Violin basics: tuning and maintenance for begginers | Lucia Garrote | Skillshare

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Violin basics: tuning and maintenance for begginers

teacher avatar Lucia Garrote, La Pizzicata

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

5 Lessons (27m)
    • 1. What this class is about

    • 2. Daily care and maintenance for your violin and bow

    • 3. How to tune your violin when you don't play yet

    • 4. How to replace the strings safely

    • 5. Tips for manipulating your instrument risk-free

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About This Class

If you've decided to start walking this beautiful road, and learn to play the violin (or viola), then you should make this class your first stop on the way.

When you're a begginer, every step of the learning process can be overwhealming, even the violin itself. That's why I have prepared this essential class to guide you through the first necessary musts: learning to manipulate, store and care for your violin daily; tuning it easily and precisely with no need of producing tone with the bow, and finally learning to replace the strings safely and properly.

Follow me through this short, simple class that will help you get to know your instrument in depth, and become familiarized with its handling.

Meet Your Teacher

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Lucia Garrote

La Pizzicata


Hello, I'm Lucia. I teach violin, viola and violoncello for begginers of all ages, with an innovative method, that moves away from the classical approach to prioritize the student's experience in making music from lesson 1, and enjoying it! I believe there are no fixed goals for anyone, and the road will be designed by the student's interest, motivation and pleasure.

I teach in both spanish and english, so I welcome you to take a look at my method for violin and philosophy.

See full profile

Related Skills

Music Creative TUNING Violin

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1. What this class is about: If you're a violent beginner and you have decided to take your first steps with the instrument while we can stop right here and take this class, I will teach you all about daily care and maintenance for your violin, Angela. I will also teach you how to tune your violin if you're a beginner and you don't know how to produce tone with your boat yet. And I will finally teach you how to replace these springs on your violin. It's very common problem that we're beginners. We're trying to tune the violin and we make a screen pop. And we need to replace it, but we need to do it correctly. So I will show you the step-by-step so that she can do with fights. Follow me on this very simple class, and you will learn what you need to know to take care of your instrument properly. 2. Daily care and maintenance for your violin and bow: Congratulations on deciding to start learning the violin and welcome to this first lesson. Today, I want to show you all about daily care and maintenance for your violin and your vote. It's essential that we take proper care of her instruments because if we downed, they suffer the consequences and their sound is affected in time. So I will show you what you need to do in order to take care of them as you should. The first thing that you need to bear in mind is where to store your instrument when you stop playing. My advice is that you put it over a flat surface. It could be a table, it could be a shelf. But you need to make sure that civic quiet place, maybe your bedroom or a study, if you have one. But make sure it's outside of the circulation of other people. Why? While other people may not know how to handle a violin, how to take care of a violin. And accidents may occur. So we want to avoid all sorts of accidents and make sure that instrument is taken care of and that it's safe. So I would say put it over a table or a shelf, makes sure that the total length of the bar and the total length of the bow are covered, right? Don't give the point outside or the scroll hanging out of the table. Those are things that you do not want to do because it may cost a violent fall down or it may constant boat fall down or accidentally you can walk by and make them fall down. Those are things that you want to avoid. So make sure that the total length of the violin and bow aren't covered. And you can let them breast. They air until the next day or until your next practice session. And now you need to make sure that table or that shelf is not hit by direct sunlight, is not too close to the stove or too close to a window, or too close to the air conditioning, right? Because sudden changes in temperature can severely affect the good. So be very careful about this. Additionally, what she can do in order to prevent your violin from receiving dust or dirt is covered with a piece of cloth until your next practice session. However, if you're not entirely sure that your violin group is safe in that table or shelf outside the circulation of children of pads. Or maybe you're not completely sure about the sunlight or the heat or the cold? Well, the best thing that she can do that you can always do is toward your violin on the inside of a hard case. Also, you need to make sure that the case is not heat by direct sunlight or by the air conditioning or too close to the stove. But when the violin is stored inside the case, you will find that a small bump will not hurt that bad. A small change in temperature will not hurt it either. Maybe the case can worn down and the violet will be perfectly safe inside. So this will always be the best option. It is also essential when you stop playing your violin, that you remove the excess of bras and from the top plate. How can you do that? Well, you can use a drive this cloth and you can clean it very, very softly, simply blowing off or removing the dots. Or you can use a soft brush. Also dry at very, very soft brush. And you glean fingerboard, the top played bridge, and the screens. Why do we do this? Well, sometimes, if you will, in the place where you have humidity in the air, the accessor frosting can stick to the top plate and then you will need to use a certain product, a very specific product. Clean it because it will, it will not be easily cleaned, right? You will not be able to remove it with a dry cloth. So if you do this every day after it stopped playing, you will make sure that you don't have to go through this process of maintenance and cleaning of your violin too often. Now when it comes to the bot, it's essential that you loosen the bow here every time you stop playing your violin. And why is this so important? Well, if you live the bowtie, sudden changes in temperature or a pressure in the atmosphere may cost a stick to curb, to curb to the sides. And that will make it impossible to buy afterwards. And that's something that's very hard to correct. So make sure that every time he stopped planning, you loosen the bow here. And finally, the pieces of advice that will sound pretty obvious, but sometimes it's not. Remember. Both the violin and the bow are very delicate. So make sure you don't hit them accidentally against the walls or tables or other pieces of furniture, right? Put it down gently and pick it up gently. Remember, that's the tool that you will have to the music that you dominate. 3. How to tune your violin when you don't play yet: Welcome to lesson number two. Today I want to show you an easy way you can use to tune your violent. If you're a beginner and you don't know how to produce good tone with your bot yet. The first thing that you need to do is download an app to your tablet or your smart phone. You will find out there are many different free apps that you can use. Most of them have a tuner I'm incorporating and back will be an essential tool for when you start playing. You will need it for your practice sessions. So my advice is that you download an app that has both features incorporated. You can choose which ever you prefer. It does not have to be a violin tuners specifically, it can be a generic toner and that will work as well. So when you open the app, you will see something of this sort. You will see the note that's being played, or in this case spoken. And you will see a needle that will show you whether that note is in tune or adaptation. You will see if the needle goes all to the left, that means that the note is lower than it should be. And if the needle goes all to the right, that means that the note is higher than it should be. What the note is into. The middle will be right in the middle. And in most cases, you will see a green light popping up that will tell you, yes, you've reached it, you've done it. Yea, you can go to the next screen. So even though this process is really, really simple, which you have to pay careful attention. And two is the name of the node that the tuner is giving you. You will see here for example, that's a b. But if you wanted to, for example, the a string, you need to make sure that the tuner is saying and it is showing you the tuning of the a bribe. If YouTube, the node and the needle is right in the middle and the green light pops up. But the name of the node below is g, then that means that you have tuned the wrong note. And that probably means that the note is so far off that she will need to use the pegs and not the fine tuners in order to turn that string. So step number one will be to be really, really sure about the order of the nodes C, D, E, F, G, a, B, right? So if you're trying to tune the a string and you get a b, that will most likely mean that that strain is higher than it should be, so higher that it has turned into another note that B, if you are tuning the strain and you get an F, that will probably mean that the node is really far off on the lower side. So far off that instead of being in a now it's an S. So if you're really sure about the order of the nodes, you will likely know whether the node is lower or higher than the one you are looking for. That's step number one. Step number two will be to make sure the screws on your fine tuners are not all screwed in and that you still have room to tune the strain using the screw. If you don't, you need to do some them completely. And then we will go on to the next step, which is step number three. And that will be opening the app and start plucking the strengths with your fingers. Usually we start with string, but you can use any string that you prefer to start. You pluck the string with your finger, and then you check if the tuner is giving you the right note name. If you have the right note name, you have to check whether it is into or out tune. If it's lower, you need to adjust the screw. And if it's higher unit to loosen the screw, that means if it's lower in it to turn the screw to your ride in order to adjust that and make the note higher. And if the node is higher than it should, you need to loosen the screw and turning to your left. So make the note lower. The tuner is giving you a completely different note name. You need to check if that node is higher than the one you are looking for, are lower than the one you're looking for. And then you need to use the pegs. Now, you have to make sure that you're very gentle when you use the pangs. Because if you turn them violently than you can cause the screen to pop. And that's something that we do not want to do. So if the banks are hard to move and you find that chicken not move them correctly, what you should do is take the filing by the neck, firmly, hold it in front of your face and start moving the peg downwards map, or it's really softly downwards an app for its many times so that you loosen it up. You can also try to move it outside of the peg box a little so that it loosens up. When that happens and you find out that you can move it gently without having to use lot of strength, do bad. Well, that's the moment when you need to start moving. Very, very softly. Little By Little. John pride a little bit, a lot. And at the same time that you start moving up little by little, start plucking the string with your finger to check how the tuning is going. Check if it, if you're doing ride, if you still have to raise it or lower it a little more. If you maybe you've gone way more than you want. You need to start checking always by plugging the strings and checking with the tuner Little By Little. Remember, don't try to tune it all at once to try to make a sudden movement with the pack because that may cost the strength of pop. And that's something we definitely, definitely want to avoid. When we're using the pegs, it's hard to get to the tuning of a node precisely. So you don't have to tune the node all the way to its correct position just by using the pack, you can live at close by and then you will finish tuning that string with the fine tuner. Remember, when you have reached tuning point where you want to lead the pack, you have to try to stick the peg inside the peg box. Again, that will make it state firmly and exposition and not slide down. When moving the packs, you experienced this problem and the pacs slide down constantly, or maybe they stay their position for a very short period of time and then you start playing up a slide down again. You need to make sure that you use more strength when you stick it inside the peg box. Reap. Remember, you can hold the violin firmly by the neck. Don't be afraid to do this. You will not break it if you take it by the neck. And then you need to stick the bag firmly inside the peg box. Remember, the violin is all wooden. It's completely mechanics, so you need to make sure that the BEC sticks in its place. Once you have tuned all the four strings, which you need to do is start all over again. Sometimes, if the violin has really, really out of tune, simply one tuning of each string will not be enough to make them stay in the right position. So you will need to repeat the procedure once more. The more that you play, the mortgage or violin will stay in tune. But nevertheless, it is really important that you tune your violin every time before you play. If you pick up the Bible and after a couple of hours of not playing, it can fall on a tune and it will need a retuning, which will probably be faster and simpler, but you will need to do it anyway. It's completely natural that you feel insecure, accursed, or that it takes quite a long time to turn the violet, especially if you have to move the pegs and you're not completely sure about how to do it by full time. And with practice, this will become natural as well. 4. How to replace the strings safely: Today we're gonna talk about how to replace the strengths on her violin. Replacing the strengths and the instrument is not as complicated as it may seem, that you need to follow certain steps that I'm going to make sure to explain very carefully in this video. So follow me. All right, so here you will see, I will show you how to replace a screen, which you see here is a five screen dielectric violin. But it's exactly the same. It has the same mechanism on the bed. Bugs on the pegs work exactly as those in an acoustic violin. So you will find out that everything is exactly the same as you can see here. I have no broken screens, but nevertheless, I'm going to remove one of my healthy screens and then place it back again in its position. So, so as you can see here, you have the both end of the screen that is attached on the one side, on the fine tuner, and then on this other side attached to the peg. So lets remove this one for example, so that she can see this is the D string. I'm going to take it with my hands and I'm going to start on screwing the peg. I'm taken off all the way to go. Always. Gentle movements. Remember, strings are delicate. The instrument is delicate so you have time to do this. Don't rush it. Be gentle, be soft, both with the spring and with the instrument here, what I'm doing is trying to leave the screen the straightest possible. This will make it simpler to insert this end of the screen inside the peg hole. And as I said before, you have to remove the ball and from the fine tuner, right? So when you want to put the string, the new spring on, I'm going to use this very same spring, but in your case, it's going to be a new one or a different one. You have to insert the bottom end and make sure it's firmly held by the fine tuner. You can try that. Maybe my hand will not let you see. You can pull the spring to make sure the ball and it's stuck in there. Right? And then you're going to try to leave the screen an exposition over the bridge, right? You can correct that afterwards if you didn't get it right at first. So let's go now to the other end. We have to insert string inside the Bat Hall. And you have to make sure here, for example, the string is all those again, because since it has no tension, the ball and felt right out of the fine tuner. That's okay, don't worry about it. Once you start screwing the peg, you can insert the ball ended the fine tuner once more. So there I'm not sure if you get to see the back hall. I'm going to insert this end right there. And since we're talking about one of the screens on the left side, I'm going to make sure that one turn of the screen is on the right side of the pack. Whoa. And then the other terms. Are on the left of the back hole. As you can see, I'm holding the spring firmly with my hand and holding it tight so that I can screw the bed. I can turn it outwards. And as you can see, the screen is tidally. Make sure to not overlap the spring on the pack. That's really, really important, but because it may cost the screens to break through where they more easily with time. And they can break right there on the peg and that's something that we do not want to have. So I have inserted again the ball end on my fine tuner. I'm always holding it with my hand to make sure that it's tight. And once the peg is making it tight enough, I can just remove my hand and then start adjusting the peck. As I've explained before, might movement is outwards and inwards. I'm pushing the bag inside the peg box, arrive there. And I'm holding the violin really, really tightly by the neck. That's okay. It will be fine. Nothing will happen to the instrument. So there you can see because you can see all the screens are really tidy. And that's what's important, that will help you extend the life of your strengths. So make sure that you do that. That should take your time to place the new strength directly around the back. Now, that's the procedure to replace one spring. But what happens if you want to replace the entire set of strengths and her violin? While it's really, really important that you never take off the fourth strength of your violin at once. We have to repeat the procedure one screen at a time. So you remove the first or the fourth one, that will be your choice. My advice is to start by the a string, then these string, and then the ones on the ends. And not start by one high end or low end. But that's just a simple piece of advice. And you will do it. Remember, always, always one string at a time. You wouldn't know that screen and you replace it with a new one. You tighten the screen and you live it tuning place. And then you move forward to removing the next string and replacing it with a new one and so on. Never do it with the forest springs at once since that will cause the bridge to fall out of position and that will be it will be quite hard to put it back again where it boss, if you're a beginner and you're not comfortable with manipulating your instruments. Well, that was set for this first class. Now you have all the information that you need to know in order to manipulate and story or violin and bow safely and to tunic and replace this strength if you need to be for playing. What's next? Following this taps to start playing. 5. Tips for manipulating your instrument risk-free: So here though, a few tips on how to manipulate your violin, Andrew boat, where you can touch it, where you cannot touch it out, hold it, and all that information that you need to know. First of all, remember, it will always be safe to take your violin, to put it up for, put it down by the neck. You can hold it really friendly by the neck and you will not receive any damage on it. You can also take it by the body, but make sure that you use both hands. In this case, you do not want to risk the violin from, from your fingers. Never, never, never. Hold it by the pegs. This will make the pegs slide down and the strings will evolve out tuned. It will be a mass. So avoid touching the pegs as much as you can. You should never grab it by the strings or by the bridge for by the tail piece. Since this can also cause the springs to fall out of tune and definitely never take it from the chin rest or the Showed rest since these are accessories and that can come off the violet and it will cause the violent fall to the ground. So remember, the safest way to take your violin and manipulated is holding it by the net or by the body using both hands. It is really important that you know where you can touch the screen with your fingers and your hands. Of course, allover fingerboard is the right place to do it, but you should never touch the strings where the bow goes for the bot passes. And why is this? Because that's where the Rossen is. And the more severe hands may cost across him to go away. And then there will not be adherence between the bow here and the string. And that something fundamental to make the violin sound. If you don't have Rossen, if you don't have this adherence between the bow here and the screen that is caused by the Ross and then you will not be able to make it sound correctly. So remember, never touch the strings where the bow passes with your fingers. Always remember to put your violin down with the top plate up and never talk laid down. Event if you are over a soft surface like a sofa or a bad, never put it with the top plate down. You have to remember, it's very, very important that you did not put any pressure over the bridge or over the POPs. Since these may cause the top plane to crack or to break and back will be catastrophic. And finally, we've said before that you have to loosen the bow here every time you stop playing. It is also very important that she know where you can touch your boat with your hands. You can not touch her but with your hands. So it's okay to touch the stick. It's okay to touch the frog or not. And of course, OK to touch this crude, but it's not okay. Never, never, never okay. To touch the bow here with your hands or your fingers. Because just as it happens with the violin strings, you can remove the Brosnan and the moist of your hands may cause that adherence to stop from happening. And that's something that we do not want because it will make her violin stops sounding and it will make our experience at playing so much harder. So never touched the bow here with your hands.