Woodworking Techniques for Beginners Part C: Making a Hand Crafted Table | Dr Ian Broinowski | Skillshare

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Woodworking Techniques for Beginners Part C: Making a Hand Crafted Table

teacher avatar Dr Ian Broinowski

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

14 Lessons (1h 17m)
    • 1. Session One Design and Woodworking Skills for Beginners Part C: Make a Hand Crafted Table

    • 2. Session Two Designing your Table

    • 3. Session Three Preparing the wood

    • 4. Session Four Joining your Top

    • 5. Session Five A bit more on Joining your Top

    • 6. Session Six Cutting and Smoothing

    • 7. Session Seven Thinking about legs and sides

    • 8. Session Eight Putting it all Together

    • 9. Session Nine Finish and Gloating

    • 10. Tutorial One How to use an electric drill and keep your fingers

    • 11. Tutorial Two Using a plane and keeping your skin

    • 12. Tutorial Three B How to use a wood plane without loosing anymore of your skin

    • 13. Tutorial Four Using a plane and keeping most of your skin

    • 14. Tutorial Five Using a plane without shedding blood

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About This Class

In this program you will learn how to design and make a table using only basic hand tools. It builds on the knowledge you have already acquired in the Part A and B by learning how to make the most of recycled timber, join your table top and how legs are held together. Additionally you will learn how to use and electric drill, a sander and hand planes. 

The emphasis is on developing your confidence in working with wood and to relish the process of doing rather than the product itself although you will end up with your very own table and all for the nothing.

Join me and make yourself a table!

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1. Session One Design and Woodworking Skills for Beginners Part C: Make a Hand Crafted Table: Well, welcome everybody. My name is Ian Borowski and nine part series of woodworking things for beginners. Report or file that because we're all beginners get hot. We learn as we go along. Now, I'm from her about Tasmania. And 40 presented a cup recessions. Hopefully introducing you to the great pleasure of working with wood. Now, I should have said, I've probably said before, important thing about this is it's the process. It's the doing which has been drawn mid part. Yes, of course, you end up, in this case hopefully with a table and you'll get some pleasure every time you sit down to it or say it. But if you want to tackle, this is not, not the course for you, God, by some rubbish from Canada or something and uses a table. But this has got to be alongside enjoyable process. That's why the techniques I showed our olfaction, not solid. And I work and live rightly enjoyable. So now I'm assuming that you've done a part a and part B because there are many techniques and skills that I've shown you in there. And now my heartbeat is that you want to learn more in this, in this section where I'm looking at how to make a table. Now startup, it's our brilliantly exciting table. But the important thing is that techniques with it, you'll learn how to make a table job, how to decide on lakes, lakes the crate things on Raewyn three letter. And you'll learn how to put it all together. Now, tables, I have precise, nice, enjoyable, most interesting things. When we use them all the time, think about it. We tell stories around the table, we ate at tables, we cry at tables, way dance on tables. And yet we really tag, you, nurture them. And yet they play with human history. I guess everson, somebody sat down under a flat rock somewhere in the middle of a jungle and put their cavitary owner of a wine over drawers. I do play an important part. So think about that, think about the history and may drawn it. And when you get a chance, have look every time we let you say. This program also includes how to use a modern electric Sander, how to use an electric drill. And several teachers on how to use a hand plane, which I hope you've all found very useful. I hope you join us, Let me know my sight back. You might get exists and let's see how we got it from me. Oh. 2. Session Two Designing your Table: So the first thing we need to do is to o unit is to design your table. And that's where I'm going to look at in this session. So get your thinking cap on and see what you come up with. Well, I usually like to make a rough sketch of what I'm going to make and in this case, on making a title. So I just thought I'd play with this while when we're drawing together. Of course, I'll mess it up cause you're watching. But really what I'm planning to do, fairly basic table. And I'll just put these lines aim thing you can say what I'm doing. And it's really not very high, but he's quite a lot of fun. And most importantly, it's important because you have to think it through as you go. Today's a table top and feeling say that. But of course the title troughs kinds big consisted of several planks and ends. It joins. Here, I've probably said it might be three boards that you've gotten you. I'll show you that. You can see carefully there lakes, Of course, guide down here, roughly like this. This one. Now I'm going to make a very, very ICIC title. But, but that doesn't, that doesn't stop you from making things much more interesting. I mean, you could have gotten David loan hasn't been. You could have turned lakes if you've got a word turning off. One thing is pretty nice. So I'll show you that that is to get out of a terminal title that's old broken up and to use those. So the reason I'm going to show you sort of basic title is because that's too long. Because all the principles are the same. Whether you're making a title or a, or a big title, they're all the same. So really what you've got here is the title, taught things joined together. The sides here and the legs. Now, there's also things you could do. You could extend out here and put a plant there. I think that it's quite nice to get hydrogen that sometimes and a drained. And that makes you quite interesting. I can't do that domain. And it's, it's quite a fun thing to do to design your worth and come back it come up and it'll go by Dean, Kristin. Will I use here maybe a bit of an orange here. It just gives us a good color. Please pay talks. I should tell you a absolutely wonderful data that watercolor pencils now just turn this just to highlight the different parts of the title. Now another thing you can do, of course, is, is, and I'll show you, is you could put in a wreck. And here, if it's a BigTable, you might need some support. You could put a array inline fat, shouldering solar cell. You have a shelf in here. The size of your title is entirely up to you. Now, in this exercise, I'll be showing you quite small table simply because it's easy for me to make and to, and to show you. But of course, it makes no difference where the President title is six feet long or, or two fatal or two ladies home. This is a bit of water way just to make it not see how it comes up beautifully. Lovelace pencils. So you've got a bit of a title styling to type childcare. Of course, as with all these things, it will change over time. Delays may rarely end up with what I think I'm going to end up with. But that's okay. That's told powder of funds. So it's odd putting my right here. Now, I may not show you how to do that because because of times, but if you really want me to just get robbed man or RCA had filled, but they haven't read like that. So that's, that's the title. And then again, looking at the components, I'm gonna show you haven't joined with Planck's tall, smooth at all. How to cut the legs out at dishonor on your legs. Had to do joints. Here, I'm going to show you two dots and choice. And you can choose what you want, do you? Alright? That is political design over time of stocks rigid, but some tech. 3. Session Three Preparing the wood: Now, now we're not going to look at would getting your wood together. I'm going to use recycled wood. And which is quite fun, challenging time. And see what you think of this. Now, one of the great pleasures I have is using recycled timbres. So I had a hunch around my workshop and fanbase patients. This is a beautiful piece of Blackboard, which is a Tasmanian rare species. That white plastering a bit of a mess pole. This is another pace which has been used for, I guess, like a door jam. This is a piece of Tesla which I've got which you call it. And this one I thought might work well for the lake to see how it's quite wide. Lots of mail on the signs say that, goodness knows how to read say to end up in Tasmania. But still, if I if if if I cut it in half here okay. Okay. Make strong it will obviously take out all the nails, scrape it or sanders. You can't get paint remover. It's nontoxic, dark at that dreadful caustic stuff. There's much better stuff on the horizon and then send it or clean it or striping. And I'll come back and we'll see what we've got. But before I, well, I thought this might be a good opportunity to talk about electric sanders. This is the one which issues he sees quite impressive. It's a good quality one. I make no zines about by good-quality. If you can't afford good-quality, new ones, boggled colony second hand ones. The cheap ones will end in tears. And not only that, it's terrible for the environment. And this will last a lifetime. And I'm going to put it down now. Alright, let's get started. Now, I'm not gonna insult your intelligence by spending a long time on health and safety. It is common sense. I mean, these things are inherently dangerous. As you see in the distance. As the back. I've got this attached to a 200 industrial vacuum cleaner, which I got for $20 at the tip shop. I join all my all my electric equipment to our vacuum cleaners. When you buy one, it'll have the ridiculous little bag here. Check it out. It's only there for looks, does no good whatsoever. And obviously I haven't things. Sensible thing to use is one of these if you want to go back and most certainly feel ears. It is mode B i k now, but believe me that I'll get worse. Here is dust, of course, his work, his biggest enemy. You can wait. One of the things you feel like I cannot do because my vacuum cleaners, Tikal and the dust that I need. Alright, let's get started and have a look. So this is a fairly typical example of an electric Santa. You can say underneath it's got lots of holes on this particular bit of sandpaper. And the hose run through with a vacuum, which, which takes the dust out there, which creates very effective a hepatocyte. Now most of these will have an adjustment of spade. Sorry, you've got it down slowly spade. And they go up High-speed. If you're uncertain and you haven't done this before, go start on the slow speed, that's easy. Now the on-off button is pushed up, starts to move more and more. You push it it faster guys. This button will hold it in. Survived. Push that up. How did in? And then I don't have to have marching all the time. Generally, how'd it with two hands? They're quite heavy. This one's quite a quite heavy. You can't get smaller ones. If, if you've got risk problems or you're doing small work, gets small ones. Findone which so Chou and one which is comfortable. Alright, now, the next thing, a sandpaper, Sant'Ivo, as you know, a guy from really Course, which is 40 grains per square inch. And this one is a 120. And variety of these, this one is a 100 and IT can then very, very fine 360 and you can progress up. So if you take a look at this pace which I have done, this has a horrible piece of glue on the back. So what I'll do is start with the really core S1, but nor on here because this is reasonably good. So do the course one to get rid of that. And then I'll move on to the 120. And then one IHI and maybe that maybe I'd like to turn to the latter one because this guy with the tabletop. So once it's all together, then all smooth it properly. Or I hope that makes sense. By the way. As you can see. This is a bit of wood that was all painted yellow with NIOSH and everything. Little wild guns come up beautifully. So your retirement, Kimberly, a lot of fun and see how we go. Now just before I get started, it's important to realize that when you start the engine, came it about that centimeter off the, off the work and then go down. So you started really, really locked in airplane solids. It's skipping down and then joining on. And of course, you move up and down with the grain. And as you get finer and finer, done more and more with you, right? You'll still need to finish off my hand obviously because these things, God, rather than in straight lines. Now we're gonna do some demonstrations and, and say, if you say what you think. Well, I hope that that helped as you say, it was gliding fairly easily across. I wasn't putting any white art, although I must admit when I did the clearly periodic push a British person, not really a good idea that that's why goes, Todd, I hope this works for you and will you use it again when I do the tabletop altogether and see it? Craig thing is, of course, when you put it on the House hashtag, match up, which is obvious. 4. Session Four Joining your Top: In this session, our government and how to join the job. And we're going to use these things called a dao. And under what is called predicts your task. It marks the point where the joint guys and I'll show you how to do that. I guess it's a gal marker. That'll go, OK. Let's have look what I've done so far. Alright, now for joining the top, but she's Have a look. Let's have a look. Suppose I draw some Planck's here. Then we'll just play, let's pretend that you're using three planks were due to actually because it's the same thing. So there's another one that just showing the mistake. There at the tuple or two, you'll have another 12 or three or four. Now. So why it's joined is to use what's called a little Tao, which is our peace award, especially right, like that, but about that law. And you put a hole here and a hole on the outer side. Sorry, mentioned all going in there. And how going in there. And depending on the length, probably every maybe 3030 centimeters apart, you could do the same thing. That and like that. And I'll show you saying you've got you've got a hole in here in Holland that's just got to show you how tape the whole guys. And then the Dow is aligned these Saudis round. Obviously, I'm not very good at drawing around thought. Tao is there. And the Dow's. So you glue along here through all that and push it together. Now of course, that's a color, so we'll have something nice. Orange might be nice. But of course you have to, you have to understand that the force had to be totally flush with each other. Now that I'm going to show you how to do how to make sure that that side is flush with the other side. So let me show you. So this must be totally flushed with that side. And then when it's clamped together, there aren't any gaps. Now 11 trick of course, and I'll discuss that how we do it, is that getting it straight, quite difficult. But if you actually do concave, concave goes in, in line fat. In my Dad, it's better to push it in that way. And I'll explain that went, went on playing. So that's how the top guys together. 5. Session Five A bit more on Joining your Top: Now, of course you get where, which place you would go to work. So what I do is put one line there and another two lines there and live there. Now, the next thing I have to do is say the gaps here. There are gaps between them. And I have to level that off. In order to do that. I use a plain quarter joining pipe. As you say, to a beautiful instrument. And it's a number seven Stanley 76 here. You can see it. Now. I guess it's probable that you don't have one. I didn't know. And for a long time, you still do it with a shorter plane. It just takes a little bit more concentrated. So I'm going to use that now. I need to straighten this OK. Now if I rest that on the edge and look through here, I can see where the gaps are. Probably. There's something beautiful that working with planes historically had been around for thousands of years. Humans have thought, put that back in where the lines are. Then I can look through and see if there's any gaps. And says not bad. Actually, it's better to have a slightly concaved than to have a hill, right? If this is high, like shaped like that, then it's harder to plan. If it's slightly like that. It'll clamp is in this. What happens is sometimes the plane goes at a different angle. If I take that off, put them put square 12 there, she can sleep. I can make sure it's flat all the way down. Alright. So now I've spoke to joints and I need to join it. These are little dowels and I wanted to live Kate and I'm thinking maybe three here, three here. And to their towels coming packets like this from your local sought. However, you don't have it. Don't worry too much because we always make your own. The critical thing is if you get a bit of down like this, make sure that cube plane, just a little, little groove here. So when he goes into the hole, the air can come out. Is square, is just go alone and mark a spot. Now, what I'm going to do now is these little things I showed you before. Dao markets proper nine father or not sure. Now. So I'm going to turn this on, drill the holes in each spot and put that in it. Alright, and then the next board put it on and it will market. So I'll do that. And then I'll show you what kind of electric drill rules in Boston. And I'm going in about half the depth of that. So that's been, I guess really, and that will go in there. And altruism, X-Y-Z slot into. This is so clever, I've gotta say just makes life so much, much easier. There are the three points and Hands-on right? Or hammer it wherever you want to do it. And then turn it either. And I'm not sure a little indent and a little indent here. And here. That's where of course you do. The next rule. Isn't that tell us that the SDA mark, which I've just made a slightly, slightly began to put it in on. But there are otherwise doing it. There are other gig's like these that you get which have quite good, quite accurate. Cody's learn. If all else fails, you can do it the old fashion. What have we learned at school? And that is quite simple. You draw the line where you want to put the down side, turn it up and Mark from across Africa, across the layer is the same thing on this one. Market down there. And then you've got the two sides together. And then it's simply a matter of getting the sign. Right. And you see the hate your finger in exactly the same spot. From the front. And there you have the two axes. I tend to do is to get a Niall, put it at spot, just tap it. And that gives you the whole pleasure drill. Simple AZ. And it works. And then all right, so I've alluded off. And you can see here one of the dowels which you set in place, I've got rough Kim bay on either side to protect your your work. I did do a session on how to use clamps. But now if this was a longer title, I would put another clamp but on the top. So I'll go at the bottom, top alternatively along just to, just to make sure because of course what happens is if you have the army and the bottom would can push up. But if you have a top and pushes it back down, not just a matter of tightening it up. It's a funny thing when you do things like this all your life and then you try and shy somebody else and you realize, of course, thank you to things and, and really think about it now, when it gets to this stage, what I do, my whoop, look nice. Told me it's credit hacer went like this and baggage. And assuming that banks out on that pushes it down into integral. 6. Session Six Cutting and Smoothing: Well, welcome back. In this session, I'm going to look at cutting the DNA at the top. And then we'll go on and look at how to smooth the top and make it pretty hunky-dory for your, for your table. Well, I've got to say it turned out OK. It's got nice filtered, few rough edges there, which we'll look at. Now the first thing to do, of course, is to cut off the rough edge. And in this case, if I run the pencil, you can say where, where to cut it off. The other end are covering how to use source in the previous session. So I won't do that again. In this case, you've got a choice you have to make. If you use a tenants Hall, which is very fine, it will give a really nice cat, but it would take a very long time. The second option, of course, is a R2P saw. But if you use a rip sort, it's gotta literary reports, there will be large chunks taken out and very rough, very quick of course, but very rough. Probably a good compromise would, would, would be across. So like this one, it is fine. It won't rip it apart. That's probably the one that I would use. It would take be quicker. Again, remember too, when you start to leave the light on and to rest your thumb against the saw and a nice HE cuts. And also when you get to the last point, be very careful that you hold the pizza doesn't report for section over here. Now I won't bore you by showing you how I'm very sort, but I'm sure you can do that if you have any questions, let me know it. Okay. So I've secured the page with another face down on the side. And they are start with a plane, of course, with paraffin wax. I've done a session on how to use plain, so I won't repeat too much. In this case, you look down at the end of the, end of the plane and try and get the blade a even by adjusting it with this one. And probably not, not too far out to begin with. Because the planks had fairly an AES that the tracheids to cross the chin. But instead of going like this, which you will later as you go across the top. And you can say it's starting to come up quite nicely to matter, going cross slides badge, and working your way back over fiction. But it's important to make sure that the grain is going that way. I had it round the other way and it, and it shipped up. You can see they applied pairs. Well, as you can save on bad halfway through the project. You don't need to credit the gym when you do this is quite an energetic, lots of beautiful wood shavings, which always makes me for this client is slightly wider. As you can see that on the previous one I was using. So it gives a wider base. You can also use planes which are longer. And that, that's good for leveling out at the end. Just have applied wisdom and treat yourself to a nice new, old-fashioned secondhand plane and love to turn what you're doing. So every now and again, just stop and put, put applying across. And you can see the gap quite easily where it needs to be worked on. On either side is an edge. It is possible to actually go straight pictures that will, that that age is trying and not tasks. Now, here's a spot where the grains driving the other direction, which, which can be a bit challenging because they're trying to go this way. It rips and up. So it's a matter of going back. Just that little spot. If that doesn't work, just to leave it and sand, right? Well, that was a lot of fun. One push. Now what I've done now of course he smoked all the three bits off by going, summarize right across like that. Now it's fairly rough. It's a matter of getting a plane. Scholars smoothing plane which is quite wide, but any plane. And then going along this way, you can no longer play. I mentioned, check every time again where it's flat and where it's not. So now I should, I should have mentioned, of course, when you're planning, it's important to get your lake trout and you can't see this, but my left leg is is is right in front of my right. Thank you. Try and get a good physician. And you see how it's starting to take shape. And I'll do that over the whole area and then come back to you. Okay? Now the final stage of course is sending. And if you don't have electric, Sandra, that's okay. Use just ordinary olfaction sandpaper. I'll probably start with an IT that remember to get the crane all the time. Maybe IT them 120 down to probably 300 or something. And that will finish up beautifully. All this was done before electric troll. If you if you do have a sander, I went through, had used it before and I'll make a start on that. And then I'll come back to ranking. Of course he says, I said, make sure you are half and down with the grain. And again, depending on how rough your work is, I'm going to start with 120. And will it my way down. Sometimes when you're using recycled kinda, you'll find the joints having gone quite together. You can see it is a bit of a bit of a gap. So what I want I can do is each cheat really nicely, put a little bit of glue across here, all the way along the cap. And that was my finger long. And then you can see it's actually covered it quite nicely. And maybe a bit more in their house, right? That you could get with a same same thing or little bit of base weights pushed in and sanded over. But it's starting to take shape. Find a sandpaper. We'll finish it off quite nicely. So say yeah, you go with that. And next session, we'll look at the legs. 7. Session Seven Thinking about legs and sides: Alright, let's talk about links. Always a great chocolate conversation confined. This is the step where you need to design your legs. Take about what symbol y I find is to find a title that you like and measures the lakes are general Latane because never quite sure when you're in the workshop. But I got Exchange, check the dining table and measure out the, in this case, I'm making a smaller table, sort of like wine title, suddenly coffee tables and charts table. Now another alternative is I, I loved finding out lakes, beautiful place with pace of turning and many a table using old legs from the tech shop or from rubbish dumps. And you can do that also, of course, if you had a would lie, heavy God, your own legs. It's good fun. You can cut in nears its magic when it's finished. So what I'm going to do is take this off and show you my thinking about physics for my table. Remember, your table will be a different size, it'll be bigger. Dining table might be more imaginative than mine, which is non Because once pretty ordinary, i'm just trying to teach you the techniques I have done. Interesting title so much saying in all modesty. Let's say, Would you think? Now there are several ways to join the legs to the sides. And I'll show you two ways. The first way is the simplest way. And, you know, and as simple as Goodwin. And you say man, that's going to go together. And again, there's a trick in that. And I think that's the whole point of doing a course, isn't it? So I can teach you all these wonderful things that I know how to do it. Well, I don't really, I just pretended, but it's a lot of fun. I've gotta say Honey Pie. I had enjoyed woodwork and loved it all my life. And I look around the house and yeah, you know, That's that that's part of me. That's part of who I am. And it's a blank one, black one to here. And I hope that after this course, you will enjoy a tone. That's how you do the join. Now I'll show you another one. Another way to join her legs together is can turn Morrison tenant. Now, you've done that before and my other courses, I hope if you've done course, course B, but there is a trick to this which you've mentioned a bit, a bit more interesting and clever guy, so clever. Harlan, there's the tenant and it's going to slipping. But there's a trick which I made to show you. And that is what the two wages to wages push into the home. And as you, as you push it in, it will time it. Clever ideas, so simple. So I'll show you how to do that. So in this case, the tenant has to be smaller a lot smaller than the homologous historically, I haven't done a lot of time looking at old furniture and seeing how it works and, and all the tricks that I used in the olden days. These, these, these, these skills I think are worth cape because you don't need all that stuff, all those fancy machines when they're nice and I had them must emit a lot of my life. And I still make things. Takes a bit more time. So much so placing, remember all that? And each year grandma didn't have fancy tones. But as long as possible. 8. Session Eight Putting it all Together: This session looks at ways to join the legs to the sides. I'm going to look at using Dow's as well as Morrison tenant with a slight difference and that you'll enjoy. I thought my four legs organized and set up here. I'd just like to make a judgment about how far to put them in. And for the sides, this one, remember, I'm going to show you how different dots, joints one or the Dow's which I showed you before, that will fit in here like that. But of course, the Morrison tenant actually goes into the leg, sorry, in this case, it's slightly longer as you can see here. And here. Now. Or I'm going to do now is show you how to separate joints. It's important to number eight joints. So here I've got my eye on their, on their P, B and so on. You don't get the legs mixed up. So now, for the doubts have drilled holes and the end of each page. And in the end of this pace, I've included the little Dao markers, put it into place and hold it there. And the other end where I wanted to just push. And that of course gives me the marks here for where I put the Dow's. So you can see here that the dow psi in place and it's now a matter of tightening up the, the clamp. And you can say that the dowels go nicely into the wood like that. In fact, need to just adjust that event and push it shot. Now, while what I want to show you is most important is to make sure that they get square. So if I pull that in, it's a little bit out of this end. So what I can do is pulled back towards me and then tighten again. And it's perfect. So you need to do that for each leg. Otherwise doesn't have a very wonky table. Alright, as you can see, I've started during the Madison tenet, I've done that. And now the mortar is here. But you'll notice that this gap is wider than that so that I can put the wages in. Alright, so that's the difference. I'm going to work my way down the chisel. It's simply a matter of as I showed you before, banging down and going all around and then shipping it out. Alright? Because it's so soft, it's, it's real-life fairy force. Now, this is the clever bit. When I've made dealt might not me being clever, but the design, too little wages. So here's the hallway goes into the wages are slipped on either side. Light. Can that be a bit hard to do and slide into the hole? Now, of course, you can see why I don't actually need to do it. You can see what's happening is that as it pushes in, the wages push out and make it really, really tight. So you can say what's happening there in the joint period of why I'm doing it, clamp it up and it will stay forever. So you can see here the two triangular pegs that I've put in. And now it's just a matter of crushing your fingers and hoping hurts all going got him smoothly, which it is as good as that. And I think, yeah. All right. Now you can see that the title resort together all clamped really got just a couple of things you need to make sure that you check the legs are square on each 0.13 course I've shown you before is to measure across like that. Sure. That it's square roots for that has to be exactly the same as that. Now, all I need to do is lights were too clever and sage amora. 9. Session Nine Finish and Gloating: In fact, we're nearly there to secure the type would chair the legs. I used the switch where you use lot of things. But basically, I've got four places would Scrooge coming through Michigan signals too far and screws there. And they are simply secured in place here. So scroll down, screw in. All right, that'll Howard You can get metal plants if you want. Next thing I tend to do is put a bit of leather on, on each leg like that because of glue. And finally, always make sure you write your name on your piece of wood. I don't see why artists should always have the nouns would not, would craft paper like you and I, who are pretty good. I've gotta say without any undue modesty. Alright, well I've turned it over. This is the table as it is now. I'm going to put some oil on it I think are quite like oil finish. And then I'll show you the final result. All right, see you in a while. Now there's one more useful trick which you should know about. Master taught me. Sometimes you'll find that your table is a bit wobbly. So a way to do that is to level it up like that and get a piece of wood. And Mark long here, I'll I don't need along here. And right around right around the lake and then do it on the same for each of the other lakes. Alright? And then cut delay. And it'll even not in this case because minus such a small amount, I'm going to just add a little bit of are they here to level it off? Alright, well look better at it. So thank you for joining me in this little project. I hope it's been interesting for you and really faded out with the tie, which cost me nothing. Absolutely nothing. Just junk would put it together. Few skills you can do it too. Just remember, have confidence in yourself. And if you make mistakes, it's called the Spain tuning so that we're about to see you again. That's a valid everybody. Thank you for coming to this course. Are no upset. The process is important, but it's also quite nice just to enjoy what you've made. This is bilateral tired. I'm sure your school be delightful and I'm sure you'll get many, many years of pleasure from it. So until next time. Bye. Now, pretty cool. In a minute. It's still the case. 10. Tutorial One How to use an electric drill and keep your fingers: In this session, I'm going to look as an electric drill. Now that may seem fundamental, but there again, there are a few tricks which may be useful. And for those of you who never used electric drill, this is a chance to play and explore and realized just how valuable they are. Okay today, what I'm going to do is just introduce you to a basic electric drill. This is the only electric device that we'll use for this course. But I have decided they're pretty good. I, I'm, I'm old enough to remember when there were not electric drills. That adds a cordless electric tools. And we did a lot of things by hand. It all work still. But they're really simple and they're wonderful to use. Again, the critical thing is to buy one that's middle of the range. Not to shape. Not too expensive because you may not use it that much. If you don't use it a lot, then by good one. The other critical thing is get one that feels nice. Some of them are really heavy. And just move the camera a bit. Some of them are really too heavy to use. They had big batteries, I'd find them uncomfortable. This one, I really like my son gave it to me and my children go to me for Christmas a few years ago. Very quickly, the battery comes out and you recharge it. These days they recharged fairly quickly. If you are going to buy more electric electric equipment, then I strongly suggest that you buy the same brand. So you have the same batteries, then you can recharge as you've got. It's very simple. You just pull the trigger. And the more you pull up, the faster it goes. Very comfortable. If you have a reverse, in this case, you can see I just pressed that button and it will go forward and go back. You can do that fairly easily on the top. Different spades, so too is a fast speed. Is slower, which is really useful when growing large holes or very delicate work. On the top here you have 33 options. One is just for drilling, one is screwing. And hammer drill is when you're going through concrete or something like that. Gender and these numbers, something like that, really worry about too much. They're designed for when you have it on the scoring option. And so that you don't ruin the drill, it will work automatically, so it doesn't ruin the drill. 99% of the time that doesn't happen because you're just using wood, but be aware of that, read the instructions. I usually have it on normal drill part of screw. So let's see what happens. In order to open the drill. You put it in, reverse. Hold, hold the top. And it will say how exciting. And as I turned right, which closing again. So if I pick out one of these drill bits, as you can see, I just put that up, which you can buy cat packets of drills like this. Of course, small white you break. That's just the way it is. If I pick a 6.5 and I've been LOTRO a bit, put it in, not quite a bit more, price it, close it and then tightened by hand. Of course, the most important thing to remember is to keep it straight. Don't do this. Once you go in, hold down and go turn it and push gently and pull it out. Sometimes it'll get a bit stuck because the water be locked hard I've got softwood. But there are several ways you can do that. Just going a little bit. Summarize, this will clog up. You need to clear that. Other times I'd put a bit of paraffin wax on it or a bit of soap. And that can help as well. Well, I hope that explained it to you a little bit about using a drill. In a later tutorial, Tutorial nine, I'll be looking at how to use drills to put in screws and bolts as well. I hope you can join me for that. I look forward to seeing your thing. 11. Tutorial Two Using a plane and keeping your skin: Planes and probably my favorite tool. You can say some of them in selection of them behind me and will look at which one to use, how to select the planes and how to plane in various different sizes, award in inches, so forth. Now, planes have been part of human history or a lot of human history for thousands of years. As you can see in front of you, there's a whole range of planes. This little one is gorgeous and you can just say it there. I get applies to you. So you can say, that's a plane for making violins. I made a violin a few years ago and I can tell you a lot of hard work, but they're beautiful two years. This is a squirrel plane for obvious reasons. You can say that, say that little tile that's the end. This is a block plane which, which we're looking at in more detail because I actually find it the most useful little plane. And I'd certainly recommend that you get one. You can buy new ones relatively cheaply or still get good-quality old ones. These are jet planes there, the sort of work horses of planes and range in different sizes. And you can say this one is adjoining plane, which are looking at when I do joints in another course which I hope to be running. As you can see, it's very long and it's designed some of that when you're smoothing or piece of wood for for joining, that, that flattens it off. So obviously, the longer, the longer the plane, the smoother it's kind of Bay. This is a smoothing plane as well. And there are hundreds of different sorts of planes. From your point of view for starting out, sorry, I should explain nor set these. These are wooden planes which are a bit of a passion of mine. As you can say, this one is a molding plane. So it, it molds the woods into skirting or in, into picture frames. This one has two blades and very lovely to use. This is another beautiful one which, which allows depth and to make a reach and it can be moved from inside. These are probably a 150 years old, still usable. I've got a lot of them and I used them quite regularly. From your point of view, what do you need to get started? Certainly a block plane. You obviously are not going to make a violin to begin with. So we can put that one aside. May not need a squirrel plane. Although a little plan is quite handy if you spot one, the secondhand place to get it because you can use it. Maybe a jet plane. Probably not at this stage. And joining plane. Which one of these is that these two are the main ones for you to get hold of to begin with. Now it's really important that you know, parts of a plane, how they come apart. This is a jet plane and it has a lever at the top. For Lever, I've been like that. And the cover slips off. That leaves you with the blade and the cover of the blade. And as you can say, that's, that's where the hole is, where blade goes. Now. The blade to sharpen the blade obviously recover needs to come off. To do that. Just loosen. Sorry. Just loosen the screw. Don't take it right out. Just loosen it a bit. And this whole slide forward works. Not enough. So the cover slides forward and goes off. When you're putting it back on, make sure you do it at the side, otherwise your blunted. Now. So the block plane is slightly different. It doesn't have a lever that you pull up but pushed to the side. Ok. Not showing it. So I let pushes to the side and then fetch slips off and leaves the blade to come out, which does not have a covered line. That's what it looks like and has the richest at the top to Tiffany adjustments. 12. Tutorial Three B How to use a wood plane without loosing anymore of your skin: Phi k, again, a blunt plane is pretty useless. So as I showed you with the chisels, you put water on, stone is a core style, is such a fine starting water or oil. It depends what you want to use. Put the blade at an angle, not straight at an angle. And how I heard it with my finger like this and handover. But there are lots of different ways of doing it. You'll work out what you wanted to put the angle at. And let's just check that the angles flat and then move up and down. Check every noun again. And you can see if it's, if it's sharpening at the right point or whether it's too far or too, too far towards. And when you think it's done a lot on the course, charging that probably has. Then move on to the fine little bit of water or oil, depending on what you're, what you're using. And again, make sure you move across the stone so that you don't end up with a rich and pressing quite hard. Actually. Be aware of that. When you finish that, turn it over flat, flat on the stone. And just a couplet that takes off reach which builds up. And there that sorts, okay, do the final tests. But are still contours. So once they're sharp, it's a matter of putting it back together. So the flat side goes onto that. By the way, you can actually, that's sometimes needs a little bit of suggested a real light sanding as well, just to keep it flat. Flat side goes down and makes sure that you put it on like that. If you put it on this way, it's kind of B12. Whoever hits it and put it on the side. Slide it across, and slide it up onto it, onto the blade. Spec title. To the blade-like, that. Things never work when you shine. Shine seems to have a paypal, which when I practice but camera. Okay. So it's just about two millimeters, three millimeters from the top. Doesn't go right to the agent, doesn't go too far back. How did it in place? And then tighten the screw? Alright. Again, putting it into the plane is important that you don't hit anything because you'll want it. So it goes in like like an airplane landing and that fits into place. Then it's a matter of putting the bride black back, pushing it down, and it's done. Now. Importantly, don't put it on the bench. Always put it sideways so you don't want it. That's always like that. Just get used to it. It's just a habit that you do. This one. The block plan, what you'll use a lot is different. You need to striking that up. The blade goes in the other way from there, from gamify. The flat part goes downwards, not the angle part. Right? So it's the flat part goes on there and it hooks into one little grooves at the top like that. And then this sits on here and push the leave is shut. Summarize it. Just neat unit to adjust that screw to make it right and put it on its side. 13. Tutorial Four Using a plane and keeping most of your skin: Now you need to adjust the plane. If you look at this one, touch CPIC, but obliges sticking out quite a lot. So why did they do that? Is at the end, there's a screw, the screw I, the guys down that way or towards the blade back again. So what you do is you look down the barrel side. If you look at it, I'm looking at it now. And I can say that blade sticking up. If I adjusted, I've got put back until it's just, I can just say it. Now. The other important thing to do is the blade may be, may be out further mission and that side or vice versa. So in other words, it needs to be adjusted. To do that, you will have an adjuster. In this case. It's it's you can see it. Just a little bit of metal there that moves to the blade. So again, I looked down the barrel, which I'm doing now and I can adjust it until it's right. Now with the jack planes, it's slightly different. And again, the process is the same. So I looked down the blade but to adjusted, there's a screw in in here. Can I show you that? So you can see it. It's a bit hard to say, but that's the true part pair. Again, that Y takes it down, that light takes it back. So this is what you do. We'll look at it down like this and this together quite well. And I can move it down until I can just say it. Now, again, this blade is much high here and there. So that means that when you cut it and this is kind of dictate to change that. You will say at the top there. That's it. That adjustment or just a vale. Jim, move it one way. The supply will move and vice versa. So moving edge, it moves to the blade. Right? Now, sometimes for the base of the blade of the plane just gets really crabby and MCI and nature, good, old-fashioned, plain bit of oil, steel wall. And and there's just a matter of cleaning it and getting rid of US. Rust if there is any. And all the other MC puts on us, careful not to cut yourself with the blade and then just wipe. That. That's quite a nice finish. So again, I turned it up this way, adjusted until it's perfectly level. That when I've done that, I need to actually bring it back up and bit. Alright, now you are ready to go. So the important thing you have to understand about would is that it has grain, and that's very important for planning. So a grain goes in one direction. It means that the fibers sit on top of each other like that all the way back. So if you're planing, you clearly made you go that way so that it playing smoothly. If you go the other way, you will find that, that I explain it. All grain will go like that. So you'll know immediately if you're going in the wrong direction. Sometimes you have cranky grant, which means it's crying going all over the place. And they're invited to work with that is to have a really sharp plane and a very low glide and just work your way through it. Exactness, murky regions can sandpaper. 14. Tutorial Five Using a plane without shedding blood: Thanks to the basics of pipelining, first of all, of course, you need the old-fashioned paraffin wax or soap. Guide this direction or that direction so that you don't cut yourself with the blade. When you're planning. An important part is to get your legs in line. You can see that but you understand what I'm saying is my legs inline knocked apart, that gives you a bit a bit more strengthen energy. When the plane goes on, it's like an airplane landing and taking off. So you don't start from pushing point. You actually start moving before you hit the ground. Now, in this case, it's very important that you don't do it straight. So you have it at an angle, gives you a little bit of a try first. So I'm holding it up a bit so stuttering. So if I go like that, you can say, well, I'll show you. You can say that in fact, I'm going against the grain because it's all shipping up against. So I need to turn, turn the wood around so it's going in the other direction. And in this case, so now I can give it again, another try and it's going beautifully. As you can see. Some of the shavings are coming out, which is fine and beautiful. If I want to speed it up or garbage data, I can move the blade out a bit. And that gives a big cut. And I'll show you saying, you'd say getting a beautiful stream. My, my woodwork master could made writing skulls, Ryan base, and could do one shaving. I made us along with amazing to watch. It's just a matter of getting into the swing. Comfortable, moving that, sliding along. As you can see, it comes up beautifully, beautifully smooth and really just needs a fine sandpaper and that will fix it. Now there are some other nice thing is that you can do with the plane. One is to do aging. So you mark mark a line down the side of that side of the wood. General away if you want. And using a block time, I can then put it at an angle for it a bit more blade on. And so what I've created is a bevel. Not sure if you can see that. It's 45-degree angle and it's coming up quite nicely actually. That's a really useful trick. So another nice thing to do is to round the wood. To do that you plane and move the plane slowly round. I decide. Again keeping a bit of an angle. And then that's a nice smooth edge of its fit more there. And we, so you can see here I've got a pretty rough looking paste with wood. And it's shown pie, which is very rare piece of working. It has mania, is fairly old, is you can say, let's see what happens when I apply. Cross grain. Has to get, it needs a little bit more depth coming out so I can adjust adjust the dial here. Isn't that beautiful? Right now? It's coming up and it smells Pierpont as well. There we have sanding and and you end up with a really nice piece of wood. I hope that helps. Please ask any questions on the forum if you have happy to help out.