Easy Watercolor Techniques for Beginners | Jekaterina Kotelnikova | Skillshare

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Easy Watercolor Techniques for Beginners

teacher avatar Jekaterina Kotelnikova, Artist & Language Tutor

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.

      Intro to easy watercolor techniques for beginners


    • 2.

      Brushes and mark making in watercolor


    • 3.

      Easy watercolor techniques for beginners part 1


    • 4.

      Easy watercolor techniques for beginners part 2


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About This Class

Hi there! I'm Kate and in this class, I will show you easy techniques in watercolors.

You will learn about different brush-strokes and mark making and then I will guide you through an easy step-by-step tutorial for different watercolor techniques.

You will need a brush, a sheet of watercolor paper and any two colors of watercolors. We will also cover marking fluid and how to add highlights to your finished piece.

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Jekaterina Kotelnikova

Artist & Language Tutor


Hi there! I'm Kate and I am an artist and an illustrator (and a mom of a wonderful 5-year-old). I live and work in Jelgava, Latvia. 

When I was very young I went to art school but did not finish it as I got really tired of everyone telling me what 'the right way' to do things is. I believe that in art there is no right or wrong :)

I returned to drawing and then painting after I started having problems with my health. Right after I gave birth to my daughter I was in pain 24/7 for over a year and a half when I was finally diagnozed with fibromyalgia (for those of you who are lucky enough not to know what that is, it's an illness that makes your nerves transmit paint which is not there). 

I run my YouTube art channel, Patreon, my little online art school... See full profile

Level: Beginner

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1. Intro to easy watercolor techniques for beginners: Hi there. Welcome to my easy watercolor techniques for beginners class. If you're just starting out with watercolors, then this is the class for you. Or if you have some experience, I hope that I will add new techniques to your watercolor vocabulary. I am Cait, Amedeo and border colors was always passion of mine. But as any new thing you dry. I was just so bad with it in the beginning. That is when I decided I need to learn the basics first. So this is the glass where I want to share with you the basic techniques I've learned over the years. In the short term consents manner, I will show you how to make marks with different brushes and explain the different application techniques such as wet on wet, dry on the Web, glazing dry on dry and many more. We will take a look at the masking fluid and different other mediums like sultan alcohol as well as I will share some tricks on how to add highlights just finished painting and how I create drip effect on my paintings. So what are you waiting for? Grab your brushes and let's start 2. Brushes and mark making in watercolor: the guys. Thank you so much for checking out that glass, and now we will start. So I have some amazing techniques and, um, basic and advanced techniques chillier in watercolor. And we will start, first of all with discussing brushes. So I have some synthetic brushes here which will work perfectly fine for the for this class , you don't need to buy the sable brushes that are very expensive, but synthetic brushes will do perfectly good. So the brushes that I will be showing you is a round brush Flatbush hate brush. I think we're hatching brittle. Know how it's called properly, to be honest. And this is a fan brush. So I'll show you how we can make marks with these. And then we will experiment with different kinds of applications on the paper. So for this class, I will be using as well, um, for smooth paper. So that is how hot breast, usually a work with cold press paper, so you can see the texture better. But just to change things up a bit, we will be using Smith paper. But if you have a cold purse paper, that's also fine. So now first we will start with our brushes, so I wanted to show you the different marks that we can make, So I'm gonna pick up color off with my pellet. I'm using ceramic pilots now because I found them to be the best that allows you to see color. So when you put the color onto a ceramic palate, it's going to give you exactly the color that you're going to get Compared to the plastic pilots. It's a lot better. So, um, I'm starting with my round brush, and the thing you could do with a round brush is that you can start to thin, and then if you press on it, you can go all the way. Fact. We'll pick up with more color so I can go thin front. Then again, and you can vary the strokes that you get, so that's an amazing thing. I work mostly with round brushes, and they told me to make different kinds of strokes. You can go and do dots two great texture, or you can create smooth washes with a round brush. So that's one thing. So the next pressure I'm going to show you is a flat brush. So with a flat brush did. I'm gonna pick up my color lies that you can make. Basically, you can use the narrow side to make thin lines. Band you can make declines And they are really great for washes because you can cover large areas with these brushes and they will allow you to cover them faster and also create interesting marks. For example, if you're making bricks, you need a brick texture. You can go doing this and then you just have sequent glazes Teoh the bricks to give them more texture and actually make them into bricks. So that's another brush. They're also very interesting when you make dry brush techniques, so but we will talk about them. So now this is a little, um I think they're brushes or hatchet brushes, so I'm gonna pick up a bit of color. So you see, it's very similar to the flat brushes, but with this, you kind of have a point where you can make really thin lines. This and then you could also make thick lines an experiment in mark making so I can make little dots and that this dries. I can take a bit of green to give it a bit of shading. So I'm gonna make going to give a bit of texture to my brakes. For example, I'm gonna have some dots. Just so this is another kind of brush getting into my watercolor paints. Sorry. Just gonna move them. So And the last time I wanted to show you just so do you know what they are? So I'm gonna pick up a bit of blue this time. So this is a fam brush. There are people who really love them and people who hate them. So the defense. But you can have different applications with this brush is you see, it's found out. So basically, they're very good for creating strokes can make for with them or grass. So they're really interesting toe work with. You can create different textures with them. So these are our brushes. And now we will move on Teoh techniques 3. Easy watercolor techniques for beginners part 1: So the first technique that I'm going to show you is a Flatbush. So for a flat wash, I'm gonna wash up my brush. Very good. And I'm gonna always down my brush on the paper, so I take the excess water off of it, so I'm gonna cover my area. Is it so that prefer working with with round brushes. But you got one for dirty here. Sorry. So I'm taking my water, and I'm going to cover all the area here with water. So what you want is a sheen on the paper. You don't want to make it too wet because, um, paint is gonna look slightly different if the areas do what it's gonna create backgrounds if there's too much water. So if you want to greet the completely flat wash you bad water first and then you pick up color off your panel it, place it here big color up off your ballot, and you create the wash. You just pass over the wet area. So this way, if you create the edges with your what brush you are short of the color doesn't go out of the edges. So I'm creating a flat wash if you run out of color, it's best if you create a wash in your palate, for example, have a well here and it will give me the same consistency of the paint. So I won't risk off going too dark or with not enough color to light. So it gives me the same look for world all the wash so great. So what do you do? Basically, you just take pick up the paint. But it didn't go well. Add water when you like the consistency. This is the paint you paint with, and when you run out of it, then you have to mix another batch. So depending on the area you want to cover with experience, you will know how much paint exactly. You need to cover a flat area. So now we're letting it dry. And while we're like letting it dry, I'm going to create a greeted great dated wash. Oh my gosh. What is up with me today? Can't speak. So I'm taking in my room brush and washing out very well. And I'm going to cover do the same thing. I'm going to cover the wash Good the dab against my to shoot and I'm gonna cover the area being careful not to go outside the edges. I'm going carefully around on the edges and I have the light on. You can see that it's daylight, but I have the light on. I have a tongue so that I can see the areas that are wet. So it's ah, the best way to best thing to have is balance daylight. So that way you will see the colors perfectly or if you paint outside is wonderful. So but the light helps me see which parts off my favor have covered with water to now have water on paper, I pick up my blue, I'm gonna have a bit more. I pick up my blue and what I'm doing is I'm dropping it in over the edge here. I'm gonna create like a line here. So you know, gradually the Spain is going to spread. You will see that is going to spread, and gradually, if you want, you can help with your paintbrush. Can you get a bullet downwards and smooth it out? So let's move only one side of it. So I'm pulling the paint downwards and I'm washing up my brush in with a clean brush again , I'm pulling the paint downwards. So this is how naturally paint flows on the wet surface. And this is, uh, on artificial. I have a drop of water. There were helping it artificially to move downwards, so to create a kind of a great wash. So now the next one I want to show you is multiple colors. So for multiple colors, what I'm doing is basically the same thing I'm gonna with the area. I'm washing up my brush very well and I'm going to cover the area with water again. I'm trying to be careful around the edges, but not too much. Otherwise is going to take a lifetime to go around the edges. When I paint my paintings, I put a lot of time into making sure that I have the color exactly what I wanted, because watercolor flows where the water is so making sure that it's wet throughout. And now I'm gonna take my blue, and I'm gonna just drop it around here. Maybe here. But if it's not to what I can still add water for district, make IDs best if you have more water. So the bank flows better. Easier? What I'm gonna do now is I have my blue there connected. I'm going to drop in, Um, are red? Actually, I'm gonna take another read. Um, a pink Let's drop in a pink. So this is my think I always take color from my pants or tubes that I have squeezed out, and I always makes it on a pallet to see the consistency. So here we have multiple colors and you see that the mingle only paper. So while it's still wet, it's going to still mix. And you can see that here. My paper was dry, so it dried out before actually applied the color. It was so the paint doesn't go there. But if I wanted to go there and just take my brush and I have more water here and it's gonna go there. So now I'm going to show you the next technique. We've been always covering our area with water first, and then we would put color on top. Now we're gonna do the opposite. We're gonna put our color, gonna take my pink, so I'm gonna take my color, and I'm going to start covering the area with my color again. I prepared the wash, the consistency that I want and just enough for me to or a bit more for me to cover this area. So I have uneven wash everywhere. Otherwise, if I take if I have more paint, it's usually it's more difficult to get the same consistency of paint that you have before it comes with experience. But just to stay on the safe side, you can just take the paint and prepare it. Prepared to wash beforehand before you actually do that, you cover in the area, so just pick up. Now you see, I picked up the same consistency of painted. It doesn't change. The color doesn't change from this to this corner, and there we go. So this is my dry on wet technique. Another thing you can do with dry on wet um, you can create texture. So let's say I want to create. I'll take my round brush. I want to create lines so dry on what to do. Draw the lines and they will stay where you put them. So as it's not, I'm sorry is it's not spreading. If there is, there is no water. It's not spreading and this way you managed to keep the color where you place it. So if you want a more precise application, you will always use dry on wet on dry. You can also create great head of wash this way, as we did here. But we start from our dry brush So we pass over there, you're here. I'm gonna drop in a bit more color here, so it creates is kind of a line If we want to spread the color and make agreed it wash I'm gonna wash up my brush, dab it against my to shoot and I'm gonna dubbed it too much And I'm going to pass a line with my water just under my lined with color I'm gonna spread it again watching my brush passing underneath And this creates a greedy int housing and Ernie so you can see that this creates ingredient. You can also move the paint with your brush world still wet, kind of mingling, and it's gonna create this greedy int. And while it's still what it's gonna continue spreading to create that nice, gradual look. So everything I wanted to show you is dry brush. So what is dry brush. Dry brush essentially is when your area is dry. With the previous paint application or your papers still white, you pick up color with a dry brush. What I mean is, I'm going to take my pants and I'm gonna pick up this color click here. I did my brush so that it's dry, so there's very few water left I'm gonna do is create these marks. So you see, when the brush is dry, you can see, um, if we take a cold press paper, I'll show you here. So, uncle, purse paper would you? Again, I'm gonna dip my brush so it's out of water and you can see these marks that are created. So there's a cool effect. You can add texture to your paintings. This way. It really, really looks amazing when you're using it over the finished, almost finished painting. Teoh adds some texture, Uh, and you can see the difference between soon's paper, which is hot pressed and culprits paper. That is rough, so it has a lot more texture to it. Now I'm going to show you glazing so the next technique is gold glazing and and this technique we're going to be laying one layer in one color over the other for the first layer. I want to use my blue. And usually when you use, um, glazing technique, you create a very translucent wash. And as watercolors are meant to be translucent, you can look at labels off the paint. I'm sure you here. So here I have a simile. A tube, Uh, and here in on the back, you can see a square. So on, all off the artist great paints. You will see a square that is going to explain the properties of this paint. So Cinelli and most of the paints most of the colors are translucent. At least I'm buying the ones that are translucent in the site. You can get some that are more or bake, but still even the most opaque paint of sin. Aaliyah is a lot more translucent compared to, for example, other black brands. So this is really good paint. And as I see here, I have, uh, an empty square. So this empty square tells me that the painters translucent. So the more translucent the paint is, the more you will see through it. And that way you can glaze you can apply a layer of one color, and then you can apply a litter of another color on top that way creating in effect of one color shining through the other one. So what I'm gonna do is I'm gonna put the square here, but my blue and I'm going to let it dry, pull it out. But to make it bigger. Usually when I glaze, the leases drive very fast because I'm using very translucent washes and they're a very thin cooked of water on the paper. And I'm gonna use a hair dryer. Just just feed it up of it. I think so. Now that this is dry, you can see here what? I used too much water. This is why I don't like using too much water when I am painting Glazers or when I'm painting solid washes because this can create a blue. And this bloom is like created when there is too much water coexisting with water there and fighting for the room on the paper. But let's return back to our glazing. So now that I have my blue on paper, I can take another color would say Take my pink. I couldn't think up a bit more pink and I'm going to apply it over my blue So you will see what I mean by glazing. This is my pink. You can see it's very translucent wash pick up. But paint don't want too much there. So you can see that you can still see the blue shining through the pink and it's not necessary to create. Glee's is with two different colors. You can still pick up the same blue that we used, for example, And let's glaze it over the top here. So you still are creating this kind of depth in the blue just by using the same color one layer on top of the other And they were gonna drive Just so you see how it looks dry. So here are my glazes and you can see the blue shining through I still wasn't dry enough You can see the blue shining through the pink You can create color mixes This way I will show you If I take my yellow Gonna wash off my brush I'm gonna take my yellow And I'm going to add my yellow over the blue here and you can see that this is yellow and where it's over the blue it creates a green as I was using, um, my blue that was a cool blue and my yellow that is warm yellow with some orange in it. You can see that that creates a beautiful, natural kind of looking green so you can play with your colors this way with seeing what color mixes you create just simply by glazing not mixing in all the pallets or on the paper . Now we're gonna do what? All wet. So I'm gonna pick up more colors, and I'm going to start by wetting my area first. Okay, I have a thin blue. Washburn's fine, so I wanted to show you a little difference. Doing this one is that when you start when you start, um, with two colors, for example, let's place them in two opposite. And so I have my pink here, and it's gonna start spreading now towards where the water is and I have my yellow here pick up my yellow. It's already dry. This paper drives very fast, more Houston working with coal purse paper. So I'm gonna take my yellow, and I'm gonna connect the two. So these air. What? On what applications? So I'm gonna pick up a bit more pink. So I'm dropping in the color. We're creating this mix with yellow, A couple, but more yellow. So you can see when the colors are wet on wet instead of glazing one on top of the other. We can create mixes so you can mix colors on the paper. They're gonna meet with mingling between. So another thing, Another different approach. Teoh dry on what would be covering the here? Yeah, but this I'm gonna cover it very slightly just until I get the sheen. And I'm gonna work very fast because this paper dries incredibly fast. Unlike cold purse paper there used working on. So I'm gonna create a sheen. And you will see that if the paper is just slightly wet, the colorable spread, but not as much as it does when it's wet. When it's very what? Because I'm dropping in the color and you can see that it spreads very few like it does spread, but it doesn't go as far as it would if I'm going. If I were to drop color into a very wet area, so I'm gonna drop some blue here and you can see how it spreads differently when the area is very, very wet. And when the area is just what Joshi So you can create also different effects that way. So the next thing we're going to do is blending. So if I have two colors again, as we did here, I'm going to put without pre wetting, dear. Yeah, I'm going to put my blue on one side. It's going to be quite what blue, Because I wanted to dry before I'm done with this exercise. So I'm gonna put my blue here, and I'm going to have my pink like my pink. I'm going to add it rather it next to the blue. So what I'm doing is I'm passing with my brush here, and you see how immediately is it touches. It creates a mix, so this is a natural blending, or you can mix the colors on paper. Bird, this is beautiful. This is watercolor. What it's supposed to do. It's supposed to mix where there's water so you can see how here are the papers lately tilted because it's slightly warping, but, um, buckling up. But you can see that depending on the tilt. If we were to till the paper, for example downwards, You can see how different effects we make. Chicken blend the colors this way as well. So now we're gonna go to the next 13. But my page here was some paint because I bought presently being tubes and I got into it with my hand. But just to show the difference between hard and soft edges. So in watercolor, when you are painting on the dry surface, the people follow on Lee, where the water is. So if I say that I want this line to be hard, I'm going to drop in the color and I can. I had some water here on this side, so the color is going to flow this way, and it's gonna go into gradually, come out into the wet like blend and blend into white, so we're creating kind of ingredient. But if I had more water here, you can see that the paint stops where there's the edge, the soft edge. So basically because of the properties of water color, it will not flow where there's no water, and this way you can create very sharp edges so when you need a sharp edge. For example, if you're painting a pair when you need a sharp edge, make sure that you layer your water first and you make the turn on the lights and you can see the sheen of the water. And that way you will see where you create those edges without applying the paint first. Like with the water, you creates the edge so you can see exactly where your pain is going to float. If you go out of the edges of your pair, you can easily let it dry and then apply the water again. So this way you will not be risking of putting paint, especially if it's cadmium. Think that does stay in a locked, which you will not be able to lift out, and you're basically running the paper. So that way, instead of doing that, you can apply the water and before it drives, then dropped in the paint. So this way you create hard edges. I'm gonna add a bit more blue here just to make it more intense. So against you, even when I pick up thicker paint, still flows until the edge doesn't come out how to create backgrounds. So this is something that, um, everyone who starts out encounters and basically backgrounds are these things. Uh, it's like blooms that you have created by water in the paint. So if I cover my here here, I'm gonna take again My blue. If I cover the area here, I'm gonna create a square here. Gonna drop in more pains again, more paint. So this is almost uneven. Flat wash, right? But now, if I do this, you can see what's happening. So because the water is kind of fighting with the paint, it creates these blooms. And you can use these for fun effects like they are unpredictable. So it depends on how the water is going to flow. But these can be very beautiful, especially used in combination with salt. But I will show you the salt a bit later. So these air blues is basically where you have water that's here. I have to much water left it on the edge. And this is why the bloom created itself on this son because the paper buckled a bit. So, um, that's for backgrounds and blues. Next one, I want to show you tilting as we did here. So if I take no What? This area I'm gonna quite a lot of water. I'm gonna move upwards so it has room to run. And now we're gonna take my pink gonna take my think and drop in some think here and then I'm gonna also take some of my blue, I think just to make it more colorful, I'm gonna drop it here. So I have I love the combination of pink and blue So I have my pink and blue And what I'm gonna do now is I'm gonna tell my paper and if I wanted to run downwards, I'm gonna tilt it this way so you can see that I can create different effects with my paint just by tilting the paper. Now, you know, just that here I have the water going around as well, so it kind of evened out the bloom that we had. But now if I leave the water tilted this way, and it's going to stay here eventually where the water ends, it's going to create that bloomy effect. So it depends on what you want to do with your water colors. You can mix them this way, but tilting is a fun thing to do as well 4. Easy watercolor techniques for beginners part 2: next, I want to show you spattering. So a spattering technique is you can do it two ways. So what I'm gonna do is I'm gonna first add water to this side of my square and this side I will leave as it is left out. But here there was a drop of water. So I will show you what you can do. It's bettering so you can use a toothbrush or you can use your paintbrush. And what you do is you pick up the color and there are two ways you can do it this way, or you can do it with your finger. So when you do it with your finger, you are going to have straighter like marks of the paint because of the gravity of how it works. But if you do it with your brush and the world watcher you put ona, it's, um the more, uh, spatter you, you're going to get so different radio pay attention to the difference between the dry area and the with area. As I said as watercolor flows from into the wet in the wet areas, there was more water. It looks started moving because I have the paper buckling up, not liking this paper particularly. But in the dry area, it's more concentrated and it stays in the same area as it felt. So, um, next technique, I'm going to show you we're going to need some tissue, and we're going to do some dabbing on lifting. So I'm gonna do is I'm gonna create in the area, gonna cover it fast, give it quite the rich color so we can see the difference. So here I have my blue right. So with this blue, what I can do is I can take my paper towel and I can have it. So depending on the pressure you apply, if you press very hard, you're going to lift a lot of color off. If you press slightly, you can create interesting texture. You could also use a sponge, so I have a sponge. It's completely dry now, sort is quite hard to natural sponge, and you can do this. Lift up the color with your sponge. Also, to create interesting texture. This is also a technique for correcting errors. If you have paint where you don't want it to be, where you need to lift it off the paper to take that color away, so it depends on the paint if it's staining or not. So basically, staining paint is paint that will leave still a mark on your paper After lifting, um, non staining paint will lift off almost completely. So what I mean by lifting is applying water. Let's say this is already dry, or you can also do it while it's still wet. If you have the mistaken, you know just immediately. So I'm blowing water, clean water the night get lifted up with a thirsty brush. Or I can lift it up with my clean wipe so you can see that this blue is not very staining. It's quite easy to correct, and then we can pass over with another color on top with watercolor. It's not a very forgiving medium. You can ruin the painting just by scrubbing and lifting, because it depends on the paper. The paper can get ruined. So basically, when you ruin the tooth of the paper, the very, very surface, the paint, I will show you how that looks. So if I were to scrub more, if I wanted to take more off that blue so first of all you are on your brushes that way. But if I'm scrubbing too much, I'm not that worried about this brush. It's synthetic brush. I don't have particular feelings for this. I have ordered some sable brushes. Those are the ones that you never want to use for screaming. So I'm gonna continue listing it off, and I will show you that the surface of the paper. Actually, I'm gonna use a stiffer brush. This is bristle brush, So I'm gonna scrapped a lift off. You can see that the paper is becoming waiter. The problem is that if you scrub too much, what happens is I'm gonna lift this off here. The papers ruined. If you do this, dry it out at home now. Um, just touch it with your finger. You will see that the tooth of the paper, the surface is ruined. It it feels different to the surface to the normal surface of the paper. So you can see that there are, like bits coming off now. Cheap paper, that is student grade is gonna do that even when you're just painting. So be careful. I suggest you use watercolor paper that is going Teoh take multiple applications of watercolor that as a professional watercolor paper you can buy also, for example, cancelled. Mixed media pads are perfect for sketching and trying out new techniques. So I want to show you how it's gonna look. Now if I bleeping to this area, they're so this you will not be able to get rid of it when it dries is going to look a lot more different to the rest of the area. So you don't want to ruin the truth of the paper. So another thing I'm going to show you is salt. So I have some sold here. So this is just table salt, and I'm gonna apply a wash. Uh, my pink just gonna pick up a bit more. I think again, I'm constantly mixing my color color first. Even if it's just one color, I'm constantly putting it on the palate. So here's my palette here, constantly putting it on the palate and then only then picking it up. Because if you go straight like this for sure, you're gonna get a very saturated color, which sometimes is not bad, but you're gonna use a pure water color very fast. And, um watercolors meant to be layered and is meant to be transparent. So it's not particularly what you want, so I'm gonna take salt Now I'm going to Sprinkle some sultan. So now I will let it dry. Best thing you can do with salt is let it dry and don't dry it with a blow dryer or a heat craft to so with salt, it takes a chemical reaction. It takes time for the salt to kind of absorb water and push the paint away. So we will let it dry. What we have here, we will come back to this square a bit later. Now I don't want to show you is masking foot. So here I have masking fluid. You can come. It can be in different in different bottles. I have a massive would like this and then another one have by Lucas. It's just a bottle of masking fluid. Here. This one looks pink. It was white. What you can do A cool trick that I learned is you can add a bit of paint into the masking fluid itself. So that way it has color and you see where you apply it. So this is my masking food. Um, fine leather. And what I'm gonna do is I'm gonna create in the lines with my asking just a bit once pretended, this is gonna be grass, So there's gonna be my guess I will show you. So this is a cool thing if your tip gets blocked, which it can do is just take a needle, unscrew the lid, unscrew the this up part that is blocking the little nostril here. So, um, that way you can just with the needle, you can fish it out. And there's a special thing here that is like a needle that you have to insert every time that you close your masking fluid, you have to insert it into the masking fluid itself. So it kind of cleans up, cleans up the masking food, So then insert it and then I can close it. So it goes all the way down, clearly clearing out that passage for the masking fluid. So another way to play mask influence is this. So if I have a normal basketball, this is how it comes. Usually, there are very hard to open this one every time. Then I'm just gonna take this one. So find screw my masking fluid. What I can do is I can take my rolling pin. Is this one? So here I can decide how thin or thick I want the line to be. You can put the masking fluid on a dish or like in a container, or you can just pick it up off from here as well. So join is I'm just drawing with my rolling pin I'm drawing, drawing the lines that I want to have. So here I have the lines with my rolling pin. It's a great idea to wash it out immediately because it's gonna clog it up. It's gonna become like gum after you've used it when it dries. So that's one way to apply it. And another application method is using these shaper thing. He's so, um, you just take some masking fluid. You can cover a near here with it, you need to cover a larger area. I don't like these particularly. I prefer the fine liner myself or the ruling open. I'm gonna close this now, and we're going to let that drive before we actually do anything with it, because it has to be completely dry before we apply any paint over. So now you can see that because of the reaction taking place going back to this square with salt, you can see how it looks. It's really cool. Um, next one that I want to show you this tape. So I have my trusty unicord with tape here. What? I work switch When I work, usually with water color paint. I want to take my our own Levington kind of create of fun edge where the paint is going to stop. What I'm gonna do is I'm gonna pretend that this is my little painting, and I'm gonna stick, take all the way around and use masking tape, Any tape that doesn't damage the paper. So I'm gonna put it all the way around just to keep that beautiful border a straight edge, so I would not be able to create such a straight edge. Just free handing. So what I'm gonna do, I'm gonna pick up my color and I'm gonna pass over this whole area on. I'm going to let it dry before I take it off. Preferably So, um, next thing is alcohol. So what? I'm going to show you now. is another technique. How you can create different textures using alcohol. So I'm gonna take my pink. I'm gonna cover my area here. It's gonna be quite wet. So the paint has somewhere to run away from the alcohol. And I have to be honest, I have this work here for drinking. Right. So what I'm gonna do is I'm gonna take another brush or we're gonna take this dropper. I'm gonna take a bit of world and you can see that amazing efforts just what one drop can create So you can use any strong alcohol you can use rubbing alcohol on bond. It doesn't matter what alcohol the because off the properties that the alcohol has, we can take you in the smaller dress, for example, and add some world call here. Just a tiny drops like that. So and this creates amazing texture, especially if you want to work with abstract textures. This is really cool. You can also combine these techniques you cannot some self don't good, and we will see how that's gonna dry. So next one is a sponge and you can use sponge. A sponge is in different ways. I'm gonna with my sponge. Now I'm just gonna create marks with my sponge, pick up my pink, and you can see that you can create different textures. It's very cool to create pictures like that, um, for roles, for example. So, um, depending on what look you want to achieve, so different things that you apply your paint with are going to create different marks. So these are the things I have also another sponge. This is a natural sponge that I picked up at the seaside when we were on holidays. So I'm gonna pick this one up and been more marks. So that creates again. Every sponge is gonna be unique and the shapes that, like in the marks that it creates so very fun to experiment. Another thing that I wanted to show you is how to create highlights. So we're gonna come back now to our masking fluid. But before then, let's cover in the area I discovered. I say we cover it very dark purple, gonna put it on my palette so we can see the highlights. So sometimes you want to mask out your highlights. But if you did a mistake, or you need to add for example, usually use white wash or white acrylic or, I think, to create, for example, highlights in the eyes or just creating lighter area. It's gonna actually I'm gonna cover a larger area here so it can create different highlights. Just gonna have a more purple into this. So now you see that I created a wash. I added more color into my washing because he got much more saturated. This looks and creates a big difference between the initial Washington's 30 head. I'm quite happy. I'm not going for a smooth wash here. Most importantly, I want to lay or something dark so we can add. Highlights stood later. So now first, let's come back to this square here, the paint is dry. What I'm gonna do is I'm gonna carefully take off the tape. Do not pull very hard. I learned it the hard way. You can pull off part of your paper with it, depending on the tape. This is a very low stick tape. I would say he doesn't stick to the paper that much so that I can see the borders. Villages are a lot better. This part didn't dry when I took it off got leaked into it because I told him the paper when I was pulling it off. So the best advice is that leave it dry completely before you take off the tape. So next thing we're gonna do ISS CR masking fluid. I'm just gonna drive here driving. Sure it's completely dry before applying any paint. Now I'm gonna take paint, and what I'm gonna do is I'm gonna I actually use my fan brush just for the sake we're using it. Never get to use it. Um, I'm gonna makes a bit of green, so I'm gonna mix my own green so they can create this kind of grass. So this one and I'm gonna take my red blue. So I create this kind of a dollar color. I'm gonna take my grass and what I'm gonna do is create this texture here. And then I dry it themed over to talk about with some darker blue or darker blue, darker green. I'm gonna just add a bit more blue to this color. Just blue. You see that? I created that though green on purpose because grasses not bright. Unless you're illustrating something like a Children's book that's has to be very bright. I'm gonna pick up my color on going out somewhere. Strokes here. So now when we have the thing dry diff initial progress, Theo, I do is I will use other my finger or Booty Razor or just in the Racer. So where's my racer there. So the best way to use is pretty racer, Because that way, you don't add oils from your skin onto the paper or just another simple restore. You can rub it actually with your fingers, but depends. So I'm gonna remove my masking tape. So this is the gentlest way to remove the masking fluid. Sorry about the tape. Because that way you don't damage the paper. Sometimes, for example, with the Lucas, um, masking fluid. I actually want to damage the paper. So I was just from Dubai there, pulled it and got pulled the surface of the paper off and ruined painting. So be careful with that. So now that I have my whites of the grass, what I'm gonna do is I'm gonna take my brush. Good. I can take what is wrong with this paint a constantly get in it. Sorry. So what I'm gonna do is I'm going to take again my green. I'm always using the same one. You can mix up with different green, and I'm gonna just some grass strokes on top. So there we have progress on the highlights. They act as the like, her blades of grass. So, um, you can do then the same thing as we did before with different washes. I'm gonna take up my think. Good. Um, I think here, my blue next to it to create a nice purple trump in a more blue here, and I'm gonna dry it out. Okay, This is another thing that might happen when there's too much water. If you blow dry, it actually ordered. Ah, heat graft to that. Shouldn't happen with heat graph till when you're blow drying your thing. Make sure that the way. What happened? I'm just gonna look the thing here. So now the paint destroy again. We can use the finger or the good eraser just to lift off about masking fluid. And here you can see lifting it off. There's more masking fluid here, carefully lifting that off. And there you go. So where there was marking fluid? This is why I don't like, particularly them. Shape toe this one. We're applying masking fluid because you can see that didn't cover the year you will enough as I wanted. You can use brushes with masking fluid. Make sure that it's a normal brush that you're not gonna use because it's going to clog up the brush. And even if you wash it out very good. It's still not gonna be, uh, as good as it used to be. The brush. So now for the highlights, another thing that I want to show you. What's come back to the highlights for the highlights. You can use different things. So the first thing that I tried for highlights Waas a job in so with a gel pin can create different highlights there. The next thing is acrylic marker. I have this Molotov brand, so you shake it, open it and you can create highlights. It basically has acrylic painted on. It depends. There are different markers with different thicknesses to them. I think this one is to milk so you can create highlights like that. Then, um, I wanted to show you also have this metallic marker there look very cool. So so could you just won a silver. It's not the highlight, but still, that looks amazing. You can create different marks with thus stink of it doesn't have pleasant voter. And then, um, two more things. So there's go wash. So basically what you do with quash issue, just press out of it. Don't think personal tidbits on the paper. I think this is titanium white. This is the most opaque one. No, this is permanent weight. Usually very different capacities for Gua sha as well. So I try to buy the one that is the most opaque. And what I'm gonna do is I'm gonna take a brush. I'm gonna pick up my gosh and just gonna pig with my gosh so you can see that Go wash, as I didn't dilute it with water. It's quite a pig. If I diluted with water more, I can create different effects. I'm just gonna drop dried over that so I can create different levels of opacity. So if I want one part of the painting to be later, I cannot go wash. Um then besides, the gosh I can use Think so? This is what I think. What I'm gonna do is I can take it straight from here. Or I get a little dinner. Little, um, ballot container I'm gonna do. I'm gonna pick up pink on, and I can create also different capacities. We think now if I drop my brush because I have my brush full of water now for German brushing, pick up the ink itself so you can see it's quite a pig. Um, I prefer go wash personally, just for one reason that go wash ink can run your brushes. It will run their brushes eventually. Not that you're gonna be painting with ink painting highlights constantly, but I think has a tendency of running brushes. My gosh, It doesn't ruin your brushes. And it is basically watercolor. A no peak version of watercolor. More troll key version of watercolor. So, um, that's my personal preference and its studies. Quite white. For little highlights. Yes, um, Posca pens or just acrylic markers. And don't bend. So, um, one more thing I wanted to show you just before we finish is how I green what water drops before my plane takes. So I'm gonna take my pen when I create my paintings. I have these splashes. I thanked watercolor pets on like oracle of animals and have these splashes running down from the painting like from the years and for the from the animal, like in the portrait. So what I do is pick up color I cover, I put the dot Oh, again, got into the water going here, So pick up the color. I put a dot here and I continue adding until it forms, uh, drop. So to help it dripped down. I'm creating this kind of, ah downwards movement. So the more water and putting or the more paint diluted in water like for the washing, Putting the lower is going to go when I wanted to stop because sometimes if you put too much water is gonna run, run off the paper. I'm just gonna lift it up with my brush, for example, or I conducted with my paper. So, for example, let's say I'm gonna make I think drop, So I'm adding more paint. It starts until it starts running. Just make sure that you have one exit for the water to run down and that it doesn't create this kind of movement. Greats like a drop, so it's coming down I'm gonna take my paper towel and I'm gonna so get or another alternative way of creating these cool water drops is again gonna create in the area. I always do this at the very end when the painting is ready when I'm happy with the painting because you can't correct over the watermarks that you create. So and I'm just gonna draw the line down all the way that I wanted to go down to and then you can let it dry. It kind of creates this cool effect with more painted the very endlich as if the paint is running downwards, so it depends how you want it to be. But one more thing is, when you create these drops, you have to be careful not to mix too many colors. I create layers of color that drips down. So basically I start. For example, with my dry, I add another layer of yellows of necessary, and if I'm happy with it, I will add another layer off blues reds. So I don't mix them together because if you add what washes off yellows and blues together , they're going to mix and sugary and depending on with colors you have few mix warm yellow with, uh, warm blue. It's gonna be a muddy green, like this sort of green. So this is it for this class. I hope you enjoyed it. I hope you learned a lot. And if you have any questions, do you ask me? I will be very happy to answer. You can check out my other watercolor classes. I also have a very cool class on watercolor pencils where you can learn many techniques the same ways. Here you can learn many techniques over that you can use were watercolor pencils. And and we have some very interesting projects there as well as a butterfly. And I talk a bit about the color wheel, and I have also a watercolor mixing class. So but the water color mixing class basically, I will teach you the split primary palette and things you need to know about color theory. And I hope this was very, very useful. Before we end, I start to take off the salt here so you can see the result. So this is our silk. So I hope to see you next glasses on and wish you all the best people on painting and have a nice day. Bye