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Travel and Directions | English Language Pro

teacher avatar For Your English, English Made Easy

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

14 Lessons (49m)
    • 1. Private transport 1 | Motor vehicles & traffic

      5:32
    • 2. Private transport 2 | Non-motorized transportation

      1:58
    • 3. Homework: how you travel

      0:16
    • 4. Flying 1 | Checking in, airport vocabulary

      4:48
    • 5. Flying 2 | Boarding, on-flight questions

      3:32
    • 6. Homework: flying exercise

      0:28
    • 7. Public transport 1 | Riding the bus

      2:43
    • 8. Public transport 2 | Riding the subway/metro

      4:11
    • 9. Travel idioms

      4:09
    • 10. Ask for directions | Part 1

      3:38
    • 11. Ask for directions | Part 2

      4:32
    • 12. Directions vocabulary | Part 1

      3:45
    • 13. Directions vocabulary | Part 2

      5:35
    • 14. Homework: directions map assignment

      3:36
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For Your English

English Made Easy

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I'm Kallan from For Your English 

and I'm here to help you get fluent in English!

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Improve your English grammar, speaking and conversation, listening, pronunciation, vocabulary, business English, American slang, idioms, phrasal verbs +  any other English language skills you need!

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Kallan

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Transcripts

1. Private transport 1 | Motor vehicles & traffic: travel, transportation and directions. I think most of us like to travel, but even if you don't, you still need vocabulary to go places where you live and understand what other people are saying. This section focuses on types of transportation, travel vocabulary, asking for directions and other tourism related questions you might have while abroad. Right now, though, let's start with the types of private and public transportation and how to communicate about them. Private transportation. Private transportation means that the service to bring you to another location is generally funded by a private company and usually offers more luxury and personal space. Many people own a car or motorcycle to go places They own the vehicle, so it is private transport if you have a bicycle, skateboard, overboard or scooter. Those are also types of private transport because they are private and not shared. Even walking is considered private. On the other hand, there are taxis and private bus companies that you can pay to take you somewhere. That is also private transport because it is a privately owned company offering a service without any assistance from the government to get a taxi. Most people now use an app like uber or lifts. You don't even have to verbally communicate with the driver. If you want to take a taxi, you can call to make a reservation on the phone or raise up your arm like this. If you're on the street, this is called hailing a cab or to hail a cab. If the cat pulls over, meeting stops in the street next to you, tell them where you want to go, and the driver will tell you if they will take you there or not. Taxis in the U. S. Will have a meter, meaning they charge, depending on the distance and length of the trip. If you are ever in a taxi and there is no meter, you want to negotiate the price of the trip before you enter the vehicle. Private buses usually only offer long distance rides. City buses, which are a part of public transport, take you places inside of the city if you are not sure if you are on the right bus or have any questions before boarding meaning before getting on the bus, find an employee or even a passenger at the bus station and ask one of these questions. Where should I go for the bus to blank and then your destination? Or is this bus going to blink and then your destination? A bus terminal can be a confusing place, and the announcements are hard to hear. So don't be afraid to ask these questions or you might miss your bus. Here is some more of the most important vocabulary to describe the most common types of private transport and the traffic we encounter traffic. We always talk about traffic, meaning how many vehicles there are in a road. If we say there's no traffic, we mean that there are few cars on the road and we can move at a normal speed without interruptions. If we say there is some traffic, moderate traffic or light traffic were saying that it's pretty normal, but there could possibly be some minor delays if there's heavy traffic. Were saying that there are a ton of vehicles on the road and we're going to experience severe delays. Finally, if there is a traffic jam, that means traffic has stopped moving completely. Traffic jams are the worst also, for traffic jams, we say to be in a traffic jam or for there to be a traffic. Jim, are you going to be on time for the wedding? I'm not sure there's some traffic where I am right now, but there was supposed to be some heavy traffic before getting on the highway. As long as there isn't a traffic jam, we shouldn't have to worry cars, trucks and motorcycles. If you have a car, truck or motorcycle, we drive them places to drive a vehicle. We drive things that have motors or a larger battery. When entering a car or truck, we say to get in with motorcycles and other vehicles that do not have size or a roof surrounding you. We say to get on to get in the car or truck to get on a motorcycle, get on, um, open. Get on a scooter with smaller vehicles like hoverboards and electric scooters. You can also say used to use a hoverboard, use an electric scooter. A more formal term related to the law is to operate a vehicle. Operate is something you're more likely to hear, a police officer or lawyers say. I don't say that I operate my car. I say that I drive my car if you just want to drive around for fun or take a longer drive to visit a place or person. A nice expression is to go for a drive. Want to go for a drive this weekend and visit Grandma? Hey, I'm kind of bored. Want to go for a drive in the countryside and then get something to eat? What is a motorcycle mope? Ed and scooter English learners often confused. A motorcycle moped and scooter Ah, motorcycle is a powerful, tool wheeled vehicle capable of traveling at very high speeds as fast as most cars. At top speed, a moped and scooter can be used to mean the same thing. They have the same shape as a motorcycle but go much slower, have less power and are typically smaller. Mo peds are very common in Europe and Asia, where the streets are smaller and they allow for more people to drive. At the same time, there is a different type of scooter that traditionally has no motor or battery. You stand on it with two legs and balance and steer with a handlebar. This type of scooter is now popular in big cities with a battery or small motor. When an American, says Scooter. This is what they're talking about, especially nowadays with e scooters, also called electric scooters. In the UK, a scooter probably means a less powerful and smaller motorcycle. That's what Americans call a mope it. 2. Private transport 2 | Non-motorized transportation: nonmotorized transportacion. There are also types of transport that are non motorized, meeting no engine or battery. The most common ones are bikes, scooters, wheelchairs, roller skates, Rollerblades and skateboards. For verbs, we say to bike to scooter, to roller skate, to roller blade and to skateboard. But if you are in a wheelchair, it is to go somewhere in your wheelchair. We can also say to ride a bike and ride a scooter, as well as to ride in a wheelchair with a bike, scooter, roller skates, Rollerblades and skateboard. We say Get on with a with a wheelchair. Get in, get on your bike. It's time to go Get on your roller blades. I've already got my roller skates on and ready to leave. Get in your wheelchair. You have to go to class. And the last type of private transport for now, walking to go for a walk means toe. Walk somewhere, usually for fun or for leisure. Many people enjoy going for walks, but if you are just talking about going from one place to another, that is to walk to a place or to walk from one place to another place. I walked toe work this morning, and when I finished, I walked to the cinema. If we have enough time, let's walk from the store to your house instead of getting a taxi. One cultural note about nonmotorized private transportation in the U. S. Wheelchairs are allowed on the sidewalk. That means not on the street, however. Skateboards, Rollerblades, roller skates and bikes should be written in the road, preferably in a bike lane. If there is one, however, Americans could be very passionate about their cars and trucks, so you might experience some aggression and harassment. When doing this. The United States is becoming more friendly towards non motorized transportation, but it is still much less friendly in Europe. In Canada now, let's move to another type of transport that is not really just private or public, but kind of both. And that is flying 3. Homework: how you travel: homework. But before we do that, I have an assignment for you. I want you to describe your preferred method of private transportation. Which type of private transport do you enjoy the most as well? Tell me which one you enjoy The least I look forward to seeing your response. 4. Flying 1 | Checking in, airport vocabulary: flying flying can be a pain in the butt, meaning annoying because off time delays connecting flights, missed flights and canceled flights. Thankfully, the vocabulary you'll use to survive all of those situations is really easy to learn. Let's start with arriving at the airport checking in. The first thing you need to do when you get to the airport is check in. That means finding your airline and finalizing your documents to make sure everything is correct and that you are allowed to fly to that place. An airline is a company that operates the flights you take like Delta, United and Air Friends. Most people still do this by going to a check encounter and talking to a real person. Other people use self check in kiosks without any assistance. If you have luggage, you probably need to find the check in desk to see if you have an appropriate amount. Luggage is an uncountable now that refers to all of the things you have with you that you are not wearing. We can also say baggage. Your luggage is probably in the form of suitcases or bags, so a suitcase and a bag are both accountable. One suitcase. One bag, two suitcases, two bags. When plural suitcases and bags have the same meaning as luggage. When you are traveling, the luggage you have that will be kept in a different part of the plane than where your seat is. Is called checked baggage or check toe luggage. The question Most agents working at the check in counter will ask you is something like, Do you have any bags to check in? If you have a checked bag, you usually can't use the self check in kiosk. You need to talk to a real person. Do you have any bags to check? Ah, yes, to in this carry on. Hello, ma'am. How much luggage do you have? I have two suitcases. Your carry on is a smaller personal item, or beg that you can carry with you on your person during the flight. Usually, this is something like a purse, backpack or other smaller bags that should fit in the overhead compartment, the space for luggage above your seat or should be small enough to fit below your seat. I'm sorry, sir. Your carry on is too big. You will have to check it in and pay an additional $75. Okay, fine. All right. That's all set. Here is your ticket. Your flight is taking off from terminal one. Gate B nine at 10 o'clock. Okay. Thank you. Parts of an airport. In the previous example, the person working at the check in counter told me that my flight was leaving from terminal one. Gate B nine. A small airport might only have one or two terminals, but a large airport will have many. And each terminal has different purposes. Some terminals might be for arrivals, others for departures and specific airlines are located in specific terminals. It's very important to know which terminal you need before arriving at the airport. Especially if you are running late. Meaning you are behind schedule or expecting delays. If you arrived to the airport and you don't know where to find the airline you are flying with almost anyone working at the airport should be able to help you. Just ask. Excuse me. Can you tell me where blankets and then the name of the airline Make sure to say thanks to And if one person doesn't know, go and ask the next person you don't want to miss your flight, so you have to ask questions. Excuse me, Can you tell me where Delta is? Oh, it's in terminal C. You're in terminal A. So you want to go that way and take the train to transfer to terminal C. Oh, thank you so much. If you don't know which direction to go for a terminal or gate after you get your ticket, asked the check in agent before walking away. Ask one of these. Can you tell me which way to the terminal or can you tell me which way to the gate? If you forgot to ask the check in agent, Ask anyone working at the airport, and you should find hope quickly. At most airports, you experience no security before getting your ticket. And if you do, it's usually just a metal detector. After getting your ticket and entering the correct terminal, you show your passport and your ticket to enter the main security checkpoint. If you're in the US, that usually means taking off your shoes, putting any electron ICS like a computer in a separate bin and taking off all metal objects that you were wearing in the United States. The people who do security R T s a agents, and they aren't very little money for the type of work they do. For this reason, it's common for these agents to be short with you. To be short was someone means to be a bit rude and communicate, uh, as little as possible. The best thing you can do is pay attention. Look at what other passengers air doing and ask a TSA agent questions. If you have any. And remember, no individual liquid container should be more than 3.4 ounces in size, and if you have more than one, they should be held together in a clear sealable bag. 5. Flying 2 | Boarding, on-flight questions: boarding. Sometimes the gate, you were supposed to take off from changes. Delays occur, and in the worst situation, flights are canceled. For these reasons, pay attention to announcements and gate information that is displayed. Boarding and flight announcements can be really hard to understand. So if you hear an announcement and you are not sure what it said, don't be afraid to ask other passengers. A nice, polite question to ask a fellow passenger is Excuse me. Did you hear what the announcement said? If you have any questions about your flight or are concerned that something has changed or might be happening, go up to meaning. Approach your gate and ask the employees working there. Your question. If you're not sure if it's the correct a gate for your flight, ask. Excuse me, Is this the gate for flight Le and then give your flight number. If you are not sure if you're Flight or a different flight Is boarding meeting getting ready to go on the plane? Ask Excuse me, Is flight blank boarding? Now again? Ask questions or you will miss your flight. Excuse me, Is Flight 404 boarding now? No, this is flight 101404 to Chicago will be boarding next. Excuse me. Is this the gate for flight 404? No. We announced a while ago that it was changed to gate C 10. You'll want to hurry questions on the plane. First, some essential vocab. It's to fly on a play to be on a plane. If you're simply describing the mode of transportation, you are flying by plane to your destination. I can't talk right now. I'm on the plane and we're about to take off. Take off is when the plane leaves the ground and enters. This guy landing is when you get back on the ground and finish your flight. How are you getting toe? Las Vegas were traveling by plane. Okay, You've boarded the plane and are on your way to your destination. But maybe there is someone in your seat. If someone is in your seat, say this. Excuse me. I think you're in my seat. If they don't move, ask for assistance from a flight attendant by saying, Excuse me. Someone is in my seat and they won't move. Another popular situation is that you are given customs forms or traveller entry forms near the end of the flight. They asked for basic information and are filled out with a pen. It's a good idea to fill it out. Complete the form immediately so you can pass through customs and leave the airport so much faster. If you don't have a pen, ask for one. Asked this question to a flight attendant or two passengers sitting near you. Excuse me, Could I borrow a pen? Just make sure to give the pen back when you're finished and say thanks. A layover is when you wait at an airport before getting on a second or third flight to continue your trip. These are called connecting flights. Hopefully, your layover is long enough so that you can easily catch your connecting flight. But sometimes layovers are very short or your first plane might have been delayed. If you are worried about not having enough time to catch your connecting flight, get the attention of one of the flight attendants near the end of the flight and ask this. Excuse me, can you tell me if I'll be able to catch my next flight and then they will ask for your flight number they can't always help you, but it's a good idea to ask. Often times the flight attendants will already be making announcements about connecting flights, especially if your flight is arriving late. So pay attention for that. But if they're not, they might be able to contact employees at the airport and tell them that you will be arriving late because of a flight delay. So ask if it is a major concern. 6. Homework: flying exercise: homework. Traveling by plane is a long ordeal, but it really helps if you have some of these vocabulary items and expressions ready to use . So right, a scenario for me, a situation where you have to use some of the stuff we just discussed. And if you can't think of an important word, try to describe it and I will give you the correct vocabulary or expression to say exactly what you want. All right, look forward to seeing your writing. 7. Public transport 1 | Riding the bus: public transport. Public transport is also known as public transit and mass transit. It is a type of transportation that moves passengers around in large groups and is available to everyone for a fee and sometimes free, depending on where you are. The biggest difference between public transport and private is that public is usually funded, given part of its budget by the local government. Because of that, public transport is often cheaper but also characterized as slower and more crowded. Anyways, let's look at the most popular types of public transport, like buses and subways and the vocabulary you'll need to use them easily. Buses, public buses, also called city buses, drive around the city, taking you to many stops. Where the bus gets you, picks you up, is called a bus stop or just a stop. If we are going somewhere new in the city or a place we don't visit often, we will ask the bus driver to make sure we are on the correct bus to do this when getting on the bus. But before paying, ask the driver. Does this bus go to blank and then your destination. People who live in that city will ask this question all of the time when going to neighborhoods they don't visit often, so don't feel embarrassed asking. In fact, if there are other passengers waiting with you at the stop, ask them first. If the driver says no, it is polite to ask. Can you tell me which bus I need? If the driver says yes, it is polite to ask. Do you know how many stops? Meaning, Do you know how long it will take? Or you can ask. Do you know which stop? I need to know when you should get off the bus. Sometimes you will need to transfer. That means that one bus will not take you all the way to your destination, and you will have to transfer or move to a different bus at some part of your journey. In some cities, the first thing the bus driver will say to you after you pay is do you need a transfer? If you are not sure, tell the bus driver where you are going if you think you might need a transfer, asked the bus driver by saying, Do I need a transfer to get toe blank and then your final destination bus lines or bus routes, meaning the pads they drive along could be very confusing even to residents of that area. So I recommend you download transit APS on your phone or tablet before visiting a large city to save yourself a lot of time. Also in the U. S. Public transport can be very late, which is another reason I recommend downloading APS that will give you up to date arrival times. Google Maps will be able to tell you the bus schedule for most cities in the US and allow you to plan a trip in advance. If you get off the bus meeting, exit the bus from the door close to the driver. It is common to say thank you to the bus driver as you leave. 8. Public transport 2 | Riding the subway/metro: the subway, first of all in general when referring to a type of public train that transports people within the city. We can use subway or Metro, but in spoken English, it depends on the city. For example, in Chicago, this train is called the L and much less commonly, subway in New York. It's mostly called the subway and less commonly, metro. In London, it's the tube in Boston, the T in Washington, D. C. Metro in San Francisco. Bart, think of these all as the local names that residents give to their soul boy or metro system . Do some research on a city before you go, because if I go to Chicago and ask, Where is the Metro stop? Most people will be confused and think I'm talking about something else. But a local Chicago resident will understand perfectly when I ask, Where's the L stop? For the rest of these transportation lectures, I will just use the term subway, do research, ask questions and download APS. The bigger the city, the more confusing the so boy system is. New York has the most subway stops of any subway system in the world, and I hate it. But if you want to use it, I really recommend a few things. First map out where you are going, meaning look on Google maps or another app, and it should tell you how to easily use any subway. Tell you the price and even when you should arrive second, ask questions. I have been on the subway in Chicago and New York plenty of times when the train stops and you hear an announcement probably saying that something is wrong. The thing is, these announcements are almost always impossible to understand and sometimes don't tell you what to do. If you don't understand what the conductor said, the person driving the train, you need to ask someone riding with you because the train might not be going toe where it normally goes or might be turned off and sent back the other way. A nice, informal way to ask someone on the train or outside of the train on the platform is Did you hear what they said? If they did, they will tell you, and they are probably a good person to ask for more advice if they didn't ask someone else because, like I said, even I usually can't understand those messages. Also, if you are on the train or about to get on the train, but not sure if you are going in the right direction as get different passenger This is this train headed to blank and then your destination. If they say they don't know, ask someone else with exploring the city. Asking questions like this consume embarrassing, but it's a much better than getting lost again. Download some public transport abs and see if the city or in lets you buy tickets online. Buying public transit tickets from a machine can be a huge headache and cause you to miss your train or bus. Save time and money by buying your subway and bus tickets from your phone or computer. When the subway is packed, meaningful and you need to get out. Riding the subway when it's not busy is easy. You can look at the maps they have in the train stretch and be ready to get off, meaning leave at any time. However, when it's busy packed full of people, you need to tell people you are getting off if you are not close to the door or you will miss your stop. This is the same when riding the bus. The most common in polite expressions for this Are are you getting off here? And is this your stop? I recommend you tap the person on the shoulder as you say these you see, when you ask these questions, you're really saying this is my stop or something. Like if you are not getting off the train at this stop, I am You will want to start asking this before the train stops so that people have enough time to move out of your way. If the person answers, yes, they will not get out of your way because they are also leaving the train, so follow them. But if they say no, they should move out of your way so that you can exit just like with buses. We call the places you get on and off stops. Also, you can just say Excuse me, the more urgent you need to get off the louder you should say, Excuse me, and the more you should just push yourself outside of the train, it can be a lot of exercise. So good luck. Don't be afraid to use your elbows 9. Travel idioms: travel idioms at a good clip. If you are moving at a good clip, it means you are moving at a relatively high speed at least faster than average, so you are definitely not moving slow. We can also say at a steady clip is most often used when talking about actual movement. Any type. Ah, person walking at a good clip means walking fast. A rocket ship blasting into space at a steady clip means flying fast as well. It can be used more abstractly to describe how quickly something is being done. So if you're studying this course, I imagine that you are learning English conversation at a good clip. Seriously, keep it up because you're doing a great job. Or maybe you got a new job and you have to learn a lot of new skills. But you're learning them quite fast. So you're adapting to your job at a steady clip. I feel like I'm not learning this fast enough. What do you think? To be honest, you're not going at a steady clip. We need to find a way to make you go faster. You really took that turn too fast. If you slow down will still be moving at a good clip. You're a reckless driver. To take a turn just means to turn. And if you take a turn too fast, you might go off the road and crash back seat driver. When you're driving, you might have a passenger who doesn't like the way you drive or criticizes you as you drive. That's a backseat driver. We call that person a backseat driver, even if they are sitting in the front of a car or truck next to you. If you're driving and someone is being annoying by saying you're driving too fast or too slow to carefully or to recklessly, they are a backseat driver. Why are you driving so slow? The speed limit is 70 miles an hour. Okay, I get it stopped being a backseat driver, I'm comfortable at this speed and his fast enough. You didn't come to a complete stop at that stop sign back there. Jesus, stop being a backseat driver and let me drive. But in line a line is when there are a lot of people waiting for something. Usually single file meaning one in front of the other People might form a line when ordering food, waiting to speak to someone or waiting to be allowed into a building. Waiting in line is important in the US and even more so in the UK It is that polite to go in front of people when there is a line already formed. This line can also be called a que, though it's less common in spoken English, especially in the United States. If you try to avoid waiting in line by pushing your way or trying to sneak your way into the front of it, that is called butting in line or two. But in front of someone we say butting in line because you kind of push people out of the way with your. But we also say to cut in line and to jump the queue. Also, 99% of English speakers all over the world say to wait in line. However, in places close to New York City, you also hear people say to wait on line. That is the only place in the world where people say this. It's even confusing toe other Americans, so always say to wait in line and don't butt in line unless you want to appear rude. A. I was in line first. You can't but in front of me go to the back. If we don't try to cut in line, we're going to miss our flight. So let's try to politely do it and see what people say on your way when talking about a trip or journey to be on your way means you already started traveling or going somewhere and are in the process of moving somewhere. Hey, are you still at home? No, I'm already on my way to your house. Good evening. I'm on my way home. Do you want me to get anything for dinner? Yeah, because if you already on your way, I won't have enough time to cook anything. Live out of your suitcase. Do you live out of your suitcase? If you do, it means you travel a lot. Like if you have to travel for business several times a week. You live out of your suitcase. Do you try to travel a lot for fun? That's also to live out of your suitcase. Ah, lot of people want to live out of their suitcase, but are unable to because they have obligations with work and family. I hope to retire next year and start living out of my suitcase. It's been my dream to travel and roam the world. I used to live out of my suitcase, but then I got married and had a few kids, so I can't travel much until the kids are older. 10. Ask for directions | Part 1: asking for directions when you get lost or don't know how to get somewhere, the first thing you have to do is get someone's attention so that you can ask for directions. When I say directions, I mean the instructions to arrive at your destination. If you feel like you understand these expressions already, skip this lecture and go directly to the next lecture for important vocabulary toe. Understand directions here are the most common in polite expressions to do that. Remember, not everyone is going to respond to these, so I'm going to focus on the expressions that work the best when you need assistance from someone went out in public one last point. Don't introduce yourself when asking for assistance. If someone introduces themselves to me on the street that I don't know, I assume two things. One. They're going to ask for money or two. They're going to try to take something I have. I have seen some YouTube videos that start with giving an introduction like saying your name Don't that would be bizarre in the United States, and people will try to get away from you as quickly as possible. Here's how you should do it. First, Get someone's attention. Excuse me. Excuse me, is the most common expression in English for getting someone's attention, meaning to get someone to notice you and listen outside of the U. S. You also hear? Pardon me, but in the US, excuse me is by far the most common, especially when asking for directions. Sorry to bother you. Sorry to bother you is also pretty common and much more polite, but don't use it. The main reason is because it's a popular expression used by people trying to sell you things on the street and homeless people asking for money. The second reason I don't recommend sorry to bother you is that it takes too long to say if someone is walking when you say this, they probably won't even hear what you're asking about. Excuse me is better because it's quick, polite and gives you time to start your question before the person walks away. May I ask blank And could you please blank? Don't use. May I ask if you need help or directions from someone? May, I ask, is a common expression used by people conducting surveys on the street. They usually go something like this. Hi, May I ask a couple questions about what you think about the current president? So when I'm walking and someone starts by saying may I ask, I naturally assume they're just trying to ask me questions for an organization. And I tried to ignore them. Could you? And can You are good by themselves. You don't need to put please into any of these expressions because you have very little time to get someone's attention when you are outside, especially in large cities. What's more common is just put Excuse me. At the beginning, I'm lost. Saying I'm lost can be very helpful but Onley for desperate situations. Be careful using this with regular citizens, because when you say I'm lost, it becomes obvious that you are not from the area and can be taken advantage of meaning manipulated. I recommend you use it with police officers or if you go inside a store and talk to an employee. My biggest concern is that if you start saying I'm lost two random people on the street, you become a target for thieves who have found an easy victim. For that reason. Onley, ask employees of stores if you ask for directions inside or if you find a police officer or other city employees. Now that you have the person's attention, let's look at the two most popular questions toe. Actually. Ask four directions. I'm giving you not just the two most popular, but also the two most useful questions to make sure you get the answer you need. 11. Ask for directions | Part 2: asking about places you think you are far from. Do you know how to get to blank? If you ask someone this question and they know the place you're talking about, they will tell you and give you directions to get there. This question is used for destinations you don't think are close to you. You assume that the location is fairly far away. So if you ask this question for directions to get to a place that is really close to you, you might first get a surprised response. Excuse me. Do you know how to get to the Winnebago Beach? First? Go left at the lights, then go straight until you see blah, blah, blah. I'm sorry. Do you know how to get to paisanos? What do you mean, a paisanos in a different part of the city? Because it's it's right here. A question you don't want to ask is Do you know where blank ISS? The question is, general. It's only asking if the person knows where it is located is not exactly asking for directions. Don't ask. Do you know where blank is? Because you will likely have to ask a couple more questions to finally be given instructions on how to arrive there. Do you know where Malcolm X Middle School is? Yeah. What you need help with? I'm sorry. Can you repeat that? I said, what do you need help with? Oh, I can't find it. Okay. So go down First Street and blah, blah, blah. So you specific questions when asking for directions, questions that tell the person you're talking to that you want to know how to get there and nothing else. Otherwise, you might be confused by the response you get asking about a place close to with the last expression we asked about a location we assumed was far away. But now let's ask questions about places that we think are close to us. The most popular question to do this is is blank around here. When you ask this question, it means you think the places close, but you can't find it. That is why we use it to ask about places close by that is near us. Don't use this question for places that you think are far away. If you do that, people will start by telling you that the place isn't far away and probably act confused and confuse you in the process. Excuse me. Is there a red line stop around here? Yeah, it's just right around the corner. Just go left. Thank you. Excuse me. Is paisanos pizza around here? Yeah. You're standing right in front of it, asking in an emergency. Finally, if it's an emergency, if you are absolutely lost, it might be best to call someone. Now, if you have a phone with you, you can probably just order a taxi firm uber or call your hotel or friend to get help. But if your phone is dead or not working properly, it is acceptable to ask a stranger to use their phone asking a stranger to use their phone . Of course, you want to ask people that look approachable. Not everyone will that you use their phone. And I first recommend that you go into a restaurant or cafe to make this request again. A police officer is also a good person to ask for help like this. If you ask a stranger, ask this. I'm so sorry. Could I please use your phone? You probably also want to quickly explain why you're making the request. So say that your phone is dead. Meaning has no more battery isn't working properly. You got mugged or whatever excuse. Not everyone will let you use their phone, but I can almost guarantee that someone will. Personally, I have let people use my phone while walking around Chicago to make an emergency call. But it's much more likely that a stranger will let you use their phone if you make the request inside a restaurant or cafe, because there is much less risk of you stealing it if you are inside by other people. For example, if you desperately need help and you are in the city, there are many fast food restaurants and cafes. We can go inside and calmly ask someone if you can use their phone. I'm so sorry my phone died and I'm lost. Can I use your phone to find my way to my Airbnb? Sure, no problem as well. You can also try asking the people working at the cafe or restaurant if they have a phone you can use. In this case, you don't want to ask to use the employee's personal phone. We're actually asking to use a shared company phone that most businesses have. So the question becomes I'm so sorry. Is there a phone I can use And then probably explain why you need to use it. I'm so sorry. Is there a phone I can use to call my hotel? My phone is dead and I don't know how to get back. Sure. Come with me. We have a phone in the back. And finally, if you are in any emergency situation, any police officer you see should be able to assist you in some way. Now that you can get someone's attention and ask for directions, Here's the vocabulary to understand where to go. 12. Directions vocabulary | Part 1: directions of vocabulary. Let's start with a street. A street is a narrow type of road in the city, oftentimes with houses or businesses on each side. When two streets intersect, meaning pass each other that is an intersection. So technically, a street is narrower than a road, and a road is narrower than the highway. Ah, highway is. We're very fast traffic. There was also an alley or alleyway, thes air narrower than streets and usually shorter, too, and most often used for parking your car and putting your garbage outside with an alley. The most common proposition is in with a street road or highway we most often use on. But when we are first entering of street, road or highway, we say to get on to get on the street, get on a road, get on a highway. I'm in the alley behind your house. Can you see me first? You need to get on first street. Once you are on the street, continue straight for 10 minutes. No, you're on a smaller road right now. You want to get on the highway? Here is a picture of an intersection where first street intersex with second Street most often at an intersection, you will see a stop sign or stoplights. We say to stop at a stop sign and to stop at the lights and spoken English stoplights is off to just the lights stopped at the lights and in parts of Wisconsin, Michigan and Minnesota. We call them the Stop and go lights. This is what a stop sign looks like, and this is the most common style of lights in the United States. Now let's say we are at an intersection. We have a lot of choices about where we can go. Maybe someone tells us to go straight. Here's what that means. It's to go in the same direction without turning. We can also say to go straight ahead and straight down, plus a street. Go straight down the road until you see a big church means the same thing as go straight until you see a big church similar to go straight is go along. We usually go along something like Go along the street until the bank. This is a little more specific than just saying Go straight because it's telling you to follow a specific path, usually a road, so go straight ahead until the bank and go along the street until the bank have the same meaning, go straight or straight ahead. Just means you don't have to turn or do anything else until a specific point go along. Something just puts more emphasis on what path you are following. Another similar expression is to go past or continue past something it means go straight and continue to go straight. After you pass a specific place, go past the theater and then you will see a big intersection go right at the intersection, continue past the stadium and then you will see my house five minutes later on the left side of the street. At some point, you will probably have to turn when we want to describe a turn. Left or right, we have a few options for verbs. Turn, go or take. Turn left. Take a left. Go left, Turn right. Take a right Go right. They all mean the same exact thing. If you want someone to turn at a specific place, use at after the direction and then the place turn left at the intersection. Take a right at the corner. Go left at the lights as well. We can also say to go around the corner. We have corners at intersections. Thes are all corners. To tell someone to go around a corner also means to turn. We say to go blank around a corner. That means left or right, Go left around the corner and you will see me go right around the corner and then go straight until the street ends. 13. Directions vocabulary | Part 2: if the person knows if you're talking about left or right, then you can just tell them to go around the corner. If someone tells you to go around the corner, but you don't know, left or right, simply ask which way or which way around the corner. If you're at an intersection, the best way to tell someone where you are is to tell them you are at the corner of Blank Street and blank street, for example. In this image, I'm at the corner of First Street and Second Street, and as you can see, that means I am at one of the four corners of that intersection. Hey, can you give me a ride home? I'm at the corner of Division and Blue Mont. Sure, Which part of the intersection are you? On which corner I'm next to the pharmacy. There's also a very common expression to describe how close something is to you If you say that a place is just around the corner, It's a very popular way to say that something is close or in the same neighborhood. Where is the bar we're going to tonight? Oh, it's just around the corner will be there in five minutes. Is her house far from here? No, not at all. It's just around the corner. We live really close to her at the intersection. Take a left around the corner and you're there. When someone says you were there, it means you will revived when you arrive and you want to tell someone, Just say I'm here. Sometimes you need to turn around. That means to go back the way you came or were coming from. When you're walking or using any type of nonmotorized vehicle, it's more common to use, turnaround or go back. But when you're driving, this is called a U turn. And in spoken English, we often say you we to make a U turn or you e to do a u turn or you Yui isn't a real word, so always right, you turn. If you see this symbol while driving, it means that it is legal to make a U turn. So there's the legal driving maneuver you can do. But also we say you turn more often in general English. Even when not talking about driving just too mean to do the opposite of what you were doing . You need to make a U turn in your life right now, because the direction you're going is on Lee going to be bad for you know you're going the wrong way. You want to make a youI and go back the other way for about 15 minutes. There is a newer type of intersection called a roundabout. For people walking around about is not very different than any other intersection. But if you're driving, it is quite different. First of all, around about has no stop signs or stoplights. There is only a yield sign, which means slow down, but don't stop completely around about will have various exits you can take and you choose . Win toe exit. When exiting, we can say to exit or to take an exit. When I get to the Roundabout, do I exit right away or at the second exit? You should take the first exit. If you take the second exit, you'll get on the highway. If you're driving or walking, you'll probably hear across the intersection. That means to go across the street at a point where intersects with another street when at an intersection across the street, has the same meaning when you cross here while walking, there will usually be stop lights or a stop sign with a cross walk to show you where to cross. If we just say to cross the street, it can also mean to cross the street where it does not intersect with another street. We often do this away from intersections, so there is no crosswalk lights or stop signed to help and protect us in the United States . This is called jaywalking and is technically illegal, especially when it's a big street. But almost everyone does it. Here is a group of people jaywalking. You can see that they are crossing in the middle of the street, away from the intersection and away from the stoplights and crosswalk. If the police wanted to, they could arrest his group of people or find them for jaywalking. However, that almost never happens. And if you're crossing a smaller street, you really have no other option. This is a crosswalk. It's called a crosswalk in the United States, but in the UK it's also called a zebra crossing. If you call it a zebra crossing in the United States, people will laugh at you. We say to cross at the crosswalk. You shouldn't jaywalk. You should always cross at the crosswalk. If someone tells you that something is next to something else, that means that it is beside it, literally, to its side. Like here, the museum is next to the theater, and the theater is next to the museum. Next to is much more common when giving directions and beside sounds quite formal. If something is between or in between, two other things, it is in the middle, so this bistro is between the bar and cafe. We can also say the bistro is in between the bar and cafe. There's really no difference. And we're just saying the bistro is in the middle of the bar and cafe. Finally, when we say something is on the other side, usually other side off a street. It means this because there are the sides of the street and any other type of road, so the subway and the cafe are on opposite sides of the street. But when we say something is on the other end or opposite end off the street, we are expressing something quite different. For example, on this street there are two subway stops. However, they are on opposite ends off the street. It's the same with these cafes. They're on opposite ends of the street. You went to the wrong cafe. You went to the one at the end of the street. I meant the one over here. Do you want to meet at the subway or at the cafe? It doesn't matter. They're just on opposite sides of the street, aren't they? I'll just see you outside when I get there. That's it. For directions. It's homework. Time to put your new travel direction mastery into practice. 14. Homework: directions map assignment: homework. There's two parts to begin. There are a few places on this map that I have not told you about yet, So let me just quickly explain what they are and give you some important vocabulary. Second, I'm going to give you some directions. Toe follow on the map and you tell me to what location they take you. A laundromat is where people do their wash. Wash their clothes if they are not able to do it at home. The machine that washes your clothes is a washer. In the machine that dries your clothes is a dryer. Your dirty clothes that need to be washed is your laundry. Second, a daycare is a place where parents takes their young Children for most of the day while they are at work or doing other things. If your child is not old enough for school yet, they probably go to a day care while you work. You drop your kids off at the day care, meaning you leave them there and then you pick them up at the end of the day to drop someone off to pick someone up. Third jewelry is necklaces, rings, bracelets and other accessories covered in jewels or gems that usually cost a pretty penny , meaning they are expensive. A jewelry store, also called a jeweler, sells these types of things. Finally, a bank. You know what a bank is, and you really don't need much money to use one. First of all, you'll most often use an A T M an automatic machine to withdraw money. But it's not always easy to find one. So you might ask someone. Is there an A T M around here? Most likely, if you are at a bank, you want to exchange some currency. We can also say to exchange money. This means to change a foreign currency into a local currency. To do this, just wait for your turn and then ask the bank teller, the person working at the bank. Can I exchange this into blank like dollars or pounds? Okay, enough vocabulary. It's time for directions. You can download this map or just use the one I have up here. Whenever I say start, I mean from the X at the bottom of State Street by the stoplights. First directions. Drive straight until the roundabout and take a right go past the library and turn right again onto Capitol Way Alley. Staying in the alley. Go to the place that is across from the grocery store. What is it? It's the bistro. Second directions turn left at the lights. Do a youI because actually, I think we're going the wrong way. After making your U turn, go past the lights until the end of the street at the end of the street. We go to the building next to the movie theater toe. Ask for help because we are lost. What building is it? It's the bank. We ask the bank teller where the places were looking for. They say it is at the other end of the street beside the gas station, which places it. It's subway stop to last directions. Someone tells us to meet them at the corner of Capitol Way Alley and First Street. What to places might we be meeting them at? There are two corners at first treat in Capital Way Alley, so the place we're meeting them might be the library or the police station. I'm hoping the library. If you have any other questions, forgiving or understanding directions, just send me a message