Learning the Hard Way Vol 5: Memory The Hard Way | Timothy Kenny | Skillshare

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Learning the Hard Way Vol 5: Memory The Hard Way

teacher avatar Timothy Kenny, Author of "Accelerated Learning for Entrepreneurs"

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

29 Lessons (4h 29m)
    • 1. Introduction Part 1

    • 2. Introduction Part 2

    • 3. My Story

    • 4. Course Project

    • 5. How to Use This Course

    • 6. Free Bonus

    • 7. Introduction

    • 8. Spaced Repetition Part 1

    • 9. Spaced Repetition Part 2

    • 10. Mnemonics Part 1

    • 11. Mnemonics Part 2

    • 12. The Ugly Side of Memory

    • 13. Introduction

    • 14. The Best Way to Organize Your Paper Files

    • 15. The Simple Scheduling System

    • 16. Setting Up Your Review Days

    • 17. Hacking ONeNote (and Evernote) to Work with Your Schedule

    • 18. Hacking Your Documents, Audio and Video Files

    • 19. Daily Habit Reps

    • 20. Introduction

    • 21. The Book Memorization Myth

    • 22. Small Chunk Mnemonics

    • 23. Chain Mnemonics

    • 24. Large Chunk Mnemonics

    • 25. How to Connect Objects to Environment

    • 26. How to Turn Ideas into Images

    • 27. Finding and Building Environments

    • 28. Improving Your Visualization Skills (Even if You Can't Visualize)

    • 29. Conclusion

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About This Class

Memory is where the rubber meets the road in accelerated learning.

You buy books and courses.

You spend time reading and taking notes.

You synthesize ideas until you really understanding them.

But none of that means anything if you don't have access to those ideas in your memory when you need them.

The accelerated learning industry is still in it's early years.

It's still obsessed with "vanity metrics."

What is a vanity metric?

It's something that looks good or sounds good, but isn't connected to real world results.

What does that look like?

Take two doctors. Both 45 years old. Both graduated from the same medical school. One is a top surgeon who has clients flying to her from around the globe. The other just lost settled his 10th malpractice lawsuit. Who do you wanted to be treated by? Does it have anything to do with their "years of experience?"

Ok, but what about vanity metrics in accelerated learning?

I've talked about a couple of these before in the first two courses in this series on speed reading and note taking.

One is reading speed...WPM, or words per minute. As I said before, what is really important is not speed of reading, but speed of thinking/processing...specifically:

How fast can you take the raw materials, the words/sentences/ideas from the book and ASSEMBLE them in to a framework of knowledge that actually makes sense to you?

A framework that you understand and can use in the real world.

A second vanity metric is number of books read.

Why is this a vanity metric?

Because you will forget over 90% of what you read after a month. If you read a book over the course of the week, you will have already forgotten over half of the first few chapters by the time you are reading the conclusion.

And what about that last 10%? That stuff you do remember?

Is it structured information that you can use that makes sense to you? A new fully formed skillset?

Or is it just a random collection of unorganized factoids?

Before I go any further, a warning. Don't buy this course and think that it is going to solve the problems above.

You need to come to the stage of memorization having already done the right research, read and annotated the right books, and taken the right kind of notes that are structured properly.

Memorization is expensive.

A lot of people come to memory courses, books and trainings thinking that they are going to learn a system that makes it easy to just memorize books as they blaze through them at 1,000 wpm.

It's a pipe dream. It's never going to happen.

As I talk about in part 2 of this 3 course series on note taking, most of the information you consume, whether reading, listening, watching, live interaction, whatever, doesn't need to be memorized.

So we're really only talking about 5-10%...at most 20%...of what you are "learning" actually needs to be memorized for long term, immediate retrieval.

Why do I qualify the statement like that?

First, because sometimes you only need short term retrieval.

You are studying for a test on a subject you don't care about. You are happy to forget the information once you pass the test.

Or you're working on a one off project or setting something up once and never need to do it again.

Second. Immediate retrieval. This one is a bit more complicated.

To paint broad strokes, there are two types of information. Think of it like a tree.

There is the trunk and branches and roots, and then there is the leaves and fruit.

Stuff like systems, frameworks, deep underlying strategies or principles, need to be remembered forever. They are the foundation of your knowledge. They are what you will connect new ideas and skills to in the future.

The other kind of knowledge is the leaves and fruit. This kind of stuff is more at the surface. Some of it you will need immediate access to at a moment's notice, but none of it is really structuring your overall way of thinking. It's just a fact, or stat, or name or place or other piece of useful info.

This second type of knowledge often doesn't need to be memorized. Maybe you can Google it. But for more specialized information, you will need to look it up in your own personal computer or paper files.

This goes beyond memory, this goes to where you store information. Your memory is just one of the different options you have for storing things. It's just a little faster to access than to look it up in your paper or digital notes.

If you have a well organized notes system, you can spend more time on memorizing the really important information, like the systems, principles, frameworks and strategies, and have quick access to the rest.

So here's the deal. There are hundreds, if not thousands of books and courses out there on memory. What makes this course different is that it goes beyond the mechanics of mnemonics and spaced repetition, neither of which differs that much from book to book or course to course.

It goes to thinking strategically about what to memorize, how to memorize, and how to organize your memorization activities into a larger learning system that, when implemented as a whole, gives you huge speed improvements and a massive competitive advantage in your business or career.

Some of the big points to consider:

-Knowing how to structure your information before you even start the memorization process will save you tons of time and energy

-How to set up a spaced repetition system that will work the same way whether it's in paper format (and I don't mean 3x5 index cards) or OneNote, Evernote, or any other software

-How to re-conceptualize visual mnemonics as learning a foreign language and how to achieve fluency faster (this is the weakness of traditional visual mnemonics nobody talks about)

-How to fix another major weakness of traditional mnemonics, which is isolating information in elaborate memory palaces. This information, while technically accessible in your memory, is not actually integrated into your thinking. Learning is about building skillsets, and you need to do more after or instead of building a memory palace to get the new knowledge integrated in how you think. You may be able to fill in the blanks on a test, but you won't have actually gained the new skill or knowledge base you are looking for.

If you are serious about improving your memory and have been frustrated by the incompleteness and ineffectiveness of other memory systems, this course is for you.

This is not a course about memorizing names.

It's not about memorizing decks of cards.

It's not about memorizing digits of pi.

Sure, you can use the mnemonics I teach for those if you want, but frankly, those are not interesting ways of using memory. They are mostly party tricks and ways to impress people who don't understand how easy it is once you know mnemonics.

No, this course is strictly for entrepreneurs, professionals and students who want to a memory system that is fully integrated with the whole learning process and is designed for building real world skills that can help you in your business, career and life.

If that's what you're looking for, this is the course for you.


Meet Your Teacher

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Timothy Kenny

Author of "Accelerated Learning for Entrepreneurs"


Timothy Kenny is the author of “Accelerated Learning for Entrepreneurs.” He teaches classes and speaks to groups about how to accelerate their learning so that they can build successful businesses faster and with more confidence in their success.

Timothy has taught at the Harvard Innovation lab, The Tufts University Entrepreneurs Society, General Assembly in Boston, and has been a featured teacher on Skillshare, among others. He has consulted with startup teams on how to accelerate their learning, creativity, and growth.

See full profile

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1. Introduction Part 1: memory the hard way. This is the third and final course in the series of three courses. Accelerate learning the hard way. And the reason I created this course is because there's so much misinformation out there right now on how memory works and how it should be used for accelerated learning and and the kind of learning that you need to do every day, whether it's food. If you're an entrepreneur in your business, your professional, you're keeping up on new things. You wanna learn new skills and level of different areas of your life. You've gotta learn stuff from books from courses from podcasts, from reading stuff on the Internet, blog's Google searching books, all those different areas. And the fair warning that I want to give at the beginning of this is this is not an easy course. This is not a quick fix. It's not about memory, memorizing things subconsciously or magical stuff happening. This is serious memorization, and there's really two camps in memorization. There's the camp of space repetition. And then there's the camp of learning things through pneumonic pneumonic devices. And there's two types of no Monix. There's there's audio type No Monix where you're saying thing like you make an acronym and then each letter represents a word or an idea, and you chunk things together that way. The second way in the real innovation is where you turn ideas in the pictures and then by visualizing and using you're spatial memory, which is like how you remember how to get directions from your house to the grocery store. Whatever you put images in that visualization, and then that's how you memorize things. So most of you already understood probably know some of these ideas and understand them. Before coming to this course, we're gonna be taking those ideas to the next level. And the problem with how a lot of these memory strategies are used is they're used for things like memorizing digits of pi or playing cards or people, or just different pieces of random knowledge like that, or things that were always thought of is impossible to memorize. It turns out that those things are actually easier than the kind of information you're finding in books or in courses that you're learning. They're actually those playing cards and digits a pyre actually easier to memorize. The reason why is because when you're learning to memorize using visual No, Monix, you're actually learning a new language just like learning a foreign language. When you have to memorize a deck of 52 cards, you have to learn a language that has basically 52 words in it. When you're memorizing digital pie, you're really only memorizing 10 different words or maybe ah 100 if you're learning. Ah, different picture for each two digit number instead of everyone digit number. But basically you only have to learn a very limited vocabulary of of words in order to memorize everything in that set of information, whether it's numbers, whether it's playing cards. And so the problem is when you're memorizing stuff from a book, there's no limited vocabulary. So you're dealing with the English language that has over 100,000 different words, and there's no way you're gonna be able to create a picture for every one of those. So it's actually a lot more difficult, and most courses and books don't talk about that sort of memorization. They try to get around it, and that's one of the biggest problems, and that's you're gonna learn the solution to that in this course how to deal with it. And that's why I say here, handle your memory pum problem forever because this is going to allow you to get mastery faster. This gun allow you to have total command and control over that information and knowledge instead of just hoping that you have it when you need it. So what else is different about this course? This course works whether you like doing everything on the computer in your phone, your tablet, your iPad or if you like, doing most stuff offline. I prefer offline. And I recommend offline do as much offline as possible because you need that to be able to focus and because you're gonna be learning the system for how to keep it organized online and offline, it's all going to make sense. It's all gonna be easy. You also don't need software, so you don't need to plug every piece of information you want to memorize into some program . That's one of the weaknesses of applications like Super Memo are flash card applications. Nobody wants to create hundreds of flashcards for every book they read. So how do you get around that problem? You're gonna learn how to do that in this course, and you can do a complete with without touching a computer. So if you like to do things off the computer and you find that that helps you stay more focus and you can get into the flow more and you can do spend more time annotate and you just like that tactile feel, then that's going to really appeal to you. So who is this course for? It's for people that already have some experience with memory systems, because if you're coming here completely new, you probably think that those other strategies are gonna work. Those easy, quick, shortcut kind of things and the problem is they aren't. And so even if you are a beginner, you can still take this course because I do start from square one. It's just I'm not going to spend a lot of time in the introductory phases because ah, lot of that stuff I'm covering it because I want you to understand what other people are teaching and why most of the time it doesn't work and how to get past that and alter it so that it does work for the kind of learning that you're doing. So this is about making it effective and making it work for you, even if you don't want to be somebody who's o. C. D. Capturing everything into note cards and and setting exact scheduling cycles and rating everything. The problem with all of these tools and technology out there is there actually too complicated, and they take too much time to set up and the weakness and the problem with accelerated learning a lot of times is it has to be. The onus has to be on the teacher or the trainer in order to set up the learning tools and and content properly so that I could be learned quickly. So if somebody if an author already gave you the flashcards pre made for their book, that would be one thing. But it just takes too much time to be ableto recreate information for every single thing that you consumes, that you can plug it into some software application or plug it into some flash card thing. So that's why this course is so important because it's going to help you get around those issues, and I'm also going to show you why you should be avoiding a lot of this memorization stuff entirely 90% of the time because there's a spectrum of things, some that are really important and essential that you memorized, like systems frameworks, how things air structured, certain amount of vocabulary or other labels that are really just essential to memorize and learn. But there's a lot of things that you don't need to memorize and that you can get around memorizing by, for example, having the right note taking system and having things organized properly. Because, remember, memory is just a retrieval system, so if you need to achieve it instantly, then that means you need to get it in like a second or two seconds or 10 seconds in your head. If that retrieval can take longer than that means you can go into your organization system in your file cabinets, your three ring binders offline or your hard drive online or in the cloud or in your Dropbox Google drive and retrieve it that way. So it's just a different method of retrieving based on how fast you need that information. Some things you can't get instantly they need a ship and it takes a few days other things. You can go down to the corner store and you can get it immediately, or you can just grab it off the shelf. So there's different things, and there's a different amount of retrieval time that's acceptable for that use. So you have to understand. Okay, how fast am I gonna need to retrieve this information? Is it really important for me to memorize it anyways, and how should I memorize it? So if I need that instant recall or if I need a organized my brain in a certain way based on a certain system or framework, how doe I really burn that into my brain? So is there forever? So this is focused on long term retention. This is not focused on How do you cram stuff in your head so you can pass a test and then forget everything? This is not for people that are professional test takers. It's for people that are serious students. I need to learn things, need to remember it for a long time or forever, and you to remember it so they can actually use it. One of the other weaknesses with memory, palaces or visual? No, Monix that not a lot of people talk about and kind of hide is that they're just one way of retrieving a piece of information. But if you want to actually use it in real time, it needs. Each of those piece of information needs to be connected in a larger Web. So basically an idea if you if you use the metaphor of the Internet. If you have a website that only has one link in the entire Internet on every all the billions of pages out there, if there's only one link on one page that links to the page that you want access to, which is that memory for that information that you want access to, then that's a very weak tie, and you can't use that. You need to be built into that web of information, meaning there's a lot of connections, a lot of neurons connecting from a lot of different angles and places to the point where it's really and mashed in the network of your knowledge. So that's another very important problem that most memory courses and systems don't solve, and I show you how to solve that here. So memory is the last big stage in learning something, and when you really have things, memorize properly and you have complete access to it in your brain or you have access to it at arm's length through your computer or through your filing system. Off line. It solves a lot of problems or drastically reduces these problems. Procrastination, information overwhelmed, inability to focus, public speaking fears, inability to lead effectively in leadership. Your command of information, your understanding, your level of certainty about what you know to be true is very important. Same thing with public speaking when you get up there and you feel like you don't really know what you're talking about because you haven't mastered that information really memorized it deeply. That's another big problem. Inability to focus. Procrastination, these air all all about putting things off because you don't have the systems and frameworks in your head already that allow you to under no what you need to focus on right now. Be very sure about that and not have a lot of uncertainty about what should I do next. What should I do next? Uh, what's important to do right now? So what are those issues actually come from a lack of mastery and basic understanding of the fundamental same with information overwhelmed. If you can't deal with a lot of information and know what to memorize, not what not to memorize, what's important, what's not important. How are you going to deal with it all? Then all of these things turned into really big problems when you know this is how I'm gonna memorize something. I can master this, I know how to do it and I have no doubt about it. Then a lot of these problems just fade into the background. So that's why this memory courses different. That's why it's so important to master your memory, really understand how it works and get past the entry level tricks that that most authors and courses and books give you. Two kind of suck you into your first experience of the the world of memory. And this is going to take you to that expert, that advanced level where you really understand memory at the deepest levels and you know how to use it for real learning and real risk 2. Introduction Part 2: this introduction, I'm going to talk about what makes this course different from other memory courses out there, cause this your interest in memory. This probably isn't the first course. First book first blogged bows article that you've read on memory, and there's a lot of misconceptions out there. Thes memory skills have been rediscovered in a sense, in the last few decades when they really gained popularity. There's just a few years ago, World, uh, memory championships gained a lot of attention where before they were just they either didn't exist or there were very low profile. So memory is becoming very popular, and it's only going to become more popular in the coming years. But the problem is, it's still the The public's understanding is very unsophisticated, so there's a lot of ideas out there. They're being peddled around that aren't necessarily true. So a lot of this course at the beginning stage is going to be demystifying what memory is, how it actually works and why some of the things that are out there that other people are teaching are either are inaccurate or aren't useful for the type of learning that you want to do and This is what this was one of the biggest frustrations I had. When I start getting the memory, I'll talk about that more in the next video. My story. How I got interested in memory and my journey. But in this introduction, I'm going to first talk about setting some expectations because one of the things that people look for when they're looking for a memory system is well, I want the easiest method. I want the easiest way to memorize stuff. And the problem is, the easiest way to memorize things isn't necessarily the most effective, so it's not necessarily the most long term oriented meaning. You want to retain things long term. Anybody can remember something for a minute for an hour for a few days, but it's having access that for the coming years for the rest of your life. That's difficult. And another thing is that people think that memorization is mostly about the repetition. What they don't understand is that you need to encode memories in new ways to take advantage of how your memory has evolved, how human memory has evolved over time and the primary method is using visual No Monix and visual Monix takes advantage of the fact that we can remember spatial orientation, spatial, uh, anything spatial very easily. So that means if you walk into a room, you can remember what's in that room. And it's not something that you haven't have to intentionally do. And that's because, as a hunter gatherer species, but also just our lineage of animals that need to be, oh, navigate. It built this part of our brain. And so the trick is, Well, how do you use that in order to store information? So that's what we're gonna be learning more about. And the trick isn't just getting the repetitions, but it's how do you turn information into something that can be stored spatially. So that's why me here by learning a new language. The other thing is that memory isn't a solution for everything. So one part of it is you may not need to memorize everything so people think Well, right now, I don't remember anything. Maybe I should go for something where I can memorize a book or I can remember everything and it's or I'll memorize it subconsciously or whatever. But here's the thing. Memory isn't the solution. A lot of time. Sometimes even if you memorize that, you need to teach other people you need to delegate to other people. Or it's a trade off between how long? Eventually, even though you may not know right now how long it takes for you to memorize something? Eventually, you're gonna get to the point where you can estimate very accurately how long it's going to take you to memorize something, and then it becomes a question of gotta. So monument time. How are you going to use that? Time to memorize what's worth memorizing what's worth storing for a lot of you. If you don't have a good system for organizing your informations, you can get it back later. It may seem like memorization is the only option, but it turns out a lot of times memorizing something is actually inefficient. Compared toa just putting it away, storing it and having memorised your storage system. So what that means is you have certain places where you put everything and you've memorized that. So you always know. Okay, there's something about this subject. It always goes in this one place. Then you remember you've put everything in that place. It's like the Have you ever saw the movie Ice Age? This squirrel will, he forgets where he put is not and you can't find it later. So it's not just about a lot of people with memorizing worth organizing information. It's like they're they're digging little holes and hiding their nut in there. But then come the wintertime. When they're trying to find that nut, they can't find it. So it's not just about storing stuff. It's also about having memorized where you put everything and the ideal way to do that. It's have a system. Talk about that a little bit in my note taking course, but one that comes before this one. But I also have a course coming out that goes really deep in tow. How to organize externally under computer in your file cabinets, folders, three ring binders. But by doing that process, it also adds a huge amount of clarity to your thinking internally. That's why it's really important. The other thing is, building systems is building habits, so the system has to come first because otherwise the habit doesn't make sense. But you have to have habits also for reviewing information, and there's different ways to do that, I'm going to talk about how to schedule. Things will get more into that later. Next mistakes. What are some of the common mistakes people make that don't have a memory system right now ? Don't know how to memorize number one, not using space repetitions, space, repetitions, air Really important. A lot of people don't realize how important space repetition is because when you finish a book when you're finished, a course usually feel like you learned a lot and you have you feel like you have access to all that information. It turns out that often you don't and when were in school and we have tests. It's very easy for us to measure how much we know. But even that is a short term measurement. It's saying, OK, you knew this amount of information right now, but you may dump 90% of that and then start learning the next material and not retain it. So it's about measuring how much you know right now. But also how much are you going to know in a week, a month, a year? So spaced Repetition is about knowing that you need to do those repetitions and having an efficient way to do it. Next thing is making things memorable. So visual. No, Monix. That's one way to do it. But there's some other strategies, so we'll talk about that. No way of determining whether something should be memorized or not. So I talked about this before with eventually going to be able to predict how long something is going to take to memorize. So once you're able to do that, you have to figure out OK, is this something that issue memorized or not? Or is this something I should store so eventually going to realize that a good amount of what you're learning actually doesn't need to be memorized? It should be stored in a retrieval system, and it in reality, your brain is just a travel system. In terms of your memory, you're just retrieving things from your memories. So it's not really that different from retrieving something from your computer or retrieving things from your filing system, your filing cabinet through and binders, bookshelf, whatever it ISS. Turns out the guys who invented Google their original vision was, I want to be able to think a thought or a question and have direct have a computer directly connected to my brain so that the computer gives me an answer right after asked the question. That was their vision. That's what inspired Google that surgeons engine. So Larry Page Sergey Brin. That's what their original vision was when they were at Stanford. So that's where it all started. And it gives you the idea of okay, retrieving information, whether it's a memory in my head, whether it's something physically or something digitally my computer, my phone, whatever. What's important isn't just your ability to memorize things but know where things are. And how long does it take to retrieve that information, and if maybe it's okay for it to take a minute for you to retrieve it out of a three ring binder instead of a second in your brain. So you have to know that because otherwise it doesn't make sense to memorize everything you feel like you need to memorize everything, get overwhelmed, you end up not doing anything. We're getting really stressed out, so I gotta understand that piece of it, and that brings us to motivation. So how do you motivate yourself? How do you make sure you don't get overwhelmed and actually do it and build the habits will be talking about that. Also, one of the major things to look out for with other memory courses, other memory experts is thes stage tricks of things like showing out of memorize digits of pi or showing you how to memorize playing cards or even memorizing names. Memorizing names is a little bit farther on the Klein, in terms of it is more difficult, but things anything that has a set of uh uh, is a group of things, whether numbers, letters, names, anything that has a limited number of things in that set, each of those things can be given a symbol, and then those symbols can be memorized. So it's basically like learning a vocabulary of a new language. So if of language only as 2030 words in it, then it's not gonna be that hard toe. Learn that language, whereas if the vocab boys hundreds of thousands of words, it's gonna be a lot more difficult. So that's why memorizing random information in the in terms of numbers or playing cards, you have a very limited set of maybe 10 digits or 52 cards. It's not that hard to learn that vocabulary. But if you want to memorize something from a book on a subject you know nothing about, it's actually gonna be a lot more difficult. Even though it seems more manageable, it's just you need to understand how to use those symbols. Another thing is offline. Spaced repetition has been really difficult. I haven't seen anybody else doing any sort of significant work on this, and this is one of the most important things because very hard to focus. And it's very hard to get repetitions on a lot of material that's not stored in a computer and his not easy to get into a flash card format. So this is really important, also realistic. Look at the time and energy costs, how to make that efficient. You're not going to see that in most other memory courses and also creating mental infrastructure with demonic. So retrieval isn't just about well, can you retrieve it or not? It's about how easy is it to retrieve when you're in a certain knowledge domain. So if you're talking about one domain and then you have to go into a special memory palace and traverse that Palace. In order to get the information that figure it out, You're not going to be able to do that a lot of times when you're in the middle of a conversation when you're thinking about something else. So it turns out that you needed not just have access to it via something like a memory palace or an acronym or something like that. But it actually that information your memorizing has to eventually get in meshed in a neural net. In a network. It has to be like a website on the Internet that has a lot of different links going into it . A lot of different links going out of it. That's the only way where it's really gonna become part of your knowledge base. So it's about engineering these connections. It's kind of like let's say you want to build a city, so you want to learn new skill. That means you want to build a city. You can't just build one road to that city. You have to build a bunch of different roads going in a lot of different directions. That's the only way we're gonna get trade transportation people moving in and out of that city that transportation has to be really efficient in your brain. What you're building in in terms of roads and streets and highways, is that neural network, those neurons, the connections between neurons. So that's something that you can do intentionally. But you have to understand the infrastructure and how Mina Monix plays into that, because ultimately what you're doing is building that infrastructure. A lot of people are building very inefficient struck infrastructure in their brain in terms there, neuron. So that's a new metaphor to think about. We'll be using that more in the coming sections. 3. My Story: So I said, I talk about my story and how I got into memory and memories been one of most interesting things for me because when I was in school, it was all about this game of short term memorization. How much can I cram into my head? And what I would literally do is create things like acronyms. And I'd be looking at them and practicing them over and over again, right? Like the minutes before I was taking the test. And then right when I got the test paper and had to put away the my notes, I would take those acronyms I had memorised, and I'd write the information I do a brain dump before even started taking the test. So I'd basically do extremely short term memorization in terms of just having to hold things in my head for maybe a minute between one. I had to put my papers away when I got the test book, and I would just do a brain dump like 1/4 of a page half a page of the most important stuff that I had no hope of memorizing. So I would do that, and then I'd have this kind of cheat sheet that I had memorized and then written down on paper. I could let go with that'd enough to memorize that anymore and then could focus on the test . So for me, it was a game of Well, how do you memorize this stuff? Really short terms that you have it for the test. You can pass the test and then forget about it. And what I learned once I started learning business is that that strategy just wasn't gonna work because you need long term retention. So if you're learning for your career, for learning, for your profession or your business or, uh, whatever it is, even if it's ob, that's something that you need to retain long term. And that was the challenge. How do you retain something long term? The entire game you've been playing for the last 10 15 years has been Well, how do you remember something short term so that you can then forget it. So that's where it all started. And then what it got to was, Well, they're spaced repetition. But that mostly requires using complex software, turning things into no cards, and just that that single friction point of having to turn everything into a flash card. Where and having to do everything in the computer was a huge barrier to me. So then I looked at Well, what are these pneumonic systems and visual pneumonic? So visual mnemonics is something that's actually been being used for thousands of years, and it was the primary way of memorizing and learning before the written word was cheap enough where you can mass produce books. You had monks who spent their entire lives copying books by hand, and they would even put drawings than was called illuminated text. So they put drawing so you could use the drawing on the in the margins of the page in order to memorize the content. Because you were your enough to read that book and memorize it and not see it again. And the value of a book was equivalent toe like a Mercedes Benz or BMW was like an expensive car. That's how much it was worth in those times. So the fact that we have really cheap printed word is actually part of the recent wire education system is somewhat flawed right now. So the lecture model, for example, came from when it was so expensive. Toe have a book that you couldn't pass out textbooks. Every student. You have one book in the center of, uh in the front of the room. And then the T lecture would basically read from that book, and the students would here it, and then that's how they would learn. So that model came from the fact that you couldn't give every student their own book. But now it's seen as well, the normal way to do it or the best way to do it, so that a lot of those things come from just the economic reality of when the first universities were coming into being and how they were able to teach based on that lecture format. So visual, no, Monix is very interesting, is extremely powerful. It works, it works 100%. The problem is you're still having to translate this, except in this case, instead of translating things into note cards, you're translating them into pictures, and then you're instead of storing those flash cards in a computer program, you're storing them in ah, memory palace in your head. So they're actually quite similar In that respect, it's just that one of them is something that you can do in your head. The other one is something you need a computer for. And so that's what got me started. But there were still these friction points of well, it takes a ton of time in orderto translate things into a different language or into a flash card versus something in a book. And most people, including myself, just don't have time, don't have the energy, don't have the interest to do that. So the recent I created this course in the recent was, first of all, just to create a system for myself. I never thought that I was going to be teaching accelerated learning. It was just something where I wanted to improve my productivity and learning because I was starting from Square one. I'd read maybe 5 10 business books, and I just realized, Wow! I looked at the statistics that say most, like 90% of businesses fail. Most people fail in their 1st 2 or three or four startups entrepreneurs. Nida takes them like 10 years or eight years in orderto get their first profitable business , and I was thinking, Well, if I'm starting right now this is when I'm gonna have the most mathematical leverage or meaning that if I improved my efficiency right now and I could cut it in half, I'm best off stopping, learning those productivity's secrets for learning how to learn faster and then continuing my business and entrepreneurship learning after that. So it turned out that one side integrate all these systems memory speed reading, note taking, organizing information, research, all these different aspects. It turns out that there wasn't anything out there, and I believe that being able to learn quickly is the single grade greatest advantage you can have as an entrepreneur, because entrepreneurship is just about finding. Resource is in one area that can be used in another area where they're not currently being used and where they have higher value. That's all that entrepreneurship is. That means your ability to learn trends, learn new technology, learn about new cultures, learned about new domains either professionally business wise knowledge domains and bring things from one area to a new area. Where has more value. That's all it takes to make money. So that's why learning is so important. And as the world is changing faster and faster whether an entrepreneur were professional or whatever your career is. You need to be able to learn new skills and you need to keep updated. There's people aren't are no longer getting jobs where they're gonna work at one company their entire life. So you have to always be sharpening your sword sharp in your acts and making sure that you're staying up to date on new technology because things are changing faster and faster. So all this stuff came into being, and that's why I realized that this is what I want to teach is something I need to share because it's so powerful. So that's how this all came into being. And even this this three course, uh, serious right here about speed reading, note taking memorization. It really starts at the end. Where starts with I In order to succeed in business or in my career, I need to have access to a lot of information, and so that requires memorization. How doe I memorize information will have to take notes. How do I How am I going to get those notes while I need to get those that information from books? How do I know a book Street. Well, that's I need to do research in order to do that. So you really have to start at the end result of what you want. I wanna have, uh, either instant access through my brain or 32nd toe a minute, access through my computer through my filing system with physical paper information. I need to have very quick access that I have to know where everything is so that I can have clarity of thought. So I can have quick access to things. Aiken learning process, synthesise. Things come up with new ideas. So that's what accelerated learning is about. That's how this course came into being. And one of the main flaws that I see in other learning systems is that they don't start with the end in mind. They don't start with the idea of, Well, I need to have long term retention of this information. What's the most important information to memorize, how to do that and then go from there and go backwards, too? No. Taking go backwards to speed Ringo backwards to research go backwards to finding those experts. Those top people speak those thought leaders. So you really have to start with the end in mind. That's why this is You could argue that this is of the three courses in this series is the most important one. Because ultimately, if you're not retaining what you're reading, what you're consuming, it doesn't really matter what you're doing. You're just going to be so slow that that other people that have a faster, better learning system are gonna be able to overtake you when you're everyone's competing with same 24 hours in a day. So when you're limited by time, the only way to have an advantage to be able to do things faster 4. Course Project: just like the other two courses. This course has a course project, and this course project, compared to the other ones, might seem kind of easy and might seem like, Well, that's not a lot to do. But the reason why it's different is because with memory, you really have to learn a new language and that new languages visual. No, Monix, that new languages. How are you gonna create two D three D models in terms of information and symbols to symbolize ideas? How are you gonna learn this new symbol system where you can turn ideas in tow images? And that's not something that's easy? It's not like there's a dictionary out there. It's not like there's people around you, also speaking this language that I can be easy to learn. So it's not something. It's not a spoken language, and that way it's kind of like Latin. It's something that you use, but you don't necessarily speak to other people with it. So it's not really a spoken language as much as something that you use. Toe basically talked to a certain part of your brain, which is that visual spatial part of your brain. And if you can use that you can do a lot of amazing things. So the project here is to create a note pad a 10 slot memory palace using your room. Any room in your apartment in your house could be your bedroom. Could be your bathroom. It could be a living room, but just choose 10 objects within a room or two rooms that you can use to attach other things, too. And if that doesn't make sense, you learn more about what I mean in the coming videos. But the idea is have basically a to do list or a little scratch pad where you can store a small amount of ideas. And you can use that to start getting into the habit of translating things into images in tow visual symbols. And that's something that requires fluency when you're first starting out. When I was first, starting out might take me 30 seconds and minute just to come up with a single translation . So when you're starting out, it's not something that's easy to dio. It's something that takes time, and as you get better and better, it gets to the point where you can come up with a symbol in a 2nd 2 seconds, three seconds and it becomes something that's easy. But it takes time. It takes practice. So that's why. Don't want you to focus on building this huge memory palace immediately because it's not really useful. Toe. Have a lot of space, a lot of storage. If you don't have anything to put into it, it's first acquire the ability to translate and create those symbols. And then once you're at the point where it's, it's quick enough and you can translate fluently enough where you need more storage space. Bennett sized big of a deal. The other thing is that you need to get usedto going into your imagine your spatial imagination and placing things. They're in connecting things. So that's going to be the first main piece. 2nd 1,000,000 pieces, dedicating two days per week for review and those air Saturday or Sunday. Those the ones that I suggest. I give you a basic system and schedule for how to do all your space review just using those two days, but obviously you can pick other days if you want to. You can put one in the middle of the week, but generally the weekends. We have a little bit more free time Widmore Energy and doing space. Reviewing Really working out your brain is gonna take some energies. They don't assume that well, o at the end of the day, when I'm really tired, this is something you're to be able to do. This is something that's going to take a fair amount of mental energy. So you have to be prepared for that. Make sure that your fueled up eating good food have something to drink, have some energy so that you're ready to go. The last thing is marking with colored tabs. So once you've got this organization system set up with your physical files, then you're gonna be able to do the reviews because you're you. You're not to go out and buy these. They're just little posted tabs will cost you maybe five bucks, and then you'll get a few 100 tabs that you can just place on individual documents. And then when it's review time, you just go into your filing cabinet or your three ring binders and and ideally, you're gonna have file cabinets because that's the easiest way to do it. But you just go through and each thing that's a certain color based on the day you're gonna No, to do that. So you start out with taking the most high priority documents and this is this will work even if you don't have your information organized and sorted. Yet you could just choose a single stack of stuff for a single drawer of your most important stuff that you want to learn and then start color coding those and that will just take you maybe five minutes to color code. All of those. Once you do that, then on each review day, you're going to know what do I need to review on this day? And that's all there is to it. So in each section, we're gonna be going over different steps of the visual. No, Monix and versus reviewing documents is not necessarily the same thing. You're gonna learn more the distinctions. I'll go over that more in the coming videos 5. How to Use This Course: how to use the course may seem well, okay, Just watch. Watch the videos go through. Listen, everything. Look at all the slides, but it's really important. Kind of like the previous course I was talking about. You really have to be ready for the amount of effort and work involved in organizing both your external and your internal, your offline, your online information systems, knowledge systems. That's quite an endeavor. And you have to set those expectations up front for yourself so that you don't get overwhelmed. Bite off more than you can true, chew and then give up on it. So you have to be in it for the long haul. And this is something where the payoffs are not going to be instantaneous. In the beginning, it may even feel like you're learning slower than the old way. And the reason why is because if you practice the same inefficient way of doing things over and over and over for decades at the beginning, you are going to be better at your old inefficient way, as opposed to the new more efficiently you need to give your brain timeto learn the new, more efficient way reminds me of when Tim Tebow was coming into the NFL and he had to change the way he threw the football, because in the NFL game, it's just faster. You can't get away with having a slower throwing motion. It needs to be higher, needs be quicker so you can get that ball off faster in college game. You can get away with that sort of inefficiency with that sort of idiosyncrasy. But in the in the pro game, you can't get away with it anymore. So that's what that's a way to think about it. That's a metaphor you need. Toe learning, more efficient way of doing things is gonna be uncomfortable at first. It's not gonna work as well, for its gonna be slower at first, but eventually once yet flew with it. It's gonna be a lot faster. It's gonna be a lot better. You learn a lot more efficiently, so don't expect there's really two things here. There's space repetition, and then there's visual mnemonics. Those are the two big key ideas with memorization with the visual. No, Monix don't expect to be fluent immediately, so don't don't think that it's you're gonna become really good at it in days or even weeks is probably gonna take over a month. And it depends how many hours. So you were talking about dozens, probably over 100 hours before you're really comfortable with it, and that's that's not a lot of time if you're talking about foreign languages, but that is a lot of time. If you think about Oh, well, this is just a strategy for improving my productivity's. So you have to be ready for that. And that's why I say Don't start off. It's this huge memory palace, because that's going to be way too overwhelming when it's taking you quite a while just to come up with symbols. And that's why, compared to you, the way that you study right now or the way that you review things right now may seem less efficient. That's because you need to get fluency first. Second, focus on building habits so that those habits are primarily about the habits of trend being able to translate things individual Monix, but also the habit of doing reviews. So just getting into the habit of looking at something more than once instead of getting all your feeling of accomplishment from finishing a book. So part of this is also emotionally retraining yourself, going from the place where how most people think about how most people reward themselves and when they they allow themselves to feel good about achieving something, you're gonna have to change that. And those patterns, those emotional patterns and emotional habits don't change immediately. So that's something where you're gonna be retraining how you think about what should I really feel good about? Should I feel good about finishing this book? Or should I feel good about really getting the most out of it and having long term retention and seeing those results in the real world? So ultimately, this is all about knowing that from beginning to end we're getting the most juice, the most value out of anything that we're learning from, and that's ultimately going through that process, knowing the process, knowing that your this is the way that you're going to get the most out of what you're learning is ultimately what gives you the satisfaction. Not putting the book back on the bookshelf in saying yes, finished another book. I read more books this year than I did last year. That's not What it's about is about how much long term are you retaining with the ability to actually use it? So it's not just about retention. Also, remember what we talked about building those neural nets, Those connections that mesh? It's not just about retention. It's about retrieval ability to use it in the moment when you need it. Prioritizing space repetitions over No Monix in this calendar. So at the beginning, what's important is to build those habits. Make sure that this is your memory system isn't something that falls off the map. Once you finish this course, it's something that becomes part of your life. And even if it doesn't feel like a lot is happening at the beginning, you got to stick with it over time. And we're talking multiple months before you start to see ah, lot of the really powerful results. So that's what's important about this section is just setting your expectations because I don't want you to come into this thinking that things are gonna happen immediately and then you don't see it happen, and then you feel like you failed. This is stuff that's going to take time to get the all the value out of it, all the results out of it. So just be ready for that. And there's a lot of with a learning system. In any time you're changing systems, there's going to be friction. So be ready for that friction. Be ready for problems to pop up that I haven't talked about that I couldn't even imagine where. When you're going from your old way of doing things to a new way of doing things, things, Aaron, crop up problems, they're gonna crop up. So that's why setting one day a week minimum, but ideally, two days a week, where you're doing your space repetitions, you don't have to do repetitions every single week on that day. Maybe instead, you work on your visual pneumonic or you go back and you just review something from this course. You reviewed that your notes from this course and you do a check in with yourself of Okay, how is my memory improving? Maybe Do a journal entry on it or what? A. My memorizing. What do I wanna have in my first set of things that I do space repetitions on her? Maybe I should set up a one place in my office or my room or my desk, where I put everything that I want to get spaced repetitions on and move everything to that location. So just little things like that. Where makes it easy for you to do your space repetitions and you remove the friction. Look for those friction points so that you can make it easier and easier for self to do those space repetitions. 6. Free Bonus: This is the free bonus section. And in the free bonus, I give you opportunity. Teoh, email me with what you're doing. How you're applying the course. In this case, you can either tell me your existing memorization system. Some of you are coming to this course and you already know stuff about space member space repetitions you already know about visual mnemonics, Auditory? No, Monix. Other forms of no Monix. And so you're looking for that system. You're looking for some of the details of. OK, well, how do you deal with the note card problem? How do you deal with doing things without the computer? How do you deal with these other issues? Thes more fine grain thing. So depending on where you're at, let me know, Ok? What is your current memorization system if you don't have any? If you're just not memorizing anything if you're just hoping kind of throwing mud at the wall, hoping stuff sticks, then maybe you should wait until later on in the course, and then email me once you have an idea. Okay, well, this is what I got out of the course is what works is what doesn't for me This is my plan for what I'm gonna do going forward. Then I can give you some feedback on that. Help you think about it, Maybe get over some hurdles around some some things that you're not sure how to deal with yet. So either tell me your current system if you feel like you've already got something that's working pretty well, but you want to make some tweaks to it, Otherwise go through the course yet acquainted with the basic ideas. Understand the schedule, how the fluency works, thinking about it as a visual Monix of as a new language of foreign language that you're learning. And then come, then come toe. Ah, an idea or a plan of how you want to start implementing things and then send me an email with that, and I'll do the tear down on that and give you some feedback on that. So most cases I'm able to get back to you within 72 hours. It's weekend from on vacation or something like that might be a little bit longer, but for most of time going to be able to get back to you within 72 hours, you're looking at this email wondering why that's the plus sign that allows me to filter, uh, your email into a label in Gmail. So everyone who's taking this course who sends me an email It all goes under that single label, so keep stuff organized, and this is something that you can use also. If you have Gmail toe, organize things of getting news letters from different people, or you want to keep things that are from certain groups or members of your family. You can set up filters so those things are automatically routed. You haven't skip your inbox helps keep things less cluttered. And it's a great way to keep your email more organized and find stuff later on that you're looking for. So it's a great way to simplify things, especially when you're putting giving companies your email address and you want to have that stuff routed to a certain place and pasture in box. This is a great way to do it and then find that stuff later on, because, at least for me, I find that even ah, the Gmail search engine isn't that great for finding things. So using labels and using the same ideal you went out the same organizational system and structure and framework that you're using with your paper files with your digital files. You also wanna have that in your email because you want to have one framework in your head for how to think about how you organize all your information and then duplicate that and use that same system in every place. Whether whether it's your email, it's your stuff in the cloud, whether it's your digital files on your hard drives, whether it's your paper files and then other physical objects within your house, your apartment. Ideally, you want to have all that within one framework. One system. I have a course on that. You can check that out. It's not out right now, but if you shoot me an email, I can get you early access to that, and I'll keep you notified when that comes out. Um, but that's really important. Make all these little things that you can do to keep stuff more organized. It all comes down at the end of the day to clarity of thought. Your ability toe go in a lot of different directions, attack problems from a lot of different angles, and bring resource is to an area come up with innovations that you've gotten from other domains that you've explored, and your ability to do that is directly related to how interconnected all those different domains are. So that stuff is really important. That's just another example that as you go through this course, come up with a plan and then send your plan to this email, and I'll try to get back to you within 72 hours. 7. Introduction: in this section, we're gonna be going over the three different types of memorization the three main ways that you can memorize things, and then we're going to be getting into in the sections after this how to actually do it. But it's important to go over the three strategies now because it's going to give you an understanding of anything you've learned about memory in the past. That's going to give you an integrated way of looking at it. If you're and most of you listening to this, some of you have come from my previous courses. I've already kind of hinted at how to approach memory. But if you're coming to this course as the first time and not and you haven't gone through those other courses than part of what I do in thes accelerate learning courses, I talk about what's out there right now, and most of you, your accelerated learners and your your you want to be able to learn faster. And so part of doing that is getting ideas from a lot of different authors reading different books, get getting multiple perspectives on any issue, so I'm sure that you're gonna look at other memory books, read other memory articles, maybe going memory forms and watch memory videos after you go through this course. So I also want to give you a framework in a way of thinking about and looking at these different courses. Because one of the big things in terms of comparing different courses, different books, different training programs is that in order for an author creator to trademark their idea and toe, be able to sell it and not have other competitors use, those same ideas is they have to create a new terminology. They can't trademark or copyright an idea. It's only the expression of an idea. And so what happens is you see a lot of different experts out there on memory and they felt , got their own terminology in talking about this stuff and it when you're first getting into it, it can make you think will. All of these things must be unique, but it turns out they're all talking about a few simple basic memory techniques and principles and just talking about using a different set of vocabulary or terminology. So that's part of what we're gonna be going through in this introductory video and then in the videos after this, you're going to start to see how each of these things work. So the first way is this is the way that I got introduced memory and realizing how important memory is through space repetition. There was an article on Wired by this guy who invented a program called Super Memo, and his mission was to become a genius. And he his idea was that if you can focus enough, if you can choose a few topics to really master, and if you can use spaced repetition to make sure that you retain what you're learning, what you're reading, then you can become a genius, and you can, uh, blow bat past all the expectations of what people think your memory can be like. So you did a lot of testing on himself, learning new languages, learning random piece of information to figure out what's the ideal amount of repetition, how to space those repetitions. And he created these graphs that show that you forget half of what you read over a weekend you're gonna forget over 95% after a month. So these are the kind of things that made me realize Wow, Memory is huge. You gotta figure this out. You got to figure out how to improve your memory. So spaced repetition is huge. And a lot of the other types like learning visual. No, Monix or audio? No. Monix. And also there's some physical mnemonics and also space reconstruction stuff like flash cards, all of the's things. Even if you're using visual. No, Monix And you're creating images in your brain and your imagination, stuff like that. You still need to get spaced repetitions. You can't just do that once and then remember it forever. So spaced repetition. No matter what system you're using, you're gonna have to get space repetitions that always has to play a factor in your memorization system and you're learning system. So the two things here Ah ha! Versus ah huh or ah ha. And then I know that syndrome. Basically, what that means is that if you're just doing spaced repetition, you can start to get into this groove where you feel like you know something because you recognize it. And that's kind of the difference between a multiple choice question and a free response question a free response. It's like you can do whatever you want. You can say whatever you want with a multiple choice. As long as you recognize the right thing. When it's there in front of you, then you get 100%. In the real world, it's not all about multiple choice. A lot of times about you have the freedom to do whatever you want. And so you have to know what to do. And so recognition isn't enough. And a lot of times you can get fooled into thinking you know something when you really don't. You can just recognize it if it's in a group of things or it's something that you've gotten kind of bored of because you've seen it so many times. So that's what Segways us in into the second way way Number two, which is spaced reconstruction and scientists have done a lot of studies to figure out well , how do you build stronger memories? And they found that if you ask yourself questions and then you force your brain to think of the answer and come up with it, you're gonna create stronger memories than if you're just showing somebody the answer over and over again and hoping that they memorize it. So that's a really important distinction between space repetition and spaced reconstruction . Getting yourself toe actually reconstruct it. So this could be a Z Z is just right as much as you know, about a subject on a blank piece of paper. And the first time I did this, it really opened my eyes because I've I had read this to 300 page book and so I sat down. I'd be like, Well, I'll just summarize everything. I got this book on a one pager, and I'm pretty sure I have multiple pages of stuff I could write down, but I actually started to do it and I started, Try to draw out, attempt to draw a framework of what we're all the different big main points of that book. And what was How is it structured and all this sort of stuff, and it just wasn't there. So one of the things that can fool you is feeling like you know something when you actually don't. So doing little things to test yourself is really important, especially at the beginning. Eventually you're going to develop an intuition for what do I really know and what do I feel like? Maybe I know, but I actually don't. I just recognize it, and that recognition recognition means you your farther ahead on the path. But you still have a ways to go. So it's not like you're always gonna have to be testing yourself and drawing up tests for yourself in quizzing yourself and stuff like that, which takes a lot of time and isn't necessarily really fun to dio. But you need to do it if enough times, maybe just a few times until you have a sense for Do I really know this or do I just, um, I just fooling myself. Do I really need a work on this? Get more repetitions, Get more reconstructions. Ideally, so part of this where this comes from, is this idea of our memory and the metaphors of how we think about memory has changed. So back hundreds or thousands of years ago, people were thinking about memory as if it was a tablet that you would action to, like a wax tablet or a stone tablet that you would etch carvings into because that's how they wrote things down. And then it turned into a piece of paper, scroll paper, something like that. Then it turned into with technology to turn into a hard drive or one of the most poppers of video tape or cassette tape. So we have different ideas of in metaphors that we used to think about memory. But none of them really come close toe How it actually works, and the way it actually works is each time you just try to retrieve something inside your head and intend him to remember something and bring it back up into your awareness, your consciousness. What happens is your brain goes in and reconstructs it out of various pieces so that memory isn't like one object. It's actually a cluster of a bunch of different things that all get reactivated, and they they don't always get reactivating the exact same way. So that's why memories can change over time. You sometimes hear about how unreliable eyewitness testimony is because they've done studies where they've implanted fake memories and they'll be able to like tell somebody a story and then asked them to remember what they saw in a video, and they can get 1/4 or 1/2 of the people in the group to just remember something that never actually happened. That was just part of a story that the scientists told them. So the ability for US toe create false memories is actually pretty strong. And you can't rely on your memory toe always recall and bring back exactly what happens exactly what happened. But the point here is reconstruction is important. And every time you're remembering something you're actually reconstructing. So when you just looking at a piece of paper and getting a quote unquote spaced repetition , you're not actually reconstructing it because it's their constructed for you already, and you just kind of taking it in. So forcing your brain to go in there, reconstruct it, pull it back out and then check it for errors is important for building those first few wraps so that you get those neurons Meilin aided and you get him activating in the same exact way in the correct way enough times where it's no longer gonna be prone to error. Now we're going to talk about the third way, which is no Monix and visual. No, Monix. Especially so visual. No Monix air really important because this is the way that throughout history the people that have had the greatest memories have been able to memorize what they memorize. And there's a huge amount of potential because when you're using visual No, Monix, what you're basically doing is taking your ah, you're spatial memory, which we've evolved over thousands, tens of 1000 millions of years as animals to be able to go in a lot of different environments and memorize them and because we're hunters and the way that they know that evolutionarily is is. And I think I may have talked about this in speed reading course. So if you already heard this, I'll keep it short. Is an animal that has both eyes in the front of its head is a predator. And the reason why is they can get that three D view by looking at an object off in the distance and then determining the distance very accurately by having those two different, slightly different perspectives creates what's called Parallax. When you have a prey animal, it's gonna have its eyes on the sides of its head so it can get us close as possible to a 360 degree view. When you're predator animal, you're not really worried about other predators attacking you, so you don't need to be worried about always looking around in every direction. Whereas if you're a prey animal, that's what you're worried about, and you don't need to target any other animal because you're eating grass or leaves or whatever. So that's why those are separate. That's why they have different evolutionary functions, and it's important toe as a predator. To be ableto understand the location in the environment that you have that memorized. And when you're chasing down some animal or hunting some animal than you can plan all this stuff out. And as no man, nomadic peoples, which is what humans were until we, uh, we invented agriculture just a few 1000 years ago. All of these things were really important for our survival. So we have built into the hardware of our brain thes spatial abilities, and we don't really need to use them as much anymore because we're not out there hunting anymore. So we've got this really strong piece of hardware, but we're not really using it for anything, So that's where visual mnemonics comes in. It's a way of using that hardware that we're not really using anymore you could think of. It is like a graphics card in your computer, and some people, like for Bitcoin. They figure out how to mind Bitcoin using their graphics card or some powerful extra card that they have on their computer or just using Resource is they weren't using otherwise. And so that's a big piece of all these new technologies that's that's creating these distributed technologies. And you have something like that in your brain. It's this spatial memory, the spatial ability that isn't really being used. And the reason why I say it's like learning a new language is because it's a different symbol system, the symbols that you're using, our imaginary environments and their imaginary objects. So you have the ability to go in and imagine an access well, what's on the other side of that door before you go into the door, your house, your apartment or when you're going out of your house or apartment, you have the ability toe visualize and know what's on the other side of that door. So that's what visuals spatial memory is all about. Now there's other things, like audio memory and no Monix, and there's even kinesthetic ones or body different. It's like Y M C A. It's it's different movements of your body. In some cultures, these are used a lot more in Western cultures. There tended to not be used, is often. I'll be getting more into that later. But these are the three main ways that we memorize in the next section will be talking about space repetition, then the video after that space reconstruction. That video after that is these demonic. So this is just an overview of how these different things work. These are the three things that you're going to see in whatever memory course you've already taken or memory book you've already taken or other ones that you'll see in the future. So this is kind of a framework for you to use. Last piece I want to say on this is this scaffolding function and the reason why this is important is because a lot of people think that just using visual no, Monix by itself, you can just build a memory palace, put whatever you want in whatever order and everything is gonna be perfect, and you're gonna have this amazing, perfect memory. But there and while there is some truth to that. There's also a mistake there, and the mistake is you need to structure the information according to a framework. It needs to be part of a larger system, a systematic understanding of whatever domain you're learning, whatever information, whatever subject you're learning. And so when you just throw things randomly into different locations in your visual memory, in your memory palace or whatever it is, then what starts to happen is your. Your information is very isolated. It's not integrated into one larger function, so you can do things like past tests and be able to retrieve information. But that doesn't necessarily mean that it's integrated. So that's why building the infrastructure of your brain I talked about this a lot in the last course on note taking is you need to structure information before you memorize it, because once you connect things with these visual systems, it's basically like setting pouring concrete and letting it set in a foundation. It's not gonna be easy to tear that back up and just reconstruct it, and I made a few mistakes when I was originally learning this new Monix language, this visual pneumonic system I made some mistakes, using symbols that weren't really good symbols, connecting things that were just kind of randomly connected instead of in a larger framework. That made sense. And so I had to break that stuff down. And really, that's the thing is you can't break stuff down. It's just there forever. Those connections, You kind of have to let them wither and die like over time so you can't there's no delete button and then trying to build those new connections. They're not going to really stick until they're even stronger than the old ones. So it's really important we'll be talking a lot more about that. But there's a lot of interesting issues here, and a lot of memory courses, books. They kind of gloss over this stuff because the focus is more on stuff like, Oh, let's memorize playing cards less memorize Digits of pi. What's memorized people's names, stuff like that. But for learning riel subjects, riel, information, real knowledge in your profession or in your business, or whatever it is, it needs to go a lot deeper than that, and we're gonna be talking about that in the coming videos coming sections. So I'll see in the next video 8. Spaced Repetition Part 1: in this section, we're gonna be going a little bit deeper into space repetition, and we're gonna be focusing on the good and the bad. So what is great about space repetition? Why is it so important? I already talked about how much you forget, even after a short period of time mentioned briefly memorizing people's names. What people don't realize You hear somebody's name, you can forget it within five seconds. So spaced repetition can even mean the space of five seconds or 30 seconds or a minute. So while you're in a conversation with somebody, if the subject saying just somebody else starts talking or you just have a few seconds, you can ask yourself, What's that person's name again? Oh, was Tina okay? Continue. Carry on, Do that and then be like, OK, what? Where do they work? Then what's their role again? What's their title? And then asked, Just quiz yourself. Asked those quit those quick quest rapid fire questions. Get the response, and that's going to help build your short term memory. So spaced repetition doesn't have to be days, weeks, months, years can also be seconds and minutes. So this is the kind of stuff you can be doing mid conversation when there's a lull where there's a break or the other person's talking, you could be getting these space repetitions. So one of great things about spaced repetition is that's easier than some of these other methods. You don't have to figure out how toe use your imagination. You don't have to figure out a new language. You can just do wraps, and you can do these wraps while you're doing other things. So while you're driving while you're exercising while you're cooking while you're relaxing , I like to do outside work to kind of get my like, work outside like like digging stuff, working in my garden, cutting like cutting would like for the winter different stuff like that. And so I really enjoy listening stuff. We just got a huge snow snowstorm here in Boston over the last few weeks, and so I've been doing a lot of shoveling snow blowing stuff like that roof raking and so I love to listen toe, get in reps and listen to audio while I'm doing that. So whenever you're you have some downtime where maybe you can't look at something, but you can listen to something and just put your earbuds in. That's a huge opportunity to get repetitions. So this is something especially like before, better when you're falling asleep. I like to have something on before, when I'm like, if I'm going to sleep, I can listen to something and so that that can be an audio book that can be an audio that you recorded. We'll be talking more about that stuff later, but any time you have some downtime, you can do something like that. And it's a huge benefit over doing nothing. So why did times in the in other memory course, but also in this course, you're gonna be here about what is the ideal way to do things. What happens if you don't do anything and what's missing a lot of times, but what you're gonna get here is what to do that maybe isn't the I if if everything is ideal, but what's something that's gonna work is going to get you 80 or 90% of the results butts a lot easier to do and can work within your schedule, your time frame and and most of you are busy and whatever you're doing so you don't have a ton of free time to implement something new. So I have simplified things that make it so. It's a lot easier to implement and get started, and there's always going to be friction when you get started is always gonna be hardest to do when you're just getting started. So cut yourself a lot of slack in the beginning. Just make sure you're creating at least one or new to habits all the time. So if all that you get out of this course is that you create one new habit to maybe review things on a certain day each week, that's great. And that could go for for weeks or months being your only habit. And then once that habit is really locked in, then you can think about Okay, how do I take this to the next level? How do I add something else to this? So make sure that you know ahead of time how much time you have, how much energy you have to put into this course, and then if something seems too complicated, then put it off for later and just make sure you're you're forming at least one or two new habits so that those things lock in. And then over time you can add more more to your system. Because if you try to do everything at once, it's gonna be too hard, too complex. Unless you have a really big block of time that you can just focus on doing this, then it's gonna have to be something over time. That's why it's a great idea to set a certain day each week where you're going to do your reviews or your repetitions and also plan out how you can improve your repetitions in your review system. So there's a lot of benefits Teoh doing space repetitions. It's also how I got started memory. It's the basis of Super Memo, which is basically the king of reviewing things that can review websites. It can review documents of review pictures. It can review YouTube videos. So it's really powerful, and you should check it out even if you're not gonna use it, because you can see the potential of somebody who's really used space repetitions for literally over a decade and see what point it's taken them to, when, how much they've developed that it's it's really amazing to see. It's really impressive how what he's been able to do with that software. So now let's talk about the negative part of it. I re mentioned false sense of knowledge, so you feel like you know more than you actually know because you're not getting Quist. So we're gonna be talking about more that with space reconstruction. Another thing. And I've noticed this few years ago when I was I'd have these quotes in these sayings that I would look at every morning and eventually I realized I'm not actually getting anything out of this. I'm seeing the same thing every day, and I just my brain doesn't want to look at anymore. It's ignoring it. It's not. It's not relevant. It's too much. It's too often. So another thing is, as you see something more and more, you're gonna start skimming over, and part of that is a good thing when you're skimming too much. Part of what that means is you're reviewing it too often, so that could be a signal that you're looking at things too much and your cycle is wrong or you put it in the wrong cycle, so you just need to change that. But the biggest thing is scheduling things and getting your information into that scheduling system. So that's the major flaw of Super Memo is that you have to get your information into Super Memo, and then your information has to stay there, and basically, everything you do has to be within super memo. And if you make any changes anywhere else than your enough to really import that information, so part of the problem is that it traps you inside. Super Memo. Meaning, How are you gonna do stuff on your phone? How are you going to do stuff if it's printed out and it's not even in your computer or what? If you read a book and then you annotated it? What happens next? How does that get into Super Memo? What if you have a two or 300 page book that even if you scan that in, how would that work with Super Memo? It's not really an efficient way to get repetitions anyways. To be looking at annotated, annotated book pages. There really has to be in more in depth, more consolidated outline or mind map or something else. So one of the big issues also is. Who wants to be staring at a screen hours at a time, just doing space repetitions on stuff, especially when there's so many things distracting wanting to go on the Internet, Browse around, look something up. There's all these distractions on our computers, so that's why I do most of my repetitions offline. But I built a system that you can use whether you want to use the online or offline, and you're also not gonna have to transfer any material over to program like Super Memo or something else. You can use whatever software you've already got that you're already using, and it'll work with that. And it's the same thing, whether it's online or offline. So it's a simplified model, and the other thing is that there's thes ideal numbers of while you should Member, you should get your review what exactly this day and exactly that day. Part of the problem with this is that these numbers are kind of averages of different types of information, so memorizing a piece of vocabulary from some foreign language is not gonna be the same as memorizing a business concept. And if you if you understand English, and you're trying to learn Spanish or another romance language. That's gonna be a lot easier than learning some language with a completely different alphabet or completely different system or ah ah, language that has a tonal system. And that's something that you've never used before. So even within different languages, those there's going to be a different level of repetition that you need. And there's going to be all these other systems underlying those piece of information where if you understand those systems, it will be easier to learn with the flashcards. If not, it will be harder. So even within different domains of knowledge or even within just different languages that you might be learning. There's going to be different things that you have toe. There's going to be a different sequence. There's going to be a need for more or fewer numbers of repetitions or mawr less frequency . So any number that you see in any graph saying you have toe the perfect amount of days is this many days between repetitions that there's no real accuracy there. That may be based on one study on one type of information on one type of individual with a certain existing set of knowledge, so it doesn't really apply to you. Ultimately, what you need to understand, what you need to train and learn for yourself is developing intuition. For when should I look at this next? And that's gonna happen over time. And it doesn't have to be an exact number of days because even within a, let's say, a certain set of flashcards, there's different ones that are going to need repetition at a different amount of time. And creating flashcards is usually not inefficient. Way to memorize information because it takes a ton of time to create grapes, a great set of flashcards, and you could be spending that time doing repetitions in other ways. And a lot of us we just don't have the time or the energy to be doing that. So even if it is a good option or it's an ideal way to learn, it doesn't mean it's practical for most of us. So for certain situations, especially if you can get pre made flashcards, that's great. And for certain situations where you maybe need to learn something really perfectly or really exactly, and you don't want to use visual no Monix. For whatever reason, then flashcards can be a good idea. But a lot of times visual mnemonics is gonna be better than flash cards. Or you can even combine the two so we'll talk more about that later. But one of the biggest problems a spaced repetition is how you organize your knowledge and your information so that you can get the space repetitions. How do you know after you read something, what do you do so that, you know, in a week from now you're gonna look at again or two months from now? How you gonna remember toe even look at that again. So all of that needs a Medicis TEM for you to remember to review it. And that's what you're gonna learn how to built and learn how to operate later in this course. 9. Spaced Repetition Part 2: space reconstruction. So there's a few different ways that you can use face reconstruction already talked about. Well, you can draw things that you can ask yourself questions. You can challenge yourself after you read a book toe right up a one pager on what you've learned, and obviously you can use things like flash cards. So flashcards is probably the most popular method of spaced reconstruction. This is the best way to build a strong memory. No matter if you're using visual No, Monix or Not or some other sort of no Monix or not, it's the best way to build strong memories. It's just what are you reconstructing? That becomes the question. If you're reconstructing visual mnemonics, for example, you're gonna need fewer repetitions to get the same level of memorization of Well, how long is this memory gonna last? How strong is gonna be? How instantly can I bring it back? So it's That's an important feature of just changing and trying to get more of what the repetitions that you're doing away from just reviewing things and trying to reconstruct it in one way or another. Just challenge your brain more, but not make it something that's so difficult or time consuming where you can't get through all this stuff that you need to review. So this is something that, ideally, you should be building into your reading process. This is something that you could be doing as you're reading, especially right after you read a book, and it's something that you need to get a few experience of. So it's not something that necessarily have to do every time. But now that you're learning this, the next book or next article that you read or next few things that you read are serious knowledge products that you consume. Maybe it's a video. Maybe it's going to a live conference. Maybe it's a conversation is challenge yourself after you go through that to just try to reconstruct as much as possible so that you can get a baseline of Okay, this is where my memory is right now. This is what I'm getting right now, and then you can also try that, and you can. And once you see how little your you're actually remembering, then you can take it out to a week. Just take something. Well, what if what did you read about a week ago, or maybe even two weeks ago. Just stop this video and take out a piece of paper and try to reconstruct. Well, what did I learn from that, or even tapping into your phone or even just say it to yourself in your head? Try to reconstruct and see how much actually comes out, and you're gonna realize not much, not nearly as much as what you should be remembering, and that's going to give you a baseline. And it's also going to feed your motivation to put time and energy into this stuff into setting up these systems that you can get thes repetitions so you can get that strong memory and that command over the information. Because when you don't have that, you don't have that basic confidence that you know what you're talking about. And that's really important, no matter what industry, no matter what domain, no matter what business are job or profession that you're in. So it's really important to get that motivation to do this stuff because that's one of things that I struggled with at the beginning. That a lot of people struggle with is getting the motivation to do this stuff, even though you know you need to do it. That's not the same thing. Is having the experience which give you gives you that emotional fuel actually do it to take the time out to actually set things up to go through the the friction that you have any time you're a beginner at anything and get past that stage to where it becomes a lot easier just becomes a natural part of who you are and how you live every day and how you learn. So those are the positives. And last thing I'll say about this is this great for test preparation? So some of you out there students, some of you out there are preparing for some sort of professional exam or you want to get into a graduate program or you need to pass some licensing thing, and so you need to take a test, and it depends partially on how much you want to retain. Long term, so short term. If it's something where you want to pass the test and then it's OK to forget most of what you learn, then drilling things in with flash cards can be a great way to do that, but it's not necessarily something long term. Are you gonna want toe be using these flash cards for the coming months and years And are you gonna have the software? And are you gonna be comfortable doing all these repetitions staring at a computer staring at your phone? Is that something that you can see yourself enjoying doing? Because ideally, you wanna have a learning system where you enjoy each stage of the process, and I really enjoy each stage of the process when I'm doing it with paper in my hand. And I enjoyed doing that away from the computer. So ah, lot of these things. Three. Ideal system is using a piece of technology, but it's just I don't I get I fatigue when I'm staring at a screen for too long. It's usually not great for your posture to be looking at us any sort of screen for that long, and I just enjoyed being able to really focus, have a piece of paper in front of me, use a different color pen annotated, get all of that extra stuff and then be able to assemble it and synthesize because each time you get a repetition ideal. You should be seeing deeper into the framework and system. You should be seeing things that you didn't see before, especially when you're inter leaving your learning. So maybe you're reading a book on some really complicated aspect of programming something, and then you go when you read a cooking burke or a gardening book or something like that, then you come back a month later and you start those metaphor. Start intermingling that inter leaving starts to give you some benefits. There's from cross pollination there, and you start to understand things in a different way. You start to simplify things like an expert does start to see those deeper patterns that make everything else those more surface little level patterns obvious. So it's like you no longer need to memorize it because it's off. It's an obvious offspring of that deeper parent idea, so that's the level you want to get to. And so that's part of what I'm talking about With reconstruction is also when you're when you're doing these reviews, or these reconstructions is create something new out of that, create a new synthesis out of that, and that happens when you're doing things like inter leaping you're learning and just taking some time away and then coming back, you should be seeing deeper patterns, and that's something where you should be writing those things down. So review. It shouldn't be something where you're just looking at a piece of paper and then flipping the page, try to make it as interactive as possible. There's gonna be a lot of different ways, and each of you listening to this you're gonna have different things that you prefer to do . Some of you may feel very artistic, so you want to go in that direction. Other others of you really like implementing things and taking action immediately. So that's gonna be your path. So whatever it is, try to make it more interactive. Try to really interact as much as possible with whatever you're reviewing. The downside of a lot of this stuff is, as I said, it takes too much time. Sometimes things can't even fit on flash court cards or takes a lot of time. If you like drawing things out or doing things by hand and then having to get that into computer, or maybe you don't type very quickly or it's just annoying. And you don't like creating a ton of flashcards or the whole process of converting things into questions and answers. So there's a lot of cognitive strain. There's, there's a lot of fatigue, and part of what happens is when you finish reading a book, maybe you're really excited. You want to put something in action, or there's another book that you're really excited to start or something else happens, or you just feel like you're too familiar with the information. You don't feel like going back and looking at it again yet, So you put it away and you just don't feel like creating these flash cards. You don't feel like doing putting in a lot more effort on the book. You kind of just want to let it sit and take another look at it later. So that's one of the biggest problems of space Reconstruction is that it's just not always fun to do, especially in the traditional format of things like flash cards. So takes a ton of time, especially with very complex, systemic level framework level things. And if you're thinking well, I'm not learning anything that's really systemic, really Framework, actually, you're probably that's probably not true. You're probably just learning from materials where the author themselves doesn't understand things in a systemic way or they do understand in a systemic way. But that's not how they teach it. Or they understand that system unconsciously, but they don't really have a conscious grasp of it. And so always be looking for those frameworks ahead of time. Because once you understand the framework, everything else seems to fall in place. It feels a lot easier. So that's one of the biggest mistakes. Is thinking that well, I just need a memorize all of this kind of surface level stuff the leaves on the tree. But what happens is, if you understand the trunk and how everything else works. The treat. The leaves on the tree are fairly obvious, and they don't take a ton of effort to memorize. So sometimes it's It's your oh, the deeper philosopher philosophy behind your overall learning approach of how much are you focusing on those frameworks on those systems? That's one of the strengths of these three courses put together is that you're not just getting Oh, this is how you read or this is how you take notes or this is how you do memory. But they're all integrated into this larger flow chart or this larger work floor learning flow of. This is how you take any information, any type of way you like to consume content, whether it's reading, whether it's listening to things, watching videos, conversations, live conventions or seminars or mentoring, or somebody coaching you or whatever it iss Whatever way you like to learn. How do you take that? And then take it through a process to where you're taking action on it. You've got it memorized. You've got its schedule for space repetitions, all these different things. So that's why all of this stuff is integrate. All this stuff is part of system. No matter what you're learning, there's a system that exists. Somebody has that information, and it's your job to go out and find that and then structure your learning and you're reviewing so that first you have that framework really solid, because that's going to make memorizing everything else a lot easier. It's also going to structure your memory when your memory is not structured properly, just like a building. If you're building a building with really crappy internal structure and really bad foundation. Everything else is gonna be more difficult. There's always gonna be additional problems, and it's going to take a lot more time. So that's why starting out, making sure you get that foundation that framework set up first. It's gonna make memorizing everything else, building that knowledge structure a lot easier. And we're gonna be getting even more into that when we talk about visual mnemonics, because this stuff plays a huge part in Demonic SA's well. 10. Mnemonics Part 1: this video's on No Monix, and we're primarily going to focus on visual. No, Monix. But we're going to cover all three types, and you may be thinking, Well, there's five senses. So why aren't you talking about taste? Why aren't you talking about smell? The reason why is because nobody really uses those. We have a very limited vocabulary, and our culture just doesn't focus on those things. So if you were living in a culture where taste there was a lot of a cavalry about taste, it was really important for you to understand the distinctions. There was a whole system of understanding about it. Then you could use those, but because they're not and it's just too unconscious. For example, your nose and your sense of smell is the only sense that bypasses your brain. The higher order function your brain goes immediately to kind of your emotional centers. It's the only one because it's so ancient. It's it's one of the oldest systems of sensing in our body, so these are the three main ones, and visual is by far the primary, especially in our culture that's more visual. There's other cultures that are more more auditory. For example, if you ever listen to the readings of certain religious texts where they're basically half spoken half sung, like reading the Torah or reading the Koran, those languages are more melodic. They have more of, ah ah, structure of of sound. And it's not in singing aspect to him, not just the spoken words and the more, uh, the written aspect and even look at the, uh, the characters themselves. They've got a lot more style than our Western 26 letter alphabet, so different. Different cultures also have different. We'll be getting more into that. Uh, so but these are the basic three visuals, which is about shapes. It's also about three D environments. Auditory is about sounds and words and repetition. Um, and then body is is based mostly about dance, but really any way of configuring your body. Eventually, you're gonna form a muscle memory around that. And so they all have different uses, and they've also been used in different situations throughout history. So why I m. C. A dance is the one that immediately thought of most. I also briefly took a African dance class when I was at college, and there's It was really interesting to me is the dance traditions. And I have seen this a little bit in, like rapper hip hop music videos, where it's like the soldier boy dance and stuff like that, where it's just these rappers and and also female singers just seem tohave, um, more of a culture. African American dancers and singers just seem to have more of Ah ah culture and just seemed to be better at dancing than our white culture. So it's just, Ah, it's an interest, like I always kind of noticed that. But once I took the this African dance class, what I learned this, that in certain cultures in Africa there's there's thes traditions where as you go through different stages of life, it's a rite of passage toe learn a certain dance, and there's a lot of communal dancing and singing that goes on. And so that's just not part of white culture as much. It's not part of in America, it's not. It was certainly not a part of my family, and so, um, I learned a lot from that class, and I thought that was really interesting. So that's that's part of something that exists in certain cultures in the world, not as much in other cultures, and it's a way of memorizing things. So these dances have evolved over hundreds, if not thousands of years, and they have a lot of meanings to them. This also there. There's Ah rich culture in India of of Dancing, and a lot of this stuff also relates to religious practices. So a lot of the ideas within a religion will be memorized through songs and through dances . And so it's really interesting to see how that happens. And a lot of memorization throughout history has been about memorizing religious texts, one because it was really expensive to distribute books. And second, because memorization was was just much more valued. And it wasn't easy toe access, like you couldn't just search something on your phone or look through some library or, uh, go on Google and look something up. So it was just very expensive. And so you had to memorize things relatively, really couldn't hang on to them. Part of the problem with with memorizing things with your body is that for most of us, we have a very small vocabulary of movements, and we don't really think consciously about how we move. It's mostly whoever we live awry until we grow up with our family, our who, our friends are those of the movements we learn. And I talk about this more my public speaking course about how toe learn a greater vocabulary of movements and what movements mean also my body language course understanding what different movements mean and understand how to expand your vocabulary. A lot of people have extremely limited vocabularies in how they move their body and how they express themselves. So it's important to learn how all of these things were at work. And also learning how to dance is really interesting. I started learning how to dance salsa and but shot a little bit a few years ago, and part of what was interesting to me is understanding how it's kind. It's a language and moving your body in different ways according to the music and even music is a language and understanding these languages and starting out with just knowing a few moves and feeling so limited by that. So, uh, there's a lot. There's a lot more that goes into memorizing things and understanding these language. It these kind of sign languages of how you use your body. Um, but if you want to learn more about that, check out my other courses. It's not really something that's very useful for memorizing things. Some people like to do things with their body and even tattoos. A lot of people that get tattoos, they want to remember something so they get that tattoo so they'll always remember something. Some people get stuff like on the inside of the wrist, and so, like when they wake up every morning, they look at it. So it's always there. They want to remember somebody who died or somebody was very important to number, an important quote that they heard that always reminded them with something. So that's another way to do things, actually mark up your body with the different things you want to remember. Another, uh, another way, though is is on different parts. Your body, like the different knuckles on your fingers you could associate and kind of have each of those being anchor something where you attached something important and kind of AH, story, different memory on each of those parts, your body so any distinct part of your body, you could theoretically attach a different piece of information to that. You could even write things on your hand to write things on the outside of your hand and overtime. Just let that sink disappear over maybe a few days or a week. But those ideas stay there, so that's another thing you could do. You could also use different colors, so there's different things that you can do with your body. Um, but it's not. It's not a powerful way. It doesn't scale very well, so we're not gonna focus on that too much more Auditory does scale a little bit better than using your body. So a lot of people that memorize the Koran or or memorize the Torah and and have to memorize a huge amount of information, and that's becomes one of the strengths of the language. So when Children a lot of times are the ones who are learning to memorize, either parts of the Koran or the entire Koran is their memory. Part of what makes it easy to memorize is that it's kind of a song. It's kind of halfway between words and a song, and it's and also because of the language of Arabic and how different words are structured . It's like there's this route, part of the word that means the same thing, like it'll mean book or a means. Something about a library are learning. And so any word related to books will have that same route of of two continents and eso. The same sound will be in all those different words. So it creates this language that has a melodic quality to it also, and just has a more regular structure that's more suited for music. So and and so memorizing things, using a certain language will be easier than memorizing it in another language. There are also things like rhyming or across sticks, where it's like creating an acronym for something, and you can memorize stuff in that way. That's that also doesn't really scale. You can't have 30 40 letter words and just memorized tons of stuff that way. So it's Ah, these air usually good strategies for when you want to remember something in a linear format. It's not nous and also like what happens when you can memorize stuff with this auditory where you're just repeating it over and over, it becomes kind of song or a track is. I've memorized speeches this way, and what happens is you're you can your only remembering along the single track so it's hard to jump in at a certain period of time. It's almost impossible to go backwards, so it's not a very flexible system. It's It's pretty close toe on audio tape running in your head once you get that, the repetitions down good enough so they're certain uses for its. I talk about that more than my public speaking course, but it's not necessarily a great way to actually understand a framework or a system. What you can find yourself doing is having something in your head that you can spout off but not actually understand it and not be able to process. It's underlining, meaning underlining under lying structure, so you can fool yourself into thinking that you really understand something because you have perfect recall. But it's not the actual type of recall or the type of deeper understanding that you need. Once you have that deeper understanding, you don't necessarily need this sort of perfect recall, and even if you do, it's gonna be easier toe have it so This was also stuff with poetry. Why there were fixed meters for poetry because it you needed that sort of consistent pattern to be able to memorize a along story like the need or the Odyssey. That's what these bars would be doing. They be spreading it out and telling different people the stories because they had to hold the entire story inside their head. And it was only when somebody finally wrote it down that have become standardized. But these different bards would all be telling slightly different versions of the story. Different pieces mixing, mingling things. And so that's how a lot of information spread until the evolution of the written word, because things were always being changed, adapt, adapted, doing innovation, improving things and, to a certain extent, that stopped with the written word. This is this is the big hoon of visuals. So humans and animals, we naturally memorized locations. We naturally memorize objects. We, and what we don't usually do is turn information into into images. But we do this for logos. We do this for signs on the roads, and we do it for things like when you open up your iPhone. You see an icon for each. After you open up your laptop and you see an icon free job also, where our alphabet can come from. It originally came from thes little pictograms, these little pictures drawn like line drawings. And then over time they simplified and they turned into the alphabet that we used today. So the innovation here is that you can turn information back in tow, objects back into images and then place the's in a virtual environment so you can just and also what say you're taking a test in a certain classroom you can memorize. You're sitting in that classroom every day. You can memorize the exact location of everything in that classroom and then attached the answers that you're going to need for a tester attached. The information you're going to need to those different objects and you can literally look around. And then those things will pop into your head. So it's really first understanding this language of how to turn ideas into objects or images very quickly, which is basically just understanding how symbols are created, how to create your own symbols and also just practicing. So this is the kind of thing where just practicing. You get faster and faster when you first start, it might take 10 or 20 seconds, or even a minute or two to think of a good image over time, it becomes something where it's basically instant. It may not be the best idea in the world, but it's better you get something that's workable very, very quickly. Within a 2nd 2 seconds, sometimes just instantly, something will pop up to you. So part of what happens is you start looking at the words you already understand and starting to think about the picture that they're associated with. And any time you see an icon or you seen object, you just start to create more connections to Okay, what could this represent? You also listen to music and watch movies a little bit differently, so you start to look for the metaphors you start to look for. Okay, this object can actually represent something like love. So on Valentine's Day, when you're seeing all these hearts everywhere, you're seeing Cupid flying around. Those are images that represent this abstract idea of love. So you may be thinking, What is love? What is that about the heart and even emotion. So the idea of a moat emotions existing within the heart, you may think, well, that's obvious. That's like everybody knows that. But it turns out in other cultures they have different metaphors that they use for understanding emotions. And they may seem very weird it when you're first learning about these things because it's like you store emotions in your head or you store motions and your hand. Or you can, like, transform emotions by, like putting stuff in a fire or drinking something or doing whatever. So different cultures have different metaphors they use. And if you've never spent a lot of time in other cultures, I really like why watching documentaries so I can expose myself to these different ways of looking at things. But you start toe, learn and under and look at those symbols. And once you understand those symbols and you pay more attention to them, it becomes pretty obvious. Another great way is just look at advertisements because they're always using symbols and symbols are really powerful. Check out stuff like the hero with 1000 faces. Joseph Campbell, The Hero's Journey. A lot of this stuff is talking about those deep symbols. Carl Young when he was talking about the unconscious and all the symbols that play into that were we kind of process the symbol. Sometimes even without fully thinking about them, that's part of the power. 11. Mnemonics Part 2: part of the great thing about No. Monix also is that you can learn to memorize basically impossible information information that would be impossible toe learn any other way. So digits of pi playing cards, random people's names, phone numbers, addresses, zip codes There's all these different things that people like to challenge their memory to compete in memory competitions, different things that they'll try to memorize. And it's it forces them to create new vocabularies. So you may be thinking, Well, what picture goes with one or with two, or with three, you can choose any picture you want. But the important thing to realize is that it's easy to memorize digits because you have a limited set of images you need to use so you only have 10 digits. Or maybe if you want to do to digits, it's 100 digits or three digits. You have toe have 1000 different pictures, but that's a close set. That's a limited group. Once you learn off those three, only thing you have to do now is have large enough environments where you can store those piece of information and then recall them. Just practice that the challenge comes when you've got a huge a huge amount of information , like a business book or book on a certain subject, what say you wanna you're reading a book on how to cook stuff or how food works. There's no limited set of pictures that you can use to store that. So even if you have this huge memory palace with thousands of open spots for you to store information, you still got to translate every single idea. And sometimes concepts require multiple pictures or things interacting to understand them. And then you need to go store it so that translation takes a lot of time. Takes a lot of skill because you need to turn everything into a visual symbol. And then you need to make sure that when you see that symbol weeks, months later, you're gonna remember Oh, that symbol means this or oh, that symbol means that oh, these three Cymbals together mean this. So that's why Why did these things that initially seem really impressive? They don't actually work for real learning. They don't work for learning riel subjects, and so you need to adapt them. When you're doing that. Another thing is they don't take a many repetitions toe learn, so it enables you toe, do fewer repetitions and same and still get really great results eventually. Also, because it's scaffolding. Eventually these things fall away. If you structure your memory properly and you no longer need to think about the images, you no longer think need to think about the symbols or how they're organized. It's just there, and you understand it. So a great way to think about this stuff is a scaffolding where it's artificially holding up these weak memories, thes weak connections, these weak ties until you get enough repetitions of them beyond the symbols so that they're connected by themselves. And then those symbols can fall away. This the scaffolding can fall away and be taken away, and everything is still internally consistent. It's still it's the connections air strong enough that it stayed. It stands up strong and supports itself without any need for external support, so those of the good aspects of it, and also this aspect of clarity of mind and the idea of consciously organizing your ideas. When you consciously organize that you have a framework, you have a system. Everything's gonna go a lot better and you're gonna have clarity, because what I see with so many people is the way they learn and get repetitions is so unconscious is that it's a It's like a cloud. They never really understand everything, or they seem to be really great until you put him in a situation that's a little bit different. And then they just forget everything that they learned. So to really learn things deeply, to understand things at the deepest level, it's going to make you learn a lot faster, but it's also gonna make memorization a lot easier. It's also going to help you handle new situations, unfamiliar situations a lot better and also understand things in the future. So new pieces of technology, new ideas you start to realize, Wow, this new idea actually follows the same framework. Is this old idea? That's part of the fun part of why it's so valuable to study history. I used to think what's what's the point in staying history? But it turns out the underlying systems, the underlying framework stays the same. And so just the superficial stuff, like the technology changes sometimes that does change the overall structure, like decentralized things like the Internet, where it's not only one location that never really existed before. So that was something where you did have tohave a lot of new things. But you also had something like Google, which the Yellow Pages used to be the equivalent of Google for a lot of people, for how to find somebody to fix some, some problem at their house, or to get some service, person or toe figure out what business to go to toe by rug or whatever they needed to buy. So all of that got replaced over time with Google. So Google took that idea of selling ads the same way the Yellow Pages does, and now they're still the majority of their revenue is coming from that single source, which they've had from the beginning in a super simple. So understanding these patterns understand these frameworks gives you ah lot of power because you can see these things repeating themselves. When a new piece of technology comes out, you can apply the same old principles, same frameworks to the new technology and create something really valuable that's almost guaranteed toe work because it's based on something that's proven through history and and seeing it happen over and over through time. So what's talk more about the negatives now? Part of it is it's hard to share. This is something also talked about with mind maps in the note taking section is this kind of stuff is not easy to share. One of the values of having the 26 letter alphabet instead of character system is that you can type it into the computer really easily. You can type it with two hands, and you don't need to be selecting from thousands and thousands of different characters. It gives you a lot of flexibility. That's part of why English is such a great languages, because it's really great for sharing ideas. It's got a simple enough alphabet than anybody can use it, and it works great with technology. So with visual, no Monix and symbols, there's no standardized set of symbols that everybody's using. And that's a huge problem because you can't just share your way of understanding symbols with other people. They're certain symbols that may work with your culture, but not necessarily in other cultures. When you go to a foreign country and you see he's like a candy bar named after some random thing. It doesn't make any sense. That's because in their culture they have a metaphor that doesn't make sense to you. So metaphors can be very different in different cultures. And until you understand those, you won't understand a lot of what's going on in that culture because the symbols are different. So everybody's gonna have their different symbol system for how the memorize things, it becomes very hard to share ideas. That's one of the most important things that learning is getting used to sharing more of more of what you learn because there's so much value. It costs you almost nothing to share it. But it can be so valuable for somebody else. That's a huge thing that you could be doing to improve your relationships. To improve your networking, Teoh, maintain your relationships and make sure that you're helping other people without costing yourself a bunch of time but energy, making your information easy to share that needs to be part of your system so that over time it becomes easier and easier to share stuff. All that's gonna come back to you because it costs you so little, but it benefits other people so much so over time, that's just gonna come back to you. So having things that are hard to share is always an issue. Another thing is it still requires spaced repetition, and it also requires when you're doing space repetition, you have to have a key. You have to have something that's you've gotta have that perfect copy written down somewhere. So it's not like you can completely avoid writing things down because there's gonna be errors in your memory. You're not going to remember certain things. There's gonna be gaps. There's gonna be holes, and it takes a ton of time to go back to the original source material and go check. Oh, what was on? Where was this information in that book? What page was it on? And then where was it? And then spending 15 minutes just to fix a single hole? If you try to just read a book, take no notes, do know annotation and just store everything in your head as a memory. So part of if you look at books from hundreds, even ah, even more than that years ago is that you see these books that were illustrated or illuminated the real part of the reason why they did that is because it gave you images that you could use to memorize the story. So as you were reading it, especially with things like illuminated Bibles, you'll be reading this text, and then you would have visual images that you could use to very easily turn the information you were learning into pictures and have this kind of movie playing in your head. So that's another issue is some people aren't as good at visual is visualizing. I met some people that just can't visualize it all, but that's usually the minority. So a few of you listening to this watching this, you will have issues where you basically just No matter how hard you try and it's been your entire life, you just can't visualize it all. But the other thing is, there's probably the majority of you out there who have never really tried to visualize and and don't really, And you may even associate it with other things, like using drugs or hallucinations or dreaming or lucid dreaming or or other sorts of like , magical stuff and, like Woo woo type new wage stuff. And I totally understand that, and that's that was a big reservation of mine. When I first started learning about visual, Pneumonic says, I just didn't really believe it was possible. And until I started connecting it back to well, I've given people directions before. I know the way out of my own house and my school, just space it neighborhoods, stuff like that. And once I once I started thinking about it in that way, I realized, OK, I do have some latent abilities, some some kind of small thimbles worth of ability to visualize. Even if I'm closing my eyes and I never see anything, I still have some sort of ability, and that's all you need. You don't need anything more than that, Um, one of the best experiences you can have, and I'll actually I'll talk about that later because this video is getting pretty long. Um, but there's some other things, like it takes a lot of brain processing and one of the biggest things. The biggest piece of friction is it just takes quite a while toe, learn this new language and become fluent to be ableto create images quickly. In the beginning, it's usually more efficient to just use spaced repetition or space reconstruction for a lot of what you're doing and the more abstract to get into different things or becomes more very difficult because there's no symbols that make sense. It's harder to create these symbols. And if you're needing to create dozens or hundreds of new symbols just to memorize things and at the same time, try to build your first memory palace or whatever, wherever you want to store your memories, it's a ton of work. So it's This definitely takes quite a bit of time, and you don't necessarily need it to get started with spaced repetition. And I believe spaced repetition is more important. It's it's more habit that you can build and start using today, and it doesn't require you learn this new language. So if if this is your first time hearing about a lot of memory stuff, you don't necessarily have to start with No Monix gonna be something that you ease yourself into overtime and learn the language overtime in overtime. Use more and more of these things, and if there's a specific situation that comes up where you really need a have something memorized perfectly then you can pull it out of your bag of tricks. You can come up with symbols and you can use them. But you can do really, really well and never use visual pneumonic. So it's more important to build the habits for space repetition first. Because even if you're doing visual, No, Monix, you still need to write down every single entry into your memory palace every single symbol so that U s a perfect copy in case you forget stuff. And then that needs to be organized somewhere so you can get your space repetitions. So whether you're doing visual mnemonics or not, you still need to have a space repetition. So the space repetition if you think about what should I do first, which I learnt first, start with space repetition, then get into this stuff once you've got that down. 12. The Ugly Side of Memory: This is the last video of this section. We're talking about the ugly I d. The ugly side of memory. So what does that mean? What that means is, I've already hinted at a lot of these things throughout this course. And also, if you took the speed reading and no taking courses, you'll hear some familiar themes from there. Ah, but it starts out with what they don't tell you. So because people understand so little about how these especially visual mnemonics work, it seems like magic when you first do it. And so a lot of the waste that memory champions or memory experts get attention is they do these seemingly impossible memory feats, and then sometimes they explain it. Sometimes they don't, but it's really important for them to establish their credibility. And part of it is, it's also very tough to prove that you have a good memory unless you do something that seems impossible. So you could have a great memory of stuff that, like really information domain specific information that you learned for your job, your career, your business, whatever but no. But you can't prove to people that you learned it with your special memory technique instead of something else. So that's why a lot of focus goes to the wrong stuff, which is basically trick. No Monix or magician Monix. Where it's your mentalist. No Monix, where you're basically using tricks in order to impress people because they just don't understand the basic idea that you can memorize impossible information with very simple pictures. So that because because the industry is still so young and immature, that's where a lot of the focus is going. This stuff was very common a few 100 years ago, and then it just kind of fell out of favor because the written word and because of printed books and there was just less of a need for even less of a need. Now, with the Internet, you can look up anything. So this idea of, well, you don't need to memorize anything. It's a little bit more complicated in that you need to understand the frameworks, and it's not always easy to learn those. Another thing spaced repetition cannot be bypassed. I already said that with the visual mnemonics where you can't get around space repetitions , this stuff is still gonna fall apart if you don't get those space repetitions. And the other thing is that space repetitions require that all your information is organized and you have a schedule before you can even start doing it. So if you have unorganized information, then it's really hard to get space repetitions, because what do you repeat? What do you look at? What if it so some of this stuff should be ready repeated now, some of it months from now, some of it weeks from now, sometimes some. Not for a year, some Never again. Some things you shouldn't be memorizing anyways, so it's not like you need to memorize everything. A lot of times it is more efficient to just look it up again, especially if it's a one time action. Talked about this a lot in the note taking courses you need to understand. It's kind of a chicken and egg problem. You need to understand memory before you can really know how to take great notes, because notes are just in an intermediary between either. When you take action on this subject eventually or when you get your space repetitions on it. So either way, you've got to be thinking about what's the next step. So how are you going to take action? How are you going to schedule that action? How are you gonna schedule your spaced repetition? So a lot of times, if it's a to do list action plan checklist, you're gonna be looking at it every day. Anyways. There's no need to memorize. It's a waste of time to memorize it. It's a waste of time toe. Turn everything into symbols and do it that way. Use your calendar store things. Have a system for storing your information in keeping it organized. If that's not something that you have, you need to check out the note taking course because that goes in depth on how to do that. How to get a system set up for that? If you don't have a system like that, then you're really there's nowhere for you to go because this stuff just gets too unwieldy , too complicated. There's too much information. There's too much that you need to learn nowadays and retain to just do it by the seat of your pants. It just doesn't work. You have to have a system. You need to know what to memorize. What not to memorize and a lot of people think they need to memorize stuff because they have no system for retrieval, so the only way they'll be able to retrieve it is by I'm remembering it in their head. If you have a really great system for retrieval in your file cabinets or three ring binders or online on your computer cloud, one note Evernote email, then it's not a big issue. You just need to remember that it exists, which is another problem. So that's why you gotta have these systems, because one of the issues is the unknown unknown. You don't remember how much you forgot. You don't remember that you took notes six months ago on something that would be really useful right now. So it's a huge issue, and you need to have these systems. It's not just a system for space repetitions, because that schedule is not the same as organized. You're not gonna organize everything in folders based on when you should repeat it, urine organized by subject and by how you run your business, your or your job, your profession, and then have you need to have a second system that works with that first system that allows you to schedule things, so you wanna learn how to set that up later. But that first thing of, Well, how do you set things up for your your business or profession? However you run your life, you're gonna learn that in the note taking course. So check that out if you haven't already gone through that. So this organization problem I mentioned earlier, it's like setting concrete setting into stone, and and once you have it, it's it's very difficult to break it up. So part of what happens is just because you read one book on a subject doesn't mean that one book gave you a great framework. Maybe it gave you an outdated framework. Old framework history is littered with old frameworks that have now been disproved by science. They used to think that the sun went around the earth and said the other way around, so you can learn systems that are outdated frameworks that are outdated, that completely throw into question. When you change your framework, it can everything that you learn in the old framework and be a relevant can be wrong can lead you in the wrong direction. And so that's why it's so important to have a framework, and you can't really memorize things properly until you have the right framework. That's why so much of I talked about this and speed in the speed reading course about how to do your research. But I've got a whole ah hole course just on how to do research, because you need to be able to find good frameworks, good systems. You need to have a nose for that because most people aren't looking for that. That's not what people are buying, so you can't just look at what's selling great to find a great framework in a great model. So that's oftentimes very difficult to find that great model. And you don't want to memorize things according to a bad framework, because then, when you're trying to learn the new framework, everything that you've memorizes according to that old framework and so can take a lot of time and energy beyond doing the memorization just to undo all the negative work, all the mistakes you made beforehand. So what that means is it may take you several books before you really figure out in synthesized what's the best framework to understand this issue, understand the subject or whatever. It iss this area of your business. So until you do that, all you can do is really take regular notes. Take your outlines, doom some a little. Some mind maps flow charts draw things out. Try to make sense of it, synthesize it. Over time, a framework will start to emerge for you or you'll find the right author and they'll give you that framework and then you go from there. But you can't memorize it using visual. No, Monix, until you have that framework that you're very confident you've got the right one. So until you do that, then you've got a serious issue where you're not really sure what to memorize in the first place. So that's why maybe you start out just doing some space repetitions based review and do a little bit of synthesis each time. And then over time, a framework emerges or you find a framework in the meantime, and then, once you really sure about it, then you can start turning that into a picture, turned into some symbols and then memorize it as a framework. Once you do that, that's going to speed up your thinking that's going to get you very clear on how things work. That's going to get you to that unconscious confidence where you're at the highest level, where you're just it's automatic. It's all there, and you can think very quickly. You can go from one subject to another very quickly. You're always coming up with new ideas. That's all function of doing this stuff right in the intermediary stages of your learning system, your learning process. Scheduling so super memo, in a sense, is the gold standard in terms of everything is mathematically quote unquote perfect, and it's got it's got all these features. There's so much detail you can get lost in how much tracking you contract your sleep cycles and how much sleep you get quality of your sleep, how that affects your attention the next day. That's why one of the things that this guy who invented it, he says one of the most important things is make sure getting enough sleep always surrender to sleep. And I remember reading that years ago, and I talked. It's so important. That's one of the biggest things. I always get enough sleep. That's one of the things I hated about school the most is that I wasn't getting all the sleep that I needed every night. And I think that's one of the biggest advantages that I have. And one of the things I'm most grateful for is is just happy being ableto have that sleep every single day and never have to worry about it. So it's really important to be getting enough sleep. And if that's an issue for you than you need to fix that, you need to figure out how to get yourself into a habit where you're getting enough sleep. And this is the problem with Super Memo, though, is that not everybody's life is like that. Not everybody has hours each day where they can dedicate it toe looking at a computer screen where they have hours toe to take all the information in all its different formats and then enter it into the custom software that is super memo. So you've already got notes in whatever format in your one note ever note, printed out in whatever format, in whatever location, and it takes just too much time for most people and it for some, it's impossible to do that and it would just take too much time. You just can't do it, so there's got to be a better system that doesn't have as much of an upfront cost. So that's what this system is that you're gonna learn the in the coming sections. Another thing is paper over additional. For me, there's the eye fatigue issue. There's also it just helps you focus. And with all the technology we have today, just staying focused is a huge problem. So having things on paper, then also the synthesis each time you look at something, especially if you're inter leaving your learning, you should be getting new insights. And you should be writing those down and synthesizing things and coming up with new ideas. You shouldn't just be Oh yeah, I have to do another repetition. That's an opportunity for you to find more gold, to go in there and find more gold and come up with really great new ideas. So it's not this thing of Oh, I have to do another repetition. It's really this is an opportunity for you to come up with a blockbuster idea, so that's always a possibility, and that's what makes it so fun and exciting is you come, you go through and you you learn new things and then you put it away for a while. You learn some other things in a different area, you come back and it's like all these new ideas air coming seemingly out of nowhere because you're starting to see the metaphorical connections deeper at the framework at the systems level. And that's where a lot of these innovations new ideas come from. That's one of the big things that I talk about in my creative genius course. We'll learn more about that, check that course out another thing. And this is probably the biggest thing. Is execution just having execution doing it? And so perfect timing is not nearly as important as just getting it done and creating the first few habits those baby steps. The other thing is that perfect timing, in a certain sense, is a myth, because the perfect timing for each piece of information is gonna be different. It's never going to be perfect, and it doesn't really matter if it's perfect. Anyways, these are the way that you forget is it's just a curve and over thymus as as you get farther and farther away from your wife's repetition. That curve flattens out, so there's very small percentage difference between going a day or even going a week ahead . So it's usually and it's most common in those first few days is you just see a huge, huge, huge drop off, and that's why it's so important to get the space repetitions. Also, this idea of physical sense of knowledge, physical sense of all the work that you've done that's big for boosting your confidence, for feeling like you have a mastery over your information, seeing yourself transform over time, seeing the different ideas and how how developed you are in different areas of your life. This is another thing I talk about in creative geniuses, your multiple intelligences and getting an idea and having some basic metrics for how developed are you in these different sides of yourself, these different parts of life, parts of your life and everybody's life. So all of these different multiple intelligences air valuable in their own way, and you can see based on how many pages you have that you've read or annotated health, how many things you have in your to read and stuff like that. You get to see okay, how developed is this project versus that project? And when you have things in a digital format, it's harder to see that because you can have an infinite amount of stuff and it's all in one folder, and it just doesn't seem like much. So having things in a physical format makes a lot easier to keep track of things to. To see yourself progress and grow over time and seeing those as you do repetitions. And you see handwriting from months or years ago, and it's in a different color and things air connecting and you see how you were thinking about things back Then you start to see your progress and you start toe toe, look back and realize, Wow, this is how much I've learned. I'm learning so much faster than I used to him. I'm growing at this like exponential rate, and you don't really get that. With digital digital, everything always stays exactly the same. It's always in categories, is in folders. Stuff gets hitting. You forget where stuff is with physical. You can't really ever lose something as long as it's there. Even if you forget it's there. It's you see how much paper is there. You can flip the reach page. You can actually look at it when it's digital yuk unjust. There's no there's never that sense of. Oh, I'm just gonna flip through everything in this in this folder, this document, because it's just too boring. It's just too lifeless. And there's a lot of people that you ask them. Why do you do things? Uh, why do you do things? Print it out or offline? Is that online? They just say, I like the tactile feel. I like the feel of it. I liked sitting in front of the fireplace and just looking through things I like, you know, reading in bed and not always having a screen and not always being connected to everything . So it's part of that balance also, and just enjoying yourself. So setting up an environment where you really enjoy yourself. Some people like to smoke a cigar while they're learning. Some people like toe have a drink, and so we're sit out on the deck or or go to a cabin or whatever. So there's a lot of different environments where you can learn set it up. So you're enjoying yourself. And a lot of times that means getting disconnected from the technology that's always trying to grab your attention and fragment into smaller, smaller pieces. Build that focus that focused one of the biggest pattern of geniuses and you've got to build. It's got to become a habit because our culture is guns so much in the opposite direction of really breaking things out, fragmenting everything and your attention getting shorter and shorter and shorter. So all these all these things you should be thinking about, but it all goes back toe. What, asking yourself, What habits am I going to build in the next day? In the next week, I'm gonna set things up so that I have some sort of schedule were just each week. There's a day where I do a little bit of repetition where I start getting things organized , getting things set up, I start picking out okay, what are the most important things from me to review? Maybe you'd have a little folder of stuff where you review it every single day lease for a little while, and then you can kind of put on the back burner and put something else in there instead. But that should be The primary thing you're getting out of this course is I'm going to start with a habit. I'm gonna build one memory habit. I'm gonna go from that zero to that one where I'm starting to do something. And then over time, come back to your notes that your take. I hope you're taking notes on this course. But you come back to this course, you go through it again. Maybe you listen to it again. You get some more ideas, you get more of the depth of it, and then you implement the next level. And so multiple repetitions on this course of is well so that this stuff is going deep your building habits and over time you can add more complexity. And now you can handle it because you've gotten your repetitions. So all this stuff is important. And this is the last video, this section. So in the next section will be getting mawr into how to set up your space repetitions, how to actually set up that system so that it works for you 13. Introduction: this section is about spaced repetition and space reconstruction, for the most part, and for most of you, even though recon spaced reconstruction is better than space repetition for a lot of what you're going to be doing, it's just not practical. It's just not practical to do space reconstruction. So if you want to do that, you can do that and great way if you're gonna do it digitally issues flashcards. If you do it offline, you can draw the flashcards out, or you can print them out from your digital copies so it depends on what you're doing. Uh, there's some great sites, especially quiz lit. They've got a huge selection of different flashcards that other students have already created. Sometimes even notes from a book will be turned into flash cards. But in terms of getting things into that question answer format, really, what's important is for you to develop this intuitive understanding of how well do you really know something so that you're not fooling yourself into thinking you know more than you dio. And all that means is over the next couple weeks or months, any time you read something significant, or even if it's just a one or two page article. Just take out a piece of paper and see how much you can reconstruct of what you just read, and that's going to show you. You know, I say it takes a weekend to forget half what you learn, but you'll be surprised you'll go through some articles where some books and by the time you finish that book, where that article, most of what was in that article, those facts and specifics you can't remember. So part of that also comes down to your existing framework that's already in your head. If you already have a pretty good framework of how something works, then it's not gonna be really difficult to keep track of what's going on and to organize it . So let's say you're watching ah, football game or a baseball game or a soccer game. If you understand those games, it's going to be easier to memorize what happens if there's a bunch of people running around the field, you have no idea what's going on. It's going to be almost impossible. Same thing is true with conversations, So there's something I talk about in my conversations course where it can be hard to keep track of what's going on in a conversation because you don't have any frameworks for understanding how our conversation structured, How do they work? So that's something interested in Check out that also stories. So it can be hard to remember how stories work because you have been under Yehven learned the structure of stories. So I talked about that. My story course for humor. It's maybe hard to remember Jokester know how to replicate a pattern that you've learned or repeat a joke because you have no way of no framework, er, system for understood standing, how jokes and how humor works. So all those different things have a structure underneath them. Any time you don't understand something, it's hard to keep track of things. It's hard to remember things always go back to, well, am I? Do I really have any sort of framework here? Because if you don't, that's gonna be really difficult to understand that. And that's really important, because there's going to be. If you look for it, there's going to be several areas of your life where you're gonna realize Wow, I really have no system, no framework here and that's gonna explain why. Maybe you haven't gotten a lot of development or progress has been really slow where you've been able to go a lot faster in other areas. So this section Section three is gonna be about space repetition section four to be coming around next. That's about no Monix. So here we're gonna be talking about how to set up your repetition system, how to get it all working, how to think about it and all that good stuff. So remember, it's all part of this learning system. It's all part of this workflow, and that starts with research and then reading and annotating. Then it goes into summarizing mind mapping, understanding the frameworks, the systems, making things actionable. And this is where you start to decide. But you're also deciding this while you're reading Is is this actionable Isn't actual now, or is it something that's only gonna be useful in a few months? How can I create this into an actionable plan and then also what should be memorized? So you're deciding what am I gonna memorize? What am I not gonna memorize? What should I maybe memorized later? Once I have more of an understanding of the framework. So if the book that you're reading is giving you a framework than that tells you okay, I want to memorize this framework as quickly as possible, because having this framework at my disposal is gonna help with memorizing and understanding everything else in this book. Everything I've read previously on the subject and everything I read in the future. So it's really important to have your eyes out right at the beginning of Okay. Is this memorize herbal, is it not? Is this something worth memorizing? How long will take to memorize? Is this actionable? Can I create a plan for this house is gonna work into other things. How can I get this set up for my space repetition system? What is the best format for my notes? How is that all gonna play out in getting spaced repetitions for some things? Like if I have a mind map, have some sort of drawing one of my favorite waste gets space repetitions on that is to redraw it and draw it over and over again. Because that really gives me an understanding and a feeling of I don't just understand the text here on the ideas. But I understand the connections and Aiken draw that out. And by being able to draw it out, that gives me that feeling of confidence that I know. I really understand how this works. So then you get into review system in your memorization system. Then you get into your habits and do you're doing your weekly reviews and having days set out and chunks of time set out when you do that and at the beginning, that's your major gold, your major goals to build that habit. And these habits don't always come easily, especially when part of that time isn't going to be spent doing reviews initially, but also implementing the system that you're gonna learn in this third section here. So that's really important this system, depending on how much information you have to go through and how much stuff you have to review, it could take quite a bit of time. You could take several hours for you to get everything organized, and you may have to buy some new stuff. So if you don't have a file cabinet, if you don't have any hang folders or anything like that, those are some investments you have to make immediately and it's gonna have a huge payoff. I can't tell you. I wish I could go back all those years where I had stuff unorganized and all over the place , not thinking about anything. Besides, what's the next book? Or what's the next thing that I'm gonna read and getting it into the system where no matter what project it is, no matter what learning what's what subject it is, I know exactly where to put everything. I can find it very easily. Anything that I'm worried. I'm not sure about Aiken. Pull that out and look at it immediately. And my ability to memorize enough command of the information that I learned has just exploded exponentially. So when you're thinking about well, don't want to spend the money on this or that or get get this thing. Trust me, it's worth it. It's it it may seem like at the time. Well, not a lot of people are doing it, and you're right. But a lot of people also want thinking about their memory. They're not realizing how much they forget. And if you're putting in the time to read things and then losing almost all of the value of it based on forgetting. Then you should either stop reading because it's not worth your time or you should invest in the system so that everything that you're capped, everything that you're reading, you're capturing that knowledge you've got in your notes and then you're reviewing it in taking action on it. And a lot of people wonder. Well, why why don't I take action on stuff? Why don't I? Why do I procrastinate? Why do I? I always feel overwhelmed by stuff. Well, this is a huge reason why it's because you don't really have a command over that information. You don't have those frameworks in those systems that make things very obvious to you why something would work or wouldn't work and give you that confidence. One of the main things that I learned from studying experts and from studying the top people in the world that are successful in different areas is they have a way of looking at things. They have a system or framework, a way of looking at things where they get to a point where they're completely confident in their vision, their completely confident that whatever they go out and try to do they get that feeling of I know what's I know all this information. I've mastered it. I'm prepared. And once you have that feeling of prepared Peritus, that's where that confidence comes from and doing all these things, getting those repetitions, realizing Wow, I really have this. I don't need to review it anymore. It's something that I truly understand now. Having that feeling is so much different than just reading books, forgetting about them and having that constant frustration of I don't really know what I read. I don't really understand what's going on. Those things start to fade away as you implement a really strong learning system, and you've got really great content and frameworks and your memorizing at your taking action on it. Because all of this all this preparation you've done has paid off. So all we whenever you're thinking about what you're gonna invest in, investing yourself and invest in the systems that are going to make you bring out all of your potential, and that's what this is. So whatever you have to get whatever you have to do in order to set this stuff up, do it and make sure that's the first thing you do when you finish this course. And even before you finish, this course is start thinking about how am I gonna build this habit? 14. The Best Way to Organize Your Paper Files: I talked about this before about how the best way to do your reviews is using a paper system and to do it offline and not inside the computer. And that's what I'm gonna talk about here. So if you're interested in using a digital system and doing most your view digitally, that's gonna come up in a later video. So this is on how to organize your paper files so that you can use them for reviewing the first thing. And that's the hardware that I talked about. Last video is getting a file cabinet system set up. So even if you're using through ring binders that may be working for you, it depends on how often you're accessing stuff. I used to use a three ring binder system, and I just found that the the binders are very expensive, and they you have to three hole punch everything, and things could get misaligned. And it's just not as efficient a storing method just in terms of how much space you use as a filing cabinet. Part of the reason why is ah, three ring binder has a certain amount of paper can hold in it, but until you fill up the complete capacity of that binder. You're wasting space on your bookshelf for wherever you're storing those three ring binders on the flip side and a file cabinet. You're not wasting any space, so you all you can just move folders around in the hanging folders. You can just take him from place to place really easily so you don't have that problem. And you have a much larger Mina information that you can store in a much smaller space because you've got 45 drawer cabinets and each one of those can hold about at least a case of paper, which is 5000 pages. So that should be more than enough. You shouldn't be really needing to get more than one, maybe one new file cabinet every year to it depends on how much stuff you're going through , obviously, but, um, it's the best system out there for storing paper files. So get hanging folders. Make sure that the file cabinet you buys supports hang folders and make sure it has the skeleton or the frame within it that will hold those if it's not built into the to the drawers. So some drawers, the metal goes all the way up to the top, and then it's just the side of the drawers. What you're hanging off. Other times, the drawer only goes halfway up. And then there's this frame inside this just metal frame that the files hang down from. So to make sure that all those air in there you can usually find ah, four drawer cabinet for about $150 from Staples. So if you want to go use, then go that way. If you If you're on a bit of a budget, then check out Craigslist and just look for, uh, file cabinets. And you can find good file cabinets for 40 50 bucks, sometimes even a little bit cheaper than that. So, uh, the only thing to watch out for if you're ordering something online or off Craigslist is make sure that it has those racks, those frames inside each one of the drawers. Sometimes they'll be in some of the drawers, not others stuff like that. And if you need to buy a new frame, it's going to be about 15 $20 per drawer. So definitely make sure you check on that before you buy anything. The other two things that are important are a tape dispenser with tape that's for each thing that you print out the first page, the top page. You take a piece of tape and you just fold it over the right side of that piece of paper, and that's going to be a little tab on that piece of paper so you can separate each document that you print out. It's a really easy way to just keep each document separated right after I print anything out. I just put one of those little tabs on the right hand side, so it's sticking out about half an inch to an inch, and that's it. And the other thing you can do is if you want to mark the priority or the value of different documents, you can put the piece of tape upper down, different levels. So something that's really important you would put that tape right at the top right corner . It's ah, not it's important you put in the middle or the bottom right corner, and that that's another thing that you can use to just kind of make note to yourself how important things are, especially if you have a step stack of maybe 2030 different things you print out over the span of months or years. It can be helpful. The other major thing is the posted colored tax. So these air about half a niche wide. They're about two inches long. They've got a little pieces sticky on them and they're different colors. And you use Thies to keep track of. And this is really, really the essence of how your review system works is you used to keep track of when each thing should be reviewed in your system. So this gonna keep track of how often it should be reviewed. And then you have a separate schedule that tells you when you review things, depending on what color it is, so it keeps really simple. These things are very inexpensive, so it's It's not like you're enough to spend a lot of money to get these color tags, and they're they're really useful. So, uh, and I have used them for other things, like I'm learning acoustic guitar right now. I'm learning piano right now. I just put these things on the front board or on the keyboard, and it helps me keep track of where everything is and make sense out of it. Then later I can remove it. So the great thing also is that these things aren't super adhesive, so they pull off really easily with no residue. And that means that when you take something, you put it into the next stage of the review system. You just put on a new sticky and you're all good to go. You have to like, cut anything off or anything like that. Um, the next major part of the system is your learning projects. So anything that you want to review should go into one of these learning projects or you've got a separate system. And this is something I talked about in the note taking section. So check that out. If you want to learn how toe really organize all your documents on your computer and offline using this one system. But basically how it works is you have, ah, you number each each major section of your life. So number zero is metta. That's where you keep track while you're systems all your documentation, how everything works. Number one is your business, your career, your profession, your job. That's where you keep all that sort of stuff. Section two is your personal life. Sear financials leave medical information, passwords, other keys, stuff like that. Anything involved in your personal life. Number three is relationships. That's your family, your friends, your mentors, mentees business acquaintances, people. You keep in touch with all that, all those relationships. So, um, then number four is your health, so keeping track of what you're eating, you like to cook? Keep track of that stuff. Diet your sports. Um, any exercise you do go into the gym yoga, calisthenics, stretching, whatever sort of stuff that you do would go into those categories and then anything else, Any other major roles? You have side businesses, previous businesses. You had any other big projects you're working on that would all go in that root folder. And then you have one folder that's your learning projects. So that could be number six for you. And also, if you don't want to, you zero you could just use five as your meta instead of zero. So So it's It would go one business to personal. Three relationships for health. Five. Meta six learning projects within learning projects. You're doing your repetitions by giving numbers to each one of the, um, the learning projects you're working on. And most of the time you'll be able to fit thes learning projects into one of those five categories I already mentioned. So zero through 100 would be meta level projects or systems type stuff 100 through 200 B business and career and job related stuff. 203 100 be personal. 300 foreign will be, um, relationships. 405 100 would be your health. And so then the rest of those would go into role models, so you can also organize your role models into those categories. And if if you don't think this is enough, you can use a four digit system and then just do use the same pattern. But the thing is, once you have these numbers, they keep all of your stuff permanently organized into a standard array or a standard format. So the order of the folders is never going to change, and that's a big weakness of just organizing things alphabetically. The other thing is that as you add the numbers, you know, anything that's been numbered is organized anything that you haven't numbered yet isn't organized. So it's a great way to keep track of how much progress you're making in all these different areas, because this is something that if you really go around and and organize all the different aspects, it's going to take quite a while. This could be something that takes months or even years, and you just kind of do a piecemeal, but it gives you so much freedom. It gives you so much peace of mind when you finally have it done, and it's good to start out now and you can start with your learning projects and then it, because that's probably where you want to get the most amount of repetition and then the other areas. You don't need this much repetition, so those could be more low priority things. You can tackle those later, but the numbering is really important for keeping stuff in order. And once you have stuff numbered in the your digital system that can also transfer over Tous, anything in one note Evernote gmail, your offline files, anything that you print out, and that's how you're gonna name the folders that go into your file. Cabinet is with those numbers. So first you put the number and then you put the name of the learning project, and then you order the folders in your filing cabinet by number, so that over time you actually memorized these numbers. Even if you're not trying to you just see it enough times and eventually memorize just kind of like, if you ever in When you were in school and you had course numbers for each class that you took, it's the same sort of thing. You just Eventually you memorize those numbers and it becomes very easy because any time you're searching for something relates that project, you just put in that unique three digit number and only stuff related to that is gonna pop up. So it's a great way to also develop a shorthand that you can use so that things match up, and it's easy to find things and search for things. The other thing is keeping track of when is something been printed? And this becomes a problem because you eventually forget what you printed out. What you didn't. It becomes easier once you have us a numbered system like this, because when you're going through and reviewing these folders you eventually run. Remember what's in there, and that's that's a solution to that. And and so, uh, just to keep it organized. When you're going in and using the digital folder for your warning project and you want to figure out, OK, where should all this stuff go? Is any of this stuff already been processed? All I do when I print something out is put a p dash prefix, or I use a printed folder to paying on how much stuff is in there so sometimes, like, especially when I'm just starting a learning project, I'm not gonna be super organized about everything. It's more about collecting a bunch of interesting stuff, figuring out what I want to print out and read, so that it can go and focus on that and make sure that I stay focused and get out a good block a time where I'm not at the computer. I'm not distracted. I'm not staring at a screen. There's also tool called battery namer. That's really good for renaming files in bulk, so you can use this to Renate to set the Nate the prefix numbers for a bunch of folders because it can just go in a Siri's. It can go over 10203 so it can be easy to start out with alphabetical and then just match that up with numbers and then you can shift it around later. But, um, same thing with role models. So any time you find a role model, it can be a person. It can be a business. It could be a website. It could be anything that you like, and you want toe model something from that. You just create a folder for that. And now any time you find anything about that person or video or whatever it is, now you have something, a place where you can put all that stuff. And then when you print it out, you put into that folder and you're all good to go and all your role models. Now they're all they've all got their own folders, and they're all in one place in one or two drawers or whatever of your file cabinet. So it's a really great system. It's really flexible and it's super simple, and it's just really easy to work with, and I've been using it for years, and it's just a really great way to keep stuff organized. So, um, may seem like Well, why don't have to do all this stuff? Why is it why do I need toe number everything and get all this stuff organized, But it just it removes so much stress. You no longer have to worry about things like, Oh, I don't know where that is. I can't find that thing. And it's just you're amazed at the things that the ideas you had yet the things you were reading months or years ago when they're still really relevant. And you and you did so much work and you start to realize, Wow, I just would have lost all of this if I didn't have this learning system. And you just you realize how maney dozens, if not hundreds of hours, you waste just not having your stuff organized, which is completely separate from memorization. The other thing about this is, uh and we'll be getting more into this later. Is the simple scheduling systems that's the next video? Actually, I'm gonna save that for the next video, so I'll see you there 15. The Simple Scheduling System: This is really the heart of your spaced repetition system, your scheduling. How does that work? How do you make it really simple. How do you make it really easy? So the secret, as I said before, is thes colored posted tags, and there's two ways that you can use thes. You can either put a post it on each learning project itself, or you can put a post it on each individual document. And there's pros to cons, pros and cons. See either one of them when you're just starting out in seem overwhelming while I've got hundreds or even thousands of things that I have to put these post its on, and I can't even handle that much review right now. So you want to just get started with this and make it easier than just sorting things out into your different learning projects. Could be a major thing that may you take you several hours to do. Never mind getting a file cabinet and getting your folders and everything, just getting accustomed to it. So that's one thing. And if and if that's the stage that your at, then maybe all you do is you figure out OK, well, maybe there's one or two projects where I really wanna go deep, and I want to target each individual document and then for my other learning projects, which are low priority. I'll just use the post its toe to set what the schedule is, and I can review the entire contents of that Learning Project folder and for some learning projects. You don't have that much yet, so there isn't a ton to review anyways. And maybe it's just stuff that you can kind of skim over and there isn't a lot there. Other times there's gonna be a lot there. But some of it is a book that you annotate and then turned into a set of maybe 45 pages and notes. So even though that book is there, you don't really need to review that book. You just need to review the notes. So if you do a really good job taking notes and condensing and synthesizing, then review is actually a lot of fun. And it's pretty, you see, because you're just going over those really great ideas that you already condensed out of that much more long form contents so you can approach it from those different ways, depending on angles, depending on what stage you're at right now and how much time you want to spend. So you don't want to spend a time. You could even just do this on a single learning project. Just get a hang of it, see how it feels and focus mostly on building that habit, because that's what's most important. And the way it works is that each color represents a different interval. And then you decide how your calendar is gonna work to give you reminders for when you're gonna do each one of those so daily weekly, biweekly etcetera. And the process, which I already kind of talked about his print tape that first page with just regular Scotch tape, then tag it with the proper color. So when you print something out, you may know ahead of time. This isn't really crucial information. I just got a really cool book on the history of chess and how it's influenced how it was really important in medieval um, culture. And I started thinking, Wow, like chest must have been like the most popular what the most popular video games are to us today. that kind of passion enthusiasm about it with a lot of people. So, uh, I found that book, but I have figured, well, this isn't going to really be useful for anything. At least I can't imagine it will be so there's low priority. So I could say well, review this every year or every six months immediately where some other things you want to start out reviewing it every day or weekly until you know you can give it a little bit more time switches to biweekly or monthly. So depending on the information, you can immediately attach that tag to it. And that's going to save you time and And since it's completely fresh to right, then right after comes out your printer. That's the best time to do it. But you can switch around and figure out what you want to do. But this is This is how I do it so right after comes out, tag it with the proper color, and the color is just go in the in the order of the color spectrum. So here it iss daily is pink, and the thing you can do a daily is you don't even necessarily need toe put any sort of thing on them. And the reason why is because what I do with daily stuff is I just put it in a in a stack right next to my bed, or I put it in a a special like the top, the front of the top drawer of one of my filing cabinets. And then all the daily stuff is there, and I can look at it all once, so sometimes you don't necessarily need toe. Put the stickers on everything. If you want to conserve them, just just not waste them and then go through them than often times just keeping a small stack of stuff that you want to go through daily or even some your weekly stuff. You just want to keep it all in one location. That could be a really easy way to do it instead of having to go through all your file cabinets. So also be think of when you're getting these filing cabinets, making sure that you've got enough space for each section and think about well, could I dedicate a whole drawer to this holds order that stuff like that so that you also start to learn. Well, what's inside each filing cabinet and what's the order and what is the organization? So always try to have ah, system. Try to have ah, philosophy behind how you're organizing things so that it doesn't become a mess later on, as you add more, more stuff so pink For daily, read for weekly orange for bi weekly, yellow for monthly, green for quarterly, blue for yearly and purple. Um, no blew for half yearly and purple for yearly. So that's the basic way that it works. Um, and and then you just take thes and you put them into your Google calendar, so we'll be talking about more more that in the next video. 16. Setting Up Your Review Days: this video is about how to set up your review days, how to get him into your calendar and how to sync it up with those different colors we just talked about. So your weekly, which is your red? That's gonna be every Sunday, and obviously you can pick out whatever days you want. But the important thing here is to see how the week we bi weekly monthly and quarterly work . So every single Sunday you're gonna be doing some sort of review. Then the question is out of those four weekends days, your your four Saturdays and your four Sundays. Are you going to split those up among your bi weekly monthly and quarterly and then the half yearly Nearly those air really special times. That's when you should find a time where you can spend an entire day or good section of the day, especially if you can do it when it's nice. Weather out or it's just like near holiday times when you have time off worker off your business and you can really relax and do this stuff. It's also good to do right before you spend time planning out ah, and doing some long term planning. So when you do your like end of the year beginning of the year plan or end of the year review or ah, half year review or quarterly, which is I like to do stuff monthly, quarterly and then yearly. So, uh, those are kind of a three different, uh, and then obviously I do planning each week. But when I'm thinking about long term stuff I'm doing quarterly and then yearly, I mean ah, no monthly, quarterly and yearly. So, uh, those air the those of the time intervals and those match up with when you're doing your review, so do your review First, to have all those ideas really fresh in your head and part of what happens when you have all those ideas fresh in your head is you start to get inspired. You start to realize how much you've achieved, how much you've accomplished, how much more understanding you have, and that's gonna inspire you to want to do Maurin set your goals higher, and it helps you set a vision of what you can achieve. So what times you forget how much you learned and how much is possible if you just implement everything that you learned. And so it's a really great, great process for right before you do that, planning to do your, uh, to do your reviews. So the way that it works is every Sunday is when you're doing your weekly review. So that's a day that you can set off a chunk of time and do all your review, and it's always gonna be the exact same day for the bi weekly and for the these other for monthly and quarterly. Also, we're looking at the Saturdays, So Bi Weekly is gonna be twice a month. Monthly is gonna be once a month. Quarterly is going to be every third month. And so that's how you split up. Those four Saturdays is the first and the third Saturday are always gonna be taken up by bi weekly. So the fourth Saturday is always taken up by monthly, and then the second Saturday will be only every quarter week. And then, if you're thinking well, Okay, uh, what about the other two Saturdays Dozer Saturdays, where you could make up on other stuff, or that's when you could do your half yearly or yearly So that could be, um, you know, just think about however you want to do it. It's You don't have to be perfect about this stuff, but what? You should be perfect about this setting aside one day per week toe. Always do review and make that a habit and also connect it with an existing habit. If you have ah, certain day of the week or a certain time when you plan stuff out, then you can do this stuff before hand. It doesn't really make sense if you're planning stuff on Monday morning to do, you know, wake up a lot earlier on Monday morning. So obviously think about what's gonna work best for you. But Sunday is when I always do my weekly planning. It's a time for me to relax and kind of slow down Sunday afternoon. So that's a good time to do your review and get all that done and kind of get inspired. Get that feeling of Wow, look at all this stuff that I've learned. I You feel like you have a much better commander, that information, then how you did before it, so it gives you this kind of this rush and you can use that to put into your planning, and it's going to give you that confidence where you can approach approach the rest of the week and feel really good about what you're doing. The next question is, Well, what if you miss a week? What if you miss a day? What if you just don't do it? What if you don't stay on the habit? So the most important thing is to just make up whatever you did the previous week on a separate days and keep that Sunday habit and keep it so that you're doing that every single Sunday. And if you need to skip a week, we wrapped and you skip a weekly rep. So, uh, this the weekly stuff probably isn't as important as the quarter weight, because that's the sort of stuff where long term, if you skip that, it could be another quarter half year or six months or 12 months before you see that again . If you skip that so the you know it's really not a big deal to skip Day. We stuff. It's not a huge deal toe miss a weekly thing, but make sure that you're hitting all those bi weeklies. Those quarterly's those half years in those years because those air really essential and those air gonna lock in. A lot of the big investments that you've made that you don't really have to look at is often, but it's really important to make sure those things they're staying fresh. So this is the next big question. How do you settle of this stuff up? Well, it's really easy. Most of you already have Gmail accounts. You already have a Google account. If you don't just sign up for one and get that started because it's got a really great calendar system. I use it a lot with other people. When whenever I'm setting up an appointment, you just put it up in a Google calendar event. And then it's all good to go and you can share calendars with other people. There's a lot of stuff that you can dio if you have a friend that you want to take this course with or you want to do this kind of thing together. Accountability, partners, whatever. You can also build this in where you and your body both do it at the exact same times. You both do your reviews at the same time. Then you can even share ideas and do some of your planning together. So planning can also be a good time to check in. Talk about what you've been doing, what they've been doing, keep track of your progress, set, help each other, set goals and even push yourselves to do a little bit better. So that could also be something that you do with a mentor. Mentee. So Google Calendars air really good. And all you have to do is create the event for for the next coming what say Sunday and then you go in there, you you put ah Sunday weekly review and then you quick edit event and you decide, well, how long do I want to spend? You could start with an hour, two hours, something like that, and then tell it to repeat it every single week. And then for some of these other ones, you just tell it to repeat every other week or every month, stuff like that. And within five or 10 minutes, you'll have all your events set up for the rest of your life. And another thing you can do is at have all of the's a separate calendar so you can make them disappear when you want to focus on a different calendar. So I suggest you do that, have all your review type stuff, all in a single folder, and while you're at it, you might as well set up also a weekly review in a weekly planning. So you're not really doing that do that. And a big part of this also is the set up. The set up is huge because you've got to get these systems set up and all the stuff that was previously disorganized and random and all over the place that has to be converted to this new system. So think about what are the high priority things, what things that I want to review most often, anyways, that I can really put into the system first. And probably a lot of that is gonna be recent stuff. So stuff that you remember doing that's most fresh. Do you just get it started? Get those file cabinets gets start getting stuff into folders, start labeling it, get that number system set up and spend the first few sessions setting up so you don't necessarily have to review or just do a little bit of review. It's mostly about getting in the habit of using that time same time every week and getting into that flow. And the more time you can set off the better because there's always a ramp up in a ramp down time. It's going to take you 10 15 20 minutes just to ramp up to okay, what was in my short term memory last time I was working on this, So you have to reload your working memory. It's kind of like when you bring your computer out of hibernate mode. It's been hibernating. It basically took everything that was on the ram in the short term memory and saved it to the long term memory. And so, as it's coming out of hibernation, it has toe, read everything back off the hard drive and then transfer back into the short term memory so it can come back awake for you. And that's what your brain has to do each time you stop in switch tasks and then come back later run, so you get a lot of efficiency improvements and time improvements. When you do everything in one big chunk where you can keep everything in your working memory the entire time and not have to switch, switch it off, switch the new task and then come back. Switch it back on and then it's going to take time for you to figure out. And especially if you don't really wanted documents, stuff very in depth. That documentation is what reduces that that start up time the second time when you come back to the project and you start back up. So it's a good idea to document your system always. But if when you would just want to get in the flow on the organizing stuff uh, you don't have to do is much documentation if you're doing it in a lot in a few big chunks instead of a lot of small chunks. So try not to split this up into, Oh, I'll do 1/2 hour each day, or I'll do an hour once a week or something like that. If you could set off on entire day to do this, you'll make a ton of progress really quickly, and you'll start seeing results sooner. So don't waste time. Don't go through all that friction. That headache of doing things really slow over many weeks and months. It's just not worth it. It's really it's much you're much better off setting aside an entire day, maybe even entire weekend, to get all of this set up at once, do as much as possible and get everything is much into the new format and out of the old one so that you creates the momentum for yourself and you have something that you can start using immediately. 17. Hacking ONeNote (and Evernote) to Work with Your Schedule: So this is where we're gonna start talking about how to get your other your digital and do your digital repetitions in your computer. So this could be a combination of doing some repetitions on your computer, some offline with paper or doing them all just on the computer. And even this could be you doing stuff on your tablet or on your phone. So with a with a phone, it tends to be the screen tends to be too small to do Ah, lot of repetition, especially if they're full fledged documents. But a tablet. You can do more of that stuff, especially if you have Google drive. We have 11 drive from Microsoft. Or if you have dropbox and you have access to everything from your tablet, it can make it pretty easy to do. Review. Um, so definitely keep that in mind we're gonna talk about here is how to use Evernote or one note to do reviews, and the system is pretty simple, and it works in the same way as as thes colored stickers. Instead of using a colored sticker, you just use the hashtag and you put hash tag. For example, bi weekly And then, when you want to look for all your bi weekly things to review, you just put into the search engine and ever Notre one note in quotes hashtag bi weekly. And before you start going through all your documents and tagging everything, make sure that it actually works. So tag two or three documents, then search and make sure only those three documents show up in the search results, because sometimes the search engine changes or just doesn't work anymore. Or it comes up with a lot of other occurrences of bi weekly without the hash tag. Or it doesn't handle symbols properly or doesn't understand quotes to give you only exact matches. So make sure that you test it before you spend a bunch of time tagging everything. But this is a really simple, really easy way. You just put the tag at the top of the document, and then when you finish reviewing it, you either keep it in that bi weekly rhythm. If you need toe, if you think you need it still at that level, or you just change the hash tag to monthly and then you're done. So that's a really easy way toe set up a space repetition system in any system, so this could even be your emails. And I've got a whole course on how toe organize and set up your email account. And it all follows this fundamental system that I've talked about in here and in the no taking course. But it's also got special features for things that only really show up in email, like events meeting new people, keeping track of conversations, stuff like that. So, um, the same sort of tagging feature also works in Gmail, and you can even set up filters, so it's very powerful. And, uh, it's a very simple, very easy way to do it, and you don't have to add a lot of, uh, extra stuff. You can also use another tag that says Printed. Or you could just make the type title that documents say printed. So once you want to do that, then you don't really have to worry about, uh, having in a space repetition on your computer. But what I do want to say is that there are a lot of downsides to doing repetitions on your computer. One of the big ones is synthesis and annotations. You can't It's really hard to do that stuff on a computer if you have a wack, um, tablet. Or if you have something like that, that makes it a little bit easier. Or if you're on a physical tablet, you have a stylist that can also work. But for the most part, it's just much better to do it on a piece of paper. Get that tactile feel. You can focus a lot better. You can use different colors, you can get synthesis and and that tactile feel and just writing on paper has it advantages in and of itself. So, uh, there's a water reasons why offline review is better than online review. But I wanted to include this because maybe wanted to a mix. Or maybe you just can't print out that much stuff I talk about in the note, taking course how to save a ton of money on on printing stuff out. You've gotta have a way to be printing stuff very cheaply, because otherwise it can get pretty expensive to be printing out all this stuff. So I understand that, and why you would want to do it all digital. Another big thing for me is the eye fatigue. So I just can't stare at a screen for a long period of time without my eyes starting to go . And ah, that's another thing that factors into it. So for some of you, that's an issue, for others aren't. Next thing we're gonna be going into is how to use a similar tagging system for your files . So anything that's like a PdF video audio stuff like that. 18. Hacking Your Documents, Audio and Video Files: So the next big question is, Well, what do you do about things that are video or audio? Or what do you do about pdf's or word documents? You want to get reviews on those? How do you handle that? So we're gonna use a very similar system. We're gonna use this tag system and added as a Suffolk's to the to the, uh, each file name. You can also use it as a prefix if you want to. But a lot of times I use prefixes for other things, like whether something's printed or not. Or I want to keep things organized by the author's name, stuff like that. And really, the main use for uh, having these tags is that you can search using the built in Explorer search on your, uh, Windows computer or Max search on the OS X, or whatever version you're using and using that you can select and see just the files that have that specific tag in their file names. So you're basically just adding a suffix, adding, you know, bi weekly without the hash tag at the end of that file, and then you search, uh, let's say your Dropbox folder for everything that has that in the file name and then bingo , You have everything you need. This is something that you can use with Dropbox. Google Drive anything, and it's really easy. So, um, you can also use batch rename er toe add in bulk a lot of things. A lot of Suffolk Se's toe like hundreds of documents all at the same time. The next stage for this. And this becomes more of an issue with audio and video files, whether they're things other people recorded. Audiobooks, podcasts, videos, audios from seminar video from seminar, Some life event, uh, or whatever it ISS. So you take that, and usually I'll keep a copy of it. And where I'll make it, I'll keep it in a separate location, like in the learning project category. Or if it's a big enough author, I'll keep all their stuff together. Then I'll just make a copy of that and bring it over to my Dropbox and I'll different folders for each day of the week. And there are certain things that I'll listen to or watch every day, and there's multiple ways that you can do this. You can set it up So, uh, it's It's one day every week, or it's one day every month, different things like that, and I'll be talking about that more in the next video. But basically what you do is you copy paste the stuff that's important to you into your mobile into your dropbox. And then you can access that from your computer, any computer, any tablet, but especially your phone. And then you can get space repetitions while you're on your phone, on the subway, traveling whatever it is on the plane. Uh, you have access that, especially audio, so it's really important for audio stuffs. You can get space repetitions on that, and this is the kind of stuff where it may be harder to do repetitions every day when it's written material. But for autumn audio material, it's You can fit it in almost any time, so it's a lot easier to do that sort of stuff with video. It's usually better if it's a shorter thing. Otherwise, video. You're usually better off either converting it toe audio or if the video is really useful, just block off a chunk of time and go through those videos and focus all your attention on 19. Daily Habit Reps: So I was talking about this before setting up these daily habits and getting reps every single day. So this is something For a period of time. I was really in tow, collecting quotes, beliefs on different areas of life philosophy. And I really wanted Teoh ingrained those into my brain. Get this new mindset really ingrained into my head new way of looking at things. And so every single day I'd be reading stuff out of my mole skin. I print out pages of stuff and paid, uh, glue or tape them into the mold skin and then look at a different page each day. I also create audio files. I'd read stuff out aloud that was text. I'd also have little videos of different role models. I'd cut out these little clips from YouTube videos and other videos, stuff like that, and read stuff. I also, for a time I would, uh, take these quotes or beliefs or philosophy, little like sayings, and I'd read them aloud into my audio recorder, and then I'd created MP three out of it. And then I listened to that each day, and what I found was that reading things out loud and actually saying It is the most powerful thing, but I'd have Ah, I'd have one for each day of the week. Set off a folder that was every day and I have a folder Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday. So all you do is you create those seven or eight folders and then you see which one's empty , and you take whatever thing that you want to repeat every day or once a week, and you put into that separate day, and then any time you have free time on each of those days. That's when you review that stuff and some some stuff you'll feel like reviewing some stuff . You'll feel like I saw that pretty recently. I'll wait another week for that or two weeks or whatever it is. You can also do monthly rap, So if you have more material that you want to spread out, I want to get monthly reps. Then this is another folder structure you can at you can even do this in tandem with your every day and your your once a week stuff. So you just named the folders 01 through 31 remember to always use a patting digit on one through nine so that everything always stays in order, no matter what cloud system you're using. If it's the online interface, Um, just on your computer, on your phone, there always messing this kind of stuff up. So make sure, always patting the digits properly. And obviously for, uh, for day 31 you're not gonna have that every day of the month. So that's a little bit lower priority than the rest of them. That could be stuff that maybe is more like bi monthly or quarterly type stuff that could go into the months where there's 31 days. So that's another way that you can think about it. And you could even have certain holidays, uh, or things like that where you were. You do things that are, like, quarterly or half year or yearly. So, um, if you want to do that, I never really got into that. It was more about daily stuff and once a week stuff, but you can stretch it out as much as you want. It depends how much you like to read and review things. View reading versus doing stuff with audio and video. If you're really into audio really into video type stuff, then this is gonna be really powerful for you. 20. Introduction: this section is about no Monix visual. No Monix and getting yourself up to speed, understanding how they work and how to use them. So we're gonna be talking about first of all, the language of your mind. So this whole idea of no Monix is really about learning a new language. It's this language of how to interact with your spatial memory, how to store things in your spatial memory and use that waiting potential that we don't have as much of a need for anymore, especially with things like GPS. People are losing their ability toe, recognize where they are, how to get from one place to another, understanding how to memorize that stuff and how toe have an awareness of where you are spatially. So it's a still that we're slowly just needing less unless it's a part of our brain that we're not using us much anymore. And so part of this course and part of improving your memory is learning how to use those latent capabilities, some things to be aware of and some expectations to set for yourself because that's the biggest thing. A lot of people get disappointed. A lot of people get upset when their memory doesn't work out as well as it was promised in some Booker. Some course, and that's because they usually tell you well, you're going to be ableto learn this very quickly. You're gonna be able to do develop a really strong mem memory really quickly, and the truth is, it takes a while before you develop fluency. It takes a while before you number one. Get comfortable enough visualizing where it's something that you no longer have to think about doing that you can just immediately go to that place in your spatial memory and start attaching objects and putting things into play. The other thing is translating, so it's going to take you a while before you can really quickly translate. And that's no longer a burden. And then the third thing is figuring out how to connect images to each other, and we'll talk more about this later. But basically, the way that this works is that you have to connect this image. Once you translate your idea into an image, you then need to connect that image to something that exists within that spatial environment that you have memorised. And that's how creating those connections is what allows you to go back later and get access to these memories. So you also have to be able to create those connections, and that's not always a walk in the park. So there's a few skills that you need to learn, and over time you're gonna get better and better and doing it to the point where it's automatic or it's so easy. It's It's the equivalent of going into your kitchen and just taking a mug and putting it somewhere. You're gonna be able to do that same sort of just place it somewhere. And and that's all the connection takes. So eventually you're gonna be ableto improve your creativity. The point where it's really easy to do all these things is easy to translate. It's easy to connect things. It's easy to go into your imagination, go into your spatial memory and it's also easy toe. Learn additional environments where you can place information and there's even ways to do it where you don't need to happen environment. So we'll talk about that also. But another important thing is to know that the way you structure the way you architect your information inside your head is really important because there is no do wiki and you need a have well designed memory structures. If you wanna have clarity of thinking so that goes back to what you do earlier in your learning process of Are you finding really good frameworks really good systems? And then are you figuring out a way to efficiently memorize that? So sometimes it's better to just have a more loosely defined visual metaphor and use that metaphor for everything. And then it's something where you don't even really need to memorize it with no Monix because that visual metaphor just makes so much sense to you. And it's almost automatic the way it works. So that's another important feature is understanding. Well, how do I want to memorize this information? Is this sort of visual? No. Monix even the best way to do it? Another important thing is nothing is permanent. Without space repetitions. You still have to do space repetitions mean meaning. You still need to write this stuff down on paper. So when you're not as good at coming up with things, translating things into symbols and connecting everything, that's where writing things down on paper is gonna help you even more because you're going to get spaced repetitions on that. And that's something that you can look at and get a space review of, so anything that you're gonna imagine your head you can just use very, very simple, rudimentary drawings. And just instead of drawing out each picture, you just put a word or two that describes what the image is, what the symbol is, that's all you need. You don't need to actually draw this stuff out and have all these pictures. Nothing you can even do is create a spreadsheet, and in that spreadsheet, each row or each cell is a different, uh, slot, where you can put something into your memory palace or a slot in any one of your three D spatial environments and your imagination, where there somewhere where you can connect an image, too, so we'll talk more about that later. But that way you get to actually measure, and the way I like to do it is measure it like gigabytes of a hard drive. So if you have ah, 500 or one terabyte er, two terabyte hard drive, then a one terabyte hard drive would be equivalent to 1000 spots where you can place an image 500 gigabyte hard drive would be 500 spaces. And so when you're starting out, just building a memory palace that has maybe 10 spots 20 gigabytes, 30 gigabytes is a good place to start. Eventually get to 100 maybe 500 1000 and then you go from there. But when you're starting out, just keep it small. Keep it things like just using it to do list and stuff like that are very basic things because it takes a while for you to evolve thes skills, and they don't come instantly. And the most important thing is not setting your expectations too high. Instead of setting your expectations of, this is something that should happen immediately or very quickly. Treat it like a foreign language because that's really what it is. You're learning a language that a certain party of your brain that's very powerful understands. Once you can communicate with that part of your brain, it can store a phenomenal amount of information. Another way to look at it is the way computers used to store information, which isn't the same way as they store now is on magnetic drives, so computers didn't always use that sort of storage, and so they weren't nearly as fast. And so as things evolve, if you can figure out how to store things more efficiently than you're gonna have a lot more memory and a lot more storage powers. So basically, all we're doing in this course all we're doing, especially in the section, is teaching you how to use this part of your brain that you really just haven't been using and how to communicate with it so that you can speak its language because it's not going to speak your language. You have to learn its language. You have to become fluent in that language, and then using that language you can. You can use that part of your brain to store a phenomenal amount of information and really improve your memory. But a lot of things go into doing that, and that's we're gonna talk about in the next videos 21. The Book Memorization Myth: this is the next thing is the book memorization, myth. And I don't say this because it's an actual myth that it's impossible to memorize a book because you definitely can memorize the book. The problem is having that as a goal. Thinking that's what's important is to memorize a book. What's really important is information structure, understanding the systems and the frameworks. No matter what subject you're learning, there's a framework. There's maybe multiple frameworks, multiple perspectives, and each one has its own framework, and so you can use those. But it's really important to first focus on synthesizing that information and creating your own understanding, your own framework and system for how to understand that subject. And you can't just take a structure out of a book. And hopefully, the book that you're reading even has a structure. There's lots of books that really don't have a coherent structure. That's a real problem, because if you memorize that information without a structure, you still don't really understand what you're talking about, what you're learning about. So until you have that structure until you have that system, you really haven't learned too much. You don't really understand much, so your primary objective is to first figure out how that system works, How that framework works than everything else is going to be built on top of that. So don't memorize information until you have that structure built, which means that you should not be memorizing any one book and whatever structure it happens to use. You should be adapting the information from that book to fit the synthesized framework that you've come up with. That's the only way where you're gonna have an integrated model of how the entire system works. Otherwise, you're wasting your time because you're just organizing it in this haphazard fashion. Each book that you quote unquote memorize is gonna be structured in a completely different way, and they're not going to connect together into one larger picture, which is what you're going for. That's where real understanding comes from. So there's going to be a significant delay between reading stuff, taking notes and then synthesizing multiple sets and notes from multiple different sources until you have something that really looks like a complete model complete framework that you're happy with, and in some industries in some places, nobody's yet come up with that framework nobody's come up with that system yet, so maybe that's your role. Was toe be an innovator and come up with that? So don't just assume that because there's quote unquote experts in every field means that they've come up with the ultimate formula. There's There were experts hundreds of years ago in astronomy in the medical field, really in every field who had no idea what the real truths were that were discovering today . And we've discovered in the last a few decades with all the technology that we have access to now. So the same is true today. There's lots of theories that will eventually be proven wrong. And just because we're on the cutting edge of what technology has right now doesn't mean ah , lot of things aren't going to change in the future. So you also have to be comfortable with Okay, I'm 80%. 90% sure this is good enough of a framework. This is I've done enough research where I'm pretty sure there isn't anything significantly better out there. And then just be happy with good enough. And and And don't go for perfectionism and don't delay unnecessarily. So make sure you're getting at least three different valid good, uh, different perspectives on an issue on or on a subject. And then, at a certain point, you'll just get a feeling this is something. Over time, as you research more and more different areas in different subjects, you'll start to get a feeling for Is there something more out there? Or if I really basically turned over all the stones and found just about everything that's out there? And this is one of the reasons why Google images is such an important tool, because it's going to expose you very quickly to a lot of different frameworks in a visual format eventually, after you. Eventually, if you scroll down far enough in Google images, you they just stopped showing you any more results, and that's what I do. Any time I'm learning a new subject, I'm going to go through all of those results until it just stopped showing me things, and that's when I'll feel like okay, I've looked at enough things where I probably seen every different model that's out there, anything that's relevant, anything that's even marginally important has to have shown up in those first whatever. If hundreds, maybe it's 500 different results there. So that's that's kind of Ah gives you an idea of the level of research you should be doing toe to really be sure that you have the right framework because that framework is so important. And if you get it wrong, it's a big mistake. Another question is, what's worth memorizing is the stuff that you're reading, even worth memorizing. So these are the things that are most important to memorize and then go from the top and then things that are maybe less important, memorize at the bottom. And when I say memorized, what it really means is you have to decide what aspects of these things you want to memorize. So maybe vocabulary that's very rarely used isn't something that you need to memorize right now. Or maybe you just need to memorize enoughto, understand, understand the broad themes right now and then when you do a second pass later on, then you can go into more of the details. But things like systems, things like principles that you're going to see over and over and over again. Those need to be memorized. You need to have those, and they need to be built into your brain because those air gonna influence so many different decisions you make. Labels and vocabulary are also very important because otherwise you can't make distinctions between two different things. You can't see the contrast that exists there. So until if if you can't recognize the pattern, then you can't do anything about it. You can't, uh, make a decision based on the difference between the two things. If you don't have labels or vocabulary for those two things and, well, you can, I mean, technically you can, even if you do, you don't have words for two different shades of, ah, color of orange doesn't mean you can't tell the difference. But what it does mean is you can't really do anything useful with that. You can talk to somebody about getting an exact color of paint you want. It's very difficult because you don't have a vocabulary to talk about and think about in store Those distinctions things like examples. Those can be useful more for review than for total memorization. Most of the time, it really depends on what area you're in. Sometimes examples air, really good to memorize, such as if you're learning a musical instrument, and you want to memorize a certain song. So you find a good song. You find somebody video of somebody playing it, and then you watch that over and over again. Use that as an example. Same with role models. If you see a role model exhibiting any sort of behavior, doing anything that you want, a modeler have a certain mindset or way of seeing things than that. Something where having unexamined replica Being able to replicate that perfectly is one of the first stage is that you want to go through in orderto make that still or make that behavior part of who you are and eventually have it become kind of add your own twist to it . But starting out, the best thing to do is to mimic it perfectly, so you can make sure that you're getting everything that's there and a lot of times until you can mimic it. You'll you're actually not modelling the entire thing. You're you're missing things. There's some things that you don't understand well enough to model yet, and so that tells you where there's some holes in your understanding where there's some weaknesses and then you can focus on fixing those and if you're interested modeling putting out a course on how to model experts, people that are good at different subjects. And I've been doing this for years, and it's a big part of how I learn because there's a lot of things that just aren't taught because nobody really understands them yet. And they're just considered like, these intangible skills. So ah, lot of my method for learning those type of skills and that type of information is to go directly to the source and just look at videos, any sort of recordings and go from there. There's also things that and I've talked about this quite a bit in the note taking course about how there's a lot of stuff like checklists like raw data, multi step techniques or strategies where you only need to use it once or maybe twice. It's no worth memorizing that you just write it down on a piece of paper putting your computer and you just need a good information management system and all that is is having different categories so that you know where to put stuff when you're done with it and where to find it when you're looking for, that's all it is. It's just that way of categorizing stuff into different folders. Then there's this piece, which is memory is just scaffolding. And this is one of the things that I learned the hard way when I first got into the Monix. And what I realize is just because you have this stuff and it's accessible through a memory palace doesn't mean you actually understand it. That's just the first stage. It's actually just another method of spaced repetition where if you don't have any sort of writing implement, you have no way of writing things down. It's the best way to get spaced repetitions and yeah, you will forget a few things. But if you're studious and you do those space repetitions immediately, then you will only forget a few percent what probably less than 5% 10% of what you originally start out with. So it's still a pretty reliable system. But the important thing is understanding that it's just scaffolding, and that knowledge needs to be, and those in those ideas need to be interconnected and weaved within each other, so they need to be connected like a Web like the Internet is connected. They can't just be these individual ideas just stored away, because what happens is you have all this stuff memorized and you can spout it off. Or you can write down on a list of paper like a list of 50 different things or 100 different things completely from memory, and it seems really impressive. The problem is, when you go out and you live your life and maybe you memorize 50 principles of something, you realize your behavior actually hasn't changed and you're thinking hasn't changed. Which is the bigger issue is that you've memorized all this stuff, but it's not actually influencing your thinking or your behavior. It's just kind of locked away in this random little cubby, your random little closet that you're never actually accessing. So it's completely irrelevant to your learning. It's You're not actually getting a change, so it's really important to realize that it's just scaffolding. It's just holding that information in your brain and giving you the opportunity to start connecting that information once you have access to it. That's why this idea of information architecture structuring information, building these this information infrastructure in your brain is so important. These frameworks, you have to start with the framework and build on top of that, and a lot of people don't want to do that. They just want to memorize individual piece of information. And this can be fine for certain applications, like vocabulary, like just memorizing things that you need to pass a test. It's one of the best ways to do it, especially if you don't need to retain it long term. But if you need to retain a long term, if you really need to understand it deeply, you're best off structuring it properly, and we'll be talking more about that later. But this stuff is really important for things like problem solving for things like generalizing so that you can actually use it. Another thing is detailed rehearsal, and you can't always actually practice something to get it right. For example, you can't simulate on Earth zero g environment, so you you can kind of fly people up and do a parabolic thing. But you can't really prepare people for doing something like landing on the moon and doing stuff in space. You can simulate it to a certain degree, but you can't really get there. So that's an example of people practice in in various ways and rehearsed Things may be visualized, but they only really get one chance to actually do it. And so when there's situations like that, the best you can do is rehearse. The best you can do is visualize it repeated over and over in your head. There's stories about, you know, Arnold Schwarzenegger talks about how every time before he lifted, he was visualizing himself doing it because, ah, lot of his power and strength actually came from building the connections between his neurons and the muscles. There's a lot of potential in those muscles that just isn't used because your neurons, having connected strongly enough to really gain control over all 100% of that muscle strength and same thing, is true with any sort of action that you're taking, is that if you're not structuring the information so that when you actually rehearse it, you have access to it so that when you actually do it, all the information is there in a stored, then you're going. What you're going to notice is that there's a big difference between knowing what to do and being ableto effortlessly do it. And you can get around that with certain things, like visualizing yourself doing something over and over again, because what's that doing? What that's doing is it's Meilin aiding the connections that you're gonna actually use when you're performing the action for riel. But other than that, if you just have information structured like in a mind map and then you go out and it's like, OK, I'm gonna take action now What happens is the way that you're retrieving information. The order that you're doing it in when you're actually taking action is very different from how you initially structured it and put it into your head. And so there's a re orientation that takes place when you do that, and a lot of people don't factor that into their equation because it's it does. It's it's more abstract. It's about understanding how that information is actually structured in your head, and until you take conscious control of that, it's not going to be inefficient. Process where you can protect predict ahead of time how the way you structure information, the way you memorize information is going to directly affect how easy it is for you to take action on that information, and that's really important because ultimately, if you're not taking action on the stuff, you're doing anything with it. What's the point? What's the value memorizing it anyways? So that's an important thing to think about. We'll be getting more into all this stuff in the coming videos. 22. Small Chunk Mnemonics: this video is gonna be a shorter one. It's on small chunk pneumonic. So all we're talking about here is when you have a small piece of information when you have ah, uh, like 5 to 10 things that you want to memorize on one subject, maybe it's a small syriza's steps or a kind of recipe for how to do something. Or it's just a handful of ideas that you want to keep together. And maybe it's just something that you need for the short term. Maybe it's something that you need long term. So these are the kind of areas where audio type things make a lot of sense. So across sticks, rhymes good for a little list 5 to 10 things, small strategy or technique. Some people ask me, Well, what's the difference between a technique and a strategy? There's, I mean, all these definitions are they have gray area and they intermingle. But the way that I look at it is there's three levels, techniques, strategies and systems, and the way to visualize that is imagine a factory line like when they're manufacturing a car. I like to think about Ford's assembly line because that was a huge innovation in automotive industry. So it's a technique would be an individual guy who's on the assembly line, and he's drilling a hole, re screwing something in. Or he's doing one little thing on that assembly line to put together the car in some small way. So that's a technique that's, ah, like a process, Then a strategy and a process can also be equivalent to a strategy. Maybe it's it's It kind of depends on how many steps are involved. So when something's getting more more complex, that's when it's more of a strategy. So a strategy is is an individual line, not that assembly line. An assembly line isn't one line. It's actually multiple lines at the same time. So an individual line of multiple guys on that line assembling a certain part of the car. That's a strategy. The system is understanding all the different lines that are going on at the same time, so there may be one line that's working on the engine. One line that's working on the frame and the exterior of the car painting it stuff like that. Then 1/3 line may be handling the electron ICS in the dashboard and then ah, fourth line handling the chairs are the seats in the interior, stuff like that. So you have multiple lines that are all working on different pieces, and then at the end, they all get assembled. And then before that, you have, uh, the whole supply chain. And then afterwards you have the distribution and getting everything sold and stuff like that. So that's the larger systems level view and these kind of things here with audio word. No Monix their best for the techniques and small processes or small strategies. That's what their best for when you get too many things going on for too long of a list. It's something where it's gonna become less reliable and you're better off moving towards visual. No, Monix. And it's just harder to deal with more information when you've got these audio pneumonic So , uh, 5 to 10 items. It's a good, uh, rule of thumb to use for these, and that's it. We're gonna gettinto uh, the next level Monix in the next video, 4.3 23. Chain Mnemonics: 4.3 chain No Monix. So memory chains, this is the next level. This is the first, most rudimentary level of visual. No, Monix, and basically how it works is. And we've been talking about this before of Okay, you're using your spatial memory to your height, hijacking it or hacking it, learning this language so you can speak with it and store information your spatial memory Well, this is even an easier way because it eliminates the whole need to have some sort of environment, like a room or a memory palace. Where you do is you just connect each image to the next image and you just create a chain. The problem with this is that if you lose one of those chains, one of those links everything after that one link is completely lost, because that's the only thing that's connecting one image to the next. So it can really suck if you've got ah, whole chain of maybe 10 20 things and then chain number seven breaks. And so everything from 7 to 20 is now gone or from 8 to 20 is now gone. So it's It's very risky to do it because if you lose a single connection, you're gonna lose everything afterwards, so you're taking a big risk. But when it's something where, especially as you get better or it's something that you repeat a lot and get enough repetitions, or if it's just a small chunk of linear information, that's when it's best to use something like this. It's just a kind of convenient, very quick, very easy way to do something. It could be something where short term, kind of like writing down and note, Um, why distant into your phone or into, Ah, like a little notebook, something that's men for short term. Just you can memorize something just for the next, maybe few minutes of the next hour, or until you can write it down. So it's good for, uh, one thing that it could be good for is a speech. So if you have something that you're gonna present in a linear format, something that can work for that, um, and especially once you get enough repetitions on it, it's pretty easy to remember that chain, and you're not likely to forget it in another way. That you can practice these trains is just draw them out or write them out right each word . So just write out a word or two that represents each one of those pictures and then kind of connect them together, which is the line, and create this sort of snake or whatever. And and there you go. So, um, that's memory chains. They're not, uh, it's not a good habit to get into using memory chains for everything, but it's one way to do it. And there's another way. Teoh toe. Make a memory chain a little bit more robust, which is instead of having one image linked to the next and then that to the next, like a chain. What you do is kind of this fractal pattern or, uh, best way to think about it is islands. So if you have, ah, string of islands and then there's a few images connected to each one of those islands than it's like you imagine you have what say you want to have 25 images, so you take ah, five or 30 images, so you take five images. You connect them to each other in a regular chain, so you've got a chain of five things, just like a regular memory chain. But then what you do is you add five images to each one of those. So you finds five separate smaller parts of each one of those five big images, and you attach each one of those images to a small one, so you can kind of just look at your hand in front of you. Imagine the poem being that big image, and then it's got five parts in. Each of those parts is individual finger, and you're attaching an image to each one of those fingers and then take your other hand, connect the two poems together inside your poems. That's the connection of the two big images. So now you've got 10 images on your 10 fingers, and you have access to those long is that chain of your two poems. So then imagine five poems, all next to each other. That's your your major chain. That's your main chain, and then off of each of those large images, you've got five smaller ones. You got 30 images total, and you don't always use those big palm images for actual information. Those can just be dummy images that you're using to store information toe attach things onto so they don't have to mean anything or symbolise anything inherently. That's when you start getting mawr into How are you actually structuring information? How? What is the philosophy behind it? What is the underlying framework, er system that you're using And how are you representing that with images? So once you start to think about that, once you've written out, drawn out your framework, then you can start to think. Okay, How do I wanna designed my visual pneumonic so that they make sense and they match up with this framework, So we'll be talking more about that later in the coming videos. 24. Large Chunk Mnemonics: a large chunk. Monix, we're gonna start off talking about Loki method, and that's what that's what this method is usually called. And it comes from this senator who was part of ah was having dinner at this large party and , um and he was in this theater and he could remember where everybody was sitting just based on his spatial memory. Remember where each person was sitting and so we could identify all the dead bodies and who they were, what families to contact, just based on his spatial memory. So comes from that low key meaning location, and the low key method is split up into three parts. It split up into the environment, understanding the environment, understanding the objects that exist in that environment and understanding the connections , how those objects are connected to the environment and also sometimes to each other. So what is the difference between environments and objects? What is an environment? What is an object? Well, any environment is really a collection of smaller things. I mean, if you go down to the physics level of everything is made up of atoms or everything is made up of chemical elements, it's all everything is made up of energy or everything is made up of thes thes things that we can't even see that are microscopic, So that's at the smallest level. But really, what we're talking about is an environment is something that's static, where it's not going to move. It's not going to shift around west. Some act of God, some earthquake or something else major happens that destroys Theo environment, so that environment can be the earth. That environment can be a building, anything that's permanent that's not designed to move. That's always going to be in one place, always gonna exist in one way. And obviously our environments change over time. Our homes change over time. The interior, the exterior changes over time. So part of what you have to do is lock in a certain, uh, configuration of your environment so that it stays static. And it's Ah ah, a place where you can safely store things and not forget how they're organized later on. So best we do that is to just take pictures of things. If you have a panorama function, used that, and in terms of objects, an objects can become a container in and of itself. So if you look at it in enough microscopic detail and over time, as you learn this visual language, you start paying more attention to the design of different objects in just looking at Okay , How does this work mechanically? What are all the different pieces to this? Because you need those you need that information in orderto get more value out of each object, and if you zoom into any object, eventually, it can become an environment in of itself. So you can zoom in on something and turn it into an environment if you really need to. And that's what helps you store more and more levels of hierarchy. So the important thing about environments is that you have toe have unique places where you can store objects where you can attach objects to. So if your environment is just like a your inside a perfect sphere, there's nowhere to store information of your inside a perfect cube. Why white walled room? There's nothing to do with that. There's nowhere to store information in that cause. There's no texture, there's no unique contours, and we're gonna be talking about that more is unique contours, So an environment is really just a collection of objects that are permanently connected together in a certain configuration. In your spatial memory, you're best off taking picture or a video of each environment that you want to use or draw it out on on by hand so that it's something that's permanent. So even as things change your still storing it in a singular form, that's unchanging. So now I'm going to go for an example so you can get an idea of hot. How does this work and how can you store multiple levels of hierarchy? And usually and I talked about this before in the note taking course in in terms of how toe organize your systems, your files so that your it's most efficient and it's easy enough to memorize is try to stay 23 levels of hierarchy or less if you can. It's not always possible to do that, but that's your brain is gonna thank you if you avoid just way too many levels of hierarchy because your brain can't handle it as well as, for example, computer can handle it. So be careful with creating too many levels of higher in air on the side of fewer levels whenever possible. So we're to start out with our basic model, which is a bathroom, and it's got these five objects within it that are all part of the environment. So you've got a shower, you've got a toilet, you gotta sink, you've got a window, and then you've got event up in the ceiling that vents out the air. That's the first level. That's the primary level. The second level is we're going to take an individual part of that environment or an individual large object, This case, the sink. So what are five parts of the sink? Well, we have a faucet. We have a handle, We have a drain. We have a toothbrush and we have a toothpaste. And so because the toothbrush in the toothpaste they're not actually built into the sink, But they always exist there. That's a stable, permanent connection that you can utilize to store things. So as long as it's a connection that exists in your head already, it's something you can use. Even if other people can't use that. It's not true for other people. As long as it's true for that specific environment, then you can use it. Now we're talking about the third level, so we pick one of those five things and then we zoom in a level further and we look for five different unique contours. Unique parts of that object. So we're looking at the toothbrush. It's got circular bristles. It's gotta pick. Tip. It's got a thumb ridge, It's got a neck and it's got a body. Ah, handle a handle on the bottom of the body, which is the other end of it, the other end of the bristle side. So this doesn't have to be what your toothbrush actually looks like. I was struggling a little bit to think. Okay, what are five really distinct parts of a toothbrush I just imagined? Well, what would be a A toothbrush that had a lot of different distinct features on on it? So that's what you could do for something like this. And if you go into detail on all those original five parts that we talked about in the first level of the bathroom, the shower toilet sink window invent at the end of the this process, you'll come out with 125 slots 125 gigabyte mental hard drive. That's the metaphor that I like to use. So once you've got to that level now, you've got a significant amount of information that you can store just based on doing that . And this is three levels of hierarchy right here. But you can go. You can create MAWR levels of hierarchy by going in the opposite direction. So this is just one room in your apartment, one room in your house. It's only a single room on a certain level of your house or level of your apartment. So you if you got a 23 story house and maybe a basement also, then you can look at well, okay, Each level of my house will be a different level of hierarchy, and then each and then the house itself will be a level of hierarchy. And I'll group in other houses that I've lived in before or apartments afterwards or friends houses that I'm familiar with or other houses on my street. And then you can memorize all of that and use those as other levels of hierarchy. So now you're talking about 67 different levels of hierarchy, and this stuff is really important when you're structuring information because it makes it easy for you to whenever you've got built in spatial memory, like a neighborhood from your childhood that you know, like the back of your hand. That's something that's really great to use as like a high level. Think of it is kind of like the desktop of your computer, where you can access everything all the basic things really quickly. So let's say you're just using the different house houses on your neighborhood street when you were growing up. You know all those houses you may not have been inside all of them, but each of those houses could represent a major part of your life for a major section of your life in one way or another, and then you can group things into those areas. So it's It gets really personal for different people. What's information you're going to store what's worth memorizing in this way and how you're gonna organize your pneumonic systems, your memory palaces inside your head, and it really has to do with how are you going? Apply this information and you really need to have it memorized and is a part of ah structure. So this structure right here is an artificial structure. It's completely arbitrary. There's no meaning to it. But ah, much better system would be something where the subject that you're learning is actually providing to you images and metaphors and examples and frameworks where you can use relevant images to connect to each other and create a framework made out of images that are all relevant and make sense together and form that framework of that structure in your head via pictures. So that's the ideal. This is less than ideal because you're introducing all these artificial structures that are acting is scaffolding. When you do that, that means that you still have another job ahead of you after you get your space repetitions and you've got this stuff memorizing that next step is you've got to integrate all these ideas. You've got to create connections between all of these ideas. So there's there's a way to get around that, and the way to get around it is toe memorize things visually, but in the the structure of the framework as it is not using an artificial structure like this, but sometimes that's the only way you can do it. The only way you can memorize it is to use an artificial structure, so that's why we're talking about it here. 25. How to Connect Objects to Environment: this video's about how to connect objects in an environment. So this is one of those basic skills. This is like the difference between learning vocabulary and language and then learning grammar, because learning grammar is telling you how to construct a sentence, how to construct a message of some sort out of these individual words that you have in your grab bag of vocabulary. So now we're learning some of the grammar of this language, which is how to connect ideas to one another. The most important thing to remember is unique, unique contours, and you need unique shapes. Your your visual spatial memory isn't really good at memorizing individual little objects because you're what you're gonna notice is, especially if you don't have a super super vivid memory or imagination, which I certainly don't have. And most people that use thes systems don't have is thes. Things stay pretty fuzzy, and so the only way toe be, Ah, to be sure that each image is going to stick in, the connections are going to stick is to use things that are distinct enough and have unique contours. So anything, even if it just looks similar and has similar contours you're gonna learn over time. The things that you tend to forget are the things that just didn't have very strong or unique contours to them, and that what that means is all the contour means is any image. That's our object. That's three D has a two D contour, meaning what what would be the shape of the shadow that it casts on the ground or on a wall ? That's what the contours air. If you're in all black room with no light and then you have one light behind the object, what would that black contour look like? So that's what we're talking about when we're talking about contours like ah, line drawing of something, just the outside shape. So you want to avoid any sort of perfect shape squares, circles, any sort of polygons. It needs to be something that's got a unique, uh, shape to it. And sometimes you're enough to just manipulate the three D version of that object, so that it you're looking at it from an angle where that silhouette has a unique shape to it, and that's just part of learning how to become more fluent. The next area is learning how to intersect those parts with the environment so that those contours, those unique contours, air coming together and a lot of times using actions which you can think about is like a verb. And then think about these images. Environments being noun is that you're trying to connect things together, and, ah, you're starting to make them more unique. So, uh, actions is like you can percent. You can turn an idea into a person or to an animal, And then you can have animals fighting other animals or clawing into some object or another object or part of the environment. Stuff like that. Um, one thing I do to memorize directions is any time I need to take a left. I visualize a lion. Any time I take a right. I remember I use a rhino. So the the weapon of the the lioness, it's clause in its teeth, So but I usually focus on the claws and then for the rhino, its its horns. So I visualize that horn motion kind of attacking with the horn, whatever objects like the street name is, and vice versa for the lion. And so I just used those two images and it becomes really easy to memorize, like 345 six different steps of lefts and rights to get toe whatever street off the highway . So over time, just doing stuff like that, like making a little habit like I'm gonna spend an extra minute to just try to memorize the route. Ah, and the directions from here to there and just use a little pneumonic system like that. Over time, you just get better and better at doing it. You get better at turning street names into images and then creating little chain with your lines and your rhinos, and it becomes pretty easy to do after a while, and you can eventually just memorize directions pretty easily. So most the time when I'm going around somewhere. I don't need to use that GPS because just in a matter of 10 2030 seconds, I can just memorize the few little pieces of data I need to be ableto do it without having to look at a GPS, or you are be peaking at my phone all the time. So it's just little things like that where you make it a little habit and you spend a little bit of extra time to make sure your training that part of your brain and giving it practice and working it out a little bit, increasing your fluency things to avoid. So obviously anything that's duplicate so environmental features may be thinking, Oh, well, I'll just like Member. I'll memorize Fenway Park and I'll and like, I'll use each separate seat to be a different object. No, that's not gonna work that each thing has to be unique. So you can't have just a ton of different repeating things and expect that your be able to memorize it really well. There is an exception to that, which is that throughout history, people have used that sort of thing. So they have taken some really familiar building and then just taken repeatedly the same exact feature over and over again, attach different things to it. Where you're gonna find is you can do that, you can get away with it. It's just that those duplicate features you're gonna find over time, that's where the weakest memories are, those with ones that are your in a most often forget or make a mistake. So that's just then. That's just how the game works, so avoid duplicate objects, environmental features, duplicate features of objects. And especially when objects become an environment themselves because you're zooming in and going to that microscopic level, it's gonna be harder and harder to find unique features. That's why when we're talking about the toothbrush and trying to find five different features and unique locations of the toothbrush got very difficult, and it probably be almost impossible to go to another level of depth within that toothbrush . So there's a certain level of detail where the contours just disappear, and that's something that you'll learn over time and get more comfortable with, so that eventually that all becomes part of your larger plan of how you're gonna organize your information. 26. How to Turn Ideas into Images: this section is about how to turn ideas into images. This is another one of those basic functions, which is how do you translate ideas into pictures? Because until it's a picture, it can't be stored spatially. So it's another really important skill, and it's going to take time to learn. So one really great thing is to find a dictionary or an encyclopedia that just has a ton of pictures in it. I've got this great encyclopedia of symbols, and I just take a crack at it. Every once in a while. Go through a few dozen pages and you start to realize they're symbols all around us. There's a lot of religious symbols from a lot of different cultures where they basically symbolized as much as possible. They try to create a symbol for everything. So there's a lot of stuff that you can use, and you just have to expose yourself to that stuff, and it's useful for a lot of different reasons. So it's not just useful because your your ah, trying to memorise stuff in translate ideas from abstract two pictures. It turns out that once you learn these symbols, you start seeing them everywhere so a lot of these symbols were just invisible to you before, but once you read about them, you start seeing them all over the place because they're part of our culture there and they go pretty deep. So this is one of the most important skills, and it's one of the skills that you're going to need to use most often, and you're gonna have to use first before you even have to use some of these more advanced techniques like, Well, how do I visualize a three D environment that doesn't exist except something in a video game or something in a movie or TV show? Or we'll talk more about that later. How toe Construct your environments so finding images use Google images at icon after it. So if you want to find an image of a snowman, go for snowman icon or line. You can use special search features to Onley. Look for line drawings so you can find things that are unique, and then you can turn that into a picture. The other thing is using levels of metaphor, so there's three basic levels the first is above. So what is this idea? Part of So if we're talking about ah, sink, what is the sink part of? It's part of a bathroom, then think about. Besides, well, what? What else is near a sink? Well, a toilets nearest sink. So if you couldn't think about, uh, think oven image for a sink, you could think of a toilet cause a toilet maybe kind of looks like a sinker. It's right next to a sink in your bathroom and then you think below. So what's, Ah, a smaller piece that sink a toothbrush, for example? And then so above would be a bathroom. So there's think about how some things in a different at different levels of that hierarchy and then what's at the same level, the higher you just right next to it are closely associated to it. So that's gonna help you come up with images when there's nothing that really fits. But there's other ways. There's using audio techniques, which just means things that sound the same or sound similar. So Jochen Yoke those are things that sound exactly the same. The problem with yolk why ol K is that it doesn't have any defined contours. You just basically have a yellow center and then white around it, so it doesn't have a lot of unique. There's nothing really going on. Where is O yoke y O que e? That's a very distinct shape. You're not going to see that shape all the time. You're not gonna see it everywhere. So it's a unique thing that you can use and attach it to other things that's going to stick well. Then there's rhyming so yo can choke. So this is when it's more difficult to figure out. Well, I really this is too abstract. I can't find a word for it. I can't find a picture for it. Then go for something that rhymes. And then when you come back to later, you use the rhyme to trigger that that initial memory using cause and effect. So this is another area where basically what you're doing with these translations is looking for connections that already exist and then making use of those. So if you can't get an image that directly links to the idea your that you want to translate, then you look for things that I other ideas that are as closely as possible associate ID with the idea that you're trying to translate. So this is another association is what happens at the same time as this idea or this thing , what happens before and causes this idea to come into place or who created this idea or what happened after this idea? What happened tends to happen after this other thing happened. So looking at the chain of cause and effect is another way to find some built in associations that are already part of your brain that you can then use to translate these ideas. 27. Finding and Building Environments: this video is about finding in building environment. So Okay, eventually, you're gonna run out of space in your house to your apartment, The previous few homes or apartments you lived in in your car and whatever other things from your childhood, maybe you're different, uh, classrooms or different schools that you went to Where you really have a good idea. Maybe friends homes, that you spend a lot of time. So things like that you can use those to memorize information, create some your initial environments. But over time, you're eventually going to need mawr so you can store more information. So these are the initial ones. Where to start, you can use vehicles. You can use routes or paths. We go on walks. This is a great thing. Like, if you do, if you go on walks and you get some space repetitions the audio. We're listening to a podcast. You doing some phone calls while you're enjoying that walk? You could be paying attention to the spatial features of that journey and then go on that route or that path and then pick out unique features of that path and attach images to each one of those features. And that's something Mark Twain did when he wanted to memorizes stand up routines. And these he would give thes shows where he'd be just be up on stage for hours and hours at a time. And that's what he used to memorizes. He'd take a walk the day before and he just playing out everything he was going to say by attaching things, attaching images that represented the ideas of what he was going to talk about, like a bench or a tree, different things that he found along this path. Then he could just go along that while he was giving a speech so this could be buildings. This could be when you're driving or when you're walking. Um, this can be places you've lived. Other people have lived where you you're familiar with those areas one of the big problems , as I said before his environmental permanence. So there's two basic ways that you can do this. Number one is you can write out or draw out just the sequence of what happens and take that with a picture. So have a picture where it's not something you even have to write out. But it's something where it's just there. You have pictures, but for some situations, it's just It's too much to take pictures or you don't want have to organize all that stuff or you just wanna. You already have such a good memory that you can remember all the different pieces that were in that environment. Another thing you can do is take that picture put into photo shop or some other basic image editing programs and number each one of the objects each one of the features of that environment. So then you can look at it later your enough to do space repetitions on these environments to just remember how many slots there are in each environment. And I recommend you use a standard, uh, kind of multiplication unit, meaning in any environment. Make sure that it's got, like, five slots, 10 slots or 15 slots. So that way, it's easy to add up. How many total freeze, how much total free space you have. And when you're on the borderline of, do I really want include that extra thing or not? You just round to the nearest one and then you can. You can even create a fake environmental feature or a fake object within the environment to get yourself up from, like, 12 or 13 to 15 so that you're you're always hitting those round numbers. Another thing you do is draw Bird's eye view, kind of like an architectural drawing. Or you can just go into a spreadsheet and put each thing in a different row so that you have, like this, this really organized place where you can store all this information. So a lot of different things that you can do. Make sure that these environments are permanent and they're not gonna change on you because they're all going to change. So just a matter of keeping them permanent and pictures can be a really easy way to get started. Uh, one of the problems that with pictures is that hard to print out. So when you're when you want to do offline review, it's often better to just have ah, Bird's eye view drawing or something else like that, or just a list. A list, oftentimes is is good enough, so you don't need to do anything more than that fictional environment so you can get these from architectural magazines, home and garden magazines, video games, movie scenes, TV shows. So there's gonna be common sets, common environments and just memorize that. Have that be part of your thing if you play a lot of video games or you played video games in your past like I did there certain maps where I just I know by heart and I probably will for the rest of my life, every single nook ing cranny because I spent so much time there. So those are great because they're gonna be permanent forever. They're never going anywhere, and they they're already built into your brain. So that's a great way to get start. If you've got some experience playing video games, specially multiplayer maps where there's a lot of distinct locations, you could already have literally hundreds and hundreds of unique location set up, and you can just go online, get a bird's eye view of that map and start mapping out hundreds of different locations and start storing information there. So it's really great opportunity, and it's really easy to do. You've already got a built into your head, so take advantage of that 28. Improving Your Visualization Skills (Even if You Can't Visualize): This last section is about how toe work on your visualization skills, even if you can visualize, even if you never visualize before. And I was one of those people that couldn't visualize. I was one of those people that didn't even believe that visualization was really possible. I thought it was just this kind of hocus pocus thing. And still, I'm not really good at visualizing. So I'm not like this, this person who who could just see really clear images in my imagination. That's not me. Uh, there are a few hacks, though there are a few really cool and really one. It's really one thing, and that one thing is as you're going to sleep. There's a period of maybe 5 10 15 minutes where your your brain is changing states. It's going from like a different waves. So it's going from like Alfa bait, eventually going into realms sleep, which is delta. And so, as your brain is changing between those waves, there's a brief period where you can get into ah state, where it's very easy to visualize because that's what's happening when you're dreaming is that you're having these hallucinations, and it's one of the interesting. I remember watching a documentary about D M T, which is, Ah, synthetic form of what's in magic mushrooms. So basically what d M t is, it's it's Ah, it's a synthetic form of what your brain releases naturally, when you have a dream where you have these strong visualizations in your like hallucinating , basically in a dream, So D mt. Is a synthetic form of that. And so that's when you're visualizing very strongly and right before you're going to sleep , Uh, or as you're falling asleep and you're kind of in that liminal state on that border line between being awake and asleep, it's very easy to visualize where it's a lot easier than normal. So that's what I I first I first really got. It was when I did that when I first really felt like, Wow, I actually I could control that visualization a little bit, and I really I got an experience of it, and that was the first thing. So once I had that, um, I mean, I've gone through periods where I haven't dreamt much at all. Some periods where I've dreamt had a dream every night. So I've talked to some people who just don't dream or dream very rarely. And then there's some people that dream every night and they say, Well, dreaming is my favorite part of going to sleep each night, our favorite part of sleeping There's other people which just not part of their life. It also, um, I'm definitely somebody who sometimes dreams sometimes doesn't go can go for a while without dreaming. So I still don't understand how all of that stuff works. I don't have a deep understanding of how sleep works, but what I do know. It's important to get a lot of sleep. And when you, uh when when you're falling asleep, you can have that experience of being able to control your visualization. It's really interesting. So that get that was the first step that gave me the confidence of OK, this stuff actually works you can actually visualize. And then I started thinking more about this stuff about I already know how to give directions. I know how toe I can in my head Think about okay. If I was at this entrance of my old elementary school, how would I get to this classroom of where I was I was in third grade or fourth grade or whatever, and I can do that. So I have a visual spatial memory of what it was like back then, and I can traverse and go through that in my head. So that's all you really need. You don't really need anything more than that and my experience talking a lot of different people. Most people have that. Still, most people have that ability. The human race wouldn't be able to survive without that ability. So it's part of our genetic heritage. It's part of who we are. And so most people have that ability. And as I said before, just don't expect, Ah, big part about improving your memory is not having your expectations set too high and getting disappointed. Same thing with your learning system as a whole ways. There's gonna be some significant changes you have to make to get out of these old habits of how you've been learning for the last 2345 decades and how you spend literally hundreds and thousands of hours of your most formative years during your childhood. Being taught toe learn in a way that's highly ineffective, so these are things that take time to build these new habits. Don't expect to be having visual hallucinations, vivid experiences, lucid dreams, stuff like that. That's not what this is about. This is about just using your visual, your spatial memory in a very basic, rudimentary way. It doesn't need to be super detailed, high definition type stuff. It just has to be the most basic wake. Somebody asked you directions to go from one place to another, and you just tell them how to get there. That's all we're talking about. So, as I said before how to get started, try visualizing as you're falling asleep. That's one of the easiest way to do it. Talk out each step, even if you can visualize it and you're not getting any images you don't even. And here's another thing. You don't even have to close your eyes. And it's actually better to train yourself without closing your eyes because you don't want to make it so that you can't remember stuff and you can't have that visual experience without closing Rise. And if you're giving somebody directions, you probably notice you don't have to close your eyes to give somebody directions so it's not necessary to access your spatial memory to have to close your eyes and be like imagining your your viewing some A TV behind your eyelids. It's That's not what it's about. So, uh, try doing it. Try getting into that mode of I'm just giving directions and then try as you fall asleep each and I just try toe. Try to get some sort of little feeling of being able to control a visualization. Just try to imagine some scenario. What times Random stuff will just come to you. And then it's like for me, it's often like I'm I'm like flying kind of has this disembodied like, almost like a camera and a three d world, like in a video game and just flying through, like a house or ah field or different stuff like that. And I just feel like I have a slight ability toe control where I go, maybe what I'll see next and often times just for a few sits, maybe for a few seconds, 10 20 seconds, and then I'm asleep or I just don't remember anything more about it. So it's just little things like that, but you really don't need much you don't need tohave thes vivid experiences in order to use your spatial memory is very simple. It's very easy. So these air skills that you already have, you just need to refine them. Few other tips draw things on paper. You could even use three D software, although I think that's really going overboard. And sometimes people do stuff like this to avoid just having to do the work of building the skill and getting comfortable when it takes time, so don't force it. Don't try to do it and have everything working immediately. Google sketch up is a way to create these three D environments, and one reason why you would want to do this is because the future of memory is creating the shared spaces. So these share three D space spaces where people can store information in a visual format where it's standardized and multiple people can be using the same environments, the same symbols and so they can represent the same information. Kind of like if you go on quiz lit right now, there's thes shared flashcards that anybody can use. Eventually, we're gonna evolve to having shared three the environments with shared visual symbols, and you can memorize things the exact same way hundreds of other students have. So that's where the world is going. In next 5 10 years, you'll be seeing that kind of stuff crop up. You can also do things like make a collage, write a short story, anything where you're collecting images, putting him together. You're gonna get stuff like this happening. So those are some other tips. There's some other things you can do to get yourself started. But really, this stuff isn't rocket science. It's not super hard. You don't have to have this great ability to visualize. It's just a very basic sense of it. So don't be thinking while I need to be seep seeing pictures. When I close my eyes, stuff like that, you don't even need to close your eyes. You just need toe, get into that mode of okay, I'm giving directions or I'm trying to remember how to get back to that place and get a feeling for that. Try to get a little bit of conscious control, like take a different turn here there, and over time it's just gonna become normal, just going to become a very simple, very easy, unconscious, intuitive way to store information. So right now may seem very weird and may seem very new like, Well, I'm not used to kind of playing with my brain in this way, but over time it's gonna become something that's just second nature. So give it a little bit of time. Don't try to make things force things to work immediately. And and for everyone, it's a little bit different. So this is gonna be also in experience for you to, like, just get to know yourself, get to know your brain a little bit better than you did before. And there's always a a Nen Herron amount of uncertainty there. But just to know that this is a skill that basically you already have, and all these videos that you've seen are just showing you little ways to take advantage of what Mother nature already gave you. What your brain, your genetic heritage, have already given you just different ways to use them in a more efficient waste. Utkan use more of the brain power that you were born with 29. Conclusion: This is the conclusion to the course. So I'm going to wrap up a lot of the threads that we were talking about and give you and go back to that bird's eye view of Okay, how does all this stuff fit together? What should I do next? So, first thing what you should do next. What you should do next is think about. And if you haven't done this already, really? Right down. Think about think about actionable. Okay? What is the one habit that I need to create right now that I need to create right as I'm finishing this course and that habit is doing your space reviews on a weekly basis and setting aside time every single week where you're going to start doing some reviews and you're going to start planning out how to set up these systems that you need to get everything going on all cylinders. So that's the first thing. That's the most important thing. That's your actionable next step, and some of you are gonna be a different stages where that's not a big issue for you when you can move on to things that are more advanced. But for a lot of you. That's what you should be focusing on is getting that have it in place and building because it takes a while to build a new habit like that, especially when you've got a lot of disorganized stuff where you don't have a system that makes it really easy. The next thing is thinking about OK, what are the three different ways of memorizing stuff? How does memory basically work? Well, we know that we forget a ton of stuff, and we forget it very quickly. That's why spaced repetition is important. But there's also this idea of space reconstruction, and that's this idea that when you remember something, you're actually reconstructing it, and each time you retrieve it, you're actually reconstructing it. And the best way to create memories is to quiz yourself and get your brain to reconstruct the information and then check it to make sure it's right. The problem with that is often times it's just it's not time effective. It's it's too much work. It's too boring. It's too labour intensive, energy intensive toe, you know, create flashcards for a to 300 page book. The other thing is that before you can do that, you need to have an understanding of the frameworks in the system. So I've been saying that over and over and over again. Framework systems, framework systems Because you've got to get that. It's so important to have a really deep understanding of the framework and system of whatever subject you're learning, whatever area, whatever industry you're trying to figure out, whatever skill you're trying to level up. And that's one of the biggest ways to have a competitive advantage. Is toe have a superior framework, a superior system or just have ah system or a framework for most people don't have anything , and it's just a big jumble, big pile of junk. So that's a huge advantage. Just toe have that framework of that system, and most people don't have that. So you're gonna get a huge boost in your clarity of thinking huge boost and what feel it just feels like you have a lot more brain power. You have a lot more capabilities and you can handle a lot more things being thrown at you, and you're no longer getting overwhelmed. Stressed out big for being a leader big for having a lot of confidence in yourself and taking on bigger challenges and bigger risks is having that confidence in your knowledge, really having a deep understanding and mastery, and that comes from that structural framework systems, all of that kind of stuff. So that stuff is really important, and you often can't do that with a flash card. So that's where other things like drawing out models on paper and and trying to get yourself toe finish, Get yourself to finish a book and then do a one pager on it and just not look at anything. Try to do a brain dump of Okay, what can I put out here on a piece? Paper? How and then do something like a mind map or challenge yourself to do a mind map right after you finish something, and then, over time, get that my map, figure out that structure, figure out that framework and then see if you can retrieve all of that. So start with a blank piece of paper and see if you can draw that entire framework if you can. That means that you have a pretty deep understanding of that system, and then you can start toe use flash cards or whatever else spaced repetition want to do in order to drill in some of these other ideas. Then the last area that we focused on was visual. No Monix. And there's other in a Monix That's audio. Monix the kinesthetic, the body. No Monix. But the visual mnemonics is where the real powers and what you learn there is that this is basically like learning a new language and the reason you have to learn that new languages because you're learning to talk to a different party of brain, which is the spatial memory memory area of your brain. That's the brain part of the brain that you're not using anymore, cause you use GPS you're not using anymore because you're driving a car and you're not using anymore because we have agriculture and you have a grocery store in a supermarket where you can buy everything you need. You don't need to go hunting. You don't need to understand how to gather fruits and Berries and nuts and different things . You don't need to understand how to hunt. So what we transferred over to an agricultural society and then which we had the thes technological revolutions, industrial revolutions, that change the world. We no longer need to use a lot of the spatial skill. So this is something that's lying dormant, and it's something that one to awaken it and you train and you use it. You know how to communicate with it through images and through navigating these three D areas, you're gonna be able to get a lot of power out of it because that's going to you. You're gonna be able to use that to store basically an unlimited amount of information your brain is designed to constantly be exploring. It's a nomadic creature, nomadic animal and storing away all of that spatial information. So it's almost like your brain was designed to be one of these Google cars that goes around and takes 360 degree pictures. And that's how you get the Google streets in map view. So similar kind of thing. Your brain is trained to memorize this information automatically because it's so important for your survival. So we're learning how to train that part of our brain, communicate with it and then learn how toe connect ideas, turn ideas in the pictures, connect those ideas, memorize environments, connect those environments to pictures that represent our ideas and then go back in there and remember even visual mnemonics in these environments and images and everything. You need to get spaced repetitions on that. Also, see, at some point you're gonna have to write down on paper, type into a computer what, all these images in your head, how they're all connected and all of that. So when you're starting out with visual mnemonics, pay attention to what's happening right as you fall asleep so you can get a visual ization experience that way. But it's just like giving directions. Try to keep your eyes open if you can, because you don't want to be limited by that. This is the kind of thing that you want to be able to use in a conversation. If you want to remember people's names in a conversation, you need to be able to do this without, like having a close your eyes and everybody's like, What's that person doing? What do you doing? So make sure your training yourself so that you can use this in everyday situations. If you're in a conversation, you're talking to somebody. You're in a situation where you just can't write things down and you won't have a way to just keep, uh, just even a small mine ideas just stored in your head without having to write it down and things like directions. So just look for little areas, maybe going to supermarket or convenience store. You just need to buy a few things. Use that as an opportunity to train these skills, and to use this new language. It's it's about communicating with yourself. It's about communicating, understanding your own brain and utilizing it to the maximum potential. So that's what this whole idea of a foreign languages about is treated as a language. Don't have this expectation that you're gonna have these vivid hallucinations or visualizations immediately. Don't have these expectations that you're immediately gonna have this amazing memory, something you have to work at. It's something once you understand it. And that's why I've focused on helping you understand all these things whose course is once you understand, it becomes very obvious about how much time you have to invest in order to memorize things , and that's ultimately where this strategy comes into play. That's where it comes into play with this whole learning system and all these different stages is your deciding at each stage okay? Is this worth putting in the time to do the visual mnemonics, or is it worth just documenting something in taking action later and scheduling? Or is it worth just getting some space repetitions? Or is it worth doing space reconstruction and maybe creating flash cards or testing myself in some other way, doing a one pager or trying to reconstruct a mind map or some sort of other visual representation? Now you have a lot of different options. You could record it via audio and listen to it and have it in your dropbox and listen to that on your phone. There's so many different options, but now you have an understanding of all the thes different options. You know, the pros and the cons. You know that your enough to invest a while toe, learn how to use this new foreign language of visual. No, Monix. Before it's something that's really useful. So it's something that's a longer term investment, but it can pay off big if it's worth it to you. And if you if you're willing to put in the time up front so these are decisions. You have to make these air decisions whenever you're setting up a system and you're looking for improvements, your enough to first invest in setting up that system before you're gonna get all the benefits out of it. Same thing with organizing your notes so that you can get spaced repetition so that you know where to put things and you know where to find them. Months and years later, all this stuff has an impact. So this is a time in your life where it's where it's think about stopping, taking some time, setting up a habit where once a week you slow down and you think about how can I improve my system specifically starting with your learning systems and with how are you organizing information so you can get the space repetitions? You need to get the most out of what you're learning because you're investing a lot of time and energy in consuming information. If you don't have a system for storing that, synthesizing it, memorizing it and taking action on it, then you're really wasting your time. And that's the realization I had many years ago that sent me along on this journey. And I hope that you have that realization that you've already had it, Where that you have it soon. Because once you make that emotional switch where you realize I'm gonna do everything I can to maximize how well I can learn because it's the biggest advantage that you can have because there's so much that you lose when you're not doing it the right way and especially with memory, the amount of information and knowledge and learning that you're just throwing down the drain that you're just flushing down the toilet because you're not doing these thes things is monumental. You're talking about 90 95% plus of what you're learning, just gone. And if you're leaving that sort of trail, what do you left with at the end of the day? So this stuff is super important. Set a day, I do it every Friday, and then I do it on Sunday and Saturday, different reviews. But choose one day for right now, where you're gonna set aside a few hours and you're gonna start building these systems, you're gonna start putting this stuff into action. You're gonna start doing space reviews and and in the meantime, you can be thinking about thes things like visual. No, Monix, you could be playing around with it. Have fun with it, incorporate into different little areas of your life so you can slowly build these skills and build it up a za habits. So that trigger of okay, every time I have to drive somewhere new, I'm gonna memorize those directions. That's away where, instead of having it, is something where Okay, I have to do this every day or every once every week, and it becomes too much of a chore. Just said as a trigger, see automatically do it whenever you're doing something else. Something I do with recipes right now. So any time I'm cooking something I'm thinking about, OK, how can I memorize the recipe? What I realized is, well, if I look for the structure of, well, how is any sort of cookie like, what is the structure of how a cookie is made? What are the basic ingredients? And then it came to be all baked goods or all pastries are all breads. They are in muffins and, uh, corn breads and cookies and brownies. They all are based off these very similar ingredients, very similar ratios. And they just differ in the ratios of these different ingredients and even within different types of like a chocolate chip cookie. The reason why some of them are very flat and crunchy, some of them were more fluffy and full is because they're just varying a few in measurement a few ingredients in a slightly different way. So once you understand that framework, you're not just dealing with random piece of information, not memorizing random data points your memorizing slight variations and changes in a frame worker in a structure. So you're you're going from a huge amount of information and data that's arbitrary, that you need to memorize to a very a few small amount of things where it's more like a slider that you can adjust. And that's where you start to get this intuitive feel like a chef has, for just throwing a bunch of things into the pot, mixing it together and having this intuitive feel that you're gonna get what you wanted. At the end of the day, you're gonna get the result that you wanted, and it's all based off giving your brain the right tools. The right structures the right frameworks and memorizing it all in the right way so that you can get the most out of your brain. You can get the most out of what you were given when you were born. So it's all about taking the brain that you have and maximizing what you can do with it by understanding how it works, how it stores, information, how it stores memories and making sure that you're feeding in the right way so that you ultimately build the skills you want. Build expertise you want and achieve what you want in life and learned those lessons and make the most out of all the time you're spending investing in yourself.