The Complete Memory Training Starter Kit | Chris M Nemo | Skillshare

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The Complete Memory Training Starter Kit

teacher avatar Chris M Nemo, Memory Improvement Writer & Blogger

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

20 Lessons (2h 54m)
    • 1. 1.1. Introduction

      6:08
    • 2. 1.2. The Structure of this Course

      9:16
    • 3. 2.1. The Memory Palace(LOCI) method

      10:47
    • 4. 2.2. The PEG Memory System

      12:08
    • 5. 2.3. Mind Maps

      6:31
    • 6. 3.1. The Acronym Method

      11:28
    • 7. 3.2. The Link Method

      6:18
    • 8. 3.3. The Sound Alike Technique

      5:28
    • 9. 3.4. The Major System

      7:38
    • 10. 3.5. Dominic System

      9:50
    • 11. 3.6. The Person-Action-Object (P.A.O.) System

      8:47
    • 12. 4.1. Everyday Applications of Memory Techniques

      12:43
    • 13. 4.2. How to Remember People Names

      4:12
    • 14. 4.3. Boost your Study Skills

      20:25
    • 15. 4.4. Using Memory Techniques in your Career

      11:23
    • 16. 4.5. How to Learn any Foreign Language

      6:54
    • 17. 4.6. How to Memorize Long Numbers like a Memory Athlete

      8:54
    • 18. 4.7. How to Memorize Playing Cards like a Pro

      5:00
    • 19. 5.1. Tips& Tricks for your Memory Training

      7:18
    • 20. 6.1. Summary and Next steps

      2:58
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About This Class

Most of the memory improvement courses are full of dusty theories, containing a lot boring and theoretical stuff about the functioning of the brain and memory, but dealing too little with the practical part of this fascinating field.  In the same way you don't have to be a computer programmer to know how to use a computer efficiently, you don't need to become a neuro-psychiatrist to improve your memory. In this practical course, you will learn many powerful memory tools and, more importantly, you will see how to use them in your daily activities to become more efficient in your studies, personal life, or career and achieve greater success.

     This course is intended to be a condensed guide to memory techniques that will provide you with a solid foundation for practicing them in the future. The good news is that once you learn these techniques, it's like learning a new foreign language. New horizons and perspectives will open up to you almost as soon as you start practicing them, and your performance will move to a higher level. In fact, armed with these powerful mind tools, you will become a completely new person.

     Memory training is similar to body training. Once you start this practice, you can already call yourself a "memory athlete". The results will be visible from the first days of memory training. Soon, you will probably set new goals for the future, maybe to participate in a memory championship and (why not?), to become a Grandmaster of Memory.

     Remember, all you need to become a memory athlete is a set of tools and a lot of practice. This course will teach you the tools and will guide you to effective practice.

     Keep in mind that the memory methods and systems presented in this book are tested and used by memory experts and they will also work for you. Whether you are at the beginning of your journey to improving your memory, or you already have notions in this area, I am convinced that in this book, you will find new and interesting things to apply to your daily activities.

     Improving your memory can be fun, and you can achieve astonishingly impressive results very quickly!

     I'm sure you will enjoy it and I can't wait to be your guide and mentor on this exciting new journey!

Your Instructor,

Chris M Nemo

Memory Improvement Writer & Blogger

Creator of The Super Clever Advanced Learning Method (SCALM)

Meet Your Teacher

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Chris M Nemo

Memory Improvement Writer & Blogger

Teacher

   I'm Chris M Nemo and I’m a memory improvement writer & blogger.   

    I’m passionate about helping you to achieve more with your mind right now, regardless of your education, age, or other conditionings.   

    After studying dozens of books, totaling some thousands of pages, dozens of hours of e-learning courses, and of hundreds of hours of practical exercises in this field of memory improvement, I decided to share this knowledge with people interested in learning this skill. 

      I'm also the creator of the Super Clever Advanced Learning Method (SCALM), a universal method that can help you learn any subject and even memorize entire books. Combining the most ... See full profile

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Transcripts

1. 1.1. Introduction: Welcome to the course. My name is Chris him NEMA. It, I'm a memory improvement writer and blogger at the nim obey. As a memory writer, I read many books and I watched many video materials on memory improvement. Most of these books and courses are full of dusty theories containing boring and theoretical stuff about our functioning of the brain and memory. But dealing two little with a practical part of this fascinating field. The good news is that in the same way you don't have to be a computer programmer to know how to use a computer efficiently. You don't need to become a neuro psychiatrists to improve your memory. Most of the memory techniques are very simple and easy to understand and you have probably already encountered them throughout your life. The key is the immediate practical applicability of the learn concepts. This unfortunately is missing from most memory improvement books and courses. In this course, I will now load your memory with abstract and useless theories. Instead, you will learn many powerful memory tools and more importantly, you will see how to use them in your daily activities to become more efficient in your studies, personal life, or career, and achieve greater success. The field of memory improvement is constantly changing, as is our entire society. The Internet is full of information about this area, but if you do not have a guide to help you discern this information, you risk getting lost along it winding paths. I hope that this course, through its clarity of the exposition and through its numerous examples and practical activities, will become a useful guide for anyone who wants to understand this field and eventually to start training their memory. Beyond the practical aspects of everyday life in which a train memory can definitely help you achieve your personal or professional goals. Memory improvement is also an increasingly popular sport nowadays, more and more people practice this metal sport, becoming memory athletes. Hundreds of memory competitions and Championships take place annually on the entire planet. There are titles recognizing achievements in the sport for which Thousands of memory athletes compete, such as international master of memory or international grandmaster of memory. And of course, the Supreme means of recognition of memory athletes that title of World Memory champion contested annually. The good news is that anyone can become a memory athlete regardless of age, education, or other conditioning. If he has enough motivation to learn the necessary techniques and a trained properly. But as in any human activity, you have to start by learning the basics. First, you need to understand how memory techniques work and create your own set of favorite techniques after which you can start practicing this sport. This course is intended to be a condensed guide to memory techniques that will provide you with a solid foundation for practicing them in the future. Once you will learn these techniques, It's like learning a new foreign language. New Horizons and perspectives will open up to you almost as soon as you start practicing them. And your performance will move to a higher level. In fact, armed with these powerful mind tools, you will become a completely new person. Memory training is similar to body training. Once you start this practice, you can already call yourself a memory athlete. The result will be visible from the first days of memory training. Soon, you will probably set new goals for the future. Maybe to participate in a Memory Championship. And why not to become a grandmaster of memory? Remember, all you need to become a memory athlete is a set of tools and a lot of practice. This course will teach you the tools and will guide you to affect your practice. Keep in mind that the memory methods and systems presented in the following lessons are tested and used by memory experts and they will also work for you to take full advantage of the course, try to resist following it until the end. I guarantee that every lesson is full of content. And you will find plenty of practical applications that will help you understand the tools with which middle athlete work. Whether you are at the beginning of your journey to improving your memory or you already have notions in this area. I am convinced that in this course, you will find new and interesting things to apply to your daily activities. Moreover, through the practical examples you will find in this course, you will understand how you can combine these techniques in practice to achieve your goal of improving your memory and your ability to learn. The course is filled to the brim with great informative and easy to understand applications, which will help you penetrate more easily in the secrets of this rather obscure in hermetic field of memory training, try to keep an open mind when watching the following lessons. Approach that the techniques with a positive attitude and try to understand the practical exercises. Improving your memory can be fun, and you can achieve astonishingly impressive results very quickly. Although I am not the one who invented these methods, I hope I will be a good teacher to help you understand what I wanted to present to you in this condensed course. Thank you for choosing me to be your guide on this journey. And I assure you that this course will give you a unique and life-changing experience. See you in the next lesson, which sets up the framework for what you will learn in this course. 2. 1.2. The Structure of this Course: First of all, let's clear up some things about memory improvement techniques. Their role is to help your memory stick better in your brain. At its most basic level, memory training is about converting abstract things into memorable images for the brain, who thinks in pictures, pictures are our brains alphabet. But what happens when we're dealing with abstract concepts such as numbers, dates, names, definitions, formulas, and so on. Our learnings biggest problem is that the concepts we have the memorize in our studies, in our careers or in everyday situations are largely abstract concepts that do not have a concrete associated image and for this reason cannot be easily retained by our brain. As an example, think of numbers, contrary to concrete concepts that can be associated with an object or person or an animal. Numbers and especially random long numeric sequences are difficult to remember because of their abstract nature. If I say, think of an apple, your mind immediately visualize as an apple. But if I say 75, 96, six, 52, 53, you will have a hard time committing it to memory. This problem leads us to the first principle of memory improvement. Memory techniques aimed to transform abstract concepts into easy to remember images. And this is done through association. Association is the key mechanism on which all memory techniques are based. Probably the most efficient mechanism that our memory has incorporated into it. But for the purpose of efficient learning, the association needs to be a courageous and controlled process. From the perspective of our memory and efficient association image that cannot be easily forgotten. This can be done by applying of beauty tips and tricks to exaggerate the images and thus making them as memorable as possible. As memory expert Harry Lorraine wrote, we tend to forget the simple, everyday, ordinary things. We rarely forget the unique, any extraordinary. Make your associations unusual, ridiculous and impossible. And they'll stick like birds. German psychologists head with one restaurant identified in 1933, a very interesting memory phenomenon known as the von restore. For fact, according to wedge, things that stand out from their peers are more memorable. In other words, an object that is notably different from the rest in size, color, or other basic characteristics will be more readily recalled than the others because the attention is usually captured by salient, novel, surprising, or distinctive stimuli. Being different is not better or worse, but different is memorable. Therefore, according to the first-principle, to memorize abstract concepts, we must mentally transform them into concrete and real images with the help of association. Thus, to memorize them, a long series of numbers or a scientific text is transformed into a series of concrete images of some people, objects, or animals. On the other hand, so that our brain does not become confused when it tries to remember what it had previously memorised, we need a mental structure to place these images in order. The need for this orderly structure brings us to the second principle of memory training. If you already have a structure of knowledge on which to hang the new information, you can keep the part in context and you can process the information in a way your mind knows how to manage. Since ancient times, the Greeks discovered a memory technique that is still essential in memory improvement and indispensable in memory competitions, known as memory palace technique. This method transforms known routes from our daily life into orderly structures, along with which we can place our mental images and thus, we make them unforgettable. Therefore, for an efficient memorization, we need two things. One and orderly mental structure and to some images of real things. This delimitation leads to the classification of memory techniques as follows. One, techniques that help you create a structure for your mental images. And these are the memory palace method, the peg system, and the mind-mapping technique. The pre-built structure created with these techniques will help you memorize the items in an order. The order is its main use. This structure can be a memory palace, like a building or a journey through a city. Different types of pegs, body parts, alphabet, letters or numbers, etc. Or a mindmap, meaning a conceptual diagram used to visually organize information. These techniques will be presented in the second section of this course. And two techniques. That encode the things you want to remember. Acronyms, the sound alike method, the leg method, the major system that Dominic system, and the person action object PAO system. These techniques help you transform the abstract things you need to memorize foreign words, numbers, dates, playing cards, topics to cover in a speech, etc. Into easy to remember images. Every item becomes an image that your place along the mnemonic structure created with the structural techniques help, which will give you the order. The weirdness of the associations between the mnemonic images and places where you hang them will help you to memorize better. These encoding techniques will be presented in detail in the third section of this course. Then enough, fourth section of this course, you will begin to practice the learn techniques for different situations that you face every day in your personal life, in your studies, and in your career. Here's what you will learn. How to memorize ShoppingList to do less, or any type of ordered list of items. How to create a mental calendar for remembering appointments and anniversaries. How to remember where you put things, mobile phones, keys, glasses, cars, and so on. How to remember why you went into a room. How to memorize daily important numbers, telephone numbers, social security numbers, or license plate numbers. If you're a student, you will learn how to use the memory methods for studying history, biology, medical terms, chemistry, mathematics, poem's quote, or anything you want to learn. I will teach you my original edit, extremely efficient method for learning any kind of information. The super clever, advanced learning method scar a very versatile method that combines the most efficient memory techniques to study and memorize our large amount of information and then recall it for an exam, even entire books. How to use memory techniques in your career for business meetings and public speaking to become more confident of what you have to say in any situation. How to memorize long numbers. When I say long numbers, I mean hundreds or thousands of digits, which can be memorized much easier if you learn the right techniques, I will present you a powerful technique for learning any foreign language. With some practice, the basic vocabulary of a foreign language, usually about 1000 words. We learned in just a few days. How to remember people's names. You will learn a step-by-step method that will help you remember the names by associating them with the people's faces and how to memorize playing cards as the memory athletes do in memory competitions. As you can see, memory techniques can be applied in most areas of our lives. And this course will present them to you in a simple to understand and to apply way along with many examples and practical applications. In the fifth section, I will show you some tips and tricks that will help you start practicing the techniques learned in this course. Section six presents the course summary. The next steps you can take on a path to your memory improvement after you have completed this course. And finally, the resources section, where you will find a lot of memory improvement resources. As you can see, you have a lot to learn in this course. So let's get straight to the point. In the next section, I will present to you the structural memory techniques are very important type of techniques for any memory athlete. So see you in the next lesson. 3. 2.1. The Memory Palace(LOCI) method: The purpose of the structural memory techniques is to help you create an orderly structure for your mental images. In the same way that a building has a structure, each information to be memorized must have a structure or framework around which it is organized to help you memorize the items in an order. This lesson, we'll introduce you to the most valuable memory technique of all time, known as the memory palace technique. And the next lessons we'll treat the other two structural techniques that peg memory system and the mind-mapping technique. In short, the memory palace method works like this. You take with you the images you want to memorize created with the encoding memory techniques. And you embark on an imaginary journey through a place you know well, such as your home or your daily commute to work. Then in different places that follow a certain order, you please a picture and make a mental connection between it and the place. For example, you could imagine a tiger laying in your living room, then shark swimming in your bathtub, and then Brad Pitt washing dishes in your kitchen. All of these images personalized by your mind are extremely powerful triggers for your memories. When you want to remember these items again, you simply go through the route markers in the same sequence and all the images will appear in your mind's eye. This ancient method is literally the king of memory techniques. It power is so incredible that all memory athletes use it in variably, in their memory training and in memory competitions. It is based on the fact that it is easier to remember new information that is linked to the information you already have, which in this case is your memory palace. In this way, this technique uses familiar locations to help you memorize new information. Any person must have used several routes in his life over and over again. By frequently using these routes, the paths and they're standing out points get deeply imprinted in the brain and can be used as structures for our memories. It has been said that the phrases in the first place, in the second place and the like originated in this ancient practice that associates memories with various physical places. Now, let's answer the 100 points question. What is a memory palace? Contrary to what you may think from what you've seen so far about this technique, a memory palace is not a very complicated thing. On the contrary, its main feature is that you know it very well. It may be your home, your journey to work in the morning, your neighborhood, or your town. Along these places, there are specific locations that you always visit in the same order. So you can create a path in your mind made up of places that you know well and can easily visualize. To use these places as mental structures. You populate them with images representing what ever you want to remember. Each stage of those routes can be used as a mental peg where you hang some images that help you form the associations needed for memorization. Another important thing is that memory palaces don't necessarily have to be buildings. They can be routes through your neighborhood, or they can be routes in your favorite computer game. They can be real or imaginary indoors or outdoors, so long as there is some order that links one place to the next, and so long as they are very familiar to you, it is recommended to prepare your memory palaces beforehand and even develop your collection of memory palaces to rotate their use for different memory tasks because they can be re-used after some time. The images which you have placed there for remembering one set of things fade and disappear when you make no further use of them. But the palace remains in the memory and can be used again by placing their set of images for another set of material. Now, let's view how to create a memory palace. Building a memory palace is a very simple process. You already have several memory palaces in your mind, but you probably have not yet considered them. Your main memory palace can be your home because you know, all its details. Begin by sketching your house on a piece of paper, then decided definite route from the entrance to the last row. You can select these places either in your imagination or by actually taking a want to see them. Just pick out places that form a logical path as you walk around from start to finish. Now, standing in front of every room, you choose and give a number to a minimum of four to five objects in every room from left to right along with your route, they will become locations in your mental palace. Write those numbers you gave in your sketch. Finally, memorize your route by following the numbers from the main entrance to the last room of your memory palace. The best way to memorize it is to take a mental walk along a route which should not be too difficult because it is an extremely familiar place for you. Now, the mental palace is all yours. You own are new mental structure ready to support the memorable images created with the encoding techniques you will learn in the next chapters. The first item on the list will be associated with your first-place in your memory palace, the second item with your second place, and so on. Depending on the type of memory palace used, the memory palace method has two variants, the Roman room technique and the journey technique. The general principle behind both versions is the same. The difference is the type of memory palace that you use. In each case. The Roman room technique works by pegging images to objects in a room. The room can be entirely imaginary, so you can put in it every wacky image that you wish. Here's how it works. To use the technique. Imagine a room that you know, such as your living room, your bedroom, or your office. You can use the order of these objects to memorize a list of items by making simple associations between items in a list and the objects, and linking them into a vivid image, perhaps in your mind, smashing them together, putting one on top of the other more subtle way. Then move on through the list, linking each item with a next object in your room. To recall information, simply take a tour around the room in your mind, visualizing the known objects and their associated images. This technique can be expanded by going into more detail and keying information to be remembered to smaller objects. You can use other rooms to store different categories of information. There is no need to restrict this information to rooms. You can use your yard or your neighborhood to expand your memory palace according to your needs. The journey technique. If we wish to remember a lot of information, we will need a large number of places. The journey technique as another variant of the memory palace technique, is based on a mental journey through a place, you know well, like a street, a neighborhood, or a town. Along that journey, there are specific locations that you often visit in the same order. This could, for example, be your journey to work in the morning, the route to visit a friend, or a tour around a museum or a park. It seems natural to make your first journey a walk through the town or village where you live. But you can also choose an imaginary journey extracted from your favorite books or computer games. This is exceptionally versatile, inefficient as it can host a large number of locations. However, it is recommended to use journeys with a maximum of 50 locations. Otherwise, you will struggle more to learn the locations than the information you have to learn. If the material you need to memorize this as larger, you can divide it into chapters and use one journey for each chapter. Just imagine what it would be like to have your collection of mental palaces ready to be filled with memorable images, each intended for a certain type of information. It would be like upgrading your memory 10 times. Let's view a little example. I will teach you how to memorize it, the five essential characteristics of an entrepreneur by transforming them into images, then placing these images along a mental journey. Here are the five items we have to learn in order. Motivation, passion, vision, confidence, and decision-making. The first step is to associate these abstract characteristics with tangible things. For the word motivation, I will associate the image of a human fist raised up for passion. I can associate a passion fruit for the word vision. My first thought is about the site, and I will associate it with a pair of glasses. For confidence, I will use the image of a superhero, for example, Superman. And for decision-making, I will associate the image of a judge. Now, I have five images. First, passion, glasses, Superman, and judge, which I will put in a memory palace, a well-known journey. By linking these images with a places we get significant memory triggers when we have to remember the characteristics of a good entrepreneur. As long as your images are clear, there is no way you can make a mistake. You will remember the list for days even if you don't practice it. And because the images are what you make them, the journey with its predetermined points, your memory palace can be used an infinite number of times for any number of different lists. But what makes this method so powerful and versatile? When memory athletes store the information the scientists have discovered they use a region in their brains, the hippocampus, which is especially important for spatial memory and navigation. It is the same way that a taxi driver, he uses his brain to navigate within a large city. But why would the brain of a mental athlete look like the brain of a taxi driver? Because memory training is like a mental journey along some imaginary route, having certain images placed in predefined places. I think you've already formed an image about the first structural method. So in the next lesson, I will introduce you to another powerful structural technique which you have certainly used quite often in one form or another, known as the peg memory system. See you in the next lesson. 4. 2.2. The PEG Memory System: The peg system is another structural memory method would you use every day even though you may not realize it? Just think how many times a day you come across numbered lists with letters a, B, C, or just numbers 1, 2, 3. These are pegs. The principle of the peg memory system is simple, as you will never forget how to count from one to ten, or how to say your ABCs. Associating the information with those numbers or letters creates a mental filing structure for the information you want to learn. You have a list of predefined pegs which you associate with the images to be memorized. As in the case of a memory palace, this type of mental structure has to be memorized what time, and can then be used over and over every time a list of items needs to be remembered. A peg structure can be thought of much like a wardrobe with several hooks for hanging clothes. The hangers themselves never change, but the clothes which are hung on the hooks can be varied in countless ways. The peg system is based on associating two things at a time and no more. One of these things, the peg is already known and is easy to remember. It will attract the memory of the other thing which is new for the brain. As a mnemonic method, the peg system uses various tricks to turn these abstract pegs into memorable images that will be combined with images of things to remember. For example, the letter a used as a peg can be associated with an alligator. And then you combine the image of the alligator with that of your first item on the memoryless. Let's say it's a shopping list. And the first product on your list is toothpaste. So by using vivid images, such as an alligator eating a tube of toothpaste, you can more easily memorize the items on your list. Depending on the pegs use. There are several variants of this technique. The most used peg structures are numbers. Using numbers as pegs is the easiest technique to create a structure for memorizing different items and order. There are two very similar techniques by which you can do this. The number rhyme technique and the number of shape technique both work in the same way by associating the numbers from 0 to nine with simple and memorable images based on their cylinder shape, which will help you memorize different things. Let's see the associated images used by these two simple methods. The number rhyme technique has a code consisting of 10 images, each associated with the digits from 0 to nine. Each image rhyming with the sound of its number. 0 is 01, is SCN, 2 is glue, 3 is 3, four is door, five is high, six is sticks. 7 is heavy, aid is weight, and nine is wine. To memorize numbers with this method, replace each digit with its associated image, then create a little memorable story featuring them. For example, if your pen is 300, 85, by using the prime method, you can transform it into the words tree hero weight, HIV. To remember it, you can imagine a tree under which stands a hero training with weights to attack a hive. You can also memorize a short shopping list by associating the products you want to buy with these images. Here is an example of a shopping list. Avocados, eggs, carrots, oranges, toothpaste, and soap. By linking each item from this list with a digit, we get five memorable images. 0, hero with avocados. Imagine an action hero, EEG, Iron Man, juggling with avocados, one son, and eggs. Imagine yourself frying an egg using only the heat of the sun to glue. And carrots. Think of two glued carrots, three, tree and orange. Imagine an orange tree full of fruits for door with toothpaste. Think of the toothpaste on a door handle, prey. Five, HIV, and soap. Imagine a hived shape. So when you are in the supermarket, you will be able to easily remember your products because these images are hard to forget by your brain. Another similar method is the number shape technique, which associates the digits from 0 to nine with images of things having a similar shape with each digit. 0 is o'clock. One is candle, too, is swan. 3 is hard, or is chair. 5 is hook, six is snail. Seven is Boomerang, aid is snowman, and a nine is umbrella. The same pen from our previous example, 3085 is transformed into the following images. Part clock, snowman hook. To memorize these words, you can imagine a heart-shaped clock timing the lifting of a snowman by the hook of a crane. This is another simple method that you can keep at hand when you have different things to remember. The next type of Peg method is known as the alphabet method. This technique involves making a code of 26 things that start with each letter of the alphabet. The alphabet peg list contains 26 pegs, one for each letter of the alphabet. The alphabetical list of code may contain names of people starting with each letter or phonetic sound. A, Andre Agassi, be Bobbi Brown. See Charlie Chaplin DI Danny Devito, E. Emilio as the S. F, Federico Fellini, G, Galileo Galilei, H. Paul Hogan, and so on. Names of animal starting with each letter, a, alligator, be bad. See KML, d, donkey, E, elephant, F, Fox, and so on. Objects starting with each letter a, Arg, B, balloon, see car, D, door, IY, hearing, and so on. After creating your image code associated with each 26 letters of the alphabet, you can start memorizing different lists of up to 26 items. To associate code images with the items you create a mental image of a, for example, Andre Agassi interacting with the first item, which could be shampoo, then be Bobbi Brown. Eating the second item, carrots. See Charlie Chaplin drinking beer. So on. The weirder the association, the easier it will be to remember later. Another mnemonic structure that you can use to memorize different things instead of using numbers or letters is your own body. The idea of the body parts method is to attach one item from your list to be memorized to each body peg and turn, preferably with a memorable action. When you try to recall your list of items, your body, and the actions you have associated with each item acts as a memory trigger and helps you to remember the items. Here's how to use this method. Step 1, define the peg list of the system, the code. Think of your body as a mnemonic filing system. Beginning at your forehead, you can define ten pegs as follows. One, forehead to eyes, three, nos for mouth. 5, 10, 6, neck, seven, chest, eight, belly, nine, needs, and 10 feet. As you can see, there are ten places. If you need to memorize longer list, you can extend your system up to 20 body parts pegs by grouping a few of them at a single body peg. Or you can use all body pegs, then start numbering again at number one. Step to apply the code. When you have to memorize a list, either a to-do lists or a list of topics from a speech or a grocery list. You apply the code by creating mental associations between items to be remembered and the images that are already known from the peg list. The body parts vivid an action-oriented associations will help you fix the items in your memory. Step three, create a memorable story with a step-by-step logical scenario in which you will be the main actor, you will more easily transpose yourself under the role of hanger for the memorable images you want to store in your brain. Step 4, memorize and recall the story. Replay the story, following it logically from one scene to the next. And you should recall all the items in the right order 2. Now, let's view a practical example of how to use the body parts method. Let's say you need to remember the following 10 items. Shoppinglist, peanut butter, toothpaste, carrots, batteries, broccoli, paper towels, marker, light bulbs, cat food and paint. You can make the following associations. One, forehead, peanut butter. My forehead is covered with peanut butter. Two, eyes, toothpaste, toothpaste smeared around my eyes. Three, nos, carrots. My nose is shaped like a carrot. For mouth. Batteries. There is a battery in my mouth. By Chen. Broccoli. Broccoli grows and my chin. Six neck paper towel. Imagine your neck wrapped in a paper towel. Seven, chest marker. I imagine a tattoo on my chest drawn with a marker. Eight belly light bulbs. A beam of light is shining from my belly button. Nine knees. Cat food. I imagine a cat scratching my knee. And 10 feet paint. I imagine putting my foot into an open part of red paint. As you can see, these vivid images can help you easily remember the items on your shopping list. Applications of the peg system. The peg type methods are easy to learn and you can begin using them immediately. You can use them when you want to remember list of numbered items, ideas, concepts, topics to cover in a presentation, et cetera. To-do list or ShoppingList. Short or medium numbers, like pins or telephone numbers, birthdays and anniversaries, and information for exams. So here's another simple structural method which can be used in combination with the login method. In the next lesson, I will present the last of the structural methods mindmaps. See you in the next lesson. 5. 2.3. Mind Maps: As a memory technique, this is another method that can help you create a very unique structure on which to hang be images you want to memorize. A mind map is a hierarchical diagram representing ideas, concepts, or words that are arranged around the central image or key idea. It is often created around a single concept, the main subject drawn as an image in the center of a blank page to which associated representations of ideas such as images, words, and parts of words are added. Major ideas are connected directly to the central concept. Other ideas branch out from those central ideas. Although mindmaps has been invented in the 1960s by memory training expert and cofounder of World Memory Championships, Tony Buzan, only in recent years, has become a very popular technique for learning memory and creativity, being used by people of all ages to organize information and to make better decisions. There is nothing complicated in creating a mind map. This is simply a way to visually explore the ideas around the topic and thus be able to memorize these ideas more easily or generate new ideas from those presented there. Although for some, they may seem like childish drawings with colored pencils. Mindmaps have become useful both as a method of learning and as a method of creatively solving difficult problems. With a mindmap, a long list of boring information can be turned into a colorful, memorable, highly organized diagram that works in line with your brain's natural way of doing things. As Tony Buzan explains very suggestively, you can compare a mind map to a map of a city. The center of your mind map is like the center of the city. It represents your most important idea. The main roads or leading from the center represents the main parts in your thinking process. Secondary roads represent your secondary thoughts and so on. Memorable images or shapes can represent sites of interests or particularly exciting ideas. Just like a roadmap, a mindmap will give you an overview of a large subject or area by gathering together large amounts of data in one place. Here is an example of a mindmap created by Tony Busan, presenting the memory principles. On mindmaps have a structure similar to a neuron radiating from the center. They all use colors, curved lines, symbols, words, and images according to a set of simple rules. The elements of a mind map are quite simple. There is always a central key concept or idea. Starting from the center, there are various branches representing the main ideas which lead to other nodes are topics. Each of these branches can lead to multiple main topics and sub-topics. Tony Buzan recommends the following guidelines for creating mindmaps. One, start in the center of a blank page, turn sideways. Starting in the center, gives your brain the freedoms are spread out in all directions and to express itself more freely and naturally. To use an image or picture for your central idea. An image is worth a thousand words and helps you use your imagination. A central image is more interesting, keeps you focused, helps you concentrate and gives your brain more of a bus. Three, connect your main branches to the central image and connect your second, third level branches to the first second levels and so on. Connecting your branches creates ED establishes a basic structure or architecture for your thoughts. This is very similar to how a tree has connected bridges that radiate from its central trunk. If there were little gaps between the trunk and its main branches or between those main branches and the smaller branches and twigs. Nature wouldn't work quite so well. For make your branches curved rather than straight lines. Having nothing but straight lines is boring to your brain. Curved, organic branches, like the branches of trees, are far more attractive and riveting to your eyes. Five, use colors throughout. Colors are as exciting to your brain as our images, as they add extra vibrancy and life to your mind-map and thus make it more attractive to the brain. Sex, use one key word per line. Single keywords gives your mind-map more power and flexibility. Every single word or image is like a multiplayer, generating its own special array of associations and connections. When you use single keywords, each one is Freire and therefore better able to spark off new ideas and new thoughts. Phrases or sentences tend to dampen this triggering effect. 7, use images throughout. Each image, like the central image is also worth a thousand words. So if you have only 10 images in your mind-map, it's already equal of 10 thousand words of notes. This method has many applications, including creative thinking and problem-solving. But for this course, it will be used only as a mnemonic structure in which to place the images that we want to memorize. You will see it in practice in the next section as a component of the super cleaver address learning method. At the end of this section, let's recap the three memory techniques that help us create an orderly mental structure, which is the first step in the memory process. Memory palace method, peg system, and mindmaps by combining the mental structures created with the help of the three methods with the images we want to memorize, we create unforgettable scenarios for our brain which will persist in our long-term memory. In the next section, we will make together some more complex practical applications to see how memory palaces work in practice. And you will realize the efficiency and versatility of this ancient technique. See you in the next section. 6. 3.1. The Acronym Method: The first and probably the simplest technique for encoding concepts into easy to memorize images is the acronym technique by using the first letters of the words and a set of different and often abstract concepts. This technique helps us create a mnemonic word or phrase that will help us remember what we have learned. What is an acronym? According to Wikipedia, and acronym is a word or name formed from the initial components of a longer name or phrase, usually using individual initial letters as a nato, north Atlantic Treaty Organization, or EU, European Union. But sometimes using syllables as in Benelux, Belgium, Netherlands, and Luxembourg, or a mixture of the two, as in radar, radio detection and ranging. The new word formed by an acronym is easier to write and say than the sum of its parts being a shorthand way of expressing an idea. You probably are familiar with many of the acronyms that are in everyday use, such as ADHD, created from attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, or FAQ for frequently asked questions. Besides the role of shortening different expressions, acronyms can be used successfully to help us memorize things, especially when they are in sequential list form. The acronym mnemonic technique is very simple to learn and to apply and can be used both in your studies, in your career and indifferent daily activities. This technique has two variants, the acronym method and the sentence method. The first method uses a single word formed from the initials of the items in the list. While the second method creates a mnemonic phrase composed of words beginning with these initials. Let's view how each method works. The acronym method. You may be familiar with some acronyms used to help you remember items and school, such as the colors of the rainbow, red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet, can be memorized with the acronym Roy G Biv, or the great lakes, Huron, ontario, Michigan, Erie, and Superior, which are memorized with the acronym homes. Here's how you can use this method as a memory technique. You take the first letter of each word in a set you want to remember and create a word using those letters. Then you use that word to trigger your memory for every word in the set. Hearing, the first letter of each word helps you recall the whole word you want to remember. The method involves three steps. One, right? The concept you need to memorize one below the other in the form of a list. Too, underlying the first letter of each concept. If there is more than one word and an idea underlying the first letter of only the first word. And three, arrange the underlying letters to form an acronym. This can be a real word or a nonsense word you can easily pronounce. Sometimes an acronym uses a second letter from a word in the series, most commonly eval to make the acronym easier to read. And often a small word like of or and is dropped in creating the acronym. For example, here's a checklist a pilot might use before lining up on the runway, which can be memorized by using the acronym fist. Applications of the acronym method. The most common application of this technique is memorizing lists of things. Whether you are a student or you need to memorize material for your work. Learning how to memorize lists can help you a lot in your learning. Almost everything of what we have to learn can quickly turn into a list by splitting the concepts up into smaller chunks of information. It is undeniable that chunking is one of the most effective learning strategies. However, even after we turn this information into a list, it is still difficult to memorize the exact order of the items on the list. But acronyms can help you in making lists manageable. Now, let's practice putting some acronyms together. Assume you had to memorize some of the following ideas and school. The five layers of the human scalp, skin, connective tissue, aponeurosis, Apple cranial, loose areolar tissue, and pair of cranium can be memorized with the acronym scalp. The stages of cell division, interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase can be memorized with the acronym it mad. Notice that in this example, you cannot form a real word using the first letter of each factor be remembered. But the acronym, it Matt, can be easily pronounced and memorized. Here is another acronym. Sohcahtoa is a mnemonic device that is used in mathematics to remember the definitions of the three most common trigonometric functions. If you have a particularly long list to remember, you can use more than one acronym. Break the list down into groups by type, color, or shape, and so on. Then create an abbreviation for each group. Using acronyms in your daily life. You can create your acronym to help you remember a shortlist of items or tasks to do. Here is a six items grocery list in alphabetical order that we can easily memorize with the acronym technique. Apples. Plants, eggs, lollipop, Pi, and salad. By rearranging the first letters, we get the word please. This mnemonic acronym will trigger your memory for every word in the set. Using acronyms in your career. Acronyms can also be used to design a memorable speech or presentation. Here's how it works. Take a word that is relevant to your speech and important to the audience, and use it as an acronym by creating a structure of concepts, each starting with a letter of this word. For example, you can take the word values and create a list of six key factors, like in this example, vision, action, Leadership, understanding, ethics and service. By elaborating on each factor, you will be able to speak without notes for 30 minutes to one hour and never lose your place. You can do this with almost any word, whether it's a three-letter word or a 10 letter word. This method is enough effective way to organize your key ideas and to impress your audience by speaking fluently without notes. The sentence method is very similar to the acronym method. In the same way that we remember a list. By forming an acronym, we can create sentences to remember useful pieces of information. Here's how the sentence method works. You take the first letter or an important letter of the words you're trying to memorize and form a sentence out of these. The first letter of the words in the sentence reminds us of what we want to recall because they are the same as the first letters of the words in the list. Each first letter is a clue to an item from the list. You need to remember. This method is better for longer list as compared to the acronym method, because a sentence allows you to create much more elaborate mnemonic images than a single word. The sentence method is particularly helpful when you have to memorize things in a particular order, because of the logic of the phrase will help you remember the order of the items. Here's how to form an acronym. It's sentence also known as an acrostic, when you have to memorize facts or concepts, right? The concepts you need to remember underline the first letter of each concept. If there's more than one word in the concept underlying the first letter of only the first word. Arrange the underlying letters to form a memorable sentence. Here are two examples presented earlier. We can now memorized by using the sentence method, the colors of the rainbow. Richard of York goes battling in vain. The Great Lakes. Sergeant Major hate eating onions. Applications of the sentence method. As with the acronym method, the most important use of the sentence method is to memorize lists of items. Almost everything of what you have to learn can ultimately be reduced to an ordered list of items. So it is important to know how to apply this method. Assuming you had to memorize some of the following items in school, the countries of Central America, in order from North America to South America. Think of the phrase, green bananas helps sister nations create prosperity. The names of the nine Muses in Greek mythology, you might think of the phrase count clamoring, elephants thundering eastward, mighty trunks pointing up. The signs of the zodiac. Think of the phrase, are tall giraffe, chew leaves very low, some slow cows at play. Medical students are famous for making up highly ingenious mnemonics, both acronyms and sentences. The amount of medical information they have to learn, particularly concerning human anatomy, inevitably lead to the need to use memory techniques and their studies. This one is used for remembering the nerves in the superior orbital tissue. Lazy French targets lie naked and anticipation. Using the sentence method in your daily life, you can create your phrases to help you remember a short list of items or tasks to do. For example, you can memorize the grocery list presented earlier. Apple's eggplants, eggs, lollipop, Pi, and salad. By using this weird but memorable sentence, sublime. Eskimos eat large abstract pianos. Here is a website that can help you create your mnemonic sentences using the method in your career, regardless of who you are and what type of job you currently have or plan to have. There's a good chance that one day you will be required to make a presentation for your colleagues or your clients. These two methods can help you design a memorable presentation around your mnemonic that can make you garner the respect and support of others in your career or personal life. If you are a teacher, creating and practicing these methods will help your students to organize their new knowledge and eventually transfer it to long-term memory. After all, a teacher's goal is always to teach students things that I remember from year to year. It's also fun to create acronyms and demonic sentences as a whole class activity. Students might compose an acronym to aid in memorizing the parts of a flower or an insect or a tree. The simple methods can help you in many situations. So don't forget to use them every time you have the opportunity. See you in the next lesson to learn another very effective memory technique. The length method. 7. 3.2. The Link Method: The link technique is used for memorizing short lists of items, such as shopping lists, in which each item is linked to or associated with the next. Instead of trying to remember the list randomly with this method, you approach the items logically, connecting them to each other, and thus creating clues to remember them later. This mnemonic technique works by coding information to be remembered into images and then linking these images together. There are two variants of the link system. The chain link or the word train technique, and the story method, or the continuous late technique. Let's view how to use each of these methods. The chain link technique works by linking a series of pairs of items, elements in the list that are next to each other, like a chain. You take the first item on your list and create a visual association between it and the next item. It is recommended that this association be made in your mind through a memorable action, such as sticking them together, smashing them together, putting them on top of each other or such like. Then move on through the list, linking the second, third item, the third, fourth, and so on. At any given time, you will only be focusing on just two items. Let's view an example on how to use this method in your daily activities. Here is a six item list that you will be able to memorize in sequence in a surprisingly short time. Olive oil, bananas, dog food, wine, carrots, and broccoli. To associate olive oil and bananas, imagine olive oil stepping on a banana peel with the right foot, causing her to fall down with a big splat. The next two items, bananas and dog food, can be linked with this image of a dog wearing funny banana costume. To associate dog food and wine, imagine a drunken dog. To link wine and carrots. You can imagine a rabbit jumping out from a bottle of wine. And finally, link the last two items, carrots and broccoli with this funny image of Bugs Bunny. If you have actually seen these five pairs in your mind's eye, you will have no trouble remembering the six items in a sequence from olive oil to broccoli. You have linked the first item with the second, second with a third, third with the fourth, and so on to the last one. It is as if you have arranged all of these items in the form of a train. By doing so, you will have ensured that the first word will lead you to the second. Second, we'll remind you of the third, and so on. Do not get worried about the length of a list. Just make sure that you have a strong association between each pair of words. Now, imagine you're in the supermarket with this list in your mind. Here is what you put in your shopping cart. Olive oil, bananas, dog food, wine, carrots, and broccoli. The second variant of the link system, known as the story method, works by creating a continuous narrative that links all the items together in the form of a story. The logic of the story will help you flex in your mind the items you want to memorize. Even if you don't consider yourself a very creative person, you can use the power of story to help you remember different things. Here's an important tip for using this method effectively when creating your mnemonic story, imagine that you find yourself in the middle of it interacting with its different scenarios. In this way, the memories will become much more personal and will last longer. Let's view an example on how to use this method by memorizing the same ShoppingList presented earlier. In this way, besides understanding this method, you will be able to compare the efficiency of the two variants of the link system. Here's our list, olive oil, bananas, dog food, wine, carrots, and broccoli. Now, let's create a little story with these products. Imagine yourself on a field and there is a big olive tree in the middle. Walking out of a door in the tree is a banana, one in pajamas. It's coming out of the door to feed the dogs who hold a bottle of wine and is drunk. Next to him is Bugs Bunny a carrot and asking him, What's up, Doc, you need to take a little nap in the shade of broccoli. When you have finished watching this fancy close your eyes and run back through the middle movie you have just completed. Then try to write down the six items in order on a piece of paper. I'm pretty sure you will. All six different and unique pieces of information from this short but powerful little story. When you've seen this story, you received already created mental pictures. But when you apply this method on your own, use your imagination for creating memorable stories. Allow your imagination to create images in your head, trying to generate sensory perceptions such as smells, noises, or the feeling of objects. Applications of the link technique. Learning how to use the link technique is Quick. Both the chain link and the sentence methods are very simple to learn and to use. Another advantage is that you can combine them with other memory techniques. The link system is most appropriate for remembering shopping lists and to-do list points to remember in a speech, names of people, list of instructions, and various unrelated things, et cetera. As long as your images are clear, there is no way you can make a mistake. You will remember the list for days, even if you don't practice it. In the next lesson, you will learn the most efficient method to learn difficult words, known as the sound alike technique. See you there. 8. 3.3. The Sound Alike Technique: The sound alike technique, also known as the word substitution method, is one of my favorite memory techniques because it is so simple, but at the same time so powerful and versatile. It is the most appropriate technique for learning new words, regardless of whether they are difficult words in your native language or foreign words with which you aren't familiar. Unfamiliar words, like the Latin names and terms that you so frequently come across in subjects like biology, medical sciences, law, the names of places you have to remember in geography, foreign language words, and so on. Do you offer a lot of difficulties when you try to memorize them? But why is it so difficult to remember these strange words? Because they do not have a meaning for your brain when you read or hear them. If you hear a known words such as corn, your mind creates the image of a corn. This mental image helps you in remembering the word without any difficulty. But in the case of an unknown word or a foreign language word, like the Latin name of corn Zea mays. There is no previous mental image, so you have to decide in advance what the mental image should look like. Therefore, you will need a simple trick to memorize them more easily before making mental images of the words for which you do not have a meaning, you should first create a sound alike substitute for word. This is a familiar word that sounds similar to the difficult word you want to remember. For example, you can remember the Latin name of corn Zea mays by using the sound alike Siamese. If some of your associations produce words that don't quite match the correct pronunciation of the word. Don't worry. Concentrate on the phonetic sound of a new word rather than how it is lead spelled. Just focus on the triggers that will remind you of the difficult word and leave the pronunciation details for later. Also, your sound alike mnemonic doesn't need to include all the sounds of the word you want to memorize. Usually, it's enough to remember the beginning of words and your brain will fill in the rest. For longer words, you may have to split them into two or more convenient part. Creates sound alike to each part and then associate them with individual images. To show you how the sound alike technique works, let's review some examples. How to remember definitions of unfamiliar words. The word below phonophobia means an irrational fear of needles and pins, usually resulting in abnormal behavior and anxiety. The word comes from the Greek words bellum, meaning needle and phobia, meaning fear. For the word Belen, we can easily find a sound alike substitute in English balloon, while the word phobia is synonymous with the word fear, the fear of needles, balloon. A phobia can be remembered by the sentence, the balloon is afraid of needles. Similarly, the word claustrophobia, the fear of being enclosed in a small space, can be remembered by the sentence, Santa Claus is afraid of tight chimneys. How to learn new words from a foreign language. Learning the vocabulary of a foreign language can be fun if you apply your ability for creative word associations. If a new word resembles a word in your native language, create a mental image association between the native word and the new word. For example, the Spanish word Ananda means wave. You can associate it with the sound alike, Honda. The French word pulpy means to cheat. You can associate it with the English word trumpet and a liar, Pinocchio. In this way, you can learn any new word by using your current existing knowledge as foundations. How to remember people's names using the sound alike method. Memorizing names is a general problem of our memory because names are abstract concepts and difficult to visualize for our brains. The solution is to transform the name ever since you first heard it into a concrete and memorable image. If you meet a person whose name has no meaning for you, the sound alike method is perfect to memorize its name by breaking it down into a substitute word or idea. For example, if you meet Mr. Baldwin, you might think of a bulb twin. In the same way, Bill could become a dollar bill. And Jane might become a chain. Just use the associations that come into your brain naturally. These are the ones your memory will find easiest to recall. Applications of the sound alike method. The sound alike method is the most effective memory technique to learn difficult words in your native language or a foreign language, people's names, botanical, geographical, or other scientific names. Starting from the next lesson, I will begin presenting the advanced techniques used by the memory athletes to memorize long numbers. And the first of these will be a very old, but at the same time and extremely efficient technique known as the major system. See you there. 9. 3.4. The Major System: Probably the most abstract and difficult to remember things for our brains are numbers. Because of their abstract nature, our minds usually fail to translate them into an easy to remember image. To be an effective learner, you must be able to remember a lot of numbers, or you'll end up getting all confused. In almost everything we have to learn. There are numbers involved, date calculations, statistics, percent, and many others. Whether you love them or hate them, numbers will not go away. For this reason, memory experts have invented many efficient methods for memorizing numbers. The major system is a very efficient technique used to memorize numbers, shuffled playing cards, dates, historical facts, and other abstract sequences of items being created in the mid 17th century. It has been used and continually improved upon for more than 300 years and now is one of the most used memory techniques in memory competitions. One of the reasons is that it is easier to learn than other memory systems and also it is fun to use about this technique. Learning expert Tony Buzan, co-founder of the World Memory Championships, wrote the major system, is the ultimate memory system. The major system is based on the principle that images can be remembered more easily than numbers. By using images, large amounts of information can be accurately memorized. It works by converting number sequences into continent, continent into images, and linking these images into little stories. Thus, by transforming the numbers into memorable images, we create unforgettable memories for them. Let's see how the major memory system works in practice. Step one, learn the code of the system. The major system involves coding single digit numbers into small words and is a very simple. First of all, you need to pre-learned a simple 10 associations code that links the digits from 0 to nine and the following consonant sounds. For some numbers, a single consonant is associated, while for others, the associations are more flexible, allowing the choice between several letters that sound similar. This code is an essential tool for the major system to effectively encode numbers by transforming them into memorable images, but also to decode these images later. You need to know it very well. It is easy to learn. It shouldn't take more than 30 minutes to master it fully. And once learned, it can be used for life. The major system helps you turn abstract numbers into continents and then into memorable words. The reason why this technique uses continents is that you'd usually in a word, continents are the ones that define the meaning and the way it sounds. The vowels are just the filling between its continents. For example, if you hear the word rat, it is defined primarily by the two continents, R and T step to apply the code. After you have learned this simple code, the next step of the major system is to apply it to transform the numbers into simple and concrete images. You take a number you would like to remember to transform each digit into a continent according to the method code. These continents, grouped in twos will create a structure around which you can create a word by filling the gaps with neutral elements, vowel sounds. For example, the number 29 in p can become the word nap. The number sequences are converted into continents for the learn code, then into words. The words are formed quite simply by filling in the gaps between continents with vowels. As another example, let's take the number 4,135. According to the systems code. The digits in the number 4,135 translate to our d and m l. Now, now we need to form one or more words with these letters by filling in the gaps between them with neutral elements, vowel sounds. For example, the above continents can become the words red, mall, or ride mole. As you can see, both variants can become memorable images. Remember that conversions are based on how the word sounds, not how they're spelled. This is why the major system is also known as the phonetic mnemonic system. Later, when you recall your word associated with a number, you would know that it could represent only that number because the consonant letter in the word represents no other number. And vowels do not count as numbers in the major system. When you choose your words, I recommend you to create your own personal images based on the associations that come to your mind with ease according to your way of thinking. At first, the conversion process may seem a bit slow and complicated, but with just a bit of practice, it becomes second nature. Step three, create a memorable story from the images. Once you've turned your numbers into words, you can create a little story to memorize them in order. Here's an example. The number 2809917 is first chunk into twos, 28079917, which becomes envy SK, BB, DK. I can add some vowels and I will get this mnemonic image, the Navy seeking for a baby duck. Step 4, memorize and recall the story and a number. Usually, the major system as an encoding technique is used in combination with a structural technique such as the memory palace method. For this reason, in this last stage of memorization, you rehearse the encoded images by mentally walking again through your memory palace and remembering the items you place there in order from start to finish. Applications of the major system. As a result of this intrinsic logic, this technique is very easy to learn and you can begin using it immediately. You can apply it to the memorization of numbers, dates in history, birthdays and anniversaries, Lists, and information for examinations. This method pass to a higher level by developing a more complex code is also used by memory athletes in memory competitions to memorize numbers or playing cards. For this purpose, to become more efficient, they create their own more complex codes, which they pre-learned to help them form their mental images quickly. Thus, for numbers memorization, most of them have a personalized code for the first 100 numbers by assigning a specific word to each number from 0 to 99, and a code of 52 images for playing cards, one for each card. This is a beginners course, so I will not go into more detail. But if you are interested in learning more about the advanced version of the major system, I recommend my courses dedicated to advanced memory methods. See you in the next lesson for another great memory technique invented by the eight time World Memory champion Dominic O'Brien. 10. 3.5. Dominic System: But Dominic memory system is a technique for memorizing long sequences of numbers, including binary digit or playing cards, by first converting them into pairs of letters. Then associating those letters with people whose names have those initials, each doing a specific action. The creator of this technique is Dominic O'Brien, a British mnemonics eight time World Memory champion and an author of memory related books. It is a person action PA system involves encoding for decimal digits, six binary digits, or two playing cards at a time into images made up of a person and an action than placing the mnemonic images along with a mental structure such as a memory palace. Each number from 0 to 99, or each playing card to be memorized is given a fixed mnemonic image of a person doing a specific action. When you start memorizing sequences of four numbers or two playing cards, you turn them into memorable images by using a person corresponding to the first half of the sequence and an action corresponding to the second half of the sequence. The result of combining one person with another person's specific activity is a very memorable image due to its strangeness. In this lesson, you will learn how to use the code for memorizing long numbers. Here are the four steps of the method. Step one, learn the code of the system. The code for numbers is a list of 100 persons, each with a specific action associated with the numbers from 0 to 99. There are 100 combinations of number pairings, 000, 001, 002, and all the way up to 97, 98, and 99. This technique works by assigning a specific letter to each number from 0 to nine, and then grouping the number of letters in a sequence into pairs. The starting point for creating this code for 100 people is as list of associations between the digits from 0 to nine and some letters. One is a, two is B, three is C, four is d, and five is E. So far, each number is associated with a corresponding letter in the alphabet, starting with the number six, the associations become random. Six is S, seven is G, eight is age, nine is n, and 0. 0. Starting from this list, you can create your own code of 100 people and actions. Thus, 000 will be associated according to this list with 0, 0, which becomes the initials of a person, for example, olive oil and an action eating spinach or Ozzy Osbourne singing Rock. The number 01 will become OA, which can be Ozzie are dials playing football. You can find the entire original Dominic's list as a resource attached to this lesson. To use this method, you can use the original Dominic's list. Still to be confident about your own memorization, I recommend you to adapt it with your persons according to your personal affinities. Step to apply the code. When you have to memorize long numbers. First, you have to chunk them in force. The first two digits are converted into a person and the second two digits become an action. The unique combination between that person in the action of another person will create a memorable image that you will place along an imaginary journey. For example, the number 4,243 is chunked in 42 and 43. From the first number 42, We will use the person David Bowie. The second number 43, we will use the action performing magic. So the number 42, 43 will be memorized with this image. David Bowie performing magic. Here's another example for this technique. Let's say you have a longer number to remember, 334723706310. To memorize it, first, you need to chunk it up into fours corresponding to a person, person and an action. Then split each chunk into groups of twos. 33, 47, 23, 706310. For the first group of four digits. 33 is the first number, and 47 is the second. Always take the person of the first number, 33 equals Charlie Chaplin. And the action of the second number, 47 equals playing cricket. The action of David Gower and combine them together to form an image, Charlie Chaplin playing cricket. The second group of four digits, 2370 becomes the image of Bill Clinton in our rat cage. The action of George Orwell. The second group of four digit becomes Sean Connery carrying an oil can. The action of analysis by applying the methods code, each group of four digits becomes a mirror image of a person doing an appropriate action for him. When you want to decode the number, you know that the person is the first pair of numbers and the acts of the second pair. For playing cards, the method works similarly, except that it uses a different code containing 52 people and their actions, each corresponding to a card in the pack. When memorizing a deck of playing cards, they are grouped in pairs. Each pair becoming a person associated with the first card and an action associated with the second card. Step 3, creating a memorable story from the images. After coding the numbers are playing cards and images. You must place them in a memory palace or in a peg system for quick and ordered recall. You associate each image of a person doing the action of another person with a locations of your memory palace. As a result, you will have some memorable images associated with places that are extremely familiar to you. Imagine Charlie Chaplin playing cricket in front of your house. Then Bill Clinton in a rat cage and Sean Connery carrying an oil can. Each image stores four digits. So once it's created and linked with a place, I'm sure you can see for yourself how powerful it can be. In this way, mental athletes who participate in memory competitions managed to memorize thousands of random numbers or dozens of packs of shuffled playing cards. To memorize this 200 digits number, you will need a journey with only 50 locations. This impossible number will be transformed by using the dominant system into a memorable story with familiar characters. Step 4, memorize and recall the story and the number. Finally, review the pictures in your mind to check that you have correctly memorize the images that will trigger your numbers. You do this mentally walking again along with your memory palace and remembering the images you place there in order from start to finish applications of the Dominic system. The dominic method was created by memory expert Dominic O'Brien as an advanced method of memorizing very long sequences of numbers or playing cards is especially useful in memory competitions. The method has three main applications. Memorizing long numbers, memorizing long sequences of binary digits, and memorizing the exact order of one or more deck of shuffled Blaine cards. For these purposes, that uses three variants of code. One for each type of application, a list for memorizing numbers consisting of 100 people and actions associated with the numbers from 00 to 99. A list for memorizing binary digits consisting of eight people and actions associated with the eight possible combinations of three binary digits. And a list for memorizing playing cards consisting of 52 people and actions associated with the 52 playing cards. You can find all three lists as resources attached to this lesson. Since many persons you will find in the original dominant list will probably be unfamiliar to you. I recommend that you adapt the list according to your own culture and personality. You can find inspiration to find your people by initials on this website. Once you have personalized and memorize the cast for each application, you have finished the most challenging part of the Dominic system. The Dominic system is also used to memorize playing cards based on a code of 52 people and actions associated with the 52 playing cards in a deck. Sequences of cards to be memorized. Our first divided into pairs, which become memorable images of some people doing the actions of other people. As you previously saw, it is done with a decimal numbers. In this way, dozens of playing card decks can be stored if you prepare beforehand enough memory palaces where to place these images. The Dominic system is one of the easiest learn, but at the same time, very efficient. And for these reasons, it is used by many people who train their memory, is especially by memory athletes participating in memory competitions. In the next lesson, you will learn another advanced memory method known as the person action object PAO system. See you in the next video. 11. 3.6. The Person-Action-Object (P.A.O.) System: This extremely effective advanced memory method, which is somewhat similar to the mysterious mnemonic system created by Giordano Bruno in the 16th century was popularized by the author Joshua for, in his book, Moonwalking with Einstein, the art and science of remembering everything. A book that I highly recommend you, anyone who wants to start their memory training journey. Pao method is an elaboration of the person action Dominic system, which has led to a superior level if to the four digits encoded as a person and an action by the Dominic system, we add two more digits representing an object on which the person exercises his action, the memorization efficiency will increase by 50 percent. Whereas the dominant system is based on grouping together four digits of their time. Pair 1 equals the person and pair 2 equals acting. The PAO system can handle six digits at a time where one equals the person, pair 2 equals the action, and pair 3 equals the object. In the same way, playing cards can be memorized in groups of threes at a time instead of 2s. Pao method is mainly useful in memory competitions for memorizing multiple decks of cards or very long sequences of numbers. It encodes six digits, nine binary digits, or three playing cards at a time into mnemonic images made up of a person and action and an object which are then placed in a memory palace. To use this method, you need to chunk the sequence into triplet. The person comes from the first part, the action from the second one, and the object from the third. The three parts of PAO reinforce each other and create memorable markers that can be easily linked to mental movies. The purpose of this technique is to create unusual and weird images by combining a person with two characteristics, action and object corresponding to other persons. The strangeness of these images will make them extremely memorable when linking them to an orderly structure, a memory palace, which will help you remember them in order. For example, the number 129127 becomes Tiger Woods person cooking the action of james oliver a broom, the object of Harry Potter, which is a very memorable image, is especially if you imagine it happening in your kitchen. Pao is used in memory competitions to memorize numbers, binary digits, or playing cards. For each of these applications, a distinct code is required. All three variants of this method have the same sequence of four steps. Step one, learn the peg list of the system, the code. The code for numbers. The PAO system for numbers works by assigning a distinctive person, action and object to each number from 0 to 99. Here is my code for numbers. There are 100 combinations of number pairings. Each number pairing from 000, 001, 002, and all the way up to 97, 98, 99 will be associated with a person and action and an object. Since each person can be combined with 100 actions and 100 objects, it means you can create 20,100 distinct images to memorize a long randomized sequences of numbers. Therefore, the PAL method is compelling. The images can be anything. Some people assigned person's actions and objects that are completely unrelated to the numbers. Other people have created various systems to classify these images. It, it doesn't really matter if they are related to the numbers are not. It just matters that you remember the Association. For example, my sets of 10 are associated with specific groups, which made it a lot easier to remember. Cartoons, athletes, actors, kings or queens, presidents of state, mythological gods, scientists, singers, adventurers, and famous TV stars. You can use my list as it is. You can create a new one, or you can adapt it according to your preferences. You can also find and download this list as a resource to this lesson. The code for playing cards contains 52 persons, one for each card. In my list, I've organized the 52 cards by their signs. For each side, I have chosen famous characters from a certain category. I associate diamonds with actresses, hearts with female singers, clubs with male actors, and spades with male singers. Therefore, red cars are women and black cards are men. When you have to remember the cards, this organization will give you clues for the persons. This list is also attached as a resource to this course. Step 2, you apply the code. When you memorize long numbers with a PAO system. First, you have to chunk them in sixes. The first two digits are converted into a person. The second two digits become an action, and the third pair of 2-digit becomes an object. The unique combination between that person, the action of another person, and the object of a third person will create a memorable image that you will place along an imaginary journey. For example, this sequence, 26, 27, 28, becomes Jack Sparrow lying on a whip. While the sequence sixty four seventy one seventy six becomes Edison by adding a guitar. For playing cards memorization, the sequence of the shuffled card is chunked in threes. Each three chord sequence will become a memorable mental picture. The first card is converted into a person, the second card into an action, and the last card becomes an object. For example, this three cards sequence, seven of hearts, two of clubs, four of spades becomes Wednesday funny, destroying the Blue Suede Shoes. While the sequence ace of spades, king of clubs, and nine of diamonds becomes, let me kill Meister, stuttering in Bay Watch. Step three, create a memorable story from the images. Memories are constructed by converting numbers or cards in a sequence into person's actions and objects within a story. As you could already see, the unusual combinations between people and the actions or the objects of other people are extremely memorable. By putting them in a story or an a memory palace. You will remember them in order. Step 4, memorize and recall the story in the sequence. Finally, you review the pictures in your mind to check that you have correctly memorize the images that will trigger your numbers or playing cards. Do this by mentally walking again in your memory palace and remembering the images you place there in order from start to finish. Applications of the PAO system. Although it seems an advanced method that you can only use in memory competitions for numbers, binary digits, or playing cards. You can also apply this method in different situations that you face everyday. For example, the PAR system is perfect for dates as they're six digits long. 120, 420 is super easy to turn into a digit person action. Object is day, month, year, Tiger Woods being hypnotized on a bike. You can also use this technique in your daily life for memorizing any numbers you need to know, like passwords, card numbers, ID numbers, phone numbers, etc. Now we have reached the end of the section in which we presented the memory techniques. I have to tell you that you will not need to learn and practice all of these methods. You don't need to learn advanced methods like the Dominic system or the PAR system. If you don't need to memorize very long sequences of numbers or playing cards. My recommendation is that you learn a set of three to four simple techniques that suit you and use them whenever you need to to help you. In the next section, I will show you how memory methods can be used in different situations. We live every day. See you there. 12. 4.1. Everyday Applications of Memory Techniques: After I showed you how memory techniques work, in this section, we will move onto their application in practice. I will present you a lot of examples from simple applications, such as memorizing a ShoppingList to complex applications used by memory athletes, such as memorizing, playing cards or long numbers. Let's start with some examples of using memory techniques in different situations that we face every day. Memorizing lists, shopping lists, to-do list, et cetera. Even though it may seem a quite ordinary skill, memorizing lists is extremely important in almost everything we do. Remembering a list can be tricky if you don't have enough efficient way to recall the items from memory when you need to. Learning how to memorize list is a great way to improve your learning skills. Because almost everything we have to learn Can we turn into a list? The good news is that we have a lot of options as most existing memory techniques can be successfully applied to memorizing lists. Here are the recommended techniques for memorizing lists. The acronym method, the sentence method, the body parts method. You've already learned all of them in the previous lessons, but now we will apply them in parallel to memorize the same list of items so that you can more easily compare their efficiency. Let's take a 10 items grocery list arranged in alphabetical order. Apples, avocados, bananas, bread, butter, cheese, egg plant, garlic, grapefruit, and ice cream. Now, let's apply each of them mentioned methods one by one to memorize this list. The acronym method works by taking the first letter of each product from our list and creating a word using those letters. By rearranging the first letters, we form one or more words to help us remember the items on the list. For example, big cabbage. When you need to remember this list, this mnemonic acronym will trigger your memory for every item. The sentence method is very similar to the acronym method. You take the first letter of the word you're trying to memorize and form a sentence out of it. Unlike the acronym method, a mnemonic phrase made up of words that start with the same letters as the ones on your list can be easier to create then a single word, and it can even keep the order of the letters. For example, you can memorize the above grocery list by using the sentence. Additives attack brilliant barrels because cool elephants get gorgeous islands. The bodyParser method uses your body parts as an ordered mnemonic structure. Think of your body as your filing system beginning at your forehead. Then take the grocery list you want to remember and create mental associations between items to be remembered and your various body parts. Don't forget to use vivid and action-oriented images. You can make the following associations. Forehead, butter. My forehead is covered with butter, eyes, ice cream. I have melted ice cream smeared around my eyes. Nose, bananas. My nose is shaped like a banana. Grapefruit. Just imagine the taste of a grapefruit. Chen, eggplant. And eggplant grows in my chin. Neck. Garlic. There's some garlic, get my neck to keep the vampires away. Chest Apple. I imagine a tattoo with an apple on my chair, my chest, belly, avocados and avocado stuck to my belly. Nice bread. I imagined my knees having the shape of bread. Feet, cheese. I imagined myself putting my foot in a pot full of cheese. As you can see, I introduce you to a whole set of methods to memorize your list. Just choose your favorite method and start practicing it daily. It, I'm sure you will notice a significant improvement in your memory. How to create a mental calendar to remember appointment and anniversaries. The memory system I'm introducing to you for creating your mental calendar involves two steps. The first step is to transform the date an hour into numbers. While the second step consists in applying a memory technique to memorize these numbers. In this lesson, I'll show you how to use the major system for this purpose. As you already know from a previous chapter, this technique works by converting numbers into consonants, consonants into words, images, then linking these images into little stories. Here's an example. Let's say that you have an appointment with Bill on September 3rd at 715 PM and you need to memorize this date. The first step is to transform the date an hour in the numbers 09031915. Then apply the major systems code. The numbers are transformed into cadets, SP as m dB, SPL. Which can become the word's soup, swim Dubai hotel. Now, let's create a little story with these words. Imagine your friend Bill swimming in a soup bowl in a Dubai hotel. With this image, you will not be able to forget about your appointment with your friend. How to never forget the birthdays of your friends. You can memorize the birthdays of your friends by using the same method. In this case, there is no need to remember the year, but only the month and the day. Let's say that you have a friend whose birthday is on July 20th. The first step is to transform that data into numbers 0, 720 by using the major system 0720 becomes as K, ns, SK might become the word sock, while ns might become the word nose. Imagine your friend with a smelly sock blocking his nose and you will never forget his birthday. How to remember where you put things. Misplacing things is the most common memory issue that we all have from time to time. The experience is so common that we all spend significant parts of our lives searching for misplaced objects like mobile phones, keys, glasses, cars, et cetera. To remember where we left our things, the recommended memory technique is the link method. Here's how to apply the technique to solve this problem. One, when you put down your wallet or keys on a table out of the way. Look at the table for a few seconds and focus on the visual in your mind. To create a mental association between the object and the table. For example, you can imagine there is a handful of red paint on that table and you put the keys into that camp. The red paint is splashed all over the table. Or you can imagine that your keys are a grenade and they explode wherever you put them. In this way, you link to the place and the object into a memorable image, which will remind you where to look for the thing when you need it, for getting the place where you park the car is a very common issue for everyone. But it's certainly not a sign that you are starting to lose your memory. In fact, the way our memory works causes some things too quickly fade from memory when we change the landscape or the room. But just as with our keys or wallet, it's more often a symptom of not paying attention to the exact location in the first place. Try this the next time you park your car. Let's say that you parked your car on the space. To be, to memorize this code, you might create an image of two gigantic bears fighting on top of your car. By making your mental images unusual, ridiculous, impossible and bigger. They'll stick like glue and your memory. Remember why you went into a room. Here is another common memory problem for everyone. You walk into the kitchen with purpose than stand in the doorway wondering what you went in there to do. Your mind is completely blank. What should I have done here? Why did I come here? Look for your keys, get a glass of water. You ask yourself in your mind at the same time, worrying about these memory gaps. This phenomenon is often referred to as the doorway effect. Scientists have demonstrated that walking through doorways causes forgetting. It is not a question of bargaining itself, as is the case with memories that fade with time. But of the way our minds are organized when they initially store these memories. The most common thing you can do is to retrace your steps either in your mind or physically. What were you doing there that made you need something from a different room? Apply the link technique to solve this problem. The API, the application of this method begins before you leave the room. First of all, you need to imagine a special place in the room where you will go, which will help you create an unforgettable image. Try picking out our focal point in each room. This could be, for example, fireplace, a piece of artwork, a window, or a television stand. Whenever you're about to go into that room to get something or to do something. Imagine you all take the object and put it into the focal point that you have chosen for the room. Let's take an example for a better understanding of this method. You're in the kitchen standing on a chair and you want to take a certain book from the living room. Before you get up from the chair. Imagine your book burning in the fireplace in your living room. By adding more details in this image, smoke, flames, etc. It will be easier to remember when you enter the living room. All you have to do when you enter the living room, if you do not naturally remember what you went to the room for, is to look at the fireplace thing. It is your focal point in that room. And you will remember that you are looking for a book. How to memorize important numbers. Having difficulty remembering things like telephone numbers or a license plate numbers isn't just a problem for older adults, but everyone has a hard time memorizing numbers. Our brains think in images. These are the alphabet with which they work. But if I say three to 589723, your mind goes blank because it cannot associate an image with this abstract sequence. And the purpose of all memory techniques is to translate abstract concepts into memorable images for the brain. Do you remember your important numbers? It is recommended that you create your own mnemonic devices. For example, there's a license plate number four be JW 99 for could be translated by using the sentence method into four Bon Jovi who released 994 hits. You can also use the sentence method to create strong passwords for your online accounts. First, choose a very personal sentence like this. The house I live in is on 14 Hill Street near Old North Church. Rent is $5 thousand per year. You can then turn that into a password by using the first letter or digit of each word in the sentence. So your password would become this alpha numerical sequence. That definitely is a super-strong 25 digits password. But at the same time, easy to remember for you how to memorize the pin number of your card. If you prefer consonants and you are familiar with a major system, you can use this method to store short numbers, like the pin of your card. For example, four digits pen 9534 can be translated into four continents, PL, EMR, which can become the word polymer. So here are just a few examples of everyday situations in which the memory techniques learned in this course can help you. Practical applications will continue in the next lessons. So stay tuned to this course. See you in the next lesson. 13. 4.2. How to Remember People Names: Memorizing the names of people we meet or we find in the books we read is a general problem of human memory. Names are abstract and difficult to visualize concepts for the brain, as opposed to human faces, which are essentially images. Therefore much easier to remember if you are able to associate a concrete image to the name from the beginning, it will be difficult not to remember it later. The good news is that there are several number of scientifically proven ways to remember people's names. On the internet. You can find numerous tips on how to remember the people's names. In this lesson, I will present you with a very simple method that can help you develop this skill known as the names association technique. Here are the steps of this technique. Step one, pay attention. The first step is to pay attention when you read or hear someone's name. If you don't catch the person's name that first-time, pause your lecture and repeat it to yourself mentally. That way you will transfer the name from your working to your long-term memory. You have, you have a picture of the person in your material. Carefully, observe his face. Think if the name matches his figure. Step 2, you create an image from a person's name. When you first read or hear person's name, immediately create an image in association with it. A name doesn't mean anything to your brain. For this reason, a mental picture of it is not easily formed. To memorize names, to go with faces, names need to be translated into images. The secret to memorizing names is to attach significance to them by translating them into concrete and easy to remember images of known people, objects, or animals. There are three ways to create this visual association. If the name already has a meaning, such as carpenter or wolf, use that like imagining Martin Wolf as a wolf dressed as a grandmother. If the name doesn't immediately have a meeting, as a true of most names. See if you can come up with other memorable associations. For example, if the person's name is Donald, you might think of Donald Trump. If the person's name is George, you might think of George Clooney. If the name has no meaning, you can break down the word into a substitute word or idea using the sound alike technique. For example, if you meet Mr. Lawrence, you might think of some lower. If you meet a Paul, you might think of a ball. And if you encounter a mike, you might think of a microphone. Think of something that sounds enough like the name to remind you of it. Just think of whatever first comes to your mind and use the associations that come into your brain naturally. These are the ones your memory will find the easiest to recall. The material you have to learn may contain a lot of names. In this situation, you will have to repeatedly apply the technique of associating names with memorable images. So you might think to create and learn a predefined list of associations for the most common names using the sound alike technique. Here are some examples from the two times USA memory champion, Ron White, Anthony equals antenna tree. Abi equals a. B, Gem, Gem. Beth equals bad, Claudia equals Cloud, and Carmen equals car and man, et cetera. So whenever you have to memorize the names of people, you can apply this simple method to associate them with a concrete and easy to memorize image. See you in the next lesson for another practical application. 14. 4.3. Boost your Study Skills: If you're a student, the memory methods will give you a boost for studying history, biology, medical terms, geography, chemistry, mathematics, poems, or anything you want to learn. It is often better to combine them to increase the efficiency of your learning. The good news is that you have at your disposal a whole arsenal of memory techniques that can really help you when you are a student. All known memory techniques can be applied for studying and learning. They were designed for this purpose. Acronyms, the sentence method, the story method, the sound alike technique, might maps the major system and the memory palace method are the most used memorization techniques for studying. Let's see how to apply these techniques in your learning process. After many years in which I had to learn a lot of abstract and highly diversified information. At 1, I asked myself the question, how can I approach any unitary way, the memorization of any kind of information, whether it is a biology essay or a philosophy book. What are the universal steps of any learning process? And how can I adapt them to any type of material that I have to learn? The answer came when I began to study and practice memory techniques. I discovered that by combining these techniques, not only did the learning process become faster, but at the same time, the learned information remained much longer stored in my memory. Over time, I became a proactive learner and I synthesized a series of steps that transformed my learning into a pleasant and extremely effective experience. There is a method, a formula, if you will, behind any ultra efficient learning. This great learning tool that I have named the super clever advanced learning method, SCOM, is extremely effective because of its versatility. It can be applied to any type or amount of material. You will have to remember whether it's a one-page speech or a 300 page technical book, whether you know it or not, you already can memorize entire books. All it takes is a little motivation and a method to facilitate your learning. The essence of the SCOM technique consists of the deconstruction, organization and then reconstruction of the material so that it is brought into a memorable form for you. For this purpose, it contains five steps. And scum is an acronym for these steps, which are structure, chunk, associate, locate, and memorize. Let's see how to combine the memory techniques you have already learned to memorize any material. The first step of the method is to structure the information. This stage aims to create an overview of the material to be memorized, which will help us to organize the memorization process. In short, at this stage, we create a general map of what we have to do. There are cases where the author already organizes the material in the form of tables, charts or less. And we can use these as an overview of the information. Of course, our books also have a table of contents, but it is often difficult to use because of its text form. For this reason, the SCOM technique often uses mindmaps, a structural technique we discussed earlier. Basically, in this step, we create a structure that will help us understand how the material is structured. Like a tree in which we will later hanged them memorable images associated with the learn things. The second step of the skull method is chunking, a process by which the material is broken down into organized and meaningful pieces of information. You've probably heard the saying that you eat an elephant one bite at a time. And this is the principle on which any complex human activity is based. The same principle applies to learning. At this stage, we break down the material into smaller pieces, which will be easier to associate and manipulating our minds. In the end, we will have a lot of pieces that we then stick like leaves in the tree, that is our mind-map. The next step is the association. This is the core of the mental process of memorization. Association is the central element of any memory technique. And it means creating a mental connection between the abstract information you have to remember and a concrete image as a person, an object, or an animal. This easy to memorize image will act as a trigger to bring the other delight From the depths of your memory. It works like a shortcut that launches an application from your computer. The leaves in a tree take concrete shapes. And at the end of the state, we will have a tree fall of simple yet concrete pictures like a horse, a lion, or a king, which we will have to memorize in the next stage. Here are the memory techniques that help you transform the things you want to remember. Concepts, topics, foreign words, numbers, dates, names, and so on, into easy to remember, images, acronyms, and the sentence method for short and medium lists. The story method for longer lists. The sound alike technique for names and difficult words, the names association technique for names, and the major system for numbers and data. Later in this lesson, I will introduce you to the rules by which you can choose these methods when you want to turn an abstract concept into a memorable image. The fourth stage is localization, which is one of the most essential aspects of orderly memorization. You've already learned in a previous chapter about the memory palace method and ancient memory technique, which is based on placing mental images along an imaginary journey that will become an orderly structure for your memories. In this stage, each branch of our tree, together with its images, will turn into an imaginary journey. The last step of the SCOM technique is the memorization of the images. If you apply the methods previous steps correctly, you created powerful images and triggers for your memories. And this step will be very simple. You simply walk again in your mind along your route. And all the words will appear in your mind's eye in the same sequence. So you have a set of memory techniques that you can use in our learning process. But how to recognize what technique should we use when memorizing different types of information. Here are the rules of association by type of materials to be learned. List of concepts. The most common type of process information that you will have to remember will be in the form of a list of concepts. As I said earlier, almost everything we had to learn can quickly turn into a list by splitting the concept up into small pieces or chunks of information. Therefore, the result of the chunking in process will most often be a list of items that you will have to memorize by applying one of these specific techniques. Acronyms can be used for small lists of up to 78 items. The sentence method, It's better for longer, less as compared to the acronym method, because a sentence allows you to create much more elaborate mnemonic images that are single word. But this is also limited to the length of a sentence that is easily memorable, meaning less of a maximum of 15 to 20 items. For longer, less an appropriate method is the story technique. Because a story can be much longer, but at the same time, it remains extremely memorable. Numbers and dates. Another type of information that you will have to remember will be numbers and dates. For this, I presented earlier a very efficient method called the major system. Here's how it works. Let's say you have to memorize this historical event. In 1961, Yuri Gagarin becomes the first spaceman. First memorize the year with a major system. The four digits of the year 1960 one are converted into sounds, then into images. 1961 becomes TB and JT, which can be tube and jet. The action of the date, the event becomes the third image, Yuri Gagarin, lying around the Earth. Now we have three images that only need to be linked in a memorable scene, you can imagine a cosmic writing a jet tube around the Earth. Let's see some other examples. In 1895, Rontgen discovered x-rays. 1895 becomes TV and poor. Imagine Rajan throwing a TV in the pool and X-rays coming out of it. Difficult words. Another type of hardware information you will encounter in your learning process is the difficult terms. The most effective way to learn these words is by using the sound alike method before making mental images of the words to which you do not have a meaning, you first create a sound alike substitute for the word. This is a familiar word that sounds similar to the problematic word you want to remember. For example, to memorize the Latin name of badger tax, the DEA taxes. You can use the sander like tax idea taxes. Then link this image with the M people's names. To memorize people's names, you need to attach significance to them by translating them into concrete and easy to remember images of known people, objects, or animals. You can use the satellite technique to transform the name into an easy to remember image. For example, the name mark by prompting image of marker because the word sounds similar. While Bill, make you think of a dollar bill. These are general rules for choosing the memory techniques to use in your associations. However, I recommend that you stay creative and flexible in choosing and using them. There are no rigid rules for choosing the right method. You just have to follow your instinct. As you gain experience in using a method, you will immediately recognize what memory technique you can apply that chalk. Then I recommend you consider combining two or more methods for memorizing more complex chunks of information. Thus, to memorize a larger paragraph, you can, for example, combine the story method with the sound alike method to create a more memorable image. If you have to remember mixed information like the atomic numbers and the name of the chemical elements. You can combine them major system with the sound alike method to get a memorable image. Here's an example. The chemical element krypton has atomic number 36. For krypton, we can use the sunlight kryptonite. While 36 in the major system is MCA or MAC. Imagine Superman flying at Mach speed and searching for kryptonite. Now that you've learnt how the SCOM technique works, let's make together a complete practical application. Here's a little history lesson about the Maya civilization to whom we will apply the five steps of the skull method. One, structure, the information. This mind-map will help us to have a clear picture of the material we have to learn. It is a handy tool, especially when we have to learn long materials such as whole books. To chunk the material, I will split the material into short, manageable chunks. These can be phrases, paragraphs, or even whole chapters, depending on the size of the material you have to learn. For this example, I provided the material into eight chunks, which will be associated in the next step with simple images. The third step of the skull method is to associate the chunks with simple images. The first chunk is about the five scientists and arts developed by the Mayans. Art, architecture, mathematics, calendar in astronomical system. To memorize the five scientists, I will use a simple method called the sentence method. I will take the 50 initials of these words and create a memorable sentence made up of words that start with these letters. Acrobatic, actor manipulate colorful airplanes. The next chunk about the territory where the ancient Mayans lived, which included portions of the current States, Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, and El Salvador. Again, I will use the sentence method and I will get this sense. Many giraffes by humble sneakers. Then we have this chunk about the Mayan cities of which Tikal, Copan, and real backer listed. As you probably remember, the recommended method for memorizing foreign words is the sound alike technique. With it help the three city names will be transformed into easy to remember words. Tikka can become takeoff. Coupon sounds like coupon, while real bag sounds like Reebok. The next chunk is about their agricultural methods, terracing, controlled burning and underground irrigation reservoirs, and about the plant grown by them, corn, beans, swashes, and Chile. All these concepts are already concrete notions, having their own images that can be used as such for storage. So I will not have to associate them with other images. Then we have this chunk about the Mayan calendar edit staring date, August 11th, year 3114 BC. Being a number, I will use a specific memory technique for numbers. The major system, August 11th, year 31148, 1130, 114 become the continents. Sv TT, MTTR. By adding vowels, I will create the sentence. Save that imitator, then is presented the registration system, screen fold, books, and ceramics. These are also objects for which association is not necessary. So I will use their own images, a screen fold book, and a ceramic part. Next chunk is about the first use of the number 0. For this paragraph, I will use a simple method already presented in this course, the number rhyme technique, in which 0 is a hero. I can use the image of a superhero, for example, Superman. And the last chunk is about the religion that involved human sacrifice and cannibalism, for which I will use the image of Hannibal Lecter, the serial killer who eats his victims. So we have a list of simple images that will remind us about our lesson. Now, let's put them in order. The next step of the skull method is located, or the images in a memory palace. I can use a simple memory palace such as my house. And I begin to put the images in different places along it. First image is an acrobat, accurate, manipulating colorful airplanes. I imagined that I parked my car in front of the house and I see Burt Lancaster playing with colorful paper airplanes. Second image is about many giraffes buying humble sneakers. Then I enter the kitchen where I see several giraffes wearing sneakers. Then I go to living room and on the table there is a commercial flyer that urges me to take all the discount coupons for Reebok shoes. There's some news on the TV about a burning terrorists in which firefighters intervene using water from their takes on a couch. In the next room, I see a basket of vegetables, corn, beans, squash, squashes, and Chile. In the bedroom. I noticed that a calendar has appeared on the wall. Next to the calendar is a parent continuously repeating, save that imitator. In the bathroom. I noticed this Greenfield book and a ceramic pot in my bathtub. Then in the last room, I imagine Superman and Hannibal Lecter playing poker. Remember, though we are the images, the more memorable they will be. The last step is to memorize the images and you will know your lesson. At this stage, we do not have much to do except you mentally travel along various locations in your memory palace, observing the pictures in order, and remembering the associated topics from your history lesson. Burt Lancaster, acrobatic actor manipulating colorful airplanes. The Maya civilization was famous for its art, architecture, mathematics, calendar, and astronomical system. The giraffes are wearing sneakers. The territory where the ancient Mayans live, which included portions of the current States, Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, and Doris, and El Salvador. The take our coupons for Reebok shoes flyer will remind me about the most important Mayan cities, Tikal, Copan, and real back. The news on TV about a burning terrorists will remind me of the Mayan agricultural methods, territory, controlled burning and underground irrigation reservoirs. Then the basket of vegetables will remind me of the most cultivated plants by Mayans. Corn, beans, squash, and chilies. The calendar and a parrot repeating, save that imitator will remind me of the Mayan calendar edit starting date August 113114 BC. The screen full book and a ceramic part from my bathtub will remind me of the Mayan system of recording events. Then I have the image of Superman reminding me of the invention of the number 0 by the Mayans. Hero rhyming with 0. And Hannibal Lecter reminding me of the ritual cannibalism. Please note that the use of the association methods presented in this example is a personal and creative process. There are no rigid rules for creating your associated images. And any trick, trick that helps you turn the concepts to be learned into images can be useful whether you are consciously applying a certain method or simply a random image that seems right to you by following a series of clear steps and simple rules for memorizing different types of information. The scale method brings a systematic approach to a task that seems difficult for all of us. Memorizing hundreds of pages of horribly abstract, unattractive and unrelated information. What is truly spectacular about the scale method is that it can help you memorize entire books. This doesn't mean that it offers you a miraculous solution to memorize information as many photo reading techniques claim to do. The skull mourning process involves a work of deconstructing, organizing, and reconstructing, Recording the material. All these stages being part of the natural process of efficient learning. In simple terms. It translates the abstract information into the alphabet of the brain, which is made up of concrete images, thus making it possible to memorize it in a long-term. See you in the next lesson for another practical application of this method. 15. 4.4. Using Memory Techniques in your Career: There are a great many skills that are important in your career. And although some are more important than others, you must try to develop as many of these traits as possible. Attributes such as efficiency, innovation, communication skills, and financial acumen are all beneficial. Still, one of the most overlooked advantages in any walk of life is the advantage of a good memory. In this lesson, you will learn how to use some simple memory techniques and different situations that you face every day in your career. Using memory techniques for business meetings. We have already talked in a previous chapter about how you can create your mental calendar to help you memorize the dates and hours of your appointment using the major system for business meetings in addition to the date and time of your appointment, you can also use the memory palace technique to memorize the most important topics you want to discuss at that meeting. Applying this method involves two steps. The first step is to choose the main topics you want to discuss at the meeting and to create a memorable image for each one. It can be the image of a person or object. Anything that can remind you of that topic. Natural memory will fill in the blanks between the main points and we'll make genuine associations. Then put these images in a memory palace and combine them with the locations and a single image. Your memory palace can be right in the room where you're going to have your business meeting. In this way, you will have triggers all around you that will remind you of the topics you want to decide to discuss. If you do not know very well the place where the meeting will take place, it is recommended to build your mental palace in a location that is familiar to you. When you want to remember these ideas again, you simply go mentally through your memory palace in the same sequence and all the images will appear in your mind's eye. Using memory techniques in public speaking. Your ability to speak to an audience is essential in your career, but becoming an excellent public speaker will also help you in every part of your life. The better you speak in public, the more you like yourself, your self-esteem increases and you will notice an improvement in the overall quality of your life. A good public speaking ability will help you garner the respect and support of others in your career or your personal life and will create a perception of authority for your person. But what are the requirements for becoming a skilled public speaker? And what is the role of memorization and public speaking? According to public speaking experts, there are three main steps for designing and delivering a speech. Speech preparation, researching, designing and writing the speech, speech memorization and speech delivery. Let's see how memory techniques can help you in each of these steps. Memory techniques used in speech preparation, mindmaps. When you prepare your speech material, a mind map can help you to organize your ideas in a visual, well-structured, and focused way. Generate new ideas about the approach subject, and see the whole picture of the structure around which you build your speech. A mind-map can not only help you to plan what you intend to present, but it is also a useful tool when it comes to writing your speech out and forth. You can keep referring back to it to check your on the right track when your presentation takes place. Acronyms are another very useful memory technique in public speaking because they can help you make your presentation more memorable for your audience. Designing the speech or presentation around an acronym is a method commonly used by the public speaking experts. Here's how it works. You take a word that is relevant to your speech and important to the audience, and use it as an acronym by creating a structure of concepts, each starting with a letter of this word. You can do this with almost any word. Here is an example of how to use this method extracted from my favorite author brand Tracy's book, speak to when starting from the word success. Brian explains how to organize a speech about success around this acronym. The first letter S stands for a sense of purpose. I then explained the importance of having clear, specific goals before you begin. The second letter U stands for You are responsible. I explained that you must take charge of your life and career and you must refuse to make any excuses. The third letter C stands customer satisfaction. You must clearly identify your ideal customer, decide what you can do to win her over and satisfy her better than your competitor can't. The fourth letter C stands for creativity. I explained the importance of finding better, faster, cheaper ways to promote and sell your product in today's market market. The fifth letter E stands for excellence. You must become absolutely excellent at what you do and continually strive to improve. The sixth letter S stands for sensitivity to others. You must think about other people and how what you do and say can have an effect on them. Finally, the last letter S stands for stick to it. You must resolve in advance that you will never give up and that you will persist in the face of all adversity and difficulties. This method is an effective way to organize your thoughts and impress your audience by speaking fluidly without notes. Using memory techniques for memorizing and delivering your speech. The recommended method for remembering speeches or presentations is the skull method. A very efficient method that combines several memory techniques you've already seen in the previous lesson what the steps are of this method. Structure, chunk, associate, locate, memorize. Here's how to use it to memorize Brian Tracy speech about success factors. So you don't forget it when you have to deliver it. The first step of the skull method is to structure the information in the form of a mind-map that will give us an overview of the whole material. As you can see, the seven key points of the material are organized in a mineral will form. And for this, Bryan, use the acronym technique which you already know from previous lessons. The next step of the method is to chunk the information into manageable parts, one for each factor in order to turn them into memorable images in the next step, which is the association. So let's move on to the most important step of the skull method, the association of these pieces of information with simple and memorable images. This is where the magic happens. In this stage, the abstract information is transformed into pictures by using the memory techniques. The first chunk is about sense of purpose, which can be associated with the image of an arrow. The next chunk is about responsibility, and I will associate it with the image of a to-do list. But third chunk is customer satisfaction and can be associated with the image of a Smiley face. The next letter C stands for creativity, which can be associated with the image of a light bulb. The fifth chunk is about excellence and can be associated with the image of a metal. The sixth letter S stands for sensitivity to others, which can be associated with the image of a delicate flower. And finally, the latter is about stick to it and can be associated with the image of a male step. At the end of the association step, we have a list of simple and easy to memorize images, which we will place an order along a structure that will help us to memorize them in order this structure will be created and the next step of the skull method by using the memory palace technique. Next step of this file method is to place these images and a memory palace that will help you memorize them in order. It's always a good option to create your memory palace in the same room where you are supposed to give the speech. By memorizing the key points of your speech. In this way, you will have visual reminders everywhere around you in the room, and they will automatically trigger you the key ideas of your speech. To memorize the images in order, I will choose seven predefined points in the room where I will give the speech and I will place my images there. Of course, this will only happen in my imagination, being part of the process of fixing the information in my mind. The last step of the skull method is to memorize the images that will trigger your key ideas. In here are these ideas. First image is the arrow, sense of purpose. I will explain the importance of having clear, specific goals. Then the to-do list. You are responsible. I will explain that you must take charge of your life and career and you must refuse to make any excuses. Third, the Smiley face, customer satisfaction. I will talk about the importance of clearly identifying the ideal consumer and about meeting his needs better than your competitors do. Then the light bulb, creativity, I will explain the importance of finding better, faster, cheaper ways to promote and sell your product in today's market. The fifth image is the metal representing excellence. I will explain that you must become absolutely excellent at what you do and continually strive to improve. 6, the flower sensitivity to others. I will explain that you must think about other people and what you do and say can have an effect on them. Finally, the last image, the mail stamp, stick to it. I will explain that you must resolve in advance that you will never give up and that you will persist in the face of all adversity and difficulties. As you can see, these simple images placed along a mental path that ensure their order are extremely memorable. Here's how efficient the scalp technique is and how it can help you become a skilled and eloquent public speaker. You have probably heard a lot of times by now that many people ranked fear of public speaking higher than death. One of the main reasons for this sphere is though, worry about for getting the speech by using the memory techniques you've already learned. It will be very easy to memorize the important points of the speech, or even the entire speech or presentation, and eliminate the fear of forgetting forever. When you're confident of what you have to say, that fear diminishes. 16. 4.5. How to Learn any Foreign Language: Learning another language for most people is extremely difficult and takes much commitment. For anyone unfamiliar with that language. It's words or strange conglomerate of meaningful sounds. That's why they're so difficult to remember. Unlike an already known word, in case of a word in a foreign language, there is no previous mental image that our brain can use for that notion. No instruction is helping us how to go about fixing these strange new sounds in her head or converting them into our native language. So you have to decide for yourself what the image should look like. So here's the purpose of memory techniques in this case, to associate foreign words with memorable images that we already know. The most important technique used for this association is the sound alike method, which I have already presented in a previous lesson. Learning the vocabulary of a foreign language involves two steps. First, you need to turn foreign words and you memorable images. Then you place them along with a memory palace, which will help you remember when you need them. Therefore, the login method will provide us with a structure in which the place our new words grouped according to different criteria. In this lesson, you will learn a very efficient method used by memory experts, combining several memory techniques and tools that will allow you to become more effective in learning foreign languages. Here are the steps of this method. Step one, learn the vocabulary of a foreign language. Since vocabulary is the basic building block of language, it is desirable and necessary to develop methods of learning and to remember foreign words more easily. The recommended memory technique for this purpose is the sound alike method, combined with the length method before making mental images of the words to which you do not have a meaning, you should first create a sound alike for the word, then link the two words. If the new word resembles a word in your native language, create a mental image association between the native word and the new word. For example, the Spanish word for mono means brother. By using the sound alike technique, the word Romano can be associated with airmen. Finally, associate the two images by imagining your brother as an airman. The word meaning father and French is paired. Associate the image of your father with a sound alike pair, and you will memorize it quickly. It is always best to make up your pictures. Use the associations you can think of spontaneously. Your first idea is often your best. For words that you find difficult to remember, you might need to construct more detailed images. For example, you can split it into two or more convenient parts, create sound alike to each part, and then associate the individual images. Learning vocabulary can be fun if you apply your creative skills. At the end of this step, you will have a list of simple images associated with a basic vocabulary of the foreign language would you will only have to memorize so that you can remember them when needed. Step two, Use the memory palace technique for learning more foreign words. When you are memorizing and extensive vocabulary, you need somewhere to store everything. A place where words can be accessed quickly and easily by placing the words into a large memory palace, such as your town or your neighborhood, you will get a proper and orderly classification of the information so you can easily remember it later. The perfect way to store basic vocabulary is by using a detailed mental map of a town or village. In his book, how did develop a perfect memory? The eight time World Memory champion Dominic O'Brien. Here's some tips on how to use this method more effectively. One, choose a familiar town. Think of the sort of words you will be learning. Sharp church, garage, door, car, road, house, room, and share. A town can encompass all these everyday words. The advantage of using a mental map of your town as you're filing system, is that you can group various types of words in different quarters. Nouns can be associated with the most relevant locations. For example, the image coding, the foreign word for the book, could be related to a book on a shelf in the library. Adjectives can all be put in the park. Words such as green, smelly, break, small, cold, et cetera, can be easily related to objects in a park. Action verbs can most easily be associated with a sport center or playing field. This allows us all the associations of lifting, running, locking, hitting, eating, swimming, driving, et cetera. How about remembering genders in a language where gender is important and excellent method of remembering this is to divide your town into two main zones. In one zone, you code information on masculine gender nouns, while in the other zone, you code information on feminine nouns. With a language has a neutral gender, then use three zones. You can separate these areas with busy roads, rivers, et cetera. To fix the gender of a noun, simply associate its image with a place in the correct part of town. To let the foreign word suggests a key image to you using your imagination and association. For example, the German for a plate is telling your key image might be of a bank teller. Concentrate on a phonetic sound of a foreign word rather than the way it is spelled. If some of your associations produce words that don't quite match the correct pronunciation. Don't worry. You can add the finishing touches of an accent and emphasis later. Three, please your key image in an appropriate location suggested by your native language, you are likely to find a plate in a restaurant. So think of a particular establishment, you know, in your chosen town. For. Combine your key image with a location. Imagine a bank teller counting out piles of money on a large plate in the corner of the restaurant. It is claimed that by using this technique, the basic vocabulary of a foreign language, usually about 1000 words, can be learned in just ten hours. But please remember, learning a foreign language takes time and dedication. 17. 4.6. How to Memorize Long Numbers like a Memory Athlete: In this lesson, you will learn how to use the learning methods to memorize long numbers like memory athletes do. When I say long numbers, I mean hundreds or thousands of digits, which can be memorized or remembered much easier if you learn the right techniques. The current Guinness record for the most decimal digit memorized in one hour is 4,620, about 13 digits per second. It was achieved by re-use on I North Korea at the 2019 Memory Championships in China. Now, let's see how memory athletes memorize these large amounts of randomized digits. I think the best way to introduce you to the most advanced number memorization techniques is to apply each technique in turn for memorizing the same number. In this way, you will be able to compare their efficiency individually. You will be able to choose a favorite method to practice in the future. Here's the number that we will memorize using three different techniques. The first 20 decimals of the number pi. Pi memorization is difficult since there is no pattern in its digits. It's infinite and nonrecurring sequence of numbers makes it a fun challenge to memorize more and more digits. The Guinness World Records says the tub piracy is Raj veer Mina from India, who reeled off 70 thousand digits in just nine hours and seven minutes in 2015 while blindfolded. Meanwhile, Akira Heroku, a 69 year-old Japanese man, says he's the unofficial record holder, claiming he can recite about 111,700 digits. Here Agouti is our legend among memory masters having memorized more of pies digits than anyone else. Here are the techniques that we will use for this purpose. The major system, Dominic system and person action object, PAO system. These are the most used methods by top mental athletes. And you've already seen in previous lessons how each technique works. Now, let's start our application. As you already know, the major system works by converting number sequences into consonants, consonants into words, images, then linking images into little stories or putting them in a memory palace. Thus, we create unforgettable memories for the numbers. The first step is to chunk the sequence of digits in twos. 141590 to 65, 35, eighty nine, seventy nine, thirty two, thirty eight and forty six. Then we transform the chunks into continents by applying the major systems code, DR. TL, pn, JL, ML, FB, CP, MN, MN, and RTH. By filling in the gaps between continents with neutral sounds, vowels, each pair of continents becomes a word. Doctor, tell, weapon, jail, email, FBI, cup, money, mafia, and Rich. I'm sure you can easily imagine a little story from these words written in that order. Here's an example. You can imagine a doctor telling you about a weapon in jail. He advises you to send an e-mail to an FBI cup about the money of the mafia that can make you rich. That's a reasonably memorable story, especially if you are directly involved in its scenario, isn't it? It helps you transform the abstract numbers into simple and easy to remember images, which by decoding them later from words to consonants and then back to numbers, will help you remember the memorize numerical sequence. To Dominic system. When you have to memorize a long numbers with a dominant system, first, you have to chunk them, enforce. The first two digits are converted into a person and the second two digits become an action. The unique combination between that person and the action of another person will create a memorable image that you will place along an imaginary journey created with a memory palace technique. Now, let's transform these numbers into images by applying the methods code. I'll remind you that this techniques code associates a person and a specific action for each two digit number from double 0 to 99. In this example, I will use the original code of the creator of the method eight times World Memory champion Dominic O'Brien. But you can customize this code with your own people and actions. 14, 15. The first pair of digits, 14 gives me AD or Arthur daily. While the second pair of 15 gives me a E, or Albert Einstein with his action, chalking a blackboard to do memorize the first four digits of the sequence at the first location in my memory palace, I imagined Arthur daily chocking a blackboard. The next chunks will become these images. 90 to 65. Nigel band playing tennis. 35, 89, Clint Eastwood, meaning the helm. 79, 32. Gamal Nasser being blindfolded and 38, 46, Charlton Heston cooking. These images can be inserted into a memory palace or in a peg system for quick recall. As you can see, this technique allows you to memorize four digits at a time, and you will need only five locations in your memory palace to memorize the 20 digit sequence. 3, the person action object PIO system. The periodic system isn't an elaboration of the Dominic system, which has led to a superior level. Whereas Dominic system encodes four digits at a time. Pao system can encode six digits in a single image. This by adding an object to each person. Here's how it works. When you memorize long numbers with PAO system. First, you have to chunk them in sixes. The first two digits are converted into a person. The second two digits become an action, and the third pair of two digits becomes an object. The unique combination between that person, the action of another person, and the object of a third person will create a memorable image that you will place in a memory palace. Our 20 digits sequence can be split into 39 digits chunks and 12 digits chunk, for which we will use only the associated person without any action or eyebrow object. Now, let's transform these numbers into images by applying the method code. For this example, I will use my own PAO code for decimal numbers, which I presented in a previous chapter, 141592, becomes Usain Bolt person pedaling action in a talk show. Object 65, 35, 89 becomes Archimedes being stabbed by the incus. Seventy nine thirty two thirty eight becomes Bob Dylan, burning England. And 46 becomes Donald Trump. Person without action and object. In this case, you need to link the last person to an image to remember it later. You can imagine Donald Trump sitting alone in the press as if they're left out. Or you can link him with the last object from the previous sequence, which is England. You can imagine, for example, Trump dressed a firefighter, extinguishing the fire caused in the previous sequence by Bob Dylan. The four images created with a PAO system can then be inserted into a memory palace along our imaginary journey or in a peg system for quick recall. As you can see, this method is much more efficient, allowing you to memorize six digit at a time. And for this reason, it is used by many memory athletes. After understanding how advanced number memorization techniques work, you can now imagine how artificial memories created by mental athletes work during memory competitions. Their brains function like. Those are taxi drivers walking on a well-known itinerary using the hippocampus, the region in the brain responsible for spatial memory, which provides human beings with a spatial map of their environment. Einstein's words, imagination is more important than knowledge, are. In fact, the essence of memory training. See you in the next lesson to learn how memory athletes use these techniques to memorize playing cards. 18. 4.7. How to Memorize Playing Cards like a Pro: Why learn to memorize playing cards? Unless you're a stage magician or you intend to compete in a Memory Championship. Memorizing a deck of cards does sound like a useless skill, and you might even view it as a complete waste of time. However, memorizing long sequences of playing cards is still the best memory exercise ever. Memorizing playing cards is difficult because cards are by their very nature, abstract and indistinct. I'm not saying it's difficult to remember a five cards poker hand, but to be able to memorize a whole deck of shuffled playing cards is well out of the range of most people and can give you significant advantages at current games like bridge, poker and blackjack. Imagine yourself being able to memorize the order of cards in an entire deck as quickly as they can be dealt with. Card counters use these memory techniques to earn considerable amounts of money at the blackjack table. On the other hand, every memory competition involves some tests of memorizing the order of randomized playing cards in as little time as possible. Afterwards, the competitor is required to arrange new decks of cards in the same order. In World Memory Championships, there are two events related to memorizing playing cards, speed cards and one, our random playing cards. The first test, speed cards is about memorizing the order of one shuffled deck of 52 playing cards as fast as possible. Competitor who correctly memorizes all 52 cards in the quickest time wins the discipline. The second memory attempt involves more than that, being an endurance and focus test of your brain. This test is about memorizing and recalling as many separate packs of 52 playing cards as possible in one hour. The time to recall all memorize decks is two hours. The methods playing cards memorization is done in the same way as numbers. The same encoding techniques are used as in the case of numbers, major system, Dominic system and PAO system, after which the obtained images are placed in a memory palace. But unlike the memorization of numbers, these methods use other codes who were playing cards. The major system uses a code of 52 words, one for each card, each based on two continents. For example, two of hearts is eight n, which can become him. While four of clubs is CR, which can become the word car. Dominic system, groups of the cards and pairs of which the first card is the person and the second the action of another person. The PAO system handles 3 playing cards at a time. Card one person, cartoon, the action, and card three, the object. Memory sport. The efficiency of a method is given by the fewest number of locations it uses to store an entire deck of playing cards. So let's compare the efficiency of these three advanced methods. The major system encodes one card in one image, so you need 52 distinct points in your memory, palace or journey to memorize the whole deck, the person action Dominic system encodes two cards in a single image. So you need 26 distinct points in your memory palace to memorize the whole day. With a person action object PAO system, you can memorize three cards in a single image. So you need 17 distinct points in your memory palace to memorize the whole deck. Although some methods are more effective than others, the codes that need to be learned or more complicated as the efficiency of the method increases. For this reason, you may find that you prefer a one card major system to a three cards PAO system. Or you may think that Dominic system is superior to the PAO system. The system you use is not the main limiting factor in how well you can accomplish feats of memory. The limiting factor is yourself, how efficient you can become in using the method that you think suits you best and how hard you are willing to train. I hope that this short presentation of the main methods used by mental athletes for memorizing playing cards helped you to form an image about this area. But because this course is intended to be a starter guide for beginners, I will not go into more detail here about the advanced memory techniques, which I intend to present in detail in a separate course for those who want to go further and become memory athletes. In the next lesson, I will share some tips that I consider essential for memory training. So see you there. 19. 5.1. Tips& Tricks for your Memory Training: In this lesson, I will share some tips that I consider essential for anyone who wants to improve their memory and keep their brain young. Their discovery would probably take years of study and memory training. So whether you are a beginner or you're already a memory athlete, I am sure you will appreciate at its true value what I revealed to you in this lesson. What, trust your memory. You don't believe in your memory capacity. There is no way in which you can improve it. Belief has a magical effect. We become that which we mostly think about. And with those whom we associate. This is hard for many the sea. Yet it is a timeless principle that all high achievers understand and practice on a consistent basis. From now on, start believing in your own memory capacity. You have an excellent memory eagerly waiting only the server. To maintain a healthy memory lifestyle. Memory is a complex phenomenon affected by physiological changes, genetics, emotions, education, experience. And while there are some certainties in this area, there are also some unknowns. The unknowns outnumber the certainties. The uncertainty is explained by the complexity and multiplicity of the factors involved in this phenomenon. The cause of age-related memory loss remains largely a mystery, as does had a prevented. For this reason from the many factors contributing to the proper function of memory. I recommend that you focus on the safest ones. The common sense steps for enhancing your memory, such as physical and mental exercise, proper nutrition, seeking out regular social experiences, not smoking and avoiding too much caffeine or alcohol. Some of these changes may make more difference in the outcome than a lot of expensive drugs are supplements. Three, prepare your mental toolkit to use in your memory training. Memory training includes studying and practicing memory techniques so that you can choose a set of tools that suit you, which you can have at hand when ever you need to apply them. Be flexible and adapt a method to suit your style. Your ability to adapt them will increase with practice. You may also want to consider integrating some other memory techniques more suited to your learning style. You can use whatever you want, as long as it helps your learning and recall the learning method presented in this course called the super clever advance learning method. Scom, combining several memory techniques is extremely efficient and versatile and can be applied to learning any type of material. With this method, you're learning process can be fun and you can achieve astonishingly impressive results very quickly. You may also need a collection of memory palaces, which you can use alternatives to learn different from subjects. For create impact middle images. We tend to forget the simple, mundane, everyday, ordinary thing. But we rarely forget the unique, the ridiculous, the violent, unusual, the absurd, and the extraordinary. Make your associations unusual, ridiculous, impossible. And they'll stick like glue. The more vividly you can imagine, the more quickly you will remember. Apply Harry Lorine slap in the face principle. If you walked out of your office and a few drops of rain splattered on you, you would quickly forget it ever happened. If however buckets of water poured over your head, soaking you knew would remember the event and probably recount it in detail for years. You can strengthen your mental images by using color, motion, interaction, exaggeration, and strangeness. Use color. Color attracts, and whatever attracts the brain is remembered with ease. And for a long time, the more colors you use in your mental images and the more vivid they are, the better. Using color alone can improve your memory by as much as 50 percent. Use motion as often as possible. Try to make your mental images move. Moving objects are usually remembered better than Still ones. Make them interacting. You can make things more memorable by crashing or sticking them together, by putting them on top or inside each other, or by placing them in new situations. Size does matter. We tend to forget smaller events soon because they made only a little or no impact so that you remember your associations better. You have to introduce the element of bigness into those associations. The more gigantic you can make the object in your mind, the more vivid image will be. Strange, is memorable, not boring. Therefore, we tend to forget normal things easily. You have to add the element of strangeness while you associate things in order to remember them for a long time. Let us say you are watching a documentary about crocodiles. After a few minutes. If our real crocodile jumps out of the TV, I am sure you will never be able to forget that. Ever. Five, involve all your senses in the memorization process. The more you can involve all your senses tasting, touching, smelling, seeing, and hearing in your memory image. The more you will remember it. You can strengthen your memory by involving various sensors and recalling the information to relate the data. And impression received through more senses is stronger than one received through only one of these channels. For example, this is a fruit which grows in the wild Amazon rainforest named Kapoor sue. You probably haven't even heard about it. At this point. It's just a word without meaning for you. But imagine that you have this fruit in your hands, that you can see it, smell it, feel it, texture and taste it. You then have a clear image of the object that you have to memorize. The word Kapoor Sue is now associated with a concrete image in your brain. Side-effects. If you consistently apply them memory techniques, in addition to improving your learning skills and your memory, you will notice an improvement in the overall quality of your life. Because these methods train your brain's capacity to manipulate middle images, it will become easier for you to think creatively, to generate images, ideas, and thoughts, and to make faster and better decisions in all areas of your life. So here's another reason to start training your memory. See you in the next lesson for the course summary. 20. 6.1. Summary and Next steps: We've covered a lot of topics in this course. You learned a lot about both the low T technique and other memory techniques that you can use in combination with it. And I presented you with a lot of practical applications and examples. I believe that this course is more than another memory improvement guide. It is a generator of new possibilities and opportunities to open up new directions in your studies and your career. You can return to the lessons at anytime to clarify issues that escaped your first reading because the subject is so in-depth and comprehensive. Practicing the memory techniques presented in this course should help you internalize many memory improvement principles and paved the way for you to become a super learner and even a memory athlete. At this point, you might be wondering what next if this course is over, what are the next steps in this journey towards a better memory? And when does it end? None of us are or will ever be perfect. There is always a way for us to improve. If memory improvement becomes your hobby, you'll continue to improve it over time. And this is a process that continues all your life. The journey of memory improvement does not end. Rather, it does get more interesting because you will start to think more clearly and fast. You'll be able to make better decisions and increase your self confidence. I recommend you visit my blog, the nim obey, where you can find the complete, an orderly collection of materials about this field of memory improvement. Books, video courses, memory techniques, memory foods and drinks, memory supplements, and many more. To stay up to date with my future projects. Just subscribe to my blog and I will keep you informed about all of these. You might also be interested in my other books and online courses. You can find them on my blog dedicated to the most important memory techniques. They can make you understand better what memory improvement is about and see for yourself just how simple and handy this skill is. You will find simple techniques that you can apply in your daily life and advanced methods used by memory experts in competitions that can help you achieve amazing results with your memory. So if you're waiting for the perfect time to begin your memory improvement journey, the perfect time is now, this course gave you the perfect tools to do it and you can start today. Thank you for your interest in time. I wish you well in memory, improvement in life. Keep improving your memory and keep learning.