Cinematography Analysis and Breakdown of Hollywood Movie Scenes | Isaac Olowoporoku | Skillshare
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Cinematography Analysis and Breakdown of Hollywood Movie Scenes

teacher avatar Isaac Olowoporoku

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.

      TRAILER

      5:53

    • 2.

      CINEMATOGRAPHY ANALYSIS AND BREAKDOWN ABOUT THE STORY

      1:58

    • 3.

      SHOT ONE CINEMATOGRAPHY ANALYSIS AND BREAKDOWN

      10:24

    • 4.

      SHOT TWO CINEMATOGRAPHY ANALYSIS AND BREAKDOWN

      4:28

    • 5.

      SHOT THREE CINEMATOGRAPHY ANALYSIS AND BREAKDOWN

      3:48

    • 6.

      SHOT FOUR CINEMATOGRAPHY ANALYSIS AND BREAKDOWN

      8:50

    • 7.

      SHOT FIVE CINEMATOGRAPHY ANALYSIS AND BREAKDOWN

      4:38

    • 8.

      SHOT SIX CINEMATOGRAPHY ANALYSIS AND BREAKDOWN

      11:59

    • 9.

      COURSE PROJECTS CINEMATOGRAPHY BREAKDOWN AND ANALYSIS

      3:52

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About This Class

Filmmaking is not all about blasting every film production gears and voila film is ready.

welcome to this course in Cinematography Analysis and Breakdown of Hollywood Movie Scenes. My name is Isaac Albert, with years of filmmaking experience.

Speaking of Cinematography, there’s more at play. Whoever you may want to be in the industry, or whatever area of the filmmaking you’re into; be you Real Estate Filmmaker, Wedding Filmmaker, Music video Filmmaker, Travel Filmmaker, Documentary Filmmaker, Product Ad Filmmaker, Vlogging filmmaker, Sport Filmmaker or as in the case of the Hollywood’s, Narrative Filmmaking as a movie producer. Whatever it is you do, know this that every creative decision has a consequence on the final film product.  

Whatever area of expertise you belong in the creative industry, be you Cinematographer, Gaffer, Audio guy, Director, AD, DP, ADP, Script supervisor Focus Puller, Editor, Trailer Editor, VFX Artist, Colorist, or an indie Producer who wears many Hats. and so on.

Whoever you are, whatever role you play. It is essential to know that the final product of filmmaking is influenced by the intentional technical and Logistic decisions and choices made by the industry professionals at preproduction, production and postproduction process of the Film.

That technical and Logistic decisions and choices make movie or film production a professional creative venture ruled by a collective intentional choices of the experts in the industry.

Therefore, everything that appears on the screen, has a creative reason and meaning for being there, as they serve the intentional choices made by the experts. The framing size of the film, the shot type, the shot angle, the Lens type, the lighting type, the film format, the composition of the frame, the color tone of the scene, even the set location and so on serve a purpose. Hollywood, being in the business of emotion, make these intentional choices to convey emotional experiences of the players in the screen. Thereby intensifying emotions of the characters through the careful use of filmmaking elements and techniques so as to trigger emotional response from the audience.

Everything you do must serve a purpose, they’re not just there just because you want to show off your creative muscle.

That is why I have created this course, to show you how and why creative professionals do what they do in the industry. This is a critical breakdown and analysis of real Hollywood Movie. Deconstructing each extracted shots to the bare bone and decoding the meaning behind each element and technique that made up the Film production.

In this course, you’re going to learn a wide range of things.

You’re going to Learn and be acquainted with insider Creative decisions.

You will learn

Cinematography in General. The real practical exercises of what cinematography is really all about.

You’ll also learn How professional cinematographers use Lighting to convey emotion in the scene. How they shape light for different creative reasons, different type of lighting equipment they use, and why they use them in the scene. As we get acquainted with cinematography techniques in; Natural Lighting, Daylighting, Controlled or Artificial Lighting, Cinematic Lighting, Soft Vs Hard Lighting, Diffused Lighting, What are Light Diffusers, what is C-stand and its functions. And so on.

You will also learn Lens choices for different type of shots and framing size. Long Lens, Wide Angle Lens, Ultra-Wide-Angle Lens, Telephoto Lens, Film Format, Focal Length, Depth of Field and so on. You will learn compositional rules, why professionals place players in a certain corner of the frame. Right heavy, Left Heavy, Balanced and Symmetrical composition rules.   

You will learn different types of shots and the meaning behind their use in the scene, you will also learn something called shot combo; how professionals combine different type of shots in a single shot to amplify the intended emotion in the character in the screen and trigger emotional response in the audience. Wide Framing size plus Low angle plus Dutch angle, and High angle plus Dutch angle, Plus Close framing size. Close up, extreme close up or choker, medium shot, Medium wide shot, Medium close up, insert shot, Point of view shot, cutaway, B-roll shot. And so on

You will also learn how and why colorist grade the movie the way they do it.

By the end of each lesson, the list to what you will learn in a single screenshot extracted from a professional Movie is unlimited. The goal is to get you more skilled and increase your expertise in film production and tech you how it is done by the industry professionals so that you too can do the same thing in your own unique creative way.

This course is jampacked with a lot of practical exercises, and presents the breakdown and analysis in a relatable and most interactive analytical sense.

All you need in order to participate successfully in this course is a basic of fundamental of filmmaking, and you’ll be fine.

This course is created for beginner or intermediate cinematographers, filmmakers, and indie film producers. It is also made for film students who want to learn beyond their lecture hall.

If I were you, I will Jump right in already!

Meet Your Teacher

Level: Intermediate

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Transcripts

1. TRAILER: Hey, mickey is not all about blasts. Everything production. Yes, you can get your hand on for life. He misread. Welcome to this course in cinematography analysis and breakdown of Hollywood movie series. My name is Issachar, but with years of experience, speaking of cinematography, there's more at play wherever you may want to be in the industry or whatever area of film-making you are into biliary as the female. Wet if you make a music video, female travel, female documentary filmmaker, product, add fi, makeup login filmmaker, Spot filmmaker. Or as in the case of the Hollywood narrative filmmaking, as a movie producer, whatever it is, you do, notice that every creative decision as a consequence on the final okay. Whatever area of expertise you belonged in the creative industry, whatever role you play, we'll have our you-how it is essential to know that define our products of females is influenced by the indention at that Nika and logistic decisions and choices made by the industry professionals at pre-production, production and post-production stage of the field, that technique and logistic decisions and choices make a movie of feed production IT professional, creative venture route by a collective intentional choices of the S bar to be the industry. Therefore, everything that appears on the screen as a creative reason, a mini for being there as the sub, the intentional choices made by the S part, the framing size of the theme, the shots type, the shot angle, the length type, delighting type, the frame format, the composition of the frame, the color tone of the scene, even the sets, location, and so hot. They also have a populous, okay, hollywood be in the business of emotion, makes these intentional choices convey emotion or experiences of the players in the screen, thereby intensify emotions of the characters through the careful use of females and elements and techniques so as to trigger an emotional response from the audience. Okay, everything you do must serve a purpose. They are not just there, just because you want to show off your creative moles you. Okay, That is why I have created this course to show you why creative professionals do what they do in the industry. This is a critical breakdown and analysis of real Hollywood movie deconstructing. Each struck their shots to the bare bone and decoding the meaning behind each element and technique that made up the feed production. In this course, you are going to learn a wide range of T's. You are going to learn and be acquainted with inside-out creative decisions. You will learn cinematography in general, the real practical exercises of what cinematography is really all about. You will also learn how professionals and cartographers use lighting to convey emotion in this scene. How does shape light for different creative reasons? Different types of lighting equipment. They use a widely used them in the scene. As we get acquainted with cinematographic techniques in lighting, in natural lighting, in daylighting, control, or artificial lighting, cinematic lighting, soft vessels add lighting, shadows, diffused lighting, what our lights diffusers. What is C stand and its function in lighting and so forth. You will also learn lens choices for different types of shots and framing size, long lens, wide angle lens, or try wide-angle lens, telephoto lens, frame format, focal length, depth of field, and so hot, you will learn compositional rules. Why professionals please play as Guinea starting corner of the frame, right AV, left, AV, balanced and symmetrical composition. You will learn different types of shots and the mini behind their use in the scene. You will also learn something called Shot combo of professionals combine different type of shots in a single shot to amplify the intended emotion in the character in the screen and trigger emotional response in the audience. White frame size plus low angle plus dot, dot plus close frame is size, close-up, extreme close-up. Joe car shot, medium shot, medium wide shot, medium close-up shot, point of view of POV shot, cutaway shot, B-roll shot. And so you will also learn how and why colorist create the movie the way they do it. By the end of each lesson, the list to water we'll learn in a single screenshot extracted from a professional movie is unlimited. Goal is to get to more skewed and increase your expertise in film production and teach you how it is done by the industry professionals so that YouTube can do the same thing. We are all unique, creative way. This course is jam-packed. A lot of practical exercises and present the breakdown and analysis in a relatable and most interactive Analytica says, all you need in order to pass pay successfully in this course is a basic of film-making. And you'll be fine, okay? This cost is greater for beginner or intermediate cinematographers. If we make us an indifferent produces. It is also made for film student will want to lend beyond the lecture hall. If I were you, I would just jump right in already. 2. CINEMATOGRAPHY ANALYSIS AND BREAKDOWN ABOUT THE STORY: Here's a quick one about history, the cavea in the world we're about to analyze and break down. The genre of the movie is comedy, fantasy, and trailer. When five college friends arrive at a remote forest cabin for a little vacation, lead to today are sped directors that are weights one-by-one used for victims to backwoods zombies. But there is another factor at play to scientists are manipulating the goalie's going on in the forest. But even as the body count rises, there is yet more work than means. The higher the world was once ruled by pass as gods Live beneath the head surface over the generations it designated committee has been keeping the girls API by offering human sacrifices wide. Initially the sacrifices were either too simple, and the GSS now slowly started demanding some added drama for their personal entertainment. The film begins with the American Committee which discusses that the rest of the world sacrifices are failed. Only Japan and America remained a group of friends or getting ready to head out to a remote cabin for the weekend. They have been on peak by the committee off-screen. Do is the world caught Jews? Boyfriend is the athlete. Diana is the Virgin, holding is this scholar and Marty is default. It is mentioned later on, but these titles are only approximate and the patient goes, don't seem to care much as long as the get-go shoe, the cabin has been rigged with everything from mind control, drugs and two traps and to debt agent. Eventually it is length that the group didn't happen to be there by accident. It is elaborate set up. Now, let's begin the movie analysis and breakdown proper. Are you ready? Let's do it. 3. SHOT ONE CINEMATOGRAPHY ANALYSIS AND BREAKDOWN: You're welcome to this lesson, critical breakdown, analysis of cinematic shot. Now for the sake of copyright, we will not be able to dive deeper into the motion of this shot. However, provide a screenshot of the scene alone is enough to learn the real deal of the industry professionals, art, and craft of cinema photography. Here you will learn a wide range of reasons for intentional choices made by the industry professional during pre-production, production, and post-production of the movie. Now, here is a quick information about the movie we're about to analyze. The title of the movie is the cabin, produced in 2012, directed by Drew go dad. Degenerate of the movie is comedy, fantasy, or are they famous cinematographer is damaged. And the time period of the production is 2010. That was the time the production of this movie takes place, but it was eventually produced in 22, released in 2012. Okay. So the time the cinematography production process took place in 2010. Now this set is forest, which is the location of the scene. The story location, which is the location associated to the story world, is not America, United States, but the female location is British Columbia in Vancouver. Of course, you don't need to shoot it at exact location of the storyworld unless it is. Now the technical part of this analysis. Are you ready? Let's do it. Now. The technical the camera used to shut this production panel view Sean, millennia and millennia XL may lead to delays in use in this production. Is panna vision prime, more primes. Alright, so the format of the picture is tight, five millimeter, which is the commonly used visual format in the industry. Okay. So similar to, to photography, the format uses a camera, run it at five millimeter film horizontally instead of vodka through the camera. The format is used so as to provide the picture as the humor highest vision valence of that five millimeter format. Though 50 millimeter, is taught as the equivalent of vision from one human eye. But tight five millimeter is close to the fusion from both highs at once. Okay? So remember that this is only valid for 35-millimeter film camera size of full frame digital, say, alright, the lens, the lens choice for this scene is white. They used a wider angle lens. For this, a wide angle lens has a focal length of tight five millimeter or shorter, okay. Gives you a wide field of view. The wider your field of view, the more of the scene you'll be able to see in the frame. So a wide-angle lens keeps almost everything in focus unless your socket is very close to the lens. This lens allowed the subjects, which is the building and the background in focus, okay? If your background is just as important as your subject, especially when your subject is walking through a desert or a forest landscape from a long shot point of view. So wide angle lenses also allow photographers to get as close to the subject as possible without excluding crucial element in the background. See, a wide angle lens is a great tool for architecture or videography or landscape, or when you want to show a wider scale of an environment, keeping everything in focus in its entirety. Okay? So a wide angle lens also allows you to capture an entire building without being very far away. Giving you the option to choose an interesting point to frame your shot at that don't rely solely on the building to carry the shot. Now to show this shot of this scene is really that the shot was taken outside as you can see it. Okay. So if it was shot inside, should be referred to as into, that is the language film-making. Okay, Now, the time of the day for this scene is sunset. Okay? The Kelvin temperature scale of this scene is between 3 thousand to 4 thousand Kelvin, which is the Kevin for sunset class. Okay, This is called magic car or Gooding by filmmakers. This kind of lighting is also called toxic. This sunset is chosen intentionally for the purpose of this. Okay. And delighting source of delighting pipe is daylight. There are variations to daylight lighting source, but the one employed in this shot is Thompson kind. It's saturated, good and magical. That's why it is commonly referred to as the good in our magic car. In film production. Though, it's a natural light, the picture always come out beautiful. The light source in this scene is not controlled or diffused. It was taken as natural as it is, but they had to complete a short as fast as possible because the light source, we should go away if we make us always take advantage of this. Okay? So these are choosing in this scene now for the sake of Gordon R, but in order for these seem to transit tonight as the scene progresses. Okay? And also, this choice was made with degenerate in mind as fantasy or a trailer. Now, delight. The lighting is hedge, light, hard light. The lighting source make it rim around the subject, as you can see here, right? This is naturally so as the scene lighting is not controlled, the lighting source is harsh, making it as hard as it gives a treeless and magnetic effect to the same. Hard Light is a full-cost, often bright light that cost harsh shadows and draws attention to a specific part of a photo. In add lighting, the transition between the light and the shadow is very harsh and divide as you can see here. Alright? So, yeah, shadows, yeah, as light. It's defined, very defined. Where your subject is biased in ad like their silhouette, we cast a distinct add shadow. The associated color of this scene is warm, green. Color palette associated with the same. Okay? Now the frame size, the frame size of the scene is extremely wide. Extreme long shot set the camera for this away from the subject and it's typically used to emphasize settings are establishing location. Shots engages the extreme wide in order to review the entirety of the subject in-focus to review or clarify disease location. Okay. Now the shots shots type of this scene is establishing shot and low angle shots type forest establishing shot, an establishing shot. It is this opening shot of the scene introducing two halls, the context of the scene in relation to the story before any of that. It's setting the stage for the events of the scene. This is why the females choose the wide angle lens so as to capture the whole of the action area of the scene. Okay? Low angle. Now the choice of the low angle shot for this scene is chosen so as to strengthen and give trait to the subject in-focus, the low angle shot I often use to strengthen certain psychological effect in film-making theme editor, typically to make a subject look very strong and powerful. This scene engages the use of low angle in order to give character or trait to the KB, meaning that this cannot be an ordinary KB for the camera to show us from this hunger. As you can see here, this gives it a dominant and power. It gives the sense of abundant and creepy KB in the middle of nowhere. Okay? Now composition, the composition of this shot is center. As you can see, the center composition is the most powerful way to draw attention to your main subject, as the name suggests, in the center composition, the main subject is placed placemark, middle of the image frame. Sometimes it is used to achieve a purpose in line with degenerate of the field and all the go of the scene. In this scene, the center frame is used purposefully to give dominant to the subject in focus. In this scene, the KB can be referred to as the subject because it's being given character as low angle is engaged, making it even more powerful as carrying. Right? Now, that would be off for this C. Now, let's move to another scene of the same movie. Are you ready? Let's do it. 4. SHOT TWO CINEMATOGRAPHY ANALYSIS AND BREAKDOWN: In the previous shot analysis will learn too wide range of things. We learned about center composition, low angle shot, establishing shot, extreme wide frame size, lighting, edge, lighting, lighting, delight as the lighting source. Good in Thompson, the wide lens size, the 35-millimeter film format. So welcome to this course as we deploy a critical breakdown of the intentional technical choices made by the filmmakers. Notice force that I will no longer go into details about any cinematographic techniques we've previously discussed. With that in mind. Let's get you started. In this shot with C, have the same natural hard light. The frame size is white. The shots type is still establishing shot, but something is different here. It is group shot of characters. Previously we didn't have the characters involved in the shot, but in this shot we have a group of character. This type of shot is called group shot. In this shot, we also have I. So first, let's treat the group shot from what does it mean? Was the meaning of group shot? Group shot features more than one characters in the frame. Okay, three shot for shot of five shot. All the typical form of groupings. In this shot, we have a group shot of food players included in a single shot. When you're seeing, requires five or more characters to be recorded or towards, you move into the realm of the group shot. A practice called blockade can help with this. Blocking in theme times usually refers to a director places talent around the set or location in relation to the current camera position and length and go on action and field of view. Time staging, often used interchangeably with blocking, can refer to the purposeful arrangement of sets, dressings, furniture or doorways and windows, ETC. Group shots can benefit greatly from Raza time. I'll set such that staging, talent and camera blocking enlightened decisions can be made in a timely fashion. This shot captures the players are lots wants to convey their mutual experiences of their discovery. Now, the high angle shot type in this frame. A high angle shot is a famous technique where the camera looks done at the subjects from above. When you see someone or something from me, IR perspective, it's makes it the subject seem smaller. I angle shot can make the subjects in vulnerable or powerless when applied with the correct mode settings and effect. In this scene, the high angle shot is employed in order to amplify the feeling of experience for the characters in the frame. As they discover a creepy k being isolated in the middle of nowhere. As the short present them in front of the cabin as it vulnerable stalemate. The composition type of this shot is center, as we've learned about Santa composition in the previous shot. So we're no longer going into detail about center composition. But as the case of this shot, we can see that all the dominoes subjects are placed at the middle of the frame. So here is the associated colors of the shots. We have warm, saturated yellow. All the technical decisions taken in this shot hard, therefore, to emphasize the Phillies of easiness, tension and curiosity in the characters involved. Okay, So what we've learned so far in this shot or group shot, natural lighting, as we've learned that not all the time filmmakers use artificial lighting in this shot. Wide frame size, establishing shot, Griffith shot, high hunger, blocking, staging, center composition, color, tone of the scene. 5. SHOT THREE CINEMATOGRAPHY ANALYSIS AND BREAKDOWN: Welcome to this shot as we deploy a critical breakdown of the intention of technical choices make by the female, the female industry. You're ready. Now, let's do it. Right. This is another shot of the same scene. Now this frame size of this shot is wide. Shots type AND gate in this shot, Dutch angle and lower, good with not learned about in this course. So we are going to talk about it, but we've learned about low angle. We are only going to learn about the reason why it is engaged in this shot. Okay, So now, so now the Dutch and Dutch angle shot is basically anytime you slightly to the horizon of your camera frame. And it's usually used to convey on easy emotion that something is not quite right. It tells us something is wrong or something bad is about to happen. It could be dead, be internal conflicts. And so it's basically used to express a vulnerable situation of a character in the movie to create a sense of ease or to magnify tension. And this Dutch angle is employed to trigger some emotional response from the audience in order for them to feel a sense of unease or to amplify emotion. In this shot, the low angle shot is employed to present the building. As this carries on. Though it's not the dominant subject in the frame, but it's still the area of attention. As the character takes cautious steps walking upstairs. The composition of this shot is right. So we've not lend about right every position type. So the composition of this shot is right AV because it's places the dominant subject at the right angle up the frame, leaving more space to the left of the frame. This composition decision is made to create anticipation buildup of the character in this deck color of this shot is warm, jello. Light. What is soft lighting? Soft lighting is a type of light with few add shadows that is bright yet balanced. In soft lighting, they transition between the light and the shadow is more of a gradient and much smarter. When your subject is bath in soft light, there will be little to no shadow on their face or a random, odd and soft lighting. Different types of lighting that are commonly used in photography and film-making. Soft light is light that pertains to wrap around objects, protecting diffused shadows with soft edges. Whereas hard light is more focused and produces as a solders delighting type of this shot is to daylight. Again, the lighting source of this shot was not controlled with artificial years. It is just the nature of doing the job for the crew on this set. All the technical choices made in this seen so far is to amplify tension buildup in the character, in the frame. What we've learned, this shot, hard versus soft light reasoning for the right AV composition type and a Dutch angle shot care. We also learned about low angle shot. 6. SHOT FOUR CINEMATOGRAPHY ANALYSIS AND BREAKDOWN: Okay, Welcome to this short as we deploy critical breakdown of the intention, not technical choices made by the FIM professionals. Are you ready? Let's do it. Okay. Is another shot, another C of the same movie, but the time of the day of this shot is, might. Remember in film-making, interior is the term used when a shot takes place inside the set location. The associated color of this is one, saturated blue. The frame size of this shot is medium, medium white. In a movie, a medium shot, medium shot, a width shot is a camera hunger shot from a medium distance in medium wide camera shot shows both the subject and their location fumed from usually the head to around Denise. It's wide enough to show the setting of a scene. Why? Close enough to show character's facial cues? Medium shot to draw attention to both the character and their surroundings by giving them equal space in the frame. This frame size is usually employed in females order to get the overall action of the character in the occlusal view from a human point of view, it is close enough to see what the character is doing with their physicality from knees to the head. In this shot, it is discovered that medium shot is not only distinguish two when the character is in standard position from their anger, but it is also so when verity of angles is engaged in this shot, making it computation of short of new angle shot, medium wide shot, and group shot all in a single shot. This shot type a group shot and lower. Okay. Shot first, we are not going to go into details about low angle, but we'll talk about low angle in relation to this shot. To this shot is a group shot because it's present more than one character in a single shot, as we've learned before in the previous lesson, as it is employed to achieve more our experience of emotional response in them, from their point of view. It is short, it is also length that not all the time the camera is pointing upward at character, in short, that it is giving them terminates and power in the case of low angle shot. But it could present the point of view of the character from the ground up perspective. When they looked down at something, it makes it feel like what they are staring at is staring back at the lens and use in this shot is wide angle lens will not go into details about this lens type as we've already done it in the first lesson. So this type of lens is engaged in this shot in order for the camera to capture the group of character all at once without missing anyone heart from a close perspective. Without the use of wide angle lens in this shot, the camera will not be able to get close enough to capture all of the characters and their overall reactions, which is vital for the purpose of the cinematic effect of the scene and the overall gender of the stores. The composition of this shot is balanced. Yes, we have not learned about balanced composition yet. So we're going to talk about it. This shot is balanced because it is symmetric. As you can see, filling the frame hop in a straight to the highest manner. Picking up all the characters in every corner of the horizontal axis. When composing a frame, it is important to consider the way these objects are subject to rest along the horizontal axis of the frame. Think of it as a seesaw. If your objects subjects are distributed evenly, it would tip the balance of the frame to either the left or the right, create an underlying sense of tension. But not every object contains the same amount of visual weight. The visual weight of an object is determined by its size, as in the case of this shot, being a group shot, a balanced frame of film conveys a sense of stability, conformity, and powder. It can also convey equality, whether it is between friends, are adversaries and imbalanced frame pulls the viewers for costs one edge or corner of the frame. Understanding frame composition rules is invaluable knowledge for directors and cinematographers. And so is knowing when to break them. Shooting a perfectly symmetrical shot, breaking the rules of Todd is used for very specific reasons. This character was put in the center of the screen, ignoring the rule of thought, the character then becomes the center of attention and it causes tension. Artists use these techniques all the time to direct the viewer's eyes to a specific place. Balanced and symmetrical in a short can be very effective. Case of this shot. Delighting type or the lighting source of this shot is artificial lighting. Tungsten. We've not talked about artificial lighting and function in the previous shot, so we're going to talk about it here. Artificial lighting is a form of lighting that is controlled by lighting sources for a desired effect in the sea, artificial light is engaged in film production to lead video cameras see the same as the human highest dose, which in turn gives you a much more natural looking scene. The director of photography then tweaks and shaped the light for the purpose of the shot, the type of the artificial lighting source used in this shot is called Thompson. We've talked about Thompson briefly in the first shot, so we're going to talk about it now. Tungsten lights Most often refers to lamps that you use. Tungsten halogen bulbs that produce a light with a color temperature around 200 Kelvin, which always illuminate Gooding are of good light lighting. The lighting of this shot is controlled as it engage. The user, says, to reduce the quality of light from its source, blending evenly to achieve the desired tone of the scene. Diffuser is used to break up and distributes light evenly. Light rays incident in parallel, distributed in different direction and does produce diffuse glare free light, diffusion of reflection, and our shadow and refraction of light. The optical effect used for this purpose, we have a wide range of light diffuser in film production, depending on the required effect of the diffuser, is always placed in front of the artificial lighting equipment in order to level the effect of the light evenly on the target test subjects or objects in the scene. Some diffusers to require us this time to hang it while in use dependent on the size of the required light for the targeted area of the scene. Since stand, I used to hang lights equipment. So the overall emotions of this shot was triggered through the careful craft of every technicality citizens of the same process. The acetyl feeling of this shot is to create a kind of confused group of young people awkwardly looking down, scared and friendly. I'm worried. Okay, in this shot with lent a bar, the following interior shot, frame size, medium, medium white groups shot, low angle, different kinds of point of view, balanced composition, the artificial lighting type, and Thompson diffuser soft lighting assistant. So intentional reasons for each technical decisions of this scene is why the filmmakers do what they do in the film production. 7. SHOT FIVE CINEMATOGRAPHY ANALYSIS AND BREAKDOWN: Welcome to this short, as we deploy a critical breakdown of the intention or technical choices made by the females? Are you ready? Let's do this shot five of the same movie and in the same seat. The time of day, the time of the day in the shot is the set of this scene, is interior of the KB. Color is one, desaturated. The frame size of this shot is closeup. So we've not lead to a close-up shot type. And in this lesson, we are going to talk about it in great detail. Okay, of all different types of camera shot sizes. In FEM, a close-up is perfect for a moment that are important for the character. Close-up shot size is near enough to register a tiny emotions, but not so close that we lose visibility. Close-up maybe designated in discrete according to the image size. Or they may be listed as close-up or see you. The size left to the discretion of the director or camera man. The interpretation of actua, Area famed for a close-up, varies greatly, but it's almost always considered in relation to the subject matter. If phase is more objects, small-scale action may be selected from the overall scene and shown full screen in a close-up. Close ups are among the most powerful storytelling devices available to the filmmakers. They should be reserved for Vitale spot in the story so that they are intended visual impact upon the audience is assured in this scene. See that close-up is not only used for characters in the frame, it is also used for anything that is featured in the screen. As we see the close-up of this basement staircase, the shot type of this shot is inside. So we've now learned about insert shot. So we're going to talk about it in great detail. Full screen close-ups of letters, telegrams, photographs, newspapers, signs, posters, or other written or printed matters, props, object, or these invoked in a short are caught. It can be caught Bureau shots, detail shot in such short of cotton waste, generally in that field so that they overlap the frame slightly. Does eliminating the background. Think of this shot as a review of what a subject in the preceding shot is looking at. As the case of this shot, this carry basement whole group of characters staring down at it in great horror. So this shot also function as a point of view of the characters. Now we've not talked about point of view. So point of view or point of view shot, easy sequence that is shot as if the viewer, while looking through the eyes of a specific character. This shot is a common trick of the oral field. That is, we are placed in the position of the Keillor, walked is slowly sneaking up on the victim. In this shot, we are placed in the position of the character staring down at the creepy who in great tension and curiosity. So the compensation of this shot is saying, OK, and delighting type of this shot is artificial light and tungsten lights. So we'll not go into details about that as we've already discussed about artificial lighting. And Thompson, in the previous shot list. Delighted is soft lighting. So DO Varro and motion of this shot was triggered through the careful craft of every technical decisions of the same process. The oscillator filling up this shot is to create a kind of creepy feeling in the character and the audience as the stare down the hall. In this shot, we learned about POV, or point of view shot in such short the close-up frame size. So hard. Now, in the next shot we have the finest cinematic scene. We are going to break down and analyze in this course. You're ready, Let's go do it. 8. SHOT SIX CINEMATOGRAPHY ANALYSIS AND BREAKDOWN: Welcome to this short as we deploy a credit card breakdown of the intention or tetany color choices made by the filmmakers. Are you ready? Let's do it. This is the final shot. This shot says that we are going to analyze in this course. So the time of day of this shot is night is in the interior of the basement. Okay. Here's another one that we've not discussed about so far. Extreme close up. The frame size of this shot is extreme close up. The extreme close-up may be abbreviated as ECU or domain. If you make us simply refer to it as a tight close-up or a choker. An extreme close-up shot is a type of camera shot size in theme that fills the frame which are subject. And it's so close that we can pick up tiny details that would otherwise be difficult to see. The human face occupies as much of the frame as possible and still shows the key features of eyes, nose, mouth, or towards the top of the forehead. Bottom of genes are cut off. Most types. Such an intimate shot put the audience directly in the face of the subject because every details of the face is highly visible, pronounced facial movement or expressions needs to be soft to very little. Head movement can be tolerated before the subject moves out of frame. And emotional connection is easy to make with this in your face, Freemium, this shot is about war and how Woolf is hot, hungry, scared, lovey, so hard. Okay, it's transport us into the inner emotional feelings of the character in the frame. Registering every visual cue on the character's face down to the high brow shape of the character. In this shot, the frame size is intention in order to present the horror of the scene without leaving any details out. This is important for this shot in order to make the plot of this scene come to life, This type of frame size is engaged to trigger a wide range of emotional response from the audience. This show, we can see the character covered in blood, nose, bleeding, much benches die. This desperation, pain and cite high are these little details are tiny but very essential to the cinematic effect of this. This shot was recorded in a long or medium shot. All these details would not be feasible. This is one pathway effect of the extreme close-up camera framing type. In this scene, we already started three types of shots combination in a single shot, I provide an extreme close-up shots. So the composition of this shot is right. This framing composition puts the character the right side of the frame, leaving a wider space from a front, the angle of the shot looks down on the character slightly from a provider, from the top, as in the case of high angle shot, that presents characters in a vulnerable, helpless state, the high angle shot is engaged in order to convey the character's emotional state in this scene as desperate in pain, misery, Bu Di, and effortlessness. Though the character's face is facing the camera, the short can still register. It provides shot of the camera captures from the provider side perspective. Okay? Site IQ on her face registers, scared character, watching out for any trait and matches. Okay? Now the length times the length size of this shot is long delays. We've not talked about long length, so we're going to talk about it in great detail. Okay? So what does it long lens do you feel make it long focus lens is a camera lens which has a focal length that is longer than the diagonal measure of the film or sensor receives its image. It is used to make decisions. Objects appear magnified with magnification increasing as longer focal length lenses are used. My personal favorite focal length for close-ups is eight to five millimeter. And I'm certainly not the only one to use this lens as my go-to for C, you should. In fact, it's been a long time favorite for many cinematographers in the industry over the years. The best vocal range for portrait headshot is 85 millimeter to want that. Because of the beautiful way that these lenses we flatten your subject. As in the case of this shot, we can see that the face is more closer to the screen and flatten it beautifully. To illustrate this point, let's think about what doesn't work in terms of liaising. Taking the two extreme side of the focal length spectrum, ultra wide angle and telephoto examples. Okay, if you're shooting on an ox track wide angle lens, let's say a fish eye for example, your image is to be distorted. Facial features, we get assent tweeted in all the wrong ways. Wide-angle lenses are not designed to be used for close-up shots. And D are most often used for landscapes and white action shot, as we've discussed in this shot, one of this course, which is why you can't expect wide-angle lens to walk well in a situation that they weren't intended for us in the case of this shot, you can now use wide angle lens to take this shot, okay? They can look at this shot for an extreme example. Granted, a cool look, but it's not what you normally want in a traditional close-up shot, okay? So it's distorted, it's accentuated, it's not what you actually want for your shot. So, for instance, a 24 millimeter lens may not be considered an extreme wide angle lens, but it is quite far from the optimal range you want to be working with. And Destiel will be some pleasing effect on facial features if you attend to use it for close-up shot. It's also important to think about not only what your lens is doing to the subject, but also what it's doing to the background. If we are using the transform millimeter lens as described, you are going to need to move your camera quiet close to your subject to have them framed up closer. Which means you are going to see a lot of more background than if they were framed up using it five millimeter lens, long lens. For instance, since the transform millimeter will pull more of surrounding environment, which means we are going to see a lot more background than if they were framed up using an 85 millimeter long lens. For instance, since the transformative meet up with pull in more of the surrounding environment. So to inform the limit is not best for a close-up shot. Okay, So the order important consideration that should be taken is the depth of field, which is obvious in this shot. We can see the depth of field of this shot. Here. Depth of field is the range of distance within which all objects would be in acceptable sharp focus. Close-up shots requires a more shallow depth of field so that the focus is completely on your subject and the background is thrown out of focus. Avoiding unnecessary distractions in the frame in order to achieve a long lens is needed. So you don't need to worry about placing your subject really far away from the background for all the reasons mentioned so far, long lenses are almost always the way to go for close-up shot. Okay. The lighting source type of this shot is artificial lights, Larissa. So we've not talked about fluorescent artificial light. So we're going to talk about it in great detail. So we've talked about artificial lighting, but we've not discussed about fluorescent light. So a fluorescent lamp uses low pressure mercury vapour to produce ultraviolet light in turn, causing a phosphor coating on the inside of the glass tube to glue giving off light in the visible spectrum. If fluorescent light gives almost the same output as HM, lighting, and it's a lot more efficient than Encarta sense light, okay. Delighting is soft lighting. It distribute illumination softly on the character face. The shadow on this side of our phase is made to achieve a cinematic effect in the shot as it's buries her in the dark, leaving just a side of the face. All these are intentional decisions of the cinematographer to achieve the plot in line with the genre of the film. So the color of this shot is desaturated. All the technical choices made in this scene is to trigger an emotional response from the audience. As it's presented the character in a vulnerable state and applets situation. The overall associated feeling of this is the sense of desperation and society tension, enjoyed, pain, miserable, die, and helplessness in both the character and the audience. Shots. So far, we've learned about short combination in a single shot, ion, good angle, long lens as trim, close-up framing size, right? Every Frame me composition, provide good shot. New kind of high angle shot, ice angle, provide short. And finally, our shadow is used to achieve cinematic effect. That makes it the hand of the analysis for this movie. So far you are not loaded weeks wide range of knowledge in film-making us. You are now more acquainted with some decisions made by professionals in the industry. So that will be hard for this course. On to another word. 9. COURSE PROJECTS CINEMATOGRAPHY BREAKDOWN AND ANALYSIS: Hey.