The ABC's of public speaking - A Masterclass in Storytelling & presentation art | Roi Shternin | Skillshare

The ABC's of public speaking - A Masterclass in Storytelling & presentation art

Roi Shternin, Iv'e started a revolution from my bed.

The ABC's of public speaking - A Masterclass in Storytelling & presentation art

Roi Shternin, Iv'e started a revolution from my bed.

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11 Lessons (1h 32m)
    • 1. The ABC's Of public speaking - intro

    • 2. Storytelling or why Your story is the key

    • 3. The ABC's of public speaking!

    • 4. Dealing with Stage fright

    • 5. Presentations, Visual aids and you

    • 6. How to practice your talk

    • 7. PPT karaoke - The best way to practice your talk

    • 8. Your stage presence

    • 9. How to deal with the Q&A part

    • 10. Some technical advices

    • 11. Now I know my ABC's - How to combine everything into an amazing talk!

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About This Class

Hey Guys! My name is Roi and I hold a unique life story in which storytelling basically saved my life.

The ABC's of public speaking is a simple method of structuring talks, speeches, presentations, and more.

After teaching and presenting for more than 15 years and being one of the founders of the Israeli TEDx community and giving a TEDx talk myself I've decided to put my knowledge and experience in this short, easy-to-digest introductory course on public speaking - This template I've created is our preferred training method for many TEDx speakers, CEOs, and others.

At the end of this course you will be able to:

*Prepare a proper presentation for work, school, or a business pitch.

*Streamline your story to create an effective TED-like talk.

*Have structured templates You can use again and again with any public speaking opportunity.

I've developed this simple method for public speaking and more the 20000 people have already learned it!

This course was remastered and will be the first part of a series of courses engaging in the art of storytelling

Meet Your Teacher

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Roi Shternin

Iv'e started a revolution from my bed.


 Learning how to tell my story has literally saved my life, transforming it from a bedridden, desperate patient to a revolutionary, fighting to empower others, patients, and non - patients.

I was privileged to be one of the Israeli TED community founders and saw how public speaking can empower people. I have taught this course in many universities, Forbes 500 companies, and to the general public.


I truly believe our day and age is the self-empowerment age and I'm thrilled to take this self-development journey with you!


if you want to know more about me, please click on the link to my TEDx talk and follow me on social media!

I love teaching and I'm here to help you grow!


See full profile

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1. The ABC's Of public speaking - intro: Hello, my name is voracious. Learning. Public speaking can be intimidating and actually, stage fright is one of the greatest phobias of humankind, believe it or not. But people would prefer to be hit by a car than to publicly speak. And in this course we're going to take it very slowly step-by-step, just like the ABCs and show you that public speaking can be super easy template base. And for everyone, we're going to learn about how to structure your talk. How to move on the stage out to actually build a ride script for your talk and how to use visual aids. Everything is going to come up to this less than an hour masterclass. And I promise you that after watching this, you'll be a better public speaker. 2. Storytelling or why Your story is the key: You don't need actually to be a TED speaker or a professional public speaker to actually give a good talk. Today, we are actually being forced to talk publicly, sometimes even early in school already, our teachers demand us to do a presentation. Most to workplaces will demand you to do some sort of presentation, let alone universities. So public speaking has become not only a skill for salespersons and presenters, but also for everybody. If it's become one of the, one of the most useful soft skill in this world. And basically, when I'm teaching CEOs how to speak publicly, I'm using the same methods as I would use for high schoolers and even middle schoolers. So I want to talk about storytelling in this lesson. Storytelling is a form of art. And this is something you can learn even in university for three years. But how can we, in one hour learn enough about storytelling and public speaking in a way that we can actually use it for every needs. Sale speech, startup beach, academic pitch, TEDx, like talk, any other talk. How can we frame it? There are a few simple rules. They are very, very easy to learn. Basically, what you need to know about storytelling is that it's all about honesty and being genuine. You have to be honest with yourself and honest with the crowd. If you're trying to fake it, unlike the phrase, you're not going to make it if you are trying to look like somebody else, it's not going to look very professional. For example, if you're not a funny guy or Funny Girl and you're trying to crack jokes all the time. It's not going to look good and maybe even make you look bad on stage. If you're a very, very light person and you're trying to be super serious. The crowd will notice that the crowd is very, very intelligent. We, as humans have evolved to be completely perceptive of social cues and everything you do on stage, even without talking, is being perceived by your audience. So why do you need to do is to remember, to keep it short, keep it real, and keep it on it. We're going to talk about a lot of these templates and how to frame it and how many minutes you need to do for our talk. But in general, your message has to come out really short, really brief, really honest. And as I mentioned before, you don't have to be a TED speaker. You don't have to be a professional. Remember, never exaggerate, even if you're talking about something you're trying to sell to other people and you're exaggerating people will notice that you're overselling them. You need to remember that you need to be yourself on stage. We are not actors as public speaking speakers. And this is the difference between an actor and a public speaker. And actor has a script, is speaking every word on the script as different character that is predefined by the script writer. But you, as public speakers, usually you represent yourself or an organization and you are the actor of your own play that you wrote. So you shouldn't play any other role than yourself. It's okay to feel uncomfortable. It's okay to be emotional. If you feel an emotional moment, it's okay to stop for a second. It's okay to take a sip of water, but it's super important to know that it's not okay to try to fake it. Because the crowd, as I mentioned before, we'll know, it's really important for me to stress that you need to understand that public speaking is basically a storytelling that come to give a message to the audience. It's a storytelling method, is just a method like any other. Like we have video, audio, we have pictures, we have all sorts of media to portray a message. And we are using our voice and our body to give away a message. And we're going to use some storytelling tools in order to make it happen in a more efficient way. In the next lesson, we are going to learn about the templates that is going to be useful for you for any kind of talk. How easy it is to structure any type of chocolate if it's academic, marketing, sales startup, personal, TEDx like top, everything can be used in one simple template. So in the next lessons we're going to break it down into our ABCs. 3. The ABC's of public speaking!: I've accumulated a lot of experience teaching adults, executive TEDx speakers how to publicly speak. But when I came to the challenge of speaking seventh graders, how to do a TED talk that I was in trouble. I'm an educator myself, I'm a trained teacher. And then I thought, what if I take my experience as a public speaker and tax organizer and Ted X trainer and try to combine pitching into it and see what happens. So basically, I came to a very interesting conclusion. You can teach seventh graders something you can teach us probably for everybody, because you need to break it down into very simple rules that they not only can follow because they're very intelligent, but they can actually pay attention to. Because today, with the attention span that going shorter and shorter, it's very hard to keep people with attention. So basically I came up a system I call the ABC's of public speaking. And yes, it is simple fill just like in a VC. We're going to break it down. We only have five, Don't worry, with not the entire ABC. And this will go into use for us as a template of any public speaking needs. Let's break it down. We're starting with an a. A in this case stands for authority. Every time you go on stage, you need to give some sort of authority. And of course, sometimes the work has been done very easily for you. There is a brochure or leaflet before this event, or if it's online, there is an invitation online. People usually know who are they going to listen to. Sometimes you have some sort of a Graphic insert saying This is your name and what are you doing? Sometimes it's a professional event or sometimes the introductory is not really necessary because you're presenting your thesis and it's only your classmates. But still, every time you're talking about something, you need to change your hat from the head of the person you are just were a second ago, let's say a student sitting in class to the presenter. And even if you're in middle school or high school, when you're on stage or in front of the classroom, you are not the same student anymore. You are the presenter, you are the knowledge holder, you are the authority. It's very important to understand that without establishing this authority, people will find it very hard to trust you. There is some sort of bond that is being created between the speaker and the audience, no matter if it's on video or live stage or in any other type of presentation, there is something happening there and this bond instant bone that is being created. It's basically based on authority and trust. I'm going to give you an example. Imagine me now sitting on this chair or standing on a stage. But I'm wearing this overall full of oil stains and my face has oil stains or charcoal stains and I'm all dirty and I'm coming there and I'm sitting on this stage and I'm telling you, hello, Today, I'm coming to talk about how I found the cure for cancer. Would you believe me that I actually have any third of authority speaking about cancer research? Probably not. But if I had some sort of suit and tie and I'm presenting myself as a university professor coming to speak about a cure for cancer, then I'm probably going to have your attention. Because when we are sitting and listening to somebody, we are looking for social cues that will make us trust this person. In order to establish this authority, we need to do a very simple thing. First of all, we need to respect ourselves and respect the audience by dressing appropriately. There's so many ways to do it, and I'm not a fashion expert, definitely not a stylist, but I'm not talking about only wearing a suit to every event. I'm talking about the simple fact that you need to respect yourself. It's okay to see it like me with a pool over and a shirt underneath. It's okay to be with a tie and it's okay to be without a tie. It's not okay to dress in an and respectful form to the venue or the events you're attending. Actually, it's been proven and there are a few cool studies about it that shown that the attention span of the crowd will be completely destroyed if you're not dressed right? You can see it as an example. If you look at doctors, at hospitals, the immediate effect this white coat have an OS has been studied a lot in psychology because the white-collar the doctor is wearing is immediately establishing authority. When I'm coming on stage, are talking about anything. I should start with presenting myself. Of course, there are some talks, there are dramatic and opened up with a story and the speaker doesn't have to say Hello, my name is Roy and I am the trainer for this course. But usually you need to do some sort of introduction. If not read your name and profession and what you can do, the story that you start with has to do it for you. For example, hello, my name is Roy and I'm the trainer of this course as being a public speaker for 10 years. This is a good authority introduction. But in another way I can start with, in this course, we're going to learn everything I've learned in the last 10 years, giving professional public speaking talks, add worldwide events, and famous stages or so on. So I created the same establishment of authority in two different ways. This a authority is sometimes followed by a small eyes. Sometimes you'll see it in the presentation, AI, authority and introduction. It's extremely important if the crowd haven't met you before or if it's a super formal events, for instance, a thesis defense. You're sitting in front professors and you need to tell them alone. This is my name, this is what I do. This is what I came to present you. So this was our a and is extremely important to start our talk. Authority. The next letter is B. B stands for buy or buying. The audience. With today's smartphones, there are few limited areas or venues that completely block or asked people to give away their phones or completely shut their phones, liking the cinema. But, but the percentage of people who actually turn off their phone is very low and it's also been studied. So how can I compete with these amazing device that has the entire world? In the bottom of a few clicks, I can reach any movie, any show, any picture, any information. How can I, as a public speaker, sometimes in a very long or even professionally boring sometime event. How can I compete with the smartphone device? The only way to do it is to do something extremely dramatic and is to kind of manipulate your audience when you publicly speaking. And it doesn't matter if it's for marketing, studying the TED talk or some other talk, you have to have a very early moment in your talk in which you are buying in the audience. How do you do it? You are, I think, the most interesting fact you came to talk about. And you do it right after starting with an introduction. For instance, if you're coming to talk about cancer research, you don't start by saying this protein is doing this and it's this protein in doing this, you are actually representing something that is so dramatic that the audience must listen to you. So you will start with some introduction. Hello, my name is Roy Cohn, professor. But then almost immediately you need to come up with the beam moment, which is usually the most interesting fact, the most interesting title you can actually use the title of your talk because usually it's a kind of a clickbait. The title of your talk is basically the most interesting summary of your talk you found, right? So you can repeat it. Something that is very surprising, something that is very emotional, or something that it's very interesting if you're talking about the historical battle, I'm sure you can find at least one fax from this battle that is astonishing, that is shocking. And if you're doing your research very well, structuring your top, you will find the sentence or two. That will be the buy in a moment, the audience. The next part is actually the most important part of our talk, which is the content. The only difference between a talk and a haiku is basically the C part because if I'm just coming and saying Hello, my name is Roy. This is very dramatic and then go on to the D part in the E part we're going to learn about in a few seconds. Basically, I don't have a talk, I have a very brief introduction. This is the longest part of your talk. Usually, if I'm talking about a TED Talk that's today been recommended to do around eight minutes. The Cs probably going to take around 40 minutes. So it's basically please. Half of the time of your takt time, sometimes even two-thirds. It's everything you came to talk about. The fact, the story, the elaboration of what you came to talk about. And the C is the place to put diagrams, images, talk about graphs. Every fact, every piece of story you came to say is in the C. The only other parts are using basically to dramatically manipulate the audience and use as a structure for our top to keep the audience at bay. But basically our talk is RC. Next one is basically what you came here to do. If you need to stop for a second and think, why am I here for what did they came to do today on stage? It's probably or D moment. These are delivery. You come to deliver a message. This is your message. This is your main idea. This is what you came here to do. And this moment is the most important moment of the talk because we are actually creating some sort of manipulation on the crowd with the attention. So if I'm basically starting with some sort of introduction, I'm buying in the audience and then I'm elaborating for a few minutes. Now is the good time to come and say what I came here to see. And now it's the good time to come up with the most important came to save. For example, if it's a message that you come to say about change for anything you want people to do something that is a call for action. Now is the time for a call for action. If it's an academic conclusion, now is the time for a conclusion. If you come to sell something, now it's the KM is the time to do the main selling peach. In a few lines. It's super easy to build a talk when you actually know what is the most dramatic moment and what is the most important woman. After you said this, The crowd is already so hyped that I wouldn't go on forever. There is a common mistake among public speakers, which is to end the talk with something actually boring. They actually do an amazing job in the beginning, giving a lot of sex, giving the message, and then go on and carried away with some stories. And Dan, basically they're living the audience. The E part, the ending is the conclusion of the entire talk. And basically the best stocks are ending right after or almost right after the delivery of the message. What I would recommend you to do is basically do some sort of a recap. Remind the people why they're here, why you are here? Recap everything you said. Like who you are, what you came here to do, summarize and then end with a bang. You want to leave the crowd asking for more. You want them to go and google what you've been talking about. The ending, the E part is the way to do it. I will repeat the very brief template that we're going to use for the rest of this course. A stands for authority. We have to establish a bond with the audience of trust. Be if the moment when you buy in the audience. Because you say something super interesting or super dramatic, sees the content of our talk. Everything that he came to talk about, elaboration, graphs, diagrams, pictures, stories. Now is the time, these the delivery of your message. This is why you came to this stage. This is your life mission. This is why you're here. And e is the recap and the envy. Next lesson, we are going to elaborate more about how we structure everything and put it to use. 4. Dealing with Stage fright: Stage fright is one of the greatest phobias of our century. There are a lot of research talking about the fact that people would rather be hit by a car or be stabbed by a knife and not publicly speak. And yes, it's a genuine phobia in the book of psychiatric. Today, there is a book that have all the conditions in psychiatric medicine and public speaking. Fear or stage fright is a very legitimate condition. I'm not an expert. I'm not a psychologist, I'm not a doctor. But all I can give you is a few things I've learned over the years. I've been privileged to teach a course on college on storytelling, name, speech therapy. And basically we took all of those students were completely afraid of going on stage. And we brought experts, actors, psychologies, and professors and try to do a lot of cool exercises with them to see how it works when you take a different approach. And voila, what I learned I wanted to share with you. Basically, stage fright is super legitimate. I had at myself, yes, I gave a tech stock in front of almost 2000 people. And I gave talks all over the world in front of thousands of people. But when I was younger, I was really afraid of public speaking. And I totally understand the sphere. This is you being exposed, you being vulnerable there on the stage. So don't think that you have something wrong in you. It's so common that basically a lot of these amazing people you are consider as public speakers are influencers, are YouTubers, are presenters, have some sort of stage fright to the weighted I learned to deal with it is to use a very, a simple few method. First of all, is to remember that we are probably most of us, at least very, very good at private speaking. We can say to a person that we know, a loved one, a friend at a party, at a cocktail online, we can tell them a lot of things about ourselves, what we came here to do at your workplace, I'm sure you can advocate for something. So the illusion of public speaking is that all of a sudden, all the eyes are on us. And you can see it in a lot of other situation being studied like people that are afraid of dancing publicly. And most of them actually dense, really nice. And the fact is that those people have in their mind in this moment, the fact that they thought that everybody is looking at them like there's nobody dances around them, but everybody's looking at them. And I hear the same about public speaking. So if we imagine for a second, that is an illusion that we are just talking to a close friend or a loved one or a partner. It's very easy to go deeper and carried away with what we came to say. And forget a bit about the audience. Another interesting thing that you can do is use someone in the audience as an anchor. Every time I'm speaking publicly, there is at least one or two people in the audience usually kind of closer to you, or at least the one you can see there are very emotionally attached to you. This authoritative bond that I've created as a public speaker has worked and they're very thrilled with what I have to say. And you see it because their eyes is review. They're feeling, you're feeling, they're experiencing your emotions. If you're afraid, use those lovely people as your anchor. Speak to them. If you notice me stands the start of this course, I'm talking to two different cameras. And I want to use it like I would talk to a different audiences no matter what's the size of the audiences. Usually you want to speak to more people. But there are other methods. Sam's public speaker trainers say look in some direction, some point in the world. I think that if you just stare at the wall, it look a bit weird. I would prefer you to look at one person or two people in alternate between them because you feel more comfortable than to look at the wall or look at the floor, or look at the screen behind you. Use this bond that you created to feel less afraid. I think that turning this public speaking into private speaking is probably the best way to start. But you can also do a very simple method of focusing on what you came here to talk about year. So professional, you practiced hopefully so well that you know it almost by heart, focused on what you came here to talk. Look at the right places that make sense to you. If there are five people in the audience, you shouldn't look above them like it's a statute. And if it's only two people and it's kind of a job interview or a restaurant or something like this. I wouldn't want you to stare at one person in the eye. But think about what you're coming to talk. Concentrated on it. Find a nice anchor. If it's a lovely person who looks at you, if it's convenient area. Sometimes you can even fool the crowd by just scanning, looking in different areas. But you don't really look at that. Anyone do what you feel comfortable. Don't take tips that you don't feel comfortable with. If somebody tells you to look at somebody and only a team ID and you feel embarrassed, don't do it. Look and scan the crowd. Always remember that you need to feel comfortable on stage because if you fake it, It's probably going to be shown. I really want to stress that you shouldn't try to be somebody else. I've talked about it in storytelling before. Don't try to be somebody else. If you're not the greatest public speaker, you can even joke about it. And I have seen amazing talk that people even sat on a chair and says, Hey guys, I just want to share my story with you. One of the best stocks ever seen in my life was about this pilot who told the story from a war. And he wasn't a professional public speaking. It was just sitting there in front of us and telling us a personal experience. I didn't care about his presentation. I didn't care about the sound, didn't care about anything but the story. Always remember it. You are the story. People are coming to listen to what you have to say. They are less judgmental that once you think, because if they're imagining themselves on stage, there will sympathize with you and everybody almost has allele bit of stage fright. So remember, eventually, if you're focusing on what you have to say, find a convenient spot to look at. And remember, a public talk is just like a conversation. You don't have to try to be theatrical. You don't have to be bigger than life. You can just do like me. You talk to the audience, you talk to another person. You talk to the people. If you look at it as a conversation in which you're very well-prepared to, it will be much, much easier. So what do we have to do? We have to start compiling thing that we learned into some sort of a combination that will create a public talk. Let's go on to the next lesson and discuss it. 5. Presentations, Visual aids and you: Using presentation, yes, I've seen amazing talks with those amazing graphics. But I've seen horrors in my life, especially in university when you have a professor who think he can put the entire lesson plan or the entire book he wants to talk about in one slide. So I don't want you to make the same mistake and I definitely don't want you to be the ones who read out of a slide. People know how to read themselves. You don't need to do it. So let's have some ground rules here. Guy Kawasaki is one of the people I admire demos. He was the head of marketing for Apple in the days of Steve Jobs, and today is one of the world's best public speakers. He wrote a lot of book about marketing and storytelling and so on. He made up some rules that I'm using every time I'm teaching public speaking. Yes, a very simple rule that called the 10, 20, 30 rule. And it's super important to know that these rules are written with blood and sweat and fire. Everything that I'm recommending here is actually coming out of a lot of pain of seeing other people struggle, of being in a lot of bad presentations. What is the 10, 20, 30 rule? Basically what the guy said is super-simple. 10 is the number of slides that you can use. Yes. I can sense your surprise moment and the eyebrows kind of going up ten slides. It's usually what some people consider as a very short presentation, but I would consider a standard one. Sometimes I extend that into 12 because I'm not counting the actual thank you or opening slide, but ten slide is absolutely the maximum. Why is that? We have sometimes AD 100 slides per talk. And how can you expect yourself to give a talk even for 40 minutes, okay, with 80 slides, it means that you have to change slide every 30 seconds. So if you do the math, you should remember that if you're in a point that you have to change a slide more than once a minute, you're already in trouble. That's why 10 is the maximum. And again, the entire US of a presentation is something that is only serving us to help deliver a message. What is it using form? Why do we need slide in general, we need slide to help emphasize something that we're saying. If I'm talking about the concept and is written next to me, this is great because then the audience can say, okay, this is the 10 2030 rule. I write it down. But if I have the entire Wikipedia article of something next to me and I'm speaking, the crowd cannot know or tell whether they should listen to me or read the slide. This is one of the reasons we need very little amount of slides. And very clear ones. The 20 in these 10, 20, 30 rule represent actually something really interesting. That timeframe. We are talking about maximum of 20 minutes per talk. And this law is, I think, ten years old or even more now, we're talking about a world in which Ted, the organization that actually brought public speaking to mate to the mainstream, is talking about not even allowing doing 18 minutes of tux anymore and driving it down closer to eight minutes or even less. 20 minutes is the absolute time that you're doing a talk? Yes, sometimes you need to plan a lesson and it's more than that. But if you notice, even if you're a teacher or professor, the Columbia School of Teachers, they do something amazing. They teach their teachers to actually use mini lessons. So the actual presentation is only 15 minutes and the rest is classwork. You do some sheets and the working class. So there is no excuse, no torque should be longer than 20 minutes. Otherwise you're going to lose the crowd and lose your mind. Maybe if you're doing it too seriously to 30. In the 10, 2030, the rules is the number of the size of the font we are using in a presentation, guys. This is a presentation that the size here is 32. We saw everything. I've seen with my own eyes, a presentation that I was in the last row and the font was number seven or eight. How can I read something like this? And also if it's below 30, you're allowing yourself to put a lot of text. Basically what I'm doing is extending what Guy Kawasaki say, and I say use at least 30 font, but never use more than three bullets. Because if you have more than three bullets, you kind of overloading the slide and people are kind of confused. So ten slides, 20 minutes maximum, 30 is the size of the font. I like to use three bullets for slides. I don't want you guys to use the presentation as a replacement for what you have to say, but only as a reinforcement to it. What do I mean? It's only for graphics that helps you. Statements that helps you either dramatically or scientifically. Facts, numbers, everything that will help you drive the stock, the Tukey's here. Here is just a visual aid and I must tell you something about it. Most of the best talks I've ever seen in my life didn't even have presentation. You can have a nice background or one slide. But when I do most of my public speaking, I'm not even using presentation because I really believe you a very good storytellers. This is how our civilizations actually developed by telling stories to one another. But if you're using presentations, we need to really know how to use it. I know that it's very convenient to actually use something. It gives us security. There is something behind me that people not only looking at me. If you have a bit of a stage fright, it's okay. It's not a problem to you as a presentation, people are looking at you and the presentation equally. But sometimes the screen is not that professional as amazing, sometimes is a small TV screen and sometimes it's very blurry. You shouldn't count on it. And I think that it's only if it's necessary and help structure your talk. What I like to do with presentation is use it as bullets. I put some important bullets or title that helps me even drive the talk, Sam talks and 20 minutes. But sometimes I do seminars for an entire day. So it's good to have the main subjects on the board. You will see in the next few lessons, sometimes we have some chart and explanations and it's okay. But never exceeded. Some comments about the design. I'm not a designer, but there are few studies about it. I like to use a very dark theme of my presentations. I think that it's much easier to read something that is bright. The texts is bright on top. On a darker theme. Some of our presentation or just completely black with white writing on them. I don't like those presentation with all those details and all those animation and all this attention grabbers, you don't need them. The text is dry, the background is dark. It should be very minimalistic. Yes, if you can use a service of a professional designer, there are some amazing, less minimalistic presentations, but I don't like all these animations and transitions. Keep it minimal, keep it simple. It's a driver of your talk usually again, I'm not using more than three bullets. I don't think that it's serving you. Usually I'm not using more than one sentence in each bullet. I don't think it's it's helping the crowd understand what you came here to say is just creating burden on them. I like the design and the font to be super-simple. Some presentation has this crazy fonts that people don't understand. It's okay to have something beautiful like this. But I think that everybody can understand this font. Keep it really simple because people need to stay with you and not here. If you want to use pictures of diagrams, please use the entire screen. You can leave a bit of the background because it's maybe a theme or something for your marketing or your brand. It's okay. But use almost or the entire screen. I don't like those live in which you have these tiny picture and then a lot of text and you don't understand what's going on. Use very high quality pictures. If you don't know how to build a presentation. Of course, we have a lot of tools that I use Google Slides, but there's so many beautiful tools for presentations. Guys. There are websites like fibers that you can actually pay somebody five or $10 and he can amazingly design your presentation. Just send him a very nice structure texts with instructions. So there are no excuses here. This is an example of how I would put a picture and still leave some margin if you want. But if there is a picture behind me, please guys, make it really professional. A lot of pixels for the picture, the entire screen, or just a allele frame around it. When you are talking, it's really important to use some what I call visual break. If you have a lot of texts like bullets, It's okay. Once in a while, have some different looking slide or even a picture. Because this is the way to keep the attention of the crowd with you. Visual break is kind of okay. There is something changing in front of my eyes. I'm still with you. Maybe I wasn't my phone, I'm still with you. It's helping you to maintain control over your own talk. And I really urge you to practice. If you're going to use a presentation, I would run the entire talk with the presentation next to me, even if it's on your own screen. And practice speaking to the crowd and controlling the read them. Remember, you are the one who controlled the rhythm and the pacing of the presentation. Never do it automatically on a timer because you never know what's going to happen on stage and you're going to chase the presentation. I don't want you to chase presentation. I want the presentation to chase you. Sometimes I see passionate speaker speak and they forget to change the slide and then it's okay, you just notice it, you change the slide. Usually nothing happens. It's important if it's completely different message or effect, but it's always better than to have it running. I urge you to try and focus you on top on yourself. But if you have to use presentation, please use these tips. See you in the next lesson. 6. How to practice your talk: Unless you're a pro, I wouldn't dare going on stage without practicing. And yes, it's a common mistake. I know many people will react the other way round there. So phobic about public speaking that they will try to learn each and every word in there. Speak, speech, speech tracking sheet, practice sheets, cheat sheet, whatever you want to call this. This is not the right way to do it. Learning award by word in your speech or talk. I would do it only if I am a professional actor because they learned for years how to take the tax and learn it by heart. There are other ways to practice which are much more efficient. And basically, if we're using the ABC template, we can basically have all the bullets that we need. It's very important to you to understand that even TED speakers are not born this way. They're not coming on stage Grundy ATSIC Lee and just talk about whatever they do. You see university professors that teach very complex biology based stuff. And then they're gone the stage and they're so coherent and storytelling experts, they're becoming like this because they spent at least three months with the world top speak that speech coast coaches. And not only that, they actually have, not only the best cultures, they have the best conditions, they have the best camera crews, the best sound, the best stage presentation. They have all the right tools they need in order to practice all those tech lunches that you see buy apples and Microsoft and other big companies. It's all very polished because it is polished. They are directors and Speech coaches and other professionals who take those executive, who are sometimes very good public speakers and sometimes less of a good as public speakers and they polish it. You know, when it's all on camera is very easy to edit stuff. But when you're live on stage, you have to practice. And the way to practice is basically to know what you're talking about. I'm talking about research of what you're going to talk about. Yes. You're going to have to write some sort of a script. You're going to use the template that I'm going to talk about in a few minutes using the ABC templates that a few other cool method to improve your public speaking. But you have to understand that when you go on stage means that you've rehearsed your entire talk at least three times. And here is the place to use your friends. Take people that you love, put them in a living room, or if it's still corona time, do it on Zoom. You need to ask people for reviews before you do something important. Some people have their thesis defense and they know everything about their tedious, but they don't know anything about public speaking and they don't know how to communicate it to the audience. So the best way is practicing. We are going to use a through a few practicing tools in this lesson to help you be prepared for your lesson. So the first exercise is very simple. I call it my friend Jane. It's super simple. I want you to open a file, whatever. If it's a note on your phone, a file of some sort of a word processor on your computer, or even the old-fashioned pen and paper. And basically do the following. You need in one paragraph to describe your best friend. You can do whatever you want. Like how they look, how they make you feel, what is their personality, but just describe your best friend. This is a very easy writing exercise that will help us release, are kind of creative inside. It's super-simple and it will allow us to go on and put what we are learning to use. So I suggested to stop this lesson right now. Push the pause button, do this exercise and come back. Now that you're back, I want you to do another exercise. I want you to now, again, in one paragraph, try to describe to somebody sitting in front of you. They're imaginary hat they're wearing. You are seeing a hat that they cannot see in this exercise. And it's an, it's traveler and get ahead. Think about the Queen of England kind of n. No matter what you think about the colors, the shapes. Again, this is another exercise that let us get free a bit before we go deeper into the harder subject of our talk. In one paragraph, I want us to go deep and be as creative as possible describing this imaginary pet. Now that we're back, I wanted to do something a bit harder. I want you to try and write again in one paragraph. Are you as people? We describe other people. We described object, but now I want I want you to describe who you are as a person. But not only I'm blonde or I have green eyes, but who you are as a person, what you came to do in this world, tried to go deep, even close your eyes and think, what is important to you in this word, what do you Stanford? Who are you as a person? Pause this and do it. Now that you're back, we're going to move to our next exercise. This is super funny and super-easy. And I found it actually as the best exercise before writing our templates for a top. Even when I worked with CEOs sometimes and they have so much undermined. When you ask people to do the next exercise. They're kind of shocked in the beginning, but then they see that it's really working. I want you to read the next one. We're looking at a world of social media and Twitter used to have the limitation of 140 characters. I'm used to use a 140 words, but for this exercise, I just want you in three lines, only, only three lines. To summarize everything you want to talk about. No matter, again, if it's a TED Talk, if it's a dream TED Talk that you have it if it's for academia, if it's for work, no matter what, what do you want to talk about? Only three lines. And why do we do it like this? Because I've learned from my experience that if you don't know what you are going to talk about and explain it in two or three lines. You probably don't know how to talk about it in two minutes, three minutes or even ten minutes. Pause this video and do these three lines maximum of what you come to talk about. Now, I want you to actually take a look at what you've done. And take a look at our ABC chart. And try to put those three lines that you just wrote. You have subject there. I want you to extract what you wrote and try to look. If you have anything there that is fitting to be a D a delivery moment. If you have a message there. If you don't have a messenger, I really recommend you to rewrite this tweet and tried to find a message to this message in your D area. Now, I want you to look for a very dramatic or interesting facts and put it on the B. Now that you have the da and db, you can write the entire top. What I will do is go now and write the introduction, right, the ending, which is a recap and a very nice way to say goodbye to the audience. So to summarize everything and fill it up with our C, with our content. You can do it over a few days if you want. But I found that that if you do it immediately and have at least these few paragraph written, you basically already miraculously, magically have the skeleton for your talk. Just use this tweet that you did. Put it in the right section. And then you have the first way to practice. Now, how can we really practice? And kind of put this little chart that we have to use? I'm going to talk about it in our next lesson. Okay. 7. PPT karaoke - The best way to practice your talk: The best way to practice that I've found working with hundreds of people is to do something called PowerPoint karaoke? Yes, PowerPoint karaoke. I think that PowerPoint karaoke is not only very funny and entertaining, it's actually the best way for you to practice your talk. And yes, we are taking a brief break from all the serious stuff we did before to do something more fun. And PowerPoint karaoke is something basically of a game. There are competitions around the world. And basically what you need to do is to either look for a specific PowerPoint karaoke presentation. There are hundreds of them free online, but what I love to call and do is to do something called the eggplant games. And I do it with kids. I do it with high schoolers, I do it with startup founder of the, even with CEOs. We are basically Googling egg plant PPT, and it's really crazy What's comes up. It always does really boring agriculture science of how to grow eggplants. Maybe for some people it's not boring. For crowded, have nothing to do with growing eggplant is super strange. So usually I'm downloading the first presentation that I see. And then I call for somebody in the audience, give him the mic, given the clicker and says, Good luck. And he said what? And if a yes, now you're presented me about eggplant. And for you at home, I recommend to do the same. To look for the most ridiculous presentation. Again, you can write PowerPoint karaoke or listened to me. It's really funny to write eggplants presentation or eggplant PPT. And just put it on the screen and practice. Performing a presentation that is not your own skill is not only amazing for stage fright, but it's also amazing for you as a public speaker to enhance your skills because you need to deal with the unknown. You're getting better in a few things. You're getting better in eye coordination, not only with the audience, but it's, I call it audience screen coordination. Because a lot of times we're looking back at our screen, which is fine if we want to show something. But a lot of people out of uncomfortable feeling, they just either stare at the screen or stare at the audience and they don't know what's behind them. So PowerPoint karaoke with allow you a very good transition. Practicing also, dealing with the unknown makes you more amused, relaxed, and then you become more yourself. You don't have to be funny, you just need to practice. Try it, and try it before every important talk that you have, I promise you, it's going to be amazing. Let's go on to the next lesson. 8. Your stage presence : So how do I actually control my stage presence? It's super important to understand that everything we said so far didn't actually talk about how do I move in the stage? How do I use my voice? I do I use my eyes. And it's okay because we need to remember that everybody has its own style. What I want to say here is that your stage presence is super important, but it's also depending on your style. So I'm not expecting somebody who is very solid space to run around on stage, or somebody who has a lot of energy to just stand in one place. We need to remember that basically body language is half of our talk. We are speaking with a body. We are maintaining the message through our movements and the crowd realize it. That's why it's going to be very weird if you're talking about it was the most dramatic moment when I climb the Everest, nobody will understand what you came here to talk about. Even though you said I just climb the Everest but you're closed. You're afraid you're small. If you say it, this was the moment when I climb the Everest than the crowd is with you because you're big. The mountain you just climbed. Your body language is super important. And there are a lot of trainers who actually focus on training Europe, what to move, what not to move, how to do. Really, I'm not doing it so much. I'm not focusing and death because I think that if you know what you came here to see, if your message is solid, the rest is technique and improvement and practice. Let's discuss three main topics about stage presence that will help you here. First, I contexts. We mentioned this before briefly, that you need to maintain eye contact with the crowd. But how do you exactly do it? As I mentioned before, there are two main ways that people teach you how to do it. Either to look at some point in the crowd, like the room is very big and the crowd thing you'll look in at something or looking and scanning the crowd. What I like to do is never to look at inanimate objects. I'd like to look at people, like to feel that people, It's a good way to feel the pulse of the crowd actually. When you look at them in real life, are they born? Are they happy? Are they with you? And when you are looking at the crowd, it's scanning. And sometime using anchors for people who are really looking at you. You can actually control other factor like your voice. If everybody is listening to you, you don't have to raise your voice. You can use a dramatic effect of lowering your voice to create tension. If everybody is kind of lost and you feel kind of your loss attention, maybe you kind of went away with the train of thoughts and you kind of walking around the subject. It's happened a lot because many public speaker do not know everything by heart, which is totally okay. They use bullets. And if you notice that the crowd is not exactly with you now it's the time for you to change your pitch, to change your movements so the eye contact is super important. There are some tips. I would never stare at the screen and I've seen a lot of talks like this that somebody is as actually standing and talking to the screen or reading from the screen, which is horrible. If you have something to show. And only if you have something to show you how I always do this kind of yoga movement that you try to reach the floor with the other shoulder. You are looking and facing the crowd. But you're referring to the screen, it's okay. And sometimes you know what, people forget what they came to say. I in the studio have a monitor here, but some people don't have a monitor in front of them and it's okay sometimes to pick. But there's a difference between picking like this and picking like this. This is meaning to the audience that you're not there with them. You're turning your back on them literally psychologically. It's very rejecting you still with them. But you referring to the screen. You are scanning the crowd. You are controlling what's happening in the screen behind you, but you're never looking at the floor. I've seen speakers that are kind of shy. So they're looking at the floor or they're lost in their thoughts, Don't do it. You need to feel the connection with the card. And if you're not sure and you kind of feeling you're losing yourself. Find again those members of the crowd that are connected to you feel this connection and use them as your anchor. I love to use anchors in my talk because I have three anchors. One is me, I'm the anchor and planted in a certain area, and I have limits that I'm gonna talk about soon. Screen, if I have a screen and somebody or two people in the crowd, these are my incurs in my TOC body movement. If you notice me talking, I'm using big body movement when I want to convey something big and small bodied movement, what I want to convey something small, if I'm talking about the technical thing, It's okay to explain with your hands. If I'm talking about a dramatic moment, it's okay. But I've seen people talking about really mundane stuff and they learn that they need to move their hands so they will speak about, you know, this ice cream was very pink. Like there is nothing to do with what you said in your body movements, right? You need to adjusted and the best way to go is to go natural, not tried to fake it. If you're not a very body kind of expressing human, don't try to do it. It's really okay to stand there and to speak and to be with little movements. It's really okay, but don't exaggerate, but also don't be too small. Never be closed, never be shy. This is also something that you give the crowd the sense that you are closed. You don't want to share the bond of trust we created in the authority in our a is lost. You are open, you're grounded and rooted in the ground. But you're confident and you're big when you need to be in your small when you need to be if you have to sit, sit. I'm not saying not not to say to people because I was disabled for years myself. I couldn't stand. It's okay to sit. If you need to sit. It's always better to stand if you can, because of course, it's bigger to the crowd. But if you have to sit, there is a difference between sitting in front of a table like this or having a toll chair like I'm using like a bar chair and then you have standing. This is something also important to know. It's okay to be a bit over, over moving or over hyperactive. Some people are IM like this. I have a medical condition with my blood pressure. I cannot stand in one place. I have to move my legs, but I'm not moving like crazy. I'm trying to move once in awhile, move my feet and use it as a way to express myself. The borders are important. If there are cameras, ask the camera man or the director, where are my borders? Where is the margins when you cannot see me or you cannot see my head? If you see a bright light on your face and you have a presentation, it's probably that the screen is actually screening the projector on your head. If you see a bright light, you're standing in the wrong place. Ask about your margin, use them. It's super-important. Voice is our tool. We're using voice to convey a message when we're publicly speaking. Use your voice as an instrument when there is a dramatic moment, lawyer voice, when there is something run the ATSIC to say, Make your pitch higher. Nobody liked to hear very, very high pH, nobody likes to hear monotonic voices. Use the voice is an instrument. Create this wave of attention. If you feel you're losing the crowd because you are talking about science now for 10 minutes and you told them a lot about your research and you kind of see they're not there with you. Then raise your voice and go to the next section. It's really important. The variation in your voice is your tool, but also not over-exaggerate. Some people are trying to change their pitch too much. Only do it naturally when you're practicing enough and you're connected to your voice and you did a lot of PowerPoint karaoke and you know what to emphasize, it will come natural. As I mentioned, that your location on the stage is super important. It's okay to move. It's okay even to walk on stage. It's okay even sometimes to alternate if it's a longer talk to seat them to stamp. But it's really not okay to run around or to stand in one place and not move. Your location is super important. Again, never block the projector. The voice is your main instrument and the position you're standing, we're willing to determine the attention the crowd is giving you. So use your body, use your voice, use your movement. 9. How to deal with the Q&A part: So how do we answer a question from the crowd and the audience? It's very interesting and very important actually to know that because I've seen a lot of public speakers, trainers, and courses that never addressed this. And it's so funny to see speakers who are super prepared for the talk there give the shore of their lifestyle. And then there comes a moment and the crowd is there and asking the question, and then you just stand there and don't know what to say. So I'm just going to give you a few ground rules which are learned with a lot of pain, sweat and blood, and a lot of embarrassing moments. First rule. Listen carefully. I've seen a lot of speakers doing like this. Yes, yes, yes. And they don't really listening. There are kind of high on their own adrenalin, on their own success. I gave such a great talk and people want to ask something great. Listen carefully because the questions being asked are, first of all, they can really surprise you. And second, there are super important for you as well because you can not only establish but reinforce your message. Imagine you came to sell something and then somebody ask a question you can actually pick up on and do more sales. Or if it's academic and you can actually answer something that can change the world because somebody else have a new thought. It's very important for you to listen to the question, but not less important to actually repeat the question. I know a lot of speakers would do the next. Funny things. Yes. So my grandmother was born in Sicily and then the audience don't understand why you start to speak about Sicily because they didn't hear the question. Not every time we have a microphone in the audience. And if you have a 1000 people in the audience, I'm not really sure everybody heard this person. So as a good speaker, you need to say thank you for your question. The question was 123 and then answer it. It will promise you to show that you're attentive, that everybody's listening, everybody's paying attention. And you can be sure that you heard the question right? I've seen a lot of funny moments that speakers are answering a completely different question because they didn't hear the question, right? So do it. I trust you to not do the same mistake that I did for a few, for a style. It's very important to make it personal. If you're talking about subjects that are more politically oriented or very personal to you. Like I'm speaking a lot about patient rights and patient advocacy. And sometimes I speak in front of doctors and I say very hard thing about health care. If I make it personal and I'll start arguing with the person asking me a question. It's becoming a debate. And then first of all, I'm losing the thunder, I'm losing the limelight. And then the entire amazing thing that I came to do can be very quickly derailed. If you're not trained in debating or in answering questions, don't even go there. So make it and personal. If somebody is trying to attack your text, something you say, for instance, I saw tack launches in with the startup is saying something and then somebody in the audience say, Yeah, but I think you're making a stupid mistake going this path. This is a super business model. If you're going into a personal direction, is never going to work. But what you can do is say, thank you, I really appreciate your input. This is the reason I did what I did. For instance, always, always, always make it personal. Trust me, it will make your life easier and we'll make sure the audience is remaining with good taste in their mouth. The last thing I wanted to say, which is super important about answering question is the following. We are as public speakers coming to speak publicly and to give a show. But sometimes, even if it's unplanned, those questions can be actually something that can drive our message forward. So we need to understand that we are still on stage when we're giving those answer. We're still in this authority. Remember, a authoritative figure? We are never, but never arguing with the audience. No matter how absurd the thing we're going to hear and I've heard everything. You're never going to argue. I had people disagree my work and telling me personal insults. And it doesn't matter if you're an amazing speaker or not. There are always people in the crowd that wants to grab attention. You're never arguing. You can always said, thank you so much for your question and then try to push it away to another question. And there are a lot of beautiful ways to do it, for instance. Thank you so much. I like to take criticism. I would invite you to write me an email or to speak to me afterwards and we can discuss it privately. This is a very good way to deal with it, but never argue when you're onstage. The last thing I want to say is that basically you need to remember that if you are not an expert of something or you've been asked the question that you're not sure what the answer to, it's always better to say. I can check it and come back to you or I'm sorry, I'm not aware of this fact or I don't know the answer of this, but I would love to learn it myself. It's always better than to say something that it's not right. Today we talk backs and everything is on internet. It's very easy to completely dismiss us online. And you would not want to be ridiculed by saying something you don't know. Even the greatest professors I know sometimes being ask a question and they say, I need to check and get back to you. And the serious one actually email you back or a catching you in the next lesson. I've been asked a lot of question. I couldn't answer when I'm speaking about my own condition and patient advocacy, sometimes people come to me and ask me medical questions and I'm not a doctor. So what I'm doing is saying I'm not a doctor, this is not a medical advice. I think that you should see a professional or sometimes I speak to them privately, but I'm never presuming that I know something that I know. It's super important. Never argue, never answers something that you're not sure what the answer to. Always make it on personal and always listen carefully and repeat every question I see on the next lesson. 10. Some technical advices : Some important technical advices. Yes, I know it's annoying. We all been there. We did our best to prepare for a talk no matter which kind of dark and then all hell broke loose. Something didn't work. If you want to hear my pencil story, when I gave my TEDx talk in front of 2 thousand people, I came on stage, will all my glory. The lights shut up and everybody is quiet. And then I start to speak only to figure out my microphone isn't working. Yes. With all the equipment that a big event can provide, it can happen. So I want to share with you what I've learned about technical failures that might save your day one time. Let's start with the beginning. Projector's. Projectors. They can be a friend, but they can be your phone. I've seen a lot of speakers just stopping the top completely or not even starting to talk because the projector is not working. So you need to remember something that you are the talk, you are the story, you're the message. If the projector is not working or a screen is not working, or a board is not working or not there. You're not stopping your talk. You know what, you came to talk about a new or continuing today, projectors are not very reliable sometimes just like any other equipment I'm going to discuss. So the presentation, the precious one that you've made, if you cannot show it, It's okay. You can continue your talk even without a presentation. You don't really have to have a presentation and we're going to talk about it in a separate, a separate lesson. But if you do, projector is not working, take your laptop and yes, bring one and use it as a reference. Use the entire presentation just as a reference. You need to remember another thing about presentations. I've almost never seen any event in which everything was prepared and working and my presentation was up there ready for me. There's always some trouble. So I always recommend you to have another copy of your presentation in a pptx form because it's more internationally common. In a separate USB just for your presentation and in your email box or drive or whatever you're using as a Cloud service to backup it so you can immediately send it to somebody. I've seen a lot of funny moment in which people are starting their presentation and it's completely messed up, or it's the wrong version, or it's somebody else's presentation. Don't trust the organizers. They're super busy usually especially in large events. Bring your own things. The next thing is a said one, speakers. I've seen a lot of microphone and speakers failures in my days. I've seen and heard all these crazy noises that are unbearable because speakers are going way too close to them, too. The big speaker with their microphone and nobody told them not to do it. So you should know it from now. It's very simple. Electricity, electromagnetically effect. If you put this microphone, which is basically a giant magnet and you put it rate to another one which is a speaker, you're going to have a very terrible noise. So please, if you have a professional audio technician, please ask them what to do and where to move, and what is the range of your microphone and other thing you should remember about speakers and microphones. When you have a microphone like this, don't do stuff like this because as you heard, everybody can hear it. And I've seen a lot of good speakers just ruining their talks because they're touching themselves all the time out of nervousness and touching there, mike, if you have a mic in your hand, just hold it at least 30 centimeters from your mouth. Speak comfortably. It's actually more comfortable that you have something in your hand. If you notice I have this clicker because I'm using my presentation here is a reference, just like I'm going to teach you how to do. So it's okay to have something in your hand, but it shouldn't make you 3s. This microphone is your friend. Use it to amplify your voice. If there is a problem, too many noises, it's not working. There is no battery, the speakers are not working. Just dropped the mic. Guys in a lot of venues or even spoken to 200 people without microphones. The acoustics is good enough that if you're speaking loudly, you don't even need a mike. So what I'm doing every time and every time I've being ended the mic, even if I'm in a room in 10, people enter the mic immediately. So first of all, I shut it down or give it away and says this, the last person in the last row. Can you hear me? And if they say yes, Can you hear me clear? Yes. If they say yes, I'm dropping the mic. If they say no or like this, say okay, let's try to use the mic. This is a very important advice sense. It's always better to go Allah natural than to use technology because the technology tend to fail us, especially in public speaking. Pcs and other computers dies. I've seen it all, especially with Mac users who are preparing for the talk and then they forget to bring these dongles adopters. You need to prepare everything, as I mentioned before, on another USB on a cloud sender didn't email. Great. But a lot of time we're trusting, of course, our presentation too much. And if we use a presentation, we trust the computer in the venue. I've seen a lot of places in which they have these super old computer that barely run its own windows, let alone tried to run my presentation with all the high graphics and movies and so on. So if you can bring your own laptop today, you have so many cheap solutions. I'm not saying that you have to buy a Mac book, but you can definitely use some phones, android fonts for this matter to run your presentations or even control them as a remote control, you have Chromebooks today that costs like $200. But please, if you can bring your own laptop and if you bring your own laptop, make sure that you use adopters. Because especially max there don't play nice with others. And you can bring your presentation only on your computer and then you don't have any mean to connect it to the HDMI cable or VGA cable to the outlet that has to show it on the screen or on the projector. So remember that if you have an urge to connect your computer to a projector, you need to make sure that you have the right connection. A lot of places that have been too, even if they look like state of the art five-star hotels, they don't have HDMI or computer, don't have VGA, you're in trouble. I always carried me this little cycle in which I put all of the emergency thing. I might need an extra USB. We'd copies of all of my presentations and I keep updating them. This is one, a power bank because she'd happens especially with cell phones and another charger if possible, to my phone and my laptop. I always bring every adapter that I might need to use. Usually it's either USB to sound sort of VGA or HDMI. Vga to HDMI. And if you have an apple, please do yourself a favor and buy one of those adopters that go out to all of these other connectors, it may save your life. The last thing I'm going to talk about is this little meme device, these clickers, this is a very good Logitech, high-quality one, but I've seen even them failing sometimes. And I always bring my own clicker. I've seen a lot of speakers of speakers make this mistake. They trust their clicker in the venue. And then there are two things that happen. Either you don't know the position of the buttons, and then you want to switch and you've pressed the wrong button, and then you either put a laser marker on the crowd or nothing is happening, or you actually turn off your own presentation. Or it's not even working. Singular dependent on batteries. Everything that is dependent on batteries can fail eventually, you need to remember that if you're a professional and public speaker, you need to buy one of those good ones. I really recommend Logitech as a go-to company. The one that has a USB adapter. If you have one of the new Macs, you'll have to use a USB 2 USB-C adapter for those. And to keep it in the same space, you keep all of your talk needs. Have a special cycler bag that everything that is only for your talk and don't forget it. Don't trust the Clicker of the venue. And if you do, and there is no clicker and you came there, somebody suggests you to say, I will switch the slides for you. You say no. Thank you, sir. Because then you need to control your own pace of talk and to say somebody else. Next slide please, which is super annoying and also very confusing for you. Taking your mind train off, guys. If you don't have a clicker there, it's either use switcher on slides are, remember you don't have to use presentation is just a visual aid. I want to mention another thing. Everything that I said now is just an advice. Of course, there are people who knows amazingly how to deal with presentation, with a colleague care. Some venues are amazing, some organizer make everything perfect for you, but you need to remember that eventually, everything you see here, this is just a visual aid. This is nothing more. This is not your talk. And I see a lot of people thinking that their presentation is the actual presentation. Your presentation is this. You are the presentation. This is just to help. I don't even need it. The screen can be completely black or green or I don't care. I know what I'm coming here to talk about. And if you notice a lot of time people are talking and then they kind of do like this or do like this. This is not nice to anyone. If you're going to use a presentation, you need to control it really well. And in the next lesson, I'm going to teach you how to build them and control them. 11. Now I know my ABC's - How to combine everything into an amazing talk!: Okay guys, we reached the end. How do we take everything we learned here in this masterclass and combine them all? I'd like to call this lesson. Now I know my ABC's because you know exactly what you need to do. You know how to practice, you know how to structure your talk a very, very basic way. But how I take this little structure, put it together using everything we learned about really presentation, moving, talking. It's actually super simple. I'm going to put on screen table that will help you with some ideas on how to put this ABC's into use. And I'm going to add it also as an attachment for discourse. And there's going to be an e-book attached to this course as well. We are going basically to take our template that we've made with the simple most ABC's that we took from our tweet method. And now we want to make a decision. First hour we're going to use an actual presentation or not to. Are we going to structure this talk to be seven minutes, eight minutes, 10 minutes. What is the limit of the time? So first of all, the decision is to use a presentation or not, is a very simple one. Only if it serves you. If the presentation is serving the need and driving your talk, or if it's mandatory, then when I use a presentation, I'll give you a thumb rule. If it's a very personal story. Usually you don't really need a presentation. Some people like to use presentation and personal story to show highlights of peaks, highs and lows. For instance, if you're like me, seek for years and you have pictures of you weighing 40 something kilo and pitch to reuse standing on a TED stage. That's a good thing to show as a presentation. But it's not really necessary. Some people like athletes shows picture of them with the medals, or show some stairs or people who climbed the ever and so beautiful pictures. But even the doubted those people can sit or stand in front of you and it will be perfectly fine. So the decision has to be made if I need this presentation. This is the first one. The second one, what is the length of my talk? Always go around the thumb rule of around seven minutes. If you aim to around seven minutes, you might end up in 10 there. So I'll be doing most of my TEDx franchises that I organized. We aim to seven, sometimes we landed 10 or even beyond. And you need to divide the time in the fact that at least half of the time is going to the C-section. So you need to leave enough time to the other section. So let's take a round number of six minutes for a talk and play with it a little. So if I have six minutes of a talk, three minutes, we'll go to the C-section, the content section. One minute will be the opening that will include my authority. Bonding that I created with the audience and my buying given moment of the crowd. And only one more minute is left for the D. And the summary super short, it's only one minute. So how do you use your two minutes? The message should be very, very, very clear. If you have only six or seven minutes, you have to end very briefly afterwards. You need to actually plan your talk by the minute, but leave some margins. What I usually do, sometimes I give talks because audience wants 40 minutes of talk of 45 minutes. I always take one hour because I know that they are going to be questions. Leave time for questions. If it's this type of format, if it's a TED Talk plan for a certain minutes with a reserve of 20 percent. So how do you do it? You basically, again, go to whatever notebook or file that you want. You write the script that you want in a tweet in maximum of 23 lines. If you feel it's too heavy for you, It's okay. Go step back, write one paragraph of everything you came to say. Take this ABC and says, What are my ABCs? What is the main message? What is the dramatic moment? What is the ending? Use it and then expanded. Now is the time to actually expanded and build upon it. Make this actual table in your file of ABC and start writing. And basically, there are calculators online that you can actually know by the pace of your speech, how many minutes you'll take for a certain amount of words. You just need to Google it online. It's super easy. And then you can plan, right? I'm not saying that you have to be on the second. I'm just saying that in some venues, in some events, there is a time limit. You don't want to be the guy who kind of Russia against look at the timer and Russia against it. You want to be comfortable. You want to add under your terms, you want to end with an e, not to end with the sea. You want to say the B, say the C, say to D. And if your time is up, it's always okay to make it shorter the summary. But if you didn't say the message, you came to deliver, you didn't speak at all. So that's the planning you should do when you consider everything and write it down first, do it in a draft, afterwards, read it a few times, improve it, make sure you have, at least in bullets what you want to say in here, we haven't make another decision. There are two ways to go from now. Some people like to write a very long version of their talk. And some people just like bullets, you need to practice it first to see what is your style. I like to work with bullets. Some people like to have everything written and then to practice it. When you have this final table upon your decision. Then you go on. You go in front of your phone and you speak it, even with the file, even with a page, you speak everything. You go and measure the time. You practice it again, again and again and again and again until you refine it. When only when you have a two ready and you can just sit and read it to the camera. Only when you feel ready. Dan is the time to put it on stage. And when you decide to put it on stage, Dennis, time to make this decision. If I'm using a presentation, how do I combine it with what I've just saying? And the main problem and the main mistake is always to make it the same one. I'm following the presentation. No. You are building a presentation in the following way. You are actually taking your most important or dramatic facts or moments in your talk. And remember we only have ten slides, then you have slides for each. I would go actually to the slides according to my abc and a slide that say, I, this is me, this is what I did. Maybe a nice picture of you. And I'm this and that a be a very dramatic moment, that picture and number. So on. C, you can put even two or three slides of graph the information and some bullets. That's great. D, it is on slide and E is some sort of thank you. And summary, this baby template for a slide can be the beginning, but don't do the presentation first and then talk. Only after you make this decision, you make this initial practice. Then you go on the stage and start practicing using your voice, using your body. You need to remember that today with technology super-easy to record yourself with video, watch. It sends friends, get some feedback. You can actually hire professional online, if even very cheap, to watch her talk and give you feedback. It's super-easy. I want to stress something that Chris Anderson, the owner of TED, said. Basically, a talk is an idea going from the mind of the speaker to the mind of the audience. And I think it's very beautiful. And if we're doing it right, and remembering that we are using our voice, our body, our mind to deliver a message. We cannot go wrong. At very good talk is always tending to one of three needs and I teach it to all of my speakers. You either talk to their head, their heart, or their hands. I'm talking about the audience. When you come to write your talk, think about those thing. Am I talking to their head? I mean, MI provoking thought? Am I creating new ideas and making them think about something new they haven't thought before. Am I talking to their heart? I'm inspiring them. I want to make them aware of something. I want to make them feel more emotional, vulnerable, or am I talking to their hands? I want a call for action. I want them to live the stock, get out and do something. Every time you write a talk, make this checklist MIT pointing to the head, the heart, and the order hands. And if you're not, you need to go back. And by the way, this is the way to know what's easier dy, when you know what is the message you want to put here, here or here. This is your dieline, this is your delivery. This is what you came to talk and you can always summarize it in one line. I want to create new awareness about an idea. I want people to go and change something. I want people to feel emotional about something this easier D. And for example, if you're talking about environmental change and you want people to recycle. So the message sheath is recycle if you want to make people aware about some disparity and you're talking to their hearts, this is your d. So you want people to actually change their mind about something. This ERD. If you use this method, use the ABC template, make this checklist, plan and mainly practice, practice, practice your talk and you're genuine and honest. You can never go wrong. Please feel free to contact me and have a happy talk writing.