How To Get Better Video: Cinematic Settings | John Anderson | Skillshare

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How To Get Better Video: Cinematic Settings

teacher avatar John Anderson, Filmmaker - Creator

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

8 Lessons (12m)
    • 1. The Best Settings for Video Intro

    • 2. Switching to Manual Mode

    • 3. What is Frame Rate?

    • 4. Shutter Speed

    • 5. Aperture ISO, & ND Filters

    • 6. White Balance, Picture Profiles & LOG

    • 7. Setting Custom Shooting Modes

    • 8. Get Out and Shoot a Film

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About This Class

If you are looking to step up your video quality and get more control over your camera then this class is for you! We’re going to cover what settings to use to get the most cinematic look in your footage.

In this class we’ll cover:

  • How to switch to manual mode to give you more control over your camera settings
  • How frame rate works
  • How to pick your shutter speed
  • How to adjust the focus in your scene and adjusting for brightness
  • Why you should shoot in the RAW format
  • And a bonus tip on how to set up your custom shooting modes for quick access when you are out shooting

Stepping up from auto mode to filming in manual mode gives you more control over your video and in this class we’ll go over how to set up your camera to capture a more cinematic look!

Wether it’s taking video for a client, youtube content, capturing your next adventure, or you just want to have more control with your camera and make better films, getting to know these settings in manual mode will level up your skill when you’re on your next shoot.

Grab your camera and let’s get started!

If you liked this class be sure to check out these:
Camera Basics 1
Camera Basics 2
Camera Basics 3
Cinematic Settings to get better video

Check out the gear I use here:

Music, Deep Dive by Ikson

Meet Your Teacher

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John Anderson

Filmmaker - Creator


John is an outdoor adventure enthusiast. Since as long as he can remember he’s wanted to film and create. He enjoys making short films, capturing creative perspectives and making fun outdoor recreation videos on YouTube. When he’s not behind the camera he enjoys drawing and adventuring.

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1. The Best Settings for Video Intro: Hey guys, welcome back. In this class we're going to learn how to get started filming. Well, you can just switch your camera on and start shooting if you want your footage to look more natural to the eye and get that cinematic look. There are some things that you need to know. We're going to cover what settings to use for the smoothest looking footage, how to adjust for the brightness of a scene as well as white balance, color profiles and why you should shoot in a log format for the best results. We're going to learn how to set your camera up to get the best looking footage and get you out making films. So grab your camera and let's get started. 2. Switching to Manual Mode: To get the best control over the settings in our movies for the best looking footage will need to switch the camera from auto movie recording to manual movie recording. Here on this MOSFET, that setting is right here. It shows in auto mode that the shutter speed and aperture are automatically set. So we want more control over these settings to get the most unnatural looking footage to the eye. So we're going to switch this to manual. Here we can set the shutter speed, the aperture, and adjust our ISO. On the US are here on auto mode. You'll see that you can set the movie recording size and adjust audio levels and set the stabilization in the auto mode to get more control over the settings, switch to manual. Here I've set mine to the first custom shooting mode. I'll give you a little tip on that at the end. But here we can set our shutter speed, aperture, and ISO. So we want to get control of more settings over our cameras. 3. What is Frame Rate?: First off, we want to set our recording size and pick the frame rate. So you'll pick whether you want to shoot in for K 1080 or 720, depending on the options you have on your camera, then you'll see you in each of those settings. There's other number. So let's take a second and explain the frames per second. What is frame rate? Frame rate is the series of images that flow together to create a video like the old real movies. They had a real with a bunch of images on it. And when they played them past the projector light, you'd see a moving picture. Frame rate of 24 shows 24 frames per second. So each of those little frames, and it's going by the camera, you have 24 and 24 is the most natural frame rate for motion. What that means for us on our DSLR or mirrorless camera, is our cameras taking 24 frames per second or 50 frames per second, depending on the setting we chose to get the best looking footage, your shutter speed has to be double of what your frame rate is. This is called the 180 degree shutter rule. So if you're shooting in 24 frames per second, then you need to have your shutter speed at 48 or the closest equivalent for shooting at 30 frames per second, then your shutter speed needs to be 60. The reason being, if you were to put your shutter speed lower, it would look all jittery or stuttering in your footage. And if you went too high, it would look more dreamy or blurred looking. Keeping the shutter speed at double the frame rate will get the Christmas footage. So in filming, when your frame rate and your shutter speed are set and you need to brighten or darken the image. You can't change the brightness of the footage, like you can't in manual photography was your shutter speed because you need to keep that Chris footage and filming. Our shutter speed has to stay double. Our frame rate is. So you'll need to adjust your aperture ISO or get an ND filter to adjust for the brightness in the scene. And we'll get into more tips on shutter speed in the next section. 4. Shutter Speed: In this section we're gonna go over normal speed versus low motion. So if you went to shoot real-time footage for the best and natural looking motion blur, then we're going to set our frame rate to 24 or 25 frames per second. This is the most pleasing to the eye look you can get. Main part of your footage will be shot in real time. Also, action shots can be shot and 25 frames per second. Most movies will be shot in 24 frames per second, or the closest equivalent. For slow motion footage, you're going to set that to 50 or 60 frames per second, or even 120. So we're going to select that and then we're going to double our shutter speed here. Keeping that 180 degree rule. Slow motion shots like bureau clips that introduce a scene, action scenes or scenes that you want to show emotion or feeling could be shot in a slow-motion frame rate. Now that we have our shutter speed set, we can adjust for the lighting in our scene with our other settings, aperture and ISO. When shooting slow motion, you'll have to use a lower aperture to let more light in or bump that ISO up to get more light in your scene. 5. Aperture ISO, & ND Filters: To adjust the lighting in your scene. Once you have your frame rate and your shutter speed set, you'll use the aperture or ISO, much like in manual photography, at 25 FPS, our camera is letting more light in. So we'll need to adjust our scene darker. And there are a few ways to do that. Aperture effects to things and filming. It can adjust the light and it can also adjust the depth of field. The depth of field is how much of the scene is in focus. You need to know what depth of field to shoot you're filming for landscapes and city scenes. You may want to have more of that scene in focus. So you will set to a higher f-stop. Most times you will probably want to have a shallower depth of field to isolate that subject or object you're filming and draw less attention to what's happening in the background. I like to shoot in 2.8, which is the lowest this lens will go. And that allows me to get a nice blurry background with less distractions so the viewer can focus on the character. So you'll see with higher aperture here, more of the background is in focus. You'll notice the sunrise right there. They're going to be a lot more crisp. So that's great for landscape videography. If you want to get the whole scene in focus. Now if I crank this aperture back down, just to get me in focus here, you'll see the sun is more blurred out there in the background, the same as with manual photography. You can adjust your F stop here for the depth of field and your videos. So with a lower F-stop, you'll isolate and get more bokeh with blurring the background and a higher f-stop. You will keep more of the whole scene in focus, which again, like with our photography, will have to adjust the ISO to help lighten or darken the scene to even out the brightness on our video here. So first you will set the shutter speed that needs to stay at double of what the frame rate is that you're shooting in. The next set, the aperture for the depth of field you want in your footage. Then to help adjust for extra light when you're shooting in the day time, you'll need to adjust your ISO lower or use something like an ND filter which acts sort of like sunglasses for your lens. So if you're shooting out in the daylight and ND filter will allow you to keep shooting in the bright sun without the highlights being blown out. And when shooting 25 frames per second. And you have a low aperture lens like this, 2.8, which I'm using here, does lets more light in and you want to use an ND filter to compensate for that extra light. In lower light indoors or nighttime, you won't need to use an ND filter and you can just bump the ISO up to light in the scene. Just remember you want to keep your ISO as low as you can. Because the more ISO you're adding, the more noise or grain you'll get in your footage. 6. White Balance, Picture Profiles & LOG: In this section, we're going to cover the look of your footage. You want it to be able to edit your footage to your style. So that has been these settings commit, white balance, picture profiles, and log format. Let's go over the white balance real quick here. When filming, you can just switch that to the auto white balance setting. And the cameras just kinda do the adjusting for you or where you can switch to daylight if you're outdoors cloudy, if it's cloudy in noisy, can switch the tungsten or fluorescent light depending on the lights in the room. Or you can switch to the Kelvin scale that we went over and camera Basics Part 3, just be sure to adjust that according to the location you're in. For the most quality in your videos and for editing later on, you'll want to switch to the log profile. And if your camera has it, now this captures more details and highlights and the shadows. You'll notice that it looks very flat or dull, boring looking. Now, you're probably wondering why you'd want to switch to that flat and boring setting or the auto one which looks okay, all ready. Now let's talk about color profiles. This fits in with the log format. Filming in the auto color profile is shooting with predetermined color profile settings. Which is great if you don't want to do a little extra editing, but you can't customize it to your preference. Shooting in auto doesn't give you the liberty to edit your video to your style and auto. You may notice the highlights are blown out and the shadows are darker when you're trying to edit your footage. But if you switch to filming in log, you can edit the footage in your own style with your own coloring and contrast. And you have more details in the footage to start with. And you'll just add that contrast and clearing back into the footage, but with your own touch or style. If your camera doesn't have a log profile like this in 50, you can fake that look by changing the picture style to a neutral or user-defined setting. And drop the contrast and sharpness all the way down. And this will capture more of the highlights and shadows and give you more details to work with later in post. 7. Setting Custom Shooting Modes: Remember in the beginning when I switched my camera to the first customer shooting mode. Well, let me show you how to set this up. This will save you time when you went to switch between shooting real-time shots, too slow motion shots. Here in the mode selection, we have three that we can set here in our custom shooting modes, I like to have the first one is set to 25 frames per second. For my normal filming. I can just grab my camera and start shooting. Then on the second one I have set for slow motion. It is set to 50 frames per second. I can just switch between the two depending on the footage that I'm shooting at the moment. To set these will set all the settings. We wanted to save this custom shooting mode at frame rate and shutter speed, aperture and ISO. Then we're gonna go into the menu settings here under custom shooting mode, C1, C2, C3. Then we're going to select register settings and saves everything that we just set on the camera. So far, slow motion, we're going to change our frame rate that's going into 50 and our shutter speed. Now, keeping that 180 shutter rule, we're gonna put this up to 100. I'll leave the aperture and the ISO the same. Then go into the settings and register these settings as number two. Now when I want to shoot some B-roll to put in my movie, I can just switch this real quick here and get to shooting. 8. Get Out and Shoot a Film: All right, you're ready to go start filming. You've got your framework, set your white bonds in your color profiles picked out, you're ready to go. I hope you found this class helpful in leveling up your footage, getting your camera settings dialed in. Now get out there, practice and shoot a short film with your camera. If you haven't already, be sure to check out my other classes on camera basics, helping you to get better in your photography learning all about your camera. Part one, we've figured out all these buttons and functions, what they do to help you get more experienced and more efficient with your camera. In part two, we go over the basics of manual photography, and this will help you hear in your filming as well, knowing what each of those settings do. In part three, we go over the white balance picture profiles and more to help you get the best image out of your camera. Thanks for watching and I'll see you guys in the next class.