Your 2nd Guitar Lesson 2021! | Cameron Bruce | Skillshare
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7 Lessons (35m)
    • 1. Introduction

    • 2. 4 New Chords

    • 3. A Major Scale

    • 4. A Minor Scale

    • 5. Chord Theory 101

    • 6. How to read TAB

    • 7. Learn your first song

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About This Class

Welcome to my follow up course on beginner guitar!

This course is a continuation from my first course which really was just a light introduction to the guitar and to playing some chords.  In this lesson, we'll ...

  1. Learn 4 New Chords
  2. Learn the A Major Scale
  3. Learn the A Minor Scale
  4. Investigate how we make chords
  5. Learn how to read TAB
  6. Learn a well-known song!

This course is packed with some awesome new chords, concepts and fun so dive straight in and above all else have fun!

See you in there!

Meet Your Teacher

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Cameron Bruce



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1. Introduction: Hi guys, my name is Cameron Bruce and welcome to my second Beginner Guitar Course. My First Course really was intended to be a light touching points and an introduction into how the Tile Works parts of a guitar. We learned some chords and right at the end, I tried to, you know, spark some inspiration and creativity by getting you to come up with unique variations and combinations of the chords we've learned. This lesson is going to be a bit of a deeper dive. We're going to look at for new chords, including a minor chord, which we haven't learned yet. We're gonna look at scales, and we're also gonna look at the major and the minor scale. Lastly, we're gonna look at, you know, what is the difference between a major chord, an a minor chord? And why do we select specific notes to play an accord? What is, where are we getting that information from? But it's not all just Theory. In this lesson, we're also going to have a bit of fun at the end. And we're gonna take the four new cause we've learned today. And we're going to play a song that I'm pretty sure you guys will be familiar with at such an awesome time putting this together for you and, you know, thinking about what best way to put this inflammation forward for you guys. I hope that this course can continue to inspire you in your guitar learning journey. And I can't wait to get started. I'll see you in the next lesson. 2. 4 New Chords: Guys, welcome back to this lesson. Now, in my first course, I briefly explained how to read a code diagram. That's going to be quite important considering that we're learning for new codes. I'm gonna link to that PDF down below so that you can check that out again if anything seems unfamiliar. But in the PDF resources is also going to be the diagrams for the four chords we're about to learn. The first chord, we're going to check out a C Major. I'm gonna move quite quickly, but I'm gonna do the same thing I did in my previous videos where I tell you what finger, what string, and what fret. So for example, let's start with our ring finger. First string, third fret, ring finger, 1234, fifth string, third fret, 123. That's the scenery. And that's where our C code is going to start from. Just as a refresher, let's go through our fingers. Pointer, middle, ring, Pinky. So let's put our ring finger back on the fifth string, third fret. Now we're gonna pay middle finger, fourth string, second fret. Now we're going to skip our third string and we're going to go pointer, second string, first frets. Hopefully you guys have been able to follow that. I've moved a bit quicker just so that you can get used to hearing the language that I use when talking about a way to put your fingers and if anything seems foreign or strange, check out the PDF below, following the diagram above because that will be providing step-by-step information on where to put your fingers. Before we go ahead and play this chord, it's important to note the gap between our middle and our pointer. Our third string here doesn't have a finger on it, but we still want to hear it ring out when we play our chord. So it's important to keep in mind how we place our fingers so that our middle and our pointer finger don't touch that string. Often what can happen with beginners is that in an effort to try and put their fingers in the correct shape, they, they touch, they touch another string. So my fingers, after years of playing, have, have gotten used to kind of bending in a specific way. And you're also going to as well, but it's gonna take some conscious efforts and it's just important that we want to hear this third string and we want to hear our first string over here. So the points and the middle finger, gently pushing down, lifted up a little bit so they are not touching the strings. And we're gonna Strom from our fifth string. And it sounds like this. If I play it string individually, you're going to hear what I mean by wanting to keep those strings open so we can hear them. If I don't place my friend is correctly, I'm going to play what that might sound like when we mute those strings by accident. You can hear how the finger touching the string, even the string is not meant to be on, can, can kind of just mute and kill that string and that note immediately. Rather what we want to do is we want to bend our first knuckles just so slightly and get a nice and gentle push against the string so that we're not touching any other strings. That way we get a beautiful code that rings out and all the notes sound where they should. Let's move on to our next chord. Our second quote is special because it's a minor chord and it's the first minor chord we're looking at. Now, I don't want to go into the theory just yet of what a minor chord is versus a major chord. But I think for you guys and might be quite cool to share a minor chord. And then at least start to think about and internalize what, what makes it sound different? What is the kind of sound that you are hearing? So here's our a minor chord. Now I don't know about you guys, but for me, a minor chord is a bit darker. It's a bit more mysterious, maybe it's sadder, but it elicits different things for different people. So you guys have a think about what the difference might be. Here's a major. And a major chord is hopeful, it's positive, it's, it's fun, it's light, whereas a minor chord is a bit dark and heavier, I think. Without any further ado, let's go and check out where our fingers go for our minor chord. I'm going to do this one step-by-step just so that you know exactly where your fingers go. First finger to place is going to be your middle finger. Fourth string, second fret, 1234 string, second fret, 12. Straight underneath that we're going to put our ring finger, third string, second fret. And straight underneath that you're gonna point pointer, second string, first fret. Right? Now, like we learned without a major chord, we're gonna strum down from our fifth string. And we will also want to hear this bottom irina in our code as well. So I'm going to play each note individually so you can really hear what it sounds like. And now I'm gonna strum it. Hopefully you can hear that that's a bit of a darker sound and a bit more mysterious. Let's move on to our next chord, and it's our F chord. Now, the F chord is, the first chord is going to require four fingers from you. This is where a lot of beginners battle because it's requiring some strength and fine motor control from our pinky. So take your time. Really pay attention to where you're placing your fingers. And I have no doubt that this is gonna sound great. This is what the code looks like. I'm going to call out each finger and each string, and each threats. And of course the diagram is going to accompany me there as an exercise. See if you can follow along with what I'm saying. We're gonna take our ring finger, fifth string, third fret. Have you got it? Awesome. Pinky, fourth string, third fret. Brilliant. Middle finger, third string, second fret. And lastly guys, pointer, second string, first fret. So if you did try and challenge yourself, have a look at my hand. Have a look at the diagram and double-check that your fingers are in the right place before we move ahead. If you did and you got it, congrats guys, that's an awesome job. Now, the F chord is also the first one where we don't want to share our top e. And we also don't hear our sixth string 0s over here. So we only want to hit the strings in the middle. First, fourth, third, second strings. What I do is I like to use my, my thumb at the top here and I've got big hands. So luckily I'm able to do that. But of course, better than that is going to be. Now what I'd like to do is I like to use my thumb just gently over the top here, muting my sixth string. You can hear it's not really ringing art. And over here, my pointers just likely touching the E string at the top. Also not really art. And this is what the F chord sounds like. Guys, as our first chord that requires four fingers, it's really going to, it's going to test your, your, your, your pushing power. And the key here really is to just be gentle on the strings. A lot of beginners put a lot of tension in the left hand. And then they are, my fingers are so and your fingers are going to get so you know, but, but we can help that by not pushing too hard. You want to find that sweet spot. You want to find that spot where you providing enough tension down on the strings that it's resonating beautifully, but it's not causing any tension in your hand or in your fingers and tension in your hand and fingers over an extended period of time, potentially years can actually lead to injury. So it's something to keep in mind as you move forward. A last chord rechecking out is our G chord. Now, the G chord has by far what I think might be the biggest stretch in terms of chords that we've checked out as far. So let's jump straight into it. Again. Test yourself and see if you can put your fingers where they need to go just by hearing the words that I'm saying. Middle finger, sixth string, third fret, pointer, fifth string, second fret. We're gonna skip our fourth authored and our second string. And we're gonna go straight off first string where we put our pinky on the first string, third fret. Again, guys, Have a look at my hand. Have a look at the diagram. If you challenge yourself, make sure you're in the right place. Now with a G chord, we can strum all of the strings because, you know, all of the strings are necessary to make up the chord. But like with the C chord, we wanna hear these middle strings. You know, we don't want other fingers that are going to touch on the strings and create any buzzing or meet the strings, we really want to hear them. So let's go each nodes individually. Let's trim it up. Guys, those are four chords and I've moved quickly through them. Get the PDF resource down below. It will have all four diagrams for you. We'll see exactly where your fingers go. And what you wanna do is you wanna start practicing these codes. These are courts, including the chords in my first course are going to be used through actual guitar playing lives. And it's really important to get them under your hand in your mind. And Andy offenders. So check it out, spend some time on this, maybe, maybe a week before you move on to the next lesson, potentially, however long you feel you need to totally up to you. I hope you guys enjoy it. I'll see you in the next lesson. 3. A Major Scale: Guys, welcome to this lesson. I hope that those codes in the previous lesson are well under your fingers and well in your minds. Now, this is a slightly different lists and we're going to check out our first major scale. A major scale. We're not checking out the a major scale for any particular reason other than it's going to facilitate demonstrating the difference between major and minor. Later on, it's important to note that a scale is very different to a chord. A chord is a bunch of notes that we played one time. And a scale is individual notes played in order after each other. So it looks something like this. You might look at that and go, that sounds familiar. And I think we've all been in the situation where we probably really watched Mary Poppins and heard the DOE idea and all of that. But you've also probably been in a school that has a music course of some kind where the major scale has been referenced. Let's go ahead and dive straight in and learn the scale. And then we're gonna talk a little bit more about the minor version of the scale. First things first, where we put our fingers is vital. We're going to assign a finger to a fret so that every time a note on that fret is played beard on any of the strings, we're going to use that finger. So firstly, our points is gonna go first fret, middle is gonna go second fret, ring is gonna go third fret. And our pinky is going to be responsible for all the notes on our fourth fret. I'll first notes in the major scale. Is this open, a string? That's the fifth string. We know this because remember when we checked out the a chord, we said Strom from the fifth string. Not surprisingly, that first string open is an a note, which is why we strung from the first string open in the a chord. Now we're going to start with that note. That's the first note in our A-major scale. Now, if we keep to the rule of each finger has its own fret, We're gonna go middle finger. Now what that means is that it's going to be fifth string, second fret, pinky, which is for the string, fourth for it. Then we're going to have an open fourth string. Then we're going to have a middle finger, second fret, pinky, fourth fret. Oh, and we're gonna go then jumped out to our third string first fret, which is our pointer. And then directly are from that middle finger, second Fred's. And that's how a major guys. This is a really valuable skill to learn. And you can take this shape all over the guitar, Nick, and it'll make sense to wherever you are. But for now, let's not get ahead of ourselves. We also wanna play down our major scale or descending. So let's go to where we ended, which was third string, second fret, which means our middle finger pointer. So third string, first fret, fourth string, fourth fret, fourth string, second fret. Open fourth string, first string, fourth fret, second fret. And the open fifth string. I'm gonna play that once more up and down. Well then guys, you've just learned chop for scale. And as far as I'm concerned, to be a beginner guitarist and learning the scale is of utmost importance, especially when we start looking at later on the relationship between guitar chords and guitar scales. And want to see you in the next lesson. And we're going to learn the a minor scale. 4. A Minor Scale: Guys, welcome back. And now we're gonna look at are a minor scale. I highly encourage you to take a little bit of time between these two lessons where you spend a little bit of time with the, a major scale. You know, really focus on where each finger goes. And if you're anything like me, you must be quite a visual learner. So you'll start to recognize the pet and write. As I play that, I'm thinking of the pattern of the scale. Now the mind is only slightly different from the major scale, but we're gonna stick with our fingers being responsible for the frets, you know, pointer first, middle, second, ring finger third, and pinky fourth fret. And we're going to keep that in. The starting node, is actually the same as our a major scale, as you might have guessed. Open first string a. And straight after that, we're gonna go middle fingers, so for string, second fret. But this is where it changes. And instead of our pinky going up to the fourth for it, we're going to use our ring finger on the third fret. Now, you should hopefully start to hear the difference there. You know, here's our major terpenes jovial, it's a bit fun. And here's our minor, somewhat more serious and dark and heavy, right? So I just wanna talk to you quickly about what, what language we use when we talk about if a node goes down, a Fred's or if a node goes up or for it. In this case, the notice going down a fret. And recall that flattening the note. And you can kind of think of it visually as being flattened in a way down to a next, the next pitch or the next note. So here 12 and then a flattened third. You'll hear that a lot in good time. Not just in guitar, but in music in general. You know, where people talk about a flat, even though it doesn't apply to this scenario if you were to raise the node. So if I said, instead of going down, I said got up a semitone or a pitch. It's called sharpening the notes, you know? So if I say sharpen the node from here, you're going to do that. And if I say flatten the nodes from here, you're going to go down. That's just some language that we're going to have to start thinking about, you know, when we start talking about music so that I can better teach and communicates certain concepts to you. Now, let's not get ahead of ourselves as great. Back to our minor scale. We're gonna go open fifth string, middle finger, second fret for the string, ring finger, third fret. Now jump down to an open fourth string. Middle finger, second fret. And now again, instead of that pinky on the fourth string, we gonna flatten it and we're going to use our ring finger. Third fret. Then we're going to jump down to our third string, open string this time instead of first fret. And again middle finger, we end the same way we ended the major scale. Right there, guys. So three notes have changed. We've gone from over there too. So not a huge difference. Same exact same changes happen on the fourth string. And then instead of, we've gone. Alright, I'm gonna play this a little slower through for you so you can check it out. And that's all a monocle. And you can hear that the minor scale and the mater cord go ahead and head. They, they, they suit to each other. You know, they sound like they're the same, just being played differently. That's important to note for our next this guys download the PDF below, Have a look at the different fingerings for this scale and practice yourself before we move on to the next lesson, again, there's nothing wrong with recognizing the patterns. So by all means, you know, have a look at the patterns and start to get used to how they feel, how they sound. Scales are great exercises for getting a bit of strength and our fingers, which is going to help facilitate plane more complex codes as we move through our guitar Learning Careers. Enjoy the lesson, guys. Give it your all, practice and make notes or see you in the next lesson. 5. Chord Theory 101: Guys, welcome back to the lesson. I know that there's been a lot of cool stuff covered in the previous lessons, and I highly recommend that you take your time and you don't move too quickly through this course, but rather take the time to digest these new concepts, new fingerings, new sounds. Cuz it's gonna really help you in your guitar learning career to understand these things fully. And it all it means is that future things that we learned, you're just gonna understand quicker and you're going to have more fun. That's really, really what it's about is having fun with music and being creative and inspired. In this next lesson, it's a bit more of a theory listen. But as I alluded to in the previous lesson, there is a direct link between a scale and it's cold. And a minor scale. Sounds like the code. You can hear that there's that link. And the same goes to for the a major scale. You can hear that if I play the a major scale and combine it with the minor chord, There's a, there's a disconnect between the sound qualities and if they work together, that mean that quite jarring to the ear. There's a reason for that. And it brings me to my next point, how we choose what notes are in a chord. Now, the general basic formulae, if you want to call it that, is that the scale comes first. We take the first, the third, and the fifth note of the scale, and we combine them all together to formulate the chord. So let me try and illustrate that a bit better here, right? Here's our scale, a major. So we're gonna take the first, the third, and the fifth notes of our scale. And we're going to use those at one time if I can say it like that, to strum a chord. So let's identify firstly, our first, our third, and our footnotes in our scale. We already know our major scale is. So let us find out first nodes. Okay, let's find our third 23, and let's find our fifth 45. So we know that our notes are gonna be. And hopefully that sounds like something you maybe have heard. But as we're doing that where it basically identifying the strongest notes in our scale to best represent the tonal quality of our codes. So if I look at the note names, it's 135, oh, a C-sharp, E. Now you don't need to know that. Just take my word for it as an illustration right now. A C-sharp E. Let's have a look at are a major chord. What modes are in here? Well, we've got a, we've got E, We've got a again, you've got C-sharp, and we've got e. So you can see that our a major chord is basically made up of just, you know, the first, the third, and the And fifth notes in our scale, we've just used some of those nodes twice. We've used the a and the E twice actually. So it's the a again, C-sharp and gear here, a and E get used twice and we have a C sharp in the, which is the third of our scale. Guys, this is quite a complex concept to get to grips with. And I remember learning, it's way back when I was learning guitar and it took me awhile to understand. So I highly encourage every slotting the lesson again, making some notes. Obviously I'm going to be putting up some diagrams to help you through this. But it is a, this is by far the hardest concept around music we've had to tackle. So as if it wasn't hot enough. Now let's have a look at the minor version of this, right? We already know that the first, the third, and the fifth note of a scale makeup the chord. Okay, so let's do the exact same thing with the minor scale, 12345. So instead of our major scale, a minor chord is going to be. And you can already start to hear how that actually embodies the quality of the minor chord that we've learned. So what are those note names? Again, you don't need to know this. We just need to do it so that I can illustrate that the minor chord is just the first, the third, and the fifth note of the scale. Of course, our third nocere. Remember, we flatten that from the major scale is a c, not a C sharp, correct? And underneath that is an E. So the notes and are a minor chord or a C. And if we find are my honor code that we learned earlier, Let's analyze the nodes that are in there. We've got our open a string. We've got an E, which we know works. You've got another a, we've got a C, and we've got an e. So as you can see guys, how codes are really just, we've just been quite the size of with specific notes from our scale. And then we've put them altogether, played them at one time. And then we've gone a minor or a major, Guys, this is such a cool concept and I remember wishing someone taught me this way earlier on in my guitar career. So if you don't fully understand it, it's not going to make a huge difference right now. But I'm really hoping that maybe a couple months from now or even a couple years from now, something happens or you learned something and you can think back to the way we talked and thought about chords and scales right now. And it can just mean that everything clicks into place. It's a tough concept. It's a vital part of understanding how guitar music works and hope you've enjoyed it. Take time, really spend some time trying to think about the concepts, get comfortable with the idea of it, how our codes in our scales relate. And I'll see you in the next lesson. 6. How to read TAB: Guys, I hope you enjoy that previous chordal lesson. We're gonna look at something called tab now. And tab, if you look down below, is basically another visual representation method that we can use to learn whether it's codes, refs, songs, and it's going to come in handy as we move forward. And it's really great for guitarists, especially beginning guitarists, because it means we don't have to learn music notation just yet. Music notation can be incredibly time consuming to learn and can be quite difficult to get to grips with. Often deterring people from learning something because the music notation itself are so difficult, whereas tab allows us to dive right in, see it in a visual way. And so that's what we're going to have a look at right now. So if you look down below, you see the lines traveling horizontally left, right? Those are the guitar strings. Now, when I put a number on one of those strings, it represents a fret. So let's say, for instance, I wanted to make my a minor chord, which we know is this is how I would represent it in tab. Now if we go through that, you can see on the fifth string, we've got an open, So it says 0. On the fourth string, we've got a finger on the second fret. So since two on the third string, finger on the second fret, since two on the second string, we've got a finger on the first fret, so it says one. And our top E string is open, so it says 0. So we can use tab and we can use core diagrams in conjunction to learn these cores. But we're tab really shines is when we're trying to learn a song. Because what tab shows you linear progression of a song. So it starts on the left and you play a chord 1234. And if I play that for you to be. So hopefully you can see that by using tab, it's not only showing us what code, what fingers we must use, all of those various things. But it's also giving us the sense of time within the song. So guys, download the PDF below. It's going to give you a kind of a breakdown at more deeper breakdown of what Tab is, what the diagram actually is. And it's definitely going to help you in the next lesson when we learn a song. Now I'm not going to use tab in the lesson itself to teach the Sangam, rather gonna use big chord diagrams and big arrows to show the struggling pattern. But if you download the PDF for the next lesson, you'll also see that there is tab for the song itself. I hope that helps if you have any questions, please put it in the discussion. Are more than happy to help and get to grips with tab because it's going to mean that we can learn a lot of cool concepts, ideas and Sung's much quicker in the future. Guys, I'm really looking forward to this next lesson where we're going to check out a really cool song. I'll see you there. 7. Learn your first song: Guys, this has been quite a few very heavy course. And of course I don't want it to only be that alpha has to be fun. After all, what we're here to do is to play the guitar. Now, these concepts that we've talked about are to help us understand music and have, and therefore have more fun with music. But I understand sometimes all we wanna do is play your favorite song. So this last lesson in my course is going to be, we're going to check out a song that I think you guys are going to be quite familiar with. Your project is going to be to film yourself playing the song. Whether you're a bathroom shower sinner, or you don't want to sing at all. Bow means I'm not gonna sing, but by all means how ever you feel like you want to play this song? I want to hear you here, you do it and I wanna see it uploaded. So I'm gonna play it. And then what we're going to learn as a slightly simpler version of the song, because what makes the song is really in the right-hand and we haven't spent much time talking about right-hand technique. So I'm gonna play it like it should be played. And then I'm gonna give you a slightly simpler version so that you can get started playing it right away. Have a listen, see if you can tell me what song buses. Have you got it? If you guys guessed at right, then I hope you're excited to learn it. If not, it's called safe tonight by eagle-eyed cherry. And it's a massively well-known acoustics on, it's, it's often at the sun and a lot of beginners learn for their first song. The trouble with the sign, that difficulty is not the courts because we've already checked out the chords and I'm pretty confident that you guys are nailing them. It comes in with this right-hand technique. So I'm going to have diagrams up there. When I strummed down, you'll see an arrow go down. And when I strung up, you'll see an arrow go up. This is the version we're going to play. Before we move ahead, let's talk about the codes. Now. There are other chords that we've learned, but they're in a slightly different order. First quarter is in a minor, the second quarter is an F. The third quarter is our C chord, and the fourth chord is a G. So we're going to play those codes in that order with this strumming pattern. And when we get to the G chord, we're going to go back to our a minor chord. So I'm gonna play it a lot slower. Follow the diagram above, or maybe just watch for the first little bit and give it a shot in your own time. So guys is really two elements to the strumming part of this as a down, down, down, down, down, down, down, down, down, down, down, down. So maybe you need to practice that, you know, the strumming parts in separate sections. So down, up, down, down, down, up, down, down. What I did when I was learning strumming patterns or as I used to mute my strings by just gently touching them with my fingers. And in practice it's as if our strumming any cause. By doing this, we're not worried too much about our cause. You're not thinking we've given all our attention to our right-hand. That's how strumming pattern. Guys, again, rewind, make some notes, practice where you feel. But here's our, here's our strumming pattern right here. I've also got it linked below. Let me play it one more time for you guys and then you can take it on your own. Guys gives us a shot. If you feel comfortable singing the song, it's really those four chords the whole way through practice, the strumming, get the code changes beautiful, and upload it to the section of this video where I can have a look at your projects. I'll give you some feedback or give you some points as we I need to, but I can't wait to see what you guys have come up with, especially the ones that are brave enough to sing. This has been such an awesome lesson, and I'm so glad I got to teach it to you guys. Thank you for sticking with me to the end. I'll see you in the next one.