The Ultimate Piano Chords Course - for Piano & Keyboard | Arthur Bird | Skillshare

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The Ultimate Piano Chords Course - for Piano & Keyboard

teacher avatar Arthur Bird, Piano Teacher & Session Player

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

115 Lessons (8h 45m)
    • 1. The Ultimate Piano Chords Course

    • 2. The White Keys

    • 3. White Key Note Learning Exercise

    • 4. Black Notes Explained Sharps and Flats Tones and Semitones

    • 5. Black Keys Note Learning Exercise

    • 6. Intervals Skillshare

    • 7. Minor 3rd Major 3rd Interval Exercise

    • 8. Using Intervals To Construct Chords

    • 9. Chord Building Exercise

    • 10. Learning Through applying your knowledge

    • 11. Let's Apply This and Play A Song Someone Like You

    • 12. Basic Rhythm 4 Beats Per Bar

    • 13. Adding The Left Hand Someone Like You

    • 14. Quick Chord Test 1

    • 15. Half Beat Rhythms

    • 16. Half Beat Rhythms Stand By Me Skillshare

    • 17. Chord Inversions Explained

    • 18. Chord Inversion Exercise 1

    • 19. Let's Put This Into Practise Let It Be

    • 20. How To Use the Sustain Pedal

    • 21. Sus Chords

    • 22. A Song With A Sus Chord You Raise Me Up

    • 23. A Sus with no number

    • 24. Add Chords

    • 25. Finger Strength/Technique Exercise

    • 26. A Common High Energy Rhythm

    • 27. High Energy Rhythm Applied To All Of Me John Legend

    • 28. A Song With Inverted Chords and Sus Chords The Scientist

    • 29. The Kick Drum Rhythm

    • 30. Left Hand Kick Drum Rhythm Applied to Dont Stop Believing

    • 31. Off Beat Rhythms

    • 32. Off Beat Rhythms Applied to I'm Yours

    • 33. Groups of 3 and 6 Rhythm Patterns - Waltz Time

    • 34. Waltz Time Applied to Hallelujah

    • 35. Figuring Out Beats per Bar by Ear Skillshare

    • 36. 7 and Dominant 7 Chords

    • 37. The E7 Chord in Hallelujah

    • 38. Minor 7 Chords

    • 39. Slash Chords AKA Over Chords

    • 40. Putting 7 Chords Into Practise Easy

    • 41. Diminished & Diminished 7 Chords

    • 42. Half Diminished 7 Chords

    • 43. Augmented and Augmented 7th Chords

    • 44. Pushed Beats

    • 45. Stay With Me A Song With a Diminished Chord and a Pushed Beat

    • 46. Following Chords Signs Using Sheet Music

    • 47. Split Chord Rock Pattern

    • 48. Split Chord Rocking Pattern Applied to My Way (Part 1)

    • 49. Split Chord Rocking Pattern My Way Part 2

    • 50. Broken Chord Patterns 3 or 6 Beats Per Bar

    • 51. Broken Chord Patterns 3 or 6 Beats Per Bar Applied to Hallelujah

    • 52. Alternate 3 or 6 Beats Per Bar Broken Chord Pattern Fallin Alicia Keys

    • 53. Broken Chord Patterns 4 Beats Per Bar Someone Like You

    • 54. 9th Chords

    • 55. 11th Chords

    • 56. Rock Rhythm Pattern (This Is Me - The Greatest Showman)

    • 57. Rock Rhythm Pattern Alternate Hands

    • 58. Arpeggiated Chord Patterns - Waltz Time - 6 Beats Per Bar

    • 59. Arpeggiatted Chord Pattern Applied to Unchained Melody and Trusting Your Instincts

    • 60. Left Hand Octaves

    • 61. 1st 5th and 8ve Pattern - Left Hand - Jar of Hearts

    • 62. Left Hand 1st 5th and 8ve Pattern in 3 or 6 Time

    • 63. Left and Right Hand Pro Sounding Broken Chord Pattern

    • 64. Pro Sounding Broken Chord Pattern Applied to All of Me Skillshare

    • 65. Pro Sounding Broken Chord Pattern All Of Me Tempo Practise

    • 66. Find Your Favourite Songs Online For Free

    • 67. How to Transpose a Song to Your Own Voice

    • 68. Using the Words and Your Knowledge of the Song - American Pie

    • 69. Numbering Chords Using the Degrees of the Scale to Understand Chord Progressions

    • 70. The Circle of Fifths

    • 71. Using Secondary Dominants as Passing Chords

    • 72. Formula for Major Scales

    • 73. How to Use the Scale to Number Chords in Any Key

    • 74. Formula for Minor Scales

    • 75. Applying the Chords and Numbers using the Minor Scale

    • 76. A Quick Chord Progression Test

    • 77. Left Hand Arpeggiated Broken Chord Pattern in 4 Time (Over the top)

    • 78. 9-8 Suspensions

    • 79. 9-10 Suspensions

    • 80. Chromatic Passing Chords

    • 81. Diminished Passing Chords

    • 82. The ii-V-I Chord Progression

    • 83. Using the ii-V-I as Passing Chords

    • 84. An Introduction to Improvising

    • 85. Starting Off Improvising Using Diatonic Chords

    • 86. Returning To the Root

    • 87. Introducing Melodies in the Right Hand

    • 88. Passing Notes

    • 89. Major Scale & Chord Exercise

    • 90. Some Tips on Creating Melodies Leaving Space

    • 91. Rhythmic Variation

    • 92. Repetition/Motifs

    • 93. Improvising Harmonies

    • 94. Call and Response

    • 95. 3rds Exercise

    • 96. 6ths Exercise

    • 97. Improvising in a Minor Key

    • 98. Flatten the 5th for that Blues Sound

    • 99. "A Minor" Pentatonic Exercise 1

    • 100. "A Minor" Pentatonic Exercise 2

    • 101. Blues Exercise in "A Minor"

    • 102. The Minor Pentatonic Scale in Any Key

    • 103. The Minor Pentatonic Exercise in Any Key

    • 104. The Minor Blues Scale in Any Key

    • 105. The Minor Blues Exercise in Any Key

    • 106. Incorporating Passing Chords

    • 107. Combining Melodies with Chords in Your Right Hand

    • 108. Advanced Left Hand "Flowing" Pattern in 6 Time

    • 109. Lets Apply this Pattern to a Chord Progression

    • 110. Lets Add some Melodies in the Right Hand

    • 111. Exercise - Pentatonic Scale Over Advanced Left Hand Flowing Pattern

    • 112. Exercise - Minor Blues Scale Over Advanced Left Hand Flowing Pattern

    • 113. Including Previous Techniques

    • 114. Wrapping it Up & Breaking Out

    • 115. Chord Course Ending

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About This Class

The Ultimate Piano Chord Course will give you the skills to be able to play thousands of songs.

Most songs are written using chords, so if you understand how to use them properly, you'll be able to play a vast amount of songs by just reading simple chord symbols. You don't need to be able to read music notation in order to play great songs!

This course is for beginners on the Piano, and so starts with the basics, but quickly moves onto learning about the different kinds of chords and how they are constructed, gradually getting more and more advanced as you progress. You don't just learn about chords though. Along the way you will learn about different kinds of rhythms, playing patterns and techniques that can be applied to the chords. By the end you'll be able to play the Piano by reading a chord sheet, but sound like a pro!

I believe the best way to learn is by applying your new found knowledge, and so throughout the course you will learn famous songs or chord progressions on the Piano, relevant to the particular chord/rhythm or playing pattern you've just been learning. The course uses examples from songs by a wide variety of artists such as Adele, Sam Smith, The Commodores, Christina Perri, John Legend and Don McLean to name a few.

If you're a singer, by the end of this course you'll be able to pick up and play any piece of music or chord sheet and play Piano by following the chord symbols. All you need to do is sing along. I even show you how to print off any song of your choice online for free, as well as showing you how to change the key so it suites your vocal range.

The same goes with anyone wanting to accompany other singers on Piano, or people wanting to play Keyboard in a band. This course will give you the skills and understanding to be able to play along with other people.

If you're a songwriter, you'll find that your understanding of chords and playing techniques will be so much greater, and so you'll be able to use what you've learnt to write songs with much more variety and musicianship and freedom.

Even if you just want to enjoy playing the Piano/Keyboard for yourself at home, by the end you'll be able to play a selection of famous songs, and have the skills and ability to print off your own favourite songs and play them by just following the chord symbols.

There are supporting PDF's of important chord building info and playing techniques that you can print off and set on your keyboard, which will make it easy to refer to when you start choosing and learning your own favourite songs.

eBook Download:

This course includes a download of "The Piano Chords eBook for Beginners". This handy guide has 25 pages packed with information on chords, as well as illustrated chord reference charts that serve as a quick and easy reference for anyone wanting to learn about piano chords.

NEW UPDATE - This course also includes an additional 30 lessons on improvisation. You will learn how you can use your new knowledge of chords to get started improvising with help from a variety of techniques, rhythmic patterns and progressions along the way. You will also get the chance to explore melodies with the use of scales and harmony. By the end of these extra lessons you will have the tools to be able to have fun improvising your own music on the piano!

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Arthur Bird

Piano Teacher & Session Player


Hi, I'm Arthur and I've been playing the piano for 20 years. After achieving Grade 8 with the Associated Board of the Royal Schools of Music, I started touring as a session player in theatre shows all over the United Kingdom. As well as this I have lots of experience in recording studios, and with bands have played music all over the world, from the UK, Europe, USA and even Australia. I've been teaching piano for 10 years now, and am an approved tutor with the City of York Arts Council.

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1. The Ultimate Piano Chords Course : There have been so many Greer songs over the years, and most of them had been written using carbs. You don't need to be able to read great 8 music notation in order to be a great musician. In fact, some of the best singer songwriters can only play it by ear. This course is giving you the champs to be able to play piano without having to spend years learning to read sheet music. The current starts with the basics, but quickly moves on to learning about the different kinds of cards, how they are built, and how to read them off a card sheet of piece of music. I will also teach you different plane techniques, rhythms, and patterns that get steadily more advanced throughout the course. And by the end, you'll be able to play songs following a call sheet, but sound like a probe. I also believe the best way to learn is by applying your knowledge. So after each new pass in our technique, we'll go through a famous song, our core progression relevant to what you've just learned. The cause is for complete beginners. But later parts of the course would also be valuable for anyone wanting to understand more about cards and how to use them in your planning. So if you're a singer wanting to be able to accompany our self with the piano or play keyboard in a band. Maybe you want to learn carbs. See you can accompany other things or even have a go at writing your own songs. Or perhaps you just want to understand more about cards and different plane techniques so you can enjoy playing for yourself. Well, this course is for you. So why not sign up today? And I'll see you inside the course. 2. The White Keys: right, Let's get started. I want to get you playing the piano as quick as possible. But if you're learning from scratch, I need to go through a few things beforehand. First, let's look at the names of the tees. Can you see on your piano? There were black notes and white notes on the black. Notes are divided into groups of twos. Language of threes on that pattern repeat itself up and down the piano groups of two or three in groups of twos. On getting down here, two threes groups of 2 to 3. So all the way up and down the piano, I should say, When I say up, I mean to the right. So is to the right I'm gonna say it down. It's to the left, so up and down now to go back to the keys. So depending on the size of your piano, a keyboard, the amount will differ. I'm using a full size keyboard, which has 88 keys, but I have zoomed in on the center of the piano just so you can see the notes easier, so it doesn't matter if you're using a smaller ball. I would need to find the group of two black keys in the middle of your piano. So on mine, the middle of my piano is here on. There's a group of two black notes there. If you go down to the note directly to the left of these two black notes, this is middle C. So the scent of the piano the two black notes into the left is middle C. I want you to think of this as your anchor point, so when you sit down at the piano, you should line your belly button up with middle C. So you know you're sitting in the correct position, so two black notes into the left is middle. See if you go to any other groups of two black notes and to the left of it, it's philosophy. ISI City. Go to another group of two black notes, and to the left, this is another. See, go to another group of to bat notes, and so those are all sees, but the seas with different pictures. So going to imagine Whitney Houston singing a high pitch see here Onda, a big, burly opera singer singing low. So these Cesaire, the same notes on a piano but with different pictures. High pictures on low pictures on the ones in between they get Now we've talked about these C notes to the left of the two black nuts. I want to talk about the alphabet. So a normal life There are 26 letters of the alphabet, but in music we just use the 1st 7 So a B, C D E f g and then it repeats itself So it goes to the start again. A B C d e f g a b c d e f g That pattern repeat itself opened down the piano. So here's how to use it. So let's go back to middle C on. But if you go down so left to white notes for less ago 12 that will land you on an A OK on then I need to do is go through the 1st 7 letters of the alphabet moving to the right. Oh, and I'll give you the names of these notes. So here is nay. Be soon. Dean E. Like I said before, the pattern repeats itself so it doesn't go to hate. It starts CNN A. So you wanna g let me go A B c So the pattern repeats itself all the way up and down the piano. You could start on. Let's find a C first. Okay, so too bad looks into the left on you Come down to the left to our backwards, through the alphabet. So C s u can count up from there a again they the genes they see all the way and down the piano. So with that knowledge, he confined any notes on the piano by just counting up and down the cardinal e. So if you found to see wherever you are on the piano and just go up and down the alphabet from a to G. So let's do a few more together. Let's say you want to find the name of this. No see, go to the two black notes nearby. Find the sea on. You can count backward. So see, let's do another one. Let's say you want to find this not here starts on middle C and count up from sea to sea. Let's do another one. Let's say you want to find this not here, which is in between these two seas, so if you need to count backwards. If you see B a then to the last night of the seven, which is a G or it might be easier to go from underneath. Circle Teoh See down here and come up C D E F G. So that's how you find the names of the white nuts and a piano. You got the 1st 7 letter that the alphabet on. If you know where to find a C, you can count up and down accordingly. That more you go through that process, the quick you'll find it on. Eventually, you won't need to think of told you'll just know. 3. White Key Note Learning Exercise: If you can memorise the names of the notes at this early stage, you'll find it much easier to take on board what I'm learning in the latter part of the cast. So we're going to do an exercise to help you to learn them. I'm going to play a note on the piano. They're not. Leave it a few seconds, and in that gap, I wanted to figure out the note name and say it out loud. Then I'll give the answer. Feel free to parts of video. If you need more time, you can also go to the bottom left off the screen, and there should be a white box with the one and an X next to it, which means it's paying a normal pace. If you click on that, you can watch a slower pace are you can also watch it a quicker pace. Let's begin. That's a G. That's a C. That's enough not to be. Mm hm. That's a D. That's an A Not to see. That's Cindy. Ah, that's a G. Yeah, but it's enough. Um, that's a D. That's a G. That's a B, uh, personality. Ah, that's a C. That's enough um, that's in a 1000 E. Uh, that's another A. That's a bay That's a D. That's a G. Not tonight. Did not move onto the next lecture. 4. Black Notes Explained Sharps and Flats Tones and Semitones: Now you've hopefully got to grips with the names of the white nuts will move on to the black ones. But first I need to explain the meaning of a couple of musical words that are used quite a lot. The first is a semi tone, so a semi tone is the smallest movement you can make on a piano. For example, if you here and they go up to the Blattner there, that is a movement of one semi turn. So here to hear it, it's a meter here to hear Senator Senator to these at smartest movements, semi tones, it is also known as 1/2 step. So from that is a step. And here to here is 1/2 day have to have to have to have toe after. So the called semi told 1/2 steps. OK, Thea. Other word is a tone Now a tone is to seven tons. So from here did you hear it going up one to suffer from here to here is a full turn to go in one to sell from here. A full tawn is not to there because that's just once a meat on or half step sort of full tone is here. Teoh here on again, full tone from here is not to their cause. That's one semi tone. It's there is one too. So it's to them that sometimes also known as a full step. So you could say hot that it as 1/2 step there today is a full step, are semi tone on tone. So now you know what terms and semi, Tonda, Our steps and half steps I can teach you about the black notes. So each of these but notes has two different names on It depends on where you're coming from On the piano toe, what are called will start off with what we call shops. So if you start off on the middle C and we move up by one centimeter, that is called a C shop, that you can see this shop sign looks like, Ah, hash tag. So you got to see on up to the right a seizure. If you are a bigot book to the right one semi term that is called a d sha Never go to this s here to the right to the Butner eyes f shar. So if you got a gene here. Look to the right Is a sheesha on then, eh? Up to the right isn't a shop. So think about it. Becoming up to the right. You sharpening. Okay, now, that's if you come in up to the right. The other name, that looking recalled a flats, and it looks like a slightly squashed be Okay, So the flat is when it coming down after the left. So this see show could be called a D. Go in down to the left. So it's got two different names a c sharp and also D flat. So let's go to this. Not here. This could be a d sharp. Also coming down to the left of the E U to me flat. So this one here, if you're on a G and you come down to the left, it's a g flat, this one here from a and it comes down to the left on a flat on here. You want to be, you got down to the left B flat so that we each got two different names depending on where you coming from. And how do you know which name to use the Blattner? Well, that depends. on what the key of the song you're playing is or what cards are using such factors like that. But we will look at that in Martita later on in the cast. So for the moment, you just need to know that each Buttner has two different names. 5. Black Keys Note Learning Exercise: so we'll just do a quick exercise to help you get used to it. We're gonna work with shots first, So I'm going to point to a black note and I want you to tell me what the sharp name is for that button up. For example, I'll point it this note and you would say, an f sharp so pointed to a Blattner that I'll give you a few seconds to figure it out, then ugly for the answer. Let's begin. So we worked with shops. What is this? No called? That's a C shop. What's this? Not called that shop on this one that's in a shop. How about this one? That's a day shop on this one. That's a Gensia. How about this one? Um, that's a DIY shop. This not, that's a C sharp on. This one was in a shop. This one that's a G shop from this one. That was a lecture. Now we're gonna have a go at figuring out the but notes, but using the flats. So this is the one where if you want to find this no, here you go from the A and then come down to into the left that there be an E flat. So again I'm going to point out the note, and I wanted to figure it out. And then I give the answer. Let's begin. So what is? It's no cold. That's a B flat. How about this note that's in a flat? How about this note? That's a D flat, this one that's a G flat. That's a D flat. That's a B flat. That's a D flat. That's an effort that's a G flat. 6. Intervals Skillshare: In this course, you'll be learning how to play cards. For those of you that don't know a card is made up of two or more notes played at the same time. So technically, this could be a car, but usually it's three or more notes. For example, this is a card thing is a card march as the cars even more distant calls like this, or even this is a card. So that's what Carter, but rather than memorizing that many different kinds of cards, which can take a long time, is much easier to remember them. If you understand how called are constructed on in order to do this, you first need to know what an interval is as card to made up of certain intervals. So, first of all, an interval is the distance between two different notes. So if I use a C major scale, it makes it much easier to explain to the C major scale. For example, if you go from Bill ISTEA on including Middle C counted born not to the D. So one Teoh is called a second, just like counting wanted. If you count up to an E from see it just said 12 3/3 and it carries on. So up to the 1234 5th 12345 That was actually the example. A surety for two. No card. It was also an interval of fifth on, then six, seventh and hey, otherwise known as adoptive. Now going to go into a bit more detail because it's all good and well using the C major scale. But you need to understand help to find these intervals. Starting on what the North. Figure out now to go into a little bit more detail. You may have noticed that when I was showing you different intervals just then, I was missing out the black notes. Well, there are different kinds of intervals, depending on the amount of semi tones between the notes. I'm going to quickly take you through it so you can see the overall picture. Then we'll go into more detail if you move up by the smallest distance from C. So one summit on it will take you to a C sharp. So from here to here, this interval is also a second because that was a second, wasn't it? But this is called a mine a second. So if Ugo another semi Thanh, you'll be on the d. So this one is called a major second. So there's two different kinds of intervals There you've got mine a second and a major set thats pattern repeats itself again. So move up another Sim itan on its the minor third. But then a major search and then you come to what is called a perfect fourth on augmented fourth. What the minutes? Fifth it is sometimes also try toe this distance here. Then you've got perfect 50. Then we go back to the minor Major pattern ser minus six, Major six minor seventh, maybe seventh. Then you're a full active. So it goes back to the sea again. So you've got minor second made a second minor third medicine on, then tryto minus six. Major six minor, seventh major seventh. So that was quite a lot of detail all at once. There wasn't it. I just wanted to go over it quickly, find they're just so I'm not missing anything out, but we don't actually need to know a lot of the other ones for the moment. We just need the earlier ones the 2nd 2/3 Okay, but I will include a pdf of the names of common intervals on the distances of cemeteries between them. So let's go back to the things we need in this car's gonna go back to the minor second. Okay, So the minor second is the smallest intimate what exists. So I can start anywhere on the piano and find a mind second so that what I showed you before was this from smallest distant. But you can do in mind a second. Anyway, you could start on a G Angop, Senator, that's a mind A second get start on a big and go for Senator Mina Second could do it any way you could go mine a second a second. That's a minor second. Now if we take the major second, which is moving up to seven terms. So skip one out that's a major second. Benefits that anywhere on the planet and find a major second son in F one out. One to turn a benefit will find a major second care. So, miss for now, one Teoh made a second, and if you do any way to go on a C show, she'd skipped one out and got today. You got that one too? Uh, anywhere made a second. Major second May 2nd May deception. Now we're gonna go on toe the third intervals. Which of the ones you need to build cards? Okay, so after the major second, if you got what more summit on this is the minor third. So we're gonna see Got minor Second made a second. Next. What is a mind? So from a C to an e flat? Notice how There's two notes in between. This is imparted. I want you to remember this. So to find a manifest leave to set returns on. Okay, let's do a few more. So minor. Third for meth. Leave you out. It's my third form A So leave to out to sea manager from Dean. So Skip Teoh, 1/3 girl from B flat. So big Zehr Skip Teoh 1/3. Go to hell. Go from the flat. Skip to out Uh, Mina said the one ma go from a tree Here. Skip Teoh minus going up. One more semi tone from a minor third takes you to a major third from a middle C minus second made a second amount of third Where you skip to now got one must return, take you to the major third. So this time there's three notes in between them. Can you see 123 So remind a search, too. A major 33. So again, this is important to find a major third, you miss out 37 tons and again you can apply to anywhere on the piano. So we've got from if we're gonna find a major 30 girl who's get 3123 takes two and a bigger from a D. So may just skip out. 3123 g o May just said another one will go from a factor sign. Keep going to skip up 3123 Major said. Duma's won't be flat. Skip out. Three. So 123 may just that do want Mark. So we're going to go from the f Sharp will go up here so f sharp. Let's get about 3123 Play the next note up. That's a major third. So defined a minor third unit up to And to find a major third, you miss out with three 7. Minor 3rd Major 3rd Interval Exercise: it's important that you get used to finding these two intervals, because with these two intervals you'll be able to construct lots of cards. So we're going to go over. Some are together to help you get used to them. I'm going to play an interval, and I want you to say whether it's a minor Third are a Major said. I'll give you a few seconds to name it, Then I'll give you the answer. Let's begin. That's a major third because this three, it's a mind because that's too yeah, that's a major said, because there's three. That's another major third because there's three in between. My mind said this to it's another minor third because there's too. That's another matter. Third, because it's too. Uh, that's a major started because this three that's another major third was three. Uh, what's this, too? Because it's too another minor third, because it's too major said, Well, that's wrong, Major said, Because this three so you can spend some time getting you to these intervals. If you want to sit down with piano, Andi practice playing the different major and minor thirds, then I'll see you in the next lecture 8. Using Intervals To Construct Chords: Now that we've looked at intervals, let's look at how cards a constructive like we said before a card is two or more loss played at the same time. But we're going to be looking at try at cards, which have three notes. There are far different kinds of basic trade cards made up of three notes. Major triumphs Try us diminished triumph on Doug went to try us, but But for the moment, we're going to be looking at the major on minor triumphs. Major cards could be described as happy sounding. Where's minor cards could be described as sot sounding, For example, Happy major sat sound in minor happy major Suck it up Santa Minor. These cars are made up of major, third and mind third intervals that we looked at this before. Like we said the minus, it has to some attended between, and then the major third threesome returns in between. Here's how to build major cards, so a major Carter's built off a major third interval undermine the third interval. So all you need to remember is a three on the two. That's the easiest way to remember. So let's say you want to play a C major triad card. So it starts with a C on then because it's a 3 to 2, you leave three out and play the next note three out of the major third. And then it's a manifest. Which is to say, Leave Teoh on those three notes on you wouldn't play it like this. I'm just putting my fingers like this so you can see you play it with the arch in your head like that. So that's a seeming also, when playing cards for the moment, trying to use your first finger thumb on the route, your third finger on the middle of the card on your fifth, a top like that first can do. Some are so we're looking for a major card that do F major. So you play F the sound of Thumb Lee. Three out. Play the next up, which is in a and then you leave to our It's a major third in a minor third. I got three and a two. That's an F major. Let's do D major. So start on D Lee three out, then you leave about 3 to 2. Let's do a more complicated card. Let's do F sharp major so you can find the F sharp. Leave three out. So 123 which sex then to the a sharp B flat leave to out take it to the three is left out. Tip. You see how easy that is to find those card so easy? I wish I had been taught this when I've learned piano. Let's do another ball. Let's do be major. So be then you leave. Three hour takes it to the D Sharp leave to our, which is shops. That's to listen it with that 3 to 2. You can play any major card triad on the piano. Let's look a how to build minor cards. So to build a minor card is the opposite way around toward it for a major. So it's a minor third Onda major third. So a two out of three let's play G minor starting a G minus 30 leave to so want to you know that least three, sir. 123 Virtus 23 Let's do some are together. Let's do D minor. So we'll start on a d s. So we want a minor certain. Also leave to out on denim Major serves. Leave three D minor two and three. Let's do another. Let's do a minor. So some leave him out and least three out. Hey, my, let's do a slap minor. So a flat you leave to out and then you leave. Three out. 123 two and three for the might because a couple miles F sharp minor. So start on he f sharp. Leave Teoh next of their lead. 3 to 3. Next shot. Mine What? Let's Well, let's do C Sharp minor. Nice, complicated cars. Well, it's no if you use this so see shop. Leave to out 12 Excellent. Another 3123 How cool is that? With that, 2 to 3 should play any minor card. So for the major cards a 3 to 2. The minor cards. A two or three 9. Chord Building Exercise: So let's put this into practice. I'm going to see a card and I want you to then find that called on your piano. Then after 10 seconds also, I'll play the card so you can see whether you've got it correct again. You can pause it if you need more time. Also, it doesn't matter where on the piano you choose to do the card. For example, you might figure a high d card appear on Did when I show you the card I might be playing it down here is correct. But I am going to be showing you by examples in the middle C area, so it might be an idea toe. Try and figure them out here, but it still corrective. It's off. There are down here. Let's begin. So I want you to find an S major. So 3 to 2. Okay, F major, it's here. A minor. So a 2123 OK, a minor e major. An e major. There is. Hopefully you got that. Correct. The more you do this, the more you'll get used to it. Let's do G minor. Next G minor. Gee minor, uh, be major. So three nitty a major major, Last one s Shop Minor. And here's of Shot Minor. There is hopefully getting user finding those major in mind the hearts Let's move on to the next section where we're going to apply to a song. 10. Learning Through applying your knowledge: e. I believe that the best way to learn properly is by applying what you are learning on DSO. Throughout the whole costs have chosen songs so you can put into practice what you've just learned. I would advise sticking with these songs I've chosen, but I understand that everyone has a different legs and dislikes. So if you really don't like a certain song, please feel free to skip ahead to the lecture where I teach how to find your own car chiefs and learn from other songs. But again, out advise using the songs in the costs because I've chosen them specifically so you can apply what you've just learned in the previous lectures. 11. Let's Apply This and Play A Song Someone Like You: way before we look a rhythms. I just want to get you into playing a song straight away. So just for the moment, don't worry about how long to play it card. I just want you to see how easy it is to play a song. Once you understand how to play cards, for instance, let's take the famous song Someone Like You by Adele. Here's what it sounds Life, mind Find someone I e. I wish nothing but the best for you too. Don't forget me. I I remember you said Sometimes it lasts sometimes since Teoh sometimes soothe. Get out of this. That was signal of the top of those cards. I just wanted you to hear what it sounds like with just the card. If you just sing on top of it, you can recreate the song straight away. Just say I'm not pretending how the best voice in the world, but sometimes I think it's just like to show you as an example. So let's look Teoh. Now. If you look at these cards, can you see the 1st 1 is a C. So we're looking at cards. If it says see it mean to play a C major so that next card can you see it set a G. It would be a G major. Could you see the next one along isn't a with a little end. That means play in a mine. So if it's just a capital letter, it means you play whatever card is. So if it's an F, then you would play an F major. But if it is small and next to the capital letter, it mean to play the minor. So let's look at it together. The first card says, See, doesn't it? So you play a C major, so I'm going to let you find that card on your role. Then I'll show you where. So if you about 12th to find that car. Okay, so the C major, but a 3 to 2. So I found that the next card is a G. So how device going down to the G with its one. But I think it'll sound better so you can go down to G below middle C to find RG card on. Then you can check it against mine in a few moments. So you D card was so just how you check those two cars, first of all, get used to finding these energy, so just do that few times. Use that moving the distance. See? Again. Played with your 13 85 fingers first. Certain fifth. Next. Once a minor, we're gonna let you find that. Okay? The A minor was here. You might sound up there, but if I were you try and do the neighbors card for the moment. So the G, the next one is okay. Finally got s. So I'd probably advise going down to the F for this one so we can go down to the f from the A on it's an f major because there's no little them. Okay, so you hopefully found this car. Major took a C May minor Major. Spend a bit of time getting me to those cards. You can pause a video if you need toe. Don't you on speed? If you feel you need a bit more time to find the card just got slower. Ticket your own. Pierce. It's totally fine. It's fine to play songs slower at the start. So if you're departed video and get used to these four cards, So now you've got you to play. Those cards have a girl playing through the full chorus so, as it concedes, played through five times. If you want, you can try and sing along to the cards on. If you don't, that's fine. Just just play the cards on in the next section. We're going to apply some basic with him to the car progression. 12. Basic Rhythm 4 Beats Per Bar: I have had to go playing part of a song. I'm going to introduce you to some basic rhythms. When playing card in songs, you need to know how long to hold its called Far on in music, we use beats and bars to decide how long to play a card or melody. For example, Far bees per bar is very commonly used. It is, It's simple. It sounds you literally count too far, and then the pattern starts again like this. 123 Far 12341234123 for no if we take the cars from someone like you from afar, these card is played on the first beat of every bar. So it would look like this. So you play like this 13 for three, 234 So I want you to have a go up playing along with a click so you can get used to playing in time. So I got Metrodome here, so I'm going accounting for beats. And then I want you to try and play in time with the click, and you can count far out loud if you needed to keep the time I can comment in your head. What have you found? The easiest, but I'll give an example. So click start by then, I'll count. 12 three. Father had come in to three so we could have a go at that. This is just to get used to playing in time and finding the cards in time for the baby. Okay, so some of you might find it easy. Some of you might find it a bit harder, but if you find a hard keeping, practicing it until he can play in time with the beat. Okay, So we're gonna play the full chorus, which is five times through, so I'm gonna count far beats, and then you come in on the first. Be ready. I'm gonna give the first card as well. 123 Far we can. Hopefully you're able to play that in time. And member. If you found it difficult. Keep on practicing. That was a slightly slower pace than the track is. You could move on to the next lecture if you want, but if you want to have a go at doing it at full Pierce, we're going to the same again on account in far beats and then you come in on the one and then you can have a go to a full piss. Let's go Well, to free for Okay . Hopefully enjoyed that. I'll see you in the next lecture where we're going, Toe had left hand. 13. Adding The Left Hand Someone Like You: Now it's time to bring in the left hand to your playing. For the moment, we're going to keep it simple. So you're just going to play single notes in the left hand for the moment. So every time you play a card, whichever card to play, I want you to take the route of the card. I what the card is named after on play that single note in the left hand, one octave lower like this. So if you play a C major in your right hand, the card is named after a C, so the root of it is a C. C. Go down one full up tive. I play a single see on your left hand like this. Let's do another one. So if you want to play an F major, you would play an F while knocked it down in your left hand. Our a d major, Do you call it in the right single day, one up, two down in your left. Let's take the sum you learned before so you can have a go adding the left hand to it. So it was a scene. Jean Minor s left hand. You play see Jean. I notice when I just play that Then I was using individual fingers. If you wanted to do that, just give it a finger or not on which ever fingers over the note you need just push it down . This case, it's one three to save you two having to move your hand around books. You might find it first that that might be quite hard. So if you want, you can also just movie thumb each note like this. So whichever thumb your plane left splitting up to lower, you might find it easier at first. Todo dio individuals is your tights for the moment, right? Then that's how we do it. You just play it up to down in your left town with single notes. Now, if you look at this car progression here before you were playing one card in your right hand, I went up ago it playing four cards in your right hand and what and you left for each bar should go Want Teoh Holder left underneath for the full four beats. But you're right hand plays. One card per p. A place like this, you've got one neuron goes down, so I can do it with the left hand, moving with the thumb to reach no free. So, as you can see, your right hand explained far by your left hand holds for the full for bees, for one. So have a girl practice in that with both hands so I could get used to it. And then I'm going to put the click up again so you can practice playing it with the beat cancer. Let's get the beat up. You could have a practice with a slow bigot first on, then we'll do a faster on after again. I'm going to count in the 1st 4 beats, and I also play the first card on. Then you can continue on, but just going to go through the car progression two times this time. 12 free four. - Okay , that was slower. Have perhaps it that keep on doing it until you feel like you're really getting in time. If you're struggling to play along with that, you can always practice it slower and come back to play along with that baby. If you find with that just then, let's have a girl with a fast temper. 1234 That's it. I hope you enjoyed that. So in the next lecture 14. Quick Chord Test 1: it's time for a quick call test. So like we did earlier in the class, I'm going to say a car name. And I'm going to give you a few moments to let you find it that I'll show you on my panel and you can compare to see you've got it. Correct. Let's begin. B flat major. So 3 to 2 B flat Major is a major. A manager is E minor. So 203 IHS e minor. Hopefully you got that. A flat, major. I can't go to play this one. A book. Middle C. You might have had it down here. Correct. E flat. Minor IHS e flat Minor. Uh, okay. We'll do one more C sharp. Major K C Sharp Major is hopefully you are managing to find most of them. See you in the next lecture. 15. Half Beat Rhythms: you can divide Full beats have been to smaller lengths, and in this lecture we're going to look 1/2 beats. So to count 1/2 B, we use a plus sign, but we call it in. And so where's before you accounting? 123 far you can now, at an and sign in between the numbers like this one on two on day three on before and and then that would repeat itself in the song. So this gives you the ability to see exactly which beat to play a card on. So if you want to play on the half, be in between the numbers. You go one on day two So just so you can get used accounting in full beats and also half beats, we're just going to do a couple of exercises. So we're not going to play the piano. I just want you to clap along. So the 1st 1 you're gonna be clapping on the main be on the numbers. So we're just gonna go four times through Andi clap along with me. So I'm just gonna put a click with it. So I'm gonna wait for far clicks and then you're gonna count on the man beats no to three. Oh, no. To three. Oh, one to so one to three. Okay, so that is just clapping on the man. Be now. We're gonna have a goat clapping on the half beats as well. So this case should be going one on two and three and 1234 So we're gonna have a quick got that. So we're gonna wait far beat, and then we're going to do far full bars clapping on the main beat and also the half beat. Let's go. 123 and four and one and two and three and one and two and three and 123 Okay, so that's half beat. So it's clapping on the wall and the end of every full B and half B. Now I've had a look at counting with full beats on half beats. We're going to look a song that uses some half beats to someone like you had a very simple rhythm, but you learn before which was playing on the first beat of each bar. But let's look a stand by me by Otis Redding so you can see the rhythm here again. We're just gonna cut of them first. And then you can learn the cops. It's playing on the one. But then on the and after the two. So that rhythm would sound like this. One on two on three and far on one on two and three and four. So capping on the one on the end after two on with this one, we're going to do eight bars so you can get used to the rhythm. So we'll wait for far clicks on, then joining with May Gone on to can. Free and far on one and t bad three and four and one and two Free on for that one and two and three far we'll take a free man. Far out to 3412341234 Okay, so hopefully you were able to clap along in time with me. Then Now we're going toe. Apply that to the song stand by May 16. Half Beat Rhythms Stand By Me Skillshare: Now we're going to apply that. Happy with him to the really famous song Stand by me covered by Lord people, including the Beatles. Now that but originally was by Ben E. King on just seeing a slightly simplified the left hand part Just seeking folks on this right hand rhythm for the moment I play for you now seeking here. What? You're learning, Frontal. Also sing along just seeking Hear what it sounds like? I just to the first verse and chorus night This the land is done on the moon. With that, we'll see. No, I won't be afraid. Be afraid, Mrs Long as you stand. Stand by me. Stand by. Stand by me. Stand by me. Uh so, first of all, I wanted to spend some time getting you to the cards. The card. We've got a major. So if you can remember, a major is a 3 to 2. So I'm gonna let you figure that card out and then I'll show you it so you can see if you've got it right. The case of the A major start below middle C. You might found it up here, but so you've got the A on Lee three out. See shop leave to out. She's an A above that. That's a major you might have figured about that, I think for this soil starting the lower middle. Seen like here. So if you can figure out the next card now the F sharp minor. So it's at minus two and three. So if you figure out the little middle C again in this case, I'm gonna give you a few moments to figure that one out was, well, f sharp. Minor. Okay, so they have shot mine it. So you've got a shot. A little bit of C. And then it's a matter for leave to out on a leave. Three out. See shop on top. Case, you've got a major. The next one is a D major. So again, if you can figure this one out but below middle C Okay, so starting here, it's a d major. So 3 to 2. All right, So should have got this. Imagine Kate and then the last card we need for this is an e major. So for this war, when he figured out if you go up to the above the d wave, just bean, give me a few more moments and then I'll show you it. All right, so here we have team aged three. Leo, a major shot Minor D major. Yeah. Four cards Don't play that, Mike. I am. I'm just took in the fingers in so I can see it. Remember, teeth gnashing your fingers. Spend some time getting used to these cards just so you can find them nice and quickly feel free to pause the video. You need to practice it. And then we're going to apply the rhythm to the song. So let's begin. So it's that rhythm you were clapping with far playing on the wall at the end. So if you to just do one bar, it would somewhat this Teoh and rhythm repeats itself throughout this car progression. So we're gonna play through it slowly, just with the right hand first, and then we'll at the left hand you've got. Now, I'm just gonna go through the full car production here sick and hear what it sounds like. And then I want you to have a go a plane along with a click. Okay, so let's begin. That's what it sounds like. I wasn't do the left hand, that kind of thing. Because I just want to focus on getting the rhythms at the start. We will start in more complicated left on parts later on in the cost. Okay, so now what? New tiger? We're gonna go through the car progression twice, slowly the first time I want to play with you. On the second time, I'm just gonna move the hand. See? You can see where they should be on we just do it right on. First of all, so let's begin with a wait for far clicks on. Then we're gonna make it so that this little version well to free Oh, - on repeat far. And 123 three. Uh uh uh wah, uh, to, uh, three. Far on what? On two and three and far. What on to free? Uh, far 123 uh, far And like it. Hopefully you were able to keep up with that purse If you need to practice it, Maher, feel free to do that. But now we're gonna go faster. So we're gonna go to Pierce now. And also, we're gonna add in some single notes into your left hand. So if you remember the far in someone like you which ever card you were doing, you would play a single note in your left hand. We're gonna do the same thing here. But you're just gonna play at the same time with the right hand. So it would be like this. A major cardinal writes a single anger left one Teoh. The next one is F sharp minor. Do you play an f sharp? You can move your thumb down if you want. You can play with 1/3 finger Teoh on a left hand as well. Right, then let's have a girl. So I'm gonna wait for far beats and then let's begin. So here we go. Okay. That was quite fast. Hopefully were ableto keep up with the beat. They're playing the cards on the correct beats. Now, this last part of the lecture is additional practice. Really? You can't move on if you want, but for those of you that might feel you need a little bit extra work on this rhythm, we're going to go through the car progression twice, but without me playing just so you can get used to playing with the beat. So I want to do is count, right? I remember you paint on the wall in the end. So we went for four beats just going to play the first bar. And then you continue on the road. Let's begin, Teoh And And I thought, Well, and on and on and on 3123 And on. What and what? Okay, that was taking a look at half beat using the song Stand by me. I'll see you in the next lecture where we take a look at card inversions. 17. Chord Inversions Explained: So far, we've been working with basic triad cards. They're called, that's our aid, what is called root position. Because the bottom of root note of the chord signifies what the card is called. For example, a C major chord. The stage at the bottom, or a G major chord. G is at the bottom. Minor age at the bottom of the court. But there are two other ways to play the same chords. And they do this by inverting the cold, one of the words using the same three notes but changing the Alt with them. Cotton versions I use all the time by piano players. They just made the card sound a bit different. First of all, let's take a look at first inversions. Let us take a C major chord. If you take the lowest note, which is c in this case, and move it up a full octave higher. But keep the other two notes are the same. It's still a C major chord because he had a CBG. But you'd need to see a full octet. So you've got CEG just in a different order. This is called a C major first inversion. So you've got root position. Then adapted book in the sea. Inversion. In music, we use Roman numerals to identify and versions. If you were to see this on a call sheet, it would look like this. Let's do some art together. So a G major first inversion, you can start off with a G major chord. Then you take the lowest note with the J in root position and move on octave higher. There is your three knots. You've just changed the order. Another one, F Major. F major calls, move the bef an octave higher. It's an F major, first inversion, D major. So again, you'd move that up an octave higher. When you're doing this at the moment, you might find it easier to use both hands so you can remember where the notes are. What you can do is you can find a card. Then you can find the octave with your left hand. Then once you've found the three nerves, move your hand back into position. Then you've got the cars. Will do what was a black mouse this time. So you've got a flat minor. So we can take an a flat. And then to say, I'm idea ready, you just take the lowest note, which is a nice flat. Then you move it an octave higher. Just need to fill those three notes. That's how first inversions work. To find the second inversion, all you need to do is the same process, but from the first inversion position, if we take the C major first inversion, which is here, you would move the lowest note, one octave here. But if you keep the two notes, the step that takes to the second inversion. So you've got root position, first inversion, second inversion, you'd go from first to second. Root position. First inversion, second inversion. And if you notice, if you do it again, take your lowest note this time, which is G up an octave. Just takes you back to C major card, but a novel root position to see is at the bottom of the card. Let's do a couple of mile second inversions. What we're gonna do, we're gonna go through the first inversion process first and then onto the second inversion, just so you can get used to it. Let's take F-major. F-major. You find your first inversion. And again, you do the same for the second. So you take the lowest note, which is now an air, up an octave higher. They have y'all F-major second inversion. Let's do D major second inversion. You find jar, the major, three to two. That's fine too. You first inversion, so take your day but an octave higher. The first convergent. Take your lowest note again, which is now an F-sharp. So I move that on octave higher. Asd, second inversion. Let's do a B minor second inversion. So you've got 23 now, so minor car, so 23. Let's do the first inversion first. Then found that card. Now let's find the second inversion. Move that up an octave. B minor, second inversion. Let's do one more F sharp minor. Play, an F sharp minor down here, which is a 233. Then we'll find the first inversion, the octave. If the F sharp, then you've got that position. And then lowest note here now is an eight open up tiff to find the second. The more you go through this process, the model that you used to finding them, and eventually you're just built a pleasant straightaway. So in the next lecture, we're going to do a quick game to help you get used to it. 18. Chord Inversion Exercise 1: Let's do this exercise. I'm going to say according version that aren't going to give you about ten seconds to find it. Then I'll play the chord inversion so you can check it to see if you've got it right. Feel free to pause the video if you need more time. You'll find that the more you go through this process, the more you'll get used to it, and the quick yield gap. Let's begin. C major, first inversion. Case of C major first inversion with a C root position, and then an octave. That E minor second inversion, second inversion, fed up here or down here. At the process, bringing position. First, second inversion, G minor, first inversion. Do you manifest inversion is got G minor, and then first inversion. Let's do D major, second inversion. D major second version is this code. Down here. It starts off with the second two. That's how you might found that. Let's do a major first inversion. Imagine first version. Is this reposition. 19. Let's Put This Into Practise Let It Be: Let's take what you've just learned on Have a look It let it be by the Beatles. This is a slightly simplified version in order to introduce you to card inversions in a song. Well, look at more detailed version. Let in the cost. When I find myself Mary comes to me, it's begin Waas speaking Waas. So here's the cards you're going to see. You gotta see second version to start off with on and then it goes into a normal G minor on then f all root position on. Then it's goes back to see second inversion G and then F second version and then normalcy card. So not gonna spend a long time looking at this song is just so you can get used to these cards inversions and have a girl within a son. So I want you to start off by figuring out the C major second inversion on your own. Then I'm sure you what you should have got on just seeing others. First card is in the middle isi area of the piano. So have a go see major second inversion. Okay, so hopefully you've found see made a second version here. Okay, And then the next card is a G major, which is Yeah, And then the a minder way and on. And then the next one is see second version against you've got that G then here, just do it F major second inversion. So I'm gonna give you about 12th to figure that card out. Have a go now. Okay, hopefully found the just like in the version you've got 1st 2nd to see position on that. Go through twice and what we've got there now, just for the sake of playing the silent quickly, you play each of these cards twice, and it had been a bit more technical. This song has four beats per bar. So you'd be counting to Teoh three ladies car twice on the main beats of the back. So I want to play through it now so you can see and you can play along if you want. 23 Teoh. And just so you could hear it in context, I'm just gonna show it. Sounds like with the singing on top and I'll put some left handed as well. When the find himself Mary comes to me, it's begin waas. She's standing in front of me speaking. That's what you've got there, too. May have noticed just then that I was playing that with some left hand notes. Now I want you to have some left done note, but need to be careful with inversions because before when you were playing to say, See, Major, you could find way through loss and going up to blower. But with an inversion, the bottom of the card is different. So you need to be careful if you're playing a left and no with an inversion Cardini right that you still playing the note that the card is named after? That sounds complicated, but why I mean, is if it to see second in virgin. Need to make sure you're still playing a senior, not play a gene, right? So I need to make sure so again, when you're playing the F second here, I need to be doing it. What I want you to do is play two cards in your right hand for one in your left, so don't go to 30 E. I want you to play, start together and then you write and place twice. CIA holder left underneath like this. He left under the plain box. You run this plane twice. Have you got that? Andi? Hope you enjoy it, and I'll see you in the next lecture. 20. How To Use the Sustain Pedal: this'll lecture. I'd like to introduce you to the sustain pedal. So this is Dan Pedal. I think mixed. Everything sounds so much better. If you've got an accusing piano, you may either have to pedals are three pedals by your feet if you've got to the left. One is sometimes known as the soft pedal Andi. The right one is sometimes known as the loud pedal, but it's called the sustain pedal because it makes the notes ring out. So if you play it without a mix of notes, ring out. If you've got three, it be the far right is the sustain pedal the middle one. It's a practice pedal, so it makes the key sound really quiet. If you're using a digital piano or keyboard, you may have two or three. I may just have one single pedal, which will be the sustain pedal if you don't have a sustained pedal at all, I would advise buying one, so if you look in the back of the key barred there should be an input, which would say sustain off sustain pedal. You combine to stay in bed for quite cheap, but just make sure it's compatible with your keyboard. Okay, So if you didn't know that sustain pedal makes the keys, that's longer. So without it keys on, then you pick them up on the sound stops. If you play card already know it pushes to send pedal down, which I've just done now mixing Bring out. Okay. I want to teach you how to use the pedal properly because it just makes everything sound so much better. I use it all the time. I'll just give you a quick example. You've just been learning. Let it be. And if you're not using the sustain pedal, it was like this way. Still some good, I think. No, but immediately if you make it sound so much better if you start using the system and put a listen to this, it just sounds nicer. All the car too joined up, and it just helps the peaceful oma Cancel Hayes how to use it. You can always try holding it down through all the cards you might find a way cords start to melt together. You hear that? The role melding who's joining all the notes so that where you use it a matching it's glue when you're gluing different cards together, but in order to use it properly What you do is almost like a slight echo. So you play and then you apply glue all have you push it down Afterwards she play on pushing down I'll show you what my foot's doing Playing, pushing down So playing left handed play on an actual sheet music It was a sign for this which looks like a line, as you can see up up there with a little triangle are little bump at the end. That means when it's flat, you push it down on. Then when the slight triangle comes up, when you lift up the triangle so they conceive applied that to the car progression. You've just learned you can have a go at this. But also, I'm just gonna put my left hand here on. I'm going to lift it up when my foot comes up so you can kind of see it cause I was hit some of the piano so you can't see it. Another thing. You should have a here on the floor so pivoting from your heel rather and lifting your whole leg up. Okay, so what you do, you play card on Hold it down on you. Play your next card. Still holding the panel on your flick it back up and down. It's going to come up, down, holding down, up and down. It might be a little bit difficult when you first try some people on the first Try this. I might find it difficult because often people do stuff together so they'll play a lift, the pedal up on, then pushing out. I mean what you first played not too bad to do together. It just means it's got between the cars. The idea is to join them, see playing down, down. Uh, so that's how to use it. To stay in pedal. You lift it up and down just after each new car change, and then you hold it for the rest of that card. You don't have to do it straight away. I just wanted to introduce it to you. So when you feel comfortable with which ever card progression, you're learning in the cars. If you just want to make it sound a bit nicer, a bit smoother concert to add the sustain pedal 21. Sus Chords: When reading car signs, you may come across something like this. I see so far all this de to these instructions telling you to change the basic Triad card slightly. Let's start off with this this card. So Soc Sharp was suspended. And what that means is you are to suspend another note into the card, so hold another note into the cart. The most common kind of CIS card is a sous far. This means you are to suspend a perfect fourth interval instead off the third interval like this, for example, because a normal seem ages that sees as far as this Jesus far would be this because a normal major thing. Oh, let's do it, if I may, just as far So I've made just as far as this eso. You probably recognize the sound. It's in a lot of songs. For example, do anything full off by meatloaf that sound. There isn't a us far even Disney songs. Uh, booth. The easiest way to do this is too worked up from what you already know. So let's just say the card saves GS as far so go to the G major. So if you need to supply. Aji three leave, too. No you need to do is bring the major third interval, but by one centimeter or half step. So the third is there. 123 So being the up, some return to their This'd Jesus far. With these kind of card, try and use your 1st 4th and fifth fingers. Don't be skipping fingers out like those. It's awkward. So trainees, the 1st 4th and fifth eso fingers out. Leave these fingers split up there, actually fingers on your hand. As usual, it's another one. So let's just say see, so far. So you would find the C major card 32 between And then the third girls of semi turn to that ceases far. Let's do that. Ace is far, so find yourself in a major card on then Middle Third Girls book the 72. This time it's going from black to white on 1 March B Flat SA's far. So you funded B flat major card, then in the middle of things, time to block. No Teoh fact. Their thoughts how to find so far calls another comments. This card is a sauce, too. In this case, you replace the third interval with a major second interval. For example, see suss to so the C major here third is the so you need to go down a full tall, off to seven tons to find the major third. So if you were to go down 1/2 a step, it wouldn't work because it would take you to the minor. So you two got full step two terms 12 those diseases to Let's do a Jesus too. So you find your major card good on a full term. So Miss one out would go down again to 70 0 k g sauce to will do and asks us to. So, Neff says, to find F major, we got down to some returns 1 to 2 there, so that's a is going to a G on that will do. Also the B flat sauce too. So you find a B flat major card on, then you go down two steps so that day is going down to to the but through Wal Mart was a so to so find a major card. And then this time it's going down from the C sharp down to to the be So with these cars that suggest, Do you want to? Five Fingering that Now spend some time getting to know these six cards than in the next lecture. We'll do a quick card exercise. 22. A Song With A Sus Chord You Raise Me Up: Let's learn the car progression from the sun You raise me up by just Grogan has also been covered by lots of different people. First, I'm gonna show you what it sounds like. And I'm also going to sing along sick and hear what it sounds like with the singing. And please remember, I'm a professional kind of player, but not a professional singer. So just bear with me. But it just taking here. But it sounds like when I am strong on my soul is free When troubles come on my heart way until you and sets a while with you, raise me. You raise me to see I am your shoulder. Raise me to more tonight and me a case. That's what it sounds like. Now let's just take a quick look at it, Okay, so when reading CACI's that quite often just have the cards. But what I've done for the moment is I've written how many towns you need to play each card . So let's go from the beginning. So if you're playing with both hands for each card, play a right hand. The Harmony Town that says so. The first cart has details to so you played that twice, but just hold it left hand down. Wants with a single? No. So this kid be won't Teoh just make it sound better? So gonna go to then it goes down to the G. So trying to run back up to date 1234 minutes. Card is D against one Teoh g one. No, he's a sous far. So if you could take a moment to find that card and then I'll show you it again. So hopefully found the aces Focus there. Uh, so to those, you played a sous far twice with one year left, and then you can see it says a normal say Major. So you were just good under the A major. So that sounded a common sound. It's called resolving card progression. So it's going from a It sounds unfinished, isn't it? So when it goes to the A, Major is resolving in a sense that the next called is B S O B minor. So two or three, So be minor more than twice on DE twice de times. So it was a composite video in front of 70 parts of Unita, but I'm just gonna go onto the course. Fierce. You've got Do you mind? Times to G major. It's all the same cards. Really? D major name Major. The Major D. Yeah, but hey, consider work through that. The many thing is getting used to this bases. So have a go at that. Get used to playing those cards. And if you wanted to have a go playing along to a click seeking carry on developing your rhythm skills on playing along to a beat you cannot have a goat playing it along with me So we're gonna count in far and then it begins. Wow to three. Oh, uh uh, Way to go. I hope you enjoyed it. 23. A Sus with no number: thing is just some extra information for you here. So sometimes you might find in a song assist card with no numbers. This is open to interpretation and is often just a source far, but can also imply assist to Onda so far, along with a flattened seven. That might sound quite complicated, but I'll just explain it. So we look at how to find flattened seven. It's led to in the cars, but the basic and easiest way to find a flat in seventh is to go up a full, active and then down one full term. Like this soap, the seventh from C is, but not if down a full term. So to seven tons 12 that's just flat to the seven. So if you had the sense to and this is far like we said, you find thesis to him. This is far here, perfect fourth on a major second on, then with that, the flat, which we looked at before the flat and seventh play that with a C in the left hand. So that's what a source with no numbers could imply. So that's kind of other said, open to interpretation. Let's do another one just because if you come across it, at least you understand it. So let's do it. Aggie sauce, But with no numbers on, you might decide to do this kind of card, so we'll do a tuna far. So take the G major part and take that. Made a second on the Pfaff there, and then you need to figure out the seventh. So you're a full octave bump on the G and down a full term, two semi tones. You may realize that these are just first inversions. That's the first version of the bath. To do that with a gene left sounds like it was a finish. What we've talked about resolving, so I just did one mark. Let's do a source with no numbers on again. You'll decide to do this for the option. You would find the A major, take the second and fourth instead of that and in fact, that seven. So go up before Buck tip down Fulton and then keep their in the left hand said that was just some extra information for you. But for the moment, we will just be sticking with us too far calls 24. Add Chords: That means you are literally adding that interval into the cart. So you're not changing any of the notes like in a source card, just adding it into it. One of the most common at cards is an ad to which changes a basic sounding card to a slightly dissonant but kind of mellow sound like this. Like this. Find out to card. All you need to do is at a major second interval to your card. So let's take an a minor not to. So you find a minor. So two under 3 to 12 free. Okay, then if you remember, a major second interval is going up to seven. Towns are full term. So you go up a full turn from a which take it to be okay, So just at that be to the rest of the card that would look like a minor to if it was a major to you play a major on, then way to have a second. Let's do a couple more together, so let's look at the C major. That too, so you find a C major car on our second took up full term from the root position of it should to see uh, let's do a G at two Sergey at two. So I just second into one. Teoh do Omar D major at two. So d major and major second whilst around that will do a D minor to actually say d mine. And second. So that's how ad cards were. You could have an ad six, which would be the sixth interval added to the card, so it would be C major. Just 6123456 That's a major six There. Is there a bit distant card there added six to the G one, you'd be really J and then you don't do 123456 So it's just adding that interval to it. So now I would like you to spend some time building some ad cards up. So any cardio on then? At the major second interval 25. Finger Strength/Technique Exercise: I think in this lecture, I'm just going to give you a quick exercise that is going to help you to build up strength and stamina in your hands and your fingers, as well as to help develop dexterity on also just help with technique in general. So this is actually a Hammond exercise, and it's actually the 1st 1 in the hand and exercise Siri's. It might be worth checking out Hanon exercises if you want more of these. And just so you know, I have slightly modified this. So it's just going to be one active on just going up from bottom to top the original hand and does go a talkative and it goes up and down. But just for where you're at, I think just this one active is suitable. So here's what it sounds like with both hands, and then we'll break it down after its So to start off with, we're just to your right hand, and once you understand the pattern, it's hopefully relatively simple. So middle seats here and he going to be using all your fingers run, but 12345 So it starts off your thumb. Middle C on. Then you skip out the D. Let me gonna go playing through the thing. That's the pattern on Let's not really think about Nazi. Let's think about numbers. See going up. 1234532 Enough. The pattern really is skipping between starting number one and under two with the second finger here. And then just move the whole pattern up and down. Watch this. That's one power. It's a film that doesn't return to the sea. It just falls into the dean and you skip again. So there's that pattern you're skipping after the first. No, on you go up and down, not skipping anything fingers out or anything that is so on an escape on using all your fingers on your not doing any Skips platform after the first note, play and and skip thin that part in this goes all the way to the sea above. You see what's happening there. Remember, just when you get to the second to last night on the way down the thumb Falls didn't skip back down. It goes down a step on finishes on the see above, so that would be one active when you play this is aimed to have an art in your hands and fingers. Just general technique, really a good hand share toe have. If you put your hands on your knees on, then keep that hand ship or put the piano. That's a good handshake toe have okay. And also just another tip. You should be aiming toe have stripped back, relax shoulders and also a nice flat risk. You don't want to be a plaque that we'll have it flopping down below the piano with with, like a bend in your wrist and try and have a nice relax shoulders and then your elbows close to your body and flat wrists on with it. Bend in your hands and fingers, so that's your right hand. It might be worth practicing that separately until you get comfortable with that. It might not happen straight to wait, because it might feel it first that your father and fear fingers feel a little bit weak and not be able to control them as much. So just be aware of that in your left hand is the same. But you starting with your little finger with your fifth. The pattern. It is exactly the same. They're gonna start on the sea below. Your five's gonna fallen that they're playing skin on. Use all your fingers waiting for you. Don't skip back down you the day you step up. Five falls your skin 55 biscuit way Finish, soothe. So for a lot of you, especially with the left hand if you're right handed, this one might feel a little bit more difficult at first because a lot of it's dependent on the five on skipping up there between your fire on your fourth finger. So this might be worth just getting control of it separately. First as well. Remember, always start slower when you're first starting. Anything like this just got mice controlled feeling on when you do not just have it a nice , even temper. Nice, even temper. And then when you get control of that separately, it might not be stretch to it. It might take, you know, a few days or even a few weeks to build up the control in these little fingers, depending on where at your piano learning journey. But then both hands. It's just the pattern to play together, but with opposite fingers to start five in your left one in your right thumb. Slowly skip in your fingers, you falling onto the day and it skips way for about five stepping up again we owe, and that's it with both hands, and you can start off slowly and gradually build up the speed with this. Just use it as a warm up when you sit down at the piano. Whatever state you are in the costs, just use it to bomb your hands and fingers up on what you'll notice is. The more you do it, the more control you will get, and you gradually build to go the speed as well. But it also noted the coordination will grow as well. You have more control over your little fingers, and when you first start to meet together, you might also find that might not be able to play at the same time straight away, because it's all about building up these connections between your fingers newbury in and also the strength and the ability and the technique to be able to do it. So you're noticed that if you do it just every time I sit down at the piano, you'll get better It it you get more control on also the air keenness, which might happen. At first you might feel a little bit of an EC that will start to go a swell. 26. A Common High Energy Rhythm: I'm not going to teach you a very common rhythm that involves half beats. This is what it sounds like. That is very common. And it looks like this. So you can see that would be on the one and then a be on the and after two and then on the four. So if you were to clamp it, Ugo one on two and three on Oh, and then that would repeat itself. One on two, Free on on on two on free. So first of all, I want to get used to clapping the rhythm. So I'm gonna turn a metre. Norma Andi It have about clapping along with May on the one hand, after the two and then the far So we're far beats and insight clapping 12341 and two on pre on God Well, I'm 23 and 41234 Well, on to free and far Well, and two and three and four and two and three and one and two and three and four Well, and 23 and four. So that's the rhythm you're gonna be playing now. So hopeful you've got usedto clapping along to it now will at some cards to it. So a South offered some simple cards so you can get used to it. And then we'll do a famous song by John Legend. But first of all, the staff for the basics. So I just wanted to put a card of CEO minor thing. And for each bar you're gonna do three of those hits on those cards should be one and change in the next booth. So you start off with just the cards and your and if you want first, so be Thio Thio three. Andi Then you can have the single loss in the left hand Onda again. For the moment, just do single notes on If you just put it wants the start of each bath would be free to put together. You could just go round and round practicing that rhythm with those more simpler cards just so you can have a go practicing with a click. Let's do it with a master alarm again. So let's begin. So the wait for four beats and then begin every day 23 with me. - Now if you wanted to have a good that car progression, but without me playing. I'm going to give you the chance now. So I'm going to do is I'm going to mute the piano so you can still see where your heart should be, but you'll be able to just hear the click ready. So let's begin. I'm gonna go through the competition four times. 22 3 Oh, - right . Hopefully you are here with that the next lecture. We're going to make it a bit harder. 27. High Energy Rhythm Applied To All Of Me John Legend: Now you've got used to playing that rhythm with some more basic cards. I'm going to make it a little bit harder. We're going to be looking at the car progression at the beginning of all of me. By John Legend. It's got a mixture of cards in route position. First inversions on second inversion cards. That's but last, this high energy rhythm we've just been looking at. So here's what it sounds like. I recognize that. So first of all, you just need to have a look at the cards. So let's go through them together. The F minor card. So a 2123 I'm gonna give you a few moments to figure that f minor card out, and then I'll show you it so you can compare. Okay, so the 1st 1 is the F minor. So that got that? Hopefully to under three. Okay. And if you play the one above middle C next carts has C sharp first inversion, there's no little end. That means it's a C sharp major and then a first inversion. So I'm gonna give you a few moments toe, have a got figuring that out. Then I'll show you it. Okay, so that is. And if you, Montana have to find that you got from a C sharp major, which was the free to two Major, sir. Leave three out. 12312 And then the inversion was to take the lowest. Not but an octave higher. So that's a C shop, But not on that, sir. C sharp major first inversion. So let's just get used to this complication if you go out for F minor is actually only what no changes to in order to play the sea shop first inversion. It's just that seagulls up a senator from their Teoh. That's actually quite a class card, isn't it? Trying to get those 1st 2 cars in your head on, then the next one is in a flat second inversion. Have you got figuring that out? Then I'll show you it. Okay, so the second inversion is this. So a flat second and I'll just show the process again to a flat route position and then the first inversion to a flat tire Sex. It's the first on the same process again, this sign it to see at the bottom. So make that go up adoptive U two notes the same way that states that second. So let's go from a static f minor see shop first, which is that? Wanna change there on then the A flat second The middle of is the same so that top nuts coming back down to the sea And then the F is going down to the C o f minor see shot first a second and then lives one more card e flat and that's just rude position. So if that major so three eo so minor, see shot first a flat second and Eastland take a little bit of time getting you to those cards because when you try and do it with the rhythm, you need to know the cars really well in order to get it in time. If you had detecting, obviously you might not be toe hit the card right on the beat just to do with the finger. And I would suggest maybe starting off with a 135 on the F minor and that you could just bring your five up to the sea shop there tha on. Then you need to do so. Pivot your hand So you thirds off, not confine five in the one down on then here is up to you. I would probably do want to for that's what feels natural to me. But you can always stick to the 135 If you on their kick take some time getting used to those carts on, then we'll apply it to the rhythm. Hopefully you compare those four cards now applying it to the rhythm we did in the last lecture. So you're playing on the wall and after the two on the far with each card So it's card is played three times So it began one on 23 on you move on to the C sharp. 1st 1 Teoh free on thought for a second on 23 on phone on Teoh Free on bond that repeats itself. So have a go practice in with the beat. Their you know, I was counting on if you want, can count out going one on Teoh free on bond like I am there on then, just to add the left hand in what you thought about that. So we're gonna keep it the same singler in your left hand and just play it wants through the whole bar. Now here with these inversions. If it's a C shot first you need to make sure playing a C shop in your left hand. Not just what's Your film is played in your right hand so you start off by going Teoh free on any place. See shop in your left might be easier. First of all, though, just to practice doing the left time in itself, she go t o far one and for then a flat. Next 1234 just so you can get the hand position, I would suggest putting fingers of reach of the notes you need to see. She may flat. I just said, after watching as much. If you start, do thumbs, then you solve have to watch your hand moving. But if you have fingers over on four notes, then you can just press the fingers. So just get usedto. Go far left on notes and then together. So it's just three new right to when he left with that rhythm. 23 And that's what it sounds like. So have a go practicing that if you're struggling to get the beat in that might mean, you're going too fast. So just go slowly. Even this pass one end, Teoh free on bond and so on. Just until you get you to play the cards on the card changes between the beats and then he cannot be speeded up after and now again, you don't have to do this, but if you want to go out playing along to a click now, you can. I just think that the more you get used to playing along with a strict rhythm, it will really help you to develop as a musician and also your found it a lot easier to apply these rhythms you're learning now to other car progressions in the future. So when accounting with far beats on, then you will join in and again I'm gonna meet the piano, but I'm sort of a place you can see where you should be, so let's begin. I am going to count out loud so you can hear where exactly you need to play. We're going to go through it four times. 123 thought one anti gun three but on one on TV and and but on 123 from well to well to free one, huh? Three. Well, well. Two and three and 412312 free. But 123 and about. Well, 2312 on phone. Well, too. Come and thought one on to something and thought, Well, 123 and four. Okay. Hope you are able to play along with that beat. If you didn't maybe just need to practice the car to bit Mara to slower speed, they can always come back to it once it sinks in. 28. A Song With Inverted Chords and Sus Chords The Scientist: Now we're going to take a look at the Scientist by Coldplay. This has been ever so slightly simplified just so you can apply what you've just been learning. We're just taking it one step at a time. But I just think it's a good song for you to do. At this moment. I'm going to show you what it sounds like. So I'm going to play and sing it fire. But if you're not interested in hearing what it sounds like, I want to get straight onto the learning. Please get the next minute or so. Meet you. I don't know, Meteo. Tell me. See, it's as me questions. Let's go back. Teoh run in. No, but no. Easy. Uh, sick Move back, Teoh. Okay, that's that. And I just said it's been ever so slightly simplified. Just so it's suitable for this point in the cost. Okay, so let's take a look at it. First, let's figure out these far collards and then we look at how to play it. It's the first card is a d minor. So I like to find that demon a car, please. Now the wall just above middle C hopefully found it here Because to on a three. For the manner cars. Okay, the next card is a B flat first inversion. So if you'd like to find that now, please. Okay, so hopefully found and on If you wondered how you go from there B flat route position and then the beef fat goes a productive to find the first inversion NextCard f second inversion if you like to have a go at finding that can be found here. And if you're wondering how I got there, you've got root position on the F major. An octave higher gives you the first virgin do the same for us again. And the last car there is a see saw us far Don't worry about the four slash at the moment Cease thus far. So if you'd like to try and find the ceases far, please. Okay, the ceases for hopefully found that right now let's just go through those first far cards Put a d minor with you one too far can. And then the B flat first in Artois is actually only while not change The is going up to the beach So one semi turn up. Did you play that with the one too far as well. I got one for the D minor. Gone too far on the B flat. First the reason being because if you know the song, it's got that, isn't it? So you need five free, so it's ready to go. All right, so you've got the d minor beef. 1st 1 then you've got the 1 to 4 on the F second as well, because it's I think it's easy to go. But then this is just my personal preference here, and then the third is free for the C S. Father God, do you mind? B flat first inversion. Then you've got the extra second, then ceases far. So if you want to get you to those far cards and then the next day just to and it's each card is played five times, so it's going to be 03 three for than his way at the extra. See active cigar. Fall on just one Teoh. 34231231233 123 How to go, Perhaps in that go slower if you need toe and that we're going to add the left time did So , for the moment, just to play single notes again. So the first card is a D minor soap. A single dean you left on for the moment on. If you just hold it underneath just plate wants. But this next we got B flat first inversion simply a single B flat in your left hand, and then you beef that first card and you're right. Just hold them down. See, that comes up there. Next f second c Just play the death in the left hand. Single left and then right, thank you. See, this next one is said. See sous far forward slash f That mean you play see sous far in your right hand, but the left hand is differently, playing an F in your left hand. Instead, it's a rather than C as he would otherwise. It's an F. It's the sea called of the top of the FCC's Fall off the efficiency with four times Get in your way. So that's the interests played through twice, and then it just carries on through the verse with that cop progression four times through so altogether, it six times through if you're playing it and if you want to have a go singing on top and then on to the chorus, which is slightly different. So we've got B flat first inversion and that's fit eight times. So you just go through that 1234567 in the second version four times to three ceases far on with the FBI left four times be success again. Just goes to a normal see card here display Seeing left for two hits on back to the office Second to see again but for five they just let it ring out. That's right. Singing Oh, take me back, Teoh the star on We're just gonna go to their for this song. So the cars is all together without me speaking. - So have I got that the time it isn't too bad because you mainly just playing each card four times all the way through, apart from in the chorus of written in the amount of times you should be hitting each of those cart there, so have a go at that. I hope you enjoy learning it. Like all of this stuff you're learning. You might find that you have to practice it over a couple of days and then come back to it so you can play it smoothly. Oh, you might get to grips with its straight aware. Everyone learned a different purses, especially if you're a complete beginner. Just take your time on, then eventually you'll be able to play it. So, yeah, I'll see you in the next lecture. 29. The Kick Drum Rhythm: so far in this car's, we've been playing with both home to the same time. I'm not going to introduce an extra beat into the left hand so it won't just be playing at the same time as the right. It will be playing independently. The reason why I call this the kick drum with him is because it's quite a common with drummers use when playing a far beat bar and then at this extra beat onto the kick drum to give the rhythm more energy. The beat comes in right at the end of the bar or just before the start of the next part like this so you can see it's the end after the far but with your left hand. Three, you can use this rhythm in the left hand to add some variety to any simple to are far beat rhythm. So just so you can get used to the rhythm and called Nash in. First of all, I want you to just play some single Martz so you can think about this rhythm so your right hand is playing on the men. Be 1234 k But you left done. It's going 1234 And in the end, after the far. So if you can't it slower 123 on far. So it's on the on after the far. If we repeat that through a few bars. 12 and three and four and three and four and 2341 If you put it together now your right hand is playing on every man Be on the left on this plane on what we just went through Then the one And in the end, after the fall like this 1234 and three three So have a go at practicing that rhythm slowly . It might be easy to think about this rare if you go in together Right? Right, right. Let together. Right, right, right. Let together. Right, right, right. Left together. Right, right, right, left. It just depends how your brain works Just to do with the coordination with which hands coming in where it's up to you you can come. 1234 And I could do what I just did a moment ago with the right, right? Right, right is up to you. But I'm just gonna work with the one and two and three and foreign 30. Left Hand Kick Drum Rhythm Applied to Dont Stop Believing: So let's apply that to the card from Don't stop believing great Some. So here's the cards you've got C G a minor F We're not gonna worry about any inversions or anythin. We're just gonna play. Are the cars in route position just sick and focus on getting this kick drum rhythm. So each called, he's played four times in your right hand and then you've got the left town for them on the one on the and off The far you should be getting used to these cards now. So I'm just gonna play it so you can hear what it should sound like. And I'll just say one thing when it comes to the sexual line with the e minor, I'm gonna go up to the e minor, but down in your left hand. So ago streetlights and then but the manual right, But down, single note. You left then it together. So here's what should sound like Teoh the 1st 2 lines. So have a go a practicing that car progression nice and slow with that kick drum rhythm in the left hand. Now, if you interested, I'm just gonna show you what that sounds like. with this singing on top way for those of you that feel like you're benefiting from practicing these rhythms along with the click now just wants to have a girl with its car progression. So we're just going to go through the car progression, wants nice and slow, and then we'll do it again at a faster pass. So wait for far beats and then begin heavy go well, two on three full and three three. Have you got that? A few times. If you need to know now, we're gonna go to faster Pierce. Let's go 23 way If you don't want to have a go play if you don't want have a girl play along with me on the metro. No, please feel free to go on to the next lecture. 31. Off Beat Rhythms: Another common rhythm style that I want to teach you is an offbeat rhythm. This is often using reggae and funk music, but also in pop songs such as Hazel, Sister by Train Are I'm Yours by Justin Meraz. On Off Beat With them is exactly what it said it is. It's off the main beat. It's anomaly. You play on the main beat like this 123 So you are playing on the main beat, which is the numbers. But in an offbeat with them you would play on the hands in between the numbers. Let this 1234 So just for a quick exercise, I want you to have a go clapping this rhythm, so clap along with me to get used to it. Then we're playing to a song. So I want to put the Metro Norma and that's usual. We're gonna wait for far beats and then you're going to join in with the collapse on the hands ready 12341 on to ban preplanned. Put on one and two and three and 41 on to on Be bop on 1231 on two on 34123 on two and three on one on to free up 32. Off Beat Rhythms Applied to I'm Yours: you are here with clapping along with the off beat rhythm. Now we're going to apply it to a song. So let's use I'm Yours by just Miraz. So here's what the cars looked like. And I put the rhythm next wit so you can see. And here's what it sounds like in the chorus with singing. But, um, you they go. So when playing this with enough beat with him, I still want you to play single notes in your left hand throughout the full bar. So you left on starting on the wall. Then your right hand is following on that at this one and two on three band for one, Teoh three earned far again, up to any man to three. Far down to the sea. Teoh on three on far See left hand begins starting on the one on hold to the full bar, then you're right handed on the off. Be after that. So, firstly, spend some time getting used to the cart on. That would suggest playing the G below middle scene and then going up to the day and then e minor there in the sea. Right now it's time for you to have a go playing that card progression, but along with the click track. So play it first with May that it can have a go playing it with the piano on mute. And it is nice and slow to start off with so you can get used to read long. 234 on two and three and and 333 Far Repeat, Um, and Teoh. Three on fall on 12341234 Free. Now we can have a girl with the piano on mute Sagan. Here, just yourself. Let's go, Mom. 23 and four on one on T and three and four and one on T and three and far on wall. And two and three on far and one and two on three on for Repeat one, two on three and four and one and two and three and four on one and two and three and four and one and two, man, three on for that. Okay, hopefully got the hand of that. You can always have a goat trying to sing along as well, if you want. Until then, I'll see you in the next lecture, where we'll be looking at another different rhythm pattern 33. Groups of 3 and 6 Rhythm Patterns - Waltz Time: In this lecture, we're going to move away from the basic four beat rhythm patterns and look at grouping beats in 3s and 6s. This timing is sometimes referred to as a waltz time because the famous waltzes that used to happen many years ago used a three beat per bad timing. There are many songs with this three-beat style rhythm. For example, feeling good by Nina Simone. More recently, Pat facts by at sharing. You'll find that this timing is often used for balance. We're going to look at hallelujah by Leonard Cohen, famously covered by a Geoff Buckley. But first let's look at the rhythm. So as you can see here, the bars are split up into groups of 6123456123456 and so on. Just briefly, I want you to have a go at clapping this rhythm. But I want you to put what is called an accent on the first beat of every six. So an accident in music is when you apply more pressure. So on ANOVA would be 1, 2, 3 4 5 6, 1, 2, 3 4, 5 6. Yeah. So how about cutting the rhythm in groups of six? And I want you to see the counts out loud so you can get used to the timing like this. 123456123456123456125 says. So have a go at that now. Just get used to it. And then we'll take a look at the sum. Now we're used to that. Let's hit the cost to Algeria. 34. Waltz Time Applied to Hallelujah: First of all, I want you to take a few minutes going through and figuring out the cards. So pause a video and have a go, and then we'll apply the walls with them to the progression. Can I suggest when finding these cards to end to play them below middle C for this song? So it starts off in C, so the next card is an A minus her good down to the end. Minor. Don't go up. Go down to keep them lower down. It'll just sound better. Also, you'll notice that one of the cards has a seven next to it. Don't worry about that. For the moment, just play an E major card. We're going to look at seven cards properly in the next section of the cost, surpassed the video and work through those calls. Now you've got you to the card shapes. Let's try playing the three and six rhythms. Card cheats with just the lyrics tend not to show you how many times to play a card, but to help. You have written in the amounts for the moment, but it's the kind of thing that if you know the song well, you'll probably be able to tell when the CART should move. So here is what it sounds like. Wade Davis gave way. Well, it is the full with other fun way. So that's what it sounds like now to apply the rhythm. And it's hopefully self explanatory with me writing out the numbers fire. When it says six, you play six cars on your right for every main beat on in the left hand. Just play one single no in the left hand. So if it says see time six Ugo a minor ton six. Go through this car progression with the waltz time I just showed you. Now, once you feel ready, I'd like to have a go at playing along with the Metrodome. On this time I'm gonna meet the pillar Straight aware second half ago with just the bait. Wait for six beats this time, Mr Far And then you can begin. She'd be going 24 56 Let's begin. And I just said the temple slightly slower just so you can get used to the cart movements on this new rhythm. Let's begin. 123456 Hurtful. After doing that, you've got used to this. What time rhythm. With groups of threes and sixes, you'll find that now you'll be able to apply that with him to any of the songs with a similar rhythm and vibe. 35. Figuring Out Beats per Bar by Ear Skillshare: sometimes at the start of a card cheat, it will tell you what kind of rhythms to do. But quite often you will have to decide this for yourself in this car. So I'm going to teach you the most common types of timings and rhythms so you can pick and choose from them, like building up the fundamental tools off the musicians trade. So if you search for some online on, it doesn't have any indication of timings. If you can't send it straight away, you may have to listen to the trap to figure it out. Some of you might naturally be able to pick up the right rhythms to play, but others might struggle. Maher. Everyone is different, depending on how well developed your musical ear and sense of rhythm is. I'm going to do a few exercises so you can get used to hearing whether a some has to are far beats per bar or whether beats could be grouped in threes are sixes. So I'll play an extract from a song, and I want you to clap along and decide how Maney beats per bar there are. Then I'll give you the answer straight after so you can see if you've got it right. If you find it's too easy, please feel free to skip the lecture just so you can see what I mean. I'm gonna try and show you by playing on. Also not clapping but clipping. So it's going to be playing with one hand on clicking Muslim with my left like this, So be going. So I was clicking then and that was in three time because it was going 123123123123123123 If you to try and count for along to that, it probably sound quite strange, actually. What I mean. 123412341234 BC doesn't quite work. So when you do in this exercise, if you count out loud, you probably find it will be a lot clearer. Okay, so let's begin. You're gonna clap along and decide how many beats per about There are way. Okay, That was far beast for bar. If I can't along with it, you'll be able to hear. Then you might have recognized that that was back to black by Amy Winehouse Let's do another one that was another one with far beats per bar. I'll show you. 1234123141234 And that was next to me by Emily Sander. Here's another one I cannot fall in by Alicia Keys. Andi, that was in groups of three or six is because become too low. 456 So either three or six would have been correct for that one. That's doing of the moment way you might recognize that from a James Bond film. It was Skyfall by Adele That was far beast about again. If you listen to it, listen to the main be Teoh. So that was a 123 fight inherit in your right hand. Okay, so you got that correct. Let's do another one, - right ? That was another one. With groups of three r six, it's because 123123 666 and now by the animals House of the Rising Sun. Let's do it at the moment, - hopefully figured out that one is three beats per some of you might have found that hard to figure out at first because of the melody going on in the right hand. Hope you got it by the time it came to the cards. Because it's going all right, let's do one way. And that one had far baseball Bar. Because if you listen to the right hand card, hits three. So hopefully you got that one correct as well. You might recognize that by Michael Boo Blair called Just haven't met you yet. I hope you enjoyed that decides on I'll see you in the next lecture. 36. 7 and Dominant 7 Chords: they're different kinds of seven cards. And first of all, we're going to look at seven and dominant seven cards. They're so like this. Okay, so first of all, before I teach you how to build these kind of cars, I just want to talk about the difference between a seven card on the dominant seven card because there's lots of conflicting information online. So if you see a C seven, you play this card here. If you search, see dominant seven online. It will tell you to play this card here the same, but in music Dominant is referring to the fifth notes of the scale. So, technically, if you to play a dominant seven in the key of C, it would be this card here. Strange, isn't it? Well, what's happening here is if you take the C major scale 1 to 5, that is achy. So a dominant seven in the key of C means you build this seven called from the G from the fifth no, or the dominant of the C major scale. Okay, so, again, if you take a dominant seven in the key off D, you would take the fifth notes of the d major scale a and then build the card from the through. The important distinction between a normal seven called are a dominant seven, this way of building the card from and where they're playing a dominant seven card in the key off. So in the here, the sea in the key of G or if you just playing a normal seven card on for a moment for where you are on your learning process, all you really need to worry about is how to read the card. Simple. So the G seven are the C seven. The easiest way to find the seven car is to play the major card, then find the full active, but both from the root position. So we're doing a C major here, so you go up a full active for the see above, then go down. One full term are 27 terms. Full tone. Is that so? The seventh in this case is a B flat. It's the same interval as a minor seventh. You could count up from root position if you prefer, so you'd have to go minus second. Make a second minor third major perfect fourth tryto perfect fifth minus six. Made six minor seventh. But that's quite a long way to go up, isn't it? So, from my experience, my people prefer to find it the first way I mentioned. So we'll do another one. Let's just say you wanted a G seven. See it go, go up a full active and then down a full total to seven times, or want to be Oh, that's a Jeep. Seventh will do Ottmar D seven. So you find a D card d major active, and then you go down a full toe there. That's a day. Send symbol for a seven card will be shown with just a number seven. So if it was a C seventh, it would just have a C seven. Should be that, uh 37. The E7 Chord in Hallelujah: So if you remember just before in Alleluia there was that e seven card on We just played another will try out for it. But I would need to have a go figuring that e seven out now to remember found it, e major. Then find the Optima both. Then go down a full term. I'll give you a few moments. Have a good that, Then I'll show you. Okay, so the e dominant seven. You do this a case that you found the major card, which is three on a two on. Then Ugo up a full active from the root position so that he above And then you go down a full tone 27 term so Well, so that is the dominant seven card. Andi, in this car progression, you're playing the E down here, so you have to play there. Seven. There. Now, if you play with that car progression, it sounds like this, but it goes way. You hear that, Mice living warm sounding e seventh. You can also change the position of the seven, so it doesn't always have to be the top, so I want to figure out what notice is. You can bring that down an octave lower, and it will change the sound of the card. So if you're playing the e seven appear, bring that D because you've already identified the seven is a D, but play it underneath and just change the sound of it. So if you want to add that, how your e seven into it it some of this one thing to remember. If you do change the position off the seven in the cart when you're playing that single notes in your left hand still play the root position there in the left hand. So if you're playing the he here, so in your don't display de in your left hand, cut it thumbs pain. Today, make sure you're still paying the roots left. Let's just do a couple more together just so you can get used to it. So F dominant. Seven. So f seven have a go at figuring that out. Then I'll show you K f dominant seven Ugo f on, then full active on down to the fact that they could also movie flat down, uh, seven. That's doing one with my bat nuts. A flat seven. A case of a flat seven. You've got a major on, then full active down a full term to in this case, 1 to 7 turns to the G flat. And again. You can move that down an octave if you want. Yeah, I was do a B flat seven McKay beef at seven. That because you've got beef, major beef, like, was opened up to down a full term. And again, you can play that below, if you want to with one more B seven. Okay, maybe seven. Is this because B goes up adaptive and doubtful? Turn to seven. That's the be Dublin seven. And again, you can move the position of the seven if you want. Okay. So hopefully one to sound that on next will be looking at minus seven cards. 38. Minor 7 Chords: minus seven cards very ever so slightly to the dominant seven. You just need to change the basic car to a minor third, so a two or three than agile minus seventh on top. In the same way as before. People also refer to the minor seven Interval as a flattened seventh because you are finding the major seven and then flattening it. So if we're doing a C minor seven so it looked like this either a. C with a little and a seven, you can sometimes see them as a C, a small dash and then a seven. So if you're finding it a C minus seven, you find it C minor card on, then do the same process is the dominant seven. You find your active of the room position and then go down a full term again, that is also classes. A minor seventh interval. Let's do another one. So let's say you wanted to find an F minor seven. So find F minor s. So that's a two and a three, and then you're seven. So find your activity from the repositions of the F on, then down a full tongue, a minus seven. So fun to a minor thing. Go full active down a filter. Eyes a minus seven one Last one e flat minor seven to find b flat minor. So it's a two or three. So leave to out. Leave three on, then seven. So up a full octave and down and again with these, you can change the position of that seven. If you want, we could play that you flat minus seven like this. Quite nice. Only told that. 39. Slash Chords AKA Over Chords: Sometimes you may notice that card sign has a Ford Slash and then another letter after it like this. This is telling you to play the Sikh art in your right hand, then play another note older than the root position in the left. Because normally I thought, This is telling you to play in this case and e in your left hand. The's also known as over cards because you're playing a card in your right over the top of another. Norton your left. Let's take a look at another one. So that says, a foes last see shop in this case, you playing a major cart. Was it right? Hunt Undersea shop in the left? So it's important to remember that the card is always with your right hand here on your left hand. He's after the slap. So if it said G thought B B G cards with the left hand, since its simplest that 40. Putting 7 Chords Into Practise Easy: Let's apply what you've just learned to the song Easy by the Common Dolls, which has plenty of seven cards in it. A bit older songbook classic. And just so you know, we'll go to simplify the rhythm to this for the moment as the original is using what is called a swing with him in the left hand. But I want you to just focus on getting these seven cards. For the moment. We will take a look at what's wrong with him is a bit later in the cost. So this is what will sound like really nice summit calls on that on with the singing on top in the chorus. Good tune. So let's take a look at it The first court G major, which I'm sure you'll be able to figure out by now. So if you start off below middle C with this of the G below that, imagine the next car you need to be minus seven. So, like you tabla, go figure in that card out now, please. A B minor seven hopefully got this card here, B minus seven, which is minus two or three on. Then the seven go from the root position of B, but the full active down a full toe. So to seven times that's the 27. The next one is a binder seven. So I'd like you to again have a quick figuring that card on the A minus seven. Okay, a minus seven. Is this which is lovely sounding cars again here on its lowest know again from the A minor cars. A productive on down town. No se minus seven. Those the seven cause you need for that, then you've got one of these. See? Slash card. C U slash D. So if you remember rightly, that's a C card in your right hand, and then it will be a left handing way rhythm. Others said it's been selected. Simplified. You're going to use an element of the kick drum of them from early on in the cars. But instead of going Teoh you just to hits per card. So what you're gonna do for every card you're gonna play together on the wall, then you're right, hon. Players in to your left is gonna play in the after the two. But this one would move onto the next card. So be one Teoh and cardio again. I also like this together, right, left, right, left, right, left together, right? That's the rhythm player on the one of the two on the left arm comes on the and after the two to, and then you follow the direction of the cars. And also this is the end of the car rece. There's a bit of a rhythm change. A taken see it says F see followed slash e See thoughts. I stayed in G so it's a bit way goes way. You can kind of hear the rhythm there. If you know that something, you're probably just play it. So after this, see far touch D on that line, which is for two beats, it's just one of those each once with a scythe. I went down to the chief, the O. So now I'm just gonna play through for you a lot with a click so you can hear what it sounds like. And if you want, you can have a go up playing along with me here 41. Diminished & Diminished 7 Chords: So far, we've been working with Major on minor triad cards. There are another two car families diminished undocumented. Let's look at diminish cards first. So diminished cards sound like this. So kind of a spooky dramatic sound. And they wanted to think about it like shrinking the card on making it smaller. So you diminishing it, making it smaller on the card symbol for diminished looks like this. The sea dim our A C with a small circle almost looks like a degree sign, doesn't it? To find it, you go to the minor so two or three then flatten the fifth interval. So drop it down by one senator nor half step. So that would go down to there. Can you see what I mean By making the card smaller? But it's gone from there on. It's shrinking into their diminishing Mr A few mall. So if you wanted to find a G diminished card, you go to a G minor on. You'd flat in the fifth. Just this to the figure in for these It's up to you. You can do 135 If you want our won t. Oh, let's do be diminished. So you find a B minor and such in the 5th 1 mile a diminished. So a minor on the fifth. This is a In this case, it goes down on e sense quite often. You'll find that diminish cards have a seven with them that looked like this. Si, Dem seven. Aw, see, with the small circle on, then seven. To find the seven, you need to find that minor seventh like you did before. But then flatten it like did with the fifth interval like this. So you find you see mine and on. Then find that dominant seven circle up, full, active and then down. Full term. I did before. Okay, on. Then you need to flatten the fifth on seventh way of the Bullets to the G minor diminished seven. So you find a G minor card, find his seven So up full, active down a tone get Then you flatten your fifth, which is the desire d flat and then flatten y'all seven from there really is shrinking, isn't it shrinking there from that Do it was to be one then. So you've got b minor. So the minor find you minor seven so open active down a full turn for 27 terms and then flats in the fifth on foot in the seven on our probably advising 1235 for these 2 May seven cards. I will also do the A minor diminished seven. So a minor find the seven set up a full up to, then down a full tone. Okay, and then in the fifth on the seven so far in fifth from seven. So that's that process. If you found that process a bit lengthy to get to the card, it may be easier to think about it like this. Play the book note. So let's say we want to find D diminished seven. So you find your the then you leave two out of 12 for the next note up on. Then you leave another two out one to play the next note of hip of that on. Then leave Roberto want to, then play the next one up like needed to find the major, which was a 3 to 2. So play the note than least three. Further not live to thing is the same idea about 2 to 2. So if you want to find F diminished seven you can find and then leave to let the next hotel leave to the next tough on leave mother to and then played a notebook that so that diminished seven. Okay, so that's how to find diminished cards and also diminished seven cards. 42. Half Diminished 7 Chords: just so I'm not missing anything out. You can also get 1/2 diminished seven card, which is very similar to the diminished seven card. But you don't need to flatter the seventh interval so you would find the minor court, so C minor then flattened. Fifth Theun. Add the minus seventh interval, which is the cinemas, the dominant service so productive down a full tone. But you don't flatten it this time. You just because before, for the full diminished flat on that. But this time you don't so find your minor fifth family active and then down a full time that's 1/2 diminished. Let's if the Jews well to seek and see the process. So g minor fund 1/5 there on, then go a productive down the town s that's 1/2 diminished on a symbol for 1/2 diminished looks like a tiny circle, but with a line through it like this. So a c in the circle with a line and then a seven or sometimes you might just have a C with circle and a dash through it without the number, but that just for your information, we're not going to be using these in the class. I just wanted to explain this to you in case you come across it at some point within your own playing. 43. Augmented and Augmented 7th Chords: Now let's take a look. Augmented cards. So we talked about Diminished Car Does making a tribe smaller? Our shrink like this? It's coming in. A lamented card is making it expand. I'll get bigger like this. Thick this. They looked like a C with an R Next to it are sometimes might see a plus sign like that. So to find an augmented card, you need to start with a major and then sharp in the fifth interval, So raise it by a scimitar. So if you wanted a C augmented card to play see major on, then you would sharpen or raise the fifth interval by Senator. You see how it's of expanding outwards of getting bigger than smaller just diminished. So let's do another one. Let's do the G augmented So you pledge e major man burn. Sharpen off. Raise the fifth Mr F F major on then Sharpton, already the fifth. Let's do a so a major on then certain process the fifth girls. But again, quite often you see these cards with a seven, so it might look like C ogg seven. We'll see. Please sign seven on to find its cards. You just need to go through. The same process is when you're finding the seventh are the minus seven. So play the major. And then there is the fifth of shop in the fifth, uh, on. Then find the optimal route position, which is to see a productive and then down a full term to seven tons undetected to a B flat . That's a C augmented seven card there. That's it for the G S O g major thin raise the fifth on, then same process to find the minor. Seven. So up a full locked if then down a full term. So 1 to 7 tons. That's a G augmented seven. Let's do it for a So you go on a major card, raise the 57 turn shopping it on, then a full active down a full tone eyes in a augmented seven. So have a quick practice, it figuring out some augmented cards and some augmented. Seventh on. In the next lecture, you're going to be doing a car building exercise 44. Pushed Beats: a push beat is when you play on a beat right at the end of the bar just before the start of a new one. So a rhythm with a push be could look something like this. So as you can see here, your play on the first beat of the bar on the wall, and then you would play on the end after the far or the half beat after the far. So if you were to clap it, Ugo one on two and three and four on one on two on three and foot one and two and three on far on one on two on free on far. So that's what I pushed. Beat it. You're playing on the end after far, just before the start of the next bar, so just so you can get used to it, we're going tougher. Got clapping it together so clapping on the one. And in the end, after the far let's go 23 far one on two on three on on one on two and three and thought one on two and three and four on one and two and three and 41 and two on three and far on one and two and three and 41 and two and three and four on 123 Hopefully, we're able to clap in time along with me then. Now I've got you two doing those push beats. We're gonna add some cards to it. So we're just gonna go some basic major tried car C A C g f then G just so you can get used to it. I see on then get up to the G Theun down a full step to the F major, then back up to the major. So just take a few moments to get used to those cards on on. Then we're going to do the same thing. You're gonna have a go playing along with the beat should be doing on Dio on three on far on one and two on free on far, one on two on free on far, too on three on some. So one thing you might notice, then, is just because the G is playing on the on and after the far in the first bar, I wasn't picking it up because of the vice itself on this one and two and three and 412 and three and four. It would mean that wouldn't be anything in that bar. So what you can do? You can hold the key for the next bar, even that there's nothing in it. You can hold it for the full bar like this on two and three. Unthought. Hold on to on three and four. So that card was holding off the second bar, even though it's starting on the end after the fall of the previous bar. So the full thing one and two and three and thought on one on two and three and fucked on two and three on Dfars on one and two on free on farm Have I got that? And then I wanted to have a go playing along with me to a click on. We're going to go through the court progression two times to three. Fuck on two and three and four and two on free fun. 123 and four on two and three on Fucked 123 and four on two and three on Fucked 12 and three and two and three on fun. Now, I would like you to have a girl the same thing, but with my piano, a mute See it playing along just to the beat and me counting. Let's go Come enough to file baked as usual. So 12 free Far one and two and three and so on. And one and two and three and thought one and two and three and on 12 and three and one and two and three and four on one on, too, UM, three on a farm one and two and three and thought on one on two and three on far. 45. Stay With Me A Song With a Diminished Chord and a Pushed Beat: e. I always think it's good to apply what you've learned. So we're going to take a look. A Stay with me by some Smith as it's got a diminished card in the chorus. It's also got a minor seventh a slash card inversions Onda a pushed beat. So it gives you a chance to bring a few of the things you've just been learning together in one song. Good, but I still need love. Justin Nice. Never seem to go to plan. I want t o Me Teoh Darling, stay with So let's take a look at it. If you had to print a Carty straight off the Internet, it might not show you what inversions to use. It would look something like this, but just to help you, I've figured out the inversions that are actually being played in the song on rooting them in for you. So let's take a look at the main car progression. You got a minus seven an F first inversion undersea second inversion. So first of all, let's work through those cards a minus seven to just in a minor tried called with the seven on top, so I'd like you to figure that caught up now on just to give you a heads up is below middle C So start on the A here. I can't have you got that? Okay, so the A minus seven. Is this OK? One would have found that it's in a mine and then find the mind. Seventh soap Adoptive and Donna Fulton wake the f first inversion. So let's see if you can remember how to fan Thean Virgin. So have a go that f first inversion. Okay, first in virgin. So it's this e find that bike, go into the ring position on, then the lowest Not which is the f go up a full active toe. On the other card is the CEO major second inversion. So that city confined to see second inversion. Okay, See, major second Virgin is this. Find that by going to the root position our staff lower. Find it easy. It's the sea. Get to the first version and then to find the second do the same against that team. Productive See second inversion. So if you put them all together you've got the A minus seven the f first, which is actually just very close to the A minus seven Because you going from there and then just playing the no in between the top two. The so the f the tune ups the Seine on. Then they see second, so C is still in there. You just need to move the thumb down on. Then for that, he got the way you want a cup of the finger. Now I'm doing so. I was doing 1245 They're not just bring him a five down on picking a farce, playing 125 on the first. And then I was keeping a second on the sea on being my thumb down to the G. And then the fourth is hovering over the 1245 on, then 1 to 5 want to farm? But again, it's up to you on the fingering. Do whatever feels most comfortable. So part of video and half ago getting use of those cars because most of the song is that those three cards in the order I wanted practice 33. We're just going to take a quick look at the other different parts of the song. So you can see is the intro, which is any minor seven FC and that's played through twice. And then the seeing comes in and it's the A minor seven f c on that go through three times and then it goes on to the I don't want to leave. Will you hold my hand? Which is the last line of the verse and it says a minus seven. Then you go on f slash g So a slightly different there. And if you remember, the f slash to you means you play the card of F and you're right on then g in your left hand as opposed to a novel f she would there in the left hand. So you're playing a genial after I went back onto the sea. So you played any money? Seven. And if you're playing in the left hand left and then f slash tree to pain F card in your right, we're still gonna stick to the first Gene FTO got a minus seven. First junior left on then a C card with the singer. See, second inversion. Okay, so that's a little bit different. They're just so we've taken a look at all the different cards before we try playing it with the rhythm. If you look at the Congress, this the same again a FC FC But then it says G five. So a G five is what's called on open card. It's not too hard. It's a normal G, but without the third in the middle. So it's called the Open. 5th 5 next to it sometimes called him a power called on the guitar. But in the piano is called the G Open Fifth, because you've got a 12345 with no fed. So that's what to do. If you see a G five R N F five or anything like that, just miss up the middle third interval of the trial on the only other different carded going. This is a G sharp diminished. So there's no seven, So just a g sharp diminished. So let you have a good figuring that out and then I'll show you what it goes like, so have a go now. Okay, so g sharp diminished. So you should have hardly found this healer. And if you want to it have you got there you find your G sharp minor card two and then a three, then you flatter in the fifth. So down to the D such a g sharp diminished. So get used that card on, then go for anything that you're not sure off. And th