The Complete Guide To The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) | Kevin Chung | Skillshare

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The Complete Guide To The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)

teacher avatar Kevin Chung, MBTI Certified Practitioner

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

28 Lessons (48m)
    • 1. Introduction

      2:00
    • 2. Quick Activity: What are Personality Preferences?

      1:35
    • 3. What is the MBTI?

      2:03
    • 4. A Brief History of the MBTI

      1:13
    • 5. Introduction to the Dichotomies

      0:55
    • 6. The First Dichotomy: Introversion & Extraversion

      0:54
    • 7. The Second Dichotomy: Sensing & Intuition

      1:22
    • 8. The Third Dichotomy: Thinking & Feeling

      1:07
    • 9. The Fourth Dichotomy: Judgement & Perception

      1:41
    • 10. Adding an Inner and Outer Focus

      1:35
    • 11. Introduction to the Perception Cognitive Functions

      0:45
    • 12. Outer Concrete: extraverted Sensing (Se)

      1:44
    • 13. Inner Concrete: introverted Sensing (Si)

      1:56
    • 14. Outer Abstract: extraverted Intuition (Ne)

      2:54
    • 15. Inner Abstract: introverted Intuition (Ni)

      3:25
    • 16. Introduction to the Judgement Cognitive Functions

      0:21
    • 17. Outer Objective: extraverted Thinking (Te)

      1:45
    • 18. Inner Objective: introverted Thinking (Ti)

      2:27
    • 19. Outer Subjective: extraverted Feeling (Fe)

      1:24
    • 20. Inner Subjective: introverted Feeling (Fi)

      1:59
    • 21. Unlocking Your 4-letter Code

      1:47
    • 22. Decoding Your Code

      1:46
    • 23. Roles of the Cognitive Functions

      3:44
    • 24. Your Strengths and Weaknesses

      1:23
    • 25. How to use this Information: Sharpen the Sword

      2:00
    • 26. Conclusion

      0:57
    • 27. The Neuroscience of Personality Type

      1:34
    • 28. What is Your Best-Fit Type? Taking the MBTI

      1:57
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About This Class

This course is a complete guide to the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator.

In this course, you'll learn fundamental concepts behind the world's most popular personality assessment.

You will discover your strengths and weakness, what makes you tick, and how others are similar and different than you.

Meet Your Teacher

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Kevin Chung

MBTI Certified Practitioner

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Hello, I'm Kevin.

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Transcripts

1. Introduction: Hello, everyone. My name is Kevin, and I'm a Myers Briggs type indicator certified practitioner. My passion for personality type started when I read my first description. I still remember how well the description matched me, and from that point on, I wanted to know more. And ever since, I've spent hundreds of hours researching the Myers Briggs. But the first few hours were hard. It was difficult grasping all the jargon that the MBT I used. And to make matters worse, every source online seemed to have a different perspective. It was clear to me that online research wasn't cutting it, so I bought some books, a lot of books. Then I noticed that the majority of people online also didn't understand the MBT I they're fundamentals were way off. I tried looking for a guide or course, but none of them really got it right. So I decided to take the essentials off. What I've learned about the MBT I on distill it into this course. This course is for anyone who wants to gain a deep understanding of themselves and others through the lens of personality type. In this course, you'll learn the basics of the MBT I its history what your four letter code really means and how to decode it. You'll also learn about the theory the MBT eyes based on what most sources don't get right , the cognitive functions. Everything in this course is meant to give you a fundamental understanding of the MBT I. We're also going to have a lot of simple activities that will better help you understand each concept. I won't just tell you each concept you're going to experience it. By the end of this course, you'll be able to use what you've learned to better understanding yourself and others. You'll be able to see where your strengths and weaknesses are, and you'll be able to easily understand new information about the MBT I if you choose to do your own research, I'm excited to have you here on this journey with me. Let's jump right in for our first activity. Please grab a pen and paper 2. Quick Activity: What are Personality Preferences?: hello and welcome to our first activity. If you haven't already, please grab a pen and paper on the paper as best as you can sign your name. Now put your pen in your other hand and, as best you can sign your name. What did it feel like? The first thing you might have noticed is that it didn't feel natural. It also probably took a lot more energy to do, and it wasn't as automatic. Lastly, the quality of the result was probably poor compared to your preferred hand. What does this have to do with the MBT I the MBT? I is all about our preferences, personality preferences. You automatically chose to write with your dominant hand because you have a preference for it. We'll have different preferences, a preferred hand. Ah, preferred I a preferred foot that goes in front on a skateboard when we use what we prefer . That's when we utilize our strengths. And when we know we don't prefer something, that's when we can grow from our weaknesses. The heart of the M. V. T. I is about our preferences for how we take in information and make decisions. This short activity is a great analogy for explaining preferences In the next lecture, we're going to cover what the M V T is. If you have any questions throughout the course, please feel free to send me a message. 3. What is the MBTI?: in this lecture, we're going to go over what the MBT I is the Myers Briggs type indicator, or MBT. I. For Short is a self report questionnaire made by two women is Bill Myers and Katharine Briggs. The MBT I is based on Carl Young's theory of personality type. In his theory, Young notes that people preferred interacting with the outer world of their mind or reflecting on the inner world of their mind. Young called focusing on the outer world extra version on focusing on the inner world introversion. It's important to note that although Young coined the terms extroversion and introversion, depending on where you look, you might get a different definition. Young also noticed what people were doing inside of these two worlds. They were taking in information on evaluating that information to make decisions you can call the process of taking an information perception on the process of making decisions judgment. Young also described two ways that we can take in information concretely and abstractly. He called accessing concrete information, sensing and accessing abstract information intuition. What's more, young to find two ways we can make decisions objectively and subjectively what he called thinking on feeling, respectively. It's important to note that Young's definitions are just metaphors for what he observed. Our preference for how we taken information and make decisions is at the core of Young's theory of personality. Isabelle Myers and Katharine Briggs created the MBT I to help people see where they fit. In Young's theory, the MBT I has 16 personality types, each represented with a four letter code. Your four letter code represents your preference for Young's definitions. I hope that wasn't too much information to take in all at once. If anything is unclear, please don't hesitate to send me a message with any questions you might have in the next lecture. We're going to cover a brief history of the M. V T I. 4. A Brief History of the MBTI: In 1921 a Swiss psychiatrist named Carl Young published a book called Psychological Types. In this book, he shares his theory of personality. Katharine Briggs read. Young's book On was fascinated with how it resembled her own understanding of others. Catherine shares this knowledge with her daughter is Bill Martyrs, and she also becomes fascinated with the Youngs work. The mother daughter team decide to make Young's work more accessible and useful to the world. They wanted to help people grow through an understanding and appreciation of our differences. They did this by creating the Myers Briggs type indicator during World War Two. Visible made it her mission to give people access to their psychological time. By doing so, she saw this as her contribution towards world peace. Isabel also wanted to use the MBT I to help women build jobs that match their strengths. Since most women at the time didn't have professional experience Isabel Salt personality type as a way to match them with jobs, they were better suited for today. The MBT I is used by 88 of 100 Fortune 100 companies as a people development tool with about two million assessments being taken annually that covers our introductory section. In the next section, we're going to cover the basics of the M. V T I the dichotomies. 5. Introduction to the Dichotomies: hello again in this section, we're going to cover the dichotomies view of the MBT I. This view of the MBT I is the most common, but also incomplete. A dichotomy is a contrast between two things that are opposite the MBT. I has board dichotomy four pairs that represent your personality. Preferences in this section will cover each of the dichotomies. Remember, are short writing activity. This is all about preference. What comes easier automatically and naturally for you. The four dichotomies are introversion and extroversion sensing and intuition, thinking and feeling. I'm judging and perceiving. Here's where the jargon comes into play. To clarify these terms, I'll be putting them in plain language. In the next lecture, we're going to be talking about the first dichotomy, introversion and extroversion. 6. The First Dichotomy: Introversion & Extraversion: in this lecture will cover the first dichotomy of the MBT I The first pair represents your preference for the inner or outer world of your mind. To introvert is to focus your attention on your inner world. The inner world is made of of thoughts, feelings, ideas and memories. If you've ever daydreamed before and you probably have, then you were focused on the inner world of your mind. To extroverts is the opposite. You focus your attention on the outer world of your mind. The outer world is made of people and experiences outside of yourself. You are engaged in the outer world. If you're noticing how food tastes, talking to another person, listening to music or even watching and listening to this course, what world do you think you have a preference for? What world do you engage in without effort? In the next lecture, we're going to go over the second dichotomy of the M V t. I 7. The Second Dichotomy: Sensing & Intuition: second dichotomy represents your preference for information, either concrete or abstract. Concrete information is tangible sensory information. For example, anything that you see feel taste or here is your mind accessing or becoming aware of concrete information. Yun called the process of accessing concrete information sensing abstract information. The opposite is intangible conceptual information. Young called the process of accessing abstract information intuition, for example, any information gained from reading between the lines like guessing what someone's behavior might mean is abstract information. Interpreting the meaning of someone's behavior is abstract. There is no tangible basis for it. Two types of art illustrate this concept Well. In one hand we have concrete art realism, and on the other we have abstract er realism. Artists paint a concrete picture of reality, whereas abstract artists tend to paint an abstract picture of reality. We're also becoming aware of abstract information. When we look at an artist work and wonder what inspired this piece, how long did it take them to make this? What is the meaning behind this art? In the next lecture, we're going to go over the third dichotomy. Our preference for decisions 8. The Third Dichotomy: Thinking & Feeling: The third dichotomy represents your preference for decisions either objective or subjective . Objective decisions are based on criteria, principles or logic. Young called objective decisions thinking. In contrast, subjective decisions are based on your values or how it affects others. Young called subjective decisions feeling to put in another perspective, objective thinking decisions are like making decisions with your head and subjective feeling. Decisions are like making decisions with your heart as a quick activity imagined. You're deciding on what your college major should be. How do you decide if you decide on a major based on how much it pays? That is an objective criteria. You made a thinking decision. However, If you decide based on which subject is important to you, then you made a feeling decision. What's important to you is subjective in the next lecture will be going over the last dichotomy, which has to deal with what kind of lifestyle you prefer to live 9. The Fourth Dichotomy: Judgement & Perception: the last economy represents the type of lifestyle you prefer. Remember, perception is Young's term for the process of accessing information and judgment is his term for the process of deciding If you have a pee in your four letter code, which stands for perception, it means you prefer to live a more open ended lifestyle. You want to be open to new information as it emerges. Conversely, if you have a J in your four letter code, which stands for judgment, it means you prefer to live your life in a more structured way. You prefer things organized in advance. If you prefer to live a more open ended lifestyle, then you tend to like having plans decided closer to the deadline. This allows you to be open to new information that might come along. If you prefer to live amore structured lifestyle, then you prefer to have plans decided in advance. This allows you to avoid the stress of not having things decided ahead of time for a quick activity. Let's say that you have a project either school or work that's due in two weeks. How do you handle the project? Do you work on it? Piece by piece and finish early, or do you work on it somewhat randomly and finish in a last minute burst of energy. If you tend to finish early, then you might have a J at the end of your code. If you finished just in time, then you might have a P at the end of your code. This covers the four dichotomies of the Myers Briggs type indicator. In the next lecture, we're going to see how applying an inner and outer focus to the middle dichotomies gets us to the heart of the MBT eyes theory. What we get Our Young's eight cognitive functions. 10. Adding an Inner and Outer Focus: hope If you stuck by this course this far, you're in for a treat. The next section is where the real core of the M V T ice theory comes in. This is where most sources missed the Mark Young's cognitive functions or cognitive processes. We've talked about each of the economies. Now we're going toe, apply in outer and their focus to the ways that we have taken information and make decisions as a review. Our minds have access to concrete information. Concrete information is tangible sensory information that is gained by our senses. When we apply an outside focus to concrete information, the information, our minds become aware of our tangible things in our environment. For example, if you were to notice the readiness of a rose, the rose exists on the outer world of our minds. Young called the process of accessing concrete information sensing and an orientation to the outer world. Extra version. When you put them together, you get one of young's functions. Concrete information on the outside world, extroverted sensing, abbreviated S e for short. In contrast, when we apply an internal focus to concrete information, the information our minds become aware of are stored concrete information memories. Seeing arose, you might remember the last time that we received or gave arose in the next section. We're going to cover Young's eight cognitive functions. This is where things get interesting. 11. Introduction to the Perception Cognitive Functions: Hello and welcome to this new section of the course In this section, we're going to cover Young's perception cognitive functions. In the previous section, I mentioned extroverted sensing, Ah, process involved with becoming aware of concrete information on the outer world. When we apply an inner focus, we get introverted sensing, becoming aware of concrete information from the inner world. Next, we have intuition, the process of accessing abstract information. When we apply an outer and inner focus, we get extroverted intuition. An introverted intuition in this section will be going over each of these cognitive functions. 12. Outer Concrete: extraverted Sensing (Se): Hello again. In this lecture you're going to learn about one of young's cognitive functions. The first process we're covering is the easiest to see and understand. In plain terms, this is an information accessing process that is concrete and focused on the outer world as a quick activity. Take a moment to look around the room you're in. What did you see? Did you notice anything? What did you notice? It could be the color of the walls or your things around You. Take a moment to look at this picture. What do you notice? Did you notice the shades of blue of the water or the flowers on the bottom? Right side? By noticing these concrete details, your mind is becoming aware of concrete information in the external world. Young called this process extroverted. Sensing. Using this process, we become one with the present moment. It helps. It sees opportunities. We noticed in our environment the I can I chose to represent. This process is of nature because this process is all about experiencing the outside world . You might notice how the trees air different or how the sun is between the clouds. In essence, you are using this process. When you become aware of details in the physical world, you experience the world for what it is in vivid detail. This could be the readiness of a rose to noticing the readiness of your friends blushing face, but not the reason why your friend is blushing. That's a different type of information. This process is all about experiencing the immediate context, taking it in for what it is and nothing more. In the next lecture, we're going to cover concrete information but focused inward. 13. Inner Concrete: introverted Sensing (Si): Hello there. This lecture is about another cognitive process. Again, this process is an information and accessing one what young called perception. It is concrete but focused on the inner world of your mind to show you this process. I have a quick activity for you in as much detail as possible. Described your day yesterday. When was the last time you ate? What did you eat? Can you remember the flavors? These questions are meant to engage this process to get you to review the past in detail. Have you ever relived the past in your head before we're playing the details of a day? What about replaying a mistake You did in your mind or even have a song playing your head? This is your mind becoming aware of information that is concrete and focused inward. Young called this process introverted. Sensing we used this process. When our current situation triggers memories of the past with all its details, you might find a sentimental item that you have and you might remember how you got it and what it means to you. In essence, what is evokes what waas. For example, I recently found my old Nokia cellphone the phone brought back memories of when I first got it in middle school and how cool it felt to have won. This process also helps us from making the same mistake twice. We might recall the last time we ate at a certain restaurant and got sick, and then we might decide not to eat there again. The iconic chose to represent this process is of a magnifying glass with an arrow. The circular arrow represents a rewind, and the magnifying glass represents the details of memories. Yield in the next two lectures were going to go over abstract information focused outward and inward. 14. Outer Abstract: extraverted Intuition (Ne): now that we've covered the concrete side of waves that our minds can taken information that leaves us with the abstract. The next cognitive function is abstract information that is in the outer world. When you take an abstract information on the outer world, it is intangible. It is not picked up by our senses, but by reading between the lines to read between lines is to look for hitting meetings, and those hidden meetings are abstract. To illustrate this, let's do an analogy. You might remember doing analogies as a kid in school, and if you remember that, then that's introverted. Sensing car is to road as boat is, too. Did you answer water? Notice how the answer came to you by seeing the relationship between the words a car troubles on a road? What do boats travel on? Can you see how the answer forces your mind to access abstract information, The abstract information being the relationship between the words for our next activity? Look at this photo. What is the person doing? If you answered picking up a box, you're not wrong. But the person could be putting down about or doing squats to get exercise with the box. It's really up to your interpretation of the picture, your interpretation. Is your mind becoming aware of abstract information in the outer world. You see the picture not for what it is, but for what it could possibly be. Those possibilities are abstract and in the outer world. In a previous lecture I mentioned you might notice your friends read blushing face, simply noticing that is concrete information. But if you start guessing at what made your friend blush and that is abstract information, maybe they're embarrassed or flattered or had a little too much to drink. The point is, whatever interpretation you come up with is abstract information that your mind is becoming aware of that is in the outer world. Young called this process extroverted intuition. Using this process, we connect ideas and see new potential in people and things. The icon I chose to represent this process is of multiple interpretations. You see one event not for what it is, but for what it could be. What it might mean if someone cuts you off on the freeway, what does it mean? Most likely, you probably jumped to the conclusion that there a terrible driver But what if they're running late to a very important appointment to an interview for a job that they desperately need? Or they're rushing their pregnant wife in labor to the hospital? All of these possible interpretations of reality that you might come up with are abstract and exist on the outer world. If I looked like this, you might interpret me differently. Or if I looked like this, you might look around in the room that I'm in and think he must read a lot. In contrast, looking through the lens of X rated sensing, you just see some books. In the next lecture, we're going to cover abstract information focused inward. 15. Inner Abstract: introverted Intuition (Ni): the most difficult to explain perception. Cognitive function is internal and abstract. This information accessing process is hard to explain because it's incredibly abstract, sensitise focused inward. The abstract information usually only makes sense to the person becoming aware of it. And if you don't prefer this process, it will be harder to see. Ah, large part of what this process deals with is symbolism envisioning and foreseeing. For example, think of the symbolism a wedding ring has. On the concrete side. You see a ring and nothing more. But on the abstract side, it symbolizes eternal love, a circle that doesn't have a beginning or an end, which represents never ending love. Flags also have symbolic abstract information in them. The flag of the United States has 50 stars, which symbolized the 50 states. Concretely, there just stars abstractly. They represent the states. On the Great Seal of the United States is an eagle holding an olive branch and arrows. The olive branch symbolizes peace and the arrows war. Can you see how symbolism is that play for next activities? We're going deeper into this process it as much detail as possible. Imagine your life five years from now, what about 10 years when you see how envisioning your future is internal abstract information that you are becoming aware of or next activity? Imagine something big happens in your life that alters its course forever. You lose your job, your significant other breaks up with you. You're going through a divorce. You get a promotion or you decide to change careers. Now imagine several doors in your mind's eye. With the passing of one life event, a door closes a symbolic door representing that chapter in your life. But now several other doors open. These new doors symbolized potential new chapters in your life. Envisioning these symbolic doors is an example of internal abstract information that your mind is becoming aware of one chapter in life ending but other opportunities beginning. Young called this process introverted intuition. Tattoos are a great example of this, especially when they embody an important symbol in that person's life. I have a friend who got in an percent as a tattoo in an percent in writing, represents the word and to her theon person represents on life goes on. The symbol reminds her that despite all the difficulties life throws at her life, goes on. She's also a graphic designer who loves typography and calligraphy, so that could have symbolic significance to her as an artist. Lastly, she also had her mother right. Tm percent. Her mom is a significant person in her life, adding more meaning to her tattoo. I chose an icon of someone looking into a crystal ball to represent this cognitive function . Usually, only the person seeing this information truly understands its meaning. The vision could have a powerful effect on us guiding us on which direction to take. All remind us of powerful symbols that have deep meaning to us that does it for Young's perception. Cognitive functions. If you have any questions about any of the material in this course, please don't hesitate to send me a message in the next section. We're going to cover the decision making processes 16. Introduction to the Judgement Cognitive Functions: Hello, everyone. In the previous section, we went over the four perception. Cognitive functions, perception being our mind accessing or becoming aware of information. This section is about Young's four judgment processes. How we evaluate and make decisions. 17. Outer Objective: extraverted Thinking (Te): the first process we're going to cover is about objective decisions made on the external environment. In essence, we use this process to bring structure to the outer world. If you were to open a drawer and sort the contents based on objective criteria like size, wait, color and use when you are using this decision making process, or let's say you have a paper to write. After brainstorming all your points, you decide to organize them. How do you organize the points? If you decide to organize your points in a way that has a logical flow to them, then you are using this process. In each of these examples, notice how they are decisions, decisions that are based on the world outside of your mind and based on objective criteria . Objective criteria can mean price, percentage, color, alphabetical order, time, taken length, cost anything that isn't subjective. I went to the library the other day to return a book and noticed this. The returns are segmented into four objective criteria. Media, adults, Children and languages. Young called this process extroverted thinking. Using this process, you would organize a space to maximize efficiency. I chose this icon to represent this cognitive function because at its core, it's about segmenting breaking things into smaller pieces. When you break things into smaller pieces, they're easier to deal with. In the library example, they broke the books into four segments, So when they go and organize them later, it's much easier to do. You can also segment your money with the budget rating segments for food, gas, rent, etcetera. The next cognitive function is about objective decisions focused inward. 18. Inner Objective: introverted Thinking (Ti): Hello again. This decision making process is based on objective principles and focused inward. Using this process, we understand how things work through analysis. The next few questions are meant to engage this process. Is a dolphin a fish or a mammal? How is a dolphin? A mammal? Well, it depends on what science defines as a mammal. Definitions are important with this process. Clearly, defined definitions help us understand things. For example, most people get the Myers Briggs wrong because their definitions are not clear. When your definitions aren't clear. Your understanding isn't also backed. Whether a dolphin is a fish or a mammal, it depends on the definition of a fish and mammal science to find suspicious having gills and mammals breathing air. Since dolphins don't have gills and breathe air, they're mammals. When we study a scientific framework like the definition of a fish or mammal, we internalize it to make decisions based on those principles. Young called this process introverted thinking. With this process, we detach from what will get in the way of objective thought to analyze something. We use this process when we learn a scientific principle and use that knowledge to gain leverage and solve problems. For example, Darwin's theory of evolution. Newton's Three Laws of Motion and Einstein's theory of relativity are all scientific frameworks that could be used in introverted thinking decisions. What do I mean by gaining leverage? I have a story for you. I wanted to train my dog, Max Some tricks. I used the principle in psychology called operate conditioning to train him, roll over Bank I halfway round, roll over for all over. Roll over, you know, roll over, no roll over, roll over, roll over, Boy, this principle gave me leverage, meaning it helped me train him easier. I chose this icon to represent this cognitive function because the cock's represent various scientific frameworks and the magnifying glass represents the detailed examination of analysis. In the next lecture, we're going to cover subjective feeling decisions. 19. Outer Subjective: extraverted Feeling (Fe): Hello. In this lecture, I'm going to explain another one of Young's cognitive functions. It is a decision making process that is based in the outer world, and it's subjective in nature. If you can imagine what subjective decisions on the outer world are like, they are based on the people around you for a quick activity. Imagine that it is your best friend's birthday next week and you want to get them a gift they will love. What do you get them? You might consider that your friend loves to cook, so you think maybe you'll get them a new knife. The point of this activity is to illustrate that this type of decision is subjective. It isn't based on objective criteria, but on something subjective. What someone likes asking the question. What do I get My best friend for their birthday makes you consider their wants and likes. Considering others is at the core of this cognitive function. Your decision is based on the impact that it has on others. Young called this process extroverted feeling. Using this process, we consider the needs of others, especially those who are important to us. This process is also in use when we organized the outer world based on other people. By considering others, we build trust in relationships. I chose this icon to represent dysfunction because of how it shows being connected to others. In the next lecture, we're going to cover the last function. Subjective decisions focused inward. 20. Inner Subjective: introverted Feeling (Fi): last but not least, we have a decision making process that is subjective and internal. Take a moment to answer this simple question. What is your favorite color? What makes this your favorite color? The point of this question is to show you that you are making a decision, a decision that is subjective and focused inward. This decision is based on what you value personally your favorite color. Here's another activity. List your friends and family from, like to dislike. This is supposed to get you to make subjective decisions. But I once had a client who answered this question using objective criteria like how many favors each person did for him. This activity made him realize that he has a preference for objective decisions. This process is at the heart of every choice we make that involves our beliefs of vegan chooses to abstain from animal products because of the harm it causes toe living creatures . On the other hand, not all vegans go vegan for the same reasons. This is what makes this process internally focused and subjective. It is based on what you personally deem as important what you believe in. Another vegan may choose to go plant based for health reasons At the core of this process, our beliefs and values. You can call this process introverted feeling. Using this process, we decide based on what is personally important to us. This could be your favorite color to what you choose to eat every day. The icon I chose to represent this cognitive function is of someone holding a diamond. The diamond represents something valuable, and a key part of this process is placing subjective value on our beliefs, ideas, items, etcetera. We just finished covering all eight of young's cognitive functions. In the next section, we're going to cover how to unlock your four letter code. When you decode your four letter code, you get your hierarchy of preference or function stack of these eight cognitive functions. 21. Unlocking Your 4-letter Code: in the previous sections. We covered Young's eight cognitive functions in this section. We're going to go over how the cognitive functions apply to the 16 M V T. I types. Each type has a dominant or leading function. This is much like your dominant hand you use and rely on your dominant hand to do critical tasks like writing. When a function is your dominant, it accounts for a large part of your personality. For simplicity, let's say your dominant function accounts for about 70% of your personality. Each type also has an auxiliary function, their second most preferred. Each type also has 1/3 a fourth Ah, fifth all the way to an eighth preferred function. More on this in an upcoming lecture. The types who lead with extroverted sensing are the E S, T. P and G S F. P. The types who prefer introverted sensing are the iest TJ and I s F. J. The types who lead with extroverted intuition are the e, M, T. P and the NFI for introverted intuition. The i N f J and I am T. J. The types who lead with extroverted thinking are the e S. T J on E N T j were introverted thinking the I and T p and I s t p for extroverted feeling the e n f j and yes, fj And for interpreted feeling the i N f p and I s f p. I've included this amazing chart I found online for you. In the resource is this chart shows the 16 types and their dominant and auxiliary function to read the chart. The dominant function is right under the type and their auxiliary function is the closest one to the left or the right of the type. In the next lecture, we're going to go over how to decode your four letter code to get the hierarchy of preference of the eight cognitive functions. 22. Decoding Your Code: In this lecture, you'll learn how to decode your Mars Briggs type and get your Harkey of Functions or function Stack. The first step to decoding your code is to write the dichotomous office it of the middle. Letters on in your four letter code as an example, will use my type i N f p. As you can see, I've added the opposite of intuition and feeling. Second, look at the last dichotomy. Is there a J or a P? The last dichotomy tells you which process you prefer in the outer world, your perception or judging process. Since there is a P, that means my type prefers a perception function directed outward. I'm going to represent this by writing a lower case e by my perception function, which isn't end. Third, look at the first economy. Is there an I or an E? The first letter reveals the direction of your first function for my type, that means my first function is directed inward. I'm going to represent this by writing a lower case, I next to my preferred judging process. Finally, let's look at all the letters were written below are type code. The other two are going to be the opposite is the opposite of extroverted intuition is introverted sensing, and the opposite of introverted feeling is extroverted thinking. So there you have it. The 1st 4 functions of the i N A. P to get the bottom for you reverse the direction of the 1st 4 functions, so introverted feeling becomes extroverted. Feeling extra did intuition becomes introverted intuition and so forth. Try this out with your own type code. It's somewhat convoluted, so I've included a cheat sheet for you. In the resource is in the next lecture, we're going to cover the role that each of these processes plays in your personality. 23. Roles of the Cognitive Functions: everyone in this lecture, I'm going to explain the roles that each of the functions play in your type. As you now know, there are eight cognitive functions. Your type code reveals your hierarchy of preference for these eight functions. This is sometimes referred to as your function stack. This model of the MBT I is called the Eight Function Model and was made by John BB and further refined by Linda Barons and Dario Nardi. Each type has its own unique hierarchy of preference for the eight functions. Going back to the handedness analogy, you prefer your dominant hand to do most of your tasks. Now imagine you have eight hands as if you were some kind of octopus each hand. You prefer less and less and less. And just like in the signing your name activity at the beginning of the course, the quality isn't gonna be as good when you use your non preferred hands. Also, the higher up on your hierarchy, the more you prefer a function, the more conscious control you'll have over it, the better quality of the result on the lower energy costs. The function will have. The opposite is true, the less you prefer function, the less conscious control, the lower quality of the results on the higher energy costs it will have. The 1st 4 functions in your stack or Harkey are called the primary processes, and the last four are called the Shadow Processes. The shadow processes are mostly unconscious, and we usually only experienced the negative sides of these functions. The pattern looks something like this. You have your four judging processes and your four perceiving processes on the Harkey kind of goes like this. The function you prefer the most is your dominant function. This function plays a leading role in your personality type. It accounts for at least 70% of your personality type, and you'll use it effortlessly and automatically. It acts as your sword. You use it as your primary means of getting through life. Your second most referred function is called the auxiliary function. It plays a supporting role in your personality type. If the dominant function is your sword than the auxiliary function is your shield, it supports the sword. Your third function is called the Tertiary Function. It usually works together with your auxiliary function. You'll have even less conscious control and a higher energy cost. When using this function, your last primary process or fourth most preferred is called the Inferior Function. It plays an aspirational role in your personality. This function is usually the place from where you can grow from the most. It provides balance to our personalities. The process that play this role is what we aspire to be. But it is even less conscious and comes with a high energy costs. Released preferred bottom four functions are called the Shadow Processes. If you happen to engage in a shadow process, the outcome will likely be negative. The function that is your fifth preferred plays an opposing role in your personality type. Dysfunction is how we get stubborn about doing things in a certain way. It hasn't even higher energy costs, and it's mostly unconscious. The function that is your six most referred plays a critical parent role in your personality. The process in this role feels as if we can never get things right. It has a even higher energy costs, and it is even Maura unconscious. The function that is your seventh most referred plays a deceiving role in your personality . This process, in a sense, tricks us into doing things that we really shouldn't. As you might have guessed. The energy cost is higher, and it is even Maura unconscious. Your least preferred function plays a devilish role in your personality. Being less, it is the most unconscious and carries the highest energy costs with it. If you happen to engage in this function, the result will likely be negative, even destructive. When we get caught up in the process that plays this role, we might behave in a way that is very unlike us. Then we might think the double made me do it. In the next lecture, we will cover how this applies to your strengths and weaknesses. 24. Your Strengths and Weaknesses: each type has their own strengths and weaknesses. For example, if your four letter code is I N f J, then you excel at intuition, seeing abstract information and feeling making subjective decisions. Your weaknesses are the processes you don't prefer going back toe in FJ. Your weaknesses are concrete sensing information and objective thinking decisions. When we unlock your types hierarchy of preferences, your strengths and weaknesses get more specific. Your strengths are your 1st 2 cognitive functions, your primary and auxiliary decoding i n fj. We find that their dominant leading function is introverted intuition, and the auxiliary is extroverted feeling. This means that the I N F. J is very good at foreseeing a future their life five years, 10 years, 20 years from now. And they're also very good at making decisions based on how it affects other people. The 1st 2 functions in a types hierarchy are their greatest strengths. The third and fourth are areas of improvement but are still rather weak on the bottom. Four are clear weaknesses. What functions are your strengths? What functions are your weaknesses? What does it mean to have a function as a weakness? Take the time to look at your function stack to figure this out. That does it for this section. If you have any questions at all, please feel free to send me a message. 25. How to use this Information: Sharpen the Sword: now that you're familiar with the MBT I what do you do with this information? My philosophy is this. Each of the functions has a double edged sword quality. To them, there is a side that is helpful to you and aside that it's harmful. You want to be aware of the sides that are helpful and sharpen them, and you want to be aware of the sides that are harmful and blunt them. For example, extroverted sensing helps you seize opportunities in the moment, but misuse can lead to over indulging like overeating. Introverted sensing, Reviewing the past can help you learn from hindsight. Lorcan leave you haunted by the past, re experiencing painful memories or with introverted feeling, your values. It could help you stick to what's truly important or can leave you erupting with emotion when someone violates their beliefs or the extroverted intuition process Interpreting. You can make remarkable entrances about people on connect patterns that are unique, annul or you can make gravely wrong assumptions about people, situations and events. The lower A function is on your hierarchy, the more likely you are to experience the negative sides of them, so keep that in mind when you examine your function stack. Also, the negative sides of the functions tend to come out more when you're under stress, so it pays to be especially aware when you are stressed. Dress causes our bodies to go into the fight or flight response. Your body is preparing to fight or run away. It does this by moving. Your body's resource is towards survival. This means your brain gets less. Resource is to take in information and decide. The result is whatever cognitive functions you engage in will likely have a negative outcome. The last thing I want to cover before the end of this course is the difference between trait and type. Personality traits are described with adjectives words that describe something you could describe someone's personality as being outgoing, sociable or reserved. Personality type is best described with verbs words that our actions, for example, experiencing, reviewing, interpreting and valuing. That's the end of this lecture. I hope what you've learned in this course will help you sharpen yourself 26. Conclusion: What did you think? Was I able to teach you the fundamentals of the Myers Briggs? What I hope you got out of this course was a solid understanding of the MBT. I thank you for enrolling in this class is a dream of mine to be able to make a living through teaching people about themselves through the MBT. I. So thank you for helping me achieve that dream on a side note. How can I improve this course if there's any way that I can improve this course for you, please let me know and check out my website at 16 heroes dot com. I'll be working on ways for each of the 16 types to reach a heroic version of themselves. Lastly, I want to leave you with a quote from Carl Young until you make the unconscious conscious. It will direct your life and you will call it fate. A lot of what is unconscious are the functions that you don't prefer. But when you bring these functions toe light, they become more conscious and you can grow from it. Thank you again 27. The Neuroscience of Personality Type: Hello and welcome to this bonus lecture. In this lecture, we're going to briefly go over the neuroscience of personality type doctor Dario Nardi, a professor at U. C L. A. Discovered neurological evidence supporting the Myers Briggs types. Using an E E G, a device that measures electrical activity of the brain, Dario discovered patterns of brain activity that matched Young's cognitive functions. For example, when you take in concrete information, there's a unique pattern of brain activity or when you make objective thinking decisions. There's also a unique pattern. I had the opportunity to get my brain scanned by Dario in 2016 1 C E. G was on my head. He had me doing a wide range of activities meant to resemble a typical day. I was signing my name, answering text messages and even playing angry birds. Once the activities were done, the data from the E G was interpreted by a computer program and out came a report. If you're interested, I have attached the report in the resource is for you. After our session, Dario debriefed me and said, My brain activity correlated with my personality. Type one on the report Region F eight right behind my right Temple was highly active, with three red lines connected to it. Red lines represent the strongest and fastest links, firing every 1 to 2 seconds. Also, FAA is a brain region that deals with beliefs. The introverted feeling function I have preferences for i N F P on China PEES lead with introverted feeling It's interesting to see how my brain prefers dysfunction. I hope you've enjoyed this bonus lecture. Attached are links to a few of Diarios talks and his book. 28. What is Your Best-Fit Type? Taking the MBTI: So in this bonus lecture, I'm going to help you figure out your best fit type. Your best fit type is the MBT. I type you feel best describes you to discover your best fit. I recommend reading very good personality type descriptions and choosing the one that fits you best. If you have no idea what type you might be, you could take an assessment. The results of your assessment is your reported type, the type reported by the assessment. Most people wrongly believe that the result from an assessment is there type that it is set in stone. This is wrong on so many levels because no self report assessment is 100% accurate. In addition, most people believe that they're taking the rial MBT I, for example, this YouTube video, with over a 1,000,000 views, says that they're taking the MBT i when they're taking a copycat. If you've taken a pre assessment online, odds are it wasn't the MBT I. But if you want to take the MBT, I ask my students I could administer it to you online at cost for around $24. Otherwise, taking the actual NBT I costs $50 before tax. There are a few free assessments that I recommend. Dario Nardi has one on the cognitive functions. There's one on an APP or website called Game Tree. I recommend that one if you play video games and for the most well designed one. There is 16 personalities dot com, but I strongly recommend you don't read their information. You'll get a five letter code and the fifth dichotomy they made up, and you should ignore it. They really just want you to buy their premium content. So let's say you have your four letter code, either from an MBT I clone or the real one. You can find the best free descriptions online here at best fit type dot com. Go to your reported type and read the description. Does it resonate with you? If it doesn't try reading another one, Just explore and be open to any of the types of being your best fit. I hope this helps clarify your Myers Briggs type. If you need any help or have any questions or would like to take the MBT, I please feel free to send me a message