The Value of Making Color Swatches: A Simple Method To Improve Your Art | Weronika Salach | Skillshare

The Value of Making Color Swatches: A Simple Method To Improve Your Art

Weronika Salach, Art with MAGIC

The Value of Making Color Swatches: A Simple Method To Improve Your Art

Weronika Salach, Art with MAGIC

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8 Lessons (39m)
    • 1. Introduction

    • 2. Your Project

    • 3. Why To Make Swatches

    • 4. Types of Color Swatches

    • 5. Cut-out Swatches

    • 6. Your Materials

    • 7. Demo: Let's Swatch!

    • 8. Final Thoughts

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About This Class

The Value of Making Color Swatches: A Simple Method To Improve Your Art

The real beauty of painting with traditional media, such as watercolor or gouache, is that they behave in spontaneous and often unpredictable ways. We may like a particular paint color, however we have no 100% guarantee that it will look good or as we imagined on our paper. The gorgeous tubes of watercolors promise a certain color outcome, when in reality the final result doesn't resemble what's on the producer's tube. And gouache paint, for example, can dry out and darken or lighten its color, which sometimes leaves us unhappy with our painting, forcing us to start all over.

Those "happy color accidents" can be fun but they're not always entirely welcome. In this class we will be learning about the value of creating color swatches with the goal of improving our art and ultimately making better, or more interesting, color choices using traditional media.

In this class:

  • you will explore using different color swatches types
  • you will learn new hacks to instantly improve your color choices
  • you will master a SIMPLE method of using cut-out swatches to make better art

Whether you are just starting out with traditional media or consider yourself a well-seasoned artist, I will present a very easy, straightforward and intuitive way of working that will produce vibrant and eye-pleasing illustrations.

Happy swatching!



Meet Your Teacher

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Weronika Salach

Art with MAGIC

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My name is Weronika. I'm an artist, as well as a yoga and meditation teacher. Originally from Poland, now based in Berlin, Germany.

I love to paint! Drawing is so meditative, isn't it? I started with traditional art media, mainly watercolor, gouache and alcohol-based markers. Till today, I love the unpredicatbility of watercolor and the sound of gouache gliding on paper. My guilty pleasure? Buying new art supplies ^^

My latest addiction is digital drawing on my iPad in Procreate. The fact that I experimented so much with the traditional media before the digital has really vastly helped me improve my iPad drawings. And vice versa - since I started sketching more and more digital, with no fear of "wasting too much paper", I've noticed a new level of conf... See full profile

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1. Introduction: Traditional media like watercolor or gouache are pure magic. Despite the fact that I've been creating more digital art lately, I just keep coming back to the good old watercolor paper. From vibrant watercolors, shimmering special editions, creamy gouache, and super fun markers, there are so many colors and textures to choose from. Yeah, sometimes too many. Hi, my name is Weronika, I'm an Artist IIllustrator based in Berlin. In this mini course, I will be teaching you about how to approach creating color swatches, so that you improve your illustration creation process. If you'd like to make better medium or color choices, this compact class is here to help you out. It will give you an overview of why it's recommended to make color swatches. Please be warned, color swatches creation is very addictive and as a byproduct, you may start to see a rapid improvement in the final look of your artworks. We will briefly talk about types of color swatches from simple washes to more elaborate color charts. However, the biggest highlight of this class will be to teach you this simple, yet very effective method of using cutout swatches. The best thing is this technique is accessible to absolutely everyone. It really doesn't matter, if you're a beginner or if you're more experienced in creating with traditional media. Join me trying out my new set of jelly gouache. We will make the cutout swatches together, and by the end of this demonstration, I will show you how I'm using the swatches to choose my color palette. The goal of this class is to help you gain more confidence in planning and executing your traditional media artwork. Let's get started and let's make some swatches together. 2. Your Project: Let's get started. I hope you're ready. In this lesson, we will very briefly discuss the project that you can upload to your project gallery here. Your task is to upload a photo or photos, however many you might have of your color swatches into the project gallery. You can, for example, choose to show us, a few pages from your sketchbook. If you're going to be working with a sketchbook of your choice. You might also snap a few pictures of any loose paper sheets of color swatches that you have done or you might show us your cutout color swatches. This particular technique, you will learn about it more in the next lessons. Optionally, you can also share your learnings in the project gallery apart from posting the pictures, you can also write a few words, a few sentences, sharing your preferred techniques for planning the colors for your illustrations which have the techniques presented in this mini-course you liked and which ones you are not a big fan of, and why? Anything that you come up with, any learnings, and any feedback, feel free just to publish it within your project in the project gallery. You can start a new project by going to this section underneath this video, Projects and Resources. There you click on "Create Project". This option is available only on desktop versions of Skillshare. You will not be able to see it in the app. If you're posting your pictures on Instagram, make sure to use the #colorswatches_magic for a chance to get featured. Also, a little bit of a disclaimer, let's say for this mini-course, the techniques that I'm showing here for how I go about color swatches and how it helps me personally to improve my illustrations, to improve my color combinations, this is my personal way of working. It doesn't mean that it's the only way. If you follow different illustrators who share their tips and tricks, you might come across different techniques. I will also try to name a few that I know of, but I'm not really using. The technique that I'm presenting here is supposed to be very easy, very simple, suitable for both beginners and advanced users. It's supposed to be pretty straightforward. This is the way that I used to work in the last, I think five years. It has helped me personally to improve all of my illustrations that I create with traditional media. For example, if watercolor or with gouache, where there's the disadvantage, let's say that you cannot test the colors the way you might if you're working, for example, on the iPad. If you have an iPad, if you're into digital painting, you know that the color palette over there is pretty much limitless. You can choose any color you want from the color wheel. By sketching, swatching some colors over there and one of the layers, it's super easy. In the real world with watercolor, particularly, it's a very unpredictable medium or with gouache where you're not sure how the paint is going to react or look like once it dries. It's very important to test your colors beforehand so that you can plan better and you can anticipate better the outcome, so to say for your illustration. This is nothing set in stone. You might come across different techniques. I'm presenting my own, and I hope you like it, and I hope you start using it, or at least you test it out for yourself. In the next lesson, we will briefly talk about why color swatching is really cool and you should be doing it. 3. Why To Make Swatches: Why should you be making color swatches? Let's name a few benefits. If you choose to make designated color swatches, it will really help you keeping track of your colors. Imagine all the paints that you have bought over time, all the watercolors, all the tubes of gouache, different markers. In this way, you will be able to have a better eye on all the colors and all the mediums that you own. By making color swatches, you will be able to test better color combinations. This is particularly important with water-based mediums like watercolors or gouache, because you might get completely different color combinations when they merge with another color. By making the swatches, you can prepare readymade formula so to say for your favorite mixes of two different colors so that you do not forget for the next time how you acquired a certain shade. Next, making color swatches really does help you seeing your medium in reality. Oftentimes we see a color on a product page of the manufacturer of the paints are right on the tube. However in reality, when you put the paint or when you put the marker on your paper and there are also different paper types, you will find out that the color really deviates. It looks completely different from what you see on the tube, for instance. That is also very important for mediums like gouache because if you ever painted with classic gouache, you know that once it dries, it can go either lighter or darker. The color information that you have on the tube, it really gives you zero information. That's why it's important to test it on paper before you start painting. Last but not least, very important for this mini-class is that by making color swatches, especially those little cutouts that I will be teaching you about in the next lesson, you will be definitely able to plan your illustrations better. Like I said, it has a bit of a disadvantage with the digital media that you cannot choose any color that you want. You are limited to the paints that you own. You have to know what they look like eventually on the paper. It's part of good illustration planning in my personal opinion to plan your color scheme beforehand. The techniques that I will show in the next lessons, they will help you to achieve the best [inaudible] of result for your end illustration. I think this part of the planning process, maybe it's not necessary, some people want to skip it. Especially those people who prefer to be a little bit more spontaneous. They just go with the flow, they don't care and they actually like this unpredictability of color. However, I think you know me from recent painting classes, I like to do a little bit of planning. Since I started doing this planning, I've noticed that my illustrations look more consistent and the color choices that I make are not so crazy and all over the place and I am much happier with the final look of my illustration in the end. You already see here on the table that I'm having actually different types of color swatches, so please join me in the next lesson where I will show you a few concrete examples of what types of swatches or charts you can invest your time into and which ones I like for the planning of colors for your illustration. 4. Types of Color Swatches: Let's get down to business. Examples, everyone loves examples. In this lesson, I wanted to show you a few color swatches that I have also made on my own and mention a few other techniques like color charts and color wheels that I don't have any examples of here, but it's also very useful to know about them. These are the types of color swatches that I wanted to present. The first one are simple color washes. You can either choose to do them in sketchbooks or on loose sheets of paper. For example, loose sheets of paper, they look like this. Those are the charts of all the watercolors that I own and gouaches on the other side. It does help me to have a good overview of all the paints that I have and if it's on a loose sheet of paper like this, whenever I am painting, I really like to I set up my big table, and somewhere in front of me, I put this one sheet of paper as my point of reference. This is the biggest advantage of doing these swatches on the loose sheet of paper. That's one example. It's a good investment in my opinion to have a dedicated sketchbook because if you have a sketchbook, some people get scared that there are too many empty pages. It's also good way to break a sketchbook. For example, if you have a brand-new sketchbook, the first thing that you usually do, it's the first page, as you can see here, are the color swatches. This is to get acquainted with the sketchbook. This is also to get to know the paper quality of the sketchbook. If you have no idea what to start with, then you can always start with color swatches to stop being shy with the sketchbook in the way. Having all those color swatches in the sketchbook will mean we will have them theoretically forever and ever, and it's very handy then to grab the sketchbook and to know this one contains my watercolor experiments or all my watercolor paints. This one actually is for watercolor, for everything, also for colored pencils. It's a mixed media sketchbook. I started with alcohol-based marker, so I have a whole dedicated sketchbook for all my marker paintings. I also needed to put everything on one sheet of paper in this sketchbook. Whenever I was sketching, I knew which number I need, or what is the name of the color, or what is the brand that I like to use. I have one dedicated for markers and I would encourage that you split mediums. Now, about color charts and color wheels, I didn't have my own examples here because I stopped doing those ones. My collection of watercolor and gouache and other materials grew. It was close to impossible for me to take advantage of this technique. It is good for one may be mini palette of colors, but right now it doesn't serve any purpose for me. However, it's good to know that they do exist. One over here, to the left, you see by Susan Chiang. I found all those pictures resources via Pinterest. You see an example of a color mixing chart where you see how two of the colors interact together and what they look like pure and also what they look like when they're mixed with another color. It's a very good exercise to do anyway to get more familiar with your paints, but I will not discuss it in detail during this mini-class. Then the one example to the right is by Jane Blundell. It's a typical classical watercolor mixing chart where you can go across the spectrum of colors, starting with your primary colors and then secondary colors and so on. Then also varying the colors in saturation. It's another good exercise, but again, I will not discuss it in detail because I'm not doing those color wheels anymore. Then another example that I wanted to show you some more detailed color paint swatch example. I wanted to present to you a technique that is super simple. I will not be teaching how to make those super detailed color paint swatches. They go pretty much in-depth and I have two examples here, one by and the second one again by Susan Chiang. Over really thorough swatch cards, which also includes information about what the paint consists of, paint information, transparency information. It also has to include a graded wash so that you see full saturation of the color and then adding more water, how the paint behaves and what it looks like. I will not be making those because I keep things simple. The last technique that I wanted to present to you, it's the most interesting one for this mini-course is the technique of using cutout color swatches so that you can plan your illustration better. Simple cutout pieces of painted paper. In the next lesson, I will show you how I use in particular this technique to improve all my illustrations. 5. Cut-out Swatches: In this lesson I wanted to show you the technique of using cut-out swatches. I think by far from the techniques that I mentioned in the previous lesson, this is the most interesting one, and this is the one where I would really urge you to try it out to see how it works out for you. I have actually already shared this technique, I think two years ago back in the days on my Instagram. Here, you can see two illustrations that I created using traditional media namely watercolor. I did all the color planning with those cut-out color swatches. If you'd like to check it out, go ahead and go find me on Instagram, and you will see a few examples there too. Now, cut-out colors swatches, I have them pretty handy here in this little container. Like I said, I accumulated a lot of paints over the time so I really needed some technique to get track, keep everything in my head like what colors I have and so on. I combine the techniques as follows. When I plan an illustration, and I wanted to give you the example of this illustration that is also on Instagram that I created, I wanted to take you step-by-step by the process of me using those cut-outs swatches to plan the colors for this illustration. The first step that I did was to consult my two big color swatches sheets for watercolor. I look at those two sheets, and I looked for one or two colors that are you really, really like that would fit my illustration, something that I had in my mind. I knew I wanted to have some shades of purple contrast it with some teal or some turquoise. That's why I needed to consult those two sheets to see what colors I own at all and how they behaved on paper if I like the effect, if they have a certain granularity, if I like the saturation and so on. That was step number 1. For the next step, I was using the color swatches, so all the colors that I have is swatched out here, all the watercolors that I own. When I make my color swatches, we will be doing them together at a later point. I do it twice, the first time is on those loose sheets of paper so that I have everything together or in a sketchbook in this case, it was on a separate sheet of paper. The second wash that I do is on another sheet of paper that is not of the best quality paper. It can be just some cheaper watercolor paper. I make a second wash over there. At the end, I cut out those pieces of color. You will see here those are little bits of colors that I then cut out with my scissors so that I can move around those colors in my illustration to plan it a little bit better. Let me show you. For this illustration, I knew I wanted some purple and I chose this purple from a Ecoline. I really, really loved this color. It's my favorite color, so I choose this swatch. I put it on a sheet of paper and I was looking for other variations of colors that I liked. I consulted the big sheet of paper and I knew I wanted to have a bit of a happier color, something in yellow. So I tried different types of yellow and even golden, and in the end I decided that it goes very well with this apricot color, also from Ecoline. Those are liquid watercolors and I love them. I have pretty much all of them I think. I knew that for the skin tones, I'd like this pink beige color, but I still use this swatch to put it next to those colors so that I see if the combination is pleasing to the eye. Then I was looking for the contrast color. In the end, I made up my mind to use this cobalt turquoise by Schmincke, but it was a lot of trial and error, so to say. I tried different shades of blue. I tried different shades of turquoise as well, other purples, and basically I was able to play around with those colors by putting it next to the ones that I already decided on and seeing if I'm happy with the combination but in the end, I decided to use the turquoise one. Then I needed two darker colors. I had this mahogany also Ecoline. It behaves very well, especially with this purple color. I needed a bit of a neutral color. So I was looking for a gray. On this individual list sheet of paper, I had to look, okay, what kind of gray? I have 10 different types of grays. I consulted the big sheet for starters to look for if I want the really opaque watercolor or if I want a color with a higher degree of granularity. I ended up choosing a color by Daniel Smith, which is called Moonglow. It's amazing and it comes in those tubes. But of course I needed to check everything. Again, I put everything together next to my swatches to check if I'm really, really, really happy with the combination. You will see that apart from the color, you can turn this cut-out swatch and you will have an information at the back of the swatch about the brand and the name of the color. When I was done with my colors, I turns them around and I checked, what are those? I vaguely knew from the big sheet, but sometimes I don't. Sometimes I just mix and match and I do not care about the brand that I'm going to use. I'm just focusing on the color and not on the brand or the effects that I want. Then at the end, I turn all my colors swatches to the other side. Then I check, this is this brand, this is this color, and in this way, I was able to select all my paints and find them because otherwise I wouldn't be able to find them. I have just too many paints. This has helped me tremendously to select my paints and to find a color scheme that is pleasing to the eye, at least to my eye. I would really like to encourage you to try out this technique because I've been using it for such a long time and it has helped me so much. It's so easy. It's so simple. You don't need many materials. I would like to walk you through it. We will be swatching together in the next lesson. But join me in the next video where I will briefly tell you what materials I recommend to complete your project. 6. Your Materials: Let's talk about your materials, what you might need for this project? Like I said, you might be working with a dedicated sketchbook if you have one. You might also choose to create your swatches on loose sheets of paper. Here I recommend paper that is on the cheaper side. Of course, if you have more expensive watercolor paper. It's very important for you to see specifically how your paint behaves on that specific brand of paper, then you can, of course, spare one page from your new pad, and you can use a more expensive paper. For the cutouts, I would opt-in for cheaper student grade watercolor paper. The bigger color swatches that I showed you, they were actually on this Canson watercolor paper, just important that it's watercolor paper. I think I have one more sheet left. If I buy a new product, and I still have some room on my older sheets. For example, here is, gouache. Actually, I think I have to catch up. I think I bought a few more tubes. Then you can just keep going on your current sheet of paper. If you're starting with something new and I am going to start with something new for this project, then I would suggest that you either have a new page in your sketchbook or a completely new sheet of paper. You're in for a treat, because I treated myself this year and I bought a brand new sets of this jelly gouache. I'm a big fan of gouache in general, classic gouache, acrylic gouache. For the first time, I bought this jelly gouache that is supposed to behave a little bit differently, have a different texture. I haven't opened it yet. There will be a big unboxing and we will do the swatches together, and for that I'm going to use a separate sheet of paper. I'm going to start a new so to say. Then you're going to need a pair of scissors so that you can cut out your swatches obviously, and some pen or maybe a fine liner, because we will be labeling your swatches. You got to know what the brand this is and what is the name of the color that you're using. Next, you will need any medium that you want to swatch for this project. It might be a palette of your new watercolors or maybe you invested a new acrylic gouache. You can also do that with colored pencils or any markers. It doesn't have to be a water-based medium. Whatever. But if you're using a water-based medium, then of course you need a little bit of water. I also like to use either a sheet of paper towel or I'm going to prepare a cloth later because I don't like wasting paper too much. But when you're doing your swatches with water-based medium, it's important to stay on the clean side so that you're not mixing any remains of the previously used paint. This is pretty much all that you need. Join me in the next lesson so that we do some swatches together. 7. Demo: Let's Swatch!: Okay, let's get swatching. Like I said, I want to unbox and do completely new swatches using this jelly gouache, so I will be unpacking it in a minute. Then I actually changed my mind, I'm not using the loose sheet of paper, I have a dedicated mixed media sketchbook where I would like to continue doing my gouache paintings. I will do my big picture swatches in the sketchbook so that I do not lose also those loose sheets of paper, and then simultaneously I will be using a cheaper watercolor paper student grade at the same time. So let's get started. Recently I bought this new set of jelly gouache products that I have never used before. From these reasons swatches are necessary. Jelly gouache, or in other words, jelly paints, they're basically just like classic gouache. That means they can be reactivated when you use water. They're just packed in cups so that they look like jelly cups, hence the name. They stay moist for quite a long time because as you can see, they stay in those rather deep cups, and this makes their texture jelly-like and quite pleasant to use. They also come with their own color chart from the producers, you can see. They are sealed and to be honest, it took some time to unpack them. So in case you ever buy them and want to try them out just be careful. It can get very messy. I prepare at least one sheet of watercolor papers student grade, for cut-out swatches, cheap is totally fine. I will create my washes simultaneously in my dedicated gouache sketchbook, and on that separate sheet of paper for the cutouts. In your sketchbook, don't forget to write down the brand of your medium. Okay, now we are ready to swatch. I applied the paint with just a tiny bit of water. With watercolors, I might create a small gradient using less and then a little bit more water, but with gouache, I'm mainly interested in its opaque quality. Opaque meaning less transparent, less water but it's just my personal preference. You can create your washes in such a way so that it serves your purpose. Again two washes, one in the sketchbook, and one on the cheaper paper for the cutouts. I like to cluster my colors into groups when I swatch so you will see here that I start with all the yellows, then I move to oranges, and the reds, and so on. I put similar colors together, it's just easier for me this way. I like to write down the names of the colors as I go in my sketchbook. Remember that the names for the cut-out swatches will be written down on the backside of the paper once they dry. Make sure that the washes of paint for your cutout swatches are big enough. You will be cutting them out without any white paper around it, so it's just going to be the color, and that's why the general rule is, don't make them too small. You can always downsize. You can always cut them smaller, but you cannot do it the other way round. Cool. Once I'm done with the main colors, I like to run a few spontaneous mixing tests. I also lay a flat opaque wash of one of the paint for the purpose of testing out the white colors too. For Gouache, I like to see how some of my favorite colors mix with white, and also with other colors that caught my eye. You can also record your mixing experiments on another page. I had some room left as my sketchbook is quite big. It's the A4 format, so I went ahead and continued on the same page. I also make sure to take notes of what I mixed with what, so I do not forget it for the future reference. Run any mixing experiments you like, it's really up to you. The more you make, the more familiar you become of the paints. You become more confident and eventually you create better arts. Now it's time to cut out our swatches. The paint is dry. I tried to create washes of color that are similar in size and shape. This way, they're going to be easier for me to cut out without wasting too much paper. Cutting out, cutting out. You don't have to be a perfectionist here. Just make sure you cut out only the color without any white of the paper. They really don't have to be perfect. The last step is to write down the names of the colors along with the medium name. In this case, I write down briefly jelly gouache at the back of the paper, and then the color name. Sometimes I think of my own abbreviations to speed it up. For example, when I was doing swatches with Daniel Smith watercolors, I abbreviated it to just DS and Ecoline liquid watercolors, I chose an abbreviation EC from the name, because there is only a little space at the back of the cut-out. Sometimes there's not enough room, so feel free to create your own shortcuts to write down the brand and the colors of your swatches. Now have a look at this color chart provided by the producer. It does give you a good overview of all the colors in the box but in reality, the wash of the paint looks different. Making swatches can really help you see the real color of the paint, especially after it dries. Now that your cut-out swatches are ready, have some fun planning the colors of your next illustration. Play around with the swatches, move them around, explore such color combinations that are pleasing to your eye. A beginner's advice here, start with a minimal colored palette of two to a maximum of four colors. Especially with gouache, like in this case, you can always create more hues of the same color, for instance, by mixing it with white. I hope you have fun trying out this simple method. To wrap it up, I prepared a summary of the most essential cut-out swatches tips. First and foremost, use cheaper paper or have a dedicated medium sketchbook. In my example, I had a dedicated sketchbook just for gouache paint. Always write down the medium with the brand in the sketchbook so that you do not forget. Group colors together as you swatch, for example, I started with the yellows, proceeded with the oranges, reds, and so on. Paint the washes big enough and in similar size so that it's easier for you to cut them out later. Include spontaneous mixing tests. You will get to know your paints better and you will gain more confidence as an artist. Make use of abbreviations when you label your cut-out swatches. For example, JG for jelly gouache, or DS for Daniel Smith watercolors. It's up to you. Last but not least, you don't have to be perfect with those swatches. This is it. We're done with our swatching. I think you will agree with me that doing those color swatches is meditative. I really enjoy doing the color swatches, and now I'm better prepared and next time I will be creating an illustration using my jelly gouache. I have my cheat sheet ready and I can play my illustration much better. Now I hope you join me in the very last lesson where we do a bit of a wrap-up of this mini-course in swatching. 8. Final Thoughts: Thank you guys for taking this class with me. I really hope that you enjoyed creating our color swatches, especially cutting out the color swatches and seeing how you can use it to your advantage when you plan your illustration, and you're trying to decide on the paints that you're going to use and the colors that are going to use. I highly encourage you that you create now a project, you head to the project gallery, you start a new project. You snap a few pictures and show us maybe bits from your sketchbook or the loose sheets of paper that you created. Perhaps you can give us a bit of a sneak peek to the next illustration that you're working on, where you have the sketch ready, and you use the cut-out swatches to do some planning. A little bit of behind the scenes, perhaps you will come up with pictures like that you are then able to share in your project. Make sure to share your feedback, let me know if you have any questions, you can always address any issues in the discussions section here on Skillshare, I will make sure to reply as fast as I can and do not hesitate to ask any questions or if you have any suggestions for improvements, then you can always contact me here in the discussions tab, and also stay tuned for the next knowledge mini classes by making sure that you follow me here on Skillshare so that you get notified for the next class to come. Thank you so much for joining me and I hope you enjoyed all the videos and I will see you in the next class. Bye bye.