Voyage to China, Travel Tribe Culture Series | Kelsey Betzelberger | Skillshare

Voyage to China, Travel Tribe Culture Series

Kelsey Betzelberger, Opera singer / Teacher / Traveler

Voyage to China, Travel Tribe Culture Series

Kelsey Betzelberger, Opera singer / Teacher / Traveler

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25 Lessons (55m)
    • 1. Voyage to China

    • 2. Travel Tribe China Introduction

    • 3. China's History: Peking Man, Dynasties & Paper Money

    • 4. Geography of China

    • 5. Animals of China

    • 6. Religion in China

    • 7. Communism & Socialism

    • 8. Beijing

    • 9. Shanghai

    • 10. Guangzhou

    • 11. Tianjin

    • 12. Chinese Writing & Language

    • 13. Chinese Holidays

    • 14. Clothing in China

    • 15. Chinese Tea

    • 16. Chinese Medicine

    • 17. Chinese Silk

    • 18. Chinese Cuisine

    • 19. Great Wall Introduction

    • 20. Great Wall Fun Facts about China's 'Stone Dragon'

    • 21. Construction & History of the Great Wall

    • 22. Rice, Space & The Longest Cemetery in the World

    • 23. Great Wall Conclusion

    • 24. Travel Tips China

    • 25. Travel Tribe China Conclusion

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About This Class

Welcome to Travel Tribe's Voyage to China!

In this dynamic, fast-paced course, we will explore the history, language, food, culture, traditions, celebrations, geography, animals and famous sites of China. The course then dives into the construction, history and fun facts about one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World, the The Great Wall of China.

Students explore local traditions and fun facts that shape this country into the exciting and dynamic place that it is today. Students discover the major cities, learn how to fit in like a local, and check out what to explore in each city (Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin, Guangzhou), and how to make the most of China if you're only in town for a few days.

Whether you are planning for a post-Covid vacation, wanting a virtual adventure, or planning your next long-term-digital-nomad destination, this course is for you!

Some of the fun-fact topics we will explore:

  • How (and when) did people first arrive in China? What is the name and location of oldest human fossil in the entire world?

  • What are some facts about the Giant Panda?

  • Why and how was The Great Wall built?

  • What is the current capital of China and what can we do there?

  • Why is silk important?

  • How is Chinese New Year celebrated and why is it important?

  • Why is Confucianism so important to Chinese history?

  • What was the original use of tea in Ancient China?

About The Author

My name is Kelsey Betzelberger, and I have been teaching for over 10 years. I was trained as an opera singer at Northwestern University in Chicago, and visited 45 countries around the world while performing at opera houses in Italy, Germany, England, Argentina, France, Croatia and the Netherlands. I also teach German, French, and music, and I have lived in seven different countries with my husband and our three well-traveled, geriatric cats.

Meet Your Teacher

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Kelsey Betzelberger

Opera singer / Teacher / Traveler


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1. Voyage to China: Welcome to this Travel Tribe History and Culture course, voyage to China, The Travel Tribe culture series, where we will explore Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and more. I'm Kelsey buffalo burger, and I've traveled to 45 country as well, singing opera all around the world. In this dynamic, fast-paced course, we will explore the history, culture, food traditions, animals and weirdest and most intriguing things of this spectacular country. Make sure to reference your Travel Tribe culture series travel planner to help you organize your thoughts and the coloring pages for your enjoyment. Discover all this and more in this travel Type History and Culture course. Make sure to bring your travel journal. As the saying goes. Traveling makes you speechless and then makes you a storyteller. What we're going to use, I'll place far away. We're going to have dance and play, or getting on a plane, maybe eating food. Or let's see France, Let's see Spain, let's see it. Me too. Let's see, Great. Let's say come up be, let's see China, Let's see Russia, travel, trip. Let's go. Let's see France, Let's see Spain, Let's see it. Let's see Greece, Colombia. Yeah, let's see, Let's see Russia. Let's go. Let's get started. 2. Travel Tribe China Introduction: Welcome to China. Um, massive country in East Asia overflowing with a dragon, delicious food, ancient history and pandas has to be great. Well, our first great wonder of the world, China's capital Beijing, dazzles visitors with traditional tea ceremonies, footprints of the ancient Silk Road, and sizzling Peking duck. Your travel the world worksheet is available for your reference at all times during the course, which provides facts about the population, language, location, size, and currency. A blank sheet is also provided for optional self-study. The Travel Tribe travel planner is used throughout the course as a way to note the food, clothing, holidays, must see sites, major cities and their attractions, and fun facts or pro tips that should be kept in mind when exploring. There are also some coloring pages provided for your enjoyment. The coloring pages and travel planner can be shared with the class at the end of the course. Let's get started. 3. China's History: Peking Man, Dynasties & Paper Money: Officially called the People's Republic of China. This massive and fascinating place is the world's most populous country with around 1.4 billion people. Located in East Asia. China is the third largest country in the world. And China has an extensive history and some of the oldest verified records on the planet. China is among the most ancient civilizations, along with the Babylonian, Mayan, and Egyptian. China was inhabited around 2.25 million years ago. Fossils from the earliest Homo erectus or the oldest early humans that had modern human-like body proportions and lived in groups are from Peking Man. These fossils that were discovered in a cave near Beijing showed us that Peking Man was a Homo erectus who used fire. Dating between six hundred and eighty thousand and seven hundred and eighty thousand years ago. The discovery of Peking Man is celebrated as a major step forward in the theory of human origin and evolution. This Xia dynasty, which emerged around 2100 BCE, marked the beginning of China's political system based on dynasties, which lasted for over a 100 years. The succeeding Shang dynasty ruled the planes of the Yellow River in Eastern China until the 11th century BCE. The song was conquered by the Zhou, which ruled for the next 600 years. And the territories of this dynasty waged war with each other for the following 300. The Warring States period ended in 221 BCE. After the scenes state conquered the other kingdoms, reuniting China and establish the dominant order of autocracy ruled by King Zhang. He proclaimed himself the First Emperor of these sing dynasty and enacted major reforms throughout China. Notably the forced standardization of Chinese characters, Measurements, road widths, and currency. The Han dynasty then took over and controlled China for nearly 400 years, expanding the empires territory, reaching Central Asia, Mongolia, and South Korea. Han involvement in Central Asia helped establish the land route of the Silk Road and gradually became the largest economy of the ancient world. Under the succeeding Tang and Song dynasties, Chinese economy, technology and culture entered this golden age. The Tang Empire retain control of the western regions and the Silk Road and made their capital Chiang, on a bustling urban center. The song was the first government in the world to issue paper money or notes. China developed a rich and prosperous economy with a flourishing art scene. And later, China's capital was moved from Nanjing to Beijing. That seeing Dynasty, the last and final dynasty of China, ruled until 1912. On January first, china became their Republic of China. They use the Chinese yuan and they drive on the right side of the road. 4. Geography of China: China is a megadiverse and intensely complex country, and it has some of the highest and the lowest regions on Earth. China's coastline along the Pacific Ocean is 9 thousand miles or 14,500 kilometers long. China's landscape is vast and varies greatly, ranging from the Gobi Desert in the north to the subtropical forests in the wet south. The highest peak of the Himalayan mountain range, Mount Everest, is the highest peak in the world and serves as the border between Apollo and China at nearly 30000 feet. China has been the world's largest producer of rice. Wheat, tomatoes, eggplants, grapes, watermelon, and spinach. And is the third most biodiverse country in the world after Brazil and Colombia. China's climate has dry seasons with wet monsoons. But a major environmental issue is the continued expansion of its deserts, particularly the Gobi Desert. In recent times, China has also suffered from severe air pollution. Although the 1979 environmental protection laws are fairly stringent, they are in adequately enforced. In fact, China has the second highest death toll solely due to air pollution. 5. Animals of China: China's large and diverse landscape is home to an astonishing variety and abundance of wildlife. The giant panda is native to China. Weird is an endangered and protected species. Giant pandas are good at climbing trees, swimming and eating bamboo. Pandas are somewhat lazy. Eating and sleeping make up most of their day. And in fact, Pandas nap Most of the time, but they're not eating because their diet consists solely of 99% fiber. And pandas have very productive intestines. Pandas can even produce a result while they're napping. The snub-nosed monkey, named for its stump of a nose on their round basis as an endangered species as well. They are known as the primate species that lives in the coldest climate and they are a national treasure. Tibet macaque monkeys are found almost solely in Tibet and Southern China. And they are the largest breed of macaca is in the world. And finally, red pandas, which are slightly bigger than house cats, are also endangered. 6. Religion in China: China's constitution guarantees freedom of religion. However, over thousands of years, the Chinese civilization has been influenced by various religious movements. Some more encouraged or tolerated than others. The three teachings, which include Confucianism, Buddhism, and Daoism, historically have a significant role in shaping Chinese culture. Tau is a maintains that humans and animals should live in balance with the Tao or the universe. The Chinese philosophy has been connected to Lao-Tzu, who wrote the main book of Taylorism and around 500 BCE, the Tao Te Ching. Tao is believe in spiritual immortality and the joining of the body spirit with the universe after death. Taoism is often associated with Yin and Yang, the dark swirl. The yin is associated with shadows and femininity. And the light swirl they Yang represents brightness, passion, and growth, and apparently not femininity. Buddhism came to China perhaps as early as the third century BC. The country became an incubator for many of the great present-day Buddhist sex, including zen, Pure Land, and the source of Tibetan Buddhism. The five basic morals undertaken by Buddhists and monks. R2, not murder, steal, act immorally, lie or drink and toxicants like alcohol. Since ancient times, Chinese culture has been especially influenced by Confucianism. Originating in ancient China. Confucianism is a system of thought and behavior described as a tradition of philosophy, even a way of life. Confucianism developed at least 2500 years ago from what was later called the 100 schools of thought from the teachings of Confucius. With particular emphasis on the importance of family and social harmony. The core of Confucianism is humanistic or the value of human beings individually and collectively. 7. Communism & Socialism: China is one of the world's only socialist countries with a goal of building communism. The Chinese government has also been described as socialist and authoritarian. Heavily restricting free access to the Internet, freedom of the press, freedom of assembly, the right to have children, free formation of social organizations, freedom of religion, political freedom is especially suppressed. The flag of China is a Redfield with five gold stars. The color red represents China's Communist Revolution. The five-stars or the unification of the countries people under the Communist Party. And the larger star surrounded by the four smaller stars, symbolizes the Communist party itself. 8. Beijing: Around 65 percent of China's population lives in the countryside, farming various crops or livestock. However, since the 1980s, many young people have been encouraged to pursue activities in the cities, such as handicrafts, commerce, factory work, and transport. Beijing from an ancient walled capital city to a glittering metropolis packed with skyscrapers, high-speed Internet, Konstan, traffic jams and highways in less than a century, no less. Beijing, China's massive capital city, is the center for triumph, tragedy, fortitude, and innovation. Beijing is a place like no other with a fascinating and tangled history. Now, middle-class locals run to catch buses as a hurry to their offices. But just as many indulgent purchases of silk, savor the light sent at a tea ceremony of Jasmine, and order Peking duck, that the many high-end restaurants. Beijing has a history that stretches back 3 thousand years. But it is just as famous for its modern architecture as it is for as ancient structures. Beijing, the actually 16th name given to the city literally translates to northern capital. It is one of the world's most populous capitals cities with over 21 million residents. China has been ruled from current-day Beijing for over 700 years. Common sites and Beijing or the Great Wall which we will cover in the next section. The Temple of Heaven, which is the most important of Beijing's imperial temples. It was where emperors of the Ming dynasty is worship the God of heaven and prayed for good harvests. And the Forbidden City, which is the largest palace and the world, and was built in 420. It was forbidden to enter or leave the palace without the emperor's permission. Hence, the reason it is called the Forbidden City. Another popular site is the Summer Palace. The Summer Palace is the largest and best preserved Royal Garden in China. The temples, pavilions, and beautifully intricate gardens were designed to achieve harmony with nature and to please the I read lanterns can be found hanging by the doors of nearly every business. As a Red Lantern is symbol of an enjoyable life and prosperous business. And they are traditionally read forum, good luck. Traffic is everyone. And although many young people are taught English in schools, it is very helpful to have some knowledge of Mandarin while visiting Beijing. Or an excellent downloaded dictionary. 9. Shanghai: Shanghai is the country's biggest city and a global financial center. It is centered around the wound, a beautiful waterfront promenade lined with colonial era buildings. Shanghai Disney is a popular attraction with its large centerpiece modeled after Germany's Neuschwanstein Castle. Across the Huangpu river rises the nearly 2100 foot or 632 meters shanghai tower and the Oriental Pearl TV tower. This sprawling gardens has traditional pavilions, towers, and ponds. Shanghai has a maze of public transportation and interwoven highways. 10. Guangzhou: Guangzhou is a huge port city near Hong Kong on the Pearl River, known as the City of flowers plan. Joe is China's third largest city with over 14 million people. Cantonese is the first language of roughly half of the population. For many elderly residents, it is there only language. During the Zhou dynasty, the Cantonese people suffered from famine for many years. Legend has it that at 1.5 immortals riding five goats who had rice spheres descended from heaven, blessed to the area with good weather and rich harvests. The city is now known as the Five Goat city. The city is best known for its avant-garde architecture, such as the Guangzhou Opera House, known as the double pebble, the carved box shaped Guangdong Museum. And the Canton TV tower skyscraper resembling a thin hourglass. The Chen con ancestral hall, a temple complex from 1894, also houses the Guandong folk arts museum. 11. Tianjin: Tianjin is a major port city close to Beijing, known for the European style houses, buildings and churches in a Wu Dao or the five great avenues in that hey ping district. The city has many modern skyscrapers, including the nearly 1400 foot or 415 meter tall, 10 Jin radio and television tower. Tianjin I is the nearly 400 foot or a 120 meter tall Ferris wheel that opened in 2009. Also keep an eye out for the porcelain house, known as China's house, which is a contemporary museum of pottery and antiques decorated with copious amounts of broken porcelain. 12. Chinese Writing & Language: The written language is central to the Chinese culture. Mandarin, which is spoken by around 70% of the population, is the official national language of China, taught in schools and is used as a common language between people of different linguistic backgrounds. There are perhaps as many as 292 languages spoken just in China. But Cantonese is one of the major minority dialects. The local language of the South East corner of China. Chinese characters have been used as the way of writing for thousands of years. But in 1956, the government introduced a simplified Chinese character set which may reading and writing much easier to blur. As of 2018, 96% of the population over 15 are literate. In other words, able to read and write. In fact, the Chinese word for culture literally translates as to become literate. The origin of the writing style of calligraphy with brushes, a visual art related to writing dates back to ancient China more than 2000 years ago. During this time, it was expected that all educated men and women. Do you proficient at calligraphy? All the rest of the Western styles involved from these originals. 13. Chinese Holidays: Chinese New Year. The most important Chinese holiday, is also called spring festival. It is also celebrated in overseas ethnic Chinese communities. Chinese New Year is known for Lion and dragon dances, fireworks, family gatherings, and visiting friends and relatives. Giving red envelopes with money inside. The red color is for good luck. The Dragon Boat Festival. The Dragon Boat Festival is a traditional holiday that commemorates the famous Chinese scholar Shu Yuan. This famous fun holiday, a celebration of eating rice dumplings, drinking wine, and racing dragon boats. The Mid-Autumn Festival comes from the custom of a worshiping the moon during the Zhou dynasty, over 3000 years ago. In ancient China, most emperors worshiped the moon every year because the moon is at its brightest. During this time, people will have mood parties to celebrate. The Mid-Autumn Festival. Legend talks about how a long time ago the Earth had 10 the sun and the heat was ravaging the planet, creating this terrible deadly drought. The Emperor of Heaven asked this great archer to shoot down nine of the sons and saving life on Earth. The most popular Mid-Autumn Festival food though, our moon cakes, which symbolized completeness and togetherness. Moon cakes in the South of China are filled with fresh meat and a ham. And northern Chinese moon cakes are filled with dates and red bean paste. They are an interesting and somewhat acquired taste. Women's Day and Men's day are days when women or men are recognized for their achievements and have the day off of work. International Children's Day is celebrated by rewarding children for their achievements. And I'm taking part in local games and field trips. 14. Clothing in China: Each country in the world has its own unique traditional clothes. And the Han Fu, I'm the Zhongshan suits or the Mao suit are the two most distinctive types of traditional Chinese clothing. The Han Fu or Han clothing, is the oldest of China's traditional clothes. Legend traces it back over 4 thousand years, and it is traditionally made with silk. It also had a far-reaching influence on neighboring Asian countries, such as Korea, Japan, and Vietnam. The Zhang schon suit, also known as the Mao suit, is a type of a male attire. It was first warn after the founding of the Republic of China in 1912. Later on, Chairman Mao had been seen wearing it at numerous public events. And this outfit gains the title of the Mao suit. 15. Chinese Tea: Ti. An aromatic beverage with a 300 year history, is normally made by pouring hot water over dried or fresh herbs, flowers, fruits, or leaves. And it is one of the most popular drinks in history. China is considered to have the earliest tea drinking records, dating back more than 2000 years. And historically, t was solely used as a medicinal herbs. The Han Dynasty use t as medicine for a number of ailments, including back pain, depression, fertility, arthritis, and insomnia. The use of t as a beverage drunk for pleasure with groups of family and friends, though dates back to the Tang Dynasty, nearly 1400 years ago. T plays a significant part in both Chinese engagements and in Chinese weddings. A tea tree or a plant with leaves used to make T cannot be transplanted or planted in one space and moved to another. It only sprouts and grows from a C. If moved, it dies. Thus, Chinese newly weds took T0 to symbolize loyalty, love, and the expectation of a long happily married life. A Chinese tea ceremony held on the wedding day. The bride and groom serve tea to their parents. In laws and other family members, symbolizing the union of the two families. Drinking that T indicates that the parents recognize and accept their child spouse as part of the family. 16. Chinese Medicine: Other than smelling and tasting fantastic, some tea is had been proven to help boost your immune system, fight off inflammation, and even ward off cancer and heart disease. In fact, T was first used as medicine and remains to be one of the primary sources of natural healing. But mainly, most people drink tea for an energy boost or simply because it tastes good. Other forms of natural medicine, our foot massages and acupuncture. Foot massages boost your circulation, which help with healing and keeps your muscles and tissues healthy. Acupuncture is an ancient Chinese system of medicine, which involves the practice of inserting tiny little needles into the skin. 17. Chinese Silk: Silk. Silk is a fabric first produced in China from the delicate material of the silk worms cocoon. It became a reliable source of income for small farmers. And as weaving techniques improved, the reputation of China's delicate and beautiful silk spread throughout the world. Chinese silk became a highly desired product across empires of the ancient world. Silk is mainly produced in the south of the Yangtze River Delta. And its production remained exclusively Chinese for 3000 years. Called the clean of fiber. Clothes made of silk are an excellent quality and they are very porous. So it's marked by not only heat dissipation, but also heat preservation when it's cold. The history of Chinese silk can be traced back almost 6 thousand years, most recently celebrated because of the Silk Road or the Silk Road, was a network of trade routes which connected the East with the West. It was important because it helps generate trade and commerce between a multitude of different kingdoms and empires. The Silk Road helped ideas, culture, and inventions spread across much of the settled grow old. Silk is a specialty of China and one of the most beautiful contributions China has made to the world. Silk is made from the silk worm. When it's alive, it wraps itself in the silk for protection. When it dies, it leaves this beautiful thread to be spun and made into cloth. Similar to a very strong spider's web. 18. Chinese Cuisine: Peking duck is a famous duck dish from Beijing which used to be called peaking. That has been prepared since the imperial era. The ducks are glazed and cooked in hanging ovens so that the fat between the maintenance skin sort of drains out. And it leads to this yummy, crispy, crunchy skin. These deep fried and golden dough sticks our very inviting and super delicious. And they are a very popular food for breakfast in China. People will dip them in their rice porridge for a delicious morning treat. A hot pot though, is the number one Chinese dish. A big pot is set in the center of the table with boiling broth and a flame or electric burner sits underneath to keep the heat going. Raw veggies, seafood and meet our served around the pot with other options such as tofu dumplings and noodles as well. The guests cook the ingredients by placing them in the broth is chopsticks, and eat them with a dipping sauce. 19. Great Wall Introduction: The Great Wall of China is the world's longest wall. And the first of our seven wonders of the modern world. Winding its path over steep mountains and rugged countryside ills. China's man-made stone dragon is a series of fortifications near Beijing, China's capital, built for the protection of China in the northern area of the country. 20. Great Wall Fun Facts about China's 'Stone Dragon': The Great Wall is located in Northern China, officially measuring 13,177 miles or just over 21 thousand kilometers. The Great Wall has a stunning array of scenery from vast beaches to toggle mountain is too dry deserts. The Great Wall is one of the greatest sites in the world and the longest wall in the world. An awe inspiring feet of ancient defensive architecture. More than 2300 years old. The Great Wall is not a single straight line, but a grand curvy stone pathway made to protect those inside and keep strangers out. The Chinese name for the great wall literally translates to the long wall. 10 thousand miles. The average height of the Great Wall is 26 feet or around eight meters. Bottling is the most visited section of the wall with more than 70 thousand visitors per day, just in this particular area. As attempting tourist destination, The Great Wall attracts around 50 million visitors every year in total. 21. Construction & History of the Great Wall: Although it is named the Great Wall singular, it is actually a series of overlapping fortifications and trenches for blacking enemies, watchtowers for fires, signals and communication, and fortresses for head on battle. The Great Wall easily required the most immense human effort of any ancient construction. Research suggests that 100 million tons of bricks, stone, and soil, or transported and constructed by millions of soldiers as it's prisoners and animals. Early construction began nearly 2700 years ago. Meaning workers had perhaps basic rope would and a basket system at their disposal on unknown terrain that ranged from Sun, big deserts to dizzying mountain cliffs. The Great Wall designers didn't take advantage of this terrain model. Using tall mountain peaks and wide rivers to their advantage, which helps to control strategic areas and also aided in managing labor and materials. According to legend, there were three ways of hauling supplies up the mountains, carried by hand or shoulders or baskets or human chains, moved by wheelbarrows and maybe pulley systems and ropes, or transported by sturdy animals, such as oxygen or horses. Goats are known for being excellent climbers. So it is rumored that people tied bricks on goats horns and made them trek up the steep mountains. Legend has it that the Great Wall was built to defend against the Mongols. But the original purpose of this massive fortification was to deter the northern nomadic tribes coming from today's Mongolia and Northern China. Some states even build walls to fend off her nosy neighbors. Watchtowers. Watch towers were built high for observation and communication was accomplished through signal fire. The Great Wall of China, the collective name of a series of fortifications built across the historical northern borders of China and spans across 15 regions. Oh, it's made over the course of a hundreds of years. The wall was built by over six different Chinese dynasties. And you have to take a cable car currently up to the top of the wall in order to visit. 22. Rice, Space & The Longest Cemetery in the World: The building materials included soil, breaks, stones, and rocks. What was the mortar though? It was totally different from the modern sand and cement that we are used to today. Builders used rights processed sticky rice flour when wet, served as a reliable adhesive, especially 2000 years ago. When it hardens, the substance isn't nearly as impenetrable as cement. That being said, it has been nearly 3 thousand years since the beginning of its construction. And parts of the Great Wall have maybe been crumbling or breaking due to weather and tourism. Granted, very few visitors have been injured by such events. But China decided to simply block off areas deemed too dangerous for the general public, rather than spend money to mend and rebuild troublesome sections. Having visited the Great Wall just last year, I can confirm that the wall is not the most easily accessible as there were some steep drop-offs and dangerous cliffs that we're just kinda of roped off. Even though the other areas were considered safe. Locals warned us to wear really sturdy shoes as the Great Wall is not known for being accessible to folks who are perhaps unsteady on their feet. And they told us not to get too close to the edges. Contrary to popular belief, the Great Wall of China cannot be seen from space with the naked eye. It is unfortunately invisible from space. Trying to see the Great Wall from outer space would compare with how difficult it would be to see a single piece of hair from two miles away. The wall is sadly called the longest cemetery in the world. During the many years of construction, more than 1 million laborers had been recruited, including civilians, soldiers and felons. Helping build the wall was especial punishment for criminals during that sing and Han dynasties. Around 2000 years ago, the exhausting and precarious work took an estimated 400 thousand lives. Some are said to be even buried within the wall itself as carrying decease convicts back to civilization was not really high on the priority list. Even though there has been no actual evidence of corpses or bones found within the wall. This gives the Great Wall, but not so appealing saying of the longest cemetery in the world. 23. Great Wall Conclusion: The Great Wall of China is one of the single greatest sites in the world. The longest one at an awe inspiring feet of ancient architecture. It's winding paths cover more than 13 thousand miles or 21 thousand kilometers of rugged countryside and steep mountains. Feel free to jot down in your travel journal your thoughts on how the Wall was built, construction being used for punishment, the usage of rice as mortar, and how you might have transported materials during this time. How long do you think it would take to walk the entire length of the Great Wall? 24. Travel Tips China: Here are some of my top tips when traveling in China. Many websites such as Facebook, Google, Instagram, and Twitter are blocks in China. Makes sure to download a VPN or virtual private network before traveling to China. Unlike in Western countries, china is more conservative with physical touch. Usually a verbal greeting or a nod will suffice when first meeting someone. Public affection is virtually non-existent. Personal space though, might be hard to find, especially on public transport. A large percentage of Chinese adults smoke. So when asking for a non-smoking accommodation, be very clear about wanting a non-smoking room or non-smoking floor. For the most comfortable, whether consider coming to China in spring or fall. Watch out though Chinese local travel during these periods. So travel costs usually skyrocket. It is important to note that many public bathrooms do not provide toilet paper or paper towels. It is recommended to carry toilet paper and hand sanitizer with you. Also, the majority of public restaurants are squat toilets. Just consider this to be part of the Chinese experience. Keep in mind that white is the color of mourning. So avoid flowers, gifts, or wrapping paper, and wearing all white clothing. Also, very few people in China have read or blonde hair. So be aware that locals may want to take a photo of you. Although crime in China is much more rare than in other countries, petty crime exists everywhere. So be sure to keep your money, wallet, and passport on your person and concealed under your clothing. Just as in all countries with a currency different than your own, make sure to count your change carefully. Do not accept the initial price when shopping and China, bargain for everything unless you are in a large department store in boutiques, make sure to haggle for a fair price. Keep in mind that credit cards may not work in China. So prepared to carry cash and withdraw enough money from an ATM, The last for a few days. As ATMs that accept western debit cards are few and far between. Avoid ice in your drinks as ice is most likely made from a poor quality water source. On that note, only drink bottled water. As tap water is contaminated. Don't brush your teeth with tap water and shower with care. Don't open your mouth or your eyes in the shower. Learn a few words of the local language. It makes you a little more well-received and helps you when you're in a pinch. As with all traveled, all have plenty of patients. And to find funny communication amusing rather than annoying or angering, you'll have a much more enjoyable trip if you see humor and the things that go wrong. Also keep in mind, if you're not speaking their native language, speak slower but not louder. The locals are doing their best with your language, which is probably bear third or fourth language. A smile is universal vote. So be kind, speak slowly, and have fun. 25. Travel Tribe China Conclusion: The most populous country and third largest in the world. China is a spectacular and ancient place with a detailed records and artifacts that are sometimes hundreds or thousands of years old. China is one of the best examples of how humans developed from individual cavemen into a modern and global community. Feel free to take notes in your travel journal about the types of tea you might like to try, which ailments you would hope that they can assist, and which places in Beijing you might want to visit. What are your thoughts on Chinese medicine? Have you tried foot massages? Would you try acupuncture? Now that you have filled out your travel planner with the food, clothing, holidays, must see sites, major cities and their attractions. Fun facts and pro tips. Feel free to share with the class. You're welcome to also post your coloring pages. Thank you for travel with the travel tried for future research. Some of my favorite travel books are a year in Provence by Peter male under the Tuscan Sun by Francis maze, wild by cheryl strayed, CouchSurfing in Iran by Stephen forth. But cat who went to Paris by Peter gathers for future traveling and ventures, search, traveled, drive in this search bar. The next course in your travel journey is the history and culture of France and an exploration of Germany. I had day and I look forward to seeing you at your next Travel Tribe adventure.