Pencil Drawing: Basic Techniques to Improve Your Art | Antonia Dewey | Skillshare

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Pencil Drawing: Basic Techniques to Improve Your Art

teacher avatar Antonia Dewey, Artist, Art Instructor

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

9 Lessons (1h 16m)
    • 1. Introduction | Drawing: From Line to Artwork

    • 2. Drawing: The Line | Drawing: From Line to Artwork

    • 3. Plane Shapes | Drawing: From Line to Artwork

    • 4. Drawing: Perspectives | Drawing: From Line to Artwork

    • 5. Drawing: Lights And Shadows

    • 6. Drawing: Shading Techniques | Drawing: From Line to Artwork

    • 7. Drawing: Materials | Drawing: From Line to Artwork

    • 8. Drawing: The Models - Still Life | Drawing: From Line to Artwork

    • 9. Conclusion | Drawing: From Line to Artwork

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About This Class

Welcome to Pencil Drawing: Basic Techniques to Improve Your Art

My name is Antonia and I've been active in the art field for years. This is the first in a series of courses where I show you how to create art from start to finish.

In this first course we'll lay down the foundation for your art studies with some essential lessons to get you started. What you will learn in this course will help you understand some fundamental aspects of drawing. These lessons will carry you through even the most difficult pieces.

Here is what you will learn:

  • How to Draw a Straight Line with Ease

  • How to Work with Perspective (One-Point, Two-Point and Three-Point Perspective)

  • The Effect of Lights and Shadows

  • How to Shade Objects Using Several Shading Techniques

  • How to Draw a Still-Life

  • and MORE!

If you are looking for a drawing course that will take your from the first step to still-life, this is the course for you.  I will see you in the first lesson!

Meet Your Teacher

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Antonia Dewey

Artist, Art Instructor


Hello, I'm Antonia.

I have been active in the art-field for over ten years. What I teach will help you improve your drawing, from line to artwork!

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1. Introduction | Drawing: From Line to Artwork: Hello. My name is Antonia, and I've been active in your fields for about 10 years. This is the first in the series, of course, is where I show you how to create our phone start to finish. If you're at the start of your journey into the world parts, this is the course. We and his first course will lay down the foundation for your art studies with some essential lessons to get you started. What you learned in this course will help you understand some fundamental aspects of drawing. And the lessons will carry you through even the most difficult pieces. And the scores will learn about the lines playing shapes, the perspective of volumes, lights and shadows and laws but not least models creating from reference. These basic lessons will be kept off for the stolen throwing. Using all that you have learned, I want you to know that I am an active instructors. So if you have any questions during your studies, do not hesitate to ours. This bathroom includes a student teacher as well, where you can work without a stewards of which Oh, I am looking forward to helping you in your journey. I will see you in the first lesson 2. Drawing: The Line | Drawing: From Line to Artwork: welcome to the first lesson. Today we're going to talk about the line and how to understand it better. Some people say they can't even hold a pencil arrive in their hands. But there are situations were knowing how to sketch could be essential, like describing an apartment you like to rent. With the help of a pencil, you can recreate all the rooms and all the details that delighted you and sharing them with your close ones. Another example would be helping someone having difficulties and orientate ing themselves inside a neighborhood or reaching an address, street or region. We could find many examples of this kind, so grab a piece of paper and a pencil could be any kind of paper. Any kind of pencil doesn't make yourself comfortable. You can either hold it on your knees, sitting at the disc like me or fix it on diesel. Anything that makes you feel comfortable have free risk movement and a will to succeed. Let's talk a bit about the straight line. Even if we draw a vertical or horizontal line, it is difficult for us to tell if it's perfectly straight, without using a reference point every time we draw a line, we have the tendency to incline. It's to the right or to the left. Something like this. This would be our vertical line, and this would be our horizontal. Obviously, none of those are perfectly straight. So in order to draw a better straight line, maybe vertical or horizontal, all you have to do is take a reference point. You make sure you, Linus straight or you have to do is trace a few vertical lines near the edge of the paper. Your drawing right since just stood with the firm movement. Do not worry about it now. Studying is the distance between your lines and years of the paper equal. You can apply the same principle for the horizontal line well, like so just try to be firm in your movements. If you want to draw a straight vertical line starting from middle off horizontal line, let's your pencil in the middle off the horizontal line and full of it with your eyes. Well, you wouldn't want your line to end, say our line within the round here. No, let your hands start about watching it this way. Your line would be a lot more straight. There's a single firm movement way have off straight a vertical line. One mistake that I used to make, and I'm sure many of you have distressing an interrupted line across a page. Avoid the interrupted lines in order to obtain a straight line. We want to trace the line with the single for movement, like so that stock orbits about the counter like the counter line is a line that describes the shape and detail, often object where it starts and where it ends. It is the simplest form of art, and it is probably the one technique that many of us the most familiar with. It is the foundation off a subject we want to draw, leaving aside tonal values and shading. But at the end of the day, we understand we recognize from its construction what we wanted to describe. Using the corner line in drawing is what we all start with. When we think off drawing an object like a bottle, we will automatically proceed to draw the lines, indicating the most visible edges, creating the form, therefore creating a drawing of a bottle way. Now that we've finished drawing the boat, so with the help of our contour lines. I should talk a bit about the line quality. Now that we have outlined or objects, we can see that it looks a bit flat and we feel like we need to give it more debt. That's where the line quality comes in. The lion quality is used to describe textures, movement, light space and so on. In our case, just by looking at our object, we can see what the light is coming from reflecting on its surface. Just by doing the line where the light reflects thinner, we can already notice a change in our drawing. We're applying the same principle, withdrawing the thicker line, which indicates the shadow off our object. I have switched to a marker in order to make the lines more visible so you can understand better what the lion quality is. Let's see, this is the shadow, and this is the light where the light comes from. You were going to draw a dark line that line but drawing this line thicker with, given our drawing more death. Now we can see clearly where the light sources now where the shadow is with everything being said. This video has come to an end. I hope you found this lesson informative. If not, please feel free to ask any questions. In the next video, we will go over playing shapes. Thank you so much for watching and see isn't. 3. Plane Shapes | Drawing: From Line to Artwork: what's our plane shapes up in shape is a two dimensional, flat, close control figure. Ever since we were Children, we were drawing instinctively simple forms off course, but forms that helped us express ourselves. Therefore, the square became a table circle became the sun drawn into the corner of the page. A triangle on top of a square became house. And so I'm not going to be talking much about playing shapes, since almost everybody knows how to draw a square triangle, a rectangle or circle. And I'm not saying it is necessary to learn what you've always known. But what I want to talk about is the particularities that could change everything that you've been doing spontaneously into something better. My started complaining cannot draw a perfect circle. I remember there was an Italian painter named Giotto who, as a child drew perfect circle and got noticed for it. Well, not everybody is a jolt, although, and that's why I will be showing you a little trick that could help you limit the air's dropped two perpendicular lives. So it's fine. Validity edges off the cross in order to obtain for equal segments. Say this is one. This year would be sickened. The third and finally the four of imitation. No. From now, all you have to do is draw your circle. What, it Just connect the segments. If you still can't get it right, you could roll more surgeries to help you like this. Oh, another mecca would be inserting the cross inside a square shape and then connect the arches. Don't worry about, uh, lying's the mistaken lines you draw. They can always be raised. We're not trying to draw a perfect circle here. As you can see, it is really know the perfect circle. But it is just the way to be element. The errors. One of the particularities I mentioned earlier is the perspective off plane shapes. Since we've already talked about circle, let's see what happens to it. As seen in perspective, if we rotate a circle around one of its diameters, the perpendicular diameter, which serves as an ex off rotation, looks like it's shrinking until becomes a point in that moment, here is never with our eyes. You obtain shape is transforming from a circle into a straight line, but I am going through a Siris of ellipses, more or less narrow. In other words, the more we told this circle, the narrower it becomes until it eventually becomes a line a straight line. In that moment, we know that it is level with our hearts. Let's take a look at the perspective off circles applied on a subject. Here we have the sunder, as seen from above, as seen from an angle and finally the sit in the almost seen from the eye level. Notice how our circle is changing its shape, along with the position of our object. Now that we've talked about the circle that's so conveyed about the square as well, starting from the principle perspective, whereas the elements closer to our eyes must appear bigger, it's easy to imagine the deformation of a square placed on the ground. If you take a look at your floor right now and position yourself parallel with one of its sides, like imagine you are sitting here and you would be looking to this'll other side. You are not this that the parallel sides appear smaller the further away. They often while the perpendicular sides look like they're headed to a vanishing point situated on the horizon knife. This would be the horizon. The horizon line is the imaginary line which has found level with our hearts. As I mentioned at the beginning of this lecture, when we were younger, we made use off simple plain shapes where it was a cylinder for a vase, one square for a table. We were not coupling these shapes with perspective to draw objects. This'll was pretty much what we used to the role when we were Children. But if we use a little bit of perspective, you will notice how our object will have a lot more depth to it then, while we used to have so applying the ellipses off the boss, you will notice as you study our to that this is the foundation of everything. Everything is simple combinations off, playing shapes put into perspective. By practicing these shapes and their various perspectives, you are building this very necessary foundation for drawing. With everything being said this video has come to then I hope you found this lesson informative. If not, please feel free to ask any questions. In the next video we will talk about the perspective off volumes. Thank you so much for watching and secrecy 4. Drawing: Perspectives | Drawing: From Line to Artwork: I mentioned at the end of the previous course. Today we will learn about the perspective of volumes. We will start with the one point perspective. The perspective of volumes allows us to create the illusion off three dimensional objects in art. Here is a simple, easy to remember for a prismatic shapes. The shapes situated under the horizon line are the ones found on a lower plane, while the one situated above the Horizon line are the ones found on another plane to remember that the Horizon line is the imaginary line phone level with our eyes, the line that separates the sky from land. Also, to remember that finishing point is the spot on the horizon line to which the receding pearlized image, therefore, in order to draw a block, first of all, draw the horizon line and the vanishing point situated on it. Granted, this will be our horizon. Now. Vanishing Point could be situated anywhere on the horizon line. I prefer setting. It's somewhere here right now, also to remember that the vanishing points should always be situated on the horizon line, not above, not under. So after drawing the horizon line floor shape like a square and tells. I decided to place most square under the horizon line. But you guys could place it anywhere you want. It could be also above you. We just need to get this basics. No. The whole perspective off the block depends on the position off the square. You, John, starting from the four ends off the square, draws the lines that go upper or lower to the vanishing point. Let's connect them is what happens all right. After drawing these four lines connect. The parallels that complete the block are just depends how long you under block to be also to remember that the particle lines should always be vertical. And all instances Oh, from here we have to. These are the lines that interests honeymoons. El Marca Maybe health making these here way Have it. Let's see what happens to our block. If we would draw it above the horizon line straws way just about the one that's being already drawn. Just done. Sort some way around. Yes, we're trying to follow the lines off the first square, withdrawn after connecting our particles that's going the end off the off the square, just like we've done the first time and also to finish the shape. Follow the line off the previous like and in order to find another one, just connect. Now I know to find out what would happen if our box is going to be found somewhere in the middle, on the prize. On on the middle toe horizon. Line off under health above and connect the edges just like before. Also, mind the thickness off your pencil instead, when you draw these until we have it, no, we have to do is figure out a way we want. Books are blocked, and for me, here we have the third block and final block. Completing our practice with one point perspective. Practicing one point, respected with other shapes, will help you get more comfortable when working with objects. No, let's move on to the two point perspective. In two point perspective, the objects in the drawing or painting are fuels from one. Most of the time. The two point perspective is used for interior design or going buildings, so let's start just like before by drawing the horizon line. This time, instead of throwing one vanishing point on the horizon line, we draw to vanishing points. It is best to have significant distance between the two to prevent distortion. I had one here. And another one. Yeah, Let's see what this is about. Let's draw a harsh. Usually, when we look at a house, we see the horizon lines on some level with the upper part of the door. So after drawing the horizon line in your vanishing points are placed on Start by drawing the corner the vertical off the house. I am gonna drill mind Summer or, uh, yeah, is going to be my house. All right. No, you know what it construct this we have to do is connect the end, the ends off the vertical to the vanishing points. As we said, usually we'll look at the house, receive a horizon line is found somewhere level with upper part of the door. So this is what we're going to do here school. Let's see, I'm gonna have model. So what I'm going to do is just going to draw for the cochlea and another one would be month. But where does the edge off the house appear? Can't spend it out as well. That's a I want my facade this wide and the other side of the hospital in somewhere. Let's see here, closer to the finishing point. All right. Now, in order to find out where we draw the roof, we must find the center off perspective off the facade determined plan, which is this one. In order to do so, we have to draw two diagonals like so and okay. No, it's after we have drawn the two diagonals. We have to raise the perpendicular line through the intersection Point. Just make sure is vertical. Now, this is where all this Let's go ahead and connect weapons. There we go. It already starts looking like we have a room going on here in our house. Alrighty, then. Now let's do the same thing with this side. We're going to connect the end off the roof here to the end, off the house here. Way to go in order. True. Draw windows or you have to do is draw verticals. Example. Its draws protocol, right? Yeah. I wanted to be this big Now, in order to find it's thoughts depends. Connecting Theo edges off the vertical two in a vanishing point like stuff. No, you have to decide how. Why do you want the window to be? If you want the window to be wider, you approach the vertical closer to the vanishing book. If you want your window to be narrow up, you could bring your vertical closer or further away from the vanishing. Put likes my woman to me to be this wide. So you want to draw another window. You already have the lines, the connecting lines of the previous one. All you have to do is just not a vertical here and one here. You have another window going on. If you want you to be in the shape of the tower, you have to find the center of perspective off the entire building. In order to do so, you have to draw the diagonals off the block, which is your finding. And if Assad and the end of the still the house connects these like so what? This is how we find the center off perspective. The entire building. The roof tip is situated on the perpendicular vine drawn from the intersection. Point off the two diagonals withdrawn here. Now, this would be chip off the tower. Let's go ahead and connect the lines. You have your cause, and that is two point perspective. Please make sure you practice and experiment with it now that the basics off the two point perspective are out of the way. Let's go ahead and learn about the three point perspective in three point perspective, the few hours looking up or down so that verticals also converge on a vanishing point at the top or bottom off the image. For the three point perspective, What you need to do is draw three vanishing points. Two of them will be situated on the horizon line like in the two point perspective, while the third will be placed above or below the horizon line somewhere in the middle. If your third vanishing point it's placed above the horizon line, the fewer is looking up. And if it's placed under the horizon line, the viewer will be looking down. Let's see what happens to our doing this stuff. We'll start by drawing of horizon lined and adding the three vanishing points. Firstly, will add one situated on love arising line, and secondly, the one above the This is my first. The 3rd 1 said some way here. This will be my invention Now that the third vanishing point has been placed above the horizon line, it means that a block I will draw will appear a lot taller than the Watcher. So we were looking up at it through the vertical nine, connecting the vanishing point and the horizon, right? Like so. All right. Now, in order to draw the block, I will choose its heart by marking its somewhere to third vanishing like you. Now that I've marked it, I was start drawing the lines connecting the tip off the block and vanishing points situated on the horizon line like so, In order to choose the went off the block, I will draw two dots marking it on the lines connecting the vertical to the two vanishing points. Don't say that with is going to be, Yeah, this will be the way it was not all right, as I mentioned at the beginning off the lesson. In three point perspective goings, the verticals off the blocks withdraw converge into the third vanishing point like so to draw the lines connecting the third vanishing point. End the horizon line through the point indicated indicating the with off the block. These these bones were chosen after doing so. All that is left to draw idolize connecting the block to the vanishing point. Like so your girls better dragging, uh, the line lower and connecting it to to Vanishing Point. Situated on honestly, bringing these two could this and this. Oh, and there you happened. This is what happens to our block. A scene from a three point perspective. As seen from the law that seem I happens to our block if withdraw it under the horizon line , meaning that we would be looking down on it. - With everything being said, this video has come to an end. I hope you found this lesson helpful. If not, please feel free to ask any questions. Thank you so much for watching and I was see use it. 5. Drawing: Lights And Shadows: We've already been talking about the contour lines and the quality off lines, which define the subject and how the line quality will determine where is the darkest part off the object or the lightest. But drawing the contour is not always sufficient to represent an object. The model has its importance. That's why the lights and shadows are essential elements. There are two types of shadows. The core shadow off the object, which is found on the object on the surface, and the cast shadow. It is the shadow off what the object projects on the surface off the table over its placed . The cast shadow is always situated under the object. There are also two types of lighting. An object with the help of a light source, such as a lamp or the daylight. Let's talk about the core shadow of an object. For example, if you want to draw cylinder just by drawing the contour of it, you will see that your object does not look like a cylinder. Instead, it would look like a rectangle Onley. By drawing the shadows, we could identify the object as a seven in order to create that roundness. The strongest shadow is not situated in the left extremity. Also, the transition from the darker area to the darkest one must be done progressively like so. We have the same situation when trying to draw a sphere without shadows. Were obtaining a circle on objects own shadow, the first through the foam off the object and the lights als Oh, when we are dealing with rounded objects such as the cylinder O sphere, the strongest shadow is not situated right at the edge. In between the darkest shadow and the extremity off the rounded object, there is a small area lightly darkened, which creates the illusion over round shape. The light source position causes the intensity of shadows to vary. If we take an object and expose one of its sights directly to the light source, that side is going to be the lightest decider is found further away from the light is the darkest. On the other hand, the intermediate sons will be lightly dark. Let's apply the principles mentioned before we have the shape off the house. Let's say the light is coming from someone from the right side of the house. The facade will be likely dark and since it's not directly exposed to the light. While the edge off the roof will be the darkest, make sure to look carefully at the subject. You want to draw attention to where the light comes from and which are the effected sides. Now that we're sorted with a form shadow that's discuss, the cast shadow often object the casts. Shadow is the shadow projected by an object on a background or horizontal surface, such as a table Offload. The cast shadow depends on the form off the object and on the distance and position off the light source. If the object we want to draw is found indoors, the light source will keep its intensity and position. Stick an apple, for example, and place the light source closer to its surface. We will notice that the subject is very lightened and the cast shadow looks short. If we let the same apple keep its position and Onley move the lights always further away from it, you will notice that the Bible is darker and the cast shadow is extended. 50. Object. We want to draw this phone outside. In nature, the shadow varies. There are two main reasons why this happens the light's intensity and the moment off the day. Let's talk a bit about the light's intensity. If the sky is cloudy, the cast shadow will appear lighter. Also, if we're talking about the sunny day, the shadow will appear clearer and dark. If we are to talk about the moment off the day, if you want to draw something at noon, the cast shadow will hold right at the base of the object and will appear very small. I will get longer and longer as the sun sets. With everything being said, this lesson has come to an end. I hope this video has been helpful. Teoh, If not, please feel free to ask any questions. In the next video, we will be discussing shading techniques. Until then, thank you so much for watching and I'll see you soon. 6. Drawing: Shading Techniques | Drawing: From Line to Artwork: there are so many shading techniques that it would take a very long time to mention them all. One of the most traditional ways to shadow you drawing is with a pencil. We have to remember that the objects that are Chinea present more accentuated shadows. Now let's discuss some shading techniques. The 1st 1 would be hatching or parallel hatching. This is most known and basic all techniques. These lines could be horizontal, vertical or drone at any angle you prefer. - Number two is cross hatching. Now this one is very similar to parallel hatching. We proceed by drawing the parallel lines, and on top of them we draw another layer off lines, heading the opposite direction off the first layer off parallel lines we have drawn. This technique is very helpful. Beginners, in my opinion, it is the fastest and easiest way to create darker values, that with any other technique, number three counter hatching. Now this technique could be very pleasant. If used correctly, it involves following the contour line of an object. Using this technique will make your objects look more three dimensional. It's enhancing the volumes. - Oh , number four stippling. This technique involves drawing dots and different densities where the shadow is more visible. The thoughts are more pronounced, while the thoughts in the lighter areas will be drawn with less intensity. Oh oh, number five Scribbling Scribbling is a great technique to use when drawing vegetation such as the leaves off a tree or the curly hair off. First engage . Your shading is too pronounced. You can always use your finger, a tissue cloth or a special tool called blending Stump. This way of masking little mistakes. Proofs itself being very practical, especially for beginners, even though I wouldn't recommend using your finger because you could smart drawing easily, - you will notice as you study that shading techniques are very important. They could easily define your artistic. So keep practicing in order to find your favorite shading. Practice doesn't make you perfect, but practice makes progress. So But everything being said, this lesson has come to an end is well. I hope this video has been helpful. Teoh, If not, please feel free to ask any questions. In the next video, we will be going through drawing and shading materials. Until then, thank you so much for watching and I will see you soon 7. Drawing: Materials | Drawing: From Line to Artwork: if the shading technique depends on the chosen drawing instrument, We could also say that the drawing instrument depends on the chosen technique. There are so many techniques and materials for drawing that it would be impossible to mention them all here. An artist without fear or complex Kendrell. Anything with anything you could sketch with the twig. In the send. You could use charcoal sketch with a knife into the bark of a tree. But even if you have the knowledge and the instruments, it is not guaranteed that a drawing will turn out as expected. I am not saying that using the most expensive materials will guarantee that the resulting drawing will be the most convincing, the most accurate or the most inspired. But a good endowment with accurate, easy to use tools for using paper from the intended purpose is stimulating and hence is precision and pleasure. It all depends on your own style on the prefer techniques and subjects that you will discover along the way. While practicing, I'm going to mention a few instruments you could use inside which one of them is the one that best represents your technique identity, the pencils, graphite mines, and char calls allow your drawing final lines lighter tones and are easy to manipulate the graphite under the form of a pencil or flat. Let is get for anything from the quick sketch to the finished drawing. A tough lead, such as a number followed by age, is usually preferred in technical drawing. The higher the number of the pencil, the tougher is the lead. The tree age pencil, the suitable for precision drawings. An HB pencil is a pencil with a medium tough lead. Sometimes we can find it labeled as number two, number 10 and all the numbers followed by letter B are softer and darker. Charcoal. He confined these under the form off sticks or blocks or pencils. It is very dark ing, crumbly. That's why if you use a charcoal, what's a softer composition? You have to handle it with K. It is a little reliable, the one with the hard. The dry composition allows the results off a more exact drawings. Charco is usually used for drawings with less detail, rougher lines and rougher shading. A good method to begin creating a drawing by using charcoal is to start a large construction composed by big directory lines and shadows without paying much attention to the details. With the help of a soft fabric, you could blur everything that you consider is to accentuated or to geometrical and draw over it again. Accentuating lights when the drawing is almost finished blends the strong, visible hatching with the help of your finger or the planning talk. As for the lightest areas, you could always use a razor to accentuate thes by using charcoal white chalk kingpin. This could come as either a dip in or a reserve weapon. They're mostly coming in the Japanese goings as well as the user. Very thin brushes. This could be similar with a marker, but it's stronger. You have to use these very careful even going for fine details in order to not stain your drawings. Castells. It is an art medium in the form of a stick. Fastballs can refund several times hard, soft oil pan past those and faster pencils. There, almost pure pigment says they're made out of dry pigment, a bit off chalk and a binder. It is one of the easiest materials to use. The colors are very intense. Using these past, those can be considering throwing, but using colors, it gets closer to painting. If you cover the entire surface off your support with past ALS, it will be recognized as a pastel painting. But if you use past owes living parts of your support show through, it's referred to as pastoral George. If you are willing to create a passel painting, I recommend you use the softer earlier once they have waxy texture and it's easier to cover the surface of your support with. In addition, you also get more painterly effect. If you want to go for the castle drawing advice, use the harder pistols. With everything being said, this lesson has come to an end. I hope this video has been helpful. Teoh, If not, please feel free to ask any questions. Thank you so much for watching and I'll see you soon. 8. Drawing: The Models - Still Life | Drawing: From Line to Artwork: I want to draw. But washer data how to choose these questions are the essence of searching for something specific. All you need to do is have confidence and motivation, obviously the hand of a genius. Artists create a masterpiece out of everything, like van Gogh painting a pair of frog boots. A simple pair of old muddy boots can have so many stories to tell what he says. You food create a masterpiece. Now it takes a lot of time in practice. Reached that point, but it definitely isn't impossible. Usually, the easiest subjects to draw are objects. You can place the object anywhere you want and start throwing. It could go for drawing a landscape where the light will change depending on the time of day and weather. If you want to draw the portrait of a person, there are a few things you need to consider. Even an easy subject, such as a flower might seem easy to joe, but it can change its shape if the wind blows it. What can we say about the child at concerts? Still, for 10 minutes on an animal when you are a beginner and wish to draw such subjects, you're usually slow and you could put it this the patients off, the person you're trying draw. That's why one of the easiest methods to what these things? ISS photography. Nowadays, almost everybody has access to technologies such as a smartphone. You don't need a professional camera to photograph the subjects you need to draw. Any camera will do just fine. You don't have to copy the photography you captured entirely, but it could help you practice. It could help you finish and all the drawing you've left behind. Let's go on and talk a bit about the still life. Still, life is one of the easiest subjects to draw in practice your shading techniques. What is still life. It is a painting or drawing that consists of an arrangement off objects. It is very common to find all kinds of fruits, flowers, glasses, bottles, features both so even musical instruments. And this general far. What objects can you use Basically any objects? A. Still life can be simple or complicated. It all depends on how many elements who wants toe arrange, how detailed these are and how you want to position them. Of course, there are still some rules that need to be respecting. You're still like arrangement, first of all, placing the objects off the same height mixing charter Second me place objects in a manner where they could fit into a triangle, a trapeze or rhombus. You could have two types off. Still, life you're still life could be simple, all more complicated. Let's talk about the arrangement over simple still life. Afraid placed on the forefront can create the triangle arrangement. If the light source is coming from the left side of an object, make sure you place your objects on the right side. The construction, first of all, marked the access of your tallest objects, and then it's hide and with on the page and lastly, fruits draw that I have been on lines in order to frame the still life into your jail metric shape. Like the ones I mentioned earlier. The drawing. After drawing the access of the tallest object so one side and any other along your access . Now observe your objects. If you have fruits to work with, you will have to pay attention to each of their shapes. The shading. After drawing all the details of the object you want to draw. You can start adding some shade to your drawings. Make sure you have established which side of the objects is highlighted and decide. Addison share up after shading your objects. Also draw the shadows cast by your objects. No stock. Better, more complicated. Subject. You could have a glass picture, a lemon, an apple and a clay pot. Now let's talk about the arrangement of these objects. It is framed as a triangle. Like the previous one. The glass pitcher is situated in the middle apple at its base to the left side. Clay pot is found to the right of our picture, and the Lemonis placed in front of the picture on a different plane. In order to avoid horizontal alignment, the construction start like before with the tallest object in your still life, nor the access off the object. Then draw the other lines that represent the other objects. The drawing and shading off this complicated subject is no different from that of a simple arrangement. - Good 9. Conclusion | Drawing: From Line to Artwork: Congratulations on finishing the course. So this course you have built a foundation basic going from lines. The models you have learned the basics off drawing and these lessons will help you. So I'll just studies. Thank you for joining me. And I hope you found the lessons enjoyable and informative. He practicing what you have learned, then you will see better and better and more satisfying results. If you enjoyed the scores, be sure to check out my profile. Father courses. You may be interested in happy drawing and thank you so much for watching by.