Botanical Line Drawing | Peggy Dean | Skillshare

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.



    • 2.

      Tools & Materials


    • 3.

      Flowers | 29 Styles


    • 4.

      Leaves, Ferns & Branches | 13 styles


    • 5.



    • 6.

      Wreaths | 2 styles


    • 7.

      Succulents & Cacti | 7 styles


    • 8.

      Real Flowers: Daisy


    • 9.

      Real Flowers: Pressed | 4 styles


    • 10.

      Real Leaf: 1 Object 3 Ways


    • 11.



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About This Class

Line drawing is an easy art form featuring illustrative, doodle-like designs. It's used widely among artists of many types with both fine lines and bold lines. In this class, you will be introduced to techniques that will assist you in creating beautiful flowers and leaves.

You will learn that you can create many styles from the same object depending on the mood you want it to reflect (e.g. simple, textured, intricate, ornate, etc.).

This class walks through drawing the following:

  • Ferns
  • Branches
  • Leaves
  • Flowers of many kinds
  • Wreaths
  • Laurels
  • Cacti
  • Succulents

You will work off of lines and shapes, photographs, pressed flowers and live flowers and leaves!

For more DIY projects, lettering and drawing tutorials, and resources of all kinds, visit my channel, my website and my Instagram.


Class Outline

  • The art of the botanical drawing. Peggy will teach you to create botanical art by line drawing wildflowers, leaves, and other natural objects. In this class, you’ll learn design in an entirely new way – whether your end goal is to create tangible artworks or vectorial illustration, Peggy’s easy techniques will help you draw new and interesting motifs that will make your pieces pop.
  • Creating your own. You’ll be invited to create your own paper and ink botanical drawing and then translate it onto a box, a piece of wood, or another non-paper material. Peggy will encourage you to upload your progress on the project page to get her feedback as you work, and to post your final design at the end of your endeavor for valuable community criticism.
  • Tools and materials. Peggy will talk you through all of the tools that you need to begin your foray into botanical illustration. To start, all you’ll need to gather is some crisp paper and a range of pens with points that allow you to draw different line weights. Peggy will suggest different brands and types of materials that she relies on, and discuss the ways that she avoids common challenges, like ink bleeds and fading.
  • Creating flowers. You will learn how to create stylized versions of a wide range of flowers, from tulips to daisies and wildflowers, by using basic, easily-mastered lines. With step-by-step instructions, Peggy will show you how a few simple strokes can be transformed into a believable plant, and will share her tricks for creating visual character, depth, and detail.
  • Creating leaves. Peggy will discuss how to draw greenery by relying on symmetry and shape. She will show you multiple ways to draw common leaves by working from the inside out, and vice versa, to depict organic-looking forms. You’ll also learn her proven techniques for drawing leafy stems, and how she incorporates them into more complex botanical scenes. With Peggy’s help, you’ll be drawing entire meadows in no time!
  • Drawing wreaths. You’ll see how Peggy builds on her simple drawing methods to create elaborate and polished wreaths of laurel, flowers, and leaves. When her wreaths are complete, Peggy will show you the easy ways that they can be used to border words or other illustrations, or stand on their own as beautiful works of art.
  • Illustrating succulents. Peggy explains how she approaches succulent illustrations, and demonstrates how she draws different types of cacti in simple and appealing ways. In her lesson, she also touches on how to draw a terrarium by bringing together previously-discussed design options to illustrate plants in a jar.
  • Drawing from real-life inspiration. You’ll learn to pick out distinct lines, creases, and shadows on real flowers and how to translate them into more realistic, intricate botanical line drawings. Peggy will invite you to watch as she closely observes the details of different flowers and leaves – and then explains how she ensures that each plant’s most pertinent characteristics make it to the page.

Meet Your Teacher

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Peggy Dean

Top Teacher | The Pigeon Letters

Top Teacher

Snag your free 50-page workbook right here!

Hey hey! I'm Peggy.

I'm native to the Pacific Northwest and I love all things creative. From a young age I was dipping everything I could into the arts. I've dabbled in quite an abundance of varieties, such as ballet, fire dancing, crafting, graphic design, traditional calligraphy, hand lettering, painting with acrylics and watercolors, illustrating, creative writing, jazz, you name it. If it's something involving being artistic, I've probably cycled through it a time or two (or 700). I'm thrilled to be sharing them with you!

Visit my Instagram for daily inspiration: @thepigeonletters, and head over to my blog for more goodies curated just for youuuu.

I'm the author of the best selling... See full profile

Level: All Levels

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1. Introduction: Hi guys, I'm Peggy and you may know me. I minus the pigeon letters. In this class, I'm going to be introducing to you the art of botanical line drawing where you incorporate wild flowers and leaves to make a really great addition to any piece that you're doing, whether it be in lettering or just doodling or something else. You don't have to know how to draw to get into line drawing. It's actually really simple, and once I show you how to cite out what it is that you'll be drawing onto paper, it makes it a lot easier. For the class project, not only will you be creating a line drawing, but you'll also be incorporating it into a project that will be seen other than just on paper. For example, I have used this box and it's just a plain white box that I found at IKEA, and I was able to illustrate on that number around the entire thing. That was a lot of fun. You can also use like a wood slides. You can find these that your crop store, really just use your creativity to figure out where you want to place it and you'll know exactly what you need to get started. 2. Tools & Materials: Tools that you will need to get started with line drawing botanicals are very simple. You just need some crisp white paper and four pens, I'm just going to be going over three of them. Probably I'm not going to use the Pilot Fineliner, but it's a good pen if you want to have that bold, fine line. The other is the Sharpie ultra fine. It's a little bit thinner than this guy. Then my personal favorite, that I'll probably use in most of the class, is the Micron. This is the 08 and they come and ranges, 05 and 08 are good starting points. The larger the number, the bolder the line. So if you want something a bit thinner, I would say go 03 or 05. You don't have to have those for the class. The reason that I like to use them, it's permanent. The ultra fine, it's permanent. So these pens aren't going to bleed. You can watercolor over them. Obviously, if you watercolor over them, you will want to use the watercolor paper, 140 weight for these watercoloring and you'll want to use the waterproof ink that's going to stay and last. This won't fade. 3. Flowers | 29 Styles: A few very basic flowers that you can get started with. One of them, you'll start with a stem. Just straight down, you can do a little curve at the top, and then we're going to do an understroke. Also, you can consider it just a curve. Then from here, we're going to do just a wavy line connecting it, and then in the dip here, you're going to come from the upper corner, wavy line just throughout there, and touchpoint before it gets to the other side. Then if you want, you can also do the same idea and layer just one more time, which makes it have the appearance of being closer, whereas this one looks like it's a little further away. I like this style better. I think it just looks a little bit more natural. Even the line-drawing isn't supposed to look natural, but still fun. From here, you can leave it as is, or you can add a couple lines in, just for some texture. If we're doing the wildflowers, come straight down, and then we're going to branch off here, branch off here, and then do three. Then I like to keep things uneven. I just think it adds more personality to the piece. Then I'm going to go in the middle of this branch straight up, and then I'm just going to do some very basic, very small circles at the end of each of those. Then from here, I can just continue to branch off to create a few more of these. You can continue that as long as you want to. My personal favorite. We will do just a regular circle for your center, and then this one takes a little bit of getting used to because you want to fit five petals in. So if you were to do that, you can outline where they're going to go, if it's easier, otherwise you can freehand it. Rather than doing our normal scoop paddle, we're going to come out a broader angle, and as we come back in, we're going to do a little bit of a dip and back down. You're just going to do that the whole way around. Then from here, we're just going to add about three lines to the center of each of these, and the middle line is going to extend just a bit further than the ones on the side. I'm doing it a little bit fast so it gets wispy toward the end, and that's finished. That's what that looks like, and you can create a stem coming off of here, or off of here, however you want to do that. Then another fun addition to this flower is overlapping. I can bring something out, come behind and just create a little bit of a fold as it's connecting. Looks like it has some overlapping layers, which makes it look a little more believable. Another flour we can get into, is another one that I really like to do. I'm just going to start with that very basic center. These are similar to like the leaves that we might draw. But I'm not going to start exactly where I started here. I'm going to come up and then start just a bit off, a bit further over and connect, and then I'm going to do this the whole way around. I'm not really going to care much about how many petals I'm putting in because I'm going to build off of them. Once that's done, I'm going to find the middle area of two petals that I just drew and bring a petal behind it. Then you can keep building on this as far as you want to go. I typically only do about three layers when the petals are smaller like this, because I don't want it to be too much or overkill, but I do want it to look layered. Now that's done. You can also do the same version, a little bigger center, and then come into a point and then in to that point and match and meet it there. Then same thing, just build off of that. If you're combining a lot of flowers, another fun one that you can do this very, very simple is to put your stem in, just do a few loops like this, and then a couple at the end. Then if you want to, you can add that final middle one. That's a really easy one, and that goes along with the first one that we did. You do want these smaller accents along with your more statement flowers because you want it to look more realistic if you're joining that wildflower botanical idea and adding grass, adding leaves, really make for a beautiful, complete illustration. Then moving into more of a daisy type of flower. You can do your center, and then similar to this, only we are going to round our edges and they're not going to meet so close toward the end. They're actually going to be closer in at the base and then come out and back in, like this, and lots of really skinny petals. Then remember layering is really good because then it looks more believable. With these petals I don't want it to get too congested. The carpel is fine, but you do want this to look like they are stand-alone petals. I like to keep some separation and then do my layering. Makes a little bit of a difference in the illustration. You can play around with the centers, depending on how big they are, they do make an impact. This is a bit smaller. I think it looks a little more realistic, but this one does as well because it looks like it's opening up, whereas the petals on this one could be more constricted around the center, same with this one. Play around with the centers and seen what you like. Then if you want to draw this type of flower more in this style, a really easy way to do it is to create your stem and then just create a little base, and then have it connect somehow, you can do it round, you can do this little angular point, and then do these same petals and just make them in an art shapes. I'm going to start on this side, and then come at the back for my layering, I want to do a lot of these because we are looking at it from the side. Then I'm going to come back and create these little lines at the bottom. Another flower that you might have seen in doodle illustrations is this uneven circle, center areas of some kind, and you can do little circles, you can do one circle. You can do more of this type of center, and then you're just going to have these straight lines. They're almost like lollipop flowers. I think they're really fun. When they're amidst others, I just add some character which is fun. Similar to this, I'm going to show you. If you were to wave the edges of a circle, do a real small center, and then have lines that almost connect to the ends, some of them may, but I'm going a little bit faster and I make that wispy edge. If you place those near this top one, they can compliment each other as if they are almost the same flower, just opening up. Notice on this guy too, I'll show you. See how my lines are curving outward, curving outward, outward, outward and the same way the hole weigh through, if you were to do that straight, it doesn't give it the same effect. It's still fun and it's still doodly, but if you're to create that curvature in there, it does make it look almost like it's opening up, instead of being flat pasted. You want to do more of a cute daisy, off of a couple of stems with multiple flowers. Petals come out of the stem and get three coming off of the same line, doesn't matter how you lay that out however you want to and then skip just a small amount of space and do a half circle. They look like full circles, but you're just going to do a straight line at the bottom and then loop back around. Then from here, you're going to draw your petals upside down. That's it. Then you can obviously add leaves and grass and we'll get into that in a little bit. Then another one I like two create that has the multiple facets is something similar to looking like lavender, and although this is not a realistic lavender piece, it's really fun to create and it makes for a really awesome addition to these other flowers. I'm going to start just a bit up from the bottom. I'm going to do these loops that connect. But I don't want them to look quite like petals, they're almost like balls, but just a little more oblong. Then for the next brow, I'm going to do it just a little bit further in. Not quite as wide. Then same thing with this next one. As I move up, I'm just going to make them smaller and smaller. As we move up, they're going to do these towers and layer. I don't want them to all bee the same size and there should be some gaps in the stem also. For this next one, I'm going to just create that same width as we just did, a little bit smaller and then smaller. Now I'm going to skip some areas, not quite as wide as the very bottom. Then just getting smaller at the top. A little bit wider. You can see I'm doing a sporadic pattern. Then the top. Another one would look like this. There's different ways that you can do it. I would probably go more of this one's a little less perfected shape. One that's typical that you've probably scene everywhere is a wish or the dandelion. I'm making a real small circle. Then I'm just going to create the stems off of it. Then a little bottom base. You may get lost in the illustration when it's so small, but that is okay. Then after here I'm just going to create some lines that go straight out, some that are real short, some that are longer, and the reason I want the shorter ones is because I want it to not just appear on the outside, but also appear throughout, which is the forefront, closest to us. Then from here, so many different ways you can do the ends. I typically just do a really small x, where one line is a little bit longer than the other. When it's small like this it doesn't really matter I just want to put some texture in there. Like that. Then you can do these little lines coming off of that. Then it looks like it's got the wind blown effect. If you want to do more of a stemmy flower, just draw one line and draw these little lines off to the side. What it's going to look like is the five petals. They're real small. I call these filler flowers. They take up enough space and have enough texture to add dimension. You can also do something like this that's a little bit more leafy. If I were to put in and for these, I'm just doing that shape, real small. I could do something like this and then just throw in some leaves, which we're going to go into in a moment. That can be really pretty to incorporate also. Something you'll see in every single flower illustration that I do, that I'm just obsessed with creating, is this imperfect ball with sum dots. I typically only do the dots with concentration at the top for light effect, but you can do it throughout and it looks just as cool. But I love these and I usually do them nice and small so if it's next to one it's probably only that big. Going into like a rose type of flour. We do a middle that's a little bit of a swirl that connects, and then from there come off and connect and then you want to overlap these layers and just keep building on it. They are imperfect squiggly layers that are nice and close to one another. You don't want to really vary with the size unless you want to bring it out more toward the end and that would be a good time to do it, but otherwise keep them nice and clean. You can do them smaller. Like that. You can do them when they're still budding to create this, almost like a crib that it sits in and then one line down and then the other one sits on top of it, so that's what it's wrapped up in. Then like that. That creates more of a rose that hasn't quite opened up yet. Create its little hang out area here and then come up and connect. Then you can create more of a petal. Once that's in but I like them nice and simple. Another fun won would be the poppy. What I do is I create the stem, you can do it before or after. But this nice wide center, you can do dots, you can do little circles, however you want to create your center. Then this one's easy. I separate into four parts, the top petal and the bottom petal. It's going to come out here. Then write where I started that one, come down and connect and then the outer area and outer area. If you want to put it off, you can tilt that line that your base is instead of being completely horizontal. I like to do these long lines and then I like to also do where it's the opposite way. Then you can create a little cradle for that as well, just right in here. Those are some more stemmy flowers. Then let's get into some leaves. 4. Leaves, Ferns & Branches | 13 styles: In this segment, we will be moving into some basic leaves. When you're creating leaves, a lot of the design is going to be symmetric and this is something that you have to do, but it does make things a bit easier to keep track of. To get started, you can either start with your middle, your stem into your middle line, that separates the two parts of the leaf, or you can start with the outer shape and go back in. So I'll show you both examples. To start with the stem and go all the way up, looks like this. Then you can go back and create your outer leaf and then from here, you can go on and do your veins and this is where the asymmetry comes into play. So everything that I do on one side, I'm going to duplicate on the other side. Then the other way to do that is to create the shape of your leaf first, go back and create your stem, and then just drag that center line up and you can even do like we talked about with the flowers where there's a bit of curvature. They just create that lift, so I should come up like this and then copy that on the other side, just like that. Leaves can be a lot of fun and there's so many shapes that you can roughed. You can look at photographs, overall just duplicate what you see and they can be very very simple. So to go into the more stem ones that you might add into your wildflower illustration. I'm going to start with one that's very simple. So I'm just going to draw my stem that comes straight up, and I'm going to draw a little leaf at the very end, and all that I am going to do is start at the base, come up, loop around and back down. There's no curvature out than in, it's just very simple, I start here, come out and around and then meet back where I began, and I'm going to do this the whole way down and match each side. You can do this where you start with one and then do the other side. Go to the next to the other side or you can go down on one side the whole way, and then go back to the other side and add those in. Whatever feels right to you to keep that symmetry, and then that's it. So they're really really simple and then you can add the middle line into these leaves if you want to, or you can keep it simple and blinked just as is. There is a lot of versions that you can do of this style, so I'm going to show you another one, and it's going to almost be exactly the same. The difference is this point that usually starts at the middle is going to be on the outside. So the base is going to be that rounded curvature. You can do it in two parts, how I drag one side up and then drag the other side up to meet it, or if you feel confident you can start at the point and loop around and come back out, and this is a hand motion that not everybody is used to doing right away. When you go to duplicate the other side, it might be a little bit trickier or it gets that dip correct, so just practice and see what feels right. See how two very similar designs look very different depending on the mood that you want; this one's a little bit more light and cheery, this one looks a little more sophisticated. Play around with those ideas and shapes, and then you can even do something where it starts a little bit further down and comes up and out, almost like a heart shape, those leaves look really pretty too. Moving into a little more detail, you can do that main center area and then actually create some stems coming off of that and I'm just going to do about four on each side, and then from there I'm going to create two or three leaves to each stem. So on the top I'm just going throw into here, and I'm going to design this just like I did this previous line, so I'm going to create this larger leaf and then just a little bit smaller on each side. You don't have to do three on every single one, sometimes it looks nice just adding one or two. Just do whatever you feel like doing and let's design. Mostly, I want you to get comfortable with throwing in a few more for extra detail and they can overlap a bit too, that's totally fine. Actually, I'm going to add one to the stack. They almost look like they're budding, which is really pretty. It's just a nice addition to add to the overall illustration when you put everything together. You can also do, a leafy design that comes up and then tip is out, more branchy, and then do really skinny versions of that first stem that we did. You almost don't even create that shape, it's more of just opening up just enough. So you have that white space showing and then come back down, and then if you see some areas that you might want to add, a stem person balance. That's what that would look like. This is one of my favorites because it almost looks like that hairy wheat and it creates a really nice natural edition. Then during that longer grass, this is just something where it's almost this idea just elongated all the way up. I do this nice spike and then knead it with a point at the top, and then I will just repeat that real close to one another, just a bit higher and lower where it connects and then some of it will come off, well, it's not perfect, but we want to just create that natural look. So that one has little bend on it. So hopefully that gives you a good idea what that would look like. You can make these really short, you can make them really long, you can create some more bends in the top and the tips you can do a couple of bends, and all that's going to look like is, when you come up, this curve down and then I usually do a little bit of a flip at the top. Just for more of a natural texture, come back up and then shoot back down. One that's pretty to do that's more like a fern. You would come up and then we're going to create stems like this, but we're going to have them varying. The length that you want your leaves to touch, that's actually how long the stem is going to be and we're going to start short and get longer as we come down. They're going to be fairly close together, then match on the other side, then from here we're just going to create some really small oblong shapes along those lines that you just created, and it's going to go all the way down to the base middle stem there. Be sure to focus on doing these individually because you don't want it to look like they're running together, even though it is such a small amount of space, it is noticeable and you want it to look separate because each leaf is unique in its own character. So as you're moving quicker, just be mindful to not connect to that. Another version of this would be to have the same longer stems that branch off. Then creating leaves such as these along the entire area. So that would look like doing this. So they come out in between just a bit more, almost touching. This is a much fuller fern. You can make these as long as you want to toward the bottom. They can come out a bit more. You can make it longer so that there's a little more graduation there. Once you get to the bottom, you can come in slightly more. For example, on this one you could stop it right here and then right here. So it comes back in. That's what that would look like. So same idea, different appearance. You can build off something like this. Again, that same idea by having the stems come off, but then on top of those having even more branch off of the smaller ones. They're all quite buildable. Just be sure. The best way and the easiest way to keep track is to maintain your cemetery throughout, and starting with one stop and moving on to the next after you've completed the symmetry throughout. So notice that I did add all those little extensions, but I haven't put anything on them yet until I had gone through and added the extensions to all of those stems. From there, that's when I can add them on. I can keep it as it is because it's more about branch effect or I can go on now and add some leave. I'm a big fan of these nodule type branches. That look really pretty and decorative. It can even be incorporated into more of a festive illustration. Then you can do leaves like this that are on a stem and more concentrated. So do those tiny little stems branching off and then you can create some larger leaves so you can see them. This is obviously more concentrated branch instead of seeing the whole thing. But this can be really nice coming out of the assortment of a bouquet. From here we will draw our center line and then go through and create the veins just really close together. Because you're making them so close together, I wouldn't worry too much about keeping the cemetery just because it is going to look that way. If you're really particular in your illustration and you want to be able to see that by all means, please do, but it's really not necessary. That's what that would look like. Also a different feel. Another version of this that I really like is where you only add the veins to one side of the leaves, and then I want to also introduce idea to you to watch where you're putting your center mark on your leaf. For example, if I am going to create a leaf that dips on one side and not the other, like here, and then this one is just going to meet it. It creates more of a personality and the shape as if it does have some movement. So rather than doing my center line straight from the base point to the top, I want to follow that curvature. So I'm going to come up and do a dip and meet. Notice that now it almost looks like it has an appearance where it's slightly tilted to our right and almost facing upward. If I do that to this side, it's the same idea but almost to the left. So really tiny detail, not anything technical, just enough that will add a little more personality to your piece. Almost loosens it up just a little more. Then you can do it the other way around too, where the dip is on the bottom, and then now it looks like that one is more downward facing. Then from here, same idea as this only you just add it to one side and you can choose which side you can do the one that has a little more space, white space, so you can do the one that's less. I like to usually do the one that has a little more, I think it completes the illustration a little more rather than looking like there's vacant areas. Sometimes I alternate, so I'll do one that's more open like this and then I'll go and do the smaller area. But when it's finished, it looks really cool because it only has that detail on one side. I find that to be really pleasing to look at. I just think it dances almost the illustration. I think that doing things like that can be really fun, so I encourage you to try those out. You can do them in the larger leaves, you can do it where only one side will have that. You can do it in the smaller version. It's not as visible, but as you can see, even those small details do make a lot of difference depending on how you want to look to go. So a little more playful, a little more sophisticated, a little more detail. This one's a little more, it's almost like an illusion of movement for two reasons. One is the curvature and then two is the placement of where we did the veins. I also like to loosen up my leaves up a bit. So although these are fine, when you want more of that loose area design, feel free to come out it. Really loose, skip some areas. Don't perfect the leaves on the way down. It's a scratchy just quick. So notice that that is the same shape. It's almost more similar to this one but overall, it's quickly done. You can see the sporadic placement and it present a different mood than these to do. In the beginning, I encouraged you to get your information down and then from there, start to loosen up and do some different pen strokes to figure out exactly how you want that end result to look. 5. Laurel: In this segment, we will be going over how to create laurels and you can do them based off of the illustrations that we just went over and you don't need any more than that. It's amazing how elaborate you can make some of these designs without using a ton of different concepts and then make them look different. Be sure to upload your progress in the project tab too so that everybody can see it and get inspired as well. I'm going to start with a laurel design and basically all that laurels are is a wrapping doubles stan that doesn't connect, so it doesn't make a wreath and it does have its ends that overlap at the bottom and you can do these with the traditional leaves, you can do this adding flowers. If it's hard for you to eyeball the symmetry, I do encourage you to place your design down with pencil at first and it really does help where you can take a ruler and make some marks so where you would start and end. I'm going to start a little bit to the left of the center and come up and around, and then the same thing over here. You can also turn your paper so you can see the other side really well to match as best you can. They don't have to be perfect because you're going to add leaves and it's going to be more of a loose design anyway. Then from here, you can just create your leaves so you can do it like how we did connecting to the base. You can add some stans, I'm just going to do a real simple one to show you. Then I don't go all the way down past the connection, then I'll come up on the other side and just do the same thing that I did on the right. Then once my leaves are in place, my symmetry looks a lot more sturdy. Then if you want to add a little bit of finish on the bottom, you can just create a small line and then drag it up and connect it as it's coming in. Then you can add ribbon, you can add flowers. Some real simple flowers that I've done either on the base, just off to the side, so something like that. You can put those in throughout as saturated or sparsely as you desire. Another one that you can do that is a little more obvious is where you actually create the stem. All I'm doing here is basically this exact same motion as of these leaves and I'm doing five of them and they're meeting in the middle. I'm not drawing the center part, I'm just putting those small petals in. The placement is totally up to you, you can make this as long or as short as you want. They can only come in, they could only come out, they can do both. You can have two coming off of the same area. That is a fine example of the laurels and then you can write something in the center or do another illustration in the center and then you're all set. 6. Wreaths | 2 styles: I'm going to just do a real simple circle. It's going to be imperfect and I'm fine with that. From here, I'm going to add my leaves and then incorporate some flowers. I'm just going to rush through it so you can see how I can incorporate what we just went over with leaves and flowers into a cylinder shape. I'm just going to create some branches and these can go in multiple directions. They can come off the center or off the inside and off the outside as well. From here I'm going to add just some real basic leaves. After I have done that, I'm going to go in and add some flowers and I'm going to put in some other leaves as well. I'm just going to keep mixing that until I feel like it's complete. I think that a nice addition would be some more of the rose flowers and I'm not going to stem off. I'm just going to set them off the line a bit. After I got those added, I can add some buds where they come up and they just have that little cradle here and then up like this into that little point. I'm not going to add very many of those, just a few and then I'm going to add my go-to and it has the center and then it has the five petals and they just come up and do a small dip. Then they have those quick wispy three lines in the center. I'm going to go in and add some different types of leaves and they're going to be those quick, sporadic ones. I tend to always add these wispy type to my wreaths. I just like the way that they look and it fits my style a lot. Anytime that I don't like something that I'm doing, I tend to add stuff like this and then it saves it for me. I'm sure that once you experiment more, you'll find that style for yourself as well and that go-to design that you'd like to do.Then lastly on this one, I want to add my favorite flower too, which is a longer stem and perfect circle and a couple of dots. I just love how this one finishes things because I think it changes the whole vibe. You can leave it as is, you can write something inside of it. Now I'm done. Another wreath that you can do is the overlapping circles. You can create this using one stroke or you can go in and do a couple of different connection lines. One stroke I think makes it look a little more organic and then from here, you can add little leaves off of the lines themselves as stems or go off and branch off like we did before but for this one, I'm just going to do some real wispy long ones. Then right here, I changed direction. Feel free to do that as much as you want to. You can keep them all the same direction or change it up. Then they don't have to be consistent the whole way through, just if you see a spot that looks a little more empty, you can throw in some leaves in that area. Great. Here I think that we could switch direction. Add a little more throughout the center and then off of here, I'm just going to throw in a few of those branches that have the little nodules at the ends, and then finish with some of those smaller circular flowers. So these are just some ideas that you can do. Again, the options are really limitless. You can do a lot of different things with these flower reef designs. 7. Succulents & Cacti | 7 styles: In this segment, I'm going to briefly go over some different cactus and succulent illustrations that you can do that are quite simple. To begin with, I'm just going to show you the typical succulents, and it's going to be one of the same shapes as the leaves that we did only and a floral form. We're going to do this shape, but do five petals, without a center, and then from there we're going to build on that. Then make sure to keep the ones in the back thicker, you don't want them getting smaller, and then as you finish it off, you don't want huge gaps in between. Make sure that you are completing them pretty close together. Then another way would be to extend the petals if you will, and you can do a cluster of three, and then work off of those. Some of them will come out, and just keep creating those in a longer version, and then when you come to the bottom, get those a little bit shorter. That's what that looks like, and then add the middle, and I'm going to do these imperfect and I want that perfect straight line. I'm doing a little off to the side just for that movement to show up, and then I'm going to leave the bottoms plane. Those are some succulents, and then I'm going to show you some cacti. To do a pot, just create a long rectangle with some smooth edges, and these don't have to be perfect actually, I think the imperfect ones with the dips in the line, it's an illustration style that I'm quite fond of myself, and then coming down my pots just going to have those curved edges and they are going to sit just inside of the lip here. For this first one, it's real simple, I'm just going to bring this up and back down, and then I'm going to have another one right next to it that's overlapping or that's sitting behind the other. That's going to be my overall shape, and then I'm going to create, just some quick lines that set, and what those are going to be essentially are these spikes that are coming of. I'm just going to make those along the edges, and then that's it, and that's all you need to do. Then you can design the pot if you want to, you can put some little designs on there. Really anything that you want, and it creates a cute little illustration of some cacti. Another one that you can do is create your pot, and then similar to this, but do it in threes. Have that long center one, one that comes up from behind and then maybe it is a smaller one to the side, and then it's going to be that same effect, just these quick little dashes with your pen, and then those quick spikes on the side. You want them to come in, pass that line just a little bit. It doesn't look like it's just coming from the line, but it actually is coming out of the plant itself, and then you can design your pot. Another one that's fun is create your pot. When you do those round ones, and then do some curves from the outer parts inward, and then just create those spikes coming from the top and they'll just get a little smaller toward the side. You can put these inside of terrains, you can do some succulents inside a little jar with one of these leaves that has more of those rounded leaf designs. Incorporating all of that inside of the little jar is really cute too, and to do that, just make a cylinder shape, come down a little bit, match the bottom, create some lines, and then from here you would come out and then down and come back up. There's a little jar, you can actually bring that lip the rest to the way around here, and then just draw this one line inside here. Let's put it here, have this coming up, have this one here, and then put some flowers, and so it actually will look, let's join us really quickly so you get an overall idea. It can look really pretty inside or something like that. You can add a little rope. Lots of design options here. 8. Real Flowers: Daisy: When you're drawing from real flowers and leaves, the things that you want to pay attention to are just overall shape and then any lines, creases, any shadows that you might see. That's basically the same thing that we're going to see in photographs and in illustration. The things that we'll be focusing on with this flower are the creases and the petals and how they are shaded. We're just going to use line work on those for our line drawings and then a little bit of texture in the middle. First, I'm going to incorporate the center and I'm just going to do some pinpoint dots. They're really close together. You want to create the density here, so you don't really see the separation. I'm going to add in the additional texture around that, and to do that there's a couple of different ways you can do these little half circles like this, a little bit figure that looks like this. You can also do hollow circles. So that's really up to you. I encourage you to create your own patterns here. Then from here I can go on to the petals and notice that they are narrow at the bottom. They come out and then they meet again at the top. The largest part of the petal is about three quarters of the way up, so we are going to make that our largest area and then come back in. Then at the very tip of the petal, you will see that there is a small little dip, like a tiny V, and so we're going to also incorporate that. There are super long and good way to look at how long they are is measure the middle. So about the end of my pen to here, and then take that to the pedal. So it's about that length actually. So on your paper, think about the length here, and then your petal is going to be about the same. I want to make these imperfect. Notice that as they come up, I'm actually putting some behind as well. If it's easier, you can start and do the entire first circle around before you add anything to the back. So narrow here, lighter here, and then down here again. I encourage you to make some little further apart, some little closer together. You don't have to be perfect because it is line drawing, so it's supposed to look more like a doodle. You'll see how something very imperfect turns out to be something that looks a little more intricate once it's finished. That looks good to me. You can keep adding until you feel happy with it. I like to leave these little gaps in because I think it looks a little more organic. Then, you see the lines actually come all the way through. For me, my style, I think it looks a little too cluttery. You can do it that way if you want to. My recommendation would be to avoid doing straight lines the whole way, but rather follow the curve of the petal. So if you're going to do the middle line, just follow the curve as you're coming up. But what I'm going to do is, and you can switch to a smaller tip pen for this, but I'm just going to keep the O5 and start from the middle and just do a quick release there. So it's a flick of your pen. I'm going to start in the middle and just go real fast outward. I'm going to do that from every petal at the base. You can also do this without doing it quickly. So if you have a petal, that's your base, you can do it like this too. That's just a different style choice. That looks really nice as well. Then I'm also going to do it at the tip. You can see they're just minimal holds where the base is reaching up and into the top. I'm just going to do a couple little creases here and there. Because I'm not dragging the whole way through, I don't need to have it be that perfect match. I don't need to put these on every single one of them either, so I might skip a few. Which creates more of like a movement in a doodle, which is eye pleasing because you don't usually see movement in doodling. That's it, and then you have your flower. 9. Real Flowers: Pressed | 4 styles: Now I'm going to show you a little more of an intricate flower. We're just going to focus on mostly the outside shape because it's so small. Unless you're making this a pretty large version of this smaller flower, there is no need to get too detailed. I'm going to start with the stem. I'm using up [inaudible]. There's a little bit of a knob here because I'm only doing one line and I'm not doing the one next to it. I'm not really going to worry about that. I'll just do a tiny sliver and then it come up. Then we have a straight stem here that comes a little below that one. We have a flower that comes down and then we have this guy here. From the top, we're just going to fill those little areas, have them come up. See, it's very simple, I didn't put much in there. It's mostly just creating that shape and then having a center. This is all it really has to look like, you don't even have to put much detail into it. It's almost like a star, these little ones. Notice all I'm doing is finding where they're at and it's not even exact because it doesn't have to be. This is just a reference, so I feel happy with that. To enlarge, to show you what this is actually looking like, it's this messy five point flower with a dot in the middle. Then on a couple of these, I just did this. That's all, they're very basic. On this one there's one hanging here. Just find the ones that are prominently standing out to you and that's it. It doesn't look exactly like it, but it does replicate it in a way. You can make these a little larger too, a little more going on so that it does look like it has that overlap. You can make this larger and make the stem have it's center, or you can just create one solid line the whole way up. It bends towards the left, so I'm going to bend it towards the left. I'm going to show you how to go through each of these needle without overthinking out, without making it too much detailed. We have some overlapping here, I'm going to take the one on the very top. Just do a very quick line, the one coming from behind it and it's going to start a little bit up. Have it connect. Does it have to be perfect? No. Because all we're doing is using this as a reference. This one is tucking behind this next one, so I'm going to skip that much ahead. You can see the gap here when it come to about here, we get that, have that one tucked behind it. This one has a small imperfection, those are great to add in, it just gives it a little more character. Then we have one overlapping again. Although it doesn't poke out the other side, I'm going to have it because I think that it adds a little extra character. Then moving up, we've got this and then one is coming from behind, to the top, and the last one. Overall, similar idea, I've got a few more spaces than this one, so you can add, throw a few more in here. Whenever you think that you want to do. You can also add that middle line, run a couple of them, run all of them. Which adds a little more detail and that's it. It's a really quick build, it doesn't take long to get to. I'm going to show you another pressed one. This one's going to be a flower, this is a pressed flower. I have these on hand, you guys, so you do not need to have pressed flowers, go through all that to get them. I would just recommend either grabbing a flower that flat or using an image. For this one, we have a couple of petals here that are smaller and then some that are larger, a little bit of overlap here, a little different shapes with the width. These again, don't have to be perfect, I'm going to create a center. Then I'm going to bring this up and in. Then from the back about here and then about here. A good way to do these measurements is, do you see the base of this petal here, how it's almost looking like that line goes up and down. You'll notice that this line matches that next one. So a good rule I found is to follow that line through and then jump in. This one is coming from the back. Then this next one is parallel but a lot smaller. If you mess up, that's okay. This is just practicing getting shapes in. If I ever mess up, but I like the way that the rest of the piece is looking, I actually just incorporate a couple more lines in and make it work for me because I have a finished piece that's a little more sketchy and I actually like the way that it looks. To do it a little more simply, I have a really hard time talking and drawing. That'll explain why that happens. So coming down. Then these aren't exactly measured out. This one is just a little more clean. Then lastly, I have a pressed rose that looks really pretty. This stem right here, I am going to create the bulk of it for the middle area rather. You can see that I see this stem here on the side, not on the side where it comes up and connects to the flower. This side I have a leaf so I'm going to bring that down to a point like this. There's a little overlap here. I can put that in, I don't have to like this. Then this next one is coming up from about here, come up and then down. It's like up and then deep and then we have this curl, have this abrupt edge curl underneath. Have these meet and it's curled. Then the fold happens right here. It's so small that you don't have to put that in. Then we have this little grains branching off. This here, wraps into the flower, so it's up and then in. I'm not going to create these ones until after I'm done doing this line. You can, it's just easier not to. It's not quite out and in, it's more like just straight up and in like this. Now I'm going to put these in and now I can do my actual petals. This first one is pretty flat, I do have a little bend in there. I don't know how that's going to look so I'm going to do the outside part first. There is an imperfection here. With imperfections, I love putting them in and I think that they add character. You don't have to, if you want it to look just a little more simple. Really, I'm just following what I see. It's not going to be exact, but it is going to be similar enough that you can make out what this is. Then I'm going to create these veins. I don't want it to look too veiny so I just like to do a few lines in here. Then I'm going to the back parts and then the ones that are sticking out the side. That's it. Really easy way to build up some flowers without getting too out of control. Really simple. You can do this with images or pressed botanicals. 10. Real Leaf: 1 Object 3 Ways: If you're working off a real leaf, you'll notice that the veins are pretty symmetric, although they're not coming off exactly the same points, they are reaching in the same fashion where they're coming up and then curving. They can get pretty veiny. So you can create these as detailed or as simple as you want, similar to the rest, or you can start with the stem. You can also start with the shape and then the middle and the front. Here we go. Then veins were coming from this a little bit of a bend here upward. Then this next one is a little offset from here. So we're going to come up a bit more for that one and same thing here. Then these two come back to matching. Then we go offset again. So that's really all you need to do, there is as a little stem, then you have a leaf. You can also do the same thing and just put in some real life stemming. So different variations of that. You can also put in a texture and that's just by dragging, you shake your pen so it's not that super smooth line. Then every once in a while, just dip back in towards yourself. So different ways, same leaves. But hopefully, this will give you an idea of how you can grab one leaf and incorporate it with your own style of choice. 11. Project: Thank you guys so much, I'm so excited to see your projects. Make sure you upload them, I'd love to see your progress along with the steps of creating, since it's really helpful to the whole community. Because then we can see exactly how it's broken down step-by-step, because we all have particular winning styles that if we see somebody else's, it might actually click better than the way that we were originally picturing it in our heads. Make sure to upload those and then also include your final project, because I'm really excited to see what you have used to place your botanical art on. Thank you guys again, and I will see you next time.