The Colour Wheel | The Basics in Colour Theory | E-13 | Mick Janssens | Skillshare

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The Colour Wheel | The Basics in Colour Theory | E-13

teacher avatar Mick Janssens, Artist

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

5 Lessons (12m)
    • 1. An Introduction to the Lesson

    • 2. The Colour Wheel

    • 3. Different Colour Schemes

    • 4. Break Down of Colour Theory

    • 5. Recap

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About This Class

Have you ever heard about Colour Theory, and thought "what on earth is that?!". Then you were like me a couple of years ago. That is why I created this lesson, to help everyone who struggles when it comes to understanding the 'Colour Wheel' and Colour Theory. In this lesson I will go through the colours which make up the 'Colour Wheel' and break into down into its parts. I will also touch a little on Colour Theory and how to apply the 'Colour Wheel' when creating paintings and the different colour schemes you can have and how they effect paintings and the effect on your viewer. So without further ado, take your seat in E-13 which is reserved just for you, and we can start!  

Meet Your Teacher

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Mick Janssens



Hello everyone! I would like to welcome you to my classroom, or E-13 as I like to call it. My name, as you probably read in the title, is Michael. I am an Artist from the UK and I tend to think of myself as a "Landscape painter" due to the fact that the subject I tend to paint is, unsurprisingly, Landscapes. I (at the time of writing) have been painting for 2 years now and have gone on a massive journey, which has led to where I am now. I am very excited to share with you all what I've learnt and help you wherever possible. I hope you enjoy your stay here and hope, with all my heart that I can help develop your own artistic talent. 

With that being said....I shall see you in E-13.

Forever yours, Michael xx

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1. An Introduction to the Lesson : - Hello . My name is Michael, and I love to walk into my classroom now one of the biggest problems that I had when I started painting a good couple of years ago, it was to try and get my head around color theory and the color wheel in general, so I spent a good couple of years trying to learn it. Andi, apply it to my artwork and I want to share what I've learned with yet. Now I want to make it as easy for you as possible so you don't spend them out. All I did trying to figure out. So to start with, I think it's helpful to start with the color wheel. Now. A good, solid knowledge and understanding of this wheel is going to help you so much when you come to trying to put painting together and create harmonies and color schemes, which helps to put the moved off the painting across to audience, so I'm going to jump straight into it. 2. The Colour Wheel : So, first off in our color will you have the primary colors, which are blue, yellow and Brett now. These primaries, because they cannot be mixed by mixing any other pigment together, but when mixed themselves for every other color in the color wheel and the's are the secondary gunners, which is the second tier, if you like off the wheel. And these are the secondary comments. You have purple, orange and green or made by mixing primary colors together and have included it and what you're seeing right now. These form the second layer in the front wheel, helped to make the next layer up, which are tertiary colors. On here we have the tertiary colors now the air made by mixing a primary color with a secondary Connor. But you need to make sure that the colors are next to each other on the color wheel, and I'll show you one screen now because you get a really interesting color if you don't on a little tip on making colors. If you want to make brown, you want to mix two complementary colors together. Say red and green, and you'll get a nice brown, which you can change to it leans towards the green side more than the red or vice versa. Depends on what kind of color you're going for. Now that is the color wheel in general. And now we've got a good idea of what is about. We can move on and start thinking about trying to put together some color schemes and color harmonies for your paintings, so I shall see you in the next bit. 3. Different Colour Schemes: when you're looking to create to painting, one thing you can think off is the mood that you want to send across to your viewer. Now you can do this by the colors you pick, for example. You know, it's a very warm color. It instills a lot of joy into people when they see it to May. This is to do with the temperature off the collapse, not how Hatta is physically but the warm before or the coldness of a color. For example, the warm colors are your yellows. Your reds, oranges and cooler colors are green blues. Greys patra. So think about the mood you want descendant, and then you can pick your palate accordingly. Now I'm gonna get into some different kinds of color schemes, even pick so you can have a look off what they look like and what they are. So to kick things off, we have two very similar color schemes, which are a chromatic. Andi, monochromatic. A chromatic is basically black and white. You have to get back. My picture of that is a chromatic on a little tip. If you want to, you can create a color scale with neutral gray in the middle and then either end. You have your contrasting black and whites, and monochromatic is very similar, as it's the one color in varying, different value. So you have a blue in loaded, one shade of blue, and I shall put some examples off thes both color schemes on the screen for you to have a look at. Next off in our list we have is a triad IQ color scheme. Now this is basically colors that are placed evenly around the color wheel. Now this creates a vivid painting, which offers loads of contrast and really makes each other pop. Now, a little tip. If you want to use this particular color scheme, is pick one color. You want to dominate the painting and used the others as accidents. Otherwise, it can just get really confusing for the viewer, and they don't know how to feel. And it just gets super messy on a very similar color scheme. To the tragic is the analog, which uses colors which are placed next to each other on the color wheel, and again, this creates a lovely harmonious painting for you because the colors just work together. Now again with the tragic color scheme best to pick one color to dominate your painting and used the others as accents because it can get super confusing again. On lastly, in our color scheme, Little section is the complimentary color scheme. Now this uses colors that are placed opposite each other on the color wheel. And as I said before, it's a good way of making a brown color is he was in complementary colors because they kind of cancel each other out. Now this color scheme is incredible. For contrast, it offers loads of contrast your reds and greens. They work together. It's like Christmas. They work together. This is so useful in creating paintings that you want a bit of pop to it. Andi makes super vibrant paintings. And again, like with the others, I will show you some examples on screen. So you have a look out 4. Break Down of Colour Theory : so to breakdown color theory a little bit more. I want to add three sections to this part, and it's basically hopefully making easy if you to understand the the ideas behind color theory. Now the first section is about value off a color. Now I've put the definitions on screen before this so you can have a look. And so you understand what I'm talking about. But value is basically the lightness or darkness off a color. Now, when photographed in black and white, yellow appears to the whiter end and purple appears to the black, so is useful to paint it black and white because it will help train your brain in tow. Recognizing values of Connors Now a little tip on black and white. They don't work as you'd expect them to work. Black has a nasty habit off muddying colors. Instead of using black, try using the darkest possible combination of your three primary colors to darken your color instead of black. And when it comes to a white, this cools colors down really well. But it has the habit of going chalky and passed early, so you might want to add a bit of a warm kind of first to tone it down. What you might want to do as well is mixture comes first, then had white to it. I want to expand on temperature a little bit. I have said it previously in this video, but I want to take the time to expand on it a little more. You have to, Connor's. As I've said, you have warm colors, which are you. Read your oranges in your yellows and you're cooler colors, which are your blues greens and your purples. Now, I think to know is that a colors temperature relates to others around it on. This is particularly important when you're trying to paint in three D or suggest the illusion off depth as the cooler colors tend to recede from you and the warmer colors tend to advance towards you. Just take, have a look outside and you'll see what I mean on the last section is about the colors chroma or how intense the country's. Now. With this, you can change it by adding a tone, a tent or a shade, which are gray white on black, respectively. Or you can add a complementary color, which also effects the come up as well. For example, adding orange to blue, green to red or yellow, too purple. Also, the chroma off your secondary and tertiary colors depends on how they relate to the color that you're mixing in for high chroma color mixes. You want to pick ones that are close together on the color wheel and likewise for low the furthest away. Now it's a very good idea to limit the amount of painted that you put into a color because it can just muddy up and get brown everything tons toe brown Oh, great. 5. Recap : right. And here we are now, I hope this has been helpful to you. And I hope you've got a better understanding of the color Wayland bit about color theory. Now, when it comes to picking a palette now, this is completely up to you. It's your personal preference. If you prefer the blues, for example, more than the yellows and the reds Go for it. Pick. Ever call. You won't just think about the mood and the message you're trying to send across to your viewer and you have no problem whatsoever. I think it's more Just make something that you're happy with and something that sends the message that you want percent. So I shall see you next time, Andi, in my next lesson. So I hope you can join me. They're not love to see you back in my classroom and bye bye