Understanding Color Theory: with Watercolor, Gouache, Colored Pencils & Oil | Ana Maria MJ | Skillshare

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Understanding Color Theory: with Watercolor, Gouache, Colored Pencils & Oil

teacher avatar Ana Maria MJ, Designer & Illustrator

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

11 Lessons (1h 4m)
    • 1. Hello!

    • 2. Class Project

    • 3. Color Wheel

    • 4. Cool and Warm Colors

    • 5. Split Primaries Color Arithmetic Chart

    • 6. Lights and Shadows

    • 7. Color Harmonies

    • 8. Color Tourism

    • 9. Learning More About Color

    • 10. Final Project

    • 11. ... Before We Go!

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About This Class

Have you ever wondered what's Color Theory? And how to use it in painting? Especially why Color Theory is important?

In this class, Understanding Color Theory: with Watercolor, Gouache, Colored Pencils and Oils. We are going to learn how to use the different Color Principles in our paintings and put them into practice with different mediums.

What will students learn?

We are going to have fun making color wheels and charts to Understand Color Theory Basics, Mixing, Harmony, Lights, and Shadows with Multiple Mediums.

This class is for everyone who likes to paint with whatever medium. You'll get to understand the fundamentals of Color Theory and how to use them in your work!


What will students create?

A Color Studies Portfolio

Why should students take this class?

This is a UNIQUE class about color, I am sure you are going to enjoy it and it will help you be more confident in color mixing decisions because you will Understand Color Harmonies, How to Create Lights and Shadows with Color, How to Mix and Create New Hues, and so much more!

In this class you will learn:

Color Theory
Color Mixing
Primary, Secondary, Tertiary Colors
Color Temperature
Split Primaries
Color Wheels and Charts
The 6 Main Color Harmonies
How to use Color Theory in your painting
Why Color Theory is important

You will be creating:

A Color Studies Portfolio


Who is this class for?

This class is for Artists at All Levels, the Final Project will be, to create a Color Studies Portfolio!

Either if you are new in the art world or if you have been for a long time, you will learn new things from this class so you can later apply them to your work!

So, if you like art, painting, or drawing with whatever medium, PLEASE JOIN! We are going to have fun with COLOR!




Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Ana Maria MJ

Designer & Illustrator


Hello, welcome to my Channel!


I am Ana María MJ, Designer, Illustrator, and Educator, based in México. I teach Art and Design in person at the University and Online here, at Skillshare!


One thing that characterizes me is my love for learning, everytime I am not painting, eating, or sleeping haha I am always exploring new creative ways to do things, reading, doing research, visiting museums, watching documentaries, or going to interesting places.


I enjoy doing that and then finding correlations, so you will probably find in my classes I am always sharing trivia or extra information that may be interesting! I think learning these kinds of things is alway... See full profile

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1. Hello!: ¡Hooola! Let me tell you a story... I am Ana María MJ, Designer, Illustrator and Online Educator, But before I was doing all of that, a few years ago, I was passionate about painting. But wanted to take my art to a Professional Level It was an exciting moment, where I wanted to learn a lot of things, So I wanted to test new techniques, all Art Supplies. But, of course, I wasn't able to buy tons of each I knew that Understanding Color Theory would be super helpful! I bought some primary color tubes, and start experimenting! Those color experimentation days have helped me so much in my art, that now I want to share what I have learned with you. In this class, in a fun way we are going to Understand Color Theory with Multiple Mediums; Colored Pencils, Watercolors, Gouache, and Oil. So it doesn't matter what materials you have, This class can help you! We are going to travel to different places, From the desert to the beach, stopping by the supermarket and commonplaces, So we practice our observation skills and absorb color from all sources of inspiration. This is a unique class about color, I am sure you are going to enjoy it and help you be more confident in color mixing decisions because you will understand about color harmonies, how to create lights and shadows with color, how to mix and create new hues, and so much more! This class is for artists at All Levels, the Final Project will be, to create a Color Studies Portfolio! So, if you like art please join! We are going to have fun with color! 2. Class Project: Welcome! I am so happy you are here! In this class, Understanding Color, we are going to create a Portfolio of Color Studies. In each lesson, we are going to talk about different aspects of color and do some exercises to help you Understand each concept better. Download the Workbook in the Class Resources, where you will find templates for the exercises and the material list. The idea of making this class with Multiple Mediums; Watercolors, Gouache, Colored Pencils, and Oils is so you guys Understand how these Color Theory Principles Apply with different techniques. You don't need to have or work with all the supplies listed, if you want to, of course, you can. But I don't want you to feel overwhelmed. My goal is you observe all the possibilities we can have with color in different techniques and then you decide what you are most interested in experimenting with. My recommendation is you watch the class first, probably start with what you already have, and if you want to experiment with another medium, then you go and buy what you need, There's a list of Art Supplies in the Workbook. Anyways, feel free to work with different ones. As long you advance in the class if you have any questions or want to share something with the group, Please drop your comments on the Discussion Board! I want to know you a little bit more and I am super happy to help you. So don't be shy, if you need help, Please contact me. Let's begin with a class. With a Core Tool to Understand Color, of course, the Color Wheel. Probably some of you have already done one before. But anytime I make a new one, I have found it's always revealing. So let's start with the fun! See you in the next lesson. 3. Color Wheel: Color, like many other Design Principles I will talk about more in future classes has taken us as humanity, centuries to understand. Those topics usually mix many others areas of knowledge, like science, mathematics, psychology, and more. That's one thing I particularly love about Arts. In the end, everything converges. So let's dive into the Color World, and to understand it, it's important to acknowledge Isaac Newton's color studies. He developed the color wheel that we now know and has become a core tool in Understanding how the Primary Colors blend to create other colors. So now, let's start painting our first color wheel! In this lesson, we will paint some color wheels with different mediums, that way we will understand the relationships between colors. You don't have to make them all, you can use whatever medium you prefer, the goal here is to understand the principles, which are quite similar in all mediums. Here I will show you how to paint it with watercolors, gouache, colored pencils, and oils. Make sure you download the workbook, It includes the material list you can find it in the Class Resources. We are going to start by painting a color wheel with watercolors. Here I am going to use the Daniel Smith Watercolor Essentials Set I think it's great because it has the three primaries in a Cool and Warm version. I will dive deep into that, later. Anyways, it doesn't matter the brand or medium you are using, the important thing is to understand which are your Primary Colors. In this lesson, we are going to start with the Traditional Primary Colors Later on, we will talk about the Modern ones. All brands have different names, but usually, you can identify the Primaries because they are either called Primary Yellow, Red or Blue, or they may be called Cadmium Yellow, Cadmium Red, and Cobalt Blue. To paint with watercolor, first, add water to your pan set, let them still for a while to moisturize, And then start with the Primary Colors. Note here I am using a round brush, That way, I can make tinny details with the point and broader strokes by applying more pressure. We can find many ways to display the color wheel. Usually, it's divided into 6 or 12 pie cuts. The important thing is you Understand the Logic: First, we have the three Primaries, Yellow, Red, and Blue. Then we mix them in equal quantities to obtain the Secondary Colors. That way, we get a six-pie cuts color wheel. Note here you must know: To make secondary colors mix two primaries in similar amounts, fifty-fifty. There's no measurement unit, only the eye. So by practicing is how you get better. Then we can mix colors in different quantities. Those are called Tertiary Colors. And the way to display them in the color wheel is by putting them in-between the Secondary Colors. That's how you can get Yellow-Orange, Red-Orange, Red-Violet, Blue-Violet, Blue-Green, Yellow-Green, and many more. For the color wheel representation, I recommend mixing 80/20 of each color so you can appreciate the undertone. But when I am really painting, It's not like I'm thinking like that. Mixing is intuitive and enjoying it is part of the process. So the possibilities of creating new colors based on that theory are endless. I encourage you to really explore and have fun! Next, I am painting another color wheel with watercolors, but now I am adding white gouache to all the colors to make them look pastel. Gouache is considered an opaque watercolor, and because both mediums are water-based, you can mix them and create beautiful effects. I could also make a color wheel only using gouache, but I wanted to show you that watercolors can mix with gouache. Next, I am painting a color wheel in oils. As you can see it is different from the previous ones. I am making a six-pie cuts wheel. It's a personal preference. I could make a twelve one too. When I'm painting with oils, same as with other mediums, I have to be extra careful not to place my hand on top of the wet paint, especially because oils take a lot of time to dry. It depends on the weather and the surface It's applied on. Sometimes it can take weeks. That is a good thing and a bad thing, But because all it takes a lot of time to dry, that is what allows us to blend colors and create beautiful gradients. Note: Here I am using a flat brush because oil, like acrylic, is a thicker paint, that way, I feel I have more control. Anyway, It's a personal preference. Feel free to experiment. Oil has a strong smell, not recommended for pregnant women. Better use it with an open window. It's a beautiful medium, and many masterpieces along history have been painted with oils. The last medium I will show you here is colored pencils. It is a dry medium, not wet paint like watercolors, gouache, or oils. So, dry mediums don't mix in a palette and create a new color, but we can place them on top of each other and create a unique effect or undertone. It's interesting to notice how colored pencils (like most mediums) create different effects depending on the surface and and how much pressure is applied has an impact on the final look. Observe, practice, really observe and practice is the key to improve in your artistic journey. So, in this class and in other Skillshare classes that you take, really OBSERVE brush strokes and how artists grab the brushes, pen, or pencils. PRACTICE, EXPERIMENT, and adopt the ways that work better for your unique interests. My friend Ana Pérez has a great class about Colored Pencils here on Skillshare. Check it out! So in this lesson, we have made many color wheels in different mediums; Watercolors, Gouache, Oils, and Colored Pencils. If you're like me, who likes to work with many materials, I highly recommend you do this exercise. It will help you gain a better Understanding of your Materials. Check out the Class Resources to download the templates. Anyways, don't feel overwhelmed to do that in all possible mediums. The goal here is you Understand how to apply the same Color Theory Principles in Different Mediums. See you In the next lesson, We are going to talk about a controversial topic in the Art World. 4. Cool and Warm Colors: In this lesson, we will talk about the controversial topic on which we will never totally agree because it's part subjective. This Topic is Color Temperature. To make it easy, people divide the color wheel into Cool and Warm tones. But things can get a little bit more complex. If, for example, our Cool Color is next to another that makes it look Warmer. We are not going to go crazy here. But it's important to know that color always has a cultural and subjective side, because color is based on light and perception. And those are very different from one person to another. Even the same person in different places are moments. When we talk about Color Temperature, it is helpful to talk about Color Families and not only Simple Colors. Generally speaking, the Red Family is perceived as Warm Colors and the Blue Family as cold. These are vital components in delivering a message. On the discussion board, I'm going to share with you a lot of good references, but I particularly love this book. It's called The Complete Colour Harmony, Pantone Edition by Leatrice, Eiseman, She is one of the biggest Color Authorities in the world, And this image from the book is amazing. for Understanding Color Temperature. I really feel Hot looking at the Red Family and the Blues are quite Cold. Can you see that? Can you feel that? Another easy way to learn this is to look at the faucet. Usually, there's a blue dot for cold water and a red one for hot. Our way as human beings to understand color is always related to Nature and Cultural aspects. Red, Orange, and Yellow radiate warmth As they are associated with the heat of the fire and Sun, while Blue, Green, and Purple cool things down as they connect in the mind's eye with broader expanses of sky, sea, foliage, and outer space. Changing the undertones of a color can alter the temperature a bit. Here is where things get controversial when deciding if a specific color is cool or warm, Especially Green, and Purple families sometimes can feel like in between because they bridge the gap between warm and cool on the color wheel. The undertone also changes the message of the color. Redder a Purple, the Hotter and more provocative it becomes; Bluer Purples are less sensual and more meditative. A color’s relationship to adjacent colors often determines how cool or warm It appears. To understand this concept better, we are going to do two things. Remember how I always say, Observe and Practice is the key to improve in your Artistic Journey. Well, first we are going to observe how cool and warm color palettes are used in different ways. and how those tones help us understand the message. We can see a lot of that in Movie scenes, illustrated books, and many more art representations. Understanding this concept is essential and we can apply it in our own practice. Next, we are going to put these concepts into practice by making graduation of Cool and Warm Colors in Multiple Mediums. Check out the Class Resources to Download the template. I am painting with color pencils, colored pencils, then watercolors, then gouache, and finally oil. A sequence of colors from the same family is also called an Analogous Color Harmony. We're going to talk more about that in another lesson. Appreciate how each medium has a unique look. colored pencils have a sharp texture, watercolor is fluid and translucid gouache is an opaque block of color, oils blend softly. Work with whatever medium you like the most or mixed them and experiment freely. See you in the next lesson, where we will talk about how color temperature affects mixing. See you there. 5. Split Primaries Color Arithmetic Chart: In previous lessons, we have talked about color theory, how to create colors by mixing the primaries and about color temperature. So now imagine what would happen if we have the primary colors in a cool and warm version? A lot of possibilities in color mixing open. As we saw in the Traditional Color Wheel, especially violet, but also green were quite obscure. People throughout history have always been searching for brighter colors. So what happens if we substitute the Traditional Primaries, which are Cadmium Yellow, Cadmium Red, and Cobalt Blue. Here I am painting a Modern Color Wheel with the Daniel Smith Watercolor Essentials, as you can see the tones are brighter, but dark, moody shades are also important in art creation. That's why I really liked this exercise, I call Split Primaries Color Arithmetic I highly recommend you do this exercise with the Daniel Smith Watercolor Essential Set. But if you don't have that exact one, don't worry, it's fine. But I recommend it because it's a fine watercolor brand, with great knowledge in pigment innovation and they have carefully selected the precise tones for Cool Primaries: Hansa Yellow Light, Quinacridone, Rose, and Phthalo Blue And a Warm Primaries. New Gamboge Pyrrol Scarlet, and French Ultramarine. If you don't have these exact set, try looking for the most similar one. Download the workbook in the class resources and transfer it into watercolor paper. Start filling the squares with the corresponding color And you will see all the wide range of hues these six colors can create. Remember, arithmetic means addition. So in the first row we have the three Warm Primaries, which are New Gamboge, Pyrrol Scarlet, and French Ultramarine. And if we mix among in equal quantities, we get the secondary colors. Then if we mix them in different percentages, for practical matters, I will say something like 80/20, we will get the tertiary colors. Then if we mix the three primaries in equal amounts, we will get a very dark hue. That is something very interesting, We will dive in, In the second part of this exercise. But before we get there, let's realize we have been painting wet on dry, which means our watercolor paint is wet and our paper is dry. This is a color exploratory exercise, but When we're doing some art projects, we can try different washes. Another popular one is wet on wet for wet on wet, we put clean water on the paper, And then we add watercolors. That way we will get different and nice granulation. As you can see, the color mixing happens on the paper and it's a free, intuitive way to work with watercolors. So now, in the second part of the exercise, let's explore the dark shapes we can create with these warm primaries. As we have already seen, mixing the three primaries get us have very obscure color, A very natural way to produce shades is by mixing a color which it's complimentary. In the end. That is like mixing the three primaries but in different proportions. Can you see why it's kind of the same thing? A color wheel is a great tool that helps us understand the relationship between colors. So if you don't memorize them, only, look for the color which is in the opposite direction. That way you will find the complementary color. In the Color Harmony Lesson. We will talk more about complementaries, but there are two main things. You have to know, our complementary colors, so they create natural shadows and resonate strongly with each other when placed side-by-side. Always, always avoid adding pure black paint out of the tube to create shadows that tend to shift off. The other colors. On the contrary, if you mix complementaries to create shallows, you will get bright, vivid color contrast. In the Light & Shadow lesson, we will dive into that. This is probably one of the most important things about Color Theory and Harmony a lot of people ignore. So please, please do this exercise. It's going to be so revealing about how many bright and dark shades you can create with these six colors. If you are interested in painting people, this Color Theory Principle is going to help you But to learn more, check my previous class, called “Painting Women Who Inspire” There. I have two lessons where we dive into Skin Tones, Color Mixing. Check it out. So in the end, by understanding the Split Primary Concept; Warm Primaries and Cool Primaries. You don't need to buy thousands of color tubes or huge pan sets. As long, as you have the three primaries in their Cool & Warm version, plus a white tube, you are good to go and the possibilities are endless. I promise. As an Art Supplies Addict, myself. I will always recommend buying fewer colors, with better pigment quality rather than a huge collection of cheap paints. Actually, whenever I get a new brand of watercolors, I like to do this exercise to try them out. Remember to download the workbook on the class resources. there’s a simple Color Arithmetic sheet and the Split Primaries, we have been talking about in this lesson. So do this exercise now or after you watch the complete class, But I really cannot stress enough the importance of actually doing it. Because this is a complex topic and the way to internalize this concept, and don't forget it is by putting it into practice. So for the Color Tourism Lesson, which is a super fun one, probably my favorite, this exercise will be super-helpful. But before we get there, Now, let's talk about another fundamental topic in painting, which is lights and shadows. So see you in the next lesson. 6. Lights and Shadows: In the previous lesson, we talked about the importance of making shadows using Complementary colors and avoiding adding pure black out of the tube. Let's put these concepts into practice with different mediums. To keep it simple, Let's look at the diagram and how light comes from a certain direction and softly modifies each tone. It's important to know, that in order to make what is commonly said as "good art" we don't have to be realistic, but in some kind of way, things should "look natural". What do I mean by that? You can paint fantastic creatures that don't exist in nature or whatever you want, But in order for us, human beings to be able to understand them, figures should make sense in our minds. That is why lights and shadows are always important because they help us understand this thing that we are painting is in a world we know, that has a Sun and that Sun project shadows. Let's do our common exercise, which is to paint a sphere. To make it look like a sphere, we need to create the volume effect with light and shadows. Otherwise, it will look like a flat circle instead of a sphere. When we're painting, it's important we develop our observation skills and pay attention to all the middle tones that are in-between. light and shadow. This blending is going to work differently from one medium to another, And that's the beauty of experimenting with different materials. The way I like to work with different materials is by honoring their uniqueness and not trying to make them be something they are not. For example, when I'm working with watercolors, I love their transparency. And when I'm working with gouache, I loved the opaqueness, Never try to do something opaque with watercolor, because it simply won't. Notice how I am using the complementary color to create the shadow of the sphere. For example, gouache doesn't blend as well as oil, so I prefer to use gouache as a solid color block, That way I have a more rough sphere, but it's kind of interesting on its own. Experiment with the mediums of your interest. I am sure you can also discover different ways, and that's part of the beauty of being an artist. Let's look at how some artists put in practice this light and shadow principle using complementary colors. Next time you visit a Museum or look at some Art Online, Pay attention to this principle. Now, we're going to talk about the Six main Color Harmonies, a topic I am very passionate about and will probably blow your mind. So see you in the next lesson! Bye. 7. Color Harmonies: We have talked about two-color harmonies in previous lessons. Analogous Harmony, which are subsequently colors in the color wheel. We talk about those when we were talking about Cool and Warm Colors. The exercise for that lesson, it's actually an analogous color harmony layout. And we talked about the Complementary Colors in the Lights and Shadows lesson. In all Art representations, Nature has always been a big fuel of inspiration so we can find most of these Color Harmonies in Nature. There are six main color harmonies, and the Color Wheel is a great tool to help us visualize those. Here, I am going to break them into these lines. triangles, square and rectangle. And show you some examples, how we can find these color harmonies in nature, art, design, fashion, marketing, and almost everywhere. From now on, I really encourage you to observe your surroundings and try to look around for color harmonies. I am sure it can blow your mind how they are everywhere. For example, the supermarket, is a great way to start. Monochromatic. They are derived from a single base color that is extended by using light and dark shades of the same color. Every time I get new paints, especially watercolors, I like to make some swatches to see all the range of possible tones I can create out of one tube or pan set. In the case of watercolors, we can get a wide range of tones varying the proportions of water and pigment: More water with less pigment, the lighter the tone will be. More pigment, less water, it will be more saturated. Try this exercise, I like to call it Tone Gallery. It helps you understand all the possibilities your materials can offer you. That's why I like to do it. Every time I get new paints, With gouache and oil, we can get different ranges by adding white and with color pencils, the tones ranges will depend on the pressure we apply to the paper. Analogous: Are subsequent colors in the color wheel. Remember how I said we can find Color Harmonies in Nature. The rainbow is a perfect example of an Analogous Harmony, Also the sunset. the greens of a plant, even a pineapple. This harmony is pure beauty. We can use it to create color palettes for our illustrations or to create light and shadow contrast in our paintings. Observe nature and Art MasterPieces, you will find Analogous Harmonies all the time! Complementary Harmony: is another big one! You will find it in nature, design, marketing, and so on. Because complementary colors enhance each other when they are together. they empower each other. They simply look so good together. Probably because we find this harmony so much in nature, we as humans beings, considered this is beauty. It looks familiar, so will like it. Complimentary colors are opposites in the color wheel. When I teach this concept in México, students memorize them super easily because as I said, before, Color Harmonies is a topic many professions understand, including designers and marketers. We can find complementary colors in popular logos, such as the two main Mexican political parties. Red and Green are complementaries. Blue and Orange are also complementaries. And for Yellow and Purple, we use the logo of Gandhi, which is a big book franchise, that has a lot of publicity on the streets, so these colors are on people’s minds. But these examples are not universal so try to find examples that help you understand Complementary Colors. I thought about strawberries, Red and Green are complementaries. Finding Nemo… Nemo is Orange and the sea is blue, Those are complementaries. Yellow and Purple are a little bit harder but are a Harmony we can find in some flowers. Try to find examples that help you memorize which are the complementary colors. If you forget, you can always look for the opposites in the color wheel, But it’s super helpful to really internalize this concept, especially Complementaries because these are the base of other Color Harmonies and are helpful to create lights, shadows, and neutral colors, including Skin Tones. As I teach in more detail in my Painting Women Who Inspire class, there are two lessons dedicated to creating Skin Tones out of Complementary Colors. So, I encourage you to memorize which is the Complementary of each Primary Color. which is complimentary of Yellow, which is complimentary of Blue, which is complimentary of Red. Split Complementary: as the name says, it's a variation of their complimentary because sometimes those are too bright. it’s nice to place one Primary Color with the Tertiary Color version of its Complementary. In the color wheel, you will see an Isosceles Triangle. That way you can find the Split Complementary Harmony in your Color Wheel. Fashion Designers love this Harmony! Also if you like to design patterns, this one will help you. Triadic: is probably the only one you won’t find in Nature that much. There’s an equilateral triangle in your color wheel, that way you can find this Harmony. The three primary colors are triadic. In this Harmony, all the colors are bright and powerful. And sometimes that can feel too intense. It's mainly used in children's movies, fantasy animation, and super-natural stuff. Because we don't have this harmony. in Nature… when we see it, we automatically understand it's fantasy or digital stuff. Anyways, it's nice, playful, and fun. Tetradic or Double Complementary: as the name says, this harmony consist of two pair of Complementaries set up together. There’s a square and a rectangle in the Color Wheel that will help you locate them. So, as we said in the Color Wheel Lesson. Isaac Newton developed this type of Color Wheel which is a core tool in Understanding Color. I highly recommend you invest in getting one, or create one on your own, like this one. The template is in the Workbook. Download it, in the Class Resources. If none of those things are possible, There are always online resources, that can help. So see you in the next lesson, which is one of my favorites, because we are going to travel to different places in México, including the beach. And we will put into practice a lot of the concepts we have learned! See you in our Color Tourism lesson! See you there! 8. Color Tourism: Observe and Practice is my mantra when I am talking about improving skills in our artistic journey. Right now we are hitting to Mazatlán a a beautiful Mexican beach in the Pacific Ocean. Going out exploring different places, looking at the regular things with new eyes, talking to people, being in uncomfortable situations. and many other things that get us out of the autopilot mode are essential to wake up our inspiration and give us material to create. In this lesson, we are going to travel to 4 very different places in México, and we will absorb the colors. Of course, if you want to visit my country you are very welcome. We have beautiful locations. But the real goal here is that you also get out to wherever you can. Look for inspiration beyond the Internet observe real life. If you are in a pandemic or whatever situation that doesn't allow you to go out looking your house, what are the colors of your kitchen? your closet? out of your window, the sunset? your house? You get the idea. Observe! Observe! Observe! If you really pay attention, I am sure you will discover things you never saw before. Now I am at the beach, painting out-live the colors I see. To practice my mixing color skills and really appropriate of the Split Primary Concept, I am trying to get the colors I see by mixing the Cool and Warm Primaries all together. I highly recommend you do this exercise. It's fun and relaxing. Use your Color Arithmetic sheet if you need help. At the end of these exercises, I am sure you will become a Pro in Color Mixing. Next, let's go to San Miguel, a very small Magical Town. Tourists love it because it's very folkloric, It's not so far from Mexico City. I used to live kind of close, so I have been there many times. It's always magical. Many of the pictures you see here are from the Museo del Juguete, which means Toy's Museum. Most kids nowadays don't use this kind of traditional toys, But they are so beautiful. and funny or weird sometimes. Like this little church, with the devil on the opposite side, and all the skeletons dancing, having a party in hell, hahaha. That's kind of crazy. Did you saw Coco, the movie? Well, the little town was inspired by San Miguel's alleys. Okay. After a colorful color palette, let's go to Bosque de Chapultepec, where we will see a lot of green, but it is important to train our eye to notice the subtle differences and undertones that make a vast amount of green shades. Bosque de Chapultepec is in Mexico City, and it's a huge park similar in size to Central Park in New York City. Inside there is a Palace, Castillo de Chapultepec, which has been an emblematic place signs Pre-Hispanic times and has had a long history in our country including our Independence. Which by the way, is not on Cinco de Mayo, it's on September 15. But this is not a History class. I just wanted to share it with you because nowadays is a great place to go and walk around. It is huge. I love the Botanica Garden, It is so beautiful. sometimes I like to go there and paint. The last place we are going to visit is my Hometown, a tinny tiny town in the northeast of Mexico. It is a desert, Incredible hot! In summer We get to be around 42 Celsius - which is like 107 ºF. It's super hot! It's hard on everybody. I am sure some of you from colder weather cannot imagine how we survive. But yes, we all adapt to our circumstances. Mexico has many touristic, beautiful locations, but my hometown is not particularly attractive for tourism. Anyways I decided to show it to you, as a way to emphasize how we can get inspiration from things that are so normal to us, so ordinary that we don't longer appreciate them. So, I invite you to observe with new eyes, your hometown or the city where you have lived the most and no longer surprises you. Observe The details, do some research about its origins, look at the weather and its correlation with the architecture, and the people, and the traditions. Ask questions, observe the details, and be curious. In my case, my hometown is a desert, the Sun is so strong that makes the colors fade off. It's a kind of new city. It has almost 120 years. Since the foundation, so there are things that are old and damaged and people don't appreciate them as antiques yet. Like the architecture. The city was formed by a Spanish on Lebanese people mainly, So we can still see the architectural and culinary influences. There are a lot of Art Deco buildings that used to be beautiful, But then most people, just thought they were old and didn't know about this Aesthetical Movement until recent years, So there are a lot of young people like me who likes arts and culture, we are trying to rescue them. It is our hot desert here. My color palette is full of browns, and neutral colors. Making a neutral color palette out of the Warm & Cool Primaries is a great color mixing exercise. There is beauty in these colors. I recommend you try it out. Now, it's your turn to go out, observe, and make some color palettes. I recommend you to use the Warm & Cool Primaries for this exercise so you can practice your mixing skills. But don't feel like you must do it that way. As I always say, experiment! That is a crucial part of the art process. See you in the next lesson, where we are going to start working on our Final Project! Yay, See you there. 9. Learning More About Color: Before we're ready for our final project. as you probably have seen now, color is a topic that can become very deep and complex. I have study color in a theoretical and practical way for many years now. I have read many books and done many experiments, and one thing I have realized is I think there will be a point where we can say: Oh yes. Now, I know everything about color. There are two main topics related to color, from where a whole class or book can come out. Probably I will talk more in future classes. These are: Color Glossary and Color Psychology. Since Color is a complex matter that relates many aspects, It's helpful to have some vocabulary so we can speak more freely. Check out Class Resources. Down here. I may add PDF explaining the main terminology. I honestly think is something more comfortable to understand by reading it. And Color Psychology is such a vast topic. It varies a lot in culture and personal experiences, And it changes over time. One thing I like to do when I am painting is to think about how a specific color palette makes me feel. and if that's according to the message I want to share. Reading about Color History or Cultural Meanings and Associations, or Trend Reports is always fun and interesting. But in this part of the process Always trust your gut. Color is quite emotional and wakes up sensibilities. So appropriate the colors, give them our personal meaning, use them in your own way. Color is a topic we could talk forever. So, in case you are like me, super passionate who always wants to learn more. Down here, you can find a Class Discussion where we all can share References. There are many books, articles, videos, documentaries, and so on, where I have learned many interesting things related to colorl. I believe we all can learn from each other. Since color, is a topic we all experienced in different ways, from our culture or personal preferences. I am sure you may have valuable information to share. The discussion board is a place to build up community, Check it out and feel free to contribute. Please do myself included. And many students who are eager to learn more, We'll appreciate! See you in the next lesson where we're going to talk our Final Project. 10. Final Project: We have learned many many things, from Color Theory, Temperature, Split Primaries, Lights, and Shadows and we have observed and put into practice our color mixing skills to create some color palettes inspired by our surroundings. In all the previous lessons, I have shown you how to make different color studies with multiple materials; watercolors, gouache, colored pencils, and oils. So the idea is you make a Portfolio of Color Studies for your Final Project. But you don’t need to make all the exercises that are in the workbook. Choose what you like the most, or what you are most interested in at the moment, and make those. Making the exercises will help you internalize and understand the concepts and your materials. Anyways, I have to be honest, making all of those took me a lot of time. That’s why I don’t want to overwhelm you, you know yourself and your unique interest. Right now make the ones that call your attention the most, and if you want in a week or month you can come back and make more. Every time I make color studies and experiments, I learned more about color. It helps me understand each concept. All of those topics are super important, Either if you are painting just for fun or if you want to make a career out of it. Something professional illustrators are required to do in specific projects is to work with a given color palette or develop one according to a certain topic or feeling and stick to it. For example, when I did this illustration for a collaboration with Kotex and Forever21. I was asked to make a illustration using the brand colors; this specific pink and a little bit of this aqua turquoise color. I had to build up a concept respecting these color requirements, everything else was pretty much free. And that's something you may frequently find. Colors always set up the message of the illustration or painting. This same illustration in another color palette may feel totally different. We could say this pink and aqua color palette is a Split Complementary Harmony because those colors come from the Red and Green’s families which are complementaries. Understanding this helps you make better color decisions when you are creating and justify those with clients in case you need to. So, I wanted to show you a real-life project where Understanding Color helped me. Every time I approach a new project, either personal or for clients, I feel all the color studies and experiments I have made for this class and before, help me be more confident in my art creation. So, I highly recommend you create a Color established portfolio we've learned Studies Portfolio and upload it here, share your experience. I am happy to help you if you have questions! So see you in the next and last lesson to wrap this up! 11. ... Before We Go!: Congratulations on having come this far! You should be happy! If you like to test yourself on the Color Harmonies Topic. There’s a Quiz on my Instagram Highlights @anamariamj_ Give it a try and tell me how you feel. Share your progress while you are working on, down here on the Projects & Resources tab. And if you have any questions or want specific feedback, please let me know. I am happy to help! Thank you. Remember to upload your Final Project, Leave a Review and Follow my Skillshare Channel to be up to date. I have some ideas for future classes where I want to dive into each specific Color Harmony or talk about other Painting and Drawing topics. So, I would love your opinion. What would you like to learn more about? See you in the comments! Thanks for being here!