2 Minute Music Theory - Time and Feel | Mathew James | Skillshare

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2 Minute Music Theory - Time and Feel

teacher avatar Mathew James, Teaching Music

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Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

    • 1.



    • 2.

      Lesson 1 Simple Time


    • 3.

      Lesson 2 Compound Time


    • 4.

      Lesson 3 Examples


    • 5.

      Lesson 4 Groupings in Depth


    • 6.

      Lesson 5 Hybrid Duple


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About This Class

In 2 Minute Music Theory we break the elements of music down in two minute sections. Doing this allows us a good overview, no extra fluff, and makes it easier to review. Each 2 Minute Music Theory course will focus on a certain element of music broken down into 2 minute videos.

Up first - Time and Feel. Why music makes us tap our foot

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Mathew James

Teaching Music


P.Cert, M.Mus, B.Mus

Hello, I'm Mathew. I am professional musician in Calgary, Alberta. I serve as the Artistic Director and solo horn for Timepoint Ensemble and served as the fourth horn for the Saskatoon Symphony for the 2015-2016 season. Around town I perform as a freelance and have performed with groups such as the Calgary Philharmonic Orchestra, the Edmonton Symphony, Theatre Calgary, and many more.

Beyond performance I spend a great deal of time as an educator working with students from various backgrounds in the skills that make up music. 

I completed my training at DePaul University in Chicago (Post Graduate Certificate in Performance, and a Masters of Music with Distinction) and did my undergraduate work at the University of Calgary (B.Mus).

My ... See full profile

Level: Beginner

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1. Introduction: All right. We have two minutes. In those two minutes, we're gonna learn a lot about music theory. We're gonna learn about music appreciation. We're gonna learn different ways to listen in here. Use in two minutes. That's all it's going to take. Each one of these courses is broken down into two minutes. Segments that deals with one concept of music here instead of us spending lots and lots of time going through examples and all those other things. Courses have two minutes. Cover it up. We're gonna make sure you understand it, that you could recognize it and that you can sort of interact with it with a new way. Explaining the course only took me 45 seconds another minute of 15 and you would have learned a whole bunch. So please join me for two minute music theory as we work our way through music on Matthew James. And I'll be your teacher. Do you have two minutes 2. Lesson 1 Simple Time: right in the 1st 2 minute lesson. We're gonna look a time in a foundation sense. What that means is that music is broken down into time and durations. And how we organize those on a page informs how we feel the music. We're gonna go over this really quick. First things to look at right here. This thing I pilot is a time signature. It tells us how many of a thing on a measure in 24 it tells us there to quarter notes. Three forces. There's 3/4 notes, 44 scissors, 4/4 notes, cut time or two to says there's 2/2 notes and we can see that in this top example. The second thing we need to look at in time is emphasis and sort of where the pulse is in the music. It's the thing you tap your foot to your nod your head two into four. We have a strong damage. In 34 we have a strong, downbeat fall by two week beats like a waltz. Strong, weak, weak, strong, weak, weak. 44 time are most common is a strong downbeat and then a week 32. Was he strong weak strong and then we have a that time we have a strong downbeat and a strong third beat much like the 44 but it has a larger duration. So we're gonna play this really quick and you can hear it. Listen for the grouping the notes and listen to how the pulses through, right? That was the first quick two minute time and foundation. You want to learn more about this? There's other courses you can take that gets way more into. It will also keep going deeper and deeper in the next two minutes segments. 3. Lesson 2 Compound Time: The next topic that we're gonna hit in thes two minute segments is second part of time. In the first part, we looked at what we call simple time for things are divided into twos. We begin to see time divided into groups of three. So the difference between simple and compound isn't simple time like our last example. We have to know groupings, a compound time. We have three note groupings. So if we go back into sort the anatomy here, this 68 tells us we have 6/8 notes in a measure, and as we're in compound time, they'll be grouped into threes. The pulse we feel will still be these big beats. 123123 So them 38 There's three groups of eight, nine and 12 as you can see. So again, the big difference between simple and compound time is in simple time. We have groups of two and compound time. We have groups of three. We're gonna take a listen to this really quick, and then we're gonna move on to the next idea. Let's just give us a quick little temper so you'll see more than just this. You can see 64 being grouped Unwto dotted, half notes We can see sixteens. But in general the principle we need to take from this is that in simple time we have to note groupings in compound time. We have three note grouping. The next one is gonna be just some examples of both of them in real time. 4. Lesson 3 Examples: all right. In this next short little two minute under example, we're gonna look at the final part of time. It's just some examples and remembering before we go into this simple time is gonna be represented by our 24 and therefore for remembering there's 2/4 notes or 4/4 notes for measure. Compound time is our 68 and our 12 8 being 68 notes or 12 8th notes Compound is grouped into twos. Simple is grouped into twos and compound is grouped in the three. So says North first example, which is in 24 from a listen to 6844 and 12 8 We're just gonna hear the difference sort of impulse and how it feels the baselines. These bottom lines are just to help us feel the meter of the top is the melodies. We have melody accompaniment. Listen all right, you know, in the last 20 seconds I just want to listen to the last two again because as the most obvious division of beats, so pay attention in this 1st 1 before four to £8 per beat and then the 3/8 notes per beat here. So it's just this one more time to those two 5. Lesson 4 Groupings in Depth: All right, we're gonna take a look at groupings a little more directly, and we're gonna compare a 34 to a 68 So in a 34 and a 68 rid of those tempos, the number of eighth notes is the exact same. There's always gonna be 6/8 notes in each measure. So if we go back and we look to our times dangers and see 34 so there's 3/4 notes and we know quarter notes have 2/8 notes like is a six. So we're just gonna sense right quick and this sort of reemphasizes sort of how groupings work and how it changes what we here. So we're gonna listen really quickly to just these two examples, right? So the temple doesn't change. The only thing that changes is how time or in the meter divides the groups and you can hear this. 123123123123 Sort of groupings. We're gonna listen one more time just for this final sort of concepto lay in perfect. So that's sort of the foundation of time. Now we have an idea of how it works together. how it makes me to change and sort of the thing that leads us to tapping our feet. Look back at this. Anthony need to review, if not, keep moving forward. 6. Lesson 5 Hybrid Duple: So now in this next little trunk, we're gonna look at somewhere dance concepts of time. We're gonna look what's called hybrid do pull time. Um, a lot musicians, we don't call it. I break. Do pull time. This is just that the theory term for it. What hybrid double time is when you have two beats in a measure. But then those beats air grouped here regularly. So we're gonna look at Is this five for example, Plus this little musical example underneath the first measure right here I'm circling with the the mouse. Highlighted is just five beats in a measure. If we look to the next measure and we look at these brackets, um, that showing the grouping So we see three beats, two beats and then the other ready group. It's two and three, right? So, just to reiterate, there's five beats in a measure and then how we group it makes it hybrid Do pull. So the ducal refers to the fact that there are two beats. The hybrid is that there's a three and two. So we're gonna listen to we're gonna listen to the whole thing. Go and it's gonna then jump into this little example from Tchaikovsky's Sixth Symphony. Um, and again, I've I've marked the groupings for you so you can sort of see how the group has happened and how it changes the sound. So if you think back to how 44 felt, this will sound a little different way so really quick review to keep it under two minutes . Hybrid ducal is when you have two beats in a measure, and it's the grouping of those into irregular groups, either twos and threes and just how it happens. So that's hybrid do Paul.