The Watercolor FAQ - The 10 Most Frequent Questions Beginners Have | The Artmother | Skillshare

The Watercolor FAQ - The 10 Most Frequent Questions Beginners Have

The Artmother, Professional Art Teacher and Artist

The Watercolor FAQ - The 10 Most Frequent Questions Beginners Have

The Artmother, Professional Art Teacher and Artist

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13 Lessons (33m)
    • 1. Introduction

    • 2. What Paints to Use?

    • 3. What Brushes to Use?

    • 4. What Paper to Use?

    • 5. Do You Pre-Draw?

    • 6. What Subjects to Start With?

    • 7. How Much Water to Use?

    • 8. Do You Use a Hairdryer?

    • 9. What is Masking Fluid?

    • 10. Copyright - Do I Need to Give Credit?

    • 11. How to Finish a Watercolor Painting?

    • 12. Bonus Video

    • 13. Final Thoughts

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About This Class

Welcome to the Watercolor FAQ

This class is created for very beginners and beginners in the watercolor medium. I will answer the 10 most frequent questions that beginners have based on the regular Ask Me Anything Friday Thread in the Watercolor for Beginners FB group run by me.

There are 10 questions that pop up regularly that I will answer in general and in the BONUS video I will answer 10 more to cover everything. The explanations will not be too detailed, just to give an idea for a good start! The class is a great addition to The Watercolor Painting Series - the series of classes for very beginners to guide them through the most important topics.


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The Artmother

Professional Art Teacher and Artist


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1. Introduction: welcome to the Water Cup of frequently asked questions. Mine is always under Cabul, and I'm a professional art teacher and artist. You can find me a woman by the name depart whether and I'm the owner of the Amazing Facebook Group for beginners. Every Friday we have an ask me anything, Fred. There I tried to answer all the questions. And if I don't know the answer, I do research. There are several questions the book up regularly, So I thought I will create this class to address them in this class. I'm going to reserve 10 most frequent questions very beginners beginners have with water colors on. And as a bonus studio, I will give a quick answer to 10 more of questions just to make sure I'm covering everything. So the class is ideal for beginners who are at the very beginning of their watercolor art journey. They don't know what kind of paints to buy brushes, to use paper to use. I'm actually how to start painting, and the class can be useful even for those who were just looking for a specific answer to a question. Just look actively stop the videos. You will see with questions I'm going to answer. And you can just click of that are Gandhi. Answer. What kind of pains To use? How fancy tubes. What kind of brushes do you re comment? What kind of paper to use do you pre, Joe? What you're painting? What are the best subjects to start with? How much water to use? What is mosque input and how to use it? Can I use a hair? Trier, Cooperate. Do I need to give credit? How to finish a watercolor painting plus 10 bonus questions. Okay, so if you're ready, let's get 2. What Paints to Use?: the first question. What pains should I get? Well, this is an ultimate question because nobody agrees on how to start. There is a tribe saying that you only need six pains, meaning you need a warm and cool yellow warm and cool red, warm, warm and cool blue so that you can makes all the colors from the color wheel. Well, this is true, But as a professional art teacher with more than 10 years of experience, I can tell that beginners can get intimidated and overwhelmed really quickly on this. Mixing a learning mixing even before starting painting can be a thing that just scares away a person from, like doing heart. So on and off course I'm going to be honest with you guys. I think having just six colors is boring. Amir is a craft order. I am totally amazed when I see a pallet full off pains. I think that a person who wants to create art needs to get obsessed. And if that starts with Kraft hoarding that life does happen, it happened to me. The next question is if to start with health and sets or to pains there are present comes to every of them. But I would say started to help set. And I'm going to say why I have a thing. These are new to help him stop here. I said it didn't start with this, but it comes to the point. It has lots of lots of Collins which I can explore on would help us. Paint can get easy activated. So you need Onley to job a little water into the help in and you can start painting while with two pains. You need to get the right consistency which can be again negative factor for a very beginning. From my experience, beginners tend Teoh either to over wet the two pain so they don't get enough pigment on their brushes on. They just end up with dark colors or they don't wet them enough. And they create a thick layer from political as a weight wash or akra lakes, which cracks and really not nice. So it is a skill you need Teoh acquire by time, not when you're just starting out. Okay, so the next question is yes. If you start with the student Great order, Professional grade, where Well, the real difference between them is just the pigment quality eso where when you have a student, great pains you might find colors were in a hue in it in the name, which means that the rial pigment is replaced with a synthetic pigment. And that's just old. And that's just the professional detail. So when you start out, you really don't need to put that extra money into that. It will give you a nice experience, yes, but if you can't afford it, I think you don't need to invest a lot of money in something that you haven't started yet. So returning Teoh the previous thought. I think you're just started with the help us that find a cull ist that you like, for example, for me. Indigo, turquoise, purple boy submarine. Tell a blue and it's a good idea. Then Teoh grade dose colors into professional tubes to pains and then feel the empty, healthy ones from my own palette. Or you can get from Amazon empty pallets, and you can add pain from your tubes into them. And then you have, ah, signature call a paella that you are using. That just awesome. But that isn't the first step, Kate. I would love to give a few more, uh, examples on what does mixing all of your colors from the primaries mean if you have taken my watercolor painting Siri's, you have seen in the color theory that if you mix your secondary colors from the same primaries, your artwork will have harmony, color, harmony, and that is important. But there are several primary colors that you can use. OK, so they're not just red, yellow and blue, but there are rows. Mother Genuine Ire, Everly in Yellow, Coble Blue or Roseanna Rose Matter. Manganese Blue Rosiana Rose madder celery in blue or permanent rose New Gambler Watch French Ultra Marine or permanent Ours are in crimson yellow, Reser Yellow, Windsor Blue. As you can see, I just listed six possibilities for primary colors with means, and those possibility is, um, off colors, and all of these mixes have slightly different results on. This can be exciting and fun, but if you don't know what's the difference between permanent rose and also in crimson, or sell Ram Blue Onda Windsor Blue, which is which is also known as Tele boo, Uh, you will be missing out on finding your own color palette Okay, So this is the reason, I would say, uh, lived his next stop to exploring depict moments. Andi, that was the last sentence. 3. What Brushes to Use?: The second question is, what kind off brushes do I recommend? Okay, so when you're just starting out, all the recommendation is to get round brushes because they are intended for water colors because they hold up more water. But you can even your fingers. So that's really not the point. You can think flat brushes. You can actually use a flat brush for washes. That's a better. There is a brush called wash brunch, which is a big, flat brush for what colleagues to create to wear the paper. So basically just gather sat off from brushes on, and I'm a graft harder with does as well. I have 200 rashes. Uh, that's actually I'm using, like, four from them. I have a I have a meal sized around brush. I have a small detail breath, which is round well. I have a bigger around breath, and I'm using a bigger flood brush for the washes. The question about the state that they have the rial for I prefer too simplistic because they're cheap. More dribble the cheap brushes with rial for 10 to lose hair, which is a really pleasant and annoying Um, so I use a loss of brushes because I'm painting a lot, so I just got simple Milham brushes, which are around. Those pressures that are good on out from really for are expensive, but after you get used to painting on, use up at least a set off Mylan brushes. It is a good idea to upgrade on in West in a real for brush. If you don't find it unethical, their two best first for watercolor paint brushes on data stable on square. Old Sable is a small animal living in a North Asia and has really smooth for, And here is a really interesting fact, the Russians say 40 and about starting with sorrow. So Cirque again. Saraqeb, which is very different from other Slavic languages where they usually use the bird they have for four for 40 like steady on students. That and four in Russian is not Cirque but to teed it. And the reason for that is that the Russians made sable coats and to create one coat they had to use 40 sables and Sabel is sirach in Russian Sad story, but interesting. Anyways, you can find on the market brushes called Kohli's G, and they're told to be the best, but it has its price. So in sorry, I recommend to start with any brush you have at home or just get a simple, cheap set off round Nuland brushes to start with us in the next video that I don't really recumbent to invest a lot of money into pains on brushes but the safe that to invest in the paper. 4. What Paper to Use?: what kind of paper to use? Well, that's a good question on that's the most important question. If you watched the previous two well, yes, you saw that. I don't really becoming to invest a lot of money into fractures and pains, but I do recommend Teoh to save your money for a good quality paper. The minimum is a 300 gram in thickness, which is one of £40. Um, because you need thick paper does hold up the water that you use for water color painting so anything below 300 grams with buckle aloft and give you an unpleasant experience. So get 300 grams called press medical paper. The difference between cold press and hold breast. It's the texture. Hope presses smoother, really rather for illustrators. And we're professionals who don't really need water. Color texture is easier to control. The paint on cold pressed watercolor paper about D did brands. They say the bus brand a arches. If I'm pronouncing it right, what I'm using Ihsfah Brianna, Because again I'm painting a lot. I need a lot of political paper for Brianna is fairly cheap on his group. Good quality, and I'm buying down in paths because then you don't need to stretch the paper. Um, just paint old pat on, then removed a paper on. You will be good to go. 5. Do You Pre-Draw?: do your pre Joe, What you're painting if I don't have experience and I'm not going forward was painting. I pray, Joe, what I'm painted. What I use for this is that I have this great color sat off logical and sells what is good . And what a car passes is that they don't Your village have the passing marks on your paper . You don't need to raise that are take care of them simply Oh, you just blend the all time in Teoh painting Off course, You can use simple graphite pencil for pre joing, but I Woz, you do minimize the pencil marks. Do lots off catches off your artwork before you published a watercolor paper so that you know what lines and shapes you want to create. Um, I'm to minimized. Pass simmers with this process on, Do you can just mark some dogs, for instance, where you want to place objects or you can like put drove the whole outlines, but that you need to take care of those lines. If you just used Emma's guidance on you, don't paint over them. That's parting. You can raise these lines after once, but if you paint over them you will not be able to get rid of this person works. But you can use, for example, Inc order these markers to a pretty brave these lines I sometimes use down Teoh Redrow de Helplines team praised these passing works in a place that's just fine. So so yes. 6. What Subjects to Start With?: What are the best subjects to start with? Well, that's a good question. Again, it is totally up this to start with something easy Galaxies, easy landscapes, objects that are not too detailed or demand high job skills. There are five places you can get inspiration on resources for living. First, you can go on Pinterest and find easy projects for beginners. Just write a water color beginner projects into Pinterest, and you will get tons off resources. Second, you can go to YouTube. There's some really great creators, so create tutorials for beginners. I have created a block post. We tend you to bursted fellow. I will see the link in the resources of this closeness and you should check out my brother for painting. Serious. I'm starting out totally easy projects for beginners, and I'm teaching color theory on our theory within the dam. It is a great way to start, I think. Yes, the fourth place aren't blocks around. Just searching Google and the faith is yes. During the wonderful for beginner space removed, their tells about a Facebook groups as well. You can join them but join mine because we have amazing tribe 17,000 members we have dramatic days like inspiration. Monday asked me anything Friday, very beginning Sunday, where we give an extra support for beginners and it is just totally amazing community. People get aspire to wait each other, and it's just And I would love to mention all the possibilities that are not online, because learning at home alone can be a really lonely buying time. So it is important to look for communities. So make sure to localize the nearest art school. Look at their programs if they offer, want a color, workshops or corn says, or goto watercolor retreats. Which is kind of new thing there, like a camps assed for kids. But for adults who creates together and then you can meet a fellow watercolor wrists or people with the same interest go to galleries. Museums locally are two. State is roger bit far way, but it can be an amazing experience on and go to local art. I went joined the local art community because it is always great to create together to find your people, and you're trying on it being more rewarding, I promise 7. How Much Water to Use?: how much water to use? I wouldn't say it depends on the subject. With ever painting, you need to think in a once plan on whole process, keeping mind how many layers will have if you are building up a painting from the background, lots of layers on washes. You want me to stretch the paper, which means you need to wet the whole on Let it try, and then you can apply washes. But if you are a beginner, I think you shouldn't start with that complex projects. So just choosing is a subject I start to paint on what you are. Pains well, find the right consistency, and it is really about experience because there lots of discussions about questions about how much water to use. My my paper drives a lot faster, etcetera. It is also about the humanity you have in your room. Have hottest in your room, etcetera. So you really need to experiment. What works for you, how much water you need 8. Do You Use a Hairdryer?: do you use a hair dryer? Well, personally, I don't use a hair dryer. Watercolor painting is about patients. Okay, You need to be patient. Wait until your layers are dry. Beginners tend to be really impatient. This causes a lot of mistakes in there are words so you can use a hair dryer. They say if you use a dryer, your colors get dull. Well, I just just part true because only border back rises from your paper. Okay. Pigment don't pigment can get damaged by heat. So if you are patient with hair trying as well, you will be good to go. So see, villages don't put ahead prior to are close to your painting. Don't put it into straight heat. Just be patient with this are drying thing as well. Or just put the painting a site and do something else. Or what I'm doing is I paint paintings and lots of details and small faiths. And I don't use to much mother because I like this why Prince died. That's going on. So what I do is I work on one part of the painting and I follow the outer part, and when I'm done with the other part. That first part is dry, so I can return to that at. So yes, you can use a hair dryer. 9. What is Masking Fluid?: What is masking played on how to use it? Well, musky. Let me just show you. I'm asking, flayed as actually gum Arabic which does exactly what its name is it mosques. So you know when you are painting in watercolors you work from lights too dark on. You might want to keep the white off the paper a za highlight off your subject. For example, because you can't paint white. We wanted colors. You can paint it with watch or acrylics, which is a pack. But you might want to use this thing, which is actually really amazing. Just make sure you are using a brush that you are, which is not your favorite. This is why it is good to have lots of brushes. So you just applied on the paper, let it dry and then you can paint on what everything's tried. You remove it. This masking flight on you will have the white of the paper preserved 10. Copyright - Do I Need to Give Credit?: copyright issues. Do I need to give credit? Definitely. Giving credit applies to the YouTube to to realize that you were falling. So, for example, let's say you choose a video and painting painting on when you are sharing your offer. You should give credit. Teoh Creator After YouTube video at least say its pilot. By this tutorial, you can off course use photos for reference from Stop for the sides, for example, on Splash on Splash Pics Bay pixels at. But you need to keep in mind that dose photos are used by anyone else in the world. So I have an issue in the interface group last week. So there was a woman sharing an ultra from a reference bottle, and there was another woman telling that she could be her. And then they figured out that they ball to use the same reference follow, but neither of them gave credit to the photo. Even though you are using a royalty free follow, you should say that you painted that from a reference photo. If you're copying it exactly. OK, so this applies. If you are coping something in full extent, if you are just looking at a reference photo to know where the shadows are in a certain objects. For example, when I'm painting doughnut in one of my episodes, I'm looking at the reference for the But it was copying it, not the colors and the shapes. I'm just looking. Wear the shadows, you know you want to draw there. I don't know how his legs are. You are looking at a photo, and you figure it out by that. And that's not copying. You don't need to create a credit to the reference photo and also, if you are, is fired by some artwork. But you do that with your own signature style. You don't really need to give credit. This is a bit unclear, but just make sure you're not coping anyone. Deep in your heart, you always known that something isn't your berg. Just let it listen to that sound. Okay? Making art is great. If you're coping somewhat, it's great. It's a good way to learn on. It is not a shape if you give credit, it's just respecting the orginal artist 11. How to Finish a Watercolor Painting?: how to finish a watercolor painting. At first, let's talk about why would you want to give it a finish? Well, after we're done painting and everything is completely dry, you might want to display your artwork right, And this is why you want to give it finishing touches. It might mean that you need to start with making your painting flat, even if you have only a little buckle in it. It might happen even if you stretch the paper before painting. If the bucco is small, placing the painting below weighty books might work. If not, you should tape you're on trick on a clean surface with the painting facing down on sprayed back off it with water that let it dry. Maybe again. Ah, with the help of some weight pigments in your pains have different levels off light Fastness. It means that when they are exposed to direct fell light, the colors fade, so you might want to preserve your our trick. You can use varnish to do this, their products out there called watercolor varnish with different kinds of finishes, like closely matey or statin. And they contain a UV fielder, which protects your artwork you can put your artwork behind the glass as well, But make sure to use a border so that the painting doesn't touch the glass itself. And make sure you use conservation glass with ultraviolet blocking properties. Even if you do this steps, it is still not recommended to hang your artwork to a place where it is exposed to direct sunlight too much. And the final way you can preserve your art is by digitizing it. This is what I personally do. So I scanned, idiotic and keep the originals in a dark drover so I can make as money prints from it as I want. Um, but if you are interested in this process, check out my foolish apart discourse. So, yes, I think these are just stops for finishing a watercolor painting. 12. Bonus Video: Okay, now we are bones video. I'm going to answer 10 questions quickly. Do you paint the background before or after the main subjects? It depends on the subject. Isn't okay to makes the brands. Yes, you can make some all around. What are your favorite color mixes? Um, tell Abou ends up green kiss An amazing turn. Can you re use dry paint off course? Just put water into our any old watercolor. Eight. Feel Catholic. Debated watercolour on canvas. There are specific waste. Jessa, the canvas that you can paint a swastika was on them, but they're a canvas specifically made for watercolors as well. What are the best brands? I think it is a personal preference where you live in the world or what you can buy or afford. So I would love to just name the brands I hear the most into Facebook group so far. Pains it ISS Windsor and you turn Windsor unusual Cotman, which is just great. Hold Bain. Nail your shrinky on Daniel Smith for paper. Two arches of Fabbiano struck more skansen for brushes. Dida's one dog bluff on the silver black. Well, wait, can I make money from my paintings? Yes, there are several ways to do that. You can sell your own after work. You can do commissions. You can use a print on demand sides or license your artwork. Just research these topics on You will find local for sources. I'm procrastinating as a normal. Yes, of course. It happens to everyone. Just don't force yourself display around and you will reconnect with your creative flow. Can you use Akra lakes away? The water color? Well, yes. But not exactly with mixing each other but separately. So, for example, when adding highlights how to take care of the brushes? Ah was done well After you're finished painting on, don't let them stand in the water holder too long. And if they lose their shape, apply hair conditioner dumb for a few minutes. 13. Final Thoughts: Okay, so I hope I've covered everything you needed to know. If you have any questions, you can ask it in the discussion in this class, I can join us in the Facebook group. They really will come. You come on. Come to ask anything Friday. Um, if they're really some of the questions hoping I love data's class dances to make sure to follow me a social media on Instagram and Facebook and of course, heroes killed her hit default bottom to see when I'm grating classes. So thank you very much for watching. I hope it was beneficial for you. I wish you want today as a project. Please upload a one off your watercolor paintings into the project gallery on. Write a detailed description. What paper? What pains? What techniques are used on anything that looks up to your mind that could be beneficial for other people?