Your German Grammar Course Part 2: Special Verbs, The Dativ Case | Esther Hartwig | Skillshare

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Your German Grammar Course Part 2: Special Verbs, The Dativ Case

teacher avatar Esther Hartwig, Take your German to the next level!

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

11 Lessons (52m)
    • 1. Introduction: Special Verbs

      1:00
    • 2. Modal verbs: können & müssen

      6:19
    • 3. Modal verbs: dürfen, sollen & wollen

      5:13
    • 4. Mögen, gern/gut machen (to like, like doing, do well)

      3:11
    • 5. Werden & its subjunctive mood (wishes)

      6:35
    • 6. Separable verbs

      8:38
    • 7. Introduction: The Dativ

      1:20
    • 8. What is the Dativ & article changes

      6:37
    • 9. Sentence order & pronouns

      4:10
    • 10. Detour: conjunctions - und, aber, oder, denn

      3:51
    • 11. Dativ verbs

      5:15
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About This Class

This is the second part of a German language course that mainly concentrates on grammar. It takes all topics on step by step, each lecture building up on the previous lectures.

It contains easy to follow explanations, examples, and practice parts.

This course will look at all sentence elements and how they relate to and depend on other elements. I designed this course to provide a good understanding of how German as a language works. This knowledge should give you an advantage as you go on with your studies because many rules or exceptions will seem less random.

Instead of spending too much time on rules as such, you will learn to see the underlying patterns of the German language. Many different topics will rely on the same patterns, so if you see those, studying German will become a lot easier.

This is also a good course to brush up on your grammar and of course, you can pick up some vocabulary on the side.

Meet Your Teacher

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Esther Hartwig

Take your German to the next level!

Teacher

I have been a language instructor since 2007. I have taught German and English to private students as well as in a business environment in Argentina and Germany. In 2017 I started teaching online. My goal is to provide useful, understandable, compact information and create aha! moments for people who study German. I hold a degree in Educational Science from the University of Hagen, Germany.

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Transcripts

1. Introduction: Special Verbs: in the following section, we will work our way through some special herbs. The last few verbs we looked at require an object. Some of those we're going to look at now require another verb. They're called motile verbs. Afterwards, you will be able to describe what somebody or something can do. What they must do, may do, want to do or are supposed to do. You will also meet the generalized person that you can use to make general statements such as a prohibition. Additionally, I will expand on some topics that we looked at before and add more details. If you have any wishes at this point, I might not be able to fulfill them, but you will learn how to express them. 2. Modal verbs: können & müssen: motile verbs can change the modality off a statement When I say Ishijima, I'm swimming. I'm describing an action. Where is when I add the verb cannon to my sentence? I am describing an ability I can swim. Cannon also expresses a possibility an option For example, When I make a suggestion the occurrence women gain we can go swimming. Conan is conjugated like this. Isha Khan do canst here can Z can is come via Kernan. You couldn't c Kernan At this point, I will not list the formal version off the second person anymore as it is always the same as the third person plural. Just watch out that in writing you use a capital first letter for the pronoun and the possessive articles. Not that the conjugation with the 1st 3 persons is stool and as he s has No, I'm loud. This is a pattern which all motile verbs with a normal out in the infinitive fall Usually a modal verb is accompanied by another verb in the infinitive. Here are some examples is countrymen I can swim. Do canst clavier spielen. You can play the piano air Condor inspiration. He can speak German. Z can lease on she can read is can often it can walk V a cannon and ski. No gate. We can go to the cinema you couldn't now police Flegal. You can fly to Paris z Conan and despite its found, they can go or drive to Switzerland. You can see that the modal verb is always taking the second position and the infinitive the last position off the sentence. This is called a BAP clamor and German literally verb breakfast. The structure is a major important one in German. We don't use simple, singular verbs too often. Most of the time we use verbs that consists of two parts. You will see many more of those later on. The modal verbs are just the beginning. And in Maine sentences, those two part verbs always follow this rule. The conjugated verb takes the second position and the other part the last. This sentence is a positive or on affirmative statement. Marco's can women. This one is a negative statement. Michael's can finish women, and here we have two questions. A positive and a negative one can Mark was swimming Can Marcos Mystery woman. You can see that all four sentences end with the word sh women. And in both the affirmative and the negative statement, the conjugated motile Berg takes the second position Onley in the Yes, no question. The 1st 2 positions are reversed. Our second model verb is listen, must or have to we use it to express a necessity. This is how we conjugated is most do most Amos z MOUs s most via misson e a missed z Musson have a look at this example. Yeah, most Toyota Al Biden. He has to work today. See how the conjugated verb takes the second place and the second part off the verb combination here in the infinitive is in the last place. If you want to emphasize that it's today, the guy has to work. You can move today goiter to the first position, but the conjugated verb has to stay in the second position, so the subject moves to the third position. As a consequence, when you start a sentence with a unit other than the subject, you cannot do that with more than one piece of information, more than one unit before using the verb. This information can be a time, a place or even the object. I will give you more complex example. Em was highlighted in as and me in. He has to mow the lawn today. You cannot say Oita Air Moose, as you would in English today he has to model on. You can say goiter, Moussa said. In has and me and and you can also say dinner as on muscle high to medium. If you want to emphasize the object, we always stick to those rules for our sentence order. That's practice our to motile verbs and the sentence structure. Here's some sentence bits that you can put together to make complete sentences with a modal verb and the main verb. As an infinitive. Pause the video and right on your sentences in the affirmative. Here's the solution. Do canst English oppression. You can speak English. Daniel can club your spielen. Then you can play the piano. Nico, Kanye, Just door expression. Geico can speak German now, and you can also say yet con Equador expression. Now he can speak German. Tina Mohs al Biden. Tina has to work. Tina. Most margon are biting thine eyes to work tomorrow. Also Morgan most aena al Biden. If you morse laughing. I have to sleep if most yet slash have to sleep now and also yet moustache laugh 3. Modal verbs: dürfen, sollen & wollen: This lecture starts with the mole verb doof in which expresses permission. Here's the congregation his styles do. Doused Adolf Zied off his stuff. The A dolphin you drift z do often his staff means I'm allowed to. We also often used this mole a verb in a negative sense to point out that something is not allowed. Here's some examples. See, do often here how often you may smoke. Here you're allowed to smoke here. I see different finished. How often you're not allowed to smoke Here, be a dolphin here, Parton. We are allowed to park here. You do? If a Munish Parton were not allowed to park here, the negative permission equals a prohibition. Instead of addressing people directly when speaking about prohibitions, we often use a generalized person called Munn in English. You would say you in general or one month takes on the third person singular conjugation. So it's basically the same as AEA, only that it's month. Mandel fiinished Alphen, manda, fiinished, Parkson, Manda off in Cancun house kind handed a note. That means it's not allowed to use a mobile phone in the hospital. Manda fear Zain Hendon ish notes. You're not allowed to use your phone here. This last sentence shows how to use possessive articles with a generalized person. It is the same as he. Next up is Solan, which means to be supposed to We use Solon to express a duty or 1/3 party request. First the congregation It's so do Czarist years old Z easily s saw years Olen years old z z Olen And now for the difference between misson and Zola. In these sentences, you use missin to express a necessity that you're convinced off most Mayor A Biden I must work more. He used stolen when, for example, stating somebody else's conviction of the necessity. When you say Isolde Mayor Al Biden, it expresses that you are not necessarily sure that you must do that. But it is a requirement laid upon you, maybe by somebody else. He sold me on a Biden Sackman chef. I'm supposed to work more, says my boss. Zola expresses more of a duty rather than a necessity, although of course it might be viewed as a necessity by others. You can also forward information in this way by saying to zuletzt Mayor Al Biden, it's something that somebody else consider is necessary. The same structure is used when stating forecasts made by other people, such as the weatherman. Yes, so the Igman means it's supposed to rain. Next up is Volen to want we conjugated like this. It's well, so whilst a bill. Ze evil, a smell Volen Year Bold Z Bolan Volen is very straight forward. Use it for anything you want without being subtle or polite. You can use it, and this is different from the motel verbs we have seen so far with objects. End verbs. Volen is similar to mush turn. The difference is that Michigan is way more polite. Your exercise this time is a bit more open. Pick a number off subjects and combined them with different modal verbs and verbs in the infinitive. You can use all the vocabulary you have seen in this course so far, or you can add your own. Make a set off affirmative and negative sentences as well as yes, no questions, paused the video. Write everything down and then compare the structure off what you've written to the example . Solution. Here is what the structure should look like. DeMann bill, but silent. DeMann finished the asylum Villa chairman. But silent or another example you do lift now carries fleeting. You do a finish, not Paris Fleeing do after year now Paris Legal. 4. Mögen, gern/gut machen (to like, like doing, do well): we have talked about the verb must own would like it derives from the word mugen to like and it's called the condom Tifft Spy in German grammar in English. You might have heard of that as the subjunctive mood in the case Off Mugen and Missed in the translation works really well with to like and would like respectively. But Mugen and to like are not used in the exact same way. Mugen and German is usually used with an object. For example, ish mark ice um oxide and hunt on a market young gospel. We don't use mugen much with verbs. Instead, we use an adverb called GAM or gal Ana you can loosely translated to with pleasure. So when you want to say in German that you like doing something, then you actually say I do it with pleasure. Here are some examples. It s again ice Marco's spewed can fool spy He likes playing football analysts can criminal Romana and I likes reading thrillers or crime novels. You're spielen ish can of food Spy We don't like playing football Speared year Gan Food spot. You use the same structure with another adverb to express that you're good at something that you can do it well, are not so well. The adverb is good, which translates to well, we also use it as an adjective. And then it means good. This is how we use it. Marco spilled Good food. Spy beer spilling this good for spy spirit. You're good for spy. You're feeling gown full spot above your spiel in this court. Here in the last sentence, you can see a combination off GAN and court. We like playing football, but we're not good at it. Practice Mugen and Gan Mahan in this exercise Socialism Lucia Film A That's movies, film a Shaolin watch movies I bought that's exercise or sports spot. Mahan to exercise or to do sports kicks a button to bake cookies cakes. Write full sentences with a person of your choice. Pause a video now to do so. Here's the solution I used. The first person singular with all of them officially is a gang Boucha. Ich mag Boucha. It's Maxima. It's so a guy on film. It's Mac Sport is Martha Graham spot. It's back again. Caixa. It's my cakes! 5. Werden & its subjunctive mood (wishes): in the less like try introduced ah verb form called the Condom Chief Spy the subjunctive mood You will now see another commune chief spy off a verb and adverb is the Adam first up the conjugation off the Adam is the other through bills. Here, build Z build s feel be a bad in here They added z the Adam the verb the Adan means to become or get as in to get old, for example, we use it to describe a change of state. We also use it as an auxiliary verb to express a future tense. In that case, the translation is Will. Here are some examples off how to use the Adam. It's very Adam Oudeh. I'm getting tired. Yeah, built. I'd He's getting old. Yes, today it made it Seen every she work that he's studying medicine. He wants to become a surgeon ish battle Now Paris fleeing I will fly to Paris My uncovered inspired because often my uncle will visit us soon. Be a bad and kind of problem. A home We won't have any problems And here's the condom Chief spy form off Badham His murder do overdosed. They have Rueda zb order s border via viewed in your view, did see verden in this lecture. You will learn how to use it in order to express wishes. But they added, in its communists, five home can be used in many other contexts as well, which you will see as you continue studying. The verb has to be combined with another Verbund the infinitive, just like we've seen before with the modal verbs. And we also use the HVAC lama here because it's a two part burb than the combination off Buddha and another infinitive. This goes for the Adam, as you have seen in our examples as well as for his Communist. If Tsai rude when you expressed wishes, it is important to add an adverb we have worked with before. And that's GM Organa. Here are some example sentences this word again and ski nog and I would like to go to the cinema. Do weirdest Ganesh laughin you would like to sleep? Yeah, build again. I'm ice s and he would like to eat an ice cream. Seafood again I in a pit. Sison. She would like to eat a pizza s food again, mused Lincoln. It would like to drink milk, you wouldn't gan now Paris Fleeing we would like to fly to Paris year. Were the Afghan Foose posh Spielen you would like to play football seafood in gown Deutschland on they would like to learn German, as a translation here is, would like a valid question at this point is, why not just use Meston? Because, as you heard before, that also means would like mishmash turns kilo G in this world again and skiing again. What's the difference? Depending on the situation, they can be used anonymously in some situation. There's a subtle difference in probability. If I say it's viewed again, the situation sounds less concrete. For example, if you're in the city with friends and you say each most against I'm coffee a titan, this is probably the next thing you're going to do. Given your friends agree, you might have even just passed a cafe that gave you the idea that you then announced When you say this body, it's gonna handcuff you to think it might as well be that this stays a wish as you don't have much time left or the cafe is closed. You can also use both structures to make a request such as placing an order in a restaurant in this case, he should build again is a bit more polite, like in this example the motion but silent. We would like to pay you viewed and gone, but silent the food again. But sign sounds a bit nicer, dramatically issued again is really another way of saying it's Mr when you use a verb with it. When you want to use an object without a verb, Onley ish moster is possible. So that is a very important difference because when you use voodoo again, you have to add a verb. There is no other option, like in these sentences, you can say it's mostly it's island coffee drinking or is most against island coffee. So basically, you can use Mr for saying would like to have. But when you say it's murder, you have to have a verb. It's really gets GAM. I'm uncuff eating. You can practice the canyon gift spy off bairn by transferring these sentences into wishes . It's badder, made it seem, stood even. I will study medicine. We'll store and listen Abbeville to give in. He will win, see Vandy film affect health and they will sell the company you have added now Marissa V of Adan Adverse Essen. That trust means something. It's very it's laugh. Pause the video and write down your answers. And here's the solution this good again made. It seems to deal just again. And please, every word again. Give in seafood Indie film again. Fact how often you can also say Z boudin gam d film affect health You build it again now. Paris Father, Virgin Gannett Ross s um Dish really is Ganesh Lassen. 6. Separable verbs: there is one more type of verb. We have to look at the separable burb, just 10 bob of air and German in the infinitive. It looks like any other verb consisting off one word. But when you conjugated in the present tense, it turns into a two part verb. Without you adding anything, this is how it works. Stay in to stand is a simple verb. I am standing here is a stair here I conjugated a verb and put it in the second position off my sentence. If I use the prefix fear with Steve and it becomes Feirstein, which means understand. Finally, those two verbs are exactly the same in English and in German in English, understand also contains the verb to stand also meaning something that has nothing to do with standing. Tashjian is conjugated like stand just that it has a prefix, but it is still one word in the second position. Off the sentence is 50 year goats. I understand German now. The 3rd 1 I will stand this one means to get up and is several. The prefix ALF is actually a pre verb, which means it is a removable part off the verb when you conjugated in the present tense, the verb splits into Stan and elf. Stan is still the verb that is conjugated and takes the second position off the sentence. ALF is now the second part off the verb and guess where it goes. Yes, to the end off the sentence. You used this principle for all to part verbs. No matter if it's a motile verb with an infinitive and auxiliary verb like Viet Dinh to express a certain tents or a separable birth, they all follow that verb record structure. Here's some example. Sentences for ALF Stadium, Anna Steet house and I was getting up an ash did Zia fruit off. Ana is getting up very early. Anna Moose Their food. Often Anna has to get up very early. The last sentence combines a motive herb and a separable verbs. Here you can see that we simply follow the rule. Motive. Herb plus infinitive. Very straightforward. I made a list off some very common several verbs. Un salmon to begin up, sagen to cancel on orphan to call. I was shy Etten to turn off I n shy Etten to turn on. I'm Kalfin to shop fans Ian to watch TV. Yes, we have an extra verb For that. I am suban to insert vital item 24 Ward Mitt Neiman to take with literally at seven to take off, literally to drive off. You can only use it for things that can drive, such as cars and buses and trains. I'm comin to arrive unplugged, be even to try on form of item. To prepare, you might have noticed that some translations contain two part verbs in English as well, such as turn on, turn off, try on in English. There called phrase ALS verbs, and they're closely related. The only difference is that in German, we stick the two words together to form an infinitive, kind of like saying in English to on turn toe off, turn or toe on Try Pre verbs are not hard to recognize as they're usually propositions, something we will have a closer look at in a later section. For the time being, we can say that the pre verbs are actual words with a meaning, whereas prefixes alone don't mean anything. Typical prefixes are fear and bet. As in fair guess, um, the zul and typical pre verbs are on House House, Ein mit four. And so, which means that on off and so on, separable verbs are therefore often recognisable. As such. One more piece of information concerning emphasis simple verbs are emphasised on the first syllable, with the exception off most verbs that end in even likes to divan, which are usually emphasized on even separable. Verbs are also emphasised on the first syllable, so it's not like the prefix verbs where the prefix pushes the emphasis to the second syllable. The pre verbs are emphasized in practice. It should sound like this, and I do not mean in natural practice I'm going to overdo it a bit so you can hear the emphasis clearly. Sh laughin Hoon s um science Laffan all foolin Ralph s um First laugh in fair, Who won fair Gessen? Here's an overview off the different sentence types used with a separable verb. So this is about canceling a meeting. We're using the verb up zag one. And for the word meeting, we can just use the same word. Meeting works in German as well. Bia's Agon does meeting up his agonists meeting nish up via missing just meeting up song. You Miss and US meeting nish upside zag and viewed us meeting up miss and get us meeting upside to practice this, you can now take all the verbs from this list and make sentences with them. They can be very basic just to practice the principle. Or you can add some words that you have studied, such as objects or adverbs of time, like Jetzt Morgan and so on. Pause the video and write down your solution. Compare the structure of your sentences to these examples. Be a fun and yet son have folk moved Morgan and Michael's shaded in fans. Al's their fans at. That's the television Hannah Scheid it and found Zain Minamata coughed off em supermarche. Groupama, unsurprisingly, is the supermarket. It's sugar didn't text here. I'm also text san Word in English lightens he DZ email Vita name deal Oil coffa nish Mitt Coffa is a suitcase. In this case, it's plural. It's the same word. Dear Coffa plural coffer. Deb was fair to accomplish up bus his bus and accomplish punctual. That's floats like accomplished pro English and that's roots are Is the plane an appropriate d? Sure on. He sure is Shoes my zone. But I took does Abbott s and four that's happened. Essen is dinner 7. Introduction: The Dativ: in this section, we will have a look at our third case, the Dia TIF. So far, we have seen how the nominative case is applied to the subject off the sentence, whereas the acquisitive case sets the position off an object relative to the subject. In other words, we have looked at a typical situation off two units as the two different ends off a verb. A verb can take on more than one object, though, and this is where the data ive case comes in. In this constellation, it is fairly easy to follow the logic off the Dottie's use this as a basis to understand how it works when we use it later. In other structures, that might seem, let's say less logical. In this section, you will learn how to formulate more complex sentences in German, typically involving two people and on object. He will also see new verbs, of course, and therefore expand your vocabulary and less. But not least, you will have the opportunity to review and practice structures you already know in the context off this new information 8. What is the Dativ & article changes: here, you can see a fairly simple standard sentence combination off first, a subject and a verb with one object and second with two objects. We have established that the object in this first situation most of the time takes on the acquisitive case. Or in other words, the object is an accuser. TIF object. The second situation with one object in the a quiz Atif and the other one in the Dark TIF is what we will examine now given on Schenk in our two verbs that can be used very well in this context, as they necessarily or almost naturally take on two objects given means to give and sank in to give as a gift. So they're very similar. They both mean that an object is passed from one person to another when an object is moved from one person to another than the first person in the situation is the sender, and the second person is the recipient. In ascendance like this, the recipient takes on the dot Ive case. Here's an example Anton kept. Lena does full. Anton is the subject off the sentence and given the verb that links Hunton to both other objects and that object Lena is the dot if object and that spool is in the acquisitive. So you can see here that gibbon takes on two objects. The data TIF comes with a lot of changes to the articles. Here's an overview off the masculine articles, all articles in the dark teeth and in em for the masculine now. So it's Dame Einem Mine. Um Kaine, um Deism The famine and article gets an F instead. Dear aina Minor kinda di za This is often a point of confusion because it looks as if the feminine article is now a masculine article and deflower turns into a masculine noun. But that is exactly the point off cases when you here, Dear Frau, connected with a verb. It cannot be a woman who does something. It has to be a woman who receives something here. The articles for the Neutra noun in the Dottie's, you can see that they take on the same ending as the masculine ones. The plural is a bit special because it concerns the article. Endings end the noun ending. The article Skelton, N Dean, Mining, Kainan, Diesel and announce also get an end unless they already have one or and in s. These examples should help you understand how it works. I will give chocolate to three different roofs off people with three different endings in the floral. Please note that the gender doesn't have any influence on this because as soon as they're in the PLO rolled the gender doesn't matter anymore. So it's really only about the plural form. You have to see what the ending off the plural form is. The plural off flower is fallen off, baby. It's babies and off Kinte its kindle now I say is gay. But in flower show colada flower one stays the same because it already ends in an end s cable. Didn't babies Chocolat also no change because babies ends in s is Gable Dian Kingdom Show colada. Here I have to add an end to the plural noun because the plural form off Suskind which is Deke Inda does not end on end and not in s. You can practice the dot if now used these units to make sentences is Kalfin Mind zone. I'm for that. Fat is a bicycle, Thomas, but silent Zeina torta their fuel outside the few Russian is the driver's license. Carla Schenkkan either Elton Blumen eight and Means, parents and blumen Flowers Their ads Gibbon d florinda I'm that That's That's the doctor Kind of odd and advice Jonas Given Chairman D. Hand and Joonas Given de Mena de Hunt This combination off Gibbon and d'Hont is what we used in German to express. Were shaking someone's hand the hand even pause the video now and write down your sentences . Here's the solution His cow for mine um zone and father that to mass portside Zeina torta din full of shine color shank urinated on Roman the oust Keep Then Floyd and I know that Una escaped demand d hunt una escaped did men on the hunt Before we go on to the next lecture, Here's one small but useful bit of information which has to do with gibbon when we use dis verb with the third person Singular s escaped. It means there is or there are Here are some examples escaped on Kino There is a cinema escaped. I'll unpack. There is a park escaped feeler Heloisa There are many houses escaped coffee on cool one There is coffee and cake 9. Sentence order & pronouns: we're gonna have Ah, closer Look now at the sentence order, This is what we use before the subject. The verb that if object, acquisitive object. It's a good standard order. There are certain constellations that make a different order possible. But this one is always correct given the acquisitive object does not take the form off a prone out. I underlined the accuser TIF objects and we will now replace them with their corresponding pronouns. S e and Z in and Z. As you can see here, the sentence order changed. It's cow for s mine. Um zone Thomas, But side in Zeina Hafta color Xiang Zi here in Milton the artscape in den for Indian. You wanna skip the Dem Man? We stayed the acquisitive object before the dot if object if the acquisitive object is a pro Now this is a very common structure to use. For example, in combined sentences like this one, Carla Health Blumen ones the Xiangxi. Even every time one is a conjunction here, it connects two main clauses Carla health blumen and car lashing. See even Elarton as the subject is the same In both clauses, we can drop it in the second clause when we connect the two sentences Carla Cough Blumen on Xiangxi, your monitor. In order to avoid repetition, we use a pronoun for blumen in the second clause which initiates the order. Ah, quiz Atif before dark TIF. Of course, we can also replace the dot if object with a pronoun, though that will have no further impact on our sentence order. The pronouns in the dia TIF are mia deal Eem you een And then once just as in the was Atif toys also the same and union. Maybe you've noticed it. The ending off those pronouns correspond with the endings off the articles in the dot ive for each gender as he s and also for the plural Z For the masculine ones, it's m or the feminine ones l and the neuter ones again m and the plural. And just so you see that they have the same letter in the end off the word. And here's an example of a statement in which a dot if pronoun is used, mine's own hut aboard stuck a shank Him, I and Father, you can practice the data of pronounce with some of the sentences we use before. Replace the underline that if object with the correct pro. Now pause the video and right on your answers. Here's the solution is called for in my Father to Mass but side year in for a shine color shanked in and blumen the out skip in and on and that you can ask it in your hand as an additional exercise. You can now replace the acquisitive object with the correct pronoun and rewrite the sentences in the correct order. You can pause the video now to do so. Here is a solution is Cal for as in to Mass but side in here? Carla Xiang Zi even they're asked. Kept in union, Yona skipped Z team. 10. Detour: conjunctions - und, aber, oder, denn: In the last lecture, I briefly mentioned a conjunction to explain an example sentence. We're gonna take a little Detroit here and complete that piece off information and also give you a tool to make longer sentences. More interesting sentences. It is fairly simple and straightforward and will most likely provide a bit off relaxation between two lectures on the dot Ive as well, when we use wouldn't end. We can do that to complete a list. Harbour Island haunt in a capsule on Island Can Aryan forward. This is also a list if Liza and Wool one Tinker Island Coffee I am listing activities that are currently taking place. A surfing Internet warned mind find Shout I'd and film. I'm surfing the Internet and my friend or my boyfriend is watching a movie. This is the one where want is used as a conjunction. That simply means that wouldn't connects two main clauses, meaning to complete sentences without those sentences changing at all. The singular statements would be a surfing Internet mind, foreign shelled island food, ABBA, but works in the same way. A market in the stopped Z Calvinists Emma Gate in the start Arba Zeke health lists Amman goes to the city, but she doesn't buy anything. Literally. She buys nothing. Next up order which means or also conjunction. That doesn't change the two sentences. Hota ab and GM via and ski No, be of live. And so how is a hotel? Abenaki Indians? Kino, Order of your blind. So, Hauser, this evening we're going to the cinema or were staying at home. And one more is then, which means because we have more than one word to introduce a reason. But apart from then, they change the order off the sentence. So at this point, then is the simplest solution to use. And my Calvinists See how to can get Emma Calvinists den Ze hut kind. Get Try it yourself. Put the sentences off each pair together to create one sentence. Use each conjunction. Wouldn't arbor order den once ish? Machado's fence that So as this. Cut it. I'm closing the window. It's cold. No, Alan ministry a guilty proofing busty in Noah doesn't study much. He will pass the exam M islands off here. Z veiled Deepu from Boston. Am I studying a lot? She will pass the exam. Hey, Shankar. Minamata on bit. You think it year Island shot. I'm giving my mother a picture. I'm giving her a scarf. Pause the video now and write down your sentences. And here the solutions. H Mahood offense. That's Dennis's Chi it No Atlantis Chill about Ever Deport from Boston, M Islands Airfield 1 70 Proof from Boston Hey, Shankar Minamata in bid What? I sank it. You? I've been shot. 11. Dativ verbs: back to the dark TIF. So far we have looked at verbs that carried two objects off which one is in the data. But you probably remember that when we talked about the acquis Atif object, I mentioned something about 90% off German verbs to take on one object taken on a cruise. Atif object. So if you have wondered about the other 10% here they are. Some verbs take on a dot if object as their primary object. Examples are the Hoon health in Duncan Go Fallon. Gulen means to be long to, so it is pretty much to own in reverse. Qallab visits on a war Did work. A hurt Carla Carla owns a watch. The watch belongs to color in the first sentence, Qala is the subject, and in the 2nd 1 Deep War is the subject. Health own means to help and Duncan to sank. Here's some examples of how you can use them. His health. A deer is healthy. Even Constable Harrison Condon's in your Harrison. It stank a deer. This donkey even is Dan Coy's. The Fallon is a verb that we can roughly translate to to please, although that doesn't always work. Full sentences we used with golf Ellen are usually translated two sentences with like because in English, that sounds more natural. But it is really the reverse situation off, like similar to Gulan and position. So if you say Karl Lagerfeld young, then it means that it is young who likes collar. If I say Jesus, build Krefeld mere, then I like the picture. But obviously the picture is a subject here, so it is literally. The picture pleases me, which is an odd thing to say in English, but a common one in German. The exercise goes like this state. The item that you own first, then say that the item belongs to you. Same with Bruggen and Joselyn state first what you like and then make the sentence With Go Fallon. You can also use other persons instead of writing about yourself, pause the video and write down your answers. And don't forget that you use the dot ive with the objects off those verbs that I told you about. Now here's an example. Solution. Lower opposites. Ein Sofa, The Sofa Hurt Year. Who is visits Thailand. Tish Fetish got him my zone Mac firma sin of the file on him. Minor finder Moving Jesus photo That's four door Krefeld in. Do you remember the rule about the conjugated verb in the second position, and how the first position can be taken by one and only one unit of information that is not the subject and the subject and moving to the third position. And do you remember that information being, for example, a time, a place or an object? You can state the dotted object first in a sentence if it can still be identified as the object, which is typically the case when using a pronoun in the dot eve. Here's an example. Instead, off the lamp a good meal, we can say Mu gertie, lumpen the dot if prone on exit, instantly clear that I am starting the sentence with the object, and the lampa has to be the subject. This is something that we usually do for emphasis. So far, we have only worked with affirmative statements in this lecture. Here's an example how it looks in the negative form that's build a failed Munish or when you start a sentence with the dot If object Mucha failed, just finished, you can practice the negation by changing the following sentences into their negative forms . The sofa good here That issue heard in Saramago following him. Does photograph Ed even. Just like I good Mia The lamp. Oh, Krefeld, Mia. Pause the video and right on your sentences. Here is a solution that sofa heard finished that fish could hurt. Diminished fennel. Go, Fallon diminished. That's photo buffet diminished. That's like Gaga hook diminished. The lamp ago failed, vanished.