Drawing course for TOTAL BEGINNERS - From Line to STILL LIFE | The Artmother | Skillshare
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Drawing course for TOTAL BEGINNERS - From Line to STILL LIFE

teacher avatar The Artmother, Professional Art Teacher and Artist

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.

      Introduction

      1:03

    • 2.

      Materials Needed

      1:35

    • 3.

      How do we see the world?

      4:31

    • 4.

      Drawing the eye

      3:47

    • 5.

      Drawing the eye exercise

      6:13

    • 6.

      How can learning drawing improve your life?

      4:09

    • 7.

      Elements of drawing

      3:34

    • 8.

      Drawing Exercise - Getting comfortable

      1:47

    • 9.

      Drawing lines

      2:33

    • 10.

      Drawing lines exercise

      1:28

    • 11.

      Drawing shapes

      1:54

    • 12.

      The Artist window

      8:14

    • 13.

      More Contour Lines

      1:03

    • 14.

      Finding shapes

      1:55

    • 15.

      UPDATE: Finding Shapes More Examples

      7:13

    • 16.

      Measuring - Basic Proportions

      1:12

    • 17.

      Perspective

      1:35

    • 18.

      Drawing the Still Life - instructions

      1:13

    • 19.

      Composition Grid

      1:18

    • 20.

      Drawing the STILL LIFE

      8:01

    • 21.

      Simple Shading

      1:14

    • 22.

      Shading Exercise

      3:34

    • 23.

      Shading the Still Life

      11:19

    • 24.

      Conclusion

      1:06

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About This Class

Drawing fundamentals are elemental in this visually overloaded world. Visual communication is on the top right now: logos, icons, videos, companies and the social media is communicating with us visually....it is your chance to GET INVOLVED! Drawing fundamentals are the base for everything....it is a SKILL everyone should have.

The Basics of Drawing - From Line to STILL LIFE is a drawing course for TOTAL BEGINNERS taught by a Professional Art Teacher!

What can an Art teacher do? A teacher understands the subject and the students, the students needs and is able to build up a complex skill from small easy steps. 

This course will take you from a single line to an appropriately drawn still life. We will cover topics like: Line, Shape, Proportion, Perspective and Shading. We will go from simple drawing techniques and warm up exercises, through contour lines and finding shapes to a full still life with shading.

You will learn how Artists see the world and how can developing your drawing skill be the most beneficial for you: its therapeutic effect (art therapy), building self-confidence, developing cognitive abilities and even starting your own business or Art journey in Illustration, character design,graphic design, digital illustration, digital painting and more.

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The Artmother

Professional Art Teacher and Artist

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Level: Beginner

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Transcripts

1. Introduction: [MUSIC] Welcome to the drawing course for total beginners. My name is Alexandra, and I'm going to be your teacher today. I'm a professional art teacher, holding a Master's degree in art education. I have taught drawing for kids and adults for years, namely eight years in 2018. This course aims to teach drawing fundamentals for total beginners who are stuck with stick man. For those who love drawing, but life happened and they stopped, for those who want to refresh their skills, and for those who want to improve their skills. In this course, we are going to cover a little drawing theory on how artists see the world, and cover topics like shape, line, proportion, perspective, and shading. See you inside the course. [MUSIC] 2. Materials Needed: [MUSIC] You will need pencils. You might have already noticed that pencils have these marks on them with letters and numbers. Letters are H and B. B stands for black, H stands for hard. The numbers how hard or how black the pencil is. The middle point is HB. This is the pencil most of us use in elementary schools. While for drawing, the best choice is 2B or 3B for lines, and 6B or 7B for shading. You should have an eraser and sharpener. About the paper, A4 size office paper about the surface. Draw on your desk or grab a hardcovered book. You can also buy a lap desk in art stores. You will need a permanent marker and a washable marker. There's a final thing you will need and you will be a little surprised. You will need a picture frame like this. A cheap one will make it. I bought this in JYSK for €2.5. We are going to make an artist's window to help you to see differently. Alternative to the picture frame is this plastic file bucket. But I really recommend you to get it because it will be really good help for you also in the future. See you in the next video. 3. How do we see the world?: [MUSIC] How do we see the world? Have you ever wondered why your friend can draw amazing things just by lines and you are stuck with funny jokes with stickmen? I'm sure you already know that there are two parts of your brain, the left is responsible for logical things like maths and the right brain is the free one, the creative one, the free spirit. Now, this brain dominance determines how you see the world. Visual artists are able to see the world in terms of lines, shapes, colors, and the relationships between these things. This allows them to translate the three-dimensional world into a two-dimensional one. When you are drawing, your logical brain tells you to draw what you know rather than what you see. Hopefully, after finishing this course, you will be able to see an artist and draw what you see. Your logical brain and creative brain are, of course, working together and when you are drawing, you really need this cooperation. In your logical brain, there are symbols you store from your childhood. For infants, drawing is about the excitement of making marks on the paper. The scribbles doesn't represent anything at all but when they become toddlers, they start to name these scribbles, but they still don't look as the things they're representing. Later, around six and seven years, children try to be more realistic in their drawings rather than just drawing two dots and the curve line as the face, they start to be more realistic. Eyes become more complex, they have iris, pupils and they are teeth inside the mouth. Your drawn face, look like this and you draw it over and over again. You draw it for mommy, you draw it for daddy, with the difference that you drew long hair for mommy, short hair for daddy, you drawn the mom smaller, the dad bigger, the siblings even smaller, etc. These overly drawn things are the symbols you store in your logical brain. If I would ask you to draw an eye, you would rather draw this symbol than the eye you are actually seeing. Well, here it is where there was the cooperation needed between your creative mind and the logical mind. These symbols are not bad at all. They will help you when you will be drawing from your imagination when you will be illustrating a story, they help you to express yourself. You will need to store symbols and you will need to overwrite them. This course aims to show you how to do that. When attending art school, I didn't really get why I'm supposed to draw still-life, figure drawing and all those things when I just wanted to express myself. After that, I was just dissatisfied because I didn't have the things that I needed to express them. I looked at the drawing and this didn't mean that. [LAUGHTER] I just wanted to express the world inside me. Well, with drawing exercises and practice, you will train your brain to pay attention and to overwrite these symbols. Here's another question, why did you stop drawing? Every child is drawing, it is their natural way to express and process their emotions and experiences. Well, in the early teenage years, there was a breaking point. This is a little about interests and talent, the schools stopped to offer compulsory art lessons and art becomes elective and you were dissatisfied with your symbols and decided, I can't draw. Well, here you are and you can. In this course, we are going to do drawing exercises, which will help you to overwrite your well-known symbols and to teach you to draw what you see. [MUSIC] 4. Drawing the eye: [MUSIC] Drawing the eye. Now, I'm asking you to grab a piece of paper and draw an eye. Stop the video. [MUSIC] Have you got it? Now, take another paper and follow me. When you draw a person, you don't just need to draw what you see, but you also need to know what to pay attention at. In the next video, I'm going to draw a random eye and explain you how should it look like? You will follow along and as an assignment, you need to draw a realistic eye of a real person. It can be a friend or family, or you can also find a picture on the Internet and print it or just show it on your screen. It doesn't really matter. You just need to try your overwritten symbol of your eye. Observe the eye of the person and pay attention to things I will show you in the next video. But first, watch my husband. I try this exercise on him and see his result. [MUSIC] I'm going to show you what his results are. Well, this is the eye he has drawn as the first attempt and this is the eye he has drawn after the exercise. I think it's a real progress, I'm really proud of him. After two or three minutes of explanation, he has oral written his well-known symbol, which looks rather like a Mexican in an boat. [LAUGHTER] [MUSIC] 5. Drawing the eye exercise: We are going to draw a random eye. Let's start with the shape of the eye. What shape does an eye have? Well I use to call it the shape of the plum seed. [NOISE] The shape of a plum seed. Here at this part is the tear duct. It's a little round like this. This is the eyeball. This is going to be the eyeball. Now we are going to draw the iris. You can never see a person's full iris unless he's very surprised. Yes, normally the upper eyelid covers a little of the iris and it touches the lower eyelid. [NOISE] The pupil. A pupil is at the center of the iris. [NOISE] We are going to play with the light a little. We are going to place highlights to make the eye more realistic. Now let's put a little highlight into the pupil like this. This is going to be the highlight. A little bit here it's going to be a reflection. Now let's draw a little texture to the iris with short lines. [MUSIC] Draw the upper eyelid. [NOISE] Let's draw the lashes. They're going to come from this line and make it more darker and put little lashes like this. Little lashes here. Usually we can see this part. You can make it little wider. It's going to use our eraser around to make it a little lighter. Fill the pupil as darker as you can with your pencil. I'm going to use a 7B for that. I'm using 3B for these lines. [NOISE] Leave out this highlights. [MUSIC] This part of the iris used to be the most dark part. [MUSIC] Let's put a little shadow under the upper eyelid, just a little. To make this corner we can put highlights also in this part to make it more darker. Now we're focusing just on the main things around the eye. Now let's fill our iris also with lighter color white throughout the highlight [MUSIC] so that the eye has the shape of plum seed. Your iris is covered by the upper eyelid, that the iris touches the lower eyelid, that there is little light and that there is a little shadow in it. These are the things to keep in mind. Then go find a friend or look into the mirror, or find a portrait online and observe this eye. Find the things on the checklist in the eye then try to draw it. [MUSIC] 6. How can learning drawing improve your life?: [MUSIC] How can learning drawing improve your life? Drawing is a skill. It is easier to tell people to learn it but it's not exclusive. Anyone can learn it and anyone can benefit from it. First of all, drawing is a form of art and art has a therapistic effect. I have a good story on that. Once my year-and-a-half-old daughter was totally upset about something, she was crying, hitting, shouting, biting, and I just couldn't comfort her, my tactics didn't work. It was totally stressful situation, awful, and I just couldn't handle it. I picked up a pen and a piece of paper and gave it to her. This is what she did. This is how the stress and anxiety of a year-and-a-half-old little girl looks like. It looks like little as a nail wrong or something. After she did this artwork she was totally relaxed, and calm, and happy. If you create a habit of doing art or drawing, you create a channel where you can release your anxiety and stress. Secondly, it gives you confidence. If you learn drawing you will create an opportunity to feel good about yourself. You will be able to feel successful, by completing a drawing, you will have this little challenge, winning joy. Showing your artworks to others, it'll give you the proof how awesome you are. Third one is the drawing has an amazing effect on cognitive abilities. Observing the world around you will help you to boost your perception of things. Will help you to focus your attention on a certain object, develops the ability to sustain concentration, trains your memory, and last but not least, develops your motor skills. Fourth one is the visual industry. Visual communication is all around us. Logos, icons, videos, the social media, everyone is communicating with us visually. The visual industry blossoms and rules everything. This is your chance to get involved. To get a job or get a side income. Learning drawing will give you a stable base to build on. I will give you three tips. First one, learn advanced drawing. You can learn how to draw portraits. People learn personalized gifts. You can make Facebook group for yourself and sell your portraits or even caricatures. It can give you a full-time job or just a side hustle. Learn digital drawing. There are endless possibilities online. Create digital illustrations for companies, logos, vector graphics, make your own brand. The third one is my favorite, learn painting. This is my favorite because I'm a painter myself. Drawing fundamentals are just enough to start, decorative paintings are sellable. Now, you can of course create art and paintings where you express yourself but declarative paintings are, first of all, easy to make, second, people love to decorate their homes, so these easy art projects are really sellable for example on Etsy. There are lots of possibilities you can discover yourself after completing this course. I hope you will like it. Let's get started. 7. Elements of drawing: [MUSIC] The elements of drawing. The concepts that we will be exploring are line, shape, proportion, perspective, light and shadow and composition. Let's talk about line. Line is the most basic element of drawing. By drawing lines, we create shapes. We can add dimension to it. We can create texture, etc. Shape. Shapes are defined by lines and everything is built up by shapes. The basic shapes are taught in preschool. Circle, oval, triangle, square and the organic shapes or freeform shapes which are not geometric. If you look at a house, you can tell it is built up of a square, a triangle but let's take a look on something more complex for example, a dog. Many artists begin their drawings by looking for these shapes inside complex objects and then begin by drawing these shapes at first. Then they mold them to create the right forms. Proportion. Proportion is the size of one picture element in relation to another picture element. For example, the size of the house in relation to a tree, size of an eye in relation to the whole face. If proportion is wrong, the drawing just doesn't look right. Perspective is simply the illusion of depth in the picture. Further things appear smaller and closer objects appear bigger. Perspective and proportion are in close relation. See, if I put this candle here, it seems to be bigger than the apple. However, it is smaller than the apple. It is just closer to the lens of the camera. Light and shadow. We see because of light and if there is light, there is shadow. If we want to draw what we see, we need to add shadow to our drawing by which we create the illusion of light. Composition. Before you start drawing, you need to look at your paper and mentally place the elements so that they fit in. You need to see the whole drawing to have enough room for everything. There are two rules which we need to take in consideration when we are talking about composition. The first one is the rule of thirds, is basically placing the objects with the help of the composition grid, which we are going to actually make in this course. It is dividing the paper to thirds, both horizontally and vertically and placing the objects by these lines. The second rule is the rule of odds. It is simply that odd number of objects is more interesting than objects that are in pair. You should draw 1, 3, 5 or 7 objects in one composition. We will look at each concept in more detail in the later lectures. Now, let's talk about lines. [MUSIC] 8. Drawing Exercise - Getting comfortable: [MUSIC] Getting comfortable. Even if you have drawn before, you might need to get comfortable with the pencil you are using, and also with the space you will draw on. Now, take your pencil and start drawing. Do not get your pencil up until you fill your whole paper. Start with curves. [NOISE] Explore the space. [NOISE] Sometimes push your pencil harder, [NOISE] and then softer. [NOISE] Really, you need to explore the space. You need to feel the whole paper. Push softer. Do this exercise before you start drawing, mainly when you don't have mood or motivation to do so. It will make you want to create. Look at this, it looks really cool. Great. You can see that if you push the pencil harder it makes a darker line, and if softer then it's lighter. Sharpen your pencil every time before you start drawing lines. [MUSIC] 9. Drawing lines: Drawing lines. In this section, we are going to explore drawing lines. As you already know by now, line is the most essential element of all drawing. Although everything is built up of shapes, we create shapes by lines. You need to learn how to draw lines to be confident when drawing them. Now, take a paper and draw a line. Does your line look like this rather than this? It can be caused by more things. For example, when you were drawing, your hand was in the air. If your hand is in the air, your line is not consistent. There are three things you can do about it. First is, when you are drawing big lines you need to fix your hand on the desk. Your elbow on your lower arm, put it on your desk and draw by it. When you are drawing small lines, put your wrist on the desk. Fix your hands there. You see, we are drawing from our wrist moving, so our lines are more consistent. Second thing, you draw too slowly. You don't need to rush. However, drawing too slowly can cause that your line is not straight. Try to improve this. Don't worry how you're drawing turns out, you can work on it later. Just draw and try. If you are drawing too slowly, your line might have these little curves in it. But when you are drawing quicker, this is too quick, so you don't need to rush because you cannot control your line that much. Find the middle way. Try to find this. Not too slow, not too quick. Middle, golden road way or something. The third thing is you are not confident. This relates with the previous part, so don't worry, by practice you will get better in drawing lines. Let's do some exercises to get you better. 10. Drawing lines exercise: [MUSIC] Drawing lines exercise. In this exercise, you will practice line drawing. Take a paper and first we're going to practice how to get your lines continuous. Fix your elbow on the desk and draw long lines. Your elbow not your wrist, your elbow or arm [NOISE]. We are drawing big, long lines. [NOISE] Draw it in your own pace. Now, try it quicker. [NOISE] Can you see that your quicker lines are more straight? Now we're going to practice the short lines. Fix your wrist on the desk and draw small lines in different directions. At first in your own pace and then get quicker. Just try different directions. You can try curved lines. [MUSIC] [NOISE] 11. Drawing shapes: [MUSIC] Drawing shapes. I think nobody can draw perfect shapes mainly in its first try. Most artists find the right shapes or curves by drawing lots of lines at first. Now, let's draw a square. We are drawing freehand so you don't need to use a ruler. Now, I'm going to show you how you might have drawn the square. Can you see that? Do not try to draw a shape with one continuous line. More shorter lines to find the shape I'm looking for. Let the lines cross. You see one line here, one line here. Let the lines cross. It doesn't make the drawing bad. You can use the eraser if needed. Try to find a shape. Do not do this but try to find the square shape with shorter lines. Now try it with a circle, I'm going to draw a circle and now I'm going to draw a circle by short lines. Can you see the difference? It's more precise. [MUSIC]. 12. The Artist window: [MUSIC] The artist window. For this exercise, you will need your picture frame and washable or non-permanent marker. We are going to do tracing. Tracing is basically copying contour lines of an object. Choose an object. It can be anything. It can be a vase, your favorite mug or an apple or anything. Just let it be approximately the size of your hand, any size which fits your picture frame. Place the objects behind these picture frame away from it or closer or further. It depends on the size of this element. With tracing, we transform the three-dimensional object to a two-dimensional one. Now, watch me tracing some objects. [MUSIC] Hold your frame, wash the marker off and go around your home, find objects and trace them. It is a fun activity and it is actually helping you pretty well in learning how to draw what you see. Here's a tip, you might want to close one of your eyes to be focused like when you are taking photographs. If you have bought a cheap picture frame, you might have problem with the glass or the plastic actually gets out of the frame if you open it up. You can solve this by gluing it into the frame with a glue gun or taping it with a tape to help you. Here's a tip, how to do the alternative file pocket artist window. First step, order a pizza then cut off a four-sized piece of the cardboard and cut off also a little bit smaller part, so leave a frame from the cardboard and place it into the file pocket. By this, you should get an artist's window also which works out well. However, it is not stable enough to draw on, so you will need more patience with it. I don't know, if you have an idea what to put into the file pocket to get it stable to draw with, please feel free to comment in the questions and answers part or in lieu performing arts room. I just found this solution for you who don't have this picture frame. [MUSIC] 13. More Contour Lines: [MUSIC] More contour lines. After you're done tracing, let's try to draw contours without the help of the frame. Place the object you have drawn before, and try to draw it again. Follow the contours with your eyes, and try to not to look at your drawing too much. Focus on the object. Follow its contour lines with your eyes. Your drawing might get distorted. Just don't care about it. Remember, we are just practicing now and we are trying to give you the artist's eye. In this exercise, you don't need to play with the short lines. Use just one continuous line. It will help you with more precise observation of the objects. In this section, we have learned how to deal with line. Let's move on to the next section, and see what shapes are about. [MUSIC] 14. Finding shapes: [MUSIC] By now, you know that everything is built up of shapes and shapes are created by lines. In this lecture, we are going to practice looking for shapes in order to get our drawing right. Simplifying things into basic shapes help us to be more precise in proportion. Now, look at the photo of this dear, let's find shapes in his body. [MUSIC] Your task now is to find photos, either on Google or on your own, and look for the shapes. You can use Photoshop as I did, or use your picture frame, place it on your screen and draw the shapes with your washable marker. The point of this activity to find geometric shapes in these photographs or objects. Looking for shapes will actually really, really help us in drawing still lives. Because the first thing we are going to do when drawing still life, we are going to find these geometric shapes and draw them and then morph them to get the actual form of the objects we are going to draw. It is crucial for you to practice looking for these shapes. Do that. Find at least three geometric shapes in the object you are going to use. You can find more, but three is the minimum. [MUSIC] 15. UPDATE: Finding Shapes More Examples: [MUSIC] Finding shapes. More examples. I have created this lecture to show you more examples of finding basic geometric shapes in complex forms. Remember, the difference between shapes and forms is that forms have dimensions. For example, the square shape in a form is a cube. The circle shape in form is a sphere. When we draw, we draw shapes, then we create forms from them by adding shadows. Most of the times, the shapes of the things in the real world are not as simple as geometric shapes but finding geometric shapes in these complex forms help us to be more precise, to maintain proportion, to be able to draw accurate contour lines. When we are drawing still lines and basically anything else, the first step is to define the most basic geometric shapes then we can continue to adjust them and move them to get the complex shape they are looking for. I will show you now 10 pictures. I will find at least three geometric shapes in them to show you this process. Let's see the first one. Our first picture is a bison. His body has a very interesting shape. I will look for the most obvious shape, which is the giant circle on his back. The next is the head. I can see a rectangle shape here. There is another rectangle in the back of his body and that's it. If I would like to draw this animal, these shapes would be highly enough to start. The next is this little bird. I'm going to start with its head. There is a circle. In his body, I can see an oval shape. You can help yourself by looking on the contour lines. If you see a curve, it is very possible that there is a circle or an oval. If you see a straight line, there's a triangle or a rectangle. There's a straight line on his beaks so you can see there is a triangle. Let's continue with this little hedgehog. I'm going to start with his head where is an obvious triangle. His body has a big circle and I can feel the remaining part with another triangle. This is going to be a little more complex. I'm going to start with the nose. There is a rectangle. His head is a big rectangle again. It doesn't matter if the shapes cross. It shows us the dimensions of our subject. Third shape will be a rectangle again. See how I'm defining it's top at the end of his nose. I could've drawn it bigger but trying to keep the physical dimensions help us to be more realistic in our drawing. Obviously, we can add more and more shapes, even more, small and detailed ones to make our drawing even more precise. This fifth picture is an animal again. I will start with the head first. It is a circle, then two small triangles are the ears. There is this big rectangle in his body. But enough of animals. Let's take a look on some objects. Here is a simple pear. It will be an easy one. There is a big circle at the bottom, then a small circle at the top. I can connect these two with a rectangle and voila, I've filled all the whole shape with geometric shapes. The seventh picture is a cup. There is an obvious oval at the top. The cup itself is a rectangle and here is another little circle. The eighth picture is a jug. The whole jug is a bigger rectangle. I will add an over to the top to indicate the cover. I can also put a little rectangle here then I can continue with another one up here. Let's see a more complex still life. This bottle has circle here, a rectangle here, and let's add another rectangle and an oval to the bowl. This last one is this wonderful Volkswagen Beetle. Here is an obvious rectangle in the front, then another one up here and two circles at the two sides. In summary, when you are looking for geometric shapes, you should start with the most obvious shapes which appear to you first when you take a look on the picture. Then you should analyze the contour lines. Are there curves or straight lines? Which shapes fit there the most? How can I fill the whole shape most effectively? I hope this lecture was useful for you and that now you have a deeper understanding how to look for these geometric shapes. [MUSIC] 16. Measuring - Basic Proportions: [MUSIC] Basic proportions. Measuring. Measuring helps you to place objects in the correct place and also helps you to maintain perspective and proportion in the drawing. If you measure each shape, you have points to relate to in your drawing and the size will not be off. The tool for measuring for us is the pencil itself. To measure something, you need to hold your pencil like this with your thumb extended along the body of the pencil. We measure from the tip of the pencil to the tip of your thumb. You need to define a standard unit in your drawing. In this case, it is the width of the waist. But for example, when you are drawing a human face, use the width of the eye as the standard unit. If you draw a deer, use the size of the head as the standard unit, by keeping the standard unit in sizing all things in your drawing, your proportions will be perfect. Now you already learned the basics of proportions. Let's see what perspective is about. [MUSIC] 17. Perspective: [MUSIC] Perspective. The basic definition of perspective is that objects appear larger when they are closer to your eye than objects that are further away. There are two concepts to understand when it comes to perspective, the horizon line and the vanishing point. They can be explained on a simple landscape. Let's say it is a flat landscape. The horizon line is the line between the sky and the land. Let's draw a road. See, it got that right away. The vanishing point is where the road crosses the horizon line. It's the point where the road is so far away, it is so small, we cannot see it anymore. Now let's draw some trees. I draw a big tree. It seems to be closer. The small tree, it is further. Can you see how easy it is to create the illusion of depth? Here's a little house. Remember, closer things are bigger, further things are smaller. Perspective will be very important when drawing the still-life to place the object more precisely. Now you know how to draw contour lines, find basic shapes, how to measure and place the object. It is the time for the next section where we are going to use all these knowledge to draw a simple still-life. Shall we? [MUSIC] 18. Drawing the Still Life - instructions: Drawing a still life. In this section, we are going to draw a simple still life together. We are going to learn how to place and measure simple objects. About copying, I know most of the artists say that you will not learn drawing by copying a picture, but as a teacher I think, you can learn a lot from it. We are going to start with a picture of a still life. We're going to compose our own still life later. Now we're going to focus on this picture. You can find this picture in the resources section, download it, and put it in your picture frame. We're going to make a composition grid in the next video, so you will learn how to do that. But if you don't have the frame, print out the still life with the grid I made for you and for the show. If you don't want to print out the picture, you can just show it on your screen. There will be the grid. But the point of using this artist Window is to motivate you to observe the things better. Well, first of all, here is the time to use our picture frame. We're going to make a composition grid. 19. Composition Grid: [MUSIC] The composition grid. Well, it is the time for us to use the picture frame we prepared. We are going to make a composition grid in the inside part of the frame. Divide it into three even parts, both horizontally and vertically. Use a permanent marker and connect these dots. Don't care about the little millimeters. We're going to use these lines just as a reference. Use a nail polish remover if you mess up the lines so at the end you will have this awesome composition grid, which will be very helpful when you will do your own still-live compositions. Now, do the same on the paper that you will draw on. Draw very light lines. It doesn't matter if the frame is not exactly the same size as the paper you are going to draw on. We're going to use the lines just as a reference. Remember it. As you see at the end, you will have this awesome thing, the artist window with the composition grid in the inside part, and the outside part you can draw contour lines with your washable marker. It will be a great help for you in the future, I promise. 20. Drawing the STILL LIFE: Here we are in the drawing the still life. Put your paper with the grid on your surface, you are going to draw and prepare the reference picture. The first thing we're going to do is to look for shapes in the still life. You can see that there is a circle in the pear, and there is a trapeze shape in the jug, and there are little ovals for the grapes. Let's draw the circle. Use these reference lines, as you see that the circle is crossing. [MUSIC] Roughly. We need to define our standard unit. Our standard unit is going to be the height of this pear. As you can see, the jug is double the height of the pear. But you can see it from a perspective point of view that the bottom of the pear is here, and the bottom of the jar is a little bit behind it, so it's going to be higher. Let's draw a line here. Here is the jug, and we're going to define the height of the jug. Let's see, it's just the double of the height of the jug. Here is going to be the jug. You can see the reference lines also on the picture, that I am right. The height of the jug is approximately here. Now, let's see where it starts and ends, let's see here. This is the upper part, but I'm going to draw the trapeze. The trapeze shape is from here to here. This is our second shape and it ends here. It does not look good [MUSIC] Now we can see that the sizing is all right. We can place these little grape here, it's just an oval [MUSIC] It is in front of the jug, so we're not going to see it. We are going to morph these simple shapes into these objects. Let's start with the pear. There is another circle in the pear, and it's here [MUSIC]. The thing I'm going to do now is to follow all the contour lines of the object and work with short lines, and try to find the right shape of the pear. I'm going to start right here [MUSIC] Let's work on the jug. Let's start with the upper part [MUSIC]. We're going to do the grapes, but just the grapes which are on the jug [MUSIC]. I'm not going to draw these behind the jug. Now you have a Still Life with contour lines. You can work on lines a little bit more [MUSIC]. You can play with the light and the shadow right away by drawing contour lines darker where there is really dark place. For example, look at this place, this is totally black, and part of this grape is also full shadow [MUSIC] Now, we're going to see how we can make this Still Life even more realistic [MUSIC] 21. Simple Shading: Simple shading. Congrats, you've come to plain line drawing from a single line. You are awesome. To make this drawing even more awesome, you will need to make forms of the shapes by adding shadows. You already know that light and shadow are one of the important elements of drawing. Light allows us to see and if there is light, there is shadow too. Ironically, in drawing, we can create the illusion of light by adding shadow to our drawing. There are three types of tones that we are looking for in a drawing. First is highlight the white areas. It's where a given surface on this subject is reflecting the light source. There are the shadows, they are the darkest areas. There are midtones. Midtones are the gray areas, which are the midway between the highlight and the shadow. There is the cast shadow. It is the shadow of the object itself, for example, the shadow of the egg on the desk. Let's do a little shading exercise before we shade all still-life. 22. Shading Exercise: [MUSIC] Shading exercise. We are going to draw an egg. We are going to draw it and also shade it. Grab them from your fridge and draw its shape with short lines of course. Follow the contour lines with your eyes. You do not need to be too precise just let it have a shape of an egg. [MUSIC] Now the second thing we are going to draw, is the cast shadow. You can see that the bottom of the egg is the darkest. I'm going to darken the contour lines a little bit here, and now I'm going to draw the shape of the shadow itself. It has similar shape as the egg. Now I'm going to draw the contour lines of the highlights. I'm again drawing shapes. Here is one highlight, it is the widest area on the egg.b It is where the egg is reflecting the lamp, I'm lighting it well. The second thing I'm going to do is to draw the shapes of the shadows. Shadows are the darkest areas. Look for them. Darkest areas are the bottom-most of the time here. At this part. Observe the egg to find them. [MUSIC] Now I'm going to feel the cast shadow. Grab your 7B pencil, or the pencil you are going to shade with, and just fill it. It's like a coloring book but with gray tones. [MUSIC] Now, I'm going to fill the shapes of the shadows. [MUSIC] Fill the shadows as dark as you can. [MUSIC] Next thing you need to do is to feel the mid-tones. Basically, you are just coloring again with lighter pencil marks. Leave out the highlights and fill the remaining space. [MUSIC] You can make the edges of the shadow shapes smoother by going through it again with light pencil marks. You can do the same with the shapes of the highlights with an eraser. Let's try this shading technique on your still life. [MUSIC] 23. Shading the Still Life: Drawing the still life. In this section, we are going to draw a simple still-life together. We are going to learn how to place and measure simple objects. About copying, I know most of the artists say that you will not learn drawing by copying a picture. But as a teacher I think you can learn a lot from it. Here's the tip. You don't want to shade your still-life leader sharp pencil because it will leave hard marks on the paper. To make your pencil a little bit dull, use another sheet of paper and just draw some lines on it, so that you will make your pencil more dull. What we're going to do now is, first of all, look for the highlights. It is the easiest thing on the grapes because there are these totally white, so I'm going to just draw them. This shapes [MUSIC] I can actually erase these reference lines [MUSIC] Second thing we're looking for shadows [MUSIC] I'm going to shadow the pair at first [MUSIC] Now we're going to fill it with mid-tones. We're not going to [inaudible]. Well, and the cast shadows [MUSIC] Let's work with the mid-tones [MUSIC] Well done. Congratulations, this is just awesome. I hope you enjoyed drawing this still life. [MUSIC] 24. Conclusion: [MUSIC] Congratulations, you did it. You drew a still line on your own. Here we are in the final section. I'm so proud of you. You came along way. You are a hardworking student. Now you master the drawing fundamentals and left the beginner level. It's on you how will you use your new superpower? You will draw to entertain yourself, continue to observe the world around you, or you will build on your skill and continue the journey. I advise you to get the most out of it. Build on it, practice a lot and you will get better every day. You can even get a side income or a full-time job doing advanced arts. I really enjoyed this journey, did you? Please don't forget to leave a review. It makes the course live and it really helps me a lot to get this course even better. I wish you all the best. See you.