What You Need to Know About Artificial Intelligence | Rohit Mittal | Skillshare

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What You Need to Know About Artificial Intelligence

teacher avatar Rohit Mittal, A perennial learner

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

8 Lessons (18m)
    • 1. Introduction

    • 2. What is AI?

    • 3. The AI effect

    • 4. Origins

    • 5. Types of AI

    • 6. Current nature of AI

    • 7. Is it a threat

    • 8. Conclusion

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About This Class

This is a basic class meant to introduce you to artificial intelligence whether you are a tech person or not.

You will learn about the following:

- Origin of AI

- What is AI?

- Types of AI

- The AI effect

- Is it a threat to you?

- etc

We as humans fear the unknown. Take this class to start exploring Artificial Intelligence.

Meet Your Teacher

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Rohit Mittal

A perennial learner


Hello, I am Rohit, a student with a passion for Artificial Intelligence, Writing, Marketing, Football, and god knows what else. I am from North India with the goal of living the dream life of a digital nomad(I know it's a cliche right now, oh well). 

If you want to learn more about Artificial Intelligence, be sure to follow me. I will be pumping out classes on AI monthly if not weekly. No worries if you aren't the most technical person in the world. I will be publishing classes for all levels from Beginner to Advanced. There will be something for everyone from Artists to Software people.

Good to meet you!

See full profile

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1. Introduction: if you feel uneasy or lost whenever artificial intelligence has mentioned in this class is for you now. It won't teach it to you in all its details, but it will certainly improve your understanding off it from something shaky too solid. You won't feel uncertainty or fear when e. I gets mentioned after this track this using the class project, the project is simply too right before and after understanding off your AI knowledge. If there is anything you learned, it will clearly show a pair. No, let's stop learning. 2. What is AI?: so everyone today has heard of the phrase AI or artificial intelligence thrown around here and there. We all remember coming across this elusive term, whether it be in science fiction like The Matrix or Terminator are from the media predicting the possibility of a I taking over the world or a T least are drops by 2030. So what is this magical attack which can supposedly enslave humankind? Overs. Destroy it. AI is basically intelligence demonstrated by machines. In contrast, intelligence demonstrated by humans and animals is natural intelligence. Obviously, traditionally a I was considered to be machines that can mimic human general intelligence. The special feature of human intelligence that helped us propagate in every direction and climb the food chain like we did, is our ability to come across, understand? On deal with the unknown, humans learned how to deal with predators, Enemies hunger, Cold warmed insect sees ex Accra, a machine that exhibits this kind of intelligence is the ultimate goal that many of us fear and see in science fiction. A more detailed description would be any agent that perceives its environment on takes action that maximizes its chance of achieving its goal with the ability to deal with previously unknown environment on problems on other unknown agents. An example off such an agent would be a rover designed to explore new planets to find humans a new home such an agent would be able to deal with, never seen before problems elements, geography, aliens except Tre and act in a way to achieve its goal in an in the moment that it has never encountered before. In reality, we're nowhere near achieving this level of human level intelligence in the machine, and we might never be able to achieve this cold. The truth is, he isin evolving term every few years. It means something else from the above agent to Google's bombed The Doctor can all be classified as the I. It is a very victim. Next up, more on the evolving nature of the term on the eye effect, which the reminds what it actually means 3. The AI effect: whenever someone achieves something which is thought to be impossible, that something loses all example. Before Roger Bannister completed the four minute mile, it was doubtful if it will ever be achieved after it was completed, it lost its all, and countless people have completed it over the years. Similar thing happens with the eye. It's part of the history of the field of artificial intelligence that every time somebody figured out how to make a computer do something, play good checkers solve simple but related Lee Informal problems detects Pam There was a chorus of critics to say that's not thinking. Every time something has figured out, it stops being magical, and it is said that it's just computation. AI effect basically say's AI is anything that has not been done yet. As soon as an AI problem get solved, it gets used in whichever way it can be and becomes a silent partner. As in, everyone forgets it's actually I because it's already been solved and scientists are left to deal with the problems that are still unknown. Hence effectively the meaning off. AI changes every time a problem is solved. Example. When I b. M's chess player Deep Blue defeated the champion Gary Kasparov. People complain it was using brute force makers and wasn't actually intelligent. Basically, when we know how Machine does something, it ceases to be intelligent. It's important to remember that the AI effect tells us about the perception off it by the public. It's not a hard and fast rule. I believe it happens because people are subconsciously trying to preserve for themselves expression, role in the universe. We want to continue to feel unique and special. And that's why the AI effect rears its head. Next up, we look at the origin off the concept off A I. 4. Origins: close your eyes and think about the phrase artificial intelligence. What comes to mind? Some futuristic setting eyes iam everyone things. That is some crazy futuristic idea. The truth is, the concept for the idea is actually ancient. There are mitts off hostas is automata, which he built to help him through his old age. They were said to be golden, beautiful beings capable of working autonomously. There is a myth off big millions. Galatea Pygmalion was a master sculptor who built Galatea and went on to pray to the gods for her to come to life as he felt deeply in love with her. These are all examples off artificial intelligence, non living agents capable off demonstrating intelligent in the Middle Ages. There were rumors off al comic means to place mind into matter. And by the 19th century, we started seeing this idea infection. Example. Frankenstein. These were all myths or fictions, though The seeds off Modern A. I were laid down by classical philosophers who tried to describe the process off human thought using mechanized logic. Iris total syllogism is a way to stimulate are mechanized thoughts, and he was the first person to actually achieve something like this to to demonstrate thoughts like there were rules. If we can somehow write rules for all of our thoughts, we can understand and hope to simulate our brain. But it's not so simple because our thoughts aren't logically correct all the time. We possess the ability to imagine things that aren't present and take things not so literally driving rules for your thoughts. And you'll understand why converting talks to mathematical rules is easier said than done. Moving on officially the term Artificial Intelligence what's coined in 1956 at a workshop held at the campus off Dartmouth College. At first, it was believed that a machine capable of human level intelligence could be achieved in the generation after the kids of research and millions of dollars in funding, everyone realized they grossly underestimated the difficulty off making it happen. Even today, scientists predict, we will reach our goal in 20 years, and every year that passes the deadline also gets extended by one year. No one really knows when or if it will actually achieve. Wait, I'm is that up? No one really knows then or if we will actually achieve this monumental gold 5. Types of AI: enough introductions and histories. Let's dive into some details. Hey, I is divided up into two broad categories, namely Broad I on too Narrow. I first let's look at the narrow version. As the name suggests, these versions can perform one simple task. Simple are complicated. Well, they can even surpass humans in that one task, but really second doing anything else. Example. IBM's deep blue chest playing narrow ai, which beat the Chessmaster Garry Kasparov will suck it, playing simple games like snakes and ladders. On the other hand, Broad I has name suggests it's good at performing a variety of tasks on aimed to surpass human intelligence in many or all areas. It is important to remember that this version off machines don't exist just yet. They are hypothetical and only exist in science fiction. On dreams. We don't even know if their possible to build that waas a very broad division. If we break AI up into a more detailed set of categories, we would get the falling four. Firstly, we have reactive machines. They are the primary and simplest air systems. These machines are solely reactive and do not refer to past experiences nor memory. Their responses are based only on the present moment. Inaccurate example. Off a reactor machine is I Diem's chess playing system. The blue the blue could look at each piece on the chessboard and know how each one moves and you simple predictions to the Tu minus moves. But it could not use any off its past experiences to make these moves. It only acted based on the present. Secondly, we have limited memory machines. Unlike the reactive machines, these systems are built in order to store past experience as a base for making decisions in the future. So driving cars are an example of such systems. A self driving car needs to keep track off information like pedestrians, girls direction, speed. Except that's why it keeps a small amount of data from the past two guided sections. Example off Why it is important. Let's say a self driving car notices a pedestrian if it doesn't store any data while the car is moving the pedestrian moves out of the cars vision. It would think no one is present and might hit the person, so it needs to store some data temporarily to make decisions in this example, it needs to store the data. That pedestrian is actually nearby. And if even if the cars cameras don't pick him up, it will remember that there is a pedestrian and the car needs to avoid him or her right here is an important divide between machines we have on the machines they don't reactive and limited memory machines already exist, but the falling two categories don't. Next up, we have a story off mind. It is actually a psychological term, which refers to the ability off other people and machines to have emotions on their own beliefs, which affects them in the process off making decisions. These machines are still non existent in the present world. If the Tory off mind machines does exist in the future, they will recognize that every person on agent has their own set of beliefs and emotions, and they expect to be treated on a political away. These machines will not only be a fair off other agents, beliefs and emotions, but act by taking them into consideration. They will be able to exhibit empathy, the last type itself. For Venice, self awareness is an extension off the Tory of mind. More exactly is deeply connected that consciousness conscious machines would not only be a fair off themselves on their behavior, but off other people's feelings on reasons for reaction to, they would be able to understand why people have certain beliefs and emotions and also be aware about its own state and act accordingly. Currently, the world is far from creating these machines. 6. Current nature of AI: before moving on. Try to think about the current nature of AI as it exists. You know about the types off? A. I know there is some kind of pattern about the machines that exist. They're all narrow versions. There are eyes that are incredibly good at performing one task but failing others. Another big feature is that they don't really understand what they're doing. There is no actual intelligence there. We call a genius mathematician intelligent, but don't say the same for a calculator. I believe the reason is because the mathematician can give context to his abilities. He knows why he learns that Hiram, why it's important and how to use it. Except the spam director Angie Meal Decked spam. Probably better than humans, yes, but it doesn't know why does that? Who eyes It's important. What is It's important X across IEDs, doing highly complicated stuff, but is it really intelligent? 7. Is it a threat: probably the biggest question of the 21st century is going to be is a threat. Answer. Honestly, we don't know. We don't know what the future holds. Depending on how it goes, we could all be threatened by it. Based on current trends, I believe it's a threat to some on an ally to others. When it comes to artificial intelligence systems taking over people's jobs, the risk is quite high and there is a great chance for this to happen in the near future. However, the automation cannot take over every job. The main focus on these machines is on the routine jobs, which can easily replace and mechanize. Since we're still far away from creating actual creativity, there are two up opposite opinions on this matter. Many people believe that automation and AI machines are essential to the modern advanced world. This story strongly stands for robotics improvement and as some Reacher researchers state, the intelligence off the artificially intelligent machines is far more different. Then the human one. Imagine this for a second, using AI for the routine, boring, narrow work which it could Exelon, and you yourself can focus only on creative work. No need to worry about the boring stuff. Everything that's routine and boring about your job can be handled by AI and machines, and you're left with more time to be creative. You will be freed up to be more creative and do what you want while machines do the heavy lifting. So in this version off a I, they augment our lives to actually allow us to be happier and more creative. On the opposite, there is a massive number of people who believes that A I machines will grow more and more capable over time and eventually take over people's lives. According to a group of researchers. Thes machines are really trick to the human race. That being said, there is no real trade right now and out, and I doubt there will. There will be any threat for the next several decades. There might be some automation, but we should be happy about it as it allows us to pursue far more fulfilling, challenging and rewarding lives. 8. Conclusion: Congratulations on completing your class on introduction to AI. Do remember to take a recap off any topics you want to review and ask any questions you might have in the comments. I'll be creating more classes every month on the same topic off artificial intelligence. If you want to learn more about it, be sure to check my profile. Also, don't forget to check your progress by completing the class project. It's short and interesting. I hope you learned something new today. Thanks for watching.