The Secret Techniques to Become a Memory Champion | Zac Hyde M.D. | Skillshare

The Secret Techniques to Become a Memory Champion

Zac Hyde M.D., Discover The Fascinating Brain

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23 Lessons (1h 23m)
    • 1. Introduction 101

      1:41
    • 2. Introduction 201

      3:04
    • 3. Why memory

      1:41
    • 4. Memory test

      3:19
    • 5. Why we forget

      4:33
    • 6. The memory miracle

      3:29
    • 7. The structure of a neuron

      1:33
    • 8. Neuroplasticity

      5:12
    • 9. Technique number 01

      5:13
    • 10. Example number 1

      5:00
    • 11. Example number 2

      2:11
    • 12. Summary

      1:20
    • 13. Technique number 02

      2:56
    • 14. Example

      2:00
    • 15. Technique 03

      4:00
    • 16. Technique number 04

      2:07
    • 17. Technique number 05

      4:20
    • 18. Understanding our memory

      6:07
    • 19. The keys to a better memory

      7:10
    • 20. How to forget less

      5:35
    • 21. How to improve your memory

      4:14
    • 22. The limits of our memory

      4:19
    • 23. Conclusion

      1:41

About This Class

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What you will learn:

  • Learn about your memory and how it functions, its strengths, and weaknesses and how to turn those weaknesses into advantages.
  • Master some of the SECRET techniques World Memory Champions use to reach optimal performance, and become a human date storage unit.
  • Learn about the memory forgetting rate, some everyday habits to increase your memory capacity, and hacks & tricks to Excel at encoding information.
  • Discover how to build your own mind palace to store the information you want memorized.

Exploit the full potential of your memory

Everyone has an amazing memory

What do you think of your memory? Do you consider it to be bad? Are you struggling in school? At your job? Maybe having trouble remembering where you put your car keys? Or maybe you always forget the names of people you just met? Have you ever forget the birthday date of a loved one?

If you answered yes to one or more of these questions, this course is for you.

Neuroscience and the study of memory have debunked the myth of having a “bad” memory repeatedly; in fact, your memory is equal in storage capacity to that of a Word Memory Champion. That’s right; everyone has a staggering capacity to store information. What makes us different, however, is the way we use our memory and the techniques we employ to counter its weaknesses.

The gateways to reaching the full potential of your memory

In this course, I am going to provide you with information about memory, where it shines, and where it fails.

I will provide you with some SECRET memory techniques to reach optimal performance and battle the lacking of your memory.

I will also explain the basic and the more complex concepts about the structure of memory, and I’ll walk you step by step on how to use the information we gather in a practical manner.

Memory improvement is sought by people in all the different age groups, whether you’re a high school student, a college freshman, or a regular worker at a job, this course will help you improve every aspect in your life, in ways you didn’t even think is possible; you’ll become automatically smarter, get better grades at school, increase your chances of landing a better job, and improve your relationship with your family.

You will learn how to build the famous Sherlock Holmes’ memory palace and how to store information in an efficient manner that will stuck in memory for a LIFETIME.

The techniques provided in this course don’t require a lot of work from you, and you can start implementing them TODAY, you’ll notice the immediate memory improvement after your first practical test. I highly recommend you start implementing the techniques immediately after watching the lectures.

This course has a few tests, quizzes, and examples, which sometimes help me prove a point, and other times they will make note of your progress towards reaching the full potential of your memory.

In the end, boosting or improving your memory will just be a means to an end and the ultimate goal is to actually improve your life, which I can guarantee will happen.

Transcripts

1. Introduction 101: welcome to his course on Memory Improvement. My name is Zak on air work as a medical doctor in a public hospital for world, My journey in medical school and even post graduation, I had to use my memory on a daily basis, and I still do. During medical school, I had to read and memorize hundreds of huge textbooks, which was launched in at first. However, after entering the world of psychology and the study of memory, it wasn't that hard anymore. And in this course I'm going to share the secret techniques I use. Almost everyone struggle with their memory at some point, whether in school, as a student or as a worker at a regular job or even in the everyday activities. By the end of this course, you realize just how amazing your memory is on its staggering capacity to store infinite information. You learned the types of memory. How and why do we forget? And most importantly, I'm going to provide you with techniques you need to conquer any memory challenge facing you. You'll become automatically smart. You'll do better at school. Your chances of landing a better job will drastically improve and you will never forget the loved ones birthday ever again. The course contains many demonstrations and tests to help you understand the full picture. So join me on this amazing journey of memory by enrolling in this course. Hopefully you're as excited to learn as I'm thrilled to share the knowledge with you. Thank you. 2. Introduction 201: hello and welcome to this course. You're going to learn a lot about memory out functions, how its influence and how to improve it, which is our Mingo. Hopefully, by the end of this course, you will be able to confidently say that your memory is not bad and that you're going to excel in your studies, your job and even the everyday activities. Questions like Where did I put my car keys? Where did I park my car? Where's my pants? These questions won't be an issue anymore, and I promise you'll never forget where you put your car keys ever again. It is important to note that participating in the tests included in this course is crucial both to your learning and your entertainment, and I assure you that you have a lot of fun doing it. So without further ado, let's start the first section by looking at structure of this course and how it's organized . First is the introduction in which we're going to answer the question about the importance of memory in the relationship between technology and memory. Then there's a little memory test that I'm sure you'll find interesting. After that, we're going to tackle the reason our memory seems to be unreliable and why we forget things we learned so fast. Then I'll use scientifically Chirchir and a memory test to prove to you that you have an incredible memory that just need some adaptation. After convincing you that your memory capacity is amazing, we'll take a look at some memory hacks and tricks to really put your advantage among your peers. We're going to talk about five techniques, which I'm sure you haven't turned about, most of them. Then comes the understanding, your memory and the keys to a better memory sections. These two sections are intertwined together will use the knowledge gathered from our understanding of memory to come up with tips to help you with your memory. How to forget less if you think about it. Whether you improve your memory or decrease, you're forgetting weight. The final result is the same. Both will make you remember things better, so this section is as important as the previous ones, especially for students related to the other sections. The how to improve your memory section takes a look at this issue from another point of view, considering other factors that play a role in achieving a better memory. And, of course, you can take a course about memory without knowing its limits and where it can be tricked to store information. You didn't intend for it to be stored in the first place. Finally, conclusion when we take a look at what we've tackled throughout this course and also think of the bigger picture on how it all relates together. I hope you find this course helpful and insightful. And don't forget to have fun Wire learned. Thank you. 3. Why memory: before we dive into the details, let's ask ourselves a question. Why memory? Why would you spend time and effort to memorize things or even to improve your memory? Think about it. In this day and age, you can get all the information mankind has acquired by a couple of clicks on your smartphone or laptop. You can also find the information in the Brazilian textbooks out there. So what's the point of having this information stored inside your brain when you can access it in seconds? Do you really need your memory? The answer is absolutely and without a doubt. Yes, the human brain serves a much, much greater role than just storing abstract information. Your brain is able to use the information stored in an incredible fashion. It's able to do this thing unique to her species, which is to think the brain uses the information acquired to come up with solutions to problems, conducts experiments, does research operate systems, reaches conclusions and so much more Memorizing information is just a means to an end on the functions served by the brain shouldn't be minimized to memory retention. However, this doesn't mean we should throw away our tablets and smartphones. It just means we should use them in the right way, the smart way we should implement them to compensate for the lack and of our brains to achieve optimal performance. 4. Memory test : in this section. We're going to conduct a quick memory experiment and see how you do. It's important to play along, so I highly recommend you do that. Let's start. Imagine you're inside a maze with an electrical collar around your neck. There is Doral off 25 cubes spread around the maze. In order to take off the electrical collar, you need to collect nine letters as a password. These letters appear after you press a button located at the top of each cube, so all the 25 cubes have buttons on top of them. But only nine cubes have the learners you're looking for. The other 16 are wirelessly connected to your electrical color, and if you press the buttons on top of these cubes, you'll feel an intense electrical shock. Note that you can only survive three electrical shocks, so here are the cubes numbers from 1 to 25. Remember, 16 of the cubes shouldn't be approached the other night of the keys to your salvation. Hes how goes strain of 16 numbers will appear on the screen. These numbers are the cubes you should avoid. This is very important, as it's your only chance for survival. So you better focus and memorize all 16 numbers. You can write them down if you want to check your answer later. Here we go. So how many you get, right? All of them. Most of them. Maybe just a few. My guess is that you sure got some of them correct, but not all. And unfortunately, missing three cubes is enough to kill you. So why did this happen? Why do we forget things? Even if we want to remember them so bad, this will be answered in the next section. So stay tuned back to our experiment. Let me add some color to the cubes. You should have avoided a well out. Isn't this impressive? What if I presented the information in this form at the first time? Would you have got them all? Correct? I'm sure the answer is yes. So what happened? It's the same information on Lee presented in a different format. Why is our brain so amazingly good at remembering images and locations and seems to phallus when it comes to raw information such as numbers and names? We'll explore this further, more in this course, and I'll provide you with ways and techniques to use this information to your advantage in the next section will discuss the reasons we forget things and will answer the questions asked in this section. So I'll see you there. 5. Why we forget : we'll come back in this section. We'll discuss the reasons our memory seems to be failing us on what lessons can be learned from that to use to our advantage. Reason number one. Our memory is simply not comparable with our new lifestyle. What I mean by this is that up until recently on by recently I mean the last few millennia , we didn't have to remember phone numbers doesn't the birthday dates and we sure didn't have to remember credit card pins and Social Security numbers. The new era of technology and the new lifestyle that came with it is simply not wild with our brains. Our brains are comparable with living in forests and fields, collecting food. Be alert to danger, activate the fight or flight nervous system and our lives are at the line. All of this requires your memory for images and locations to be almost impeccable, Which is the case. The thing approved to you in the next section. The same applies for remembering names. It's true that human beings have always been social and interactive with other people. It's also true that we have to remember the names off the people living with us however, humans used to live in small clusters of people and couldn't spend their whole lives without meat in any new individuals. Not up until recently, did you? We have to remember the names of thousands of people, and we had to live in big societies where you remember the names of your friends, the names of your Facebook friends, neighbors, colleagues, etcetera. We are simply not wires for that. The second reason why I remember he seems to suck is that we're using the wrong format to store information. To demonstrate this, I'm going to use an enology. So imagine this powerful computer with a powerful memory that can store thousands of gigabytes. And we want to start this image inside this computer. Let's give it a shot. As you can see, no matter how many times you try to stall this image inside this computer, it can't be done. Even though the pictures size feeds away. Compared to the computer storage unit store the picture we first need to transform it into a format. The computer is wired to a format that can be understood by it. We first have to encode the picture into binary code of ones and zeros and then everything else will fall into place, A simple as that the same thing goes for the human brain. We are good at remembering pictures, locations, spatial models, but not abstract information. This is why we need to transform the information we want to store into a format our brains can easily process, which again is our main goal in this course. The final reason we forget the things we learn is a physiological process called memory DK . You see, when you learn something new, new connections are established between Nora was creating a new pattern of electrical activity. This is referred to as no plasticity, which will discuss briefly. However, due to the complexity of the neural interconnections and in the absence of repetition, the new parents start to fade away. Memory DK is a very complex process that is still not fully understood. So, basically, memory deka is your brain losing track of the new electrical patterns established due to their freshness and the lack of repetition only accelerates this process. Now that we've discussed the reasons we forget in the next section, I'm going to convince you that your memory is absolutely amazing and show you what happens inside your brain whenever you learn something new. So I'll see you there 6. The memory miracle: in this section, I'm going to conduct a quick experiment that doesn't require any effort from you. And by the end of the memory test, you'll realize just how amazing and valuable your memory is. In the first part of the experiment, I'm going to show you a number of images on this screen. Each image will be displayed for about a second and 1/2. You're not required to do anything other than stare at them. Here we go. - In the second part of this experiment, we have two screens. Each screen will show an image. One of those images is from the collection shown in part one off. This experiment on the second is just random picture. Your job is to tell which image was displayed in part one of the experiment. Simple enough, right? All you have to do is raise your right or left finger dependent on the picture you think is the correct one. After the pictures are displayed, one of these two buttons will light up to show you the correct answer. I hind. You recommend you play long and try to keep track of how many answers you got. Correct. That's begin so How many did you get? Right? 15 images were displayed, and my guess is that you got 14 out of the 15 or maybe even all of them. Aggressive rate. How can your memory be so good at this task? Even though the pictures in the first part of the experiment were shown for 1.5 2nd each, why couldn't you do well in the first memory test, even though your life was hypothetically on the line and excel of this desk effortlessly? Like I said earlier, it all comes back to the fact that our brains are excellent in remembering pictures locations, and we will employ this information and the techniques we're going to tackle later on. 7. The structure of a neuron: Let's take a quick detour and talk about what happens inside your brain when you run something new on what happened in your brain when you saw those pictures and stored them. As you may know, the brain is a fatty structure located inside your school with hundreds of billions of normals, which is the name given to a brain cells. These Nora's are connected together, and they communicate with each other using synapses. Note that the number of synapses is millions of times bigger than the number of the neurons themselves. Synapses are electrochemical connection between two Nora's. In other words, it's the way nor ons communicate with each other. Here is an illustration off to Nora's. These are the cell bodies where they have the genetic material mitochondria to produce energy, another important organelles, the access our projections of the cell body to form connections with other neurons. And this is where the two Nora's connect it's the synapse who have been talking about finally, the electrical chemical processes that happen in every synapse. Now that you know what the Noron is, let's talk a bit more about the more complex subject. No plasticity 8. Neuroplasticity: no plasticity refers to the ability of the brain toe. Undergo changes to, well, the life of a person. It does this by modifying synapses and forming new connections between norms. This happens all the time. It happens when you learn something. You, when you go through something in your life, when you perceive something in the environment and actually happening right now, why air you're listening to me and read in this? Well, maybe that was too formal. So let's do an illustration to explain all this. You know, we love those. So I have three questions for you. The first question is, what is the capital of France? The second question. What phone company has the name of a fruit? On the third question, What is the capital of Old area? I'm sure your answer for the first question was Paris, which is correct. The second question requires more thinking, but it's relatively easy, right? Apple? As for the third question, if you're not from Bulgaria or neighbor country, you probably didn't know the answer. Let's see what happened in your brain when I ask you three questions and when you answered them. What we have here is a cluster of neurons connected together. We're almost when I ask you what's the capital of friends? An electrical signal between Nora's was fired. Construction in particular pattern. This barren fires off whenever you think about the capital of France, a gay Paris. As for the second question, a similar process occurred. Maybe this time the parent is more complicated and takes time to process. But whatever you think about the phone company with a fruit name a K apple, this pattern is repeated again. However, when I ask your third question, if you didn't know the answer, which I'm assuming you didn't the parent isn't constructed yet simply because you don't have this information store. The second I tell you the answer to a question, you don't know which in this case is Sofia, the capital, Bulgaria New parent is constructed in this example. This is achieved by forming in your synapse, but keep in mind that there are other ways for this to happen. The new parent is now established, but it's not very strong, and last year employed the information again the parent will fade away. This is the principle memory DK that we've talked about in the last section. And that in a natural is what nor plasticity means. No, you might be asking yourself In the last experiment, I showed you 15 images, but that's not a lot. How many images can our memory handle and get them all? Correct? That's a good question. And I'm impressed. You asked that in a study done by the University of Stanford, participants underwent the same experiment you did earlier. Only in their cases they were shown to thousands images in a row instead of 15. The success rate was about 92% which is by all measurements, absolutely amazing. Think about it being shown to thousands images, each image for a second or two and having that high of a success rate, that's just fascinating. It is also important to note that the common belief which claims that whenever you learn something new, you lose something else there was stored in your memory is completely false, and scientific research have debunked this over and over again. In fact, your memory is limitless. You will never run out of storage space, even if you spend your entire life learning new things every minute of every day and that is simply staggering, based on the information we gathered from our little experiment. If you want to get the most out of our memory, we should follow two steps. First, transformed the information we need to memorize to the right format and second, decode that information into its original format when we need to use it. And this is exactly what we'll do in the next section. I hope I managed to convince you off how amazing your memory is and that you're motivated enough to use the information we gathered to turn you into a memory championship. We'll see you in the next section. 9. Technique number 01: Hey there. And welcome to the first technique to drastically improve your memory, the major system In the last few sections. We've talked about how we're using the wrong format to store information and how inefficient that is. As a result, many techniques were invented to counter that. One of them is the major system, and it's actually one of my favorite memory tools. If you ever have problems remembering birthday dates, pink coats, Social Security numbers, a list of numbers or dates for your exam, this technique is for you. It's based on three step process. So let's break it down, step by step, Step one and code numbers into words. What this means is that you take the number you want to memorize, and then you transform each number into a letter and finally come up with words. Using those letters. Step two transform words into images. This simply means that we need to replace those words with visual representations in our minds. For example, if you're thinking of the world car, just imagine a car. Make it vigil in your brain. Step three. Recall the images and decode them back into the information needed in this step we have to reverse the process to get back to the initial format in this case, the numbers we wanted to store in memory. Okay, you might be bogged down by all of this, but I promise that after a few examples and demonstrations, you will become second nature. In the first step. We talked about encoding numbers into words, but how are we going to do that? Well, the major system implements a letter for each number from 0 to 9. For instance. Zero is s in the major system and you'll see how will use it briefly. So let's take a look at each number. And what letter it corresponds to zero is S one is T or the to his end. Three is M for his arm. Five is l sex is G or J seven is K or C eight is F or V nine is B or B. This list could be a bit difficult to remember at first, since there doesn't seem to be any correlations between the numbers and the letters used. But trust me, once you get a little bit off training, you'll become so fast at encoding numbers and this whole process will become second nature . But I'm not going to leave you hanging. I'm going to give you a pneumonic to memorize all of this. I know, right? A memory tool to memorize another memory toe. This course is so awesome. So let's start. Zero sounds similar to zero. It's a bit of a stretch, but you'll get the hang of it. T and one both have one. Don't stroke and tea sounds similar to the and and to both have to down Stroh's and a three both have three down strokes. The last letter of four is Are so four is our El is Latin for 50 six n g are basically the same and g sound similar to j que is made of two sevens You might be saying to herself No, they're not. So let me demonstrate. Here we have the number seven and here is the mirror image of this number with a little bit of tweaking. Will stick them together, turn them around and we get Okay, So there you have it and k sound similar to see in the world cake, for example. F looks like eight when written like this and 1/2 sound similar to V B is the mirror image off nine and be also sound similar to be. I suggest you practice these until you have it all memorized and you'll see how helpful it will turn out to be in the next two lectures. We're going to see two examples to hammer this home. 10. Example number 1: hopefully by now. You are familiar with the major system in coding process on what letter corresponds to which number and in this lecture will see how to use that information. Example Number one. Let's say one of your friends was born on the 20th June 1994 and you always forget his birthday. So let's use the major system to carve this information inside our brains. First, let's transform this date into numbers. Now we will use the encoding process that you hopefully memorized by now transformed the numbers into letters. So too, is an zero is s zero is also s six is g nine is B and four is our. Now that we have our letters will use each two letters to come up with the world. The end will have three words So and s This makes me think of the words noise on NASA as G signal. Maybe Siegel B r Pull Pearle Pierre. I recommend you use the first word that comes to mind as it usually sticks better. One more important thing. Sometimes when you use the word to and co two numbers, the world might have three letters from the major system that might be a bit confusing. To avoid that, I have to rules first for each word I only in code to numbers. Second, the two numbers must be encoded in the 1st 2 letters from the major system. Let's take the example of the world signal. I encoded to numbers and they are formed in the 1st 2 letters from the major system. So the first number is found in the letter s and the second is found in the lower G. The letters and l are part of the major system as well, but they are not the 1st 2 letters in the word signal. If you stick to these two rules, your avoid confusion and coming up with wrong numbers. So back to our example, we have a list of words for each two letters I'm going to choose. There's NASA signal and Pierre, let's create our scene. Now. This scene is happening at the surface of the moon. The first word is NASA. I'm going to bring a robot with a flag that has the symbol of NASA. Now, before you go all nerdy on me, I know this robot is a marsh robot and was never sent to the moon. But just bear with me. The second word is signal. So I'm going to depict this with the robots, sending signal messages to Earth. Finally, the Third World is beers. So here we have some peers on the moon's surface. How did they get there? I have no idea. Welcome to my unconscious brain. So the NASA about sending a signal to earth telling them it found some peers on the moon's surface. Perfect. Now that I arranged the symbols from left to right, which corresponds to the order of the numbers we wanted to memorize Now that we have are seen will just spend a couple of seconds to focus on the details so that it's carved in our heads for a long, long time, Hopefully, forever. And by the way, the more bizarre the scene ease, the more likely it will stick for longer in your memory. So it's a good idea to invest a couple of minutes in each scene you create. Let's decode the scene now, so we have no hassle signal and view. Let me highlight the 1st 2 letters in each word that are part of the major system. We have N s as g b r and he's to that zero at zero G six b is nine on our is for and there you have it, que 00694 the 20th of June 1994. Happy birthday. 11. Example number 2: example. Number two. I hope I know you get uncomfortable with the major system. So let's take another example just for fun. You're waiting in line in front of the A T M machine and suddenly you realize you don't remember the last two digits off your pen coat. You decide to leave after waiting for 20 minutes in line. The new coat is one to geo eight. So we're going to repeat the same process here. First we take the numbers we want to encode, which in this case, are 1208 2nd we transform each number to the ler it corresponds to so one is t or D. Two is an zero is s and eight is f or we Next we come up with the world for each two letters for TNN. This makes me think off tuna or a Tom S N f safe and sofa come to mind for this example, I'm going to choose Don on a sofa. Let's create our scene for the world town. I'm going to place a big weight with the world ton written on it. As for sofa, well, a sofa and I'm going to add the credit card sitting on the sofa to remember that this scene is meant to remind me of the pain coat off my credit card. Now that we have our scene time to decode it. So we have tea and that that's 1208 There you go. My new credit card pin code is 12 08 Have fun spending my money. 12. Summary: the key to master in the major system is practice. You have to practice on many different numbers, even the ones with no meaning to you. And once you master it and it becomes a second nature, you will see the four potential off this technique. To summarize, you have to follow three steps. Step one. Master the encoding process by using flash cards or the pneumonic sigh provided or both. Step two used in coding system on random things like price tags, speed limit plates, elevator floor numbers, etcetera. Finally, step three. Repeat this whole process and tell you feel like you're really comfortable with the major system. Step four is a bonus. Play tricks on your friends to impress them with your memorizing ability off long strain of numbers. Don't forget to have fun in the next section. We're going to take a look at a very effective technique to remember. Listen items The method off Lucai State owned 13. Technique number 02: Welcome back in this section, we're going to discover technique number two. The method of low sigh well turned you all into Sherlock's and create your own mind palaces . The method of Lohse is based on the idea that the human brain is more adapted to remember in locations, so this method takes advantage of this knowledge to make remembering lists a number of items on a lot more piece of cake. This method can also be merged with the major system to reach optimal performance. To apply the method of Low Sigh, we need to follow four simple steps. Step one. Create a memory palace for each list of items you want to memorize. This can be a list of groceries, this the president's for your class or, in my case, list of drugs that can cause pancreatitis, which is the inflammation of the bank res. Step two. Use familiar paths and spaces in your memory palace for this method to have maximum efficiency, it's better to use spaces in your current house or the house you grew up in. Or maybe your workplace. It doesn't matter where matters is that you choose a place you're familiar with. Step three. Place those items in each path and space. Once you've shows in your location and the list you want to store in memory, put every item on that list in a particular place in your memory palace. For example, if I have to memorize the list of drugs that caused pancreatitis, I'll place the first struck at the front of the house. I grew up in the second drug just after the door, the third drug in my bedroom and the fourth in the bathroom. Step four. Try to make those images really bizarre, but this step means is that placing the item should be enough to store it in memory. But if you want better results, you would be smart to turn those items into strange events. Let's get back to our example. The first drug on my list is at the step door off the house I grew up in. It's making this weird, birdlike noise and welcoming me home. The second drug is wearing a Batman cape and saying that the Joker is in the bedroom and guess what? The third drug is strong like the Joker making a creepy laugh. You get the idea. Make the image as bizarre and vivid as possible. 14. Example : time for an example. Let's create a mind powers for this example. I'm going to use the short list of groceries I need to buy from. The store list is made off. Bananas, meat, potatoes, birthday cake for your loved one. I'm going to use this redeemable off house to place those items. First Bananas. You walk into your house and you go straight to your bedroom. You find a giant banana on your bed, shaking it on dancing. You say Hi, it just keeps on dancing. You then moved your parents bedroom, and instead of a bed, you'll find a huge stake. It's the new bed now tells you. What's up, man. Wanna play pillow fight? Is this strange enough for you again? Welcome to my unconsciousness. You then move on to the kitchen, where you'll find a big bucket of french fries. They smell good. Look, corn, sheep. You want to grab some and suddenly a chocolate cake appears and starts to get bigger and bigger screaming at you. You'll never hurt my potatoes. There you have it, the deaths and banana meat bed and the angry cake protecting the french fries. Your memory palace is good to go note that I focused on making the items bigger and more noticeable while also trying to add some weakness. In the end, it's totally up to you on how you build your memory palace and where to build it. I'm just Watson to your Sherlock. Giving you some advice in the next section will see how to use both the major system on the method of low side to make you a memory champion. 15. Technique 03: Hello and welcome back. Have you ever wondered how those memory champions are able to memorize 40 50 and even 60 digits in a couple of minutes and then recite them back? Perfectly impressive, right? Some even consider it to be magic or that it involves some sort of supernatural powers. I mean, just think about it. Most people can hardly keep in mind more than seven digits for a couple of minutes, let alone 50 or 60. The truth to the matter is most of these memory experts have said over and over again that they don't possess any supernatural or magical abilities. They are simply experts in using their memory. They have study the weaknesses off memory and came up with ways to counter that. One of the most successful and commonly used technique is the combination of the major system with a method of low sigh and in this section will show you exactly how to use that . So without further ado, let's get into it. Step one used the major system to encode multiple series of numbers into multiple images, just like we did before in the major system section break down the series of numbers into a group of two digits and then use the major system to convert those digits into words and, eventually, memorable images. For example, you want to memorize the Siris of 30 digits, rate the Siri's into 15 groups off two digits, convert every two digits into word and then assemble gathered three or four symbols and create an image. In the end, you'll have come up with four or five images, with each image having 3 to 4 symbols, and each symbol encodes two numbers, so two multiplied by three, multiplied by five is 30 digits. Step to place the pictures created for major system inside your memory palace. This step is rather simple. Just placed the four or five images you've created inside your memory palace. Step three. Walk around your memory palace and make sure every image is in the right place, just like we did in the previous section. Turning those images into bizarre structures helps sustain that memory for longer periods of time. So don't leave your memory palace until you've made sure you remember everything inside. Step four. Decode everything back into the original format. For example, that series of 30 numbers you wanted to memorize. Hey, voila! Here is our three D model again, where I can place my newly created images to memorize a long series of numbers for any other format. Memory champions have gotten very good at using this system or other systems they developed themselves. Their hard work and dedication to use in these systems is what led them to become, well champions. Now you're not required to compete in those tournaments as that would require years of training. But for studying purposes on the everyday activities, thes techniques can help you tremendously. In the next section will take a look at another widely used technique, mind mapping, which also uses the personals. We've been talking about over and over again concerning our extraordinary ability to remember images on locations so we'll see you there. 16. Technique number 04: in this section, we're going to take a look. Technique number four in this course mind map in the principal of mind mapping is quite simple. It's based on the idea that you can record information much easier if it's all gathered in one page. First, write the title of the main topic in the center of a blank page. Second had the titles of the sub topics linking them to the main topic. And finally, additional details to each sub topic can be structure around it now that you don't necessarily have to write down the topics using words. In fact, using symbols and icons has far more chances off sticking to memory. Let's look at an example Here is the main topic in the middle of the page, and then the sub topics branch out, and finally, you can add additional notes and details to each sub topic. Let's apply mind map into this course, the main topic in the middle, which is memory. There are many sub topics in this course, but for the sake of this example, we're going to choose four techniques and two tips. So here you have it, a major system. The method of loss. I mind map in. No, Monix, they're in code. In working out asleep, we can, later at some notes and details to each sub topic, like I mentioned previously. Instead of words, we can replace the sub topics using symbols and small images to make it easier to remember . Mind mapping can be a simple as the example presented to you to the more complex, more convoluted maps where you can put hundreds of symbols and words. This example serves only as a starting point, however, it can be used to mind map, simple topics and information. 17. Technique number 05: Welcome back. It's time for final technique on a personal favorite. No Monix in demonic device is any learning technique that eight information retention or retrieval in the human memory? No. Monix make use off collaborative in code in retrieval, cues and imagery we already touch on both elaborate of encoding and imagery in the previous sections. As for retrieval cues, they involve some sort of signal. Whether it's a word, a letter, a rhythm, they all work the same way. They help you retrieve the information back. No, Monix have many shapes and forms to each of prefer type. We have musical no Monix, which involved memorizing something using a rhythm or song. An example would be kids singing the ABC song to remember the Alphabets acronyms, which focus on taking the first letter from each word off the items you want to memorize and then create a new world that will help you recall the information later. This is one of the most commonly used techniques out there, and personally, I use it a lot. Talk about this more briefly, Expressions work similarly toe acronyms. But instead of taking the first letter off every word and creating a new word, which sometimes can be realized. For example, if all the layers are constants. Instead, we can create the sentence with each letter at the beginning of each word correspondent to the first letter off one item. Let's look at an example. Richard of York gave Barrel in vain. We take the first letter of each word from this sentence, and we end up with the first letter off every rainbow color. Let's get back to the types of no Monix images. I think we've covered that fairly in details connections, which simply means your link. New information to exist and knowledge for better memory retention, which will touch on later finally model. No Monix, which involved using shapes such as circles and by shots to make abstract statistical information more memorable. Note that there are many other types of the Monix, but these are the most commonly used ones. Okay, now that we've talked about the types of no Monix, let's create a pneumonic for the types of no Monix confusing, huh? Let's see eyes, man. I know that in a is missing from the world, ma'am, but just for the sake of this example, we're going to ignore that. So just imagine yourself working as a waiter offering a lady ice to her drink. Ice Man, Ebola pneumonic for no Monix. And the type is That's right. This type is acronyms, so let's talk about it more. The most famous acronym pneumonic out there is probably the phrase Roy G beef, which was created to help people remember the rainbow colors. Another pneumonic used in psychiatry to ramp the symptoms of the bipolar disorder is big, fast, as you can see, even though no Monix seem to make you learn more stuff in order to remember the information you wanted to remember. They actually work pretty well now that we've tackled all the five techniques and how to use them in the next section, we're going to try to understand our memory and use the information we gather to better improve it. 18. Understanding our memory: hello again. Memory is divided into two big entities, short term memory and long term memory. Each type has its particular character stick Some functions in this section. We're going to explore both types and see their respective strengths and weaknesses and how we can take advantage of that. So let's start by short term memory, short term memories, also known as the working memory. This is because it's used to store information off the ongoing events. An example would be you watching this lecture. The information on provided his first start in your short term memory. The duration of this member is very short. It can't be relied on to remember things in the long term. What this means is that you retain the information for a short period of time, then poof, it's going. Let's say I give you a phone number composed of 10 digits. For how long do you think you can keep that in memory? The answer is probably not for long. A couple of minutes at most before you start losing digits here and there, scientists estimate, the charter memory is able to store seven items, also known as sharks at once for short beard of time back to our phone number. Example. Even if you try to keep it in mind by repeating that number out loud, you probably lose it anyways. You won't be able to remember that number. Even after a minute or so. You're probably saying to yourself, Wait, he just told us that we can keep that number in memory for a couple of minutes. And now, he says, the recount Well, you can if the number is composed of seven digits or less. More than that, even your shorter memory won't be able to retain the information for a couple of seconds. Seven digits in this example are what we call chunks off memory. However, there's a caveat here. Allow me to explain with the administration. Here are seven random letters that you have to memorize in less than 30 seconds. What you do is probably repeat the learns out loud so you don't forget them. Where if I had two molars a bit harder, huh? Or if I keep on adding more layers, you will reach a point where it's impossible to remember all of them. That point isn't that far away. It would happen to most people after $7 or so. Now what if I present the information off these several layers like this? United States of America, the National Basketball Association in the World Health Organization? Much, much easier to remember. Right now we have only consumed three our of seven trunks, scientists told us, is the limit our short term memory? So here's the caveat. Those seven chunks can be anything digits, letters, phrases and even box. So your short term memory isn't so limited. After all that stone gears into the long term memory, which most of the techniques presented in this course target. Long term memory is divided into an explicit memory, which is the conscious recall, a k a. The knowledge or facts and events on implicit memory. She's that unconscious recall a k a. The knowledge of how to do things. An example would be how to hold a pen, how to drive a car, how to brush your teeth, etcetera. It's used to store information coming from the shelter memory, and this process happens much quicker and more efficiently when the information is presented in the right format. The hippocampus is responsible for this step. The hippocampus is a region in the brain that looks like a seahorse, hence its name hippocampus, which means seahorse in Latin. This was found to be true when patients who lost their hippo campaign, which is the floral off PayPal campus due to traumatic accidents or cancer, lost their ability to remember recent events. It's what we call enter great amnesia. If you talk to a patient with this condition, they remember their birthdays in their childhood, and basically everything that happened before they're happy campus was destroyed. And thanks to their short term memory, you can have a normal conversation with these individuals. But once you leave the room and come back, they won't remember who you are. They lost the ability to store information in the long term memory, the duration off. This memory is very long and can last lifetime. Unlike the short term memory, long term memory is extremely durable and some memories will be stored forever. The capacity of the long term memory is limitless. Also, unlike the short term memory, which only have seven chunks that you can keep in memory, the long term memory capacity is literally limitless, and you never run out of storage capacity in your lifetime. Now that we understand the basic types of memory and how each type functions in the next section, I'm going to provide you with general tips and keys to improve your memory. 19. The keys to a better memory: in this lecture, we're going to talk about the keys to obtain a better memory. The first key is the work on your own code in what this means is that you need to get better a story information using the techniques presented in this course. This will help you store information more efficiently and retain that information for longer periods of time. For example, if you read in a textbook to prepare for your final exam instead of just staring at the book reading sentence after sentence without actually storing the information, you need to look at the bigger picture behind the ideas presented in that particular chapter, organized the chapter inside your brain. Or use mind mapping to do that and then memorize the abstract information using mnemonics or the method of low side. And if there is a new numbers or statistics involved, then you have the major system. The more you use these techniques, the barrier become are encoded information. Second key is to link new information to exist in knowledge. I see the brain does a better job at remember in new information and creating new parents. If there is already a base to bend long. Our knowledge and memory are not the static entities that restore information, and on the contrary, there are quite dynamic and intertwined. So every time you're learning something, you try to find a Lincoln Point between that topic on a topic you're already familiar with . Most experts apply this without realising it. When you go to your doctor, for example, his knowledge about the different fields of medicine is really connected together. Their concepts about medicine are attached together. And this what makes a good doctor from mediocre Doctor. This applies for experts in the different fields, the ability to link and connect new concepts, the older one. So I highly recommend you try to apply this to any new topic you're trying to learn. Now I'm going to show you how not paying attention to the first G might value. If you're like me, you often forget the names of the people you meet. Here's how it goes. You meet someone for the first time, her friends introduces you to that person. You shake hand and exchange names and then some small talk and you both part ways. A few weeks later, you meet that person again. He says, Hello, Zack. And you're like, Hey, you, which often gets you by, However, imagine yourself accompanied by your friend and meeting this person who remembered your name and you didn't. And then your friend says, Aren't you going to introduce us? You're all blushed now, knowing you're in trouble. Then I come whispering in your ears. Ask him how his name is spelled and that should see you. But if you want to avoid the awkwardness off these situations, I'm going to give you some tips that I personally used, which helped me tremendously. So what should we do to never forget? Name can. First of all, when you meet a new person, look at him or her for seconds and think about their name. I know it sounds simple, but it's really effective. You see, when we meet a new person, we usually pay attention to other things, such as how they're dressed, how they look and how they talk. We then rapidly engage in a conversation and never really pay much attention to their names . Here we have failed to encode their names on by focusing for a few minutes on that person and thinking about their name. We're going to do a much better job at in code in it. Second, which you can do is say their name out loud. It's pleasure to meet you, Sam. Nice to meet you, Josh, saying phrases like these will help you better inculcate the name and will also contribute to storing it in the long term memory. And finally, picture in the person engaging in some task fanatically similar to their name can be quite helpful. For example, if the guy is called Simon, picture him current. Some Selman fish might help trigger your memory to recall their name when you need it. If the woman is called Amy, think of her wearing a party dress, holding her Emmy Award up high on TV. This can help you remember her name. If all of the above fails, use the power of the implicit memory. Remember implicit memory, the type of memory used in the long term memory? It's the unconscious recall. You know the knowledge of how to do things. It's the information your brain stores without you even realizing it. Let's see how we can use that. So you want to remember the name of a person you met, you tried all of the tips I mentioned above, but all fails. So let's use the power of the implicit memory to remember their names. First gets the first letter of that person's name just given wind gusts. For example, the letter s second start to think about names that start with that learn. Think of all the names that start with the letter s Sam Scott, Stephen Self Simon Wait for the one that wings a bell and take your chances. Now this might seem to be random, and the probability of getting the name right might seem quite them. But studies have shown that this method increased the chances of getting the name correct by 50%. It's based on the theory that the brain has already stormed this information, and all you have to do is try to trigger it somehow. So at the end, making a wild guess using the three steps above isn't so wild after all. In the next section, I'm going to give you some tips around your study schedule on how to forget less, which in essence, is as important as improving your memory. So the next section is dedicated to students and or anyone who has some heavy material that needs memorizing 20. How to forget less: welcome back. So your students facing an upcoming exam with numerous textbooks to review and maybe even memorized you're on a tight schedule and you have a ton of material to cover. What should you do? What is the best way to optimize your performance and review all the material in an efficient manner? Well, you can apply the two keys I provided in the previous section, remember the barren code and and connecting new information toe existing knowledge. And that should be enough weight. Well, that's correct. But like we said, we're on a tight schedule and you can't afford for getting a lot of information. So what's the solution here? Note that when I say tight schedule, I don't mean the night before the exam as a blind. The tips I'm going to give you in this section only works when you have a relatively sufficient time before the exam. The tips can also be applied when you want to learn something new in a comprehensive way. You don't want to forget a lot of information. For example, if it's a topic in your field of expertise, you should really without master it right. So let's dive into it. The Evan House Forgetting Curve. Herman Evan House was a German psychologist who pioneered the experimental study of memory , and he's known for his discovery of the forgetting rate in the space. In effect, I would get to all of that in a minute. Evan, How's the lot of experiments on himself trying to memorize a list of words? And then when he forgets them, he just do it again and so on and so forth. After years of experiments, he came up with what's known now as the Abbenhaus forgetting curved. Here's how it looks like on the X axis. We have time by days and on the Y axis we have memory retention. In other words, how well you remember the material when you first known a topic. Here's the path of the forgetting curve. So basically, after six days of learning the new topic, you go from 100% memory retention to 20%. That's quite a drop, isn't it? Let's say you learned that topic better a k. You spend more time learning it, the curve will move to the right, but still, after a week or so, you'll only be left with the basics. What if he applied the two keys I gave you in the previous section? The Baron Code and connecting the new information to existing knowledge principle? Well, the curve will move to the right even further, and your memory will last longer. But still, it's not enough. Let's see what happens when you review the topic after one day, two days and three days, respectively. See how the curve moves to the right after each of you after the fifth review or so RA memory retention would be above 80% and the duration off that memory will last a lifetime, especially if combined with the keys we've talked about. This is what Abbenhaus discovered throughout his experiments. Here are some helpful tips for when you study a new topic. First, focus on the meaning and the bigger picture of the subject rather than just staring at your textbook. Second, try to link the new information to your existent knowledge and finally, time your reviews based on the oven house curve to slow down the forgetting rate. Now let's see how we can use this information. Practically. This is our timeline when you're trying to study a new subject Here's what you should do You first knowing the topic and use all the techniques and tips provided in this course. This will take some time, as it's your first time encounter in this new information. Then you review the topic after one hour. Then after three hours and after six and 12 24 48 96 finally after one week. And now this seems like a lot, but you can always skip some of the scheduled sessions. Note that if you spend for example, one hour in the first learning session, each of you will take a lot less time, maybe even 5 to 10 minutes in the third or fourth reviews. Now, let's say you're studying a really heavy topic, so you review it for the first time, and it takes, for example, four hours. You should then review the topic once every day until you reach one week. And like I said earlier, the review time would get shorter and sure each time. And by the end of the first week you'll be spending a couple of minutes on reviewing, and you should have mastered that topic by them. 21. How to improve your memory : In the previous lectures, we only talked about tips, techniques and data that revolves about the topic of memory. We didn't, however, talk about general behaviour that can improve your memory stuff like eating and sleeping. So that's the subject of this section. First, working out working out increases the number of synapses across the brain, making it more connected. It's true that the number of neurons inside the brain doesn't relatively change, and I say relatively because it does change. But the change is negligible, but the brain can always change its structure. Reform in use, synapses and establishing new parents a thing we've discussed in the neural plasticity election. And so, by working out, you increase the chances of this process happening, let alone the other benefits of working out, which are beyond the scope of this lecture. This increase in the number of synapses takes place by the sentences off brain derived nor drop in factory effects of exercise are seeing more promptly and women than man. This is simple epidemiology, and science hasn't figure out the reason behind this. Yet. Strength draining has more effect compared to cardiovascular exercise, so weight lifting plays a more important role in the making your brain more connected process, then called your vested training the I own you, right? All the means that claim weightlifters are them waited. Next is sleep. Sleep has been shown to play an important role in memory. Does this by transferring the gathered information to the long term memory, which we've seen to be crucial to retain the information. Rem sleep is the most important stage of sleep. Sleep is usually divided into four stages. The first stage is the most shallow and the fourth is the deepest. After the fourth stage of sleep, a phenomena happens for around 15 minutes, where you have wild dreams and you also experienced sleep paralysis, which, by the way, is very important to keep your still and not act out your dreams, which can be very dangerous. This face also involves the eyes moving rapidly from side to side. Hence the name rapid eye movement. Sleep REM sleep for short. Getting 7 to 8 hours of sleep each night will improve your overall cognition, the last general behaviour to discuss his food and dieting each and breakfast and has his mental performance, which is the fact that almost everybody is familiar with. Okay, What else? Well, other than that there is no concrete evidence that proves any type of food or drink have a noticeable effect on your memory performers. So I highly advise you against spending hundreds of dollars on products that claim to have amazing effects on memory. Without any scientific evidence, a healthy, balanced diet would suffice. To sum it all up, and based on the information we gather, you should follow these steps to help with your performance. Try to be active daily for about 30 to 45 minutes and avoid being sedentary. Cardiovascular training is important, but strength training is as important, especially for memory. Sleeping for 7 to 8 hours each night will help you retain more information. Try to get some sleep before an exam and avoid point all nighters in this section. You learned how diet, exercise and sleeping from its memory performance in the next section. We're going to tackle the limits of your memory and how it can be direct. Sometimes 22. The limits of our memory: in this lecture, we're going to take a look at the limits of our memory on how it can even trick us. Sometimes. Let's do a quick experiment so a number of words are going to appear on this screen, and your job is to focus on them while they're being displayed and then write them down on a piece of paper or any document on your computer. Here we go. - Wait video for a minute and write down the words you remember. Okay, here's the list of the world's shown on the screen area. How many did you get right? Did you get all of them? You can check your list and compare it with this one. But here's the tricky part. Chances are you added the word window to your list. Was the word window displayed on the screen? The answer is no, and you can replay the lecture and check it for yourself. So why did you add the word that wasn't part of the experiment? Why did you remember something that wasn't Chung to you? The answer is simple. Every word on the list displaced the concept of window in your mind. Trick in your memory into thinking it was presented to it in the first place. This trick works with any similar list, even though our memory seems to be fascinating with its ability to store information presented to it in all shapes and forms, especially images and locations, there are limits to it and this little experiment only touches the surface of how limited it is. Another example of this limitation is the Mandela effect. It was named after the South African president, Nelson Mandela. This is in reference to a force memory that was reported of the death of South African leader Nelson Mandela in the 19 eighties. Who was alive at the time? It was claimed to be shared by thousands of people, so science commentators claim that this is due to alternative realities. But scientists have said these are examples or force memory shaped by similar cognitive factors affecting multiple people. Susceptibility to false memory is increased by trauma, sleep deprivation and individual differences. An example for individual differences is greater. Creative imagination and dissociation are known to relate to false memory formation. The final risk factor is the false memory syndrome. There are many examples of the mental effect, but discussing them would be out of the scope of this course. In the end, it's important to know the limits of your memory, that you don't trust it over solid evidence such as documented events with pictures and videos. And it all comes back to the first section of this course. Our memory has weaknesses. These weaknesses should be compensated by the use of technology, which has a much narrower margin of air. In the next section, we're going to wrap this course up and talk about the bigger picture off this memory adventure. 23. Conclusion: welcome to the last section of this course. Memory plays a major aspect in our everyday life. It can be off a huge influence. Or should I say it's Excellency or its poor performance can be of a huge influence in this course. We've talked about memory, understood its nature, its importance and hopefully change your mind about having a bad memory. I highly recommend you follow techniques and tips given in this course and see what works for you. That's the key here. The trial and error approach. Once you empower your memory even slightly, will become automatically smarter. Do better in school and get higher grades. Whether it's high school, college or the university, your chances of landing a better job increase drastically. You won't be sure to never forget her loved one's birthday. And, of course, you can play the tricks I showed you in this course to impress your friends and maybe even brag a little bit about your extraordinary memory. But most importantly, if you're in a relationship, whether as a couple engaged or married, you'll save your life by Remember in your first date anniversary engagement anniversary or marriage anniversary, I hope I managed deliver the information in its simple in a clear way. And I hope you get the best out of this course. Thank you.