Beginners' German for busy people - part 4 - beyond the 30 day challenge! | Angelika Davey | Skillshare

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Beginners' German for busy people - part 4 - beyond the 30 day challenge!

teacher avatar Angelika Davey, Here to help people "learning German with a smile"

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Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.

      Beginners' German part 4 intro


    • 2.

      Du or Sie


    • 3.

      DU OR SIE When to be formal or informal in Germany


    • 4.

      Du or Sie sentences


    • 5.

      Being polite


    • 6.

      Special dietary requiremements


    • 7.

      Your project


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About This Class

Welcome to part 4 of a 30 day challenge for learning basic German in time for your awesome holiday or successful business trip to Germany. Part 4 will take you beyond the 30 days. 

If you haven't done part 1  (which covers day 1 - 10) part 2 (which covers day 11 - 20) or part 3 (which covers the day 21 - 30)  you may wish to do so first. But it isn't essential.

Part 4 is a compromise. I made some videos for beginners but didn't want to ruin the 30 day challenge.  So I decided on a part 4. It's not very big at the moment, but it allows me to add videos which are useful for beginners but don't fit into my grammar classes.

At the moment it covers when to say the formal 'Sie' or the informal 'du' as more and more people are going to Germany to visit friends or family, whereas the 30 day challenge only covered the formal you.

There's also a video about being polite and special dietary requirements. If I - or you - can think of other topics to add they will go into this class. Who knows what it might turn into!

Want free entry to this class? Try this link: Free German lessons

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Meet Your Teacher

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Angelika Davey

Here to help people "learning German with a smile"


Welcome to my Skillshare page!

I am Angelika of Angelika's German Tuition & Translation and I'm here to help you learn German, especially if you are teaching yourself. 

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Level: Beginner

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1. Beginners' German part 4 intro: 2. Du or Sie: pretty early in the 30 day challenge. I told you that there are two ways off saying you in German the former Z on the informer do and that in the challenge, I would only teach you how to use questions with Z. Because if this is your first visit on your going on holidays, you would only talk to strangers who you wouldn't know, so you would need to use to formal you on the same applies to business. Since then, I found out that more or more people are also going to Germany because they for quiet family or friends there. Andi for family. Obviously, if if it's your family anywhere, you wouldn't use the former Z. But even if if it's a new family because a member of your family has married into a German family, you probably would still need the Z to start off with. But then you would want to use to former U. So rather than ruining the 30 day challenge, as I said before, I am going to cover this a little bit now on the next to videos. We'll tell you a bit more about two or Z. The next video is actually a video. It shows you when t usedto And when do you see? And in the video afterwards I've gone through the 30 day challenge Andi found alive the questions that you have learned which are all with a formal you, Andi. I've then change them to the informal use so that you know what the other alternative is. I see you in the next video. 3. DU OR SIE When to be formal or informal in Germany: me. Jane Jane has to go to Germany for a business meeting, but she doesn't know when to say Do or Z when talking to people, and she doesn't want to offend anybody. Here are five tips that will tell her and you went you see or do number one perspective clients. You don't know them, but you want their business. So use the former Z number two at a trade fair. Every person coming to your stand could become your new client or supplier, so use Z Number three at a job interview. If you want that job in Germany, do not use your interviewer's first name and do treat them with respect and address them his hair off. How, plus a surname and use Z number four adults you don't know, especially people in authority like doctors, lawyers, teachers, police officers but also shop assistants, hotel receptionist, waiters basically any adult you don't know or you don't know well unless they tell you to use first name and do number five. You can use do when you talk to Children, family members or animals if you want to talk to them. But if you only there for a short time, you most likely won't get the chance to talk to Children. You want her family members there, and you probably don't want to talk to animals either. Basically, if you're in Germany for only a short time, Andi, if in doubt, use Z. It is far better to be formal and for the German than to tell you to be less formal. If that's what they want, then to address the other person with their first name when there used to be called Mr Or Mrs, it could be the difference between getting that job or contract or not. So what happened to Jane? Jane went to Germany, addressed all prospective clients with Z, spoke German with them on secure that business deal. Well done, Jane. 4. Du or Sie sentences: So the biggest reminder again is, if in doubt, use Z. It is always easier to go from the formal to the informal than the other way around, so don't put your foot in it. If in doubt, go for the formal you. But let's assume you're quite friendly with people now because you haven't just been on a two week holiday. You've been there for a while. You know them quite well. When do you decide to go from the door twosies, or who decides? In business, it's the higher rank. So if a door the line manager may do it to the worker may suggested to the worker, the boss may suggest it to people who work for him. It is never the other way around. You would never suggest to use the formal you when you're talking to your boss privately, etiquette wise, it always wants the older person again. It shows the respect. Having said all this, it is actually quite tricky in Germany. Andi, I have to admit, even I sometimes struggle because I'm so used to being informal and using first names in the UK that it is getting difficult for me as well and this whole thing the older person, Yes, it works. It doesn't work. Play it by ear. Yeah, Um I don't feel that you can't be the one to suggest to go to the informal you just because the other person is a few years older than you. But you should get the feeling whether these people are very formal and insist on first name surname or whether there are quite informal. What could you say? I've given you a few examples here that probably loads more ways off saying it. But say, for instance, you have been using the former year with somebody and you really want to go over to the in form of you? You could say couldn't via do is argon, which is just come we say, do Yeah, com'on via doors are now there is actually a verb, for it doesn't exist in English because in English, we don't have that problem. But to say du in German is Dotson. So you could also say Conan via want sports and giving the other person still the chance to say nine if they really didn't want to zaching z Utsunomiya. Now you're still being formal, but you're telling the other person that they can say do to you. And then hopefully there will suggest the same or Zach Do Tamir that you could say, for example, toe a child. If a child is being very polite and addresses us Mr or Mrs and you find all this too much, then you would say, Zach, Duke, Samir, or a bit more informal video. It's Numancia set off meaning off the side due, shall we? Now we come into the questions that you've actually seen in the challenge on the 1st 1 that you've learned was the ISTEA Anoma, and the 2nd 1 was vey high. Cincy both meant, What's your name? What are you called? So if you're now asking a child, you wouldn't save Eesti Anoma, you would say v ist die. Nama still means What's your name on? Instead of saying the high sens e, you would say the heist voy a common Z. This is good revision. Now remember what it means. Where do you come from? Who had comes through and move or Lindsey remember that one? Where do you live? Which is? Veuve wants to now the answer. What's still be the same. If you're saying you come from England, then you're still saying it's Carmel's England. Whether somebody is using the former U all the informer one slide difference with name if you remember, if somebody said to you VSD anomaly Hyson Z I suggested that you always reply with first name surname So somebody said to me vey high, Cincy I would reply Kaeser Angelica, Davey! But if they said the high stew, I probably wouldn't bother with my surname and just saying It's Heiser. Angelica, Some more things we hatch breaking the English wash pregnancy, Whichever other language you want to know. If you're asking a child that placed to English and shorting Z bitter now we also have the alternative off saying and truly gong. But the in form away foreign Sure, Deacon zee bitter. It's just ensure Dick Orbiter You don't need the Z. He only need that if you do have sort of commands with the former U Samos, the next to this waas for directions, remember, go straight on, Go left, go right G and Z coddles. Or if you wanted to drive or they driving fancy coddles. So if you're now saying that to a child, then it would be gig Hoddle's. I probably wouldn't use the fire Lindsay with a child, but you may need to give directions to a good friend, so that will be far, far God, hours filings for its And then we had a few more phrases, like often Jupiter and and conch environment orphans, embittered people. It's I Those were the two phrases we have and they would just be roof or who for you could use either. But I think Oncken, Vardon or better people, it's I. If you're asking somebody informally to call for somebody, it would just be roof off Now, having the on Tim if I waas one of the questions in the 30 day challenge, it is highly unlikely that you would ever need that in the informal you because that question you really asking in hotel and you wouldn't know those people unless you've been going there for donkey's years on and you know them and you're on first name terms and you want to know what you have. A room free. But Hamzi, do you have is quite a useful part off a phrase or a question, and that would be hostile. So that applies to any question. If you wanted to ask somebody, do you have blah, blah, blah? That would be having Z if you're asking, formerly or hostile. If you're asking informally on the last question you learned Waas currency me, Helfand, can you help me? And that would be comes to me ahead. So that now has given you a bit often idea how to use the form of the informal you, not the former U the informal you, instead, off the former U. There is, of course, a lot more for that. You might want to have a look at my present tense videos where you learn how to congregate votes in the present tense in all the forms, not just the former U on the inform you, but for the time being, this is all you need. 5. Being polite: Let's spend a few minutes looking at some swear words. Shame for tha on. Before you get excited or annoyed things like the f word or any other really big swear words, I will not teach you if you really need to know them. Look them up in the dictionary. No, there are two words I wanted to show you because the meaning is not quite as it is in English on the 1st 1 is shy, sir. Now, if you look that up in the dictionary, you find the translation is shit There. I said it. I hope not to say it again, but she ice is actually not quite so bad if I want to compare it. If I in an English school as a teacher, said shit in front off the pupils. Andi, another adult heard it or somebody complained I would be in big trouble. I'm quite rightly because it's not the word to say, but in German, it's more common. It's not quite as as bad as the English words on you hear teachers saying it. Do you hear politicians saying it? You everybody using it. So be aware off that it doesn't mean you have to say it if you don't want to, that's fine. But if you do hear it, it is not quite as bad as it is in English. And the other one is an interesting word. Their ships storm Angela Merkel has said it more than once. First time she said it, English newspapers were up. Announced German politician is using a huge, vulgar swear would How could she? Problem is in German, a shit storm, and that actually is a proper word in the dictionary. Hence the gender as well, dear. It means it's a storm off outrage. Where is in English? It's a situation marked by violent controversy. A. Most Germans don't even realize that in English this word is quite vulgar. So again, if you do hear it, be aware that in German it meets something slightly different. Problem is, as it's an English word, it's difficult to distinguish, and as we're talking about being polite now, this is a little bit not so much for if you going to Germany, it's more when Germans come to England or in English speaking countries or possibly even other countries. I can't really speak for that. It will be interesting to know, but quite often or sometimes maybe not that often they don't use the word, please, when they're asking for something and that comes across is being route. And I often heard this one of these Germans there also bloody route. You know, they never say police. I just tell us what to do. Well, yes, some may be. There are route Germans, just as there are route other nationalities. But often it is also the case off. Lost in translation. See, German requests are often made so that they're actually so polite. They don't require the word please. Otherwise, you've got a bit too much in there. It would be something like a Ziff. I said, um, please, could I have a cup of coffee, please? Now? I wouldn't asked twice. I wouldn't put the wood please in there twice. I would use it once. Could have come coffee, please. Or police got 1/2 a cup of coffee. So German sentences when they don't need the wood bitter Onda German person isn't that fluent in English or they don't spend much time in England, I guess, is the same in America. They then don't translate or they don't Aunt the wood, please. In their English sentence, either. Even I got caught out once I was in the I must have been doing some German lesson planning or a translation, I don't know, but I was in German mode on and it was pretty warm. Andi, I said to my then 10 year old daughter, Could you open the window? And she looked at me and she said, Please would be nice. Quite rightly. I mean, that's what I normally would have said to her. I know. So what it does say that s then that I realized that I didn't say please because I was in German mode and in German, I would have just said customers fenced off Mom, and that's a polite request. I wouldn't need a bitter. I could've fought a bitter in there, but I would need it. So it's just something to bear in mind If you come across a apparently rude German, it is possible that they were just literally translating their sentences from German into English and therefore don't know the police, so please have a bit of patients with him. 6. Special dietary requiremements: in the 30 day Challenge, I mentioned how important it is to know any food that you are allergic to, because obviously you know can't eat it on de how to say that Onda and this is really a follow up because these are some words to look out for if you have any special dietary requirements. I'm only mentioning a few. When I looked when I did the research, I realized there are hundreds of different things. A hot can cover them all. So if there is a special dietary requirement that I don't mention on, do, you can't work it out for yourself. But it is important that, you know, then please get in contact on Bond. I'll try and find out for you but the most obvious one. What you say if you're a vegetarian, it's been vig Italia, so I'm a vegetarian. It's been very Italia. If you want to eat vegetarian, you might want to saying it must Vega tarnish Essence. Remember, we've had is mostly before. I would like essence to eat. I would like to eat vegetarian, so it's much too big a tile ish Essen on restaurants. You might want to look out for words like Vega Tarsia cushier, which is vegetarian kitchen vegetarian cuisine. Or you may want to ask Harbin Z vigor. Tabish is essence. Do you have vegetarian food? The good thing is that vague Atari, a bigot average who looks very much like the English vegetarian. So if you read it, it should be very easy to find. If you're going a step further and you're a vegan, then you would need to say the exact sentences we've just had. But it's been Vagana. It's been Vagana, or must of vegan essence on vegan cuisine or vegan kitchen. Is Vagana crucial? And if you want to ask, harms ive regardless. Essence. What about if you need to eat gluten free on again? The word is very similar to English gluten fly, so that's your literally translation gluten free gluten and fight if you have to eat gluten free. If most gluten fi s and I have to eat gluten free or must eat gluten free and Harbin Z Gluten Fries Essence and I picked one out, one more out, which is lactose intolerant on similar to the gluten fly in German, it's lack tools. If I it's most luck tools if I essence or Hamzi luck Tools of fire Mish as where I stopped because when I looked on websites, I thought I don't know where to stop there. So please, if this is important to you, I haven't covered it. And you can't work out what you would need to know. Please get in contact. I'm sure between the two of us, we can work it out somehow.