Using Lines to Create Texture & Shading | Riana Samaroo | Skillshare

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Using Lines to Create Texture & Shading

teacher avatar Riana Samaroo, Artist, Mixed Media & Illustrator

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

10 Lessons (33m)
    • 1. Introduction to class

    • 2. Supplies

    • 3. First Group: Hatching Techniques

    • 4. Second Group: Cross Hatching

    • 5. Third Group: Stippling

    • 6. Fourth Group: Scribbling

    • 7. Recap

    • 8. Introduction to Class Project and Conclusion

    • 9. Simple Example to Class Project

    • 10. A Few Simple Examples Of My Artwork

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About This Class

This intro course is designed to teach you the very basics about adding shading and texture techniques to your artwork, using pen or pencil. Learning line work is a great tool that can add to your art toolbox for years to come, and will never go out of style. These techniques also can be useful particularly when working with urban sketches/drawings. 

What you will learn:

In this class you will be refreshed in four groupings of line work including: hatching, cross-hatching, stippling methods, and scribbling textures. 

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Riana Samaroo

Artist, Mixed Media & Illustrator


I'm Riana, the creative behind RiCreation!

  I believe that anyone can create!

My hope is to stir up your creative juices and encourage you to grow in it!  

I have always loved creating, illustrating and crafting since I can remember. I enjoy using various mediums to express myself in art, and my current favorite is mixed media. I have presented mixed media in various forms, canvas art work, cards, and even sculpture for different causes that I am passionate about. I have also had the opportunity to illustrate for children books. My teaching style on Skillshare isn't at all technical, it's very loose ... See full profile

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1. Introduction to class: Hi, guys. Welcome to my class. My name is Rianna, and I'm so glad that you could join me today. We're gonna learn a little bit more about drawing and sketching, but really adding line work to your drawings and sketching and how that will help give texture how it will help give shading and bring dimension to your artwork. So it'll be a lot of fun just to incorporate these into your daily sketching or your daily drawing. We're going to run through four groupings of line work that you can apply to your drawings and sketching on whether you do. Your drawing or sketch is in ink or pencil or marker or whatever type of medium you like to use. It's fine. You can still apply these techniques to those Teoh form dimension to form, texture to form, shading, even pattern. So stay tuned for the class. What's coming up next? We'll talk a little bit more and get into detail with that a little bit about me, though again, my name is Rhianna. I am a self taught artist and illustrator. I work with a lot of mixed media. I also draw lots, sketch a lot, dude a lot and I have fun doing it again. Stay tuned, grab a pen or a pencil, grab some paper and bring your imagination. Let's have some fun and let's get started. 2. Supplies: Okay, so we're going to talk a little bit about, um, the pen or pencil or whatever tool you wanna use in this case, I would suggest using a pen if you do a lot of ink drawings or if you do just pencil drawings, you can use a pencil or a particular you know, sketching pencil. If you have those. These drawing pencils, um, and if you didn't have any of those and you just wanted to try it anyways, you could always just use a fine tip marker. Um, like this if you wanted to, but let's just keep it simple. Um, pick a pen or a pencil that you are comfortable with. I'm not going to use a pencil. I'm probably gonna use a pen, and I'm gonna use a little thicker pen in order to or marker to show you guys the lines and how it works. Teoh Just see it a little bit more clearly. So what we need is a paper and we have a pen and let's get started 3. First Group: Hatching Techniques: Okay, so now that you have your pen that you want to use and your paper, we're going to begin and we're going to start by talking about the first group of shading textures, call hatching and hatching is drawing fine lines in a close, a proximity to give the effect of shading. So that's what we will be doing today. Uhm, I'm going to use pre done square blocks so you guys can see it a little bit more clearly. I will have these on the your project. Under the tab. Your project, it will be a link there so you can print it out yourself and you can do them yourself as well. I will also have a complete list of what we did. Um, a guide in there as well for you that you can print out as well. So whether you want to print this out or start with a sheet of paper, it's up to you. But you can follow along with me as we go ahead and do this. So the first set, like I was saying, is hatching. So this is the first stating texture, texture, hatching. This is going to create a lot of shading. Um, the 1st 1 we will be doing iss called vertical. Okay, so we'll start now. Vertical is as it says or sounds from top to bottom or bottom to top, but the lines air running vertically. The difference is, is how closely your lines are running together and the closer they are together. The shame or shaded the picture of the lines will create. The lines will create shade, I should say, and the farther apart it will just be lines. But it's also creating some sort of texture. So we're going to start top to bottom now. They don't have to be connecting to the bottom, see, and you could start from the bottom up. Okay, but you're basically following it through top to bottom generally, and you could see the more you lines you put together, the more shaded the box becomes, so that is vertical. Next box number two will be called curved. So again it's self explanatory. The line itself has a little bit of an arch or curve to it. Um, so I'm going to make my curves a little diagonally from here to here, and we're just going to see the effect that you can't. So you have these curved lines. So leaving that like itself is perfectly fine now, adding a little more lines to these lines. You're gonna notice like this There's more shade or shadow that comes into play. So I'll do for half so you can see that it also is more dense. The more dense area is very shaded. So the more lines you put together, the more dense or more shades something will have. So that's hatching number two curved. We're gonna now do you hear horizontal hence up here and bring it down halfway. But the more I put these lines together, the more shadow type of texture. You see this This technique of hatching is also great to just get yourself into, um it's good practice exercises to just get yourself into sketching and learning about the pen that you're working with the pencil that you're working then learning about how to shade and give texture to something. So hatching is a fun way to give a lot of shadow. As you see I'm gonna do here broken. We're gonna call this broken broken sounds just like it is. They are broken lines. I am going to run it diagonally from here to here. But they're gonna be broken short lines, longer lines running in this direction. Now they don't just have to be in this diagonal direction. They can actually run this way or across like horizontal or vertical. But just the line itself is broken. So you can see already the texture of that it creates. And to make it more dense, I'll just add more lines randomly in the middle to thicken it up and create more shadow. Next diagonal, diagonal hatching. So, like these lines or diagonal here, it's straight lines not broken. So we're just running on the straight across and I went outside the box a little, but that's OK. And then I want more shadow here, so I'm just gonna put those lines closer together, and you could see how it creates the shade. Lastly, we're going to do contour. Um, no, this one's a little interesting. You are creating a curved line like this, but you're shaping ah, shapes eso. Let's say we're doing more circular. So the lines air rounded and we're gonna go as it were contouring a ball or or a semi ball . Let's say so, but the lines are thicker here and lighter towards the top, or vice versa. So I'm just going to start by doing carved lines all the way through kind of the middle and then reverse those curves on the side here. Now, when that's done, I'm going to add darker lines or more lines. I should say to the bottom to create more shade, and I mean gonna add even more lines on the bottom so you can see it forms the shape of something, but you can still see the shade and the shadow. So this is the first group of shading textures called hatching, vertical, curved, horizontal, broken diagonal and counting. Next, we will move on to cross hatching. 4. Second Group: Cross Hatching: So in this class we will deal with cross hatching. Um, and we're going to talk about six textures of cross hatching as well, Like the last video for hatching of a six. This also is six type of, um, line work or lines and just a little bit about Haas cross hatching. Um, it's basically marking with its two series of parallel lines that inter suck. So one line goes one way and the other Latin goes the other way, and this creates shade. It also creates, um, texture. The first cross hatching type will be called Well, first, let me right cross hatching will be called Broken crosshatch, So broken crosshatch, so it sones as it is a crosshatch up and down, but it's broken so the lines don't meet just quite to meet all the way. So do a couple of lines this way to some this way, a couple of just broken lines, and then I'm going to take it across this way, that so it's like a mesh, but it's broken because there are spaces, white space in between. We're going to do cross hatching using the curved line. Remember the curve line and the other video ran diagonally, so I'll keep that way. But I will do with the opposite when I'm intersecting in the line so you'll see just kind of start and I'm not gonna show. This is not shading to too much. It's more just understanding of the line where it's going and then creating texture things . And it doesn't have to be perfect. But there you have it. Now the more you would fill in, Let's say I wanted to fill in a little bit more to get more shadow right and saying, I decided to do here. The more you fill in, the more you overlap lines, the darker the shadow guests, and it just creates a couple layers of shadows. So here's the darkest, and I could go over that again, and it would be even more, um, shaded. Here's another lighter area in another lighter area, so that's curved cross hatching. We're going to do broken, angled, broken, angled, crosshatch inch, which is broken like these lines, but they're angled. That's really it. So I'm just gonna angle my lines a little bit the opposite way. Dagnall slightly diagnosed, and then I'm just going to come across with the's straighter lines this way, so it gives a different texture than just up and down straight lines. They are diagnosed with straight lines, so it's kind of a mix. Cross hatching. Number four is diagonal. That's basic. We're gonna just run these lines diagonally in both directions against that type of texture . This is cross hatching. What they consider cross hatching is vertical lines and horizontal lines. And again, the more you go over top one of these lines and the other way, the more shade you can get and the more you can build up the lines to create shadow and texture for the last one. What's going on tour? We're going to create a a circular type of image, contoured, and then we're going to run the country in this direction. No, so the line's air more curved, and then you can break it up again. You can add more lines to create shadow, but it's more rounded in that way. So these are the second groupings of line work called cross hatching. So again they are broken, crosshatch, curved, broken angled, diagonal, cross hatch and contour 5. Third Group: Stippling: So the third grouping of texture is going to be stippling, and they're going to be light. Grady, int and contour now stippling as to basically in mark or draw were in grave by dots or flicks that create a shadow. So stippling is literally taking your pen or your marker and making in creating dots, which creates different effects and shadow. So the 1st 1 is light light Stippling, just as it sounds, is what we're going to do. We're thinking the pen and we're just going to lightly flight stippling. Now we're going to talk about Grady int creating ingredient with stippling. So we're gonna start from left to right. The left will be my darker side. The right will be my lighter side. So my dots here will be lighter and fewer and further between. Whereas when I come to the left side, you're gonna notice the dots are much closer together. This usually takes a while, so just be patient. - Okay , that took a while. I could do this a little bit more, but just to show you you see, the more you cluster these dots together, the more shadow or shade you will see and the light. All these dots are further between. So therefore, it's a little bit, uh, less stumps. And you can see that pretty clearly. Okay, but last 14 stippling is going to be contour Contour. Why? Well, because the the shape or the contour, we're creating a curved. You can also call it curved. This temple is the dots are created in a broken line. Kind of like this. I'm kind of dragging my pen a little. That's why they don't look like complete dot So sorry about that. But you create the same effect, but in a contoured shape, grounded and okay. I didn't kind of see the roundness where the contour of these of these dots. Great. So this was the third grouping gold stippling. The next, uh, and last group is going to be four boxes. And for a different lines of what I call scribbling 6. Fourth Group: Scribbling: again. The last, um, type of lying shading, texture and textures is scribbling. So let's begin. Um, scribbling is more free. It's a little more careless because you don't have to stick to a certain thing, but it's very free. It was. Loosen your wrist and it's a lot of fun to add to artwork to create. Uh, I think more texture than shading for me. So we're going to do scribbling. We're going to start with diag. No scribbling story from my handwriting. What's okay, Dagnall Scribbling, sober. You can tell we're going to be going on a diagonal line or Diagne away this way, and the scribble is just run just that random scribble on and they're just haggle Now you could make the lines sharper, like if you don't want them so wavy. But it's like that. That's it. Second is random, random curved. I'm gonna call it is going to be, however you want literally. You couldn't do scribbles. I like to do curves all different directions. That's why I call it random curved. You can bulk it up on one corner more than the other to create the shade if you wanted that effect. But kind of looks like something like that. Last or not last third, Rather is called a messy, and that's these all look rather messy. But this one is just anything you wanted to be. Lines mixed with curves makes twits tipple, and by doing this, a pattern or particular UM marking whether you do exes or curves in a particular way in one area, anytime you cluster lines, you start to create shade and shadow. So we're gonna call that Messi. They all look similar in a strange way, but they're all different. Then add some stippling to that. From there we go. So the last one, I call it the one line scribble because you put your pen down and you just go at it and you don't lift your plan until you decide you're finished. Sharp line soft lines, squiggly lines like Carly lines like, so I like the little sore, the blingy lines. I don't know if that's a word, but that's OK, and that's it. So scribbling is a lot of fun. It's the most freeing of the lines of the groupings of lines, but you can, by doing something over and over, create a lot of shade with Eason, also more texture in scribbling. So these are the last war 7. Recap: Hi, guys. Let's just do a quick recap before we get to the class project we talked about four groupings of lines on shaving textures really have come here. Okay, The first is hatching, which we went over. Vertical horizontal current broken Dagnall, contoured lines on how to create texture and shade. More shade, really with these types of lines. But this is basic hash hatching. Second was the cross hatching using the two lines to create more depth, more shade and breaks it up a little than one line. The third was stippling, which was pretty easy, but it is a different type of texture. People used to pulling a lot in painting, um, which is also fun to do so. You can try this in painting, but it's also fun with using it in Ben and Marker. Um, so this is stippling last year. We just want over scribbling, which I think could be my favorite just because of the free nature of it. It's nothing that is to, um, intense. It's really simple, and you can create a lot of texture with scribbling, so I hope you enjoyed learning about before groupings of line work and shaving texture. Let's talk about the class project 8. Introduction to Class Project and Conclusion: Okay, guys. So I hope you had fun learning a little bit more about texture, using your pen or pencil onto apply it. I hope you apply some of these techniques to your sketching and drawings for the class project. I would really like to You too. Take a shape. A basic shape, like a circle square triangle. Whatever shape you want to take, it could be unusual. Is well, like a star shape. Um, any type of shape, Really. And just in within that shape, the borders of that shape apply some of these cross hatching techniques or hatching tightenings, stippling techniques or the scribble techniques and create ah, shade and a highlight. So, um, I hope that it's a lot of fun. And please post it and let me know if you enjoy this class. I would really, um, like to show you how to apply more of these in the future to other mediums as well. So I hope you enjoyed it. I had fun with you guys. I know 9. Simple Example to Class Project: So for the class project, I'd like for you to take a shape, any shape and apply hatching, cross hatching, stippling or scribbling to it. Just play with shadow and texture. I took this little circle of, Ah like a dish, put it over, traced it. And then I applied my cross hatching techniques, but a contour cross hatching and hatching. Um, it doesn't have to be perfect cause art isn't perfect, but by doing this, you're just going to get used to lines crossing, creating texture, shadow. Seeing where shadow is best, I pointed, my light source is coming from the top here, So that's why it's lighter here and more dark towards the bottom. So I was just trying in different, different styles. I would also try using different pens as well thinner pens, thicker pens to see how many types of textures and how many types of shadow and a pattern. In a sense you can create. Please post your project in the your project section, and I hope, uh, this will teach you a lot about texture and shade. 10. A Few Simple Examples Of My Artwork: you have these examples of things that I've done here thes air, little doodles and sketches that I've done using a pen on some of those thing techniques that created pattern and texture and my pieces. So, for example, let's talk first about this one you can see in this, um, doodle I would call it, um that I This is an example of the broken hatching, just their texture, their curved a little bit. I created circles, but I broke up the lines. Also, the lines in the background behind the flowers. You can see they're broken. I used a little bit of light stippling technique here is well, which was fun. Um, these little lines, I wouldn't It is texture, but I wouldn't know what to call it. It's just little mountains. Um, so I used a couple of the same techniques in this piece, not necessarily on the flowers, but I did use thumb in the background, which created a little bit of the texture and dimension, and it made the piece a little bit more interesting to me for this flower drawing. I did. Also, I did overlap a lot of the lines like you didn't see here there's a little example of cross hatching simple cross hatching, But you can see kind of the texture it gave it. It just broke it up a little bit. Um, again Here I use more cross hatching, I think, in this piece. But I just added little elements here to it versus this piece that was a little bit more in the background ICTSI.