TEFL Guide: Lesson plans. | Nikolas John Cakebread | Skillshare

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

5 Lessons (21m)
    • 1. Lesson Planning : Introduction

    • 2. Basic Rules and Tips.

    • 3. Lesson Aims and Goals.

    • 4. Basic Lesson Outline 4-6 Years Old.

    • 5. Basic Lesson Outline 7-10 Years Old.

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About This Class

Welcome to The Essential TEFL Gude: Lesson plans.

Writing a creating lesson plans is one of the most basic and fundamental aspects of ESL teaching.

In this lesson, we will take a look at lesson planning and how you, the teacher, can effectively and efficiently create lesson plans for your class that are both, educational and purposeful. We will take a look at basic rules, TEFL-defined stages, and tips for lesson planning. As well as all this, I will share my skeleton plans for younger and older level classes as a guide for your future lesson planning.

Throughout this course, there will be plenty of Tasks and parts where you as the learner can take time to develop and construct your own ideas and think about how you would implement them into your own classes!


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Nikolas John Cakebread

Experience is the teacher of all things


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1. Lesson Planning : Introduction: Hello there and welcome to this lesson on lesson planning for your ESL classes. This is an important part of all Tafel classes as it's where the teacher can decide on the methods and strategies that they are going to use to get the best from their students. We will look at creaking purposeful aims for your lessons. And we'll look at the types of language that you should be using when creating lesson plans for your classes. We will look at the different stages of a lesson, and I will include some skeleton lesson plans that you can look at and adapt for your own classes. Okay guys, let's get to it. 2. Basic Rules and Tips.: The essential TEFL Survival Guide, Lesson 8, lesson plans, basic lesson plan rules. At the end of this lesson, we're going to take another look at some lesson plans, tricks and tips. But for now, let us look at some basic lesson plan rules and work out why they are important. The first rule is keep your plan clear and concise. You want bullet points, you want to clear sentences so that you don't get lost in your own writing and that you don't get yourself confused when you're going through the lesson in the class. However, you do want to overplan. You do not want to have any dead time. And this means that you have to include emergency activities. This will stop the children from misbehaving and having opportunities to be distracted. Number four, know your purpose. This is something we will talk about later, but you want to have an aim. You want to have a goal throughout your lesson. You want to know where you're going with it and what you want the students to come up with at the end. Number 5 include multiple options for games. This means, as well as emergency activities. You want to have a few games at your disposal. I recommend having four or five go-to gains for every single lesson. This way, ever game isn't working, or maybe you have more students than you expected, then you can pull different games as well as this. If the class is quicker than we expected or something happens, it's always good to have extra games in your arsenal. Number 6, include time for review. This is important for every lesson. If you told them before, make sure you review what you taught before. This goes for everything. Greetings, fornix, numbers, vocabulary, sentence structures. Make sure you review it. And if you go away for a break, spent a couple of minutes after you come back from break, going over the stuff you did before, this will help them retain the information. Number 7, make sure you include all four elements of ESL teaching. These elements are reading, writing, listening, and speaking. Most of the time, you'll be doing these things naturally throughout the class. But if you think something is missing from your lesson plan, try to find ways to add it. Number 8, every lesson should include new vocabulary and, or structures. This should go without saying, but it is best to remind ourselves that we do need to be progressing in every single lesson. Every single lesson we should be pushing the learners to learn something new. 3. Lesson Aims and Goals.: Aims of the lesson. Okay, so here we're going to look at three teacher describing their lesson. I want you to think about each teacher. Decide who has a better grasp of the aim of their lesson. Teacher one says, we're doing less than 15 is question and answer practice using a substitution table. Teacher to says, we're going to practice present simple tense questions with when and time expressions. The students will work together in groups. Teacher 3 says, we will practice asking and answering questions using the present simple tense and time. We will work in pairs and groups. This will help the students talk about their everyday activities and when they do them. Okay, So we've heard from these three teachers and we've heard their explanation of what they're going to be teaching. Which one do you think presents their lesson best? Which one do you think has a better grasp of the aims of their lesson? Let's go through them one at a time again and we can discuss who is the best idea of the aim of their lesson. This teacher is not really thinking about what the students are going to learn. Whenever you make the aims of your lesson, you should focus on what you're doing. I'm thinking about what the students are going to learn throughout your lesson. This teacher has a better idea than the first teacher of what he's doing by hasn't considered the purpose or the reason of why he is going to teach that this teacher is much better. She is the best of the three. She's focusing what the students will do, but also why they are going to do and what the purposes, this is good and this is something that you need to consider when writing your own plans. What is the purpose and the aim of your lesson? If you're talking about descriptions and family members, you want the aim to be something like they can talk about their own family at the end and describe their father, describe her mother, described her family. Stages of the lesson. Most lessons should include around five to seven stages. Younger learners will have more stages because they get bored easier and you have two quick fire activities and quick fire stages to keep them interested. Older levels may have less stages. How many stages can you name? Okay, Let's go through the stages one at a time. Remember, these are the typical TEFL stages that are used in TEFL lesson plans. There are other stages that can be used from time to time. 1, Introduction to Greetings. Three, song for warm-up. 5, Presentation. Six, practice. Seven. Production. 8, review. Nine, writing. Ten, reading. 11, speaking. 12, listening. Like I said, these are just the main stages of a TEFL lesson. There are others and I'm sure you can think of some more. Also. They are not in any particular order. Okay, so let's take a more detailed look at some of these stages. Introduction. Here, you can introduce the topic to the class and you can talk about the aims of the lesson. You can also ask general questions related to the topic and stimulate some type of knowledge activation. You can do this by watching videos, getting worksheets are just generally discussing it with them and seeing how it relates to their lives. An example of this would be if the topic is about Zeus, you could ask them about zoos in their hometown, in their cities. What zoos have they been to? You could pull up some videos of interesting zoos around the world and get the group discussion or discussion in pairs or discussion as a class, get into ask each other questions or get them to ask you questions. The idea here is you just want to stimulate their interests and motivate them to want to speak a Learn More. Presentation. Here, you present any new words or structures. You will literally just show them what you're going to be doing. You can plot in detail how you'll do this with the board, TV screen flashcards or worksheets, but it's just a case of giving them a sneak peek, are going to be doing practice. This is the meat and potatoes of your lesson. This is where the presentation becomes implementation. How will you practice the new structures of vocabulary? This can include drills, tables, prompts, activities, games, wherever you decide is the best way to get across to your students. Production. This is usually the final part of one of my lessons. And you can even bring in the parents at the end and let them see what their kids have been doing in your class. This is a combination of all the parts. Here you produce the line which incentives is that you've presented and practice throughout the lesson. You can do that via role-plays, groups, acting, discussions, debates, free talk, wherever way you decide. 4. Basic Lesson Outline 4-6 Years Old.: Basic lesson outline. Okay, so here I'm going to show you a basic lesson plan for older students and younger students. This is a generalized plan that I would use for a new class or a demo class. It would need to be adjusted depending on the level, age, classroom size, number of students, topic, etc. If you look at the bottom where it says lesson plan, basic structure, this is what I call my skeleton plan. This is a basic one hour lesson that's ready to be used for any level. I just need to simply adjust some of the parts into what I need for that particular class. So as you can see on the right-hand side here, I will show you a lesson plan for younger students, age 46. This is based off my skeleton plan. I've just made it more detailed with a clear aim as well, says, it's useful for you to know that this is not a full lesson plan that I would normally write more like it's bullet points because I've done this for so long. I know exactly what I'm gonna do for each of these levels and each of these stages, you may need to write a bit more in depth what games, activities, and drills that you would plan to do with each class. However, this is the basic structure that I would use for this age group. The aim here is very simple. Basic greetings, review actions and colors, the new words or black, white, green, and purple, with the new sentence structure being it is and the color. Very easy. First is the greeting. We practiced hello, what's your name? Give me five. And this should take about two to three minutes. Number two would be my song or warmer. Here I can do the hello song. We can do some actions. Stand up, sit down, run, jump hall, sit down. We can do some chance walking, walking or something. This should take about three to five minutes. Number 3, we start the review. This is what we did before. And even if this is a new class, I would still go over some of the basic colors that everybody knows. Blue, yellow, red, that sort of thing. And they should only be a few minutes. Number 4 will play a review game or activity with the previously learned colors, a quick fire energetic game for these younger learners, we want to wake them up at these early stages of the lesson. We want to energize them, but we also want to tire them out a little bit. So when you come to drill the new stuff, they're ready to sit down and pay attention. Number 5, we will start the presentation. This is where we introduced the new vocabulary and I should be very quick as well as some drills for two to three minutes. Number six, we practice the new vocabulary. How do we practice? That is up to you. Maybe you play an activity, play a game. Maybe you do some chanting, marching to a song, wherever you decide. But this is the part we'll probably take the longest, maybe seven to ten minutes. So that will take us up to break time. Bear in mind that these times are not set in stone. You can take a little bit longer for the warm up if you choose or longer for the greetings if you think that's important. Number 7, reviewed, we come back from break. I want to give them a quick review the vocabulary we've learned before break, this should be a three to five-minute review. Number eight is presentation. Again, we want to introduce the new sentence structures to them very quickly, three to five minutes. Notice how these are all quick fire parts. You don't want to spend too long on any one part with the younger learners, especially they lose interests so quickly. So you need to keep it fast pace and energetic. Keep their attention. Number 9 and 10, practice and games. This is just to make it clear that you need to find fun and entertaining ways to keep the students interested and invested. The little ones need stimulation. So like we talked about before, you need to have three to five games very to go all times. Number 11, production. What I do here, the end of my lessons with a little ones is I get them out in pairs or groups. And I get into chant, drill, say the sensor, says, say the vocabulary, and then I give them some start or stickers, get them to go away happy and bouncing. Number 12, warm down. The exact same idea here as giving them stickers is you want them to go away, fun, happy, and energize and telling their parents how much they enjoyed your lesson. Give them a song, give them a dance at the very end, and send them away. Happy proof. So 12 stages, it might seem like a lot when you're in it and doing it, these will blast by really, really quickly. So like I said, keep up the energy, keep up the pace, and keep your lesson plans short and concise and you'll always know where your are. A little trick that I like to do if you're a new teacher, especially, right, your lesson plan and bullet points on the board in the class. So you don't have to hold a book or a piece of paper all times to know where you are, you can just quickly glance at the board and know what your next step is going to be. 5. Basic Lesson Outline 7-10 Years Old.: Lesson plan for the older students, age seven to 10. The aim here is basic greetings, review school items and prepositions. The new stuff is going to be ruler, pencil, eraser and sharpener. And we're going to use the sentence, something is on under behind the something. One greeting. We would do self-introduction. They would say their name, age from our gauge, basically what their level is from this can take about three to five minutes. Number 2, we do a warm up here. We can do a fun activity, something like spelling, race and spell name game. When he says many things in a topic as they can like fruits, animals, colors, example. This can take about three to five minutes. Number 3, review here with land, the previously learned school items for about three to five minutes. Number for review activity. Here we do a quick fire writing are listening activity to practice the previously learned items. Number 5, Presentation. Here, we let them see the new vocabulary. We can let them see it on the board, or we can display them on some flashcards. Number 6, practice, this is the bulk of the first half. We practice the new vocabulary with some games, activities, something fun and entertaining. To finish the first half of the lesson. Here we will take a short break and we'll come back for number 7 presentation, where we introduced the sentence structure for two to three minutes, as well as this, you could also do a review when you come back from break to practice the vocabulary from the time before. Number eight. Practice. Here we practice the new structures and as you can see, this is row ten to 12 minutes. A large part of the second half, you need to think of interesting and entertaining ways that you can practice the structures with your student. Number 9, reading and writing. For the older students, especially around this age, I would add some reading and writing practice, tried to make it based on the topic that you're teaching. Adding some worksheets or something on the board that you can go through together as a class. Number ten, production. The end, the students will produce the new words or structures. You can do this in front of parents, or you can just do in front of each other. But it's a good way to reinforce the learning from the lesson. Like before with the younger learners, this order is not set in stone and neither other times you can mix and match to make it applicable for your particular classroom. Lesson planning as a whole is a very important part of ESL teaching. However, for a new teacher, it can also be one of the most daunting aspects. Trying to think about what you should be planning for your listening, how you should be doing, what order can be very unnerving, especially if you're a new teacher lacking experience. Remember that you should include aims and goals for every lesson. Every part of your lesson plan should have a purpose and be working towards an end goal, something that they can take away with them and say that they've learned in your lesson. Tried to get in the habit of making every stage clear and have an estimated time taken. You don't need to stick to that time, but it's good to have an idea of how long it should be taken. In the early days, my first ponds were enormous and it was detrimental to my teaching because I would look at these plans and during the heat of the moment within a lesson, I would get lost. So one of the best and most useful pieces of advice I ever got was bullet points and make your sentences clear and short. Make it so that you can read it easily when you're under pressure. And remember, your lesson plans are not set in stone, they are changeable. Things happen all the time in classes. You come in expecting ten students, and there are two. You come in expecting fortunes. And their 14, you have to make your lesson adaptable and be ready for any event.