Figma for Web Design UI & UX: First Homepage Design | Chris Barin | Skillshare

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Figma for Web Design UI & UX: First Homepage Design

teacher avatar Chris Barin, Certified Photoshop Expert

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.

      Welcome!

      1:14

    • 2.

      Set up the desktop version the correct way

      5:18

    • 3.

      Create the header

      5:27

    • 4.

      Create the main menu

      5:38

    • 5.

      Set up the search box

      6:06

    • 6.

      Create a dropdown menu

      4:19

    • 7.

      Create the most important item – the card

      6:20

    • 8.

      How to improve the cards

      5:56

    • 9.

      Set up the secondary navigation

      4:41

    • 10.

      Create the pagination

      4:06

    • 11.

      Create the foundation for the footer

      5:03

    • 12.

      Adding content in the footer

      6:48

    • 13.

      How to handle visual imperfections

      5:08

    • 14.

      Here’s what you need to remember

      0:53

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About This Class

In this course you'll learn the essentials about UI & UX by creating a homepage design for an actual website. The goal is to get familiar with Figma and it's tools and workflows while designing a real-world website.

Please see the Figma Essentials course before you start this one. You're going to have a much better experience with it.

Meet Your Teacher

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Chris Barin

Certified Photoshop Expert

Teacher

Chris Barin is a professional web and app designer with nearly 10 years of Photoshop experience. By being self-taught, he managed to gain the trust of over 190.000 students from all over the world through his Photoshop courses. A staple of his materials is a hand-on, down-to-Earth approach that focuses on getting maximum results with minimal effort.

Chris started out as a freelance web designer and built a loyal client base, earning over tends of thousands of dollars by designing sites part time. Today, he runs his own Android design studio, 20+ strong, creating fantastic looking apps for clients; his apps have over 100 million downloads to date.

Passionate about teaching, Chris teaches because he has been disappointed in the quality of training materials available... See full profile

Level: Intermediate

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Transcripts

1. Welcome!: Hey there, I'm Chris var1, a professional web and app designer in the following Gower, you and me, we're going to design an awesome homepage in Figma. If you haven't seen my FIG, my essentials course leads. Start with that. You're going to need that foundation before jumping into this bar. Now, at the end of this hour, you're going to have a complete homepage design for an actual website. But please keep in mind, there is no coding involved. Now in Figma, we're creating the look and feel of the website. And that could lead them. Codewords are going to pick up our design and implement that into a real working website. That's a totally different thing. And if you have questions about this, is this coding process. Again, I remember the essential scores which will clear everything up. Now what I want from you is a perfect replica of my design in that video. Then with that, I want to see your version. So please post it to the platform so I can give you my thoughts on it. I promise my feedback is going to be constructive. So don't worry about your skills. We're here to learn. That's no judgment. It's all about having fun and growing as a designer of gate, Let's get to work. 2. Set up the desktop version the correct way: Welcome back. Please open up Figma, the standalone version, and let's create a new project. Call it the LG, short for this legs, great dotnet. Okay, good. The Frame Tool and click on the desktop reset. These steps should be very familiar, but that's the point. I want you to be able to go through these actions with your eyes closed by the end of this course, with the frame selected, change the width value to 1920. You can leave the height as is. We'll adjust it as we move down. Next, the grid, like here on the layout grid, the default value is not what we're looking for. So head this icon. Now from this list, choose columns. This is why you shouldn't take notes with going to repeat the most important steps lots and lots of times for the number of columns. I'm sure you already know it's 12. For the margins. 360, please. Even though the opacity is set to 10 percent, this will interfere with the recording. It's distracting. So I'm going to bring it down to 3%. You don't have to do that by the way. More than that, I'll add two guides that will set up or active area of 1200 pixels. Use Shift R to enable the rulers if you don't have them active. Now move your cursor here on the left side, and you'll see this icon on your cursor. Click, drag and move it towards the left edge. You'll feel that big man is trying to help you snap it into place and zoom out if needed. Repeat for the other edge of the grid. Basically, this is the foundation of our design. This is our starting point. Please open up the website in your browser. That's, this looks great. Dotnet. From here we want to download the logo, which can be done in a number of ways. If your browser allows it, right-click it and see if you can download the image directly. If that doesn't work. Here's my other method. Right-click it and choose Inspect from this list. So that's inspect. Most well-known browsers have this option. I'm using Firefox, by the way, in this panel at the bottom you're looking for the single thing, this part here, logo that PNG. If you move your cursor above it, you'll see this is a logo in a transparent format, PNG and that's beautiful, That's exactly what we want. Click on it. And now you can definitely say that once that's done, please drag and drop it from your desktop to our design. The great thing about it is that you don't have to resize it. It's already exactly as we want it. In terms of placing it, this should be a no brainer. Align it with the left guide. From the top. Leave about 30 pixels also give her date. Don't worry about this specific value as we're going to play with it later on. Let's pause because there's a very important point. Please always come back to 100% zoom level. This is like brushing your teeth or drinking water. It's not debatable, is not optional. It's not based on your mood. I'm going to zoom in and out with my mouse all the time. You'll have to do the same thing to check for the various details. But we always, and I repeat, we always have to come back to 100%. Now, why am I making it such a big deal? Because our work is going to be seen at 100%. We always have to judge our work through the eyes of the user. We're going to notice all sorts of fine minute details. But if we zoom back to 100%, those details are the gut and get lost. So this is a very common mistake amongst beginners because they were able to zoom in. They see all those details and they just assume that the users will see them as well. And obviously, that's not the case. And here's the flip side. You zoom out to 50% or something like that. You add the text field that says welcome or whatever. Now it's time to set its size right? 12 is clearly too small. But because we're zoomed out, we might choose a value like 70. Now this seems okay in this specific context, at this specific zoom level. But when you come back to 100%, and you can clearly see this is way too big. This is as big as the logo and it's just one word. So that's how beginners often fooled themselves, that the view gets distorted because of the wrong zoom level. Okay, please delete the texts and get familiar with this option. Unsettled, say that the hotkey makes absolutely no sense for me. Shift the 0. So you'll have to let go of your mouse to actually use Shift Z though. It is what it is in other design programs is controlled one, but that there's something completely different here. For now. Please make sure that you get used to this drop-down here and that you always come back to a 100 percent. Let's take a quick break. 3. Create the header: Welcome back. We now have the foundation. Now let's move on to the header. To make things easier, please select the frame and less changes background-color. I'm looking for the very, very light gray and I have an exact color code in mind. It's F2, F2, F2. As you grow and experience, you'll soon start remembering some essential color codes. Trust me on this. Now, hit the escape key and I hope you can see why the grid system is a bit of a problem. So please hi that by hitting this icon here because we need to focus on what's going on, on the actual Canvas. Now, for the header, we need the pure white background, figma. We don't rely on rectangles all that much because we have the Frame Tool hit F and drag one out. I don't really care how big it is. All I want is to make sure that the logo is included in this box. If you did it right, you should see the logo inside frame 1, which is inside this top one. Okay, Now let's enable a pure white fill. This is why I chose that particular shade of gray because it works really well with these white rectangles. Now about the size of this rain, no matter what it is, Let's change it to 1920. And that's because that's the size of our project. Now to center it, just move your mouse up and click on this icon. Okay, now for the height, we don't need a lot, so around 100 pixels should be fine. Plus or the minus 10, 20 pixels give or take is always on the table because really nothing is set in stone. You really have to adjust as you go forward well, okay, Now top align it by clicking here. Now the logo needs a bit of work because it's inside this rectangle. We can click on this icon here to vertically align it within the frame. And of course, it needs to touch the left Guide. Now. Okay, good stuff, nice and simple. The next step is to file up flat icon.com, which is again my go-to website for icons. Again, you do need a subscription for it and there was no free resources out there that's comparable. Okay, we need the social media set for the right side. Please keep in mind that flat icon is not free, but as the best of the best by far. I'm sorry to say that. No similar websites that are totally free. Okay. We're looking for the icon packs. We could search for Facebook, then Twitter, and Instagram and so on. But I would much rather find the pack. That's because being consistent is incredibly important. So type in social media and have a look. I strongly recommend you use icons that are the same color. It looks that much cleaner, much better, but of course, that's a subjective thing. Now, I preferred this social media back, rounded icons. I think these look 10 times better in my mind. I love that symmetry. If you don't like this back, this one is also a strong second. We want to download them as SVGs. I'll quickly add them to my collection by clicking here. This is pretty intuitive, so I won't spend too much time on it. Now, when you're ready, download the collection and choose SVG. Png is not a great choice because it's just not as crest. The quality isn't as good as SVGs export, archive and drag and drop them into Figma. Now, I'm going pretty fast, but I hope you're working along on your second viewing. Okay, we have all of them selected. Please go get the scale tool and resize them to something along these lines. So fairly small. Next, zoom into 100% so we can check on them. Ideally, I'd like to have them under 40 pixels while you're scaling them down. Keep one eye on the width field. Well, the width and height are the same because these are perfect circles. But you get the idea. Keep an eye on this part when you are happy with the size, switch to the move to well, now reposition your mouse between two icons and you will see some pink lines. I'm going to show up, click and drag outwards to increase the distance between them. I want to see ten pixels here, just in case you don't like this particular order, go above one of these circles, click, hold and drag the icon into another place. This is available because all of them are selected and that the same type of layer, by the way, I'm on the move to, uh, right now and there's nothing else going on. There's no advanced technique here and just basic stuff in Figma. Okay, now, one final thing. Let's move them in the correct position. Click drag and don't let go. Look for these two lines. This means the set is vertically centered in the white frame, but it's also right aligned with this guide. And that's absolutely perfect. One thing though, don't leave them black. Click on the selection colors and the color picker should show up. Choose the eyedropper tool, this icon here. Okay, now sample the orange from the logo, and that's basically it. We are done. Congratulations on your first header. Awesome job. Now let's take a short break and then we'll continue. Thank you. 4. Create the main menu: Welcome back. Before we move to the main menu, it's best you the name frame one to head. There was something similar. It's best to stay organized. So again, please rename it. Okay, now, drag out a new frame and it's the same story as before. No particular size, just a random one. Before we adjusted, please enable a fill, open the color picker and we should have that orange available underneath. Okay, there you go. Document colors because the now for the width 1920 is the obvious choice. Nowadays, this is one of the most popular Main Menu styles. No effects, no fancy gradients, just nice and simple. Center it horizontally and let's talk about the size. This will hold our main menu items, but that's about that and nothing else. So I think 60 pixels should be enough, all the way zoomed to 100% and see if this makes sense. And I think it's fine though we can't change our minds later on after we add the items. Okay, let's get the type tool and let's start with home. May get 14 pixels. And let's have a chat about the typeface that we're going to use. The short answer is this Poppins. I like it because it has some character too wet, but it's not all that fancy. It's like a nice fitted shirt, a good medium between Hawaiian shirt and a formal one that's meant to be worn with a bow tie. So a happy medium, that's Poppins for me. Now, I wanted to stand out so I will enable the all caps feature. This is very much in line with the existing version of the website. Remember, if you want to disable this all caps styling, click on the minus. I'm happy with it as it stands, but it's a bit too light for my base. So let's change the style to semi bold. Looking good so far, please move it in the orange frame and place it so it touches the left guide, though is not mandatory. I do recommend you use Shift a to make this into an auto layout rain in case you don't like shortcuts, I'll hit Control Z, so I can write leg from this list, choose add auto-layout. Now again, good stuff. Notice we have some extra space all around it That's padding and you can adjust it from here, set it to 0, that will knock it out of place, but no worries, grab it and move it backward belongs. Now, the next step is important. Make sure you have home selected and not the frame itself. Okay, use Control D to create a copy and duplicate. And because this is an auto layout, Figma knows where to position it to the right of this item. How does it know that? Select the frame and I'll show you it's this arrow right here. This arrow says that is going to be horizontal. If you choose the other one, that's going to be our vertical list. Obviously we don't want that, so change it back. And let's edit this Double-click to select that. You may need to do that twice, by the way. Okay, this should say learn Photoshop. That's my blog, that's one of the pages. It escaped to commit the change and use Control D once more. If you have not okay with the hotkey, just all to drag or Option Drag. If you're on a Mac, this needs to see freebies. Okay. Now, the next item is about Chris barren and the final one, contact. Every website needs that page. Now please have a relaxed approach about auto layout and all these hotkeys. If you just want to add regular texts layers and then spread them out manually. That's totally fine too. All that I asked you is to make sure that you have the same empty space between them. Speaking of that, please select the frame. The default gap is 10 pixels, but that's a bit low, especially considering how much room we have to play with. So click here and I suggest you hold shift and you tap the up arrow key. I don't have a specific value in mind. Sometimes I just freeze dialect. In this case, I'd like this last menu item to be a bit over the halfway point of the frame, you may ask, why not centered this main menu? And it's a simple answer because users, it would be on the left side. There's a lot more to say, but that's the essence, will have a deeper discussion later on in the course. The home item is yellow in the existing design, you can fire up your browser, right-click and inspect that. And the color code is FF FE 00 000. As a quick tip, if you deselect like so, you'll have to double-click many times to get to that text layer. Click once and you'll have Rimland selected double-click and you'll have framed to selected double-click again, this time above home, and you finally have it. That's a bit tedious. So here's a faster ray de-select. Okay. Now with everything these elected control glyc home. And that's it. Controlled Likud and you're done. Okay, open up the color picker and use that code, FS and FF, FE 00, 00, 00, 00. Great job. So remember, if you control click a bubble layer that's inside several frames, you'll immediately selected awesome stuff. Let's rename this one to Main Menu, and we're done for now. Thank you so much. 5. Set up the search box: Welcome back. Let's handle the search box by copy pasting this bit of text from the existing design. Good the Type Tool and paste it in. Design freebies made with love, free for commercial use. Awesome. Center the text both in terms of positioning but also from this place here. This is already in all caps. So let's adjust the size. Let's go with Poppins, sturdy, but I want something a bit softer. Bold basically means that you're making a strong statement, but we don't really want that much attention to this title. So a lighter style may work better. And in the light seems okay. Please leave about 40 pixels from the main menu. This isn't resonance, don't, by the way, for the Pexels. But we want to hit that sweet spot between having a compact design and leaving enough room to breathe. Now to make sure that you're on the right track, hold the Alt key and hovered over the main menu. Then use your arrow keys with what? Without shift. Okay, Now for the search box, Let's start out with our text type in search for the freebie. And this is going to be a hint that's inside the box. Even though most people know how to use a search box, this hint makes it look a bit better for the styling. Let's take it down quite a lot. I would say maybe Poppins, regular 13 pixels, no all caps treatment. That should be simple and straightforward word. Please remember to open up this panel to disable that setting, the all caps setting. You do that by clicking on this minus symbol. Okay, we're going to choose a color after we add the background for this region. Hit Shift a to enable auto layout. We could have used the simple frame, but this is slightly better. Enable a bell by clicking here. Pure white is totally fine. Now, okay, now let's resize it to something about maybe 500 pixels, 500 or something along those lines. Now why 500 pixels? Because the burden is going to be placed inside it and there's nothing really else that's important than this area. Something now though like 300 pixels wouldn't occupy the space correctly, it would look odd, just way too small. But something over the 750 would be a massive exaggeration. In case you want to work with precision, go to the W field here and type in 550, what, whatever the value suits you for the height. Remember, the main menu was 60 pixels, 600. Use the same value here, though. You might notice the H field is grayed out. That may happen to you. That's because of one setting here from constraints and resizing. But let's keep going. Let's keep it simple. Go here and drag this downward. Now the age field, the height field is unlocked because Figma understands with tryna do something here. The text isn't centered anymore, but open up the padding setting from this place. The default setting is top-left. I'm looking for this one. Okay? Some people like to center it like so. But because the search button is going to be inside it, I think I'm going to leave it like that. Okay, square edges are a bit 2005. So let's round them out to five pixels. And because we have here in this panel, let's center it inside this big frame. Now gait, looking good so far in relation to the headline, leave 20 pixels between them. Some texts layers have this bounding box that's a bit bigger than the actual text. So the measurement may not be 100% accurate, but if you stay consistent and use the same measuring the world, then that's all that matters. So trust the measurements shown by Figma and you'll be good to go. Now, it's time to set up the burden, give the type tool and write out search. Now you might notice something a bit odd here, but no worries, I'm going to explain it. Remember how we did the main menu, where the menu items would get placed right next to each other when we hit control D, That's auto layout in action. Now, let me delete that. In this case here we need to do the following. Select the frame and in the padding pop-up window, we have this drop-down here that you might have missed. Right now it says back, change it to space between. So from back to space between. And there you go. And while we're here, let's edit the padding on the left edge to say 20 pixels. Okay, the next bed should be straightforward, like the search text and headship they or right-click and choose add auto-layout. Done. Next, add a fill to it. And of course this should be orange. You'll notice we didn't set up text or colors styles just yet. And that's because so far there's no need for it. Plus, this is going to be a very small project, so it's not really needed. Now, change the text white and we round out the coordinates with a five pixel value to make this button healthier, change up the batting, then is fine for the top and bottom 40 should give you a decent size button. Now I know we have a different gap for the search box, but that's intentional. I feel it looks better that way because we have the same distance all around us button and that's 10 pixels. Okay, now backing off, this is all search box. We still have some details to sort out, but let me show you why we used Auto Layout. Grab any edge and resize it. You'll notice it's still makes sense. No method. Where do you drag from? Less pause right now so you can rewind the video and work with me. I'll see you in a minute. 6. Create a dropdown menu: Welcome back. We have all search box and the contrast is somewhat decent, but I feel we need a bit more separation between them. To help us with that, I'm going to add a stroke. Now, this is going to be applied to this frame which by the way, should be renamed to search. So please handle that now, rename it to search in terms of color, we're looking for that sweet spot. Not too dark, not too light. I think something along these lines should work well. The color code is C9. C9, C9. Awesome. Now let's do the drop-down menu to move it along. Let's duplicate this search box, use Control D and move it to the side, rename it to drop down before we dive into it. Now, okay, Now the first thing that we need to set up is to change up this text, rename it to date. But you can use all caps for that. No need to go to the text transformation. Sometimes it's just easier. Okay, Next, we'll have to add the drop-down icon. So I'll fire up my favorite website for that lab icon.com while I go through these steps, let me underline one key thing. We didn't add anything to our assets panel. Typically this search button, nor did we set up any color or textiles. We could potentially do that. But if we don't plan on using them across loads of pages, why bother? If we're talking about a couple of pages? Tutorial setting, I'm more than happy to skip some of these things that really defocus us, that take us away from the actual design work. Okay, we deleted the button and the text layer was moved. No worries. Bring in there though and shrink it. You don't need to use the scale tool for this one. If you use this type of icon, this is going to stand the loan. So there's no need to worry about the icon looking through 10 or anything like that. I'm looking for 36 pixels, though does just a personal preference. If you've placed icon inside the frame, the date is going to move back into its place. Now why does it back that way? If you select the drop-down frame, you'll see you have this option set up in the padding window space between, okay, I'd like this item to be about 120 pixels wide. Right? Now looking at it, I think I forgot to change the color of the hand. See, this is a selection here. Date is the default value. This is active. This text here. On the other hand, this is a hand. This is a piece of text that will disappear once you start typing. So please control click it and open up the color picker. While I'm tempted to use the gray from the stroke, I think that's way too light for it. So instead, let's go with something around this color-code. A4. A4, a4. Okay, this is looking better. Now the question is, do we need that extra word between these two fields? This one here that says sort by and I say no. Instead, I think I would prefer a smaller height, but both of these items, select them. Both 50 pixels should be a better fit. And I'm going to do something a bit controversial, but I stand firm behind it. For the search frame, change the padding on the right side to 50 pixels. And that's because I want five pixels on all three sides. This should look much better. And indeed it does. Before we take a break, let's center them horizontally. To achieve that, select both frames and group them together. Yep, our first group in this course. Okay, you can use Control G or you can right-click after they've selected. I prefer the Control G for obvious reasons, It's a bit faster. Next, use this icon here, align horizontal centers. Now we can ungroup these items like so. Right-click in the layers panel and that's it. Basically we're done. And I'm very happy with our progress. And I hope you're having a good time step-by-step. We're going to create this awesome website. I'll see you in a minute. 7. Create the most important item – the card: Welcome back, heels. The most important part in our design, the card. This is essential because it takes up around 80 percent of the page. This will determine the look of our homepage, so it's best to do a good job with it. Please make sure you work along on your second viewing. Okay, open up, this looks great. Dotnet, click on any freebie. And once you're then that page is save the photo, copy the title and added into Figma. You can leave it as it is for now. For the description copy about two sentences, part, and paste it in. But this time, draw out a box. Okay, we've added the text because we're going to use auto layout, grab both of them and use Shift a. You'll notice you'll have an auto layout by checking the layers panel. This is the symbol for that. Right? Now please add the white fill. This isn't looking all that hop, but no worries, we'll change up these layer styles and it will look better. The first thing I want to fix up is the padding. Use 24 all the edges. And that's because this has a major impact on how the website looks like and have it feels like. It's all about these tiny details. For the title, let's use Poppins, semi bold, 20 pixels, no all caps transformation. The existing design has a normal style, but I think I prefer the semi bold. No matter the case, we can experiment with everything in just a few lessons down the road. Okay, Poppins semi bold 20. For the description, Let's try Poppins regular 14 pixels, no all caps. Again, you don't have to know this by heart and you don't have to treat each choice like it's a permanent thing. It's very likely that we're going to change this up. The key here is to make sure that description insignificantly smaller than book title. That's odd. Main thing. Okay. Just in case the padding on the bottom doesn't look like this, please do the following with the description selected, choose the second option here called auto hide. With that selected, the white box will expand and the 20 pixel padding should look right. This is why we're using auto layout. Without it, we would have had to constantly adjust the background rectangle and measure things constantly. It's not the end of the world, but still this is much better. Speaking of working smarter, we want to be columns like in the live version. How are we supposed to do that? Well, there's two ways. Number one, we do some math. 1200 pixels, active area minus two gaps. Say that the pixels each, that's 16 total. So 1200 minus 60 is 1140 divided by three, that's 380. So that's the first method. A card should be 380 pixels wide. We would select the frame and then we would change the w value to 380. Now, here's the second method. If we simply drag this handle outwards, things aren't really going to work out. So I'll change something. I'll control click the description and I'll focus here. This says where. And that's because I drew that box, I made it. But say I want the text to adjust based on the width of the frame. Well, we have to change that to fill the container. And let me explain. This is a text layer that's inside the frame. So the container is the frame. If we set the text layer to fill the container, this means it will follow its width. Here's what that looks like. Select the frame and make it wider. In just like that, the text is rearranging itself is like magic. In more than that, we still have that 20 pixel padding. If I make the container of nanowire, that text sees that and it adjusts, grows in height. This is totally awesome and I love it. And here's another advantage where they buy, have more texts with this description. Let me paste something in. And there you go. It looks lovely. And if I remove some of it, same thing, the layout changes. Okay, let me resize it to 380 pixels and let's do a recap. We created two texts layers for the title I just collect, and then I pasted it in for the description. I made the box and then I pasted something inside that. Then for both of them are used Auto Layout to ship. Hey, I then added a background fill and I set up a padding of 20 pixels for the width of the card. I could have done some math, but I chose to add more flexibility to the project. I did that by selecting the description and I set it to fill container. Containers simply means frame. In this case, you can think of it as inside the frame. Okay, with this setting, I can now resize the frame and the description will adjust. But please be aware that we didn't make any changes to the title. So if we add more lines to it, it's not going to look right. So again, select it and change it to build container. You can now clearly see it's edge right here. If I paste more texts, we're going to be good to go. Going back to it. We didn't set up the distance between these two layers. So let's do this, select the frame and set this value to 10 pixels. Finally, move this down and let's add a rectangle. Make it as wide as the frame, and don't worry about the height. Okay, looking good. Now where the photo, Let's use Control Shift J. The one that we downloaded at the start of the lesson is totally fine whether they're in place and now you can resize as high as needed. You want to make sure that the corner is visible. And when you're happy, move it down just a little bit. I hope this was interesting, but don't worry if you don't get this resizing feature just yet. It's not the end of the world. It's an advanced technique to make you a bit faster. If you can't manage, that's totally fine. Please come to this court and ask for help. Thank you so much. 8. How to improve the cards: Welcome back. There are always choices in Figma. We previously saw how we can add a bit of complexity by playing with the resizing feature. We didn't have to do that, but it gave us a lot more flexibility in case we want to make the card narrower or maybe add the fourth column, the job will take us only a few clicks. The job is going to be done in just a few clicks. If we didn't add that complexity, there would be a lot more manual work. It's the same with what we're about to do. We could duplicate this card the bunch of times. But then what if we want to change the corner radius, for example, or maybe the size of the title. It would be a lot more manual work. So here's what I propose. Select the frame and this shape here. Check the layers panel to make sure that you have the right thing selected. Now, transform it into a component by clicking here, you'll notice the symbol in the layers panel has changed. And this means we're good to go. Please remove it from the frame, just drag it outside it. Typically I would create a separate page for the all my components, but I want you to see it right here. Okay, next, drag out a few copies all to drag is the best way to go. Okay, another one, but this time Center it inside the frame by clicking here. And finally yet another one. I'm sure that we want at least two more those. So let's increase the size of the frame. Select this top one, and drag it down quite a lot. Make it really big. Okay, next, use alter, drag and shift to create a few more copies. Unthinking grid of three-by-three. That should be enough. While I'm working in the background, let me tell you that it's essential that we change the photos and the titles. If we leave one single card nine times, this is going to say a lot about us as designers is going to say that we're lazy in any project, make sure you diversify your content. The goal is simple. You want to make it look like the project has already been coded. Like this is the live website. Repetitive or the fake content simply breaks that image, breaks that dream, that mirage, that whatever you wanna call it, right? Okay, Now back to where we now have this grid. But I'm not in love with it. So let's go back to the main component that's to the side of the big frame. Okay, Now please select the frame, the auto layout that holds our text layers. Say we want to round out these coordinates, right? Well, don't use this field here because that would also affect the top edges. We don't want that. Instead click here. Now with this new line, we can control each corner individually and we want the bottom edges. So those are the last two fields go with 15 pixels. And notice how the change got spread across the board. This is why we added a bit of complexity with components. I think it's worth the trouble. Now how about we add the stroke to stroke scholar was C9, C9, C9. No gate. Here we go Much better. Just for the fun of it. Select the title and tap the down arrow key. This change is available to us because of this Auto Layout feature. And because it's a component, a gets spread across every other instance. Again, an instance is a clone. On another note. What if we made the title read? Well, let's have a look. This is how it would look like. But you know what, I think I prefer a dark gray color, not pure black by the way, but close to it to, to, to, to do to. This is one of my favorite color codes and it looks a bit more refined versus pure black so that the coordinate, you may not notice it. But trust me, it's a subtle yet noticeable difference because I like it so much. Let me add it to my colors styles just so we can practice again, it's not really needed, but I think it's good practice. I'm going to call it dark text or something like that. And I'm happy we've introduced our first color style in our project. Remember to work along on your second viewing. By the way, of course, we do have quite a few layers that need the same treatment. The title, the date, and the drop-down icon. Select the title with a single click. Then use control shift click to grab the date. And control shift like once again to select the arrow. This is how your layers panel should look like with these three layers selected. Now. Now please choose dark text and we're good to go. Here's what I want you to do before we continue head control Shift K and replace all of these images. Of course, you'll have to download them from this looks gray.net. But yeah, replace the images and after that, please replace the titles and the descriptions. Let me show you one situation though. Say the title is really long and the card grows in height. Now, we could do all sorts of trickery here, but that would be really complicated. And I don't wanna do that. Instead, I want you to do this. Remove one line in the description. This is not a perfect solution. Our settings won't allow us maximum flexibility, but this is more than good enough for this point. When you're done, please try different styles for the title, the description for the padding and see what you can come up with. This is where you can play around with things. Take your time and please have fun with it. 9. Set up the secondary navigation: Welcome back. Let's set up the secondary navigation that's placed between the search box and the grid. We previously skip that because the cards have the utmost priority in my book. One final thing about them though at this point, we could do a lot more in terms of re-sizing, flexibility, even styling. But honestly, that would be showing up sigmas capabilities and nothing else. It's so easy to get overwhelmed by all these settings. So I'll leave the very advanced, maybe at the end of the course in case you do get this situation where one of the cards is slightly bigger, go to the main component, select the frame that holds both texts layers and change this part here instead of HCG contents, switch it to fixed. That's going to break some of the previous settings. But again, it's all fine because it's such a small project. And again, fixing it, making it 100% flexible would require a lot of complexity. And I don't wanna do that right now. Okay, for the categories, get the type tool hotkey D, and write all. Then shift a for the auto layout. You can see how the box expanded, does the padding, Let's drop it to 0. And if we're hearing in the right panel, Let's set up a horizontal layout. The next step is quite important. Please make sure you select the text layer and not the frame itself. Check the layers panel for that. Okay, Now hit Control D a bunch of times to create loads of copies. Now the place them one by one, would they exist in categories from the live version? As with going through it, please work along on your second viewing and create the perfect replica. First and foremost, after you manage the replica, then you can get creative with a new version, get creative and have fun with it. Other colors, other layouts, other fonts, you name it. But for now, let's keep it simple by both creating the same thing, even naming the same things together. Okay, Now that we have one item set up, Lee's renamed the frame two categories. Okay, Once that's done, please use the alignment tools on the right side to center it. Okay, awesome stuff. Let's change up the style of these texts layers. And here's a tip. After you have the frame selected, hit the Enter key that will select all the items in that brain. Okay, now we have the text region available to us in the right panel. Poppins regular 14 is totally fine. What I wanna do is add an all caps transformation. And that's because I want this to stand out a bit more, less. It will also mirrored the main navigation. Now, okay, hit the escape key and select the frame once again. This time, we want to adjust the spacing between these items. I'm looking for something generous, like 40 pixels that's full of 0. To make sure you judge it right, please center it back. And yeah, I'm quite happy with that. Now we have a few things to do. So we want 30 pixels from the search box. Use the ALT key and your arrow keys for that. And 30 pixels from the cards. Now this value, could you use more? Sure, go for that if you feel like it. But for now, let's do a complete replica and then you're going to experiment. Oh, let's not forget about the color. Please select the frame, hit Enter to select all the text layers, and then assign that dark textile. I just about forgot about that. Okay, we're almost done. As an optional step. Let's show that we're currently on this first category in the live version, this is shown in orange. So let's do the same, but will also make it bold. Control click it, and then change the weight from here. But we'll, Okay, Awesome, Good stuff for the color. We first have to break the link to that style, because again, this is dark style. That's what this button is for that bit. And now we get access to the color picker, easy stuff. Now our shade of orange should be available here, selected and we're done. If you don't have it for whatever reason, just use the eyedropper tool. I didn't add that rounded dot because I don't think it brings a lot to the table and I think it's a distraction from everything else that's going on here. So let's keep going. But after the short break, thank you so much. 10. Create the pagination: Welcome back. This part that shows you the number of pages is called pagination. Let's get to work and make it in Figma. Start with the type tool and write out one. Next, enable auto layout with Shift a and set up a film. I do hope you're beginning to learn these steps by heart. If not, no worries, we're gonna go through them constantly. For the padding, let's use 24 either side and leave then at the top and bottom. Okay, set up a coordinate radius of 10 pixels, though we might want to change this value later on. Okay, now, let's enable the stroke. Pure black for now is set on the n side. Pixel strokes work that much better. I never suggest they use one pixel strokes for the visible colors in the cards. The grade that we used is very subtle. So that's why we can get away with it there, but not here. In this case with this button, that's no good. Now, Okay, nice stuff. Indeed, I'm not happy with the coordinate radius, then just isn't doing it for me. So bring it down to five pixels, please. And I think this is much better. We have to create several copies. But first, let's transform it into a component from the top of the program. Okay, awesome stuff. Drag it to the side of the screen and rename it to pagination or something like that. Again, I prefer to not use master the components in the actual design. And I think that's a good habit to have. Ideally, you should place them in a separate page, but this is fine as well. Now, drag out the first copy by holding down the Alt or Option key on a Mac. Lace it 30 pixels from the card, that's 300, 30. Okay, next, let's drag out a few more copies. We're looking for the five in total. Now, we could potentially add an auto layout here, but I preferred the classic way for this element. Okay, five instances of this component, five clones because we have them all selected and the same type. Let's adjust the spacing between them to 10 pixels. Classic. Now, okay, looking good, but we still have to style them. And let's start with the stroke and the text. These need to be set to orange. I click on the main component that's off to the side. And from selection colors, open up the color picker and choose orange, classic stuff. Okay, Now we need the first one to be black because it's already pressed. Let me show you how easy it is to change it up, select it, and remove the stroke to the minus symbol. Then from the same place, switch up these colors. It's as easy as that. Okay, now let's separate these burdens. We want three on the left and two on the right. And that's because between them, we want the text layer that shows three dots. You may think that things are getting complicated, but it's time to break out the alignment walls. But first, let's change the text layers to some other values. Now again, this will only take a moment. Practice your speed as always. You will see the fact that this instance with double digits will resize itself, which is totally fine by me. Okay, now use this feature called tidy up and that will sort everything out. Hills there since as we're getting close to the end of this homepage design, everything that we're doing is fairly simple. It's text layers and rectangles, nothing fancy. We make sure that our distances are low key and that we use the same handful of colors. Believe it or not, this is the foundation, solid decisions, a good base when working and the decent knowledge of the program. That's all that you need. Feel free to select all of these guys and organize them into a group. And when that's done, we have finished this section. Thank you so much and I'll see you in a minute. 11. Create the foundation for the footer: Welcome back. Let's get to work on the further you may need to enlarge the desktop frame a bit more, but that's easy to do. No worries about it now. Okay, now, good The Frame tool and draw one out. This needs to be 1920 pixels wide. And regarding the height, I would say about 400 pixels. That's a decent size. Will need to edit some things as usual. For the color, I typically prefer light footers, but in this case the original one is dark. So let me use something like 33 to be. This is another shade of dark gray I often use and you'll soon start remembering them as well. In the existing website, we do have an orange bar that's going across that. For that, we'll use the Rectangle tool. I hope you've seen by now that in general, I draw random shapes, then I use the properties panel to mix it up. So in this case, this is 1920 by six pixels. At think this should be fine. Six is a decent medium. Eight would work as well, but I would prefer six a bit thinner. And since we're on this side, we can also center it then top align at. This works well because the frame that we created swallows it up. By the way, we should rename it to footer. So we have a bit more ordered here. We could also group all of these components together. But again, let's, let's keep going. Get the type tool and start pasting all these titles. Navigation, that's the first one in the middle, top downloads. Then contact us and subscribe to our newsletter, spread them out the bed. But we're not looking for something in particular at this point. Just lay them all out. Now. Okay, now let's talk about styling. Select all of these texts layers, and we'll keep it fairly simple. Poppins, regular 14 pixels in all caps. There are many, many details that you can add to make a design look better. In time. You'll see what they are, but I can tell you they're not what you might expect. Beginners typically loved to throw when photos, huge graphics and things of that nature. So overboard, way too much. Professionals do this. Instead of using white for these titles or that's pure white. We can use one of these light grays. For example, E5, E5, e5. It doesn't seem like much, but trust me, this is how you show attention to detail. This is how professionals work. Another thing, let's place all of these items 60 pixels from the top of the frame, That's 60. Okay? One thing about this spacing, you could also use 40, 50, 60, 70, 80 pixels, whatever you want. But what about the gap in between them? Well, up top we have three columns and we know the exact width because we did the math. It was 380. Now let's repeat the math here. 1200 pixels for the active area right up top we have two gaps, but here we have three. The gaps can be any size, but let's use 20 in this case. That's pretty standard. So 3 times 20 is 60, 1200 pixels minus 60 is 1140 divided by four, because we want four columns, that's 285. So what you can do is you can draw a rectangle that's that wide. 285. There we go. Now, of course you can left align it with the left guide. Once that's done, we can add a few more copies and leave 20 pixels between them. Now this foolproof way of working, but there's even a faster way with less math. Remember the grid that we set up at the beginning. Let's select the desktop frame and I'll enable it. I'll also change the opacity to 10 percent so you can see what's going on. Now, notice something. The gray rectangles are as wide as three columns. So we actually didn't have to do any math. We know that we have 12 columns in total and we want four areas. So every title should get three columns. V times 4 is 12. The first one has these three. So the next one has the following me. Now left aligning the titles with the first column in each group is a no brainer. That's fairly easy. So overall, deaths have you can divide up a footer either by using math to 85 or by using this grid. Now, if you want three areas, three columns, well, that would mean the following. Top downloads would just move towards the right column. That's all there is to it. The leader rectangles and now we can continue. But after that quick break, thank you so much. And again, I hope you are working along with me. 12. Adding content in the footer: Welcome back. Let's start adding some content to the further, the keep things going. I'm going to copy paste these menu items. Nothing all that fancy. What I want to make sure is that I left align it and that I increase the line height to something quite generous. Maybe 30 pixels, so that's 300 something along those lines. Make sure that text is white and remove the all caps transformation. The more important bit is this navigation is the title in these items are the content in that section. So this is a single element. To make sure that we transmit that to our design. I wanted the items to be fairly close to the Title, 15, 20 pixels at the most. Well, somewhere along those lines, maybe 10, that would work as well, but ideally 15 to 20. Now, what I want you to avoid is a hefty, this dense, which basically breaks the idea that this is a single element. Okay, now for the next column, I'm going to paste my content and I'm going to leave about 30 pixels in between them. I don't wanna go to the edge of the third column because it's going to look weird and crowded as well. One thing you might have noticed is that the second column is actually longer than the first one. And this isn't a great luck. Ideally, these items will have the same height or the left one would be longer than the other one. It's just visually more pleasing to look at. But because this is a real project, I'm going to keep it as it is, because that's how it is in the library. And let me explain the reasoning. The first column mirrors the main navigation right now. The other one is the secondary navigation. Because of that, we can't really chop off others and place it on the left one. That wouldn't make sense. So these are the organized in a logical fashion. We can start rearranging things at the expense of logic or the user's experience. I'm gonna say that again. We don't base our choices on the argument that, Oh, I like it better that way. When we know that goes against logic or the user's experience. Okay, let's keep this going. Top downloads is already sorted, just the bunch of empty space that you have to delete. Please make sure you don't leave any empty spaces at the end of the line. That shows a lack of attention to detail and it's a mistake in my book is not a big one, but it is a mistake that tells me and the client that you are not really all that interested in executing things correctly. Navigate. For the Contact Us section. Please drag out a box that says why there's three columns and paste the text inside. Select the email address from the row and make it semi bold. More than that, please make it yellow. You should have that swatch underneath the color picker. If not, just sample it or put it in manually. The idea is that this is a link and it needs to stand out. You could say, okay, But the left ones are links as well, right? And indeed you are correct. But in terms of importance, we want to push this bit forward. This is a bit more interesting. The links on the left, well, they're, they're mostly for the CEO purposes, SEO purposes. Few people actually use them, but it's just a part of any website. So it's a classic thing to do to incorporate them in the footer. Okay, now do the same thing for contact, semi bold, and then make it yellow. Things are moving along nicely. While I copy paste the social media icons, let me tell you why you should stay away from very small footers. I mean, those photos that are incredibly short, like 100 pixels tall or something like that, that only have a copyright notice and that's that gives the thing. Most businesses have various legal requirements that they have to post, that they have to show in the footer. Terms of service, cookies, GDPR stuff, privacy policy, you name it. So this is why it's best to have photos like this one, generous ones. Oh, by the way, you should select this text layer and change it up to all high. That's because I want to copy paste set for the short description for the newsletter just in case you're not sure things are aligned correctly, select both layers and use the Alignment command. Okay, awesome stuff. Another tip. When you want to quickly turn off the grid, don't zoom out and select the desktop frame. Instead, use the layers panel. Just like that. Now you can enable or disable the grid. Good work. Let me show you another piece of good work. We need the field here, right? Let's copy the search box from the top of our design. Now, click on the footer and paste it with Control V. Now position it about 10 pixels from the text layer. That's why I wanted you to change it to auto height so we wouldn't have any access. This is a bit too wide, but nowhere it is. First, click on the button and bring it outside of this frame. Place it on the left as with everything else, again in general, left align of the thing don't center at, okay? Once you choose an alignment B, it's centered though I left the line. So again, you should spec to let the line, this field requires a bit more love. This is way too tall for this region. So select it and lower it to 40. So that's for the z though. Make it narrower web as well. If you haven't done so already, use the right guide for that. That should be a Lebanon's point. Replace the text width, enter your email address. And I'm going pretty fast. But again, if you're watching this on your second viewing, you should be able to follow along, pause as often as you need to know, okay? This is going to be centered because there used to be a burden to the side of it. That means we have to select the search frame and change the setting in the padding, pop up from space between DO back now. Okay, Awesome, Good stuff. Removed the gray stroke. You don't really need that, especially on this background. You might have noticed that this is white while the librarian is dark. The small variation on my end. I'm totally okay with that. Check your distances and when you are happy, we can call it a day. Don't get me wrong. There's still so much work to do on the homepage, but we're going to continue after the short break. Thank you so much. 13. How to handle visual imperfections: Welcome back. The further is just about done. But you might have noticed that it doesn't look all that balanced, while it's technically correct and well executed according to the math, it just doesn't feel right. Because of that will group everything into four different folders. One for each column. Use shift to multi-select layers and then use Control G to group them. So this is going to be group number one. While I handle the rest. Let me talk about this situation a bit more. This is one of those few cases where you should bend the rules. Again, the grid system is a nice guide and it can help us out, but it's not the end of the world. If something is not perfectly aligned for developers, this really isn't a big deal, it's not a huge issue. Because of that. I have no hesitation in doing it the following way. After you have all these four groups, please select all of them. Next, go to the top right side and use this feature that's called tidy up. This will basically you readjust the space between each folder, between each group. And just like that, this looks better. Okay, We have a few elements left. Select the line too well, so we can add this horizontal divider. If you have your guides active, this should be an easy job. Have a look here at the width field to make sure that this is correctly set up. What beginners often do is they leave it white or a very light gray. And that's a big mistake. This is like a belt, but for your footer instead of your bands. Now, do you want your belt to really stand out? No, not really. So that's why we need a very subtle color. You might want to try these grades from the document colors area, but I don't think any of them are subtle enough. Instead, I propose something like this. 434343. In the past, some designers used white with a lower opacity, but developers didn't really like that type of stuff. So I would much rather uses specific color code. It safer that way. Now in terms of its position, 30 pixels from the secondary navigation is totally fine. Now all that's left is a bit of copy pasting, but please don't rush it. It's the last few minutes of the project. Now, in this part, we could have used auto layout with that setting called space between. But the classic way of working is totally fine. I like to use the alt key quite a lot to check out my measurements and nudge things into place with my arrow keys. I suggest you do the same right now. That may not come naturally, but as you design more and more projects, you'll see you'll start to do it without even thinking about it. Okay. For terms of use and privacy policy, I'd like to hit the Spacebar key a bunch of times to set up my empty space. Then I like to copy that empty space and paste it on the other side. This way it's perfectly balanced. The rapid up selected this dataframe and adjust the size if needed. Yeah, okay. Now to check out the design, hit the play button when you're ready and have a good look from top to bottom. This design is an eight out of 10 in my book. It's nothing credible, right? It's not gorgeous, but it's well executed and it looks nice and it gets the job done. Meaning people won't have any issues using it. If you can manage that, a simple eight out of 10, you can easily make thousands of dollars per month. You don't have to go all out creative. Oh, here's one detail that we shouldn't miss. The Contact Us button does just above the further. Let's copy the burden from the search box. First, make sure you select the frame and not the text layer. That's a big thing. So again, select the frame and then copy it. We know that if we drag this button above the foot of vein is going to take it in, it's going to swallow it up like so. We don't want that. We need the burden to float above it. The solution is quite simple. Start moving it and then hold the space bar key. And it's really that easy. That will tell Figma to leave it. Where do you drop that? Again, you start moving the layer and then you hold space, find the center. And that's that. Make it look better. Round out the coordinates by using a very high value like AD for example. So that's e to z though. That will completely rounded out, change the text to something more interesting, like send me a message and then center it once more. You might want to rename the frame to burden or the call to action or CTA or something like that. So we know whether it is LK, fun stuff with just about done with our project. I'm gonna see you in a second after that Greg, break. Thank you. 14. Here’s what you need to remember: Hey, there, This is Chris. How did you do? I hope you manage to have fun with it because at the end of the day, that's what it's all about. No matter the end result, you have to stick with it and do your best even if you're not 100% happy about your own version, please post them to the platform. What I'd like to see from you is a different color scheme, different fonts, maybe a different grid of cards. Now, please be aware that first you have to create the perfect replica only then at the new managed to do that on your own. Only then should you move on to your own version. Now, if you like Figma and you think this is the right fit for you, please continue to learn. There's a lot more to unpack, but we're going to take it step-by-step. So with that, I hope I'm gonna see you in another course of mine real soon. This is Chris barren signing out for the moment. They give.