Writing Your Name in Biblical Greek! (Learning Biblical Greek: The Alphabet) | Paul Weir | Skillshare

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Writing Your Name in Biblical Greek! (Learning Biblical Greek: The Alphabet)

teacher avatar Paul Weir, Husband / Father / Teacher / Disciple

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

9 Lessons (35m)
    • 1. Introduction

    • 2. Learn the Alphabet (α-ν)

    • 3. Learn the Alphabet (ξ-ω)

    • 4. Practice the Alphabet

    • 5. The Alphabet in English Pt 1

    • 6. The Alphabet in English Pt 2

    • 7. English Words to Greek

    • 8. Typing Biblical Greek

    • 9. Conclusion

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About This Class

In this class you'll be learning the alphabet used in biblical Greek - all 24 letters of it!

Learning a new language is fun and rewarding. And while no one really converses in biblical Greek anymore, there's certainly a lot of reading material available in that format (i.e., the entire New Testament and even the Old Testament in a book known as the Septuagint).

Hey - you might even be able to use your new-found knowledge of the biblical Greek alphabet to write in code to you friends!

In fact, the project for this class is for you to write your full name in biblical Greek letters!

Think that sounds too difficult? You might surprise yourself!

Meet Your Teacher

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Paul Weir

Husband / Father / Teacher / Disciple


Currently a Business Office Manager specializing in payroll and student collections at a Christian University in Wisconsin. Have been an assistant registrar, librarian, help desk administrator, software tester, technical writer, and way too much more...

BBA in Computer End-User Technology from UW-Whitewater 
MA in Bible with a Biblical Languages concentration from Bob Jones University

Taught Greek at a small Bible college in Edmonton; Run explainingthebook.com and several other smaller websites utilizing SEO; Coach one of my sons' youth soccer team and help out with their wrestling club as well; garden on the side; eat and sleep when time allows.

Have presented at regional and national conference on matters regarding our student information system and SQL.See full profile

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1. Introduction: welcome to this class that we're calling writing your name in biblical Greek. My name is Paul, and I'll be guiding you through this wonderful and rewarding adventure. Now you've noticed by now that the title of this class is focused on writing your name using biblical Greek. But that's really just the class project. It's what you'll be able to do as a result of watching the lessons of this class. But really, the way that you get to that point of writing your name in biblical Greek is by learning the biblical Greek alphabet. And so that's really what this course aims to teach you. And then, of course, one of the main benefits to you, and what will hopefully motivate you to keep going on with these lessons is that at the end of the course, you'll be able to write your own name first, middle and last and biblical Greek. But you say, Paul, what is biblically Greek? Is it modern Greek? Well, no, but it's similar to modern Greek, but there are differences as well. Between the two biblical Greek is the style and version of Greek that was used by the mainly Jewish writers of the New Testament. It was also used by the Greek speaking Jewish writers of the Greek translation of the Old Testament, which is known as the SEPTA Geant. If you learn biblical Greek, you'd be able to read either of those books, and biblical Greek is still used by the Greek Orthodox Church as well in their liturgy. But why take this course? Because the truth is that people don't really use biblical Greek and everyday conversations . So why would you want to learn a language like that? Well, there are a few possible reasons. Maybe you're actually someone who eventually wants to be able to read the New Testament in the language in which it was originally written. Or you want to read the ancient Greek version of the Old Testament that's referenced in the New Testament. Or you want to understand what's actually being said in the liturgy of a Greek Orthodox church. Well, if any of those were the case for you than this class is definitely right up your alley. It's a step in the direction of being able to translate the New Testament deceptive Geant or the Orthodox liturgy from Greek into your own native language. But for many, this is just going to be something new and fun to learn. Something you can brag about to your friends. Maybe maybe you'll use Biblical agreed to write in code to your buddies. The possibilities are endless. So whatever your reason for taking this course, I welcome you heartily and encourage you to continue on this journey of writing your name in biblical Greek. Up next, let's learn the biblical Greek alphabet. 2. Learn the Alphabet (α-ν): Now we'll begin this course with a lesson on the alphabet that was used in biblical Greek. And in this lesson, I'm gonna be teaching you the alphabet and you're just gonna take it all in the next two lessons will allow you more of an opportunity to participate in the process. So I'm gonna put up each letter of the biblical Greek alphabet on the screen in just a few seconds. And when each one appears, I'm going to say the name of it. And so listen carefully. You might wanna watch this segment a few times to get the names of each letter down Really well. But either way, don't worry. You'll have several opportunities to see these letters throughout the course. All right, so here they are, all 24 letters of the alphabet in biblical Greek Alfa Beta gamma, Delta Epsilon, Zeta Ada Theta Iota Kappa, Lambda Mu nu. I see Macron, P ro sigma. And this is also Sigma Tau Epsilon fee key. See, Omega. So now that you've been introduced each letter and heard their names, we'll look at each one of these letters. Individually, you've got Alfa first of all, that it looks like an English. A lower case, English A comes beta. It looks like a capital English. Be next is gamma. It looks like in English. Why? But it's not pronounced like an English Wyatt all. And I'll tell you, uh, how it's pronounced in. Ah. Later lesson. Delta looks like a lower case. English D Absalon looks like a backwards three. Or maybe like a curvy, uppercase English E Zeta. It's kind of a weird one for most of us. When we first see it, you can maybe make out the beginnings of, Ah, Capital English Z with the top half of the letter and then kind of the bottom half just kind of curls under it. It is another interesting one. It sort of looks like a lower case English H that has the top left side of it cut off. That kind of pasted on its right foot or something like that, extending its right leg. Or maybe it's easier for you to think of it as a lower case English end with an extended right leg. Santa is like a zero with a slash through the middle. It reminds me of the zeros on an old digital alarm clock. Yoda is just like in lower case English I, but it doesn't have the dot on the top capital looks like a lower case. English K. Of course, Lambda is interesting. It looks like a tent to me. Or maybe like a wigwam. Or maybe an artistic rendition of a bonfire move sort of looks like a modified English M. Or maybe more like a lower case English. You with a left leg New looks like a lower case English. Avi Up. Next, we'll continue learning the alphabet, dealing with last 12 letters, beginning with C and getting to Omega. 3. Learn the Alphabet (ξ-ω): So we continue learning the alphabets in biblical Greek going from the letter C to the letter Omega. So here's a letter called See, what does this thing look like? And by the way, if you discover a helpful way to remember these letters, I'd love to hear it. In fact, I'm sure all your classmates would actually like to hear about it, too. So if you would just post in the community section rate below this video player and maybe you have some great idea to remember this kind of crazy looking letter here I see. Well, since I have to say something about it, I guess I would say maybe it looks like a backwards three with a curvy tail. That's about the best I could do with the sea. Macron has much easier. Thankfully, we have Ah, McCrone. Next, it's a micro Oh, a small O and O micro. Alma Chronos Small o. Now you've probably seen P before, but most likely you've heard it pronounced as pie Well, in biblical Greek, we tend to call it p like how we pronounce the English letter P. So P looks kind of like a table or maybe two columns holding up a roof row. Strangely enough, looks like a lower case English P on their sigma, and you see two letters on the screen divided by slash. The letter on the right is the final Sigma. It's the one that's used at the end of a word, and then the letter on the left is the signal that's used everywhere else. It's just not used at the end of words. In terms of remembering this letter, the final sigma on the right there looks like an English s really, really looks like a chess that's nice. And the other sigma on the left There looks like a lower case English. Oh, with some hair that's being blown by the breeze, or maybe a really small cannon facing to the right with a really huge wheel under it. Towel looks like an uppercase English tea, but it's actually not upper case. It's It's rather low on the line if if we're comparing it to the other letters, especially land on other letters like that, they go to the top of the, um, the bar. If you're you know, writing on writing paper groups alone looks like an uppercase English you, but again, it's not on the line. It's not upper case. It's it's kind of small fee might look like in English F if you cut away everything to the left of that main line that divides it. And if you carve out a portion of the semi circle to the right of the main line of the letter, you might. It might look like a naff. Then Key looks like an English ex, but it's not pronounced that way again. We'll talk about that later. I don't see it Looks like a trident. You know what a trident is? One of those three pronged spears that's used for catching fish? Yeah, the Greek mythological character known as beside in kind of sound, similar to see right Poseidon. He was often shown carrying one of these things. One of these tridents and the beginning of his name, as I say, sounds like the way that we pronounce this letter. And finally, omega, it's mega Oh, or big or law? No, it looks like a curvy English W. And it's the last of the 24 letters of the biblical Greek alphabet. So now you've seen each of these letters twice. I've suggested ways to remember them. And if teaching is the art of transferring knowledge from one mind to another, then we've accomplished 1/2 of that equation. And that's why, up next, you're going to get a chance to pronounce these letters. 4. Practice the Alphabet: this lesson, you'll be identifying and pronouncing each letter of the biblical Greek alphabet. And this is how this lesson is gonna work. First, I'm gonna display each of the 24 Greek letters on the screen for three seconds each. At that time, you'll just say the name of each letter Pretty simple, just like I did in the last lesson. This next thing is sort of optional, but I would really encourage you to record yourself. Saying these letters and what I think would be even more awesome is if you would post a link to that recording to our community section on this course page just right below this video player here. And you can do that using a Web application like Clip that I t. There. I have that link on the screen for you so you can show us how much you've learned already, and you can encourage your classmates to keep on going by doing that. But like I say, it's optional. All right, so now if you're ready, we'll get these letters up on the screen for you to identify and say the name of each Hey, ready? Here we go. So how did that go for you Wasn't easy. Was it hard and say, Don't be ashamed to keep watching this lesson until you can get all those letters right And also just mentioned one more time how, How wonderful and excellent It wouldn't be to hear all of you pronouncing the biblical a Greek alphabet. So please do consider doing that before moving on to the next lesson. But I'd also like to advocate you're attempting to memorize the biblical Greek alphabet, not just learn it, but actually memorize it, put it to memory. If you're really interested in using biblical agreed beyond this class, you'll want to try to memorize the order of each letter in the alphabet. And so I'm gonna give you two things to help you with that first, as you can see on the screen here, my son on the right, who was under three years old at the time of this recording several years ago. Now he's going to sing a rendition of the biblical Greek alphabet set to the tune of Did You Ever See a Lassie? - All right, so for that's helpful, maybe you'll want to sing like that to ah and second I'll demonstrate a little bouncy chant that I made up That helps me to recall the order of the biblical every health of it. Here it goes. El Phi Beta gamma Delta Epsilon Zeta 80th 80 iota Kappa Lambda Mu Nu CSI omicron P ro Sigma Tau group salon. He keeps see omega. So hopefully either of those help you as you're trying to memorize the biblical Greek alphabet and as always, even just as you pronounced the alphabet earlier and we'll hopefully be posting Ah, recording of that on the site. I'd love to hear any kind of Ah helps that you guys have for memorizing the Greek alphabet . Up next, we're gonna be talking about changing Greek letters into English letters. 5. The Alphabet in English Pt 1: this lesson. We're going to learn how to make Greek letters into English ones will discover what English letters correspond Teoh each Greek letter and then we'll figure out what each Greek letter sounds like in English. And to begin, we're going to start with the English equivalents of the Greek letters from Alfa to move We've got Alfa is transliterated as an English a beta as it well should be gamma as a hard G uh, Delta, like, uh, in English d absolutely As a short in English Zeta as a Z in English, Ada as an English e along English e fada as a th in English Yoda as an eye either, um, long or short Kappa is a K Lambda is a anel and move is on em in English. That's how we would transfer the Greek letter into the English New would be a nen See, would be an ex macron would be a short Oh P is a in English P Rose and English are sigma both the normal one in the final one is an s in English. Tao would be written with a T in English Boop Salon is a you and that could be either short or long. Fee is a pH. Key is a C H C is a PS, and omega is a long Oh, now those with letters when you're trying toe bring Greek letters over into English Those were the letters that you would use. Now let's talk about the sounds. One of these things sound like Alfa would sound like short or long a. So like sat short or alms. Long beta would sound like the b environ gamma would sound like the G. Ingraham Delta would be like the Deion dog Absalon Like the e an elephant Zeta Like the Zeon zu eight out like the a inforty Fada. Like the th in theology, Yoda could be either the short I as an ill or the long I, as in Ski Kappa, would be like the K in the word kill Lambda would be like the l in the word like move would be like em in man. New would be like the n in nice. See, like the x an axe, all macron like the Owen omelet short O p like the peon pizza roll lengthy are in raffle sigma like the s and sing Tao like the t in trouble. Absalon either Short like tug or long like use fee, like photo key. Like chronic. See, like the PS in lips and omega like the O in note up. Next, we're gonna talk about miscellaneous pronunciation issues that we run into when we're trying to go from Greek into English. 6. The Alphabet in English Pt 2: in this lesson. We're gonna talk about Greek letters in particular a continuation of the pronunciation of certain of them. And then I have miscellaneous here, and you can see the miscellaneous below. We're gonna be talking about def thongs, breathing marks, double gamma, and then certain English letters that have no Greek counterparts. So here are the diff thongs, breathing marks and double gamma. We're gonna talk about how to pronounce those and what they look like in English. So the alpha iota is pronounced like I in Thailand. Alfa Absalon is like sour our that kind of sound like in sauerkraut. Absolutely. Yoda the a sound as in weight. Absolute groups on you as, um, Eugene. Same with Ada Group salon. The same sound there. Eugene is how we would pronounce it arm across. Yoda is boy as a boil Omicron Absalon is us and soup. So those were the diff thongs. Two vowels together, making one sound. Next we have the breathing marks. So the 1st 1 on Macron Absalon rough breathing mark would be pronounces who with a h at the beginning, an H sound in English. Who and then our McCrone Absalon with smooth breathing mark is just like as an oops. And the last thing on this slide is to talk about is just the double gamma whenever you have a gamma and then another gamma or gamma and, uh uh, key. Um, the first gamma basically sounds like in English end as a sing. So gamma gamma is almost like an N G in English. And then finally, we have some English letters with no Greek counterparts. Think of the sea. Um, for example, or effort. H these letters of English that really don't have any correspondent letter in creek necessarily. But for the purpose of this course especially, well, just basically try toe, match it up with something that will do the trick. You know, as you're trying to write your name in Greek, I just pick the letter that corresponds most closely with it. So I'll just throw out some ideas here. So, like first see in English, probably replaced with a Kappa F in English. Fee is a good option for that one. Although Fee is transliterated his Ph doesn't matter. If your name is frank, he would probably started with a fee in Greek each you could use a breath breathing mark over a vowel. Ah J. There was no J in Greek, of course, but where J is used in English. Usually it's because there's an I used in Greek. So our Yoda, I should say so instead of j use Yoda Q. You could do something like Kappa Epsilon Alfa Cua, that kind of sound, Avi in English, the counterpart of that would be, I guess, most closely are you w you could have, um, a crown of salon. Ah, smooth breathing mark on the Alfa like a watch. Or, you know, even ah, look, salon Yoda. We kind of has the w sound in English. And finally, why can also be replaced with a new salon. And in our next lesson, we're gonna work on turning English words into Greek words. We've talked about turning Greek letters into English letters and vice versa. Next time, we're going to talk about the whole word trying to get an English word into Greek 7. English Words to Greek: this lesson will be discovering how to take an English word and transliterated the letters off that word into Greek. Now you might be asking what's transliterated. I've never heard that before. Well, that you've surely heard of translating the act of transferring the words of one language into the words or meaning of another language that's called translating. Not translating is the subject of perhaps another course that I'd like to teach on skill share in the future. But it's not. What we're doing in this course, in this course, were transliterated. Transliterated is different than translating the act of transferring the letters, not the words or the thoughts transferring the letters of one language into the letters of another language that's transliterated. So we'll be learning how to transliterated it in this lesson. Words from English into Greek. So we're gonna look at a few simple words in English and try to figure out how to trends, illiterate them into Greek, and you'll notice as we go through these that all of these words are names, which I thought was pretty appropriate seeing that the class project is writing or really now, you know, transliterated your name into Greek. So here we go. A name like Paul. Why don't you think about how you would transliterated those individual letters into Greek ? Think about it. Ah, and I will give it to you. Now hear what? I would do something like this. Pl fa upsilon Lambda Powell. Kind of sounds like Paul. We're just my last name. Uh, you remember from our previous lesson that there is no w in Greek. Right? So what do we do with were? Well, here is my attempt at it. We're Alma Crown Absalon. Smooth breathing Mark Yoda. Row about Laureates. My wife's name. How would you transliterated Laurie? How about something like this land? Uh, Omega Rho Yoda, Lowrie Barlett Her maiden name. Think about how you would transliterated that one into English. I would do something like this. Beta Alfa Row Tao Lambda Absalon Tower. Tao Bart. Let's Timothy the name of one of my sons. But actually his name appears in biblical Greek. He's mentioned several times in the New Testament. Actually. How would you transliterated his name into Greek? Timothy, Here is one option. Tao Yoda moon, all macron, Fada Yoda, or actually, in biblical Greek. It was actually to both dias. Um, so anyway, that's why I have the Absalon Democrats final Sigma there at the end as the one option. If you really want to get greedy about it. And lastly, Jonathan the name of my other son, remember? There's no J and biblical Greek. So how would we do that? I want something like this. You own a thon. Yoda Omega, New Alfa Fada, Alfa New with a smooth bringing mark over the Yoda There up next, typing with Greek characters. 8. Typing Biblical Greek: this lesson, we're gonna learn how to type with Greek characters on your computer, which is really for this course, the finishing touch. And I'll just say that, uh, we're deciding to type in this course rather than to write. You can figure out how to write. And again that could be another idea for a good glass on skill share here, figure out how to write Greek in biblical Greek. But for this class, we're just going to type it and I to say from the get go here that this demonstration is going to be done on a windows computer, Windows 10 home addition. I believe eso I'll show you how to do it on Windows if you need to figure out how to do it on a Mac, there are resource is out there that can help you. Just let me know in the community section I can get you a link on that. All right, so I'm gonna try to demonstrate now how to ah, get, uh, you're a windows based computer to the point where you can type in Greek. So I'm on Windows 10 Home Edition, But some of these things hopefully will transfer over to whatever version you're on. I'm gonna click the windows button and type language canon brought up with region and language settings. Click that you could add a language. Ah, it's there's a little bit more that's involved in it. So I'm gonna go to related settings to additional date time and a regional settings that under language you've got, um, at a language. Click that click. Add a language and the type of here of Greek, and they will click it or click in click add. And after that you wanna choose the keyboard layout, Greek and then shoes options and you wanting to add an input method. This normal Greek is not biblical Greek. It's, Ah, modern Greek. And so you wanna change that. So adding input method the ancient creek would be the Greek Polly tonic. So double click on that and there you have it. I'm gonna remove this other one that's just normal Greek, because it's not going to do exactly what we wanted. Teoh do. So I'm gonna click, save exit out of that exit out of that, get back into a word. OK, so ah, I will go ahead and now and demonstrate. Ah, changing the input method from English E and G down here the bottom. Now I'll change it to Greek Greek Polly Tonic keyboard E l or Epsilon Lambda. Uh, which is short for Greek in Greece. Okay, uh, I'll just go through the alphabet now and tell you what keys I'm clicking to do them l for is a betas. Be alphabet A Gammas. G Delta is D Absalon is e Alfa Beta gamma Delta epsilon zero is easy. Ada is H fada Is you Alfa Beta Gamma Delta Epsilon Zeta Ada Fada. Yoda's wise I kappa is K lambda is l. You are a couple of the movies. M Lewis n Moon. You, uh, see is not X. That's key. See, is a J. All right. So, Moon Yuxi Alma cronies O P is p. Ro is our mama Current P ro sigma is s, but also w is the final Sigma sig Uh, c p ro Sigma Towers. Tiu groups alone is not you. That's later. Groups alone is actually why on an English keyboard, groups alone signal type of salon. Fear is f ke is X c is C and Omega is V so that should get you where you need to go. AST's faras typing the Greek alphabet using an English keyboard. Let me just add one more thing to add a rough or smooth breathing mark you would for a smooth breathing mark, you would click, um, the single quote and then the vowel, whatever it is, Alfa also. Okay, so you see that if I wanted a rough breathing mark, I would click shift single quote Alfa. All right, so quote single quote El Foro groups along or ah Absalon or whatever else that would be. Smooth shift. Ah, shift. Single quote would be a rough breathing mark. And up next is the final video in this course. 9. Conclusion: So you've come to the end of this course. We've covered a lot, and now you're ready. I trust to write your name in biblical Greek. So the question is what you do know. Hopefully you know, for the most part, if you have any questions, though, please used the community section of this course page. I'll be happy to respond and help you as much as I possibly can. But of course you want to post your project. But of course, Page, go ahead on the project section, just put up your image of your name written and biblical Greek. Andi, I can't wait to see what you guys create out there. And of course, then you want to show and tell your friends. And I think skill share makes it pretty easy to share this kind of stuff with your your body's on social media and all that stuff. So I would do that on, uh if you've enjoyed this class, feel Frito, let them know about that. Maybe they'd want toe take this class and learn how toe write their name and biblical Greek and you know you're on your way. If you can read the following words in Greek that are just transliteration is intended to sound like something that I want to say it to all of you. Can you read that? I'll give you just a moment. Try your hardest. And with that, I'll say good bye. Friends talk to you later.