The Korean Alphabet: A Foreigner's Perspective | Julion Price | Skillshare

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The Korean Alphabet: A Foreigner's Perspective

teacher avatar Julion Price, Your dreams aren't just fantasy

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

5 Lessons (35m)
    • 1. Introduction

    • 2. Consonants

    • 3. Vowels

    • 4. Forming Words

    • 5. Class Project / Conclusion

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About This Class

If you're into K-Pop, K-Dramas, or just looking to move to Korea for business or personal reasons, an obvious first step to getting the full exeprience is to learn the language! Learning Korean can be tough, but the alphabet itself is actually pretty easy! I wanna use my perspective as a native English speaker to teach in a way that will be easier for some to understand!

Here are the links to the Quizlets I've created to help in your studies!

Korean Consonants

Korean Vowels

Meet Your Teacher

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Julion Price

Your dreams aren't just fantasy


I'm Julion. I have a big passion for travel, but I also love staying inside to play games! I would like to share the knowledge that I've gained from doing both of these things! I have been a teacher in the United States, Mexico, and South Korea and have been teaching for about 5 years now! I hope my guides may inspire your travels as well as improve your gaming experience!

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1. Introduction: Annyeonghaseyo, jeoneun, Giuliani, Juanita. Hello. My name is Julian. Welcome to my second skill share class. Today I want to teach you how to read the Korean alphabet. Now, I know what you're thinking. He's not korean. What does he know? Well, that's exactly why I titled this class of foreigner's perspective. I figure as a native English speaker, I can teach the alphabet in a way that makes a little more sense to some people. I've lived in South Korea for about three years now, and I've been studying the language for about six. And if it counts for anything, many Korean people tell me I have good pronunciation. It all starts with the basics. The ABC's. If you can't master the alphabet, how can you expect to read? I've studied it many times already. They say the average person can learn to read Korean and about three hours and a smart person in one hour. If you're here, I think you're pretty smart. So here's what I'm going to cover in this class. Within one hour. Number one, consonants. Number two, vowels. Number three, forming words. And number four, the class project slash conclusion. Korea has become very, very popular over the years. And I'm sure many of you are yearning to learn how to listen to or speaking. From my experience, I believe that at least when it comes to the alphabet, it is by far one of the easiest languages to layer. So let's get started in the next video. 2. Consonants: Hello and welcome to the lesson on consonants. Korea's consonants are a lot simpler than what we have in America due to the fact that they are phonetically consistent. This means that they will always sound the same under two conditions. It's not like an English were the words cough though, and plow all have different sounds for OU GH. This is what makes learning English very complicated for a lot of people worldwide. However, Korean stay true to the same sounds no matter what. I recommend writing these down in a notebook or flashcards as we go along. Let's get started with the first letter. This is the first letter of Hong Gou. Pay close attention because this is how I'm going to present each letter. The letter itself is this part. The name of the letter is key up. And the sound it makes is here. What's important to remember is that the name of the letter itself, but the two sounds that represents, when we say the letter a, we don't necessarily use the pronunciation in every word. Ignore me when I bring up the name and focus on the sounds. Prioritize the letter in the sounds when taking notes. If you're making flashcards, I recommend writing the letter on one side and the sounds on the other. Gk are the sounds, in this case, Y2 sounds. Well, as I brought up before, there are only two situations where someone will change for Korean letter depending on if it's at the beginning or end of a word. This means that perigee, OK, it will make a G sound at the beginning of a word and a k sound at the end. The name itself is an example of this, but we'll focus on that later. Just remember that game begins with G and ends with K. Got it. Well, let's go on to the next one. Sunday. Sunday. You've probably noticed that this is the same letter, but twice over. This is essentially a compound consonant. Not all continents have this. Vowels have compounds too, as we'll discuss later. It is very much the same sound, but with a little more, rather than just a k sound at the end, it makes more of a k, k sound. Compared to just make your pronunciation slightly stronger, and you make a compound sound. The g, g sound usually ends up sounding like a k sound. That K, K sound is just a stronger case out. Is. This could take a little practice, but it's not too hard once you get the hang of it. Let's go to the next letter. Knee. Knee. As you can see, it is the inset. And not only that, it will always be the n sound, whether it is at the beginning or end. This is one of the consonants that doesn't have a compound version and easy letter to understand. Next. Dee, Dee, good. The next consonant starts with a d sound and ends with the T-H sound. Not much to explain here now that we're getting into the rhythm of things. Next. Sunday. Sunday, good. This is our second compound consonant. The d sound becomes a stronger sound. The T cell and the T T sound doesn't sound too different from the t sound, as t is already a pretty strong sound on its own. We've got a complicated one up next. Do you do? This one's a bit tricky. Creon doesn't have a solid r l sound. It's a little bit of a mix of both. This one might take a bit of practice to get the hang of try listening and repeating after me. It sounds like it's more on the L side than the AR side, right? Try to practice more of this one later on. Next. Mu, mu, just like noon. This one is the same in both beginning and end. Just the m sound. Nothing else to remember. Easy, right? Next. Be. This letter begins with the B cell and ends with the p sound. I know it's a bit silly, but a friend of mine told me the way to remember that it's the B sound is to look at the letter like it's a bed. Do you see it? Because I kind of do. Let's take a look at the next one. Sung, be sung, be our next compound consonant. The BB sound is just a sound and only sounds a little like a P sound. The PP sound doesn't sound too different from a P sound, as P is already a fairly strong sound like t versus boo. Vs. Are you getting use to compound consonants? Go onto the next one. She'll, she'll, this one has the beginning S cell, similar to DEA good. It also has an ending sound. She'll, she'll next sunshield, sang, she'll our next compound constant. It is a strong S sound, but here you won't be hissing like a snake. It's more of a shush sound. Become the librarian. She. Next, e, e, and this is a very special consonant. Please pay attention. As you notice, there is no beginning sound at the beginning of a word, it is silent. This means that when you speak a word that starts with E and you will only acknowledge the vowel and ending consonant. However, if it is at the end of a word, it has the NG sound, like the end of the word running. If you were only to make the NG sound silent in the beginning, in G sound at the end. It's unique but not too complicated. Next, This is our j sound, much like she'll in D, good. It ends with a T cell. There's not much else to it. Can you guess what our next letter is? It is sang. Sung, g. This is our last compound consonant. And the closest thing that Korean has to a z sound is sort of a mix between a strong j sound in a week z sound. This is another one that could take a little bit of practice to get used to. With that, let's move on to the next one. This is the CH sound, CH, as in cheese, similar to a lot of other consonants, it ends with a t sound. Cheap, cheap. Easy enough. Next key. Key OK. This is purely a k sound, both in beginning and end. Von fact in a similar way to how we type LOL online, Korean people type multiple key looks to represent laughing. Even the letter itself sounds like laughter, right? Key, key, key. Next letter. This is purely a t sound, both in beginning n. And I know they look similar, but don't confuse it with the English letter E. It has a t sound, and that's that these letters are getting easier it right? Don't worry. We're almost finished. Just two letters to go. Pee, pee. This is purely a P sound, both in beginning and end. If you've been paying attention to how I pronounce these, you probably figured it out as I was introducing the letter, another pure letter with no changes on to our last letter. Our last consonant is the dedicated h sound, and another in a line of letters that end with a t sound. If you've been paying attention this whole time, there's not much left to explain. I tried to keep these explanations as simple as possible. This is the end of the video on consonants. I know it seems like a big info dot, but I promise if you take a moment to study these the way I mentioned earlier, it'll start to make sense. If you decide to take a break from this class, I recommend that you begin studying these letters that I've made and linked Quizlet just for this Periplus. Study the sounds and you'll be able to read and no time we'll be coming back to these constant. It's towards the end of this class. So don't worry if you don't study for now. Thank you for tuning into this video and I'll see you again in the video on that. 3. Vowels: Hello everyone and welcome to the next part of my class. This is the section of the Korean alphabet focused on vowels. But before we dive into vowels today, I want to focus on a little history first, back in 1443, key scheduling the great created angle. So this is almost 600 years old. Now, the alphabet and these symbols, all of them were actually made an S-shape according to how our speech organs would shape and form while making the sounds. So each letter that you see is actually representative of a shape, either of our mouth or the organs within our throats that shape and make the sounds. This means that it's not just an arbitrary shape for each letter. Each letter actually has a little bit of significance in the way that our mouth or our inner organs move as we make these noises. All that said, let's get started on the vowels. So follow along. This part is actually going to be much easier. I'd say first vowel. Ah, ah, this isn't an, a sound. Don't get it wrong. This is the vowels simply make one sound. There is no end sound or beginning sound. It is just that one sound is the first one. This is the symbol, and this is the sound that it makes. There is no actual name for these. It's not like with the consonants where we had like noon or me. These are just the sounds that they make. The next one is a. A. Please pay attention to how the Romanized spelling is. I know it may sound like an a YSL, but when you see Korean written out in English, this is what it's going to sound like, and this is what it's going to look like. All right. A a next is, ya, ya. Now, do you notice something? This one is actually pretty similar to AI, isn't it? But it has an extra line and it has a y, add it on top of it. Well, when you see a symbol like this, this simply means that you need to add a y sound to the beginning. I is like this with one line there, but ya is two lines. Anytime you see a second line, that typically means it's a Y sound. Ya. Yeah. The next one is Yay. Yea. So this, as you can see, is just like a before it. A is just the one line in the middle, but yea is two lines. Yea, yea. Next. Oh, oh. This one's a little tricky and I think it confuses a lot of people. I like to think of it as when we speak in English and we're confused about something we say, it's kinda like that sound. Just say, Oh, UH, if you're trying to spell it out. But when you see a written, it will be e, o sound IO, which would be all. Don't get confused. This is one of the tougher vowels. Next. A. Even though it's just the E, I would liken it to being an, EH, SAL, when you're not sure about something you go. It's just my way of thinking about it. A, a, next, yo, yo. So another vowel which an additional line on the same position. Y'all is just the Y version of all. Yo, yo up next. Yea. Yea. Again. This is the Y version of a. We added a single line over on the left side and that gives us yay, yay. Next. Oh, oh, this vowel o. Right? Dust Bowl. Now we're getting into something a little more tricky. Why? Why? What do you notice about this vowel? Yes. If you're smart, you probably notice that it's a compound val. There are two vowels on this one. We have the 0 value that we just learned, and we have the Val which we learned at the beginning. We take the two sounds that combined them. We start with the one on the left, on the bottom 0, and then add in its law, or just y. Does that make sense? Compound vowels like this make more of a w sound, but there are some exceptions. Let's move to the next one. Way, way. Another column pound val. This one combines o with the a sound in, so you get OA or just way, way. Next day. This is one of the trickier pronunciations to pull off. It's not necessarily o. In this next one. We haven't actually learned yet, but the pronunciation is more like lay. This one takes a little bit of practice, but I promised you'll get the hang of it. Next. Yo yo. This is the EY version of the o. Easy enough, right? Yo, yo, I'm next. Ooh. Ooh. This is a new Val. As you can see, it's the opposite side of o and put the line underneath the horizontal line. Give us who? Even though it is written with a U, you can also think of it as the double o sound. Next one. With this one, you're combining the oo sound with the o sound. And that gives us wall. It's written as W0, but it's more of a W-H sound. Wall. Was up next. Lei. Lei. So again, we're combining the oo sound with the sound. And that gives us way, way. Getting the hang of the compound bells. Let's move on. Lee. Lee. This is simply the oo sound combined with the e sound, which we haven't learned just yet. So let's track this one more time. We, we next is you. You make sure you understand by now. We add the one line in that gives it a Y sound for you. You up next. For this one. It's a little bit tricky. It is a flat sound that you make. Try to think of it as when you were kind of disgusted by something, just a little bit disgusted and you go, You don't really like it. So try it. Ooh, ooh. This one will take a little bit of practice, but I'm sure you can get used to it next. So we're combining with e at this one, and that gives us, It's kind of like a French sound. If you really think about it, think of it as a French sound and it might be easier to practice that way. The LEA. And the last one is e. E. This is a simple sound with the letter I in English. And you can also think of it as the double E sound, e. E. And with that, we've covered all the vowels. If you haven't, I recommend you take notes with the sound on one side and the actual letter itself on the other. Practice with flashcards and try to memorize all of these sounds. Once you're ready, you can move on to the next section of this class. And that's where we're going to learn how to form words properly. And I'm going to teach you a little bit about the grammar system and how it works. Once you've finished the next lesson, you should be able to read Korean. No problem. Alright, I hope you enjoyed this lesson and until then, see you in the next one. 4. Forming Words: Hello and welcome to the final lesson in this course. Today we're going to talk about forming words with the Korean alphabet that we've learned. Before we start, I want to teach a little more about the history and origins of this alphabet. King scheduling published a book talking about the two principles of Hogle. The first one being that consonants of Hong Gou or pattern on vocal organs, which we discussed in the last video. The second one is that the vowels of humbler based on Chung gene, which refers to the three elements of philosophy, heaven, earth, and human. Most importantly, focus on earth in human, respectively. Earth, the horizontal line and human. The vertical line. Sky represents the additional line that goes towards each vowel. So for example, if we look at is a human line, it is vertical. The additional line on the right side would be sky. And so if we were to write it this way, this represents using human and sky alike. Does that make sense? We'll come back to this in a bit. For now. Let's get to the basics of forming words by looking at one consonant and one vowel. And so, as we talked about for neatly, has a beginning in sound and an end inside. Since it's at the beginning of this first word we're looking at. It's going to be the n sound because it would be that either way. And then we have the vowel, since it's in, and we combine the two sounds to make. Now, isn't that simple? We take the sound of neon, whichever sound, as I told you n, and combine it with the valve to simply make no. Now, we need to distinguish how to make words depending on if we're using Earth or human vowels. So let's take a look at the following. We have now, when we combine neon with the val, but what about with the O vowel? Well, as we said, is a human vowel with a little sky shape to the right. Well, we put a consonant with a human vowel. We place it to the left side. That way, we know that the consonant there at the beginning starts first, then we have the bow. What about when we have an earth Val, which in this case is o, a horizontal Val, we take the continent and we put it above the earth vowel. So it would be nice on top of old. And do you know the sound that would make? That's right. It would just simply be no. Easy enough, right? When we form these words, when it comes to a human vowel, the first constant, it goes to the left side of the vertical line. And when it comes to an Earth vowel, the consonant goes above. First. Got it. Now, let's look at words that have a final consonant. Nice and neat. And again, we know that neat moon and create now when combined together. But what happens when we have another consonant at the end? This third cost, and it will take on whatever the end sound of the continent is. In the case of neon, since both sounds are in, it would simply be another n sound. So what happens when we add that final consonant? What sound do we make? Can you guess? That's right. It is simply not. Whatever beginning sound the letter has will be used at the beginning in whatever in sound the letter has, it will be used at the end. Isn't the simple? Let's look at some more examples. D good. Ux. And do you, what's the beginning sound of D? It is D. Then we have the valve and earth vowel, and then we have Dui. So how do we combine these will first, what is D, good and ooh, That should give you do. And then what happens when we add reuse to the end? Remember our L sound? The sound you make would be Dual. Does that make sense? I think we're getting the hang of this. Let's look at one more example before we move on to the final practice. Plus all. And she'll, so what sounds do these make? First? What does the beginning sound since its first? Ok? The g sound right? Then we add the vowel O. Remember this is the human shape since it's vertical. And then we have shield, which at the end is what's out. T, right? And so when we look at it, combining the three plus the O vowel will give us what goal. And then adding shield to that with its n sound that will give us what? If you said, God, you are correct. Remember, it is important, very important to remember the difference between the beginning and in sound of each letter is she begins with S and ends with t. Very different. So if you read this as gloss, you will be very incorrect. Good. That's why it's so important to practice memorizing the letters and all the sounds that they make for both a beginning and an end, because it is an important distinction. So I think you've gotten the hang of how to read these words. It's just a matter of memorizing every sound. So let's. Do one more practice speaking one word, and that is how we say hello in Korean. Are you ready? We're going to look at each individual part of this and then we'll read it all together. First. How do we say this word? Well, at the beginning we have eaten, right? What is the beginning sound for EOQ? You might remember that E is the silent consonant at the beginning, and therefore there is no sound. So we next look at the vowel, which is, so we're going to start with. And then our final consonant would be nice. And we already know that neat ends within n sound. And so what is our final sound for all of them? It is what? The answer is on. Got it. Great, start next. How do we say this one? How do we say this one? Well, again, the beginning consonant is what? Neon. And that starts with an N sound as we talked about. The Val here is your right. You'll, since it, it's got two lines. On the vertical line, we have two skylines on the human line, giving us the yaw sound. No, our last consonant is eaten. And so remember how does E and end? The final sound is an NG sound is. So we combine all of these. Neon plus yeol is. Yeah, right? So what's the final sound? When we combine all of them? That would be Niang. Niang. Okay. Getting the hang of this. Let's look at the next one. This is much easier. So what we have here at the beginning, and we have this one's easy, right? What's the beginning sound of heel? It's an H sound. And then we have our rate, which we've already discussed. So what would be the final sound? The answer is HA, simple, right? Next, we have Shield and we have the Ebell, right? So what is the beginning sound for shield? We know that that S. And then we combine that with the sound. What's our final sound? The correct answer would be say. And now let's look at the final part of this word. I won't say anything in the beginning. So tell me what you think it sounds like. If you said Yo, you are correct. Remember our beginning sound is Iu, is silent if it's at the beginning of a word, and so we ignore it. Let's look at the vowel. It's on the earth line. And we have two skylines above it, which means it's not 0 but yo, right? Since we ignore it, is simply just the Yo sound. So finally, let's combine all five of them. On young ha se. You'll our final word is on young ha sale. Annyeonghaseyo. That is how we say hello in Korean. Congratulations on making it this far. If you've made it to the end, chances are you are probably capable of speaking Korean now. It might be difficult. Maybe you haven't completely mastered all of the sounds yet or what each letter sounds begins and ends with. But with just a little bit of practice, you'll be reading in no time now that you kind of understand the format of it. As I've said before, I have left Quizlet, it's linked. That will help you practice this in help you master reading very quickly. As I told you, we would take less than an hour to do this. I want to wrap things up. So let's go on to the last video, which will be the class project. And my conclusion. 5. Class Project / Conclusion: Hello and welcome to the last video of this class. Here I'll be telling you about the class project. When you've studied in practice the alphabet enough, you should be able to complete this project. No problem. If you're able to record your voice. I have linked a video of the create alphabet song, da-da-da. Please practice, memorize and then sing a song and share your beautiful voice. If you can't record audio, you can try using the Korean alphabet to write your name. For example, my name is Julian, and written and created would look like this. Write your name nice and big and Create and then share the picture. If you're struggling, please leave a comment and I can tell you how your name should look so you can write it. Don't worry too much about the accuracy. There is a bit of nuance when it comes to writing English words in Korean. This is the end of my class on Hongo, the Korean alphabet. I hope you enjoyed it. Please leave an honest review and a comment to let me know if it helped or if there's something you think I could do better. If you would like another class for me teaching more Korean, please let me know. Thank you for watching. I hope you have a wonderful day. Delgado.