The Search for Tutankhamun (Part 5): The Curse of Tutankhamun and the Legacy of King Tut | David ✏ Ault | Skillshare

The Search for Tutankhamun (Part 5): The Curse of Tutankhamun and the Legacy of King Tut

David ✏ Ault, The Writer Teacher

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9 Lessons (16m)
    • 1. An Introduction to the Course

      0:56
    • 2. Local Superstitions

      2:56
    • 3. Yellow Canary: Did You Know?

      0:30
    • 4. The Death of Lord Carnarvon

      3:11
    • 5. Left Cheek: Did You Know?

      0:25
    • 6. Media Frenzy

      4:01
    • 7. Revival in Interest

      3:06
    • 8. Damage to the Death Mask: Did You Know?

      0:28
    • 9. Your Class Project

      0:30

About This Class

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The Search for Tutankhamun (Part 5): The Curse of Tutankhamun and the Legacy of King Tut
 is aimed at history students, who are studying this period at school or university, as well as those of you that have a general interest in history (and Ancient Egyptian history in particular).

In part five of the course, I take a detailed look at the curse of Tutankhamun and his legacy, including:

  • Local Superstitions
  • The Death of Lord Carnarvon
  • The Media Frenzy
  • A Revival in Interest About Tutankhamun

So go ahead and enrol in my class and I look forward to seeing you on the inside.

Transcripts

1. An Introduction to the Course: Hello there. My name is David. James, ought and I would like to welcome you to this skill share class, which is the fifth part of my history course. Howard Carter, on the search for two ton car moon. The class is aimed at history students who are studying this period at school or university , as well as those of you that have a general interest in history and ancient Egyptian history in particular. In part five of the course, I take a detailed look at both the curse on the legacy of Tutankhamen, where you will learn about local superstitions the day the Lord Canavan media frenzy and a revival in interest about Tutankhamen to go ahead and enrolled in my class, and I look forward to seeing you on the inside. 2. Local Superstitions: ancient tombs have always been associated with curses. The pharaohs of Egypt knew from history that there was a good chance that their tomb would be broken into and plundered at some point in the future. And so it is possible that some may have tried to protect the tomb. In this way, however, the truth is that curses are very rarely found in tubes, and certainly no such curse was found inscribed in Tutankhamen's, too. There were many rumors that Carter did actually find a tablet with a curse on it in the tomb, but immediately hid it from the Egyptian workers. Although this is highly unlikely, the superstitious locals would already have been wary of disturbing the dead, and so it would not take much for them to believe such rooms. Although Carter himself was always quick to dismiss talks of a curse, he too had reservations about disturbing the dead pharaoh. I think at the moment we did not even want to break the seal for a feeling of intrusion that descended heavily upon us. We felt that we were in the presence of the dead king and we must do him reverence. Despite these misgivings as an archaeologist, Carter felt duty bound to process the findings in the tube, including Tutankhamun's mummy. And although Carter always paid due respect and reverence to the task in hand, it is easy to see why the local Egyptians may be concerned about a possible curse. What is less understandable is why there was suddenly a media frenzy about the curse of Tutankhamen. A possible explanation for why the press was so quick to pounce on the idea of a curse was the fact that Lord Can Arvin had made the decision to give exclusivity of the story to the Times. Needless to say, this did not go down a tool well with other newspapers who had gathered like vultures for this story that the world was awaiting with baited breath and had little or nothing to print. If the disgruntled press were unable to report directly on the greatest archeological discovery of all time, then they would have to find other stories surrounding the find to appease their hungry readers. And just such a story was about to unfold 3. Yellow Canary: Did You Know?: did you know the Egyptian workers believed that it was Howard Carter's yellow canary, which had led to the discovery of Tutankhamen's tomb. When the canary was eaten by a cobra on the day the tomb was found, the superstitious workers believed that this was a sure sign to now leave the tomb well alone. 4. The Death of Lord Carnarvon: on the fifth of April 1923 only a few months after the discovery of Tutankhamen's tomb, Lord cannot died at the continental Savoy Hotel in Cairo, age 56 Supposedly at the moment of Canavan's death, the lights went off in the city of Cairo and back home in England. His faithful dog, Suzy, began to hell straightaway. Rumors spread that it was Tutankhamen's curse that had killed the old. A story which the press greedily pounced on. Fuel was added to the fire when, shortly after Canavan's death, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle speculated to the press that the girl's death had been caused by elemental, created by Tutankhamen's priests to guard the royal tomb. In actual fact, Canavan had died from pneumonia, which was almost certainly a result of a blood infection caused by the cutting of a mosquito bite while shaving not to let the facts get in the way of a good story. Canavan's death was the first in a series of suspicious deaths, which would help build the notion off a mummy's curse. All in all, about a dozen deaths have been attributed to the so called curse, most notably the deaths of Arthur Mace and Howard Carter himself. However, a study showed that of the 58 people present either when the tomb or sarcophagus were opened, only eight died within a 12 year period. The rest was still alive, including Howard Carter, who actually died of lymphoma in 1939 at the age of 64 some 17 years after the opening of the tomb. Furthermore, statistically speaking, the rates of death were not particularly unusual for that period. Although speculation about an actual curse has died down over the years, many scholars believe that some of the aforementioned date may well still have died as a direct response to being at the opening of the tomb. However, rather than dying from a curse, they point to a possible pathogen or fun guy being the cause of death. In his book, The Discovery of the Tomb of Tooting Car Moon, Howard Carter states that extensive testing for pathogens took place and none were found. However, the fact that there were foodstuffs and flowers present in the tomb means that the possibility of fun guy cannot be ruled out 5. Left Cheek: Did You Know?: did you know when the mummified body of tooting Car Moon was examined, a blemish was found on his left cheek, supposedly in the same place as the mosquito bite on Canavan's face. Of course, this coincidence was then considered to be further evidence of a curse. 6. Media Frenzy: the supposed curse that surrounded tooting car moon was only one aspect of a worldwide media frenzy about the pharaoh. Suddenly, King Tut was a household name and the craze for all things to 10 Car Moon had an impact on the arts, culture, fashion and even travel. Egypt and especially Luxor, became the must see tourist destinations with many tourism posters created toe advertised this exotic land. Some tourist agencies even sold holidays to see Tooting Cummings to much to the child green of Howard Carter, who felt that tourists visiting the excavation site really hampered his work of clearing, processing and photographing the objects discovered in the tomb. Meanwhile, Egyptian motifs began to appear on jewelry, architecture, furniture, fabrics and clothes, with outfits such as the Luxor frocks becoming a popular new fashion range. Even replicas of items found in the tomb were made, such as a ritual couch created for the British Empire exhibition at Wembley in 1924 which was made in the whole of all places. Companies were also quick to jump on the Tutankhamen bandwagon with advertisements for all manner of things, taking advantage of the media frenzy such as the Johnson fruit companies brand of King Tut lemons. Local businesses also got in on the act, with bars, restaurants and clubs springing up all over the USA. There were also a number of books, plays, songs and movies that were inspired by the discovery of Tutankhamen's, too, including the book The Kiss Off the Pharaoh. The Love Story of Tutankhamen by Richard Greene in 1923 on the song Old King Tut sung by Billy Jones on Ernest Hair and also released in 1923. Meanwhile, movies included The Mummy, starring Boris Karloff and We Want Our Money, a film about the Tomb of the Midget King rooting tootin and starring the Three Stooges at the height of Tutankhamen Fever. In 1924 Howard Carter visited the United States, where he gave a series of illustrated lectures in cities throughout the U. S. A, which were attended by enthusiastic audiences on helped Spark Egypt Tomainia in America. However interesting Tutankhamen had died down considerably into the 19 thirties on by the end of the decade, interest was such that when Howard Carter died in 1939 he did so in relative obscurity. Surprisingly, Carter did not receive many plaudits in his lifetime for his great achievement not only to define the greatest archaeological discovery in history. He also meticulously recorded it for the benefit of mankind and then published a very well written account of his find. Yet Carter received no honors, no knighthood, not even an O B E, as one might have expected, giving his immense contribution to archaeology. 7. Revival in Interest: in the late sixties and early seventies, there was something of a revival in the interests surrounding tooting car moon. This may partly have bean down to the aforementioned X rays that were carried out around this time on which shed new light on the boy fear. Oh, but mainly it was due to two major exhibition tours which were carried out during this period. The first exhibition tour, Tutankhamen Treasures, which ran from 1961 to 1967 mainly took place in the United States but also included dates in Japan and France. This was the first time that a substantial number of the original artifacts from Tutankhamen's tomb had left Egypt, and it proved to be incredibly successful. A second exhibition tour entitled The Treasures of Tutankhamen began in 1972 to mark the 50 year anniversary of Howard Carter's discovery. Queen Elizabeth. The second opened the exhibition on the 30th of March 1972 at the British Museum on the public. Reaction to the exhibition was overwhelming, with a total of 1.7 million visiting during the nine month run in London. The tour then moved to Russia, the U. S. A and finally Germany, where it concluded in 1981. Tutankhamen was also popular in the media at that time. Films included a number of money, movies in the sixties and seventies and The Curse of King Tuts two in 1980. King Tut was even one of the characters in the popular 60 Siri's Batman. Towards the end of the 20th century. There was a bit of a hiatus in the popularity of Tutankhamen, but by the beginning of the 21st century he was as popular as ever. New World tours of the original artifacts included Tutankhamen and the Golden Age of the Pharaohs, which ran from 2000 and 4 to 2011 and Tutankhamen, the Golden King and the Great Pharaohs, which ran from 2000 and 8 to 2013. There has also been a worldwide tour showing an exhibition of replicas entitled Do Tin Car Moon, His Tomb and Treasures, which has proved to be extremely popular and has allowed visitors from many more countries to find out all about Howard Carter and his wonderful discovery of Tutankhamen's too 8. Damage to the Death Mask: Did You Know?: did you know? In early 2015 it was reported that Tutankhamen's death mask had bean irreversibly damaged at the Cairo Museum. Apparently the beard of the death mask could come loose, and instead of being carefully restored that the conservation lab was stuck back on using superglue. 9. Your Class Project: Hello. In this short video, I'm going to talk about your class project for this course. Quite simply, Once you have completed each of the lectures in the class, I would like you to state your favorite fact that you have learned from this module of the course in the project gallery. So good luck with your project. And I look forward to seeing your favorite fact in the project gallery soon.