The Ultimate Speed Reading Training Program & Formula 2.0® | Noah Merriby | Skillshare

The Ultimate Speed Reading Training Program & Formula 2.0®

Noah Merriby, Awards Winning Speaker & Author

The Ultimate Speed Reading Training Program & Formula 2.0®

Noah Merriby, Awards Winning Speaker & Author

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49 Lessons (3h 31m)
    • 1. The Ultimate Speed Reading Training Program & Formula 2.0® - A Trailer

      1:04
    • 2. How This Course Works

      5:57
    • 3. Your Current Speed Reading Ability

      2:25
    • 4. Accontability Systems

      4:29
    • 5. Book Recomendations

      7:43
    • 6. Brain Composition And Pointer Method

      2:35
    • 7. Advanced Speed Reading Exercises

      11:33
    • 8. Clumps As A Solution

      5:05
    • 9. Clumps And Groups Identification

      3:09
    • 10. Advanced Eye Fixation And Clumps

      3:19
    • 11. Conscious Reading

      7:07
    • 12. Inner Monologues

      9:48
    • 13. Identifting Words As Shapes

      6:24
    • 14. The Science Behind Vocalization

      4:18
    • 15. Subordinate Clauses

      1:38
    • 16. Text Structure

      2:24
    • 17. Speed Adjustments

      2:12
    • 18. Audio Visual Assistance

      9:30
    • 19. Focus Attention And Concentration

      12:25
    • 20. Cognitive Limiations

      9:49
    • 21. Do we only use 100% Our Brain Capacity

      3:19
    • 22. The Other Side Of Regression To Avoid

      3:03
    • 23. Eye Exercises

      3:47
    • 24. Habit Formation

      4:37
    • 25. How To Plan Effectively For Speed Reading

      5:22
    • 26. Improving Retention And Memory

      3:12
    • 27. Keeping Interest In Reading

      1:34
    • 28. The Different Learning Stages

      7:15
    • 29. The Link Between Reading And Our Brain

      10:06
    • 30. Organizing Systems

      1:06
    • 31. Perceptual Reactivity

      2:27
    • 32. Re-Reading

      2:44
    • 33. Reading Word Groups

      1:32
    • 34. Reading Zone

      2:03
    • 35. Reinforcement Methods

      3:21
    • 36. Setting SMART Goals

      2:57
    • 37. The Human Memory

      6:52
    • 38. Tracking Your Reading Speed

      0:59
    • 39. Understand Skimming

      4:29
    • 40. Using Signal Words

      4:16
    • 41. Visual Fixation

      5:16
    • 42. Warming Up Exercises

      1:20
    • 43. Widening Your Vision Span

      2:25
    • 44. Word Chunking

      2:31
    • 45. Pre-Reading

      2:27
    • 46. Prepositional Phrases

      2:24
    • 47. Properly Tracking Your Progress

      2:05
    • 48. Push Up And Push Down

      1:35
    • 49. Putting the System In Prespective

      2:44
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About This Class

How great would it be, if we can read 10x faster than our normal speed? Whether it's course material that you have in school, or documents that your boss gave you, or a simple book that you want to read but you just can't find the time to finish it, after finishing this course, all of this can change.

  • Speed reading is any of several techniques used to improve one's ability to read quickly. Speed reading methods include chunking and minimizing subvocalization. This course will tackle the subject of speed reading, answering the following questions: 

  • What is speed reading from a fundamental and theoretical basis?

  • What is speed reading from its outer application system basis that we can use?

  • How can you use it in your daily life?

  • How you can make it an unconscious habitual behaviour system to optimize the amount of information processed from a timely standpoint? 

Meet Your Teacher

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Noah Merriby

Awards Winning Speaker & Author

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Transcripts

1. The Ultimate Speed Reading Training Program & Formula 2.0® - A Trailer: All right. Now, we're ready to go. 2. How This Course Works: and this first lecture I'm going to explain to you How do you need to treat this course? In order for you to assume is your done? Be able to reach your goals efficiently, effectively, and get to where you want to get to the way you wanna get to it off. This course is made up of different sections and different lectures that work in chronological order. You need to follow the lectures one by one. Try to not skip lectures. Infinite. There are some information or some lectures that you might be familiar with. It's better for you to watch it again. Get familiar with it again. Discount of a recall just to kind of think about it again. Keep it in your head before moving into the next lecture. All the lectures work as a firm chain. They work together. If you break one part of the chain, there might be messing piece of the puzzle that can kind of make an obstacle for you when it comes to understanding the course as a whole and applying it and speed reading. And what need to do is as soon as you finish each and every lecture make sure that you actually understand what the lecture is about, because if you don't understand what the lecture is about, watching it or skipping through it, playing it two times the speed and not really understanding what it's about can also create future problems in your full understand mint of the course and how it can be applied when it comes to speed reading. And throughout the course, there's gonna be a lot of exercises. There's gonna be a lot of techniques, a lot of examples, given that you need to take into consideration effectively and apply. Take these exercises. Thanks thes supplemental resources very seriously because they are meant to help you and not waste your time. It's better for you to not focus on Electra properly, but focus on the exercises properly because exercises matter. More exercises are the part where you actually get to apply what you're learning, but here's where it gets a bit tricky. If you do not focus on the lectures properly, you will not be able to follow up with the exercise properly. And if you don't follow up with the exercise, probably you will not be able to assess your progress. Assess where you are and where you want to go. So for you to be able to do that properly and effectively, you need to focus on lectures and also focus on the exercises and the supplemental resources. And of course, this course is meant to take you from where you are right now toe where you want to be. And in order for you to monitor this progress, you need to know where you stand right now. That's exactly why, in one lecture, we will be going through how fast you can read at the moment and afterwards at the end of the scores, you won't go back to this lecture and assess your speed reading ability. After applying the things that you learned throughout this course, we will go back and apply this again for you to be able to see the progress that you went through and how it's working for you. And if it's not working, what needs to be done in case you see that you went through the course and you played a lot of methods and there's still something missing. You need to go back to the techniques, make sure that all the speed reading methodologies and systems that are in the course. You mastered those systems, and you mastered those techniques, and you know how to use them properly. Because if it's not working for you, there is a missing piece. There's a missing piece of the puzzle that needs to be filled in for you to see the bigger image for you to see the image that gets form. Once the puzzle is done and for you to do so, you're learning needs to be effectively complete. And, of course, be dreaming is not something easy. It's not something to take lightly. If it was easy, everybody would start practicing speed reading and they'd be reading a book a day. But it's not that easy. Speed reading takes time for you. Develop all the skills that you need to be able to read at a certain speed that you desire . It takes time, effort and dedication, and most importantly, it takes persistence for you to get there. There's a Siris of steps that you need to follow one by one and or if you to get there, and once you do get there, it only gets better. And throughout the different sections, We will develop the reasons behind why you want to get industry treating, what kind of books you should read and why. You should read the specific books, how to develop your memory, your vision, how to stop some vocalizing and read consciously and properly all what you need to be equipped with for you to get to where you want to get to. In terms of speed, reading is just steps away from this lecture. You will learn everything you need to learn step by step, but again, you need to follow the steps told skip steps, follow them. Resist make sure that you're focused and you understand really well what's going on, how to apply it and apply it during the exercise sections, and I'll see you at the end of this course to monitor your progress. 3. Your Current Speed Reading Ability: now to get into the first step off speed reading, you need to understand and know how fast you can actually read at the moment. So what you need to do is there are a few websites where you can actually, there's kind of a guideway through measuring how fast you can read at the moment, and what you want to do eventually is track your progress. You want to see how fast you're reading. Currently, you want to see how fast you're reading in 10 days, then in 20 days, then in 30 days. Because if you want to keep the consistency you need to see results on, the best way to do it is to know where your sturdy and what your goal is. So it's one thing to keep track of the progress you're doing. It's another thing to see yourself getting closer and closer to your goal, and this is what actually matters. So this is one of the best websites, in my opinion that you can use to start tracking your progress, and the website is called free reading test dot com. You can choose a theme. You can choose the decks, complexity level and You can also select the this story. So if you select a general theme and you put the complexity level at two, you select a certain story. Uh, let's say to Once you begin, it's gonna be counting the words you're reading per minute on. A soon as you're done reading, you click on done reading, and it follows up with more exercises. That kind of tests the ability of how much you actually remembered from the text. So let's just put random answers on, and it shows you the right answers. So then you can view your results, and you can see your comprehension in contrast with your reading speed, and they can give you some tips. You want to constantly achieve at least 75% or better comprehension the first time you take any of the provided tests in order to determine your true reading speed. So every now and then, once you're practicing speed reading, Maura Maura Mawr you can use similar websites to kinda see where you are and know where you're headed 4. Accontability Systems: in this lecture, we're gonna be talking about some accountability systems toe. Hold yourself accountable when it comes to the speed reading process for you To achieve your goal, you need to keep the consistency. And for you to keep the consistency you need to keep this accountability system going. You need to hold yourself accountable to achieving your speed reading goal. So how do we ensure consistency or for you to make sure that you will follow through with the speed tweeting program process and get the best out of it you need, as we said to hold yourself accountable? And of course, there are ways to do that. First and foremost, we have personal accountability. Nobody can help you accountable. As much as you can hold yourself accountable, you need to set a goal. You can follow the smart rules, smart goals and organization and planning systems to make sure that you keep this personal accountability system going. If, for example, you hade plan on your schedule that you're gonna be practicing speed reading for an hour on a certain day and you have something coming up that night that you're really excited about and you feel like you're not that engage and you feel like you don't really feel like doing these speed ring exercises that you set out on your calendar on your schedule. It is good to hold yourself accountable by saying If I don't do this half hour or hour of speed reading exercises, I will not go out tonight. And since you're very excited to do whatever you have to do that evening, you will start pushing yourself into following up with the exercises and make sure that you do what you have to do now. In case this doesn't work, you can leverage some external resources, which is friends and family accountability. It is worthwhile to share your goals with friends or family, depending on who you feel most comfortable sharing thes information or these goals with and asked them to hold you accountable to follow through with your goals and your tasks. So if in the evening you're going out with a sibling or a friend, talk to them beforehand and tell them that you have something you need to do and that in case you don't do it, hold me accountable and nature that I do it before I go out this kind of external leverage . Pressure on you can help you follow through with your goals. Now a much more engaging and interesting system you can use is joining a book club. The club will choose a certain book, and they will decide that after seven days, everybody's gonna meet up and discuss certain chapter in a certain book. Now, by default. When you join a book club and you wanna be there and be engaged, you will have to read this chapter, which will reinforce your accountability. And, lastly, visual and written accountability systems. It is a very powerful tool to commit your goals to visual analysis and written accountability. For instance, instead of having a booklet or a calendar or a notebook where you write your goals for your to do list and you have to open it and see that you missed your training session for speed reading, you can put sticky notes in front of you that reminds you that have this visual influence on you. This visual accountability that reminds you you need to do certain speed reading exercises today or whenever it is scheduled for you. It is very similar to the written accountability where when you wake up every day, you write down on a piece of paper that you will be doing this this and dot based on the smart goals system we discussed. And this could be what you're going to write on the sticky note before putting that in front of you on your desk or on your computer. 5. Book Recomendations: in this lecture, I'm gonna be discussing with you some of the books that I would recommend for you to read. Now, the majority of these books are nonfiction there more of, ah, self help kind of manuals. I personally not really interested in fiction, so I usually tend to prefer those books and find them a lot more interesting. But it depends for each and every person and most of the books that I'm about to share with you our nonfiction. So if you are more interested, if you are more interested in fiction, you can skip this lecture and go to the next lecture where I shared a link about some of the best fiction books you can read. There are actually very interested and they got a lot of popular reviews. At the end of the day, there are books that a lot of people found interesting and it can be good for you to start with those If you don't have a list on the first book is philosophy 101 It kind of goes all the way from Plato. Socrates goes into morals, it goes into metaphysics. It goes into a lot of paradoxes. and philosophy and questions that people were not able to answer. And the different theories related to these to these assumptions, questions or paradoxes. And what's interesting about this book is dot Once you start reading it, it will kind of expand the way you think when I read for loss, if you want a one. I did not feel like I'm actually reading educational material. I was more focused on how it's expanding. My thoughts have. It's expanding the way I usually think in kind of a way where I'm looking at the bigger picture and understanding what's around me A lot better, because a lot of philosophy is backed up by psychology. And once you start understand philosophy, you'll find that you're able to understand a lot more. You'll be bit more logical, and you'd be able to understand topics in different areas better. The next book is called The Lean Startup. It is a New York Times bestseller and probably one of my favorite books. If you are an entrepreneur, if you want to get into business, if you want to build your own corporation or business and you want to build it right with proper systems, at the beginning. This is one of the best books you can read. It clearly says the book is basically talking about how today's entrepreneurs used continuous innovation to create radically successful businesses. There's a lot of different reviews about the book share. Lee Sandberg, the CEO Facebook and best selling author of Lean and Said Police, started by Erik Riots, provides great inside. Look at how the tech industry approaches building products and businesses. So obviously coming from the CEO of Facebook, you can kind of understand that this book is very well done. It brings a lot of ideas that bring those. It brings a lot of thought to you that you can eventually use in building your business in your entrepreneurial ventures and future projects. The next book is called Get the Truth. It's made by former CIA Officer A. Basically teach you how to persuade anyone to tell all whether it's a lie. Whether it's the truth, you'll be able to understand it. The author goes in detail about sin persuasion methods that were used by the CIA, and it goes into explaining how you can use those on a practical basis. A lot of these methods that reviews eventually are backed up by psychology. And they don't just work when some people are trying to do an interrogation session. But it also works on a day to day basis where you can kind of get a lot more out of people when they're talking to you. You can kind of understand you can kind of understand what's really going on and be able to process it to see if it makes sense or not. The book Hot Awesome refused from Forbes and New York Post, and I personally really enjoyed the book as it teaches you things that you don't usually encounter, but that could be really helpful in your daily life. The next book is called The Best Place to Work If you are into management and, of course, into building businesses, when you want to get to a point where you have employees and you want to understand how to guide them through the place, where for them to feel comfortable and be asked productive, it's possible this book talks about the art and science of creating an extraordinary workplace. The author goes through Ah, lot of different systems that he discussed. He goes into leadership and how proper leadership should be done to ensure a productive workplace. Next, we have the power of moments. For those of you who are interested in marketing why certain experiences have extraordinary impact, and once something has an extraordinary impact on you, it can be automatically used as an efficient and effective marketing tool used by advertising agencies. The book focuses on memorable, positive moments that can have an influence on you, an emotional reaction that would trigger a lot mawr into you that would trigger a lot more in you toe words, whatever you experienced, Whether it's an odd whether it's a moment that where you have actual physical contact, whatever it is, you can learn how to make these things stick and be actually effective and efficient. The next book is called Conversations with God. An Uncommon Dialogue. How many times do you get to hear that a person had a conversation with God? Well, not that often. The book is actually affection. It is a very interesting book that kinda has an awesome twist to it. I'm not gonna say what it is because I don't want to ruin the book for those who are going to read it. The book goes a lot into existence questions and kind of existential wondering that people can sometimes have. The book goes into love and faith. It goes into life. It goes into death good and evil, to kind of explain all these concepts properly, and the way the author did it is by explaining these principles, as in, he is having a conversation with God about them, a very interesting fiction book to read because you're not just getting the story out of it . But you're also understanding a lot of principles that you would want to use in your life. And finally we have understanding Trump by Newt Gingrich. He is one of the most fascinating authors. In my opinion. The book itself was a big success, and the author himself is New York sons, best selling author and description, it clearly says, and kind of summarizes the book. It is the first book written about the world of President Trump by someone who is actually a part of it. It is a really good book. If you're into politics and understanding the policies and procedures dot Trump are is following and can't understand a bit about his history. It's a really fascinating book, specially nowadays 6. Brain Composition And Pointer Method: in this lecture, we're gonna be talking about a very interesting topic. It is not scientifically proven, but it is reported by a lot of people as something that works and something that made our life easier. It is basically related to our brain composition when it comes to logic, creativity and reading and how they're connected to the two different brain hemispheres we have now. The left side of the brain is responsible for controlling the right side of the body. It helps us deal with problems such as logic, math and science. And we know that for a fact. We know that the Left Hemisphere controls logic, math, science and similar stuff. But we're not 100% scientifically sure that it controls our right side of the body. And the right side of the brain is usually linked to creativity and artists, and in opposition usually is considered as something that coordinates the left side of the body. As we said, this is not a scientific fact, but the left side is the brain. If it's responsible for controlling the right side of the body, and if the right side of the brain is responsible for controlling the left side of the body . Then using your right finger and pointer method would be an engaging wait That basically helps you work your left Hemisphere, which is responsible for your logical analysis and reaction when you are reading, when you want to get the most out of the book and when you want to focus on speed. Reading logic is a big concept there, and as this is not something that's 100% proven as being a fact, you want toe, practice it and see if it's something that suitable and applicable in your situation. And if it is, you want to keep in mind. What kind of books are you reading? Usually books that have information sock, personal development and self help would usually tend to use the logical side of your brain . But if you're reading a novel, you want to focus more on the creative side. Imagining the scenario is in getting creative. While reading can help you when it comes to novels, so you need to take these things into consideration, try them and see if they work, and if it's applicable in your situation, 7. Advanced Speed Reading Exercises: in this lecture, we are going to be talking about some advanced speed reading exercises to enhance your abilities even further. This is the part where we get into the actual applicable part of speed reading on a daily basis. So the falling exercise is going to provide you with a text from my personal book, The Pursuit of Meaning, where it is divided with weak different lines, and you need to glimpse each separate plump or workgroup in a continuous text. While timing and tracking your improvement, you are going to be experiencing continuous text containing clumps and or workgroups, which you are goingto identify. If it's a word group, you are supposed based on the previous exercises toe. Identify it as a unit thought and the clump. You'll identify it with your visual perception as a clump that together has a context related meaning and keep track of your improvement to see how well you are identifying clumps and work groups and accelerating in terms of speed, comprehension and visual perception, 8. Clumps As A Solution: in this lecture, we're gonna be talking about clumps as a solution. We're gonna talk about the best way to avoid this work. To work, reading just basically reading cloak by club. Not previously. We discussed clumps, how they work and how to identify them. However, you're not always going to use your pointer method to mark clips. So here's an exercise that would help you trim ends. So here you need to read the clubs for a second. Rita as a clump, not as a singular group works. And in this context, what I mean by group of words is individual words. Red, of course, separately. So after glimpsing at the clump, close your eyes for five seconds, then trying to remember what you read now, both clumps, some of them are word groups, and something are just clumps with no out of context, meaning the goal is for you to identify those because clumps can be visually perceived and analyzed, even if they do not, for it worked. Group everyone has high expectations is the word group, but setting the standard is just a clump. Something else that can even help you more is once you glimpse of the work or group words. The clump basically close your eyes for pot seconds, and then don't just try to remember what you glimpse that, but write it down with a paper and pen or just started down. 9. Clumps And Groups Identification: now. Throughout the course, we talked about plumps and groups. But what's the difference between those two terms? How do you identify clumps? How do you identify groups and how do you get the best out of it? So clumps are group of words return truck while reading to enhance our speed and efficiency . But how is that any different from group awards? Well, there's an interesting link between both of them. While clumps are visual, divisional systems groups work on the inner perceptual side of it, where it focuses on the meeting. In other words, we have single individual words we have close, which is a combination of a few words that next up together would create a meaning. And the group of words is getting the meaning out of this clip. So if you want, you can take it as a three step process. You go from one word, too Few words mixed up together. Two meaning out of these words. There are words, there is a connection, and then there's a meaning. So how do we identify these groups? We'll work. Groups are a mixture of different individual terms or words, as we said, that together implies a meaning, even when put out of the specific tax context, it appeared, and it would still imply meeting and the next slide. There will be exercise that can help you work on this bet. We are going to break down this paragraph first into clumps and then into work groups. You can see how it's already divided into clumps and work groups. You need to read the text, then read the clumps, read the word groups and understand what we talked about in this lecture, when it comes to clumps and how they're formed, how to identify them by looking at them and actually knowing in an application side how clumps appear in the text and same thing goes for work groups. But you want to do next is you want to take the sticks separately and break it down into clumps yourself and then break down into work groups without looking at the answer that is provided. And once you're done, Goldbach and make sure you got the clumps and the word proofs properly. This is one exercise that you can do with any kind of text once you practice and get familiar with clumps and word groups you can pick out any text and then divided between clubs and work groups, and eventually through repetition and through practice, you'd be able to unconsciously identify clumps and get thought unit or word group idea out of it. 10. Advanced Eye Fixation And Clumps: in a previous lecture, re talked about some eye fixation, techniques and exercises we could use, and also some clumping and plump space exercises that we can also use to improve our speak reading ability. However, in this lecture, we're gonna look at an exercise that fixes a correlation between plumps and I. Fixation. This is the lecture where we combine both in one exercise. So how do you increase your fixation ability and your clump? Identification is ability, so the falling slide is going to present blimps at each clump. For a split second, close your eyes for five seconds and then try to remember what you read. Or, as we said in a different, similar exercise, instead of just trying to remember what you read, try to write it down in the eye fixation exercises. We mentioned a lot of instances where those exercises are based on quick, different fixation, including eye movement. The thumb to thumb Glancing is basically us moving this fixation point of the eye from one point to the other, and here we are doing the same thing. But instead of our thumbs were using clumps as substitute to find the link between clumps and I fixation. And, of course, our vision spent 11. Conscious Reading: in this lecture, we're gonna be talking about the concept of conscious reading. There's a difference between conscious reading and distracted reading and for you to get the most out of whatever texture. Trying to read conscious reading is the way to go. But now the question is, How can you read consciously, whether you're a distracted reader or whether you know how to do conscious reading? How can you even improve that? So consciousness, as a concept is basically reading effectively requires good conditions in mindset for reading. This is where this conscious reading comes from and what the most important factors is to know how to read consciously. And, as we said, it is the complete opposite of distracted reading. Now conscious reading, as you can obviously see, is correlated with our consciousness. There is a huge difference between the word mindful and the expression mind. Full mindfulness is a state where you are conscious and aware you're using your consciousness. So, of course, meditating and getting better at being mindful would help you in the process of conscious reading. But the main idea you need to understand is that you need to be mindful what I mean is that if there's a lot going on, you have a lot of work to do or you have a really tight schedule and you want to read real quick. Your mind is full, with a lot of different information coming from the external or internal environment and effects. This would be one of the main reasons why you'd go from conscious reading, too distracted reading. And this is not something that can be so when there's a lot going on and you feel that you're not going to be able to actually focus on what you're reading, it is better for you not to read because you're not going to really get much out of it. Instead, go finish whatever's distracting you, and then when you're relaxed and your mindful, then you can focus and conscious reading very to be a lot more beneficial for you. One other thing you can do is you can take advantage of this spare time when there's nothing really distracting you. At the same time you have the drink will iti to be able to read on a conscious level. For example, if you take the bus or the train toe work every morning, and you don't really have anything you need to do anything you need to think about. You have some free time. This is a perfect on for you to practice conscious reading. So take advantage of this extra time that you have when you can actually apply conscious reading to the different books or different articles you're reading. And sometimes when you're in the distracted reading phase, you want to take yourself into more of a conscious reading. Being distracted can just be a lack of focus, and you wanna kind of defeat that to go into conscious reading. Two things that can help is first reading out loud, which, of course, doesn't help when it comes to speed reading. But as soon as you become conscious and you're really focusing concentrated, then you can switch up two out of the systems basically and practice your speed reading. So starting with an audiobook can be really helpful. When you're using mawr of your senses to be involved in the reading process, you're less likely to get distracted. So if you if you start with an audiobook, you listen to it while you read it or you read out loud thes are factors that can help you at least get into the conscious reading state. And don't be too hard on yourself. A lot of times when you're not able to concentrate on what you're reading, a lot of people become frustrated, but they forced themselves to read even mawr and focus even mawr. But if you're having one of those moments where you just cannot focus and you can't do and apply a proper cautious reading, you get frustrated and you only make it worse. The stress hormones would make you lose your concentration, even war. So stop being so hard on yourself. Even if you cannot really get into the state of conscious reading, just calm down, pause and try again later. Now, lastly, there are some tricks that can help you up. Some small exercises you can do that would help you when it comes to conscious reading first, if you don't even have an audiobook and you don't want to read out loud because you're with a group of people, you can start by reading the book or article. It usually takes a bit of time for you to actually concentrate and read on a conscious level. So when you start reading, just keep reading for 15 20 minutes, and then you can notice sometimes that you switch from how you were reading before, when you were a bit distracted and how now you're a lot more focused on what you're reading . And as we were talking before, when you get frustrated when you feel like you're trying to read with his much awareness, it's possible. But it's just not working. Try to be conscious of when your mind is drifting away and thinking back other stuff. And if it's a random thought, that's distracting you. You realizing that you shouldn't think about this anymore and focus on what you're reading instead of getting frustrated can help you go from distracted reading into concentrate reading if you keep repeating the process. And lastly, if you are getting frustrated and you feel like you cannot actually read on a conscious level at the moment, it be a really good idea to go meditate or go do something. You enjoy some kind of sport doc and actually clear your head and make you mindful. Meditation, as we said, is one of the main factors. Yoga, Even if you do some power lifting any hobby you have. You can go for photography for walk, clear your head, and then you can read. Lastly, just one more tip. We definitely talked about this before but eliminate sources of destruction, whether it's your phone or your computer or anything, just eliminate those sources of distraction to be able to actually access cautious reading . 12. Inner Monologues: we thought quite a bit throughout the course about your inner monologues. Now, of course, we mentioned and emphasized the idea that this is, in fact, something you can control. But can you actually take inner monologues to your advantage? Is that something that you can actually control? Or is it just words out of thin air? If you ask most people when they're reading, if they can just stop their inner monologue instantly and add this pot, most of them will say that they're not actually able to do it, because it's something that they used to ever since they were kids when they went to school . The educational system. While they kind of build up this way for Children to be able to read and rape, they build up the habit of using inner monologues a lot for them to, of course, it would help you into comprehension and retention. But the goal is for you to ensure speed when it comes to reading and ensure optimum comprehension and retention at this optimum speed. Now, when it comes to Children and educational systems, speed is not what's important. What really matters is that for them to understand all the concepts insure comprehension and retention as we said and basically learn and grow. But as a developed person, when it comes to your cognitive abilities and you want to focus on your speed reading and her monologues can be different, there's a big contradiction where a lot of people would argue that using or stopping the inner monologues will help you re possible. And it's true, however, if you want to efficiently increase your speed reading ability, and her monologues are essential for attention and comprehension. As we said before, if you eliminate sub vocalization entirely, you will do terry it a big part of your understanding. When people recognise words visually, they access the sounds of this words to understand them more. However, this is not entirely true. We want to start to focus on the meaning behind the texts were reading and not the actual word. A lot of people reported that chewing gum, for example, not listening to audiobooks but simply listening to classical music or whatever kind of music you enjoy. Listening to a lot of people during worker during school, they was sit down and put on their favorite trucks and then they'll be able to focus and reduce their inner monologue, reducing also the noise behind you. If you use any kind of a noise reduction, whether headphones earplugs, this can also help you kind of silencing your ears. This would not just help you in terms of kind of adjusting your inner monologue, but it would also prevent you from losing your concentration. A lot of times we get or re lose their concentration because we hear something maybe your phone may be your computer, whatever it is, and you kind of get distracted. But when you don't when you block your ears, there's probably no apparent way for you to get distracted unless you want to think about something that might get you distracted and summary keeping your ears and your mouth busy. You will be able to take a step towards reducing inner monologues in sub vocalization. However, as we said before, when it comes to speed reading, retention comprehension will not come as a first step. Once you start building up your speed reading system, once you get a disability to read at a certain speed that you are comfortable with, this is where you start focusing on comprehension and retention. So there are some exercises that you can focus on that can also help you and reducing your sub vocalization and your inner monologues to begin with, there is a system called Sick Aid. Some people pronounce it as sick odd, but the meaning is so listen, it basically resonates around the idea of eye fixation, and I movement for you to read with your eyes and not your inner monologue in yourself vocalization and your ears. You need to be able to read visually. There is an exercise that can help you with this specifically when it comes to Scott, Do you want to focus on your art fixation? Your eye movement? You can use the exercise that I included the course, but you gotta explain it rapidly. You can do it any way you want. You can take a blank paper. You can draw our point a lot of different points on the paper, and you put a number in each and every thought that you put on the piece of paper. So let's say you separately put 20 thoughts on the paper, and what you need to do is you need to focus your eye movement to go as quickly as possible . From 1 to 234 all the way to 20 you're going number by number and then what you do after as you go backwards. 2019 18 17. Afterwards you go with pear and impair numbers. You go 2468 or go 1357 all the way up. And every time you notice that your eye movement went from 1 to 4, when it was supposed to go from 1 to 3, you start again. There's also something else you can do when you're actually reading or using a book. Take any page from any book, and what need to do is you need to rapidly read the three first words and the three last words from each and every phrase in the paragraph. If the word for this kind of bigger the size is kind of bigger, you might want to take two words two words on each side. But you get the overall idea, and also what you need to do is switch between the 1st 2 words, last two words going all the way down to the end of the paragraph, and then you go backwards. If you also want to add a twist to it, you can start doing, for example, the two or three words from the first line and then jump all the way to the third line, then jump to the fifth or started to jumped 46. Of course, the purpose is not comprehension and retention. The purpose is training your eyes and your eye fixation, not for eye fixation that goes a bit different. You want to try? If you're taking the example of the piece of paper with different thoughts on it, you want to move the paper away from you as much as possible and try to reduce your eye movement as much as possible while going from 12345 all the way to 20 using bearing pear going backwards, same thing goes to If you're using the actual book exercise, you take the book away from you and you look at the paragraph as a whole, which helps you, by the way, with your peripheral vision. But it also helps you with eye fixation. So you look at the paragraph and does the same thing. Reduce your eye movement as much as possible. Put the book out of comfortable position from your distance where you can actually read, and you won't have to squeeze your eyes to be able to read or visualized this one bird. If all the same system to three words all the way down, then maybe Skip Align go backwards. You can kind of play around with it because these are all exercises that would help you improve. Of course, starting first at, for example, going line by line or going number by number is easier for you than to go to lines or go parent impair numbers. So, of course you want to build up. You want to get better step by step. That's what it's all about now. Lastly, cognitive processing. What do I mean by that? And other lectures. We talk about your memory, your short term, long term memory, and those are essential factors for comprehension and retention. After practicing eye movement and I fixation what's next? How can we ensure to use those to actually benefit from it? Read, Understand And remember, there are plenty of exercises and ops that can help you with your short term memory. Been include a few of them throughout this course, and you can use those to your advantage when you work on your short term memory. What's gonna happen is when you're reading, for example, the book and reading every 1st 3 words from each and every line. Your short term memory is getting better and better, and you'd be able to remember these words as you're going through the entire paragraph from line to line. And what would happen is because you're short, the memory is kind of piling up all this information. You can link all of it up, especially because of the way the paragraph ISS flowing for you. How you understand the book. You would actually start connecting the dots, and this would in return, of course, improve your short term memory but enhance the way you remember and comprehend the information that you're reading. 13. Identifting Words As Shapes: in this lecture, we're going to be talking about identifying words in terms of shapes and not a combination of separate letters. The general idea is that we have a harder time reading words that were not familiar with. Once recognizable. It is easier to read the work from speed reading stent, so in the following exercise, you can see about the two Paragraphs in between are crossed out in the 1st 1 The line is located mawr, unsolved with letters, and in the 2nd 1 the line is more right. In between, You will notice that the first paragraph is usually hard to show read than the second paragraph. This exercise demonstrates how you see images or shapes when you read. This is why you can see two different identical paragraphs. However, this shape makes it harder to read one over the other. In the first paragraph, the line is obscure. The shapes made by the letters are basically more obscure than the second paragraph, and you have to concentrate more and think deeper to perceive the message. Whereas the second paragraph, it is easier to read because you can still see the word shapes, which is formed around the lines and therefore you can read it just as you do normally are observing the shapes and images made by those words. 14. The Science Behind Vocalization: in this lecture, we're gonna be talking about the science behind vocalization. For you to overcome vocalization. You need to first understand where it came from and why we vocalize while reading. Of course, this is something that is detrimental for us. It will slow down our reading and the process of speed reading itself. Now vocalization is a dominant hop ID that most of us have going through the educational system. We learned how to read while using our vocalization system. There's a paragraph in the next lecture. You want to try to read it, and you'll probably hear your internal vocalization system of the words or group of words. Or and the letters included in the paragraph. Understanding the different types of readers is essential motor readers than to move their lips while they are reading. You can see a lot of people who, while reading, would be lip synchronizing the words that they're reading now. Auditory readers engaged in silent vocalization of the text, So instead of vocalizing while doing this lip movement, they vocalize internally. They read consciously inside and within their brain while they are following the text itself, and visual readers use vocalizing mentally if they use it at all. It is often used when there is a word that they don't understand a piece of information that they missed. And they're trying to review whatever the case is. Readers that use their visual perception then to use vocalizing less, and the purpose is for you to become a visual reader as it will help you increase and maintain optimal speeds. So this example is an exercise that you are going to use that's going to help you through the process of vocalization. First off, I want you to read this paragraph and see notice and be conscious off any kind of vocalization you're engaging in. Whether you're moving your lips while reading or you're just internally vocalizing text. The first step is for you to become aware of it. No, What's gonna happen afterwards is that I'm going to read the text for you, keeping your internal vocalization system busy because you're too busy listening to my voice while reading. So first off, pause the video and try to read it without listening to, and now try to read it while you listen to me. Read it. Did you hear the lark singing in the square. I heard it. In fact, it woke me up. Why That little bird chooses to sing at night is a mystery. The lark sings in my dreams and sings When I'm awake, You can't stop that bird from singing. Now we're going to try it even faster. Did you hear the lark singing in the square? I heard it. In fact, it woke me up. Why that little bird chooses to sing at night is a mystery. The lark sings in my dreams and sings When I'm awake. You can't stop that bird from singing. Now you'll probably notice that when you listen to my voice while reading it, you tend to use your vocalization system less. So how do you train to do that war? You get a book and look on YouTube for numerous audiobook that you can usually find a similar PDF file on line, which I'm going to include in the course, and you can keep repeating that keep using it, adjusting the speed until you get better at avoiding any kind of vocalization or minimal izing. The vocalization you're using while reading a book 15. Subordinate Clauses: in this lecture, we're gonna be talking about subordinate closes and how to engage in proper and effective skipping or skimming. There are some secondary ideas and clauses that indicate on a certain idea is not as important for us as other ideas. So if you want to read at a certain speed at a high speed, you need to avoid these subordinate clauses. Subordinate clauses usually imply secondary ideas, complementary ideas, depending clauses. They can be avoided and would not change the context whatsoever. And as you can see in this example, the students who are worried about the results of their exams succeeded with high marks. Now the phrase who are worried about the results of the exam is a subordinate clause that doesn't really add any value to us. This can be avoided. Just as the second example Gary was able, after years of straining to win the weight lifting competition after years of training, is a supporting close, because what matters is that Gary and the Conclusion one. The weight lifting competition. This is the main idea, so you need to start identifying those subordinate clauses while you are reading, and as soon as you become more familiar with them. When you're reading different clumps before a clump becomes a word group that is basically thought units, you will be able to identify subordinate closes and avoid them to read faster than usual. 16. Text Structure: in this lecture, we're going to be talking about text structure, how to understand it and how to use it to your advantage. Now beforehand reemphasized the importance of conclusions and how what matters the most out of our reading is the conclusion. This is not always the case. That's exactly why there are some specific points in the text structure that we need to pay attention to. First off the elements of the topic symptoms the first sentence you need to read it carefully, as it can imply a topic related context. Characteristics. You need to consider analysing the characteristics of a sentence in relation to the main topic, whether it is an example or an explanation or an argument or conclusion. And of course, the purpose. Understand the paragraph or the topic? From the author's standpoint, why is he writing about a certain idea or certain paragraph would help you a lot and understanding thought units an overall meaning related context. Texts usually unfolds as an introduction, presenting the primary topic description, an argument and thoughts and arguments and details to the topic and the conclusion coming to the end of the paragraph with the result related idea There might be a lot of things in between, however, these are the three main things that matter the most for us. These are the three building pillars of a text, and everything else is a detail that might, but not necessarily has. Value arguments can be valuable or not, depending on the type of books. Your reading. If you're reading a science book for research purposes and you need to find an answer to answer the question, arguments will not matter. What you're looking for is the answer. So paying close attention to the first sentence, the characteristics of the paragraph and the purpose behind it. Looking at the introduction, the main argument arguments and the conclusion are the basic elements of the text structure that you need to pay primary focus to and actually get the most out of them. 17. Speed Adjustments: in this lecture, we're gonna be talking about speed adjustment. How to increase your speed reading ability is highly correlated with the speed adjustment exercises. As the name implies, you're going to be training at different speeds to adjust your speed reading time and your speed reading capability. So, in adjusting speed, what do you have to do and why do you have to do it? And as we said, the purpose is for you to gain this flexibility you need through speed viability. First off, you need to know your reference point. Go back to the lecture where we explained how you can measure your current speed reading ability and take that as a reference point to track your progress throughout these exercises. Second, you need to just your speed. Re two pages slowly re two pages with an average speed and read one page quickly include variations and repetition. Now what I mean by include variations is you can read one page slowly, one page average speed and two pages quickly. You can basically do it your own way. Now when you're reading slowly, what's happening is you're working on your comprehension retention, eye movement, peripheral vision and a lot of different concepts. When you're reading in an average speed, you're working on all those concepts, and at the same time you're preparing yourself for speed reading. And when you read quickly, you're practicing your speed reading ability and other than variations, you need repetition. As we said in a previous lecture, Repetition and practice makes perfect. Now, once you get a bit more familiar and comfortable with this exercise, you would wanna do it in terms of phrases and lines and paragraphs. So you would read the first phrase slowly, the second phrase, an average speed and the search phrase. 18. Audio Visual Assistance: in this lecture, we're gonna be talking about systems for all Jew and visual assistance and support during the speed reading origin General reading process. We want to take advantage of both the audio system that you have and the visual system in a way where you can hear and use here. Auditor Perceptive system. At the same time, you're using the visual perception that you have to kind of enhance your understand mint, your attention and your focus and, most importantly, this peed at which you're operating. When it comes to reading texts, reading novels, nonfiction fiction, anything you're going through, even text books and journal online articles. These are factors that can help you a lot, so let's talk more about them first and foremost personally, one of my favorite systems is using Ajit books. I'm going to include a lot of free audiobooks related to different books that I find very interesting that you can access on YouTube or other platforms and just listen to them Now. The interesting thing about audiobooks is that you can adjust this speed at which the order book it's coming, and this is also stimulating your audio sensory perception. So imagine the following scenario. When you get to your reading zone, you sit down, you put on your headphones, you start playing the audiobook at two times the speed, and while doing that, you're reading the book itself. Now, if you're usually used to read and fall through the audio visual system on a one time speed , so regular street of the audiobook than if you put it on 1.5, you'll be doing a bit of adjustment. You'll be taking kind of a step toe words reading at a better speed throughout it. And once you get better at this, you can also get better. When it comes to two times the speed. Now on YouTube, they don't really offer you the chance to go beyond twice the speed. I think so. What you can also do is you can go to website that I'm I'm gonna also I'm gonna put a link about it so you don't have to waste a lot of time looking for it. You can download the audio book and then use any software to just it. Adjust the speed you can go on my movie and you can adjust the speed. Go three times four times the speed. The more you get comfortable with it, the better. Now. What happens is that while you're listening to this Ajit book and you're following through the text using, for example, the Pointer method, you'll notice not yourself vocalization your inner monologues. These would all stop and you start focusing on clumps on workgroups on a lot of different group words that you can use to your advantage when it comes to speed reading, of course, and at the end of the day, it is a process, a continuous process that we talked about, starting at even 1.1 times the speed and building up all the way to maybe six times the speed when you become really, really efficient and effective in your speed, reading more over something else that can also help you, that we refer to in a in a few other lectures. But that can also be really beneficial. Wind comes to the audiovisual system because if the audio system is not working towards your favor, which is the case of the audio books, you want it, get rid of it, and one way to do that is toe have of course, visual books, actual books, texts that you're going to go through and practice, as we said before, using clumps, workgroups and trying to reduce the vocalization and inner monologues. Now, we also have the audio visual assistance that can be really beneficial for you to kind of separate both visual, audio and artificial. So what you're gonna do is you're gonna basically read two pages while you are actually reading you might be a lemming. You might be reading through sub vocalization and their monologues. And at the same time you're reading with your eyes. Now, the next two pages, you're going to focus as much as possible to use the methods that reduce inner monologues and sub vocalization now. So you read the 1st 2 pages as usual, using kind of a slower pace to read, and then you re two pages at the speed that you desire. You can also odd the audio book. You can plug your headphones in while you're trying to read the 2nd 2 pages, as it would also help you mawr in terms of improvement. And you also help you a lot when it comes to this thing wishing between visual audio and audiovisual, as we said before. And one important factor when it comes to this system is that usually are concentration needs a bit of time to build up to speak. A lot of people argue how much time it needs, but the average is between 15 to 25 minutes. If you read two pages really slowly and you focus on them, you start building your focus and concentration. You'll get to a point where once you read the second part of the exercise, so the two last pages you'll be in a bigger state of focus. What's gonna ensure a lot more activity when it comes to you, using the system to kind of separate all the different parts. Now, one thing that correlates to audiobooks, visual reading and just audio reading is basically speed adjustment. So it is one thing for you to go from once on the speed to 1.5 to 2 times 22.1. But what would be even more effective is for you to start, for example, by reading the 1st 2 pages. That's also an exercise that you can do. You read the 1st 2 pages at a certain speed on the altar book, you can put it 1 to 1.2 times the speed. Then you go up to 1.8. Then you go all the way up to three after 22 pages, and then you drop back to two. So we keep doing this speed adjustment as it would help you practice. And, of course, get more persistence and more practice overall on this audio visual system. And what happens through repetition through persistence through practice is that your comprehension and your retention will become better as you will start to focus on clumps that are important. Clumps that are kind of external details are not really important. Work groups core ideas, especially through predating and both treating. You'll be able to build up this entire system where you're reading at an optimum speed, and at the same time you're not just ensuring an equivalent comprehension, their potential level to the level of reading your ad before, but you will actually enhance your comprehension and your retention and, of course, your concentration. When you start to build up the system, practice it a lot and make sure that you're sticking to all these different exercises that you have throughout the course. Of course, there's a lot of exercises and you're gonna basically have to follow a system whether you build one yourself or you build the one that, um building and that I gonna post in this course. And lastly, as we talked about before, this is also an exercise, a supplementary exercise that can help you when it comes to sub vocalization and inner monologues. This is a particular exercise. All those are particular exercises that you can kind of leverage when you're trying to exercise other systems is whoa when you're trying to practice your pointer method getting better at following the pointer. If you use the audiobook visual book system Simultaneous system while using the pointer method or the card method, you will also be able to enhance the fact that you can follow your points or properly that you're going at the rate speed. Also, if you're using the card that you are doing all the necessary adjustments in the right time , it is true that to master these exercises, you need to practice a lot of them separately. Each and every practice exercise system that you have needs to be done and practiced separately so you can master it. But where it gets interesting is that after you master the systems, you can make a combination between all those different systems to even get better at the entire course system. 19. Focus Attention And Concentration : and this lecture, we're gonna be talking about some of your basic cognitive abilities Focus, concentration and attention. People usually think that focus equals concentration equals attention. When you're focused on something means that you're concentrating on something means that your attention is geared or oriented towards something specific that you're working on reading, watching whatever the case is, however, focus is not concentration, and it's definitely not attention. All these things are different. Each and every one of them means something different, and you need to understand that when it comes to your focus and your attention and your concentration, there are some abilities you have there some basics and fundamentals you need to understand . And there are some limitations, also that you need to keep in mind. Focus is usually long term oriented. When you wanna talk about focus, let's say you're focused on your studies, meaning that you as a person are focused on studying as one of the primary priorities that you have on a daily basis. Focus is usually geared towards a bigger picture. You're aiming towards the future and you kind of realize what you need to focus on in the present, and this gets us to a bit of a more specific part, which is what are you concentrating on? And the present moment, which gets us to concentration and concentration is in the now What are you concentrating on? So the big focus or the big image is your studies on? Let's say right now you're concentrated on a certain course. You're going through the presentations and you're concentrating on the information and the presentations. So again, focus is a bigger picture. It's your education. Concentration is a bit more specific. It's what are you trying to concentrate on right now? What are you trying to work on right now? And attention is instant. The way attention works is that you always hear the phrase. It grabbed my attention. It happens in a second. You don't concentrate on something once you concentrate. You already went to words. Concentration. When you have when your attention is guided or oriented towards something specific, this thing grabbed your attention. If you have a long enough attention on that specific thing than this, attention becomes concentration. You're not just you're not just in an attention kind of spot, but he's moved toe where its concentration it's not just your attention that's working, but it's shifting toe words concentration. And once you concentrate on something long enough that it becomes one of the things that you want to focus on in general than this, concentration has kind of a focus background to it and focus, concentration and attention, even though they're different. Of course, they're interrelated. Just as we said, something grabs your attention, then you concentrate on it for a long and afraid to become the object of concentration. And then this object of concentration can become a main object of focus that you have in life, and it also works backwards. You can be concentrated on something, and then attention might interfere. Something else might grab your attention. And once that happens, there's a shift from concentration to attention, and then all the way back to concentration and the focus. Sometimes you're focused on something, but something else crops your attention. So, going back to the example, your main focus is your education. But then you notice an ad saying you can make a $1,000,000 in three months, so that caught your attention, and this object that grabbed your attention might now switch your focus into something else into knowing how you can make that amount of money in that amount of time, and this will also influence your concentration and will, of course, also at the end of the day, influence your attention. No, what we want to really focus on, especially when it comes to reading, is your ability to concentrate and your ability to control your attention. Because focus the bigger images kind of clear. You want to be able to read at a certain speed. You want to finish a certain amount of books at a certain amount of a certain amount of time. So this is the focus, and we got to figure it out. Now. The concentration and the attention is where our focus should be. Concentration usually search from the top and then goes all the way down. The way it happens is that you have a certain object. You have a certain visual object in front of you, whether it's a text, whether it's a video, whether it's an equation, whatever it is, there is a visual object of concentration that this is where you first start. This is where the top down process starts. This the top. And then what happens is that this visual objects needs to become the object of concentration. Once your eyes received this visual object and then your mind will do the processing to get into the zone of concentrating on the specific objects. It becomes also clear from a cognitive standpoint where your attention should be oriented. So what happens is that you got the main object of concentration. You did the mental processing that needs to tell your mind your your cognitive state that this is what I'm concentrating on at the moment, which will, in return, influence your attention and make sure that your attention will stay oriented towards this specific object. And of course, attention plays a really important role when it comes to concentration, because your attention can either help you or it can be detrimental in a sense, where if you're reading a passage per se and then something grabs your attention, your concentration might shift from the passage you're reading toe worth. The other object that grabbed your attention and is now grabbing your concentration is well simultaneously. When you're reading a passage, you have a tendency to remember specific things. Usually the things that you remember are things that grabbed your attention, which make the concentration ability on this specific idea a bit more intense. Hence why you remember this. When you finish the passage, you'll remember the entire passage. You remember snippets of it that grabbed your attention and made your concentration a bit more effective and efficient. Now, when it comes to losing concentration, it is kind of reversed, its a bottom up process. Now you gotta understand that losing concentration first is a very natural evolutionary process. We lose attention because our mind needs to guide our concentration and attention towards an object that might put us in danger or might give us some kind of pleasure. When you're reading a book and you hear sirens outside of your house, your attention immediately switches toe worse the sirens for a second, at least not because you're not concentrated on what you're reading. It's because naturally urine defensive system will kick in and your attention will be shifted towards what's a bit more crucial towards your survival. And, of course, hearing sirens that can put you or somebody else in danger. Danger position is much more crucial or important for survival than the fact that you're reading a passage. It starts with your brain telling you that there is something you need to focus on. And then you use your visuals to kind of locate the object that you need to be concentrating on, which will then gear you towards the object that you need to concentrate on. That's why it's a bottom up process because it starts with the mental signal goes to the visuals all the way down to the object where, in the previous case, when we're talking about how to concentrate, it's a top down process because it starts with the object of concentration than to the visuals. Then it moves to the brain activity, our assimilation of what's going on or how you want to interpret your concentration towards this object. One of the things that people do pretty often that can really mess with this cycle of focus , attention and concentration is multitasking. People think that when they multi task, this is going to make them more productive. You're gonna get a lot more done in less time when in fact this is not the case, the system is clear. Focus attention and concentration needs to kind of be correlated or in sync. Even though they're different, they work together. It is scientifically proven that once you lose your concentration, there's there's a small span of about 20 to 25 minutes that you need in order for you to get back to the same economic concentration you were in when you first stopped, or where your attention kind of shifted your concentration towards something else. So what happens when you're multitasking? Well, first, you're focused on several things. You're not focused on one thing you might be trying to work out in the same time you're trying toe listen to an audiobook, even if it's two things that still considered as multitasking. So you have two big objects of focus. The gym and the Ah, Julich. Your concentration is going toe words your workout when you're doing your set, for example, and your concentration would shift back towards the book when you're taking a break between sets. But it doesn't work with you. It takes time for your concentration to build up properly towards a specific object, so when you do that, you have to object. To focus, you have to objects of concentration, and you have double mawr. Factors that can interfere with your attention has interferes with their concentration focus, which will make you less productive and not more productive. And you can try this yourself. Try to listen to an audiobook while you're working out while you're doing anything else. Try listening to an audiobook while you're kind of multitasking, and then try to listen to the same book while you're not multitasking and you will generally notice that you got to retain a lot more information. You got to understand a lot more things when you are solely focused on the Ajijic itself in the multitasking. And lastly, you need to understand that concentration, focus and attention they all work just like a human muscle, just like any muscle in your body. The more to train it, the better and stronger it becomes when you train your concentration abilities when you train your focus. When you train, your attention span in your attention how it influences your concentration. You're building towards a stronger cognitive ability to concentrate, focus and have an attention span or inattention orientation that you desire. And, of course, when we want to talk about speed reading concentration is one of the most important factors . If you are not concentrated on what you're doing, you will face a lot of struggles when it comes to speed reading, which is something we want to avoid. So therefore, we will be talking more about how to increase your concentration, how to control your attention and how to kind of shift your focus in the right orientation for you to get the best out of it. They're gonna be some exercises and some tools that you can use. And I highly encourage you to use these exercises and tools because if you have better concentration ability, you will be able to access speed reading in a way that's when is your more efficient and more effective for you. 20. Cognitive Limiations: in this lecture, we're gonna be talking about some of your cognitive limitations the purposes for you to understand your cognitive abilities properly for you to understand what you're capable of doing for you to be able to understand how far you can push your cognitive abilities and take advantage of them properly. And there are seven main factors that we're gonna be talking about for you to understand everything you need to note and how to apply that when it comes to speed reading. Of course, first doctor is Thea amount of information you're receiving. Let's take an example. If you're trying to read and understand 1000 work passage in 10 minutes, in contrast, where you have 30 minutes for the same passage, you will most likely be able to understand, retain and get a lot more out of the passage when you have 30 minutes, then when you have 10 minutes. And the reason why is because of information processing information processes has kind of two sides to it. First, how long you spent trying to process the information that you have, and second is the amount of information self. Sometimes the amount of information is so great that you cannot do it and you cannot process it in a certain amount of time. And one of the main factors that influence this is our short term memory are short term memory is limited. If you read 100 200 work passage right now, your short term memory will not be able to process and retain and eventually memorize. At most of this passage, you might be able to retain and understand some ideas, but you most probably won't be able to memorize the entire passage word by word. Because of the limitations of your short term memory. It is a It is a resource that is accessible at any point. However, it is limited. You cannot have as much short term memory as you want. There is kind of there's kind of a limit that you will get to. It won't point, and you need to realize if this amount of information that you're trying to process is enough for your short term memory and your comments of processing ability to go through whether or not which brings us to the other factor, which is your exposure to information, time and information mixed up together will kind of make this combination that will show you if the exposure was effective or not. And of course, other factors would step in when it comes to exposure, such as your concentration and your attention at the time when you are trying to process the information again. If you read 1000 passage word in 10 minutes and 1000 passage words in 30 minutes when in the 30 minutes you were not concentrated at all and in the 10 minutes you're highly concentrated, you'll be able to get a lot more out of the 10 minutes than the 30 minutes because of other exposure factors that kind of influence your cognitive processing ability. Third is your attention span. So this something we kind of talked about before. You need to realize that yes, you are able to concentrate on something for specific and not a time, and the more you work on improving your concentration, the mawr and longer you'll be able to concentrate on specific things. However, our attention span is at the end of the day limited. You will get to a point where your attention will be shifted to work something else and you will lose concentration. This is also one of the limitations that you need to keep in mind. If you are reading something and you feel like your attention keeps shifting towards something else, you need to realize that this is natural. Of course, there are solutions. Maybe there's specific things that's always grabbing your attention. It can be your phone right next to the book you're reading. Whenever it goes off, your attention goes towards it. This is something that you can eliminate. However, in the long run, your attention stand is at the end of a limited, and you need to keep that in mind as one of the cognitive processing limitations that you have. Another factor comes from understanding how long term memory our short term memory that were previously talked about is limited. However, your long term memory is a bit more tricky when it comes to long term memory. You have a lot more flexibility when you have a lot of time to process certain amount of information, you are able to kind of store that in your long term memory. If you have a 200 word passage that you're trying to memorize, word by word, short term memory. You might be able to retain it and let's say half on hour. But two days later, you'll forget most of it. But if you spend two hours to make sure that it's encoded in your long term memory than two months later, you would be able to see that you probably remember most of the passage still, And the reason why is because your long term memory is much more effective than your short term memory. So you gotta understand that there are some limitations for your short term memory that can be solved with your long term memory. But the limitations your long term memory is that it takes more time for you to process the information, and it also highly influenced by by the exposure that you had when you were trying to encode this information. Another factor to keep in mind is emotional factors, stress and anxiety, depression. They can make your brain kind of fighting. You might not be able to focus. Let's say, if you are usually able to focus for 30 minutes straight without losing your concentration when you're reading a passage and you're going through a stressful time you're going through exams were going through any kind of stressful situations. You might find that your attention span is gonna become bit less than what you expected. Your concentrations, then, will be bit less than you. You usually expect it or what you used to, because there's something that's kind of going through your head that's moving your concentration from something towards something else. Our emotional state can have a big influence on our cognitive processing ability. When you're in an emotional state where you feel motivated, inspired, happy, joyful, you'll find sometimes that you're able to concentrate even more than you used to be able to before because of the emotional factors. And if you're depressed, if you have a lot of stress and anxiety, you'll find that you are able to focus less than what you're used to before because of these emotional factors. And this is of course, a limitation. At the same time, it can be much more than that. It could be something you can take your advantage if you use your emotional processing and you become emotionally intelligent and use your emotions properly to guide you towards success, which leaves us with the two last limitations. First is the information base. How fast can you kind of process The information forced The information itself is one thing . The exposures, Another thing. But the mix together, which forms your personal attitude and cognitive processing ability towards the information , can be somewhere that you only know, As we said, you might be able to concentrate on a certain amount of information for 30 minutes. This is an individual estimate that you need to figure out, but you need to keep in mind that what is the information base that works best for you to get the best out of the information at the same time, keep your concentration up there to be able to actually concentrate on when you're doing and get the best out of it. And lastly motivation. It can be also one of the limiting factors because if you're doing something and you're not motivated, you're doing something that you hate. You're doing something that you're not enjoying, usually have a tendency to lose your concentration and go do something that you enjoy Doing . This can be reflected in procrastination. It could be reflected in a lot of different factors when you have a lack of motivation towards the object you're trying to focus on. Motivation can definitely be a limitation. At the same time, as we said we were talking about emotional factors, motivation can also be helpful, because when you find the motivation to work on something specific or he kind of boost your motivation, you'll find yourself that you're able to focus and concentrate on whatever you're trying to do more. You'll be able to find out the information processing and the cognitive processing abilities overall are even better than what you expected. So keeping these seven limitation factors in mind the seven cognitive limitations factors are crucial for you to understand your cognitive ability and be able to top into it whenever you want, have it accessible and the same time understand it from away that once you encounter limitation, you understand that this is a limitation and you know that you need to cope with it one way or another. And, of course, throughout this course, we're gonna be looking into how to deal with each and every one of these limitations. Some of them cannot be completely razed. Some of them you will be able tow work on them and kind of improved them, and others would be able to just move them away and solve the issue completely. 21. Do we only use 100% Our Brain Capacity: in this lecture, we're gonna be talking about a question that people usually refer to as a fact among the factors. It is not by any means of fact, do we only use 10% of our brain capacity. The answer is no. We can top into our entire break passage. The human brain is complex along with millions and billions of neural structures and networks connected inside the brain. We do use most of our brain capacity. If you are watching a movie very simple. You will not be using your full brain capacity. If you're reading, you're not gonna be using your full brain capacity. However, your full brain capacity is accessible, but not all at once. You cannot use 100% of your brain capacity all at once. Performing one task. It doesn't work that way. There are neural structures and networks. They're interconnected that work together to kind of give you what you actually need in terms of brain capacity to solve the situation or to handle whatever you're trying to handle, whether it's reading, whether you're trying to ride in exam, whether trying to read a book, whether you're trying to watch a movie play sports. Whatever it is, there are neural structures in the brain that are responsible for that, and this is what you will access. Your brain capacity when it comes to a certain task, is limited to the neural structures and neural networks interconnected and how they work. How big the structure is, depending on the complexity of the task you're trying to accomplish, keeping in mind that the average human brain weighs almost £3.3 pounds of networks and connections and acts, hormones and chemicals all mixed up together with matter gray matter in all that, condensing £3 making, forming your brain. And he used that to do every single thing you do in your daily life. If you do a scan of your brain doing a certain task, you will notice that there are some certain areas while you're performing the specific tasks that would light up an opposition. There are other parts that would not light up, and that would Onley light up if you are doing another different task. If you are solving a math problem, usually referring toa logic, usually the right hemisphere of your brain won't be working effectively opposed to the left side of your brain that might not be working as much unless you're trying to think about a creative solution when you want to use your imagination and creativity. This is where your left hemisphere starts working, but overall it is your entire brain that's working the entire time. And it's up to what you're doing that determines what part of your brain is gonna work and how much of your brain's capacity are you actually gonna be using? 22. The Other Side Of Regression To Avoid: and this lecture, we're gonna be talking about the other side of regression that you need to avoid. Now regression has two different faces that we need to be aware of. One face is positive and the other one is negative. And beforehand we did talk about how regression can help. Sometimes we might miss some important information and going back reading the information can help us avoid any kind of information that we left out or missed out on. But regression also has a negative side. When it comes to speed reading, it can actually decrease the speed at which you're operating the speed at which you're currently reading. There are numerous factors behind the reason why this happens. One main reason. It's not your stopping and going back moving backwards instead of moving forward. And the second is you will lose your concentration now. We previously talked about regression as constant as we said. It can be extremely helpful to understand previous information better through the repetition, but how does it affect our speed reading ability? So as we said, losing concentration is big thing. So if we get distracted and feel like we missed some information that we did not really understand. Well, we might have to use regression to go back, re read and understand the information better, which can affect our speed reading ability. Whether this is caused by vocalization systems or our belief that slower is better and reading information over and over again is better as a habit. We picked up from the educational system, which generates this belief that reading information over and over again is good to enhance understanding, which is, of course, true. But at the same time it will block the system of speed reading you're trying to develop. We previously discussed this idea of highlighting or marking important words, phrases or information that you might have missed and going back to it and reading it after you're done. The speed reading process after you're done your training. So with a marker in hand, put a mark next to any information paragraph, a phrase you missed while reading, and you get back to this information briefly to read it again. Once you're done, your initial reading. If you are using the pointer method, it can be a weight faster to mark the regression parts instead of going back and reading them after you're done, let's say the chapter or the number of pages you set up for yourself, you can go back to read all the paragraphs phrase that you put a mark next to, so we can then re read these information and kind of assimilate it and understand it properly. 23. Eye Exercises : in this lecture, we're gonna be talking about some eyes related visual exercises, basically some practices you can do to improve your visual ability and therefore enhance your speed reading ability For us to be able to read at a certain speed, we need to be able to adjust, are visible ability, and I movement at a similar pace and speed. And the first exercise is the thumb to thumb glancing. And what you're gonna do is you're gonna take out your two thumbs and you're going to start looking from one thumb to the other. Start at a slower speed and keep gradually increasing your speed mawr and more and more you need to Glenn's. You don't need to completely focus on your thumb. What we're folks Second now, another very helpful exercise is the I rioting and squeezing. So first off, before starting this exercise, you want to start with the ice squeezing. We're going to talk more about some warming exercises you can use further on in sector, and squeezing is one of them, basically squeezing your eyes and then opening them up. Doing this on a consistent basis for about a minute can help you warm up your eyes, and then what you want to do is I writing. You want to just look anywhere and try to write words with your eye vision, so just envisioned the word in front of you and start by writing the letters until you form a word and keep repeating this exercise for you to improve your visual ability and your eye movement ability. Zooming is another I exercise and visual ability exercise you can use while holding a book tried to read the first page at a certain distance from your eyes. Then for the second page, get closer third page getting closer, fourth face getting closer and then keep moving it forward and then start moving it away from you. And keep repeating that now. Once you get better at it. And once you practice your eye movement more, you can start by doing it phrase by phrase. You read the first line at a certain distance. Second line closer, third line closer, fourth line closer till we get very close and then you start moving away from you every single line away from you and you keep repeating that process to train your eyes and your official ability. Furthermore, as we said, there are some exercises that you can use to warm up your eyes before reading or before exercising. One of them is blinking and the other one is palming. Blinking is different than the exercise we talked about before, where you're squeezing your eyes. Blinking is basically blinking your eyes out of that different speeds. You start by blinking at a certain speed. You keep increasing the speed, then you reduce the speed, and you do that for about a minute. Now every time you want to do some eye exercises. As we said, there are three different warm up exercises that you can rely on, and you want to use a different one every single time you're trying to warm up. Just to get the consistency of getting used to different exercises and bombing as well is a really good way to warm up. And what you're basically doing is that you are rubbing your eyes with your poems until you feel the outer side of your eye getting warm, which will relax the muscles and get you into this warm up kind of setting. 24. Habit Formation : in this video, we're gonna be talking about habit formation for you to understand habits properly, you need to understand the psychological aspect behind of it. What is a habit formation from a psychological standpoint. So the process of habit formation first off is made out. So the habit itself is usually a process linked to certain behavior, which, through repetition becomes an automatic system. That you fall once a habit is deeply established, and it has roots inside your brain that it's kind of triggered by an automatic system that happened on a daily basis or on a consistent basis. It becomes unconscious. You do certain habit without even thinking about it. And psychologically speaking, each and every habit is made out of different components, this psychological pattern that we're going to refer to as the habit loop. It is made out of three different components. Number one. The trick. The trigger is the main stimulus that started habit itself. Where did the Hobbit start, or what may just start doing a certain behavior or a certain hobbit? What is it on a daily basis or on a recurring basis that makes you go back to Where is the habit and do it again and again and again. Second off, we have the action. The action is the habit itself. What do you do after you encounter the stimulus or the trigger? This is the habit itself. Number three, we have the reward out of this habit. You will get a certain satisfaction. You will satisfy craving, or you will get a reward out of it that you deeply desire. And the thing is, once a loop is established properly, it becomes unconscious. Your brain would do this habit automatically without you being aware of it on a conscious level, there's something in our brain called the basal ganglia, and it is responsible for making out of a one time habit that happens through repetition, and it kind of turns it into an automatic system or response that you have on an unconscious level. If you want to break down the habit, loop mawr. From a psychological standpoint, we confined that stimulus itself. We could find that the stimulus itself is the reason why the habit started. Initially, we have a craving. We have this desire to do the action, which takes us to the second step, which is the routine because you want to get to a certain goal, you want to get to certain reward. You want to have a certain satisfaction out of it. And if you take any one of these components out of the Hobbit loop, the entire system fails. If you think this journalist out, the action would never start. If you think the action out, the habit itself is gone. If you think the reward out, there's no reason for you to do that happened because you're not getting anything out of it . And in order for you to understand your own personal habits from a psychological standpoint , you need to be aware of these three different components that kind of form all your habits . You need to be aware of this stimulus. What is it that's turning your habit? You need to be aware of the action. What is the habit itself in action? And you need to understand What are you getting out of it? What reward or satisfaction you're trying to reach by doing this certain habit of action and once you understand your habits from this certain point of view, wants to understand it from the habit loop point of view this habit goes from being on an unconscious level moves towards a conscious level where you're actually aware of what's going on. You're aware the trigger. You're aware of the action and you're aware of the reward you're getting out. There is a link to my next video that talks about how you could take this habit loop and manipulated how you can take advantage of this habit loop to change habits, to eliminate habits or to create new habits, of course, using the science behind your brains, psychology and how to effectively applying. 25. How To Plan Effectively For Speed Reading : The purpose of this lecture is to get you equipped with the methodology you need to follow to keep track of your progress. That being said, there's gonna be document made on a three months progress basis where every day after doing certain exercises, you will be monitoring and kind of tracking the results of your speed reading ability. There is a website that you're going to get to know and further lectures that you will use to track your speed dreaming ability. And once you do and you have the basic speed reading ability that you have at the moment, you will start to track the progress of how your speed is increasing progressively throughout the days. The weeks and months and the way to use it and to keep track of your progress effectively is for you to first and foremost follow up with the daily exercises that you have. Keep the persistence. Don't stop, because when you stop, it will cause a setback for you. When you keep up the motivation you keep up the persistence, it will help you keep moving forward. It will help you see results faster, and that's exactly what you want. Once you make sure that you have the list of exercises that you need to do on a daily basis . Ready? You know what you need to do today, Tomorrow in Today, after all the way up to the end of this program, you are on the right track. Know what comes next is more interesting, which is tracking the results. Now you need to not get frustrated if you don't see results in the first week. Speed reading is a process that takes time. You might not see the results in the first couple days. You might not see the results after four or five days. You might not see results in the 1st 2 weeks, but eventually you'll start noticing results. And what matters is for you to track these results once they start happening. Once you start seeing this results, you can compare it with where you were at the beginning, and you can start seeing how you're improving and how you are progressing throughout the program. More importantly, when you first start, need to have a basic goal and you need tohave an ankle that you want to get to. By the end of this course now Of course, you might finish this course and not get to where you want to get. That doesn't mean you can't get there. It just means that you need to keep repeating the exercises. Keep repeating the drills, the examples and all the steps that you went through in this course, keep going back at it, exemplify it in the way that it will eventually push you to get to where you're trying to get to. It is a system that works best through repetition. So the more you repeat the system, the more you repeat what you're doing. If what you're doing is good, and if what you're doing is great, you will get where you want to get. And that's something I mentioned in the previous lecture. If you go through the program and you see that you're not getting to where you want to get to effectively, you need to go back and make sure that what you're doing is right, that what you're doing is effective and efficient. If not, if you go throughout the first month and 1/2 and you can't see any progress, there is something wrong going on. And once there's something wrong going on. You need to reassess how you are tackling speed reading and how you're doing what you're doing. If it's good, if it's not, if it's efficient or not, if it's effective or not based on that, you need to tell if you need to keep doing what you're doing or you need to switch it up, change it up and do something different that might help you more in the future. There's something else that I find to be very effective is once you get your basic speed reading ability at the moment, riot it down, commit your goals to paper because it eventually helps you a lot. It has scientifically proven that once goals are committed to paper, you're more likely to follow up with them and attain those goals. If you're right, you're starting speed reading ability, and you write the goal that you want to get to specifically. If your goal is to read at a certain speed, that would allow you to read a 300 pages book and finish it in one week. You need to keep that in mind and put it as a goal and work towards it. But committed to paper to make sure that you will work on it effectively, improperly. And now you're all set. You have your progress sheet, you have the exercises and everything you need to go through to get where you want to get. You have your goals that you're going to set up and plant, and you're going to start working on the step by step lecture by lecture to get from where you are, where you want to be. 26. Improving Retention And Memory: in this lecture, we're gonna be talking about speed reading lesson, which is retention and memory. When you're reading and when you're trying to improve your speed reading, you also want to understand better and retain better. You want to be able to remember as much information as possible, and you wanna ensure that you're gonna not just understand it but also retain it so you can access it later. There are, of course, some basic principles. Three small tips to help you start. Improve your memory. Now your memories just like a muscle and there are gonna be lectures. They're going to talk more about this. But the thing is, the more you train it, the better it becomes and believe it or not, a lot of different things that you can tips, for example, as chewing gum can tremendously help you. There's a lot of different nutritional factors that can improve your memory, and also there are a lot of things that can also harm your shorts or memory and feel free to check out the articles that I posted in the course that are going to explain to you what things they're beneficial for your short term memory and what is actually harmful. The reason why chewing gum can actually help you is because it's one of the things you can use to get less distracted. Research showed that students who study while they're eating chewing gum would most likely retain understand better information than those who weren't. And, of course, as emphasized in other lectures, Meditation and mindfulness can help lock Now. There are some other tips as well. Some steps you can also follow. Avoid cramming and try not to procrastinate, because if you do and you have a lot of information that you need to process in a short amount of time, you are bound to fail. At one point or another, you will be able to understand less because you're going really fast and you'll be able to retain less as well, which is what happens with a lot of people who would study one night before the exam, for example. Now I know a lot of people say that they work better under pressure, but you need to work under pressure in a smart way. So one way to avoid procrastination is to organize your work and make sure that you have a clear schedule, and you can also use pneumonic devices. There will be an article that talks a lot more about mnemonic devices, which can help you a lot, and lastly, one of the things that are also fundamental but would not really help you when it comes to speed reading. But it helps you in terms of improving your shorts or memory, and understanding better is to visualize. So as you're reading, you're kind of visualizing what happened. You need to process and basically make a link between what you're envisioning and what you're reading, and you can also repeat the information. If you feel that there's something that you're trying toe learn and that you're stuck, you can't understand it properly, even when you're reading consciously take the time to repeat and process the information properly. 27. Keeping Interest In Reading: now speed reading can be challenged. The goal is for you to keep interest in what you're doing. To actually be able to keep up with one speed reading becomes interesting, become way easier for you to practice it and kind of develop this kill with time. Now, the best way to do it is to pick books that you actually enjoy reading. If you want to know more about any topic, you're curious and you're excited to learn more about it. Buy a book that talks about this specific thing because then to be way more excited to practice it because you're not just practicing your speed reading ability, you're also getting the chance to read a book that you're really excited to read. So that makes it easier for you to develop the habit of exercising on a regular basis and also building the Hobbit of reading on a daily basis if you're trying to do so. A lot of times people prefer to read novels as they tend to be a bit more creative, so they like to imagine these things happening. All these scenarios. It's like a movie in their head, while other people enjoy self help nonfiction kind of books. They find them a lot more interesting in the sense where they can learn a lot of things. So choose your area of interest and kind of follow the system where you get the habit of reading through, making yourself excited and motivated to actually do it. 28. The Different Learning Stages: in this lecture, we're gonna be talking about our ability to learn how the process of learning actually works in our brain. Whether you know it or not, learning is made up of four different steps that we go through in order for us to ensure effective learning. First off, unconscious incompetence you don't know. You don't know the information, so the information is still obscure. You don't even know that it exists. And therefore you don't know that there's something that you don't know. This is the stage of ignorance. This is the stage where you so don't know anything. This is the stage right Before learning starts the second step, it's conscious incompetence. Now, you do realize that there is something you don't know. You do realize that there are some information that you need and that you don't currently know. You become conscious of your incompetence in a certain topic, this is usually one of the most challenging steps in learning because you need to figure out the answer. And if you don't find the answer, most people tend to give up just because they couldn't find the answer, and therefore the learning doesn't actually continue. It stops at the second step. The third step is conscious competence now, you know, but that you know the information. You look for the question, you read the solution and now you know how it works. You consciously know that. You know the answer, and this is one of the easiest stages because this is the part where you have the information that you need to know, and you just need to read it, analyze it and kind of apply it in the learning system in the learning strategy that you're following for you to become consciously aware that your competence when it comes to this specific subject which states us to the final stage, which can take quite a bit of time. And it's unconscious competence. You don't even consciously have to think about something to know that you know it. You know it by heart. It's unconscious, It's systematic. It happens automatically. So let me give you an example. If you are trying to learn how toe cook a specific meal, let's say you're trying to learn how to make sushi. Now, before this desire that you want to learn how to make sushi, you were in the unconscious incompetence stage where you didn't even realize that you don't know how to make sushi unless you start thinking about it. And once you start thinking about it, this is where you actually move into the conscious incompetence. You realize that you don't know how to make sushi, and you do want to make sushi at one point. So what you need to do is you need to start looking for the information so you open your phone or you open your tablet or ugo get a book dot com explains how to make sushi. You open the recipe, and this is where you start going into conscious competence when you're learning how to make sushi. This is you consciously learning how to make it. You gathering all the information and you becoming competent on a conscious level, knowing all the basic skills are required and everything that's required of you to do according to the recipe. Now you made sushi the first time, and it was OK. Second time, third time, fourth time, fifth time. You don't even open the recipe book anymore because it's an unconscious competence. You don't even have to consciously think about the information that's automatic. It's in your head. It's in your long term memory that is stored, and it is retrievable at any point at any moment. And this is how learning becomes the most effective. A lot of people, sometimes they learn something they haven't examined. They study a day before or they have a big project and they work on it the day before work . And then when they're presenting the project, when they're writing their exams, they realized that there for getting a lot of the information. It's because most of this information encoded in your head it was stored in your short term memory did not have the time for it to be stored in the long term memory. And you were always stuck at the conscious competence level you can your countries of what you know at that time. But the learning wasn't repetitive enough and wasn't mastered and skilled, skillful enough for you to kind of go from the conscious competence. Step to the unconscious competence step if he studied a week before or you worked on the project a week before, and you repeated the information every single day. Repetition helps a lot, and if not the entire thing. Some parts Most of the parts that are related to your exam or to your project will now be part of your unconscious competence. Without you having to consciously think about it or read it, you'll be able to tap into the information I thought you learned. So the most effective way for us to learn properly is to go through each and every one of the stages. If you don't, if you skip a step if you avoid a step, most probably your learning process will not be effective, and you will have trouble with it in the future. And when you're trying to read a book, you want to get as much information from it s possible, you want to learn from it. So whenever you encounters killed, whenever you encounter something important in the book, that kind of grabs your attention. One of the things that I personally do when I'm reading books is I always put a highlighter next to me. I know it might be contradiction when it comes to multitasking, you might be thinking, Well, if I'm going to stop every time I read something interesting and I highlighted this is me multitasking. This is me highlighting and reading at the same time, and it's gonna mess with my focus ability. It's true, something else that I kind of. It's like a system. At the end of the day, you need to know what works best for you. Some people might not be bothered by it, but I was personally bothered when I was reading, and then I had to highlight something. I've noticed that I'm kind of losing my concentration of it. So what I would do is that every time I'm reading a page and I find something interesting in it, something that I want to highlight, I put a little signs or marks on the paper. I would fold the paper bit and keep reading, and when I'm done reading, I usually just go back through what I rent. And I know because it's still in my short term memory. I still know what's going on. I still know what I wanted to highlight, and I just highlight it. It takes two minutes after you're done reading, and this way, once you highlight the important information, there 29. The Link Between Reading And Our Brain: in this lecture, we're gonna be talking about some of your cognitive limitations the purposes for you to understand your cognitive abilities properly for you to understand what you're capable of doing for you to be able to understand how far you can push your cognitive abilities and take advantage of them properly. And there are seven main factors that we're gonna be talking about for you to understand everything you need to note and how to apply that when it comes to speed reading. Of course, first factor is the amount of information you're receiving. Picture of this. For example, if you are receiving if you're let's take an example. If you're trying to read and understand 1000 work passage in 10 minutes. In contrast, where you have 30 minutes for the same passage, you will most likely be able to understand, retain and get a lot more out of the passage when you have 30 minutes, then when you have 10 minutes. And the reason why is because of information processing information processes has kind of two sides to it. First, how long you spent trying to process the information that you have, and second is the amount of information self. Sometimes the amount of information is so great that you cannot do it, and you cannot process it in a certain amount of time. And one of the main factors that influenced this is our short term memory are short term memory is limited. If you read 100 200 work passage right now, your short term memory will not be able to process and retain and eventually memorize most of this passage. You might be able to retain and understand some ideas, but you most probably won't be able to memorize the entire passage word by word. Because of the limitations of your short term memory. It is a It is a resource that is accessible at any point. However, it is limited. You cannot have as much short term memory as you want there is. There's kind of a limit that you will get to. It won't point, and you need to realize if this amount of information that you're trying to process is enough for your short term memory and your comments of processing ability to go through whether or not which brings us to the other factor, which is your exposure to information. Time and information mixed up together will kind of make this combination that will show you if the exposure was effective or not. And of course, other factors would step in when it comes to exposure, such as your concentration and your attention at the time when you are trying to process the information again. If you read 1000 passage word in 10 minutes and 1000 passage words in 30 minutes when in the 30 minutes you were not concentrated at all and in the 10 minutes you're highly concentrated, you'll be able to get a lot more out of the 10 minutes than the 30 minutes because of other exposure factors that kind of influence your cognitive processing ability. Third is your attention span. So this something we kind of talked about before. You need to realize that. Yes, you are able to concentrate on something for specific amount of time, and the more you work on improving your concentration, the mawr and longer you'll be able to concentrate on specific things. However, our attention span is at the end of the day limited. You will get to a point where your attention will be shifted to work something else and you will lose concentration. This is also one of the limitations that you need to keep in mind. If you are reading something and you feel like your attention keeps shifting towards something else, you need to realize that this is natural. Of course, there are solutions. Maybe there's specific things that's always grabbing your attention. It can be your phone right next to the book you're reading. Whenever it goes off, your attention goes towards it. This is something that you can eliminate. However, in the long run, your attention stand is at the end of a limited, and you need to keep that in mind as one of the cognitive processing limitations that you have. Another factor comes from understanding a long term memory, our short term memory that we previously talked about as limited. However, your long term memory is a bit more tricky when it comes to long term memory. You have a lot more flexibility when you have a lot of time to process certain amount of information. You are able to kind of store that in your long term memory. If you have a 200 word passage that you're trying to memorize word by word, short term memory. You might be able to retain it and let's say half on hour, but two days later you'll forget most of it. But if you spend two hours to make sure that it's encoded in your long term memory than two months later, you would be able to see that you probably remember most of the passage still, And the reason why is because your long term memory is much more effective than your short term memory. So you gotta understand that there are some limitations for your short term memory that can be solved with your long term memory. But the limitations your long term memory is that it takes more time for you to process the information, and it also highly influenced by by the exposure that you had when you were trying to encode this information. Another factor to keep in mind is emotional factors, stress and anxiety, depression. They can make your brain kind of fighting. You might not be able to focus, Let's say, if you are usually able to focus for 30 minutes straight without losing your concentration . When you're reading a passage and you're going through a stressful time you're going through. Exams were going through any kind of stressful situations. You might find that your attention span is gonna become a bit less than what you expected. Your concentrations, then, will be bit less than you. You usually expect it or what you used to, because there's something that's kind of going through your head that's moving your concentration from something towards something else. Our emotional state can have a big influence on our cognitive processing ability. When you're in an emotional state where you feel motivated, inspired, happy, joyful, you'll find sometimes that you're able to concentrate even more than you used to be able to before because of the emotional factors. And if you're depressed, if you have a lot of stress and anxiety, you'll find that you are able to focus less than what you're used to before because of these emotional factors. And this is of course, a limitation. At the same time, it can be much more than that. It could be something you can take your advantage if you use your emotional processing and you become emotionally intelligent and use your emotions properly to guide you towards success, Which leaves us, Which leaves us with the two last limitations. First is the information base. How fast can you kind of process The information forced The information itself is one thing the exposures and other thing. But the mix together, which forms your personal attitude and cognitive processing ability toe worse. The information can be somewhere that you only know. As we said, you might be able to concentrate on a certain amount of information for 30 minutes. This is an individual estimate that you need to figure out, but you need to keep in mind that what is the information base that works best for you to get the best out of the information at the same time, keep your concentration up there to be able to actually concentrate on when you're doing and get the best out of it. And lastly motivation. It can be also one of the limiting factors because if you're doing something and you're not motivated, you're doing something that you hate. You're doing something that you're not enjoying, usually have a tendency to lose your concentration and go do something that you enjoy doing . This can be reflected in procrastination, It could be reflected in a lot of different factors. When you have a lack of motivation towards the object you're trying to focus on. Motivation can definitely be a limitation. At the same time, as we said we were talking about emotional factors, motivation can also be helpful, because when you find the motivation to work on something specific or he kind of boost your motivation, you will find yourself that you're able to focus and concentrate on whatever you're trying to do more. You'll be able to find out the information processing and the cognitive processing abilities overall are even better than what you expected. So keeping these seven limitation factors in mind the seven cognitive limitations factors are crucial for you to understand your cognitive ability and be able to top into it whenever you want. Have it accessible in the same time. Understand it from away that once you encounter limitation, you understand that this is a limitation and you know that you need to cope with it one way or another. And of course, throughout this course, we're gonna be looking into how to deal with each and every one of these limitations. Some of them cannot be completely razed. Some of them you will be able tow work on them and kind of improved them, and others would be able to just move them away and solve the issue completely. 30. Organizing Systems: the next lecture. You're about to be introduced to concept called smart Goals. When you are building your organizer, when you're building the system you want to follow to improve your reading ability, it is always good to have solid gold that you can actually fall through with. It is always better to have specific and direct goals that you can pull through with and ensure proper execution. And smart goals are the best way for you to plan properly set goals properly and be able to follow through with it with all the different factors involved and smart girls, the lecture is a bit long, and it has a lot of different concepts, so I'd highly encourage you to focus on it and apply these smart goals. When you're trying to plan your goals for reading and make sure that you follow the system properly, you follow the steps for you to ensure the most effective goal setting strategies that you can have and so you can eventually ensure that you get to where you're trying to get 31. Perceptual Reactivity: your perceptual activity and reactivity is one of the most important factors. Also, when it comes to reading, see, speed reading is made out of a lot of different essential elements that you need to master individually for you to get the general benefit, which is reading at ultimate speed. It is basically our reaction time, our response time and our informational processing time. So, by definition, reaction time or response time refers to the amount of time that takes place between when we perceive something toe when we respond to it. It is Thea Bility to detect, process and respond to stimulus as the definition sets. But this is made out of different elements, of course, so perception seeing, hearing or feeling a stimulus with certainty is essential toe having good reaction time. Of course, in the processing system, we need good reaction time. It is necessary to be focused and well, understand the information. Our mortal agility, when it comes to our cognitive ability is necessary also to act upon a good response time and there's a link. And if any part of thes processing systems is altered or eliminated, this will have consequences on our perceptual reading now there's a lot of things you can do to improve it, nor plasticity is when a fundamental factors you can use for the improvement of your perceptual ability. Now, for those of you who don't know what neural plasticity is, it is one of the most fascinating personal breakthrough concepts you can ever go through. And I have a couple of course about it. I'd encourage you to go and take a look at them. If you're interested in knowing more, of course, training and keep practising would be one of the major fox for you to master this. You need to train, and there will be activities that would help you train and improve your sexual ability, your reaction and action time and perception unsure strong and healthier connections. And at the end of it, when it comes to the time it needs for you to have a response, it will be quicker, easier and requires less mental resources and effort 32. Re-Reading: in this lecture, we're gonna be talking about re reading. So basically going through the book again and reading it again, a lot of people say that reading is not good for Speed three. A lot of people say that if you're reading a certain book and you get distracted while reading a part that is not a good idea for you to read the part again. You should just move on and keep reading the rest. But what if you miss one very important piece of information? That's exactly why if you want to get the best out of the book, if you feel that at any point you got distracted, it's better for you to stop and read the paragraph again now once you read it again because you already read it while you were distracted. But in terms of muscle memory, your brain is already familiar with the paragraph you just read, which would make it easier for you to read it again. And re reading doesn't stop here. We talked in a previous lecture about method that I personally use where I have a pointer or pen or marker, and as I'm reading as soon as I encounter an important idea I would market, and after I'm done the book, I would go back, read those important ideas that I highlighted or put a mark next to, and I would read those ideas again, kind of understand them more. So what you're getting out of speed reading is your reading through all the details. But at the same time, you're marking one of the most important ideas in the book that you want to work on and develop more. So when you're doing this re reading once the book is done and you go through all the information, I was highlighted. It would make your comprehension and retention, but it would make your comprehension and retention way better than if you don't actually go through the book again and the re reading process. There's a lot of tools that you can use to even get mawr comprehension and more retention and mawr knowledge out of the book. One thing is to develop the ideas. If there is an important idea that you highlighted, a really important thing that you can do is to right this idea down and develop it in terms of how you understood the idea. Another thing is to re write the idea in your own personal way. Kind of make this idea of personal in terms of how you understand it, you're not going through the details. You're just rephrasing how the idea is according to your individual, on individualistic opinion of how you actually understood the book and how you want to develop it or the idea. 33. Reading Word Groups: in this lecture, we are going to be talking about some exercises that you can use to get better at reading Workgroups. Previously, we saw how we can identify and define word groups, but for us to be able to do this on an unconscious level, we need some more exercises to reinforce this habit. You can see in this stable that there are a lot of random phrases placed one beneath the other, some of them containing three words, others containing forwards. If you think each and every one of these random phrases alone, it will still have a meaning. And what you want to do is you want to try to read these faces as quickly as possible through visual reading, of course, no pronunciation, no vocalization, understanding the meaning and reading the meaning in between the words. First, you want to start by reading the three word phrases and the sequence they're following and read. The forwards are sequence and the forwards and sequence before moving to the next slide containing the next exercise here, you're going to be doing the same exercise, but you are going to be reading horizontally and vertically to develop your eye movement. I fixation and your overall vision ability 34. Reading Zone: and this lecture, we're gonna be talking about something called a reading some. I'm gonna give you an example for you to first understand. Have you ever seen while watching a movie or show a person who would have this specific chair in front of a TV where they would always sit can be like, um, like a small sofa with kind of a surface for you to extend your legs on it? And And the person always sits on the specific chair. It's kind of his zone when he's watching TV and also in a similar example, the same person can, for example, be reading on a daily basis. And they can have a spot, whether it's under patio, whether it's in their office or their bedroom there, certain spot that they can pick where they always think to read. Having a reading zone can be extremely helpful for you to figure out a spot that's calm. There's not a lot of noise where you can actually sit down without distractions and focus on what you're doing. This can be highly beneficial for you. We previously talked about habits we talked about the Q or the trigger, and once you have a reading zone that's designated for reading, and every time you sit on this couch or whatever you're sitting, you focus on reading specifically. What would happen is that this certain spot would become the queue for you to read. So if you want to build the habit effectively as soon as you sit on the chair, this is the cue for you to start reading. So if you want to build a habit, choosing a specific spot can actually become a trigger for you to follow up with the action or the habit of reading and get the reward out of it, which can be a satisfaction or self actualization. Whatever it is, you're building a habit system by choosing a readings. 35. Reinforcement Methods: in this lecture, we're gonna be talking about some reinforcing methods that you can use. It is basically related to discussion, reflection and summaries. Those are some very interesting topics to help you in your journey. It can ensure better retention, better comprehension, and you'll get way more out of the process. Now. First off, when it comes to discussions, it is very essential. First to reinforce what we learned because when you're reading, if you're reading, of course, something related to personal development, self help. And even if you're reading something related to novels, there is a purpose out of it, which is learning and enhancing some certain abilities you're trying to work on. So through proper retention, incomprehension. If you want to engage in a topic related to discussions, which is what you're basically reading the topic of your book or three ideas you are assimilating and reading throughout the book, discussing this topic that you read about with other people who are also interested or knowledgeable. Sharing your interconnected understanding and comprehension of the main ideas can be highly beneficial. So what that means is, once you read, let's say a chapter in a certain book that talks about how to improve your memory. It can be very helpful to go and discuss this topic with one of your friends who is interested in developing and basically boosting his memory and his ability to retain information. Once you read information and then you discuss it with people, you'll be able to understand it better. You might be able to find some loopholes that you missed and you'll be able to assimilate and apply these ideas better as it is not just knowledge that's kind of sticking in your brain. But you're also going into discussion, which helps you question a lot of things and which helps you at the end of the day with the application process. This is not strictly related to speed reading. This is Mawr oven exercise for reading in general to help you get the most out of reading now, in a situation where you don't really have someone you can discuss this with or you don't really want to discuss it with other people, and finally, what you can also use is summaries. So basically summarising the ideas and concepts you read with your own words and your own personal understanding anecdotes and experiences is the method that can have a lot of improvements and effects on your comprehension and retention. A lot of university professors were encouraged students once they're done reading a chapter to summarize the chapter in their own words right down or typing the information that the red and summarize it because once they do, they will be first engaging in self reflection. They might be engaging in some discussions with other people to be able to summarize it and summarizing process itself would have a lot of benefits when it comes to them getting this information and assimilating it in the brain properly. 36. Setting SMART Goals : and this lecture, we're gonna be talking about building a planning and organizing system for your speed re in order for you to get better at speed reading as we talked about before, you need to keep up the consistency and the persistence to do so. And the best way to do it is to have a system in place that's going to organize and plan the way you're gonna tackle speed reading and the way you're gonna improve bit by bit and the next lecture, there's gonna be a PDF document docking. Khanna help you organize your stuff and planet. You wouldn't want to be a bit precise and specific. Let's say you have your calendar, you have your schedule and for each and every day you have a certain objective for each and every while. Let's say for every two weeks you have a certain goal in terms of what speed you want to reach, right, and what you need to do is you want to follow up with your with your organizer with your planner and make sure that at the end of the day you are attaining your goals. And if not, you need to understand that there needs to be a certain change. There's a certain change to be made in your organizer in your system and you're planner. For you to be able to reach your goals effective, they're gonna be two files. One of them is basically an organized. There's gonna be two files. One of them is basically an organizer, a template where you can fill it out yourself that can help you out a lot. And the other file as a template that I personally fill them, that I actually used myself for speed reading, and I found that it helped a lot. So if you don't want to build your own plan because it might be time consuming, you can just use the plan that I followed for a bit. And at the end of it, this plan is gonna be basic. This is where you're beginning. But the more you improve, the more you need to improve. Your plan is long. You need to change the way you're organizing stuff the way you're planning at the improvement you're gonna see in terms Petri Having system will not only help you organize and plan out everything, but it would also help you as we said, and tracking your results, you want to see where you're going, and seeing results would actually motivate you to keep going and keep pushing and keep this persistence and consistency. And most importantly, it will be a blueprint or guideline for you to get from where you are right now to where you want to get in speed reading This is the best way to improve your speed reading abilities. 37. The Human Memory : and this lecture, we're gonna be talking about one of the most fascinating cognitive abilities that human beings have, which is memory now. Memory is kind of a big, broad topic that gets into different branches when it comes to the type of memory, how it works, why certain memories kind of stay, and they have certain effect on you that would last longer than other memory. How does the human memory really work? The memory is a complex process that involves acquiring story and re calling information. And not all memories are the same memory as a term refers to the processes that are used to acquire, store retain and later on, retrieve any kind of information that you stored in your brain. And it's usually made out of three different steps encoding storage and retrieval experiences that we have. A life can be encoded on a personal level in terms of memory. And then this memory, which was first just a visual representation in front of you that your brain analyzed can be stored to become an actual memory. And then once you want top into the memory and remember what you previously memorized, this is the process of retrieval. So first you have a visual object. Whether it's in front of you, whether it's in your brain, you can either see it with your eyes, or you can see it with your mind's eye. It could be something that you touched, and you can remember how it feels. It could be something that smelled something that tasted something heard. As long as your senses are involved and there is pure perception that is kind of systematically analyzed by the brain, this is where the encoding certs toe work. This is where it starts to happen, and this encoding on Lee gets us to memory once this encoding is actually stored in our brain to be later on, retrieved when necessary. And, of course, we have different types of memories in our brain, sometimes memorized passage, and you can recite the entire passage by heart. Sometimes you might remember when you went out with a friend and you remember snippets of when you guys went out 10 years ago. You remember five seconds of it, or 10 seconds of it, something that really stuck in your brain. Short term memory serves for a temporary recall of information. A very brief and temporary recall of information that happens in the short run short memory , which is also known as our active memory. It is basically all the information that we, at the present moment, are aware of or thinking about moving on. We have long term memory, and it is intended to store information over a longer period of time. Psychologically speaking, some psychologists like Freud, for example, refers star long term memory as our unconscious memory. A lot of those memories are in our brain, encoded and stored in our head, and don't even realize it until there's something that stimulates the response of the memory. When you were young, let's say you fell in love with this girl or with this guy. And here she had a certain perfume that they always used to put on. Now it's been 15 years that you guys broke up and you haven't seen each other. But you walk past somebody wearing the same perfume and you remember your ex. Now you weren't aware of the memory being stored in your head. Of course you know that you remember him, however, there's something an external stimulus that kind of pop this memory back out and made it appear on a more conscious level per se. And lastly, we have our sensory memory. During this stage of memory, we're talking about all the sensory information that you requirement from the environment around you is usually stored for a very brief period of time, and this information that you are retaining for a few seconds would either be encoded stored to be later on retrieved or it will just passing by. You will not remember it afterwards. So if you're talking to someone and of course you're using your hearing ability to kind of analyze what the person is saying after the conversation is done, you will only remember snippets of the conversation. You will not remember the entire thing word by word, because your sensory memory, which caught whatever was being set to you and analyzed it, kinda saved snippets of it, encoded it toward it, and later on, it can be retrieved when you're trying to remember the memory. But you will not remember the entire thing as your sensory memory can be limited. You might remember some things briefly after the conversation ended, but two days later you won't remember them anymore. So that's where a sensory memory moved or shifted towards a short term memory but didn't go all the way to be stored in your long term memory and to be able to be retrieved later. It just ended there as a short term memory that was retrievable for a certain period of time. But not anymore. Just like focus, attention and concentration, your memory can be improved. You can work on your memory and improve it. Your re calling ability would be better. The way you memorize things can be faster and more efficient. And at the end of the day, the entire process of storage encoding and retrieval would be waiting easier for you once you do the practice that you need to be doing. And there's gonna be plenty of exercises throughout this course that would help you improve your memory. And what you need to do is you need to take these exercises seriously, because when a huge part of speech reading is your sensory memory is your short term memory and is your long term memory, because when you're reading the book, it's not just about finishing the book in a day, but it's about finishing the book as fast as possible and remembering as much information and knowledge from the book is possible. 38. Tracking Your Reading Speed: now to get into the first step of speed reading, you need to understand and know how fast you can actually read at the moment. So what you need to do is there are a few websites where you can actually, there's kind of a guideway through measuring how fast you can read at the moment, and what you want to do eventually is track your progress. You want to see how fast you're reading. Currently, you want to see how fast you're reading in 10 days, then in 20 days, then in 30 days. Because if you want to keep the consistency you need to see results on, the best way to do it is to know where you're starting and what your goal is. So it's one thing to keep track of the progress you're doing. It's another thing to see yourself getting closer and closer to your goal, and this is what actually matters. 39. Understand Skimming: in this lecture, we are going to be talking about skimming for you to understand how to do the system properly. What's happening is that we are basically skimming for the main ideas. Skinning is a strategic and selective reading method or formula where you focus on the main idea of a text. You focus on the thought unit. So when skimming, we will try to avoid any unnecessary details. Any unnecessary stories, data that isn't helpful, or any other elaboration or knowledge that is provided that doesn't actually add any value to us. So here are some steps to follow. There are some general rules for skimming. First thing you need to try is reading the first and the lost sentences in each and every paragraph. They can usually imply whether or not this paragraph has useful information or not. For example, if you read a certain idea in a book and you understood this idea and then in the next paragraph, the author wanted to give you an example, and he started the phrase by saying, For you to understand this idea better, here's an example. Well, you know, just by being the first phrase that is most probably not necessary for you to read this paragraph. As you already understood the idea. You don't need to read an example to understand it better or even the last sentence. Maybe at the end of the paragraph where the idea was stated, the author said. And in the next paragraph, we are going to be looking at an example. Well, of course, since you understood the ideas well, you read the last sentence. You know that you can probably avoid the next spirit rough. You can track similar systems with headings and subheadings. A lot of books contained within the chapters, headings and subheadings talking about different ideas. So if you're reading a productivity book toe, learn about time management. You can use headings and subheadings toe. Identify those paragraphs that talk about something you're interested in and those that are not actually related to any topic of your interest and some of the more scientific, educational based books. There might be tables and charts explaining certain concepts and certain ideas. The chart or the table is usually introduced by paragraph. Now think about it. What would be easier? Is it easier for us to look at a table chart and understand it. Or for us to read two or three pages related to the stable or chuck. So there's a table or chart in front of you. You take a look at it and you can easily understand what it talks about. You can understand the idea. You don't really need to read those 23 pages explaining tables or charts because you already got the idea out of the table or chart some more ideas and techniques you can follow for skimming, as all the previously mentioned methods can be used both horizontally and vertically, the skinning can go from one page all the way down and can go from one page to the other. Another thing that can help you with skimming is pre reading. If you have a certain chapter you want to read, and you want to finish it as quickly as possible using the speed reading systems. What you can do is you can pre read this chapter and mark down the first and last sentences that actually add value, and you can mark the tables or charts that you're going to be using or reading, and you can also mark the different headings and subheadings that constitutes a topic of interest for you. And finally, Ah, lot of authors would emphasize important ideas by using bold italic are underlined, folks. Once you see those, you might want to take a look at what's written because usually when there's something written in a different phone, the idea behind it is that the author wants this idea to stand out, which marks its important and crucial T in some cases. 40. Using Signal Words: in this lecture, we are going to be talking about signal words. It is a tool that can help you a law when it comes to speed reading. Once you understand signal words and you start consciously perceiving them, you will find yourself on a whole new level. Now those signal words usually build context. There are a lot of different types of signal words, and there's going to be a link to an article that gets you more in depth into signal words in case you wanted to know more. And the list will include correlation, all ideas linked to conclusions and crucial primary ideas, which are related to signal words and how they build context. However, let's look at some interesting signals that we encounter pretty often. First, there's contrast signals. Contrast signals introduced a thought or description that contrasts with the previously described thought or description. It is basically to correlative ideas. One previously discussed topic is now introduced again. It might be the author, adding more information to it, or he might be giving an example or exercise whatever it is. Once you notice the contrast signals, you need to use the skimming formula to see If whatever you're encountering the paragraph you're about to read, is it worth reading or not? Because if it's not, you don't have to waste your time now. Conversion signals are also, as the name implies, a word or group. Plump words not signify a comparison, and most of the times comparisons are used to create kind of, ah, metaphor and nonfiction books. It can be used to basically show a difference between two different ideas, and rarely does it actually are in development. So whenever you notice a conversion signal, you can try to see if this is something you can actually skip and not waste any time reading it. Lastly, example signals. Also, as the name implies, this is where an author gives an example. And usually, as we said before, an idea is always followed by an example to make the person and ensure that you understand the idea and the topic of discussion. However, if you already understand the idea, the topic that the author is developing, there is no need for you to look at the example because it will just be a waste thought. Now, another top of signals is the argument signals it is when the author is trying to include an argument following certain idea that he developed. And usually when we want to get the context and the meaning out of the book, we care about conclusions a lot more than useless arguments. We often time fine that arguments might leave us a bit uncertain and a bit lost. So what matters most is the conclusion, and this is what we need to do. We started to skip these arguments that might waste our time and go cut straight to the conclusion. Causation signals are also something we can avoid to get better at Speed re. Sometimes there is a certain event caused by another separate event, or there's a causation between two different actions creating a reaction and what matters the most. Just like the previous example for arguments signals what matter most is the conclusion. So the causation might also be something that does not really interest us, and it's just some added information that doesn't actually odd. And finally, conclusion signals, which is the main thing you need to look out for. Whenever you see that there is a conclusion signal, you need to make sure that you focus on this part very well because it will conclude what you just stripped 41. Visual Fixation: and this lecture, we're gonna be talking about visual fixation for your enhanced reading ability. We previously talked about some exercises that you can do for eye movement and for your optimum visual ability. But we want also emphasize an important factor, which is visual fixation on clumps and thought units. So the concept itself basically states that visual fixation is related to a lot of different concepts, such as peripheral vision, your vision, SPEN and other ideas previously discussed, such as your eye movement, glancing ability and I successions feed. Now, while reading our eyes would move from the left to the right or from the right to the left , depending on the language we're reading. And fixation is when our vision is fixed on a word or group of words to ensure understanding before moving our fixation to the following word or group of words, you will not switch your eye fixation on another group of words are clump until you're done reading the clump group or unit of thought that you're currently reading. So by the fault, if we want to increase our speed greeting ability, one thing that would help is increasing our eye fixation ability meaning that the faster our eyes and fixation point moves from one clump to the other, the faster will be able to read. So, of course, the wider our vision spent is the more effective and fast are visible. Fixation will be with a wide visual, spend our fixation and move from sing words to group of words, increasing our speed reading ability. It is one thing to switch our eye fixation and movement from plumps to another. But first we need to make sure that our eye fixation is concentrated on the clumps themselves. Instead of a single individual. Words with a wide vision spend will be able to see the clump as a thought unit instead of fixating. Are I vision on one single word? Some of the main problems that kind of put a limit to this visual fixation we have is our vocabulary limitation. Once we read a word that we're not familiar with, word that we struggle to read, our visual fixation will go from a clump into one single word for us to understand it and, of course, something that correlates to it as our pronunciation issues. There might be some words that you actually know, but you won't be able to identify them immediately until you pronounce them, which will automatically start working with your inner vocalization system. And as we said, this is something that can slow down the speed reading process. So here's an interesting exercise you can try. Take any text and read it. Make sure to time yourself and see how long it took you to read the text. Now for the next step, you will divide the text by putting separation lines between correlated group of words. So go through the text slowly and try to gather clumps together between each and every club , each and every thought unit. You put a separation line in between. Now try reading the text again and see how much it took you. Keep in mind that while reading the second time, you need to focus and read clumps and thought units instead of focusing on individual words . Putting this line of separation is, of course, one of the main things that would help you the most. It is an exercise that could eventually help you unconsciously separate clumps by grouping words and form a thought units out of him after that go read the text again. See if there are any words that you don't currently know any words that you have a hard time pronouncing and either get familiar with them. Work on the pronunciation until you get it right. Figure out what the certain word means, or you could even replace them with familiar words just for your training purposes and then try reading again. Now, even though the pronunciation system that can kind of block your speed reading ability might contradict what we talked about for the vocalization system, however, this exercise is meant to help you in a certain area. It is not something you should use while engaging his speed reading. This is an exercise that will basically help you to monitor your eye fixation from individual words to clumps and thought units. 42. Warming Up Exercises: in this lecture, we're gonna be talking about some warming up exercises that you can do to prepare for the reading process. Now, we previously talked about some exercises you can do to warm up your eyes. But you also wanna warm up your cognitive processing system. You need to prepare yourself properly in order for you to be as efficient and effective as possible. So try the following exercise. First off, choose a paragraph and set a timer for 60 seconds speed read through the text and marked the last word you got to once the 60 seconds have passed. Now rest for 60 seconds and repeat the exercise again, marking the last word you got to keep repeating this process until the last word count decreases by 20 to 30 words. This is automatically gonna happen because when you read a text over and over again, first you're getting more familiar with it and therefore you'll be able to read it faster. And at the same time you are warming up putting yourself into this concentration bone to be able to tackle your goal, where the chapter you're going to read or the article effectively 43. Widening Your Vision Span: in this lecture, we are going to be talking about some exercises toe widen your vision spend which will eventually ensure this improvement through repetition and consistency of similar exercises that you apply on a daily basis. This is the table we are going to be using for exercising purposes and for the instructions were going to be talking about this in the next second. But keep in mind that after beating the instructions, you need to get back to this table and use it to apply the exercise. So what you're gonna do is you're gonna glimpse at each and every number for a split second to begin with. Once you're done with all the numbers in the table, you want to do some variations, move horizontally, move vertically. Don't look at the numbers in order, but glimpse are different combination of numbers all across the table without following an order, you might want to do that for 60 to 90 seconds. Now, for the next step, you might want to start with the first column and then arts and variations, because what you're going to be doing is you got a paper and pen. Are you in a glimpse at each number for a split second, then close your eyes for five seconds. Open your eyes and write down the number. You go limp. Start writing down these numbers. As we said. First, you want to start by going column by column role after row before audience and variations where you're going to glimpse out of random number. For a split second, close your eyes for five seconds and then write it down and keep repeating the process. There are a lot of benefits you will get out of this exercise. Not only will you be working on your visual memory, retention and concentration, you'll also be able tow, Widen your vision. Stand through, moving towards bigger and longer numbers to memorize and glimpse out your visions. Thin and visual perception system will become better and better. You'll keep seeing these improvements as much as you practice. And as consistent as you are with similar exercises, 44. Word Chunking: in this lecture, we're gonna be talking about word chunking. It's a revolutionary method for speed reading. It would give you access to go from reading individual singer words to reading a group of words and kind of understanding them faster. So what is work? Chungking junking goes back to our short term memory ability force. One of the things we said is that speed reading and reading is general would help you improve your short term memory, and there are also some exercise that about it throughout the course. So therefore, group words are gonna be basically a chunk group of words there used to reduce the cognitive load of information. Instead of getting one bit of information as one word, you'll be getting four words as one bit of information. So to improve your work Chungking abilities you have to start by consciously grouping words into separate chunks by identifying similarities and patterns so you can take any text you have, where you can rate, and you put a line that separates every four words kind of making a chunk, a group of words taking 23 or four a Zeman AEA's you're comfortable with. You can start with two. Then you start with three words. Then you start with four words. And as I said, you put kind of a line between all the words you but the book away from you for a bit for peripheral vision, and you focus on reading all the separated chunks without going word by word. And after you divided the paragraph, read it again, following the chunks, respectively. Keep practicing it now. Something else that can also hope is once you put all the lines that are separating the group words, and you've practiced enough how to read the text following the pattern of it, try reading the chunk of words backwards. Start from the bottom of the text all the way up and then read vertically and horizontally , going down from one line to the other and going down from aligns chunk of works. And, of course, once you get familiar enough with chunk reading, um, you'll start developing the ability to follow patterns and use chunk reading unconsciously 45. Pre-Reading: and this lecture, we're gonna be talking about pre reading, summarizing the idea. At the end of each and every book, there's usually summary. If there's a cover for the book, it can be inside of it. Make sure to read the summary of the book before you start reading it. It's a good thing to kind of have an idea what the book is about and what you're about to go into. The introduction is meant for you to understand how the book will unfold. If you start reading the book, when you actually understand what it's about, opposed to reading the book, when you have no idea what it's about, there's a huge difference. Once you read the summary wants to read the introduction, you will know what the book is all about. And that would make it easier for you to read the book and understand more over. There's something else that you can also do that I find to be very helpful. You can go on Google and read the summary of a book. There's a lot of blog's that offer summaries of different books that you can access online easily. It's usually a bit longer than the summary of the book or the introduction. But it's way more precise and FBI idea, right? It says what the book is actually about and understanding that will also make it easier for you to read the book. One last thing is for you to actually read when you're going through each and every chapter . It's good to go quickly through the pages and kind of read the main ideas kind of read. What's a day beginning of each and every paragraph a couple phrases just to kind of understand what chapter is also about. And you can go to the table of contents a lot of times. A lot of books when they're mentioning all the different chapters and they will content, they would include a bit of information that talks about what the chapter is all about. That explains what the chapter is made of the different concept into different ideas that are gonna be discussed. Once you do all of this, you have a very deep, fundamentally based idea of what the book is about, and once you do that, it would make, of course, reading easier. It would help you in terms of comprehension and retaining the information that you read 46. Prepositional Phrases: in this lecture, we are going to be talking about prepositional phrases. There are basically some identifiable group words. They answer different questions. What, where, when, which and how and unlike what we said before about word groups. Those proposition all phrases taking out of the text taken out of the context with the product, um, from the meaning so they cannot be taken out of context as they usually identify and form the context itself. For you to understand the text as a whole, what's really important is for you to understand the context, so being able to identify these proposition all phrases can be very helpful in terms of understanding and retention and concentration. So the first part is for you to identify those phrases when you notice words like without within about above, behind before except during into near. Despite etcetera, there's link that you can look out to identify all these proposition phrases. This is where you need to start paying attention because that means this is the start of oppositional phrase that has a certain context. You need to understand. Keep in mind that, as we said, there is a context you need to understand There's a thought you need to understand and not a word, not a clump. It's a thought unit. It's a context. No one exercise that can help is while reading through a book or through an article or through a journal. Once you notice those words that mark oppositional phrases, mark those words or mark those proposition all phrases. When you keep doing that, you'll be able to identify them quicker and quicker. And through repetition, you'll be able to get to a point where you can identify them unconsciously while reading, which can increase your speed reading ability. That's exactly why once understood and retained, you would go through these information quickly while reading to get to the desired speed you're aiming for. 47. Properly Tracking Your Progress: in this lecture, we're gonna be talking about properly tracking your progress for speed reading improvement . Now, of course, during the lectures where we talked about setting smart goals, organizing and planning systems, we emphasized how important it is to properly track your progress. But what specific about this lecture is that we want a base your skills on different scales . So as your speed reading ability in proofs, you will notice yourself moving to different levels while acquiring enhanced perform disabilities. And there are different skills we're going to talk about. There's the 1 to 200 words per minute, 200 to 300 words per minute, 300 to 700 worth per minute and 700 plus words per minute. When you do the initial analysis of how fast you can currently read, you're going to place yourself within one of these categories. Now you are going to be consistently tracking your improvement, and if you are currently at 700 plus work per minute, for example, you keep tracking your prove mint on a daily basis. But the goal is for you to go from the 700 plus words per minute to 703 100 in between words per minute. Once that happens, you want to aim for 302 100 words per minute and then go all the way to less than 200 words per minute. Those are not fixed scales. You can do your own skills, your own categories. It could be 1 to 202 103 103 100 to 400. And keep going like that until 700 plus or 800 plus whatever you feel comfortable with. If you feel that you're more comfortable setting a big goal and go for it, and if you feel like you want to go more like step by step, you can also do that by setting up your own skills and categories. 48. Push Up And Push Down : in this lecture, we're going to be talking about push up and pushed down speed reading exercises. The first part of this exercise is more for beginners, but the other half of this exercise is a lot more on the advanced side and make sure to apply both exercises. First off, we have the push down. You're going to be reading a paragraph from start to end. You're gonna be reading the same material over and over again and trying to tom yourself every time to see how fast you're able to read the paragraph. You can also set a timer and read throughout the paragraph and stop once the timer goes off to see how far it's about the paragraph, you were able to go in a certain amount of time so you can time yourself for one minute and see how far down the paragraph you were able to go. Now the next step is for you to engage in the push up exercise. So as soon as you get to the end of the paragraph, or to the stop point where your timer went off, you will start by reading the same material your read backwards. You will go from bottom all the way to the top. This is one of the most effective exercises that has a lot of benefits for different speed reading systems that you need to be working on. I highly encourage you to try over and over again and practice it a lot. 49. Putting the System In Prespective : in this lecture, we're gonna be talking about putting the system of speed reading in perspective for you to achieve optimal results. You need training, repetition and building proper knowledge. It is something that you need to do throughout the entire time. Your training on speed reading. Now, of course, we didn't discuss some of these concepts before, and the purpose of this lecture is to emphasize decent, important ideas in case you just skimmed through them quickly and did not pay attention to them properly. And, as we said before, practice makes perfect for you to get where you want to be. You need to practice all the exercises in this course over and over again until you reach your optimal speed or until you reach your goal so assumes you'll learn all the systems you need to make sure that you practice everything as often and as efficiently and effectively as possible. The more you practice those systems, the better you'll get at it. So two key takeaways from this lectures. The first idea is to work on enhancing your vocabulary. A lot of times we have problems and we struggle with speed reading because there's a lot of worth that we don't understand, and it is worthwhile to kind of trained your vocabulary as soon as you encounter some words that you don't know, even if at the beginning this will slow down your speed reading process, write down these words and make sure that you understand what they mean. So in the future, when you're training on speed reading more and more, you will be able to avoid these obstacles of encountering words. You don't really know what what they signify, what they mean to be able to overcome this obstacle more easily if you practice that and work on it in preseason. And of course, another idea is to practice specific techniques that you feel comfortable trying. There are a lot of systems, a lot of formulas and a lot of techniques throughout the course that you'll encounter, and you will not feel so comfortable with some of them as you do with others. And, of course, this entire thing is a system. There are a lot of exercises that work in similar ways, and you can always use one exercise instead of the other if it makes you feel more comfortable. But at the end of the day, you want to get to a point where you try to push yourself out of your comfort zone. Try new exercises as each and everyone can have some particular benefits that you can use during your speed reading process.