The 9 Most Common Surface Pattern Repeats and How To Create Them | Katia Galante | Skillshare

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The 9 Most Common Surface Pattern Repeats and How To Create Them

teacher avatar Katia Galante, Surface Pattern Designer and Illustrator

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

13 Lessons (1h 16m)
    • 1. Class Introduction

    • 2. Class Project

    • 3. Square repeat

    • 4. Half Drop Repeat

    • 5. The Diamond Repeat

    • 6. How To Draw the Ogee

    • 7. The Ogee Repeat

    • 8. The Stripe Repeat

    • 9. The Tossed or Scattered Repeat

    • 10. The Dot Repeat

    • 11. The Spot Repeat

    • 12. The Diagonal Stripes Repeat

    • 13. Final Thoughts

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About This Class

If you have been following me on Instagram, Facebook or if you subscribe to my newsletter, you’ll probably know that I have published a Guide to the 9 Most Common Repeat Patterns and How to Create Them.

Many people have told me they found the guide very helpful, however that was still a written guide, so I thought “wouldn’t it be even more helpful to actually show people how to create these repeats, in a step by step manner using Adobe Illustrator”?

This is how this class was born.

In this class I’ll show you how to create all of the patterns I list in my Guide, with the exception of the Brick Repeat, which is basically an Half Drop repeat but done horizontally; however I have included a bonus lesson for you on how to do a diagonal hand drawn stripe repeat!

By the end of the class you will know how to create all of these repeats, from the simple square repeat to the more advanced diagonal stripe repeat and I will also show you how to draw an Ogee in Adobe Illustrator!

This class is for beginner to intermediate surface pattern designers who already have at least a basic knowledge of Adobe Illustrator but would like more guidance on how to create these repeats.

If you would like more useful tips and tricks on how to use Illustrator, you can have a look at my other class: Adobe Illustrator Tools for Surface Pattern Designers and Illustrators where I show you how to use various Illustrator tools to create your patterns.

For this class you’ll just need Adobe Illustrator and some motifs to create your patterns

Meet Your Teacher

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Katia Galante

Surface Pattern Designer and Illustrator


Hello, I'm Katia, an artist, Illustrator, Surface Pattern Designer and a free spirit! 

I was born in sunny Sicily and I grew up in my grandfather’s farm, surrounded by all sorts of animals and with a vast expanse of luscious fields as my playground. No wonder I love nature and all it’s creatures!

This love is reflected in my designs which often display floral themes, animals, and insects.

If you'd like to learn more about me or see more of my work or just would like to say hi the best place to find me is on my Facebook page or on Instagram or you can visit my website if you really want to know more about me :-)

I graduated in 2008 in Microbiology but my real passion, painting and being creative, kept coming back in waves until  I di... See full profile

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1. Class Introduction: if you have been following me on Facebook or Instagram or indeed, if you subscribe to my newsletter, you'll know probably that I have created a guide to the nine most common surface pattern repeats and how to make them. And people have told me that they have found the guide really useful. But this was still a written guide, so I thought, Wouldn't it be even better if I actually showed people out to do this patterns step by step in videos so and using Adobe illustrator. So this is how this class was born. If you don't know me, I'm cardia. I'm a surface pattern designer and illustrator, and I'm based in the UK In this class, I will show you out to create all of the repeats released in my guide, with one exception, which is the brick Repeat, because that's basically 1/2 top repeat, done horizontally instead of vertically, so that will be the same sort of process. But I did includes a little bonus for you, which is how to create a diagonal stripe, hundreds stripe, part of repeat, which can be sometimes a little bit difficult and tricky. So it's a bit more advanced, but I show your state s tape out to do that. So in this class you will learn out toe, create all of these patterns from the simple square Repeat to the most advanced Stipe they're gonna stripe. Repeat, going through the diamond Repeat and G or C O. G. I don't know, but I will show you also out to actually draw the Oji to use as a template which is gonna call it G S. O. I will show you how to do that as well, Which is, um, on not too difficult after all. So this class is for I would say, beginners to intermediate surface pattern designers who already know how to use Adobe Illustrator, but would like a bit more guidance on how to build this type of repeats. If you would like more useful tips and tricks on how to use Adobe Illustrator and the tools in Adobe Illustrator, you can head over to my other class, which is an adobe illustrator. Tools for surface part of designers. I think that's what it's called and you can have a look at that class for more in Dept view off. How to use those tools. As always. If you have any questions, please don't hesitate to post your questions in the discussion section on day. I always keep an eye on it, and I will try to answer as soon as possible. And now, without further ado, let's get stuck into it. 2. Class Project: for your project. I would like you to create a pattern or patterns using one or more of the techniques we show you in the class on, then post them in the project section. And I really can't wait to see where you come up with. 3. Square repeat: guys in this video, I'm going to show you out to do a simple square repeat. So this is the simplest one and is now often used actually by pattern deciders because it's very easy to spot. They repeat. So where exactly you're square repeat is, However, there are some instances where you might want to use this type of repeat. So we're going to I'm going to show you anyway how to do it. And this will give you the basis and to actually make the pattern tile if you never done this before, so I show you exactly how to do it. And then it's just a matter off, Um, doing this for over a year of the patterns as well. So I have here some motives that I used in another pattern, and they have a nut Bordeaux 500 pixel by 500 pixel. Andi, I made a background square, which is going to align to the airport. If you don't have their lying tools here or here on the side, you can go to window on a line. All right, so I'm going to actually look this in place, so it's not going to be moved by accident. So it's control or command to to do that. And then I'm just going to start arranging my motives in the art board here. So let's see is not going to be a perfect pattern, this one. I'm just going to use it to show you the principles off, out to do a pattern. So little coddling. There's enough space there and show you I mean, why? So I'm going to place a few motifs this side as well, and what's important when you do a repeat pattern is that everything that is on the left side will be repeated on the right side, and everything that is in the talk will be repeated at the bottom. So to do that, I'm going to select everything, and then you want to cope it on this side so you can do right click, transform on, move and you want to move it 500 pixel or is entirely on zero vertically. And if you hit preview here it was show you where it's going to put your motives, and then you do copy because you want a copy of them, and then the same thing you can do but you're going to put something in the, uh let's see. What shall I put this in? That So you select everything that is here. If I selected the little one is well and another way to do this issue Do control K and you right here 500 pixel in your keyboard increments and click. OK, And then you hold the whole turkey and press the down arrow and this will automatically move and copy your motives. I'm good to put something else here. Let's see the sun on then. Bolton, Right? Keep on. This will make a copy here and now all that's left to do is to fill in the center vo square and build the pattern. So I'm going to spit up this this part so you won't be bored just looking at me doing this . All right? So this pattern is not perfect. But you can work on your pattern as long as you like and make sure that you are happy with it. Now, to make the patent, I we need to unlock the background so we go to object on look Oh, and then we need to make a copay. So when it selected controls C and control be to send it in the back and then when it's still selected, make sure it doesn't have any feel or any stroke. Now select everything. Oh, there's a little one that got away. Select everything on drug it two years, which is fun. Oh, you see, here it makes a tile. And now a test it so you can hit. And when you keep word or, um, go to the right and go to here, make a square, and then fill it with the pattern. And then you have your pattern here that you can check even better by going to scale Andi unchecked, transform objects otherwise will scale the whole thing. And then just cruel the mouse here and you can see your pattern a bit better. But if I make smaller, the smaller you can see the repeat here it repeats like you can see your square here and then he repeats again here. So it's very easy to spot you repeat. However, as I said, I can show you another example when you might want this se fe open this file and then here . This is a square repeat, but you will want toe have it this way Because you, if you want to create something like almost a geometric kind of pattern, then all you need is really a square. Repeat. You don't need anything more fancy than that. So it's good to know how to make this repeat. But it's also good to know how to make it a little bit more difficult to find the repeat. And you can do that with the half drop repeat, which is the next thing I'm going to show you out. 4. Half Drop Repeat : Hey, guys, in this lesson, I'm going to show you out to do they have trope Repeat, which is much simpler than many people think, actually, Is not really that complicated. So what I've done here, I've made our port the same side as the one we used before for the square. Repeat And I've taken the same motives, the same background. But what I did in this case, I created this rectangle which is off the width of your art board on the same length. Okay, so I'm just going out. Put it places. So it would serve me as a guide where to place my motives and what I normally do. Some people like to create another layer and put these rectangle in another layer. I just look it I just put in the same layer look it so controlled to to look it and I looked the background as well, so control to again. So now I can work with my repeats and I placed them like this for a specific reason which I will show you in a moment. So once you have your motifs placed the way you like, you can just selectable before I do that. I want to show you actually something else. So I'm going to copy the top motives at the bottom. Onda, if you seen my previous class Ah, I like to do a control. Que onda, uh, insert the amount of pixels here that I want the motives to move. So I'm going to do 250. I know this is 500 but it would be easier to just have 250 you'll see why in a second, So I will hold down the old king or I think it's option on the Mac and I wrote down and then again, So it's exactly in the same position as these on then. Select everything that is in this side on old and right key. That's you say it's perfect tree where we wanted it. So when you build your repeat, I've asked you to do this faced. And so you have an idea how the actual repeat looks like, for example, you see here this toe if I was doing a pattern toe, sell it, for example to put it on PRD's, I would change this because I don't like that these two are the same, even though they're facing different directions. But at the moment, for the sake off. Just showing you out day after Monte work. Um, I would just leave it, but you will have an idea how your pattern works that way, but to do the next step, we actually need to delete everything that is on this side on everything that is on this site. So it looks like madness, but it's not, believe me. OK, so the next thing I do normally is group these so control G because it's much easier to move them around when they're grouped on, then where you want to do where the still selected its old on the right key, and now we need to move them up us the way. So just once the upkeep and that's your first part off the half drop and then selected these again old in the right key and then let gold gilt Andi down. Keep ones the down arrow, say, and that's your after up. It is done, so we need to refine it. Of course, on we got on top of the other one, but that doesn't matter too much, so we need to on group these. So control shift G or Common Shift G, or you can right click on group. I like the shortcuts. All right, Andi, I usually like to give read off the motives that I don't need That doesn't touch, so that can go. And the ones at the bottom. Here, let me see. That doesn't quite touch. All right, now we need as before, everything that is in this side. Toby repeated on this side. Do the top ones first. So old and down key and then release old and down. I wrote Onda and everything that is on this side goes on this site. Okay, so you can see there is a gap there. So let's see. What shall I put in there? Let's put this one. And then in my go on top of that one, let's see, it does so. If you want to move a motif that is touching the boundaries, you need to move them together. So you have tow press shift, selected automotive, and then move them together. If you want to move a motif that is a inside of your boundaries, you don't have to actually selected the corresponding motive this being 1/2 drop, you have corresponding motives for all of them. Let me see if I can make it is clear. So if I select this in the alternate that I wrote up on left, you can see this motive in this motive. These are they after. So this motive here is the after up of this motive. So you can move the boat at the same time. So hold shift, select bolt and moved in. But you do enough to do that with the motives there in inside, because that will really affect I mean, if it's a really complicated pattern, maybe if you start adding, like he had something here and then you move it in my affect the way you're your pattern looks, but it's, ah, relatively simple motive like this. You don't need to move them both at the same time. But if you want to do just find the corresponding after up, Andi, move it, and then these ones need to be moved together. Okay, Touches a little bit. So maybe I can move this. All right. I would change days, as I said, because I don't like this to to repeat so close, you can maybe even sort of rotate one a list. It's no going the same direction. But for the sake of this explanation, I'm not going to be too picky about how these looks. Eso once you are happy with your motive placement, we need to unlock everything because we need to get rid of this rectangle there so you can go to object on. Look, all who used a short cut, then if I just delete this and of course, we need the no fuel, no stroke books behind everything. So control C and control be on to make sure that these has no feeling a stroke on. Then select everything. Take it to the switches panel. Now we do a rectangle. Andi, make sure you are on the field because if you are on the stroke and you go here and try to check your pattern and you're like, Oh, what happened? It didn't work. What's happening? Like I do sometimes. But then I just see the mature in the stroke and not on the field. So go on the field and click on your pattern on their this. And of course you see here this is a touching, but, um, we try to ignore that for now. So to check your pattern better you can scale it down If this happens is because you have transformed objects checked. So uncheck that There you go, Andi, Uh, it's remembering a previous percentage that I put there so it doesn't matter. This one makes you part is Mullah, and you can have a better look at how it looks as a whole. Okay? And that's a really that's half drop. There's nothing scary or complicated about it. It's pretty simple on Dino. Some people, even I I bullet. So instead of doing you know, the 250 happened in 250 down, they just click and drag the motives and is not wrong. Assume because you're part in their final pattern. Works doesn't really right and wrong. It works anyway. I'm I'm more of a because I'm a scientist today. I think that's what influences my choice off using numbers rather than eyeballing it. But I'm trying to let go off that slowly. All right, So OK, so I will see you in the next lesson. 5. The Diamond Repeat: I think guys in this lesser going to show you how to do the time a repeat. So to go from this to your repeat Okay, so I start by arranging my Moti's into a square, which is a simple way to do it on. Then I will turn it so will select everything. Hold down the shift key so it would turn in 45 increments, 45 degree increments and you will have the diamond a shape, and then what I'll do is make a square behind it. So go to the rectangle to, or just click em on your keyboard and then try to to pick a point on your motive. So in this case, I picked the center off these racial equality heart flower thing is, so just make sure that you're lying it so that it goes through the center or through whichever part of your multi. If you choose as a reference, basically, so we need to do is we need to send this to the back, so it's either transport story, arrange on and bring toe back. You go or you can use control shift and the right bracket as a short cut okay. And so, if you ever look, this books goes through the center off, which of these motives? So you need to find a reference part in your motive where you can use to build the books. So so far, we have done the background books before building the actual repeat. This time we do the repeat faced and then we build the books you can do either. It's fine. So we end up with this. And now, of course, we need to do the background. No feeling a stroke, a box. So control C and control be Andi. Make sure there's no feeling, no stroke and then you selected and bring it to yours, watches panel on, then make another books and we feel it with our pattern. So we can, uh, make it smaller again with unchecked transform object aan den with two 50%. Maybe. Okay. And you can see you have the diamond Repeat. So if you want to build something a bit more complicated when you can do issue, do your tango or your square and you do that by holding shift key down. Of course, he puts their they feel now, so OK, so we have a square, you can turn it. So it's ah in a diamond shape. And then you can look this by the control to. And then you can arrange your different motives around this square or diamond in this case , Onda and then do the same thing. So you will have more complicated sort of pattern instead of just having the same motif all around Andi. Then it would be in the shape of, ah Diamond. And to show you here, I've brought in our usual motives. So you can just put some different things in here. And I might speed up this a little bit, so you don't have to just keep watching me when I do this. All right? So, Well, this could be off course better than this, but it's just to show you just as an example, the way you could build this, uh, this button and, uh, you continues. Of course, it's better if these motives may be where a little bit bigger or the box here was a bit smaller. But it's just to show you that you can actually use thes as ah ah template kind of thing so you can arrange your motives around it, and then you you can build your pattern as we did with this one before. So this again not too complicated on, uh, you can just use your imagination and create so many different things, even for something. You can arrange things inside of your diamond so you can have a little composition here of something, so to make it more interesting, So yet just let your creativity go wild. And just to show you what it would look like, just have an idea. Of course, um, needs to be. You need some work, Let's say, But let's make a rectangle there or square, actually, so it helps if you have this guide zone. Andi, I can show you in a minute I'll to get them, but so that should be right. So it's put it at the back, so it's control shift and they left bracket to put out the back. Then we need to get rid of the guide so it's on. Look it, Andi selected and delete. Ah, let's see. So should go. It's not quite in the center of the flower going to use this as a guide, so that's in the center that's in the center. That looks pretty much OK. So let's make the books and the need. So control C control be Give it to no feeling no stroke, Onda. And it's trait I make this a bit bigger. Here we go. So let's scale it down a little bit. Whoa! All right. It's about 50 right? There we go. So, you see, you can use different motives and to make it really pretty, and you can put something in the center. Andi, uh, you can just do all sorts of things with this type of off button. All right, so assuming the next listen. 6. How To Draw the Ogee: guys in this. Listen, I'm going to show you how to create the G or okey. I'm not sure how you pronounce that. I want to call it G because I like the sound of it and said you can do this by hand if you like this. No problem, Otto. You can do it and then take a picture transfer to your, uh, illustrator file. Andi, use that as ah template Or you can do it directly in Illustrator. It doesn't take too long. So first of all, we need to click on the polygon to and make a triangle I'm gonna hold down the shift key to make a perfect triangle on the If you when you do the polygon you don't ever try and go To start with You can use the up and down arrow keys to change the number off your sides off the polygon A mini sizes got Just hold the the mouse to let it go and click there up and down Arrow keys and you would get the triangle So now we need to do is do a square around it So we're gonna take the rectangle tool and I'm gonna make a square so needs to touch the corners off the triangle. So they go groups make it bigger. Okay, so it's touching all the three corners on DNO. One e d circle. So we go to the lips too. Hold down the shift key. So you have a perfect circle, and we need to align the center of the circle with the base off the triangle going to make it a bit smaller. Okay, so just make sure it's in the center, and then we need to repeat this circle. So click and hold. Hold down the old key to make a copy and place the center of the circle in the corner off the square, and then click and hold the old ski again and put a second or 1/3 circle in the corner off in the opposite corner off the square. Okay. And we have these moster here Gonna move this on the side, select everything I know we could use the maybe the shipbuilder tools or shift em to get rid of some of these. So if you will down the old key and click on the shapes, you can get rid off the excess shapes Andi be left with the shape that you want. This one, I can just build it like that. Andi, uh, give it a black stroke. Make it a bit. Take us so we can see it. We have been lower, lyrical, and now what we can do is we can reflect it. So we, uh it o on the keyboard and let's see if I can put around the center there and then just click and drag and hold down the old key and the shift key so it would place it exactly. Opposite the previous shape on what I like to do is actually select everything. Shift em again for the shipbuilder to and just make it one shape. And there we go. There's your org or bogey, and you can use this as a template toe. Build your pattern, which we will do in the next lesson. 7. The Ogee Repeat: Hey, guys, in this video, I'm going to show you how to do the Ogi Repeat. So we start with the single one like this, and then we will end up building the pattern. So should you redial toe, make your template. And in this case, we have a single motive inside each off the allergies. And it would make a pattern sort of like this. You can also of course not include the actual template. So you will have this sort off. Ah, diagonal pattern forming. But I can show you both ways. So you need to do after you have your G and Daniel. Your your template is place your motive or motives inside it, Onda. You can select both of them and go today a line I know. And if you don't have their line panel, you can goto windows and a line is there and then you can say allying to selection, and then you can center it so that is perfectly in the center. And I know you need to do is basically make copies. So if I put this here back Andi, I think I didn't show you before. Um, in the biggest listen to have the these lines. Did you see? Do you see? They think sort of Cairo lines. Those will appeal toe a line. Um, your patterns which I'm not doing very well here. There you go, Andi. You can go to view as Matt kites to have the zone. If you don't have the moon and then all you need to do is again build a a background for it . So break a rectangle, and, uh, I might make it a bit darker for you to see better. So there it is on what you need to do is to pick a reference point to use, like, for example, the center of the flower and the top off this G on. Then at the bottom again, the center of the flower is your reference and and you have your background books, and then you make this kind of an off white color of the moment. Um, I can make it a bit DACA, maybe too dark. And then you do the background books. No feeling dumbstruck like I showed you before. Andi, just click and drag and drug it to your swatches panel, and then you will have your pattern But if you want to use your template and just gonna pick template toe, build a an Oh, jeez, shape. With your motives, you can do that as well. Um, maybe make this a little bit bigger. I know you have to do. Of course, it's just follow. So if I select this and hit control to, we will look it and then you can just follow the shape off your, um org Here, maybe put a flower in there. Onda. Uh, you put this here, and that's it. Just arrange everything around your shape. This is just a very rough table for arrangement, just to show you how it works. I mean, you I'm sure you get the idea, okay? And then where you need to do is just to repeat the same on the other side, or you can use a completely a different arrangement as well. Um is up to you whichever you prefer. So comports different motives in this side. Maybe put that. Okay, so maybe something like that. So if we go to object and I look oh, we can select the oji and deleted and they would go, You have you shape and we can use this now, Toby. The pattern. So I might just group the more control G to group it and made me make it a bit smaller. And then we make a copy of it. So just hold down day old key or option keep and make a copy, and then just bring it down by off. Then here we do the same on this one. Oops. And this Just hold down the shift key as well. So we'll keep it in line. And now we need a background books. So it might be a bit more tricky in this case. But if we find the center off this and it will tell you, if you have the guides on, then we can try to a bullet like this, okay, that send it to the back and make it later. Then we do the books at the back. So control C control be on bond, given no feeling, no stroke. And now we drag it to the swatches panel, and it's time to test the pattern. And there you have it. It's the background is a bit dark, but it gives you the idea what you can do with this type of shape. So of course, this is a bit of a, you know, a bit rough, but in quick. But just to show you the principle is this so you can refine it, make it? Of course. You know, nice colors. You can even put something in the center there if you want, and then you will have this with something repeated in the center. So, yes, I think this is awful. For this type of repeat, we can try it with the lighter but ground. And of course, you you can go all the different visions you want, which is a bit dangerous, actually, because you start doing all these different rations and then all of a sudden mystery I was later. And you think Where is that? They go on. Yeah. There you go. So we can make the motives of bigger or the actual, like shape closer to each other. Uh, wait. That's how you do the Ogi pattern on DA a seal in the next lesson 8. The Stripe Repeat: guys in this. Listen, we're going to talk about a stripe. Repeat. Some people might think that stripe repeats it a bit boring because it's just stripes, but they don't have to be. They can be quite interesting. So in fact, we can use the same with thieves that we've been using so far to do a stripe repeat, which is a bit different. So if that another rectangle here and I'm going to look it with control too Onda. Of course, if you want to do just a simple stripe, repeat which sometimes you might want to do. The simplest way is to actually ah, get the rectangle tool. Andi. So a stripe. Literally. So let's give it a field. Onda and this it doesn't really matter because eso normally what you have, but the tope needs to be repeated at the bottom. But this would be the same stripe going up and down reap repeated indifferently so you don't have to worry about that. Uh, what you have to worry about is that what is on the left side repeats on the right side as he didn't check, let me see and local decides off this return goes or just drew it, But we better make it uneven number. So it's easier. Okay, um, so they the height doesn't matter. So this now we need to move it. So right, click transform and move 500 pixel or its own Italy zero vertically on a copy. And now in between, we can vary the stripes. So if I duplicate this by old in the old key Onda we can make it for a some bull darker. And then we can duplicate this. We can leave a space. We can, um, do it like pace continues. Once you've done this, one's already. You can do control D and you will repeat it. And of course you have to Then make sure that this actually it's repeated stays there basically. So you might have to adjust, for example, the stripes, just to make sure that this is actually not moved. But yeah, this is so you might have toe. I have to make this a bit bigger, but larger. But that's really all. You make the repeat, and maybe we can even sort of make this bit smaller. Too much with a center of this tripe, for example. Uh, so that we don't have to worry too much because you can even use. If it's something like this you can even use, like much like four stripes. Sustainable these and it was still give you the repeat deleted too many base. So they the simple stripe repeat. It's it's easy to do. You just repeat this tripe. But if you want to do something bit more interesting, let's see just the one of this for the moment. Onda, uh, look it so maybe I just used the line segment to do so. If you hold the shift down, it would be perfectly straight. Maybe make struck a bit bigger, okay? And I can use this as a reference or, ah, template. I can look it as well. And then you close that putting your ah motifs and they need to be they took. And now we know that if we want to have a proper repeat, this needs to be moved down 600 So resulting zero vertical six interest and and then you just keep arranging your okay, so you see, you have a stripe here which you can repeat Aled down the old key and the shift key to keep it in line and you will repeat it. And then off course, we need to repeat these on this side. So let's see, Place elected to put it a bit more around here. And then this, I think, was 500 pixel. If I remember well and then you can arranged the middle motives. Okay. And now you have to do is to delete your guides, Andi on look your background and create the books with no feeling, no stroke, and we can check this. And there you have it. So stripes, which are no so boring. And of course, you can do this with different motives and, uh, you can just experiment. Uh, there is another type of state that I wanted to show you. That's what these guys are here. Let's make it a color, which is more similar to what we've been working with. Onda. This stripes are made by hand, and I think I used the ah marker or something like that to make them so. As you can see, there are a bit wonky. So the moment if you do abounding books and and repeat these is try to make, um a pattern with this. They won't much because the top of the stripe is different, so they you won't get this trip too much. So what you need to do is Kate. Let's make this lighter and send it to the back. Select the stripes and move them like you would. Nobody do. So the land off your box so horizontally zero on days. I think it was 600. Okay. And cookie and make this books a little bit Mr Much so a bit darker so we can see Onda. Let's look it control to. And as you can see in this case, you need to do a bit of work. You need too much. Make these too much because otherwise you will see this in your final pattern. And to do that you can for somebody used a there it selection to. So you have the uncle points and it's a bit of a fiddly type of job. But if you want to use this type off stripes, that's where you need to do so Just move. Each of the uncle points individually so that the they start too much with the top stripe and is not such a difference between the two. So you see, in this case, you still have that bit off wobbly bit, but it's no such a step. Like in no other ones. Onda. This actually is not too bad. Probably can state like that. And then this one, I would do it like this. So you get the idea. They need to look like they're much like this one for a sample. Actually, we could just repeat this on this side so you don't have toe Redoute that one. Okay on, then that one needs to be fixed. A swell. And this lines were already quite straight on the stripes. But if they, uh, not this straight, and I can show you in a minute. What? I mean, so just finished this roughly. Of course, you can do this much better. I don't want to spend all day here in Borneo. Okay, They sort of much. So let me show you what I mean. Oops. Make a copy of these. Andi, If the lines were a bit sort of going on the side like that, they weren't quite straight when you drew them, The best thing to do is to actually draw a segment a line segment. So all down the shift key. So it's perfectly straight. Live it, make it a bit thicker. And then where you do is following this segment, you just try to make this a straight as possible. So something like that and you do this with all the lines or the stripes that you want to use so that it will make your life easier, much easier when you're trying to match the top and bottom off the lines. All right, so we can get rid of this. And then here, as usual, we do the same thing as we done before. Control C control be to do our but their books and select everything. Bring it to a swatches panel and check it. As you can see, we have the one key stripes as she live repeating. If you want to scale it down, you don't want to use the transform. Ah, right. Click and transform. You can click s and then all down the shift and the till the key and click and drag Andi that will make it smaller Now the till the key. It's called some problems in the past, with people not knowing whether it is is a key is like Looks like a little accent and it's next is on the left off the number one keep and just below the ESC key escape key. So and just above the tabliki. So click shift and that key together and click and drag and you can change the scale without doing transform. But of course, you can right click, transform and scale and is the same Onda. And you see you have a perfect repeat of your wonky lines. Okay, on Duh. I think this is awful straight lines. Andi, I will see you in the next lesson. 9. The Tossed or Scattered Repeat: guys this lesson going to talk to you about the toast. Repeat, which is basically a repeat where you just arrange your motives in a non linear way in a way that is just scattered. And it can be dense as this motive here, this is something actually entered in a spoon flour challenge the midsummer one s so it can be quite then, sort, it can be less than they can be. More spaces between the the motives and where you can do with this type of motive, which is sort of the pattern, which is the pattern that I tend to use most, is to group your motives. So this one's here. If I and group it is made up of single flowers. So what you do is you. You design your motives and you put them together and arrange them in a way that you like, And then you select them all and you group them and then you can You can arrange them in different ways, and you can repeat them on all of these groups of flowers. There actually made up off different flowers and leaves, as you can see. So it's a nice idea to sometimes to do this type of work. Were you grouped together little clusters, and then you arrange them into your artwork. So this is really a short and sweet listen, because it's ah is basically the way you arrange your Mateen's on. Then everything else is done. As I showed you before. You can do a simple square repeat, you can do 1/2 drop. Repeat, like already showed you. So really, it's just the way you arrange about things on you on your outboard. That makes the difference. And as you can see, this is just scattered, and it doesn't have any linear or dramatic arrangement in here, all right, and, uh, assuming the next lesson. 10. The Dot Repeat: Thanks, guys. In this lesson, we're going to talk about the don't repeat, which is not really just arrangement off dots. You can use all sorts off motives instead of dots. So these ones, for example, can be used. So if I arranged them in here, they can be arranged with equal distance between them. Andi, Uh, so going to move it under the site as well on Let's see, I'm going to do my control, K TriC So I can do something like that. Then maybe you can place thes sort off this way. This can be repeated on this side. It may be. See, So something like this, for example. I mean, maybe they need to be distributed a bit more evenly. Something like that. So you see, this is a don't repeat on you. Put your motives in an even way on, then we can just do the, uh, the the tile here pattern tile. So, cricketers, which is Cano. And there we go. We have they don't repeat. This is pretty simple. Onda, uh, you can see Makes a nice sort of You can do like, ah, Phillip pattern something for a collection you can use also saw different motives here. Doesn't have to be. This is still kind of a round shape, but it doesn't have to be there. And it can make a nice geometrical pattern to use a sparked off a collection, for example. So this was the don't repeat on in the nest. Next lesson. I'm going to tell you about the spot repeat, which sounds similar, but it's different. So Andi is a little bit more. I wouldn't say more complicated, but it would take a little bit more time to set up at the beginning. On you will see what I mean when I show you. Okay, so I see you in the next lesson. 11. The Spot Repeat: Thanks, guys. This Listen, we're going to talk about the spot. Repeat. So, as I said here, you need to set up your working space a little bit. So this put Repeat is a non directional pattern where the same motif is repeated but facing many different directions. And this is usually used in ah, fashion fabrics, for example, on this good as a secondary in blender. The sign. So the motives are actually arranged in a great and each row, and each column off the greed will contain only one motif, so it's a bit like a sudoku kind of thing, but for patterns on. But what we need to do now is to create that great the basic repeat unit for the sport. Repeat is the square, which is divided into the great as a sit on the can be as viewers three oo as many a stain or more smaller squares inside the main square. So I will show you how this will work. So for this you need your rulers. So if you don't have your rulers here already, you can go into view. Andi rulers and essays hide here because minor really showing, but it will say view rulers for you If you don't have them out already on, What you need to do is to click and drag Andi, you would get the guides. So will position this here where it says 200. And then I will click and drag position the next one we're says 400. And here on then this I would do the same. So you just need to click and drag and you would get the ruler all right, so you can divide your square. This is that board. It doesn't have to be any particular size as long as it's a square, and then you can divide it into three or more. And then what you do is your position, your motif in the square in the little squares inside. So I can put that one here and then here, for example, One here, so, as you can see, is like a sudoku type of thing. There's nothing in here, and there's nothing else in here. There's only one motive in this row and this column, and same here. Okay, so and then you can change the direction of your motive. Maybe I reflected this one. Um that way, and then you can create the repeat so well, make the the books. That is our background. And he's making lighter. Make sure iss of the back. Andi, uh, let's to did no feeling, no stroke books going to. I hate the guides and then we can try our captain, and there it is. So let's make it a bit smaller. So very often, with this type of repeat, you will get a sort of diagonal effect, which is something that you might want. Of course, the more complicated it is, the more sort of little squares you have, the more complicated it will be here as well, and it will be maybe less obvious that you have a repeat, but you can just experiment. As I said, I put the guides back on. You can just keep adding more guides on Did you will have more squares to play with on the The most important thing is that you don't put anything else in the same row or column, and if you want, I suppose you can use a different motif as well. I mean, it doesn't have to be. There is no hard rules. In fact, if I go back to my previous yeah file, we can change. Maybe this one. Let's put it, wanted me there, make it a bit bigger, and then we try with this good to height. The guy, it's so with another in the way and you see, makes it a nice effect, actually, because you have a different type of off motive there on bond, it makes you. It makes making the stripes quite simple because normally making diagonal stripes is quite a difficult thing to do to make it much properly, because you would have to. If you try to do this in this way, just making it like that. Whatever is on top will have too much at the bottom. And then sometimes it's quite difficult when you're trying to make this diagonal patterns that that way. But using the the spot repeat, then it's It makes it much simpler. It depends where you want to do it, really. But this way, you see, you already have diagonal stripes without, like, without spending too much time on it, you took but five minutes to do so. It's a It's a good thing to know, um, how to do this? This type of repeat Okay, so I think that's so full for the spot. Repeat 12. The Diagonal Stripes Repeat: guys this. Listen, I'm going to show you out to do a stripe, Patton, but with diagnose types. So let's say this is a little bonus for you. Stripe weapons are a bit more advanced, as you can see from the previous one. I mean, if you want especially regular stripes, and they they're gonna stripes are even more advanced. I'm gonna try to gonna try to show you in the simplest way, So we will need, I think all of these because what you want to do when you have ah stripe pattern, You want to arrange your stripes only in one off over your tile here Because, um, everything that is on on the top, as you remember, needs to be repeated at the bottom, and everything that is on the right needs to be at the left. So what we do is I start with Let's see, maybe this four and ah, I am going to look this control to to lock it, and I'm going to turn this to put them the agony. Now you can do right, click, transform and rotate, and you do here 45 degrees or you can I can share with this. You can turn this just manually by holding down the shift key. It will rotate by 45 degrees increments so you can do it that way as well. So we're gonna use these ones. Let's see, So I can put that in here. Maybe you cannot know the world. Okay, Andi, I might actually make these a bit longer or make the square a bit smaller because they need to into set, right? And this, I think, is a bit too big. So that's used these ones cape. And then what I do is say, select these and go to object button and make. Okay. So the woman he looks a bit weird, but if we do this, the same size is our, uh, square. Now, what we have to do is just join these lines to get us that these stripes. Let's call them and we will have the repeat. So I make it a bit bigger. Uh, the pattern is deemed, so you can see here if you want to see it the same color, you just go 200%. But it's easy actually to work with this when it's still so you know, exactly Which ones are the stripes that you can change on? The There are different ways to do this. I suppose you can use. For example, they blow brush to Onda, make it bigger using the right bracket there is the square bracket and you can sort of draw . I'm using the mouse at the moment, so it's not gonna be a pretty think. Um, but you can do that. So that will connect the lines for a start. And then we can adjust these by, for example, using the direct selection. Or you can go here or press a on your keyboard and you can move the individual uncle points . Oh, if you press miners on your keyboard, you can delete some of these ankle points. For example, might get this boulder. I mean, you still want to per save they, Aunt Joan. Look, But you also don't want it to be too obviously sort off repaired. Onda Uh, let's see. Maybe here I can tryto justice a little bit. You can adjust it with the handles as well. Andi, let's see if I can for get rid of this making a bit smoother the okay, So that's what and then we can do the same thing here. This is quite a big step. But we can change. This may be okay. Different. Just these points. Maybe Give me that some of these uncle points and let's zoom out to see what it looks like . Okay, but this one had you're not too bad. So if I put these back 200% you can see that you have a seamless repeat. So if we press done appear, then get rid of these. I make a square Congo on. We can check the pattern. So once you hit done, it will create the tile here. Andi. As you can see, we have the repeat. So these ones need to be distributed with better but and did repeated simples. So if I skilled this the preview you can see it's just a seamless repeat. You don't see where their lines start and finish. So that's it. If you want to add a background to this, you drag detail the pattern tile outside. It looks a bit weird, but we need to anger up this control shift, G. And we need to add a background right here. So what I do is I click this rectangle here, control C and control be. And while it's selected, I've make on go the outboard and you go to object at birds convert to our boat. So now is a gnat board. No make and new rectangle, which is the same sides. Send it to the back, and then I do a control C control. Be and give it no feeling a stroke. Now we can make the pattern tile. And now let's check if it's worked and there you have it, it's your repeat with the background. Eso. Sometimes I prefer to do this patterns by hand because the pattern making two makes this weird patterns. When you want to work with it, it looks a bit strange. But if you want an easier option because the stripes in the diagonal stripes are so difficult to make sometimes, and to make much perfectly and all that, then I suppose this is the best way to do it, and I wouldn't do. I wouldn't try to use the background straight away where you use the pattern making, too, because sometimes it does weird things and it doesn't really work, so I usually add the back out afterwards like I showed you here, which is the easiest way I found. If you know a better way, do let me know. Okay, so and this. Ah, this types. 13. Final Thoughts: thank you so much for completing the class. I hope you have enjoyed it on. I hope you have learned new skills that will help people forward in your artistic journey on. If you have found the cast useful, please leave a review. It would really be very careful. And if you like, let's stay connected. You can find links to my social media profile and to my website in my profile page. I hope to see your beautiful patterns soon in the project page on the issue in the next class.