Drone Videography For Beginners: 15 Cinematic Drone Moves For Epic Videos | Adam Bartnik | Skillshare

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Drone Videography For Beginners: 15 Cinematic Drone Moves For Epic Videos

teacher avatar Adam Bartnik

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.



    • 2.

      Class Project


    • 3.

      Flying Your Drone- Guide to First Flight


    • 4.

      DJI Drone App- Features You Should Know About


    • 5.

      Avoid The 6 Types of Drone Crashes


    • 6.

      Master the Hand Launch and Hand Catch


    • 7.

      Easy Cinematic Drone Shots


    • 8.

      Intermediate Cinematic Drone Shots


    • 9.

      Advanced Cinematic Drone Shots


    • 10.

      Composition For Drone Videos


    • 11.

      Lighting & ND Filters


    • 12.

      Adam's Class Project~ Mexico Is Magnificent


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About This Class

Course Description:

Drone Videography for Beginners is a detailed step-by-step guide to help DJI drone pilots create beautiful cinematic videos that others will actually want to watch.

This course will teach you how to:

  • Set up your drone before your first flight
  • Control Your Drone.
  • Perform a compass calibration
  • Use 5 Important DJI Features
  • How to hand-launch and hand-catch your drone
  • Perform the 15 Best Cinematic Drone Shots in order from easiest to hardest
  • Frame The perfect shot using the elements of composition
  • Perfectly Expose your Shot using ND-Filters

Meet Your Teacher

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Adam Bartnik

Level: Beginner

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1. Introduction: Hey guys, welcome to drone videography for beginners. My name is Adam Barton egg. I am a traveler, a cinematographer and YouTuber over at the channel atom ventures. And about six months ago, I added a drone to my camera Bragg. And since then I've flown almost a 100 hours. So I have done a lot of drone flying in the last six months in this course, I'm going to teach you step-by-step what you have to do to make your drone shots look better from how to just simply being more comfortable flying a drone in sketchy situations, doing things like hand launches and hand catches. I'm gonna walk you through all of the best moves, like how to fly your drone to create the most epic shots, as well as different elements of composition. How to line up your subject in a drone shot to make your shot look as epic as possible. I'm extremely excited to help you level up your drone flying skills and to see the work that you end up producing with your drone after watching this course. So with no further ado, let's dive into the next lesson where I will be introducing the class project. 2. Class Project: And again, this course is project-based. So at the end of taking this class, you're actually going to take your drone, go out into your city and practice capturing each type of shot that you learned how to perform in this class at the very end of this class, the last lesson is a PDF for you to download, which is a shortlist of every shot that you learn how to perform in this class. And I want you to go out into your city, practice each type of shot and put it together into a town real that you'll share as a class project. 3. Flying Your Drone- Guide to First Flight: In this lesson, we're going to go over the absolute fundamentals of how to fly your drone. We're going to start with what all the buttons on your controller do. Then we're gonna talk about how to launch your drone, how to land your drone, and how to perform a compass calibration. So if you already know how to do all of that, feel free to skip on to the next lesson. But if you're due for a refresher or this is all new information to you. Stick around and let's dive right into the controller as far as the controls go, this left stick here. When you push this up, you're just moving the drone up as you can see here. And you push that stick down, you're moving the drone down. Then when you go left and right, this is called yaw. You're literally just spinning the drone side-to-side. And then this is your hand motion right here and say this is your, this is how you do a dolly shot. This is just moving the drone forward. Moving the drone back. And think of this whole right stick. Easy way to remember it is just this moves the drone on the horizontal plane and you go to the right. It moves the whole drone to the right. Left it moves the whole drone to the left, back, backwards, forward, forward. This is the return to home button. This puts your drone into return to home mode and then pauses. It also also pauses your quick shots. We're gonna be going over all of those settings in the next video. Right here. This is your mode selector. All the way left is cinematic mode for getting the slowest, most smooth shots. Normal mode is where you're going to want to be in most of the time. And then sport mode when you're meeting some higher paste action shots. Another thing to keep in mind is sport mode is going to drain your battery significantly faster. Then cinematic mode or normal mode is going to. Then on the back of the drone, you can see that right here you have the gimbal and right here you have the record button, the Start Stop Record button. You can quickly tell right now that the drone is in video mode because you have the red circle there. And if I hit this button, it's going to switch the drone to camera mode, where now it's gonna take photos. Right here on the controller. You have this one X button. You can click that and it's going to zoom in the camera to zoom present one more time, and that goes back to the default setting. So like I said earlier, this is the gimbal and when I push it to the left, you can see here what that does. That lowers the gimbal pretty slowly when you're in cinematic mode and when you're in sport mode, the gimbal is gonna raise a lot quicker. This feature button can be programmed to do anything you wanted to, but straight out of the box, what it does is it will, when you press it once, it will bring the camera straight down, more features you're gonna want to know about, is that down here, you have your maps and you can actually click that to see where your drone is, which can allow you to fly. By the map, you can see where your drone is exactly really good if you are outside of visual range, which you're really not supposed to do legally Into? Yeah. Just to the right of the maps, this H represents what your elevation is relative to the height that you took off at. So if your one-foot above where you took off that that is going to be one foot. D is your distance right now I'm 350 feet away from where I started. And then here you can see that I am now moving forward at around 30 miles per hour. And now I am moving up at 11 miles an hour. Up here you have your battery and then just next to it you have an estimated amount of how much longer you're going to be able to stay in the air until you absolutely have to land. And as you can see, as I start to fly faster and more aggressively, that number decreases. To the right of that is the signal strength from your drone to your controller. And to the right of that is how many satellites your drone is connected to. One thing to note here is it's not a good idea to launch your drone if your drone is connected to less than six satellites. Because if it's connected to the less than six satellites, the return to home feature is not going to work. If you ever let your battery dropped below 20%. Your controller is gonna make this loud pitch noise until he went under drone. Now that you know how to actually control your drone when it's in the air, it's him a takeoff for the first time. The first thing you're going to want to do is you're going to want to connect to your phone, the controller, and opened a DJI app. After that, you're going to want to do the DJI to press. You're gonna want to turn on your controller. You might think that just pressing that power button is gonna do it. That does not do it. That just gonna show you how much battery your controller has left. What you're gonna wanna do is you do a one-click press, and then you press and hold until it gives you that beep. As you can see, my battery, my controller is getting a little bit low on battery, but that's not gonna be a problem for today. Next, you're going to want to get your drone and take this protective strap that comes with it off of the drone. You're going to want to take the gimbal, protect her off as well. That just snaps off. You're going to want to unfold your drone. So these front ones just fold out like this. And then the back ones fold down. Then you turn your drone on the same way you do controller press once, press again and hold. And once you hear that noise there, you're gimbal will start to move. Your drone is now on. The very first time you're setting up your drone, it's not actually going to say go fly here. It's going to say connect to your drone. You're going to click that and then you're going to select the type of drone you have and your controller is going to search for your drone and then parent. Once your drone is connected, you're going to want to hit Go Fly. You're going to want to wait for that satellite count to hit at least eight. You can see right now, right away I have ten satellite connection, so I'm good to go. If your controller says take off permitted, then you are ready to take off. The first thing you're gonna do is arm your drone to arm it. You're just getting the propellers spinning. It's not going to actually take off yet. So you want to have your drone in a safe place where you're ready to take off. And then to arm your drone. You're just gonna push both sticks in this way, just like this. Let go. And now the propellers on my little drone there are spinning. And now when I press up on the controller, I'm gonna be moving the drone straight up. Then when you're ready to land, you can just hit the down button. And as you can see, the drone is taken care of that last little bit about that last foot or so on it's own. Your dreams aren't always gonna say takeoff permitted. Sometimes it's gonna say compass calibration required. This actually happens quite a bit when that is the case, you're just going to want to click on it and then this screen is going to appear and you're going to want to follow the prompts and do it. It tells you to do which looks like this. Hitting start. Then rotating the craft 360 degrees horizontally. Simply looks like this. Until symptoms you have to go a little bit extra until it says OK, and then rotate 360 degrees vertically. Just like that. And now the compass calibration is complete and you're ready to safely take off. That is how to fly your DJI drone. I hope you found this information helpful. And in the next video we're gonna go over some important features that you definitely are going to want to know about in the DJI app. 4. DJI Drone App- Features You Should Know About: Hey guys, welcome to the next lesson. In this lesson, we're going to go over some DJI app features that are really good to know about. Let's dive right into it. All of these are in the menu tab, which is these three dots in the upper right-hand corner of your screen. Starting with safety, a really, really good one to know about. We're gonna come back to all the intricacies of return to home at the end of this video. But if you scroll down to the bottom, this is a really good one to know about find my device if you ever crash your drone into a tree or anywhere and you're having a hard time finding it, having a hard time recovering it. This is going to help you out a lot. It's going to show you exactly where your drone is on a map and then able to walk to it. And when you get close, you can hit this start flashing and beeping button. Then once you find your drone, you can hit stop beeping and your dremel stop beeping. All right, moving on to some camera features. When you click on the camera tab, this is what the top is gonna look like. You can change all sorts of these settings here. You can turn a histogram on if you want to, if you're a professional user, the main one that I would recommend turning on for beginners is gridlines. This way, you can more easily line up a subject when you're recording into the rule of thirds. Basically, if you're not familiar with the rule of thirds, I'm going to cover this in another video. But if you're filming a subject, it looks a lot better to keep your subject in on this line, on a one-thirds line instead of in the middle of your screen. So having this grid turned on just makes it a lot easier to follow the rule of thirds when you're filming some more camera futures to go over right now you can see that I am set to be recording and fork at 30 frames per second. If I want to change that, I can simply click this button right here. And I can change to 2.7 k. I can change to ten ADP, which will then allow me to record at 60 frames per second. Or I can switch to photo mode by clicking this button here. And one setting that I really recommend you turn on for photos is it'll default to shooting single photos. But I recommend you click AEP, in which stands for auto exposure bracketing. Whether this is going to do is every time you take a photo, it's actually going to take three photos with three different exposure levels. Is it going to make it a lot more likely that one of those three photos is gonna be exactly what you're looking for. This is also how you take quick shots. However, you're not able to take quick shots unless your drone is in the air. And this is how you're able to take shots on a timer. Here when you click the shoot button, it's not actually going to take the photo for 15 seconds. Cancel. And saving the most important for last next, let's talk about the return to home altitude. This is setting the altitude at which when you, if you lose connection with your drone, your drone is going to fly to whatever elevation you set right here. It's going to fly to that, but you can go straight up to that elevation and then fly back to you at that elevation. Usually the safe thing to do is just to set a really high return to home altitude. But there is one exception to this. If it's a really windy day, you might actually want to drop your return to home altitude because it's a lot windier, 400 feet up in the sky. And if your drone has to return to you against the wind, it might just not have enough battery power or the drone might not have enough power to make that actually happen. And that's why it's a good idea to check your return to home altitude before every single flight. Because if your last flight was really windy day and you're just flying really low down near a lake and you had a really low altitude set. And now this flight is in a city you could very easily run into a skyscraper if you don't go back into the setting, double-check it, and raise your return to home altitude. 5. Avoid The 6 Types of Drone Crashes: In this video, I'm going to go over the six most common types of drone crashes so you know what to look out for and you can better avoid making these types of crashes. The first type of crash is we're gonna call it the newbie crash. You're pretty much only susceptible to this when you are new to flying a drone. This is where you don't quite understand the stick movements with the sticks do that great yet. And let's say you're trying to go straight up, but you'd go straight forward into a wall. Instead. If you're new to flying a drone and you think you would be susceptible to this? I would recommend just staying in Sydney mode, flaying really, really slow and flying high above objects to decrease your chance of making this type of crash. The next type of crash we're gonna call the node look shot. This is when you've obviously gained some experience. You're a lot more comfortable on the drone and you started flying sideways or you started flying backwards. And the second that you are flying in a direction where your camera, you don't have eyes on it. You are a lot more likely to run into an object to tips I have for decreasing your chance of making a no look crash. The first one is to try to stand as close to the subject that you are filming as possible. Because then you can keep your eyes on the subject and you can physically with your eyes see that the drone is not going to run into anything as it's moving to the side. Tip number two, if your subject is far away and you can't get your eyes on it, take some time to really just cruise around your area, pointed forward making sure you know the area that you are in and that you're not going to run into any objects. That's the best way to avoid the no look collision. Another really common way a lot of people crash is by using DJI as automatic flight modes. This is return to home. These are your quick shots. Anytime the drone is flying itself, It's not able to make as good of decisions as you are as a pilot. Not yet, at least maybe in a couple of years that self flying technology will catch up to how well a human can fly, but it is not there yet. When you're using quick shots, make sure you fully understand what the orbit feature is going to do when you click orbit and make sure you know where your drone is going to spend. I recommend that before you try to use quick shots to capture a cool shot of a subject, you first practice using all of these quick shots in an open field where you have a chance to just firsthand witness exactly how the drone is going to maneuver in that chosen quick shot. Another type of crash to be aware of is when you try to fly through an enclosed space with your DJI drone. I have personally done this. It can look really, really cool to start outside and go inside a building and then fly straight out the other side, right? You've probably seen these types of shots on social media. These types of shots are usually not performed with a DJI camera drone, like the maverick line of drones. These are usually performed with a specific NPV drone. One thing you want to know about your drone is when you're outside, your drone is constantly compensating for when let's say you have a ten mile per hour wind going this way. Your drone, the computer inside your drone is trained to keep it in one split one place instead of flying off this way at ten miles an hour, right? So the second you get into an enclosed space like away from the wind, your drone is just going to fly off into the wall. So keep your DJI drone away from enclosed spaces and save the flying through enclosed spaces for the NPV drones, which looks something like this. Maybe there'll be another course that makes someday another common type of crashes running into small little objects in the sky. Perfect example, our electricity lines and phone lines. Sometimes these are just hanging out in open areas that don't look like they should have anything in the airspace. And they're really, really hard to see on your cameras. So you have to be very, very diligent and paying really close attention to your screen when you're flying. And last but not least, another huge cause of crashes is because the DJI app glitches out. This is actually really, really common. I have seen the DJI app glitch out probably more than 50 times now, 11 good example of this. The one thing that I've seen quite a bit is that sometimes I'll be flying my drone, the battery will, the battery indicator will all of a sudden freeze at a certain number. So it'll be stuck at 80% battery. If you're not paying full attention, you might glance down and think that your battery actually has 80% left. But if it's bent at 80% for five minutes, you don't have 80% battery left, right? If this ever happens to you, one thing that I've found that usually works is I will close the DJI app while I'm flying, open it back up and then usually it will give me the correct battery indicator. Another thing to watch out for is sometimes the app will just completely freeze. The picture on the app will just stay the same. It'll be just a still shot. And this can be really confusing if you are flying over a long, monotonous place, like I was when I was flying over the ocean and didn't realize that the image wasn't changing and then I crashed into a building. So when you're applying definite want to pay a lot of attention to the app because it can malfunction on you. And one thing that I've done to kind of get around this that I've found is working a lot better for me is I've actually uninstalled the app and I've reinstalled it and I no longer allow the updates to install on the app. I found that the updates actually significantly decrease the performance in the app, may lose a couple of features, a couple of quick shots here and there. But I found the app tends to be a lot more responsive on the base version. So sticking with the base version of the app might be something that works better for you. 6. Master the Hand Launch and Hand Catch: Hey guys, welcome back to the next module. This is a really important one. In this lesson, we're gonna be learning how to hand launch and hand catch your DJI drone. And at least for me once I learned how to hand launch in hand catch my drone. I hardly ever take off from the ground anymore. Hand launching just has a lot of benefits. For one, you can handle launch in a lot of places where you just can't launch from the ground. Like if you're oftentimes I'm applying my drone, him taking off from the beach or from a place that has really tall grass or from a place where the ground is just really dirty and I wouldn't want to be setting my drone on it. So that's the first CHRO of hand launching and hand catching your drone. The next is that you can just keep your drone a lot cleaner. And ultimately keeping your drone cleaner is going to allow your drone to last a lot longer. Because the reality is when you are taking off from the ground, oftentimes you see sand and you see dirt kind of cloud up and around your drone. And that's getting in the motors, that's getting in the chips, that's getting in everything, and that is shortening the lifespan of your drone. So that is obviously not good. So I'm gonna teach you here how to hand launch your drone. So it's really not that hard. All you need to do is hold your drone in your hand like this at the bottom, make sure nothing is in the way of the propellers. I like to hold my controller in my arm like this. And then you just want to make sure, make sure Absolutely double-check, especially if you have a larger drone than the mini tomb at this thing isn't going to hurt your fingers or anything like this. But if you have a Pro or even DJI air, you're gonna want to be extra sure that the propellers are not gonna be touching anything. Hold your controller just like this, and launch. That's the scariest part right here. But then because of the DJI technology, you can literally just let go and it will hover. Just like that. That is the hand launch. There's really not a whole lot to it. I do recommend though, when you start launching your drone, you do it in a place with soft grass underneath you just in case you do accidentally drop your drone or something like that. It's all your controller, then it's not the end of the world. All right, moving on to the hand catch. The first part of hand catching your drone is simply to bring your drone down, hovering down about face level, about eye level with yourself. You're going to want it to be just a little bit in front of it and then take your hands off of the sticks. You're done hitting the sticks for now. Alright, then what you're gonna do is you're just gonna get your hands underneath the drone and you're just going to pinch the main body of the drone here. And when you do this, the drone is going to want to take off. It's going to want to go up because it thinks there's maybe wind that's pushing it down. It's trying to keep it at a level, level, vertical plane. So that can be a little scary, but all you have to do once you get your fingers on it, you turn it to the side and then that's going to turn off the propellers. And then you got your drink less. Demonstrate that real quick. That's all there is to it. Again, you're going to want to practice this one in a grassy area first. And just in case the drone does start taking off, you want to make sure that there's nothing above you while you're learning this one. 7. Easy Cinematic Drone Shots: Hey guys, welcome back to another lesson. And this is a really exciting one because in this lesson we're actually going to start to cover drone shots. This lesson is the basic drone shots, which actually happened to be some of the most common drone shots. And I recommend you stick around even if you are an intermediate or an advanced pilot because the moves and the order I'm going to teach them all build off of each other so I recommend everyone starts with this video and then watch the next one and watches the one after that. All right. Let's dive into it. All right, guys, the first shot that we're gonna talk about is the dolly shots. Now the dolly shot is one of the easiest shots to perform, but that does not mean that it is any less powerful than any of the other drone shots. You can tell amazing stories. You can take amazing videos with a simple dolly shot. Let's talk about what a dolly shot Israel quick. Basically a dolly shot means that the drone is moving on the horizontal axis. It is going forward, backward, left, right, or diagonal. The drone is not going up and down at all. It is only moving on the horizontal axis. And to perform this shot, you simply take the right drone, stick the raid controller, and you push it in a direction. You push it in a direction and you hold, you're going to want to hit the Record button on your drone. And then you're going to want to push the stick in one direction and just hold it. So that is the dolly shot. It's a very simple move. But I do recommend that you start with just the dolly in the moving straightforward until you are very comfortable with that before moving on to trying a dolly Back or a dolly to the side because the second you start going backward or you start going to the side, you're not actually able to see what you're flying into, right? So it's a really easy way to crash your drone as recovered in an earlier video. All right, real quick, I'm gonna give you two tips for how to level up your dolly shot. So the easiest way to level up your dolly shot is simply by flying a bit lower to the ground, not too low, but a bit lower than you might feel comfortable with. The second easy tip for leveling up your dolly shot is just to follow a line straight down the middle. This looks absolutely incredible when you just follow a line, just like I do in this shot here. The next shot we're gonna be talking about is the crane shot. The crane shot is simply all you're doing is you're moving the drone straight up or straight down. It's a very simple shot, but it can be extremely powerful because it works really good as a transition piece. Because ultimately what you are doing is you're revealing an object. Let's say, for instance, I want to show you maybe shooting a video in my house and then I am about to be leaving my house and one of my travel videos, and I want to reveal what is on the other side of my house. It's kind of a good representation of leaving one scene and entering another scene. Another instance where you might want to use a crane shot is if you are making a video for a real estate agent, you may want to start in the neighborhood and just simply crane down to reveal the house that you are making a video about. And then your next clip in the sequence could be you on the ground in the actual house. Another way I like to use the crane shot is to actually just land the Jerome and to use that footage, It's a great way to close out a little sequence of drone videos and then be able to switch to handheld camera footage. It's a really good transitional piece just to include you actually landing your drone to kind of close out that chapter and start a new chapter of your video. As you can see, the crane shot is a really powerful shot and we'll be revisiting this later by adding additional moves on top of it in a later video, the next shot is the stationary shot, very easy to perform. All it takes is getting your drone situated where you want it to be, hitting that record button and then taking your hands off the sticks and you can even set your controller down. This is great for getting time lapses. I love using the stationary shot to get time lapses, especially on a day when it's not windy. Because if it is really windy day, it's going to move your drone around a bit and it's going to be, you're not gonna get the best shot trick to getting a good stationary shot is to anticipate the motion that's gonna be happening in the frame of your camera. Want there to be an adequate amount of motion in every video for a video to look good. And in most drone shots you're using the drones movement to add that motion to the picture. But in the stationary shot, you need to rely on the motion of the subject. So with the stationary shot, if you want to add more motion to your video, you simply can move closer to the subject. And if you have too much motion in the video, you can move further back. The last super easy drone shot that we're gonna cover in this video is the top-down shot. There's something really special about the top-down shot because people are very familiar with seeing what their home or their backyard or their office or an intersection that they drive on every day they're really familiar with that looks like at ground level. But most people have not seen this scene, these places from a top-down, maybe their home from Google Maps. But if you show someone an intersection that drive on every day from the top-down perspective, it just show it's such a unique perspective that it really captures the eye. And it's a great type of shot that's super easy to perform as a beginner with your drone. So as you can see, top-down shots look really cool when there's a lot of motion in the shot, but how can you make a top-down shot look cool when there isn't any motion in the shot. That is what we're going to cover in the next lesson. 8. Intermediate Cinematic Drone Shots: All right guys, In the last lesson, we covered the most basic drone shots that you can capture. Those are still very, very powerful shots. I'm not discounting those shots at all. But in this video we're going to take all of those shots and we're gonna add additional layers of complexity onto those shots to create an entirely different shot, an entirely different feel in your video. Let's start right back at the beginning with the dolly shot. There are two obvious moves to add to the dolly shot. The first element that you can add to your dolly shot is a gimbal motion. And the one-year probably going to use the most often is as you're going forward, as you're dallying forward to use a gimbal up when you're dallying forward and you are having a slight gimbal up motion. The viewer can't help wondering what is going to be revealed in the shot. It's a great way to reveal. So it's a great way to add some anticipate patient into your shot. Having a downward gimbal rotation to a for a dolly shot makes for a completely different feel to the video because you already see what's in the frame and you're just seeing it at a new perspective. A good example of when you might want to use a clip like this is if you have a drone sequence, you're using a bunch of drone clips. I'll cut to the music and your timeline in your video. And then you want to transition to footage on the ground, a clip like this where you're kind of zooming in on the beach would pair really nicely with your next clip with you on the beach shooting more of a vlog style, a video that is the dolly plus gimbal. Really there is a lot more to this shot because don't forget you also have your sideways dallies and your backwards dolly shots. But I have found that generally speaking, a forward and a backward dolly work the best with a gimbal rotation. A sideways dolly shot, combined with a gimbal rotation, doesn't always look the smoothest, but if you do it real slow, you can still pull off a really good shot at doing that. Alright, moving on. The next shot we're gonna cover is called the Zoom shot. This is where you combine a dolly shot with a crane up or a crane down to create a zoom in or zoom out type of effect. This shot works the best when you have a clear subject in the shot that you are either zooming into or zooming out of. If you're just flying high and you are a dallying forward and craning down. It just the shot doesn't look good. It really does. And you kinda have to have a subject that you were either zooming into or zooming out of. And it creates this really cool shot that's very easy to pull off. Alright, I like to call this next shot the showcase shot. We're building this shot up from a crane shot. And all we're doing is we're adding a gimbal movement to it. And it's important here that if you're creating up, then you're going to want a gimbal down. And if you're craning down, you're going to want to gimbal up. And what you're essentially doing is you are trying to hold an object in the same place on your screen. You're going to just be watching your screen very carefully and craning down and gambling up at the same time to create this kind of showcasing standstill effect. This is a really powerful way to showcase a subject and add movement to the shot even if your subject is stationary. Alright, moving on to the top-down shot, there are several types of motions that you can add to a top-down shot, to really add a lot to the clip to make it a whole different type of look and feel. The first is to add a dolly movement to the clip. This works. You can do this with a stationary subject like going over trees for instance, or an island or what have you. But I really like to use this shot when you are following a moving object to make that object look like it's standing still and everything else is moving. The next movement you can add to a top-down shot is a little bit of movement, a little bit of just spinning in one place. You don't want to overuse this clip, but there is definitely a time and a place for it. It definitely has a unique look and feel. The last way you can modify the top-down shot. And my personal favorite is to add a crane movement to it, to add some up and down movement to your shot, which also creates the zoom in and zoom out type of look, but from the top-down perspective. All right guys, those are the intermediate drone shots. And now I will see you in the next lesson where we're gonna be going over some more advanced drone shots. I'll see you in there. 9. Advanced Cinematic Drone Shots: Hi guys. In this lesson we're gonna be going over some more advanced cinematic drone moves, starting with my personal favorite drone move of all time, which is the orbit, although we're doing in this shot is rotating the drone around a stationary object while keeping the camera pointed at that object for how cool the shaft looks, it's really not that complicated to pull off all you have to do if you are trying to rotate around an object clockwise is you push the sticks towards each other, right? So this is moving your drone in the left direction and now you are pointing your camera to the right so that you are rotating around that object while keeping the camera pointed at the stationary object. And then to perform the counterclockwise orbit, you're just going to be pushing the sticks away from each other like this. It's really that easy and you're going to want to find your position and hold it. It's gonna take maybe a little bit of fine tuning on the sticks like this to really find the spot. And once you get it, you just hold, make sure your recording and then you just hold that position. As you can see, the simple stick movement of performing the orbit shot is not that complex, but you do really want to pay extra close attention. Be extra careful when you're performing this shot because it's very easy to accidentally run into an object because your object, when you're looking at it on your drone screen, is actually making a much larger circle then you think it is in real life. So it helps to actually be able to maintain visual eye contact with your drone, to be able to look back and forth between your screen and the drone flying in the air just to make sure that you're not about to run into anything. You can make a large part of a small circle by being really close to an object. Or you can make a really small part of a large circle by being further away from the object hold types of shots look really good once you're feeling more comfortable performing the orbit, it's tempt to level this shot up. There are two ways that we're going to level up the orbit. And the first is the easiest. The first is just by adding a little bit of crane motion to the shot. And this is really, really easy to do. All it means is you're taking your left stick and you are Up a little or down a little. The next way we are going to level up the orbit shot is by adding a little bit of gimbal motion to the shot. Just a little bit of gimbal goes a long way, adds a lot more motion into your shot. And this is great to maybe raise your camera and reveal a sunset or reveal a skyline or reveal anything really. Once you've completed that shot, I want you to take a second, pat yourself on the back because this is a big step. You just completed a move that uses all three inputs on your drought. You use the left stick, the right stick, and the gimbal. And this is huge because once you no longer have to worry about the stick motions and what type of shot you're getting. You can just focus on the subject. And just focusing on the subject is going to bring your drone videography to a whole another level. Let me give you some examples. So in this shot I am not thinking about what type of shot I am capturing. I'm solely focused on the subject of trying to capture my girlfriend walking into the spot and capturing a video that is going to paint the spot in a good light. Here I am now worried about any particular drone movement. I am solely trying to capture the best video on camera. And once you no longer have to worry about the stick movements, you can just focus on framing up the shot and moving the drone to adjust with the moving environment. Let me give you another example of this. Here's a shot where it's my girlfriend eating a bag of chips on the mountain and it's kind of funny to zoom out from her. But this shot would get long and boring and monotonous if it just stayed a Zoom Out shot, what you can do to really add a lot more life to a shot is changed the shot throughout the shot, after a bit of zooming out, I rotate the camera to really reveal the mountains and really kind of reveal where this shot is taking place. And this just adds a whole lot more depth to the shot to be able to start with the zoom-out. That's good as a standalone clip, a short little clip to insert into another project, but to make the shot really live on its own as a piece, adding additional movements like this are really, really powerful. So now that you know all of the possible drone moves and ways of positioning your drone and your camera. Let's move on to composition, because composition, getting your composition is going to be the next thing that is going to really level up your drone cinematography. 10. Composition For Drone Videos: This lesson is all about composition. I'm first going to go over what composition is, and then I'm going to talk about four elements of composition that are gonna help you capture better drone videos. Let's dive into it. All the composition is, is how the elements in a photo are arranged. And so you as the drone pilot are in complete control of the composition of your shot. You can move the drone backward, forward, up, down. You can rotate the gimbal however you want. You get to decide the composition that you want in your shot. The four elements of composition that we're gonna cover in this video are the rule of thirds, using lines, using shapes and patterns. Before I dive into these rules, I just wanted a quick say that this is all subjective. There's a time and a place for following these rules and not following these rules. But as a general population, if you follow these rules, more people are probably going to like the way that your shots turned out. Now with that being said, let's turn to the rule of thirds. As you can see right now as I'm talking to you, I am in the middle of the frame. So the rule of thirds would say that actually this is the way that my camera should be positioned. Could be kinda like this. That this looks better than the way I've been filming this course this entire time. I put chose not to do this because I have that pillar right there. But actually, you know what, That doesn't look so bad, does it? That is following the rule of thirds. So as you're flying your drone, try to, instead of flying straight at something, fly a little bit offset. The easiest way to remember to follow the rule of thirds when you're flying is just a turn these grid lines on so that they're always there and you're always getting this kind of constant reminder to try to film as the rule of thirds. The next rule of composition is leading lines. Lines are powerful. There's a lot that you can do with lines. You can find a line and you can just fly straight down the middle of the line like I do in this clip right here. And that's a really powerful shot. You can also use lines to lead up to your subject. That's a really effective way to use lines. The next is patterns and textures. Patterns and textures are very powerful when you can find patterns or textures that compliment each other well or contrast with each other. Try to include all of that in one shot. Maybe go a little higher, go a little lower, get closer to something to really highlight the textures of a shot. When a clip has a lot of texture in it, it tends to look better. The last rule of composition is shapes. The human mind loves to see shapes. So when you're flying around, keep your eye open for anything that resembles a square, a rectangle, a circle, a triangle, and try to include that in your shot. And ideally if you can, maybe try to combine that shape with a texture or with a line or with some other element of composition to make the image really pop. Those are just the fundamentals of composition. I encourage you to start to think about those the next time you go out and fly and to really try to incorporate some of these principles of composition in your photos and videos. All right, I'll see you guys in the next lesson. 11. Lighting & ND Filters: All right guys, In this lesson we're gonna talk about everything lighting related. We're gonna talk about golden hour. We're going to talk about exposures and shutter speeds, and we're going to talk about ND filters. But first, let's start with golden hour. One of the easiest ways to bring your drone videography to a whole. Another level is to simply film during golden hour. This is the easiest thing to do. Golden hour if you're not familiar with it, is when sunrise happens, till one hour after sunrise, and then it is also starting one hour before sunset all the way up until sunset. One of my favorite examples of this is flying my drone in Cancun straight down the beach. This is during the middle of the day and now this is a couple hours later during golden hour. Huge difference. Golden hour just looks way better. Alright, now that we got golden hour out of the way, let's talk about the 180 degree shutter rule at its core. This is a rule to take the most cinematic video, the video that is gonna be most pleasurable to watch by the human eye. This rule essentially states that the ideal shutter speed is twice your frame rate. So if you're shooting at 30 frames per second, the ideal shutter speed would be 160th of a second. I thought I'd come outside to give you guys an example because when you're flying your drone, you're outside and there's always a lot of sun, just like there is right now. So I have my camera set right now, 230 frames per second. That's when we're recording this course at. And I have my shutter speed set to 160th of a second right now. So right now I'm following the rule and this is motion blur that you are seeing. So this is what looks more natural to the human eye. I just changed the settings on my camera and I'm still shooting at 30 frames per second, but now my shutter is only staying open for one, the two thousandth of a second. So a much smaller window of time. And this is what that same motion blur looks like. Now I'll try with my fingers open a little. And as you can see, it's really choppy looking at just doesn't look as natural. Also as you can see, I lost the blurry background effect that comes with having a low aperture because the shutter speed is so short, it has to let as much light as possible into the lens as a canon, a very short amount of time to do that. It has to raise the f-stop as high as it can go so you lose that blurry background effect, which looks so good. Okay, Now let's bring it back to drones. When you're flying your drone on a sunny day with auto exposure turned on your drone is using a really high shutter speed, just like that choppy finger example, this does not look good and cinematic when you switch to manual mode and set the shutter speed to 160th of a second, everything is overexposed. Wherever you see a zebra line, you have complete loss of information that can never again be recovered. So this is a real problem. So how do you solve this? With ND filters? Nd filters are essentially sunglasses for your drone. You literally just put them over your lens like this. They make your drawing look super cool. And then they allow you to follow this rule and get the most cinematic shots. Here's a clip of me flying my drone yesterday without ND filters on. So this is just automatic exposure and here's a clip after it put ND filters on and you can see the colors just pop a little bit more and you're able to get that motion blur back into the shot. Nd filters also give you more flexibility in how you want to expose the shot. In this clip, I use a stronger ND filter to expose for the sky. And you just can't get a shot like this if you're using auto exposure settings. So there you guys have it. Lighting is extremely important to your shot and being able to control the amount of light that makes it to the sensor of your camera is very, very important if you want to get the most cinematic shots, ND filters are going to help you do this and can really help you bring your drone footage to a whole another level.