Minimalist Guide to Accelerated Learning | Timothy Kenny | Skillshare

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

25 Lessons (3h 37m)
    • 1. Introduction

    • 2. My Story

    • 3. Course Project

    • 4. How to Use This Course

    • 5. Free Bonus

    • 6. Executive Summary

    • 7. Introduction

    • 8. Go Off The Grid with These Learning Tools

    • 9. Strip Down Your Computer Learning Systems to the Bare Minimum

    • 10. How to Throw Away Your Desktop Computer Forever and Live Free

    • 11. Special Minimalist Learning Tips for The World Traveler

    • 12. Tools for Eliminating Distractions and Building Focus

    • 13. Introduction

    • 14. The Zen of Deep Research

    • 15. The Art of Slow Reading and Clear Thinking

    • 16. Meditations from a Minimalist Notebook

    • 17. A Memory with Everything in it's Place

    • 18. To Teach is to Remember Forever

    • 19. Introduction

    • 20. How to Design a Minimalist Learning Retreat

    • 21. Chop Wood, Carry Water - Combine Learning with Hard Physical Labor

    • 22. How to Recognize and Align with Your Internal Emotional Environment

    • 23. Creating a Minimalist Study in the 21st Century

    • 24. Bonus - Learning as a Philosophy of Life

    • 25. Bonus - A Minimalist Approach to Building Good Habits Slowly

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About This Class

Information overwhelm is one of the core problems accelerated learners face when they are deciding how to spend their time and stay productive. The key to fast learning is making sure you do the few important things well, and waste as little time as possible on everything else.

In this course, you'll learn how to pare down your learning system to the bare essentials so that you can consistently get into the flow and maximize your learning performance.

Studying productivity can be a double edged sword, because often the temptation is to start using new tools and techniques to improve your overall systems.

The problem is, if you keep adding more tools and more new techniques, you end up adding a lot of complexity to your learning system, and complexity adds friction.

That friction shows up as more decisions...because you have more options. And longer decision making cycles…because you have more options to consider at each step.

All of this saps your energy and with it your ability to focus. Focus on what you are doing, but also make sure you are focused on the right things, the most important things.

You'll learn how to improve each step in your learning process by cutting it down to the bare essentials. You'll learn how to go on a learning retreat. You'll learn how to break your old outdated learning habits and replace them with a handful of effective minimalist learning practices that will improve your learning experience.

Decide today to cut down on the time you waste and get serious about your learning systems.


Meet Your Teacher

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Timothy Kenny

Author of "Accelerated Learning for Entrepreneurs"


Timothy Kenny is the author of “Accelerated Learning for Entrepreneurs.” He teaches classes and speaks to groups about how to accelerate their learning so that they can build successful businesses faster and with more confidence in their success.

Timothy has taught at the Harvard Innovation lab, The Tufts University Entrepreneurs Society, General Assembly in Boston, and has been a featured teacher on Skillshare, among others. He has consulted with startup teams on how to accelerate their learning, creativity, and growth.

See full profile

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1. Introduction: welcome to a minimalist guide to accelerated learning. This course is about how do you do more with less? How do you do everything you need to do toe learn faster while using the fewest amount of tools possible? And often that's not just going to mean online tools and computer tools, but shifting more of what you do toe offline. And the reason why that's important is because focus is one of the key things that I want you to get out of this course. The ability to focus and focus comes from making sure that there aren't other emotions that are interfering emotions like overwhelmed emotions like stress. So making sure you have the ability to focus means that you have to get some rid of these other things, and the way you do that is you focus on what is my information diet. How doe I cut down on how much I'm taking in and how do I focus on the few things that really matter how doe. I make sure that instead of notifications and different people and different websites and apse and services instead of them all bombarding me and controlling what I do when I look at what I look at? Instead, you take control of that and you do things in batch mode, and you do it in a simplified way, and you use fewer tools to do it so that you can isolate yourself when you're doing your learning. Meaning, getting away from that technology element, turning off your notifications, Getting away from the Internet, getting away from the computer So you're free of those distractions on what you're going to start to notice is, as you build that ability to focus, you can come back to the computer. You can come back to the Internet, and you're going to be able to focus a lot better and cancel out a lot of those distractions. So even though you may come back to that environment where a lot of people what a websites APs trying to get your attention, you're gonna find that you can come back to that environment and deal with it a lot better . So one thing that people tend to do when they're looking to improve their efficiency is they want more tools. They want more things because part of what they're secretly getting out of that is there filling this need to have new things in their life toe. Have new ideas, and I want you to replace that. If that's one of the issues you have, I want you to replace that with a new appreciation for deeper things. So instead of getting a lot of superficial level stimulation from a lot of different tools or different hacks, I want you to focus more on how can you go really deep into a subject? How can you focus and spend quality time with your learning materials that you can go really deep so that you can build relationships with experts, whether in person? Or maybe there's somebody who's passed away but build a relationship where you really know what they're all about, what their philosophy is, what their way of thinking about whatever subject domain, who their mentors were, who influenced them, who are their students. Get that full 3 60 degree view, and when you're being bombarded and you're doing a lot of different things all over the place, you're not focused in one area. It's really hard to do that. And the people that are thought leaders part of what they're doing is they're going beyond the obvious thing they're looking at. What else is going on at the peripheries, and you're only able to do that when you have that ability to focus the pattern that I see over and over and over again, and creative geniuses, people that are really successful as they have that ability to focus. That's something that really influenced me when I was younger and I was studying different entrepreneurs and seeing people that were successful is most of them were not the smartest people. What they were was people that once they got one strategy that worked, once they found something that worked, they just did it over and over and over again, and they weren't afraid to fail until they found something that worked. And that was really important for me because my strategy up to that point was everything else to be perfect. Before I do anything, and if it's not perfect than it could fail that I could be embarrassed, all these different things could happen, and I found I have so much respect for people that are willing to put themselves out there that are willing to fail publicly that are willing toe put themselves on the line in orderto make things happen. And so that's another thing that I want you to get out of. This course is have that focus but also have that ability to not get distracted by a bunch of stuff going on, not get distracted by all by trying to make very small, incremental improvements. These strategies This minimalist plan is gonna help you make huge improvements and get past whatever plateau that you're at right now. So I'm really excited to get started with this course because we're gonna be getting in some really interesting stuff, you know, learn how to pare things down so that those few things that you're still doing, you get really good at them really strong, and you're gonna build a rock solid focus that you can point towards anything and you're gonna go really deep. You're gonna get exactly what you want in terms of the learning, and you're gonna find that you actually get more than what you want because you're gonna find out things you're gonna learn things. You're going to start making connections that you would have made before because you didn't have that. But that's solid, predictable control will focus that you may not have right now, so let's get into the course 2. My Story: I'm gonna tell you in this video a little bit about my story and what inspired me to create this course and what led me down this road of getting interested in minimalism and I'll start off with from a young age. I've always been interested in computers I've always been, Um, I've known how to use computers. I was on the Internet. I was looking at a lot of different things and really just feeding my mind. But I got to a point when I realized that I was just it was this. It was like, whatever time I had, I was filling that time with whatever other people were throwing at me or whatever was available instead of having a plan and then using that time to execute whatever that plan was or two. Just to be okay with exploring, but not go overboard with it where it became always exploring all the time, never doing anything with it, never putting it to use or creating anything from it. So that's where it started. But, um, as I got older, I started to, uh I needed glasses. You can see the glasses in this picture. And I started to notice that if I spent more than a few hours a day in front of the computer, my eyes would just start toe kind of dry up and they would hurt. And so I needed to find a way to adapt. I need to find a way so that I could learn away from the computer, and at first I thought it was this kind of curse where, like he you built all these skills with computers, and now you can't use them except for a limited time each day. And so I thought it was a curse, but it turned out to be a blessing because what happened was I gain this ability to focus and get away from the computer, get away from the distractions and focus on one thing at a time, and go really deep and get really involved with it. And as I started Teoh collect role models and look at role models and develop myself and look for the patterns of what strategies did they use? What we're just kind of their everyday habits that led to their success and their inventions and creations is over and over and over again. I saw that that ability to focus was one of the hallmark traits of geniuses and creative people. So that's something that I wanted to develop, and I realized I had already started to develop it just by using these minimalist strategies. Another thing that is influenced me tremendously is starting to outsource. So as I started to outsource, I realized that I need to pare things down to the bare minimum because it takes a lot of time to teach somebody to use a new piece of technology that they've never used before. And the simpler it is, the fewer problems you're gonna have, where, okay, I'm using one version of word you're using. A different version of word are their compatibility issues. You save the file. It's got little problems here and there. And you can avoid that by, for example, just using a text documents So little things like that always thinking about Do I really need a more advanced piece of technology, or can I really use something more simple and fundamental? It also comes from an understanding of the business world in the entrepreneurial world, where it's hard to sell people or continue to sell people on technology and software if it doesn't have that new factor to it. And so if you have something that already works very well, the only way you can sell people on upgrading it is if you show them that there's some new features that are that are must have features. And a lot of times there just aren't that many must have features left to create or to implement. And so companies have to find way toe romance the stone and find a way to come up with things that are new. And so you get trained from a young age just toe want that new thing because that's what sold to you. And it's important toe. Take that for what it's worth. But also think about will. What can I get out of simplifying things? What can I get out of repeating the same processes over and over and over again without changing them? Because each time you get a repetition, you get better at doing something. When you switch to a new platform. When you switch to something else, you lose a lot of that advantage you have. You lose a lot of that performance and you have to relearn from scratch or from a lower level. So staying with the same thing, doing fewer things that allows you get stronger and stronger at those fewer things. Somebody who's a jack of all trades master of none. They don't have a lot of depth. So if you hear about things like a T shaped engineer that somebody who is kind of a jack of all trades, they have a little bit of knowledge in a bunch of different areas. But then there really deep in one area you may also hear about like a pie shaped graph. This is something that's even not talked about as much. But it's somebody who has kind of a jack of all trades, has a little bit of knowledge about a lot of subjects, but then they have to areas where they go really deep, so maybe they're an engineer. But then they also know, um, or let's say they know programming. But they also know sociology, and so they use the programming the statistical analysis to do things in sociology or any humanity's area, you could say or even art. Maybe they combined that, so they're starting their using those engineering skills in an area where engineers don't usually go. That's where new creations new developments, new inventions happened. And that's one of things you'll see. And creative people that keep on putting out new, innovative things is they have to different areas of expertise. Steve Jobs. You hear the stories about him where he would take. He took a calligraphy class in college. Well, that calligraphy. That appreciation for art is part of what created the Apple brand, where everything is intuitive and looks good with the iPod, Where you were using that touch interface just things like that where valuing different things, having a different expertise than most people in your domain have that's going to give you an advantage. And if you focus on fewer things and you can go deeper, that's going to give you an advantage. If you wanna learn more about this kind of stuff, I go much deeper about this in my creative genius course, and I talk about kind of the three pillars, the three areas where you should have depth three different parts of your life. So if you're interested in that, I'm pretty sure that's a free preview video to. So go check that out. If that's something that's interesting to you, 3. Course Project: Now, let's talk about the course project. The purpose of the project is so that you have something as you're going to the course you can think about. Okay, How am I gonna implement each thing that I'm learning? Because if you're not think about how to implement it, then it just remains this abstract thing. Once you start to come up with a picture image of okay, what would what would this look like if I did this right? Did that. Now you're getting closer to something where you can actually take action on it. So the first thing, kind of philosophically I want you to approaches court course with is starting from scratch . So starting from the beginning, starting over and questioning your assumptions, rethinking everything and start by oversimplifying. So just pick a few things because we often overestimate our ability to create new habits. And you'll get really excited at the beginning because you just taking a course. You've learned a lot of new things, and you kind of have that on top of the world feeling. But after a while, you get stressed out or something comes up and the habits start to fall to the wayside or you're doing a habit, and then something comes up where now that have it's harder to do. You need to fix something before you can continue to do it and you've got all these other new habits you're also trying to implement, and it kind of all implodes. And then you just go back to your old way of doing things or even a worse way, Um, or unhealthy way of doing things. So start by oversimplifying. Just pick those few things that are really important to do. And it's also a thinking exercise of understanding and knowing in the main areas of your life in your professional, your business, life in your personal, just with yourself and kind of how you're running your life, your relationship with yourself, your relationships with other people, third area relationship with your body and your health. Fourth areas. So in those areas, what are the key? Most important things that you're doing or habits that you have in each of those areas and had is learning fit into that. So for your learning projects, what do your key learning projects right now? And what are the key one or two or three things that are going to really make a difference and really improve that area of your life and take it to the next level. So just the thought exercise itself of putting down on paper or really deeply thinking about what are the key things in this area that really make a difference on a really important And then what are the other things that are not as important? And just labeling things in terms of priority, for example, is very important. A lot of people spend way too much time focusing on things that aren't important because they're not willing to take a small loss so that they can free up some time to put into things that are really important. So part of what you have to get comfortable with doing is letting go of little things being okay with with things that aren't perfectly optimized. 100% being okay with just letting some things fall back and die. Or it's kind of like pruning a plant in your garden plants and need to be proven to your life. Think about what are some dead limbs or what are some things that just kind of need to be snipped off so that that energy can be redirected to growth in places where you want to grow and where you want to expend where you want. That there would be more healthy feeling or life or vitality there. So the key here is building strong simple habits and also getting out of your existing habits. So figuring out what are those habits that are most harmful right now or taking you away from where you want to go and getting away from those habits and breaking the habits? That's why a learning retreat is so important. That's why I want you to start planning and thinking about that right from the beginning. Another thing I put here is number one D tether from your phone. So pause the video right now. Take out your phone and turn off those notifications for your email. That's the number one thing you really for. 99% of people listening to this you do not need to have those notifications, and you can really cut down on the mind of time you spend on email. You can also do that for text messages, or another thing is, just don't have your phone on you all the time. So for most of the day, I don't have my phone on me. I try to leave it. Um, in this, it can be in the same room, but just not right next to you. So you're not tempted to check it? It can be in a different room. And I like to do that because I don't wanna have that constantly interrupting me. And being in the flow is so important. That's part of minimalism is staying in the flow and keeping yourself in that peak state where everything's on and you have access to all the different resource is in your brain. So that's really important. Staying in that flow is a process of getting rid of those negative habits, getting rid of those things that are interrupting you so you can focus on what you're really good at, and you can build those skills as well. So make sure that as you're going through this course you're thinking about, how can I start to implement this stuff? How can I get rid of those old habits? And even if it's a small thing, build momentum starting right now. Take a little bit of action and then watch that build on top of itself. As you go through this course and implement other little things at the end, come up with a plan and then start to implement that and understand why you're doing it. What your priorities are that's gonna help you follow through. 4. How to Use This Course: alright, quick video here on how to use this course some basic stuff to think about. Number one. Make sure you're taking notes. Taking notes is very important. If it's not something your regular we doing, you should be annotating or taking notes on 95% plus of what you're reading that includes things on the phone. You could be taking screen shots on your phone of anything that you reads that you can find it later on. You have something like Evernote or one note where can recognize text inside pictures that's gonna be searchable. So even stuff on your phone. Yes, you could be doing some sort of note taking or capture. When you're reading a newspaper, a magazine, you can take a picture of the beginning of that newspaper article makes. Get the headline author in their first few lines, and then you can search that and Google later, and you can find that and get back to it later on. Another thing is removed. Distraction. So put your phone on airplane mode. That's another thing I was talking about in the previous video. Have your phone away from you. Another thing you can do is just put it in airplane mode for an hour to or have a certain part of the day where you just put your phone on airplane mode, and if you have to, you can switch out. You can get your notifications, all come in at once. You get this kind of rush of stuff you can deal with something of. It's really important and then go back onto airplane. But you don't have to be in an airplane to get good work done and to be able to focus on something. I know a lot of people that love being on airplanes just because that's when they're most focused. That's when there writing their book or writing their blawg posts and stuff like that because that's their most focused time and things like, Oh, we want to bring cell phones on planes. They don't like that cause that's their sacred focus. Time well, doesn't have to. You don't have to be spending hundreds of dollars on a plane ticket to get that. Put your phone on airplane mode, just do little things like that and start to build that habit of removing distractions. Start that D tethering habit right now, and don't try to do everything at once. So it's good to come up with ideas, start to implement little things. But if you hear an idea and you're like, Wow, that's a cool idea. I want to try that right now. Go for it. But also make sure that you're not overwhelming yourself. So once you take those notes and you're at the end of the course, you've taken several pages and notes. Now you can go back through that. Take a blue colored pen or red coloured pen or green colored pen. We're just something that has a different look to it. And you can start to prioritize. What are the most important ideas for me toe for me to start implementing right now. What should I do next? Pick one thing. Do that. Make sure. Okay, Do I have enough energy to I have? The resource is to put to put in a second thing, and if so, then go ahead and do that. Another thing is, where you gonna put these notes once you're done with this course, do you have a certain place on your computer or in a file Cabinet system or a three ring binder or in your desk or a folder, or someplace where you can put the notes to this course. You confined it one month, three months, six months from now. If you don't, that's something that you should think about. We'll be talking about more about this kind of thing later organization how important it is for minimalism. But that's something you should think about now is how are you going to make sure that you follow up on this? Maybe you could put a reminder in your calendar. Okay, go to this location, get the folder and come check this every month or every other month or something, or every two weeks, something like that. So it's a habit for you. Come back to these ideas because you need those space repetitions. If you're not getting space repetitions, you forget almost everything that you learn. So spaced repetitions is very important, and that's what's going to help you stay on track and get to where you want to go. 5. Free Bonus: this free bonus gives you an opportunity toe. Shoot me a quick email and ask me any question you want. You can send me your minimalist learning plan. I'll give you free email. Tear down most the time. I should be able to get back to you within three days, and this email right here is the one you should send to make sure you include that part where it says plus TK minimalist because that allows me to sort all the emails that I'm getting for this course in tow. One little label in Gmail. So it just helps me keep things organized. And if there's a back and forth, it's not going to get all jumbled up, and it just helps me keep track of all the emails that I'm getting, so that's why it's there. You can also use this to, ah, filter things for yourself if you like of you sign up for newsletters and you want all those newsletters to go into a separate label separate part of Gmail. You can just use this plus and then newsletter within your Gmail email, and you can filter all that stuff automatically by just setting up a filter and Gmail really easy to do, but yeah, free email. Consult asked me a question. Give me your minimalist learning plan. Talk about what area of your life or the areas of your life you're focusing on and what strategy you think is gonna what you're using from this course to improve that area of those areas. And then I'll give you whatever feedback I have suggest any tools or techniques or strategies. Sometimes stuff that I didn't include in the course because it was just too Mission only would resonate with a small percentage of those of you going through this course so I can share things like that also through the course and also new things that I've developed since I've recorded this. So make sure that you send you can send me that email right now, or you can wait till midway through the course. The end of the course. Whatever you do, just make sure you remember that you have this opportunity and most the time I should be able to get back to you within 72 hours 6. Executive Summary: this executive summary is men for two kinds of people. Either. You just started the course and you're wondering, Well, I don't have time to go through everything right now, So I want the quick fax what's basically in this course? The other option is maybe you've gone through the course already and you're wondering, OK, what are the main things that I should be focusing on? So that's what this section this video is about. Number one is focused offline learning and doesn't need to be offline. Doesn't need to be off. The computer doesn't need to be off the Internet. No, but for most of you, that's the best way to do it. Other things that you can do include turning off your wife like hard in your laptop, putting your phone on airplane mode or turning off WiFi so that you can get some. You can detect her and get a break, but the key toe offline, learning in the sense of physical learning with paper and pen or paper and pencil is you get a tactile feeling, and you could also isolate yourself more and you get the value of annotations annotations, air huge because those air what you're doing to process information and to summarize it. So when you do your re reading when you go to synthesize information, you've already got that summary there, and you don't have to waste time re reading something. So you've got to be planning into your learning equation that you're gonna have to go over everything you learn multiple times. I'm not talking about twice and not talk about three times. I'm talking about five times 10 times until the point where you really understand it and you know it cold. So the key to accelerate learning is not well. How do I speed through this as quickly as possible? Or how do I take notes or how I memorize something? It's about setting up each stage of the process so that you're doing the minimal amount of repeated work. So the key here is instead of reading something very quickly or getting through something on your phone or getting through something on your Kindle and wow, this is maybe I can free up some extra time by getting this little bit of learning in there . Instead, what it's about is focusing on one thing. Having that paper in front of you, annotating it very densely and summarizing the idea. So when you go back, those ideas have already been translated into your own word, your own personal language, the language that you think in the personal metaphors that you understand it makes sense to you. So what we're looking at here is having a mole skin notebook. Most skin notebook means that you have somewhere where you can write down ideas where you can keep a journal where you can keep new ideas and work on existing ideas where you can plan out your day, plan out your week. We're also talking about file cabinets. File cabinets are very important because once you print stuff out, you you wanna have everything for each learning project in a single place in Manila folders and those manila folders are gonna be in hanging folders which hang inside each drawer of that of that file cabinet. Some people wonder Well, what about three ring binders? What about How about that? Well, first of all, three ring binders, amore, expensive options. Second, it takes a lot of time. The three hole punch, everything and you cannot problems where different three ring binders are slightly different sizes, and you also don't have the expand ability factor. So with hanging folders, it's very easy to expand a section with three ring binders. There's a lot of wasted space, and three ring by it through in vanishes aren't as efficient. So unless you do a lot of traveling stuff like that, you should stay away from those clipboards. Quit boards are very important because quip words give you a solid surface that you can write things on and your quick board's gonna be your new best friend. It's going to be with you all the time. You're always gonna have something printed out, and you're always gonna have something to read their or something to synthesize. So it doesn't always have to be new material. What of people get obsessed with new material and minimus minimalism? Part of what it's about is making sure that you're not obsessed with the new, the flashy. You're obsessed with getting those results based on the work that you've already put in and making sure that you're taking things all the way through and finishing them, which means that after you read something, once you know that you're not even halfway there. You're still maybe at the 10 yard line or the 20 yard line. You have a long way to go until you've got the information down cold and its fully integrated into your way of thinking way of looking at the world, having a printer with cheap paper, cheap ink and toner. That's something I go over in detail later in the course. How to get this set up. This is really important because for you to be maximally efficient and have the minimum amount of different formats of content, you want to have everything. Anything that's not audio or video should be printed on on 8.5 by 11 pieces of paper or in another format. That's his quotes to that as possible. So most skins air, sometimes eight by 10 inches or something. That's pretty close. But you want everything in that one format because once everything's in the same format, you can put it all in the same place. You can keep it all together when you're doing your synthesis work, which is some your most important work. Everything is going to be in one place. Everything is gonna be in the same format. Anything that's an audio or video format, you should eventually have notes on it, and those notes should be on that 8.5 by 11 format. So when you're doing your synthesis, everything is in a single format. You can also auto feed, scan it back into your computer very easily. You can put a stack of 50 pages into your scanner, and it will just blow through all of those and you won't have to touch it. You won't have to do a thing. And that allows you if you want a digitize stuff later to be able to do that and then get rid of the paper. So the second main pieces doing the hard work up front and what that means is setting up systems systems are extremely important. And if you don't have systems, you're always gonna be overwhelmed, and you're never gonna be be able to get beyond a certain level of scale, because to get beyond that level scale, you need to have things automated. You have to have systems. You have to be able to delegate. You have to be able to put something away, know where to find its six months or six years later, and that only happens when you have systems. So the basic system for learning is you have to have a single number, unique number for every learning project, and ideally, you want to cluster those numbers together. So what's say you have a four digit learning system? That means you have from 0000 to 9999. So you have 10,000 options, you have 10,000 different areas. So that means that everything from 0000 to No. 09999 which is your 1st 1000 I could all be on one subject that could be all in business. And the next 1000 could be on personal stuff. The next 1000 could be on relationships next 1000 could be on health next 1000. Could be on other things, miscellaneous things. So you want to organize your things and cluster things like that so it makes sense. If you're looking for a model, you want to go more in depth, you're gonna want to study ontology and want to study things like the Dewey decimal system . Different systems for organizing things look at how Wikipedia's organized. They all at a high level eventually need to have some sort of ontology. That's why the Dewey decimal system was invented so that libraries could organized the entire spectrum of knowledge. Other things you want to do have this same numbering system in everywhere, so that should be in your file cabinets. That should be in your one note that should be in your ever note that should be in your email that should be in your dropbox in your Google drive, in your file cabinets through ring binders, whatever you can. Even right at the top of every single page in your mole skins. You immediately know where that piece of paper should go. Everything should be going into one of these numbers, and that way you're gonna have everything you want in one place. You can do something years ago and then find it very, very quickly. File cabinets with folders and tape separators, so the tapes separators. I added here because you can put take a little piece of tape folded over the top right corner of a piece of paper and not confer. Act is a little tab that separates each document that you print out from the next one using text documents and Google docks. This is a great way to keep your digital full files well organized and all in a single format or set of formats. Also last you to delegate, outsource and collaborate with other people with Google docks. And that's gonna allow you to start delegating and outsourcing stuff because there's a significant chunk of learning that can be outsourced if you're interested in that, have a course coming out on that soon. One note is also a great way to organize notes. It's the best software out there for serious no takers. So if you think about one note, Evernote go with one note and one notes actually free. Now Microsoft made a free. It's probably the best software that Microsoft has ever made, and they really haven't been marketing it much until about a year or two ago, when they really started pushing it towards students. More minimalist learning retreat. This is the last thing, and this is something that I want you to focus on as something that you can implement immediately, and it's something that you can implement at different levels so at the lowest level, it can be just going to a different room of your house to do your work or to do your studying or to do your learning or really to do anything. You get so caught up in doing things in a certain routine that just moving toe a certain a different room, your house or a different part of your room. Rearranging your room or rearranging your office can have a huge impact because it gets up , gets you out of your routine, and you start experiencing life as a kid again with fresh eyes. And that can also mean just going somewhere in your town or city. That's different to a cafe or a different part of the cafe. Different part of the library. Go to the library and do work there. Just go. Go out for a drive in your car and go do some thinking while you're in the car. Uh, while you're exercising, you can go on a walk and do stuff while you're on a walk. You can listen to an audiobook you can just think and come up with ideas. You can just let yourself be free of all of that and see what happens. Going on a road trip is another option. I have a whole course on the road trip that I went on. It's called Fear proofing, and that's also that should be out. By the time that you're hearing this, you go to a hotel and do stuff. Sometimes people will goto Ah, hotel for a day or a weekend and just blast through a single project. And they don't leave that hotel room until they're done. Where they go with, the team can also plan a vacation or go out to nature and do a learning project while you're there or just get out of your routines. Those routines can be holding you back, and so it's important to look at your routines and think about okay, Well, how could I get some fresh ideas by breaking out of these routines? Because fresh ideas, creative ideas and new opportunities often times those air going to give you 10 times or 100 times the return of the same stuff you've been thinking about grinding over and over and over. So it's important to consistently put yourself in those slightly uncomfortable situations or just be aware of what your routines are and get out of those and just see what happens. And eventually you're gonna pick up on what an impact this has. What, what has an impact in terms, your creativity, just in terms of your energy, in terms of the cycles that you're used to going through the emotional cycles, cycles of boredom or hunger, different things. People do things a lot of times. For example, people eat and they eat out of boredom, where they do other things to waste time out of boredom. And part of that boredom is coming out of the routine. So you break that routine, you get out of that boredom, you're able to focus more. It's effortless. You get into the flow. All those super important things for learning faster and more effectively come from little things like that. So these three things of the main things that I want you to focus on, focus on your learning retreat, focus on what are my systems? How are they organized? How am I going to do all that? That's this slide and then the last pieces get off line yet more focused. Don't let your phone control that you don't let your email control you. Don't let your WiFi control. You turn those things off and get used to. Maybe it's an entire day or just a few hours each day at a certain time toe. Another time during the day you get rid of it or you just put your phone down in another room or just across the room so you don't have immediate access. You're not checking it all the time. Maybe turn off your email notifications and just check your email a couple times a day. Just little things like that can make a huge impact because there's such a cost to task. Switching. There's such a cost in terms. Your focus, your flow. And once you get in that flow and you build, it becomes easier and easier to get back into that place. Once you're doing less task switching and you're really focused on the few things that matter. So that's what the kind of stuff that you're gonna get as you go through this course. If your coming here after having already gone through this course think about okay, what from these three slides Can I implement immediately? Because everything here is golden and everything here is going to make a significant impact on how well you weren't 7. Introduction: this section is about how to cut down on what you're doing. Here is the truth about efficiency. To get really good at doing something, you have to cut down on the amount of different things that you're doing because if you're doing fewer things, you spend more time doing those things. And so you're gonna get better at doing those things. You're gonna get faster, you're to get into the flow, doing those things more easily. Fewer issues and fewer problems. They're gonna crop up that shift you away from what you really trying to do. The more you complicate things by doing mawr by going on a lot of different directions, the more you're opening yourself up to getting stressed out to getting overwhelmed, having a problem you don't know how to solve. And sometimes that come that being uncomfortable going out and exploring things is useful. The problem is where you're not doing that intentionally, or you're not understanding what stage you're in right now. Sometimes you're in a stage where you need to be doing exploring and exploring and trying out different things and new things is very important. Other times you're in a stage where you really just need toe nose to the grindstone. Just do the same thing over and over again. Really, get into the zone, do the same thing. Get very comfortable with that one thing and put in your 10,000 hours putting your deliberate practice so there's two sides to it. There's sometimes when you should be doing that a lot of the time, especially when you're learning. After you're through that research stage, we're going out and exploring. Now it's time to buckle down. Take what you have, take what you've researched and start getting that into your head, getting that downloaded into your brain to the point where becomes second nature. So, studying creative geniuses all throughout history, you find that creativity comes from constraints. If you don't have any constraints, you could do anything and you end up doing nothing or you end up doing something very unoriginal. It's only when you have those constraints where it becomes an interesting problem for you to solve. Learned learning, resourcefulness. This is another huge thing when you have fewer options when you have fewer tools, that's when you really learn the boundaries of those tools. You really pushed things to their limit, and you figure out, how can I achieve something without all the tools that I'm normally used to having? And if you've ever done in or even heard about an interview at Google or one of these other top companies, they'll often give these little challenges where they give you a few objects, a few basic household tools. And then they ask you, How would you achieve this? Or How would you achieve that? And whether testing is, are you able to re contextualize those objects as tools that could be used for other functions rather than just their primary function or the function that you're used to using it for? So they're looking for that resourcefulness, which means that were able to take something and look past the label of what you call it or what it's usually used for and use it based on all its features, all its different attributes. Third thing is reducing decision making, so decision making comes down to picking between options weighing those options and then coming up with some sort of calculus that makes you go one way or the other. If you're constantly doing that, you're putting a lot of strain on yourself and all that energy you're putting into decision making could be used for something else. So if you reduce the amount of options you have, you reduced amount of decisions you have to make. And this is a whole separate thing than the bigger problem often, which is that people spend a lot of time on decisions that don't really matter and not enough time on decisions that really do matter. So you got to make sure that you're not majoring in minor things. Second thing is scalability, so when you're using fewer different things, it's going to enable you to scale faster. If you look at high performance computers, they use those old fashioned languages, those languages that are closer to machine code or assembly language, meaning it's just more of an old fashioned language. If you think about the difference between English and Latin, it's somewhat of a similar thing. It's a little bit more obscure. It's harder for beginners to learn, but you get speed improvements to get a performance improvement. So you're using a more basic system, something that isn't his flower. Your isn't as ornate. You're able to do things faster and more efficiently. So getting things to scale, delegating outsourcing things. As I said before, check out my course on how to outsource your learning. If you want to understand how you can outsource a huge amount of your learning process at each of the different stages, it's also easier to change formats later. So formats are always coming and going applications are always coming and going. There's always gonna be a new format, a new way of organizing things. The more complicated of a format you're keeping things in, the more likely it is to be trapped inside that system. That's why it's a good idea. Tow. Avoid proprietary systems whenever you can, because if it's trapped in that proprietary format, you're not gonna be able to get it out. Or if you try to convert it, you're gonna lose some details along the way. So try to focus on not using new technology. If you don't have to try to use old technology, try to use paper and pencil or pen and, uh, pen and paper, because just those things we're gonna be talking about how to pare things down. You're gonna get a lot of benefits out of it. You're gonna notice your speed improving. You're gonna notice that your stay in the flow and you're not is distracted by little things. Making a lot of small decisions can take up a lot of your time having constant low level anxiety because you're not sure if you're doing the right thing or if there's multiple options and you haven't really decided on one thing that's all taking away from your mental bandwidth. And so getting rid of all those little inefficiencies is part of what's gonna make this course help you make those changes that you're looking for. 8. Go Off The Grid with These Learning Tools: in this section, you're gonna learn offline tools to improve your learning process. These are the major stages of your learning project process. First you're researching, and research is very important to print things out, so having a great printing set up is important. We'll talk about how to do that in a later video, then consuming information. Your bookshelf is very important. That's where you keep your books. Maybe that's where you're keeping three ring binders. Ideal. Your have a file cabinet system, and you will have as much as possible in that file. Cabinet system books printed out instead of on a bookshelf where they're in a different format in a separate place, not organized by learning Project number. The other major thing is a clipboard so that you can be reading and you could be annotating no matter where you go. That clip word should always be on you. Next thing synthesis. Having a mole skin where you can keep notes come up with ideas, come up with new theories, new metaphors. Often new scientific theories are. Theories in any area come from a metaphor. That's why innovators usually come from other domains because they have access to a different set of metaphors. And when they apply those metaphors to the data to the information to the current state of knowledge, they're able to come up with new innovations. It's also it can be useful to scan things in so anything that you're you have in a mole skin or another journal that should be scanned into your computer. And then that could be organized digitally. Because if you're writing on both sides of a piece of paper, each side of the piece of paper could be on a different subject that needs to go in a different place. So the best option is get everything digitized and then move on from there. And if you think well, that sounds like a lot of work, cause then you have to organize each file digitally and then print out each one individually. Well, what you do is you batch your synthesis. So when you're ready to do your synthesis, you may be printing out pages from the last 12 months of the last six months of mole skins . But you're doing it all at once. Then you can put those in a folder labeled printed, and now you have access to them and they're offline. And there's no confusion about okay, Was that printed or not? Where is all that information? It's all gonna be in your physical, uh, most most of time file Cabinet system, and that's where you're storing things. And that's how your memorizing things. So I go more into this in the memory course about how you can use colored labels toe set up a spaced repetition system with your file cabinet. But basically you could just label things with different colors based on when you should be repeated when you should get that next space repetition on them. Using tape or sticky notes to create those tabs is also important that you're keeping every document separated. The next thing is the offline habit. This is very important. Most of you are spending most your time learning on the computer or connected to some sort of electronic device, even if you're not looking at it, maybe in your pocket and maybe ready receiving notifications all the time, taking you out of that flow state. So instead of having the habit or the default setting or default method of learning being connected, being on the Internet being on the computer, make your new habit being offline and change from being a passive receiver of information where people are notifying you of one things air coming out or when a new post happens or when a new book comes out. Instead, put that in a batch mode. So have a habit of one day, a week or two days, a week or a single time every single day, where you check for new things new content than the rest of the time you're in control of what you're looking at, what you're reading, what you're consuming, that's extremely important. And one of the best ways to start building that habit is to turn your notifications off the last thing and this is a little bit of an extension of that is the powerful technology and traditional methods. And what that means is you're not getting overwhelmed by technology with all the different options all the different ways you could do things that task switching so it may seem like , Well, I'm just switching between a bunch of different tabs. I'm just watching between a few different applications, but in reality your brain has to keep all of that somewhat active in your working memory or in your RAM, the same way that to have a fast computer that can have a bunch of applications, a bunch of tabs open, you have to have gigabytes and gigabytes and gigabytes of RAM. If you go on an old computer and try to do that, it doesn't work well. Here's the thing about our computers, the computers in our brain. They have basically an unlimited long term storage, so you can store on almost unlimited amount of things if you do the space repetitions. The problem is you can't add more ram, so you have a very It's like having an old computer that has a ton of hard drive space. But it's not gonna be. It's never going to be able to have dozens and dozens of tabs open a bunch of different applications bunch different maps, a bunch of different things, running and doing different things at the same time. So you have to accept that and get into a mode where you're not trying to multitask and your goat you're doing more things as habits at a certain decided time. At the same time each day, or each week, and you're getting out of that habit of task switching, and that's gonna free up. A lot of your mental resource is this is where friction comes in. There's negative friction, and there's positive friction. Friction. Negative friction is when in order for you to do something good like, for example, what's so you don't eat very healthy food. You have to go to the store and buy salad ingredients in order to make a salad, whereas that bag of chips is, uh, is at arm's length or right in the kitchen or whatever. So there's a lot of friction to you doing what you should be doing. On the flip side, there's no friction to go going, grabbing that bag of chips at the same time or in the same way. Having positive friction means that maybe those chips or at the store, but that salad is right there in front of you, so setting up the frictions that's hard to do things the wrong way and easy to do things. The right way is huge. So what that means is, wait for a time when you're feeling good, when you're feeling like your basic needs air satiated, and there's nothing that you're really craving and take that precious time and use that to build a system that's gonna think, have a lot of friction to doing the wrong thing and making it easy to do the right thing. Terms of learning. That means changing your information diet, so make it harder to consume. Consume that quick hit information that isn't really good for you. Make it really easy to consume that long form deep, really valuable, full of golden nuggets. Not a lot of fluff information. Make it really easy to do that and really difficult Teoh consume that other type of information Over time, you're just going to see who huge improvements in the quality of your learning, the speed of your learning and also just the enjoyment of the process. 9. Strip Down Your Computer Learning Systems to the Bare Minimum: in this video, you're gonna learn how to strip down your computer so that you've got ah, highly optimized, highly organized computer filing system. One of the first things you can do is think about what file formats you're using, and if it's necessary to be using proprietary formats or anything, that's beyond a basic text document. Now I have said before, using Google docks is one of the best ways, and that is a proprietary format that's stuck in the cloud. But the benefits of outsourcing the benefits of collaboration of delegating those outweigh the negatives of having it in the cloud. Because you can always back things up and they're special organizational strategies you can use to counter Act that. For example, having everything in a single at a single level of hierarchy, and keeping all your Google docks in a few places within your drive that way doesn't take a lot of time to just back up. All of those folders. Download them off line every week or every month, depending on how your system is set up and how important those backups are for you. But I want you to do at least an experiment if it's going to be short term is try using naked text documents and not doing anything beyond that and see what you can do with just a text document, because it turns out they're very versatile. If you're using something like no pad plus plus, you're gonna have a line numbering system so that you can refer to individual lines within a document. I used text documents heavily when I'm outsourcing something and I want to type something up and I want to really be able to focus on that. So instead of having all the options of a Google docks or a Microsoft word, I'm just in that note pad environment, and I'm doing everything right there and it helps me stay focused. And it also helps me think about how would I organize this If I didn't have any of those extra features? How would I parrot down to the bare minimum so that I can improve my efficiency when every when you're doing everything with a pared down system, you become more creative and so then you can go back to that more feature rich environment , and you have all these new creative tools thes new ways of thinking about things that you didn't have before hand. It also helps if you're moving between systems or the person you're working with. Where was working for you is on a different system. You have to worry about things getting messed up with a simple text document. I also talked earlier about a single level structure in having numbering systems. So the way you want to think about organizing all your files or individual sections of your files because a lot of you you have a ton of documents. You have a ton of stuff offline and online needing off your computer on your computer, maybe even the cloud. And it's all organized in different ways, and it's all quartered. So how do you tackle that problem? How do you tackle organizing all that stuff? Well, what you do is you start using a numbering system, so everything that's in a list gets numbered from 00 20120 to 203 Or if it's going to be more than 100 items, it would be 001002 That's gonna handle up to 1000 items. You can even go beyond that up to 10,000 items and even beyond that. But that's what you start out with, and what you do is if something has that numbered prefix, that means you've become organizing that piece and that piece is organized. The things that aren't don't have that prefix means they're not organized yet, so you can start out at the root level at the base level. That kind of when you open up a hard drive and you're just looking what's right there, that's what's your root level. Or if you just open up Dropbox or open up Google Drive, whatever's looking at you right there. That's at the root level that's at the base level, and you can start there. But you can also start at individual places within their. So it might be a certain folder that used all the time, and there's lots of stuff going on there, and it would be really valuable toe have that organized or there's something you're collaborating on. Be really helpful to be ableto talk on the phone with somebody and say, OK, it's in folder 02 and then some sub folder, 04 or it's in folder 013 and I use this all the time when I'm collaborating with different people makes it so much easier to refer to things and find things, because what happens is it's like laying a foundation, laying that, pouring that concrete in there. Once you set up the numbering for things, the numbering never changes, and so over time you start to memorize those numbers without even intentionally doing it doesn't take any extra effort. Then you can refer to those things and they become second nature to you. You can also search very easily for a number, and you're not going to get a bunch of other results that you're not looking for. So numbers can be very valuable for a number of reasons. But you can also go into that folder and instantly see okay, all those things air number. That means I've been here before, and I've organized this folder. If nothing's number, then that means you know you didn't organize and it doesn't take a lot of extra resource is to keep track of. Did I organize this or not? There's a few other ways you can organize. You can use stage based organization with different versions so the way you would do this is you would name a file. That's what say you're working on collaborative project. What say you're putting together a power point? So you're gonna call that power point, uh, July presentation. So July presentation version 1.0 is going to be the starting presentation. And then when you get to a significant milestone, you spend an hour on the phone with a few other people and you finish, Then you would turn that version 1.1, and then you would work on that yourself. Bring it back to the group would be version 1.2. You make a significant milestone. Maybe it's ready, toe, actually. Give that first presentation and you turn it into file version two point. Oh, and then that's when you present make. Maybe you make a few changes before your next presentation outs. Three point of stuff like that. The other way of doing it is toe use. Date based organization. Date based organization just means a prefix, which just means entering something before the file name would be the date, and you always use the year in four digits. So be like 2000 15 or 2016 and then a period or a dash and then the month code in two digits. So that would be like July 07 and then you would do the date. So what say it's July 4th, so B 04 And that way you're going to use the exact same system every single time in any time you sort by file name. All those different versions of the file or all those different files are always going to be in the right order based on when you created them. And the idea is you can have multiple versions that if you make a mistake or something doesn't work out, you can go back in time and find the older version of stuff of something. And it keeps everything in order. And it's very easy to refer to an exact item when you're working with somebody else. So just removes a lot of friction, and it's a great habit to get into because, you know, okay, that's definitely something I was organizing because otherwise I wouldn't have put that special prefix on it and named it that way. Here's another major hack de quarter your computer by using rolls so you can create separate user accounts for doing different things. So if you have different roles that you go into or just different jobs or different organizations or different tasks that you do, you can create a special environment user environment. Just for that tasks, you can have special wallpapers. Just for that, you can have just the short cuts you need for just the applications. Just the folders, just the files that are relevant to doing that tasker. Assuming that role within that environment, you can also use something called momentum for chrome, which is a plug in where any time you open a new tab. It has one line there which says, What's your main focus for the for the day? You type that in, And then every time you open in new tab and you're thinking about going to this website or that website, it automatically reminds you this is your main goal. Are you on track with that? Another thing you can do is split up rolls into different days of the week. So this is one the most powerful things you can dio. I talked earlier about what are the main system areas of your life. So number one is your career, your business number to your personal life. Number three, your relationships number for your health number. Five other stuff and that other stuff. You can think about it as meta level organization. That's the way that I think about it, and that can be your five work days. That could be the five days of the week. So what are you doing on Monday? Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday. Monday. That would be your business to Tuesday. That would be your personal Thursday Wednesday. That be your relationships Thursday that be your health? Your body Friday would be your organization, your meta level and Saturday and Sunday. You can figure out whatever you want to do for those two days, but that's a very basic way of thinking about it. And then, if you find yourself always getting distracted or missing those habits, or you really need to go into the mode and focus on this one thing, that's the way you can do. Let's say week. Will you want to check in on your financials, then you could do that every Tuesday. That be part of your personal day on Tuesday, where you may be spent half an hour an hour and you take care of a bunch of habits, and they'd all be in that one place and that one user account, and it helps you get into that mode and build that role. Build that part of your identity until where it's solid, and then it becomes automatic. It just becomes a party. Another little bit more minor. Thing you can do is put things in full screen mode, so you make sure you doing one task at a time. You're not tempted to switch things. Another thing is, just use separate windows, so don't have a bunch of tabs open and one window drag one of those tabs out, closed the other. Minimize that other window. So you just have one thing that you're looking at that's in front of you. Get rid of those notifications. Use that screen real estate properly. Then the last thing is using bookmarks. So as you see X marks and last past year, those are the two best plug ins to use or extensions for chrome firefox. Whatever you're using, that you can keep all your passwords in one place. all your bookmarks in one place and their sink across all your computers, Then look at creating bookmark folders. So the same organization that I talked about before that can be used in your bookmarks. So no one you could create a folder called 01 Career. 01 business. That would be your business bookmarks. Oh, to would be your personal 03 would be relationships. 04 would be health. 05 would be meta level. So those basic things, Then you could have another folder called Every Day that you will look at every day an additional roles, responsibilities, projects you're working on that could go in 060708 But you're looking at that every day. You can even have folders that are labeled for each day of the week. So I have a folder in my bookmarks called 00 Days, and I click on that and there's a folder of bookmarks for each day. So each day, the weight week I have a certain set of bookmarks that I'm looking at during that day, right in the morning to get started with another really important bookmark, apt to have your browser Firefox Chrome. It's basically on every browser at this point is one tap. One tab allows you do a bunch of research on something open 10 15 tabs and then you just can't do it anymore. You can't look at anymore or it could just be a section. It could be the right six tabs of 15 total tabs you have in one folder. So you just want to close those right six. So you would go into that tab. That's right to the left of the 1st 1 of those six that you want to close and you'd right quick and you'd say, Close all tabs to the right and all those six taps to the right of the tab you were in, We'll get closed and go toe one tap. So one tab, just a single button you can quick. It'll take all those tabs, closed them all and then save those tabs is a list of links. You can restore them all once, or you could just open them one at a time. And it's just it's so beneficial. It helps so much. But the way to think about bookmarks is that this is just another way where you're organizing information. This is just another way for you to batch activities. Remove notifications, get things into your schedule so you can have ah, set of bookmarks that you open once in the morning and once in the evening. That could have checking your email that could have checking certain stats for your wet, your business or your website or your ah, your profession or whatever things that want to keep track of things that you want to check in on on certain days of the week. Certain times of the day that can go, go all go into a very basic bookmark system. You don't need to have all these fancy APS fancy services to get these basic things set up . All you need tohave is the same organization system across everything you're doing in your file cabinets in your bookmarks, in your email in your Google drive, your dropbox, your hard drives. Just use one system everywhere, and it's gonna totally simplify. Totally change how you think, because you're gonna get a massive increase in clarity of thinking you to be able to connect things across different domains urine to be able to access things that you haven't looked at in years, and it's gonna all come back because you've got everything in the right place with one place and you can get it when you need it. And when you're done with something where you just you're bored by or whatever, you know where you put it, so that you can get it later when you need it. And there's no friction that there's no uncertainty of Where does this go? What do I do with this? I'm overwhelmed. There's gonna put it in a box and forget about it. That's never gonna happen again once you have this kind of system set up. 10. How to Throw Away Your Desktop Computer Forever and Live Free: this video, you're gonna learn about how to start going without your main desktop computer. And if you've got a powerful laptop computer, this congee thinking about, well, what could you do if you just had a Net book or you just had a phone or you just had a tablet where you just had a phablet, which is an in between a tablet in the phone? It could be a phone that's just got a imagine just a phone with a really large display. That's actually where the trend is going. If you look at the recent iPhones and how they their growing bigger and bigger screens is, that's what people are looking for. So it's becoming this kind of miniature laptop that has full 10 80 p resolution, and that's where phones and phablets and tablets aero headed. So first thing we're looking at here is you can learn anytime, anywhere, so you can learn on any of these devices. And a lot of that also comes down to being able to connect to the Internet. And that's why turning off notifications is so important is because a lot of times you're learning has to go through the cloud, and if it's going through the cloud, then that means you're gonna have to have WiFi or you're not three G or for G enabled. So that's why turning off the notifications is so important, and it's a great way to build a habit. So instead of having toe actively turn off your wife fire, go into airplane mode, it's You have to actively go into your email in orderto get distracted again. So last thing here, I mean wireless Bluetooth keyboard. These things air great. You can connect a Bluetooth toe almost any phone, almost any tablet, and you can turn that into a full fledged computer. You could be writing emails. You could be writing word documents. You could be filling out a spreadsheet. You could be doing almost anything you need to do if you just have that wireless keyboard and for some phones, also wireless mouse. Another thing is, think about how you can get stuff into the cloud, so cloud space is ridiculously cheap. Right now, it's $10 per terabyte per month. That's Google Drive. That's Dropbox. Some places are even cheaper, but I highly recommend that if you have a lot of big files or just a lot of files. You put all of those in Dropbox and then use Google. Drive more for just those Google documents and things where you're collaborating with other people because Google Drive is not as mature as Dropbox and it doesn't handle a lot of files or larger files as well. But it's really important to get stuff in the cloud and get comfortable with that because you can save so much time and really increase your performance by collaborating with other people and also outsourcing again. Check out that outsourcing your learning course because there's a ton of stuff you can do with outsourcing, and it's really the next big things. You've got to get in on this next thing, the danger of always being connected. You're not when you're always being notified of things always being interrupted, you're not in control and you're not used doing batch Twerk Batch work is where you're focused. You're doing a bunch of the same thing at once. You're gonna increase your performance where you're always switching tasks. You're not getting that performance boost and you're increasing friction. You want a decrease friction and you decrease friction by decreasing task switching and you make doing the right thing easy, making doing the wrong thing more difficult or impossible. That's how you should be thinking about things you should be thinking about. How do I set up my routines? My systems? What are my routines? What are my systems? Maybe that's where you're at. You're not even sure what your routines are? What your systems are. Go through your your day to day life. Go through your average week and look at what are my main routines. Maybe that's a single thing you could do in your journal this week is what are my routines and then start looking at Okay. What do I need to get rid of in my environment? At the office, at home, in your car. Where you going every day? Where you going every week. How can you remove things from the environment that air take pulling you back from where you should be? And how can you add things to the environment that are going to increase the probability that you're going to do the right thing at the right time? Why should you turn off notifications? So I've already I'm trying to mention this as many times as I can because it's so important . It's critical that you change this habit, and this is a habit that a lot of people, whether it's email, whether it's social media, it's very hard for them to do. And you've got to get into this habit. If you really want to be a high performance learner, you've got to get out of the habit of having other things, notifying you. It's got to become a thing where you're going into those different places and you may be worried about, Well, I'm gonna miss out on a lot of stuff. Well, then, do an experiment. None of this stuff is stuff that you have to do. Ah, 100% of the time, all the time for the rest of your life. You can take any idea in this course and do it for a day. Do it for a few days, do it for a week and then making an experiment. Learn from it, make something happened, do something differently and see what happens for you. See what works for you. So this is another experiment without doing anything. Just go back into your last two days of Facebook notifications or Twitter or core notifications or email notifications, or just emails that you've gotten and see my really getting value out of this create habits . So we may be thinking, Well, what if I forget to go check it? Well, then what that means is that you should create a, uh, bookmarks folder that's called every day, and all you have to do is right. Click on that folder and say, Open every link in a new window, and then you can go through every single website and make sure you check everything you need to check. That's a much better habit to build in than to do with the old way. You can also make it so that when you open your browser, it automatically opens a certain set of tabs. Just go into your browser settings and set that up for yourself and then back camera lead to another hat, which is at night or at the end of the workday. Make sure closing all your tabs that when you open up your browser in the morning, the first thing that happens is you're looking at all those tabs. That's a way to do it where it's positive and you're in control. You're doing it in batch mode. The important thing to know about websites and kind of the other side of the coin is that websites are usually making money based on ads. The way you make money based on ads is impressions and on people clicking the ads, the more impressions you get, which is just showing somebody and add, even if they don't quick on it, the more money you're going to make. So the incentives is to keep you on that site as long as possible, and then to get you to come back to that site as much as possible. And they measure things like just increasing the, uh, the look of a button. Their location of a button might increase on average people spending one or two more seconds per day on their site in over a year or five years. That's millions of dollars in ad revenue, so they're doing everything they can to just get you back and make you stay longer and longer. So you've got to realize it's this game and they're trying to keep you there, and you have to make sure that if you're spending time there, you're really getting the value out of it and a lot of people Also, this is a quick thing, but a lot of people turn off ads and they think, Oh, that's great. Well, first thing is you should be learning from the ads that you're being shown because that's a great, great way to learn marketing. And it's a great way to also learn about yourself, because once you fit into these demographics in the sites you visit, the way they market to you is going to give you insights into, well, what's psychologically driving you or other people that are like you. And there's just a ton of really great stuff. I'm always saving, um, copies of different ads that I see that are targeted towards me. Based on the websites. I go to you goto competitors website or somebody's doing interesting stuff. Then you get to get re targeted by their ads and see what sort of stuff they're doing toe attract other people that have similar interests and what's popular with people. So you get a lot of really interesting insights about people when about things were interested in by going to those websites and then seeing how those ads kind of follow you around and what kind of advertising they use and what sort of strategies they're using for their marketing. So it's a great way to learn, and I never turn off my ads because I always want to be learning from those ads. 11. Special Minimalist Learning Tips for The World Traveler: in this video, you're gonna learn how to approach traveling and learning while traveling in a minimalist way. So Number one is flat books. What is the advantage of flat books? Well, it's really not just books is anything that's text based, and eventually you should be trying to get everything that you're learning at the beginning level, into tax base or into picture based. So printing out pictures, researching using pictures. That's a major part of my research process. And it's a major part of building systems and frameworks and finding out what's out there. So that's really important. But pictures in Texas what you should be eventually getting everything down to. Now we'll talk about what you should do. If you don't like reading or video and audio, that's what you prefer. We'll talk about how to do that in the last slide, but right here we're talking about printing flat, and the reason why that's so important is because it gives you the maximum ability to annotate. An annotation is one of the number one things you can do to improve your learning. It's also gonna make space repetition easy because everything goes right into your spaced repetition system, and you can scan those annotations in later. But what if you can't print stuff at what you can't carry a lot of paper around with you? Well, one thing you can do is using the reader and read e books. They're very convenient. You can highlight you can annotate. One of the problems, though, is that you have a tough time annotating in the first place because you got a little keyboard or it's a screen keyboard, so you're not gonna be able to type a lot. It's not the same feeling also is writing by hand, and you can't do things like circle things or use special symbols, or it's harder to do that. It's also hard to export your annotations and your highlights, and often it's not gonna be in a great format. There's something special about actually looking at a page and senior annotations, because if you miss something or you don't understand something, go right back to that text doesn't work exactly the same way when you're looking at an e book, and you also don't have that physical sense of how much you've read, how much is left to go because there's a level of accomplishment you feel when you see OK, this many feet of paper, this many thousands of pages I've invested in learning this subject and I can see that I've made this amount of progress. Space repetitions is also more difficult, and you've got a lot of your annotations and often time. The book is gonna be trapped within that device or within whatever digital rights management software is attached to it. So summary ization is difficult. It's gonna be slow typing in there. I just I try to avoid the readers whenever I can. I probably haven't used my Kindle in about a year because I just the printing is so important that so valuable And the main way that I travel when I'm learning is I just feel a cardboard box full of whatever I want to learn about, and I'm just gonna carry that around. And the reason why I'm willing to do that is because I value the learning more than having everything in a small package is possible. And and I also don't want things mixed with my clothing. I want things those separated so that the pages aren't damaged. One way you can if you want to go completely paperless when you're traveling, one thing you can do is get a two sided scanner and then get a printer with ER a scanner with ADF with always 50 pages, which is document auto document feed. And that's gonna let your what. You put a stack of papers and and have that whole stack scanned at once. But you have to be aware beforehand you're going to need a system for organizing those pdf's. If they're scanned, his individual J pegs your have to combine them into PDFs. That could be a ton of work, and it's really boring and its probably a waste of your time. So that's something that you can outsource to a person or you can send your papers to a place like $1 scan. That's what you can also use if you want to get a book directly from Amazon converted into an e book or into a pdf Um, which is a service I've used before. And it works really well finally using audio and video. So how do you do that? Swell. Yeah, you can obviously just put it in your quiet in your Dropbox or whatever, and then listen to it while you're in transit. Part of the problem, though, is that you're gonna have to download each individual files. They have access to it offline and things seem. And in most cloud software, basically everyone that I've tried, you're not able to download an entire make an entire folder offline, so that could change at any moment. One thing you can do to get around that is you can use software that merges video or audio files into 30 or 60 minute chunks so that you don't have to do is much downloading. Another thing is that video's really drain your battery. And so even if you have a ton of stuff that you want to get through, you have to make sure you have power so that you can get through that. But the most important thing you can do is set up a folder structure for space repetitions . That's something I talk about in my memory course. But the general, I'd idea is, is you're gonna create anywhere from weekly toe a month we or ah, two month system, and what you do is you create a separate folder for each uh, What say if there, let's say you're gonna do a 30 day system. So you set up 30 from folders with 30 days in a month. And then what you do is you go through and each of those folders you put ah, half hour or an hour, two hours of content in there, and then on that day of the month, that's the content that you're going to go through and every single month on that day of the month. That's what you're gonna look at. If you're done with it and you've got a fully memorized or you're just not interested anymore, you can skip it. Or you can create a bigger system that's every six every two months, every three months and then put it into Folder 54 or Folder 78. And so that way you can spread things out into a longer duration of time again, more into that, more in depth of how that's all set up in the memory course. But that's the basic ideas you set up folders for each day of the month, and then when you're sitting there and you're not sure what to do, you just go into that folder, and that's going to tell you what you should get your space repetitions on that day, 12. Tools for Eliminating Distractions and Building Focus: in this video, we're gonna go over three different strategies to improve your focus and eliminate distractions. Number one is the calendar tool. So we've touched on different elements of this, but I want to focus on it more here. The idea is you may be doing things multiple times a day that really can be batch to into doing a single time a day or maybe twice a day. E mails, a good example that Facebook social media That could be another example that there's other things that you're doing every day that you could really get away with doing maybe once a week or maybe two days a week. So start looking at your habits. Was talking about before is start looking at your habits routines both on a day to day, hour to hour basis, but also on that day to day, week to week basis of what are you doing several times a day, several times a week, maybe several times a month, But mostly it's gonna be at that hourly level every few hours. You're doing something, or every day or a few days you're doing something and try to get rid of most of that activity and batch it into a single time during the day or single time during the week. Then what you do is you build a system around this, so that means you put it into your calendar and it's a repeating item that means you go into your bookmarks and you set that up is on that day of the week. You go into your bookmarks and you take care of that. And that's the end of the story. So just doing basic stuff like that is super important to building your systems, and these things add and stack on top of each other. So after a month of doing this, you're going to just It may be hard to realize, because you may never measure it and maybe never be worth it to go try to measure this stuff every single day. But if you just do back of the napkin math, you're getting huge performance advantages out of just setting up very simple systems like this because you're removing so much waste and so much negative friction. Another huge thing is working on the wrong problem, so I'm eventually going to create a whole course on this which is basically systems level thinking, flow charts, other stuff like that, how to represent complex systems and how to attack them. But the basic idea is you need to figure out what the most improbable, most important problems are in the different areas of your life. The way you do that is you start to draw out on a piece of paper the process that you're going to go through to solve a problem or two to achieve something that you do every single day, some sort of common task. And the way that I got into this is I started looking at how programmers model their program because the program is just giving a computer a set of instructions to do instruction. 12345 This is very similar to your boss, for example, giving you instructions. Are you giving somebody else instructions? You're just giving them a list of tasks to dio and a flow chart allows you to represent that and a represent different task going off or more complex versions of that. But it's really a flow chart is very simple, so you take your most important problems. You draw those out on a flow chart, and then you look at what is the bottleneck? What is the single point where everything is going really well. And then there's this choke point. There's something wrong where it's everything slows down to a crawl or stuff doesn't happen or just doesn't get done or other things get in the way. And then you attack that bottleneck and that's gonna free up everything else and you're gonna see huge performance gains. So that's a very general level, problem solving tool that's gonna while you to start getting a visual representation of what's going on in different areas of your life. What the bottleneck is, and sometimes it can be. This simple is changing. A single thing that you do that can really open things up. Finally, addition versus subtraction that is more of an emotional level thing, which is, people are often unconscious of why they do what they do. They have. They have an idea of maybe one reason why they do what they do. That may be correct, but the the truth is, usually we have multiple pros and cons that are weighing why we do something or why we don't do something and so people usually think of. Okay, I'm gonna quit doing this or I'm gonna stop doing this. And part of the problem is when you stop doing something, you don't realize that those things you were doing before we're meeting a bunch of different of your six human needs at the same time in your new activity. Isn't meeting those needs at the same level. And so you may start doing something else that is is not constructive. Based on created quitting an old bad habit. You may pick up another bad habit, or you may pick up doing something else that isn't totally in line with where you want to be. And why that happens is because you don't have a riel deep understanding of why you're doing what you're doing. And so a better way to approach problems like this oftentimes is instead of trying to quit something or trying to subtract something has add something new or add something more. So I'll give you a quick story. Um, my brother got me on these, uh, the's Dunkin Donuts, which is, uh, on the east coast of popular Don't, um, coffee and doughnut shop. And he got me on these ice coffees, and I just I had to have one every single morning. It became this routine I get into and I, like, go read for an hour to just sitting in the parking lot reading something I used. I built this whole like ritual around it where I was like, Oh, this is great chasm getting this alone time, and I'm focused on one thing and I get really into it and I'm learning a lot. But I realized this really isn't a great habit long term. And so I try to just Okay, I'll just stop doing it. I started getting getting like some, which are all from the lack of sugar, the laugh, lack of caffeine. So I was going to other places to get that sugar. I was going to other places to try to get something to replace that that was a physiological need. Where have become an addiction? A lot of people, for example, don't realize that they're addicted to sugar because it's not something that we think about same thing with caffeine. A lot of people just don't pay attention to it. So for what I was trying to cut back on it or do less. And then what? I I thought it is. Well, what if I doom? Or what if I drink so much of it that I get sick of it and I just don't want it anymore? So over the process, about a week or two, I just every single day I got a more and more coffee to the point where on the last couple of days I was drinking three or four of the largest size ice coffees, and I wouldn't We wasn't eating anything else the entire day. I was just drinking these coffees as like, I was basically a full liquid diet and, like sometimes have a little bit of dinner. But I was it. And, uh, but it worked, and it's been over a year since, and I just I don't have the taste for it anymore. So there's things you can do like that where, instead of subtracting, you can add, and it's just another experiment that you can try. It's another thing, your toolbox. So that and and also at a deeper level just getting more aware of your six human needs. If you're interested in that, check out my emotional intelligence course or my body language course. I go deepest into that in the emotional intelligence course, but also, if you're interested in body language, that's a big component because a lot of people think body language is about looking at what somebody's doing. But it's really about how that's giving you information about what you should already be able to predict about your own or somebody else's. Six human needs is one of the best ways to learn body language is to just pay attention to what you do when you feel a certain emotion. And that's how UM, experts learn body language. That's how I learned a lot of body language and get insights that you won't get from books because it just goes so deep. So if you're interested in that, definitely check out those courses cause it's really good stuff 13. Introduction: in this video, I'm gonna be taking you through each of the main stages of the learning process. I'm gonna show you how to apply minimalist methodology to that stage of the warning process . So if you're familiar with my courses on research speed reading, no taking memory teaching, you're gonna be learning. Okay, If you have a minimalist framework, how do you approach each of these stages? And by doing that, you're gonna learn, OK, well, maybe I want to attack this stage first. Maybe I want to figure out I'm spending most of my time right now in this stage on this learning project. So that's what I want to apply to. First, let's think about minimalism and simplification and understanding what is learning, Really. So learning comes down to making connections, and that's really what information is also a knowledge is it's just information. It's just elements that are connected in some sort of relationship. And ultimately, everything is relationships, so relationships. I mean, you can go down to the microscopic level where there's no such thing as a solid object. There's just different kind of energy balls going around and, um, or energy fields, and you're getting into the realm with physics. But the point is that information is really relationships. There's nothing that by itself, means something you can think about a, uh, any sentence in the English language. It's gonna have a subject, and it's gonna have an object, and then that verb is going to determine what that relationship is, and that's when you have a sentence. That's when you have a clause that's kind of the core of the meaning. So that's what we're talking about. At a higher level, that was. Learning is a complex web of connections. You're building a web of connections. You're building a Web. You can think about it like the Internet, a bunch of different pieces of content, piece of information connected to each other. When you're starting out, you want to build a foundation, and that foundation needs repetition. That entire webs Web needs repetition to the point where it becomes second nature. That information that model of information, that knowledge interconnected those ideas, interconnected forms, something that you can actually use. The three stage model of learning is consuming, synthesizing and then memorizing slash acting. Now, why is that last stage of a slash there will, because sometimes you have information that you can act on now. Sometimes you have information you can act on later. Sometimes you have information that you're never gonna act on, so you're not gonna memorize it. You're not gonna act on it. Sometimes you have information where you can act on it, right. You can act on it right now and you can act on in the future. That's often a principle or a general strategy or a philosophy that's gonna keep on recurring in different formats for the rest of your life. So there's different types of information. Sometimes it needs to be memorized. Sometimes you do it once and then you never need to remember how to do it again. So it depends on how you're doing things, and it also comes into play as storage. His memory is just storing something in your brain for a certain amount of time that also applies to your computer. Hard drives are going to die 3 to 5 years, so you've gotta have a plan for that. If you put something in a filing cabinet, will you need to know how to retrieve that later on a lot of memory isn't just storing things but also retrieving things from memory. So a lot of no Monix and memory tricks and techniques and strategies is about not storing it necessarily, but storing it in a way where it can be retrieved more efficiently or with more confidence . So we're gonna be getting into all of this in more detail in the coming videos. 14. The Zen of Deep Research: in this video, we're gonna talk about the learning process as it relates to research. So how do you get into that deep, Zen level mode of research where you're totally in the flow, comfortable dealing with a lot of different websites, A lot of different piece of information, totally unrelated. You're seeing terminology. You're seeing language and jargon you don't recognize you've never seen before. Doesn't make any sense to you See my serum, my research course on that because I talked about how there's fourth, usually 3 to 4 different languages within any domain of knowledge that you need to learn to really do effective research number. One thing, though we're talking about minimalism is explore tangents safely, so you need to be able to do a very broad scope and research from a lot of different areas . So the way you handle that is making sure that you're using one tab, and some people say, Well, you can use brows history. Find whatever you were doing before, but it's really not struck. Structured. You also can help avoid slowing down your computer a ton because you can save those tabs. Open him up. Laters. You can explore a website. It's going to 10 other websites. You can open up those 10 websites looking them all, put him on one tab, come back later and then go back to that original Google Pote search and then start going to the rest of those results. You can't do that if you don't have a system like this. An extension like this set up and you can also use and I do this all the time is I'll go into a one tab where all my past stuff is saved. I'll just use control after search for the thing that I was doing before. And it's not just that one thing that's coming back. But that whole project that I was working on is all in. That was all in that one windows when I clicked one tab, all that stuff from that window. All those tabs all went into a single place, and I can restore that and come back to that project, and I didn't really have to do anything to organize that. So it really simplifies the research process. Another thing is deep visual search. This is one of the most important things that I'm doing when I'm starting out learning a new subject is I'm looking for visual frameworks, visual models that outline how a complex system works, how to think about something. What are the metaphors? So the reason why these air so important is because anybody who creates a model is somebody who understands things deeply enough that they can put it in a visual format. They can invest the time that it takes to create a visual document, and they can make something that's quality. And it shows that they just have clarity of thought that they can put it into that visual format. In some domains, there's actual visual languages that have been created just for this purpose. So, like in programming, there's UML, universal Monitor modelling language. There's also business process modelling languages. Check on my flow charts course for more stuff on that. But that's systems level systems thinking course. Also on stuff like that really powerful and Google images is the best way to find that kind of stuff. So search flow charts, search mind map, search model, search concept maps, search stuff like that to find this type of information, these type of images, a lot of times Once you find a website that has one M image, it's gonna turn out. They've got a lot of other really, really great stuff, and it's stuff that would never rank in regular Google searches. You also can't go through Google text results nearly as fast. His pictures. You can be scanning multiple pages, multiple pictures per second. No problem. You can't do that with text results, so it's really powerful. One of the top, most important things I do save so much time you get results. You would never find any other way because it's just too time intensive. Another thing is outsourcing your collection process. This works particularly well for individual types of information, meaning individual sources or mediums. So video on YouTube and Vimeo and sites like that would be a single medium. Anything in a newspaper would be a single source or medium, anything that's in a magazine, basic source or medium. So you can hire somebody to do research just in that one area, and that makes it so that they don't have to learn a bunch of new skills to do that research. They can repeat it in a lot of different areas, best website to do for that used for that is up. Work up work is what used to be Oh, desk Oh, desk recently merged with freelancer dot com and up work. Is there merged company? So goto up work. Check that out. The way you handle outsourcing projects like this is you create to example projects. What you do is you give the goals and the instructions, and then you give the final result of you following those instructions. You do that twice the first project, you give them the instructions and you give them the final work. And sometimes you can even, uh, record yourself using camped Asia or some screen recording software actually doing the work that's really powerful, especially if they don't speak English as their first language. And, ah, and a lot of times that's the best way to go with research because it's gonna be significantly cheaper. Second time is you do the same thing except give them in the instructions. But you don't give them the video of you doing it, and you don't give them the final results. And then you compare their final result doing the second project to your final result If it's close enough, that means they pass the test and you can give them research jobs and know that they're going to do a pretty good job on it. Another good thing to use for outsourcing is just basic stuff, like collecting a bunch of articles and then putting them all in. One documents that you can print it out. So instead of spending an hour copying and pasting stuff, especially copying and pasting comments from blawg posts and newspaper magazine articles where the everything is nested and there's hidden stuff that you have to expand out just takes a lot of time Really boring. Get somebody else to do that. Final thing is beauty of the stack Batch your research when you go off line. So take your research, spending an hour to doing a research copy and paste as much as possible. Get it into one note, and then you can batch print with one. Now you can print multiple documents at the same time, which is equivalent to like you could have 10 or 20 pages in one note. Each of those is basically like individual word documents. You can batch print 20 different word documents all once and they're all gonna be labeled by what page and what document their from they're all gonna be labeled by date and time That page was created. Have a title really great software. And once you print stuff just at a p dash prefixed to that and then you'll be all good to go. So that's the basic system. You just add that prefix. You print everything, and I usually print things. Two pages per page. Just makes everything, um, both for most people. You should be able to read text of that size, saves a lot of paper, and you can, even if you have the right kind of printer you can print on both sides of the page. Usually that's gonna be a laser printer. That's the best way to do it. And laser printers are just better overall 15. The Art of Slow Reading and Clear Thinking: in this video, we're gonna talk about slow reading, speed reading what it all means, how to think about it and how it all ultimately leads to a clarity of thought that you have so first thing I want to talk about a speed reading miss. For the most part, Speed reading does not is not a major part of how I learned at at the level of actually consuming information where it's useful is actually more in the research phase. And it's mostly not about figuring out what you're going to read. But it's about figuring out what you're not going to read, what you're going to skip because really out there in Google, in the library, in the bookstore, there's more content than you could ever consume. So your major job with researches first figuring out OK, where the big piles of information and then figuring out what's the 99% I'm not gonna look at? It's that you can get to that 1% you're gonna look at. If you get to the right 1% you can read really slow, and it doesn't matter. You're still gonna be miles and miles and miles ahead of everyone else. So it's. What's important is to get through that 99% as quickly as possible. Big thing with speed reading is understanding that books and articles have a wide range of information density. So a lot of popular books, a lot of stuff that's on The New York Times best seller list and stuff that's in bookstores that selling off the shelves is that's not super high density information. And the other thing is, things are going to be different levels of density or difficulty, depending on how much you understand that subject. If you don't have a foundational knowledge, there's no way you're gonna understand an advanced text book on a certain subject. So there's a lot of things in the speed reading community where because people are susceptible, certain large percent of the population of people interested in this kind of stuff is susceptible to believing and stuff That just doesn't really make sense. There's a lot of people that get away with selling things based on the wrong ideas, and um, that's what this that's what these myths air about, is debunking that. So it really comes down to this idea of what is speed. What do you measuring the good metaphors? Your vehicle, especially if anybody who knows how toe drive stick shift is. You have to pay attention to how fast the engine is running, not just how far fast the car is going, but they they give information on each other and the impact. The decision. You make up one to shift years, but the basic idea is with speed reading. Most people are measuring words per minute, and that's like measuring how fast your engine is going. It's not nearly as important in terms of ultimate results as how fast the car is actually going in terms of how much progress it could be making. You can be sitting in a parking lot in neutral and you can have your engine going at 8000 per per minute and it doesn't matter. You're not going anywhere. So there's a lot of people that are reading really, really, really, really fast. 15,000 words per minute. 1000 words per minute doesn't matter. They're not actually going anywhere. They're not constructing knowledge. Okay, so the way you should look at content books, articles, videos, audio books, foreign posts, conversations with people, Whatever is there giving you raw materials and they're giving, they're giving you scraps and bits and pieces of a blueprint or a framework of how to organize and use that raw material. And so speed of construction means that you're taking that knowledge that information that data and your assembling it into something. Okay, so your first you're looking for great raw materials. We're also looking for people that blueprints for high was Assemble that and your job. Reading things most the time is urine have a teacher who really doesn't know what they're talking about. 100% really doesn't understand. Everything has one perspective, one way of looking at things limited knowledge. And you need to take multiple people and synthesizing combine their ideas to get something that actually makes sense, a model that actually works. So your job is taking these tattered, different pieces of frameworks, plus the different raw materials people give you and try to assemble something comprehensible. And so the speed of construction is what really matters, and your construction is gonna get slowed down. If you're skipping over things too fast where you can't collect the raw materials, you need it you can't assemble and piece together that kind of puzzle of those tattered pieces, that framework without blueprint, of how you're supposed to put all this information together. Speed of annotation is also extremely important. This is another wayto think about this debate about speed reading is how can speed reading be valuable If you're gonna forget most of what you read almost instantly, and to get a spaced repetition, you're gonna have to re read the entire thing. What's actually much quicker is to read on a normal rate or slightly accelerated rate, and then be able to annotate and summarize something from a paragraph to a sentence or 1/2 sentence. Something like that. Be able to go through, make annotations just where there's important information, so that when you're doing those re readings, when you're doing that synthesis, you're saving tons of time cause you can skip over everything and just look your annotations and go from there. So and if you can't annotate fast enough to keep up with your right reading, then you're really missing the boat because there's so much time, say from annotating. People don't realize that, and they waste a lot of times reading way too fast and not annotating and having to re read instead re reading the full text instead of just re reading very condensed version of their own annotations. So it's very important to change what you measure, and it's also important to make sure that you're not internalizing the wrong models. So you can be speed reading through things, just shoveling it into your your brain and you letting anything happen to it, letting it connect with anything else. Get a lot of people that really don't know what they're talking about. Don't know. There's thinking, just isn't structured effectively. And what they're talking about doesn't make sense because they've never looked at their mental models. They've never intentionally structured it. So it's like Imagine somebody building a house with no framework, no idea of what they're doing, kind of just collecting scraps from here and there and then banging things together and kind of trying to create a new room here, New room there. Attach a stairwell over here, winding through all these different places and none of its cohesive. None of it makes sense. So get this final construction that maybe because they've used it for so long, it's comfortable and they've made it. Work doesn't mean it's anywhere close to what's ideal. So another thing you have to pay attention to is experts often have what seem like really great models. But it's really they're just very comfortable in some ramshackle that they've put together over years and decades and decades. So it's really important to make sure you don't internalize things before you've looked at a deaf enough different models that you can be sure that the one you're choosing is the closest, most accurate one possible in that field. Another important thing is to understand that among experts, there's often very fierce debate about which model is the correct one that's often have very deep, fundamental philosophical sometimes even religious or ah, other things like that in terms of the differences, and they're often beyond the domain itself. So there's differences at such deep levels. You may never really be able to understand it, or you may enable may never really be able to arrive at a truth. So there's among experts. There's often disagreements about models, so you just have to be very careful about what you're measuring. I don't have perfect solutions for you in terms of that, because sometimes you just have to pick something and go with it and say, OK, this is good enough. I need us. Try it out, see if it works. So sometimes you just have to say enough is enough. I'm gonna try something, see if it works. If it gets me close enough to where I'm aiming, then that's good enough. And I'm not gonna waste a bunch of time trying to find the perfect answer. Finally, source of clear effort was thinking and creativity. This is a really important subject because I talked before about ontology briefly about have it doing things the slow way up front, which means creating systems and frameworks of organization up front so that you can then move very, very quickly. It's like when Eisenhower built the interstate system. You spend years decades building this highway system, but then it enables rapid transit across the entire country. That's the same kind of system that you have to have in your brain and also in your physical filing system and your digital filing system. And when you create those two things externally, digitally, physically in the match up that's gonna also get embedded in your brain, and it's gonna result in a huge increase in the quality of your thought. Most people, including a lot of experts, have never intentionally done this, So you're gonna get a lot of undisciplined unclear thinking you might have remember professors that were teaching you to ask them a question to simplify something and end up becoming a lot more complex. That's because they've never structure their knowledge. So how do you do that? Mind mapping is a great wouldn't do it. Connecting domains is important. You do that by creating conceptual maps, flow charts get stuff down on paper in a visual format. That's one of the best ways to do things and then ontology. So start looking for the ontology ease of the fields that you're interested in start to look for ways to structure that knowledge at a high level. This is very important in the fields of computer science and organizing knowledge at a very high level, because to teach a computer how to think you need to give an ontology is most people have unconscious ontology is their basic, very basic, very, uh, culturally dependent and don't necessarily make a lot of sense and maybe aren't as modern as the rest of their knowledge, so very outdated, very scattered. So building these kind of things upfront saves you a huge amount of time later on. And that means slowing down enough to really get an idea of what is the overall model overall framework that this author is talking about trying to teach me. Sometimes they'll never give you that. Sometimes that's intentional to protect a secret or some sort of competitive advantage, sometimes unintentional. Sometimes they just don't know what they're talking about, but they think they know what they're talking about or they've gotten a lot of external praise. So they come to believe kind of their own hype or whatever. There's a lot of different. I mean, check on my experts, Siri's If you want to know more about kind of how experts think and how to be careful on how to, um, analyze experts, even if they're a lot, they know a lot more than you. So but that's the basic of speed. Ring has changed. What you're measuring, make sure that your annotating enough and then as fast as you can go while still annotating is important. But really, what you're doing when your speed reading is your in that research phase of getting rid of that 99% getting rid of all the hay so that you can focus on those needles in the haystack . That's what's really important. That's what's critical, and that's what you should be focusing on with speed reading. 16. Meditations from a Minimalist Notebook: in this video, you're gonna learn how to take a minimalist approach to your note taking and how to pare things down, how to think about note taking and also understand why it's so important. So ah, lot of learning in general. It's not just about knowing what to do. It's about knowing what's important at each stage and what's important in general in the learning process. And a lot of people don't take note taking as seriously as they should be taking note taking and the recent wise because of this downstream impact on your memorization ability, most people don't realize that they're forgetting a lot more than they think they're forgetting because they're not aware. And there's also the problem of the unknown unknown. You forget about what you forgot about so it no longer registers, and so you're only really counting the things that you vaguely remember. But you know that you don't know it as opposed to those things that you don't even remember . You don't know, and that's where that there's that big black area where there's just nothing and you don't even see it. It's invisible to you. So my big mistake, this is where I started out. This is where I started to realize that there was a serious issue where I wasn't learning fast enough because I wasn't retaining and that retention came from That was a downstream impact of not taking notes. So I was at this event. I was talking to some people talking about a book that I had just read and recommending it . And somebody asked me, Well, what did you learn from the book? And I really I couldn't say much. I thought I had this. I'd come off. And you probably remember this before is you've had this experience of reading a book and then just feeling like there's all these new ideas in your head. You're thinking in a new way. You're coming from a different perspective, and you just your brain is on fire. You just fully lit up. And what that obscures is the fact that you've probably already forgotten a significant chunk of what you've just read in the past few days or past week. That's why annotation. That's why note taking is so important. Annotation really is just a proto form or an early form, or the first stage of no taking, but I talk about it in the speed reading course. Also, I cover in both courses because it's so important and it's got to be part of your reading process. It's got to be part of the process when your first reading, I mean, yeah, you can and you should skim through things at the beginning to make sure it's worth reading . It's worth your time. It's got valuable content in there. But when you're actually reading and consuming that content, you have to be annotating. That's the first stage of your note taking process, and that's going eventually turn into more full fledged notes stuff that's more organized. Ah, large part of what you're doing when you're reading and note taking is actually detective work. You're trying to find the larger themes, the larger patterns, the framework that's underlying what you're reading. And a lot of authors oftentimes aren't fully clear on what the framework there trying to teach you is. They're not aware of the their own internal framework, and so they try to hit it from enough perspectives that you can get an idea of what they're talking about and how they're thinking. So that's a major problem with a lot of teachers you're gonna find is that an even experts who have decades of experience is much of their expertise is implicit, so that means that they don't really have conscious access to it. But it's there, and they can use it. So the big mistake was basically re reading. I was re reading because I wasn't taking notes and I wasn't annotating. And you waste so much time re reading a full 2 300 page book when you could instead be re reading, Ah, five or 10 page notes said in notes or summary of that book that you've put together. So that's why note taking is so important because you're going to need to do several repetitions to get the information into your head, and you can only do those repetitions quickly if you have notes. The other thing to remember is how important pictures are. So pictures air really important. Ah, lot of times a new theory or a new model in a field will come from somebody visualizing information or knowledge in a new way, using different metaphors. And oftentimes those metaphors can be visual metaphor. So those air really important and at a higher level, I say here, structure of a beautiful mind. What that means is you're able to connect things from a lot of different domains, and you're able to see things from a bird's eye view. So building towards that means that you need to see those frameworks. And the benefit of seeing frameworks in different domains is you start to realize that the same frameworks are operating in multiple different domains in slightly different forms or even very similar forms. So what you start to notice and how that impacts your learning is that instead of having toe learn a completely new framework, all the information you're learning, even though it's a new subject, it starts to fall into place extremely quickly. And that's one of the patterns of creative geniuses. That's what one of the patterns of people that are very quick learners is that they have those frameworks already built in, like they already have the skeleton there, just flushing it out. Most people are are spending months, if not years, fumbling around trying to build that basic foundational structure, skeleton or framework, and you already have that ready to go. So that's why it's very important toe focus on frameworks Focus on visual metaphors. Focus on visual models because that's going to give you a structure to build off from the get go, and that's going to really improve the speedy learning. You just gonna get stuff and understand stuff a lot quicker. You're gonna get it on the first read. It's 1/3 reader, fifth read or never really getting it of the other thing I put here is Hierarchy turns into a Web. So eventually ideas become interconnected in so many different ways. It's hard t to just see it as a hierarchy or just see it as a very simple like mind map structure and 7 to 10 levels of hierarchy is gonna be common. So once you see things from a very high view, but you can also go very deep into the details. That level of hierarchy is common, and so sometimes that can be difficult to keep in a single set of notes. So that's why visual frameworks are very valuable because you can store 3 to 5 levels of hierarchy on a single piece of paper, and that's why I talk about in my note taking course a lot about visual note taking and about putting everything on one page. So not trying Teoh. That's one of the downsides of using computer mind mapping. Another note taking software. That's visuals that if you can't fit on a single piece of paper, you're either talking about taping together posters or using a large format printer, and that can that can cause a lot of problems. So if you ever see a very large mind map that several pages long, and if you zoom out that the type is extremely small, one or two or three point fund, the problem with that is you can't print it out. And so it doesn't give the ability to annotate it. It doesn't give you the ability to share with other people is easily to collaborate with other people that aren't comfortable, which is a huge amount of information and visual format like that. So it can become a real problem. And that's why it's really important to keep your visual models toe one page and then just have different pages for different levels of the hierarchy and using things like color using things like different fonts or different shapes. or outlines could be really useful to keep track of all those different levels. But it's important to realize that you're enough to deal with that many levels that you could be preparing in advance. The story of D. Vinci's notebooks is also an interesting story. Kind of. It's a way to connect all these ideas together. Bill Gates recently paid the most amount of money ever spent on a collectible document or book or anything like that, when he spent over 30 million at auction for one of the Vinci's notebooks. And it was the one where DaVinci was studying the patterns of Flight and Bill Gates. Uh, he's always no matter where he's going. He's got this huge five or 10 gallon canvas bag that's full of dozens of books and DVDs from the teaching company, and he's always feeding his mind. He's always learning. Ah, the DaVinci notebooks inspired me to change my note taking habits about six months or a year ago to get me much more into using visual images, visual concept maps and metaphors of the things that I was learning, because I saw that DaVinci was always using drawings and the way that happened decide accidentally. I bought a bunch in most skin notebooks that I wanted to have them lined, but they came online. I had ordered the wrong version, and so I took it as an inspiration to Okay, I'm gonna become more creative. I'm gonna use this as an opportunity to make sure that I'm doing more drawings, and I'm thinking in a more visual way, and you notice over and over and over again. Innovators who used the visual format to come up with new ideas because if you don't have those visuals than it's very hard to combine ideas that don't seem like they combine or combine worlds that don't seem like they can combine. When you have things in a visual form, at, anything can combined, and they can combine in a lot of different ways. So Da Vinci's notebooks are really good. Uh, you can just do a quick Google search and find some great pictures of his notebooks, and it'll give you some idea of how this guy was thinking and think about how you can incorporate some of that into your note taking. It's also a great practice in minimalism because it forces you to really boil things down to their essence. Boil it down to what are those frameworks? And thinking in pictures is going to get you to think in those metaphors to think in those frameworks gonna be processing those frameworks as images. And then you can connect and synthesize those visual metaphors to come up with new theories to come up with a synthesis that's more powerful than any one of those individual theories or ways of thinking about something. It's also a great strategy to copy these images out over and over again, and by doing that, you really lock that image into your head. And, as you know, if you've studied visual mnemonics at all is that your brain memorizes pictures better than a memorizes other sorts of symbols like words on a piece of paper. So they're also much easier to remember, meaning that it takes fewer repetitions, spaced repetitions to get the same effect the same level of consistent memory as it would if you were looking at flashcards, which is words on them, and you're also going to be ableto use them in more creative ways because, as I said before, it's easier to combine images in your head and your also your unconscious mind. That part of yourself that just comes up with ideas seemingly out of nowhere connects things just kind of randomly. Those are going to come from when you put things into a visual format. Last thing is the one pager methods, So I already talked about this a bit in terms of making sure visuals stick on a single piece of paper, especially when you think about mind maps and flow charts. Try to keep everything to a single piece of paper, if at all possible. Really important for collaboration, important for storage, important for so many different reasons. And it's also that thing that we talked about before with How are you storing your information? Try to get everything into that 8.5 by 11 format because when you have everything in one format, you can keep everything in one place, and when it's all in one place, it makes a lot easier to synthesize. You always know where to put stuff. You always know where to find stuff when you need it, and that allows you to free up a lot of your memory that working memory where if you overload it, it's like your computer slow down cause you got too many tabs open, too much stuff going on. All of that happens when you have too much overwhelming stress. That's coming from trying to keep track of stuff because you don't have a single place where you know that's where this goes. That's where I get it if I need it months, years later. So always try to keep things to a single page. Always try to condense things to a single page that's going to be that could be a benchmark , a really good way to test yourself to know. OK, do I understand this well enough? Have I gone over these ideas well enough where I can get everything on a single piece of paper and it makes sense, and I can duplicate that single piece of paper. I can recall what's on that piece of paper. One of the difficult things about learning is how do you test yourself? How do you structure your own learning and how do you benchmark yourself? And it could be really difficult in subjects where there's just no culture. There's no, uh, testing agency that's out there that you can just get a standardized score and something. You've got to figure out a way to test yourself that doesn't take up a lot of your time and ideally, is something that's helping the learning process. So that's why one pages air really great. I say web of connections here because, and that refers to what's called a concept map. So this isn't something that's his hierarchically organized as a mind map. This is something that's more about those lateral patterns or things where you don't know what the overall pattern is. Yet you don't know how to categorise everything, but you have a lot of connections that are forming at higher levels. So you just draw out this web of connections and you're gonna get something that's really messy. But you're also going to get everything. It's kind of a brain dump, its way of putting everything on a single piece of paper in a single place. You can look at it. You can start toe see patterns that you notice before see connections that you didn't notice before. Look at how things from your past or things you studied years ago are relevant to something that you're looking at today. So that's another great way to use a visual format and get everything in a single piece of paper. It's also a great way you can go back to your notes. Look at where you were six months ago. Look at where you were a year ago, and it's a great way in a single place to see. OK, where was I thinking? What stage was I at at this point in time? So think about how you can get stuff on a single piece of paper. Think about how you can start to structure your brain more by keep making your notes structured. Everything that you do externally is ultimately going to affect the structure of how you're thinking internally. So all of this work that you're doing to structure things in your notes to annotate, to keep things organized in a file Cabinet system on your computer, all having it organized in the same way. Ultimately, that's all gonna feedback toe how your brain it's organized. That's what's going to give you that massive performance improvement Is that all that working memory that you were previously giving toe all these small, unimportant but or sort of trivial task. But it's important to keep stuff memorized. But putting all that energy into those tasked takes away from what? Your ability to fully dedicate your focus to a single thing and stay focused on that and not have that low level anxiety of I don't know where this is. I don't know where I put that. I don't know where to put this. I don't know where to find that thing I was working on six months ago. All those little things add up. Minimalism is about getting rid of that stuff permanently by setting up the systems that will prevent those problems from continually resurfacing. So it's very important to think about all this stuff when you're no taking, because no taking is ultimately what's going to determine what you store later on, what you're getting space repetitions on. So it's a central theme. It's a central pillar of your accelerated learning system, 17. A Memory with Everything in it's Place: this video isn't gonna be nearly as long as the note taking video, because this stuff a memory, gets into it more advanced territory and in that advanced territory, there's a lot of concepts and words and ideas you need to be familiar with before we can really go deep into that process. So I just want to cover two big ideas are really one big idea and then to sub ideas, and the big idea is keeping your information organized. And the problem with how a lot of people memorize is that they're starting out with information that isn't structured and when you're just reading over things over and over again. So this is maybe how you memorize things in school, you look your notes over and over and over again. You look at your textbook over and over and over again, and you were just praying that enough of that stayed in your head so that on the test you do well. The problem is, that's not really an intentional way to control your memory. You have intentional ways of storing information in your file cabinet in your three ring binder in your cloud drive, wherever it is on your hard drive. You have ways of intentionally storing things. The goal of memory is to get that process to work in a similar way as possible to your brain and have your brain working that way. And the problem with how a lot of people memorizes. They're not organizing how they're storing things in their head. So what ends up happening is if you imagine somebody who's got a desktop, you probably know somebody like this. You look at the desktop on there, um, on their PC or their Mac with a laptop, whatever it is. And it's just it's junk everywhere, literally every single spot where you could have an icon. There's a folder, there's a file or there's a short cut to something or other. That person has no organization in their computer. That prop person probably also lacks organization In terms of their thinking, they probably don't have the ability to think in a clear and organized way. There's probably a lot of fuzziness. They're so the same kind of thing is happening all the time. When people are using the basic memory technique techniques like the Memory Palace, the problem with the memory Palace is if you're just taking, like, what, say your house, your childhood home or your current home or your apartment or whatever is your memory palace and you've got 10 rooms and you just want to store 10 things in each room. So you've got 100 spots we could just call it, okay? You've got 100 gigabytes of space, and each space is gonna be one gigabyte of information just to use that computer metaphor. So what that means is that you're you just have 100 spots and you're just putting things wherever, wherever you have free space. The problem with that is everything is scattered around. And if you're familiar with how hard drives work and, uh, hard drive becoming more fragmented and moving slower over time or not being able to read and write as quickly over time, meaning your computer slows down. That's because everything is randomly put all over that hard drive disk. So when you're using a memory palace and just randomly putting information in different slots, you end up with just a ton of information that's completely unorganized. And the problem is access so you could have ah heart. You could have go into that person's desktop and they have stuff everywhere and they try to find something, and they're spending an hour just to find a single document. That's because they don't have structure to how they're storing things. So if you're storing things in a random or semi random way in your memory, palace urine have that same sort of problem. And at a small scale, it's not an issue because it doesn't take a lot of time to search for things. So at the beginning it seems like it's a good approach. But over time, as you scale and as you learn faster, this is gonna become a bigger, bigger problem. And it's a big gonna become a problem at a faster pace than it was before. So you got to realize that maybe at the speed your learning right now, this kind of stuff doesn't really matter. But as you start to learn faster, this is going to become a bigger and bigger issue. So you've got to start focusing on this now and take care of these issues by building structure into how your compiling and synthesizing information in the first place and then match how you store it to that structure. So the idea and this is another. Another metaphor that I'm giving you here is planting seeds. Having a garden or farming is that a farmer doesn't just randomly scatter seeds everywhere they form rose in the ground. They tell that soil they they take outs, square rectangle, shapes of land and then they form rose and each every six inches or every foot or every two feet. They're gonna put a new seed, a new plant. So everything is organized in a very clear way that makes sense. So when you're planting those seeds in your own mind and you're coming up with these knowledge gardens of these knowledge farms and you're you want a harvest, that knowledge eventually and use it in some way, you've gotta have a similar sort of thinking process about how am I going to structure this so that it makes sense so I can make use and reap the value of that information later on synthesis. At the synthesis stage, you don't understand the larger patterns. You don't understand the larger frameworks, so things are going to be somewhat random at that stage, and a lot of people want to skip over this stage so they have this idea of I want to memorize a book. What if I could just speed read a book at 1000 words per minute and then memorize things automatically? Well, the problem is, you don't want to memorize things automatically because you could be memorizing the wrong thing. And then you read a second book. It's not just a while. Memorize the second thing because those two models by those two authors conflict with each other. They don't match up together. There's disagreements at a high expert level within that domain. So you run into real problems here, and it's not like you can just delete those memories. Those memories are gonna be there, and they're gonna get jumbled up with the new memories you form. So you have to be careful how you tread at the beginning in the synthesis station at the reading stage because you don't want to memorize the wrong things. You don't want to build them wrong architecture into your house and then have to knock it down and then build that whole piece over again. You want to get it right on the blueprint level. And then when you start to build that mental infrastructure and really spend the time on your no Monix, you're building the right structure, so structure is really, really important. You can't shortcut that process. And if you do choose to short cut the process, you could end up wasting a lot of time. It's like somebody who learns to swing their golf club the wrong way or learns toe Q b who learns to release the football in the wrong way in college and then in the NFL. They have to relearn that process, and that takes a ton of time because it's not just learning the new way. It's also unlearning the old habits that are extremely ingrained. And that's why part of why Children can learn learn things quickly is because they don't have all those old patterns that baggage holding them back. So it's really important to make sure that you don't get ahead of yourself and memorize things too early. You should wait until you've got that blueprint fully formed. You make sure there's there's no significant issues with it. You've got those visual metaphors, those frameworks all set in stone, basically so that you know you're now ready to burn. Basically burned those things into your brain. The brand your brain permanently kind of tattoo it on your brain so that it's there permanently, and you don't want to do that until you're really sure about what you're putting in there. 18. To Teach is to Remember Forever: teaching is a very important skill, and it's not just important if you wanna become a teacher. But it's important because at a fundamental level, your teaching yourself and what that means is there's multiple levels of teaching. But at the higher level you're thinking about, how are you going to connect new ideas to existing ideas in somebody's head? You're also thinking about How are you gonna order ideas? What ideas? What concepts are you going to teach? What kind of underlying philosophy are you going to use? You'll sometimes see that concepts taught in different cultures air taught with different metaphors in different ways. Certain things are left out or included based on what culture you're translating those ideas to. So when you're teaching yourself, you have to figure out well, which content should I use when a teachers teaching a course at a university or college there, thinking about what textbooks should I use so they look at different textbooks and figure out well, this one matches how I think about things or that one matches, or this one has better problem sets or whatever, or maybe they'll write their own textbook. But there's all these problems that come up when you're trying to transfer knowledge to other people and transferring knowledge to yourself, so getting knowledge out of somebody else's head and into your head Sometimes the only way to learn something is by interviewing experts. So when you want Musk wanted to learn about rocket technology for his space, X Company said I could. He could build a reusable rocket that could go to space, come back, be refueled and used again. That was his major concern is how do I teach myself? And it was mostly a combination of textbooks at first interviewing experts and then, uh, getting recommendations for textbooks to read from those experts and then kind of going back and forth in a cycle with that. So you've gotta figure out how to get the right information to feed into your brain, and often going to experts is the best way to do that. Teaching is also a great way to test your mastery of the material, because what happens and I talked about this before with you read a book and you just full of these new ideas that you're kind of riding a high and you you get overconfident you think you know a lot more than you do know and even experts suffer from this. So there's been really interesting studies on experts in a variety of fields who are are just, uh, not perpetually but just consistently across many different fields consistently over confident about how strong their skills are or how much they know. And this is something. So this is something that's gonna happen no matter whether you're a beginner, intermediate or advanced and spaced. Repetition is, ah, very important concept, and a lot of people don't want to do it because it's boring and I totally get that. That's why teaching is one of the best ways to get around that, because you've got to translate the ideas to somebody else's mental language, somebody else's mental framework. So first of all, it's going to help you get a more well rounded view of that subject because you have to translate it and ah, great way to approach. It often is to teach somebody who is either who is significantly different from you in one way or another, so different age group, different culture, different, different profession or our type of business because they're going to come from a different angle, and by by adapting that information toe what fits for them, you're going to start to develop multiple perspectives, and that's one of the key ingredients and creative genius focusing on structure and layers of dependency. What does that mean? So teaching forces you to understand the structure of what you're teaching, what you're learning at a deeper level, and you have to understand what the dependencies are and what a dependency means is. For example, let's say you're learning anatomy in your medical student. Well, the reason why you're learning anatomy in your first or second semester is because you need tohave those labels in your head so that when a teacher or a doctor is talking to you about something, they can use fine grain. They could make fine grain distinctions about what your talk, what they're talking about or what you're learning about, or describe something very precisely, and any domain you get into, there's going to be a need to describe things in a precise way in a way that normal people aren't gonna need that precision, so it's not part of their vocabulary. That's why at the beginning of learning almost any new skill or any new profession or area of expertise or domain of knowledge you're gonna have toe eventually learned the vocabulary of that. And when you're in a structure learning environment like a school there often going to make you do a lot of that memorization right at the beginning because they need you toe. Have those labels in your head so that you can memorize so that you can. They can talk about things and you'll understand them, so you'll notice that there's there's kind of two major approaches to teaching. One is I'm gonna force you, or I'm gonna make you learn all this vocabulary. So you understand what I'm talking about. The other approaches that teacher learns. The students vocab where where the students are coming from and tries to translate as much as possible into their language. To make a very easy to process the ideas and that requires metaphors. And having a facility with metaphors is one of the most important skills. I talk about that a lot. All these ideas a lot more in the creative genius course, So if this is the kind of stuff you're interested in, definitely check that out. Practice is very important, so teaching people can be something where you're just doing if your space repetitions. But it can also lead to a lot more than that so it can lead to a side income. It can lead to sharing things publicly on a blawg. It could be part of building your brand. Getting a job getting job offers networking value. So when you're talking about something, maybe you're recommending a book. You could send somebody, ah, book report that you did on that books. There's, uh, I think it's Noah Kegan. He he does a book report on every single book he read. So that's something he can put on his blogged, that somebody he can share, that something he can share with somebody. And then he's just saved that person a bunch of times. So he just did a little favor for them when he's also doing a favor for himself because he took the time to create that book report and he got the space repetition value out of doing that. So anything that you're doing for yourself, think about well, is there an easy way where I could make this share a ble because now you're creating an asset that has value that you can share with other people. And when you're consistently giving to other people and sharing things, eventually that's going to come back to you because you're becoming useful to other people , and eventually that's gonna lead toe up more opportunities for you. So think about Well, if I'm already going to be doing a lot of this work and I'm I'm dedicated to getting my space repetitions really learning stuff deeply. How could I make it so that I'm still doing that? But at the same time, I'm also building something of value, helping other people. So think about how you can solve multiple problems with a single action. Take things that you don't necessarily enjoy doing now or you don't feel like you're getting a lot out of now. Try to solve additional problems with those same actions or change your action slightly so that you're going to benefit other people and you're gonna create more opportunities. So that's another. Another aspect of it is proving your skills to employers. Um, putting things on question Answer sites. You can build up credit so that when you have a problem. People are going to be more likely to help you with your problem. Answer your questions. So joining any sort of community If you're out there and you're helping other people, you're creating things in giving away for free or even charging for it. Once you're out there and you're doing things that's building value. And once you're building value, consistently opportunities air gonna come for you. So it's a great way to think about getting your space repetitions is teaching and sharing your knowledge in, Ah, just very basic ways. It doesn't have to be stuff that super complex. Just put something in a word document save as a PdF, Put it up on a block, put it on slide share whatever you're gonna put it on YouTube, right, A blawg post, uh, join a forum, get on core or some question, answer site and start to put stuff out there. Start to take whatever you're learning and make it something where you're producing something publicly right now, you may not be ready to write your first book or to create your first course or something else like that, but if you want to build towards those skills, you can start with a block. You can start with posting on forms, answering people's questions, putting together a little videos on YouTube, and over time you're gonna build those skills. My goal for you. One of my biggest goals for you as a student, no matter what course you're taking is I don't want you to be a passive consumer of information. I want you to be a creator. I want you to be using these skills to go out and create things in the world. And I think celery learning is really important because it gives you that ability to create and create really important, valuable things. So getting to that point of being able to create faster is what accelerator learning is ultimately about. And you should think about your learning as this is all part of a process that eventually leads to me creating something. And when you're doing that, the whole process of learning is more enjoyable because you've got some sort of vision in your mind of how you're gonna apply things, how you're gonna eventually lead to building something. And when you're building things, you're working with other people. It's very exciting, and it you tap a different level of energy inside you. So if you think well learning, sometimes boring, it's I just don't have energy. I can't focus. Those problems disappear when you're really passionate about something, and when you get into that creation mode, it's much easier to tap into that part of yourself where all the all those things just come alive and light up. So it's really important to think about that. Start thinking about the final stage of your learning process as a teaching process of sharing in some way. 19. Introduction: this fourth section is about focusing mawr on your environment. Where are you learning? What are you doing while you're learning? And we're going to start off by talking about going on a learning retreat? The reason why retreat is important is because it gives you the opportunity to get away from a lot of those environmental factors that get you set in your ways. Getting your routines, getting your habits. Those habits and routines are triggered by the environment that you're in, and so when you're a new environment, a lot of those triggers go away. You're a lot more free toe, do new things, try new things. So we're gonna talk about retreat. That's gonna be the next video coming up. We're also going to talk about the value of doing physical labor, physical exercise while you're learning and how that can benefit you. And also think about Adam or Broadview, where what are you doing each day when you're at home or your apartment, when you're at your office and in transit? So when you're driving your car or however you get to and from work, all of those environments can be suited and optimized for learning better, and part of setting up a correct environment is that you need to pare down what's going on in your environment, the amount of activity, the amount of people the and then focusing on all the different, uh, areas where information is coming in, in or out of your brain. So that means the visual mode. How busy is everything, visually, auditory Lee. How much businesses there, How many different sounds? Air There are those distracting you and then also just in terms of objects. Do you feel like you have enough space? Do you feel like there's open space? Do you feel like everything is kind of crowded in? Do you feel like there's too much stuff? Do you think there's too much stimulation? Do you feel like there's no a lot of room toe move around? And is there a way that you can move around more while you're thinking why you're doing you're learning? All of those questions are important to answer, and they're gonna help you optimize your environment, pare things down to the bare essentials of what you need, and sometimes it's even gonna go beyond that. So we talked about this briefly before But don't just go to what you think you need now, but go past that. So try to do with even less than you think you'll eventually need long term. The reason why you set that constraint for yourself is once you have experience with that really pared down version using really simple tools. Then when you use things that are more feature rich, you're not gonna be tempted to use all of those different features. And you're gonna realize that keeping things simple has a lot of advantages. It has advantages because you're not tasks which switching as much. You're doing fewer activities, and you're doing them more often. So you're gonna get more practice. You're gonna get more spaced repetition. So you're doing fewer things and you're doing them better. And it's taking you less time each time you practice doing those things. So setting up your environment is very important. That's what we're gonna be going over in this section 20. How to Design a Minimalist Learning Retreat: in this video, you're gonna learn how to go on a learning retreat and focus on minimalism while you're on that retreat, and it's really not just one retreat. It's this idea of retreating or getting away from your normal environment. So there's a lot of different ways that you can implement a retreat. You don't have to do everything at once. You don't have to do something huge for your first retreat, and that's not something I did either. So I went on smaller retreats first, and then that led me to get comfortable with. Okay, this is what a longer retreat would be like and get an idea. Well, how would I spend my time? What would it feel like? What would it be like? So the main idea here is getting out of your element because, as I said before, those routines are triggered by your environment, and we talked earlier about friction, so positive friction and negative friction. Positive friction is where it's hard to do the wrong thing. Easy to do the right thing. Negative friction is where it's really easy to do the wrong thing. It's really easy to get sucked into Facebook or sucked into emailer. Check your phone for notifications because it's right there in your pocket and you've got those notifications on. So remember if you if you've gone through the past videos and you haven't done anything about your notification settings or anything about where you're putting your phone or how often your phone is interrupting, you make sure that you're making a change there to start taking some action on that because that's one of the most important habits. But getting back to this is all those environmental factors make a difference. So maybe it's just where do you put your phone at night, and where you put it at night means where you gonna look at it in the morning. So if you put it right on your bedside table and you're charging it on your bedside table, that means when you wake up in the morning, it's really easy to go straight into email straight into looking at what's in the news straight toe, whatever kind of guilty pleasure thing that really isn't serving you. But it's really easy, and it gives you a little hit of stimulation right at the beginning of the day. So just little things like that. Like deciding. Okay, I'm gonna charge my phone somewhere else, or I'm gonna keep it in a separate room. Just little things like that could be really valuable. Another thing is just driving somewhere. So just going somewhere in getting a meal or going somewhere just sitting out in nature or going somewhere just sitting in your car in doing some journaling in the car. I just got back from doing this. Um, I'm recording this. It's a It's a little bit after midnight, and it's a Sunday night Monday morning, and I always do my weekly planning on Sunday. And so whenever I feel like I have a lot of stuff going on and I just want to get away, I'll go for a drive, will go somewhere, usually get a meal, and then I'll just sit there and I'll make sure that I get all my ideas down on paper. Everything planned out until I get that feeling that I really know what my plan is, and I've simplified things and I've eliminated a lot of theocracy ins that really aren't good options so you can go to nature. You can go somewhere you could go to a cafe in good a hotel. You go to a restaurant, and you can even do different rooms of your house, your apartment so it doesn't have to be this huge thing. You can just go to a different place. You go to the library. There's a lot of different places that you can go. Just get out of your element, and you'll notice immediately how much easier it is to get into the flow. A lot of times, obviously, it depends on the situation. If you're somewhere where it's very busy, it could be hard to do that or if it's very distracting. There's a lot of new stimulus, but for the most part you're gonna notice that it's much easier to get into the flow. And even if you're on your computer or your on your phone or your on your tablet, you'll notice that, like if you're sitting at home, we're seeing your office. It's very easy, get distracted, go to different websites. When you're in that new environment, that doesn't happen as much. So just switching up your environment is really valuable at the beginning stages. You can just think about well what is a daily or weekly habit that I could change very easily by just making a small change in the environment. So that's a good place to start. And when we're talking about routines, these air a number of the most important routine. So what? Your computer routines or, in general, your Elektronik routines? So that would cover your phone that cover any tablets, any computers, any sort of other electronics, maybe for you that's TV or that's movies or having a radio on our music on all the time. So what are those routines? How can you switch those routines up? One thing that's really interesting to experiment with is just different types of music. How do things change when you put on a different type of music and you have that on for the entire day, or for the entire work session or the entire ride in the car on the way to and from work or something like that? So just switching things up like that, you'll notice that your brain goes into a different gear, goes into a different mode. Another thing is eating routine. So what are those routines? How are those being affected by our environment working commute routines. So who do you talk to? Where do you go when you get to work? What you do at the end of the day, What do you do for lunch? What is what are you doing in the card to work and from work? And are those routines really serving you? So the first thing to do is just get very aware of your routines because you may just not be aware of thes routines. You may be thinking, Well, I don't really have any routines or I don't have a lot of routines. So the first thing you have to do is just start recording things. Just keep a very quick journal. Just start thinking about it more, and you're going to start to notice the's patterns. The reason why this stuff is important is because you want to be building systems, so you want to figure out where is the system right now. Even if you never designed it consciously, Maybe somebody else designed it may be a company designed. It may be a collection of companies or a culture or economy created that system that you're living by right now, so this is an opportunity for you to start taking more control over that and think about well, what do I really want? And how are those routines either? Getting me there, We're taking me away and phone routines. As I said before, you could fit that under computer routines butts, because that phone is always on you. That's a really important routine. So like when you get that little hit of boredom and you want that little hit of stimulation to get yourself out of that a little bit of connection, you might go to social media. What's another way to handle that? What's a way that you can get yourself out of that motor interrupted or have something else that you do instead of that? Taking breaks is also important, so these retreats an opportunity for you to take a break. But you could be taking breaks from learning projects for months at a time and then coming back to them. That's what inter leaving your learning means could be at a day level at an hourly level, at a weekly or monthly weapon or even a yearly level, meaning that instead of focusing on one thing and then going straight and trying to get 100% of that knowledge, all ones. Instead, what you can do is inter. Leave that subject with one or two or three other other subjects. What happens is we talked before about frameworks is you. Take those frameworks from those different subjects and you start to synthesise them. Your brain starts to see commonalities in those framers starts to see common metaphors and different. And when you're turning things into visual images, you start to combine those visual images and see similarities. And that's when you're learning really starts to speed up and you start just getting things a lot faster. It's when you see those framework. See those similarities. Taking breaks is good using a timer. So if you have trouble with focusing, this is another really simple thing you can do is just use a timer. And that's a way to train yourself to stay focused. But it's also a very good way to start noticing your patterns. So just say I'm gonna spend 10 minutes doing this or 20 minutes doing that, set up a timer on your phone and then see, at what point do you start to want to go off track. What's triggering that? What's happening there? Where do you want to go? You can write that down, take a little note on it, and then just continue with it. So just little things like that. It's really important, Really valuable because you're starting. Get information on your routines on your patterns. Most people are unconscious of a lot of the patterns that are running their life. So it's very important to get a handle on this stuff so that you can understand what are the systems at play. And then how can you design that right up a blueprint for yourself so that you're doing? You're getting into the routines that you want to be getting into and you're reinforcing those as well. Now that you're thinking about and we're in it for the rest of this, we're gonna be talking about more long term retreats. Is number one bring less than you need, so you may think you need a lot of stuff. You may be used to bringing a lot of stuff. You may be used to changing through stuff for switching between a lot of different things, wanting a lot of options. This is an opportunity for you toe. Take that stuff away and get a chance to experience what it's like to just do one thing at a time or not really have all those different options bring things that are a little bit difficult. Bring things where if you add a ton of options, you might pick the easier option. So this is a way to kind of burn your boats, enforce you to force yourself to grow and multiple readings for difficult books. Dense books. What that means is that the thing that's going to be difficult, the thing that's gonna really cause you to grow, is reading something that's kind of out of your depth, something that's going to require multiple readings before you really get it. And the the reason why that's happening is a combination of multiple things. Sometimes there there's prerequisites that you haven't done, so you have tow figure out what they're talking about from inference. Other times there's just too much terminology, too much information for you to load all all of that in your working memory and then combine it to understand conceptually what's going on, what the author is trying to do so those are some reasons why those difficult books can be so difficult. And it's important to get yourself accustomed to reading that kind of stuff because the most advanced literature in any domain is gonna have that pattern to it where it's it's dense, and it can be difficult at first. But once you get used to reading that sort of stuff, it becomes so much easier to read things that aren't the more, ah popular level or more general reading level. So it's very important to get yourself accustomed to that and putting yourself in an environment where you don't have distractions. There's no escape route. It's going to get you to focus on that. It's going to get you to grow really quickly. It's going to get you to expand your abilities. Next thing is food and shelter. So these are the main things that you're thinking about on your your learning retreat. Besides what you're actually learning, so consistency is something that's important. Consistency allows you to spend most of your working memory most your focus, your mental band with on what you're specifically doing on that retreat, so you're always moving around to different places If you're always eating different foods , it can be hard to get into a positive routine and not get distracted by a bunch of other stuff going on. So sure, you can go on a retreat and be trying different foods, going different restaurants or traveling around. And I've done that and it could work. The problem is, it eats into your mental resource is it eats into your energy and you only have a limited amount of each of those each day minimizing travel. And what I mean by that will. Minimizing travel is the same as minimizing the different places where you get shelter. So minimizing the amount of travel means that you get far enough away from where you live, that you're not going to be tempted to go to your usual stomping grounds. But it's not so far that it's gonna be a major part of the retreat is gonna be traveling to different places, going to different places. So when you're thinking about retreat, sometimes it's OK to have that indulgence. Sometimes it's great to go to, like go on some island adventure, go somewhere that's like in the heart of Paradise somewhere. That's just amazing and there's all these luxuries. But other times retreat where it's the opposite of that can be very powerful. The reason why really cutting things down to the bare bonus so valuable is because you learn what's really essential and what isn't. And for most of us, we grow. We've grown up, and we've become accustomed to a lot of things that really aren't essential. But because we're so used to them, that's how we view them. So it's very important seven, at least one or two or three times a year to go and have an experience of a retreat that takes you back to that level and just going on things like a nature walk or some sort of nature meditation. That's gonna be a great way to ground yourself in that experience. This is something that I talk a lot more about in my fear proof in course. So check that out of this is something that you're interested in, but basically I give you a blueprint for my 30 day cross country learning retreats, and this is something that I do any from once to 2 to 3 times a year where I go out for an entire month into my in my camper van. It's a really bare bone system. It doesn't have a lot of the perks of, like a modern RV. It's really bare bones because I want that experience to be focused on exploring, traveling and learning and experiencing what it's like. Toe survive on those bare minimum things, because when I come back, I just appreciate everything so much more. Just being able to sit at a desk in a chair is great. Just being able to be inside where the temperature is controlled is great. Just things like having like being in the shade and having a great breeze go by. That's great. Just appreciating. Little things like that is so valuable, and it develops this mindset of the little things. Don't bother you as much anymore. And those little things those little stressors, those things that bring on little bits of anxiety here and there they lead Teoh Mental State. That's never really you're never fully there. You're always a little bit distracted or taken away by other things. So this video was one of the longer ones of this course. But it's very important to think what is your learning retreat gonna be? How are you going to get out of your current environment? And sometimes you just need to get out of the environment so you can plan for your next steps. Sometimes it's not about Oh, I'm going to go on. This huge trip sometimes is about. I need to get out of all this activity just for an hour or just for a few hours or an afternoon or a day just so I can process everything that's going on. Make some plans, get everything down on paper, get out of that mode of overwhelmed so that when I go back into the fray, I know what my goals are. I know what my plans are, and I have a plan of action for what I'm going to do next and how I'm going to stay focused and build friction where I don't want to do things and then remove friction where I want that to be part of my life more. I want that to be part of my daily weekly routine 21. Chop Wood, Carry Water - Combine Learning with Hard Physical Labor: chop wood carry water, combining learning with hard physical labour. We'll talk about hard physical label. Were just also going to talk about physical labor in general and the time that you spend doing that. Physical labor physical activity can be used for other things. But the reason why actually doing physical labor getting your hands dirty, doing things outdoors is important is because you can get very easy to get lost in abstract thinking. Abstract work, knowledge work. Most of you listening to this are knowledge workers, meaning that the primary work that you're doing each day is with your mind and by dealing with knowledge, changing knowledge, combining knowledge and then putting it into some sort of action. So that's why getting away from that abstract and getting back to that manual labor that concrete activity is really valuable because metaphors and images are very important for memorizing ideas, storing ideas, understanding frameworks, processing things quickly. Ideally, the way you want to learn anything is you want to map the new framework of the new knowledge domain to something that you already understand. That's why understanding, learning and using metaphors to understand frameworks of the domains you already understand as well as the ones that you're learning right now is so important because as you learn more more frameworks, you're going to start to notice that the same patterns repeat themselves over and over and over and over and over again. So once you start paying attention to these patterns, it becomes very easy to learn a new framework because 80 90% of that framework in some way relates to something that you already know. So learning frameworks going to become very easy. So it's easy for you to go deep into a new subject a lot quicker than most people are able to. All of this comes back to concrete objects, concrete processes because those concrete objects and processes of things that you have the most, uh, wired knowledge for its the things that you can see that you can touch that you can imagine visually. And there also the things that you have the most life experience with. It's the things that you've dealt with the most often already, and so those air burned into your brain very deeply and often It's not just with language, but it's with actual experience seeing how things work seeing how things operate. So getting that experience and getting back to those ideas those concepts, those concrete objects and processes is very important. The other thing is that just distracts your mind and you're using a different part of your mind. And I found that just by doing manual labor and making that part of my routine and part of my habit, even though I don't necessarily need to do it just going and doing it, I get ideas that I would have never gotten any other way because your brain just goes into a different mode. It's kind of like if you go to the gym and you're lifting weights, you're doing stuff, and then at the end of it, or even in the middle of it, you just feel that your brain is kind of running differently or you go for a run or a bike ride and you come back and you just feel, ah, lot more clarity. You feel more energy, and it's kind of counterintuitive. Why would expending energy cause you to feel more? But that's part of how works. That's part of how the chemicals in your bloodstream work and how that affects your brain is very powerful, so a lot of people don't understand that your diet, your exercise has huge effects on your mental processing. You may be thinking, I don't care. I'm not trying to look like a supermodel. I'm not trying to look like somebody in a magazine I don't really care about. That stuff is much. It's not just about that. It's also about basic things, like your longevity, but also what is your day today? Mental performance like in your experience. So if if those other first things that I mentioned aren't is important to you but the mental performances, that's something that you can use to get these other sorts of habits thes exercise and dietary habits more ingrained. When you start to notice and look for those patterns, those patterns of Wow, my brain feels better. My brain feels more clear. My thinking is more clear, and with it, when I'm when I'm following those routines, you can also use these mental routines or chores habits. Anything. Where you're doing a physical activity as opposed to mental activity is because your brain isn't using most of its resource is to be thinking about whatever you're doing. You can use that opportunity to get spaced repetition. So number one using your phone, connecting Samir buds to your phone. That's a great way for you to get audio repetitions, get some MP threes, put him in your dropbox and either listen to them straight out of Dropbox. Or you can get him into V L C Media Player by downloading that free app and then make them available offline and listen to them. And with an MP three, you can set it to speed up the audio so that it goes faster than regular speed. You can have a go 1.5 X You have to go to point, uh, twice is fast, so those are some great ways toe. Both use that time productively, but also give yourself an opportunity. Just come up with new ideas, and this is something that a lot of creative geniuses do, so they're not just in the lab all the time. They're not just in the office all their time. They'll do a lot of thinking. They'll do a lot of work and then they'll go and they'll cook a meal or they'll go on a walk through the forest or they'll go for a swim or they'll go to the gym or they'll go for a run and they'll come back. And either during that activity or when they came back. Or maybe they'll take a nap, they'll go to sleep. All of those activities they realize that there's this abin and flow. So you kind of fill the brain up. You fill up with a bunch of ideas. You're kind of throwing a bump in the air, and then you go and you do some sort of physical exercise and clear your head, and you allow those things to drop back down to the ground and fit together in whatever way they're gonna fit fit together. Allow your unconscious part your brain to process all this stuff and then connect things in new ways. So that's the general process. And this is something that tons of creative geniuses you look at their daily routines, their habits. They have these sorts of things going on. Is it as a kind of a trigger that when they start to feel like they're getting overwhelmed or they fill their head with all the ideas and they're just not making any more progress. They know now is not the time to try to push myself harder. It's timeto let go. Go on a little retreat, let my brain do something else. And then in the meantime, good things are gonna happen. And and once you see the effects of that and you see it actually happen for you a couple of times you're gonna start to trust it. And once you start to trust it, then you're gonna feel a lot better about kind of leaning back, taking your foot off the gas and allowing yourself toe and allowing your brain to just do what it's best at. Take that break, rejuvenate yourself and then come back refreshed, ready to go with new insights. 22. How to Recognize and Align with Your Internal Emotional Environment: this video is very important because it touches on and goes more deep into what we were just talking about, which is understanding where you are and understanding when it's a good idea to take your foot off the gas pedal and that what that means is respecting your emotional state and your emotional state is very important. Your emotions are basically a tool to tell you what is the state of this system that you're living in called your body and also what's going on at a new emotional level. And what's going on in your head is going to trickle down to what's going on with your emotions. So when you're getting cognitive overload and you're just trying to handle too much things start to slow down, you start getting more confused. You may start to feel your body kind of heating up because you're starting. Get stressed out those fighter flight hormones air starting a pump. So and when those fighter flight hormones start going, then what happens is blood actually goes away from the top part of your brain, where a lot of that Kagen activity is happening with this high level thoughts are happening and it goes towards your muscles because you don't need all that high level thinking when you're in fight or flight mode. What you need is have that muscle ready, those muscles ready to go, that oxygen ready to go and so that oxygen your brain goes into a semi oxygen starvation state where it's just not getting as much, much oxygen. It's it's used to having. So the whole point here is just respect your emotional state and a lot of people. What they like to do is forced themselves to continue going and where. That as a badge of our honor, where whereas the better approach is usually to really pay attention to your emotional state and respect it and be willing to take a break, and often times you may be thinking, Well, I'm not feeling good right now. I'm not gonna feel good for the rest of the day, or I'm not gonna. I'm never gonna feel good again. That's kind of it doesn't make sense logically, but emotionally. That's just what you feel in the moment. And so can be scary to say, Well, why would I just stop if I just stop now? Who knows when I'll I'll feel ready to start back up again. So what I'm asking you to do with this video is to just start to experiment with this because it's had such a profound effect on my life and my learning and my ability toe learn things quickly and really enjoy the process. Because here's the secret. And I learned this several years ago, and it just changed. My approach to everything is that if you want to be really good at something, you can't compete with other people who really love what they're doing. If you don't also love what you're doing, and the only way to love what you're doing is to focus on the parts that you enjoy and only do it when you're enjoying the process. For the most part, of course, there's sometimes when you need to buckle down and just do stuff. But a lot of those people that are always spending their whole life buckling down wearing that as a badge of honor, they're ultimately not happier for filled with that. They're not really enjoying it or they're enjoying it in kind of a massive, fistic way, so it's really important to pay attention to your emotional state and just experiment with this. Start taking breaks when your body is telling you to take a break or go out and exercise or when you're getting overwhelmed. Journal. Just get out of that mode of overwhelmed. Get distract yourself. Do something else to get it down on paper so that you can get some distance from it and look at it from a bird's eye view. Sometimes you just need to talk to a friend or you need a mark your spot and put it away. That's why these things like having a file cabinet system, knowing where to organize things, knowing where to save a file. You're never gonna have a question of where do I save this file? Where would I download this to what would I put this if I print this out? Where is it going to go? If I don't want to read it now, you go through a chapter two of a book and you just don't feel like going back to it. Turns out a month or two later there's gonna be something that sparks you, and you're gonna want to go back to that book or go back to that article without learning project. The question is, how easy is it for you to go back? If there's a ton of friction, then you're gonna lose all that inspiration that you got. So ideally, when you're learning, your goal should be to tap into that inspiration in that highest level of energy, that passion as much as possible. So you're learning system has to be set up. Your environment has to be set up so that whenever you get that spark of imagination, that spark of innovation, that spark of creativity or just passion and enthusiasm, you can capitalize on that and make the most of it and start used that to build some momentum. It kind of starts your engines that battery that starts your engine. And then, if you can get that going, then you can kind of start to go on your own fuel. But it's a question of Are you able to capitalize on those little bits of inspiration that you get? Most people can't because there's so much friction in their kind of bureaucratic system of how they set up their learning system is that they're not ableto maximize that and While they're trying to get just access to the basic learning materials that they are looking for , they lose all that enthusiasm and then they're back to square one so you don't want to be there. That's why minimalism is so important. You cut out all that stuff you remove. The friction is that when you get those little bits of inspiration or enthusiasm, you can run with it, make the most out of it, build a feedback loop out of it. And that's where your continuously learning enjoying the process. And just from a competitive viewpoint. Because this is true, whether you're in sports or whether you're in e sports or kind of athletic sports or intellectual domains. Uh, knowledge work. Whatever competitive field uring, it's going to be almost impossible to compete with somebody who really enjoys what they do , because you're not gonna have the level of energy. You talk to people that, as they get older in their forties, fifties, sixties, seventies, eighties nineties, talk to your mentor about this. You just start to lose energy. You just don't have that energy anymore. It's one of big things in Silicon Valley is the reason why they want young people constantly creating new projects and going through incubators is because young people have tons of energy and older people just don't have that energy as much anymore. Now, some of that is because their culture, how they're living, their life, their diet, their exercise, But some of it is just also biological. So you have to make sure that you're using that energy, somebody who loves what they're doing there 50 or 60 years old. They may still have that energy of somebody who's like 20 or 30 years old. So it's not common at those older ages, partially because people make sacrifices partially because they're spread too thin or they've made compromises in their career or whatever else. So they're not really doing something that they love for that the enjoy Maybe they never spent the time up front to find what they were passionate about. All of those things are gonna happen impact. So if you want to maximize your learning potential, you need to take care of this stuff up front, and other things like finding perspective are gonna come into play. So you may be feeling kind of bored about a project that you're working on. So instead of grinding away at in continuing, go to something else that seems totally unconnected, I'll give you an example of this in multiple fields and in fields of linguistics, in fields of business and entrepreneurship marketing, I found a number of the top level experts. I'm talking about the top people in the world in their fields, making, making connections with choreography and dance in like ballet. And I saw it once. I thought, OK, that's that's interesting moved on. Then I saw it again, and then I saw it again and again and again, and I start to realize this is a powerful metaphor. I need to learn about this more deeply. So things like that where you may think, well, why would learning dance or learning things about ballet or about the theater? How that have anything to do with business? Well, the truth is, you don't you don't know until you actually spend some time there. That's why it's very valuable. Get different perspectives, get different metaphorical connections and build those bridges between domains, because that's where innovations come from. That's where creativity comes from, and you can't connect the dots and advance. You can't predict everything that's gonna happen in advance. Where you can predict is you can look at the patterns of creative geniuses throughout history and people that are innovators, people that are always learning and have learned a lot throughout the course their lives. You can look at those people and see that they're following these patterns, and then what you do is you just trust the process. You trust the system, you go with it and you enjoy it. And eventually you're gonna enjoy this way of learning this way of living a lot more than the way most people live for the the routines that you've had in the past. So it's very important to start getting yourself into this mode, and if it feels like that scary, that's too much. That seems really risky. I can't I just can't make that work with my my lifestyle or the way my job works. Then just try it out as an experiment. Try with low level stakes. Okay, you don't have to go to $1000 table when your first playing poker. So start low stakes, start with small experiments, but just get into the habit of experimenting with things get into the habit of Okay, I'm gonna take this idea. I'm gonna twist it this way or that way, and then I'm gonna put it into action, tested out and get some results. You want to be doing a lot of those experiments because that's one of the best ways to learn. And it's a way for you to adapt what you're learning to your specific situation. 23. Creating a Minimalist Study in the 21st Century: this video's on creating a minimalist study, and the idea here is for a lot of you may be thinking, Well, I don't even have a study. I don't have any rooms in my house or my apartment to put a study. So how is this going to be useful? Well, a study convey a simple as a certain chair that you sit in where whenever you sit in that chair, you go into a certain mode. Or maybe it's a couch. Or maybe it's a certain place in your house where you go and you can just make it a routine that every time you go to that chair, you go to that place. You always go into a certain learning mode. I'm gonna talk in this slide in the next slide about different things. You should be paying attention to two different things. You can use different things you can set up so that you have the bare minimum of what you need in nothing more. One of things I've been saying over and over again is having filing cabinets. The reason why this is so important is from the outside. You don't see anything. Okay, there aren't There isn't tons of stuff going on, like with a bookshelf where you see tons of different things that can be very visually overwhelming and you can. It can just draw and pull your attention away from what you're really doing. So that's why having file cabinets is really valuable. Among the many other reasons it's also just terms of space in terms of cost is the most effective way to do things. Get hanging folders, get manila folders, get that system set up and have a numbering system for each for all your learning projects , and then just keep them in numerical order. You can also separate drawers by, like increments of 10 or 20 or 50 or 100 said. It makes it even easier to find things. Next is if you do have a bookshelf and you're going to continue to have a bookshelf, then you can keep your books numbered also, so you can add a book to the united number to the spine. Think of how libraries do with the Dewey Decimal System. You can create your own little numbering system, or you can create sections of the bookshelf that air for different subjects. You can even make a very basic. So we talked about the four five different levels of your life, your business or profession, your personal, your relationships, your health than a meta level and or any other major roles that you play in your life that aren't Don't fit into one of those five. Um, you can have a five level bookshelf and then just keep your books separated like that. So just think of basics things you can do to simplify things and make it easier. Another really important thing is having inbox. So whenever I get mail, whenever he gets a piece of paper, you're not sure what to do with it. Put it in that inbox batch. Process it later. You don't have to have ah, really complicated g t d system to take care of things. Just have a basic place where you put something where you don't know what to do with it. Overwhelmed boxes. What does that mean? That just means when you have a bunch of stuff, you're not sure what to do with it. You don't want to deal with it. You put it in the overwhelmed box and then you just come back to it later. While you're thinking, How do I know when to come back to it? That can be part of a daily habit or a week? We have it where a certain stage week is maybe your metadata or for Friday for me, for examples organization. They metadata. I met a day, so every Friday I would be looking through those overwhelmed boxes, for example, or looking through a part of the inbox that I was just going to check once a week or things like that. Think about batch processing like that next computer and desk. So first, try to separate your computer in your reading area because you don't want to be constantly switching back and forth between a computer and of reading. Sometimes it works. Sometimes that can be beneficial. But, uh, and that's actually how I read often is I'll have a computer like a a small net book next to me, something that really isn't powerful. It's it's I think it's 45 years old at this point, but I like it because basically, all I can do with it is open a few tabs in chrome and do basic research on things. Look up basic things. I can't even really check my email or use Google docks because it's so slow. But it can edit text documents. I do a lot of typing. I type things straight into note pad plus plus, and I do basic Web browsing. And then when I open up too many tabs, I just use one note, get him all in tow. No, no one that one tab and then compress them all down. And then I have a fresh slate to work with. And then I also have 1 to 1 note on there for, like, copying and pasting an article, printing stuff out, saving things for later. But for the most part is just those basic things. So I'm not worried about getting distracted getting sucked into some huge research tangent because that computer isn't designed to do that sort of thing. So, yes, it ideally, you want to have things separating. You want to isolate, but you can. Also, once you've got some experience completely isolating and separating those two, then you're gonna be able to feel more comfortable bringing them back together a little bit because you're gonna have built that self discipline and you're also gonna feel you're also going to know how to build friction into the environment. So here's another example. You could have multiple profiles on a laptop that's more powerful, more modern, and then the second profile on that might not have all your usual bookmarks. You may not be able to log in your favorite websites so that you you might not be able to use them in the same way. So maybe you're not logged into Facebook and you don't. And so, just having that little bee bit of friction of, you'd have to type in your password and your email your phone number. Just that little bit of friction would keep you away from doing something like that. So thinking about building that friction in whenever there's an opportunity that you might choose the wrong road, think about your laptop in your tablet, not as much for research but for consumption. So it's okay to consume stuff, But don't be doing your research. Do your research in batch mode. Do it all ones. It's an extremely intensive process when you're doing it. Also think about back support. Make sure that your posture is right. Make sure that you're not hunched over makes your shoulders are back. Make sure that your head is upright. Make sure that the ergonomics of where your keyboard is. I'm not gonna go into all the details, but just do a basic Google search like Google Image. Search for posture at a computer and you'll see what it's supposed to look like. You should have back support. You shove lumbar support. You should have a invest in a good chair. If you're spending eight hours every single day, then think about that's 40 hours a week. You're probably spending more than 40 hours a week if you combine at work and at home. So the amount of time you're spending each year you're talking about thousands and thousands of thousands of hours. It's not crazy to spend $500,000 on a really, really nice chair. Similar thing with your bed. I mean, for me, a bed isn't it's important, but definitely for the chair that you're sitting in every single day. You need to make sure you have that support and let's say you can't afford that. Just get a pillow. Just take a regular pillow, put it behind that lower part of your back and make sure that you have support their cause . It's really important to maintain Papa Prat pop proper posture. Last thing is, keep a queen desk, and what that means is doesn't always have to be queen. Sure, there's tons of people that really creative, really successful that don't keep a queen desk. One of the things that I want you toe recognize when you're studying people that are really great at what they do is just because they're really great at a specific thing doesn't mean they've optimized all the different areas of their life or that there's any significant cause effect relationship between their success in what one area and the daily habits they have in their other areas. So really take pay attention to people's have it. Some people are very lazy in certain aspects of their life. A lot of people that are very successful, professionally or in business or in anything that's kind of achievement related, you'll notice that oftentimes their family life or their relationships have serious issues and you don't see that as much in their common in their public life of their public performance of who they are, but in private, there's some serious issues. Maybe there's some serious psychological issues that can sometimes even feed into why they're so successful. So you're coming to this course looking for a minimalist approach and looking for How can I cut down on things and get to what's really important? Well, part of looking at other people in looking at what made them successful, what are the patterns of successes? Don't assume that just because they're successful in one area their successful in those others, often times they've made sacrifices in other areas so that they could be successful in one area. And so just because somebody is really messy or they have this crazy lifestyle doesn't mean that's the best way to do what you're doing. It just means often times that they're super passionate, super excited about what they're doing. They really love what they're doing, and that gives you huge advantages. So part of minimalism is getting you toe cut down on the things that are you kind of enjoyed, give you a little hits of stimulation but are really good for you. And it's not something you really love doing. It's kind of a distraction one of my main goals for you with this course is to get you back . Where to help you discover what you really enjoy doing, and by freeing yourself up from a lot of the common day to day mundane distractions, notifications, little messes, little fires that you have to put out. I want you to free up some of that time that you can experiment with these things like, Okay, stop with a project. Just go do something else. Just go relax. Just go take a nap. Just go out and exercise. Go have a meal. Go study something like dance or choreography that seems completely unrelated in a waste of time, because that's going to bring you to a place where you're in the flow more often and so much of success. So much of learning and learning quickly is just about having great energy and really loving what you're learning. So I want you to get into the mode where you're spending more hours every single day in that mode because when you're in that mode, you get so much energy, you get so much benefits. Everything's just working well, and you're building a very powerful positive feedback loop 24. Bonus - Learning as a Philosophy of Life: in this section, you're gonna learn about how to use learning as a philosophy of life or how to add it to your philosophy of life. And the first thing is the religion of flow. I've talked about this before, why flow is so important, why getting into flows is so important. And it brings me back to that Steve Jobs commencement speech where he talks about You can't connect the dots in advance. So the idea here with religion of Flow is its this idea of believing in yourself more and believing in things that you can't fully explain. Like Why are you curious about something that doesn't seem to have any relevance toe what you're doing right now? What's important to you right now? And the reason why I'm putting this year in this course and why it's so important is because I've had so many experiences of having something that started out as just seems like a random project, and it ended up being something that really improved my life and and led to a lot of success in my business and also just other areas of my life, things that I could have never predicted. But It just felt right in the moment, and it was just following my curiosity following that flow and a lot of people they want because they haven't reached the levels success they want. They want to do everything by the book. And a lot of times what that means is somebody else's book somebody else's plan for What's the right way to do things? And what this requires is that you have that belief, but also that you're willing to take risk because you don't always know what's coming with the next step. One thing that Martin Luther King said was that faith is walking up a staircase and not being able to see the top of that. That's not the right quote, but, um, basically the metaphor waas. The bottom of the staircase is lit, and you trust that when you walk up, the top of the staircase is also going to be there, and it's just not it's not just gonna be a black pit of nothingness up there, so that's what the religion of flow means. It means starting to believe in yourself more, and obviously it's not something that's gonna come all in. One flash of inspiration most the time it's going to come by Tate just going from taking no risks or very few risks. And what we're talking about here is learning risks, taking the risk of following your curiosity and trusting that it's gonna lead you somewhere that eventually is gonna be valuable. So start making those experiments start putting those things into action. Start looking for a little ways that you can broaden your horizons and go off in directions . That could ultimately lead to a competitive advantage for you, because when everybody else is doing the same thing, if you go off in some other direction and then loop back with some new insights, that's going to give you an advantage that's very hard to compete with. The other thing is that you just get such a huge performance advantage by being in the flow . And so when you have a bunch of people that are all have equal strategies, equal knowledge, equal access to resource is the one resource that's very hard to control and manage for most people is their flow, their energy, and so, by having more energy than other people, that gives you a competitive advantage and It's very hard for people that are stuck in that old mindset to compete with somebody who's in the flow all the time. So it's very important to follow your curiosity. It's very important to start taking those risks and do it long enough so that you give yourself a good chance to get some of that positive feedback and build a positive feedback loop. Because if you never have that positive feedback, that belief is in yourself is never gonna happen. That's how beliefs Air formed is. You have some sort of positive feedback loop that's reinforcing you for having that belief . Next thing mistakes as a lesson in disguise. So what does this mean? What this means is that most people are not learning from their mistakes. They get emotional about their mistakes, which isn't necessarily wrong at the beginning. That's that's fine. The problem is when you continue to feel the same emotion in a cycle instead of processing it in getting to the next stage and the way you get to the next stage is you think about how is this gonna help me? What can I learn from this? How can I actually save you? may have lost a few $100 or a few $1000 on a mistake, for example, but then focus on. Well, if you solve this problem, you're gonna make sure you you make a lot more money in the future, much beyond that few $1000 or you can think about it in terms of, well, I can help other people with avoiding this mistake. Also, that could be a business opportunity that could just be something where it improves your relationships. Because in your network you're able to give something to people for free. And that's eventually going to come back to you because you're just building an identity, your building. Ah, uh, kind of a persona in that social group of being somebody who's a giver and somebody who's contributing to the group. So that's gonna come back to you. Uh, what are the major factors that go into making mistakes? Usually it's a lack of preparation, and preparation can be something that you do one time or can be building a system so that mistake never happens again. Or it's very unlikely for that mistake toe happen again. So most mistakes are actually symptoms of much larger issues and in west, your thinking at a systems level, you're usually gonna miss that. And that's why a lot of people get stuck in these negative cycles When they make a mistake , they beat themselves up. They feel bad about it. They get depressed stuff like that because they're not seeing in the larger scheme of things, there's a lot of advantages to moving to the next stage to think about. How can I solve this so that it never happens again so that there's a system so that other people avoid making this mistake stuff like that? That's a huge advantage, and it's important to make sure you're getting to that stage. Another thing about mistakes is just understanding the need of repetition to get good at anything. So you shouldn't be beating yourself up about not being good at something right at the beginning. Instead, you should think about well, how many repetitions have I done so far? Is this a normal amount of time for me to be taken to get to this level? And you should also be thinking about eventually you're gonna be teaching other people you're gonna be leading other people and one of the important aspects of leadership is toe have stories of your own failure so that people can relate to you because if people see you as somebody who's perfect, who has never made a mistake in their life, it's very hard to believe that they can achieve what you've achieved, and that's a huge part of leadership. Is building your team building the people that you're leading? And it's hard to do that if they can identify with you in any way, If they see you as a God, then it's hard for them to think that they can do what you've done. So having these stories of your mistakes is also very valuable, and a lot of people don't think about that cause they're too stuck in the moment. Next thing, enemies as friends in disguise. So this one, I can't remember where I originally got this idea, but I think it's such a great idea because I've learned that throughout life that people that I've uda's enemies or people that I've UDA's having conflict with me. Eventually, once I got a little bit of distance of from them, I realized that I actually learned a lot from that relationship, and you can learn from a relationship that's a friendship. But you can also learn from a relationship that's competitive or one where there's just a lot of hatred or other sorts of negative emotions there. So these people can be teaching you valuable lessons and originally came from some sort of , um, philosophical or spiritually, I think was Eastern. It had had something to do with Rio reincarnation, and the idea is that your friends reincarnate as your enemies from friends from former life's, uh, re and re integrate re reincarnate as enemies in your current life and and kind of people move back and forth in different lives. So, um, I'm not trying to sell you on that sort of mindset, but I just thought that the idea itself of seeing friends, enemies as people who could be helping you, because the ideas when you when you zoom out to that level of not just one life but multiple lifetimes, you can see different patterns. And so, uh, enemies and other thing about enemies is, or people that we don't like is often times there's things about them that we don't like about ourselves and so the way that we express that not liking that part of ourself is we pretend that it doesn't exist, and then we kind of externalize it in other people. So it's a valuable thing toe. Learn from your enemies, and it does. It's not necessarily going to delete those negative emotions, and you don't necessarily have to do that. But, uh, for example, that pain can provide motivation. There's a lot of high performing people where when they were a kid, they were bullied or there there was some problem in their family or they had to grow in some way. I just watched episode of Grey's Anatomy, where, uh, one of the guys that one of the doctors was giving advice to this 18 year old kid and his father beat his wife. And so he had all this anger against his father, and he didn't want to donate his liver to his father, who was going to die otherwise because of that. And so, um, this doctor told him a story about how when he was around the same age, he was described a kid. He couldn't do anything, and then he started going to the gym so we could protect his mom. And one day he just beat. He beat up his father so bad that he, uh, that he went to the hospital. And when his father got out of the hospital, he left and he never, never came back again. And he he regretted that, um, doing that. But all of that was, ah, reaction to that pain. So oftentimes enemies bring pain into our life. But that pain is something that causes us to grow. And you'll find that people that have no pain in their life they usually have no reason to grow or evolve or learn about things. They get comfortable. So not necessarily a za. Long as it's not acute pain, People can deal with those chronic low or mid tier pains and not do anything with it. So there's if you look back at your past, you can often times see patterns of where somebody brought pain into your life, and ultimately it caused you to grow and become the person you are today. The final pattern is this idea of learning who you are in life is a journey, and the stage is that people go through and that you're going to go through and that you already have gone through. And there's predictable changes that people go through throughout the stages of their life about how they see themselves, how they see relationships. What they see is the meaning of life. What's important, their values and part of what happens as you grow older is you or as you go through these stages, not necessarily as you grow older, but they are correlated is you start to see your identity as more than just yourself. You start to see yourself as part of larger systems, larger and larger systems. That's part of what higher consciousness or more consciousness means, is your conscious of how you're part of a larger system. Ah, one of the main differences between Eastern and Western cultures is that Western cultures or more individualistic Eastern cultures tend to be more collective. So people in a more collective society more of their identity is you could think about it invested in their last name instead of their first name. Everybody has some sort of balance, and the question is, well, what is three ideal balance? And how does that ultimately make you feel how does that? What sort of effects does that have on how, uh, the quality of your life and what's important and so understanding why you do what you do? It's ultimately based, Done what you value, and then what you believe is going to get you to those things that you value so maybe relationships of the most important things. And so you believe that. And so that's just another belief of values, just a belief about what's it important, what's what's most important. What's not is important. Other people think success is the most important. Maybe that's success and monetarily, maybe that success in terms of being in charge of people or fame or popularity. It depends how you measure success, But the way you measure success in the kind of values you have is it is a good predictor of how you're gonna feel and what stage of evolution your at and how you see yourself as part of 25. Bonus - A Minimalist Approach to Building Good Habits Slowly: in this video, you're gonna learn how to build new habits slowly. And one of the areas where this is most effective is where you have an area of your life for areas of your life. Where you're not, you don't really care about is much. It's not your highest value. It's not the thing that you care about most, but it's something that you know is important. And maybe it's something that you're waiting to get around to. And maybe it's something you feel like you'll handle in three months, six months a year, something like that. So these strategies air gonna be useful for handling those sorts of issues, because in those situations you want to pick what are the most important one or two changes in my environment, one or two changes in my routine that are going to make the biggest impact and then just focus on doing those and then focus on