Audio Recording and Editing with Audacity: Audacity A to Z | Kushal Jasoria | Skillshare

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Audio Recording and Editing with Audacity: Audacity A to Z

teacher avatar Kushal Jasoria

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.



    • 2.

      Importing and Exporting


    • 3.

      Mono-Stereo & Metronome


    • 4.

      Recording Guitar (instrument recording)


    • 5.

      Compression and Normalization


    • 6.

      Mixing Audio


    • 7.

      Generating sounds on Audacity


    • 8.

      Fade in - Equalize


    • 9.

      Using VSTs Plugins in Audacity


    • 10.

      Best Practices For Making Voiceovers


    • 11.

      Equipment and Conclusion


    • 12.

      Self Assessment


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About This Class

This course will help you quickly learn and get hands on with the Audacity Software. You'll soon be ready to start recording, editing and publishing your work.

Let me help you understand the concepts of how to use this software quickly, so that you can soon start getting creative.

I will show you how to record, import, mix and edit audio using his software and make you understand the core concepts of using Audacity.

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1. Introduction: Hello, everyone. Audacity is a free, open source audio editing software, and it's kind of like the go to place for most of the audio editing needs, which we have if it's for some office or school or college project. Or, you know, if it's just to make a quick recording off a song just for fun, you can use this to record your vocals on card. Okay, tracks are just record with one instrument like, say the guitar and and sing along. So you know there's a lot of things that you can do with this free software. And I want to be ableto give you this really quick solution so that you can go hands on with it. You know, in every recording that a few standard things that you might want to do say you record using the guitar and then you sing. Are you recording along with the track and you don't get the right volume on? Maybe, you know you made a recording, but it's just not sounding the way you wanted it to Andi. It probably could be because you did not normalize it or did not add the right compression or reverb or nice removal. And so, you know, these are the common effects. So we'll go into how you can do that quickly. And I'll get your hands on with using this software on DA. Make the process really quick so that, you know, we can just disrupt all of that basic knowledge that you have to go into and just quickly get hands on on. Hopefully make your first recording and do shoot me a recording when you're done with it, so here we go. 2. Importing and Exporting: Hey, and welcome back to the tutorial. Now, one thing is that you can record audio on the other thing, which you can do to get audio into audacity is that you can import in audio. Is there some really simple steps on DA Once you're done with whatever you're recording. Ah, what you can do is you know, you can ah, export your audio as an MPA tree or Aviv. 3. Mono-Stereo & Metronome: right. So the first thing you'll encounter when you get down to recording if you just place the recording, but and by the way, I'm using some different equipments. But first, let's get on to understanding this offer, and then we'll come there so right away. If you just sit and record, this is what you would probably be getting. I'm saying something on the mic. Now on. Here's something on the guitar. You notice that this is a studio track. A studio attack has two layers. The left and right layers are separated. If I played this recording, this is what you're gonna hear. I'm saying something on the mic. Now on. Here's something on the guitar, you know, does that initially everything was sounding on the same volume in the left and right years . But now it's different because in the recording you need to take care of this. So when you're like, initially starting off the track, so you already have a track here and you want to toe in 30 vocals like at your local singing to some track, so then you would want to add a track by going toe are new and inserting a moaner track Whenever you do vocals all your recording guitars it's best to record them on a mono track . Now when I take a seat Steelyard put as you saw the left side was the mic. The right side was the guitar when I didn't take a more no input at that time it only takes the left. It doesn't take the right, so you will hear only the mic part. So right now, if I play the guitar, you will not be able to hear it. This is so right now. If I play the guitar, you will not be able to hear it as then. It was just very slightly irritable, but that was because it was being picked up by the mike. Otherwise, it's not affordable. And if you record using a split studio track than this is, you know, probably what it would sound like, things would just sound. You know, the voice. Why is coming from one side the guitar coming from the other? I'm just doing one of my sample original songs so that you know there's no copyright issue . I don't know. So I'll just do the original song. I'm Trad e Jack fallen master off 21. I do anything in any direction. I have you every few days and I keep falling in and out of love. Now, when you listen to it, you know you're gonna find everything to split up, have you every few days, and I keep falling in and out of 20. So how do you actually record the guitar along with the vocals? Because there's only one input Italy recorded all through the mic on a you know, solar track. Or if you want to take an import the way I'm doing, I'm taking an in port. Then you'll have to do them in separately, us. And then also, there's another trick, which you have to do. So if you, you know, go on, listen to one of the patches, which I'll just record for you separately in the next short in which I do a mourner recording for you and then I'll show you how just a few tweaks can make the guitar, which your record in mono in audacity sounds so much better just because of a few tweaks. So whenever you're using this, often you're trying to record with something and you want to add effects. There's a lot of things that you can do to make it sound really professional, so I'll be showing that to you Also. Another thing is, you need this offer to assist you in the form off, you know, a maternal, because you need to be able to stick to some timing. Otherwise, what's the use of having this affair? So to do that, uh, you have toe go to generate the rhythm track on, Obviously, in the main recording, this wouldn't be there, but, like in your audio right now, I'll just keep the beats out there. So let's say I keep it at say, uh, 100 then on a generate the track so they know we have something like a metronome. 4. Recording Guitar (instrument recording): all right, so now we're going to try and create attack. This is good for those who want to learn how to record an instrument and then do the vocals . But it's also a good amount of learning for those who would probably be using Carioca tracks just for home recordings. And, you know, personal use because you're gonna learn a few interesting concepts here about using this door, which will just clear the whole thing for you. This is a pretty quick course, you know. So how did a card? When you want to see a record of a single instrument, I'm doing it with the Gouda. If you're using a piano, it has a studio, but you can go with that. Better get are. Usually you get the moon or put so based on what kind of output you have, you select the kind of track. No, listen to the mitral, and you wanted a guard. Whatever you're doing along with the Metro. So here's the sample recording of the guitar that we can do here. I'll again use another original song because I want a wide using anybody else's car composition. So there is no copyright issue de. So now we have a sample and I'll show you how we can compose this into a full fledged chorus. 5. Compression and Normalization: right. So we have this recording here Think this is a part off the corners off one song Now I want this to keep repeating so that you know, the full corners can be sung on it. How can we do that? So I want Toby ableto copy this part and replicated. But if I just, you know, manually do it, I might not be able to get a perfect selections. I want Toby have it right on the perfect timings. So how do I do that posting? Ah, you go here, go To analyze Beat finder on. You know you'll find the beauty for you. These will help because they become magnetic in a way they provide the lines here and helping in selection at the right sports. Whether beat is that? Ah, One thing which you want, want want to begin with is Ah, nice removal. Whatever the you know, ambient noises that in the room or maybe in your equipment there is some, you know, circuitry which is not perfect. Beautiful. There's noise just like the blank part grew. Effect select noise reduction. Get noise Profile From the blank part, you get the ambient noise profile now select the track. Get back your nice reduction radius, Denyce. All the part which you don't need is gone. Now go along with the beat. Select this part on Make it silent. This is the button you used to make things silent. Let's see. This is perfectly on the beat. Ah, Manu letters. But then, yeah, things that almost on the beat now. Ah, on what I can do is make the selection from here. Okay, I copy this. Now I want this to repeat. So let's for steak. Take a new track tested out. Where is the perfect place to baste it? See if I put it here now. These beats are magnetic, so they help me sing to the right sport. Let's see if it sounds okay. It has to be a bit later. No. Okay, so it has to be here. But I do is I go here, I paste it now See? It keeps cycling. The first beat is a bit, you know, But let's just get onto and understanding the door. And now you want to sing to it and you want to make this recording sound perfect like in does the mixing. So how do you do that? Um, you're here and you wanna sing along with the track now So let's do a sample singing And then again, I'll show you how you can do all that you know, make us ah, singing sound better. So here's how you you know, first record the track again on a mono you doing But remember how it sounded when we did it all in studio. Now listen to it all in mono. Now remove this Metrodome because we can anyway, you know, do it all digitally We don't need of the Metrodome, your sisters and we can just use this toe. Get toe the right wheat again. Where should the next part start? Yeah, on way way! Ah! Now you notice one thing over here The workers was just busting. It was so loud that, you know it was going beyond the limits. Eassey! Ah, so you know, you might want to make the vocals on Constant all the day. That is the chorus Now I want the things to sound equal. How do I do that? Um I goto effect on first I make both of them normalised. So this is how you make all audio recordings, which are in a different volume, just like the normalized option. And things will come toe a standard volume. Now, in this one also ill. Just go here on do ah normalize effect. Now the vocal you see, it sounds too loud and parts in some parties to lower in some part. It's not that loud. How do you balance it out? At some point, you can just go closer to the my father from the mike. If you're using the laptop Mike, then you know it can be even more problematic because of the distance is already you know so much. Um and you know, uh, sometimes you just put more pressure under some part on sing it loudly. It also depends on the world. So to make things equal in terms of volume, you goto compressor Onda. What? It does it, um You know, the volume up to this point is like, you know, normal. Almost like a oneness to one ratio. After that start in, the volume should have bean, you know, along the straight line. But it just presses the volume down from beyond some threshold. So here you're setting threshold. I think this is find somewhere a bit above the middle area. Yeah, Andi should do the compression. Things have become a bit, you know, similar in terms of volume. But again, it has increased the volume off Laura of things in orderto make the compression vote. So again go here. What do you need to do to make it back to the volume that can be related to the gotta go back? Normal is so you have learned about two effects. Now normalize on nice removal. Also, you learned Asari treating so normalized now it's removal and compression. These are standard things that you can do with audacity. Now here, I'm doing the noise profiling again so that it sounds Look at it sound. Look at the sound here. There's some Nice. So, in order to eliminate it what I did is I clicked here. I went to noise reduction. Uh oh. I click Something wrong by mistake. Um, yeah, I'm here in noise reduction. Okay, a inverted it. Now it's right. I goto noise reduction. Get the nice profile. Select the track reduced A nice Yeah, I love your brain waves of your but this is all more or put in the next part. I'll show you a few more tricks 6. Mixing Audio: I'll come back. So this is the recording. We hard but that, you know, whatever they say, it's an eight out of 10. But there are some very slight modifications that go on behind the scenes, which can transform this What's already recorded in tow? That 10 out of 10 make it sound professional. Make it sound that that vaulting. What is that? So first you have the guitar recorded here, right? What we'll do is we'll just copy all that we have here on allowed a new track. Morneau Track Onda, Uh, based it here, Onda. Uh, one thing we can do is we can select the color off or Liggett our tracks just so that we can remember. We can select the color for Liggett, our trucks as red, so it just helps us remember Now I'm pressing the control button and just pushing it here so that, you know, all these tracks are collected. If you have to get our tracks, what do I do here is, um I'll just zoom into this one. Look it on. Just take a very, very, very small portion. Say, just just this much and I deleted. What happened is the whole chunk. That was ahead of this move back when I deleted it because that part was gone. Now as a moat on. So in order, bring everything toe one screen, and I'm going to move the label track because we don't need it now for the purpose of the demonstration that was required, it has already been done. So control F everything is on the screen spread out on one screen. So in this part, I shift this part to completely the left and this part to completely right. So the left part is is slightly ahead of the part on the right. Now, this gives a slight three D effect as if the guitar is playing on that side. Uh, just check it out in the recording as it please Wait, you're not ableto get it. What I'll do is I'll just make it a little more pronounced. I'll remove a little bit more off this way. Ah, ard Another track. You can also do it to control shift in. Ah, make the beef color red on basted here. Okay, so we have this track again over here on this is in the standard former left and right locators are the Banning is right in the center in this track allowed another effect on the guitar. What I do is I I had a bit off, but its light amount of reverb very slight amount of reverb on then make its volume really low. Also, I'll odd. Um, it's very small. Amount off. Echo 0.2 is fine as the decay factor, right? The guitar sounds a bit more, you know, filled up now it sounds more you can see polished. Now I'll take the vocal track. The vocals will remain in mono workers, you know, the better. Ah, the more clean it is, the better it is. But at ID another track Andi, control left to get back in tow. You know the easy? More than what? You can just see everything on. I'll go toe ethics on. I lied. A bit of a cool on. I lied a bit off. L reduce its while you check this out. Ah, so this was just another example to tell you that You know, you can do all these things. All these things, using audacity. Obviously you can record along with the card, Okay, track and that we're definitely sound a bit more filled up. Ah, but you know, these few things just tell you if you are doing it along with their own instrument or if you are recording your own vocals, these other steps, the basic things that you might want to go. Ah, when you want to insert a silent somewhere, you use this button. If you want to truncate that, you use this and it cuts into just that part. So, you know, there are a few of these controls I wanted you to know about the concept off mano and studio tracks. So, uh, you know, this was a quick course in which I was just showing to you all the basic functionalities that you might want to use in audacity. 7. Generating sounds on Audacity: I just wanted toe show you a few more quick tools, which are just interesting, although the recording might sound a bit weird, but these are interesting tools. Ah, one of them is this. It just makes the amplification or whatever volume you want to do. Our feedings and fade outs really do them. And quick, um, as you can see, you know, if say, ah, we did it in this part, right? I'll show you an example. This would be interesting. So I generate. Ah, nice. But okay, I'll just do it on a on a new track. So control, shift in on in this track. What are do is all this generate from the beginning of this track? Ah, 30 seconds. Okay. Um, control F Now, in this part, say the gorgeous starts here the next second. Okay, so this part the course starts against what are the ways like this? Uh uh. I reduced the value. Um, OK, so how do you get a control track? I'll just show you You go toe generate on Ben. Did them track seemed rhythm. Yeah, you have a deal. And now you used this rhythm track. Andi, you do a beat. Find that effect. So you have the beach here. The ones you have toe be. It's I don't want so much off it so that, you know, I can just put press this button and, you know, get into the zone that is required. Get only that much off it, which is required as it's moved extra part. Okay, so back in tow what we had just take a look at what we have already engaged. You were confused. Ah, things changed. It's just that I get the noise profile back again. Uh, there was it. Ah, love. Okay, so here the do this volume selection, there ain't no rain. Okay, Controls. That is what I usedto undo. If I make something which is make a move, it, you know, is needs to be undone on a reduced volume off this part. No, this Selves is the control track. So if I want to go on auto dark effect, so now it does a bit off Unorthodox. Okay, I don't need noise here, So what I'll do is just select all of this. I think it's island. No. Yeah. Ah ah ah! A bit longer than I would have wanted. Ah, I love your Uh huh. This also was not required. So you mean I hope you get the you know, the idea that is, You know, they were trying to get out of here using this limited software. If you're doing some recording and you need something like a swish, then you know you have to be creative. And then this is how you can make So do you know the tools are here? And you can make a lot of the ah, that you can use a very simple medium tracks you can make using these kind of tricks. 8. Fade in - Equalize: and you played around with with the main things in the main effects. There are obviously a lot of additional things like, you know, here I manually created a fade in fade out effect. But you can obviously, you know, just ah, click here, go to effects, Select feeding. And you know, it happens like this over here in the vocal section Another thing that you can do to make it sound a bit more clean as you go to the equalization on DA. Remove those parts which can be noisy plus those parts which are out of the vocal range. So, you know, the bass part that much 20 hurt. 30 hertz, 40 hertz. That would not be in the worker range. Eso You know, this is the vocal profile that you would actually want toe, Uh, look at again. 20,000 hertz, 40,000 hertz. You're not going to sing those why singing those range off frequencies so you can just cut those out on again if it became smaller. What? You have to go goto effect on a normal is it's so much different from that earlier recording and it's, you know, with a little little more equalization. You can play around and you can find our words. Stop. Perfect. Uh, when and you know, get really clean output. 9. Using VSTs Plugins in Audacity: He saw one of the things that you would really want to do is to be able to combine it with a lot of custom virtual studio technology VST plugins. These plugins can enable you to use a world of effects on audacity. Now, as it is, there are a lot of effects that are given. But suppose you want to use something like an auto tune that's not there in audacity. So how are you going to do that? Plus, it's not just auto tune our digital, just something we just popular. So I'm going to show you how to do that on a velocity. But apart from that, there is a wall of plug-ins. Like for example, if you want to add delays to the guitar or distortion effect to the guitar. So there's a lot of things that you can do. Combine audacity with these plugins, which can make it work like a really effective digital audio workstation. So you will get a lot of Google results when you search for Udacity VST plugins. But apart from that, there's also a very good amount of support that they've given on the website where you can find these three sources which are good for giving you access to plug-in anodic can be installed in multiple ways. For example, if you go to these bulk plug-ins, then you will get an installer. But many of the plug-ins which you may want to use which don't come in. These bulk backs like for example, the Auto-Tune one. You can get it from hit squad. So if I go here, so let's look at this G snap plug-in. This is something which I made a mistake on also because my abc is a 64-bit BC. But the Audacity software is installed not in the normal program files, but in Program Files X86. So what do you have to do is in your program fails, uses to go do Audacity and that go to the plugins folder. So program files are Udacity plugins. And in the plugins folder, what do you have to do is you download the 32-bit version if it's exceeded Six Program Files. And now what you have to do is simple. Just as you, as you open the zip file, just to get this DLL file and pasted into the plugins folder. Next, what do you have to do is go on Udacity C. I'm going to take a small little sample. I'm just going to hum something around Marine Corps. Unless yeah. Yeah. And since the volume game a little, I'll just go ahead and normalize this. We don't want a plugin called G snap, so that's not here. So now that you've added it to the folder that you are using is a symbol. You go to the Add remove plugins option here. You'll click on New. And then just select the one you've added. And you can just click Enable and just click OK. And you'll have the plugin ready to the blade. Then you just have to click on the audio file that you were working on. Click on the blog and you just added and you'll see how it impacts the audio. So I leave the audio was like this. So now it's going to be something like this. It may sound a bit off, but well, let's give it a shot. Let's say I'm going to put it on very strict C-Major, which probably wasn't as good as angered in, but let's see. So it's gonna sound like this. So this is just a small little sample. The sound, of course, scale was different in which, in the effect that I was using. But the main purpose was to learn how to add VSDs to audacity. And I hope I've been able to clear that out for you here. And now you can be very creative and use whatever we SDS you're thinking of using. 10. Best Practices For Making Voiceovers: In this video, I just wanted to share some quick tips with you on how to record a voiceover In our Udacity, because I've done a lot of audio recordings of singing guitar instruments and all of that. So you have gotten an idea of how to record those things. But some of you might just wanted to guard voice always disagreed tool for recording voiceovers. And what I like to use is something I call a framework, like the NCN framework, where you do a recording of a voice over. And then the first thing you do after that is you normalize it and you'll be able to see Way. And right after that occupy the way I made a mistake I regarded in studio. That's not what we should do rate. So I'm going to stop this. So and I'm speaking, I'm just recording whatever I am seeing. The method is pretty much simple. What do you have to do is record your voice-over and then normalize it. You'll be able to see why that's the first step and the most important step because your y should be uniform throughout the recording. The volume of every video which you see everywhere lake it is normalized to a certain level. Your audio should be normalized to that level. So that's the first thing. Then you compress it so that there are not too many differences between the volume and then you normalize it again so that things are pretty much whether said so late. See you can hear this audio right now. So I'm speaking, I'm just recording whatever I am seeing. The method is pretty much simple right now. I'm going to normalize this. So you can see that it has caught up to the maximum that it should be. But some of the beaks are in there. Maybe something is peaking V higher rate here. There is something which is speaking so high, which is limiting all the other big. So what normalization does, as we discussed, it picks the maximum peak in the audience skill that up to the maximum so that everything gets maximized or amplified with data as the reference. So now if we do one, none of compression, what it does it, it basically ions things up so that things that once again in a level where they are even, what happens is that these low-volume videos will also get a chance to be heard clearly then how this works also has been explained to you late. Let's go with the slightly lower threshold and slightly stronger ratio. Right? Now, if I normalized this audio going, you'll see that all the y's areas are pretty much even. See now things are normalized and compressed. So you see that things are very evenly distributed this way. So it is going to sound very even now. So I'm speaking, I'm not recording whatever I'm seeing. The method is pretty much simple. What do you have to do is so that's how you regard y. So what is it is just these are just a few quick tips on how you can record voiceovers. 11. Equipment and Conclusion: As I said, I would tell you about my equipment that I'm using. This is a standard home studio equipment that you can use in case you want to make recordings I use on em audio M track toe. Ah, take the audio recordings. So that's my Amtrak. And this is my audio Technica Mike. Ah, 82 035 I guess if I remember and then it's best to use apart filter along with your microphone it's always advisable. So always usurper filter because that makes life better. Onda uh, I'm using a Yamaha e bx 500 as a guitar which has this out project. That's why I think sound more clean. Otherwise, if you regard using the mic, it would not be that I'm One sample in which steel guitar was connected was recorded using a separate lab. Ilya Microphone. This is a road smart love, smart, left plus, So this is also really, you know, small handy microphone with you can buy if you want to record connecting to your cell phone or outdoors. You know this is really convenient. 67 Jack, which is generally used to connect your guitar. This XLR cable is required for condenser microphones because they require a pulse power, which you can check when you're using your when you're buying your sound card. It should have this pulse power option on all the best way recordings. Definitely. If you can find me somewhere online, you can send your recordings. Um, I hope the course turned out to be helpful for you all the best way recordings, then. Bye bye and take care. 12. Self Assessment: