How to Make Your Own Liquid Soaps, Shampoo bars. . . and more! | Sima Chowdhury | Skillshare

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How to Make Your Own Liquid Soaps, Shampoo bars. . . and more!

teacher avatar Sima Chowdhury, Chemist gone holistic

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

18 Lessons (2h 27m)
    • 1. Making Bath Salt

    • 2. Body Scrub

    • 3. Homemade Bath Fizzies

    • 4. Cocoa Bath Fizzies

    • 5. Lip Balm

    • 6. Baby Bum Spray

    • 7. Massage Oil

    • 8. Baby Powder

    • 9. Air Freshener

    • 10. Soap Making Safety

    • 11. Hot Process Liquid Soap

    • 12. Hot Process Cream Soap

    • 13. Shampoo Bars

    • 14. Conditioner Bars

    • 15. Lotion

    • 16. Cream

    • 17. Clay Masks and Toners

    • 18. Aftershave and Beard Care

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About This Class

One Course --> 20 different cosmetic products for you

Since 2012, over 30 000 people have taken the original course on various different platforms.

The Original Course: Bath Salt, Sea Salt, Body Scrub, Bath fizzies, Tub Truffles (bath fizzies with cocoa butter), lip balm/body butter, massage oil, baby powder, baby bum spray and a linen spray. 

These lessons are meant for beginners to start experimenting with common ingredients used in the kitchen before investing in more specialized ingredients specifically designed for cosmetics. Most of these are safe to do with children. Be cautious when using heat. 

The New More Challenging Course: hot process liquid and cream soap, shampoo and conditioner bars, lotion, cream, facial mask, toner, aftershave and beard oil. 

The new course is a step up for those who are confident to move on to harder projects. My intention was to offer high quality products that aren't widely available such as cream soap or shampoo bars.

The techniques require a bit more attention, but are doable. Caustic soda for soapmaking should not be used around children and pets. Please watch the Safety Video, before making soap

Some of the chemicals for the soap, cream, lotion, shampoo and conditioner bars might be hard to source, unless you go to a specialty store that sells soap supplies. 

This section contains some of my favorite products, face mask, lotion and shampoo bar. Friends and family still request the lotion years after I first started making them. 

Have fun and enjoy the process!




Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Sima Chowdhury

Chemist gone holistic


Hello, I'm Sima. Because I live in a rain shadow, I needed a quality moisturizer, preferably one that absorbs into the skin rather than sits on top. I decided to use my chemistry degree to formulate my own skin care products in 2005. The exact formula I use is available in the Design Quality Cosmetics at Home Course along with many other excellent products I use. I used to sell my creations, but managing physical inventory became too cumbersome on top of everything else, sales, marketing and the rest. 

Over the years I enjoyed teaching in person workshops and in 2012, I recorded my first online series with the help of a good friend. During the pandemic, many people were still interested in my course, so I decided to revisit online teaching in 2022 with some new products... See full profile

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1. Making Bath Salt: Hi, I'm Seema, from lotions and potions. Virtual workshops. Today we're going to be making some Bassel. I know Bassel is pretty basic, but it's always a good habit to have a notebook with you. So you can write down exactly what you did in case you make something wonderful and you need to reproduce it all mass for people. Or, you know, if you want to try something new and mess with the formulation, it's nice to know where you started. So I've got my little notebook blank pages. And so I'm just gonna write down what we do today. So the first thing we're going to need is organic sea salt. So I have some here. And then, um, the next thing we're going to use, of course, is Epsom salts. Uh, show you it here. It's a much finer grain on dendritic salt. This is also another type of salt. What? This is for us for a cent. Fixative. So you're sent in your bath salts Stays a lot longer, and we have baking soda. Baking soda is great to absorb the center as well, and it just feels good in your bath. It's use the skin And if you want, you can add pedals like these air rose petals that you can add. I do recommend crushing them up before you put them in Bassel just because they will get caught in, uh, the jets of Jet Tub with that bus. And of course, we've got our equipment or mortar and pestle for crushing the flowers and are measuring devices. So the logbook is a science thing. I have a chemistry degree, and this is just a habit of mine. So first of all, we're going to write down what we're doing, which is bath sold and the date and our measurements. So the first thing we're going to do is take our empty container, and, uh, our salt and our half measures have cup measuring the reason we use organic sea salt because it doesn't contain iodine on this used to be the case, but now what we're finding more and more is that sea salt is containing iodine, so make sure you read your packages. Make sure it doesn't contain iodine because I dine stings on any open open wounds or sores or dry skin that split it really dusting to make sure that It's actually an organic sea salt without the iodine that your purchasing next. What we're going to do is measure out our Epson salts. Oh, we should write that down. Assault, half cup, sea salt and then our ups insults half a cup. It doesn't have to be exact. It's not that big of a deal. No adverse chemical reactions will be happening with the dry salt. So no, no need to worry. So that's about our half a cup in there. Okay, so now we have This is like the basis of our Bassel, mostly Ah, lot of commercial vassals. That's all they'll have in it. What I do like to recommend is that we do put in some 100 exult the new mix all you won't use as much, but what this is. It's a refined sodium chloride, so it's a It's a refined regular salt with a little bit of a little extra chemical in it. To make it able to absorb sense a lot better, we're gonna put about 30 mils into our little cup here, six so that should observe are sent quite well, and then we have our baking soda and we'll do the same for it. We'll put another 30 grams in 30 mils six. So just catch up in our book. Write down what we did on 30 rounds. 30 grams. Didn't dendritic salt on your your lab book needs to only be eligible to you so that if anything happens, you know what you put in. You know what you did. So if anybody complains, you have your book to back you up. Probably not a big thing in your home kitchen lab. But as I said, old habits die hard. And so next what we're going to do is we're going to put our powers, the rose and our mortar and pestle. So we're just going to a little bit into the Crucible here. There, you can see they're all in there nicely. That's not too much. You can measure it out if you want. You really don't have Teoh and then we crush thing is a pretty good good texture to have a pretty good grind. If you're worried about it, send it through, put it through a sifter and it'll catch all the bigger pieces, and then you can crush it again. So we're just going to add it to our salt and baking soda mixture on. And the reason why I chose this container is you can just snap the lid back on and then take it. So, yeah, this is just looks fantastic because you've got the different textures. You have your your very coarse grains, and you have your really fine grains as well. And because you have the dendritic in there like it als Mel like Rose for a really long time. If you like, you can add essential oils. They last a good long time to what I do recommend for anything. Any product you make is to store in a cool, dark place. So if you have this in your bathroom, store it in the cupboard. Either that, or put it into a little box or a bag or someplace dark, because that will also help retain the scent. Especially if you don't use the dendritic salt. It can be difficult to find. It's not something widely available in the grocery store, so if you choose not to use it, then please put it into a dark container. Uh, thank you very much for joining us for our Bassel demonstration. Our next demonstration will be bathrooms or bath disease just to get it across the border. Whatever. Thank you 2. Body Scrub: Welcome back. Today we're going to demonstrate how to make a sea salt scrub. You confined these commercially available and sometimes they're around $40 like they're pretty expensive. But this is something you can make it home by yourself. The assault that I've chosen T uses a pickling salt. So this is the pickling salt here. The reason you choose pickling salt because it's a finer grade and it doesn't contain iodine. You can get a fine grade of sea salt as well, but I just happen to have pickling salt on hand. And then what we're going to add to that is we're going to add some blistering to make it all nice and smooth, really silky and soft on your hands afterwards, or your body. And we're gonna add some police or bait as well. It's a little bit of animal sapphire. If you're going to use it in the bathtub, then it helps remove the bathtub ring, and we have our vegetable oil. Were you sunflower oil in this case? And then after that, we're gonna ads are essential oils. The black pepper oil is a bit special. We add this because it's a really good antioxidant. And because it's a good antioxidant, it'll keep your a salt scrub from going rancid. And if not black pepper oil, then use vitamin E, vitamin E lotion or something like that. But in me capsules work as well. Just break them open and use those. So, of course, as always, we're just gonna write everything down in our books like we always do mine away while I'm working. So what we do is we take our empty container and we're going to measure out 1/4 cup. We're just gonna make a little batch. Stick that in there. We're gonna grab the sunflower oil. Now, for those of you that don't like to use wet ingredients in dry measure containers, you can use a what measure, if you like. So we're gonna do for our sunflower oil on. And this May quarter cup of soap Quarter cup of oil is what we're going for it. There we go. So as you can see, that looks like a lot. It'll it'll absorb a little bit. The finer the great assault, the more the oil will absorb. Then we're going to add a little bit of glycerin, just a teaspoon other side. Blistering gives it a nice, soft, silky feel on your skin. It's really quite nice, and blistering is available at most drugstores. Cap it and I still grab. Our police are great, just a teaspoon. And as I said before, we add the black pepper oil to keep it from going rancid. Just a couple drops. You don't need lots you'll. As I said, the alternative. You could get a vitamin E capsule and breaking open this well, so then last we have our lavender lavender is actually to be the scent that we want to use . So we're just gonna take our measuring spoon. Just makes it for purists. Know what to do, You know, measuring smoother for measuring, not mixing. It happens to be on hand, and it has all the ingredients that we used already. So saves a dish one last spring to wash, and, as always, you can adjust percent. If you wanted to add a little bit of die, you can for color and that kind of thing. Um, you can also, instead of pickling Salt Lake. As I said before you, can I Dead sea so Himalayan salt, any kind of final grade salt that you like? Yeah, that's pretty much that's how easy it is to me 3. Homemade Bath Fizzies: Welcome back in our last episode, what we did was we learned how to make bath bombs or bust disease with kids. If you don't want to purchase a kit and you just want to make it on your own, here's what to do. So first of all, it's gonna move mold away. And, of course, because we're making it from scratch, we don't have our trusty kit. We're just gonna write down what we did. So we're going to take our baking soda, which is this. Remove the book. We are going to measure out, uh, three force of a cup into our bowl, so we're just gonna measure that out. Perfect proportions are necessary. Just you can see it's just baking powder or baking soda in there. Then we're going to take our citric acid. We're going to do 1/4 cup of citric acid. Does it mention the previous episode? This is just a regular asset. Base reaction. Baking soda is our base, and citric acid is arrested. So then we just dump that in there, Then we're going to You can see this pretty dry, but we're also we're gonna add some salt to it as Well, we did. The other one is a little salt pack tablespoon, uh, Epson salts. So we measured out our salt into our are dry mix blend. Next, you're gonna put some sunflower oil again. As I mentioned in the other episode that you have, Teoh, make sure that you use the bath bombs right away. Otherwise, your oil go rancid on you because they do have to wait in a, um out outside to dry out in the air to dry. So that is power. So we just do the seminary mix. You can see it's not sticking together very well, so we'll have to add some water into it, so we'll grab our spray bottle way. So again, what you want to see is you want to take this powder and you want to squish it, and it should hold into like a ball. It's really important to mix this really as well as you can. Ah, lot of people. What they do is they throw it into a blender, uh, or a, um, like a food processor just to mix it as best as they can. So, yeah, this is still on the dry side. I'd say so I would probably add a little bit more, as in the other episode where you can add botanicals if you want. You don't have to. You can add color into small. You can add colors and all that most, most people. The reason for doing these shows is to cut out the additives. But, you know, sometimes they're nice. You can add, like for yellows. You can have the tumeric powder, or you could have a nice cinnamon or spirulina. That's a nice green, all sorts of ideas. This is a little bit better here. We have you like just the salt and are dry mixture with a bit of water. When we squish it, we get a nicer ball forming. So, yeah, around this stage is where I like to add the essential oil. This time we're gonna do lavender under a few drops just in there, mixed again. Make sure it's all nicely blended. Smells really good. Very nice. You can add other essential oils as well. Lavender is just my my personal choice. You can mix them to. You can add lavender and a lot of experimenter, whatever you like, and now we have enough confidence to stick this inner mold again. So put it in here. Press a little bit more now the kick gave us a little bit more. This recipe will think only. Give us about two two bombs. And again, it's really, really important to Presas. Hard as you can. A lot of people they have drill presses and they just crank down on it because the harder you press, the easier it'll come out of the mold without breaking. Then that's what you want is not to break. I just had a little bit more, you hear, just like you can see, it's it's pretty good again. You can flatten it with a knife or with your hands or whatever, but it's gonna dissolve in bath water, but said his presentation is important then, Yeah, it's worth it to go over it with a knife. Gates in our moment of truth, we'll see if they come out and they do so. Here they are. They did come out really beautiful as the other ones did. They are very delicate still, so they need to dry for overnight at least four hours minimum, Um, and then you can bake them in the oven as well, but I'd recommend just letting them air dry. Well, thank you for joining me for this episode on how to make your own bath bombs outside of the kit. Next episode will be learning how to make a different type of bath bomb. It's more like its combination of F fizzy bath oil type products. So we hope to see you then. Thank you very much. 4. Cocoa Bath Fizzies: so welcome back. This is another version of a tough it's called a tub truffle because it's made out of cocoa butter. It's an additive that we like to put in there to make your skin all nice and soft and smooth, as well as the citric acid and the baking soda. We've got it here. So this is the cocoa butter that I'm talking about that goes into this. This is what makes it so wonderful, and we have our baking soda again and our citric acid again. This is something new. We have our corn starch. It's toe help bind the cocoa butter because we have extra oil and then we have a police or bait. One place orbit 20 is what this is. This helps reduce like bathtub rings. It's ah, it's an impulsive fire, and we have spearmint essential oil because the cocoa butter will smell like chocolate anyway. Is nice, adds like a little bit of mint to it. Way have molds, and if you'll notice that these molds are smaller and you want them to be this way, you want them only to be like candy molds. The reason for this is because if they're not. You'll get tub sludge. What'll happen is the bath bomb won't dissolve properly. And all the good stuff is hasn't dissolved in the water properly and is just this big, heavy sludge at the bottom. So yeah, this is why I've chosen the candy molds and, of course, our measuring cups and spoons. So I assume that you're good with your books. Now you'll write everything down. You don't need to write it down with you. So we're going to do is going to take about 1/4 cup of our cocoa butter and we have to melt it down. So that's why we got the pot in the heat here melted down. So now we have our cocoa butter melted in our little pot. Here. The reason you can do it in the microwave. Just don't tell me about it. I really dislike melting things in a microwave. Well, I hate reheating things in a microwave. Two. That's again. A little bit of the chemist and me. What happens in a microwave is the molecules they move, they rotate, whereas in when you're thermally heating like this, they just wiggle back and forth. So that's why I mean, it's just technicality does affect the overall Michler structure if you don't care heated in the microwave. Um, the proper way to do it, though, is to have a double boiler underneath. Here is my water. I don't know if you can. You can see all the steam coming up so you heat the water and heat the panel on top and melted slowly. Cocoa butter is just like chocolate low and slow. Is this how you want to do it? So next What we want to do is measure out our other ingredients. We're gonna grab our quarter cup. He's gonna measure out of quarter, captain, put in our citric acid in there. Mix that up a little bit. E until that for you or 1/3 cup. Sorry, not 1/4 cup of third cup of our baking soda. Put that in so you can see it's getting a little bit dry. Just want to make sure again. Stir stir Stir by a couple of ah chunks, make sure it's properly incorporated. If it's not, then uh, yeah, you won't get the right reaction. There won't. Please, Just get tub sledge. Okay. And so next, What remains to you is put in our corn starch Pretty in one tablespoon. Doing this just happens to be a teaspoon corn starch. It's no we're gonna do is we're to take it off the heat and we're gonna put it down here and we're going to do now is take our police service 20 year most fire. You don't have to put this in. It is totally optional. I'd like to put a little bit in and I'm only gonna put a teaspoon in police Serve. It isn't necessary, but you can. You can put it in its to reduce bathtub rings is what it's for. It's an emulsifier Teoh coach. The cocoa butter, especially if you have hard water in a soft water situation is not that bad. You won't get the soap scum, but in hard water conditions you will back will incorporate it in two years And the reason we took it off the heat is for our next step is to put the essential oil and essential oils . They're very sensitive, so you don't really want to heat them too much. This products pretty cool. I can like, lift touch the container and I'm OK so We're just like I said, because you can smell the cocoa. It's nice to have less me that goes with it. So the experiment is a nice one. So just a couple drops. That should be lots, actually. So then we'll start up again. So as you can see, there's no more white, so that's good. It's all incorporated properly and you don't wanna walk away. You want to actually put into the mold right away is just like exactly the same as the other bath bomb. So we're good here, Should it smell is you have to make this one you can use regular peppermint from the grocery store is well, you could have to buy essential oils. It works just it's mostly fantastic. If you like mint chocolate. I suppose there are other flavor oils and other things you can use. So now we're going Teoh, step over here and we're gonna put them in tor mold. Check the bottom. Make sure it's, uh, not gonna burn your counter if I can put my hand under it. It's not for my count, okay? And so then you probably don't need to this one, Probably one. And you just take it just like the other one. The other bath bombs that we did earlier and press them in. We did the campaign on Indiegogo if you were one of the donors. This is the people who contributed to her campaign. This is one of your perks. Okay, Impressive. Same thing pressed him in firmly. It's not as big of a deal here as it was for the other ones. For this one, we're going to stick them in the freezer so they papo, cocoa butter will shrink and they'll come out quite nicely. It is important to have clean mould so you could reuse your moles, but make sure they're clean. Otherwise you'll things will stick and break and did not look is nice. So reasons are beautiful, though when they come out, they have this great great sheen on them. Thing is a complete mold. We still have a little bit. Have a little bit left. So we did pretty good on. And I will just toss us into your just movie where it belongs in there we have it. So what happens to these guys is that they will go into the freezer for its nice overnight but as long as you can until they pop out of the molds. Okay, so now that we're finished, we're going Teoh, walk towards the freezer and for them in there. Well, thank you for joining us and making my favorite product the tub truffle. Hope you enjoyed it and you'll join us for a next episode. Thank you. 5. Lip Balm: Welcome back. I am this show. What we're going to discuss or make is a lip balm for your vegan friends for vegans. For those who don't know, they don't use bees, wax and their products. So in this one, we're going to use Cadillacs instead. Not a blend of a full version of Analects. So what we're going to put in for oils is we're going to use castor oil. We're going to use coconut oil, and then we're going to use a bit of mango butter, shea butter and mango butter. And as I mentioned the candle wax and our cocoa butter, I have a small piece of cocoa butter because you don't need a lot. This is probably all we're gonna need with all the other butters gonna put that in there to melt. And then we're going Teoh, it's a mango butter out. This is what it looks like, maybe, but is kind of rare. So most a lot of people haven't seen it. Mango butter, shea butter and cocoa butter actually have like this similar chemical structure. So we're quite similar in their function, which is moisturizing, and with the shea butter you want to be careful if you're at all your your lip balm comes out grainy, re melted, and it shouldn't be grainy anymore. Some people just avoid the Shea butter altogether because of the graininess it's you don't really want. Toe. Leave it out. It's a really good moisturizer, for sure, but again, it's not very convenient if it's greeny, So now we're going to add our wax. This is all one teaspoon of everything. You can relax. If you're good scientists, you'll be writing all this down in your notebook. I neglected to bring out, and now our coconut oil let go there. It's all melted together quite nicely. On last is our castor oil about in this world. Castor oil is isn't quite in oil. It's 1/2 oil health alcohol mixture, which is why it goes into your lips so nicely. And why for spending you know, more than two bucks on the lip balm that it should have castor oil in it. You cannot other things you can put glycerin in, or a whole bunch of other different you can see that's all melted together nicely, and now would be the time to put in your your essential oil or flavor oil or anything like that if you wanted it or color if you want. Um, I am a pretty low maintenance kind of person, and it tastes like chocolate anyway, cause the cocoa butter. So I'm just gonna leave it and pour it right into our containers. So we're going to do is we're just going to for it, and it's cool enough. We can What? The bottom. You can see all the condensate, so, yeah, make sure you wipe the bottom of it. And, of course, don't let it cool too quickly. Otherwise, have ah, wax on the bottom. See if we can do it this way. It's to pour it in. Okay, it looks like we didn't have enough for the stick. But, I mean, this is better in a pot Anyway. It's softer than the ones with the bees wax. So here you go. Look at that so you can see this was starting to harden. You can see the color changing, and this one will take probably a couple more minutes, and it'll be hard as well. Yeah, I know. And it's it's a great um, it's a great product, especially if people are vegan, and they don't use animal products of any animal products. Then, um, yeah, I'm making for them for sure. It's really simple and easy. Well, thank you for joining us for this demonstration, and I hope you have a lot of fun with it, and we'll see you next time. 6. Baby Bum Spray: Welcome back. Thank you for joining us. We are going to make a baby bump spray. What this is is a product that parents can use after you change a dirty diaper. Rather than using the diaper wipes that are commercially available, you can use something simple like this to clean up. So what this contains is are delivered gel juices works as well. It's probably better in this case, but the gel is just fine. If that's what you have on hand and your rosewater and then we have our little drug, we're gonna put everything in so you don't have to use rosewater. I I'd like to use it cause it smells nice. If you are going to use a different type of water, I would strongly recommend that it's distilled just so to make sure there's no there's no nasties in it like that. And then generally with water products, we always say, Make sure you have some sort of preservative, but the Talavera Jill or juice has preservative already in it. It's got potassium sore bait and citric acid, it as preservative. This will come out a bit thick, which is why the juice might be better in this case. But, you know, I know it's pretty sad gel, but, uh, that's what it says on the bottle. If you want more anti fungal properties to it, you can add tea tree oil teacher Essential oil eyes nice and here is well or lavender. Lavender is a really good antibacterial. You have a lot of options. Yeah, so take it, Shake it up. If you do use an essential oil, you might want to add a little bit of Polly sorbet 20 so it blends with it. Otherwise the oil will sit on top. Do you think makes a really good body spray as well with the Allah vera juice? It's very moisturizing on your skin and good for your skin as well. And that's it. Thank you for joining us for making of, ah, playing. It's a body spray. And like you said, I usually use this for babies after diaper changes. Smells really nice on. We hope to see you next time. Thanks 7. Massage Oil: welcome back in this episode. What we're going to do is we're gonna make an edible massage oil, which is great for babies because they're always putting their hands in their mouth. So what we have is we have our apricot oil. We have sunflower oil, we have grapeseed oil, and we have two types of vitamin E. I'll be talking about our bottles and are essential oils, lavender and, of course, but pepper. So I've talked a lot about vitamin E. Anytime you haven't oil, you need a antioxidant. And so I just wanted to show you the difference and vitamin E's. So these two, they're they're quite pronounced in the difference. You can see very clearly that there different, even though they both say vitamin E. Um, you can tell by the color which one is is a stronger antioxidant. The darker the color, the stronger the antioxidant. This one. You have to be careful. It's such a powerful antioxidant that if when you break it open, it will burn your fingers. You'll you'll feel it start to oxidize tissue. This one not so much. If you break it open, spill it on yourself. It's not that big of a deal, but this one, you will feel it also to you'll feel it on your hands and you'll feel it in your pocket book or in your wallet Because, uh, this one, the darker one, is about, say, $40 for the bottle. This one, the lighter one is about $11 for the bottle. So it really depends on what kind of how much you're using, how much you're making. And, um, how much you're going to spend a swell most the time I just used black pepper oil, all the oils. When I buy them, I put black pepper oil in it to help it Nagle Rancid, Prevent density. So, yeah, um, so think about that when you're when you're blending. Another thing you can do to preserve your oils are dark bottles, dark bottles in a cool place because you can't see we're going to mix it in the lighter color, the clear bottle. But ideally, you want to be storing any oils in these and so if you know if you see a dark bottle, it's a good quality oil that needs protecting. So we'll just move these guys out of the way and we'll just get right to it. So with our oil we're going to use, we're gonna fill half the bottle with sunflower oil more carefully. Then a nice mixture is to add 1/4 of the bottle in apricot oil. Apricot all you can find it. Ah, health food store again, a grocery store or something like that. Grapeseed oil and sunflower oil are available anywhere they're very easy to find. So we're just gonna top it up with grapeseed oil. If you're making this for a massage therapist, what they have been telling me is that the grapeseed oil stains the sheets. If that's the case, then use less grapeseed oil and more sunflower oil. So next you have your choice. You can either break open these capsules and put the vitamin E in, or what we're going to do is we're just gonna add a couple drops of the black pepper oil into it. You don't need a lot to drop should be more than sufficient, and then your essential oil for babies it or for massage, even lavenders. Great. It's very relaxing. It's a very safe, relaxing scent. So when we go, she will do for so then we just cap it. Shake it up, then you're done. That's it. That's how to make a really high quality massage oil, Actually. Yeah. So thank you for joining us for this little episode. And please remember to treat your oils. Otherwise, you've just wasted a whole bunch of product. If they don't have the proper preservative and we hope to see you next time. Thank you. 8. Baby Powder: Welcome back today. What we're going to demonstrate is making of a simple baby powder. So what will is going to start with? Is there a root powder and then we have corn starch and then we have Kaelin clay or white China clay, and then we're going to sent it with some lavender. So I know everybody's keeping good notes in their lab notebook, so I don't need to. So we're just gonna take 1/4 cup of the era root powder. Let's put that in there. They don't have the right measure. We like about 30 grams, so probably half of this. So about that, that's probably good. Doesn't need to be accurate. Way want in to be. If you know that someone or a child is allergic to corn, you can substitute the cornstarch with equal parts of killing clay. So we have the killing here, and same thing. We just want half of this. You want to make too much, and so the clays is the absorb busy absorbent, so it'll take away the moisture, and then the other ingredients make it very, very silky. You can add other things in there like orris root powder it's a cent. Fix it in. The only problem with it is a lot of people have allergic reactions to it, so be careful with it. If you do, you choose to use or a strip odor. And so then we are going to put a few drops of lavender in there. No, no, not too much. You can mix it with your hands, too, or you can, um, lips throw it into a blender. Blunders are not a blender about a food processor, something to make sure it's a very well mixed so that it matters powder. It's gonna be shaking anyway, So now we're going. Teoh, fill our little bottle. This is pretty messy. As you can imagine, It's worse in a powder bottle, but we can. It's definitely nicer with the wider mouth, some of the powder bottles or just epic epic to get them in. That's probably good. So now there's nice and tighten. There you can see we put a bit too much powder you can shake out. We'll bring this here, shake it off back into your bowl, and then you put your lid back on and you're done because that's how simple it is to make baby powder and error power. All of this stuff is available in the grocery store. The clay you might have to go to a health food store to find. But the of course air powder and core search are widely available. Well, thank you for joining us for this latest episode. We hope you enjoyed it, and we hope we'll see you again. Thanks. 9. Air Freshener: as promised. Here's a short demonstration on how you can make a body spray or a room spraying Miss Facial Mist. If you like to wake up to that in the morning, we're going to do is gonna take this spray bottle you can get at different sub suppliers or even the dollar store. The dollar store has them as well. Usually there's holding kids, and it's got the actual spray on it so you can spray and you can use just regular rosewater . That's what I'm going to use wherever you purchase it. There's lots of stores that carry it. A lot of the ethnics food stores have rosewater. The reason why we chose Rosewater is because then you don't have to add any sort of extra essential oils or anything. You can use pure water, but I use distilled water that way, doesn't have any of the dissolved minerals, and, uh, you make it from that. You can add essential oils afterwards, and then a little bit of alcohol. Alcohol? Yes, it is drawing, but it also helps get it into the air and help it stay in the air. Otherwise, the water, especially if you live in a human climate in Alberta not so bad, but in human climates it won't stay in the air just to show you how easy it ISS. I'm gonna do a brand new bottle. What I usually do is like a 3 to 1, so you can estimate more carefully. I do a lot of workshops life. So I got I'm pretty good at this. So so you can see that that's about it was a little bit more than 3/4. But there's no real hard fast rules. If it didn't work out this time that next time use a little bit more alcohol for less way, just cap it, shake it straight to you. 10. Soap Making Safety: Safety. In this series, we're going to make two types of hot process. Soap. Soap making while not difficult, requires some extra precautions and reminders for working with caustic sodium or potassium hydroxide. Most companies will not ship potassium and sodium hydroxide, so please make sure that you can source them locally. So here we have sodium hydroxide. When I started making soap in my twenties, I didn't understand why there was so much fuss about needing to work Goggles, needing to wear gloves, wearing long sleeves. I mean, part of my issue was the time at the time I worked with far more dangerous chemicals. In school, we use sodium and potassium hydroxide and our experiments. So I've been using them since I was a teenager. So automatically developed a really good habits. But when you're working with it at home, it's always good to have a really good reminder, but what these chemicals are capable of doing. So both sodium and potassium hydroxide are a caustic chemicals. They're hygroscopic, meaning that they will absorb moisture from wherever they can take it from the air. If you're breathing it in, it'll take it from your lungs, take it from your skin. So that's why it's really important to be completely covered and to work in a place with good ventilation because the fumes can come off. And again, the fumes mixed with the water can also go into your lungs and cause a lot of damage. So make sure you have a really good ventilation. So yeah, it's the absorption process is della caissons. And it's a really great reason to cover up your skin. If you don't have good ventilation, wearing a mask is something that might help. You don't want to inhale the caustic vapors. It is quite dangerous. So what we're going to do is we're going to measure out ten grams of sodium hydroxide. That's about, they're going to measure out about 25 grams of water. We go close that up. When we take the temperature of our water. You can see that it's around 2025 degrees Celsius when we add the sodium hydroxide to it. And I can't stress enough. Always, always, always add the light to the water. Don't do it the other way around. So we add sodium hydroxide will just give that a quick mix. And what you'll notice is you can see condensation. Keep that away. Which we'll also see because it increase in temperature. So before we had about 25 and now we're up around probably around 50. So it generates a lot of heat. So one of the things you're not supposed to do is put hydroxide into glass. The problem is, is that when we add it to the glass will put R, we can put our concentrated solution in here. Let's perfectly fine, right? It doesn't look like anything's happening. But what is happening is that the sodium hydroxide, actually, it is reacting with the glass. And so it's creating micro pips. The first time it might be fine. Second time might be fine. The third time the glass might explode because of the heat from the reaction and because it's damaged the integrity of the glass. So every time you use glass, please, please, please be careful. The other thing you don't want to do is use aluminum. You will use aluminum pots and aluminum utensils. Please be very careful if you do, because this is what happens when we add aluminum or when we add a concentrated sodium hydroxide solution to aluminum, just make a little well, our solution stays. You can hear the hissing. That's hydrogen being released from the reaction. Can you see the bubbles? Some nasty bubbling going on? So yeah, make sure it's done in a well ventilated area. You can see it's already eaten away the aluminum. So yes, this is why we don't use aluminum when we're using costs, when we're making cost x and that goes for utensils or pots. So please don't, please don't. One of the things I said not to do was add water to your cost x, this is y. And so we're gonna use potassium hydroxide. Can use about 50 grams of potassium hydroxide, over 50 grams. Now we're going to add some water to it. You can hear the, this is all. And you can see the bubbling. This is only 50 grams. If you're making soap, you're probably using 500 grams. So if you do this, you can see how violent that is with only 50 grams. Can you imagine with 500 grams? So always, always, always go the other way. The caustic to the water, not the water to the caustic. So we talked about you can't use glass, you can't use aluminum. So what can you use? So believe it or not, you can use polypropylene plastic. It is the number five on the recycling number. The other one you can use is polyethylene plastic. It's number two with the recycling number. And most importantly, you can use stainless steel, the more expensive plots or stainless steel. So you can use those to cook yourself. If you're coding soap in a crock-pot, the enamel covering it works beautifully if you're making hot process soap, enamel is a really good way to go. Caustic chemicals can cause serious burns. If you get any on yourself or spill any anywhere, makes sure you flush the area with cold water, make sure you quench the burn and don't put any acid solutions on it. I've seen that recommended. Please don't. You've already burned yourself so you're gonna put more burning on it? I don't think so. Just flush with water please. That's the best you can do. And so some people, they recommend using wooden spoons. But you saw what the cost six can do. So they will break down the wooden spoons which may fall into yourself. If it's a good quality spoon with a good lacquer on it, it might be okay to use it, especially with thick soap. But I still err on the side of caution and uses silicone spatula again for a quick safety recap, work in a well ventilated area or wear a mask just to keep the fumes down so you don't inhale and burn your lungs. Where proper personal protective personal protective equipment, long-sleeved safety glasses and gloves when working with caustic solutions. Always add, again, I can't say this enough. Add the light to the water. The reaction is exothermic and releases a significant amount of heat. That can cause burns, it can break glass, lie will dissolve aluminum to produce hydrogen gas, which is explosive. So don't use aluminum. Always use stainless steel and our enamel pots to cook so often. If you're using utensils, silicone is great. Again, stainless steel are the best options. You can mix lie in high density polyethylene or polypropylene containers and using stainless steel utensils whenever possible. So enjoy making. So have a good time, but please be safe. Thanks. 11. Hot Process Liquid Soap: Up Roses, liquid soaps. Liquid soap such as dish or hand soaps are rarely so. Rather they're a combination of detergents, usually derived from petrochemicals in the kitchen and liquid soaps. With the lie. Clean, greasy services significantly better than the detergents found in dish soap. So for stains on UNCLOS, I always reach for the handmade soap first. So what we're going to do now is we have our enamel pot. If you skip the safety video, I encourage you to watch it. Before starting in it, we talk about why we use an enamel crockpot. They are easier to use than a double boiler. That's also perfectly acceptable. Here we have a gas stove, which is great for cooking. But because we're going to be using alcohol, it could catch on fire. My nephews favorite hand trick is to rub his hands with sanitizer and then set them on fire. Don't recommend prefixes, mono. Price. We were going to need 350 grams of coconut oil, a 110 grams grape seed oil, 200 grams of alcohol, and 20 grams of boric acid, 20 grams of our cocoa butter. Here we already have our mixture of a 130 grams of potassium hydroxide with our 390 grams of water. Most mistakes happen when people don't measure correctly. So please be in the habit of writing down all of your measurements. It makes it so much easier to troubleshoot if something doesn't go right, or if something does go right? And you want to repeat that, it's fantastic if you know what you did. So in my enamel crockpot, I'm going to combine the oils, butters. We're going to measure out the cocoa butter first. Alright, so we're gonna weight in 20 grams of our cocoa butter. These are really nice wafers. You could make chocolate. It's the same type of cocoa butter that you'd use. Our crockpot is already hot, so it shouldn't take too long. And then we're going to put in 350 grams of coconut oil. So again, all our measurements are done in grams rather than ounces grams or just a little bit more accurate. Then ounces. So the better accuracy, the better soap we'll have. We won't have to troubleshoot it as much. Alright, so we got our coconut oil into the box to melt with our cocoa butter. Now we're going to put in a 110 grams of the grape seed oil to go a lot faster than our coconut oil. And it doesn't have to be grape seed oil. It could be olive oil, it could be sunflower oil. It's just, this is what was one cell. So we're just going to stir a little bit, if you can see that just to melt the cocoa butter and give it a little bit. While they're melting. We have the 130 grams of potassium hydroxide into a 190 grams of water. So pretty dilute solution, but still be careful, make sure you wear your PPE. If the crockpot is on high, you can turn it down a little bit before mixing an ally. But as soon as we are almost done, soon as the coconut oil is melted, this lowers the chance of evaporation. Now, what we're going to do is we're going to add our lie in with our oils and we're gonna do this again like we did with the creams, soaps very slowly. Stir slow. And you can start to see it's thickening up a bit. But that's why you stir. Make sure it's really well, nicely combined. Otherwise the fats like to float on top, it'll separate. So that's why the constant string and the cons of the SLO pore. Then we're going to do is turn this down to low and cover it. Speed the cooking process up. We're going to add 200 grams of alcohol. This reduces the cook time. Alcohols speeds up the saponification process. And I'm using denatured ethanol, you can get isopropyl alcohol as well. It just smells. So the ethanol doesn't smell. Some people use of high percentage of vodka. I wouldn't it has too much water. If you're using an industrial grade. Or 90, 90% or 99% iso propanol are, which is a rubbing alcohol for the, the ethanol. And just a reminder, don't drink it. It's denatured. They add methanol in it and methanol causes blindness. So don't drink. All right. So we take our lid off and we're going to add alcohol. And I'm just gonna go straight gently and then use a stick blender. So it is thickening up. So that's what we want. We want a nice, It's hard to see what the bubbles, but we want a nice homogeneous mixture where it's not breaking up into oil and water. You can mix this by hand. It just takes a really long time and you run the risk of it's separating. So yeah, it's better if you have a stick blender to use it. So you wanna make sure that it's covered. You shouldn't have to stir it too much. It is worth it to check on it. But as long as it's liquidy, you won't need to add any more alcohol. It does evaporate, but because we have a lid, I'm not overly concerned about it. We don't have enough that it would pop up for or any of that kind of stuff. And if it's on low, we did turn it down too low. It should, should cook just fine. So we're going to make a boric acid solution by adding 20 grams of boric acid into 80 grams of boiling water. Boric acid, it's really difficult to dissolve, so it is nice to have it in the boiling water. It's going to weigh out 80 grams of water. We always use distilled water, especially in Alberta, like it's, the water is just really hard. And so you don't want calcium more buildups. So you could hear it. So what does wait for that to boil? And while we're doing that, we'll just measure out some more boric acid. Alright? So now we're just going to weigh out 20 grams of boric acid. Boric acid acts as a thickener, as well as an agent to drop the pH to lower the pH, neutralize any excess potassium hydroxide and add this into here and turn the heat off. You can see it dissolving a lot better. Yeah, you can still see like even when it's boiling, it's still not dissolving. So I'll just get a whisk and see if that'll encourage it a little bit more. So just whisk it and see if that will help. A little, a little we might have to put the water on again and see if it'll it's not that big of a deal again, because we are putting it into a hot soup. So to check for excess fatty acids, we're going to dilute about 20 grams of soap in 20 grams of water to see if the solution is cloudy. If it is cook for another hour, ours isn't. So you can see how translucent it is. So I don't think it's going to be cloudy. But for the demonstration, I'll do it anyway. It's always good practice to check. But yeah, so 20 grams? 20 grams, exactly. And then 20 grams of water? Yeah. It's not looking like it's going to be very cloudy. It's perfectly clear at this stage, can mix it a little bit more, but when it looks this good, I don't expect it to be cloudy. And it looks like it cooked completely. Like I said, this cooked very, very well. And a lot of the reason is the alcohol the alcohol really does help the process along. Yeah, you can see it's actually really clear, like if you think of the cream, so that's how cloudy it can get if it was going to get cloudy. But yeah, this is all very clear. So we can mix a little bit more if we want to see, but yeah, I'm I'm not convinced that it's going to be anything less than clear. Yeah, no, there's no excess fatty acid in here. So we are just going to put it back into our support. Um, so yeah, I don't know if I showed this soap that is very much like the cream soap. It's thickened up. It's translucent, transparent almost in our, in our mixture. This is all good. This is what you want it to look like. Then mix a little bit of water in there. And then we'll mix our boric acid solution. And so some people use borax as a thickening thickening agents. If you do that, then you don't need to add the borax or the boric acid. But yeah, we're just going to use the boric acid. Yeah, it's still not quite dissolving, but our soap is also hot, so we'll hope for the best. Yeah, it looks like it's dissolving a little bit more, but we'll just keep it in solution and just add it. All right? And so always you want to wait till it's perfectly cool before you start adding extra water? If you want to make it thinner or thicker. Yeah. Make sure your way you wait until it's cool. I'm just going to mix a little bit in here. So yeah, it doesn't look like we can use our stick blender. It's still pretty thick. But again, you do want to put it into another container and let it cool before you add the final sense. For you. If you want color, those kinds of things can wait till it's completely cool. All right, so we've almost got this into a really nice mix. Then as soon as we're done, getting a little bit will dissolve a little bit in water and check the pH, just like we did with the other one. And then once the pH is close to 88 or nine is what we expect, then we can dilute the soap stock to what we would like. I think whatever is getting incorporated is gotten there. It's a little less sticky, but it's still pretty sticky. Like I said, the reason I make the liquid soap, There's nothing that cleans better. Like honestly, if you have grease, stains, liquid soap, or any sort of hydroxide, lye soap, that's what you use. My aunt owned a restaurant and that's what she cleaner pot sweat. I would make this for her. Especially Eastern Indian cooking your frying, like it's, there's Greece everywhere. So this soap works really well for that. So we're just going to get a loan. It's pretty big. So little bit same as we did for the last one. Dissolve it in a little bit. Distilled water. For this part, you want distilled water because if you have hard water, it's going to throw out the pH would be more basic than what you want. So we'll try that. We'll see my nephew was testing the acidity of fruit. That's why we have pH paper. Looking at this. We're at the eight mark, maybe even a little bit towards the seven. So this is perfect. This is exactly what we want. And so you can add extra water. But like I said, I do like to cool everything before we add it. When you make soaps, they don't foam like a detergent soap does. One of the things you can do if you have like an empty former bottle, you can use that. And so what I did was I diluted a bit of our soap and I put it into the bottle and we can swatch it film. So it has a really nice phone and you can laugh, it does lather. Coconut oil does help it lather a lot, and it's nice and soft. The cocoa butter makes it a lot gentler than a lot of the other formulations. Enjoy. One of the things that you can do, as you can see, like this, is not very clear. So what you do is you dilute it and then you wait for a couple of weeks and let all the solids settle out. And then it'll be clear if if that's what you're you're looking for and that's what you can do. If you end up making it, please tag us on Instagram at lotions and potions, VW. I'd love to see your creations, what you come up with. Please, if you use sense, let me know. Always interested to see what everybody comes up with. Thanks. 12. Hot Process Cream Soap: Hot process streams soap. We're going to make a hot process cream soap that works well as a shaving cream, especially for people who have sensitive skin and especially for those who enjoy a close shave. Castro L gives the shave cream. It's rich, emollient properties that so many people enjoy. For people who want to live a more plant-based lifestyle. Steric acid, this guy here, and glycerin can be derived from plant sources. If you skip the safety video, I encourage you to go back and watch it before starting. Eli can cause serious burns, xr lie solution. If it's used incorrectly. I always recommend that everybody use a notebook to keep track of their measurements and observations. When we make the soap, the majority of mistakes that are caused with soap are because people did not measure correctly. Cream soap undergo saponification when we combine the water. That's the two types of lie. In our case, we have sodium hydroxide, which is meant for hard bars, like hard bars of soap. While the potassium hydroxide makes liquids is used in liquid soap. This formulation combines both. For our cream soap. To make this soap, you will need 200 grams of steric acid, 40 grams of coconut oil, 45 grams of castor oil, 40 grams of grape seed oil, a 120 grams of glycerin for your oil phase. And in our separate lipase that I've already prepared, we have 50 grams of potassium hydroxide and ten grams of sodium hydroxide in 360 grams of water. Hi process soap requires constant heat to cook, were called process soap relies on the heat of the reaction generated from the water, fats and the lie. To ensure the reaction completes and goes to completion, I opted to use an enamel crockpot to provide the constant heat. You can use a stainless steel double boiler. It's a lot messier because the water from the double boiler may condense back into the soap pot. If you're not careful, the crockpot is already hot. So I am going to measure the Steric acid because I'm Canadian, I will give all the weights in grams, which is more accurate than ounces our batch and make about one kilogram soap or £2.2. So we're doing the 200 grounds of steric acid. So we're putting in 40 grams of coconut oil, had this melting a bit earlier. So it's a little bit more liquidy. So then this is our 40 grams of coconut oil. And now we're going to add our 45 grams of castor oil. Gastrula has a nice viscosity to it, like it's really quite a thick rich oil. So we're just going to put our 45 grams of castor oil into our pot. Now we're going to add 40 grams of our grape seed oil. It doesn't have to be grape seed oil. It can be any soft oils, sunflower, olive oil, grapes, you happen to be on sale. And so we put our 40 grams of grape seed oil in here and then add our glycerin. Glycerin like the castor oil is also a really nice Emily, can't. We just put in our a 120 grams of glycerin into our pot. You just want to melt the oils are a little bit the Steric acid and everything else. I preheated the crockpot, but it's still because we have so much steric acid. It's gonna take a little bit. Okay, I'm just gonna put the lid on this guy. Well, those were melting. I wanted to go over some resources. Catherine failures books have been popular for decades as she goes through how to make creams, soaps in another book, liquid soaps and this one, creams soaps are her specialty. Another must-have book is the soap makers companion by Susan Miller cabbage. My copies well loved. Both women give the ins and outs of making soap. Along with the details. Around the chemistry of developing soap formulations. When you understand how, how saponification works with the various oils and lie combinations, you can design great skincare products. It's going to mix this again. So it's pretty well melted. Now that I'll ever oils are melted, we can add our lie. Just a reminder. We have 50 grams of potassium hydroxide in here, and we have ten grams of sodium hydroxide in here. As we're adding, you can see the reaction happening. Starting to get a little stickier like mashed potatoes. I always recommend storing frequently and pouring slowly. And it just gives the lie and the fats and oils a chance to mix a little bit better because otherwise it gets sticky too quickly and becomes impossible str. So yeah, I don't know if you can see that. It's a lot thicker. And so our lie was in about 360 milliliters or grams of water, just as a reminder. So yeah, Again, it really dilute solution. And even though this looks great, it looks like a really nice cream soap. It's not a cream soap yet. It'll take about three hours of cook time. It's nice that it's small when you do the £6. So now that we've let the cream soap to cook for a little bit, we do have to stir it about every half an hour if you can. So I've got to stick blender, very old stick blender. And we're just gonna give it a good mix. This is why the stick blender, it's really hard to mix by hand. It takes awhile. So there it's a little bit smoother. You can see how sticky it is, which is good. That means our reaction is proceeding the way we would like it to. So after about an hour, this job should become solid and sticky like mashed potatoes like this is what it was kind of like after the hour when we were storing it. It becomes too thick for the mixer. So then you need a silicone spatula. The soap is finished cooking when it's translucent. So when it looks like this, whenever it's still opaque, this after two hours, then cook it for a little longer to see if it'll neutralize when it's translucent, it's neutralized. So you can test and neutrality with pH paper, which I have here, or a phenolphthalein indicator. The indicator will be pink in a basic solution and colorless if it's not basic. So here, this isn't the best. I'm just going to grab a little bit of water and dissolve it. You can see that it's blue. And the blue will be probably around a ten, which is about right. But like I said, I'll just quickly dissolve it in some water. So we're just dissolving a little bit of soap in the water, then I'll Dalian works a lot better for sure. But work with what you've got. You can see this blue color. You're matching it. Yeah. It looks more like the nine. And around. They're still pretty basic. So what we're gonna do now is we're going to add a little bit of boric acid to it to neutralize it. And it's called super creaming to let the, the fatty acid chains rise to the top. So we're going to take this out into a bowl and let it cool, super creamy and can be done in either hot or cold because their soap is hot. I guess we're doing it hot. But yeah, it's a lot easier to do it when it's cool. It's stable with the heat. They're still reactions going on and that kind of thing. But I think we'll be okay. I'm pretty sure we'll be okay with using the process. It's going to move this way. And so you can see with the enamel, nothing happened. It looks like anything could have been made in it. Not necessarily. So. So that's what you want, right? No damage to your cookware. So we have a boric acid for anybody who's made slide with children, you'll be familiar with boric acid or borax. It works as a thickener. So we're just going to weigh out 15 grams of boric acid. Again, it's approximate. It could be seven to 15 grams. That is a nice thing about using grams is we can be a little bit more accurate. If not, then it's quarter ounce to half an ounce or at 15 grams there. Then we'll add some distilled water, about four ounces. So that's what a 120 grams. Grams of water. Alright, Let the boric acid dissolve bit. Normally you'd heat it up and you heat up the water. Because it does take a little bit for the boric acid to dissolve because our soap is hot. I'm not too concerned about staying in solution. You can see pretty murky. I might end up heating it up. Yeah, our soap is still really hot, so I'm gonna give it a shot and see how it goes. I'm pretty sure it will be okay. But yeah, Normally, you would definitely heat up the water to make sure it dissolves correctly. Mix it in. There's a whole bunch of boric acid left, so make sure you heat up the water. Especially if you're doing it cold. If you're waiting for yourself to cool, write down overnight, then definitely you need the extra heat. Because like I said, our soap is hot. It's dissolving. I'm just going to mix that up. You can see our nice cream color is coming back. We might be able to use a stick blender again. Just try that. Maybe it was too hopeful. It's going. And so adding the extra boric acid lowers the pH a little bit. And then yeah, you get, you get this nice suit. And while it's hot too, once it cools, it will look a lot different and it'll go back to the mashed potato like a very creamy shaving cream product. But yeah, it's thickening up. And don't worry. Sometimes when people see this, they think they did something wrong. It's not wrong. It's just you need to wait and let it settle after 48 hours of is still like this, then you might have a problem. But most of the time it'll go liquidy first and then it'll go back to the thicker cream. So don't panic. Beautiful. So yeah, so now you'd have to wait until it cools and it should thicken. Right now. It looks like a really beautiful cream. Like through ice cream. When it cools, It'll, it'll definitely thicken up. I'll put it in the fridge for a bit and see what it does if it cools fast enough. But generally the next day, everything comes, comes together. And usually then that's when you want to put in your tolerance. If you want your essential oils, if you want fragrance soils. Because that's when it's the most stable. When it's the most stable, they're less likely to change if you put them in now, they might break down. You think you've put a lot but then it's gone, right? So do it when it's cool. Also to with the heat, it'll evaporate. So essential oils are expensive, so use them wisely. Use it when it's cool. If you do make this, please tag us on lotions and potions, VW on Instagram. Love to see what you guys have come up with and the different stages. And of course, the final product, the packaging is always fun. Thanks. So this is the end of the cream, so we let it sit for a bit. It's cool. And I added some more water so you can see the consistency. It's got a nice little sheen to it. I quite enjoy looking at, I love this. I love the soaps and what can I say? It's lovely, lovely texture. If you'd beat it correctly. If you remove the lumps, it's even nicer. But one of the things that you can do with the soap is to add some pumice or apricots meal for a gentle face scrub. Then all you do is you just add a little bit of the apricots meal. The operates from the seeds. The apricot meal is from the seeds. So then you just mix it. So yeah, if you want some more versatility, your cosmetics, this makes it really great face wash and really gets, gets all the dead skin cells off. Show you. So, yeah, it's a really nice soft cream cream soap. And so it does not drying. And that's really important where I live. It's so dry, but it still gives that smooth feeling. If you want something for your feet, you might want to try a pumice, um, something a little bit more course. But for your face, something fine is really, really important. Especially with micro beads and all of that and the water. Having something like this is a bio-degradable natural product that you can make it make yourself. Thanks. 13. Shampoo Bars: Shampoo bars, with people moving towards 0 waste lifestyle, shampoo and conditioner bars are more popular than using plastic bottles. Great for getting through airports to, you don't have the extra liquids. Shampoo bar we're going to make today is often referred to as ascendant synthetic detergent bar. For this formulation, you are going to need ten grams of cocoa, middle propyl, butane. We're not too sticky on the quantities. So you can go up to 30 grams. With our formulation, you will need a 190 grams of sodium Cocoa isocyanate, 17 grams of B TMS, 2517 grams of acetyl alcohol, 17 grams of ethanol, 17 grams of our cocoa butter, and ten grams of our silk protein, great hair, 70 grams on top of it of our conditioning detergent, ethanol. So now you have to do first is the isocyanate powder. Doesn't like to dissolve very well. So we're going to do use the Coca-Cola made a propyl butane to help it out. We're going to measure out 190 grounds. It's quite a fine powder with dust everywhere. As always, using well ventilated areas, the fine dust is a bit can be a safety hazard. And again, a double boiler is recommended. But these are quite heavy pants and the heat is quite low. Yeah, well, now I'll measure out between 1030 grams of the team. And yes, when low heat or in a double boiler. Yeah, let these guys melt. All right. So as we're waiting for this to melt, can weigh out our other phases. 17 grounds of the team as 25. Split this into a separate separate container. And then we'll weigh out 17 grams of our cocoa butter. Cocoa butter, and mango butter. They have the same chemical structure. So in many formulations they are interchangeable. Because I put cocoa butter in the conditioner, kinda wanna do in the shampoo as well. Alright. So Fetal Alcohol is an emulsifier that is used in everything, shampoos, conditioners, lotions. Whenever you pick up a bottle of lotion or most personal care products, you'll see seal alcohol. It's a really good emulsifier. 17 grams of alcohol. Still waiting for these guys to melt. It's getting there. It's definitely getting there. It's getting yeah. You can see it's losing the powdery stuff that we had and it's getting a little bit thicker, which is good. So what we'll do now is we'll add in our other butters and oils. So what happens is a lot of people, they'll put the butane and the isocyanate together because it melts the best together. And then they put in the rest, which is what I like to do. Or you can do it all at once. It really is up to you. But yeah, they don't make nice smooth bars like the soap, but it's okay. It smells great. So in our other ingredients, I know melt these. Again, always, always, always low heat, low heat or double boiler. Just trying to get everything nice and combined. So what you can do is you can take a separate pot and you can melt the butter in a separate pot and then put it in here. You can melt them all together. I opted to melt them all together. So they're melting. As you can see, the shampoo bars aren't going to be nice and smooth like our conditioner bars, but they'll still work really well. Alright, so this is what our shampoo looks like now. We still have a couple more things to add and then we can pour it into the molds. So now we're going to add a little bit more detergent. This is our lengthen all. Again very dusty. And we're going to add 170 grams. Can use a well ventilated areas. Try to keep the dust down. Write all that in there. I'll mix it carefully using a well ventilated area. It's kinda like pouring laundry. So think of it that way. It's important laundry soap. So when it gets to you in particles can get into your lungs. All right, Well, let that melt and we'll add in these guys. So we're going to add about ten grams of our silk protein. Then we're just going to add 70 grams on top of it of our other detergent or phone booster. And again, it doesn't need to be super-duper accurate, but I do recommend you write everything down. But yeah, the detergent smell like plastic. Remember they are they are made from petrochemicals like plastics. It's actually where I started my career was I worked in plastics. And the reason why the detergents are better for your hair is that they are at a lower pH, otherwise, the natural ingredients and so they just go to town on here. They do a very good job of stripping the oil. Incredibly good job, which is problematic. Alright, so now to turn that off, add in our additive and mix. So yeah, as I said, it's not going to be smooth. It's gonna be pretty lumpy and chunky. So you can add different fragrances if you want. This would be the time to do it. I wouldn't add color, but if you want to, you can Up to you, there are lots of different essential oils. There's fragrance oils. There's a whole bunch of different things that you can use in tempted to use the black cumin because then I can have a matching set of black cumin shampoo and conditioner. It's completely up to you what you want to use. I don't think I'm going to put anything in, grab them all. So unlike our beautiful conditioning bars, these are not going to be nice and smooth. So we're going to just stick them in here. You can use anything for a mold. I just like these ones because they're a good size. If you wanted to put preservative in, you could have put preservative in one gram. Yeah. These guys, they they tend to because of the amount of detergent in them. Like I really don't worry about, about some preservatives. Alright. So now see if we can pass them down. But yeah, hopefully we'll be able to pop them out and show you what they look like. They do take a little bit longer or in the freezer and then the conditioner bars. All right. Stick this in here. So these are what they turned out to look like. Again, unlike the conditioner bars are really lumpy just because the detergents don't melt as nicely as the oils and butters in the conditioner. Conditioner doesn't have as many detergents when you put it in. So it gets a much nicer finish, but I guarantee this will wash your hair beautifully. It's really nice and silky and soft. So yeah, if you do decide to make them, please tag us on Instagram, lotions and potions. Vw. Love to see what you come up with. Thanks. 14. Conditioner Bars: Conditioner bars. As people become more conscientious about their environmental impact. Personal care products such as shampoo and conditioner bars come under intense amounts of scrutiny. They're mostly water and shipping water gets very expensive and they come in plastic containers. Shampoo and conditioner bars have become more and more popular and they're really easy to make. And so that's what we're going to end up doing today. They don't involve any chemical reactions. So unlike the soap that we did earlier, you don't have to be as careful weighing things out. To start, we're going to need 130 grams of the TMS, 5010 grams of mango butter, ten grams of cocoa butter, my favorite, 25 grams. Acetyl alcohol. This is all phase one. Phase one will be put into the pot where they're melting. And then for phase two, we have one gram of aloe Vera juice, foregrounds of pentanol, two grams of protein for grams of black cumin oil, and one gram of fun. Alright, our plot is hot, so I'm going to weigh out the ten grams of cocoa butter. So with this, it's recommended that you use a double boiler. But we're on low heat and this is a pretty heavy pot. So we just have to keep an eye on it and make sure it doesn't burn. We can always turn it off if we need to. Then power ten grams of mango butter. Mango butter and cocoa butter and Shea butter are all the same. They have not all the same. That's not correct, but they have the same chemical structure. So you can set them in for one, for the other. So if you wanted to use shea butter instead of mango butter or cocoa butter, feel free. They're interchangeable. I don't recommend it for the lip balm because the shea butter does get grainy. The mango button cocoa butter are actually better for that particular product. So for the conditioning bar, we use be TMS 50. For the shampoo bar, we use be TMS 25. If you have oily hair, you can go half-and-half. You can use, say, 65 grams of B TMS, 2565 grams of B TMS 50 or any combination. My hair's always dry, so I always just use the PDMS 50. Price-wise. If you can cut the, cut it in half, cut it in half, it's expensive stuff. And 25 grams of acetyl alcohol. Fetal alcohol is another chemical that's in everything. So keep that on. Although heat, I know I know a bad habit shouldn't store with your measuring spoons. But yeah, these are all know. I'll go get a spatula. Yeah. So what we're doing is we're melting the most of it's the BDMS. It takes a little bit longer to melt than the rest of the the butters. That to melt. While you don't have to keep great track of stuff, it is nice if you do still always, always, always right into your book. Because like I said, if things go right, you wanna do it again. If things go wrong, you don't want it, do it again. So it's good. It's really good if you keep track of what happened, how long things take to melt and all of that. So it's good, good practice, definitely good practice to have. All right, Well, I think we can leave that and we will weigh out the phase two. For phase two, I'm just going to eyeball it for a lot of it. It doesn't have to be accurate. You don't want to put too much aloe Vera juice. So about a gram is good for the amount we're making. Which can be a bit tricky because it's a Joe, I quit. I like to gel better than the juice form. That's just a gram there. Then with our black cumin seed oil, we need foregrounds. This is a new oil I'm experimenting with. I haven't used it before, but it has a whole bunch of antifungal like cumin. Cumin has a lot of great properties. So anti-fungal, anti-bacterial, all these good things, but I don't know why they stored it in a container like this. You actually need a dark container. Because then the light will cause it to degrade heat light. So keep it in the fridge. If you've got it. Just makes it store a lot better. But yeah, it has a really nice, nice smell to it. Just try not to boil the oils, but trying to get the Milton. So that's why the double boiler, the double boiler definitely controls the heat a little bit better. The only problem I find with a double boiler is that the water condenses, it can condense into it. So It's one of the things you have to be careful about. Alright. Back to our weighing, we have our silk protein is about two grams. Just like in your shampoo, this protein is to coat the hair. Ethanol is a B vitamin, also good for your hair. Foreground. There we go. So we're almost there with the melting. We will use our up toughen. There's no water going into this aside from the aloe Vera gel and it's very little. So if you use the bars right away, you won't need a preservative. But because shampoo conditioner bars are used in the shower and are exposed to water. I think it's just good practice to put at least a little bit of a preservative into air conditioner bars, shampoo and conditioner bars. We just have this residual on the skewness. Yeah, we'll turn this off now. You want the face to be the phase one, like the melting, to melt all the butters. But you don't want it to be too hot when you add everything else in because they degrade with heat. So that's a bit of the issue. Okay. Then as soon as it cools down a little bit, well mixed in our phase two. And then we're just going to put them into these little molds. You can put them in whatever you like. I think these are good size. They're easy to use, easy to pack. That is a nice thing if you're traveling, you don't get stopped because they're solid shampoos and solid conditioners. So that's really nice. So all we'll do is we'll mix the two phases. And then we just pop them in the mold, pop them in the fridge or the freezer and their diets. So it's pretty easy as long as you can get all the materials correctly. Yeah, the oils are still really, really warm and they have to say something nice about double boilers. This is it. They don't allow the oil to get to too hot too quickly. So our conditioner is slowly coming to me like it actually looks like you can put that in your hair. It looks like a conditioner, so now that It's not too hot. And again, the reason why we don't want it too hot is because these guys are pretty sensitive. The oils. And so again, this has the black cumin oil and it's got the aloe Vera juice, the pentanol, and our silk protein. These guys are kinda heat sensitive, so that's why we did it in two phases. Bought me go cleaning off the West. Yeah, you can see it's going back into our oil phase. We just need to get it all into one and then we can pour into our moles. Turn the heat off. If you don't like the smell of cumin oil, don't use acumen oil. It sits yeah, it's quite low. I quite like it. Of course. I missed Indian. It would. But yeah, if you don't like that particular smell, You don't recommend using it. Can use different essential oils will work. Now. Yeah, now that we have that all done, we will pour them into the mold and then pop them in the freezer. So after some time in the freezer, this is what our beautiful conditioner bars came out looking like. If you ended up making these tag us on Instagram, lotions and potions. Vw. I'd love to see what you guys came up with. If you use dyes, let me know what sent you used. For me. Everything smells like the black cumin oil, which I quite enjoy. So yeah, let me know how it went. Thanks. 15. Lotion : Motion. Motion is an emulsion combining oils and water using a chemical that dissolves in both the oil phase and the water phase called an emulsifier. The lotion formulation that we're going to do today uses butters instead of oils. Which is great because that means it rarely separates, creating the opportunity for more wiggle room in the measurements. If you'd like to have a thinner oil, you can add more water. If you'd like a thicker oil, add less water. If you plan to change the formulation, please write everything down in your notebook so if it works, You know what works and if it doesn't work, you know what not to do for next time. For this, we've started our water heating. It's nice to have the water and the oil phase at the same temperature. Because then they just mix a lot better than if one is hotter or colder. What'll happen is if it's colder, the butter's will come out of solution. For this formulation, you are going to need 15 grams of steric acid, 85 grams acetyl alcohol, 78 grounds of local better, seven or eight grams of mango butter, 15 grams of borax, 750 mils of water, 15 grams of emulsifying wax. So we're gonna do 15 grams of steric acid. Alright? Yes, using a spoon is probably advisable. Next, we'll measure out 85 grams of our acetyl alcohol, fetal alcohol, stearic acid. There. They're also emulsifiers. We'll add that spatula. Yeah, they're melting quite nicely. Then 770 grams will go better. Again, accuracy isn't super important. Nice. You're going to put seven, about 87 or eight grams of mango butter in here. Again, you can use mango, you can use Shea, cocoa. Whatever you like. Mango Shea in Cocoa. Cocoa is the other one. The mango steam. That's also, they're all pretty much the same chemical structure. So they all work the same way. Here are water boiling, so I'm just going to turn that off. Then. You are water. It's about 750 mils, but we're going to measure out 501st and then add 15 grams of borax. Rocks is a really good thickener. It also acts as a preservative. So if you use borax, it's not going to spoil. The cream of, the cream has xanthan gum as a thickener. So if you forget to use a preservative, you have a little bit of time with the borax. It's not going to spoil it right away. Just going to I'm a little bit, we're adding 15 grams of boron. There we go. All right. Let's mix that up. It doesn't have to be perfectly dissolved. Test. We will use the immersion blender to make sure it all stays mixed in. I think we're going to add a little bit of emulsifying wax. So usually you'd put 15, I think I'm just only going to do ten. This one is quite thick. There you go. Almost there. So you're just going to add our water with our borax solution. And then you can see it thickens right away. Because the oil and water oh, yeah, you can see it starting to come out of solution like you can see chunky bits. That's why you use the immersion blender. It just takes all that out at the phases mixed a lot better. Right? So we combine our oil and water phases and now we use the stick blender. As you can see, it's a bit thick for a lotion, so we're going to add some more water to it because there's a lot of emulsifier. I'm not worried about it's separating. And also remember as it cools, it's going to get thicker to add just a little bit more. Remember with all the additions, write it down in your book so you know how much you put in. So yeah, that's getting to be a little bit more more like a lotion. So I'm going to wait until it cools to finish the water additions. I do like a thicker lotion. So that's what you like. Then this is perfect. If you want something a little bit thinner, you can add some more water. But be careful you're getting two. You'll get to the point where it starts to separate and that's not what you want. Just be aware. Be aware. So to put your lotion into bottles, you can use a piping bag, like the cake decorators use. Or in a pinch, you can use a Ziploc bag and cut off a corner and then fill the bottle. Or you can use a peristaltic pump if you end up making the lotion tag us and Instagram, lotions and potions. Vw. I'd love to see your creations. Let me know if you added any colors or sense or essential oils to it. Thanks. 16. Cream : The cream is similar to the lotion except it uses oils instead of butters. If people have small pores than the lotion might not absorb into their skin. We're also going to change up the thickening agents instead of borax, we're going to use a xanthan gum this time. For this formulation, you will need a 125 grams of emulsifying wax, 125 mils of apricots oil, 125 mils of grape seed oil, a 100 mils of floral water, five grams, up to 20 grams of steric acid, to 350 mils of water and seven grams of the xanthan gum. So again, the measurements for don't need to be accurate, but please keep track of what you're doing in case you made something wonderful, want to make it again, or something terrible and you don't want to make it again. So we're going to put our pot and a low heat. If you have a double boiler, you can use your double boiler or keep track of, of how much heat you are using when you're melting. So we have our 120 grams of emulsifying wax. And then we're going to add a 105 mils of avocado oil. You can actually let your emulsifying wax melt a bit. We might wait and do that. We'll add the Steric acid next. 20 grams of steric acid. Anything creamy Steric acid is usually involved. Creams, lotion or cream soap makes an appearance. So I'll put that in their milk that you can see our steric acid and are mostly when preparing wax or melting quite nicely. Keep it going. Next, we're going to put in a 125 mils of apricots oil. It's a 250 mil bottles. So about half. Again, there's, there isn't a chemical reaction necessarily, so you can eyeball it Just so you break it up, It is good to stir it because otherwise it clumps. So you want to stir it a little bit. And then we're going to add a 125 mils of grape seed oil. I just find these types of oils work great. For skin types. There was a really nice aloe Vera oil that I like to use but can't find it anymore. So a grape seed has been a really nice addition that in there. So we need 350 mils of water and seven grams of xanthan gum. And I've already heated up some water. You want the water and the oil to be approximately the same temperature. Otherwise, it doesn't it's not miscible like it. It will form layers. It doesn't combine as well or becomes grainy. So it's nicely with they're the same temperature. I've already heated. The water, will put 350 in here. And xanthan gum, if you've worked with it the little bits at a time and stir vigorously. I'm just going to measure out seven grounds. It's like any thickener, like if you've worked with cornstarch or guar gum. It's a pain. But once it combines, it's all good. Just seven grams. Alright, there we go. Alright, so when you're combining this, just do little bits at a time. Little mix, mix, mix, little bit more. Next, we will use a stick blender, so it'll all get incorporated little bit more. But again, if you go too fast, you will get clumps and it gets really frustrating very quickly. So I advise, go slow. It goes so you'll end up going faster. I can't tell you how many times I've just dumped it in and yeah, just had this big lump sitting there. So yeah, you can see it is getting thicker, thickening up slowly. The nice thing about using borax is the thickener is that it also acts as a preservative as well. Where's the cream doesn't have that with the xanthan gum. You don't get that extra germ fighting power for lack of a better term. So you really have to make sure you put the preservative into the cream. Blush. And if you forget, you can get away with it for a little while anyway. But with the cream you can't there almost there. You can see almost done. And yet it is getting a little bit thicker. But again, we're going to add we're going to blend it with the stick blender like with that. Something motorized. If you do it by hand, you run the risk of getting lumps. It just doesn't the phases don't dissolve correctly. Dissolve next, mixed correctly. So yeah, you can see it's getting a lot thicker now. You can see our oil are almost done melting. Then we have our floral water. So I don't usually send my cream, I usually just add a bit of floral water to it. So now we're going to add our water phase. Here. The joys of working with xanthan gum and it's everywhere. And we're going to add, um, yeah, about a 100 mls. Again, this doesn't have to be super accurate there. And we're just going to get our stick blender ready. So yeah, when you're hand mixing, you can see all the labs. It's a bit of a pain. So yeah, I highly recommend some sort of Blender. Immersion blenders are the best. Why? It's still working? You can still it's still firming up. But yeah, for the nice smooth finish, we'll use the immersion blender. Alright, so immersion blender. What we're doing with the immersion blender is just taking the lump so it smells nice. It actually does smell like roses. I don't think it's too hot. I really don't like adding preservative when it's hot, but I think it'll be okay. Or up to finish here. Probably about five grams will measure out. Again. Doesn't have to be accurate. But like I said, with the cream, you don't have a lot of other chemicals helping it. So it's best to make sure you have enough with the optic often. So we're putting about seven grams of op defendant. You can use essential oils as well. You can use things like lavender or tea tree oil, but they're not going to protect a synthetic preservative. Alright, there you have it. It's still really warm, so it will get thicker as it cools down. You can add more water. That's not a problem the most, there's enough emulsifier to probably put another 10% more in. So we put almost 500 miles. So to put another 50 to 100 more mills in. Again, play with it. See what works for you. Again, like as I said, it's a different essential oils. You don't have to put the floral water. You can put just regular water, distilled water, I should say regular distilled water and put whatever cent There's also orange Water, Kevin meltwater, a lavender water. Those other types, if you don't like Rose, I happen to like ropes. So it works out. If you do end up making this, please tag us on lotions and potions, is vw on Instagram. Let's see what you mean. 17. Clay Masks and Toners : Hey, mask and toners. Well, I don't have a regular skincare routine. The masks actually are my favorite products. I never make them unless I do a demonstration. So thank you for allowing me the opportunity to make them again. What are the good things that came out of this was, I ended up discovering a new formulation that works with, for people who want something a little bit more natural than what I prefer. So when you make a mask, you can just ellipse. You can just add water to the green clay or to the gray clay in my case, and then spread it on your face. But my approach is to actually make a toner first and then add the claim. So for toner, we're going to need a stringent to tighten the skin and close the pores. So we're going to use twenty-five percent rose water and twenty-five percent witch hazel for our astringent, which close the pores. We're going to use twenty-five percent aloe Vera gel as a moisturizer. 15% with syringe is also really nice moisturizer we can also use. This is my preference, ten per cent isopropyl mirror street as an emollient to soften and sued the skin, 30 grams of the grey clay. I'm just going to eyeball these quantities. So here we have 120 mil bottle. Once everything is in, shake it gently and use it after washing your face or after if you wax or shave the toner is a nice cooling effect. So we're just going to add about a quarter. Which hazel also. What about half? And let's put a quarter. Then we're going to add glycerin or our aloe Vera gel. I didn't. Aloe Vera gel is a bit tough. If you have Aloe Vera juice to little bit easier. The aloe Vera gel is nice because it contains a few preservatives. The potassium store bait and citric acid. I liked that it's thicker but it has a tough time getting into the bottle. Just a little bit more. As I said, Yeah, the juice might work a little bit better for this. And again, the nice thing is you don't need the exact quantities. Whatever you like is perfectly acceptable. So I think that's maybe a little bit more of the aloe Vera gel. And then we'll put the glycerin lips and the Isopropyl. Yeah, it doesn't, that's not quite, but it'll it'll be okay for our purposes. You can always add more glycerin, glycerin, propylene or straight. You can see the isopropyl and your state is a little bit oily at the bottles dark, so I'm not sure if you can see it, but it is a bit on the oily side, you can use a poly sorbet 80 or 20 to help emulsify because this is going into a mud mask. It's not I don't really worry about it too much. If you don't want to use the isopropyl nurse aid, you can add hobo oil instead in about the same proportion. Shake well before using or add an emulsifier. So it's a little bit more blended. If you are making a lot of the toner, then you might want to add a preservative. Aloe Vera, as I said, contains citric acid and potassium sorbet. So that does keep it for a little bit, but I usually just keep mine in the fridge. So now what we're going to do is we're going to make our mask. So what I have here is our gray clay for my skin. I like gray clay, but it really depends. If you have sensitive skin, then you want to use the white or pink kaolin clay. It's available in most health food stores. It gives you the best gentle detoxifying mask. I have normal too dry skin, so I opt for the gray clay. If you have oily skin than green clay is the one of the better choice is to remove excess soil. Now, I'm going to weigh out about 30 grams of the grey clay. And then what we do, we shake up our toner and we add scale. We'll just add it in little bits at a time. And just mix. I quite enjoy mixing with my hands because then you get a good feel for the consistency because you're going to apply it with your hands onto your face. So it's nice if you can get a good feel for it. You can add a different sense to it. If you want to add essential oils or fragrances, it works out really nicely. Because we have rose water. It smells like just a little bit more. Again, it's up to you what kind of consistency you like. I do like something a little thicker. And what I do, I don't usually use an exponent for my skin. Even though it's dry, I just put the mask on and it takes away the dry spots, which is nice. So this is the consistency of the clay that I like. You can add more water, you can add more toner to it. Yeah, As you can see, it spread super thin and super nice without the without adding any extra water. Recommended use for a mask is about once or twice per week. Though, people use toners every time they want after washing their face. So it's up to you. Whatever you feel you need from me about once a week that I use the mask. If you use toner, please tag us on Instagram at lotions and potions, VW, I love to see what you made if you use different floral water like something like lavender or orange, they don't have quite the astringency as rows, but they smell great if you're just using it for yourself. It's a really nice treat. Thanks. 18. Aftershave and Beard Care : Aftershave and beard care. To make an aftershave, I use the same basic formulation as a toner, seeing as they do the exact same thing. But I do make some minor adjustments after shape isn't necessary, but it sous irritated skin after shaving and closes the pores and disinfects any open areas, which is important. You don't want any ingrown hairs and that kind of thing. So far astringent were this time we're going to use twenty-five percent camomile water. But if I percent witch hazel and our moisturizers again are going to be twenty-five percent aloe Vera gel, 15% whispering, 10% isopropyl mirror street as an emollient to soften and sued the skin. Or you can use a hobo oil. Again, same thing, exact same procedure. I'm just going to eyeball this quarter. And our witch hazel. And then we're gonna put in our isopropyl, your straight. You have to remember to you, this is a bit oily, so you do have to shake it up or add an emulsifier. Same thing with the hobo oil. If you use that, you're going to need an emulsifier as well. Unless you shake it, shake, shake well before using it's okay. And then we're going to add our glycerin. And now the messy part, I like to use aloe Vera gel because it's a bit thicker, but it's, it is messier than just using the straight up aloe Vera juice. Here it goes, or chunks. And again, the aloe Vera, it contains the Albert Joe and juice contain citric acid and polys or sorry, potassium sore bait that, that act as preservatives. But you still want to keep it in the fridge unless you put in an optician, even though there isn't water, you still want to be careful. Chunks everywhere. You can add extra second citric acid if you like. But yeah, OPT if n is just a really good all around preservative or keep it in the fridge. It just adds extra cooling because it's in the fridge. Wipe this bottle down, these away. And again, the exact same thing and just shake it up. And if you want it thicker, you can add a little bit of the xanthan gum. But I mean, this comes out quite nicely out of the disk lid. And you have just apply your care. It's its own little miniature cosmetic worlds. I looked at so many different formulations for ads and justification for why it costs $30 for an ounce. Most of my friends, they are pretty simple. They use hobo oil straight up. It works beautifully because it's a liquid wax that's like a natural sebum for the skin. So it really does a nice job of conditioning the hair as well as the skin underneath. If that's hard to find, then we do a 5050 mixture of grape seed oil with avocado oil. Avocado oil is great. It has a lot of vitamin E. This is great for the skin. I already had about 50% of grape seed oil in here. We're going to add another 50% of the avocado oil. Because these are so great for the skin, you can also use it as a massage oil. Though. If you are using it for massage oil, I would probably add a little bit of sunflower oil. It just has better, better glide with it. And so you, every time you have an oil, you do want to store it in a dark bottle. The dark bottle keeps it from degrading, keeps the light from getting at it. You can put black pepper oil or vitamin E to keep it from going rancid. Another thing you can do is use the black cumin seed oil. It has an anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties to act as a preservative, which may also help the skin. That's prone to acne or ingrown hairs. It does have the really nice cumin sense. So if you don't like that one, you can avoid this one with this particular oil. For a beard wash, either the shaving cream soap that we made for the shampoo bar would do a really good job for that. Then for a washout conditioner, that conditioning bar that we made does a fantastic job. It's really gentle on the skin. For a leave in beard and moisturizing product. The lotion or the cream that we made earlier would do a great job. And now that you have some mad skills and a little bit of knowledge and probably some leftover ingredients. It's really great to start experimenting on your own and make your own stuff. I encourage you to look at the beard care ingredients when you go shopping or online, design your own. And if you end up making any of these products, please tag me on Instagram at lotions and potions. Vw. I really look forward to see what you guys have come up with a different sense, different packaging. Thanks so much.