Turn Your Thumb Green: Expert Concepts Behind Successful Plant Growing | ERay G | Skillshare

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Turn Your Thumb Green: Expert Concepts Behind Successful Plant Growing

teacher avatar ERay G, Permaculture Gardener

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

18 Lessons (1h 44m)
    • 1. Trailer

    • 2. Welcome to "Turn Your Thumb Green!: Expert Concepts Behind Successful Plant Growing

    • 3. Place!

    • 4. Assignment 1: Oh the Places you'll Grow!

    • 5. Pot!

    • 6. Assignment 2: Looking for the Pot of gold

    • 7. It's Soil! Don't call it Dirt!

    • 8. Assignment 3: Soil...It's Alive!

    • 9. What are you going to Grow?

    • 10. What to look for in a plant to Repot/Transplant

    • 11. Plant the right Seeds.

    • 12. Repotting or Transplanting Assignment

    • 13. Repotting a root-bound "Mother-in-law's Tongue"

    • 14. Repotting a young Rosemary shrub

    • 15. Planting Thai Chili seeds

      Baby Chilis 2 weeks later.jpg
    • 16. Big Seed vs. Little Seed and Planting Dill

    • 17. Putting a leaf cutting propagation into soil from water

      New Leaf on Happy Transplanted Ivy.jpg
    • 18. Congratulations!!! Now Go Forth and Grow a Better World!!! (and post pictures of it all)

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About This Class

From keeping your houseplants alive to being an expert gardener, having a 'green thumb' is really about understanding the biology and plant physiology concepts behind healthy plants.

Why You'll Love My Class:

1: The information in this class opens the world of plants up to you. In case you didn't know it, plants feed us and make the air that we breathe. That adds up to a whole lot of awesome...for you...in this class!

2: I have been teaching people about this subject matter for years, literally all over the world, which has given me lots of time to figure out the best way to explain complex ideas with practical and concrete examples. 

3: Did I mention that plants are awesome? Seriously, they make FOOD! That's like magic. You like magic, right? Of course you do. Everyone likes magic. This class teaches you Plant Magic!!!  There, I said it. 

This class is great for:

  • Anyone with no experience whatsoever in gardening that wants to start greening up their surroundings 
  • Everyone with houseplants that are just barely staying alive who wants to know how to let them thrive
  • The gardening beginner looking to understand how to plant seeds and get them started in the right conditions to turn into strong, healthy plants
  • The more experienced home gardener or houseplant owner looking to learn more about the concepts behind common plant repotting and seed planting techniques

Class Project:

Through this course, you will learn how to evaluate and select different components to create the ideal growing environment for new plant or seedling. 

To help in this process, we will share pictures of possible plants, pots, soil and locations as you learn to judge them based on the needs of your plant. 

Then, once the ideal materials are selected with a happy, healthy plant in mind, you will combine them all into your final project and share a picture and the story with the rest of us for inspiration and insight. 

This is How We Do it:

This course explains the concepts behind growing healthy plants and breaks them down into practical steps and common sense rules with helpful video examples and a step-by-step walk through the process. 

The lessons in this class are broken down into the following Units:

  • Place: The most important things to keep in mind when you are looking for the right place to put your plant
  • Pot: What does your plant's container need to have and what can it do without?
  • Soil: What is soil anyway? Why isn't it just called dirt? What kind should you get?
  • Plant: Does your plant need to be repotted? Is it the right time? Should you just start a new plant from a seed?
  • Potting It All Together:
  1. Step by Step walk through of repotting several common plants
  2. Step by Step explanation of how to start new seeds and rooted cuttings
  • Bonus: Pro Tips and Tricks

What You'll Need:

  1. Some place to put the plant you want to grow (Don't worry, I'll explain later)
  2. A bucket, box, bin, cup or some kind of pot to grow your amazing new plant in.  (How do you pick, you say? Someone should teach a class on that...oh, wait, that's me)  
  3. Potting soil or starter mix that is compatible with your plant or seeds
  4. Beautiful bouncing baby or mature green plants of all shapes and sizes that you want to set on the right course to a healthy and productive future
  5. Assignments are submitted in the form of digital images, so access to a digital camera or scanner is also ideal. (please note, most plants do not respond well to being smashed into a scanner)

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

ERay G

Permaculture Gardener


Who's Teaching these classes, anyway?

More about ERay "Master of his Abundant Green Minions, Tomato Whisperer, Forest Listener and Other Stuff, too!"

I have been involved in agriculture my entire life.  I grew up on a farm where I first learned to love everything green and then went on to undergraduate study in agriculture to fill in some of the science behind the plants I love.   After college, I shared family and community food gardening with families in Ecuador as part of my time in the Peace Corps.  Since then I have had my own garden in addition to volunteering with an elementary school garden program in the states for a few years.

After years of dreaming about it, I finally left my position as a high school teacher and went to the south of ... See full profile

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2. Welcome to "Turn Your Thumb Green!: Expert Concepts Behind Successful Plant Growing : - Hi, - everyone. - My name Z, - right? - I wanted to welcome you to the skill shirt class and thank you very much for signing up to - be a part of it. - I also wanted to give you a general idea of what the course is going to be live. - This is a very basic course, - and what we're going to be doing is several projects that I think you will find not not too - difficult. - But at the same time, - they're gonna be ideally helping you get a feel for the basics of re potting and maybe - planting your own plants around your home with some inside some outside. - But that's something that we will I'll be teaching you how to decide. - And really, - I want these projects to help you get and get. - And I were gonna get a feel for the things that plants and even that they want. - And what suits you and your location and your environment best when it comes to plants. - So I'm excited about the course, - and, - uh, - I think that's about all Let's get started 3. Place!: - Hi, - everyone. - You right here. - Welcome to the first lecture of this skill share class about how, - toe pot or plant your plants around the house and how to grow them and take care of them, - etcetera, - etcetera. - So glad have you. - And today I'm gonna first start off by giving you a brief outline of how the course of how - I'm gonna break down the subject matter so you can know what to expect to know what to look - for. - And then if you have to come back for something, - you can easily find the right place and you watch a video if you need to. - Or if you need a few more pointers, - come back and find. - So what I'm going to do is write down the basics of pot in your plants or growing plants - around your house into force to different sections. - 1st 1 is gonna be a place where you keep this and how you decide where to put the place to - put your plant around the house or an insider out. - The second is going to be the pot that is the container that you're going to use and how to - check to make sure that it works and make sure that it will work down the road, - not just today or tomorrow. - Whenever you decide to put it in there, - the next one's gonna be the soil. - The soil is the growing medium. - That's what's gonna plant lives in on. - And it's what provides your plant with nutrients. - And it also is what holds the water and fits in the container. - I mean this it makes sense, - but it's also very important, - and you can really get that one right it wrong and takes a while to figure it out. - If you dio that last one is gonna be choosing the plant and plant selection, - which we're gonna go through two sides of that we're gonna go through. - Choosing a plant needs to be re potted when someone's already started it for you. - Or maybe it's something you have around the house that's already struggling, - or a plant that planting a seed from scratch, - which a lot of people do. - And I know that I I enjoy. - And if you have some seeds, - etcetera, - it's a good good experience toe have some basics there to know how to start really, - really from scratch So having said all that, - I'm gonna go ahead and get started with place. - And now, - when you're trying to find the place to put a plant, - the first thing you really need to do is observe. - So what I mean by observers start looking around your living space looking around the place - . - We're gonna be putting this plant and looking for things such as, - and there's a brief list. - This will be done in the notes being outline of this so you can go back and review this - quickly. - Once you listen to me, - talk about it a little bit. - So just really I said, - observation, - observation. - You're gonna be looking for sunshine, - for example, - how maney sunshine hours Does this spot like this hypothetical position or someplace where - you have access and, - you know, - like a flat surface, - for example, - where you would like to put your plant like, - Let's say you have ah, - window sill. - And sure, - I'm I love a plan on the window sill. - It's nice brightens up the room. - We all know the plants clean the air. - They bring moisture into the room by, - uh, - transpiration. - And so they bring a lot to a lot of the environment plans calm people down. - Lots of times you can see them. - There have been studies done talking about how plant in the hospital, - homes people down and how we have some. - It's in eight. - We have, - ah, - reaction toe big fields of green and, - like the color green, - does something to the human mind. - So let's say you have a window sill in. - You'd like to put a plant in your in your skin, - your personal space. - What you need to start looking for is which direction does that plant does That window sill - faces the north window? - Is it a south window? - And when I say north window, - I mean, - does it face the North? - I don't mean, - is it? - It's just like it's the same thing with went like when you look out the window, - do you see the north? - Do you see the south? - And the reason you're looking at what at the direction, - whether it's north, - south or east or west or any direction is to try to understand what time of day the plan is - gonna get, - son and how much sun it's going to get now? - You could definitely have a plant without any sun at all. - It's inside. - I mean, - many, - Many of you have probably seen the cubicle plant where it's never sees direct sunlight all - against this fluorescent and plants can definitely survive that way. - So don't think that if you don't have any direct sunlight, - you can't have a plan. - Because in addition to sunlight, - you need the broader subject. - Beneath sunlight is how much light the plant gets in general, - no beyond light. - And if you're still talking about sunlight, - you start to think about how hot the plan is gonna get during the day. - So that's another. - Another definite part of this is the temperature. - So sunshine is a good thing to know. - So start looking around. - And if you've already got a spot picked out, - then look and think about how many hours of light or sunlight that plant would get if it - were there throughout the day. - And also, - if you want to really think it out for the next year, - think about how the sun will change over the winter, - because, - I mean, - if you have a win, - if in a window that's in the north in the winter, - if you're in the Northern Hemisphere that win that north window is gonna get less and less - sunshine all the time as the sun goes south during the winter. - So things like that it really good to think about and really observing that can save - Elikann is a better way to do that. - Rather than trying to figure out the jury in the degree of the sign or the angles and all - that it's really observation is is really key, - because then you can answer a lot of these other questions without branching out, - so far from in making a very complicated process. - So start looking around your limit space, - where you'd like to play some of these plans and start paying attention to sunshine light. - Also, - you also want to make sure that you have water access. - I know that seems kind of basic, - but I've definitely handsome, - pretty grand fantasies about guerrilla gardening and starting a small forest down the - middle of abandoned land. - But the thing that really has stopped me a lot of times this is really thinking about how - I'm gonna get young, - delicate plants large enough so that they can grow without me watering him every day. - If they live five miles or two miles from the faucet and I don't have a hose, - it's five miles long. - If you do, - and you can get that, - make that work to something like that. - If you go somewhere regularly with water or, - for example, - if you live in a tropical place and you're trying to go someplace exotic, - Um, - you couldn't go for By all means, - that goes back to observation. - I'm an example here would be a rooftop If you have a rooftop garden and there's no water up - there, - you make sure that you are going to be looking gallons and gallons and gallons of water up - to make your rooftop garden grow once you get some more plants up there. - So, - like I said, - that's just something to keep in mind. - Um, - once again, - we're gonna go with light sunshine and then water access and then getting back to the - rooftop garden. - Um, - it's a good idea to keep in mind sort of the safety and the variability of temperature - around a plant like what are the conditions in that going to be? - I mean, - you might think about a rooftop garden, - but somewhere where it gets really, - really hot in the summer, - the plant will probably not have a large enough base of soil to keep its own temperature. - Cool, - for example. - I've seen this. - I've done this and I just seen this A lot of times I've done this where you have a - container garden on a sunny porch and in the fall in the spring, - when the spring when you get started, - it's great. - Plant your CDs, - they start growing. - It's beautiful. - You have these young, - beautiful, - cute little plants, - and then I've lived in very hot places before. - My container garden was on a very hot. - It was in a very hot place on a very hot porch. - So in July, - when it hit 100 degrees, - the containers would You didn't matter how much water we put in in the morning. - The containers were drying out by the end of the day, - and plant would just look tortured. - It would look whether wilted it was. - It was really suffering, - and we could just could not figure out why. - Because we were, - you know, - they would still have a little bit of water left, - but the problem was the temperature if the temperature and the way of the plant was moving - off that water from its roots up to the top of the plan and out through its leaves was too - much. - It was just draining. - It was just like it was like I was making that plant run a marathon every single day and - and really, - it was just It didn't look good. - It didn't feel good and eventually they just died. - I mean, - they'd start losing leaves. - You miss watering one day. - It's really not the sort of relaxed make you feel good and have something nice that you - would like to have that I would like to have from a plant. - I mean, - even even farmers don't have to water their their crops every day. - You know, - it's not like you want something that's gonna be more stress than it is benefit. - So when you look at that, - think about the temperature swings from the morning to the night, - and if you don't have a plant that's particularly hardy, - then you really want to take that into account and start and think about the seasons as - well, - and you can't really grow tomatoes on your balcony in the middle of the winter. - If you there's the temperature, - is going to be a big factor as well. - So think about that. - So that's sunshine or light. - That's access to water. - I know it seems odd or basic, - but, - you know, - make sure make sure it's better. - Better than look at that and take two seconds to check something like that off just then to - put in a garden box and not be able to get water to it, - or enough water. - And then the last one is going to be make sure that it's safe, - say, - from being knocked over. - Thanks. - Stay safe from predators like whether that's a dog or a cat, - or whether it's birds that are going to come in and eat it up. - I mean, - I know Ah, - lot of people who have pets around the house that they spend so much time training their - pets to not eat their plants. - On the other hand, - I know folks who have plans that air toxic that they don't know their toxic and in the - there's a risk. - So try to find out and try to keep your plants. - If you don't want them eating their knocked over. - I mean, - I'm talking about pets, - but I also know people with young Children who have toxic toxic plants around. - There are a few that are very toxic that we don't think I would just because we're comin. - So think about what you're planning there and look him up. - If you have any question, - if you have any question about whether or not they're toxic or whether or not they'd be - safer plant for animals and Children say around the house, - quick, - you're on the Internet already. - Go. - You know, - give it a Google search in, - Find out if your plans toxic. - So that's just about all as well as faras place. - Really? - You want to be working on your observation and start looking at your the conditions of the - place where you're gonna put this plant over time? - Um, - you don't want it to be blown away. - You don't want it to be knocked over. - So like I said one more time, - that's gonna be Look for your sunshine, - how much light it gets now and how much is going to get later. - Look at access to water. - You want to look at the temperature in the summer and the winner of the time You want to - grow what the temperature is going to be like and from day tonight over the seasons. - You also then we want to look at safety. - Is the plan gonna be kicked over? - Blown over? - Uh, - not over Eaten. - It's there. - I've had definite lost a lot that way, - and it's really frustrating. - And it could have been prevented if I had just thought about it and thought, - What? - The traffic their way through there. - So as far as you check those things off, - I'll be right back with the assignment, - so thanks. 4. Assignment 1: Oh the Places you'll Grow!: - Hi, - everyone. - You right here. - Thanks again for being a part of this course, - and I hope you've enjoyed the lecture so far. - The first step of your project is designed to teach you to start watching and understanding - good places in your environment to start your plan, - and so and have it be healthy. - So with that in mind, - what you're gonna do is look around, - find someplace that you think would be good keeping in mind the criteria that we talked - about in the lecture earlier and take a picture of it and post it up on our board. - So that's pretty straightforward. - I put some examples down below in the extra resource is where I took a picture of it, - someplace that was good for a plan or some place. - It was bad for a plant and spelled out the criterion how it meant or didn't meet the - criteria. - So follow those examples and we should be doing great and feel for your post as many as you - like, - one at the minimum. - And I think we'll be on our way. - So thanks a lot. - I'm excited to see what you come up with. 5. Pot! : - Hi, - everyone. - You right here again. - Welcome back today. - We're gonna be doing our second little lecture here about how to grow plants and transplant - them and keep take care of him around your place. - So, - uh, - well, - just quick review today. - Like I said, - there are the four big chunks that we're gonna do this in. - It's gonna be the place. - The pot, - the soil and the plant. - So place pots, - soil implant. - Last time will you place today we're gonna be doing the pot on the pot. - Means what container you're gonna be growing your plant in and how to pick it out. - Because I think, - uh, - if any of you have done any transplanting or you have a plan like I said, - that's kind of suffering or struggling around the house. - Or someone gave you a plant, - for example. - Or even if you hadn't picked one up with the nursery, - you have probably is probably saying they're staying it. - Maybe something like this, - like you have ah, - may have a plant that's came in like a P pot, - for example. - And if you look really close, - you can see that this plant you can stop sea routes coming out of the side because that - gets to our first part about this. - With pot is as the size the size of the pot needs to be if it's not adequate. - Right now, - for example, - of these pots that have just completely there's root Bound is what it's called and it like - with this rosemary, - for example. - What happens is that, - um, - your plan is that it's it's reached the edge. - It's reached the capacity of the soil inside like sure, - it is still getting some nutrients out. - But in order for the plan to continue to grow bigger, - it's gonna need to keep growing up roots. - You're probably familiar with Bonzai trees, - for example, - and they definitely trim the roots and train those trees using the size of the roots, - among other strategies to keep the bonds to keep Ah Bonzai tree both healthy but at the - same time stunted to grow into the tiny form that it's going to be grown into it because - typically plans. - And this is this is true with treaties, - er, - even things you think of his huge normal. - It's massive plans out in the in nature that you'll see they typically have the same amount - of a very close amount of similar amount of routes and top, - so the top will mirror what's going on in the bottom. - When you, - for example, - prune a tree back. - Significantly, - the tree will itself prune its own root system back to keep its Tibbets water and to keep - its nutrient system in balance. - And so that's something you should you need to keep in mind is the size of where your plan - is now on what it wants to be another example of this, - that it really helps. - It helps me understand. - This is when you think about, - for example, - you'll see these starters a lot where someone has started plants in a little container like - this. - And that's really just intended for the growing the plan up until it's large enough and - strong enough to move to a new container that's gonna give it more room to grow, - both upping and also nutrient wise. - You could keep a plant alive in the container that's way too small for it or not to write - science for it for a long time, - but at the same. - But it's not gonna be happy, - and it's not gonna have the same kind of reach and growth that you probably looking for. - If you're whether your plane is for production or for, - um, - aesthetics, - you're still gonna have the the significant healthy growth that you're looking for. - So that size also something that you want to look at is drainage. - The drainage of your pot is incredibly important. - Um, - as you know, - plants come from all different parts of the world, - and you know those different parts of the world. - Um, - plants will have different soils and different soil types going from a very sandy soil to - very place oil to a so it's very high in organic matter, - meaning like a compost tea sort of soil. - All those different soil types hold a different different amounts of water and for - different amounts of time. - And so that's drainage, - Really, - in a nutshell. - Eyes how fast the water goes through and how much how much how long the water is sitting - still on the roots of the plants. - Some plants really like to have a root system that stays dry except for water once in a - while, - whereas others are incredibly tolerant, - like rice, - for example. - Rice is incredibly tolerant, - having its root system wet. - And that's why it's grown in a rice patty so that the other plants whose root systems don't - like water or can't tolerate being submerged, - dies. - They use that as a method of weed control for right, - so that's a good example. - Think about drainage. - Is that some plants dying it like the weeds that would kill right? - That would just compete with rice and rice drives with its roots completely submerged in - water. - So that's drainage. - So we've got sizes. - The plant Is your pot going to be big enough to contain your size? - Nothing. - Plant an oak tree in, - uh, - starting phone cup because not if you wanted to grow into a full size oak tree. - Obviously, - it won't make it. - And then drainage. - How fast is your water? - Go through and doesn't water have somewhere to go? - That's another good, - good thing. - A lot of times you'll find you say, - Well, - OK, - why can't I just use anything around the house? - We can't use any any any container, - any dish, - any any glass, - for example. - It's around the house. - When can I use? - If it holds water, - that's enough. - OK, - but the problem is the body similar to go Otherwise it starts to rock and starts to rot, - Not just naturally decompose, - it starts to rot. - And it's anaerobic rotting, - which anaerobic just means without oxygen because once its submerged won't let oxygen in. - And a lot of the anaerobic things they're gonna rot in the bottom of a non drained - container are going to kill your plan. - So those air there pathogens I mean, - they'll come out the Russia roots, - your planet, - your planet will just die or you notice it started to wilt. - A lot of times I see that where my friends say, - Oh, - my plants Somewhere on my plan they're someone with my plant Can you take a look tripping? - Take a look. - They said they wanted. - They wanted, - they have, - they wanted it too much. - And it's just like you. - You breathe air all the time. - But if I strapped you to the front of an airplane, - you get a little too much air. - And so it's It's similar. - It's similar to that of these plants. - Do need water, - or I guess you drink water all the time. - But if I put in a swimming pool you have problems if I try to break around your chest and - thank you, - but it's the same kind of thing. - Any anything in too much, - just like for people is true for plants they don't need. - They don't. - They needed the right amount of water, - which to them translates into the right, - the correct balance with drainage. - So, - um, - if you do want to try a container that doesn't have a drain and you're gonna be having a - plant that can tolerate poor drainage. - Um, - you do something like this a lot of times, - you'll see, - um, - a little closer there, - you'll see that. - And you probably do this in your You should do this in your plants anyway. - Put a let a small layer of something much, - much more coarse than your regular soil at the bottom. - Now, - this is here specifically to give the water the excess water, - some place to go. - If I would be growing a plan in this, - um, - I would need to be very careful not to over water. - So that's had a desk plant. - I would water this if I were growing a desk plant in this container where I could you know - . - Then fill this up the rest of the way with soil and put something like this guy right here - in it. - I would Onley water this Probably I would always check the top of the soil, - make sure it had dried out. - Put my finger in down us down the side and make sure that I'm not filling this bottom up - with water because it was will happen is the soil will stop and will only filter through - these rocks down at the bottom so much. - And then it was The water will have some extra space down here. - A lot of times you'll see a something like this, - and then someone will put a straw down here so the extra water can Doesn't have to go back - up through the soil. - Deceptive. - Forget plan. - But it can. - It can breathe down into the soil so that you're avoiding that anaerobic or like lack of - oxygen. - I was talking about lack of air earlier, - Um, - something else to think about. - Like I said, - So that's the size of the container, - both for now and later where you want the plan to be What you what it is what's going to be - later. - What do you expect it to do? - Is it going to be producing? - Doesn't need a lot of roots Base. - Would you want to stay small where it is now? - Drainage. - Whereas too little too fast. - How big's like where does the water go? - And then speaking of where the water goes, - we're gonna go with Is it clean your plants gonna week. - At some point, - some soil is gonna spill it over the top. - And do you have someplace safe someplace to keep it where you can deal with it? - Making a big mess or little mix? - I mean, - it just depends on the size of the planets. - But you don't want to put this somewhere where it's going back to the last lecture where - it's gonna get knocked over all the time. - It's gonna make a bunch of message. - So when you water it for the end of this one, - the boy doesn't go anywhere unless you run it over the top. - That's neat. - It requires you have to be more attentive. - Otherwise you're just gonna drown it from the bottom up. - Um, - a lot of a lot of pots nowadays come with a basin that's attached, - you can see there's, - Ah, - a little lip there. - And so what happens is there's actually a smaller piece of plastic right here, - and so when you pour water in, - you have filters through, - comes out the holes in the bottom of this basin. - Take that up. - I don't think so anyway. - And so water then fills this up so that as the plant's root system goes down deeper, - it can start pulling the water back up, - and it's it's available. - But eventually, - if you want her too much, - um, - water will start spilling out. - And so that's something you need to take take into account. - You want to put it on your piece of it. - You're 19 dresser that you're you inherited from your great great grandmother, - or you don't want to put it on top of your laptop. - You don't want to put it. - Keep a plant where it's gonna water or soil is going to spill out onto your computer. - Your your server, - that sitting in the back corner, - so just something to take into account and something you should plan for when you're - looking for the right spot on the right container and then uh, - that's about it. - I'll have these notes down the bottle, - man. - Take a look. - Enjoy. - I'm I'll go over the assignment the second. 6. Assignment 2: Looking for the Pot of gold: - Hi, - everyone. - You here? - Welcome back. - Now we're gonna talk about your assignment for the second piece of this puzzle as we're - putting the zone to get it. - Like I said, - those those four things, - it's the place, - the pot, - the soil and the plant. - So we just went over the pot. - And so the assignment for this is once again pretty straightforward. - Start looking around, - um, - and start and Sinden once against an end to pictures, - picture of a pot that would really work that goes down through those checklist of the size - , - the drainage, - and make sure in a place that's safe if its bills. - So go go through those three characteristics for both one that works, - and one that doesn't, - um I'm looking forward to seeing what you've got around after we observed in the first - chunk of the class. - I'm I'm wanting wanting to see what you guys think about pots and what can work. - And really don't be afraid to be. - Don't be afraid to be creative. - Don't be afraid. - Many Here's just an example. - I'm about to get work on my place on this is a section of too much PVC pipe. - Um, - it still doesn't make it doesn't meet some of the requirements right now, - but it holds a little water. - It's probably a little too much. - And so I put the cap on the bottom and I'm gonna drop in some drainage, - are dropping sand gravel to hold some water at the bottom. - And then I'm gonna be drilling some holes in here, - taking out some chunks because, - as it is right now, - it doesn't drain, - and it's sort of an awkward shape. - My plan is gonna have to put these roots down too far. - So I'm gonna be putting us in a corner and I'm gonna be drilling a hole here and cutting a - hole here and then putting things in the side. - And, - uh, - we'll see what to do about drainage, - drainage as well. - So, - you know, - like I said, - just give, - give, - give an idea. - Um, - here's another contained. - Here's another example. - Just a just a Styrofoam cup. - I'm using this. - This has got water in it right now because I'm rooting it. - But if you're move around a lot, - don't hesitate. - Um, - as far as the drainage, - this is Ah, - this plants only and water right now because it's being routed. - But if I were gonna keep this for a little bit longer, - I could put ah, - a little bass and under it, - like I could put a bid from a jar lid or something like that under it and cut pokes holes - in the bottom. - Or it could just as easily sticks draw down the side, - fill it up with Grandma here and be very, - very specific about how I wanted it. - Only wondered amounts of the plan could use, - probably every other day or every day. - So anyway, - looking forward to see what examples you guys have, - so go out there and snaps a couple pictures and put him up. - Thanks a lot. 7. It's Soil! Don't call it Dirt!: - Hi, - everyone. - Welcome back. - You're here again Looking to I guess this is our third chunk that we're gonna be doing now - . - This is about our our soil. - So we have so far of the four. - We've got a pot. - I'm sorry. - We got place pot, - and now we're gonna be soil. - And after that will be it'll be plant selection. - So place hot and now the soil. - So soil is incredibly important. - I really can't. - Can't stress that enough. - The the growing medium that your plant uses is immensely important. - And plants, - it's It's like it's like the air that we breathe air. - The so it's the most important part of what the plan is going to be using and using to grow - . - And so it's just you can get it, - get it very wrong, - are very right. - And in the example that comes to mind when you see a little a little plant that's just this - ruling and crack in a sidewalk, - it starts there because there was some soil there. - Not enough, - maybe. - Or the plant is gets its initial strength to break down through a sidewalk because of the - little bit of the right kind of soil that was there before it started to grow. - And so I mean, - you see plants taking over things like plants growing in a gutter. - You'll see plants broke on a rooftop. - We'll see plants growing, - and there's barely clinging on making a cliff pocket of soil is blown in there and you'll - see a planet looks healthy growing in that soil, - and it's really the soil that makes that possible with a lot of kinds of plants. - I mean, - they're definitely things like, - uh like or kids, - for example, - that don't feed on so little the same way as most houseplants do. - But at the same time, - they also the consistency of the growing medium is also very important because of its - moisture, - which gets back to the previous lecture a little bit about drainage. - And that's that's why soil is so incredibly important, - Important people in the field people that work in soil sciences don't call it dirt because - it's this incredibly important mixture of things. - It's not one thing when you start talking about dirt, - you're implying a lot of people feel like you're implying that it's just like Sam Sand is - dirt, - gravel and rock and just only sent the soil that we're talking about, - a lot of the the soil that really society takes place on where agriculture takes place. - And everything that we eat comes from soil at one way or the other. - Like all of our, - um, - our society, - our our food, - our culture, - everything has something to do with our with our soils and the condition, - the health of the soil. - That's rates is very important. - It's that is often overlooked. - So we're just gonna get into like, - the little tip of that iceberg and talk about the soil and have a have a pick and look for - the right things for the soil, - for the plant that you're gonna be growing. - So, - um, - just to get out of the way, - here's like I said, - I'm going up this this little plant over here in a little star from coming. - I'm rooting it. - It's me. - I'm put. - I've put this planet here to root and the plant before a while contol a rate being another - example are those bamboos that you have the bamboos that people just leavin in water and - they just sit there and they stand like we'll stay alive but they won't grow like real - healthy bamboo wood without without some soil without a lot more nutrition to go in there. - And they definitely do take co two and carbon out of just the air. - That's an oxygen I should and things like that. - But it's not gonna have the healthy growth and spread and really thrive like it needs - without without any soil. - So that's just something to keep in mind. - Um, - but I said that that being said, - we're gonna look at a few other types of soil that are available and sort of what, - what to go for, - um, - and going over the soils and soil types. - I'm also when mentioning organic and non organic and really start talking about how toe why - you want to read the label on and see what you're doing if you're gonna be buying. - So so, - um, - half here and see I've got this guy. - Um, - this is just a peat moss. - This is what I use for starter. - So it's like a spanking. - Pete, - you can go by this that you're and a hardware store and a nursery. - Some of them are enriched with, - um, - like a chemical fertilizer and then smoke emerge with the chicken manure. - Those of the organic ones, - um, - and there are very fine mix. - And so if you're gonna be starting something from seed, - you're gonna want some like this so that it conducts and it holds water. - Well, - because you met a drainage that it holds water consistently over time, - which is it makes it, - makes it available and provides that, - like, - damn, - like, - moist area so that a Seacon absorb that moisture over time and that most your level can - stay high long enough for the sea. - Just sprout and put out its first roots and then start feeding on this once its roots get - down in the soil. - Another example. - Something you're gonna buy a, - uh, - home and garden shop or, - Ah, - uh uh. - Fertilizer store nursery is gonna be sent like this. - This is a mixture of ah, - she has a lot, - lot chunkier. - I'll put him next to each other. - Uh, - see, - this peat moss is always finally ground. - And make sure that if you you're gonna be starting something, - not just for an orchid. - Like I showed you earlier. - You wanted to be ground in a very small and stealing the bag and read on the outside as - well. - This right here is, - uh it's a mixture of compost and some other chipped up and shredded things that haven't - haven't broken down already. - You can still see some chunks of wood and little chunks of shredded tree mulch and things - like that in there mixed in with the compost. - And then this also has a chicken manure fertilizer in it. - Um, - let me go to be be careful of if you if you want to be growing sentence for gang is that - you really read the label because a lot of these potting that mixes like soil mix that you - buy at nursery the home gardens store do contain a fertilizer. - They contain a chemical fertilizer that can affect ideally, - they put it in there, - so that will affect how your plants grow. - Um, - if it's not a food plant, - um, - I don't typically worry about whether or not it has a fertilizer in it. - But if I'm starting something, - if I'm starting something from seed and I go to buy something like this, - uh, - the potting mix, - that's a problem. - A lot of times because it's possible that the chemical fertilizers or even an organic - fertilizer, - We'll burn the plant. - And what I mean by burn is when it's the Ph is off, - or the pH is to hire too low. - It changes the soil conditions or the availability of fertilizers, - that the availability of nitrogen nitrogen is a very, - very important element when it comes to plants, - the availability of nitrogen and the like, - sort of the freshness of the fertilizer that's involved, - it's involved there, - or the how strong it ISS. - For example, - can I have serious effects on a young plant just because it's system is still very delicate - and very small? - And so what you'll see is that a lot of times, - if you're trying to start something in a nitrogen I got over fertilized or heavily - fertilised. - Soil is that your seed will come up and then just fall over and done because it's it's not - in a delicate, - neutral potting mix. - It's in something that is it was designed for a plan that's going to be re potted so that - it could just have given a get another boost of these, - uh, - vitamins, - etcetera Image kicks on, - and that's what's design is to push growth. - So that's just kind of give you a little idea. - As far as the soil you've got things ranging from their your peat moss is all the way into - your compost. - And then you're Mawr industrial are your potting mixes that are a mixture of like for - Mickey lying and a lot of other inorganic stuff because you need to be also be thinking - about the weight of these things. - So, - um, - you're gonna have sand. - And if I were to go take my shovel and say, - I want some soil for a house plan, - it's gonna go on a coffee table. - Why wouldn't I just go out and did take a chunk out of the driveway or take a chunk out of - the you know, - walk off into the grass and where's dig down, - dig a shovel deep and then put it in a pot and call it a day. - And the reason for that is that that ground outside has different. - It's heavier. - Usually it doesn't drain as well, - and when you the active, - picking it up and putting it somewhere else compacts it so even if it was suitable for, - said the grass But when you get it, - reshaped your iPod and put somewhere else it's not going to be suitable anymore unless you - take care and and the right things to make it appropriate and and make it a healthy place - for your plans to be. - So. - Like I said, - um, - if you have someone who compost you, - if you compost, - that's a great place. - But make sure that you aren't unless you're compost is aged, - and that's something you probably know about a little bit better cured you something you - know more about. - If you're making your own compost, - or if you're talking to someone who composts, - make sure that it is. - It's very well cured so that it doesn't kill your plants the same. - It will burn them with too much available. - The trick nutrients. - Just like I said, - Um, - also s o on age are cured. - Compost is it is okay to plan and re potting, - but otherwise I would stick with something that probably a packaged depending organic, - inorganic their label, - really read the label and make sure that you're getting what you need. - So, - um, - this faras soils like I said, - um, - read the labels really is the best way to go on. - If you're gonna make your own mix, - you need to do a little bit of reading and find a cured compost, - and then mix that with a peat moss or mixed that with something else so that it stays light - and fluffy. - Because when it's in a pot like this, - you want to keep it light, - fluffy and well drained. - And those air characteristics that come with your peat moss is in your most of your off the - shelf. - Potting mixes will be relatively well balanced for something like that. - So keep that in mind, - and, - uh, - i'll be right back with the assignment, - Thanks. 8. Assignment 3: Soil...It's Alive!: - Hi, - everyone, - even here again. - Welcome back over your assignment for the soil section of our Big Four chunks here of ah, - potting plant information. - So this assignment, - same is the other spiritedly straightforward. - It's once you go out and once you go out to your hardware store, - your nursery or your backyard or whatever, - do you? - Wherever you're gonna going to source your soil, - snap a picture of it. - Whether that means Sam picture of backs necks snap a picture of the compost pile in your - backyard where you're gonna get, - and then tell me what's in it, - right right on down. - And, - uh, - I think that we're gonna tell you what's in it, - and then we're going to say, - I need you go down the list as far as the criteria, - What's in it? - What's it made of? - Doesn't have fertilizer in it or not. - And if it does, - what is it? - And then, - is it organic or not so really, - really straightforward? - What's in it? - As in what's the sources? - It from your backyard or from the hardware store and then, - um is an organic and doesn't have fertilizer in it. - So that's Vettel. - I look forward to seeing what you got sent us some fun pictures hope it's fun. - Thanks 9. What are you going to Grow?: Hi, everyone. He right here. Welcome back. This is our starting the fourth block, the fourth and almost final block of this skill share Course. So what we're gonna talk about now is, uh, transplanting versus starting a plant from seat. So what I'm done is I'm breaking up these two chunks of information so you can come back more easily in reference then and not when you don't have toe listen to fewer. For example, you just want to transplant something. You don't have to go back. And it was nearly information about plus starting something from seat etcetera. So below you'll see two different options. Feel free to watch both of them for me. I'm putting in here so you can understand both and a lot of you will be. If you have something from transplant to start with and then you really enjoy it. Get a lot. You enjoy having playing around and someone gives you an avocado pit or something like that . You want your interested about starting to grow small things where you get some seeds from of the pop, your Halloween pumpkin or something like that, like and this is is I'll go into something like that. I can express that a little. I leave us in space to talk about things more specifically either, too. Transplanting a plant that you already have from one part to Newman or starting Sunday from seat. So take a look below and then we'll go from there. Thanks. 10. What to look for in a plant to Repot/Transplant: - everyone in right here. - Welcome back. - Now we're gonna be talking about for those of you who are interested in a transplanting a - plant that you already have not starting from seat there a couple of different kinds, - like, - let's say you already started a plant from seed or you have something around the house that - you're looking toe looking to transplant something else. - You might have a some plant that you put in water, - for example, - Like this little guy that I have over here, - Um, - I put him in water, - and in a few weeks, - there will be routes enough that I might want to move him into a soil for, - ah, - different medium that could provide more new transfer planting. - They're gonna get from just water. - So we're gonna talk a little bit about those and a little bit a little bit about how to - decide if it's time. - What your plant needs and what to look for is like I said, - if it's if it's the right time and where you should be going with your with your plan, - So let's say that you started just just started a plant from seed, - and it's grown up in a small container and know it may or may not be rude about. - And, - uh, - we'll talk about root down means in a little bit, - but it may make you already did Rude about it. - Is this right here, - for example, - this is, - ah, - Rosemary. - And so this rosemary is probably root bound in that because, - as you can see and I should do this earlier, - um, - the roots have started to come through the wall of the pot. - It's is a little Pete pot or a pressed cardboard sort of pot that's supposed to degrade in - the soil anyway, - and it started to degrade. - And the plant's roots have comfort. - So rude about really just means that the plant's roots and you'll see this a lot of times. - The plant's roots have hit the size of the container because it's hit the capacity of - container, - and they started determined wind around on the inside. - So when you take that out and when you pull your plan out of, - sometimes you'll see that. - But you really can't pull it out of the container to know for sure. - Without something give away like this. - This, - uh, - rosemary plant right here so it's usually a pretty sure bet. - Like with this sense of the area, - you see their roots coming out of the bottom right here. - That's another way to really tell. - This plan is root bound, - and it's time to re pot it. - So, - by the way, - this is also a great plan to have around the house. - It's also called Mother in Law Stone. - Um, - it cleans the air at night while you sleep and is Ah, - there's a link to Ah, - talk about how the plants that you need in your house toe clean the around and recirculate - your oxygen and improve your quality of life. - Really, - if if you live in some place with poor air quality. - But in addition to being a great plan to have a in cleaning the air while you sleep - etcetera, - it's also toxic. - So, - like I mentioned earlier lectures about place and safety and what plants wanna have around - the house, - I don't have ah dog that's gonna eat this, - and I don't have a small child running around that I would have to worry about putting this - within reach. - So just something to keep in mind. - Like I said, - they're great plants and they're beautiful. - But there's a time into place. - So after the size and the age, - um, - with these big guys with seeing whether or not their root bound something else we need to - look at is, - uh, - if they're healthy or not. - And so sometimes you know, - plant may slow down growing, - it may start to lose leaves, - and it may just never really take off. - And so you might say, - OK, - well, - is this plant rotten for something? - Or is it is a yellow and really wither and losing a lot? - Or does it have some sort of disease? - Yeah. - Is it really just suffering from a pot that's too small or soil? - It's too old because soil has been taken out of commission. - It's not circulating. - There are most of the time in small garden, - or I'm not starting over in a home potting planning area like this. - Your soil doesn't have a lot of animal traffic, - and it doesn't have a very diverse source of input, - so they anything is. - Nothing's gonna be bringing more nutrients to your plant unless you have, - I mean, - an ant bed, - which I've seen. - Actually, - you have ants bringing in little bits of nutrient and in your plant pot, - which would be is pretty cool. - Besides, - except you have ants, - although the place it's always so anyway, - it's like I said, - a lot of times the plants given just really drained this soil out and they just need new - soil and you don't really shake the soil out of a plant's roots. - So you're gonna put in a bigger pot, - and that's when it's your plants. - Health is really has taken a turn, - and it's really worth it. - A lot of time to re pot it and give it another shot toe recover in tow to come back to - something else. - Something else. - For those of you who are gonna be starting seeds and growing them up and maybe a small - container like this right here from here since ive that I started, - I believe this is ah, - lettuce right here. - Um, - I started home in a small pot because I'm working with a balcony and I live in a small - apartment right now, - and I don't have a large space outside to grow, - and I have a patch and have extensive balcony with a lot of sun or even a lot of place to - store. - Ah, - enough soil truly grow. - Hola. - So I'm starting things in small pots and I'll be transplanting them in tow slightly larger - . - So I I don't I can take better advantage by selecting the plants that are gonna do the best - . - So what you need to know and sort of Ah, - good. - An interesting fact about so I guess some common knowledge to having a plant you're looking - . - It's plants you've started from seeing, - and then they're gonna bring growing up is that they have two different kinds of leaves. - They're the first leads that a planet comes up with. - What you're calling their their colleagues is what they're called. - The two seed leaves there, - the leaves that are actually folded around in the seat. - And when the plant grows up, - those leaves open up. - But they're not the first true leaves. - And so a lot of times you'll see a plan if you if you're watching and you started a lot of - plants plants, - so we'll have similar scene leaves. - These first leaves the sea leaves with another Pantages familiar, - but then their first true leaf is what it's called is a leaf. - It looks just like the regular leaves of the plants going to put on, - like with this rosemary right here. - Its first leaves didn't look like this Distinctive. - Rosemary's leaf looks like this little, - small sort of desert year drought adapted leaf that a rosemary plant has. - It was probably a smaller, - much more simple leaf. - It didn't like it. - They didn't smell like Rosemary or anything like that. - It it wasn't like you could start rosemary and have the next thing you have to wait until - it comes out with its true leaves. - So here's a little example. - Um, - with these little lettuces and then this is, - uh, - uh right here you can see the clo Marie looking right here where the first seed leaks and - those those of the first things that open up. - But then eventually these other leagues start to grow. - This is the leaf. - See how that is a very different shape of this leaf right here has his little ridges on the - sides. - Its edge is much different than your original clover looking little See leaf right there. - And so watching for plants true leaves when it started from a seed is a good way to decide - . - That definitely has to have happened. - And it definitely has to be firm and have a solid stand before you would want to even think - about transplanting it. - And so the last little bit I'm gonna stop talk about, - um, - we've covered whether or not it's root bound, - whether or not it's time to plant because it's reached the capacity of the soil of the pot - that it's already in. - Um, - and look at the size and age, - whether that's the size of something like this, - or, - uh, - the size and age of something that you're transplanting that you started from seed. - The health, - if it did, - is really time. - If the plan needs that looks like it's stunted or its struggling a lot of times potting it - will make it give it a boost, - it re potting it in some more soil and fresh start. - We really get it going again. - And then, - uh, - the last one is going to be whether or not you think it will make it so that's that's - really it. - And what I mean by thinking about whether you think it will make it is if you're going from - inside outside. - Or let's say I just got this. - I brought this home from the nursery. - I brought this home from the Lawn Garden store and it's been inside. - It's been in a in a greenhouse, - being very sheltered and very well taken care off, - And now I'm gonna bring it home and I'm gonna put in a pot, - and I have to think about I want this to go out outside now, - Even though this plan is from here and it's been in a greenhouse here in the same area, - it will be moving from inside of a humid, - shaded condition to outside. - So keep in mind that transitions for plants like that you have to do something called - hardening off. - So what you do, - and this is also true for your transplants. - What when you play, - it goes from a goes into a dramatic change, - whether it's inside, - outside, - outside, - inside and the temperature changes quickly, - or the conditions will be different in ah, - humidity and temperature and direct sunlight is another huge, - very important one, - So temperature humidity in direct sunlight, - the amount of direct sunlight are the three very important things to think about when - you're replying a plant, - Um, - and that your plan needs to be adapted to slowly, - so to harden a plan off. - And that's what it's called. - When you start putting a little by little into its new environment, - you're going to first Ripon it, - which will cover in the next lecture. - You reap on it unless I'm going with this guy from inside a nursery environment, - toe outside on like on my balcony. - I would want to first leave it out overnight and then pull back in the day, - two nights, - maybe three. - Then I'll be fine. - It's really not gonna have a hard time of the transition to the night, - and then I would start coming. - That's that's I work all day. - I'm going to start coming home soon as I get home. - If it still might put the plan out so you wouldn't get some sunlight, - because what you're trying to do here is let it adapt with larger and larger amounts of - sunlight. - Um, - with your smaller Steve, - things like this, - it's both of the sunlight and the chill at night. - That, - and it's incredibly vulnerable to so really over over a week, - is long enough. - If it's incrementally like half a day, - half a day, - half a day for three days, - maybe four days. - And then it's probably okay on the fourth or fifth day if depending on how on the heat. - Um I mean, - it's hard to get right. - It requires attention to get it right. - I was hardening off some of these guys. - I I've been showing you the the survivors. - The weather changed on me and these guys all belly up on their way back to be composed, - all these brown little dead ceilings right here because the weather changed. - I have been in the same place the same amount of time and the weather change and they - didn't handle the weather changed because they the these plants were had sprouted and - started to grow during ah, - stormy two weeks right where I am. - And so the humidity was high, - whether there was not much direct sunshine and they were doing well. - And then the weather changed. - Some cleared up. - And that was it. - I came back one day, - Africa. - I forgot to pull a man employment in the shape and they were gone. - Nothing to do for, - so keep that in mind and if you're gonna be transplanting, - keep in mind the size, - um, - the health with their route about whether they need it and then the transition that they're - gonna be going from and keep him on the transition and and take steps by easing them into - this new condition. - It's not usually bad if it's going from outside to inside, - because inside is usually less stressful in the temperature. - Doesn't moderate as much because we're in here and we're kind of having pants is about that - . - So, - um, - even this is just something to keep in mind, - And with that, - are we going back with the assignment? 11. Plant the right Seeds.: - How everyone You right here? - We're back. - I'm gonna be talking to a little bit about starting something from C and sort of just give - you a little bit of the basics. - Gone over once again. - Just kind of trying. - Repeat. - We went over the place where you're gonna do this. - The pot. - What? - You're gonna be putting these things in. - We're gonna be going over. - We already went over the soil, - The medium, - and tweak the soil a little bit and talking some more specifically about that as far as - what you're looking for when you're starting something from from C. - And then here we are talking about the plants that were actually going to be working with - and had a That's like so it's really very, - very interesting about seeds is sort of the potential. - And when you start thinking about seeds and growing something from seed, - whether you're growing it for ornamental just because it's like pretty or whether you're - growing something because it make something delicious and you want to eat it a really good - example is passion. - Fruit. - Pasture fruit is a really popular sweetener, - and it's it's really popular drink and just a flavor commercially today is part whether - it's for a smoothie or just, - uh, - Kool Aid flavors or something like that, - whether it's that sort of beverage like that, - Um, - but the flower is also beautiful in the more tropical areas. - It is a perennial and grows year round. - It's a beautiful fine, - and so it's both another good example that would be a sweep tail like a sweet potato vine. - Um, - also is used as a ground cover and then also produces one of the healthiest foods. - The route. - Um, - that way. - No, - I mean it is incredibly diverse and also beautiful in ornamental things. - So, - um, - seeds air a really fascinating way too harnessed that, - and to be all that sort of participate in the life cycle of the plans that are around you - and to start something that you really see come from this tiny little little envelope of - information and potential on growth into something that you can eat and then take those - seats back and start that cycle again. - So Caesar, - a fantastic thing and starting things from seeds to his really very rewarding can be really - , - really neat. - So I'll show you a little bit about how I store my scenes and kind of the seems that I keep - , - um, - lots of commercial Cesaire available coming just all over the place. - So the seeds heirloom organic, - some arms from I'm not usually to making about it. - But if I plan on keeping the seat back and growing something for year after year that I'm - going to that it will see in one year that is just sort of ongoing. - I usually try to find an organic and heirloom, - organic and heirloom source of seeds so that I know they'll be similar if you know that God - is there. - Really. - This is for the true beginner. - So, - um, - heirloom seed is a seat that has been, - hasn't been modified or hybridized for. - I think I believe it's 50 50 generations. - And so that means, - is that the deceit has someone, - For example, - in heirloom Tomato see, - that means that I have been planting or myself, - and then people before me usually have been. - They found a tomato that was growing between a plan cut to one of those took the fruit took - one of those seats saved. - It grew it in the next year, - typically one of the future Nazi took the seats grew those the next year, - and that went. - That continued 50 times at least is usually what one of the working definitions in the near - them line of seats. - And usually they've their characteristics have gotten more and more specific, - or they've sort of refined a certain characteristic, - but not through any genetic modification or any, - uh, - specific hybridizing. - But just be naturally, - openly pollinated, - which means that it's more stable. - One of the hybrid hybrid seems issued by, - If you were to say, - the seeds, - the seat, - the fruit that would come off with the sea that the plant, - that seed group would not look anything like the fruit that you bought at the grocery store - that you took the seat from because it was bred to be a one off and then the genes in that - scene, - you're actually a mix and will produce something. - It's very, - very different. - So they just give you little idea about what heirloom seeds me as they were sort of - becoming more popular and more available there for the seed saving group anyway. - So let's just give you some ideas. - I'll talk about what to look forward, - besides heirloom or not, - everyone when you're talking about seats and then give you some tips on soils and some tips - on conditions. - So, - um, - starting with the size of seeds and you store them, - I store mine either in a dark, - cool place or in the refrigerator. - This air from a butternut squash. - You can tell this is, - ah, - recycled pill bottle. - Um, - straight. - He's pretty good. - SEAL does have to be airtight completely, - but it helps on. - I keep this in the back the fridge because I pulled these out this year and I'm going to be - , - uh, - using these again in the spring and so later from a butternut squash, - and I'll give you an idea of some of the different concise of seeds that you you can look - for. - Um, - this is relative any kind of think of some things that are scenes I think about the seed, - an animal seeds in an apple core. - Think about the seeds and eggplant you can barely ever tying the tiny, - tiny little things there. - Think about a strawberry seat, - also incredibly small seeds. - This is a little bit larger seat, - not not by any stretch. - The largest I mean, - I think about an acorn. - That's a seat. - Ah, - a lot of you mean most of your larger nuts are, - if not to see, - there are part of the scene that the pit oven apricot is this seat. - So anyway, - there's Ah, - pumpkin, - butternut squash seed. - And the reason I'm talking so much about seat sizes because seeds seat size lots very, - very often. - Seed size dictates how deep you're gonna plant something. - Um, - a lot of your smaller seeds, - like lettuce seeds, - for example, - radishes. - Or just then they're just tiny. - But you you can't actually hold them in your hand very easily, - or you plan them a pinch at a time instead of one of the time. - So somebody keep in mind that the larger receipt is that usually means that it's probably - got a little more kick stored up in there. - Little more energy, - a little more sugar than more carbohydrates, - everything so that it can fight its way to the surface and put down bigger routes. - So it needs to be a little bit deeper when you plan it. - Um ah, - lot of you, - like I think about a chili pepper seat there. - These tiny little things there. - So thin. - Look a lot like a tomato seed because they're they're related. - You could drop those literally concert. - Drop them on the surface. - You can little drop molesters because they need sunlight. - In addition, - that works in that, - um um, - like you ve and, - uh, - infrared helps them grow. - They need that light and those different wavelengths that wants to help them sprout and - grow. - And so a lot of times you can surface. - So them is what it's called when you drop them on the top, - maybe makes him in a little bit. - But you'll probably do that when you water them. - Anyway. - So, - um, - keeping us Like I said, - the larger seats Can you go a little bit deeper, - but never very deep. - You don't mean Okay, - definitely read up about your seat, - but to give you a general guideline, - you never want to put like and unless unless you look it up. - And it says specifically you never really want to go more than, - like, - 3/4 or half a niche beneath the soil because, - um, - I said I'm not telling you not to look your seats up, - but if you can't find the information. - Um, - a lot of people will say also, - uh, - never more than the length of the seat or two or three times the like. - The wit is a good way to look at it because, - you know, - you think about in nature. - A lot of these seats are just being dropped on the soil, - and there may be a few leaf litter or something else, - like, - I think falls on top of it. - But in that in nature, - there are a lot of things planting seats there are, - but they don't plant in like we don't love things, - digging holes specifically for that once you've been dropping. - And at the end, - animals and insects plan a lot of seats, - but they don't bury them the same way that we would if we were really putting something at - putting something in the ground. - So, - um, - you saw that pumpkin seed or that butternut squash, - See? - And then I'll give you another idea. - Um, - here, - Cem some dill seeds much, - much smaller. - You can see, - um, - just tiny little things that blow around in the wind. - And you can so on the service or almost on the surface. - So once again, - that's just another giving you some something to compare to. - And now, - when I'm starting seeds, - Um, - I really try to start him in something like this, - like in ah peat moss. - Especially with your smaller seeds so that they can make their way more easily and you can - put them just beneath its and just beneath its surface. - And they still have some access to some some shaded light, - etcetera. - So you don't want Teoh. - You want to bury him too deep in the same time, - you want to leave him with plenty of access to nutrients into moisture. - Um ah, - Pete, - Melissa Pete mix like a starter mix is available. - And, - like I said, - any other just be sure to read your labels and make sure that you're finding something - that's fertilized or not. - Fertilized and inorganic were not organic like you like you want. - So, - um, - one last thing to go with, - uh, - with transplanting or with, - um So I was starting your seats from from scratch from from the very basics, - um, - is looking the germination rates. - Ah, - lot of ah, - a lot of seed companies have publisher germination publisher germination rate on the sack - right on the package if you buy him. - Um, - looking up, - you can also tell it depends widely from a very hydrated so germination rate is how many? - Let's he planted five or 10 seeds. - How many of those seeds would come up so out of every 10 season come up? - Has it? - Ah, - 50% germination rate. - That means that about five of those seats are gonna come up, - so it affects how maney you're gonna plant. - So, - um, - I've been using ah, - little starter pots just like this. - And so, - you know, - film up, - packing up just a little bit and then put your season and then start making sure that they - stay damp and moist and once again, - it's the same. - The conditions in these most your plants need damp. - They need warmth and moisture, - and some of them need sun t germinate. - And so that's just warmth, - moisture and son. - And then, - uh, - some of only needed more cooler like him, - or cool, - because they were, - they would ideally be coming up in the spring. - So it's not always just as hot as it can be. - That's another thing That's a valuable lesson, - is think about where the where the variety is from and think about what it's native - conditions were like in the region that it's native to. - So anyway, - you can do. - You can arrange for those daylight hours you can arrange with those hours of light and the - warmth with all manner of timers and roll lamps, - or you can put him in. - You know, - you can wait until the season is right and the timing is right for you are in the space - that you're gonna be putting them in and just start there. - So I've tried. - I took me a long time to learn a lot about starting things inside because I would always - try to start plants inside indoors when I didn't have the right place yet. - I didn't have enough actual sunlight or a grow lamp. - It was significant and powerful enough with on a timer to get it done, - and, - um, - growing these real sad, - little like plant. - They should come out and they try and they try, - and then they just kind of keep growing and they get skinnier and skinnier, - and they just sort of fall over because they're reaching for light. - They're not getting enough light to put on their first truly. - So that's something else to consider into. - Really take into account when you're looking for a place and you're deciding whether you're - gonna transplant something that's already started and taking holding a sit and and stout or - you're going to be starting something from seat. - So that's metal. - I've got, - um, - stay tuned in Just a second for the assignment. - Thank you. 12. Repotting or Transplanting Assignment: - All right, - gang, - You here again? - Hello. - I just finished talking about the transplants were starting something from seat. - And it's time for our assignment on that. - And the assignment for both of you are either view, - whichever you've done. - I hope you hope you've done both. - I hope you've got your seeds that you inherited or that you found on the street. - You want to see what they are and you've got your plants that you already had A that - someone move that your neighbors moved out in a fuel plant that just needs a little TLC, - and you're gonna be playing those up to him. - And so, - please, - Now it's time to share it with all of us. - Please tell us about the plants in your in this assignment. - Snap a picture of him and then tell us what you're growing and block. - I would love to hear the story. - Plants are a great part of my life, - and I think they're you know, - they hold so much living artifact that goes with us and can be really special and really - neat and adds to our living living space. - So tell us what you're growing and why. - Whether It's the seed or transplant. - What the pot that it's going from and to and where it's gonna be and just give us those - details. - I'm really curious. - And I'm looking forward to shacks on that with you all, - so thanks. - You know, - fine. 13. Repotting a root-bound "Mother-in-law's Tongue": - everybody. - You right here. - I hope you've enjoyed the class so far. - I hope you've got a lot of useful information out of it. - A few tips. - You can use it from what you already knew and in some place to go from here with some tools - to help researching etcetera. - So what I'm gonna do now is go through potting a few different plants in a few different - videos. - So if something specific comes up, - you just always helps to have it. - Could have an example. - Um, - you know, - nowhere to go. - So today I'm gonna stand up so you can't see me talk anymore. - That's OK. - It's over here for, - um, - I'm gonna be re potting one of these. - Um, - I'm going to be first looking over the place where it gets enough sun, - and I'm gonna be looking over if it gets enough water enough, - if it's in a nice place, - a temperature that saved for it, - where the plant's gonna go. - And also, - if it's a safe plant for my own environment, - for where I'm gonna have it. - So these air sense heavy areas, - they're also called mother in Law's tongue on a closer look. - You see, - this is in a little slightly larger pot is a slightly larger plant. - Um, - this one is ah, - root bound. - As you can see, - it's already got roots coming out of the bottom. - It's in smaller planets, - has been smashed a little bit right in here where somebody has. - So I think as far as the deciding which plant needs that, - I'm gonna go with this one right here and go ahead and report this one. - As for the place, - I'm gonna be putting this plant when I'm finished with it, - actually, - right here on this desk. - So this desk is on. - This is a northeast from sort of southeast facing window. - So since it's the southeast facing window and we're gonna be leaving it inside, - I don't have to worry about the temperature so it gets more and more sunshine going into - the winter. - But it also since it's, - ah, - yeast and east facing when it gets morning sunshine. - So this window gets direct sunshine probably five hours a day in the spring and fall, - and then more of that more in the winner. - And then it also gets indirect sunlight, - which is plenty for a plant like this tropical plant like this to keep it, - if not growing fast to keep it healthy. - So with that, - I'm gonna go ahead, - say, - Aiken, - bring water to it. - There's waters on a problem. - It's in the house. - I have a watering can just like this guy right here. - Not a problem at all. - Water. - No problem. - The next one is the temperature, - since it's in the house and its temper climate control, - just like with any on air conditioner. - It's drying here because it's, - Ah, - refrigerated air conditioning system, - but that this plan will be fine with that as well. - It doesn't need high humidity, - and then the last one's eyes is safe. - And since I don't have any pets or Children around the house, - even though this plant is, - ah, - toxic, - if you eat it if ingested, - or if you work with it, - don't if you get juice from this plan on your hands, - Um, - it is toxic, - so it's a paralytic. - Go ahead and it's safe for me because I guess I don't have any Children or pets, - and I'm gonna boom this solid desk right here so that much more watch close. - I'll try to talk through what I'm doing. - And then if this example isn't enough, - I said, - take a look, - the rest. - And I'll give you some different scenarios besides this one. - So I'm gonna go ahead and put this plant now. - Alright. - So first of all, - as you said, - it's already This is a very root bound plant. - This, - uh, - the roots room trying to get out, - go somewhere, - find something else. - I went and found another pot. - A pot that has Ah, - Like I said, - I believe I showed this example earlier. - This Platts got, - Ah, - a little container here on the bottom so that when the water, - when you wanted the top filters down through soil and drains out here and that, - actually that serves a little reserve, - and it also serves to keep water from pouring out onto the desk underneath it. - So it's a good combination of drainage properties that we like to use for a lot of plants, - and they never come. - And this, - I believe, - was a little under $2. - So something like this isn't is really ideal and easy to come by me. - I mean, - nursery, - your garden shop. - Um, - also over here, - you see that I'm going from a smaller pot to a much larger for a somewhat larger pot. - And this we have this plant, - some room and some more nutrients in the extra soil that we're gonna add because, - like I said earlier, - we don't take the soil out when we don't take the soul out from between these roots. - And so I'm gonna dio is ah, - crush this a little bit. - Not much. - I don't want to really disrupt everything because that that's really bad for the roots. - The roots, - like like to be stabled. - What? - I'm going to start trying to loosen this up a little bit from my plant label. - Take that out. - I'm sure you can try various different things with this one that, - you see, - it's a very soft, - plastic thin plastic pot. - And so I'm gonna start. - Just come working around, - working around and trying to loosen up the soil. - Just between the the pot itself and the main route ball Main root ball is what's in the - middle that were the plant. - The roots in the soil have gotten stronger and held together by the roots. - There we go. - See, - it popped out. - Okay, - so now is a perfect example of a root bound pot and a rubdown plant. - Because, - you see, - the roots have hit the edge of the pot and they've started turning to grow around and - around. - So we're gonna You can loosen those up a little bit when when you get ready to start - putting this in. - And, - um, - one of my old horticulture professors actually would always coming here, - and he would make sure that at least at the very bottom, - maybe not on the top, - because you don't want to break this up unless you're separating the plant. - You want Teoh, - loosen these routes and straighten him back out a little bit. - And this is kind of traumatic. - So you don't want to do it to all of them, - but to some of the routes you want to make sure that they you're no longer, - uh, - turn and turning back into this root ball. - So, - presidency I have an empty pot here still, - and I havent interested. - I have my container of soil off over here, - off to the side where you can't see it. - So is empty pots. - If I put this in here right now, - my plan would be blue below well below. - I think the former level of the soil right here with would be well below the lip of the pot - . - So what I'm gonna do is I'm gonna put some soil and probably about Oh, - probably about this much soil into the bottom of this pot. - I'm not going to use the rocks or anything like that because this already has drainage set - up. - So I don't need a on extra cushion of drainage. - Er something to keep this. - Give the water somewhere to go. - So I'm going to use regular soils. - Set this back in its original. - Said this back in its original pot from container, - which is a second reach over here. - Grab more so well, - okay. - Just know anything uses a scoop. - It's fine for that soil in there. - Give it a little shake it down a little bit. - It's about as much about what I needed. - And you know, - if you don't do this, - this is a really interesting thing. - Plants some plants of more than others. - But a lot of plants are very, - very sensitive to their where their root system starts, - and with their soil level, - it's it's one of those things. - If you get wrong, - it's not. - The plant falls over dead immediately, - but it would just struggle and struggle in struggle, - and I will never really succeed. - And you won't really know why. - It's more so a little too much. - It's more so with fruiting plants that you really notice like a very poor production. - But if you are transplanting on, - do you know that's not a universal rule? - Because, - for example, - you'll see some people when they plant tomatoes. - You bury half of the stand because a tomato plant has the ability to grow roots further up - the stem so they really fortify their root system and give that tomato plant of burst of - extra root system by burying stem. - But I don't think that these little guys can do that. - And I also like that. - They're you know, - it's an ornamental plant. - This isn't something. - I mean, - it's ornamental and functional, - and all of the ornament and function come out of belief system out of the leaves because - this plant actually does a good job so far, - cleaning the air while I applaud tonight, - that's actually why I have it. - It's because this planet takes, - Ah, - heavy metals and other organic compounds out of the air at night while you're sleeping. - So something's good plan to have in the bedroom. - Keep your air cleaner if you live in a big city or even, - you know, - even in any anywhere. - Unless you live in a organic commune, - you're gonna be dealing with a lot of a larger than ideal number of pollutants in your care - . - So then I just I'm just feeling this around the edges of the of the root ball. - Once I said it on top and you don't want to pack it in too much, - But you definitely wanna, - you know, - settle, - settle down a little bit. - It's also going to settle down some more. - I'm trying to mash the additional soil with the top of the soil that I put in with this. - So it was already there so that the like I said, - the the sort of level on the plant stays about the same, - and it's gonna settle when he water tomorrow a little bit more. - So keep that in mind. - And, - uh, - like I said so big message on my desk, - But, - uh, - we met up, - and this isn't the ideal workspace, - but I also am not recording every part that I every plant that I rethought. - So I'm just gonna water it around the edges. - Um, - ideally, - you're gonna water your plant. - That really the day before water. - Really, - really well the day before. - Especially if it's if it's, - ah, - delicate plant more off the day before. - And then the next day, - when you great apart that way it's not muddy. - When you deal with it, - it's headed maybe a chance to try out a little bit. - It's not real sticky and messy, - but at the same time you're plant has a chance toe, - Really? - Get a good drink of water before you, - uh, - start traumatizing it with everybody. - So anyway, - there's the first example. - Um, - and like I said, - we went over where this plant's gonna go on. - This soil is a mix of compost and garden soil that I bought this at the garden marks so it - doesn't have it has its organics when it's chicken manure for its ah amendment. - And, - uh, - there see the water coming out the bottom. - It's pretty typical actually gonna drain it out over here a little bit. - Give him this this coffee tree? - Um, - that's about it. - Um, - good luck. - Stay tuned for the next one, - and, - uh, - Post questions and we'll see what everybody comes up with. - Thanks a lot. 14. Repotting a young Rosemary shrub: - everyone here again. - Welcome back. - We're gonna be putting another plant. - This time. - I'm gonna be putting this re potting this Rosemary picked it up at the nursery and Ah, - pretty typical. - It's interesting. - Something you can see in this rosemary is that it's already been, - um, - couple of things, - actually, - you can see right here. - It's already been reported once. - Like it wasn't grown out from seed in this. - It was grown out in a much smaller Ah, - a much smaller tray and then transplanted in here. - And then, - Ah, - this is actually a ah compressed. - It's a fiber pot. - Either Compressed Peter, - compressed cardboard. - When you get something like this larger, - they'll tell you that you should You can leave it on the plant or you can turn a little bit - long term. - I don't really know that I that I believe that the plant will grow healthily through this. - I mean, - you know that they will put routes through it just like this one has already you can tell - us. - Another reason why I'm reporting is because its root bound it doesn't have any more room to - grow in here. - Something else rosemary is I think it's originally from Italy and eyes from the dryer part - of Italy. - So the Rosary and Save Italy is adapted for a much drier climate and has with a lot of very - dry climate adapted plants. - It's very, - very delicate as far as its tolerance to being moved around, - and it's it's root systems delicate, - so you don't want to report a rose make very many times something else. - I'm gonna go ahead and get started and, - uh, - for personally, - what I do is I go ahead and I tear this pot apart. - Um, - some I dropped some of it down the bottom of the pot mixed in with this. - Just crumble it up, - and if it's if it's wet, - started from little Trump's because it will break down eventually. - But I get I'm a little a little wary when it comes to the root system and the roots having - plenty of space. - And what a place to go. - So this is gonna take a little minute you can use to feel free to use anything that you - want to help get this done. - I got the kitchen shears here, - and then I have another another knife, - just in case I need to trim something up or, - you know, - knife. - It struck enough without being a danger to me or anybody else. - Huh? - Anyway, - so just gonna tear this after putting the bomb, - The pot, - a little organic matter, - doesn't usually heard a planet all and also gives it something. - Teoh, - hold that water in the bottom. - And this absorbs water over the long term, - and we could be giving it back to the planet certain time. - So that's also good organic matter. - Even if it's just been processed like cardboard does is sort of the same function, - and we'll break down toe, - give its nutrients back to the soil eventually. - So there we go that this root ball right here, - it's all, - uh, - it's all stripped back and can smell the rosemary. - Right now it's I've just started a little bit. - It's giving off, - rosemary smell toe. - Say don't touch me. - Probably doesn't know how much I like to you, - Rosemary. - So anyway, - now I have Ah, - a little extra soil over here. - I told in the last video Say, - mrs, - uh, - if I were to put this all the way down in here, - it would just smother the plan. - disappearing, - it won't be adding that much more soil. - And that's what I'm really repotting this for is to give this pots. - They give this rosemary some more soil and some more room to grow. - That first cup wasn't really enough. - I'm gonna add another one right here and see what happens if it'll get us up. - Char are ideal, - uh, - soil level on the but base of this pot. - Once again, - I haven't added any rock for the fact that this soil is the soil that I'm using. - A mix of compost in the garden. - Soil is well drained enough. - It's designed for potted plants. - So it's I don't have to worry. - I didn't I'm not mixing my own custom blend of dirt or sand from my my yard driveway with - gravel. - Anything that and so something else to keep in mind is that you want your soil level toe - leave enough room for you between the top of the soil and top of the pot to leave enough - room to hold a little bit of water. - You want to be down here, - but right up in here somewhere so you can see the plant that plant. - If I mean, - if it's for a very small plant, - for example, - it needs to get light on its leaves. - And if it's so levels down here, - there's a shadow from the edge of the pot, - but specifically the rosemary are planted this size. - It's large enough to see out over the edge of the pot. - I'm gonna build it up a little bit more, - so there's probably about about an inch of soil inch between the top of the soil in the top - of the plot so I can fill it up with water and then let that water seep in slowly so I - don't have to just have a water running out of the pot. - And also, - if I'm gonna be putting apart this outside, - you want that pot to be able to catch a little bit of rain water so that you don't have the - water is much. - You can take advantage of rain. - So I have one more scoop, - almost almost where I'm going. - Shake that in there, - keep a little more off the side. - I'm gonna fill around in just a second, - but yeah, - if you look around, - you'll start noticing what you start paying attention to things like this. - There we go. - That's about right. - The locals, - about the top of the levels about here. - And so that is going to set a little bit. - Settled a little bit more when I water it. - And I don't want to pack this bottom in very much at all. - Um, - it's like you said it will settle with water. - So, - yeah, - I'm gonna hold this here. - I've already, - uh, - these routes haven't wrapped around very much. - It is. - It is to the edge of pot. - But these routes are all still pointing outwards, - mostly. - So that won't be a problem as far as me having to break up roots and get and redirect on - more breaking off and let him go in a new direction when they come back. - So I at a soil a little bit of time holding this to keep it stable until it can stabilize - itself. - Because you wanted to keep pointing up. - You goingto lop over sideways or you want to be pointing up like when you put it in there, - and then you just fill around the edges. - Uh, - one of the interesting things about plants that I found having plants around your living - space is just like when you grow herbs, - for example, - you see if you smell rosemary and oregano, - which were very, - pretty easy grow around your house. - You actually start noticing them in your food more. - And so it's interesting. - It's kind of like wines in France or wines in Italy where they, - you know you can drink him here, - but it doesn't really. - They taste different when you go over there because it's the environment, - affects how you changed your food. - And so it's a really interesting way. - Plants like herbs and cooking herbs that grow around your house could be really interesting - way to improve the quality of life when it even when it comes to your food. - And obviously we're not. - Obviously you can cook with him as well. - And so it just really, - really enhance your Janey. - They give a little pack so that I have good contact between the root ball that I put in - there and the soil that the new soil I drove that I just put in there. - So there you go, - not pack it down too hard. - I mean, - it's still this is a very springing makes, - so it bounces right back. - But there we go. - So believe transplanted this rosemary into a larger plot. - I'm gonna water the top down a little bit. - Um, - probably filled my my last plan up a little bit. - Too much. - My sense of Yeah, - um, - just over. - Floated immediately. - This pot, - same is the last one. - Has the cuff under it to hold the water? - A little. - Actually, - spillover wanted this very slowly. - Like I say, - they don't want to spill it over like I did the last one. - And these little pots spilled her at the bottom. - Anyway, - that's about it. - This this was gonna be on the balcony. - So when I start to introduce this plan to the outside, - I'm not going to just put it out, - were directed I said because it came from a nursery. - So it wasn't it pretty shielded, - protected greenhouse area with a pretty mild temperature change at night in the heat of the - day, - etcetera. - So I'm gonna start. - I'm gonna put this out for out of them overnight tonight, - and then I'm gonna leave. - Let it get the sunrise in the morning so we'll get direct sun, - but then I'm gonna pull it in around noon so that it won't get the direct sun in the heat - of the day. - That could be a deadly combination. - So I just don't want this plan to have all at once the direct sun that the trauma from - being moved the direct sun and the heat of the day all at the same time. - So, - you know, - if I wanted to be extra careful, - I may even let this plant have a couple of days inside in the house. - Before I took it outside, - before I started trying toe Let it get accustom to outside. - Anyway, - that's about all for this rosemary. - Here we go. - You can see the good. - Got an idea of a good level in the good pot. - Self. - Thanks to see you next time. 15. Planting Thai Chili seeds: - Hi, - everyone. - You here again? - Now we're gonna move from transplant and just re potting into, - uh, - starting some stuff from very scratch from the very beginning from seats. - So let's get started. - What I've got here is, - uh, - some, - uh, - heirloom Thai red chili seats. - These are great as a production on, - uh, - and they're edible there for Thai cooking. - I'm just gonna open the package up here a little bit. - Not all at once. - I don't plan on planting the whole the whole everything in here. - So I'm just gonna I'm just gonna open him up so I can leave a few in the bag and see what - except see what happens. - So this is the first time I've ever done these. - There's heirloom seeds so I can take seeds back, - etcetera. - Um, - and I'm so I'm gonna really starts with my back. - And the instructions here are for actually starting them indoors. - And I am after living in a tropical place right now that the indoor instructions were - really talking about a place that was, - uh, - a place that was headed Winters. - So it said started indoors before the last frost, - 8 to 10 weeks before the last cross, - meaning that these plants would be probably mature enough in 8 to 10 weeks to be put - outside. - So you let him grow out and then the last risk of frost. - And you can look up your hope your frost date like when when you actually have your last - frost online. - So I'm gonna be starting these and, - uh, - in a peek a peat moss like I showed you during the class of peat moss that will just get on - through there to the beginning. - And then I'll put him into something a little richer Soil Richard composted soil because - they're probably since there are tropical there probably expected a more acidic Richard - soil, - more tropical soil. - So anyway, - I'm gonna start my Pete. - Um, - I'm gonna be using a trade like this, - And now don't get the wrong idea and think that you have to have a trade like this. - I think we've gone over several times. - This trays small for a starter plan that it will be transplanted just like I did with the, - uh uh, - Rosemary that's sitting right here. - Be transplanted to a larger plot as soon as I see who makes it and who doesn't? - The germination rate with ease is probably upwards of 80%. - So I'm going to get about four out of five. - Will probably will probably survive and make it to the drainage holes there in the bottom. - So I've already filled this one up and make sure that it was already damp. - That's initially think I'll cover again in just a second. - But in reading the instructions for these plants for these seeds, - it says that you so much of surface. - And you said that was just barely enough barely any soil over him at all, - because the light actually helps a speedy germination. - Thes little tomato seeds will look a lot like this. - They're all they're all night shape there are related to each other Tomato, - tobacco, - eggplant, - for example. - Um, - chili peppers there are related to each other, - which is good and bad. - And it's good because they're pretty hardy starters. - Pretty easy to start. - So I'm just gonna scratch a little bit of the surface here. - You can't see. - I'm just gonna just scratch a tiny little bit of soil. - This particular trays already already wet, - um, - scratch the soil, - drop that little seed on there really, - just They will actually, - pretty normally regularly Germany on the top of the soil if you if you don't get on there, - if they move around when When you're watering them. - So I mean, - it's really, - really easy just to drop these guys in the top. - And it's something else that's interesting about when you're using peat moss. - Is that you? - Actually, - the grains air small enough that you can just put a couple of him over there, - just sort of half cover this these little bitty seeds. - So I'm just roughing up the stock top of the soil a tiny little bit from dropping this seed - right on top there. - And then I'm covering it back just a little bit, - though not definitely not putting soil over and packing it in. - So, - uh, - something else something else to keep in mind? - Nothing. - That's it. - That's it. - Now it talks about dealing with water, - so sometimes you can go too far, - and you can, - um, - water something big time andl if you're soils not packed down, - swishing down to the bottom of kidney. - When that water hits the water with something like this, - you pour it in and then this spout of water hits it. - So something that I've been working with it actually helps a defining a little Mr just - recycled any sort of Mr Bottle and then misting the tough just enough. - Ellen, - I know for a fact. - Sometimes when you buy soils from the nursery years from a big chain store, - something that, - um, - your soil will be have already dried out. - So it's really hard to get some of this peat moss to take water back, - wants its eyes dried out. - You can, - you know, - long term exposure water because it absorbs very slowly, - which is good because that means it probably holds water pretty well once it's actually - once it actually absorbs it. - But in the meantime, - it's hard to rehydrate your feet must. - And so, - if I hadn't thes weren't already saturated, - I would be doing something like this anyway, - or misting that seat on top and I misting that soil around it so that I know for a fact - that seat has access to water and to give you a little more theory. - Williams. - One putting This happened. - One started to sort of get things ready to move this work and go. - Um, - what happens is their enzymes and, - uh, - oxidants, - which just plant hormones in the sea that keep them from growing. - Is that how they survive? - It's a survival mechanism. - It keeps them from growing until they have enough water. - Well, - so how do they know? - Well, - when they have enough water and enough sunlight, - the sunlight on the water break down the enzymes that stop them from growing. - So that means that they're packed up in its enzyme that keeps them from growing. - And so what has you have to wash it out with enough water. - And so when there's enough water names, - the plant seed absorbs enough water, - and then it eventually says, - Okay, - the we were pretty sure that the environment outside is ready for this plant to grow. - So let's go ahead and grow now, - And that's that's a physical way for the plant to figure out if it is an environment that - is gonna be supportive of it. - If it's in an environment where I can thrive. - So, - no, - these guys are gonna be put outside on the balcony, - Um, - under a plastic cover. - I have a si trey. - It'll be under a plastic cover like this with about, - oh, - five other trays of same size. - They're going to be a little bit different with a whole bunch of different seats. - So just like this, - I could just as easily be starting these these seeds. - And if not in a train in a Styrofoam cup, - that is, - That has been I mean, - a Styrofoam cup would work just as well start from cup, - and I could just the hole in the bottom. - I probably use something a little smaller than my finger. - If I right, - well, - I can actually still use this because they want that soil to stand. - But that's plenty. - I mean, - soil will still stay in there. - And then, - uh, - I can start that. - I need to put a tray 100 of some kind I can use. - Ah, - I could use a lid if I wanted to. - From from the same cup. - A lot of times you can flip it over and it'll still work. - So just to give you an idea, - if you want to grow and try several things before you start getting your bigger pots, - you can put him in something like this. - You could put on a thimble symbols. - Too small you could put him. - I've done this before. - Put him in an egg carton. - Cartons topped off with a little bit of soil. - That's on Lee. - OK, - Because what happens sometimes the egg carton is that, - uh they get too big and growing the egg carton before they've even really become a strong - plant. - So anyway, - that's about all of these guys were gonna go outside and we'll see what happens. - It says, - And probably a week and 1/2 2 weeks, - they'll be good. - So thanks a lot. - See you next time. 16. Big Seed vs. Little Seed and Planting Dill: - everybody right here. - I'm gonna be planning a little bit more. - This is still on the starting thing. - Something from seed section. - So right here, - I've got ah, - large received. - I'll talk to you about, - um because I In the previous demonstration, - I planted chili pepper seats. - And, - uh, - seats differ there. - The conditions that seeds need differ according often to the size of the seat. - And that's a good way you can tell if you have some. - See that you've never grown before. - You don't have the instructions you're digging. - For example, - I save these seeds out of a pumpkin last year. - This is Ah, - this is a Cinderella pumpkinseed. - And, - uh, - actually, - you find we've seen all these before, - But let me grapple with the pumpkin, - actually, - that I grew So this guy actually grew from one of these seats that I say and I save some - more home. - So because I like I was happy with the results anyway, - So I just want to talk a little bit. - So the chili pepper seeds, - like I said in the last video, - um actually help the sunshine actually helps them Germany. - But with his pumpkinseed, - for example, - is much larger, - much larger than your tomato, - your chili pepper. - See, - um, - it's thicker. - It's not a lot thicker, - but it's much wider and much longer. - And so what will happen sometimes, - if you if you leave the seat like this right on the top what'll happen is that it will - germinate if you get enough warmth and enough Uh uh, - water, - moisture and warmth. - And then it would just die because it needed to be further down into the soil so that he - could have a place to really physical place for its roots to take hold. - So I'm not gonna plant this seed today because I'm in a place that's tropical on. - We're coming into winter, - and I don't know that this plant will. - I think the pumpkin seeds actually respond to day link, - not just temperature. - And so I think it will grow pop out and we'll start dying immediately because the days are - getting shorter so it will put on a little fruit that will go away. - So I'm actually going to be planting some Where do we go? - Same deal right here. - So, - dill, - this is Ah, - heirloom. - See that a friend of mine gave me from her garden. - I have it stored also in the fridge, - right next to these honkin scenes. - Um, - dill is a tiny little seed. - They just blows in the wind. - Um, - and this is the deal from dill pickles and deal from dill. - Yeah, - from cute and dill pickles. - Dill cucumbers, - which are also dill pickles. - But the ability to use, - like a like a lot of Middle Eastern food and Greek cuisine uses dill. - And it's a very pretty plan, - actually, - anyway. - So just a few guidelines about with the peat moss. - I've already put a little peat moss in here, - Um, - once again, - same peat moss that I bought at the nursery units. - It's very dry. - It's it's dried out, - more dried out than it should be. - It should still have some moisture when you get it. - This is an organic P. - Some of Pakistan is just a little bit so it's not not too fluffy given just tamp it down - very, - very lightly, - just so it'll hold hold. - It's form a little bit when I water it because I don't want it toe, - you know, - switch around too much and take my deal. - See to the bottom once again this deal seat when you're If you're comparing it, - say to that pumpkin seed a minute ago, - much smaller. - So I really am not gonna put it much further. - Much, - very far down under the soil, - the same as with the, - uh, - chili pepper scenes. - I'm basically and drop it on there and just brush a little soil over it and then pretty - sure that just basic as you So I didn't get a package with this. - I don't have any instructions. - I could definitely look him up on the Internet. - But the real bottom line here is that the size of the seed if it's tiny little seed, - it's probably pretty comfortable being on the top of the soil. - If it's a larger seed, - like an acorn or a pumpkinseed are, - I mean the main go see to make the pit in the middle of the mango has a seed. - There's a good chance you can bury that seat down on the ground because it's gonna need - some age in some time. - Um, - has a more complicated sprouting process. - Anyway, - I've got this guy these little guys already just set on top. - Once again, - I still have my mr here, - I'm gonna I'm gonna miss the top. - So I know the seed is getting some more shirt with these Would I like to do is put it in a - in a container that holds has holds water underneath and put water in that container in - that tray so that then the water will soak up through the through the medium instead of - putting it all on the top. - You can do either one, - um, - and once I am sure that the Kate Moss is saturated. - Like I said, - this was too dry. - When I got it, - it was old, - and I got it. - If the nursery from was already dried out too much once you're sure that it saturated, - then you can just go back to watering on the top. - But it's almost like like Jell O or something. - You want to let it set up by making sure it hasn't bordering that your seed? - You're still in the right place after it's set up, - so I could also water this before, - but at the same time, - I want to make sure that after I plant my seed, - I then go ahead and water again because it's the seeds that need to get that water on the - water on the seeds is really important. - So just gonna give this a miss right here? - And it's funny if you look in here right now, - you can see how that water is kind of bubbling up and beating up on the surface right here - is a perfect example. - It's beating up on the surface because this peat moss drives out. - It becomes, - I guess, - no one Polar a little bit. - So it repels water. - And so when it warms up in that, - so so is that what are very, - very slowly? - And that's why when I put it out in the trays in the heat like I said the same in the last - video this is gonna be in a trade of five others like this. - It's gonna have a plastic cover over it. - Um, - there's a risk of doing that, - that you're gonna get it too hot. - So before you just cover something up with plastic besides, - plastic could also use sarin ran for something. - Make sure it's not gonna get too hot or watch it every every every day because what'll - happen is these heat the seeds will love the moisture and they love the heat. - And then this the tiny little sprout that comes up out of the seed will just cook it. - The moisture in the heat too much too hot would just cook the little tiny plant. - So, - um, - that's about all for this. - I'm gonna put these out in the tray and I'm put him in a little bit water this way So you - can you can wicket up through here, - Then I'll know for sure that the whole thing is saturated and then I can want it from the - top later if I want to get any. - We remember that the bigger the seed chances are it would prefer to be deeper and darker. - Some seeds won't even germinate. - Sunshine will keep him from germinating if they're big enough and they know that they need - to be done in the soul deeper. - These little guys usually that's not the issue. - The little ones. - Usually you're okay being on the surface. - And if you burial, - there's a good chance they won't make it. - It was full. - Never germinate because they need the side. - Anyway, - that's about all Thanks. - See you next time. 17. Putting a leaf cutting propagation into soil from water: - how everyone you're here. - Come back. - This is another video of us actually putting all the things we've learned into practice on - . - And this is a little listens a little bit different. - This is gonna be transplanting. - But transplanting from a plant that was grown out as a cutting and then putting it into a - soil, - the soil pot So we've got here is Ah, - you may or may not have seen this before. - It's a pretty common practice. - Someone took a coming in. - This is a professor. - A lot of people called an I V, - and they put in water. - There's war in this cup right here. - Took a lot more cutting sort of a plant that I bought recently where you can take one from - , - Ah, - friend of a friend and that kind of thing. - Uh, - if you find a plan, - a lot of plants, - you can start this way. - So if you look closely spine's been in water for we'll probably only a week, - and these plants put out runners name those winners put out roots. - And so these are actually routes that have grown off the bottom of this plant. - So I'm in a pretty tropical place right now and so it's not gonna be too harsh. - That's climate temperature is very We're gonna keep this plant is right here, - indoors. - And so the temperature is already pretty pretty right for this plan to have a really good - shot at surviving in some soil. - So I'm gonna take this plan if you recognize this plan. - I believe it had one of those mother in Los Times. - Then I transplanted earlier in it. - And don't worry about reusing a pot. - If you're transplant something around and around and around from one part of the next, - always make sure you're going up inside. - So this plan doesn't have any soil little Right now it's very stop small are gonna be just - starting out. - So pop this size would be just fine. - And if I want to grow it out and give it is a gift or if you want to take it to your office - , - put on your guest is a nice size, - and it's easy and portable. - I wouldn't have any need to put a plant this size. - Ah, - root stock this size into a big you know, - five gallon pot. - I wouldn't make any sense yet and you know it Unless it was gonna be there forever, - and I never wanted to mess it again. - But so anyway, - I'm gonna fill this guy up because it's got a good drainage in it. - And I'm putting in a very light mix whites little mix. - So I don't really have to worry too much about about it being about putting rocks or - anything so that the bottom said because this is a very chunky mix. - If this were a funder, - mix more sand and a heavier pack, - then I would want put some rocks in the bottom. - Just a few eso the There would be some space between the bottom of the soil and the bottom - of the water drained out so that that water could filter through that more easily, - something else. - So let me go over putting this in real quick. - Not too tough. - Um, - there two ways you can do it since I'm gonna be watering this since it's relatively dry - right now, - it's not packed. - So I can I filled it up with soil already, - and then I'm gonna dig down in here with my finger. - I'm gonna make a make a hole for this. - I'm gonna put in there gently, - very gently, - because if you break those roots off, - you're really giving that plan a fight. - Just try to survive. - So I'm just gonna dig my finger down in there, - make that whole pull the soil off to the side just a little bit and then a bunch that soil - up around a little bit. - I don't unpack it, - but just not hard. - I just want I just want to fire it in there a little bit around there once again. - So you're making contact. - You want to contact between the roots and the growing medium, - The soil in this case anyway. - So So that's it. - That's guys in. - Another thing you could do is hold that plant. - We want it and then fill your soil and shake it in out of a cup or something that around - around it, - so that you know that it's just in the right place. - Um, - something else to keep in mind. - Oh, - some water This and you know all that drainage in there, - and it's something we mentioned in the course. - Well, - it's drainage. - Well, - I need basically a plant coaster, - and so anything will work if it's gonna hold water. - Um, - this plan is up in the air. - I'm gonna have it in my house until a good transplant somewhere else. - So money is the bottom of star from cup use the bottom of a Styrofoam cup that fits into - kind of like a little play. - A cozy little plant coast are trying to keep it, - make you for making a mess the same time. - Give it some place to drain that extra excess water out. - So I don't make a dead plant slushy at the end of the day. - So, - yeah, - I'm gonna go ahead and one of this morning that I won't talk about sort of when you're - transplanting some Something like that's true for growing a plant from cuttings. - It's a good idea what? - It's a good idea to do. - So not keeping this plant indoors. - It's fine. - It's gonna be OK. - Temperatures air. - It's constant temperature really endorsed, - so I don't have to worry about it as much, - but we're gonna be outside if it was going to be transplanted into a much harsher - environment or a less stable environment. - Um, - I'm gonna prove most of the leaves, - if not all of them off, - so that because when the plant has leaves on it, - it's losing moisture, - and it's gonna be a harsh in a harsh environment. - The less moisture it loses until the less moisture it loses before it has a chance to grow - new roots, - the better. - So by pruning off the leaves, - yes, - you're putting it in more trauma, - and it's not gonna be able to produce it more, - more sugar for itself to grow, - which is what plans to use when they do photosynthesis with their leaves. - But it's also going to be do, - losing less moisture until it regains the capacity to take up more moisture through growing - new routes and quick lesson about roots. - Just so you know, - um, - those routes that I just showed you are actually made to the larger routes from the smaller - rooms that you can't really see that looks like a fuzz around roots you'll see in water or - something. - They actually plants actually bring up water through what it called root hairs, - which are tiny, - tiny, - fuzzy little roots but almost invisible that grow off of those routes that I just showed - your. - So anyway, - that's about it. - Um, - Here we are. - This guy's already saturated, - darting, - dripping water at the bottom. - So I know that he's already these had a chance to really soak some of this up and in - another, - probably in another week. - I would expect him to have been really Ah, - custom. - And I can start thinking about where I'm gonna put him inside outside or ah, - moving somewhere else and find another probably better Koester, - who to put on him. - That looks a little better. - So anyway, - thanks a lot. - Stay tuned. 18. Congratulations!!! Now Go Forth and Grow a Better World!!! (and post pictures of it all): I get everybody, you're here. I wanted to take this minute just to say thank you again for taking this course. I hope you enjoyed it. I hope you've gotten a lot out of it. And I hope that you've enjoyed chanting around and posting your pictures up and seeing what kind of interesting work and plants everyone else has come up with so far on. And I hope you've gotten busy and posted up your final plant slash project on our on her page. I wanted to take just a second and talk a little bit. Here's one of my recent projects and I just wanted to show you This is, uh that's fine. Fine. Good looking plant right here is actually coffee treat will grow up and produces Arabica. Those of you who are coffee shop, coffee shop goers will, uh, problem. Recognize the plant. But anyway, this is who your coffee comes from. So, uh, notice my pie, my drainages. Good. See, we got this lipin right here. So that holds a little bit of water. And I mean, when we re potted it, I put upon that potting soil mix that I used for the most other plants in the course that weren't starters and I actually ordered this little guy online, came into 23 day shipping, came in no problem and has been fine. No problems in adapting as long as you as long as I got him into a new pot on the way. So anyway, thank you all again so much Taking this course, I hope you enjoyed it. Uh, Post questions, comments and be sure toe pop over and look everyone else's assignments and see what the great things people have come up with. So thanks again, happy growing.