Music Theory & Musical Elements | Ana Maglica | Skillshare

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
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Lessons in This Class

8 Lessons (33m)
    • 1. Music Theory & Musical Elements - Free Introduction

    • 2. Lesson 1 - Musical Notation

    • 3. Lesson 2 - Rhythm

    • 4. Lesson 3 - Dynamics

    • 5. Lesson 4 - Melody

    • 6. Lesson 5 - Musical Harmony

    • 7. Lesson 6 - Timbre

    • 8. Outro

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About This Class


Meet Your Teacher

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Ana Maglica

Singer, Violinist, Teacher, Vocal Coach


Singer, songwriter, violinist, vocal coach, music teacher from Belgrade, Serbia.

Music has been a part of my life ever since early childhood.
I attended music school (violin) and started singing at the music festivals when I was 7 years old. At the age of 16 I've started studying violin and obtained my bachelor's degree at the Academy of Arts, Department Violin, in 2010.

In addition to classical music, I've always had a passion for other musical styles.
I started writing my own songs, singing and playing violin in different musical bands. I currently work in a several elementary and private music schools where I teach about music theory and music history, singing, violin, choir singing, and many more subjects. 
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1. Music Theory & Musical Elements - Free Introduction: Hello and welcome to this course. My name is Anna, and I've been a professor off singing and violin for the last 10 years. I teach music in several elementary and high schools, and in this class and lessons, I will teach you more about music theory and musical elements. But before we do that, we must understand music in general. The basic music theory knowledge will give you the keys to expend your range and abilities as a musician, and a decent note rating amount will help you to play the chosen instrument the same or make your own music. Lessons in this course will be musical notation, stuffs cliffs time signatures, note parts, no durations, alphabet, accidental bar lines, rhythm beat, commuter temple Syncopation, dynamics, differences in volume through playing an instrument or singing melody pitch theme con junked This junked harmony court progression, constants, dissonance, keys, personality, atonality, number, tone, color and situation. I hope you will enjoy this course, and if you do, please check out my other courses on this website. So let's get started 2. Lesson 1 - Musical Notation: musical notation in music theory, musical notation is a series of markings and symbols that inform a musician how to perform a composition. We have many forms, and we're gonna talk about them now. Stuff is a set of five lines and four spaces between those lines that music notes and symbols are written on. Clefts are symbols that determine which note letter names belong to the lines and spaces of the staff. Travel clef is also known as the geek Laugh, because it indicates that the second line from the bottom will be note. G. Notice how the cleft makes a circle centred on the second line. Basic Laugh is also known as the EFC laugh, because it indicates that the fourth line from the bottom will be f. Notice how the class makes a circle and the two little dots centered around the fourth line . The time signature, also known as meter signature, is there to specify how many beats pulses are contained in each measure bar and which note value is equivalent to a beat Some basic time. Signatures four by four or common time to buy two or cut time two by 43 by 46 by eight and nine by eight Note parts and duration. A note is a symbol that indicates a specific time duration off. A single musical sound when placed on a staff note, also indicates that a certain pitch is to be sounded for a certain length of time. Head is the round part of a note, and all notes have a hat. Stamp is the straight line and apart off a note that is connected to note. Hat Flag is a curved line that is attached to the other end of the stem. Being is this trading flag that connects two or more notes. Tense arrest is a symbol that indicates a period of silence for a certain length of time. Notes and rests are relative to one another in length, which is why they have fractional names. Whole note is generally the longest note used in modern red and music. 1/2 note is 1/2 as long as the whole note. 1/4 note is 1/4 as long as a whole note. An eighth note is 1/8 as long as a whole note. 1/16 note is 1/16 as long as the whole note You can also find a dog after a note. As she adds, 1/2 of the original note length value to the note pauses. A symbol that looks like 1/2 circle with a dot inside it when placed over a note or sometimes under a note, tells the performer to hold that note out a little longer. Triplets are three notes off the same kind. The three notes off a triplet are played in the same amount of time that it normally takes to play. Two of these notes Pitch is The Highness or low nous of a note or Sound bitch is indicated by how high or how low a notes head is located on the staff and is designated by a letter name. A note head higher in the staff. Higher pitch. A note had lower in the staff. Lower pitch. The musical alphabet musical alphabet includes only seven letters a B, C, D E F G on the staff. Each line or space represents a different letter. Lines and spaces combined on the treble clef look like this g clef e f g a B c D e f letter names of the treble clef or G clef stuff lines are E G B deep F letter names on the treble clef, or G clef stuff spaces are F A. C T lines and spaces combined on the bass clef look like this f clef g a b c D e f g eight beat letter names on the base class R F Laugh stuff lines are G B D F. Eight letter names of the bass clef or F clef Stuff Spaces R A, C E g. We can also have ledger lines, which are short lines above or below the staff, and we use them to note eight pitches above or below the lines and spaces off the regular musical stuff. Accidental are symbols that make a slight change to the pitch of the notes that follow them on the same line or space within a measure unless cancelled by another. Accidental accidental include symbols such s sharp sign, flat sign and natural sign. Flat sign lowers the pitch of denote that follows and 1/2 step lower. This change effects all notes on the same line or space for the rest of the measure unless it is cancelled out by a matter accidental natural sign cancels a previous sharp or flat sign. This change facts all notes on the same line or space for the rest of the measure unless it is cancelled out by another Following accidental sharp sign raises the pitch of the note that follows in 1/2 step higher. This change effects all notes on the same line or space for the rest of the measure unless it is cancelled out by another. Accidental bar lines are short vertical lines that divide a staff into measures. Double bar line marks the end of a song or a piece of music, telling the performer to stop. Repeat signs look like double bar lines with two dots beside them. They tell the performer to play the music between the two repeat signs over again. Articulations determine the start and end of a note, the length off its sound and the shape of its attack and the cake. They can also modify on events, number, dynamics and pitch. We have different terms off articulation. Also named in Italian language. Staccato Mark is a dot over or under a note not beside it that tells the performer to play the note shorter and to make it separated and detached from the note after it. Accent mark is shaped like a sideways V, and this symbol tells the performer to play to note louder than all the other notes around it, so that it stands out to know the mark is a line over or under note that tells the performance to play two notes long and hold it out for its full value to make it connected . To note after it slur is occurred, line over or under two or more notes off different pitch that tells the performer to play the notes smoothly and connected when instrument players should play slurred notes in one breath using a tongue start on on Lee. The first note of the slur potato is a curved line over or under two notes of the same pitch that tells the performer that the two notes are joined together and played as one note as with a slur when instrument players should play tied notes in one breath using a tongue start on on Lee. The first note off the tie. Now you know the basics of musical notation, and you can read, sing or play music easier. Now let's go on to the next lesson 3. Lesson 2 - Rhythm: spreadem rhythm is the element of timing music. When you clap your hands to the music, you are keeping the beat or following the structural red nickel pulls in music. There are several important aspects of rhythm. Duration is how long a sound or silence lasts in music, duration is an amount of time, or how long or short a note phrase section or composition lasts. A note mate last last in a second, while a symphony may last more than an hour. Important part and musical notation plays arrest. What we call rest in music is a part of complete silence. Rests also have their own duration, same as notes. Now I'm going to show you an example of counting a four by four meter. My left hand will be counting meter and my right hand will be counting beats. Okay, okay. The concept of duration can be further broken down into those of beat and meter, where beat is seen as a constant and meter is the number mark on the beginning of musical notation, which tells us how many beats we have in a bar meter in music are beats organized into recognizable, recurring accent patterns. Meter can be seen or felt through the standard patterns used by conductors in music Meter refers to the regularly recurring patterns and accents such as bars and beats. Meter is the measurement off the number off pulses between more or less regularly recurring accents. Here we have a four by four meter, which is the most common meter in modern music. In order for meter to exist, some of the pulses and a series must be accented in relative to others. When pulses are counted within a metric context, they are referred to as beats. In this example, I will play on the violin a note that has a long duration, and now I know that has short duration, and in this example, I will play four notes and four arrests, all with the same duration. Temple is the speed of the beat in musical terminology. Temple, which is Italian for time, is the speed or face off a given piece. In classical music, tempo is typically indicated with an instruction at the start of a piece, often using conventional Italian terms, and is usually measured in beats per minutes or V P. M. In modern classical compositions. A metro mark in beats per minute may supplement or replace the normal temple marking in modern genres like electronica. Dance music Temple will typically simply be stated in BPM, while the ability to hold a steady tempo is a vital skill for a musical performer. Tempo is changeable, depending on the genre, off a piece off music and the performers interpretation apiece, maybe played with slight temple roboto or drastic varieties is in ensembles. The tempo is often indicated by a conductor or by one of the instrumentalists. For instance, the drama basic tempo indications are often designated by Italian terms. Lot ago, large or broadly, is approximately 40 to 65 bpm. Add a Joe Slow is approximately 66 to 75 BPM. Andante steady walking tempo is approximately 76 207 BPM. Moderato moderate is approximately 108 to 119 BPM. Allah grow fast or happy is approximately 120 to 167 BPM placed a very fast is approximately 168 to 208 BPM. Other basic terms which we will include in this lesson relating to read, um are Syncopation on off beat accent between the counting numbers, gradually slowing down the tempo. Chela Rondo, gradually speeding up the tempo, rubato freely and expressively, making subtle changes in the temple at technique commonly encountered in music off the romantic era, Syncopation is the most commonly used rhythmical form in modern music. It involves a variety of rhythms played together to make a piece of music. More simply, Syncopation is a disturbance or interruption off the regular flow off rhythm of placements , off rhythmic stresses or accents where they wouldn't normally occur. It is the correlation off at least two sets of time intervals. Now you know the basics of rhythm. Let's go on to the next lesson. 4. Lesson 3 - Dynamics: dynamics in music. The dynamics of a piece is the variation in loudness between notes or phrases. Dynamics are indicated by specific musical notation, often in some detail. However, dynamics markings still require interpretation by the performer. Depending on the musical context. For instance, a piano Wyatt marking in one part of a peace might have quite different objective loudness in another piece, or even a different section off the same piece. Dynamic markings are always relative. Piano never indicates a precise level of loudness. It merely indicates the music in the passage so marked should be considerably quieter than forte. There are many factors affecting the interpretation of a dynamic marking. For instance, the middle of a musical phrase will normally be played louder, then the beginning or ending. The terms used to describe dynamic levels are often in Italian. Be any similar very quiet piano Quiet Mets, A piano moderately quiet mets afford moderately loud fourth loud fortissimo. Very loud. Other basic terms relating to dynamics are gradually getting louder. Gradually Getting quieter dynamics are one of the expressive elements of music used. Effectively dynamics help musicians sustain variety and interest in the musical performance and communicate a particular emotional state or feeling dynamic marking doesn't always only affect loudness of the music. Afford to passage is not usually the same as a piano passage, but louder. Ratter, a musician, will often use a different approach to other aspects off expression like number or articulation to further illustrate the differences. Dynamics are a very complex musical element, and we went through the basics. Now let's go on to the next lesson. 5. Lesson 4 - Melody: melody Malady is the leaner, horizontal presentation of Pitch, the word used to describe Highness or low nous of a note. A melody in music is a group of notes of various pitches. How high or low a note sounds, which are played one after another. Together, they make two in the same way that a group of words make a sentence. Many famous musical compositions have a memorable melody or theme. Theme is a melody that is the basis for an extended musical work and often consist off one or more musical phrases or motives, which are usually repeated throughout the composition. In various forms, melodies can be derived from various scales. Families of pitches such as the traditional major and minor scales of tonal music to one such as the old church modes, the chromatic scale and the whole tone scale or unique scale systems devised in other cultures. The true goal of music is melody, and all the parts of harmony have as their ultimate purpose Onley beautiful melody. They can stand alone or work together with other maladies in a more complex composition. Melodies can be described as conjuncture, smooth, stepwise, easy to sing or play this junked, disjointed Lee, ragged or jumpy, Difficult to sing or play. I'm gonna play on the piano, these two examples shown on the screen Con jinked. This junks texture refers to the number off individual musical lines, melodies and the relationship. These lines have to one another. We can also have these types of malady texture on a phonic texture. Single note texture music, with only one note sounding at a time, having no harmony or accompaniment. Hama Phonic texture Music with two or more notes sounding at the same time but generally featuring of prominent malady in the upper part. Supported by a less intricate harmonic accompaniment on their knees. Often based on Hama, Genest courts polyphonic texture music with two or more independent maladies sounding at the same time, the most intricate types off polyphonic texture, cannon and folk may introduce 345 or more independent melodies simultaneously. These tree examples of textures made a nice introduction into the next musical element 6. Lesson 5 - Musical Harmony: musical harmony. Harmony in music is two or more notes, place together at the same time and is often referred as vertical aspect of music, Also known as courts. These cords are usually arranged in the sentence like patterns, cold court progressions. You can hear the relationship of any note that happened at the same time. And it is this relationship that makes the harmony harmonies often described in terms off its relative harshness. Dissonance is a harsh sounding harmonic combination. Dissonant courts produce musical tension, which is often released by resolving the constant courts. Constants is a smooth sounding harmonic combination. Consummate courts produce musical pleasantness and sweetness. Since we all have different opinions about consulates and dissonance, these terms are somewhat subjective. Other basic terms relating to harmony are modality harmony created out of the ancient medieval Renaissance Moz tonality harmony that focuses on home key center at Fidelity modern harmony that avoids any sense of the home key center. There is so much more that we can talk about musical harmony, and we went through the fundamentals. Now let's go on to the next lesson 7. Lesson 6 - Timbre: number number is also known as tone collar or sound. Quality of a note number distinguishes different types of sound production, such as choir voices and musical instruments such as string, wind and percussion instruments. It also enables listeners to distinguish different instruments in the same category. If you play a C on the piano and then sing it, you have produced the same pitch. However, your voice has a different sound quality, then the piano. Each musical instrument or voice produces its own pattern off overtones, which gives it a unique tone color. The human voice is one of the most recognizable sounds around us. We rely on the thumb Brel characteristics of a voice to determine gender and age and to pick out the familiar voices of friends and family in crowded spaces. Just as the shape of an acoustic instrument determines the number it produces, the shape of a person's vocal ports vocal tract knows as well as the rest of their body determines the number off their voice. Composers used number like painters use colors to evoke certain effects. The upper register produces tones that are brilliant and piercing, and it's lower Register gives a rich, dark number. A variety of numbers can be created by combining instruments and voices 8. Outro: I hope you found this course useful. Now you know all the basics of musical elements and musical theory. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact me here or through my Facebook, YouTube or INSTAGRAM accounts. I will be very happy to answer them and please check out my other courses. See you next time. Thanks for watching.