Blending Water-based Markers | Veronica Ruiz | Skillshare

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Blending Water-based Markers

teacher avatar Veronica Ruiz, Happy Lettering!

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.



    • 2.



    • 3.

      Lesson 01: Color Combinations


    • 4.

      Lesson 02: Blending Techniques


    • 5.

      Lesson 03: Rubbing Brush Tips


    • 6.

      Lesson 04: Using the Lighter Color


    • 7.

      Lesson 05: Blender Pen Directly on Paper


    • 8.

      Lesson 06: Blender Pen + Palette


    • 9.

      Lesson 07: Marker + Brush on Paper


    • 10.

      Lesson 08: Marker + Brush on Palette


    • 11.

      Lesson09: Brush + Water, Ink After Part 1


    • 12.



    • 13.

      Lesson 10: Brush + Ink Water Part 1


    • 14.

      Lesson 10: Brush + Ink Water Part 2


    • 15.

      Wrap Up


    • 16.

      Blending Letters 1


    • 17.

      Blending Letters 2


    • 18.

      Blending Letters 3


    • 19.

      Blending Letters 4


    • 20.

      Assignment & Thank You


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About This Class

In this class I will teach you 8 different techniques for blending ink from water-based markers. These techniques can be applied to your lettering or illustrations. Use any water-based markers to complete the course including Tombow Dual Brush pens, Artline Stix brush markers, or even liquid highlighters.

Meet Your Teacher

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Veronica Ruiz

Happy Lettering!


Hey Guys! My name is Veronica Ruiz, or VeronicaLetters as I'm known on social media. Drawing letters is the freaking best and I am super excited to share everything I've learned on my lettering journey with you.



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Level: Beginner

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1. Introduction: Welcome to blending with water-based markers. In this class I'll teach you eight techniques for blending the ink from any water-based marker. This class is for anyone looking to learn from any skill or from beginner to more experience. Once you complete the class your assignment will be to complete a few word using the techniques I've shown you, and you can choose any of the techniques that you enjoyed the most, as well as any of the color combinations that may be your favorite. I hope you enjoy this course, so let's get started. 2. Materials: Let's go over what materials will need for today's lesson. First up will be water-based markers, alcohol-based like Prismacolor, permanent marker, where Copics won't work, it needs to be water-based. I'm going to show you techniques with four different kinds, but you can use any that you have available. I'm going to be using art line sticks, brush markers there are my absolute favorite for blending. I'll be using Tombow dual brush pens, which are really popular in lettering. I really wanted to show you guys how those work. If you have the clear blender pen that comes with most of the backs, I'll show you how to use that too. I'll also be using Crayola broad tip markers because they're so popular and they're so cheap and easy to find everywhere. It's a really an affordable and accessible option. Lastly, something a little different, some Sharpie fluorescent liquid highlighters, which is awesome because you get these really great, fantastic fluorescent blends because of the fact that they are highlighters. After whatever water-based marker you're going to use, we're also going to need some watercolor paper, any brand will do, but my favorite is as Canson XL watercolor paper pad. You'll also need a pallet or any sort of Ziploc bag that you can use to put your ink on. I'll explain that little later. You'll also need a paper towel just because we're going to be cleaning our brushes in between blends so that way we keep them clean. You'll need a cup of water and then your brush. You can use a traditional brush or a water brush. I personally love the water brush because it keeps the brush tip wet all the time since there's water in the barrel and that way you don't have to dip it into your water constantly and you have a little more control. But use whichever one you're most comfortable with or whichever one you have. Lastly, you'll just need a pencil so we can jot down some notes in our paper as we're doing our blends. 3. Lesson 01: Color Combinations: First off, I just want to talk about the blend combinations that we'll be working on today. It will only be doing four different kinds of blends with these four colors but there are an infinite number of possibilities once you learn the technique. Go ahead and grab one of your sheets of watercolor paper and you can just do this as a quick reference guide. We'll have yellow and red, yellow and blue, pink and red, and then pink and blue. If you want to do any other different kinds while you're doing this demonstration, go ahead and feel free. The techniques will all be the same and the effects will be the same as far as going from one color to another, from dark to light. So if you don't have these colors or just want to work with other ones, that's totally fine as well. Just take a moment. If you do want to use these combinations, take a moment to go ahead and create this little cheat sheet for yourself. 4. Lesson 02: Blending Techniques: Let's get started. First, I'm just going to explain to you the different techniques and then we'll jump into them. Go ahead and grab your blank sheet of watercolor paper. I split this up into four, and then split that four up into two each, so that way it's a little bit easier. You don't have to do it this way, but I just found this to be the cleanest so you can see it all. We have four main categories as far as the techniques for blending those. These are not official titles or anything, these are just what I put together from experience and just what I'm calling them to make it easy. The first technique will be marker plus marker, meaning our marker will be the only thing that touches the paper in order to create the blends. We're not going to use the water brushes or anything else like that. The second technique will be a marker plus a blender pen. Again, no brushes are needed for this technique, just brands like Tombow have this clear tip, so you can blend things together. There may be some other brand and markers that have them. I don't have any per say, so the only one I have is this Tombow, but they all basically work the same. Then you have marker plus a brush. That means that on the paper you're going to use a marker as well as a water brush. Then we have plus brush. That will mean that we won't touch the marker on the paper at all, everything will be done with just the brush. I'll go into more detail in just a moment. So we have those four main categories and then we have subcategories into that. When using a marker and the marker, you can accomplish a blend by just rubbing the brush chips together. That will involve something like this, where you can rub them together to get color on them to create the blend. We'll go through the examples of me writing them down, but I just want to explain them to you first. Then you have blending with the letter color. You'll drop down your light color first, put a little bit of the darker color, and then pull with the lighter color on top. Then here we have the marker plus. 5. Lesson 03: Rubbing Brush Tips: Our first technique is going to be rubbing brushed tips. You can grab any two colors of any combination that you like since I already have the yellow to red here. I'm just going to do the pink to red. A You can do a stripe, you can do a circle, you can do any shape you want to practice this. I just do a line just because if you're going to be lettering, that's most your strokes will be a straight line so it's easy but we'll do all kinds. First, every time we do any blend, you want to have your lightest color on the bottom because if not, if you try to do the light color on top of the dark color afterwards, the blending is not really going to work and the dark color will just absorb all of it without really working very well. What we do here, is we have our pink and now we want to go like here, we are going to take the blue all the way down. You're going to take your two brushes and you're going to grab the light one and pick up some of the dark color. You see how I have some of that blue here and then just go ahead and apply it. The more you use your brush, the less ink you'll have because it's rubbing off which helps and then you just go ahead and repeat that process so pick up more of that blue or whatever darker color you're using. Now if you notice that it's still dirty and if you keep blending down, you're just going to get more of that dark color so what you can do is take your block and you can rub some of that blue off and you can even take your paper towel and can just get that blue and that way your tip is back to normal. It just has pink and you can go back in there and one down. Now this technique is not my favorite. You have to then dirty the lighter tips and because you're doing so much blending directly on the paper, it can fray your tips even more and you start fraying the paper. But I still wanted to show it to you as an option. If you notice we're going from dark all the way to light and now let's try it with a different set. I'm going to grab my art line sticks and let's do a circle this time. Oops, cant find the cap so we can do a circle with the lighter color again as your base. Now let's grab this marker, make sure you pick up some of that blue or whatever darker color you're doing and you just start to apply it. Now I'm getting very close to the bottom so if I was going to keep adding blue, it just all turn that green so I'm going to get my paper towel and just clean off the end so the blue is off of it and now as you notice it's pulling more of the yellow and blending that altogether. Clean some more off and keep going. Can grab some more blue. Again, not my favorite technique but I just wanted to show it to you. The blender not a strong and you just run the risk of destroying your pens and the surface of the paper too much. But sometimes all you have are your two markers, you don't have a water brush, you don't have a palate, you don't have anything so this could be something that could help. Now if you notice, it's not very dark up here. You can always add some of the color directly as well and then pick some more up, push that down, clean some of that off so that way I don't take any more and there you have a blend. Then let's try just one more space just so I can fill this up. Let me use my Crayola markers. Let's do some pink to red. I'm going to do pink and red for these two. I'm going to grab my lighter color and I'll do a triangle. Excuse me, a square and this is just to show you that blending can be done in any shape. I would open this up, take some of the darker color on the lighter color and go ahead and apply it. With these markers, it's a little more difficult to pick up some of that color. As you see here with Crayola is not as effective. Crayolas are going to be one of those where because they are cheaper markers, they are not as in inky on the tips, so it's hard to really pick up some of that color. That is rubbing your brush tips together. 6. Lesson 04: Using the Lighter Color: Up next we have blending with the lighter color. It's going to be very similar to what we did here, except instead of rubbing the brush tips, we're going to apply all ink directly onto the paper. I'll show you what that means. Let me grab my highlighters. I'm just using all the different kinds of pens just to show you the techniques can be done with all kinds of instruments. You don't have to worry about using the same exact one I'm using at the time. Let's go ahead and create a line here. You're lighter color will be your base and I'm going to pick up that red. Basically when you blend with a lighter color, you're going to put the darker one on top and then take the light color again and pull that color down and that helps them blend it really well. Let's go ahead and add some more. You always want to start with a small amount of ink because if you start way too long by the time you end up pulling, your lighter color will just disappear. You can always add more and make it longer later, but just start with a small amount at the top and there we go. We have that really nice red to pink. Instead of rubbing the brush tip in doing that and rubbing the brush tip in and pushing down, I went ahead and just added the color directly to the paper and then use the light color to pull it out and blend it all together. Let's go ahead and do that again. I will grab my tombows and do a circle. We'll just do repeated shapes. This technique is a little more efficient than the rubbing the brush tip. But once again, you're still using your brush tips directly on the paper and that's going to cause them to be destroyed even faster. See right now I have too much green going on, so I need to clean my tip and then continue blending. The blend is pretty inconsistent, if you notice. These two techniques, that's why they're my first ones. I just wanted to get them out of the way. They're not my favorite and they're not ones I really use very often, if ever. It's just something that are an option, if you don't have any water brushes or brushes or anything else on you at the moment. Let's work on our last one, which will be that square. Start with a very small strip of your dark color on top and then I'm going to pull that color down again and blend with the lighter color. It's looking really dirty, clean off that tip. If we ever get to the point where it's looking really dark, instead of pulling down like I just did you can push up. That will bring that color up and help that darker color recede, so the dark color doesn't just come all the way down and add some more. I think I can still push that blue a little further down. Clean off that tip. All right. There you have, blending with the lighter color. Very similar to this one but instead of rubbing the tips, you're going to apply your light color then add a little bit of the dark color on top. Then once again take that light colored to pull the dark down to blend it. The blends here are going to be very basic and not as tight and clean as you want them to be but that's still an option for you if you're practicing or if you don't happen to have any water brushes or anything like that. 7. Lesson 05: Blender Pen Directly on Paper: People got a little dirty with paper towel, but that's okay, this is just the sketch and just some practice. Now we're going to have a Marker plus a blender pen. If you have the blender pen, go ahead and grab that regardless of if it's stumble or whatever brand you have, if you don't have a Blender pen, more than welcome to watch it and see if you're interested in one. If not, you can just fast forward to the next set, which will be the marker post brush, because I'm just going to be using the blender pen with this today. First we have blending directly on the paper, that means we're going to grab your light color, put that down. Then your dark color, let's do that blue again or actually, let's do the red. You can apply it directly onto the top of your light-colored, just like we did in this previous set. But instead of taking the lighter color to pull down, you'll take your blender pen to go ahead and blend the two pillars together. Now let's see I can add a little more red because it's as you pull down, it disappears a little bit. Then pull that down, to blend with the blender pen. If you notice it goes from a nice-dark red to the lighter-pink, and I didn't have to touch that light color like I did in this previous one. Now clean off the blender pen over here with my paper towel, and sometimes it just gets stained it's never permanently clean, wipe after you use it. But if you notice as I'm here, I marked here on my paper towel, there's no color on it, so you're fine. Now we can also try using this blender pen with other kinds of markers that are the tumbles. Let's go ahead and do our circle here, with the art line sticks, and let me grab my blue and apply that color. Then use my blender pen to swipe that down. You notice it still works even though it's not being used with a tumble pen, it's optimized to work with that tumble ink. But if you want to purchase the tumble brand, you can use it with any other water based marker. Clean that off because that, green is getting a little too far down. You see it is getting wider, clean it off again, and then I'm going to pull up instead in that way, that green doesn't get too far down and muddy up all the yellow and cover up all the yellow completely. Say you think you've gone too far down with the green, you can always apply more yellow at the bottom, or more of the lighter color to help re- blend that too and there we have another blender pen. Then lastly, just one more shot, let's actually try it with the Sharpie markers and see how that works out. Measure the highlighters. You can also mix and match markers. You don't have to necessarily use tumbles with only tumbles. Different waterways markers will totally work together. I use this pink sharpie and then I'm going to use this red crayola one. My blender pen, and push some of that down and some more red. Try to blur this line here. it's not such a striking [inaudible]. You see all kinds of water erase markers can be interchangeable. You'll get different qualities, different shades, and you have more possibilities if you combine them and that is blending directly on paper. I put all my marker down on paper and then just simply use the blender pen to go ahead and drag that down. 8. Lesson 06: Blender Pen + Palette: Next step is using your blender pen, but instead of putting all of our ink down on your paper, we're going to pick some of it up off the palette or Ziploc bag if you don't have a palette, and let me show you what I mean by that. So let's grab our tombow, grab one light color and put that down, and then I will grab a dark color, and instead of adding the dark color directly to the paper, let's go ahead and use, I'm going to try this Ziploc bag right here, you're going to add some ink here. So you can take that and then take your blender pen, pick it up off your palette or bag, and then you're going to apply it. It's getting pretty far down, so I'm going to clean it off and then continue blending so it stays light, and here you have another wonderful blend. But you only had to apply one color to the paper. This helps save some of your brush tip so that we're not putting them on rough watercolor paper and you get to control the amount of ink you put on a little more and now let's try that with our circle. Let's do some yellow highlighter here. I like to just go over it a few times, even when it's solid. So it's a little more inky and wet on top and then let's get our blue. Since our blues are going to be a darker color and you're going to apply this to your Ziploc bag or your palette. Just you have a good amount of ink there and then make sure your blender pen is cleaned from the last time you used it. Mine still has little pink on it, so I'm going to go ahead and wipe that down and then now that it's clean, pick up that darker color and you'll see it picked up that color and then you can apply it. Now because these are highlighters, this blue's not going to be as dark as the other ones. But you can do some really cool fluorescent blends. Cleaned off my blender pen a bit so I can continue blending without it getting all muddy at the bottom. Now let's try picking up some more blue and just adding it to the top so the top can be a little darker. So I added some more, picking up some more and try adding some more blue there. Clean that off and I'm going to pull up, oops, got too much blue and now you have a blend with some highlighter there and then one last one, let's do that with the art line sticks and we'll do a yellow to red and then once again, lets use the palette this time just so I can use everything that you might have and if say you don't have a palette or Ziploc bag, anything that's plastic will do if you have plastic packaging, anything that you can just go ahead and grab your pen on that equal like stay behind. So I'm going to make sure this is clean. So we're going to pick up that red and apply it with a blender pen and you notice my orange is getting a little far down, so I'm cleaning off, and then I can continue blending. In that way, it only subtly pulls that down without it completely overtaking the yellow, clean off again. All right, in that top looks a little light, so let's add a little more red. All right, and there we have using a blender pen as well as the palette. Now this palette technique can also be used with your marker plus marker. So notice for these, we put everything down onto the ink, but you can also use this to just add your marker tips, pick up with the like color and kind of keep going. 9. Lesson 07: Marker + Brush on Paper: Already. Now we have our blending, our marker plus a brush. Now go ahead and grab your water brush or your regular brush. Any one is fine. We're going to blend directly on the paper. That means we're going to take two colors. Let's take this pink. I'm going to take red and apply it directly onto there. Again, we will only to a short amount because you can always make it darker and add more. Then take your brush. I don't add too much water, like don't dip it. Because if you have too much water, it's just going to become a mess. You just want just enough and normally in water brushes, what I like about them is it keeps the tip constantly wet, but only slightly, so that way you're not adding too much water to the paper and ruining the blend. If you ever find that your brush is a little dry, go ahead and dip it in water. You can take your water cup, dip it into there, but just get some of the excess off so it's not dripping wet onto the paper. You can go ahead and pull that down. Now that you're using a water brush you're adding water a lot of the times the colors you add onto their do get lighter. Then we have that really nice pink to red. But I think the red can stand to have a little more, so add some more, and then continue moving down. We have that wonderful blend. Now let's do our circle, our yellow circle. Let's do that with some Crayola. Now, let's do the blue or actually the red because we already have the blue to yellow. Add some red on top. Then make sure your brushes clean from your last use. Then go ahead and start using your brush to pull it down. Actually, if you have a regular brush, it's fine, you're going to have to wet it. But again, once you dip it in water, make sure you just take off some of that excess. So you're not putting too much water on the paper. Once you start using water, it's a lot easier to pull too much of the dark color down because there's so much liquid. Just be careful as you're going through and just consistently clean your brush, so you don't have any color on there as you start to get to the lighter portion. There you have your circle with a regular brush. Then let's do one more. Let's use the art lines, Dixie, and we'll do our square. Don't necessarily always have to do it on the top. You're blends can come from anywhere. Let's add some of that blue. Let's say let's do it from the center out. Remember this technique is good for anything from any part of the shape that you're working on. Let's go ahead and try to blend this. Because this shape is so small. The paint is really going to get lost a little more than if we had tried to do the center of that line. Well, we'll see what happens. I'm cleaning off my brush and dry a little bit. That way I don't have too much of that blue, which turns into the purple. Again, cleaning it off, shaking off the excess water and try to blend that together a little more. Now if you have too much of that purple going on, you can always add some more of the pink or whatever you're lighter color is. Blending is just a matter of working with the materials. The more you do it, the more intuitive it'll get. Make sure you have a clean brush. Try and pull some of that pink back in. Then let's see let's add a little more of that blue in the center. I will clean up my brush, wipe off the excess. Then pull some of that color in both directions. Now we have a blend going both ways. 10. Lesson 08: Marker + Brush on Palette: Now the next technique will involve using water brush, but instead of putting both colors on the paper, we're going pick the darker one up off the pallet like we did a little earlier with one of the previous techniques. We're going to do picking up ink off of a pallet. Let's do this pink with, I'm just grabbing a crayola. Again, I'm just using a random assortment of markers, just you can see the blends with all kinds. But please feel free to use whatever you have. I'm going to do my light color and then instead of applying my dark colors straight onto here, I'm going to apply it onto here and then pick up the ink with my brush. I will use my water brushing right now. Pick up some of that ink and then apply it. It's getting a little dark and it's not lightening very much. I'm going to clean some of that off and then continue blending so that I don't lose all of that light pink. Pickup some more of that red, apply it to the top and now you have your gradient. When you start working with water and ink, if you have too much water like this had a little too much at the tip, if you notice it starts to bleed a little bit on the edges. Always be careful to not have too much water on your brush because it can just spread as you're going and ruin your line. This is just practice, so that's fine. But that's why earlier I was saying just be careful with the water. Up next, let's do another highlighter one. Let's draw a circle and then let's grab that blue and I'll add it to the palette. What I love about these pallets is that you could just wipe off the marker off and just reuse it and not have to keep raiding your kitchen for Ziploc bags and then, so let me just pick up this blue and then we'll go ahead and add it. We will start pushing it down but I still have a lot of blue on my tip. I'm going to go ahead and dip it in water and then clean that out, and then continue to push that down. Again, clean that off and you continue to blend that down. That's really the key when you're trying to go from dark to light, is you're constantly cleaning off your brush, so that way you're not pushing all of that dark color down. Just notice the difference between this blend to this blend. This blend is much cleaner and it transitions much smoother because you're using a water brush versus a blender pen and surface of your paper is not as ripped up because you're not going over and over it with a really harsh tip. Using a water brush is usually my favorite. Now, get some of that yellow. Now we can start to add a little more blue up there. Let me add some more blue onto my palette. There goes my marker, and then pick it up and let's just try to add some to the top. I don't want it overtake the bottom color blend that I've done already so much, so I can just keep cleaning off my brush, so I can keep working on that one. I got a little bit of the yellow and that happens. I'm a mess all the time, so don't feel bad if your desk is a mess and while you're practicing getting stuff everywhere. My hands always end up with ink everywhere. It's just part of the fun process. Now for the square, let's go ahead and use our art lines stick. I think that's the only one I haven't used right now. I can't keep anymore. Let's grab this pink or actually no, we're going to grab yellow and the red. I put my hand down there earlier, so it's pushing a little bit of the blue in there, but we'll just ignore it. It'll be fine. Let me grab the Ziploc now instead and add some red on there. Pick up that red and let's start adding it to our square or whatever shape you did. Have fun with it. You want to do some hearts, some stars, that works too. As far as brushes go, I like brushes with thinner tips. If you notice this is a very fine tip because it gives you some more control over the detail. If you had a really fat one, it can easily get very messy and blobby all over the place. I prefer just a finer tip and it doesn't matter what brush pen you have or brush. As long as it's a finer one, you'll have a little more control. This looks a little too orange, so I just want to add some more red. Let's put some more red down and pick that up and as you can see, this is a very long process. We've only done a few simple shapes, so when you're working on a full piece, it will take you some time. But it will definitely be worth it when you have some really beautiful blends. Clean off my brush, getting a little too contaminated done by the yellow, and then pull some more of that down. The picking up the ink on the palette with the brush is probably one of my most favorite blending techniques. I do it all the time where I'll do my base letters and my light color and then pick up the color with my water brush and slowly add it in as I go. This is probably the technique that I use the most and the one I found most success with. But when you're practicing whatever one feels best to you and whatever work comes up, however your work comes out the best, feel free to use that one. 11. Lesson09: Brush + Water, Ink After Part 1: Now we're down to our last two techniques, and this is the only thing touching the paper will be your brush and water, none of the markers will touch it. This one's a little trickier, but it comes up with nice results. This first one, is going to be we're going to add all the water to our papers and then add all the ink. Take your water cup, pick up some water, and this time you do want it to be a little more wet, so that way your line. You're going to do just water, no ink or anything. You just want a strip of water. The bad thing about this technique is that you have to be really careful to make sure you see everything you want to do, or it can just start becoming a mess in your letters and everything, will go all over the place. You have your sugar water, and now I'm going to add yellow as my base or light color. I'm going to take yellow, and rub it onto your palate or Ziploc bag, which ever one you have. I'll take your brush, and you're going to pick up some of that yellow, and I want the yellow at the bottom, so I'm going to start adding that yellow to the bottom, and you see that it's starting to be absorbed by the water. Pick up some more that yellow and keep adding it, and pushing it up, to about halfway for now, for a little more than half, I should say, and now let's grab our blue and add some blue here,or whatever dark color you're using, and make sure that the yellow [inaudible] are cleaned off of your brush or your light colors cleaned off for now. Then you're going to pick up some of that darker color and add it to the top, and start pushing it down towards the yellow pickup some more, and every time you pick up new color, I always start at the top. This is the darkiest, because if you pick up and do it in the center, then you have your dark to light to dark again in your blend gets a little bit fuzzy. I'm just going to do this, and start combining them in the middle so you get that green, and when you're doing this like wet on wet technique, it's a little hard to see the blends, but once they dry, they'll come out a lot nicer, and you actually add some more yellow. Let me add some more yellows here, and because of just trying to combine the yellow and blue, I'm not going to clean off my brush, I'll just pick up some more yellow, with the blue on it, and then start rubbing these together. Now that I've got a yellow or green and a blue, I'm going to wash off my brush, and without any ink on it, just try to start blending these together a little more, and then you have another blend with a totally new technique. This one is a little harder to do because you can't really see. It's hard to really manage your entire brush when it's just water and no ink on it, but if can has a really nice effect once it actually dries, and just be careful with this because it'll take a little bit longer than the others to dry. 12. Lesson09Part2: Now, let's do our circle. I just took some water. Let me actually use my regular brush for the rest of this one. Oops, I still had some ink on there, I didn't clean it properly, so let me clean that a second. All right. I've got my circle and I'm going to add some yellow. Let's do some [inaudible] yellow. Let me grab my palette, apply the yellow, and now, let me pick it up with my brush and start adding it. I want it on the bottom. The problem with this technique too, is because now the paper is so saturated, it starts to warp and bubble up, so my paper has started popping up and it's pushing all the water to the other ends. I have some yellow, so be careful about not adding too much, just enough, which is hard to gauge and you'll get more of that as you go and practice some more. Now I'm going to add some red on top. If you notice this one is drying, and it looks so much nicer now that it's drying going from blue to green to yellow already. We're going to pick up some of this red and let's add it to the top and then push it down towards the yellow to get that nice orange in the center. Clean off my brush and we try to push some of that yellow up. The red is really overpowering the yellow. Let me add a little more. Pick up some yellow. Then we go ahead add more and then push up into the orange instead of pulling down. I don't do this technique often because I still have a hard time keeping clean lines as I'm blending. If you notice my circle are a little blobby, I need some practice with this technique. But it's still really nice once you get the hang of it. We've got our red to orange to yellow, which looks really good. Lastly, let's do a highlighter version of our rectangle. Let's do a pink to purple for this one. I'm going to do my pink base again, making sure it's really saturated. Then we need to blue. That way that blue will turn into purple. Let's say we want the lighter color to beyond two groups. I didn't clean that off properly. Shame on me. I'm going to wipe this off because it's already contaminated with yellow and I don't want that. Then just apply it here. Make sure my brush is completely clean. I already made the mistake of not doing the water first, which I didn't realize. But since it's already on the paper, let's just continue going anyways. Let's just continue this on this way, since I've already messed up just adding that color up to darken it from the bottom up instead of from the top down, excuse me. Now that we have all of the water except for this one pretends that didn't happen. You can see the blends look much nicer. They blend way nicer because of the fact that you put the water down first. But they can be a little hard to control because as you're going through, at least when you have just the brush, your strokes are a little easier to control and to keep in line. This one got a little bit jargon, but it creates really beautiful ones once you have it down. 13. Lesson 10: Brush + Ink Water Part 1: Our last technique will be to do inky water plus ink. What I mean by inky water means instead of just doing the clear water like we did the first time, we're going to add the ink into the water while we're drawing. Let's grab some yellow. I'm going to use this highlighter yellow to start. Going to clean this off. Sorry about that. We take some of these highlighter yellow and instead of just doing water all the way down on its own, I'm going to pick up some of this yellow with a lot of water on my brush and then put that down. Of course, extremely similar to this one, except we're throwing down some ink to start instead of adding all the ink in afterwards. Now let's grab that blue, which I believe is still here. But let me just start a new one. You have set that blue. Again, clean off your brush because for this first time you don't want any contamination from the yellow yet. Pick up that blue and start at the top. Start blending down. That green is getting a little much. Let me go ahead and clean off my brush and continue blending. Starting to lose that yellow. I'm going to push up here once I get to this bottom part to complete that full blend. This looks really nice here in the center, but I want just a little bit more blue on the top. Just adding some more blue onto my palette or is it black, whichever one you're using. Pick that up and then add some more of that blue so it's a little darker. Now I'm going to wipe this off and continue blending. The blend is a little more subtle and less harsh. Then we've got that, which looks really awesome. Let's do that again with our circle. I'm going to do that with the art line sticks. Let me grab a Ziploc. I almost said paper towel. Let me grab some yellow. It's hard to see because of that paper towel but I have some yellow on there. I'm going to wet my brush and then pick up that yellow and create my circle. Add a little more water to that and then pick up some more yellow. I'm happy with that. Let me grab my red. Clean off the brush so that way you don't contaminate any of the red with a yellow right at this moment. Then we're going to add that to the top. Clean off my brush since the orange is getting a bit much. In that way, I'm not pulling too much color down. Clean it off again. Get some water on my paper towel. Then I'm going to start pulling up so that yellow doesn't get lost. But again, if it does, just make sure to add some more yellow. I'll choose a blocker palette. You can just pick some more up and add some more yellow. Didn't clean that off all the way. Pick up some of that yellow and you can pull up instead. Again, but I still want some more red up there because it's a little too orange. Let's add some more red. Pick that up and then add it to the top. It's a little bit darker. Clean off my brush so that way I can pull some more down without it contaminating the bottom. Clean my brush again. Keep going. Every time you start getting into the lighter color, clean your brush again all the way so that way your blend isn't getting completely lost. Almost there. I'm just trying to complete this circle since it looks a little jagged. I'm happy with that. 14. Lesson 10: Brush + Ink Water Part 2: Then, last one is going to be our square which I will do with some Crayola. I was just thinking what color combination. Let's do the pink to the blue. Just lost it there a little bit. I did almost the same thing I did with that one, but I've caught it before I completely finish it. Let me grab my palette and my pink ink, and then grab my brush, pick that up, and then finish the square the way it was supposed to be done. You see it's a lot harsher, so I'm going to try to blend that in. You'll notice different markers will react differently. Some will be more vibrant, some will be a little more opaque, and you'll find what you like depending on what markers you're using. Crayola markers don't expel much ink so it takes a little longer than with some of the other ones like Tombows, but you can still get there. The good thing about the Crayola markers is that they have such a wide variety of color choices, so your blends truly are infinite and full of infinite possibilities with them. Now, let me add the blue one here. This blue is nice and dark. Let's try starting off on the side instead. Now, because I have so much water, you see how it's spreading fast. Since that blue is so dark, I'm going to clean my brush off, so that way, as I blend, it doesn't continue to contaminate too much. The Crayola, it does dry really fast so the blend isn't going to be as smooth most of the time because that ink just dries so quickly, and look at how it's bleeding. Every marker will react differently so always do tests on a scrap sheet of watercolor paper before you go any further with any project. That way you can test out and see which ones will give you the best results because all water-based markers were not created equal. A little bit still had some blue, so let me try again. I think that's as good as I'm going to get. Those are all of the different blends that we've gone through. 15. Wrap Up: I hope that whole tutorial for each bled helped you figure out what you're going to like to use the most. My personal favorites are picking up ink on a palette here with your water brush, and then adding inky water plus the ink. But not all markers are created equal. As you see this last one, the Crayola just bled everywhere and it's just creating a really big mess and the blend didn't go all too well. You'll find out through trial and error, which ones work the best for you. I love how this turned out. This blend came out really nice even if the shape wasn't all perfect. But these are all excellent techniques. You'll find which one works best. You can just continue practicing with all water-based markers in brushes and all sorts. 16. Blending Letters 1: All right guys. Now that we've gone through all the techniques, I'm just going to do a few blends using actual letters in words just to show you how I go about doing the entire word. I'm not going to use any technique in particular, sometimes I'll use more than one and I'll try to use a bunch of the different ones I showed you just so you can see them in action. I'm going to start with my art line sticks. I'm just going to grab a word, you're more than welcome to follow along. Any word is fine. I'll do a short one. Let's just do the word hi. We have this hi. I'm going to add a some blue. I like to put the marker on my palate. I like using the marker plus brush technique. Now that I have the blue on the palate, I got my brush, it's a little wet, but not too much. I'm going to pick up that blue and start adding it to the top. When I'm doing a complete word, oops, I went a little bit over board there. Since I have so much dark blue there, I'm also going to add it here before I start pushing down. Now, once it starts getting really light, I'll come back and alternate. Let me clean that off so that way I'm just pushing what's already there down. I'm not adding any more blue to contaminate the yellow. Cleaning my brush off again. If you notice, every time I clean up my brush and comeback, that color gets lighter and lighter. Now here, I'm going to push back up. Clean off again. That looks really good. I'm going to grab some more blue. Work on the tittle. The tittle, for those of you that don't know, is the dot in any of the i, the lowercase j, which is a nice little fun fact. Such a funny word. Pick up some more blue. You only want a little bit. Since this letter is significantly shorter. If you use a bunch of blue ink, the whole thing is going to end up turning that bluish green and you're going to lose the blend. A little more up there. Clean off my brush. Start pushing this down. I'm ready. Clean off my brush again. Just going to take the water. There's no ink on my brush right now just so I can pull that down. Pull this down and then up. If you notice, there's not much blue left on these two, so we can just add some more. Again, always start off with a little bit and then you can always add some more blue later. That way, you're not overdoing it. Clean off that brush and blend that better. Bring that down a little more. You can always tap it if you need to, to pick up some of that water. Just make sure you clean your fingers before you go back. Grab a little more that blue. Bring it down into here. Because you're trying to have it at around the same line, this is a little too yellow for me, so some of the diluted blue, since I've already started painting with that, I'm going to add it here. Clean off my brush. Here we go. Just go over that dot a little bit so it's at least a little water down. Here we have our first blend. Super easy. All you need is a little bit of patience and just remember to keep cleaning off your brush. 17. Blending Letters 2: Now I'm going to try doing some block letters. I'll use my tambow brush pens and I'm just doing short words just so that way you're not sitting here for an hour watching me. Let's do a block hi. I find it easier to draw on the page first with the pen because I have more control with a pen versus the water brush. But I'll make sure to do one where I use the water brush first too. Sometimes when you use a brush kind of water color paper because it's textured, some of the strokes are not as smooth, they're a little jagged, so you can just go in lightly and kind of clean up those edges if you want or sometimes that rough edge look is what you're going for, and that's great and you can leave those in there. I'm going to add some little directly on here. That way I can kind of show you what are the other techniques. Let me grab my blender pen and start pushing some of that down. In here I'll put some on top. Always work in small areas because marker ink tends to dry much faster, so you don't want it to all dry out and then you don't get a chance to blend it. Then it'll just look like giant blocks of color instead of a nice, smooth blend. I'll clean off my blender pen because it's a little tainted and notice I'm not going all the way down yet because I don't want to touch that pink on the bottom because I will be using a water brush as well. Sometimes you can combine, so I can start off with something like the blender pen so that way, most of it is pretty blended and you're not over saturating the paper. Let me clean off my pen, comeback, clean off my pen on my paper towel, sorry I have it off-camera, but I'm cleaning on my paper towel. Just rubber you get down there to get the angle. I like how the blend has started, but the blender pen is very limited, so I can start off that way and with a brush, just make sure it's all clean, make sure I grab my regular rush, make sure it's completely clean, and only it's a little bit wet not too much, you don't want over-saturated. You can then come in and start to manually blend with your brush, then I wet it a little more, paint that off, we drop some of that down, clean off my brush. I'm not pulling anymore so I propose I continue going. Blending is basically just a bunch of back and forth and between, wetting your brush drying your brush and pulling down color. My bristle got a little bit out there and if you notice there's like a light purple, because I went ahead and colored that in a wrong spot, so just add a little more blue to that pink, and try to just move it over. I think this little spot here can use a little more purple, some more purple so I'm going to add that blue, add some more blue on top and then I can go in and pull some of that down because this one seems to be a lot lower, so I'm going to pull this down a lot lower as well. All ready, and there we have a blend using two of the techniques a blender pen and a brush and this brush is a little bolder. There's a fuller tip then my Jane Davenport one. If you notice this is a little thicker and because it's a little thicker sometimes if you're going too fast and you're not paying attention [inaudible] some of the lines you'll start like making little things like that where you go off your line and you have to try to fix it, so that's why using a thinner pen, a thinner brush is always the easiest, because you're less likely to make those mistakes since you're going to have a smaller surface as you're going, you're painting on a smaller surface. 18. Blending Letters 3: All right. Let's do another one. I'm going to use my fluorescent highlighters. I'm going to do the technique where I'm going to use only the brush, I'm not going to touch the marker. So I'm going to put some yellow on here. Grab my brush. You want to have it a little wet but not too wet. What I'm going to do is I'm going to pick up some of this ink with a brush and go ahead. Because I want it to stay wet, once I've done this line, I'm going to add water to the letter, so it doesn't dry out too quickly. So that way I can do my blends, once I'm done. Since I'm only doing two letters, it's pretty easy. When you have a longer word, I would go and start everything letter by letter instead of doing the entire word first. It might be a little easier. It all depends on your technique. Okay. I'm going to add some red, so that we get that red to orange. You can add some here. I'm just throwing my brush everywhere. I'm going to clean off my brush so that we don't get any contamination on the red for now at least. Then pick up that red and start dabbing it into the yellow. Because we added all that water, if you notice, it spreads very quickly. Let me go ahead and just dub it on the tops. Your blend can start anywhere. I usually do dark to light, so dark on top, light on the bottom. You can do light on top, dark on the bottom, however you want. My ink is getting a little bit washed out. So I'm going to add some more. To the title here. Then we need the exclamation mark. Okay. Now I'm going to clean off my brush, and start adding some more water and pushing up. So the blend is a little more seamless. So this part is really wet, so the blend isn't drying very fast. I'm going to try to move some of that water around. What you can always do is grab a piece of your paper towel or anything, whatever napkin you're using. Just pick some of that up. Let's see, some of that yellow has disappeared. So what I'm going to do is add some more. Like right here when I picked up the ink, it went away. Pick it up, add some more here. Just move some of the ink around. I'll pick some more up. Every time I pick some up, I've cleaned my brush so it's not contaminated by the red that I've touched. Again, when you have a wet on wet technique, whereas the water was wet and then the ink was wet versus here where we started with a dryish marker, and then put on water. The blend will bleed and do its own thing. So it's cool to see where it'll go. It's more organic. All right. We have another one. 19. Blending Letters 4: Last but not least, I'm going to use my Crayola Markers. We'll do one last technique where I'll put the water down first and then add in the ink. Let me do that. First, let me actually get my colors out. I'm going to do the pink and red combination, that's the only one I'm pretty much missing here. I'm going to put in put some pink down and I'm going to put some red down. I'm going to do another block font to have my first decrement each. Because I'm going to want the blends to touch from letter to letter, I'm making sure that the two letters are connected by this cross bar here. Now that I have my water down, I'm going to pick up my colors. You just have to lightly tap and let the water do the work for you and let everything flow. I'm just choosing random spots that aren't touching each other. Now I need to get some more pink, clean off my brush, pick up that pink and now start blending it with that red. Because I have red and pink, I'm going to want some more red on the bottom. It's a little light, so I'm going to add more to that bottom part to blend with the pink. I want some red here. Because I have pink here, I'm going to want red, just so that blends nicely. Put some red here. For the most part, this is all reds and now I'm going to go back to my pink. I need some more. As you can see, because we're using markers, we have to sit here and expel the ink onto the Pale or Ziploc bag, so it will take some time if you're doing like a piece with multiple words, a quote or anything, you just need a little bit of patience. As you can see, my water has already started drying, so I'm just going to grab some more water and re-wet that area. Now, as you see, one of the difficulties with putting the water down and using something like Crayola marker with it is that sometimes it can bleed if you add too much water, or it's just the nature of the paper. If you really want to do a super good wet on wet technique, you can use arches. Arches is some of the best quality water paper out there. It's thicker and it can absorb so much more water without buckling or anything. Right now I'm going to add some more paint and more red just on top of this. Let's try to clean this up a bit. The good thing is once it dries, you can always layer on top and fix anything that you don't like. Right now I'm going to clean up those edges. I'm going to grab some pink. My brush is a little dry, so I'm going to go ahead and wet it, get off any excess and start blending down. It's all about trial and error, because when you're working with watercolor, the outcomes are never clear. That's part of the fun. Now, the blend isn't as organic anymore, but at least I have started to clean up some of those really blurry edges. Because we have red coming into here, this top part should be a little more red as well. Now we have that pink to red. Using that wet on wet, sometimes you have to go in there and touch up because it will blur a little bit. Maybe if I had some thicker paper, whereas some of the other inks wouldn't have happened, but it's nice to troubleshoot and clean up those edges. We have all different kinds of blends. They will all give you different kinds of results, and I hope you can find whichever one works best for you, and you fall in love with and do a bunch of beautiful ones. 20. Assignment & Thank You: Now that we've had a time to go through all the techniques, you've seen me work on some of the blends. It's time for your homework assignment. I just want you to take a couple of words, do two or three words where we are most comfortable with at any length, do make sure there are at least three letters you can really get into the blends. I want you to do any blends that you want with any kind of markers and any technique. I would recommend doing multiple techniques, so that way you can feel out which ones you prefer. But just do like this, just do a stack of words, do it with different colors and even if you want to do different color blends in what's here, please feel free to do so and I'll be more than happy to check them out and give you some feedback. I really hope you guys enjoyed this class. Thank you so much for taking it. Have a great day and happy lettering.