The German Alphabet part 2 - the sounds of the letters within words | Angelika Davey | Skillshare

The German Alphabet part 2 - the sounds of the letters within words

Angelika Davey, Here to help people "learning German with a smile"

The German Alphabet part 2 - the sounds of the letters within words

Angelika Davey, Here to help people "learning German with a smile"

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14 Lessons (1h 39m)
    • 1. ABC part 2 introductionintro

    • 2. The vowels

    • 3. The diphthongs

    • 4. The consonants b, d, f

    • 5. The consonant g

    • 6. Weg or weg, that's the question

    • 7. The consonants h, j, k, l, m ,n

    • 8. The consonants p, q

    • 9. The consonants r, t

    • 10. The consonants v, w, x, y, z

    • 11. The consonant s & sch, sp, st

    • 12. The consonant c & ch, ck

    • 13. Stress

    • 14. Conclusion

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About This Class

Welcome to my 2nd German Alphabet class. 

In this class you'll learn

  • how the letters sound within a word, all the vowels, consonants and letter combinations
  • how German words sound so that you can pronounce them, even if you don't know them 

Listening exercises will reinforce what you have learned. And there is an option to practise some tongue twisters.

Anybody who has started learning German or has an interest in the German language will benefit from this course.

Intermediate or advanced German learners probably won't need this course but may still have fun practising their listening skills.

If you also want to learn how to say the alphabet in German so that you can spell your name or other words, check out my 1st alphabet class: The German Alphabet part 1 - say the ABC & spell your name in German

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Angelika Davey

Here to help people "learning German with a smile"


Welcome to my Skillshare page!

I am Angelika of Angelika's German Tuition & Translation and I'm here to help you learn German, especially if you are teaching yourself. 

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1. ABC part 2 introductionintro: Welcome to my German alphabet, part to class. If you're looking for a class which teaches you how to say the alphabet in German and how to spell your name, then please go and look for my German alphabet, part one class which will tell you all about it. This class in part two, you will learn how you pronounce all the letters within words slightly different. So what will recover? So we're looking at the letter. Sounds within words on We're starting with the vowels on the difference So the vowels a e i o u or I e plus the ones with the clouds A or air Sorry, who? Who on the def things. Those are the vowel combinations like e i e a. You and a couple of other ones. Then the next bit is the continent's on that also includes any continent combination. So when we go and look at the letter C, for example, you'll toe have ch and ck o p. We love ph. So they're all covered there. There will be listening exercises and reading exercises and also some tongue twisters for speaking practice, I thought attached. Pdf's off the videos. That's just for you. If you wanted to have a look at something again, so don't print them out. Just download them and save them somewhere. Sometimes it's quicker to have a look at a pdf, then to read or watch another video. I've also made a PdF off the tongue twisters and all the listening exercises those you may actually want to print out the tongue Twisters are spread out all over the videos on Down on the pdf. You've got all of them together, Onda, and nearly every video has got at least one little listening exercise quite often with a grid on. Yes, you comports the video and quickly scribbled something down on a bit of scrap paper. Or you can print out the pdf and then you have a listening exercises together and just have them ready for when you're watching the videos. All those PdF's life attached to the project on the project practice your tongue, twist us until us. Which one's your favorite or you're really brave? Record yourself, saying one of the tongue twisters you can always posted to YouTube is unlisted, so only people in this class can actually watch it. But that's entirely up to you. Or just tell me what you thought about the whole class. Ah, hope you'll enjoy it 2. The vowels: in this video, we're going to look at the vowels A e i O U or ah e o who onda also the freedom loud A ah and who? And start with a The A sound is long as in ah, then it is followed by a single continent that would belong to the next. Syllable is separated like Magen, So the next syllable list again. Margon. If it is doubled as in start Andi, if it's followed by an age as in yeah, the age usually makes it a long sound. So Margon start. Yeah, it's short if it is followed by a double continent like Nuss, if it's followed by two or more different continents, as in shut and if it appears in a common one syllable word, followed by a single continent like up. Now, as with everything else that I will be covering in all these videos, there are exceptions or some exceptions, especially when they are foreign words, foreign words that have bean taken on by the German language. But these rules will apply most situations, right? Have a thing. These words I'm not reading them out yet. Do they have a long A sound or a short one. Now you can either get a B soft paper on quickly scribbled the words down or just make it a tick list, you know? Yes, no. Or you can do it in your head. Or you can also download the little booklet where I've printed out alone Those little exercises se You would only need to print it out once. And then you can just sit there. Andi, tick your boxes anyway, I'm going to review the answers if you're not ready than pause. But the first word is fart, and that's a long one. Coffee short, flusher Shoot Bon holes. No, wouldn't czart Did you get them? If you're not too sure, go back to the 1st 2 bits and check why those words are long or short Now, the same rules apply to Oh, so if the A has a normal load, the rules are still the same. So what about these Thin? Are they long air sounds or short ones? And again, I will reveal the answer. So please pause if you're not ready. Kezar, She's along Kenshin short. They're hook Nesa bicker! Well, then, if you've got that now you got the same idea with the e sound. It's long if it is followed by a single continent that would belong to the next. Syllable is separated Vehk? No, If we separated that if it was a longer one, it would have been vey good. That's probably a bit easier to recognize that is doubled beat and again if it's followed by an age. Yeah, it's short if it is followed by Double Consul int. Bet for by two or more different continents vest in and it appears in common. One syllable word followed by a single continent. Yeah, now E. At the end of the words, usually does get pronounced, so no silent E as in English, but it is a short E. So enter Boerner frog. Not very long sounds, but they are there. So is this a long E sound or a short one? I'll give you a few seconds to think about it, and I'm about to reveal the answer. So again, post a video if you're not done. Six. It's short flusher asked a short E at the end. Me, yeah, Finster Mir to both. Those two words are pronounced the same, but the sea or the ocean is spelt with a doubly Andi if you want a bit more off it, it's E h now E At the end of a word, as I said usually gets pronounced. There is no silent E. Um, there is a slight exception in spoken German. When you're talking about yourself, you remember, you most likely will have learned that isn't work verb congregations. Um, the ending for it is e So it will be Esser drinking father gears call for in spoken German . We very often don't bother on the eve gets little swallowed. If you're writing it, you would need if you're writing spoken German, as in you're writing a story And he said she said, And then you would write that with an apostrophe because that is instead off the so he s happy. Esma You hear that a lot on def Theisen? The final e n off a word. It doesn't get pronounced or hardly really So we've got here. I say properly, I none sh Rapson And yes, you may hear it Viet drinkin einen Schwartz and T. But you must likely hear it more like your drink and financial Watson T If you know just you hardly hear the sounds a lot nicer, really, doesn't it? I the I sound, is long. You felt this when it's followed by a single continent that would belong to the next syllable of separated. Eager e good, eager if it's doubled? Uh, no, not with the I on. If it's followed by an H like era, you're done here, and it's short when it's followed by double Continent like Bitter is followed by two or more different continents winter and it appears in common. One syllable words for by a single continent like in your turn again, long or short. What do you think? And again, I will reveal the answer you alone. Illegal zip, tsen, Even in years. Did you get those well done if you did, if you're not too sure, check again. What the glass tube, it said about the I. And and again, it's the same role. Same role, same rules. Theo Sound is long when it's followed by a single continent that would belong to the next syllable of separated forego. If you were to separate that, it will be full get if it's doubled boot and if its followed by an H one probably guessed the rules when it short, followed by double continent common, followed by two or more different continents. Up tomorrow on day, one syllable word up your turn again. Long Oh, or short. Oh, and I give you the answer. Often it's a short or not walk toe uber so. And of course, all these rules also apply to do so. What do you think about these words? Lower or a short one? Andi. Here's the answer. Essman Crap. Who Months. We've seen this before, haven't we? The U Sound is long when it's followed by single continent that would belong to the next level. It's separated booth. It's doubled. No on if it is followed by an age as in work, we now know when it's short. A double constant followed his motor. It's followed by two or more different ones who allow on and appears in a common one syllable word for by single continent. But I just said we don't have to use. We do sometimes then those are in two different syllables, or even in compound words like I'm show wrong. How long So it's not a new long. Olsen is not one show. We couldn't even say it would. How long it's unsure whom I deliberately separate those so that you can hear it. How long and Bo I want her name. And that is actually compound now made out of two words. Bow Andi Want her Neiman? Your turn long, You're short, you sound And he is The answer. Weren't have gone butter Volumen booth ons. Yes, the same applies to do. Is it a long or a short one? Andi. He's the answer again. Booker Soon Finton mention. Look, Venture, I'm for a little bit of fun. I found this on Facebook. This has allowed safe lives. Just look at the first sentence. There you move foot hurt D Mayor Shrine, Humid Salat or the younger fitter team Actually him. It's a lot. Sutton with, um, loud means to feed where his fortune is colloquial for eating. It's highly unlikely that the boys eating the guinea pigs was lettuce. It's more likely he's feeding the guinea picks with matters and for a bit more fun, some tongue twisters. Um, if you are worried, I'm not reading them out too fast, because I can't do that either. But here we have a lot off A's in there. Heffron hardened affects bargains. It's a fart. Invasion cardigans iGate Harden at large in Conca, Martin in their stopped. So copal Hargon. That's fine. First us for the belly. Attar for here, to your labor Vietor. All my coughed up a cool all Pycroft or Marco. The hoper caulked Omar, whose and cool Omada Gegen coughed open hold Cool. Just a bit of fun, but a nice bit of practice to get used to the sounds here. A lot off A's and B's and hos. And there's another one, then, or Monaco grand home Coogan have on Cuban Cuban on Vancouver home. Coogan have, um, and the last bit of fun. There's something unusual about this word. Marga Meal. You're good, Okay, It's not something that is so unusual in English. English has got several words which have got this, but in German, as far as I know, this is the only German words. Somebody would probably prove me wrong. Now that has got the vowels in the right order in the word he's got an A in it. He's got an E, followed by the I, followed by the on You. And on that note, I'll finish this video 3. The diphthongs: continuing with the vaults in this video, we're looking at the diff thanks or the two vowels together on the first viable combination is you, which is pronounced Koy just like the English Oy. So we have all your whole so eager boy gun. The next one is a and you which is our house boom tomb Our now a with a normal out on the you is pronounced exactly the same as the you. So it's oy again but the origin off aom loud, you or you words differ It's just a pronunciation is the same. And if you look at the words we have boy Mur Hoyzer Toy Hman you can see the origin because we've just had them in the au slight bound house town So brown is one tree boy Myr is more than one tree so the toys sound. It's really got to be the a armload and not on you because it doesn't come from boy. It comes from bone uh, my favorite I e. Now for English speakers off native English speakers and I say that's easy to recognize because the pronunciation is the last letter in English. Now here, that's a knee so the I e. In German is pronounced e as in fear. Sleeker. Neelan Allomere. What's ending in i e. Some of them are pronounced e others aren't as just something you would need to learn. So these are still pronounced like the e sound ceremony Photo co P Strategy, please. But some other words. They are pronounced year, so it's almost like the two letters are pronounced separately. So we have a CIA. I see you some me Leah Lean Year zero here. Kimia. Didn't we just have not word and you're absolutely right. I just told you that that word is pronounced kidney and now I'm telling you, it's Kenya. That's because knee is one knee and Kenya means it's plural, although sometimes people pronounce the plural a skinny as well. And if the world ends in E N, that often includes florals, it is pronounced Ian. So she Bonjean got some countries here. O'Banion accion. Remember, we already had act CIA on four million, and we have some mealy year. So you turn. Is it an e sound? Or is it a year sound? Course the video if you haven't finished because I'm about to reveal the answer. Castagna Clavier Thai Goodyear Kewpie Kewpie in Well done if you got those. And now we've got the two letters the other way around. Not i e but e i. And again a tip for native English speakers. It's the I the English I pronunciation. I'll bite the high pullets I Boucha high ai is also pronounced as I Hi my Kaisa Your turn. How do you pronounce ALS? These words Have a go before I read them to you You ready to hear it? The first word Our bites Good beat Yeah, we've got the e i e I first and the second modesty i e So our bites good beat Same in the next one by a spiel, but reaps side sleeker Huy Liber Lie Zied Sarai I feel like tiny Ellen. Now that is a foreign word that's been German ized So the i e. It's not tiny urban. That's state in the original language. So it's 10 d ylan. But the next two words we've got site er, inciter and the spelling is different because that tells us which zeit we're talking about . The 1st 1 with the AI. It's a string side to the 2nd 1 with the EI is a page zeit. Er, the context off the sentence or sentences would tell you which one you're talking about. 4. The consonants b, d, f: right. Let's start with the continent's Andi. In this video, we're looking at B, D and F or a C B D F. So pretty similar. Don't they be at the end of a word or a syllable? It sounds a bit more like an English P. It's a bit of a sharp one. No, a Poland hap deep, I hope. But when it's no longer at the end of a word or syllable, then it sounds like the English Be Harbin. There Khyber Given. So is it a B sound or is more like a P sound? What do you think? Pause if you're not ready, but this is how you pronounce those words. Hello, Hi bun Clean up bunk Hope show hype else pipe. Nearly all of the's had to pee sound rather than the B de. So a similar thing. If it's at the end of a word or syllable, it sounds more like an English tea leet. Find Lund that if it's not at the end of the word, it's more like the English D lead there. Find Lender. I notice a difference. 1st 1 lead and then lead their point. Find Lund lender. Sometimes you see words with the D T, and that's always pronounced like a teeny so shut, so exhumed but bluntness. But sometimes you find d t inside a word, but it actually only happened because it's a compound word. Andi. It consists off what we got to in here. It consists of two words were the 1st 1 ends in a D, and the 2nd 1 just happens to start with the tea. In that case, they do get pronounced separately. Our bond tougher zoomed torture. So it's not the connection that the D T sound. It just happens to be put together. Your turn, t sound or d sound on. This is what these words sound like. Lunch shaft, Lund Shaft Honda Gate happened Phil Hunter, if thus, as in English from India. Zai for laugh. But there's one change in the word Dorf Stupid. Now you heard correctly Dorf Scott, the F at the end. But if we adding something to do off like we have here because the word door office in front of the known hunt. So we added an E R, and it changes the pronunciation do their sounds like a do there on Dover, Hoond That's the only word word changes on some tongue twisted us Burstyn Mitch lots in Boston bursting besser that's bursting mid blow in Boston. Dick Adat Icka dictated under from dunked him. Gatica Did. You don't object. I'm a favorite one, because that's nice and easy when hint a fleeting, flaking, fleeing, fleeing, fleeting fling. Now move on to the next video or pause this to practice, saying these yourself for a bit, have fun. 5. The consonant g: this video just covers one off the continent. The letter G on similar to what we've already had. If it's at the end of a word or syllable, it sounds more like an English K else. Look on took mark. It's not a proper K. It's more in that direction. So it's not house fluke and took Mac. It's house fluke on Took Mark Andi. If it's not at the end of a word or a syllable, it sounds more like the English G as in good or gone good Flegal Gauge. Fogle What ending in I g. R. Pronounced like the German word ish, so it almost looks. Sounds like us. If they were spelled I c h. But it's not. It's I g Billy. It's Muncie lunk violence. Sometimes you may hear people saying Bilic, semantic lung via lick, but usually it's Billy 20 lung. Finally, if, however, you are adding something to it, something is cheaper. Then, just like the rule before it's Billy Gaer. That's 162 lunk of Islay girl. So it's going back to the sound. Of course. Foreign words stick to the foreign pronunciation garage. Jeannie, how is she? Sir, it is a bit like the ginger word in English. So your turn quite a long one. Is it a good sound? As in Good? Is it an issue sound? Is it the cook sound or is the girl I Ginger? Ginger? As before, if you haven't had enough time yet paused. The video, If not here are the answers. Luke, as you cook, sometimes the end. Who is Gindi? I careful with that one because it's not genial or anything. It's a German word. Guinea are, but it Taj newme Good can look. And there we have two G's in there. Go as in the beginning and the end. One is more like K. Good Look. I've once written a block post about the three letter W E G. Cause if it means the path and it's just a word on its own, it's vehk. But if it's a prefix, it's Vic Onda. Um, you can find it on YouTube, but I've added it here as the next video as well, so you can watch that. But before you do that, here is another tongue twister, and I may not be able to say that very fast, either. Greece, by blabbed Greece by on clicks, bile blacked creeks, buyer clicks, pile blabbed. Clicks pile on the V's by blabbed Greece by four. If you can't say it, don't worry. I find them hard enough as it is myself. I'll see you in the next video. 6. Weg or weg, that's the question: those three little letters W E g in German. When do you pronounce them as vig and when is thick? That is The question we're covering here on the 1st 1 is Vehk. Now you can see it's been written with a capital W because it's a noun. Dare vehk! Dabiq means the way the path be the alley, the journey, sometimes even the road. I think the way is probably the best one. They're vague. So long E sound. There are a few compound now owns. I've got to. They're vague visor. So again it's Vic because it's a sign. The sign that shows you the way there. Vic Baeza, Devick, Begleiter. Now that is your companion, which could be a man, a woman, which in that case would be big with Lytvyn. Deviate Begleiter in It Could be an animal could be a dog who may be following you walking with you on your way. No W E G not written with a capital letter. It's not a noun. It's a prefix off a verb and not just one verb. There are quite a few, and I still haven't written a ball down this time. It's pronounced Vic So it's a short E and almost like a K sound vic. So which verbs start with Vic first, not vet for Common to remove. Something to get rid of something. I've put something on my table, and now I don't know how to get rid of it again. Viva Comet years. Vic, The blame to stay away, Vic Bringing to take away this is not a take away. It's to take away, as in Ah, you bring a deflection. Vic, take the bottles away. Vic Duncan, if you have a thought off something or you've seen something and all of a sudden this thought is in your head and you can't get rid of it, But you want to. So you're thinking off something else to make sure this thought goes away? Well, we Germans call it Vic Duncan, because Duncan is to think effect broken to push something away. Vek e Cohen, now equal as a noun is discussed or something disgusting. And Vicky Coburn is to behave disgustingly or nast ingley until that person that you want to get rid off walks away, moves away, goes away. Not a very nice word. Really. Vic s in now. That's to read something up and not leaving anything behind. Moister colon. Oh, I didn't have a huge Becca Gessen. Sorry that cakes gone. I've eaten all of it. Vic Farman to drive away Vic Fee Egan to sweep away So sweep to sweep ISF Egan And if you're sweeping something away than it's Vic Feagin length llegan to fly away Somewhere nice I hope Vic Foon Toe lead away Vic Given to give something away Have a minor t D's vector given off given my CDs away. No, I haven't. But that cooking Poor Vic Blip Conviction to look away Vic Holan. There is no verb for that in English. But say, you know, room with several people on you actually wanted to discuss a little birthday surprise, but the person in question is still in the room and you want them to not listen. So what, you're doing so in German, you could say her, my bitchy, even Vic, which, of course doesn't work. It'll because if anybody says that to you, you'll be all Yes, what are they saying? But that's the idea anyway. Vicky Argon to chase away that common to get away, make lesson to leave out like I may be laying the table and I'm leaving out the spoons because we won't need them. So I would saying in Lhasa Deluxe Vic Michael, often off grennan to run away thick. Mother, you wouldn't see that in written text, but in spoken German people saying it, which is to make away, literally to remove something. Yeah, a child has made a mess and the mother says, smart in break my vic. Yeah, get rid of that dirt that rubbish beckon demon to remove to remove something to take something Vic Cooper of Ulan. Now that's to have an operation when something then gets move removed like your consulates , they would be very corporeal that forced to blow something away, then cardio. That's almost double because her deal on already means to erase something. But the kardian. It just makes you really you erasing it until it's gone. The coin hman not just tidy things up, but to tidy them away There. Colin to roll away the Cochin to slide a wave action to send something away like a parcel Victuals Leeson to lock something away to secure it. Vic Schneid to prune something or to cut something off the tartan to carry something away. Wickwire from threw away Vic Vision, wipe away or wipe off something Invictus e and history move away on. We have a few phrases as well. They may come in useful one day. Give it go away, tender Vic. Or sometimes we say Think of it. Hands off, cup sick. Mind your head on. Victim it, Get rid of it. So to put it all together again if the three letter word W e g in German means the way, then you pronounce it with a long E The if it means away you pronounce it with a short E. Nick. I hope that made it a bit easier. No. 7. The consonants h, j, k, l, m ,n : this time we're looking at the continents H J K L M n. It's quite a few in one video, but that's because they're almost the same as in English, right? H, it doesn't get pronounced when after a long vowel sound on. We've already covered that in the vowel video, Sir Ivan Lee. Ever. Yeah, At the beginning of a word or syllable is just like in English house hamster Ban Who? So there is a house on Tom Stir. It is actually like the English word Bon Horse. We've got the first age because that makes it a long A sound on then the second syllable or actually a compound. Now it's just a word horse. So is in English. The letter age, of course, comes in lots of other combinations. C h s, C, H P H and T age on time covering those in the videos with the letter C and S and P and T the German J Sounds like the English. Why? As in yo yo? And actually if you look up the words in English, they would be spelled with a y. So you know you Udin yo good. Yeah, but English words in German starting with J have been German ized in so far that if it's a verb, it many have German endings now, but they are still pronounced as in English, So jargon jeans job. So it's been jogging. Gunman. French words and German, starting with J are pronounced like the French word journalist journalist in Jalousie. So is this a German J or a foreign J? Should we find out? Hallelujah. It's a German J. Pajama J Gah. Jet luck. You gun the letter K. It sounds like a K like in the English word Cook. Kino Cut. Cut off it. No, this is a strange one. Are possibly should have added it in the last video with the letter G. Um, it's not a word you'll see written down much because it's very colloquial, especially in the north of Germany, which is sort of to look cooking. The strange thing is, it's usually spelled with a G, but it is like the K sound, so it's cooking. Nobody, says guqin. It's always cooking. So when we have the spelling reform in 1995 96 or whenever it waas um, it was decided, as we're saying cookin it should be spelled with a K, but most people don't like it. And so the spelling reform said again All right, OK, so nowadays is You can spell it with a K, but nobody seems to do it. So you still find the word written with a G but pronounced with a K cooking. So if you hear somebody saying cook my look, they probably would have spelt it with a G. I just wanted to add that in here Que en. Unlike in English, we don't have a silent end. It gets pronounced. So it's kidney. Can I per knots l now the German l is pronounced like these so called front healthy English from L. As in lump. Not like the back l is in rattle. So a lump er up for his summon tire. What, Tyler there, Just like the English one month music. Namur Him No difference to the English on the same applies to end now the finished Toru Schneider, just like in English, N g. If you haven't Engy that sort of similar to the thing or bring in English side toe Houna clinker fooling on The same applies to NK Don't could bunk One could you ready for a listening exercise? No, I haven't written any words down. Well, that's because if I had, you would know if this word is spelled with an N g or in NK. So I'm going to read out the words to you. You try and spell them on and tell me or tell yourself, Did that word have an N g? Or in NK the first word? Zigun? I repeat, Zynga. Second word. Zinkhan Zinkhan number three Ankle, ankle number. Fool. Angler. Angler number five Duncan Duncan on the last one. Doolan Human. You've noticed there will very similar the two words each time. This is what I read out to you. The first word Zinkhan with an N G. Which is to sing Zinkhan to sink, actually exactly the same as in English. Sing and sink incurred, which is a grandchild, Ngan, which is an angel. Do couldn't sort of to Seymour thing. And Dylan is to fertilize on some more tongue twisters before we finish Hands hurt. Hinton holds house. Who but hands Anheuser Blitzer Kleiner Kindergarten in kind and cash camp. I like this one because they all sound the same. The lightning for Lloyd in the files on in Lloyd next year. To lighten assay, lightnin form lightens and enlightened us lighten before Wow, All you can hear is loit. But look at the different spellings in the last one Happy. Most seem undeterred. Does Marty Pongo most have a go yourself post a video, try and say these things or used to pdf and have a look at them again, and then I'll see you in the next video. 8. The consonants p, q: Now let's have a look at the continents P and Q P on its own. It's just like the English P park plots open tip More tricky when you have a combination with P PS that pronounces one sound so it's not prepared. It's fat. So is in F with a slight pee in front of it. Fat Sessa fears e good time for a listening exercise again, I'm going to give you six words. But do they start with a P F or do they start with an F? Are you ready for this? The first word fund fund The second Word Fund fund The next one Fluke Slow Luke. And then we have smoke, Luke. And for the last two Fire Fire And the last one, Seiler, Filer Andi, here is the answer. So the 1st 1 was fund fund for the PF, which is the pound fund. Just the F, which is a find slough. Luke, the flight souk is a plow. Fire is a narrow on. Filer is a file like a nail file or anything. If you didn't do too well, remember that this exercise really is pretty artificial. I mean, who would be throwing words at you. Food and fun, fluke, fluke fighter filer and saying, How do you spell them? This is not how you do a conversation in German. Andi, as I said before, It is the context off the sentences that you hear will see or read, which will give you an idea whether somebody is talking about a plow or a flight. PH. Last night, the F in English like, in the words of praise tofu, Zeke Paragraph I also beat There's a Little but because we used to have more words spelled with a P h photo Gadhafi telephone in the fund. But because they so obviously sound like an F during the spelling reform in 1995 that's being changed. Nowadays you'll find the words written as with an F photo, coffee, telephone, elefant. Um, depending on if you're reading a German books, even a German textbook, if it was written before 1995 it most like you will have the old spelling. It's just something to be aware off PS. Unlike in English, there is no silent P. So it's circular Yogi son cider only Christmas. Yes, we do pronounce the P que que on its own. It's not used in German. It's always asked a combination off Qu on, and that's pronounced like in English cover. So come back Kavala career coveting but foreign words might have the cook sound boutique Pluck your turn. Is it a sound or a cover sound? If you're not ready, post a video if you already. This is what the sounds are clicker richer but zem Jacqueline consequent on some tongue twisters. This one I won't be able to savory fast. They're fluke. Platts spots numb often. Fluke Platz, Platz After him. Flu Platts, Now their flu. Platts Schwartz, Platts. This one is easier compaction. Look, Valenca Real and career league calendar. Quick Vallon, I'll see you in the next video. 9. The consonants r, t: in this video. We're looking at the continents. Ah, and T air on t on before we even start a quick question about the R. Is it rolled or not? People often hear this in wolf films. Sometimes in music, nothing from Steiner. Pretty good and rolling their ass. Or at least sometimes, um So the question is, Is that what the Germans do or not? And the answer is yes and no. Some people do. Some people don't. The further south you go in Germany, the more chance there is that you do hear people use it in the north. It's not so much I don't. So it's up to you that's of an easy one. An easier is the one at the end of a word together with any the er together that's very easy to pronounce. It's just fatter motor up here. Beer. Very important word, isn't it? So, Fatah water, Poppaea Beer. Nice and easy. More difficult is any other that's in front off any viol border border. Halt! Glue wound. Goon The high Hi. Fancy practicing some tongue twisters. How about this one, Blau, Kraut blight block out about Clyde blabbed about klite. Uh, how about a beer about how abortion Baroin browsing this brown beer, their first portion of fresh Forsa forced in the first fortune and force For sure, You can always pause the video and practices for a while. What we can move on to the letter T Let's before now the letter t on its own sounds just like the English tea auto to good. No difference there. Slightly more different is when you have a letter combination. Now the th although it exists and German, it is pronounced like a T. We don't pronounce the age, so it's not like the English. Actually, quite a few Germans are struggling with the English, and they can't say it. So the words we have here remember, it's just a t sound. A Partyka Catalina made to order de Arte. This is little birch in compound announce. We sometimes get that one noun ends in a T, and the next one starts with an H. So you do have the th in there, but it's not a combination on. In that case, they do get pronounced separately. So good Harbin. We're not that so good happen. But it's those two separately, is not the th could eat high your turn. Do you pronounce these words with a T or is it the T and the age separately? Have a think post the video if you're not ready. Otherwise our will now reveal the answers. Cattle leak Thailand mitt His There's your compound now Mitt his on the next month. The same. Not him. That house, but the last one. Tim Alito. Well, then, if you got those t i o n A lot of words end in t i o n and that's pronounced like see on more like a t s or tease that even see on adopt soon Documenta soon Faulty own Nazi on d sch. It's like the tch in English, as in which Deutsche crutch shoes. One of those sounds teas. It is as the English ts. So blitz nets puts and schwitzer on to just finish this video with a few more town twisters . Test texted text in test texter test text a text and tech even I can't say it. Let me start again. Test texter text in test Texter test texter text and test texter. They were for do it slowly. It works. This one is easier globally. Is their tourist Venner off on a choice on in China? Tour ist. That's a nice and easy, wasn't it? I'll see you in the next video. 10. The consonants v, w, x, y, z: in this video, we're looking at the continents V W x wise that or in German foul v x absalon the It's pronounced like an English F most of the times. So we have fart er feel fear for good, but it can also re pronounce like a November Privert Vozza there. What do you think off Andi? I'm about to review the answers. Clavier. Fun for schlock Honey vez Etete Future bullies Ian W. Pronounced like the English V. It's over. Rule Venter There the V a clich? Yes, really Necks Weeks Alexa Text export. The Why? If it's used like a vowel, then it's pronounced like the u on loud. Who looked Morse true. Pish gymnasium. If it's at the beginning or an end of work, then it's pronounced like in English. If you look at those words, are all English words baby hobby, yoga. Hendi. So who or not? I have a thing ready for the answers. Okay, Czyz team on a loser city. Disney. Who? Delalic Tube is it? It's pronounced like a T s. It's since simmer. Talons sinned survive, but in foreign words, Cove is jazz. It's a bit softer and some tongue twist ISS. This one is not too bad. Fear friend. My for fear factor, Martin Mere. That's fun. Female for fun. Fact. This one is easy as well. There need advice on vice, Doesn't need vice vice mayor and stare their next vice Ornish device doesn't need advice. This one is a bit more tricky. Max vexed vax musk in vest vexed. Max looks musk in vexed Max on One more, um, but something I'll be reading this one very fast. It's worth tough to get some friend, but since Vega, the oft both talent softens arson Assen. That's why. Whom? That's why on Santi lowered Stretch Gun, I would cede its Why O'nuts Why On Swansea Switch guest Manhattan exacted facts. Focal suits, facts vocally Mi six, Imo the half unfortunate. It's back focal to fit suits work. Tooker. Michelle had challenged you to say that without any mistakes because, as you noticed, even I can't do it. Have fun with it. 11. The consonant s & sch, sp, st: In this video, we're going to look at the continent and the combinations of SK, SPST and first of all, the letter S on its own. If it's at the beginning of a word or syllable, it sounds more like an English to someone. At the end of a word or syllable. It's like in English, S, house. As long as the same pronunciation, just different spelling. House of i's are bytes, lose Alice. So is this an English sounds or an English sound? You've got? Here are the answers. Super-smart mice. So what about some combinations with the letter s? S, C-H, fast like the English, SH. Sound. Fish, cool, mesh. As we pronounce both letters. So skillet, masker, a bit more pronounced. If it's again a compound noun or compound word in this case, which consists out of two words. The first one is ice, and the second one is called. So here we pronounced them really separately. I killed not guide IS carried in comparison to skeletal muscle. But there's one but it's not SKY fall. And although you may hear people say it sometimes it's far. And so one exception, she found SP at the beginning of a word is like in English, like an SHP, spot. Profession. And I've also written down fashion or the last, not the beginning of the word. It is actually the beginning of the stem of the verb. It just happens to have a prefix, but it's still split into fashion. If it's at the end or in the middle of a word or syllable, then is slightly spoke English. So it's the same really vesper. Aspirin lists Berlin. And similar thing with the S t at the beginning of a word. It's like in English. So Gerasa stood dieldrin. And again, I've got two words, which are a combination of two words. So helped because stat starts with an ST. So that's stat. And we just put something in front of it, but that doesn't change the pronunciation of stat and sash D. And because stan stops with the sound to having a prefix that doesn't change the pronunciation. If it's at the end of them or the middle of the word or syllable than Islam, the English. So who didn't guess? Don asked, OK, send tau. Now, the SS, two Ss, or is it the set letter? Before the spending reform? There were lots of words written with the set letter. And in the spelling reform in 1995, there were some rules made that these words we've called here used to be spelled with the set, but because they were all after a short vowel sound, they are now spelt with a double S. So if you have got any books, whether it's textbooks or novels or anything, that were written before the spelling reform, you would see those words still spelled with the SEC, but with a new rule now it's fat loss. But we haven't got rid of the set. Because if it's a long vowel sound or a diphthong, so if you've got two vowels together, we still use it. So foosball tells belt with the set, as it always has been. The same goes to vice. And I'm going to read you some words again. Do you foul them with the S or S? And I read it again. Start to S or a set, ma, ma, vice, vice or a set. And then via this, via this sin. What about Vm? Vm sin? Or what you think? Spell them correctly with two S's or a set. This is what it looks like most of you. So it's 2m mass, which has got a long a sound and set it equal to the e i in front of it. So it's got to be the case. But via Visine is with 2S. 2s and still spelled with the set. And some tongue twisters again. I can then z can dense and tracking flesh next month. Snip, snip, zip on MIT eland. And then in quotes, slips for bias. Since Smithson niche knits and I'll skim knit zips, zips, bits. But net, subnet, Lipson, slit. Notice I said that pretty slow. And deaf practice beforehand. Hits your turn. Now, I'll see you in the next video. 12. The consonant c & ch, ck: right. We've got one continent left the letter C on C in connection with CH and CK now see on its own. If it's before an E and I or a nay on loud, it's pronounced so say it seals send city Caesar any other lettuce is just a k sound caffee camping Platts cologne And these are most likely all foreign words. There is an exception. Some foreign words are pronounced differently. Shallow cappuccino, but they're clearly foreign. Words are not original German words. Your turn. Is it a K? Or it's so what's sound ready for the answer. The first word is candy luck. Curry City Cellar. Severe Computer C H. This is the oneness bothering most German learners, also, because it's quite difficult to sort off right down phonetically. If it's after an a o. You or a user are or who or how, then it's as in law Ness. So the hot sound No oh, boots, talk after any other letters. It is a sound. It's Myllys vehicle ish munch, and then quite often you have the C h e n. On the meaning off, it is something little. So some of those new to announce And that's then always Hian Brute Shin made shin convention Kenshin. So quite often the word changes on the pronunciation changes here. We've got a list of words where I've actually only added a normal edge. Most of them turned it from singular to plural. So the singular word boo because it's after a you boo. But then the pro rule is booth care. Singular is taught. Er talkto on the plural. Touched her. No, no. Yeah. No. Yeah, How. But how? Boys here, boy. Here. Yes, Beth, Thank you. Thank you. On this is not a singular plural, but to like in the past tense in perfect ends. Is mater on the conditional? It's muster. Now, if you are struggling with the pronunciation off those bearing in mind again that you very unlikely say any off these words completely on their own. And it's a context again that will tell you or that will help the other person understand what you're talking about. So let's assume you're struggling with the difference off Talked on, touched her. Yeah, well, you wouldn't just say talkto or Twister, you might say Yeah, but I know a doctor and then the Aina is giving away that is just one daughter habits white touched. A. That's why is giving it away, whether you're saying motor or muster, most likely in the context already, it would work out what use it. Some exceptions. C. H here again with foreign words. It's pronounced like the car against a core Christoph cows or Kester on some regional exceptions. No, I've only ever pronounced these three words as she me, Sheena. She'll walk cause that's what we say where I come from. She me Sheena If York In other areas, people say Kimi kina CUC This is one of the reasons also, why, when you learning a foreign language, he just learned the standard. So any textbook would teach you the standard German, and it's up to you, really to pick up how people in the area that you're visiting or you're moving to is speaking. But you're probably not very often talking about a surgeon who talks about chemistry in China, so you probably be all right. Foreign words, French ones. I just pronounced C H is pronounced just like in the French language chauffeur Chef Sean. An initial ones check in chat cheeseburger C. H s is pronounced like X X accer books six Vax in over to you Dubay pronounce the CH as in as an issue, or is it the Knicks on? And I'm about to reveal the answer rice as a need to here at lick soon. Koran. Did you get those well done if you did. C k is always pronounced just like a K sound and always after a short vowel sound up talk Nen Blick Decker, Shrek Now this tongue twister It's one of those you know, You just got two words. You need to repeat them three times and you're supposed to say it as fast as possible. I can't had challenged you to do it. She needs dishes. She position she needs is cious shoes solution. She knees dishes. She's solution. I could do it nice and slowly. The last one Mr T on Eckhardt Monge directly. And that was last off the continent 13. Stress: Let's talk about stress. No, not that stress. Not the stress you might be. Hopefully not having learning German, but the stress onwards. The emphasis. Where do we put the emphasis on German words as a general rule? On that tell two straight away. There is a general rule, but there are lots of exceptions. Most German words are stressed on the first syllable, so Abbott and Deutschland Heitor lunk violet zinging stresses on the second syllable. For example, afterwards, beginning with B empty and air G fat examples Bazan, Gus and Fun and Toys Chunk F Fog. Good dish nous for Ayn Separation on the second last syllable with words that end in even has even telephone near orange to deal on and on the last syllable with words ending in I e pic or Tenet like a high to we musique only hesitate for onwards, however, are usually stressed, as in the original language computer who tell. And that's where one of the problems comes because sometimes it's not really that obvious anymore, whether it's a foreign word or not. I mean, I wouldn't have recognised hotel as a foreign word, but that's the beauty of language. Just something to show you. Here, um, got four words, which ah, almost identical between English and German. But each time in English, distress is on the first syllable and in German on the 2nd 1 So total is total in German. Jewell is you reel in German. April. No, it's up there. Local, local. So that's a little bit off help on the stress. But like I said before, there are so many exceptions and different words and trying to work out whether a word is originally a foreign word or a German word. We'll take a bit of time. I'll see you in the next video. 14. Conclusion: so to conclude the whole cause about the spelling. Not so much the alphabet spelling, because that's pretty standard, but how you pronounce letters and letter formations inside a word and how you pronounce words there. Lots of German rules and lots of exceptions, just like with everything else. So one of the exceptions foreign words like the English jargon. For example, it gets German ized, so the verb jog to jog is in German jargon, because verbs usually entered Ian. And it's a jogger. Do jokes and joked. But the pronunciation stays in English. Sometimes it's not that obvious. Sometimes the pronunciation gets to the German pronunciation. Sometimes it doesn't. It also depends on how the people who saying those words, feel looking at some fringe words. Gosha. Nobody in Germany would say gaga, although that would have bean the German pronunciation. It's gosh, it slightly different are the next two words. Now a lot of Germans saying polls you need and overalls because those come from the French language. Yeah, somebody who's retired, they saying, being poems, you need it. The marked if I brought home. But a lot of other people and actually me, including would say peeping pounds union like, um, active fire before lunch. So it's a little bit more German ized. Not quite, because if it was a German spelling it would be or pronunciation, it would be pins. You need it when all hunger something. Anybody says that. But you've got the choice whether you want to stick to the ponds you knew Toh Peng zu nude or or on the next one, be even got two spellings part fu. If you want the German pronunciation or part for if you want the French pronunciation and then we have that would coffee now based on the German rule, the emphasis would be on the first word. Coffee. What other people say Coffee. For a long time, I used to say posh people drinking coffee where us common people like me drink coffee. Actually, some people even say cover, But it isn't quite that that it is also the case off. What's popular Onda? Last time I read an article about it, they were saying that coffee seems to be the preferred ah choice. In a few years, it may be different again, which is the other beauty off languages. It changes along the time local dialect. Some of the words get pronounced completely different in the north and there on the south. One example, which a lot of English people probably like, especially those who are struggling with saying ish in Berlin, those who speak proper Berlin, a dialect would say, Take Oh, Ika, whereas in other areas they don't think of your own language, your native language, English or whatever language it may be. Think of the standard and then think off all the variations you can hear in different parts of that country. Now, all my years in England, I've only ever lived in Wiltshire, which is in the southwest off England. Um, if I go up north, I might be struggling with understand what people are saying. So if people who live in the country sometimes have problems, then don't worry. If you're having problems again, that's the beauty off learning a foreign language. But that's the case with any language, not just with learning German on. I just leave you with one more tongue. Twister. It's almost like a little story, are not try and read it without any mistakes Boston's shown does then invading for invites . Vatican unveiled its wagon delay days. It's too. It'll talk to a woman by her food. Dyes for natives. Nikon's life pissed saunter Sidon opposite on Violates Vaca order. Violet Silverberg 100 Guts and Dunk Is this, um, a relative Satan that I invited back invites Vac Resort or the votes Vaca in the Gable Divide Swagger about there Will. Allerdings involved Sverak invites very about hundreds assistant to fogger or mine vaults. Vac votes where and these are done on water and abided. It's just on often sickly Ein violates work. Bite. No, I can't get that right. Fights vac Vie it back on that note, where a German native speaker makes a mistake reading and German word, What do you need to worry about? Just enjoy learning it.