The History of Electronic Dance Music in the 20th Century | Tomas George | Skillshare

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The History of Electronic Dance Music in the 20th Century

teacher avatar Tomas George, Music + Audio Production Instructor

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

6 Lessons (15m)
    • 1. Introduction and What You're Going to Learn

      0:20
    • 2. House Music - Part 1

      5:39
    • 3. Techno

      1:16
    • 4. Trance

      2:54
    • 5. House Music - Part 2

      1:33
    • 6. Jungle and Drum and Bass

      2:49
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About This Class

In this class, I teach the history of Electronic Dance Music in the 20th Century.

This includes:

• House

• Techno

• Trance

• Drum and Bass

• And Jungle

So enroll in this class if you want to quickly learn about the History of Electronic Dance Music in the 20th Century.

Cheers,

Tomas.

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Tomas George

Music + Audio Production Instructor

Teacher

Hi, Tomas here. I'm a UK Music Producer, Audio Engineer and Composer I've been producing and writing music now for over ten years. 

I have a MMus Masters Degree in Music Production and a BA(Hons) in Music Composition.

I really enjoy creating and editing all types of music, but I especially love teaching it online.

 

See full profile

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Transcripts

1. Introduction and What You're Going to Learn: Hello and welcome to this next section, all about the history off electronic dance music from the 20th century. In this section, we're going to look at dramas such as House Techno, Jungle Drone Base on trance. So if you want to learn the history off electronic dance music from the 20th century and make sure you watch these next few lectures. 2. House Music - Part 1: House music, Part one. The history of House House music originated from the underground clubs of Chicago. It was created by DJs, music producers from Chicago in the early 19 eighties. DJs have now become superstars, and nightclubs have become global brands all around the world. The music that people were making in their bedrooms now is in the mainstream and is in the charts. It all started off in Chicago. The Chicago guys started taking disco beats and grooves and reinvented them into a new genre now called House Music. Dance music, however, started off being R and B music. People simply dance to dance music brought all different types of people together to dance in the nightclubs. Opened in 1978 the Paradise Garage had the best sound system and dance floor in all of New York. Resident deejay Larry Love On made this nightclub legendary. This club had a huge influence on dance, music and culture. However, in 1979 there was an anti disco rally on there would literally blow up music records. Disco soon became unpopular, and D J soon found it very hard to actually get a gig in 1977 There was a new club in Chicago called the Warehouse on legendary deejay Frankie Knuckles started performing there . The Warehouse Club was the only place in Chicago Way could hear dance music. The music that Frankie Nicholls played had heavier base, and you could really dance to the groups from its name. The Warehouse Clubs soon created a whole new genre of music. People go into import records and ask for warehouse music. The labels would say things like Heard at the warehouse or played at the warehouse. Soon that would shorten this to house on the label would say, house music. The term house music will simply describing the music that was played at the warehouse house. Music actually started off being a lot of old disco records that people had forgotten about . DJs would have to be creative on the decks because of their limited selection of songs. There was a style of deejaying called Chicago style. This had a tight musical sound on would actually repeat sections of the songs to police the crowds. Then D J started adding drum machines, and house music really started to have its own sound. The DJs would make their own beats and play these along with the songs in the club. In 1983 a club called The Music Box opened in Chicago. On They had deejay run Hardy, who took the music to another level run. Hardy played really fast and sped things up on Get People Dancing All night. In 1984 House music would produce its first ever star. There was a demo tape that flew around Chicago of the song called Your Love by Jamie Principle on Frankie Knuckles. It was a huge hit in the clubs, but it didn't actually get released on record. Jamie Principle sent copies of this track toe every label in New York, but they all turned them down even though his track got turned down by the labels. The track was huge in the clubs have been many versions off this song, but the original has still never been released. House music was now about creating your own music for the genre on It wasn't just about mixing other people's songs together on adding the drumbeats. House didn't actually get released on vinyl until on and on by Jesse Saunders, on and on that was played all over the radio and in the clubs and created the Chicago How Spoon This tract made non musicians believe that they could make music. By 1985 the Chicago House scene had taken over, and it was about to take off outside of Chicago. In 1985 Future created a new style of house called acid House by using a Roland Frio free to make baselines. Then D J Run. The Hardy played their track acid track in the club and acid was born. The other styles of house music being created, such as Can You Feel It? By Larry Heard This had a just style that was mixed with the house beats. Then there was a house track that included a piano. This was called Move Your Body by Marshall Jefferson. People called this track the house music anthem. House had its own style and named by 1986 I was about to take over the rest of America and Europe. In the north of the UK, people took to house music as it was similar to the U. K's Northern Soul dance culture in Manchester, those a legendary house music club called the Hacienda, which was a place to go in here. House music deejays from Manchester embraced this music from America and started to make their own house music. I be for made a huge difference to the club and dance culture. People took the music they heard from I B for back to the clubs in London. Schum was the first club in London to recreate the sound of I B. For then there was house music that used really instruments such as the Group 10 City, which was houses first supergroup. Then the house became more sophisticated on wasn't just about simple drum loops and sequences, and in Detroit, techno started to take off. 3. Techno: techno techno was pioneered in Detroit by the Belleville Free, who originated the Detroit Techno Sound. They were Juan Atkins, Kevin Saunderson and Derrick May. Derrick May said that he wants his music to sound like Kraftwerk and George Clinton stuck in the elevator with one key board between them. Many styles of techno exists, but Detroit techno is seen as the foundation toe where all of the genres have come from. In Detroit, techno came from combining Chicago House funk and electro with electronic music by artists such as Kraftwerk. Techno also has futuristic and fictional themes. Also, the creative role of music technology in its production is very important. Digital audio workstation synthesizers and drum machines very important for creating techno on. Many producers use certain equipment to get unauthentic techno sound such as the Roland 808 on 909 drum machines. By the summer of 1988 techno became popular in the UK with the track Big Fun from Inner City, which was founded by Kevin Saunderson, who was one off the Belleville Free 4. Trance: trance. Trance music is a melodic branch of house and techno. Trance came from the rave scene in the U. K in the late 19 eighties on, then developed in Germany in the 19 nineties. The listeners may enjoy a trance like state when listening to this style of dance music. Trance music takes influence from techno house, classical music and film music. Trance music incorporates hypnotic rhythms and sounds that help the listeners reach that trance like state. The tempo is normally quite fast, between 128 on 142 beats per minutes. It is mostly instrumental, but sometimes can include a vocal, which normally is a female vocal trance. Music also builds tension and release through its arrangement. Commonly used techniques include repeating melodic riffs and phrases on certain sounds, and equipment have been used to produce this style of music, such as the role and TB free ovary. Since that's being used on many trance tracks, there are many different sub Germans of trance music, such as Epic Trance, which has an influence from classical music on film music. There's also big room trance, which fuses styles off commercial E g M with trance. There's also Goa trance, which later turned into side trance or psychedelic trance. Goa trance started off in parties on the beaches in Goa in India on Goa, soon became a hot spot for partying visuals off this sub genre 1 19 sixties psychedelic. The visuals became a huge part of the whole Goa trance experience. The visuals included Eastern images, psychedelic art technology, Andi Aliens. Ah, common theme was also to turn the deejay booth into a shrine. Goa trance is often described as the hippie seen fused with Elektronik trance music. It also has Eastern rhythms and scales in its music. Theme music was really to assist dancing on reaching euphoria. The first wave and what has been described as the Golden Age off Goa trance was between 1994 and 1997. Popular equipment used to create Goa Trance Waas, the Roland TB Frio free base synthesizer on the judo 60 synthesizer Goa trance, evolved into psy trance when technology became or available for producing music. Side Trance used a lot off psychedelic atmospheric sounds and effects to try and recreate the Goa trance experience in the studio 5. House Music - Part 2: house music part to house in the mainstream. So by 1988 House was about to go fully commercial on Asset House became popular. By the summer of 1988 rays were happening in fields across the UK The police want to stop. These rays made them illegal. This drove these parties into the underground on made them more dangerous. However, house music showed no signs of stopping back in America In the late eighties, house music was still underground and if you really wanted to go here house music, then you have to go to a club to hear it. Back in the UK there house was mainstream, and house tracks were even on the show. Top of the Pops, such as Ride on Time by black box UK producers started to create different new styles of house, such as rock music combined with House formed a Manchester. The Happy Monday second album used house styles and influences in their music. To create this fusion, they teamed up of UK based deejay and producer Paul Oakenfold. The Happy Mondays took dance music toe a whole new audience. As House entered the 19 nineties, it came out with new styles and sub generous. There was jungle hardcore happy, hard core on more raving had become mainstream. And now legal license raves happening in the UK clubs in London started to play more hard core and darker music. 6. Jungle and Drum and Bass: jungle jungle music came from the UK from break beat. Hard core in the 19 nineties, Jungle Music takes influence from reggae and dancehall as well as techno and was the predecessor to drum and bass. Jungo often has fast tempo of 150 to 200 beats per minute and has syncopated loops, reggae bassline and break beat drums. It also has a lot off sampled sounds on. DSA emphasizes Thou also Sub Jonah's of Jungle, including Dark Core, which is also known as hard core jungle. This is instrumental jungle music, which is dark and minimal. There's also Ambient Jungle, which fuses ambient music. With Jungle Jungle reached its commercial peak between 1994 and 1995 on went Underground as Drummond Base started to emerge. So let's first of all, talk about the difference between jungle on drum and bass. This is a common debates in the jungle community. Some people see jungle as the first half of the 19 nineties on Drummond based succeeding this. Others see Jungle as a sub genre of drum and bass. Jungle music used the amen break sped up on is more syncopated than drum and bass the jungle Beat is also more unpredictable than the drum and bass beats. Drum Bass focuses more on melody and bass lines and has a more consistent beat that doesn't change as much as the jungle beat. Jungle basically focuses more on drum patterns on drone Base, has more instrumental and melodic elements in its composition and also uses the synthesizer more than jungle music, drum and bass. Hardcore DJs typically played tracks at fast tempos on break beat. Hardcore emphasized break beats rather than four to the floor kick patterns, which was often found in house music. Drummond Base is a genre that came from the rave and jungle scene in the UK in the early 19 nineties. German based often uses break beat drums and has a fast tempo of around 170 beats per minute. The Amen Break started off being the main starting influence for drum and bass. This genre is really built around syncopated break beats on a fast, energetic tempo. Drum and bass also uses a lot of sampled material on synthesizers. The Roland Tr Aito has a bass drum sound, which was often used in drum and bass, so the music got darker and heavier on the tempo, started to speed up. Goldie's debut album, Timeless, took Drummond base out of the underground and into the charts.