Intensive French: Part 3 - Getting Started – by Leaps and Bounds | Kamil Pakula | Skillshare

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Intensive French: Part 3 - Getting Started – by Leaps and Bounds

teacher avatar Kamil Pakula, Python developer, linguist

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
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Lessons in This Class

14 Lessons (1h 37m)
    • 1. Introduction to Section 3

    • 2. Qu’est-ce que c’est? – Introducing things

    • 3. Comment est ...? – Describing things

    • 4. Qui est-ce? – Introducing People

    • 5. Salut, je suis Pierre - Introducing Yourself, Common Greetings

    • 6. Je suis, tu es – The Verb ‘to be’ and Personal Pronouns

    • 7. Qui es-tu? Comment t’appelles-tu? – Asking For Personal Information

    • 8. Je chante, tu chantes - Regular Verbs

    • 9. Un, deux, trois – Cardinal Numbers

    • 10. Les filles intelligentes – Plurals

    • 11. Combien, beaucoup, peu – Quantity, Number, Amount

    • 12. Mon père, ma mère – Possessive Adjectives

    • 13. Ce chien, cette chatte – Demonstrative Adjectives and Pronouns

    • 14. Je parle bien - Adverbs

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About This Class

In this class we’ll get up and running. We’ll do some of this and some of that. Our topics in this section include the basics of articles, nouns, adjectives, adverbs, pronouns and verbs. We’ll also learn some occupations in French and we’ll learn how to introduce ourselves and other people.

Meet Your Teacher

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Kamil Pakula

Python developer, linguist


I studied linguistics and computer science. I have an MA degree in linguistics and I'm also an IT engineer. Since 1999 I've been working as a teacher. I teach languages and programming. For the last couple years I've been working as a Python developer as well. I teach 6-year-olds, high school and university students and adults. I deliver live and online courses. I love this job.

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1. Introduction to Section 3: Peugeot High Well, base section is very important because in base action we learned the basics off almost everything. He will cover the basics of nuns, verse and cities, adverse propositions pronounced etcetera. Then, in later sections, we will take these parts of the language one by one and discussed in more detail. But in days section I'm going to get it started as fast as possible, by which I mean you will get a bit of everything. Well, so in this section, we're going to talk about the French now owns and how they're used with articles. You're also going to talk about adieu, teas and how they agree with announce that we're going to converse well in French, the three types of conjugation and in this section we're going to help dig at the 1st 1 which is the most frequently used one. We're also going to help dig at some pronouns and possessive and also some adverbs. And here in this section, you will have quite a lot of opportunities to practice all the structures which are used in the beautiful French language. So there's quite a lot of work waiting for us now that's got to work beyond Oh, 2. Qu’est-ce que c’est? – Introducing things: in this last, we learn how to ask about things. The question we're going to learn is what is the days? The question most courses usually is tarred with. We'll see how to introduce things in this lecture will have a look at the definite and indefinite articles. Fortunately, there are only two genders in French and only two articles in singular and wine plural. We see how to use the articles with downs. Genders as mentioned before there are just two genders, but grammatical, gender and natural gender are two different things in English. We usually use the masculine and family in general to talk about living creatures of opposite sexes. Things and abstract sounds tend to be neuter in French. On the other hand, every noun is either masculine or feminine as far as people or animals are concerned, grammatical and natural general usually overlap, but with things you may be surprised. What is a table feminine and a pencil masculine? Well, it just is determining the generating. French is pretty hard, often impossible, so the easiest thing to do is to learn the general, along with the new now owns Now. That's how they get some examples here we have some now's and we can see their grammatical gender, natural general and the meaning in English. For example, on which means man is a masculine as far as grammatical generates concern. And it's male as far as natural generators concern accordingly. Farmer woman. It's feminine gender because it refers to female. Now we have you pencil, which is masculine in French, and the natural genera is indeterminate because it's in the person or an animal. Tabla, which means table. It's feminine French. But of course the natural Jenner is indeterminant. So which means floor is masculine in French by the national gender is indeterminate again. Finally have fee, which means girl. And here the grammatical gender and the national gender agree definite articles in French. We have separate articles for masculine and feminine generation. Singular In a plural, we have just one common article. You're the French definite articles in masculine General Single. We have, for example, unusual the day and in feminine generally have a lot. Let me the night. So the two definite articles to remember our look and love in plural. We have just one article Lee in both genders. Is you angry? The days, the knots. If the noun starts with a vowel or a silent age, we have a lesion in singular, which means the article replaces the vowel for apostrophe. In this case, the article looks exactly the same in both genders. Have a big Instead of saying Luke on me, we say, Love me instead of saying Look, um, Pua, we say Lump. You are. Instead of saying Lou Homa, we say loom. Instead of saying a lot, we say lounge instead of saying La Histoire, we say least uar now definite articles before aspirated age. In the previous section, we were discussing foreign spelling and pronunciation, and I mentioned that there are two times of age, silent age and aspirated age. Actually, they're both silent by the difference is that the aspirated age is used without liaison. Another difference is that there is no illusion, I believe with silent age. We do have elation. Instead of saying Luke Oma, we say alum. Instead of saying a lot histoire, we say least wire. But with ESP rate age, things are different. Here are two examples of aspirated age will owned in these two cases, like in any other case where aspirated age is at the beginning of the word. We do not use L. Asian, so they always say new ever latte wound. It's quite important to remember. And now let's have a look at indefinite articles. We have the same distinction for indefinite articles so that two forms in singer and one for both genders in plural. So in single we have now for masculine gender and union for family and general public in masculine generally have, for example, adieu day in the feminine generally have smoother. We knew we a night in rural. Well, it's quite interesting because in English, we do not use indefinite articles included all whereas in French, we do use while coming for for both genders, which is dio so de jure didn't we means days nights, indefinite articles, liaisons with the indefinite articles and day. We have the Asians when the following now, and start with a vow or Saturn age have leg instead of saying, Oh, army, we say down there on me, instead of saying they're on me, we say these, um now let's learn how to ask about things the French question used for that is CASS Chrissy, if you want to answer the above question. Use the pronouncer, which means days followed by the third person singular form of the verb to be, which is a and then the nun, preceded by an article. The two words so and a are joined due to religion in to see So this is is C have leg case QC Sit down for you said to tabla And again, here we have a religion The pronunciation of the word to be in the third person Singular is a But when followed by the definite article, the tea is pronounced because of liaison. How many said Dr You stay tuned, dabbler. Let's repeat. Chris could see Sidanko. You stay tuned, Abla. Using indefinite and definite articles in the examples ABBA were using indefinite articles , but definite articles were just like in English. Public Case QC Scylla Lamp Cellou leva Let's repeat still a lump cellular leva. Now I showed exercise. Have a look at these now owns. Can you tell which of them are feminine? Just have a look at the articles. Level two. Lab bush are the evil blue chapeau with NATO. Oh, uh, solution. Well, it wasn't difficult, was it? LA and good are feminine articles. So the seven ones are lovely, too Lab bush and you know, the otherwise or masculine. 3. Comment est ...? – Describing things: in this last will ask about the appearance of things and people. The question we're going to use is what ID like. We also use adjectives to describe things. We learned some common adjectives, but you can use to describe color, size, age quality. Etcetera were also covered. The general adjectives. What is it like? If you want to ask about appearance, you can use the question camo. L'Equipe, you and the ass raise Lucayan a pity in the answer. We use adjectives just like in English. So pretty is an adjective. Adjectives modify the now owns. They refer to colors. Let's learn some common adjectives in French. This way we'll be able to describe things, animals and people. For the beginning. Let's have a look at some colors. Hoosier. There blood law, you are leads. Were pate Hoosier? There? Bula Blah do, uh, sighs. And here's some adjectives referring to size. Go good D. No cool. Mm. Let's repeat, go. But D no cool. Who age using these adjectives, you can say how old someone or something is. You're June Nouveau. Let's repeat, you're John Nouveau quality, and using these to you can say if something is good or just the country bull movie leads were paid boom movie appearance. You can also express your opinion on someone's or something's appearance. Here are the adjectives you may need Boom May Julie beds were paid Boom Les Julie Examples . Now did you know quite a few adjectives. Let's practice. Come on, Aloma Gloomy John Come on. 11 to never too And Hoosier Cuomo Alu Shia Russia Away Cuomo Lucia, you shine Wow! Leads were paid Come on, Aloma, Loom azure Come on 11 to never To a Hoosier Cuomo Alu Shia Russia away Lucia, you shine wa gender of adjectives In French Many adjectives have separate masculine and feminine Forbes. The family in four usually takes the ending A which often changes the pronunciation of the final Consul making it pronounced holic. Here we have some pears in masculine and feminine gender pay special attention to the pronunciation of the final constants because in the masculine forms they are sometimes not pronounced at all. But in the feminine forms, they are have a leg. Go ground, Noah. You, uh but d but did journey Johnny on the Asia on the Regent. As you can see in some examples like Anwar or Julie. There is no different whatsoever between masking offended gender as far as pronunciation is concerned. Now that's repeat girl gowned. No, I, uh, but deep. But it Julie Julie on the Asia Out the regent. And you're some examples. You get the ads of taste. Masculine adjectives are used with masculine arms and feminine adjectives with feminine noun. No que on a pretty let double a pretty eat lucido A cool flash in a could no bluff All l A Learn Asia later. And now let's repeat New Cleo, eh? Pity like double a pretty it You still owe a cool lash in a suit. Lukla Fu l A Learn Asia Leda adjectives ending in e So other news How to make the fan in forms of adjectives Well, there are some guidelines. For example, adjectives ending in e do not change the form Public Bruges Bruges extraordinaire, extraordinaire Critique, critique! Let's repeat Rusia extraordinaire Batic Adjectives ending in l. I am so am adjectives that end in l I am or Oanh double the final constant public. Corey Ella Carella, Italia! It'll Yanga full born as you can see if there is an an at the end in the Mask in Foreign makes this sound nationalized it a young but in the feminine form, the Double An doesn't make the vow nationalized anymore. So we have Italiana Italia, but Italian Bull bad one bull with the nasal but without a nasal sound. Let's repeat clear. Creator Italiana, Italian Bull Bun. Well, another thing worth mentioning here is that the words referring to nationality or language like Italian, French, English and so on are not capitalized in French, unlike in English. That's why Italian and Italian are spelled with small letters, adjectives ending in 80 many adjectives. That and in 80 change the ending to E t Have a leg. Thank you. Oh, kid. Completely complete this gray. He's great. Let's repeat on key kid. Complete complaint. This gray described adjectives ending in er entities that and in New York changed the any two e r a public there Any there in the air? Leisure? Leisure? Yeah, yeah, Let's repeat. They're in here. They're on the air. You're easy. These? Yeah, yeah, yeah. Educates ending in u acts ou acts You are many adjectives that and in you acts ou acts or you are change the ending to you as a or o u S A Have leg dangelo down Jawad's Jialu Jalousie, don't, uh, help us. Let's repeat don Jr down Jaws Zhu Value is don't, uh, helpers agitates, adding in f adjectives that Annan f change the ending to the active at Steve Beef the IV Aunt on sihf I don't see you. Let's repeat Hochtief active These leave Don't on a c f out on Seve Irregular family forums . Quite a few adjectives have irregular fell in force. Here are just some of them Boo Bell Nouveau nouvelle. You're the A below lounge sig sesh do deuce No long Who foil? Let's repeat Bull Bail Nouveau Nouvelle your d a blow lunch sake say sh Do you use no long food for oil and some examples to illustrate it. New pay a boo La Villa Bella Lum Azure blue Laflamme, Asia Lose believer energy like double leisure. Let's repeat nooky. Embu, Lavilla, Bell loom azure blue left from Asia Lose reliever energy. Let's double. AirAsia would order. There was a major difference as far as word Order is concerned, and legally, for the technical word order is agitated class noun like a big car, yellow san. In French, we usually have noun plus adjective. How do you with tabla? Join when Maison, please. And leave a policy on exas Ease. Difficile? Yeah, Lump espanol on was Omo! Let's repeat Dabbler joined the When my zone. Liza and Eva Policy on excelsis difficile. You know? Yeah, she news with the lob Espanol. And why Xoma? 4. Qui est-ce? – Introducing People: Now that you can talk about things, it's time we learn how to talk about people. Introducing people is the subject of this lecture. Will also see how to ask Who is this? Finally, we learned the French counterparts of Mr Mrs Mace. Okay, we can ask about things. Let's learn how to ask about people. The basic question to use is key s have a look. Yes, simple In a Sapir. Let's repeat he s separately. Sepia. The answer can be as simple as just the name. Like in the sentences above We used names just like in English. They are naturally capitalized. You can use jazz, a first name or the first name and last name. We can also add titles. Have a look Gs said Monsieur de Agua. Say Madam Duga Se madamoiselle Duba. Let's repeat key is Sedna CIA, de agua say Madame Du Bois. Same Adam was in Duba. The title madamoiselle is commonly used when addressing very young women In some regions, it's not that coming with order women, even if they are single. A married woman is always called a dumb. A brigade forms of titles. In writing, we often use the aggregated forms of the titles. Monsieur is abrogated to em. My damn and madamoiselle are also commonly aggregated to the Ford. You can see over here, for example Sanusi Duga say Madam Deborah Same. Otherwise L D agua. 5. Salut, je suis Pierre - Introducing Yourself, Common Greetings: in this lecture will learn how to introduce ourselves. We also learned some basic expressions used in everyday conversations like Hello, Goodbye. Please. Hawari, etcetera. Let's see how to say hello first. Here are some possibilities. Sell you Boo Bruce! Where Beyond the new That's repeat. Sell you bourgeois Beyond a new Guangzhou is used all day long And here's some common farewells. All of why one we a Preta baby on tow, Adama. Let's repeat over when we a Pluta Albion toe I do, mama And here's some more common expressions we all use on a regular basis. Messi, Silviu Play seem to play do Oh yeah! Come on Seva Seva, Seva Suburbia! Let's repeat Messi Syllable play seems to play. Do you come with Sever 7 p.m. And now some wishes by the shots Move! Ayash Bone Appetit. Something born in Jordan, A Boone soiree. Phyllis gets you. You can either say you are you know, and Bonanni. Let's repeat Boenisch osce, Beauvois yage Bouna Pity some tea born June a bonsoir very CSU boom that he didn't say, you know, and Bonanni and some other expressions that didn't fit in any of the above categories. You see these early, but no A preview. Geni com Pampa Let's repeat just three days early, but at noon, a preview unicorn. Palpa introducing oneself There are a lot of ways of introducing oneself. The most typical ones are You see that he's felonies. Let's repeat, Just use that. He's Shame up NPR's Deborah. 6. Je suis, tu es – The Verb ‘to be’ and Personal Pronouns: in this lecture will explore the world of French personal pronounce. There are a few more pronounced than in English because there are separate masculine and feminine forms in the third person plural. There are also more ways to say you these pronounce can be then used along with the verse that we are going to congregate in. This letter will also see how to conjugated verb to be. We'll see how to distinguish between formal and informal forms of pronounce, just like in English. We use the personal pronounce, even if the meaning is clear from the context, it's different than in many other romance languages, like Spanish or Italian. The verb to be the most important and most frequently used verbs in a lot of languages is avert to be. This is also a good time to introduce. The personal pronounce would see to them in more detail in a few seconds, but now we can view them all. Okay, have a leak. Edler to be just three to Was it L A l A on there. Include Oh, new some was it? It is soon and assume. Let's repeat. Is this really to who is it? You a in a on there, new son, was it? It is so And as soon now the first person singular the pro. No news for the first person singular raise. Have a lick. Just me, Michel. You see Matty, let's repeat. You see, Michelle, you see Maddy now the second person singular there to pronounce use for the second person. Singular The informal, too. And the formal? No. Have a look to informal who? Formal informal. You works like we could easily predict. Well, you can see some examples so that you can have an idea when this informal pronoun should be used. Marie, to your Bela, to you out there, Dijon. But back to you, to your Mac. Let's repeat, marry tria Bela to your auntie Dijon. Happen to you. Do you mark formal? You. You use the former pronoun when talking to an adult who is not a memory. We're family. You often added titles like Mr or Mrs with. Quite interesting is that this personal pronoun, although it's a second personal singular pronoun, requires avert to be in second person plural. That's why we say to a using the informal pronoun. But was it using the formal one, was it Bell, Madam? Put me with that mountain region, monsieur. Plus, meds were paid. Was that bell, madam for me? With it on television. Miss Eula plus third person singular in the third person. Singular, we have to pronounce hell is used to refer to make people and animals and also the things that are masculine gender. In that case, it corresponds to the English pronoun it poor known. Used to refer to femur people in animals is ella. It is also used with feminine noun. Then it is also translated as it Here's how we use the third person Singular pronounce. He'll means, hey, l means she. And if they refer to inanimate, masculine and feminine noun ill and l mean it. For example, Luc a young Sheila like dab l Although these are not people or animals, these are things. Here are some examples to illustrate how the third person singular pronounce are used with an animate noun like double a blanche L. A blanche legs are sees a dificil he let it. Let's repeat, let tablet lounge L. A Blanche legs arms. He's a difficile, er the lady Priscilla. There is also the impersonal It in English In sentences like Glow, you can see that in French. Use the masculine pronoun. Sheila. Have a look. He's a killer in Asia. Ill Grail if a boo you know if y you know for sure, let's repeat it. Popular in Asia Ill Grill If Ed Bull you faithful Why, it official? There is one more pronounced in French, which is used with 1/3 person singular form of the verb. Its name personal pronoun own it corresponds to the English pronoun one or We like here on May on the down Teresia only tact if let's repeat on the down Teresia on it. Aktif First person plural In the first person plural, we use the pronoun new new Selma Repeat. New. Some second person plural in the second person Plural. We have the pronoun vu This pronounces use in chloral as both informal and formal public. Bruise it. Roger paid rosette exercise. Okay, that's been pretty much formal. Informal, singular plural. There are two pronounce that corresponded a simple English You. Let's take a brag in practice below. You can see a few situations in which we use the second person pronounce. Think about them now and decide which pronoun you would use in each of them to or who one mother is picking to child to teachers picking to class three generals picking two soldiers for addressing God in a prayer. Five. Talking to a friend on the phone. Six. Boss picking integrated employees. Seven students speaking to their teacher. And here the solution one mother is picking to child would say to to teacher speaking to class with cheese. Who? Three general sticking to soldiers with, say who for? When addressing God in a prayer, we would choose to five. When talking to a friend on the phone, you would say to six, Boss, speaking to a group of employees, would say who? Seven students speaking to the teacher would say, Oh, third person plural in the third person Plural. There is also the distinction between masculine and feminine. Whether you use it or l depends on whether the now you refer to is masculine or feminine. So for masculine now as we have either who are feminine ones, we have out. And here's some examples you feel. Sometimes there are some in its own down terrorism. Leave ash, some foot and some foot. Let's repeat the film. Some counter You just don't count on a song. Live ash some food else on foot. And here's some more examples with personal pronounce and the verb to be juicy far Do you, uh, you let go in Libya, on them a desk Do some fear. Was that Celje? It is so novel s own deuce. Let's repeat you see far Teoh Uh, the Lego El Libre on them or desk new something air was that sell your It is so novel s own deuce. As you can see, the agitates take different endings. According to the general number, this is important to pay attention to because in English we don't have these differences. 7. Qui es-tu? Comment t’appelles-tu? – Asking For Personal Information: in this last year, we learn how to ask for personal information like someone's name or occupation. We also learned how to answer size questions in this lecture. We also learned some jobs in French. Let's start with the basic questions. Yes, kid, too Kiet do that's repeat? Yes. Here, too. He had the flu. And here's how you can ask about someone's name. Come on. Top A to the moon. Was that Hideharu and the answers? Um, a bailout E Jim Abele. Jonah, Let's repeat. Come on today too. Come on with that view, UMA Pill already. Jim. Appellate Jonah asking about someone's job. There were several ways of asking about someone's job. He was some of them, along with some possible answers. Kill it up office. You Kilowatt of Apophis. You. This is our see No. Two. Yeah, she staked with a digital nineties. You live. Photograph a pack, please. Let's repeat. Kill it up. Office, you kilovolt profits You. This is Allison, you know. Yeah, She ticked with that juvenile east. You left photograph. It attacked trees. As you've probably noticed, we don't use articles before the names of occupations. We'll be talking about this in greater detail Iran. Masculine and feminine names of jobs, as with many now is that refer to people there a masculine defending pairs for quite a lot of jobs. Some jobs are differentiated by their innings. Some jobs did not differ in both genders. Here are some examples of jobs referred to males and females Lachter black trees New Cuesta like offers yourself, huh? I set of eyes. You crazy Liquori? Xenia! No Senor Lansing Iand, Your doctor HLA Dr Race We don't East la Don't east be not Lappi Loht. Let's repeat Dr Neck Trees Neuqua for aquifers. Who? Seven for that. Settle boys New cuisine E liquid Xenia Last seen your Lansing Yon read Dr HLA Dr Race Blue Don't East la don't East Loopy lot Lappi load 8. Je chante, tu chantes - Regular Verbs: most infinitives in French and in e. R. Some of them also end in our e or I R. In this letter will see how the predominant conjugation pattern lose and what all the personal forms look like. Infinitives in the English infinitives did not take any special endings. Instead of this. They are preceded by the word to like, for example, to go to do to smile in franch infinitives do take innings. The most frequently used ending is your The other two innings are also pretty frequent. These are our A, and I are so in French age. Ver belongs to one of the three groups. According to its infinitive. Ending, for simplicity's sake will be referring to them as e ar verbs are. Evers and I are verbs later in this course. Here are some examples of verbs belonging to each group E R. Verve's Shaun T. Don't see badly our Evers, a town panda. Moreover, the I ar verbs Shazia lovely, but he, the R e and IR verbs will be discussed in one of the next sections. Let's concentrate on the er verbs. Here's how they are Conjugated Shaunti. You shan't to Sean. You shan't every shop on shot New chateau you shan't And she found, Let's repeat you shan't two shown you Shan't and Shante Oh Sean New shot down bouchons in Shand And she won't pay attention to the pronunciation because quite a few forms have the same pronunciation. This by different spelling. Pay special attention to the third person plural where the whole inning e n t. Is silent. We say you're shocked and is shunned. Now let's have a look at some more words belonging to this group and let's see how they were conjugated in San Is's. Apparently you can see Shaun t to shock. You know, Sean song entry. The alleged e lab eulogy. Okay, allowed only dio y i g via Jabu Don't see no Dallas MBIA due Mondi Budiman Daito Abbey Day It is a bit a party savvy. It have ibu Let's repeat Japan's currency to shout in Sean soon L A T lab eulogy allowed only go in via Ashbrook who Noda zone beyond would Amman Daito. It is a bit a body. It's a vibe. Ooku 9. Un, deux, trois – Cardinal Numbers : in this lecture will learn cardinal numbers. There's quite a lot of staff to memorize in this lecture. It would have never learned French numbers, but you can come back to this electoral from time to time and revise the numbers from 0 to 10. Okay, first the ABC or rather 123 they'll no, due to our cattle sunk, CES said week Nos Keith, There's repeat zero Oh duh toe uh, cattle sunk, Ces said. We no earth dese notice that we use our when we count, but before now, as we use another form, which looks just like the indefinite article. So now, Uh, wah, I wish you June lump. Let's repeat now, do you twat? How is she? Young who in alarm and now the teams owns, does plays Qatar's cows, says the said. These we these nerve van that's repeat always a do is craze. Cattles counts, says De said. He's we these nerve them now. How to get how the numbers are pronounced. Depending on the context. The rain pay attention to the last continence Final consuls get silent before other continents, so we have sunk but sound evil. We have peace by Seasia we have these but de Vash, let's repeat sound evil Seasia de Vash And now how do you pronounce numbers like Do sees these before vowels. We have liaison, which means the final acts is pronounced like Z. Have a lick. Duh. But do so often ces But Caesar these But these are, let's repeat, do so Far de zone. Now Harvey pronounce the number of al 20. The number 20 is pronounced without the fire Consul int von. The final T is, however, pronounced before a vowel have blue value. Here we have 70 before constant advanta. Here the final th is pronounced because it's before a volatile let's repeat value that time the number is 2130 the twenties leg like this downtown Founder Down toe Don kata Bosak Fallacies Brown Set, vow Eat van Enough, I found. Let's repeat about town Founder Down toe Don Kata boss Sock fallacies brown set vow Eat van Enough! Found the numbers from 20 to 100 and here the tents vow. Don't can't so I can't. So I sound so. I sound these cut pluta cattle. Vandy's So let's repeat the foul. Can't can't some can't. So I sound so a sound. These cattle va cattle, Vandy's some the seventies. A very interesting thing happens to the numbers above 69. The next memory. 70 Biden, French. We go on adding units to the sixties, which looks like this Sandy's. So I sound a always so I sound dues. So I sound crazy. So I sound Cat does. So I sound guns, so I sound says so. I sound, he said. So I sounded sweet. So I sound these North. Let's repeat so I Sandy's So I sound that always a So I sound dues. So I sound praise. So I sound Cotto's. So I sound gowns. So I sound says so a sound, he said. So I sound these weak. So I sound these nerves the eighties and nineties, not less interesting. Our numbers in the eighties and nineties, the number eighties cut Webvan, which literally means four twenties. It takes a plural s. Then come the numbers like 81 82 swan. We just held without the s. When we come to 90 it the same thing as with the Celanese. Instead of saying 90 we literally say 80 10. Then we have 88 11 80 12 and so forth. Here are some examples cut to a van. Cattle va cattle Vander cut of all sunk couple of on these cattle. Thou always cattle von praise at around, he said. Cut around these nerve measure paint. Cut to a bomb. Catawba Oh, Catalan Cattle Von Sung cattle around these Catawba Who is cattle? Banpais Cattle Monte said Cattle Vandy's move. The number is 200 to 1000 as far as the hundreds are concerned. Here we go Do so glass on Got whistle Song song See? So said some We saw no song Mila heads were paint do saw plus, um, cattle song song So see, so set some We'd saw no saw Miller Number 100 is some and higher numbers like 203 100 etcetera It becomes so with acid the end Whoever If there is any other number following the hundreds, the final s is dropped public So so sounder. Do sound sunk socks on No, some cattle around these nerve measure pays so so sounder. Do some sock Salix on ground. No, some got around these move and here's how we combined the hundreds tens and units there is no linking word like and we just sometimes use in English how leg some do sound. Pouncey's Catoosa, Some contra said some cattle sunk sank. So Vonta me, Lucy Sunk on, said, Let's repeat Salva, do some fancies cattle Samsung Kanwar said Some Catwoman sunk sank some founder mill See Sanga unsaid large numbers. Now let's take some bigger numbers. Why thing to remember is that 1000 which is meal never takes a plural s the millions and billions in high numbers. On the other hand, do you take as in plural? Here they are. Miller, do me sound meal. Tell me you sank when you and our media telemedia Meditate, Miller Danila, Sound meal Tell me you sank when you and the media Telemedia 10. Les filles intelligentes – Plurals: in this lecture will see how most pure reforms announced are made. It is relatively easy and very much like in English. Although there are some other rules to follow as well. Unlike in English, French adjectives also take Peru forms passionately. These forms are practically the same as those of now owns The regular way to make the rules is by adding the ending as two single form This ending is visible in written on way because it's not pronounced. Have a league on Eva duty. Evil honesty low sound still Ooh, with NATO toe, half need you know im Why are we talking? Why you in debt? Who is dead? That's repeat on Eva duty. You hostilo san still. Oh, you know ethnic. We know from where we are going, Ted own state now, is that an S x z? Do not take any innings and remain unchanged. Ampata Duba on a cattle knee. We know voir diva Joie Nerve Schwab and Cool Kwaku. Let's rip eight Tampa Dubai on a cattle. Nay, we knew voie diva sua No Schwab l cool Sollaku. Now it's ending in you Yeah, you usually take the ending acts in plural. However, are exceptions to these rules. Have a look at some typical announced like this azure sounds your on Google do is go. I got to go. I got to and never van never. That's repeat, Alger sounds your Franco does go. I only got to till I got to on the value of ah, now it's ending In a l many announce ending in a l change The ending l two au acts in plural whoever the required a few exceptions to these rules as well. We now have. I work also uses days ending in plural her look at some typical nose like this on shovel sound Shavoo Angina du jour Oh no, a New Beetle had o p two and I see Prabhu lead paint on show value Sound shovel Allen Juvenile Usual. No, no be tell at hoping to now have I seek Abu irregular Pure ALS. Some now's have irregular pools. Here are some of the nose important ones on my sound guy you and seal sets you on day. Does your let's repeat on the your Santa you Alice yell sets you on You do is year articles now owns have plural articles in plural There is one common indefinite article in Plural and one common definite article. Look Pavelic at the pool reforms of the articles. Now she'll socio Lucia, Licia you in double the double. Let's grab late, Abla. Let's repeat. Oh, she'll Toshiya Liu Xia, Licia in Dublin to tabla. Let's double the tabla As you can see the indefinite articles in Plural, they correspond to some in English adjectives. Unlike in English adjectives, or protect the reforms it announced. They modify, do in French, announce and adjectives agree in gender and number. Have a good days pretty to a pretty xylophone. Go do go love. Join South Flow June Genial, The pianist Gene You Goody Sound Shagari Redd's Repeat. Philip duties on phone do Counselor The South Low John Look Peonies, DJ New Sound Shag Lee 11. Combien, beaucoup, peu – Quantity, Number, Amount: in this latter will see how to ask about 20 and how to say how much of something there is or how many elements there are. We'll be using words like much, many a lot of here. Little countable, uncountable noun. First, let's revise. Would countable and uncountable knowns are well, countable. Noun are those which you can count in items. These announce can be used in plural as well as in singular. For example, clock is a countable noun because you can have one o'clock, two clocks or 78 clocks, uncountable, noun or typically used Elaine senior their names of substances or abstract notions. These nans are not typically contain items. There may be a little air or a lot of air. I do would rather not say that there are 24 airs in our room. Have a look. Countable noun we know lob you big fan Ocio and countable Now's come boom Massialas Suge unca, cumbia. We ask how much it will refer to uncountable. Now it's in English in case of countable. Now's we say, how many in French there is no difference. We always use the word cumbia. Plus, do you as you can see in some of the following examples do is reduced to d apostrophe before vowels How big root down could be on down They're souca going beyond Asuka Lajong who beyond really could be under early elicited Young who beyond that You, Dion, your father go beyond the family Nube Wet who beyond the black Azure Who beyond did you Let's repeat cool beyond it down called beyond the shoot Cool beyond who beyond early come beyond that you'd young who beyond a farm competing in the black beyond a Jew Baku In English we usually use a lot of or a similar expression in statements and much, many in questions and negative sentences in French There is no difference whether we are stating something asking or negating. There is no difference either Whether the now is countable or not, we use the same form but who, uh, have a big But could it book? Would that John Group who did day Brookwood dough broke down from But could it, Eva? But could this net book would apart? Leads were paid book Could it down Buddha, Zhaan. But could it day book would dough You could down farm but could do the Eva, you could just need who could apart good. The opposite of Baku is boot. It means little few born in March than many who do is used with both countable and uncountable. Now owns how many put diplomat put this sale put. Do beyond good door put dab could do more. Could wazoo prudish Oz song. Let's repeat put Orphanage. Could the sale put of Iand Put door Put dab? Put the more food wazoo. Prudish. Awesome. Let's have a look at these examples. No Shanteau bouchons. So again, Marie Marsh, Putin said. Put with net some of that. Let's repeat no Shanteau bouchons. So American Marie March put the sale put with net so that 12. Mon père, ma mère – Possessive Adjectives: the subject of this lecture are possessive adjectives. These are words like my your our etcetera. They're frequently company now. Owns two German who something belongs to or part of what something is. Here are the forms of possessive adjectives in singular. We have doing forms for some adjectives. 1 40 gender in plural. We have the same forms for masculine and feminine ounce. So senior more my don't, uh, soon, sir. Notre foot. Yeah. And plural. May. Okay. See? No. Bravo. Yeah, Let's repeat move My don't. So, Sir Noto, I would, uh, may. Okay, see no before. Yeah. Here you can see again. Harder forms are used in a senior masculine. We have more fair not warfare to fair in a single family. And we have my sir No, just, uh that's ah In plural masculine. We have Mayfair No fair death there. In plural family, we have messa. No sah has, uh, beds were paid more fair. Not off there. No fair Massa no person pass. Ah, meth. There No fair if the miss Uh no, sir. Uh Tess. Ah! Now let's see how possessive adjectives are used in sentences. Let's start with the singular forms So so movies and I see compare and note was shot down. Come on, Theresa may not go, man. And what we're going Pear Don's not a waza about cuisine. Some Jew, no fami aground. Let's repeat so so movies and I see to compare notes jotted down. Come on, Theresa may not go, man. And what we're going Pear Don's not waza about cuisine. Some Jew? No, for me, a grand and now some Pierrot Force Michelle. So some trip appeal. Hey, Sammy, Sammy, Sammy Cuomo soon said What to no Mazzone's some tidy a Sophie's a safety envelope. Eva, Monsieur Dupont over to a new video, Some fresh air. Let's repeat, Michelle. So some trip tesar me girls any so no Zanny, Cuomo soon said, went to Noma Zone. Some tidy a Sophie's a safety envelope lever. Macy do Paul over to a new video. Some fresh air. Why more thing to note if the feminine noun begins with a vowel or silent age, when we use the possessive adjective moon toe. So instead of Mark Hossa in Singular have a lick little palm map? Um, tap, um, CEPAL. But we know how. Moving around tone the lounge around. Let's repeat map room tap on sacrum moving around tonal challenge. So in alone 13. Ce chien, cette chatte – Demonstrative Adjectives and Pronouns: this lecture is about demonstrative pronounce so words like this that he's news. There are two kinds of demonstrative words in French those which always accompanying noun. These are the demonstrative adjectives and those which stand on their own. These are the demonstrative pronounce. In this last, we talk about both. Let's begin with indefinite, demonstrative pronounce in English. We use this to re hurt objects closer to us and that for optics father away. Here's how it works in French to see to see a down Arba Sula to lock it down. So so sit down. Uh, let's repeat CC Salah down, Ser said. Don't know. As you can see, this system is just a little bit more complex. The Pronounce and Bob are used in a general sands to see corresponds more or less to this in English Sula. Insa to that, the letter being Maurin a formal size, often followed by the indefinite subjects like in the last example. Most often, however, you just use the indefinite subject when introducing things, or people like in the sentence Saddam. Shia. These pronounce are often used as objects. Have a league to see Genesis e Scylla, Gemma Sula so Jim Issa. Let's repeat Genesis E. Gemma Sula, Jim Issa. Demonstrative adjectives, Demonstrative adjectives a company now owns. They take different forms for a gender and number. So here are the forms of the demonstrative adjectives in a singular masculine we have. So in famine we have sit. The masculine form can be, with or without the final t, the paying on whether there is a constant port of baba that follows in plural. There is land form for both genders, sir, which means thes. There's and here you can see how they function in both singular and plural. So crayon cool said Domain of your said by two Hoosier. So OK, you some cool says Almost solve your said way, too. So who's let's repaint? Okay. Oh, cool, I said. Don't behavior said by two Hoosier. So OK, on some cool, says Oma. Solve your said way, too. So who's you want to differentiate between this and that? You can add C or LA after the noun through clear policy Sukha Anguilla, I said. Don't see said Djamila said that What to see, sent by two said, I don't see sickly Una says. Oh, Missie says Dumela said. What to see, Say bye to Allah. Let's repaint through clear policy Sukha, Anguilla said. Don't See said Djamila said that What to see sent by two six. I don't see sickly, Ula says. Oh, Missie says. Dumela said. What to see? Say bye to a lot demonstrative pronounce. And here are the forms of the demonstrative pronounce. As you know, the word pronoun means pro noun. So for the noun instead of the known, this means there, used without any accompanying now are translated into English as this one, that one etcetera and singular. We have been asking for my silly wee and the feminine form sale in plural. We have the masculine so and the family said, if you want to differentiate between this one and that one you can add, see Orla after the pronoun. Um, just like with the demonstrative as actives have leg. Soon we see service E Cela, Soucy Sula said a c. Scylla. He rehabbed it, friend forms of the pronouns discussed above according to the number and gender news upset Full do Shia. So we see a blown a C villa in Wa Gee, new book Lulu Chama Cell C sometime. Pity he slash it. Look, I do Soucy soon appear a Sula. Some Peugeot leads with paint news upset full. Do she? Um So we see a blown a C villa in Wa Gee, new book Lulu Chama Ciroc So interpreted he slash it. Look, I do Soucy some poop here. A Sula, some Peugeot. 14. Je parle bien - Adverbs: adverbs modify adjectives, verbs and other adverse in French. Some adverbs are formed from adjectives, but there are also loads of adverbs, which are not derived from adjectives. This last will have a look at some common adverse. Here are some examples of adverse. They all modify the verb Sophie cuisine and beyond Mari cuisine. A mile Ela. Mash it Redd's Repaint Sophie cuisine to be on marry cuisine a mile. El Amash Temporal adverbs. Here's some common temporal adverse. The oil refer to Time News that Dionne Asia it Dunckel forgot. They usually like L. A. Or You'll do. We should have I you shan't Martin leads were paid news that Dionne Asia it Duncombe forgot . They usually like delay or you'll do. We should have I you shan't Martin. Local adverse adverbs that refer to location called local Adverse. Here are the most common ones. Grab a NZC with every year. If you have a lever, let's rip eight cava NZC with other Yayla L Cavalli leva model endeavors. Here's some common model adverts. They can modify adjectives adverse or whole sentences, and it was Sceviour Do some present Asia said sumo favor to power toyed leads were paid and it to Sceviour do some present, says sumo favor to power, told it