Vietnamese for Business | Greg Vanderford | Skillshare

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

11 Lessons (1h 42m)
    • 1. Lesson 1 VN 4 Business Intro

    • 2. Lesson 2 Professional Greetings

    • 3. Lesson 3 VN Finance

    • 4. Lesson 4 VN Real Estate

    • 5. Lesson 5 VN Commodities

    • 6. Lesson 6 VN biz meetings

    • 7. Lesson 7 Sales and Marketing

    • 8. Lesson 8 Human Resources

    • 9. Lesson 9 Accounting

    • 10. Lesson 10 Management

    • 11. Lesson 11 Vietnamese for Business Conclusion

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About This Class

Vietnamese for Business is my answer to a large number of requests from my current Vietnamese language students to focus on language that can be used in a professional setting.

In Vietnamese for Business you will learn:

1. How to generally talk about business matters in Vietnamese

2. How to professionally greet and meet with coworkers and clients

3. How to discuss finance, the stock market, and investing

4. How to converse about management and human resources

5. How to talk about sales and marketing

6. How to discuss general business matters

7. Much more Vietnamese language practice

This course is for anyone studying the Vietnamese language who has already learned the tones and alphabet and is ready for more advanced vocabulary and language.

While it is specifically designed for those working in a professional environment it is also a great supplement for general Vietnamese language learners as the vocabulary, pronunciation, and style are all natural and colloquial. In other words, this is the way that local Vietnamese people use the language every day. 

It took me ten years to attain the level of fluency that I currently enjoy in the language. I have recently moved back to Vietnam, where I teach Vietnamese to foreigners, Business, and other subjects full time. 

If you're serious about learning the Vietnamese language, I encourage you to join the course and take your next step toward total fluency!

Meet Your Teacher

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Greg Vanderford

Knowledge is Power!


My courses are designed based on my many years as a teacher and student of education and business. I hold a master's degree in curriculum and instruction and have been designing curricula for over a decade.

The business, language, and chess courses that I have built are a reflection of this experience and dedication to education. My goal is to reach as many people as possible with my courses, which is why I have chosen the internet as my ideal mode of delivery.

The following is a little more about my expertise and background. I was born and raised in Sandpoint, Idaho. I attended the University of Idaho where I earned a bachelor's degree in Business Administration in 2004. After a few years in the work force as an account manager I moved to Vietnam where I lived for over 5 ... See full profile

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1. Lesson 1 VN 4 Business Intro: All right, guys, welcome to the class Vietnamese for business, how to communicate in formal and professional situations. As I said in the promo video, I want to give you guys a lot of tools and ways to talk about different things in any type of work environment. And so this court should really help you out with doing that. So to start out, we're gonna give you an introduction. The word for introduction of Vietnamese is yeah, I to Yeah, Te'o. And of course, we're going with the assumption in this class you already have the basics of Vietnamese down. We're not gonna go through, um, the very beginning. Things you need to learn, like the alphabet and the tones. Although, of course, we always want to reinforce the correct pronunciation of the tones. So in this case, we have yea which is the yellow sacked own goes up into which is the young man tone. And it goes down, it has a gutter will stop in your throat. So we say, Yeah, I Te'o This word introduction is the word that we use for both classes. Like I'm using it right now or we want to introduce people to each other on which, of course, and business is kind of important thing, right? First impressions. Whether you're greeting an employee or a boss or a colleague, we do a lot of greetings, introductions and businesses. So we're gonna look at how to make those correctly in a way that is polite. That's really important in Asian countries, especially in Vietnam. We want to use the correct pronouns, and we want Teoh greet each other in a way that make sure we give respect to the person that we're speaking to. Because if you meet someone, especially if they're a colleague of Vietnamese colleague, it'll give the proper respect that is deserved. It can cause a problem, and it can hurt your, um, your relationship with people you're working with, especially if you we're just starting at a company. But of course, even if you're working with another company, a sales person or whatever, that stuff is equally relevant. Vietnam is one of the fastest growing economies in the world. There's lots and lots of business opportunities here, so if you're just generally studying Vietnamese and you're interested in this course because you were thinking about maybe coming to Vietnam. Then I would suggest that you take the course. Vietnam is one the fastest growing economies in the world. So there's lots of jobs right now for foreigners, and especially if you're American like me and economy even still isn't that great for most people, there's not a lot of jobs for certain sectors of the economy coming over to Asia, especially Vietnam. There's lots of lots of opportunities, so this is a really good course for you guys to take. If you're considering moving over to Vietnam, to work as a teacher or as a business manager, it's really easy to get jobs here in either of those areas, like project managers, business managers, teaching English or teaching many other subjects as well, or working for oil companies. Because there's lots of lots of oil companies over here, so there's lots of jobs for foreigners. They pay really well, and the cost living is very low. And so it's a great place to go. And so the translation of the sends down here is I can take with Vietnam. Tom Oops. OK, being Maram young victim, take a So that's Ah, that's a lot of stuff. I'm gonna be throwing a lot of vocabulary, right? You guys in this class, So it's gonna be kind of intermediate to advanced class. We're assuming that you already understand the language a bit, but of course, with the language, you know, the vocabulary that I'm giving you, you guys can look it up in your dictionary is and you can pause. The video is many times, you know, as you want to. You can watch it three times you want to. So, Conde here is the word for economics or the economy. And so you can see that the tone it's to rising tones you all sec. The name of the rising tones they didn't pay. And you raise your voice, Gidon Day, and then cool up is the possessive word. So this is saying the economy of Vietnam. This is always how we say things in the possessive form in Vietnamese. Go. Uh okay. So I didn't take a well big name. We pronounced Vietnam Viet Nam in reading me so I can take will be exam. The Vietnamese economy is one of the most. So we say that jump up. So we're saying is one of the economies that is expanding. So Maram ma rum is a word for expansion or to expand Ma by itself here means to open. So you see, Maram music is opening up or expanding. Yen is the word for fast and then yuck means fastest. So this is one of the economies that is expanding the fastest in the world. Chomp Ai jum means in and pay I is the world. So once again it's can take a big name. Let Tom apps Okay, Deng Maram young yet from Tayyar. And I encourage you throughout this course to try to just copy what I'm saying. The way that I learned Vietnamese very quickly and very successfully when I first got here over 10 years ago is you simply pare it back What they say because of the tonal language, it's very, very important that you are saying the words correctly in terms of the pronunciation, the grammar is relatively simple, and so the complexity of the language. Um and I talked about this a lot in my other Vietnamese courses, especially my 1st 1 for beginners called Learn to speak Vietnamese Like a native. This is really, really critical. So the tones and how you pronounce the words is the absolutely most important thing that you can can learn. So when I'm reading stuff, my, um, tones are pretty much perfect. They're just like a native Vietnamese speaker in the South. I have a Southern accent, and I think this is something that my my students have. Ah said. A lot of really good feedback is that if you're going to be spending time, are moving to the south of Vietnam, That's hope. Human City, otherwise known as Saigon, Ornette Bang or Boom Tao or Danang or any of the city's basically from the central part of the country down. You're gonna be speaking in the Southern accent, but most of the materials are in. The Northern Accent is actually some different vocabulary that North uses, and they've got a very different accent. But it's hard to learn the Southern dialect if all the materials are in northern. So part of my mission here, with all my Vietnamese courses, is to help you guys out that are going to be living in Saigon or in the South. We're even just traveling through, um, learned the southern dialect because I literally have not been able to find anything that helps you to do that. And so that's what my course is all about. So one more time can take a big Nam latch. I'm up. So can't a dig Maram young yet on TV, I Okay, so I'll say it fast for you guys, and then I'll break it down and say it slowly and you need me to repeat after me and then memorize this stuff and it will help you. Okay? The culture has embraced capitalism and is becoming the tech hub of Southeast Asia. Vietnam is really becoming a sort of technically savvy country amongst Southeast Asia, is very well connected. Almost everyone in the country is on the Internet, and Saigon especially, is, um, becoming a tech up is like billions of dollars being poured into start ups. And there's lots of emphasis on math and science education here. And so there's lots of really good programmers, and it's expanding rapidly. And so the way you would say this in leader meses vanua cool Vietnam that Captain Young queuing it to buying that John in moped dumb coming A. That's a tough one, So vanua means culture. Then why bang why culture and again receipt go big ma'am of Vietnam That jump young This means has accepted this word. Here is the tag word for the past. So if you say something that has happened already we say Dad. And But we don't need to congregate any verbs, right? So we say Bank Wachovia KanAm dat champion has accepted capitalism. The word of capitalism is is right here, Junior here to bang going it yet do buying Noticed the tones. You know, Holly question Mark tone, you know, Holly question Mark tone and then, yeah, the yeah tone the L Yeah, tone is a really difficult one to say for a lot of people, and it's basically a rising, falling tome like the question of our tone here the yo holly. But it is broken into what sounds like two syllables. So taking it, Yeah, yeah. However, in the South, we kind of blend together the two sounds, and so it's kind of hard to discern the difference in sound between these two words, which on the one hand, might sound like it makes it difficult when listening to Vietnamese speakers. It also makes it easier when speaking for us because you don't have to pronounce the tones perfectly and distinguish them between each other because they kind of blend together. So I didn't write the word for capitalism. Here is shooting it Yet do buying VAT means and yeah, and then means to become John N to become moped symptom. Combing a moat means one to thumb is center and comb A is technology, and I've translated the Vietnamese out for you in the rest of the course and introduction. I'm just giving you guys some general sentences and some sort of an outline about the economy, about some aspects of business, envy it in Vietnam and some sentences and some translations. But throughout the course, all the Vietnamese and I'm going to be using the later lessons are going to have an English translation that you can see on the screen So it won't just me telling you, be telling you what all the words mean. So repeat after me vanua aku big name that jumped in young Eugenia to bang that John and Tom coming a combing a technology once again. Thank quack will be Nam that happen. Young Cuban get to buying that young, then moved to a culture has embraced capitalism, and it's becoming the tech hub of Southeast Asia. Once again, there's lots of opportunities for Westerners to come and work here. And the pay, um, is excellent when you take the low cost of living into account. Which is, of course, one of the reasons that I like it here myself. Um, there are many opportunities for the enterprising business person in Vietnam many, many opportunities. So if your entrepreneurial type person you can come over here with very little capital and start up a successful business because it's booming here, there's lots of niches that are not taken advantage of yet. And, um, the regulations make it really, really easy to open a business up. And if, like you're in the US, for example, you need a couple $100,000 for a business. You might only need, like, 30 or $40,000 that same business here and have less competition and have a lot more spending in the economy and stuff. So there's lots of opportunities here for business people, which is yet again one of the reasons why I like it here. And so the way we say this in Vietnamese, we say. Can you ca Hoey Jianyang Noi Jawi kins Wanna Vietnam? Can you cohort? And yet no, your chickens on a Vietnam. So can you Means there's a lot cause word for have new means a lot We stick on you It means there's a lot of, um ca holy means opportunity Ka Hoy four jaw four young is a word that makes everything plural. So this is a tag word that we use any time we're gonna make something Pearl was saying yet And then Mouly yali know your means skilled person or a person who is good at would be the best translation. A person who is good at business kins on is business, Giddens one. This is one of most difficult words to pronounce. Here's one because you've got to kind of blend. This is and then were into this sounds. He says one is one, and actually the south we we don't really say is ah a lot. This is ah Z sound with the D here that doesn't have a strike through across the top. That's a very northern pronunciation. But in this particular case with this word, even the Southern has always stayed with me because it's really difficult to pronounce if you only say it, um, with the y sound like we would normally do in the South. So this would normally be Yeah. So we'd say you on you on, And that's really hard to understand. It's hard £200 credit. So if we were doing strictly southern pronunciation here, who would say kidding you on Kenyan Kenyan, um, but is difficult for us. And so the easiest thing to do is say it like a northern and say kins on kins one. But that's an exception for the rest of words that have a sound in the north and the South . We say, Yeah, with a why so repeat after me. Can you Kahoe We can you know Jawi Kinsman of Vietnam? Yeah, like kinsman of Vietnam. So this word here, yali, this is the word that we use for skill to be good at something and a Vietnamese. You have two different words for for skill. Um, and for goodness, the moral goodness. We just say you're good at something in English, right? You're a good person or you're good at something. But if it means we say, Yali, if it's about skill and we say help if it's normal Goodness. Like moral goodness. Okay, so we're gonna learn a lot about business, um, Vietnamese and about business in the country. There's lots of opportunities. I've spent many, many years here now and continue to learn. My recently just went back here, actually, and I'm working again in the country, and I'm still improving my Vietnamese even now sauce and get a lot out of it. 2. Lesson 2 Professional Greetings: So they said the promo video We want toe greet people in a professional setting in a certain way wanted to be just slightly less casual than it normally would be. And so it's important that you say these correctly. So professional greetings, the way we would say professional greetings and Vietnamese is like tattooing you light out junior. The word doing it here means professional and lie. Chow is the word for greetings. You may already know that Sin Chow is a general way to say hello. And if you're greeting someone depending on their relative age and gender to you, we would say chow and then choose the correct appropriate pronoun for them. And so, the way I'm treating the pronouns in this lesson to give you guys who aren't really used to it yet, um, the sense for for how we will interchange the pronoun depending on who were speaking, Teoh, I've given you a whole bunch of choices that you can select here, which is why you see all these slash marks right here. You can choose any of these different pronouns here when you want to say hello to someone. So if you wanted to say cinch out to someone who's slightly younger than you, whether they're male or female, he was a challenge. Sin Chow makes it more polite. So normally on the street, who just a chow him, um, or chow on or charge Jay Chalco tell to write these air all pronouns that we would use depending on the person's age or gender. So when we add sin in front of it, sitting is a word that makes things more polite. You can use it in lots of different cases, okay? And I'll be telling you guys throughout the course the different appropriate times toe Addison to something and make it sound nicer and more polite. So an is the word for you. If the person was speaking to you, is a male and their slightly older than us slightly old arrest in this case could be anywhere from 5 to 10 years or even, you know, one. Actually, 1 to 10 years, you call them, and if it's ah, female, that's slightly older than you. You call them Jay and notice that there is a young knight tone here, so we say J not cheap, but J. K um, go, go is a word for someone who is like the age of your parents. Or so maybe depending on what the army about 20 years older than you. You call them go, and that's ah, for a female. And then to is the word for someone who's about the same age is your father maybe 20 or 30 years older than you would call them, do you? And, um, these the words we use in in the South go do You may hear other ones like in the North, for example, they might say back, back both two and back are the words for uncle, But in the South, we say go to Okay, So depending on here, speaking to you will choose a different pronoun, and at first, that sounds kind of confusing. But, um, you get the hang of it after a while and most the time what you will be using his and A and M because most people end up being pretty close was an age, actually that we interact with the most. So, you know, give or take plus ra minus 10 years, a lot of the times will be saying, and G and M okay, So Cindy Chao is hello. It's a general. It is a low, and it's a polite way to say hello, but it actually makes it a little bit more professional and a little more polite when you say sin chow and the pronoun So you say sin chow him or sin chow on or cinch out J sin shall go or sin chow, too. Um, but if you're saying it to a whole group of people like, let's say there's three or four people they're being introduced to all at once and just want to say hello everyone. Um, depending on the situation you're in, let's say like you're walking into a meeting and for whatever reason, you're not introduced individually to every single person you can say Sin Chao CAC buying a pack mine means you all. And I'm gonna go more into that later and lesson. Okay, um, this is a phrase that should just be memorized. This next one is very nice to meet you. You can say this in every situation when you're meeting someone new in a work environment and it'll sound really nice and they'll be really, really surprised and glad that you used it. And so you see, right through it took gap banged or what? Buoyed Gak Gap M If you already studied Vietnamese, you know that buying is a general word for you. And oy is the general word for I. And so I'm gonna be using, as I do in all my online courses here, the interchangeable pronouns, um, and just throw in the different problems out at UAB, sometimes interstate slowly and buying for I and you. Sometimes I will be using these other ones because in the real world of speaking Vietnamese , that's how it is. You don't get to choose which one you're going to use. Depending on who you're speaking to, you have to use the correct one. Okay, so in this case, I said buying wrote, we looked at buying. And if you just remem arise that phrase and have it ready for when you meet someone, that's really, really handy thing to do so right? Buoy means very happy. Ruck means very volley means happy. Duc means like to be allowed to. In this case, it's very nice to be able to meet you, basically, is what you're saying? Dope Gap is the word for, to meet or to see. And then, of course, you so rightly look gap in right now in the cap and write new look Gap. Jay Wright knew it took Mapco right now and looked up to and once again always noticed the tones that I'm using. Read the tone that is written here, right? The young nine is written here and then listen to how I'm saying rut vewy duke map. And this has to have the guttural sort of stopping your throat on these words, right? Louis took Gap him. Can his next one Thank you for meeting with me. This is a really good one to be able to use in lots of different situations, whether you're the interviewer or the interviewee or you're in a sales meeting or whatever , You want to be able to say this. And just while speaking to you, I just realized that this actually should be gamma, not Lamma. Lamma among is a way to say please. But we're saying thank you should be gamma and actually tried to change this a moment ago and for some reason, bad timing. My keyboard is not working. I couldn't actually change this And instead of having to wait several days and you want to get my computer fix and figure out what's going on there, we'll just go ahead and go through with the lesson and have you guys change it? So instead of lamb Among which means please, we would say gamma psi a m with a yellow Hoy gamma is what this should be. Okay, so, um, if you didn't know that the word for please was Lampung Now, now you do. So maybe this helped you. So Kammen Reda me Gap m v means because Dom e means to agree. And as we already learned, gap means to meet. So if you're speaking to someone who is slightly younger than you Um, in this case, actually, you're saying I this is I thank you for meeting with me or with I. So this is the word for that you're using for yourself. So you're speaking with someone sadly older than you. You would say em cause is referring to yourself. So you would say gamma vida me Gap m Thank you for meeting with me or thank you for agreeing to meet with me. And this is one of the reasons why this sentence sounds polite because you're saying thank you for agreeing to meet with me is we're dummy yo hooing falling tone. He'll sack rising tone means to agree. So gamma hungry dummy gap m a very useful sentenced to have as well. Um, another one that you can use a super useful is to say, Please come in when you meet someone, whether you're greeting them at your home or in a meeting outside of your office or whatever you can say, sin my vow sin. My vow. So vow is a verb that means to come in or to go into and then said, My is a way to invite someone. So if you're inviting someone to sit down and eat or you're inviting them to come out to a restaurant with you or do anything, basically, you say sin, my and your is an invitation. And so we say, sin my vow. It's very, very polite, and you're asking them, Please come in, um, to ask them to or tell them to please have a seat. You say sin blowingly soul. Moya means to sit and soon means down so moist. Soon. Sit down so please have a seat. You say sin mining. Always soon. Sin mining, I assume. And, of course, always noticed the direction of the tones. Um, the next one is. Would you like something to drink? Right. Especially in Asia. They will often ask you if you like some water or some tea, Um, or some coffee. Um, coffee and tea. You're both really popular in Vietnam. Um, the Chinese influence made t super popular, and the French influence has made coffee very popular. And now coffee is arguably more popular than T. It's like a really big thing in the culture here now to have all different types of coffee . And there's, like thousands of cafes and coachman city alone. Um, So they will often ask if you would like anything t drink. So let's say, for example, in this case, So you want to ask someone if they want to Everything drinking. You're speaking with a woman who slightly older than you. You would say guica only come Geico only come. So this gives you just saying Would you like anything to drink or what? Would you have anything to drink? Would you like to have anything to drink is kind of the way that they structure it. Because bombing toe have cool is to drink and ye used in this case, usually you means what? But when you say God and then ye it means, um do you have anything or would you like anything? So you're saying guica only come, would you like something to drink? And this were to come here, as you probably already know, since you presumably know some enemies. But I'll just remind you use at the end of the sentence, it makes it a yes or no question, but used by itself just means no. Okay, so this is confusing. For a lot of beginning speakers, come means no or not. But at the end of the sentence, especially with a question, it's yes or no question. So you can only come. I think our only come Would you like something to drink? And then finally you can say we have water and coffee. Let's see these. The two things that you have, you could say since you referred to her as she and that means that you are m so you would say M. Khan nook the cafe and got knocked back cafe. Um uh, embarrassing. I just noticed another typo in my, um, park on your nook should be a yell sack. Okay, that should go up. So I'm hoping I'm keeping you guys on your toes here by changing the tones around on you apologize for that? So you would say M caught nook that cafe m Canuck. McCafe. I have water and coffee. So you say. Would you like anything to drink? I have water and coffee. JICA only come em can look that cafe tika only come m can nuke that cafe and those two things would go very well together. And then the final part of this lesson, um is you want to ask someone if they, um well, like you drink water or coffee instead of saying Would you like anything to drink on and telling them what you have you say? Would you like to drink water or coffee? You can say Geol nook, High Cafe vie G O Gnocchi Cafe. By here, high means or and VAY is another word like sin at the beginning. Um, that makes something really polite. So when you ask a question and you put vie at the very end. It makes it sound really nice and really polite. And it's extremely rare to have a foreigner use this word because very colloquial and very natural. So once again, it will make people very pleasantly surprised when they hear you phrase. Ah, sentence This way. So once again, we would say, Do you know cafe by? You'll know cafe light. Would you like water or coffee? Okay. And then finally, another way. You can say this if you can say instead of saying you can say you So when it comes to drinking or eating something instead of saying to eat or to drink, they say to use yume means to use. And so they use this word use for food. Whereas in English we don't really do that, you know, Would you like to use some chicken Or what would you like to use? But in Vietnamese is very common. So this sentence here is a reply to this one. So we say, Would you like to drink water or coffee? And they would say, um I would like to drink water. You would say, um, she would say, d you nook Gammon, I would like to have water. Thank you, Gamma. Thank you. Right. Do you look among do you look among or the owner came on t unique among these two words would be interchangeable. Whom or you. OK, so practice those me times as you like and make sure that you got the tones right. And don't go on to the next lesson until you have those sentences memorized. And that's how you really will improve quickly. 3. Lesson 3 VN Finance: So finance is a really good topic for general discussion. Be business related discussion Vietnamese because it comes up a lot, whether not here in a work environment. It comes up when you're talking about your rents with your landlord or with friends. The cost of things. Asking people for prices. Asking about stocks. Um, stock market Vietnam is becoming more popular as becoming more safe and less risky to invest in. They just recently combined the two stock exchanges, the one in Hanoi and the one in which human City. So there's one main exchange now called the Viennese Index, I believe, and that something would be nice to be able to discuss with people. And so I may give you guys some General Cavalleri that you can use and then some sentences that you can make with that vocabulary. So, first and most simply, the word for money is staying staying, and you'll notice with my pronunciation that the T in Vietnamese is pronounced special. Once at the beginning of the word, I should say, um, like a cross between our English t and D. So it's a hard It's like a hard D sound. Instead of saying tea and like we would or saying Deon like we would if it was a d was a dude. Boone. And we put our our tongue on the roof or mouth behind our front teeth, and we really we pop it off of there and we say doing doing the hard D sound K So doing is money. Um, if you want to use the full word for money, you could say taking back. But usually we drop the back and we just a big, um in common parlance, Um, however, back is also the word for silver. So by itself, back means silver. But you say thing back together, it just means money. Okay, So if you want to ask someone how much something costs, um, you may already know this by now, but it's good to review you say kind of bound. You think by kind I bound you thing light. So here bound you means how much kind of means this thing, or this one is with the way with transit. So how much you're saying? How much is this? How much money is this? And notice the vie here at the end is a word we just learned in the last lesson that makes something polite. So when you ask how much something is, a lot of times you gonna say you could just say kind about you or just pointed something, they bound you, which is what a lot of foreigners do. Because, of course, when you first get to the country and he was pointing at things NASCAR prices, you know, the main thing is, are you communicating or not? Can they understand what you're saying? So you can really use an abbreviated version of the language and make it really simple? But as we get better, especially since this class is about being polite and speaking in a professional study, if you want to ask about the price, is something you would say bound ut invite. And so, in this case, were acting as if maybe we're in a shop or at a market. But maybe you're in a business meeting and your, um ah, in a sales meeting and you want to ask someone how much a service would be, you could say bound you think invite just by itself, right? You wouldn't say kind because wouldn't say how much is this But you would say, how much money would that cost? Basically, in response to something that they said bound you d invite. And it's a way that you can ask how much money it is. Um, without sending employees. If you didn't have the by here, you just add value thing. It's kind of harsh and not polite. So how much is it? How much is it? Wouldn't sound very good in Vietnamese, but adding the vita makes a nice question. Um how much would that cost? You know, it's changing the meaning. Okay, So I'm the word for stocks. As in stocks and bonds, Vietnamese is Go fung Gold Fung That's the word for stock. Noticed a yellow hallway symbol and then the yo yo hooing symbol Both fun, both fun. That means stocks. Okay, so on this sentence here, the stock of this company is it safe? That's you're asking Is the stock of this company safe? Go phone! Go Come Teen icon Anto Income Go Fung go Cantina Anti income So the word for safe is angling and going Okay. Uh, Humpty is how we say company a comfy. And so when you say ni at the end of something that means this. So company ni means this company come deny anything that you say before Ni makes it this thing. Okay, so come deny this company. And as we already know, cool is the possessive form. So the direct translation of this is the stock of this company. Is it safe? Basically, right. Home at the end Makes it yes or no question. And, um, cause saying, like is it doesn't have safety, so But the translation is just, um Is the stock of this company safe? That's what we would say. So once again, repeat after me. Gold phone. Go. Come teen. I can And trying some car, angering some. Go, Franco, Come, Teen icon, Angering some. Okay. Is the stock of this company safe? That's a good question to ask if you discussing stocks. The next one is one is really good. If you are interacting with the bank and you want to ask what the interest rates are here or you see on one of their advertisements, his word likes what, um, you see lights, what, and you see, like, 7% or something? This is the word for interest. The interest rate lie What a young air and, you know, stuck. Life's short. Okay, so this sense is saying, What is the interest rate of this bank order? The interest rates of this bank likes what, going on hanging? I bound you lice. What Cool neng hanging? I bound you so none Hang is the word for bank. And we already know nine means this school means possessive. You start seeing the same thing over and over and over again once you start to learn the language. So, um, it's not as complicated as it may seem. Especially at first. The two most complicated things at first are the tones and pronouncing them correctly and the pronouns. And choosing those correctly after you really got that down than the rest of the languages is really a lot of vocabulary, um, and understanding some of the basic grammatical constructs. But after that, you have to conjugating verbs. Pretty awesome saves you a lot of time. So once again, life's what Gould Young hang and I bound you. How much are the interest rates at this bank? That's what that means. Okay, moving on a word for dividend is go. Took So where stock was Go, Fung. Dividend is goto Okay, so you can say how much is the dividend on the stock? He was a co took cocoa fun night. Down you go took loco fund. I bound you. How much is the dividend on this stock? Okay. And you'll notice, too, that when it really sentences in translating them the syntax or the word order. I'm a Vietnamese, usually backwards from English, so it's pretty much the opposite. You're saying dividend of this stock. How much? Right. But when English, you say, how much is the dividend on the stocks? It's pretty much backwards. Okay. And so depending on what it was, let's say, for example, it's 5%. Okay, the word for percent is Funk Jam. Funk Jam. So you want to say 5%? You say Nam, thank Jim, and I'm gonna go ahead and assume that you guys have already learned the numbers. That's pretty much the first thing that you should learn the language, and you could literally just look those up and count from 1 to 10. So I'm not gonna waste your time by giving you guys and numbers here in this lesson in this class, so you can plug in any number right here and say funk jump, and it means that much percent so 7% by phone jumped 8% Sampling jump, 10% Movie funk, Jum etcetera OK, to borrow money from a bank or from anybody is we say to moon thing a borrow money, more moon. This word means to borrow. Okay, more thing. It's a very useful thing to be able to to say. On the other hand, if you want to say lend money, you would say John Moon to let someone borrow money or to lend money. Say John Moon. Okay, so, um, a sentence that we could make out of these words would be bank chatto it moving to come. Can you lend me some money? Can you But let me borrow some money. So you let me borrow money. Okay, that's the literal translation, But it would translate into Can you lend me some money buying Jatoi Moon thing to come by and Shatoi Moon thing? They'll come and notice. In this case, I used the pronouns of general pronounce for you and I buying and oy on. And once again, I'm gonna be changing those up. So I want to keep you on your toes and get you guys used to hearing the different pronouns all the time. Once again, repeat after me. Bank Shatoi Moon Dig. Come, do come is very, very common. And it's used any time you want to say. Is that all right? Is it okay or can you let me do something we say do come? So I want you guys to get used to saying that and practice that a lot do come. Okay, um to invest is generally speaking is to say, doubt, do invest in something Dow do now to noticed the hard d sound on the TV coming here. Do do Dato tell equal bang toy And then high coming in and out Overcome deny they'll equal bang doing. Then I come then doubt Duval County nine. Okay, so you guys have learned already pretty much all the words in the sentence and should be able to make it out. So you might want to pause the video right now and see if you can make out. What am I saying? Here is a couple new words that I haven't taught you in the last couple lessons. You may already know them or you can look them up. So positive. Sieving Figure out what? This sentence me. Okay, So, um in your opinion, saying peo equal buying this means in your opinion, e means your opinion or idea and tail me to follow. It was like following your opinion Te'o equal buying. Should I or should I not invest in this company going then high? Come then. Should I or should I not? Net means should high means or coming? No or not Soto And then I come then doubt over. Welcome Deny doubt due to invest into this company Come t nine right vow is the word. If you remember, we said to sit in my vow to invite someone in. In this case, we use this word vow into a company is a verb that means to go into it's used in lots and lots of different situations and you'll see it pop up all the time. So repeat after me Te'o equal buying toy And then I come then doubt the Valcke umpteen night. Okay, so practice that one in your opinion, should I or should I not invest in this company once again, Please don't go to the next lesson until you have memorised all these phrases and words and practice them a lot. I promise you it is the most effective way for you to improve. You go to the hole course and just try to it in jest. It all, um it's not gonna be very effective, unless, of course, that's kind of your style. You want to go through it all ones and then go back through it slowly. That could be good, but I encourage you to go really slowly and really take everything in as you go through the class. 4. Lesson 4 VN Real Estate: real estate is a really good one to know how to talk about because it's really popular in Vietnam. Um, there's various reasons for that. One of them being that stock market is not as developed as ours in the West. And so real estate has been one of the ways that has been, um, safer in the opinions of most locals to invest in. And it's pretty easy for them to understand. And even though they do have a lot of mortgage products now, historically there's been a distrust of banks, and interest rates have been really high. And so what they tend to do here is they actually tend to just save up lots of cash, and then they put it into real estate, um, either to buy their house and pay cash for that or as rental properties. So it's really popular, and it's something that the Vietnamese, um really seem to understand on a basic level. So the some of the words for apartments and houses are on this slide. The 1st 1 for apartment we can say can ho can hole. So if you want to say, how much is this department? U SE Kang ho and I bound you doing by. Okay, so we pretty much already know that sentence. All you needed to do was add Ken Hole at the beginning and you would have made a sentence that we already learned. So you guys should easily be able to ask how much anything costs now in a way that is polite, Um, lots of different scenarios Can whole ni bound u t invite can hold nine a new thing bite or we say, Kim ku. So for apartment, we can you say, can whole or we can say tomb coup and they're the exact same thing. So it just depends. I have found that Jim coup is used more often than can hole. And for some reason, it seems like they used the word can whole mawr when they're talking about purchasing an apartment, um, or condo. They don't really have a word for condo here. They just the apartment for both. But I'm gonna comes to buying an apartment. They usually say can hole When it comes to running one, they usually say, Kim ku. So that seems to be the difference to me. But often times more often I should say they say Kim ku then can whole. Okay, so if you want to say, like, how many meters squared is this apartment, which is gonna be really common? Over here, we use meter squares rather than rather than feet squared. And, um, we want to know how big the apartment is. So he would say, Jim Kunai bound, You met Boom, Jim Kunai bound. You met you. So Met is the word for meter. I met. And then ruling means squared. And so it's just like in English. This this word boom means square or it means squared. OK, so how many meters squared is this apartment, Jim Kunai bound. You met Boom, Met Boom! Okay. And then the word for houses Kenya again. Yeah, is the word for house. So if you want to say, for example, um, or if someone says to you this house costs one billion dong um and 200,000. So excuse me if you want to say this house calls cost one billion and 200 million Vietnamese dong. You would say Yeah. Nyla moped. A high temp to an island Moved a hike. Mq. Okay. Is the word for 1,000,000,000. Noticed the your holy day and then High Jam means 200. I am assuming has already know your numbers and then q means 1,000,000. So in Yanai Lamb Moped, a high temp dio 1,000,000,200 million dong, which would be about 55 $1000 or so at today's exchange rates. Usually the inflation on the dong is pretty high. Um, I used to live here when I first moved here about, um, 12 years ago, 10 10 12 years ago. Whenever that was in 2007 Um, inflation rate was like over 10% 10. 15% and so the value of the dong was going down pretty rapidly. But recently it's stabilized a lot. And umm, I just read recently that in the last two years in 2015 and 16 the inflation it was only 1.5% so that's pretty much like a stable Western economy. So that's good to know. But, um, the prices will change over time. So once again yeah, Nyla moped a high tempt you Okay, Next, the word for real estate agent or real estate broker. They use the same word for both agent or broker, even though to us those are different things, they still say, um, Mulya. So the word for ah, agent or a broker is more. Yeah, I and then yet up right. Real estate is Yeah. Yeah. And up and interesting cousin. Yeah, is the word that means house or home. And duck is a word that means earth or ground. So But if you say you end up together, it means real estate, which is a kind of a good example of how the Vietnamese language is built its model syllabic and is built on Chinese characters. And since the Chinese character has been translated into, ah, Roman ized alphabet by the French and Portuguese a long time ago, um, now we have a Roman ized version of each character. So if this was in Chinese, you would have to characters here, one Chinese character here, one Chinese character here. Um, but instead, we have it like this, Luckily for us, because it makes it wait user to learn language, not having to learn, like hundreds of Chinese characters. So thank you, French and Portuguese for that. All right, so a real estate agent is more yelling it up If you want to ask How much of a commission does the agent take? For example, You say no. You and I like being humble. New York NY lighting one humble new. So light means to take or to get in this case, we say, How much commission do they take or charge? Um, and the word for commissioning Vietnamese is really interesting. Instead of a word that is just very direct, like ours Commission, they say Rose money. The word wa home means Rose. And thing is where we learned for money, right? So think Guam is Rose money. So they think about a commission as being like this, you know, sort of a bonus. This nice extra bit of cash with the scent of a rose, I guess, Um, that goes along with it. So it's kind of a nice thing. I think so. You wanted to ask again how much the commission the agent charges. Please repeat after me more. You and I like being home bound you more. You in highlighting what? Homebound New. Please try to be accurate with the tones cave. You want to say a want, Ask someone if you can trust the broker or not, right. You want to make sure that you're not gonna be, um, getting scammed or something like that. Maybe you ask your friend who introduced them. You say men, but they didn't know you and I come in, but I didn't know you and I come. So moon means we, um there's various words for me, but money is a really common one when you're including the listener. And just as a review, if you're not including the listener. And when you say we use a two month Ali, Um and you can also say to that to include the listener. But Munn is more colloquial and natural. Was a katee means can can we we can they slip it around backwards that can we didn't is to trust And then manually, we've learned is the broker, um and then comics that yes or no question And ny, as we know means this. Can we trust this broker men Katee Then more you when I come, okay. And next, if you want to able to say, um, have real estate prices gone up a lot this year, maybe we want to ask about real estate prices going up or not? If we're trying to make a decision about whether or not we want to buy who say Nam Na? Yeah, Kenyatta Hot gangland. You come Nam Na yet kenya dot cotton land you come so tang land means to increase or go up Okay, we known yet duck means real estate Yet gay is a word that means price or value So they have the values or the prices of real estate gone up a lot this year, right? New means a lot and hum makes a yes and no questions. So once again, repeat after me Numb nine Yet Dana Duck got dang letting you come num ni yet in a Dhaka Tang Lin, you come Nam nai this year Have real estate prices going up a lot this year scooting or if you want to say, this is a beautiful house but it's a bit expensive which might be a good thing to say If you're negotiating right, we never want to let the the sales agent think that we are enamored with the house. And so you say there's a nice house but expensive whose eight yen night dep wack in high Mac, you know im ah, young mi's, but her means a bit or a little, and Mac means expensive. Um, if you see the word back instead of Mac for expensive, that's causing the north things a different word, they say back for expensive. So just remember, if you ever see a word in the dictionary or in a book that is different for your learning and one of my courses, it's probably because that one is northern and the one I'm using is Southern. However, sometimes there will simply be other synonyms or other words that are chosen to be being used. That will usually be the case, so please keep that in mind. You're learning the southern dialect that's useful in the southern half of the country. Of course, both the northern Southerners can understand each other, but it's just there's a there's an accident, and sometimes it's a pretty thick one, and the use slightly different words for different things. OK, and finally, if you want to say I want to live in a place that is near the water and inexpensive both near the water and inexpensive kind of a long sentence. But it's a good one to practice with and in Vietnam usually can actually afford to live in a place that is inexpensive but also near to the water. Because on the prices here are still very low. Um, you would say toy moon some, um um Oh, my rival gang being poor. So this structure here VOA notices of over here voa and then VOA This is how we say it's both this and that. Both this net bull gung being your air both close to the sea, both to the close to the water. Um, and cheap area means cheap or inexpensive. Okay. I want to live toys. Move some some to live moon want at, uh, in Vienna. Music means at Moto. A place moped means one or a right moped. Joe, that this word math means that when we're referring to something in a sentence, the other words for that, like you're pointing to that thing you would say Daw or DHEA, as you guys probably have already learned. But we say math when were saying a place that or anything that Okay, so repeat after me toy among some No. Excuse me, my mom's um Ahmad. Joe, my have a gun being glower at timing some a macho mobile gun being Gloria. Okay, um, so try to say it slowly with me and then, um, speeded up faster once you can say the whole sentence altogether, which really helps with your pronunciation. Being able to say all the tones back to back in succession. That's really what will help you become fluent is to be able Teoh se full sentences correctly. So after you're getting confident, the individual words try as best you can, starting with smaller sentences and then and then progressing to longer ones to say the whole thing altogether. It will really help your, um, improvement a lot. 5. Lesson 5 VN Commodities: so metals and commodities might seem like kind of a random thing to talk about business. Maybe you're not gonna be spending a lot of time talking about this, you think. But in Vietnam, as with real estate, metals and other commodities are really popular, and they're really important investment vehicle here, especially gold and silver. There's lots and lots of jewelry and gold shops where you can buy bullying and, um, and then invest in it and save it. And the Vietnamese? Um, as I said before, traditionally, they don't have a lot of trust in banks, although this is changing a lot right now, Um, they would invest in something like gold or silver, and then later on, if they wanted to put that money into real estate and buy a house once they had enough, then they would sell it. And then they would buy some property. And they would do that because they, um, had trust in the value of gold, and it would usually go up over the course of, let's say, a few years, whereas the Vietnamese dong, because of inflation, would be going down in value so they would typically, as they were made you know, a few 100 here, a few 100 there they would buy an ounce or two of gold, and they would hold it up until they had enough to buy a house that was kind of their system. And, you know, they couldn't really save and Dom, because if it takes him several years to save up enough cash to be able to buy a whole house, they're losing a lot of value. And gold was a way for them to increase the value of their money on and then buy a house a lot of times. Now, instead of buying gold or in addition to buying gold, they will buy dollars because U. S dollars are very strong here, and they tend to hold their value really well compared to the dong. They kind of do both of those things now, although other said it's changing their using banks more. And the dong is becoming more stable with lower inflation, at least recently. Okay, So, as I mentioned earlier in the course, the word black is the word for silver. Um, So if you want to see what is the price of silver today, you could say home now. Yeah, Back down you home. Ni Yeah background you So yeah is worth the price. Um, home nine is today. So alumni Yeah, background you? Yeah. Background You. Okay, Um, the word for gold is vying. Vang noticed the tone going down Vang. So if you want to say, do you know a place that sells gold cheaply? Which would be a really good question to ask if you're interested in buying some gold. There's lots of different gold shops, but some of them have really expensive prices, right? The prices vary a lot, so it would be a good thing. You wanna you ask somebody? You could say Banco Biko. Now bang, bang! Ready? Come bank a Big Joe now Bang bang Wrexham! Okay, I think we know all the words in this sentence. Um, but the word here bang means to sell bang to sell and big means to know. So do you know a place in which place that sells gold cheaply? Okay, Come. Yes, No question, Raya. Cheap. Okay, Bank a Big Joe now. Bang, bang Ray. Some Joe now. Bang, bang, gray some. Okay. And if you wanted to actually we could put the word map right here. You know, a place that sells gold cheaply might actually make this sentence a little bit more clear. Um, but I tend to try to make my sentences when I speak Vietnamese as short and concise as possible. That's the way that the Vietnamese themselves do it. They they don't make, like, super long sentences. They'll actually be making their sentences short and choppy. But when you're learning, especially when you're first starting, you want to be able to practice. And so you want to say things in a natural way and you want to practice using lots of words . So we could say Banco, Big Joe now Mayor Bang bang Rectum Bank Obiko. Now, my bang bang Rick. Um okay, so that's a good one for you to practice. Okay, um, one thing that you could say this kind of longer sentence, but I just wanted to give you guys some more vocabulary to practice with. Um, you can say it seems like the price of gold has gone up a lot recently. Right. Okay, so in this sentence, you have the word for recently, and you have the way to say is that correct? Or is that right? Right. I told you before, we know that come makes a yes or no question. But it is a fight. Come, It means right. Is that right? Fight. Come. And you want to say yes. That's right. Use a fight. Or if you want to say no, it's not right. You would say come Fi. Ok, so the answer to this question has gold gone up a lot, usually use a fight and say it hasn't use a come fi. Okay, Um and ah, you should have learned it already in my earlier beating. These courses, if you already took those The word that means for recently or one of the most natural ways to say recently is ya Ni hao ni hitting ula hidden You let me. It seems like this is a really good thing you got to say hidden, you laugh The price of gold. Yeah. Vang Yeah. Bang dang you to go up a lot trying to increase new a lot. So, Yana angular. Yeah, Bang bang you fight. Come united, Neela. Yeah, Bang bang you if I come. Ok, so it's a really good one to practice. It's got how to say recently, it's got how to say right, It's got how to say to go up or to increase and it's got how to say it seems like so it's a really good sentence for your vocabulary and for your practice. OK, if you want to ask someone if they know how much a kilogram of coffee is, there's another sentence that has lots of vocabulary and stuff in it. And I thought would be good for you guys to practice. You can say bank a beak mochi cafe about when you come. Bangkok beak mochi. Cafe bound. You come So mochi. He means a kilogram. We say mochi for a kilogram. And of course, here they use metric system. So that's why I'm using the metric system and all of these lessons. Okay, So do you know bank a beak? I mean, do you know Do you know Kabi Mulkey? One kilogram of coffee cafe is how much bound you come and notice we don't have a word for of we could say moped. G Cool Cafe been that case? It wouldn't make sense because of in that case, it would be using the possessive form. So in this case in Vietnamese, you just don't say up. You say Mulkey Cafe, you say one kilogram coffee, but the of is implied. Okay. Such as how they do it. Bank A big, smoky cafe bound. You come. Okay. And then if they respond Oh, a kilogram of coffee is about 100,000 dong. Um, we would say mochi. Cafe Kwang moped Samnang Mugica. Fake Wangmo jam. Gang flying means about or roughly or approximately a moped gem. 100 yang 1000. We wouldn't usually say Vietnam dumb, right, though the word for Vietnamese dong is being numb dumb. But we don't say that we're asking about prices. Not very naturally would say it's 100,000 because obviously we're talking about the price in in Dong. So he would say Mogi Cafe quite unmoved, Tam Yang. And that price is generic. It will vary because there's really high quality coffee that's more than, um, 100,000. And then there's coffee. That's ah, that's cheaper than 100,000. So it really varies a lot. But it is a big coffee culture here, as I said, And, um, there's lots and lots of different types of coffee. There's lots of different quality. There's lots of different types of different cafes all over the place and really one of the nice things about the culture. It's a big It's a big industry, and it's changing all the time. Um, but once again, um, to repeat these sentences after me trying to try to do it a natural speed K Banco Big Smoky Cafe Bone you come and bulky cafe cling jamming G cafe client, Webcam gang. Okay, so practice those and we'll move on to the next lesson. 6. Lesson 6 VN biz meetings: so means air the important topic because you have a lot of them generally. If you work at a company, the word for meetings is cool. Hop, cool hop. It's too young hangs back to back. So ah, good one. A practice. Cool hop. So if you want to say, for example, what is this meeting about to somebody? You Conseco? Koppen? I ve to any m cook up 9 11 PM and the word ah doing here, It means, like, what issue? Or what thing or what? What is it about? And Vietnamese? This is the word that we use very generally for things like issues or things, something we're talking about or whatever his words they means about What's it about right ? You means what? And we already know that nine means this. So Koko ni and have a GM. What's this meeting about? If you wanted to ask, How long is the meeting? In the last you could say Minister, help crying about low men's. They have going below. So crying, we learned, is about or approximately how low means how long when it comes to time. Barlow Wednesday Hop hop means how long will be meat for us, this turns cook up the noun of meeting into a verb up. We learned that men as a way to say we and say is the word for future. Okay, so means help crying Barlow. And this is a good opportunity to tell you guys about something that you may not be all that familiar with with Vietnamese. But when you say a word by itself, usually you will eat long gate it. So this word say, we say it by itself. It's the long ended, the e that doesn't have the hat on the top like this one. Um, it's long. So it's It was by itself would be air and says it has a young and on top. You see, however, in the middle of a sentence when it's combined with a whole bunch of other words, just like in English. When we combine together, you shorten the pronunciation of it. So instead of saying men's hop quiting, my lawyers say, men say hop going below. You just say, say, say, I didn't see how putting Barlow and this is one of the little tricks that will make you sound a lot more like a native speaker just like in English When we say gonna instead of going to or wanna instead of I want Teoh, I'm gonna go the stories. I want to get some coke or whatever. Um And these little things like that when you when you combine them all together when you add up all these little colloquial tips and tricks is saying so make yourself sound like a native speaker. It will help people understand you a lot, and it will help you just advance the language in general. So another example This is the word. Say it. Say it. X e is the word for automobile, right? Say so Say my is like the motorbike that we used in Vietnam say hi is like a car. So when you say se by itself, you say longer say, But when you say combined with another word that comes after it, you shorten it to say my Okay, so there's lots of words like that. I'll point other ones out to you, but that's just a little trick of the trade. Help you sound mawr like a Vietnamese speaker. Okay, so you want to ask someone? That's it, for example, is the team leader coming to this meeting, or is the boss gonna be here now? That might seem kind of like a random strange question, but I'm just trying to get you guys some more vocabulary. Um, by learning how to say leader, the word for leader and people coming to the meeting and stuff So a lot of times a sentence may not seem like supernatural like you're gonna need to know this exact sentence in the real world, but it will help you with the syntax and vocabulary and the words you need to know. Teoh, build up your language acumen. So in this case, if you want to say, is the team leader coming to the meeting, he would say, Millie lacking now. No, we got, I hope nice. Some we land out knowing that I helped my come So lying now is the word in Vietnamese for leader line, now lined out leader and then does is a word for team. So oftentimes we have a word that's an adjective or a noun. If you put the word new in front of it. Newly means person, right? Gang move means humano are people Congo, you say, ignoring And then, like a profession or a verb or noun, it turns it into a job or a new meaning. So, like now means leader, we land outdoor cut Nike. Some die here means to come to come to die. Another word for comes den my here then a lot, often times in the South. Usually we say die instead of den. But you will hear both. But the South we used die more were lying down. No, it. But I hope my some okay and notice the noun form of meetings we learned was cool up right? But just like we learned in the last slide, when we say say, Ah by itself, it's long and in a sentence it gets shortened. Same thing with words. So a lot of times in Vietnamese, we will drop part of the word When it's in context, we don't need to say cool cup. We could say no lang doubt no a cart that I cook up Nice some, but it's unnecessary to make it so long. We can drop the cork. We just help long now know it, but I help my come. Okay, That's a common thing that we do in Vietnamese. Next we have about how many meetings is the company have every day. If you want to ask someone, how many or how many's normal, you could say Come on, I've been told. Come, pick Abound you hub. I am some open Ivan who come pick abound. You help my am So been hung means normal Regular NYSE word for day. So this is saying in one normal day the company has how many right bound you how many meetings and then noticed the the end. We put vie to make it polite and then am the pronounce. This is making extra polite by saying buy em Okay. It's a really normal structure of a sentence to make it sound a little more formal and a little more polite than you would usually make it. And so, even though this course is about professional setting, any time you want to sound polite with your speaking Teoh, your elders or maybe the parents of a close friend or significant other um, if you save I and the pronoun, it makes it sound really nice. Okay, so again, it's John, hoping I've been tongue. Come, pick abound. You hub. I am so bidden who noticed the tones. This means normal. A normal day to Yahoo, intones Begoun. And you can save been telling in many different situations. Actually use this word a lot. And so I was like, If someone says, How's your day going or how are you today or whatever? Has it been tongue normal? We might say in English. Might say Fine, it's fine. We wouldn't say it's normal day We say it's a fine day so they kind of use this word been told in many situations where we would say Fine. Hey, how are you doing? Been tone fine. OK, but the direct translation is normal. John moping. I've been tomb. Come pick abound. You helped by M makes it sound polite. If you want to say the meeting will start at nine o'clock and finish around 10 o'clock just to give you the idea about how to say to start and the finish you would say cook up Nice A but no look Kenya, where I kept hope crying Mulia cook up ni se. But no look Kenya Roy kept acquiring Mulia. So this word here kept hope means for something to finish for like a movie could get done. A meeting could get done. Cat Hope just means for it. Toe end. Okay. Cool cup night. This meeting say will but no means to begin. But no, to start, Luke is the word we use for time. And then Jinya means nine oclock. Yeah, the word for our kids. Nine. So loop Kenya at nine o'clock really means. And then if you stay in my other Vietnamese courses, you will have learned that Roy is a very important word in Vietnamese, as used in lots and lots of situations. In this particular case, it means then, but it can also mean already it can also be a word that just finishes up. A conversation ends a telephone conversation denotes understanding. It means lots of different things and lots of different contexts. But here just means then. So we finished The meeting starts at nine o'clock and then finishes about 10 o'clock. Mulia is 10 o'clock and we already know that crying means about cook up Nice A but no look Kenya or kept acquiring Mulia care. So practice that one a lot. All the long sentences that I'm giving you guys you want to practice them over and over and over and over again. It has lots of things for you. It builds a vocabulary. It builds your pronunciation and having to combine a lot of tones back to back, which is difficult. But once you get used to it, it makes you sound more natural. And it's just good to practice. And it also helps with the rhythm of the language. Since the language is tonal, it has a rhythm. It's quite musical, actually, and even a lot of people, a lot of other expats and foreigners comments me. They think Viennese sounds a little bit harsh and not super smooth or natural, especially the northern dialect. It sounds really, really nice in the language itself. Once you become fluent in it sounds smooth, nice, but to our English speaking ears, it might sound a little bit harsh, but it's a total language. It's very melodic allow, and it's very smooth once you get used to it and the way to get used to it is just practice a ton. And that's really what you have to dio. I've had so many people ask me, How did you get so good of you to muse or how long it take you to learn. And the funny thing is like there's no shortcuts. I studied really, really hard, and that's what you'll have to do. And you have to practice the memorizes sentences to memorize these words. You look up lots of words in the dictionary, and you have to practice a ton. And if anyone tells you like their system is gonna teach you a language in one month or three months, it's just not possible. Just not realistic. OK, I mean, the sea A might have some shortcuts where they do a crash course that super, super intense and they get conversational in a short period of time, which is totally possible. Um, but first of all, people in those programs in the CIA, for example, are highly intelligent and super motivated to begin with there also doing nothing but studying that for a certain period of time, and they have developed program. It's designed specifically for maximum effectiveness in a very stressful environment. So it's like any regular program. It's like you're going to study this program. You resent a stone or Pim slur or whatever, and you're gonna be able to speak Vietnamese and, like, two months, it's not possible. It takes longer. But through a process of studying and being consistent. For example, if you took all of my courses, um, online and then you wouldn't get yourself also a textbook or to a dictionary or two. And then also combine that with practicing with a native speaker. Hopefully, lots of different speakers, Um, you would improve rapidly, right? But you got to combine all those things together. You can't expect one book or one course to give you everything. You combine them all together and you take each tool that's part of your tool belt and you improve. And the people that improve that I've seen having people that simply, you know, study consistently and they don't give up. Um, learning a language is very difficult, right? S So you just have to keep trying. So I hope that's helpful to you. Okay. So, as I said, rolling in this case means and then kept hope means to conclude or finish something, and loop is the word at four time. Okay, 7. Lesson 7 Sales and Marketing: sales and marketing is super useful. One toe. Learn about because force even if we're not in a business environment for work, we interact with sales and with marketing with advertisements, and we buy things. So this is, ah, really useful one. So sales is bang hang, and marketing is day to day, too. So sales and marketing is bang. Hang with the cube, but there are a lot of words in Vietnamese that are just spoken in English. Now, for example, I've literally, maybe Onley heard of Vietnamese business Person used the word date you maybe a handful of times. They just say marketing now. So there's lots of words like that in Vietnamese, where you don't really need to know the Vietnamese word. Another example. That is the word tennis. The word for tennis and Vietnamese is one buck long buck. No one ever says that Everyone says tennis, saving pizza, pizza there certain words that are now just becoming, um, I got interviews. Anglicized There is becoming English words and marketing is one of those. So we would probably normally would say we would say bang, hang the marketing and that's just ah, one of those courts gave you Want to say How much commission do you get when you sell a product? Is that we learned about the word commission in the lecture on real estate, you say Ki bang bang sank from bang look bound, muting home ki bang bang sang from banged up Manu thing Ho hum. Now you may have noticed that the first time I read that sentence, I pause after sang from, and I put a little emphasis a t end of that word. Now this is something that might be a little bit tricky for you, but I I feel like it's my duty as a native or not a native speaker, but as a fluent speaker to try Teoh. Explain to you that a lot of times in the Southern dialect they do this weird thing where they put an extra inflection at the end of a word when they pause and it sounds. It's very cool, local, unnatural. And I didn't really get to the point where I'm considered to be like a ah, a speaker that is almost native until I started to really incorporate some of these quirks that you will never learn in any classroom and you will never learn in any textbook. So let me try toe Try to say that for you again. So the first time I read, I said kee bang bangs hang from month notice. I said thumb and a kind of Whitman at the end. This is something that we do in the South. If we're pausing at the end of a certain word and And listen for this when you're in Vietnam, when you're when you're practicing speaking, it will happen. Keeping Kiki bang, bang bang from Bangkok bound, you think? Hum. Okay, um, we do this all the time. And just like in English, you know, we have natural times where we pause and we're thinking we want to emphasize something or whatever, but in Vietnamese, this is something typical that they do in the South. Okay, so and also notice that, um, this word buying you, um, has a young knight. But the very next word for to sell is the same spelling, but it has a yell sec. So whenever you have two words back to back like this that have the same spelling from our point of view, but have different tones, that's a really good for you to practice because you want to be ableto clearly distinguish between these different tones. So one is banging and when is bang bang, bang Notice How one goes down, has a gutter will stop and one goes up Very important Real to pronounce those correctly. If you're speaking of someone in Vietnam and you say Bang, bang and you pronounce is almost the same, I mean is meaningless. It does not sound right. Um and it's just, you know, one will understand you So we can you say Ki bang bang sang from banged up Manu Ting. One home he here means when he win. OK, buying when you sell Bang Sang From is a word for product sang from product two yo hallways back to back, standing from sang thumb ki bang bangs hang from a really good combination of words to practice their because got lots of different tones, and it's kind of challenging. Ki bang bang sang from bang book bound, muting wa hum And remember, nook means you are allowed and you get how much it means to be allowed or to be able to or to get in this in this particular sentence. Okay, so practices one a lot on gun Repeat after me Ki bang bang sang from bang book bound, muting wa hum. Okay, So, uh, if you want to say I get 10% or I received 10% in a commission because a toy in young moviefone com doing young life on Jim Young to receive Toyne Young movie Fang jump. Yes, those are good things to be able to say If you want to say in your opinion, is sales easy or difficult? This gives you some new vocabulary. If you ask someone, in your opinion, you say dive Lee bang Dolly Valley buying. Okay, it means this the literal translation will be with you or in your point of view delivery. Bang lam bang hang Kaaya High car delivery by England Bang hankel. Yea, high car. Okay, so, in your opinion, doing is doing sales easier Difficulties word lamb means to do. Okay, bang hang sales. Got to have yet easy high or car Difficult delivery Buying land, buying hank like a car. Okay, that's a good sentence of practices. Well, and if your replies if you want to say in my opinion, sales is very difficult, but I like it because I can earn a lot of money. And this is just kind of a complex sentence for you to practice. You can say tail equal toy, then bang, Right. Like our young Toit, It vi toi Katee came new thing Okay, again repeat after me. Tail equal toy Lam bang Hang right Lockhart Young toy typically troika taking new thing Where you're saying is in my opinion, Te'o equal toy. In my opinion, doing sales lamb bang hang is very difficult. Rust like ha rough lack haw and caught difficult. Very difficult but new. I like it because the toy Katee because I can earn a lot of money. Game new thing. Kim, You think Kim means to earn in terms of money? Okay, um and Vietnamese, they don't have I think it's an infinitive that we use when we say it like I like it. I want it or want to or I like to. They don't say this. Actually, in lots of Asian languages, I've learned which is one of the reasons why Oftentimes they butcher our grammar so badly because they don't have the same grammar that we do. Eso in Vietnamese and you say I like to do something or like it. We don't have a word for it. We just say I like I like. OK, so that's what you're saying here. I like because, of course, it translates in English as I like it. So again, tell equal toy, lamb banging, red flag konnen toy techie toy car taking you take another good one to practice. So go over these senses over and over and over and over again until your blue in the face and sick of them once you're sick of them, you know that? You're probably saying it correctly. Okay, Finally, um, just a little bit of ah review If you want to, in my opinion, to someone you say Te'o equal toy It's a really good under memorized because in any conversation, you can say, in my opinion, you know, no matter what you're talking about, whether it's business or otherwise, that's a great one to know. Um, earn money, game thing, game thing, rising tone, falling tone. Okay. And, um, as a former slide says, if you wanna ask from someone else opinion saying your opinion, you say delivery, buying Deutsche Bank is the most natural way to say that now, when it comes to this stuff, there's always, like, a 1,000,000 different ways. You could say something. The whole point of my courses and the whole point of the value that I I'm trying to bring Tiu you guys my students is to give you my experience of living in the country for over 10 years and having a Vietnamese wife and speaking and studying for just in all different situations for a long time how to say things in a way that is colloquial and natural. I have never once founded Vietnamese textbook that has this stuff that I'm teaching you guys, not once I had to learn all by myself, um, over years and years and years. So I hope that you I take it the heart and you and you put these phrases into use because it will. It will help you to skip over just vast amounts of time, studying unnatural northern dry textbooks, of which there actually aren't even that mean anyway. So, um, please study hard and and I hope you guys make are making good progress 8. Lesson 8 Human Resources: when we start talking about employees and management stuff you didn't know about human resource is or human resource management the way you say human resource management and Vietnamese is long lean in, so one lean young. So So why only means to manage and young? So is human Resource is and notice once again that the adjective is after the now that's how it always is and Vietnamese. So it's backwards from English, and you just get used to that when speaking always long leanings. So if you want to say how many employees does your company have? For example, I just wanna ask them that you say come equal bank abound union being Roy come tickle bang compound Eunyoung being Rowley. So this role here at the end This is a good example of this word being used to make something sound natural in colloquial when it's actually not totally necessary. You could just say Come tickle bank about union moving, But when you say really, it's a way that they typically will say something so you can use it. You don't need to use it, but adding Roy to a lot of sentences when you're asking questions I'm making certain two captives kinds of statements. It makes it sound like a native speaker. Would you want to say My company has about 200 regular employees and 10 managers? You say Come Tico toy cock crowing High champion being been home that Millie new one Lee Moving Li one li 10 managers case So you actually should know all of the vocabulary in this sentence. You should be able to figure that one out. So I want you guys to pause your videos and try to work through this sentence and figure out exactly what each of these words individually means and think about the word order. I mean, you have the translation here, but I want you to think about the word order and think about how this sounds and practice it. Conte kowtowing, cock crowing, high champion being been talking about moving Li one li Okay, so we know that been tone means regulars on young Being been tongue envying means employees . So in young being been tournaments regular employees, that means and moon Li one li 10 managers glue only is a manager in terms of the person that does it Come t we know his company co toi rinos of mine pa cling. We know it has about high Champ 200. Okay, one more time. Repeat after me. Come peak with like a coin. Hi, Kim Yung being been tongue That moving Li one li Okay, a good sentence. Next. Do you want to ask the company for example, What is the average salary at the company? Just to learn how to talk about salary in order say something is an average you say Loon, Jambon, cocom table New loom tomb burn coal company about new tomb button means average loom is the word we use for salary And we use the same word for wages or salary. Just say we say lung, bone you. How much is your wage or salary loom? Long term, Ben, go com de bound you zoom button means average. Okay, so salary loon Jambon average. Finally. If you want to say what day do you receive your salary? What they do? You receive your salary. You say kept buying Young Lou Malnati Now fight Cutback and Louisville right now! Fight case 09 now means what day vow here again Is that word to go into but we use this word. This is a totally different context. We use this word to talk about on what day or in one on what month or in what year we say vow in what day, in what month or in what year. So it's a very versatile word and notice again that the rear end of a sentence we save I makes it polite CAC bagging young loom, vowing, I know by and we use this word by a lot in business because you're asking a lot of potentially sensitive questions like how much of people salaries, How much does this cost? You know, And whenever you save, I it makes it sound like a respectful question. So you're not saying how much is it? How much is that? How it is and makes you sound like you're giving respect to the listener. Once again, I would emphasize that's really, really important in Vietnam. Okay, next thing is, how do you solve issues that you may have with your boss is just kind of a random sentence that gives you some more vocabulary and some more opportunities to practice the syntax of Vietnamese. And so in this case, We would say it by saying nail covering, Dave. I step cool bang t bang a week and hey, now Hey, Backing and weaken. Hey, now So yeah, I week means to solve How do you solve it? So it's a good word to know. Yeah, I a week? Yeah, a week. Did you solve yet? Hey, now, like how? Some kind of weird English but new means like Nia Tae. Now, how do you solve? In what way do you solve it? If you have an issue with your boss So nail means if having issues Kabul Monday Monday means issue vice up with your boss. The words step here means Boss. Okay, No covered in a very step called by anti buying your weekend here now. Okay, Udhay Now, how how do you do it? And this slide here should be saying, Yeah, week. I'm not sure let slip my attention. But that should say Yeah, yeah, I week. That means to solve. Okay, So another really good sentence to practice lots of good vocabulary. And, um, the way I learned the the grammar. I mean, you do learn some grammar constructs and some really important stuff, like I teach you guys, in my other course, learn to speak Vietnamese like a native and learn to speak Vietnamese for life. Those courses have a lot more grammar in them. But honestly, the way that I got good of enemies were just practicing and listening a ton. So going through these sentences over and over and thinking about OK, here's the English version, and here's the Vietnamese vers, and what you'll realize is, as I keep saying to you, um, the Vietnamese version is mostly backwards in the order. And so you really have to get a feel for how it sounds, the word order adjectives always coming out for the now is how you structure things. Parts of the sentence will be like a memorized phrase, Um, and you just have to get lots and lots and lots of practice. Lots of listening. Well, in my experience as a teacher, I know that students always want some sort of shortcut or something very clear, and maybe a really good teacher is really good at giving you a lot of clarity and breaking things down into very individual parts. I think it's really important, however, as a student of Vietnamese myself. All I can tell you is that in addition to doing as much as you can to learning the grammar rules, you really just have to get a sense for how everything sounds, um, naturally, by listening to it a lot and by practicing it because in the real world, when you're out there actually speaking in a conversation, it's not like in the class. It's not like you're reading a textbook or you have a teacher's. Okay, now have a conversation about this, and then you talk, you're out there talking to taxi drivers at the market negotiating meeting with friends or in in a business meeting may be and you're needing Teoh say things on the spur of the moment right when you want to express yourself. And so the only way to be able to form sentences is by practice, and that's that's really just the way it is. So again, there's no shortcuts. But if But if you do that and if you try hard, I guarantee you you will make a lot of progress and you can become fluent in the language 9. Lesson 9 Accounting: So if you want to say something like, accountants must like working with numbers. Um, you can say Communicate, lying, Fight it, lambic By so new Ikea tying Fight it Lambic! Very so So lubricating means accountant. Okay, Notice again that you have the word new in front of ah profession. Kate Dying means accounting, but new Kate lying means accountant. Okay, so you say must like you say Fight it, fight. It must like lambic. Very so lambic means to work. Vie means with and so is the word for numbers. So if you if you're gonna be an accountant, right? Accountants must like working with numbers. Indicate trying fight it'll and big. Very so Okay, good sense of practice. Um to work with numbers lambic way so and fight, it must like. Okay, so practice that next one is accounting is a very important aspect of business, right? If anyone knows anything about business, we know that we have to understand accounting to some degree. If you wanted to say that in Vietnamese, you say so. Okay. Trying Lamo Kolanovic one Come kins One roughly one jump. Okay, so it's VR. Accounting is a aspect An important aspect of business A very important aspect of business . K Sudetenland, move! Convict one Junkins When rectal I want TEM! Okay Accounting is very important aspect of business Silk A trying accounting convict work and one Jum important one. I'm very important. Okay, if you want to say accounting and finance are closely related to each other, use a silk cape Lang that tight in Rutland Ling Wang Guangya Seok trying But I tin rattling Wang Guangya So the word Tyton is finances we learned earlier, right? Ling Wang is a word that means related it also can mean relevant So this is a really useful word that you can use in many different situations Liang Wang related to each other or relevant Okay, so you can use that in both those different context Lingua angling now related to each other via now to each other now together by itself now means together via now to each other . Okay, so really useful beer for me. So Cape buying Vita Jin, right, landing Wang by now. Okay. Please try really hard to get those tones correctly. The best thing to do Probably if you're studying by yourself. That's if example you're not in Vietnam right now, while you're what you're going through this and maybe you're playing a trip here. Maybe you got some friends in your home country that are Vietnamese is after you listen to my reading of the sentences and stuff, you guys try to copy me and record your own voice because a lot of times it may feel like you're actually saying things correctly or mimicking it accurately, like what I'm saying. But when you're here, isn't trained to the tones, it's probably more off than you think. A lot of my students here in Vietnam, they think in their adamant that there tones are correct or close enough to correct that. They should be understandable, but I assure them that they are not right, and the Vietnamese speaker will not understand you if they're not accurate. So I I encourage you to record yourself saying the tones and then listen to your recording and compare it to mine, and that should help you be able to tell is is it really accurate or not? 10. Lesson 10 Management: so we learned about human resource management. Now we're gonna learn a lesson about the general management and mawr sentences and different things that you can say. Let's say, for example, you want to say good managers can earn a lot of money. Um, this sentence, you could say you only one Lee yali car taking new thing. You know, you only yellow card take even. You think so? Um, here again, we see the word. Yeah, we which means to be good at something. So a good manager? Yeah. We doesn't mean morally good. It means skillful. Okay, so here, the first part of the sentence getting milieu Longley Yali good managers. Okay? Because when young, we learned makes it plural Blue one Lee his managers. Yala is skillful. Katee is Can game we learned means to earn money. Right? Give new thing Means earned a lot of money, GM, New thing. Okay, so repeat after me getting li one. Li yali caught that game. You think? And if you want to have a place to pause so that you can think about the next part. So I know that there's a lot going on here when you're trying to both read the sentence, make the tones correctly and also not, um, have an unnatural pace in the way that you're saying it. So what? One thing you can dio just like in English. That would be natural places we can pause like with transition words like And But however, um, and things like that would do the same thing in Vietnamese. So a good place to pause here would be after you say young Li one Li yali, right? That's one part good managers and pause and is a cot taking new thing. Okay, so when you're improving a Vietnamese and when you're and when you're studying and going to these sentences, try to find natural places to pause so you can say Ah ah chunk of the sentence at a time and then say another chunk, and that should help. It sounds smooth. If you try to see the whole thing really fast and you and you mess it up, it'll be harder to understand you. But if you say a small chunk, another chunk of the chunky will both be able to improve more rapidly and be more understandable by the native speaker until the point where you can say the whole sentence smoothly. Okay, If you want to say something like in order to be a good manager, we must have leadership abilities. Okay? We already learned the word for leadership in good manager and I want to throw in the word skill or ability into the sentence. So you say Damon one Lito men fight cocky now England now Damon one Lee Top infi Cocky Niang lying now So again I paused after this first phrase dope and I broke it into two parts. So in this case, I'm saying you can say Be a good manager and use the word hope for moral good instead of skillful. This is what you're trying Teoh to safer saying Good manager, Not like a skilled manager necessarily use the word hope instead of Jawi. Okay, the word day. It means to as in in order to Okay, So in order to be if we want to be in order to be a good manager, we must have leadership skills or leadership abilities. So the words skillful in terms of good I told you before was yali. But the world like ability or talent, you can say is Key Nang Gina. Okay, so repeat after me, Damon. One Lito invite Cocky nine lined out. Nine. Now we learned was leadership. And finally, if you want to say, leadership is another very important skill in business. Were to learn the words for skill. Important in business. Actually, um, we have learned all the words in this sentence, but again, we want to practice the word order. We could say so long. Balcom LaMotte, Keen and Ressler One jump Tompkins on Sue Langdon, Tacoma Mop Keen and Ressler One jump Tomkins on So notice here Landau had this added has added a word to it. So So this is how we make it into a noun in terms of the general concept. So if you just want to say lacking now, it means leadership, like for the person, or like it means a leader. But we say Sue lang now it means the concept of leadership in general. And there's lots and lots of words in Vietnamese where they are either an adjective or verb . But when you say so at the beginning, I noticed the tone JoongAng so it makes it into a now so one more time Sue Langdon. Welcome, LaMotte Keen and Ressler One jump Tomkins one. Okay, Golden here means also. So you're saying leadership is also another skill or is another skill at gotten is the word that makes it, um correct. Okay, so practice that sentence and memorize all of this vocabulary before moving on to the next lesson. 11. Lesson 11 Vietnamese for Business Conclusion: This has been a crash course in how to talk about various if and business situations in Vietnamese has been a lot of vocabulary and a lot of information thrown at you. If you feel like it was a little bit difficult, I recommend you start over with the earlier courses. Lender speak Vietnamese like a native and learn to speak of enemies for life. I'll give you the background. You need to take this course. Um, all the courses in conjunction with another are, um, kind of a full package that will help you get the most out of all of them. But this is really a good course to give you guys general language that you can use to have many different types of conversations in Vietnamese related Teoh work. And obviously, I've given you guys a lot of generic sentences in the course on the goal being to give you vocabulary to give you syntax to give you grammar and what you need to do with with all that is, make your own sentences right. Take the vocabulary and be available toe. Create your own sentences and comments so that you can use the language naturally when you were out in the world is really the best way to do it. So, um, a couple more final, um, senses for you guys here to practice. Um, you could say entrepreneurs help the economy to develop. Okay. Haven't learned the word entrepreneur yet, so you can se young a toke Wang Utkan defecting. You know, it'll quien you can't effecting, so help Lang is the word for entrepreneur. In Vietnamese, you means to help. Today is economy should say economy right there. And then fact being means to develop Soviet Vietnam's developing country. So developing country be duck. No affecting, affecting. Dang fact being, it's developing the infecting. Okay. And muses were developing just like we wouldn't in English for many different scenarios and situations. Okay, so, um, general business language, the way we translate this title is night. June Bacon's one to speak generally about business about is they Kindelan. We know his business and not doom is the way we say to speak generally know it, Jim. Okay. No, to Mickens on and warmer time. Repeat after me getting a tow Kwang Utkan Defecting entrepreneurs helped the economy to develop. Okay, if you want to say Right now, Vietnam's economy is one of the fastest growing in the world. Like I said, at the beginning of the course, you say B can take away the enamel. A moped. Kim Tae dating Maharam young yet to take a K. That's a long sentence, but it's a good one for you guys to practice. But you can take a Vietnam limo contain dang Maram union from take a right baby you. Now ding Maram is expanding. Okay, Young. Yuck! The fastest man is fast and yet makes it a superlative and then jumped a I in the world today I is the world someone it says one a little bit slower this time. Repeat after me Biya didn't take a week. Nam Lamo pickin Deng Maram Yang Yang chum Ta! Okay, really good. Don't forget the practice and some final vocabulary. 40 guys that you can use related to business before we go. So I said today is the economy. But the, um, subject in school of economics is contain help, right? Hot by itself means to study. And, um, just like we add new to the beginning of a profession to make a word, a profession like it dying was accounting, but new Ikea dying is accountant. We had hop at the end of a subject like this. One is economy is condemned and then we add hop. It turns it into economics. The subject of study. Okay, Vietnamese is a tag language. That's why we have the tags for future and past. We have tags for different categories of words. Hop would be for school and studying a gong si o n is a tag word for animals and things that are alive. Um, and there's many, many more that you can learn in other classes and the books. Not really, um, Central to this particular course. But anyway, when you say, couldn't they hop? That means economics. Okay to say, director, as in the director of a company or of a department in a company, you say, Yeah, I'm not. You end up hemmed up. Okay. The word executive, which is more general than director, is a business executive. You say Patton, Japan. There's a Yemen up and Japan the word for the words for profit and revenue line young and like. Okay, if you remember, the word for dividend was similar toe revenue. It was, it was goat up. But this one is like and again, profit is lying young, young, and that's a really good word to practice because the NH Year makes ah no sound and then you'll notice. And I have said it's over over my courses that when the word ends and and often times it's pronounced with an English N. G. So I say young, young and has the young dying here. So these difficult words have the really, um, colloquial sort of sounds, really Vietnamese sounding words are good ones of practice because you really need to trained the muscles in our throw and our mouth to make the sound correctly. And just like when you're learning a musical instrument, you have to practice until, um, you have the muscle memory and the automaticity. So in order to do that, really, repetition is pretty much the only way. So I want you to say this word over and over again, lying young nine young hey and kittens on really good under practices on and also practicing it the way that we wouldn't have south without disease, say you on young Kenyan Kenyon or kittens on. Okay, even though it sounds ridiculous. You know, Sit there by yourself and no one's around and repeat these things over and over and over again. And then when you come to Vietnam, people understand you, and you'll be really glad that you did so much hard practice. Please feel free to comment in the, um, discussion board asked me any direct questions that you guys have about the language as well. And, um, good luck with your studying and thank you so much for taking the course.