S0 is so Morita PIO, My head hurts. Could I saw you don't want to acheive Goya. So I'll go to a hospital next. Could at all is but still or even so. Mani or voice cell, it's raining a lot. P is rain or dyes to count. So in Korean you have to say rain is coming. But still not, I'd go, I'll go out. Could Armenian in short, could om means then or if so, to meet a sale, are you ready? Could I mean Dan Shi Ta Kai Kyle, if so, shall we begin? Gao means shall we. Anemia means or, or f naught. Now these neon that we're seeing at the end of these words means unemotional null, right? So if no, red also means or so Hangul, a MRC, mock worship pile. Do you want to eat Korean food? Anemia on some glom Seymour pile? Or do you want to eat Chinese food? Lousy mark? Yeah. Haumea means because normal pico nail, Mian, He normal Mano. I'm so tired because I have too much work. All right, that's it for this lesson. Make sure you practice making short stories using these linking words. Grom comes from lidar, Tom, if IR. 27. -하고, -(이)랑, -고: And yet has a title ISIL, Yogi, Pizza Hut goal, cellular, him bulgogihago ticket. You style. Can you guess what haggle means in between these words? And you probably guessed at right means. And so in this chapter, we're going to go over the first link in Word. And so here we have Hagel, IDA, B. So they both mean the same thing and then width. And both of these have to be used with nouns only, like earlier when I was listing the names of food, these are all nouns. Names of things are known as nouns. So for example, Yogi K2, Goyal, Pizza Hut goal set loads the hukou to Conoco him Bogle more moist soil. I'm eating pizza, salad, chicken, and hamburger. In Korean, you can put HOCl in-between all of these words. Now this is exactly the same as saying pizza then loaded on to Canada. Him buckle moist soil. So how go in Iran are almost the same. I'm concerned a little more casual than Hubble, but you can use either one. The next we have cards, OK, cargo, Tonya, more Goyal, causal Congo. So here it means with, so with my family cards, OK, Sonia Boyle, I eat dinner. You could say that or you could also say causal Iran with family. Toni Young mobile, Yogi cut, oil, palm, Tanzanian Dan. Pink coder 2y here. If you want to say, I like pencil, Nian Ban or BTS, and black, pink. Then what would you need here? You have two options. You can use either one. But here's my punk, Tanzania and Daniela, predicting coder to a hill. By the way, if you don't know who they are, these are K-Pop idol groups. Had sidereal time Janae single third Handbook. Yeah, oh, hang his style. Tang Yun means last year. So last chair. With my friends, I traveled Korea. If you add two after TEN Gore any word and makes it plural. So friends. So how do we say with it? Same with and so yeah, he saw me on a single day down your hang his cell. So so far we've learned to connect things. But what if you wanted to connect to actions like I eat and go? Right? Then in that case you need cool. And that's how you say. And so this cool connect verbs and synthesis. And it's actually short for critical, which means, and then I'll call comes from this word. And if you have tenses like past tense, future tense fill up here in the last verb of your sentence. So yogi, gutsy. Then Tony, OK, go home boys. So I ate dinner and then studied. So because the sentence ended with his soil passes, mix everything else passes. Lamb, Yunnan, sacral, masisseoyo, labia is Raman, is to be cheap. Machine dies to be delicious. So it's cheap and delicious. So I could on yet Yogi consider gall on any single neuron. Young law, pool, blank. Natan, Tomaso, ahead Goyal. So this means today with my friend, I'll watch a movie and tomorrow I'll clean. So what do we need here? Right? And so on that end, goal, Natan tongues while Goya, single ron got pays all sides in pink is Taggard MA, or lifestyle with a friend. Got Pearsall at a cafe or at a coffee shop. Sergeant sick, take a picture and on instagram uploaded. So what do we need here? Core practising, took a picture. And so on this slide, what you're gonna do is to use call to connect the three actions that you do at each of these types. So for example, tone then, yes, I ca, Tanya, all those Yea, TB pour goal. Yo CA, tire. Ok. So try to make one for yourself as well. And that's it for today, comes out neat. And however IR and you guys. 28. -(으)ㄴ,는데: Yeah, that's a tightness. In this lesson, we're going to learn how to see, but here you go, we have none. And then they on the left is used for verbs like action words, eat, go, sweep, whores, IDs. And, and on the right is used for descriptive verbs, like words that describe things like is pretty cheap, is far, is cold. Words like these. And these, then they are actually short for, could undertake are conveyed. So it's right here. And then there's also at c1, which is another way to say, but, but this one's a little bit more formal so you don't hear as much. So for both of these, you have to have your stem before then and descriptive verb stem for unbaked. Ok, so looking at our example, Sadat to sleep. If you want to say I sleep, but they're beaten and they stem with when Doha is our stem. So when Don and I exercise, and you can even use past and future tenses for this. So bought eight becomes log on Monday, I ate. But looking at our descriptive verbs, took taught to be good. Tone, it is good, but cyber to be cheap. Sunday, it's cheap, but people in hit was tired. P1 and I was tired. But if you're going to use, then they and to compare two things that you're going to use it in or none, the topping working particles next to the thing that you're comparing, we're look at more examples in a little bit. So yogi, Goyal, pop ads, go Paco pile. This means I ate a meal, but I'm still hungry. Has it all means still? So what do we need here in the blank? Because MongoDB is a verb, it's an action. So here you go. Pop, MLK gotten them, they thought, Paco pile. I ate a meal but I'm still hungry. Tom, tunnel, tongue, Janae, tinker to our hit Superman Pang Tanzania and done to while. I last year, black pink liked, but now on Tanzania num BTS, like. So I liked black pink last year, but now I like BTS. And go ahead and fill in the blank. And then they sang Janae predicting Cortona, I am Monday, supermen punk, Tanzania and Dan. Now we've seen this picture before, but this time we're going to compare nominal with AI in one synthase using. So here, if we were to say the tree is big, but the child is small. And first you're going to take the stem right here. So the irregular verb by the stem is still cook. And then you add the and at the bottom because it doesn't have a button and then add the condition. And then earlier we talked about using topping marking particles, right? The tree is big, but the child is small. Now Moon and convey. In. Next we have bobbin, blank, core Guinean PCL. So keep up, which is this food on the left? Who can bump is cheap, but Kogi meat is expensive. So try to do this on your own. Diesel. Kim baboon, Sunday, call Guinean. Besides tau. Here we have two irregular verbs. This type of irregular verb is known as the irregular verb, and this gets replaced by o. So she is our stem. So how do you say this drawing is easy, but this drawing is difficult. E could imagine Xiang De. He could imagine Oreo while we've got the same type of irregular verb. So do this on your own as well. Yogi's site has been cut down day. More oil. A Korean restaurant is close, but the Chinese restaurant is far. Okay, so this is how you use the Monday and then be sure to practice your answer. Paseo, come comes amnesia. Tammy, via 29. 아어해서, -(으)니까: I say. Do you remember what could aerosol means? Could SO was, so ok. So in this lesson, we're going to go over and expression that comes from could. So here you go. Or Hessel or ASL. Also Hessel is how you say so or because. One easy way to remember this is the word, so sounds almost like saw in English. So you can remember this easily. And we know what to do when we see or, or hey, right? So this is short for careers Hall and tenses up here in the last verb only. Okay, so top unsafe when Zang The first sentence, K2 Goyal, it's on then Xiaomi sauce Hall, Khumbu hostile. Xiang He is a test and it is to have, right? So this means I have a test. So I studied. This can also be translated because I have a test I studied. So you can use either so where? Because to translate your sentences. Katsura Goyal, way, keep money and keep going. A feeling. So why aren't you feeling good? Tip up the answer. Paco, parcel. Keep Winnie. And while I'm hungry, so I'm not feeling good. Or because I'm hungry, I'm not feeling. So salt is used this way. Yogi, cinnamony style, similar criteria, Goyal, ease her AMI way. The last cycle. Why is this person surprised? Can you try to answer this question? Feel free to be creative with your answers. There's no wrong answers here. Here's my answer. Punk pens or Nian Dan, MMM, bothered or plausible. Nor Lesley. She saw BTS members. So she was surprised. Yogi, I IGA is psi l. I will keep needs while page to sail up. And I saw, saw keep 10x to iron. Powder is c. So the child is, see, so the feeling is good or she is happy. The next expression that we're going to go over is any gun, which means since have you heard DNA by BTS in that song, there's a part that goes Anika and meet God at the end means since Anika means since it's not, because UNI means not. So what's the difference between our Herzl and anytime? So most of the time they can be used interchangeably, but there's one time that you have to use any gun, and that's when you have AO, sentences like has a, o or Qazi Matteo. Whenever you say those things, you have to use any gap could arm Yogi, K2, Goyal, Tom tray. Concept is Seneca, Ian's hip Paseo. Come to a next week. Consulted concert is Sinek got, Since we have you answer Paseo, please practice. So since we have a concert next week, please practice. Tom Quinn, Santa Monica, zone, and Z mass hail. Since it's okay. Please don't worry. And use Ernie GPA if the stem in front of it ends with a sim, final consonant. If it doesn't, just add Leica to the stem. Yogi K2, Goyal, Sudan. Oh, blank. By Lee Chin Bihar sale. If you wanted to say, since we don't have time, please get ready quickly. What do we need here? Right? Because up ends with pepsin cell, Sudan, opsin, IGDA. Finally to be as Ale. To my E blink she sale since its weekend. Please rest. And e is the word for is. So how do we say since again? Nega, right. So Tumaini GGA, she's hale. Okay. Could home owner hand Google payoffs in IGA? Young zip Paseo. Since you learned Korean today, please practice. Codon comes out newdata Tammy via a new Guthrie.