Fashion 101 | Learn Design & Styling- Textures, Shaping, & More! | Veronika Lipatova | Skillshare

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Fashion 101 | Learn Design & Styling- Textures, Shaping, & More!

teacher avatar Veronika Lipatova, Fashion Stylist & Costume Designer

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.

      Introduction: WELCOME!


    • 2.

      Introduction to the 5 Body Types


    • 3.

      Inverted Triangle Body Type


    • 4.

      Pear Body Type


    • 5.

      Rectangular Body Type


    • 6.

      Apple Body Type


    • 7.

      Hourglass Body Type


    • 8.

      Introduction to Camouflaging/Emphasizing Areas


    • 9.

      How to: De-emphasize the Hips


    • 10.

      How to: Emphasize the Hips


    • 11.

      Comparing Strategies


    • 12.

      How to: Camouflage the Arms


    • 13.

      How to: Camouflage the Stomach


    • 14.

      How to: Appear Taller


    • 15.

      How to: Appear Shorter


    • 16.

      How to: Emphasize/De-emphasize the Chest


    • 17.

      Camouflaging/Emphasizing Exercise


    • 18.

      Introuduction to Shapes & Texture


    • 19.

      Influencing Size Through Shapes


    • 20.

      8 Shapes in Fashion Design


    • 21.

      Introduction to Textures


    • 22.

      Smooth vs Shiny Textures: The Difference


    • 23.

      Characteristics of Common Textures


    • 24.

      Textures Quiz


    • 25.

      Introduction to Mix & Matching Patterns


    • 26.

      Pattern Mixing Using Colour


    • 27.

      Pattern Mixing Strategies


    • 28.

      Patterns that "Go Together"


    • 29.

      Pattern Mixing: Comparing Strategies


    • 30.

      Introduction to the 6 Face Shapes


    • 31.

      Earrings for Round & Square Face Shapes


    • 32.

      Earrings for Heart & Oval Face Shapes


    • 33.

      Earrings for Diamond & Pear Face Shapes


    • 34.

      The Mood Board: Introduction


    • 35.

      What is a Mood Board?


    • 36.

      Physical vs Digital Mood Board


    • 37.

      6 Steps to Creating a Mood Board


    • 38.

      Mood Board: Exercise


    • 39.

      16 Fashion Terms You Should Know


    • 40.

      Quiz: Fashion Terms


    • 41.

      Conclusion: THANK YOU!


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About This Class

Are you a budding fashion stylist, fashion designer, or do you simply want to curate your wardrobe or personal style?

If so, this course is for you!

Welcome to Skillshare's first course of the Fashion 101 Series! My name is Veronika and I'm your instructor.

I created this course for you to easily learn, step by step, some of the most important fundamentals and principals used in Fashion Design & Styling.

This course covers the fundamentals of the principles of fashion styling and design:

  • Learn how to dress each of the 5 body types, how to camouflage/emphasize different areas and how to appear taller/shorter all through the power of colour, shapes, and textures.

  • Learn the LOGIC behind successful design and style!

  • In this course, we will also cover how to mix & match different patterns together to create a successful look.

  • Learn all about the common shapes & textures used in fashion design.

  • Learn about the 6 face shapes and how to accessorize each shape to create that ideal look.

  • This course also teaches how to create/interpret a Mood Board as well as common terminology used in the fashion industry.

This course includes many exercises, short quizzes, and resources to make it easier for you to test and review your knowledge! While creating the course, I ensured that there are many visual examples available for you to follow as well as comparisons of different strategies. This course was made to teach you different methods and strategies when it comes to designing/styling garments for different people.

Meet Your Teacher

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Veronika Lipatova

Fashion Stylist & Costume Designer

Level: All Levels

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1. Introduction: WELCOME!: Are you a budding fascist Silas, fashion designer or do you simply want to curate your wardrobe or personal style? It? So this course is for you. Welcome to fashion fundamental is one-to-one. I'm radical as a toga and I'm obsession, service and fashion instructor. For me, fashion is not just about the clothes. It's also about conveying a certain thought or a certain feeling or message. You do that by playing with different colors, fabrics, patterns, and textures. In this course, we will learn about body type analysis, different textures and their properties. How shapes influenced the silhouette of a person. The rules of powder mixing, the five body types, accessorizing for different phase shifts and of course, many costumes, smiling hacks. We will learn absolutely essential for anyone working in fashion or passionate about passion should know. You will also learn how important these strokes really, really hard. I think it's super passionate about teaching fashion because they realized how often I use these fundamentals as a fashion silence. So thinking just as a passion suburbs and I would love to teach them to you. I am super excited for today's class. Let's get started. 2. Introduction to the 5 Body Types: Hello everyone and welcome to our first lesson on the five different body types. So typically we all fall into one of these categories. There's the rectangular, straight body type, there's a triangle such pair body type, the hourglass, the inverted triangle. And there's also the round apple shape. The hour and glass is the most balanced body type out of all of these are job SMS is to balance out through different patterns, colors and fabrics and silhouettes that we play with each and every single one of these body types. In this lesson, we're gonna go and look at every single body type in detail. And I'll teach you guys how to balance out each silhouette. 3. Inverted Triangle Body Type: First body type we're going to look at is the inverted triangle V-shaped body type. This one is where typically the shoulders are wider than the hips. And this body type usually has very slender and long legs shaping your legs. So you definitely want to show off the legs for this body type. You want to also de-emphasize the top and emphasize the bottom. Let's look at how to do that. Before we begin. Before we look at that, let's look at a few celebrities here that have that body type. So as you can see their shoulders or rather than their hip area. What we want to do is we want to emphasize that waste area, and we want to also emphasize and amplify the bottom. How to dress. Typically, you would absolutely want to avoid dragging too much attention with silhouettes and patterns and ruffles and lace to the top. So avoid, for example, using horizontal stripes or any patterns that would make an area of pair large. You want to avoid putting those patterns onto the top area. Also avoid waste. It thrills, ruffles, anything that has a lot of embroidery elements to it stick to sleek, slender silhouettes and tops. When it comes to the bottoms, what you want to do is you would want to emphasize the bottom area. The best way to do that is to pick pants and shorts and skirts that have a bit of a flair to them. So avoid skinny fit pans and skinny fit shorts or skirts. Because you want to bring out that formless at the bottom so it is balanced out with the top. And don't forget to always, always emphasize the waist. Same thing when it comes to sleeves, you want to avoid too much detail here. For example, avoid sleeves that are puffy and stick to fit it. Tops, cylinder fitted tops. So that you are de-emphasizing the top area. And you are emphasizing that bottom area and you're creating a balanced silhouette. Signaling was shorts. Avoid tight fitted pants, tight fitted shorts, and stick to something with the flare at the bottom. Also, something has pockets, some sort of a detail. The area will always appear larger, fine details in those garments that you're choosing to emphasize and make an area of pure, larger or all the story. De-emphasize the top, emphasize the bottom, and always emphasize the waist. Let's check out a few more tricks to balancing out that inverted triangle body type. For a dark solid colors on the top. Dark colors make an area appear smaller, therefore, a de-emphasizing the top area. Vertical strips are also a very good strategy to put on the top. Unlike those horizontal stripes which end up actually creating a wider illusion for the shoulder area, which is not what we want here. The neck, open scoop neck and cap sleeve styles are also great options for inverted triangle shape. Blouses and soft sleeves and up softening that shoulder area, ultimately de-emphasizing the area. So that isn't a great option as well. For the lower half, you want to emphasize that area. So you will do the exact opposite for that. Bright colors, vibrant prints, patterns, full flares, or airlines structure pieces. All work really great because they end up making an area appear bigger. Therefore more emphasized. And don't forget, chances are that inverted triangle types have amazing, beautiful long legs. So dresses, skirts definitely work well to shop the slides. You always, always want to show off the asset of the body. This lesson, we learned some key tricks to styling that inverted body type. We learned that we have to de-emphasize the top and emphasize the bottom because the top is a lot larger than the bottom. So in our next class we're going to look at a body type that is pretty much the complete opposite of the inverted triangle, and it's called the pair body shape. Let's get learning. 4. Pear Body Type: Our next body type is called a pear-shaped triangle body type. And it's when the hips are bigger than the shoulders or the bus area. Proportionally the hips are bigger than the shoulders. Rule of thumb, we want to create a balanced silhouette. And how they accomplished that is, we end up emphasizing the top and de-emphasizing the bottom, and also of course, emphasizing the waist. Here are a few celebrities here that have the pair body type. And you can see that their hip area is proportionally larger than their shoulders. So here are a few examples on how to address someone with a pair body type. But when it comes to jump suits, pick something with detail here at the top. Something with a ruffle or an embellishment. Something that would create attention to the top area. What you're trying to do after all, is balance out the top with the bottom. Avoid slim leg, narrow top style jump suits. Because what that does is it ends up de-emphasizing that top area and really showing off that those legs and that's hip area, which is not what you want to do here. What you want to do is to opposite. When it comes to shorts, we know that short set or low rise actually end up emphasizing an area and making it appear larger. For a pair body type, you want to de-emphasize the bottom area. The best way to do that is pick shorts that, for example, are high wasted or something with a flare at the bottom or something more subdued. Here we see a few examples of the pair body shape. We see here that in most of these examples, the top is very much emphasized. There's a lot of ruffles, there's a lot of detail here, which is ultimately what we want to do. We want to emphasize the top. So we create a balance between the top and the bottom. And of course, in every single Look, the waste is very much emphasize. Let's check out a few more strategies for styling that pair body shape and creating that proportion between the top and the bottom. For the lower half, up for vertical stripes as opposed to horizontal stripes. Boot cut flared pants are also great ends in a line types of structures. For colors, think dark colors because their colors and pick an area always appear smaller. So do add those colors onto the lower half in order to minimize it. For the top, however, this is where you can have all that fun in terms of color. Pick bright and light colored to create that volume at that top. Bold and bright principle also be a good strategy to adding the volume at any top with a fun neck line structure and puffy sleeves would be perfect for this body type. Jewelry is also great for adding volume to that top area. So do add that necklace to emphasize the top. Therefore, by adding volume to the top and de-emphasizing that lower half, you are creating a balance figure for the triangles slash pair body type. As we learned in this class. To achieve that ideal look for the pair body type, we must emphasize that top half and de-emphasize subdue that lower half in order again to achieve that balance look that we're looking for. However, in our next class, we're going to look at a body type that is unlike the inverted triangle or the pair body shape. And it's called the rectangular body type. So let's check it out. 5. Rectangular Body Type: This next body type is called the pencil straight ruler, rectangular body types. So there's many words for it. What it is, is when the shoulder, the bus, the waist, and the hips are proportionally the same sides. So what you want to do with this body type is always emphasize the waist. You want to create volume at the top and create volume at the bottom. And absolutely emphasize the waist. Let's look at how to do that. Here are a few celebrities here with this type of body shape. When it comes to skirts, you want to avoid angular style at skirts instead up for flaring style waste defining skirts. Something with a bit of a flare because you're creating that silhouette. Skirts that really emphasize the waste is what you want to look for. So high top skirts, something with a belt, Something to create that definition and that silhouette. Same thing when it comes to shirts, bog C-style shirts and not for belted wasted type of shirts. Shirts that haven't definition that have a curve to it. And of course, if you do choose a box style silhouette for a shirt, do belt it. You can always belted or Pinot or emphasize a waste in many different ways. You can also have it tucked into a high waist at pants, skirt and create that silhouettes. Here are a few examples of garments that would work for the straight body type. And as you can see with every single one of these garments, the waste is in one way or another. Emphasize. Let's check with a few more tricks to balancing out that straight rectangular body type. With this body type, the biggest strategy would be to emphasize that wastes area, anything that is about it at the waist would be a fantastic option. Rushing cutouts at the waist or color blocking at the waist really end up emphasizing that way Syria. And all we are creating the illusion of a smaller baseline top. So shoulder building, puff sleeves or puffy shoulders work very well with creating that volume at the top. For the lower body, think a line, full flared skirts or pants, something with volume. Therefore, by pairing the volume to top and bottom, while also defining the waste, you are creating a very balanced figure, which is what we want. In this lesson, we learned that the best key strategy to styling that rectangular body shape is to highlight the waste. We always want to emphasize and highlight that waistline. And we do this in order to create the illusion of balance. We actually still have tumor body types silica. So in our next class, we will look at the apple body shape. I will see you guys there. 6. Apple Body Type: This next body type is called a round apple body shape. It's characterized by a fuller midsection, undefined waste, heavy upper body and slender legs. In this body type, you want to bring out that collarbone area and you also want to bring out the legs. How do we do that? Here are a few examples of some celebrities with this body type. For Apple body shape, you want to avoid high and narrow colors. Instead up for low and wide neck lines, especially the V-shaped neckline work, evolve with the Apple body shape. It ends up creating a balanced look. It also ends up breaking up the chest area. When it comes to slave. Avoid fitted sleeps, choose something with a flare instead, also something that is three-quarters and link would be a great choice because that way you're not completely eating away a person with a long sleeve. It creates a balanced silhouette. And overall it is a great choice for an apple body shape. Mana comes to genes, avoid high-rise skinny jeans and opt for mid-rise bootcamp gene, you will end up balancing the torso and it will take away from the midsection. However, you can still wear absolutely address someone with an apple body shape with a high-rise skinny. You can play it off with a blazer or about. So you can really make it work as long as you end up balancing out the look. The way we will learn in this course. Here are a few examples of some celebrities with the Apple body shape. As you can see, every single one is showing off the collarbone area and that neck line. The leaf-shaped neckline is a must. If you are addressing someone with an apple body shape. There's a few more common strategies to styling that Apple body shape. The first is to actually camouflage the stomach area while creating the illusion of a solid waistline. So to achieve this, think pendulum, full rap and rushing style, tops, flow we tops half tucked into a gene, also worked really great for this body shape. Another great trick would be to add a bold statement necklace to drive the gaze upwards away from the stomach area. Wide neck lines would also achieve this effect. In terms of jackets. Jackets that highlight the wastes and end a bit lower than the waistline are a great option. Do avoid jackets that end up that waistline as that actually ends up highlighting the mid-section, which we want to actually de-emphasize. Longer structured jackets are the go-to for this body shape. Therefore, it remember that this body shape we want to show off that collarbone area, the legs, and of course camouflage the midsection. Next class we will look at our last and final body type, which is the hourglass body shape. So I'll see you there. 7. Hourglass Body Type: Last body type is the hourglass body type. It's characterized by complete balance between the hips and the chest. It's also called the shape of perfection because everything is already balanced. But it doesn't mean that we, a stylus still can't clear RAM at the silhouette and really bring it out. Bring out it's true beauty and form. The trick to styling the hourglass body shape is you don't want to, inside the silhouette and the shape of the person, you want to highlight the waste. There are several ways to accomplish this. First of all, you want a specific type of neckline. The neckline that you'd want is around it, open neck line. And you also want to avoid boxy fits, of course, because that ends up hiding the waste. So pick a topic that is fitted. Pick sleeves that are simple to just show off the silhouette of the body. And if you do pick a boxy fit, you can always of course, emphasize of waste with them about or a high-res, a high-rise pants or high-risk skirt and tuck into shirt into the high rights garment. So here are some options for neck lines. Why neckline here? What it does generally is it ends up creating an unbalanced to lock. It doesn't really show off the hourglass finger the blame want it to be shown. So don't do a wide neck line for our glass finger. Up for something that is an oval neck line. An oval neck line ends up creating an emphasizing this shape, which is ultimately what you want. Avoid a lot of embellishments here at the top. It will create an unbalanced top heavy luck. Let's check out a few more strategies for addressing that hourglass shape. Since we want to show off the natural curves of the hourglass figure. Body contrasts his work especially well since they hugged the curves of that body. Wrap dresses and laptops also end up really emphasizing the waist. So that is definitely, definitely a very good option for this body type. To exaggerate the hips and the thigh area. Of course, skinny jeans will work extremely well with this body type. Who cut flared and wide legged pants for the bottom are also great options to balance out those curves as well. To summarize, you definitely want to define the waste and emphasize those curves for the hourglass body type. Next lesson we will be looking at how to camouflage or emphasize certain areas. How to make someone to appear taller and shorter. There are many, many tricks to doing that with just some close. I'll see you guys in our next class. 8. Introduction to Camouflaging/Emphasizing Areas: Hello everyone and welcome back to our second lesson called camouflaging problem areas. By problem areas I mean parts of the body that you want to either emphasize or de-emphasize, make it larger or smaller. So there's a variety of different ways to achieve that with the power of clothing. We're going to go ahead today and look at different parts of the body. And I'll teach you guys ways that you can make that area appear bigger or smaller and also taller or shorter. So let's get started. 9. How to: De-emphasize the Hips: The first area we will be talking about is the hip area. This includes the touch, the legs and the hips. So a lot of clients would want to disguise their hip area and make that area appear smaller. The number one way to achieve this is to pick a dark color, a darker shade. You absolutely can put them in a denim pants or a tight pants. As long as that color is dark, darker colors naturally make an area appear a lot smaller than it is. If you put them in a gene, want to make sure that the pockets or low versus high, high pockets make that area appear bigger. You also want to avoid a lot of stitching and embellishments on the back pocket. Stitching embellishments, all that detail makes that area appear bigger because their eyes are drawn to it and therefore that area is emphasized. You may also help conceal the hip area by diverting attention to other parts of the body. So emphasize the wastes with about to divert the gaze from the hips to the waste, for example. Also add a structured, patterned or bright top to achieve the same effect. Just like when we looked at the pair body shape, for example. Also do bootleg or flared pants to conceal the area for skirts, think fit and flared. In this lesson, we learned quite a few strategies for concealing that hip area. But what if we wanted to do the opposite and we actually wanted to emphasize those hips so that we will learn in our next class. 10. How to: Emphasize the Hips: If you want to achieve the opposite, and you want to actually emphasize that hip area, that leg area. The best way to do it is to pick a light cover. We know that darker colors make an area appear smaller versus lighter colors and make an area appear bigger. Pick that later cover, put them in a genius. A gene is a great way to show off the body. Light genius specially. And you also want to get pockets thought or high-rise. Low-risk pockets make the hip area appear smaller, which we'll look at in a second. Whereas high-risk pockets make that area appear bigger. Also stitching, you want to find back pockets that have some sort of a detail and stitching to its embellishments, some sort of a detail because it would draw our eyes towards that, ultimately making it appear bigger. You also want to choose a midrise for the gene. Mid-rise pants ends up also drawing our eyes towards the area, ultimately making it appear bigger. Other strategies for emphasizing hips include pencil or trumpet skirts and also of course, body current addresses, usually hugging and highlighting the curves of that hip area. Horizontal lines are also great for creating that wider illusion on that bottom. We also know that larger print drag her eyes towards the area. So definitely consider bold and bright prints for the bottom. Structured bleeding also always makes that hip area look larger. In this lesson, we learnt that the hips can easily, easily be emphasized just by playing with light colors, bright colors, stitching, and of course patterns and volume of silhouettes, volume of shapes. Next class, we will actually look and compare these different strategies and examples and tricks that we've learned from our past few classes. I will meet you there. 11. Comparing Strategies: Here we see three different examples of the placement of the pockets. We see that the example on the left gives the illusion of the biggest touch out of all these. The one in the middle mixed up but look small. The one on the right mix, it also looks small, but a little bit more curvy. You'll see how the reason why we get this impression is because of the placement of the pockets and also of course, the shade of the gene. Notice here, the gene on the left is the lightest shade of them all. Lighter shades generally make the area appear bigger. You always want to pick a lighter shade for the gene if that's what you're trying to do. You also see here that the packets are placed high. High pockets create the illusion of a bigger touch, which is what you want. A lower pockets do the opposite. They make such area appear smaller. You also see that the pockets aren't too huge, so they're medium-sized pockets, which is fine. You also would want to find something with stitching, find something with a designer's fishing or embellishment at the back to also emphasize that area. Now let's take a look at the middle, for example. Here. You see here that the shade of the pant is darker, ultimately making the areas of consciously appear smaller. And you see here how the pant pockets are low. They're also very large. So this example here, the hip area, that area up here smaller. It isn't very emphasized because of pockets are at low and we're not sure if that's not emphasizing that special area. Now let's look at the last example here. The dark denim on the right. Again, the darker, the shade is smaller, the area of the loop here, the pockets are low, which is not something we want to do if we want to emphasize those hips and emphasize that touch area. You want to make sure always that the targets are high. In contrast to emphasize the hips, we want to use a light color. B. Pick pants with high pockets. See, pick a larger prints to emphasize that area. And lastly, the US form fitting or structured pieces to hug or create those larger hips. In summary, you can de-emphasize that lower half area by using a dark cover. Be minimal details like no embroidery on the back pockets. See low back pockets for Pansy genes. And D, if you do use a print, makes sure that the print is a small size print. Smaller prints make an area appear smaller, whereas the larger prints make that area appear larger. 12. How to: Camouflage the Arms: This one is an extremely common one amongst Silas. I've had many, many clients that wanted to camouflage their arms. They were unhappy with their arms and they wanted to cover them. You don't always have to cover up the person completely. This is a trick of balance. If you cover their arms, you should show something else. My favorite trick for creating a fashionable look for someone who wants their arms hidden is the three-quarter sleeve trick. This trick is when, for example, put a blazer on someone or a kimono are in someone. But you make sure that you show some of that forearm. You don't want to cover up the person's arms completely. You want to show a bit of those arms and breasts. Here we see an example of a motto, hair wearing a blazer that is three-quarters in length. And what it does is it creates a sense of balance because you're covering her arm area, but at the same time, you're showing off that wrist area and that collarbone area. You also don't want to get a top that completely hides a person. And that collarbone area in that neck area. Maybe choose a V neck top, something with a round crew neck top that kind of shows that collarbone. In summary, when camouflaging the arms, the trick is to cover the arms without completely covering the upper part of the body. Up for button down tops that can be easily rode up to three-quarters and length. For blazers and chemo nose. Make sure you apply the same trick and wrote those slaves. Also up for Rena, low scoop neck shirts underneath to show off that collarbone area and produce that balance that we are looking for. 13. How to: Camouflage the Stomach: The next area we're going to look at is stomach camouflaging. This is a super common area that many clients on camouflaged and it's super common amongst Apple body shapes. As we talked about in our last lesson. For Apple body shapes, you want to Yes, cover the midsection, but also you want to show off that collarbone area and you want to show up the legs here, whereas you can cover the mid-section. You want to make sure you show off that collarbone area in a VNet style top or a load zip style crew neck. And you absolutely want to show the legs with either type denim jean or pants, as we see here in this picture. Another great, great trick is called the half tag. Put your client in a baggy shirt and put them in the high wasted pants or skirt. Half tuck the shirt into the pan or the skirt only toucan apportion half of it into it. What it does is you end up camouflaging the stomach, but you also end up showing off that waistline. You're showing off the silhouette of your client. At the same time, you're doing what your client months and your camouflaging the stomach area. Finally, another great trick for this is to layer that looks really trendy. A shortcut jacket with a t-shirt underneath the t-shirt half tucked into the pants. Looks great. And you are still showing off parts of the body creating a balanced look, being the collarbone and the legs. Some other strategies to help conceal that stomach area without using any shapeless tops include, of course, body skimming tops. So overall, the design of the top is extremely important since you can find those tops designed in such a way that they end up strategically hiding that stomach area. Another example would also include empire waistline tops. As these tend to drag attention to the under bus area. Ultimately also camouflaging the stomach. Another hack would be to pick tops with a rounded Hamline versus a straight home line. The rounded Hamline actually ends up elongating the lower body and overall ends up creating a more slimming look. Also avoid of course, horizontal stripes and instead up for vertical strips for that top. Because as we learned, vertical stripes produce an illusion of an elongated body, while horizontal stripes and up producing the opposite, which is the illusion of a wider upper area. That is of course not what we want in this case. In this lesson, we learnt how to camouflage that stomach area without completely concealing that waistline or the silhouette of a person. And it was super important when it comes to fashion. So in our next class, we will actually learn how to make someone appear taller through the power of colors, the shape of the clothing. And I don't mean the obvious like using heels. So I will see you guys in the next class. 14. How to: Appear Taller: If you want to appear taller or you want your clients who appear a tower. There are many great tricks for this. The most common trick, of course, is to put your client or yourself into a nice pair of heels. But it's not just any type of heel. In the modeling world. A lot of casting and modelling agents tell the models that they shouldn't wear heels that have straps around the ankle. The reason for that is that the straps end up cutting the leg. So it creates the illusion that the leg is cut and therefore, the person appears actually shorter than they are. If you are trying to make yourself or your clients who appear taller, you want to make sure that the shoe that you choose is pointy TO. That's always an asset and that doesn't have any straps around the ankle. You don't want to cut off that leg. In terms of colors, pick a shoe that is a nude heal or blends with the skin tone of your client or yourself. You want to elongate the legs and illusion that the shoe is a continuation of your leg, ultimately making it appear Tower. Another great trick is to put your client into monochromatic lux. Monochromatic walks or looks that are all one shade, one type of cover, and what type of shade, for example, an all white walk or an all blue look, all black look. Why this is a good trick, is it ends up making a person appear long and continuous. You are continuing that person through these colors. And ultimately it creates the illusion of length and that person appears taller. Another good suggestion for making a person in pure tower is to get pants that go all the way down to the floor. Pants that are for length and up again continuing that person, making them look elongated. So it's similar trick to the nude color shoe. The nude color shoe ends up being continuous with the shade of the skin tone. Same thing with the pants. It's elongated and it's a continuous shade from but to the waist, or for it to make someone look taller. Our goal is to create the illusion of an elongated body. So in summary, the best strategies are to choose a nude heal that blends into the skin tone. B, mixture the shoes or strep us and pointing TO order to avoid the cutting of the leg. C do choose monochromatic looks in order to elongate the body. And finally D, DO sure shapes such as to wear skirts or long tubular pants to achieve that dissolution of length. In the assessment we learnt that we don't just need he owes to make somewhat appear taller, which is pretty much the obvious, right? You can also utilize shapes and colors to create that illusion of length. So next class we will look at the opposite. We will look at how to make somewhat appear shorter through some very similar tricks and methods that we've looked at today. So I'll see you in the next class. 15. How to: Appear Shorter: What if your client wants to appear shorter? This is not as common as you're quiet, wanting to appear taller, but it definitely does happen. And the best way to achieve this is doing the opposite of what you would do to make them appear and torr. So the first thing, of course, no brainer. You don't want to put them in a pair of heels where the hills put them in a nice flat. But not just any flat, not just any issue. You want to put them into a statement. Something bright, something with a pattern, something interesting to drive our attention away from the rest of the body to the bottom half. It doesn't end there when it comes to the top and when it comes to the bottom, you want to break down the coerce. Instead of dressing monochromatic, you want to break down the color at the top and the color at the bottom. So choose for example, black on top and white on the bottom. And a nice statement shoe. What it does is it makes a breaking a look into different parts, ultimately making the person appear shorter. In this image here we see three different models and as you can see, they are all wearing statement shoes. And what it does is our eyes are directed towards the shoes, ultimately giving the illusion that that person is actually shorter because their eyes are diverted towards the bottom. In summary, makes sure you choose a statement flat. If wanting to make a person appear shorter. Statements, shoes and breaking up the body and diverting our gaze towards the shoes. Ultimately making that person appear shorter. Also makes sure to break down the book by dressing someone in non monochromatic looks. Think two distinct colors or patterns for the top and also the bottom. That way we end up breaking up the body and making it appear shorter. In this lesson, we weren't that we simply have to break down the colors, break down the look to really make someone appear shorter. So obviously we put them in a flat, but not just a flat, we should use a statement shoe. They pretty much do the exact opposite where of making someone appear tar. In the next lesson, we will look at how to camouflage or emphasize the bus chest area. So stay tuned. I'll see you in the next class. 16. How to: Emphasize/De-emphasize the Chest: Downsizing the bus chest area. This applies for many inverted triangle shapes as well. A lot of people would want to divert attention from the shoulders, for example. But here if you want to divert the attention from the chest, the best way to do this is again, to pick a dark shade. Dark covers, makeup area appear smaller. Blouses are pretty good for this. There are baggy. We're not emphasizing the chest area, but not just any bus. Pick a dark colored blouse, good fitted bras, but also absolutely help. And perhaps a blazer on top add more effects of layering. And ultimately, you are covering that area. And with the colors that you choose, your de-emphasizing the chest, what you absolutely want to avoid if you're trying to downsize your clients. Thus area is avoid colors, lapels, any sort of detail here at the top, because that way we know your work, emphasizing that area and our eyes will be drawn to that area, making it appear bigger. Another great strategy for downsizing the bus area would be to focus on the neck line. So pick a V nullcline or square nullcline for a blouse. These usually create the illusion of a smaller bust. Make sure to avoid any high neck lines such as crew neck or a turtleneck. As these end up actually emphasizing the bus, making it appear larger. In terms of dresses do avoid body compresses as the tissue we end up highlighting the curves of the body. Therefore emphasizing the chest. Stick to wrap dresses instead as these tend to minimize that upper half. On the other hand, if you want to upset the bus, It's pretty simple. Here. You choose again, a light color of white cover. You pick a push-up broth push-up browser. Great for this. Play around with elements, necklaces, frills, details here at the top, what you're doing is you're drawing attention to that top area, emphasizing that top area, making it appear larger. Another good strategy for upsetting the bus would be to put a darker color on the bottom and the lighter color on the top. This creates an illusion of a larger bus area, since it lighter colors always make an area appear larger. Creating that contrasts with the bottom tendons says upper half accessories also work very well for emphasizing the best. Also do structured tops talk, Split Pose, ruffles, and also open neck lines. In this lesson, we learned that adding details like lapels and embroidery structured shoulders and bright light colors always makes that area, always would make the chest area appear a lot larger. And we also learned that we pretty much have to do the exact opposite to make it appear smaller, dark colors and minimal details. In our next class, we will be doing a little exercise where we will be testing our knowledge and strategies that we've learnt so far in this course. I'll see you there. 17. Camouflaging/Emphasizing Exercise: That's it for this lesson next class. So we'll be talking about the shaping of clothing, different textures and fabrics and different elements and shapes and how to play with them to achieve what you want. And then the meantime, I'd like you to complete this exercise. Imagine that you have a client who wants to appear taller, but at the same time she wants to hide her arms. She wants to be fashionable and she hired you as a stylus to achieve her vision. Take some time and come up with three outfits. 18. Introuduction to Shapes & Texture: Hi everyone, Welcome back to Lesson three. In this lesson, we're gonna be looking at shapes and textures and how the shapes and textures end up influencing the silhouette of a garment. So when a designer, for example, designs their collection, they always play with different shapes, textures, and of course, patterns and colors, which we'll talk about later. To emphasize the emphasise certain areas and of course, create an illusion. As stylus, as designers, that's what we do. We create illusions through garments, silhouettes, and styling the different pieces together, ultimately in creating a beautiful and balance look. So let's go ahead and check on how these different shapes and textures influenced the silhouette of a person. 19. Influencing Size Through Shapes: You want to emphasize an area and make it appear larger. You definitely want to use wider, fuller shapes, shapes that are undefined. For example, here we see a model. She is wearing a shirt here that doesn't have much definition. So it would be considered a wide full shape. As you can see here. Her top half is pretty emphasized and it appears bigger, bigger than it is. That's also the combination of color, of course, but the biggest factor is definitely the shape of the garment. The rule of thumb is that the larger the shape of the garment, the larger the silhouette of a person will be seen. If that's what you want to achieve, then that's what you know what to do. For example, if we have a rectangular body shape and we want to add volume to the bottom and add volume to the top. We know that we should find wider for shapes to emphasize that area at the bottom and the top, and perhaps belt it at the waist, of course, to create a balanced silhouette between the top and the bottom. So if you want to make an area look smaller using shapes, of course you will do the opposite. Instead you will get shaped starter trim and compact. By that I mean, shapes that hug the body that are compact to the body, ultimately creating a smaller luck. As we see here, this motto here is wearing a shirt that hugs her body, trim and compact silhouette, ultimately making her look smaller. Last lesson, we looked at ways to make a person appear taller. The variety of different ways to do that. One of the ways is to put someone in a monochromatic look. Once shade one color one's home from head to toe. Another option was to put them in a nude heel, which would elongate the leg know straps. An another option we talked about was to put them in a wide straight pants that goes all the way down to the floor. So those pants are considered to be straight and tubular shapes. So general rule of thumb is that straight tubular shapes actually make a person appear taller. If that's what you want to achieve upfront straight to our shapes. For example, here we see a model wearing a skirt here along skirt that happens to be straight and sewer. And what it does is it elongates her, making her appear taller. I'd like you to pause this video and think of a few different ways that you can up the slug. I make her look even more taller. 20. 8 Shapes in Fashion Design: Hi again. In this lesson we will look at the eight most common shapes used in fashion design. Each and every single one of these shapes is used to emphasize or de-emphasize, add volume to certain parts of the body. We will also touch base on when these shapes were at their peak of popularity. Let's get to it. This first shape is a triangle shape. The triangle shape has more visual weight at the base of the garment rather than the top. Hence, it is shaped like a triangle. This shape is horizontally unbalanced because of more weight of the garment being at the bottom versus the top, as we can see in this example, the triangle shape was also an extremely popular during the 1880s, Regency Era, the 1970s, and also of course today. The next shape is the inverted triangle silhouette. This silhouette is pretty much the opposite of the triangle shape. You just look at. It is when the visual weight is applied more to the top part of the body versus the bottom. For example, structured tops with shoulder padding would be considered an inverted triangle silhouette. The silhouette always enhances a top half of the body, therefore making it appear in larger, because larger shapes, figure shapes make an area appear bigger. So it was an extremely popular so what specifically and the 1980's or time and of course 1980s power dressing. This shape is called a tip shape. The tube shape usually does not highlight the waste. It is a rectangular shaped tube silhouette with a drop waste and also looked at can be pretty androgynous. I was very popular during specifically in the 1920s flappers addressing and also of course, the 1970's and 1980's. The cocoon is a silhouette were most special rate is applied towards the central area of the garment. This shape usually makes an area appear larger because of course, it's volume has shaped. It was very popular in the 1920s Art Deco stage and also currently, especially when it comes to high fashion, looks as you can see in these examples here. This next shape is called a bell-shaped. The bowl-shaped was extremely popular pre 1900s were, skirts were very large and full, creating a big contrast of scale against the smaller fitted Codices. Today, the silhouette is more popular and tops and short cocktail addresses. The buck style is a silhouette that disguises the body's feminine curves and always makes them aware appear a lot larger. This androgynous shape was very popular specifically in the 1980's, where that oversize and masculine fashion was simply all the rage. Contrary to the box style, the hourglass shape was assigned to emphasize the female form. The silhouette is characterized by a narrow baseline, rounded hip line. And best, this shape is very popular currently, the 1980's of course, and think 1946 Dior bar soon. The last shape you will be looking at is a shape called the S bend. This silhouette emphasizes around and bust, bustle back and narrow front view. It was popularized in the 1880s by the Gibson Girls. And it isn't much of a popular silhouette in fashion today. How many know that each shape has its own characteristics and have been used throughout history and fashion design. Next class we will get into textures and their properties. Specifically, next class, we will be looking at the difference between shiny end-all textures. So see you there. 21. Introduction to Textures: Now that we've talked about the different shapes of a garment and how they can emphasize the emphasise certain areas. Let's talk about texture. Texture is also the fabrics character. What that means, it's essentially the surface and appearance of a fabric. There are many, many different types of textures, but we will look at the basic types of textures today and how they again, play a role and emphasizing deemphasizing certain areas and creating this illusion, illusions of size and shape of the figure. Let's go ahead and look at all the fabrics and how they play a role in creating these illusions. 22. Smooth vs Shiny Textures: The Difference: So shiny texture is generally make a silhouette appear bigger. These types of fabrics include, for example, polished cotton, satin, nylon, vinyl, sequin, metallic, different types of fabrics. Why they make a silhouette appear bigger is because this type of fabric ends up reflecting light. The light is reflected. The fabric appears larger. If that's what you want to achieve, you know that you can use a shiny type of texture. Tiny textures generally work very well for people who are tall, it ends up emphasizing their silhouettes and their figure. Textures actually have the complete opposite effect of shiny textures. What they do is they make a person appear smaller than they are. Examples of fabrics that would be considered smooth texture include per KL, velvety, linen, Shantel, seer sucker, bull shallowly. So here are a few examples of smooth and shiny textures. And as we see here in the models on the right, our rank garments that are shiny and the one on the left is smooth. We see the difference between the two. The ones on the right, the shiny texture ends up making the silhouette appear larger because it reflects light. However, the one on the left makes the model appear a lot smaller versus if she was very shiny texture. Now we know the major difference between shiny and dall versus textures. We know that shiny textures make a person appear larger versus smooth and del textures and make a person or that area of pure a lot smaller. In the next class we will look at breasts of the common types of textures and their characteristics. So I'll see you soon. 23. Characteristics of Common Textures: The next type of very common texture is called the dole texture. This type of texture ends up absorbing lights. The most common types of fabrics that would be considered doll texture include denim. Denim is adult texture and ultimately ends up absorbing light, making a person appear smaller. Other types of fabrics that would be considered dough texture are Rosseau, Walk, taffeta, Gangnam, denim, load Jersey, sale cloth, broadcloth, and Schaumburg. All of these textures absorbed light, ultimately making the silhouette appearance smaller. Next type of fabric is called the knobby and bulky fabrics. It's also characterized by a rough texture. Different types of fabrics that would fall under this category include wide wale, quarter, mohair, and heavy tweets. Naturally, what these textures achieve is they make a silhouette appear larger. And a lot of the time it also ends up hiding the features and the silhouette of the body. Here we see high-fashion model who was marrying rough texture here at the top. And what it does is it hides the silhouette of her body and emphasizing that top area because of the detailing of the texture and the fabric. Ultimately emphasizing her top half and making her appear larger. Stiff and crisp textures usually are designed to stand away from the body. For example, blazers. What it does is it makes again, a person appear larger because you're creating a shape to it. It's almost like a wide fall shapes, but you're playing with the instruction of the garment. So different fabrics that would be considered different crisp include quarterly denim, again, taffeta, and y, no. So it can add size depending on how the government is constructed. Commonly, designers will come up with garments that do tend to stand away from the body, ultimately making the area appear larger than it is. Another example here, a model wearing a blazer was shoulder padding here at the top, ultimately emphasizing her shoulder area, making the shoulders up tear and larger. So the next type of texture is called the clingy and soft texture. So a good word to describe it, clinging because this fabric literally a lot of the time clings to the silhouette and the body of the person. The two very common types of fabrics for this are Jersey and chiffon. Usually this fabric ends up highlighting the true form and the true silhouette of a person. Here we see an example of address that ends up clinging to the silhouettes, the body of the person, ultimately showing off that figure. The next type of texture is called visual texture. Visual texture is usually something that has a pattern to it or some sort of a print. For example, if something has a small prints, smaller prints make a person appear or the part of the body appear smaller versus larger prints make a person appear larger. So here we see another example. This model is wearing a fairly large prints of polka dots again. And it makes her appear larger. But overall, the stress, the way it was designed was very balanced. And I want you to pause this video for a second and look at in which way that the designer balance out the stress in terms of the cut, the fabric, the silhouette. The way that the stress is balanced is that first of all, we see that it's covering the entire body of this model. It's not V-shaped, so it's also covering fair amount of collarbone area here. It's long sleeve is also a wide shapes which should ultimately very much hide her body and her silhouette. But what we see here is the designer chose a fabric that is transparent, ultimately showing the silhouette of the body, although completely covering it. And choosing a very bold print. 24. Textures Quiz : Now you will have a short quiz to simply test your knowledge of the textures we weren't about in this course. I would done after the quiz explained the answers. Let's get started. This stress picture here would be considered shiny texture. A fabric with shiny texture makes the body look larger because they reflect light. They make fabric covers of brighter and lighter, thus making the body look larger as we can see in this image. This next one is a smooth texture. Smooth fabrics and textures usually hide figure irregularities and are attractive on most figure types. This next one here is a rough texture. Rough textures seemed to add volume to the figure. Small figures are overpowered by these textures usually, but they are pretty good for a tall slender figures can also be used to balance an irregular figure. For example, take a bulky sweater for our figure with a small bus and full hips. In order to balance out the top with the bottom. Here we see a stiff, crisp texture. So usually stiffer crisp textures and upstanding away from the body, and as a result, hiding figure irregularities. However, very stiff fabrics appear to also add weight and dwarf small figures, moderately so fabric serif for our good on most figures. Here we see a beautiful chiffon fabric and it is a clinging texture. Clinging soft textures happen to reveal the body's true silhouette and true form. As we can see in this picture. 25. Introduction to Mix & Matching Patterns: Hi everyone and welcome back to lesson four. In this lesson, we will be looking at a fundamental skill of any fashion stylists or fashion designer. And that is mixing different patterns together. There are many do's and don'ts of mixing different patterns and quite a few rules to follow when you're doing it. So that's what we're going to look at today. And we will also be looking at a number of different types of patterns and what usually works with those patterns. So be prepared for many different types of examples and also exercises of your own. Let's get started. 26. Pattern Mixing Using Colour: One of the common rules to follow is makes sure that you are mixing two different patterns that are very distinct from each other. So try to not mix patterns that have a similarity to it are pretty common with each other. Try to pick two patterns that are very distinct. So this does not mean that you can't mix polka dots with polka dots or florals with florals, are you absolutely shouldn't mix anything similar to each other. You can. But the golden rule is if you mix two very different patterns together that are very distinct, that usually works out for the better. The first thing you want to look at when you're mixing two different patterns is color. Look at the colors of the two or three different types of patterns you were trying to match and seek. Did these colors end up working together? Do they compliment each other? A good rule of thumb is to look at the color wheel. And two colors that are beside each other on the color wheel usually work together or are close to each other on the color wheel work together. Colors that are opposite each other on the color wheel are complimentary colors. They also work together. Look at those signs on the color wheel and if the coerce or opposite are close to each other than they usually compliment each other. Therefore, if the colors compliment each other they work together, then likely to two patterns won't work. Let's take a look at these examples here on the right. The output on the right side here definitely does not work. The top here has a variety of different colors and the bottom also has a lot of different colors. Seemingly. There's just too much going on. There are too many covers on the top and too many colors at the bottom. There's no one-color to tie in the whole look together. So you're mixing patterns with varying different color palettes. And there's no two or three distinct colors that end up working together. The rule of thumb is if the two color palettes don't really complement each other or work together, what you can do is pick a pattern that has subdued colors. I subdued colors, I mean neutral colors like black and white, for example. Notice how the look completely changes here on the left, we have a busy skirt with a variety of different colors. And we have a top hair that has these subdued neutral colors like black and white. And ultimately the patterns end up working together. Therefore, if you're ever mixing two distinct patterns, and one pattern is colorful and nothing seems to be working with that pattern. Pick another pattern that is subdued in terms of color. For example, in black and white, you can never go wrong with black and white is something you don't want to do and you want to mix a different type of color with one of your patterns. A good way to do this is again, to look at that color. We'll see which colors compliment the color of your pattern. Again, if it's on the opposite, it is a complimentary color. If it's beside of it, it will definitely work. For example, here we see a look with the bottom being purple and the top being green. Purple and green are complimentary colors. And a good way to mix and match these patterns together is to pick a darker shade, uh, one of the colors in your 11, for example, here, the top is a dark deep green color. Ultimately, making the two patterns work together. On the other hand, you can definitely choose patterns that are in the same color palette. That will most definitely work. For example, you can pair pastels. Pastels compare neutrals with neutrals. You compare green tones with green tones, purple tones with purple tones. If you are pairing two different colors, makes sure that the colors, of course, compliment each other. And make sure you check out that color wheel. If you have any hesitations. Something else you can do when you're mixing and matching different types of patterns together is to make sure that the two patterns you are mixing, both have a color in common. So there's a color that's shared in one pattern with the other pattern. What it ends up doing is it ends up balancing the look with that one, middle color. By middle color, I mean a color again, that ends up balancing out a look. For example, here we still look with two very distinct patterns mixed together. And these two patterns both share something called that middle color. I want you to pause this video and take a moment to figure out what that middle color is. The middle color in this look, as you may have guessed is black. You see the background and the skirt is black. The stripes on the shirt or a black. The Blaser has been added to subdue and toned down. The look also happens to be black and the shoes are black. So ultimately, if this model didn't have a blazer on, for example, this look would still work with the stripes and the florals because there is a common color shared between the two patterns. And that pattern is black, which is the metal color. In this look here, the middle color, aka the car that ends up tying the two patterns together is black. Black is a neutral color. So you will find that this color is often used in patterns if one wants to achieve a more toned down luck. In this look here, the middle color is cream. Cream is yet another neutral color. And as you can see in the slope, the color is balanced throughout the entirety of the outfit. 27. Pattern Mixing Strategies: Let's say you don't want to style someone from head to toe and many different patterns. You absolutely don't have to do that. Another trick to making patterns work in a look is make sure you spread them evenly throughout the body. You can show some pattern at the top, some pattern on the bottom, and some pattern on the waistline, for example. Just to make sure that the patterns are evenly spread throughout the look. Ultimately, we go back to the main principle of fashion mic's balance. You are creating a balanced look because the patterns are spread evenly throughout the silhouette. For example, here we see a model where the patterns are spread evenly throughout the lung. We see some clad picking out here at the top plot peeking out in the bottom waist area, hip area, and then patterns on the shoes. As I mentioned, the patterns are spread evenly throughout the body, creating that element of balance. Another rule of thumb for mixing and matching different patterns is you definitely want to avoid mixing two patterns together or three patterns together that are the same size prints. This is a golden rule of Nixon matching pattern. Why it doesn't work to mix two different patterns with the same size sprint because there is no balance. First of all, and second of all, it becomes overwhelming. Let's take a look here. A great example of this. The look here on the right does not work and it looks like a lot going on. It looks overwhelming. It doesn't look balanced in any way. However, look what a difference it makes when we choose a smaller prints pattern for the top here, suddenly this ends up working out. We have more of a balanced look. Yes, we have bigger patterns, but we also have smaller patterns. Ultimately the two patterns and that working together creating a nice stalk. This first example here we see two very distinct patterns being mixed. The biggest reason that two patterns work well together is because there is one color here that's higher than the look together. The color that balances out this look is blue. You can see elements of blue and the blouse, and the same tone is used in the shorts. This look here works for two main reasons. First, the colors compliment each other. The middle color being light pink, which we've seen, the blouse, as well as the skirt. So therefore, the work is balanced in terms of color. Secondly, the size of the pattern on the blouse and the skirt or different, which is one of the rules of pattern mixing. This look is unlike the last examples. Here we have to the sink patterns and colors mixed, but it works for quite a few reasons. First of all, the patterns on the skirt and sweater or different sizes. Another reason is that purple and blue are complimentary colors to yellow. We should see that the darker shadow on the skirt, the color brown hair is also a neutral color. And neutral colors tend to match pretty much any color. Look is also very balanced in terms of color. We have a hint of pink at the top as well as the bottom. Now that we looked at the general rules of pattern mixing, Let's go ahead and check out some common patterns and which patterns usually mix well together. 28. Patterns that "Go Together": Patterns that generally really work well with floral prints include stripes, polka dot, letter prints, and double florals. Remember, you can always mix florals with florals, polka dots with polka dots. As long as you're following the do's and don'ts of pattern mixing. Polka dots. Another extremely common type of pattern. Usually what really works with polka dots are stripes. Graphic prints. Check. Leopard. Double polka dots. Stripes generally work fantastic with florals. Polka dots, letter or graphic prints. Camo, leopard, double stripes, and check. Leopard print is a type of pattern that many shy away from, but it works very well with the following patterns. Stripes, check, letter or graphic Prints, floral, camo, and Leopard on leopard. Chevron is another very classic, beautiful prints and it works extremely well with stripes. Another different type of texture. Graphic, polka dot, check. Leopard, and fluoro. Paisley is a tricky type of pattern that many shy away from, because generally there's a lot going on in the pattern and print itself, but it usually works extremely well with stripes and polka dots. The next type of print we will look at is tartan, and it can be paired very well with stripes. Letter prints. Another texture, leopard. Camo, floral. Double plaid. Pattern works beautifully with florals. Letter prints, leopard, fair aisle, stripes, and double Gangnam. This next fabric is called the hounds tooth, literally because it looks like a tooth of a Hound. And generally this type of print works beautifully with polka dots and graphic stripes. Now you know that stripes is a neutral pattern, meaning it can be paired with pretty much any pattern. You also know, know which patterns can be paired together for that ideal luck. And also some important, important rules for our pattern mixing. Next class, we will go ahead and actually compare most of these strategies we learned and see why some looks work and others absolutely do not work. So I'll see you guys in the next class. 29. Pattern Mixing: Comparing Strategies: In conclusion, when mix and matching patterns, you want to follow the rules that we talked about at the beginning. So makes sure the colors are either complimentary, they're in the same type of color palette, or they are the same type of color but with a different type of pattern. Another thing you want to make sure is that the prints are in one way or another, distinct or complimentary. Don't mix two patterns that really don't work together. Make sure they compliment each other in one way or another and they are distinct. The last rule of thumb is varying patterns sizes. Make sure that the patterns are not the same size. That creates an overwhelming, unbalanced look. And we definitely don't want that. Here we see three examples and each one ends up working very well. For example, here on the left is in the same color palette, ultimately working. The second example has complimentary prints, and the third example has varying patterns sizes. Here are three examples that simply do not work in under any circumstances. The one on the left too much going on here. There's not one color at that ties in the top with the bottom. Maybe if there was a middle color between the top and the bottom, the look would've worked, for example, white or black. The second option here, the two patterns could potentially work, but they are the same size. One of the patterns needs to be smaller than the other for the two patterns to work together. The last example here, these two types of patterns simply do not work well together. It is very difficult to make plaid work with florals. That was it for this lesson. Next lesson we will look at the fundamental part of a new creative job, and that is creating a mood board. I'll see you in our next class. 30. Introduction to the 6 Face Shapes: Hey everyone and welcome back to another lesson of fashion fundamentals. In this lesson, we are going to be looking at the six different types of face shapes. That includes the oval shape, the round shape, the heart shape, that diamond shape. And finally, of course there's the square shape. So all of us typically fall into one of these categories. And it is very important to know what your own face shape or the person you're styling or designing for. Not only in terms of what accessories would work well for each face shape, but also in terms of hairstyles and makeup. In this specific lesson, we'll be looking at what types of earrings work for a ***** face shape and which of course, types of earrings do not work for each face shape. Let's get to it. 31. Earrings for Round & Square Face Shapes : The first face shape where we were looking at is called the round face shape. Round shape. People have rounder cheeks and overall their faces have an overall circular shape. Earrings that worked for really good with this face shape are a long yearlings such as lung dangles or simply long earrings that go below the chin. What that does is it ends up elongating the face and creating that nice balance. And it also of course, compliments the features of a round face. So another great strategy for a round shape face would be square-shaped earrings. So these are actually very good because it ends up creating that sharp contrast between the round, the round face shape and the square shape. And also of course it ends up breaking up that circle shape. On the other hand, the earrings that you should definitely avoid when styling someone with a round shaped face are rounded earrings. Why that is is because it ends up creating that unbalanced slug. If you have someone with a round shaped face, if you add rod-shaped hearings on them, it ends up making their face actually appear rounder than it is. And that's not what we wanted to. We want to balance out that shape with another shape like square earrings or long dangling earrings. It definitely, definitely avoid those round shape earrings on styling around shaped face. This next shape is called a square face shape. This is pretty much the opposite from the rounded face shape because the space is generally shaped like a square. Identified by a strong, beautiful geometric jaw line. And it's also when the jaw happens to be the same size as the forehead. That's why it's called the square. With the square shape, you generally wanted to the complete opposite of what you would do with the round shape. For this one, you want to pick rounded earrings. You also want to find something like hoop earrings and long drop earrings to kind of soften dose features, soften the futures of the jawline and the cheekbones. So remember that rounded designs for the square shape and up complementing and softening the features of a square shape. So earrings that you do want to avoid with this face shape. Our earrings that end right at the jaw line. So what that ends up doing is when it ends up the jawline and ends up actually emphasizing that jawline area because our eyes are drawn towards that area where the earrings and with the square-shaped, with the jaw line is already very much emphasized. It's very much angular and defined. And you don't want to accentuate it anymore because that won't create that balance look that we're looking for. Therefore, a void earrings that do end up that John line. Instead make sure you get those earrings that are long and dangling. That round shape. So long as they do not end at the jaw line. 32. Earrings for Heart & Oval Face Shapes: Next phase shape is called the Heart face shape. Heart-shaped face is characterized by a forehead that is wider than the cheeks and a face that narrows towards the chin. So literally shaped like a heart in that case. Here what we want to do is we actually want to create more volume at that bottom. Since it ends up narrowing towards the bottom, we want to create volume here. The best thing to do here is pick earrings that ends at that jaw line. You want to create the illusion of volume at the bottom here. And the best way to do that is to pick an earring that ends at the bottom, like we see in this example here. Another great trick would be to get an earring that is always wider at the bottom than at the top, as we see in these examples. This also creates that illusion as volume to that bottom area of what we want to do is we want to balance the top part half of the face with the bottom half of the face. Because it does have that that shape towards it. We have a lot of volume at the top and very little volume at the bottom. We want to add volume to the bottom to balance out the two-halves. Another thing that looks great for this face shape, our earrings that our sauce with curves, such as, for example, teardrops styles. These also look very beautiful. This next phase shape is called the oval face shape. This face shape is actually the easiest to style and that's because of oval shape is a very versatile shapes. So pretty much any earrings or anything can go with it. It is the easiest to style. This shape has a not too wide forehead and the line from the forehead blends with the high cheekbones. The face may narrow slightly resulting in that rounded chin. So although everything usually looks great with this face shape, what looks really great? Or earrings that are actually also overall size. Oval earrings, pearls, teardrops, as you can see these examples ends up providing a soft compliment to the faces natural contour. And ultimately they were pretty great. They end up emphasizing the contour and creating that beautiful, beautiful luck. 33. Earrings for Diamond & Pear Face Shapes: This next phase shape we're looking at is called the diamond face shape. Why? Because it's shaped like a diamond and is characterized by when the cheekbones, the widest part of the face. So proportionally the forehead and the chin jaw area or smaller than the cheekbones. So hence it's shaped like a diamond for this face shape, since the top half of the face and a lower half of the face are already in balance. What works really great with this or statement earrings? You can go crazy here and get bold, beautiful, big statement earrings. It creates that volume here at the bottom and it looks really, really good. So other things you can do here get earrings with delicate drops, combination of curves and straight lines. As you can see, these examples are also great, great choices for the diamond shape. The next phase shift that we will be looking at is called the pair face shape. And it's characterized by when the jaw is bigger than the cheekbones are the forehead in terms of width. So therefore it's shaped like a pair. So this face shape is a little bit tricky in terms of earrings. And what you want to definitely make sure you don't do is you don't want to drive attention to that jaw line area. How do we do that? We avoid any earrings that end at that jaw line because it ends up emphasizing that area. B, you don't want anything too. Statements, statement t, like you don't want any statement, earring statement pieces here because that ends up drawing our attention OR gates, whereas that area instead pick earrings that are, for example, these studied, studied earrings or clip odds, for example, really, really good. There's also your clips here that look, you're cops that look great. Because our gaze ends up diverting our attention to boards upper part of the face. So that's another really great strategy for the pair of face shape. Remember here we want to balance out the top of the bottom of the face. And the best way would be to drag our eyes towards the top of the ear, the top part of the, the face. That way ends up balancing the bottom with the top area. Definitely avoid any statement, jewelry or anything that would emphasize that jaw line. Remember, knowing how to choose the best earrings based on the face shape will help accentuate the natural beauty of the face, hair and don't forget the personality. That was it for this lesson. And I'll see you guys in the next slide. 34. The Mood Board: Introduction: Hello everyone and welcome back to lesson five. In this lesson, we will be looking at something called a mood board. A mood board is a very important part of a job of a fashion stylists or a fashion designer, or really anyone that works in a creative field like for example, interior designer. So there are a few questions and I'm going to answer in this lesson. First of all, what is a moodboard? Second of all, why is it important than the job of a fashion stylists or fashion designer? Third of all, how do you create a moodboard? Where do you begin? What types of moodboards are there? What elements do we add? How do you interpret a mood board? And how do you make a mood board for your clients? Quite a few exercises in this lesson as well. So be prepared to get creative here. Let's get to it. 35. What is a Mood Board?: Important questions to address here is, what is a mood board? A mood board is exactly the way it sounds. It's a board that happens to show a certain mood or theme. Whatever creative project you're working on. If you're a fashion designer creating your own collection, you get a source of inspiration from somewhere, whether it be a theme, whether it'd be a color scheme, a pattern scheme, some sort of a mood and idea that you have. So you want a piece that idea together. The best way to do that is come up with a collection of visuals, different textures, and source of inspiration items, locations, and put it onto your vision board. Whether that be digital or whether that be physical, which we'll look at later. A moodboard is very, very important to expressing your ideas. Simple visual board, what did earlier. There are two main reasons on why you'd want to create this mood board. The first one is for yourself to piece together your ideas, your vision board to organize your ideas and visuals. Whether it be designing, collection or planning your next photoshoot as a stylist or as a designer there, it helps see you gather your thoughts, your inspiration images. The second reason is the mood board helps communicate your ideas to others. We also use this as a professional tool to communicate with her clients or team members, whoever we're working with. A lot of the time, it's very difficult to explain what we want or what we're looking for through words. Since we're in such a creative field, the best way to explain our thoughts and ideas is visually recreate this vision board, mood board to help our team members and coworkers understand what it is we're trying to achieve. 36. Physical vs Digital Mood Board: One of the biggest choices to make when you start a moodboard is whether you want it to be physical or digital. So let's check out a few key differences between the two. For the physical moodboard. Typically, these are laid out on a piece of foam board, a craft material used for purposes as wide ranging as built-in dioramas and mounting photographs. Cut out your images neatly and stick them to the board with spray adhesive for the best results. You might also layer the images on top of each other so they completely covered the board. If you perform more of a neat grid layout with gaps between items, consider painting the board in a color that matches your chosen palette. Alternatively, a cork pin board with pins can be a stylized way to display your inspiration. Digital moodboards are a contemporary solution to creating a mood board. They allow you to easily incorporate images you've seen on the Internet or objects you photograph digitally. So there's a number of online platforms that offer you a way to bring these images together. So let's go ahead and check a few of them out. Pinterest is by far the most common digital moodboard crater. The social media platform lets you easily bring together images into theming boards. It is particularly good for discovering new images. We will want to use it and at least the research stage. Another advantage is that many people are familiar with the platform, so you can easily collaborate with others. Go ahead, create a Pinterest account if you haven't already, and start browsing for those inspiration images. Next super common digital moodboard crater is called Canva. Canva provides online graphic design tools that offer free alternative to really expensive industry software. It's mood board maker has a very easy to use drag and drop interface, and as well as several template options. The clean layout makes it a very professional looking at option for presenting your work to others. This is another great browser-based app. It packs some handy additional features, like the ability to add videos and gifts, font files and text notes to explain your thinking. So therefore, it's a pretty great and easy to use App. So definitely check this one out for creating your next mood board. 37. 6 Steps to Creating a Mood Board: You really want to focus on and get inspired by is color. So as you will see, most moodboards have a cohesive cover in every single inspiration image. A color usually ties into the look and the vibe and the theme that you're trying to go for. First try to envision the coerce scheme that you want. And of course, it doesn't have to be one color. It can be a pattern. It could be a combination of different colors. As long as there's some sort of a unison amongst all of them. For example, here we see moodboard, and we easily can tell that the color theme of this mood board is purple. So almost every single look here, almost every single text style has an element of purple to it. That's what you want to do. First, determine the color scheme. That's the first and most important thing to coming up with your moodboard. If you are a fashion designer, you definitely want to include pieces of fabric and pieces of different textures on your mood board. This definitely communicates the vibe of the types of prints and fabrics and trimmings that you want to focus on in your collection. However, as a fashion stylus, you can add pictures and images of different fabrics as well. So if you are planning that photoshoot, you are communicating to yourself and to your client that you do want to focus on specific types of textures and specific types of fabrics. So either way, it is a good idea to have an understanding of what types of fabrics you want to utilize in your photoshoot for your collection? What types of colors, of course, textures and prints. For example, do you want a lot of polka dots in your fashion collection or photoshoot? Do you want a lot of satin and silk type of fabrics and your photoshoot, maybe chiffon are jersey is what you want to focus on. Texture and fabric is a huge indicator of the type of mood and vibe and general ideas and inspiration that you are going for, whether it be as a stylus or a fashion designer. So absolutely make sure to incorporate those pieces of fabric textures and embellishments to really communicate that board across to yourself, your team members, and to your client. Sometimes this step for me actually comes first. It really depends on what you are inspired by. But a lot of the time we have a certain theme that we want to do or a theme that were inspired by. For example, what if I wanted to do an all denim type of photoshoot? I already have a theme in mind and I can draw that. I want to include a lot of blue denim pieces in there. If this happens to be your first step in creating a mood board, it's not a big deal. But either way, your moodboard should always have some sort of a theme that it's focusing on. Rb doing nineties grunge. Are we doing fifties classic? Are we doing in all denim 2000s story or RB, inspired by Jeremy, a Scot phon types of pieces here. So really determined the theme, that angle that you want to focus on, whether it'd be a photoshoot or a fashion collection. So you definitely want to make a clear no matter what kind of mood board you create, the theme of what you are going for. I want you to take a few minutes, pause this video and really think about what the theme, color, and texture is of this mood board. As a fashion stylus or as a fashion designer, what types of looks would you come up with for this mood board? What types of Luke's would you pull as a stylist? And what types of works would you create and design as a fashion designer? The fourth thing you want to do when you're coming up with a moodboard is you need to realize who you're creating this mood board for. If you're creating a mood board, not for yourself but for a client or for your team members, whoever you're working with, you need to understand your target market. What is your client looking for? What type of brand or are they? What do they want specifically? I would suggest you absolutely do your research before, of course, coming up with a mood board for your clients. Look into their brand, look on their Instagram, their Facebook, their website to understand what they represent. Are they more commercial in terms of their looks? Are there more laid back or are they more high-fashion? Are they more punk? Every single brand or client has some sort of vibe that they're going for, an ACE, a stylist, fashion designers need to understand what it is that they are looking for. We need to put ourselves in their shoes and be able to bring their vision to life through clothes, accessories, elements, this overall illusion that we create a stylus. This also does not mean that you can't come up with your own elements so that you can come up with your own style. You definitely can do that. You can add in your own elements in the mood board as well. We generally have also a lot of ideas and are naturally good at what we do. But you always have to make sure that the general theme and mood board that you're creating matches that aesthetic that your client is looking for. Another thing when coming up with a moodboard is a lot of the time we have to actually come up with a name for the mood board. This I personally am not particularly good at. I am not good at naming. Things are coming up with titles or captions, but it is something that we have to do sometimes. So any fashion shoe or a collection that you design, it needs to tell some sort of a story. And usually these fashion collections, fashion magazines stories have some sort of a title to communicate that story to the reader. So a lot of the time boards can actually be a lot more powerful than visuals. So what ends up tying in the whole story together? So it's good to have a rough idea of some inspiration in terms of titles for the mood board that you're creating. Let's take a look at a few examples of titled moodboards here. And you can see how the name of each moodboard kind of gives us an idea of what the collection or photoshoot is going to be about beyond the images presented. The last thing you want to make sure you do when you're creating that moodboard is to not only insert pictures of textures, fabrics and looks and garments, and different locations, but also pictures of objects. You want to include different images of props, whatever props they may be, whether it's nail polish hair or it's a landscape photo or boots or a hat. It communicates more of what types of accessories we're going to have. A lot of fashion stylists also loved to include images of makeup and hair. Stylist as fashion designers, we have to look at the big picture of things. We have to look at the grand scheme of our photoshoot and our collection. It's not just about the clothes we put on a person. It's the entire log. It's the hair, It's the makeup, it's the setting, it's delighting. There are so many elements and factors that go into it. We have to see the bigger picture of things. And when you are creating a mood board, make sure you add an image that showcase those prof, that showcase the way you want the photoshoot or collection shots, model inspirations, and of course, setting inspiration, locations where he wanted shots. What kind of setting inspires you? So all of these little elements are super important to coming up with a moodboard and efficiently communicating that across to your client and your team members. And of course, also for you to organize your ideas. 38. Mood Board: Exercise: That was it for this lesson on a moodboard. And now I have an exercise for you where you can practice creating your own mood board. This is actually a scenario that I was in myself a few years ago, I had a client who was a budding country artist and he wanted me to style him for his next album cover photo shoot. This is information I was given. So first of all, he's an up-and-coming country artists. Second of all, he doesn't really dress up. His style was very late bag and it's very casual. And overall keep doesn't really know much about fashion. Third of all, he's very much enhanced comfort zone, so he likes to dress casually and he's not really too out there in terms of fashion. So here are the photos of this client. Use these photo as a guide for you to envision what types of looks would work for him. Also take these notes into account. I look forward to seeing what you come up with. 39. 16 Fashion Terms You Should Know: In this lesson, we will be looking at 16 important fashioned terms that every person working in fashion should know. We will look at a handful of examples for each term and also be prepared for a mini quiz in the end. Let's get started. This first term is a term that you have likely heard many times before, and it is owed couture. So another word for this would be high fashion. So this term is French for high sewing or high dressmaking and often refers to exclusive designer creations. The exclusivity comes from the fact that Oak tour outfits are constructed by hand from start to finish. Couture is always limited edition and is more expensive than ready to wear garments. There are also custom-made according to the rare size. Let's go ahead and take a look at a few examples of some oak leaves her garments. Mass market. Mass market refers to the clothing that is manufactured in large quantities and made available for the open market. So this is typically available in standard sizes with many copies of the same type of design. There is a pretty large demand for this type of apparel. And becoming a mass market fashion designer is really the most rewarding at the moment. So you guys definitely consider this path. Let's go ahead and take a look at a few examples of some mass market brands. This next term we're going to look at is off the rack. There are Designer and then there are customer and close. And then there are off the rack outfits that refer to clothing that is made in a large number and is readily available in stores. Off the rock also means readymade garments that are made in standard sizes, like for example, small, medium, large, extra large, extra small, et cetera. Capsule collection. A capsule collection is a set number of clothes that can mix and match with one another to create many different types of outfits. So typically, you wear a capsule wardrobe for about three months. Then at the end of those three months, you updated for the next season. By having a set number of closed per season, you limit your shopping. First of all. Thus, you're saving quite a bit of money. When a piece is worn out or doesn't write anymore, then one can shop for a replacement. This is a word that you've probably heard many times before. And it is fashion forward. In the fashion world of fashion forward actually means that these are styles that are not actually currently in trend, but there are so good that they will become fashionable pretty soon. Fashion forward also refers to people who have their fashion game rights and nobody will become a trend in the near future. Think about it and predict what kind of current fashion look well, perhaps becomes super popular and trendy in five or ten years. This next term is pepsin. Pepsin is a type of style that refers to what top are addressed that has an outward flared or ruffled section around the waistline, while the rest of it remains pretty fitted. Bias Cut. Bias Cut is a diagonally cut garment. The fabric ends up cascading over the curves because it is cut diagonally, therefore creating a pretty flattering shape. This next term is called knife plea. Knife plates or a tight pleats situated one inch apart. It is a sharp and narrow plead that is folded in the same direction. Ultimately overlapping each other. This is among the most popular forms of please. Let's go ahead and check out a few examples. Applicant, the applicant is stitching or embroidering one fabric onto another. This is an ornamental needlework in which fabric pieces are stuck or sewn on a larger fabric to create a pattern or a picture. This next term is called fluted. Fluted hem is a hem with fabric that alternates inward and outward. As you can see here in this example, the fluted hem skirt is slim along the waist and hips, but it has that ruffled flared harm that results in a snake-like effect. This next term here you've likely heard quite a few times before. And it's called cap sleeves. So capsule leaves are a type of sleep that extends a short this sense from shoulder and tapers to nothing under the arm. This is a very flattering cut because it ends up elongating the arms and it also covers those shoulders. This next super common fashioned term is herringbone. So herringbone is a v-shaped we've resembles the skeleton of a herring fish. It compromises columns of short parallel lines. This is actually a very trendy pattern for a tweed and wool type of outerwear. As we can see in these examples. Iridescence. Iridescent is a fabrics property that appears to change color when it comes in contact with light. It means showing luminous colors that appear to change when seen from these different angles. And it's widely used for making things like party close. As you can see in these examples. Mandarin color. Mandarin color is a close, small and upright color. This type of color has originated from traditional Chinese types of garments. It creates a minimalist feel and is widely used an oriental inspired collections. As you can see in these examples. This next one is e-tailer. An e-tailer is basically a clothing retailer that is completely and entirely online. So there's no physical store for this retailer. This cells are recent trend that is quickly changing the world of fashion because it allows many more people to, first of all become fashion designers. And it also puts their style out there for purchase without the cost of actually running a physical store. In the last term we will be looking at in this lesson is GSA Augusta. That is simply a piece of strong fabric that ends up acting as a protection against things like holes are aware. And it works to stiffen or enlarge part of a garment or an undergarment. The strengthened fabric at the color and cuffs of most men's shirt, for example, is achieved with August. So as you can see in these examples here, you weren't some very, very important fashion terms that everyone working in fashion or passionate about fashions should know. In the next video, you will have a mini quiz to test your knowledge. See you there. 40. Quiz: Fashion Terms: In 41. Conclusion: THANK YOU!: Congratulations, you now know some of the key fundamentals when it comes to fashion styling and fashion design, you alerts about body type a novices the six different face shapes and how to access the rise for them. Different style hacks emphasizing deemphasizing certain areas, making someone who appear taller or shorter, camouflaging the stomach or the arms. You also learned about how to mix different patterns together, common different types of patterns and many, many different styling and fashioned hats. Now above all, most importantly, you know the logic behind successful style, and I'm so happy to have been your instructor. I really hope that you use these essentials in your personal life, your work or career life, or even perhaps just as a source of inspiration. Next course we'll talk all about color, color, everything. We're gonna be looking at the four different seasons, the middle color styling for different complexion and skin tones. And of course, many hacks and finding the correct color for you or your client's download the resources attached to this course. There are many of them that you can download, you can review. And don't forget, you can always ask me any questions. I'm glad and happy to answer whatever questions you may have. Thank you so much for an amazing course and I hope to see you soon and I hope that you enjoyed it. Bye everyone.